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Editorial Board

Editor
Leanne Archer, BMC London

Manuscript Editor
Oliver CocksBMC London

Assistant Editor
Stuart WeirBMC London

Section Editors
Bacterial and fungal diseases
Ivan FN Hung, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jorge Garbino, University Hospitals Geneva, Switzerland
Kelvin To, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Healthcare-associated infection control
Holly Seale, University of New South Wales, Australia

Hepatitis and co-infections
Jean-Claude Desenclos, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, France

HIV and co-infections
Carlo Torti, University 'Magna Graecia', Italy

Parasitological diseases
Laith Yakob, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Honorine Ward, Tufts Medical Center, USA

Sexually transmitted diseases
Stefan Baral, Johns Hopkins University, USA
Joseph Tucker, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA 

Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases
Edward Graviss, Houston Methodist, USA
Eyal Oren, University of Arizona, USA

Vaccines
Susanna Esposito, University of Milan, Italy

Viral diseases
Julian Tang, University Hospitals of Leicester, UK

Deputy Section Editors
HIV and co-infections
Barbara Castelnuovo, Infectious Diseases Institute, Uganda
Harriet Manyanja-Kizza, Makerere University, Uganda
James Young, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

Vaccines
Nicola Principi, University of Milan, Italy

Associate Editors
Bacterial and fungal diseases
Oladipo Aboderin, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
Francesco Barchiesi, Ancona Hospital, Italy
Georgios Belibasakis, Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Victoria Birlutiu, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania
Martin Bootsma, Utrecht University, Netherlands
Asha Bowen, Perth Children’s Hospital, Australia
Hazelton Briony, Perth Children's Hospital, Australia
Melissa Caimano, UConn Health Department of Medicine, USA
Morena Caira, Catholic University, Italy
Maria Rosaria Catania, University Federico II of Naples, Italy
Jasper Chan, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Pranatharthi Chandrasekar, Harper University Hospital, USA
Vishnu Chaturvedi, New York State Department of Health, USA
Kalyan Chavda, Public Health Research Institute Center, Rutgers University, USA
Wangxue Chen, National Research Council, Canada
Allen Cheng, Menzies School of Health Research, Australia
Angela Chow, Tan Tock Seng Hosptial, Singapore
Catia Cilloniz Campos, University of Barcelona, Spain
Adam Cohen, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, South Africa
Silvia Corcione, University of Turin, Italy
Silvia F Costa, Hospital das Clinicas, Brazil
Peter Daley, Memorial University, Canada
Susan Davis, Wayne State University, USA
Mehmet Doganay, Erciyes University, Turkey
Shanta Dutta, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, India
Marco Falcone, University of Roma, Italy
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Australian National University, Australia
Guillermo Garcia-Effron, National University of Litoral & CONICET, Argentina
Habip Gedik, Ministry of Health, Turkey
Ivan Gentile, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Reza Ghotaslou, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Francesco Giuseppe de Rosa, University of Turin, Italy
Andrew Greenhill, Federation University Australia, Australia
Qiushui He, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Werner Heinz, University of Wurzburg, Germany
Paul Higgins, University of Cologne, Germany
James Hurley, Ballarat Health Services, Australia
Margaret Ip, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Pui-Ying Iroh Tam, Malawi- Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Malawi
David P. Kateete, Makerere University, Uganda
Pierre-Francois Laterre, St Luc University Hospital, Belgium
Ching-Chi Lee, MaDou Sin-Lau Hospital, Taiwan
Yu-Lin Lee, Changhua Christian Hospital, Taiwan
Ruoyu Li, Peking University, China
Chun-Hsing Liao, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
Yi-Tsung Lin, Taipei Veterans General Hospital/National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan 
David Lung, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong
Graeme MacLaren, National University Health System, Singapore
Emmanouil Magiorkinis, General Hospital for Lung Diseases "Sotiria", Greece
Alberto Enrico Maraolo, University of Naples, Italy
Florian Marks, International Vaccine Institute, South Korea
Ghassan Matar, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Max Maurin, Universite Grenoble Alpes Faculte de Medecine, France
Papadimitriou-Olivgeris Matthaios, University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland
Michael McConnell, National Centre for Microbiology, Spain
Catrin Moore, The Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, UK
Christopher Moore, University of Virginia, USA
Nikki Moreland, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Dionissios Neofytos, The Johns Hopkins, USA
Sophie Octavia, National Public Health Laboratory, Singapore
Chinyere Okoro, University of Surrey, UK
Giovanni Battista Orsi, University La Sapienza Rome, Italy
Weihua Pan, Second Military Medical University, China
Juan Pericàs, University of Barcelona, Spain
Efi Petinaki, University of Thessaly, Greece
Joice Reis Pedreira, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil
Silvana Quintana, Ribeirão Preto Medical School , University of São Paulo, Brasil
Senaka Rajapakse, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Max Carlos Ramírez-Soto, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru
Elda Righi, University of Verona, Italy
Coleman Rotstein, Toronto General Hospital & University of Toronto, Canada
Shigui Ruan, University of Miami, USA
Michael Satlin, Weill Cornell Medicine, USA
Frieder Schaumburg, University of Muenster, Germany
Samendra Sherchan, Tulane University, USA
Adebayo Shittu, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
Davida Smyth, Eugene Lang College of Liberal Arts at The New School, USA
Iris Spiliopoulou, University of Patras, Greece 
Hsin-Yun Sun, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Benjamin Teh, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia
George Thompson, UC-Davis, USA
Abdelaziz Touati, University of Bejaia, Algeria
Constantinos Tsioutis, European University Cyprus, Cyprus
Claire Turner, University of Sheffield, UK
Shawn Vasoo, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Ralf-Peter Vonberg, Medical School Hannover, Germany
Anne Von Gottberg, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Jiun-Ling Wang, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan
Manjula Manojii Weerasekera, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka
Abbas Yadegar, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Ata Nevzat Yalcin, Akdeniz University, Turkey

