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  1. The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections is increasing worldwide, however formal evaluations of the epidemiology of NTM infections are limited. Understanding the trends and true prevalence...

    Authors: Hee Jung Yoon, Hwa Young Choi and Moran Ki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:432
  2. Campylobacter (C.) jejuni is the leading cause of human campylobacteriosis worldwide. We performed a molecular epidemiological study to investigate the genetic relationship among C. je...

    Authors: Sigita Ramonaite, Egle Tamuleviciene, Thomas Alter, Neringa Kasnauskyte and Mindaugas Malakauskas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:430
  3. Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a major concern in developing countries. The present study sought to define the pattern of antimicrobial resistance in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia.

    Authors: Giang M. Tran, Thao P. Ho-Le, Duc T. Ha, Chau H. Tran-Nguyen, Tuyet S. M. Nguyen, Thao T. N. Pham, Tuyet A. Nguyen, Dung A. Nguyen, Hoa Q. Hoang, Ngoc V. Tran and Tuan V. Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:429
  4. Dengue results in high morbidity and mortality globally. The knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of dengue management, including diagnosis, among primary care physicians (PCPs) are important to reduce deng...

    Authors: Junxiong Pang, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Tun Linn Thein, Jing Jin and Yee Sin Leo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:428
  5. Genetic variations have been identified in the genome of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) strains using vesicle fluid, varicella scabs and throat swab samples. We report a rare case of VZV-associated uveitis with ...

    Authors: Mayumi Hosogai, Yoko Nakatani, Kensuke Mimura, Shoji Kishi and Hideo Akiyama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:427
  6. Childhood diarrhea is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Exploring the spatial pattern of childhood diarrhea is important to monitor and design effective int...

    Authors: Getahun Gebre Bogale, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Degefie Tibebe Degefie and Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:426
  7. Early treatment of acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) is beneficial for patients and could reduce onward transmission. However, guidelines on whom to test for AHI with HIV-1 RNA testing are lacking.

    Authors: Maartje Dijkstra, Godelieve J. de Bree, Ineke G. Stolte, Udi Davidovich, Eduard J. Sanders, Maria Prins and Maarten F. Schim van der Loeff
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:425

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:691

  8. Uremia is likely a risk factor for deep neck infection (DNI). However, only a few relevant cases have been reported, and evidence sufficient to support this hypothesis is lacking. The aim of the study is to in...

    Authors: Geng-He Chang, Ming-Shao Tsai, Chia-Yen Liu, Meng-Hung Lin, Yao-Te Tsai, Cheng-Ming Hsu and Yao-Hsu Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:424
  9. Recently there has been a large outbreak of Zika virus infections in Colombia, South America. The epidemic began in September 2015 and continued to April 2017, for the total number of Zika cases reported of 10...

    Authors: Salim Mattar, Carolina Ojeda, Janna Arboleda, German Arrieta, Irene Bosch, Ingrid Botia, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Carlos Perez-Yepes, Lee Gerhke and German Montero
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:423
  10. Staphylococcus aureus strains are now regarded as zoonotic agents. In pastoral settings where human-animal interaction is intimate, multi-drug resistant microorganisms have become an e...

    Authors: Benon B. Asiimwe, Rossella Baldan, Alberto Trovato and Daniela M. Cirillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:422
  11. Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to tuberculosis (TB) transmission; however, to delineate possible routes of TB transmission in LTCFs is difficult. This study aimed to address the ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Pei-Chun Chuang, Don-Han Wu, Chieh-Liang Wu, Po-Yu Liu, Chi-Chang Shieh and Ruwen Jou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:421
  12. The aims of this analysis were to investigate treatment completion and adherence among people with ongoing injecting drug use or receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in a study of response-guided therap...

    Authors: Evan B. Cunningham, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Olav Dalgard, Janaki Amin, Margaret Hellard, Graham R Foster, Philip Bruggmann, Brian Conway, Markus Backmund, Geert Robaeys, Tracy Swan, Philippa S. Marks, Sophie Quiene, Tanya L Applegate, Martin Weltman, David Shaw…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:420
  13. Cellulitis is a common infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It is associated with significant morbidity from necrosectomies and amputations especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed at identifying ...

    Authors: Tsi Njim, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Louise Daniele Toukam, Sara Saheb Kashaf and Eric O. Ohuma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:418
  14. Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug resistant (MDR)-TB with additional resistance to injectable agents or fluoroquinolones are challenging to treat due to lack of available, effect...

    Authors: Aravind Swaminathan, Philipp du Cros, James A. Seddon, Shamsiya Mirgayosieva, Rajabov Asladdin and Zulfiya Dusmatova
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:417
  15. Viral Hepatitis B is of a major public health concern globally, especially in developing countries. Expectant mothers’ knowledge of Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT) of the disease is significant in preventi...

    Authors: Frederick Dun-Dery, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, Williams Walana, Ernestina Yirkyio and Juventus B. Ziem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:416
  16. This paper studies the effect of mosquito abundance and malaria incidence in the last 3 weeks, and their interaction, on the hazard of time to malaria in a previously studied cohort of children in Ethiopia.

    Authors: Denekew Bitew Belay, Yehenew Getachew Kifle, Ayele Taye Goshu, Jon Michael Gran, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Luc Duchateau and Arnoldo Frigessi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:415
  17. The aim of the study was to assess the applicability of an algorithm predicting 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) generated in the setting of the Framingham Heart Study to a real-life, contemporary Italian ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Giacomo Pucci, Franco Baldelli and Giuseppe Schillaci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:414
  18. Scrub typhus (ST) is a disease caused by an obligate intracellular bacterium, Orientia tsutsugamushi, an organism that requires a BSL3 laboratory for propagation. The disease is hallmarked by an eschar at the sit...

    Authors: Chien-Chung Chao, Zhiwen Zhang, Tatyana Belinskaya, Wilawan Thipmontree, Wiwit Tantibhedyangkul, Saowaluk Silpasakorn, Ekkarat Wongsawat, Yupin Suputtamongkol and Wei-Mei Ching
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:413
  19. A previous genome-wide association study identified 2 susceptibility loci for severe dengue at MICB rs3132468 and PLCE1 rs3740360 and further work showed these mutations to be also associated with less severe cli...

    Authors: James Whitehorn, Duong Thi Hue Kien, Nguyen Than Ha Quyen, Bridget Wills, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Dong Thi Hoai Tam, Nguyen Minh Tuan, Thomas Jaenisch, Martin Hibberd, Chiea Chuen Khor and Cameron P. Simmons
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:412
  20. Seasonal variations are often observed for respiratory tract infections; however, limited information is available regarding seasonal patterns of acquisition of common cystic fibrosis (CF)-related respiratory ...

    Authors: Kevin J. Psoter, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Jon Wakefield, Jonathan D. Mayer and Margaret Rosenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:411
  21. Due to the populations’ susceptibility, DENV-4 introduction in 2010 led to the occurrence of explosive epidemics in the following years in Brazil. In 2011, DENV-4 was identified in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and it w...

    Authors: Manoela Heringer, Thiara Manuele A Souza, Monique da Rocha Q Lima, Priscila Conrado G Nunes, Nieli Rodrigues da C Faria, Fernanda de Bruycker-Nogueira, Thaís Chouin-Carneiro, Rita Maria R Nogueira and Flavia Barreto dos Santos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:410
  22. In the past few years, eleven new human viruses have joined the two previously known members JCPyV and BKPyV of the Polyomaviridae family, by virtue of molecular methods. Serology data suggest that infections wit...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Yilin Wang, Torbjörn Ramqvist, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Lari Pyöriä, Mari Toppinen, Maria Söderlund-Venermo and Klaus Hedman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:409
  23. Healthcare workers in high tuberculosis burdened countries are occupationally exposed to the tuberculosis disease with uncomplicated and complicated tuberculosis on the increase among them. Most of them acquire M...

    Authors: Celso Belo and Saloshni Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:408
  24. Pulmonary nocardiosis mimic pulmonary tuberculosis in most clinical and radiological manifestations. In Tanzania, where tuberculosis is one of the major public health threat clinical impact of nocardiosis as t...

    Authors: Abubakar S. Hoza, Sayoki G.S. Mfinanga, Irmgard Moser and Brigitte König
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:407
  25. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and leptospirosis are seasonal rodent-borne infections in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The occurrences of HFRS and leptospirosis are influenced by climatic variab...