Healthcare-associated infection control
Denise de Andrade, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Pamela Barbadoro, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy
Stuart Blacksell, Mahidol University, Thailand
Yap Boum II, Epicentre, Cameroon
George Dimopoulos, University Hospital ATTIKON, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Universidad del Valle, Colombia
Indiran Govender, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa
Simon Lam, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Ming-Li Liou, Yuanpei University, Taiwan
Alvaro Lopes-Sousa, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal
Dominik Mertz, McMaster University, Canada
Margaret O'Donoghue, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Nicola Petrosillo, IRCCS, Italy
Laura Temime, Conservatoire national des Arts et Metiers, France
Chiara de Waure, University of Perugia, Italy
Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Jagiellonian Uniwesity Medical School, Poland
Sally Wong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong

Hepatitis and co-infections
Maryam Alavi, Kirby Institute, Australia
Apostolos Beloukas, Liverpool University, UK
Anders Boyd, GGD Amsterdam and Stichting HIV Monitoring, Netherlands
Sandrine Castelain, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire, France
Harel Dahari, Loyola University, USA
Halima Dawood, University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Sameer Mani Dixit, Center for Molecular Dynamics Nepal (CMDN), Nepal
Behzad Hajarizadeh, University of New South Wales, Australia
Ching-Sheng Hsu, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taiwan
Giuseppe Indolfi, Meyer Children's University Hospital of Florence, Italy
Jacques Izopet, Toulouse University Hospital, France
Brendan Jacka, Brown University, USA
Jean Michel Mansuy, Toulouse University Hospital, France
Amy Matser, GGD Amsterdam, Netherlands
Hugo Perazzo, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil
Gang Qin, Nantong University, China
Rachel Sacks-Davis, University of Melbourne, Australia
Esaki M Shankar, Central University of Tamil Nadu, India
Zhongjie Shi, Wayne State University, USA
Yusuke Shimakawa, Institut Pasteur Paris, France
Anuradha Tripathy, National Institute of Virology, Indian Council of Medical Research, India
Eleanor Wilson, University of Maryland School of Medicine, USA
Yi-Hua Zhou, Nanjing University Medical School, China
Anna Linda Zignego, University of Florence, Italy

HIV and co-infections
Pablo Francisco Belaunzarán Zamudio, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas Y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, University of North Carolina, USA
Elena Burroni, ISPRO, Italy
Andrea Calcagno, University of Torino, Italy
Annapaola Callegaro, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Italy
Yi-Ming Arthur Chen, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan
Antonella Cingolani, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Jesse Clark, UCLA, USA
Francesco Di Gennaro, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Italy
Paul Drain, University of Washington, USA
Yuantao Hao, Sun Yat-Sen University, China
Ziad El-Khatib, Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Vicente Estrada, Infectious Diseases, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Spain
Emanuele Focà, University of Brescia, Italy
Francesco Maria Fusco, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Italy
Musie Ghebremichael, Harvard University, USA 
Nicola Gianotti, Ospedale San Raffaele, Italy
Richard Gray, The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Australia
Félix Gutiérrez, Hospital General Universitario de Elche & Universidad Miguel Hernández, Spain
Antoine Jaquet, Université de Bordeaux, France
Mirjam Kretzschmar, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Netherlands
Maia Lesosky, University of Capetown, South Africa
Emilio Letang, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Spain
Giulia Marchetti, University of Milan, Italy
Mar Masiá, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Spain
Nick Medland, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia
Patrik Medstrand, Lund University, Sweden
Sanjay R Mehta, UCSD, USA
José Moreira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
Sikhulile Moyo, Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, Botswana
Godwin Nchinda, CIRCB, Cameroon 
Peter Newman, University of Toronto, Canada
Chuanyi Ning, Guangxi Medical University, China
Catherine O'Connor, The Kirby Institute, Australia
Chet Ojha, St. Jude children’s Research Hospital, USA
Nancy Padian, Berkeley University of California, USA
Elijah Paintsil, Yale School of Medicine, USA
Nikos Pantazis, University of Athens, Greece
Ramesh Paranjape, National AIDS Research Institute, India
Saverio Parisi, University of Padova, Italy
Rafael Perelló, Hospital Clinic, Spain
George Praygod, Mwanza Medical Research Centre, National Institute for Medical Research, Tanzania
Stefano Rusconi, Universita' Degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Annalisa Saracino, University of Bari, Italy
Ayden Scheim, UCSD, USA
Sheela Shenoi, Yale University School of Medicine, USA
Juan G Sierra Madero, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico
Elisabetta Teti, Policlinico Tor Vergata, Italy
Friedrich Thienemann, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Giota Touloumi, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Damien Tully, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK
Claudio Ucciferri, Universita degli studi del Molise, Italy
Antoinette C van der Kuyl, Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Vijayakumar Velu, Emory University, USA
Gilles Wandeler, Bern University Hospital, Switzerland
Laura Waters, Mortimer Market Centre, UK
Mauro Zaccarelli, National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Lazzaro Spallanzani”, IRCCS, Italy
Maurizio Zazzi, University of Siena, Italy
Ming Zhang, University of Georgia, USA

Parasitological diseases
Sitara Ajjampur, Christian Medical College, India
Anjan Debnath, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, USA
Guillaume Desoubeaux, Hopital Bretonneau, France
Gregor Devine, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia
Ramesh Dhiman, ICMR-National Institute of malaria Research, India
Thomas Dorlo, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Netherlands
Uwem Ekpo, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria
Andrea Gazzinelli, Federal University Minas Gerais, Brazil
Jorge Gomez-Marin, Universidad del Quindio Carrera, Colombia
Helena Helmby, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Manuel W Hetzel, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Switzerland
Wenbiao Hu, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Basile Kamgang, Centre for Research in Infectious Diseases, Cameroon
Solomon Kibret, University of California Irvine, USA
Yee Ling Lau, University of Malaya, Malaysia
Youmna M’Ghirbi, Institute Pasteur of Tunis, Tunisia
Michael Marks, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Alfredo Mayor, The Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, CRESIB, Spain
Nicholas Midzi, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
Hamed Mirjalali, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Israel Molina, Department of Infectious Diseases, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, PROSICS Barcelona, Spain
Jason Paul Mooney, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Mathirut Mungthin, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Thailand
Norman Nausch, University Children's Hospital, Germany
Momar Ndao, McGill University, Canada
Joseph Ndung'u, Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics, Switzerland
Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Walailak University, Thailand
Kathleen M O'Reilly, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Dylan Pillai, University of Calgary, Canada
Simon Reid, The University of Queensland, Australia
Richard Reithinger, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Bahador Sarkari, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Benyun Shi, Nanjing Tech University, China
Ricardo Soares Magalhaes, The University of Queensland, Australia
Thomas Walker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Praveen Weeratunga, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
ZhiJie Zhang, Fudan University, China

Sexually transmitted diseases
Eric Chow, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia
Alyssa Cornall, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Australia
Deborah Dean, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland, UCSF School of Medicine, USA
Nicole Dukers-Muijrers, Public Health Service South Limburg, Netherlands
Jessie K. Edwards, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Scott Geibel, Population Council, USA
Daniel Golparian, WHO Collaborating Centre for Gonorrhoea and Other STIs, Sweden
Jane Hocking, University of Melbourne, Australia
Wilhelmina Huston, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Klaus Jansen, Robert Koch Institute, Germany
Fengyi Jin, University of New South Wales, Australia
Jeb Jones, Emory University, USA
Carmen Logie, University of Toronto, Canada
Dorothy Machalek, The Royal Women’s Hospital, Australia
David Mesher, Public Health England, UK
Sharmistha Mishra, University of Toronto, Canada
Jason Ong, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK & Monash University, Australia 
Isobel Mary Poynten, Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Australia
Henry Raymond, Rutgers School of Public Health, USA
David Regan, UNSW Sydney, Australia
Miguel Sanchez-Aleman, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico
Sadeep Shrestha, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Susanne Strömdahl, Uppsala University, Sweden
Weiming Tang, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Ruth Tachezy, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
Marianne van der Sande, Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp, Belgium
Chongyi Wei, Rutgers University, USA
Andrea Wirtz, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
Lei Zhang, Monash University, Australia
Huachun Zou, Sun Yat-sen University, China

Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases
Kefyalew Addis Alene, Curtin University, Australia
Cecilia Arlehamn, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, USA
Ray Chen, National Institute of Health, USA
Yih-Yuan Chen, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
Nora Cardona-Castro, Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical, Colombia
Pranab Kumar Das, University of Birmingham, UK
Giovanni Delogu, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Peter Dodd, University of Sheffield, UK
Horng Yunn Dou, National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
Greg Fox, University of Sydney, Australia
Lei Gao, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, China
Anthony Garcia-Prats, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Delia Goletti, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Italy
Shashank Gupta, Brown University, USA
Carol Holm-Hansen, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway
Natasha Hochberg, Boston University, USA
Hairong Huang, Capital Medical University, China
Helen Jenkins, Boston University, USA
Awewura Kwara, University of Florida, USA
Mallika Lavania, The Leprosy Mission Trust India, India
Meng-Rui Lee, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
Hsien-Ho Lin, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Diana Machado, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Gesham Magombedze, Baylor Research Institute, USA
Mamoudou Maiga, Northwestern University, USA
Anna Mandalakas, Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Makerere University, Uganda
Gerald Mboowa, Makerere University, Uganda
Takafira Mduluza, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
Carole Mitnick, Harvard Medical School, USA
Patrick Moonan, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA
Malaisamy Muniyandi, National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, India
Mark Nicol, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Catherine Ong, National University of Singapore
Jotam G. Pasipanodya, Baylor Research Institute , USA
Molebogeng Xheeda Rangaka, University College London, UK
Laura Rindi, Univerità di Pisa, Italy
Carlos Seas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano, Peru
James Seddon, Imperial College London, UK
Kathryn Schnippel, USA
Divakar Sharma, Aligarh Muslim University, India
Vishal Sharma, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, India
Edina Sinanovic, Unviersity of Cape Town, South Africa
Catherine Stein, Case Western Reserve University, USA
Masja Straetemans, KIT, The Netherlands
Pedro Suarez, Management Sciences for Health, USA 
Cesar Ugarte-Gil, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru
Christopher Vinnard, Rutgers University, USA
Jann-Yuan Wang, National Taiwan University, Taiwan 
Laura White, Boston University, USA
Roberto Zenteno Cuevas, Public Health Institute, Mexico
Zhongde Zhang, Capital Medical University, China
Chen Zhengrong, Children’s Hospital of Soochow University, China
Alice Zwerling, University of Ottowa, Canada

Vaccines
Filippo Ansaldi, University of Genoa, Italy
Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Italy
Cecil Czerkinsky, International Vaccine Institute, South Korea
Giovanni Gabutti, Universita' degli studi di Ferrara, Italy
Giancarlo Icardi, University of Genoa, Italy
Stephanie Irving, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, USA
Ping-Ing Lee, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
Federico Martinon-Torres, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago, Spain
Stephen Obaro, University of Nebraska Medical Center, USA
Annette Regan, Texas A&M University, USA
Effua Usuf, Medical Research Council The Gambia at LSHTM, The Gambia
Evanson Sambala, South African Medical Research Council, South Africa
Litjen Tan, Immunization Action Coalition, USA
Antoni Torres, University of Barcelona, Spain
Florens Versteegh, University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands
Michiel van Boven, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Netherlands