    Authors: Yadav Prasad Joshi, Eun-Hye Kim and Hae-Kwan Cheong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:406
  26. Superficial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common among the Indigenous population of the desert regions of Central Australia. However, the overall burden of disease and molecular epidemiology of Stap...

    Authors: Susan A.J. Harch, Eleanor MacMorran, Steven Y.C. Tong, Deborah C. Holt, Judith Wilson, Eugene Athan and Saliya Hewagama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:405
  27. Due to limited therapeutic options, the spread of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) have become a major public health concern. We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label comparison of the thera...

    Authors: Yu Bin Seo, Jacob Lee, Young Keun Kim, Seung Soon Lee, Jeong-a Lee, Hyo Youl Kim, Young Uh, Han-Sung Kim and Wonkeun Song
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:404
  28. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that infects all warm-blooded animals including humans and causes toxoplasmosis. An effective vaccine coul...

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Aiping Cao, Yawen Li, Xun Li, Hua Cong, Shenyi He and Huaiyu Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:403
  29. With the emergence of macrolide resistance, concerns about the efficacy of macrolides for the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia in children have been raised. This study aimed to determine the effe...

    Authors: In Ae Yoon, Ki Bae Hong, Hoan Jong Lee, Ki Wook Yun, Ji Young Park, Young Hoon Choi, Woo Sun Kim, Hyunju Lee, Byung Wook Eun, Young Min Ahn, Eun Young Cho, Hwa Jin Cho and Eun Hwa Choi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:402
  30. We evaluated the effectiveness of targeted antimicrobial prophylaxis in transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy (TRUSP).

    Authors: Teresa R. Zembower, Kelly M. Maxwell, Robert B. Nadler, John Cashy, Marc H. Scheetz, Chao Qi and Anthony J. Schaeffer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:401
  31. There is a lack of severity assessment tools to identify adults presenting with febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI) at risk for complicated outcome and guide admission policy. We aimed to validate the Predi...

    Authors: Janneke E. Stalenhoef, Willize E. van der Starre, Albert M. Vollaard, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Nathalie M. Delfos, Eliane M.S. Leyten, Ted Koster, Hans C. Ablij, Jan W. van’t Wout, Jaap T. van Dissel and Cees van Nieuwkoop
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:400
  32. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are alternative methods for microscopy in the diagnosis of malaria in resource limited settings. Among commercially available RDTs, CareStart™ Malaria test was found to show relia...

    Authors: Daniel Getacher Feleke, Shambel Tarko and Haftom Hadush
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:399
  33. Men who have sex with men (MSM) constitute a risk group for sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Despite counselling interventions, risk behaviour remains high. Syndemic theory holds that psych...

    Authors: Roel C. A. Achterbergh, Jannie J. van der Helm, Wim van den Brink and Henry J. C. de Vries
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:398
  34. Anisakis and Pseudoterranova are the main genera involved in human infections caused by nematodes of the Anisakidae family. Species identification is complicated due to the lack of dif...

    Authors: Julie Brunet, Bernard Pesson, Maude Royant, Jean-Philippe Lemoine, Alexander W. Pfaff, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Hélène Yera, Emilie Fréalle, Jean Dupouy-Camet, Gema Merino-Espinosa, Magdalena Gómez-Mateos, Joaquina Martin-Sanchez and Ermanno Candolfi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:397
  35. Tenofovir (TDF) is one of the most widely used antiretroviral drug. Despite the high degree of tolerability a small percentage of patients experienced alteration in tubular function during TDF use. Intracellul...

    Authors: S. E. Salvaggio, A. Giacomelli, F. S. Falvella, M. L. Oreni, P. Meraviglia, C. Atzori, E. G. I. Clementi, M. Galli and S. Rusconi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:396
  36. Nano-scale dendrimers are synthetic macromolecules that frequently used in medical and health field. Traditional anibiotics are induce bacterial resistence so there is an urgent need for novel antibacterial dr...

    Authors: Mitra Gholami, Rashin Mohammadi, Mohsen Arzanlou, Fakhraddin Akbari Dourbash, Ebrahim Kouhsari, Gharib Majidi, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni and Shahram Nazari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:395
  37. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the leading causes of vaginal complaints among women of childbearing age. The role of Gardnerella vaginalis remains controversial due to its presence in healthy and BV-type vagi...