Viral diseases
Kalichamy Alagarasu, National Institute of Virology, India
Rodrigo Nogueira Angerami, University of Campinas, Brazil
Edwin Asturias, University of Colorado, USA
Vivian Avelino-Silva, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil
Seweryn Bialasiewicz, University of Queensland, Australia
Martin Chan, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Yokefun Chan, University Malaya, Malaysia
Rudragouda Channappanavar, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, USA
Gong Cheng, Tsinghua University, China
Young Ki Choi, Chungbuk National University, South Korea
Ka Chun Chong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Gerardo Chowell, Arizona State University, USA 
Steven J Drews, University of Alberta, Canada
Magnus Evander, Umeå University, Sweden
Anna-Bella Failloux, Institut Pasteur, France
James Fielding, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Australia
John Gachohi, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
Rongbao Gao, Chinese National Influenza Center, China 
Katherine Gibney, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Australia
Kathryn Glass, Australian National University, Australia
Roslyn Hickson, Melbourne Research Laboratory, Australia
Paul Horwood, James Cook University, Australia
Justin Julander, Utah State University, USA
Ghazi Kayali, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, USA
Alyson Kelvin, Dalhousie University, Canada
Alison Kesson, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Australia
Hirokazu Kimura, Gunma Paz University Graduate School of Health Science, Japan
Jason Kindrachuk, University of Manitoba, Canada & University of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone
Eric Lau, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Karen Laurie, Seqirus, Australia
Feng Liu, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA
David Chien Lye, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Ravi Mahalingam, University of Colorado, USA
Gathsaurie Malavige, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka
Niwat Maneekarn, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Martial Ndeffo Mbah, Texas A&M University, USA
Nada Melhem, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Manoj Murhekar, National Institute of Epidemiology, India
Matthias Niedrig, Robert Koch Institut, Germany
Melissa Nolan, University of South Carolina, USA
Antoine Nougairede, Aix-Marseille University, France
Dan Otelea, National lnstitute for lnfectious Diseases, Romania
Jesse Papenburg, McGill University Health Centre, Canada
Sen Pei, Columbia University, USA
Oscar Perng, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Antonio Piralla, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Italy
Stephan Pleschka, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany
Shannon Putnam, NHRC, USA
Cheng-Feng Qin, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, China
Bernhard Resch, Medical University of Graz, Austria
Steven Riley, Imperial College London, UK
Sukhyun Ryu, Konyang University, Republic of Korea
Claude Sabeta, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, South Africa 
R. Tedjo Sasmono, Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Indonesia
Holly Seale, University of New South Wales, Australia
Maxim Seferovic, Baylor College of Medicine, United States
Min-Suk Song, Chungbuk National University, Republic of Korea
Siddharth Sridhar, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 
Derek Stein, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canada
Shuo Su, Nanjing Agricultural University, China 
Clarence Tam, Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Huaiyu Tian, Beijing Normal University, China
Vicki Traina-Dorge, Tulane University, USA
Rogier Van Doorn, Oxford University, Vietnam
Fenicia Vescio, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Italy
Lin Wang, Institut Pasteur, France
Xiling Wang, Fudan University, China
Kristine Wylie, Washington University in St Louis, USA 
Hadi Yassine, Qatar University, Qatar
Lay-Myint M Yoshida, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Japan
Hongjie Yu, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China
Keivan Zandi, Emory University, USA
Hassan Zaraket, American University of Beirut, Lebanon

Editorial Advisors
Dlawer Ala'Aldeen, University of Nottingham, UK
Antonio Bertoletti, Singapore Institute for Clinical Science, Singapore
Sally Blower, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Jean Boyer, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Michael S. Bronze, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Centre, USA
Arturo Casadevall, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA
Daniel Colley, University of Georgia, USA
Julia Critchley, University of Newcastle, UK
Bart Currie, Menzies School of Health Research, Australia
Guy de Bruyn, Sanofi Pasteur, USA
Betsy Foxman, University of Michigan, USA
Paul Garner, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
Mauro Giacca, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Italy
Rod Hay, Queen's University Belfast, UK
John Ioannidis, University of Ioannina, Greece
Omar Khan, University of Vermont, USA
Sanjeev Krishna, St. George's, University of London, UK
Mary Ann Lansang, The INCLEN Trust, Philippines
Simon Mallal, Royal Perth Hospital, Australia
David Modiano, University of Rome, Italy
Carl Erik Nord, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
Piero L. Olliaro, World Health Organization, Switzerland
Albert Osterhaus, Erasmus Medical Centre, Netherlands
Jorma Paavonen, University of Helsinki, Finland
Nicholas Paton, MRC Clinical Trials Unit, UK
Anton Polderman Leiden, University Medical Centre, Netherlands
John Richens, University College London, UK
Roy Robins-Browne, University of Melbourne, Australia
Robert Rubin, Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
Guido Silvestri, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, USA
Fiona Smaill, McMaster University, Canada
Arnold Smith, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, USA
Allan Tunkel, Monmouth Medical Center, USA
Alain-Jacques Valleron, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Saint-Antoine, France
Jan Verhoef, University Medical Center Utrecht, Netherlands
Jean-Louis Vincent, Erasme University Hospital, Belgium
David Wilkinson, University of South Australia, Australia
Jonathan Zenilman, Johns Hopkins University, USA