    Authors: Migle Janulaitiene, Virginija Paliulyte, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Jolita Zakareviciene, Alma Vladisauskiene, Agne Marcinkute and Milda Pleckaityte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:394
  38. HPV infection is the major pathogenic factor underlying cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. The cervical HPV infection rates in gynaecological outpatients from Hangzhou, China, were studied in the period...

    Authors: Lili Qian, Yu Zhang, Dawei Cui, Bin Lou, Yimin Chen, Ying Yu, Yonglin Liu and Yu Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:393
  39. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) and pulmonary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are common opportunistic infections among immunocompromised patients. However, few studies have eva...

    Authors: Qing Yu, Peng Jia, Li Su, Hong Zhao and Chengli Que
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:392
  40. Although the correlation of HPV genotype with cervical precursor lesions and invasive cancer has been confirmed, the role of HPV genotype in cervical cancer prognosis is less conclusive. This study aims to sys...

    Authors: Dong Hang, Meiqun Jia, Hongxia Ma, Jing Zhou, Xiaoshuang Feng, Zhangyan Lyu, Jian Yin, Hong Cui, Yin Yin, Guangfu Jin, Zhibin Hu, Hongbing Shen, Kai Zhang, Ni Li and Min Dai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:391
  41. Genitourinary tuberculosis is the third most common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnosis is difficult because of unspecific clinical manifestations and low accuracy of conventional tests. Unfortunate...

    Authors: Carlos Altez-Fernandez, Victor Ortiz, Majid Mirzazadeh, Luis Zegarra, Carlos Seas and Cesar Ugarte-Gil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:390
  42. This Phase 3, open-label, rollover study (NCT01323244) investigated the efficacy and safety of simeprevir plus peginterferon α-2a (PegIFNα-2a) and ribavirin (RBV) in a well-characterized population of HCV geno...

    Authors: Edward J. Gane, Edwin DeJesus, Ewa Janczewska, Jacob George, Moises Diago, Mariliza Hendrique Da Silva, Henk Reesink, Igor Nikitin, Holger Hinrichsen, Stefan Bourgeois, Peter Ferenci, Umesh Shukla, Ronald Kalmeijer, Oliver Lenz, Bart Fevery, Chris Corbett…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:389
  43. Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases tuberculosis (TB) risk, and there is increasing concern over the public health implications of the convergence of these two epidemics. Screening for TB among people with DM is ...

    Authors: Vidya Mave, Smita Nimkar, Haridas Prasad, Dileep Kadam, Sushant Meshram, Rahul Lokhande, Nikhil Gupte, Divyashri Jain, Amita Gupta and Jonathan E. Golub
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:388
  44. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection caused by L1, L2, L3 serovars of C. trachomatis (CT). Since 2003, LGV cases have been increasing in Europe. Aim of this report is to describe the...

    Authors: Alessandra Latini, Mauro Zaccarelli, Maria Grazia Paglia, Maria Gabriella Donà, Amalia Giglio, Domenico Moretto, Antonella Vulcano, Massimo Giuliani, Manuela Colafigli, Marina Ambrifi, Fulvia Pimpinelli and Antonio Cristaudo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:386
  45. Both typical and atypical bacteria can cause community-acquired pneumonia (CAP); however, the need for empiric atypical coverage remains controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of antibiotic re...

    Authors: Khalid Eljaaly, Samah Alshehri, Ahmed Aljabri, Ivo Abraham, Mayar Al Mohajer, Andre C. Kalil and David E. Nix
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:385
  46. Patient screening at the time of hospital admission is not recommended as a routine practice, but may be an important strategy for containment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in hospital settings. We sou...

    Authors: Sara Maghdoori and Seyed M. Moghadas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:384
  47. Routine laboratory monitoring is part of the basic care package offered to people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV). This paper aims to identify the proportion of PLHIVs with clinical and im...

    Authors: Sunguti Luke Joram, Gathii Paul, Kitheka Moses, Bii Stanley, Malonza Isaac, Gohole Allan, Marwa Tom, Karimi Lilian and Mudany Mildred
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:383
  48. Host-level influenza virus–respiratory pathogen interactions are often reported. Although the exact biological mechanisms involved remain unelucidated, secondary bacterial infections are known to account for a...

    Authors: Hélène Arduin, Matthieu Domenech de Cellès, Didier Guillemot, Laurence Watier and Lulla Opatowski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:382

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