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  1. Early diagnosis of HIV infection decreases the time from HIV diagnosis to viral suppression and reduces further HIV transmission. The Chinese Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of HIV/AIDS (2021 editio...

    Authors: Li Li, Xia Feng, Fei Zhao, Defu Yuan, Xizhao An, Xiaoxue Tian, Hao Wu, Bin Su, Tong Zhang and Lifeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:587
  2. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory infection in children worldwide. Understanding its prevalence, variations, and characteristics is vital, particularly in the cont...

    Authors: Sumit Bhardwaj, Manohar Lal Choudhary, Mandeep S Chadha, Aarti Kinikar, Ashish Bavdekar, Nilesh Gujar, Pradeep dcosta, Rajesh Kulkarni, Sanjay Bafna, Sonali Salvi, Vikram Padbidri and Varsha Potdar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:586
  3. We investigated the presence of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry and the environment in live poultry wholesale markets in Changsha during 2021–2022 and conducted a phylogenetic analysis to understand its distributio...

    Authors: Rusheng Zhang, Huiyuan Fu, Can Luo, Zheng Huang, Ruiqing Pei, Yu Di, Caiying Zhu, Jiayi Peng, Huiqi Hu, Shan Chen, Jingfang Chen, Lamei Chen, Mingzhong Xu, Xuewen Yang and Rengui Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:585
  4. Natural infection and vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 is associated with the development of immunity against the structural proteins of the virus. Specifically, the two most immunogenic are the S (spike) and N ...

    Authors: Jesús Adolfo Bailón-Cuenca, Karen Cortés-Sarabia, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Víctor Manuel Alvarado-Castro, Ulises Juárez-Baltazar, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Amalia Vences-Velázquez, Marco Antonio Leyva-Vázquez, Oscar Del Moral-Hernández and Berenice Illades-Aguiar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:584
  5. The objective of this study was to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the molecular transmission networks and transmitted drug resistance (TDR) patterns among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV-1 in Nanjing.

    Authors: Hongjie Shi, Xin Li, Sainan Wang, Xiaoxiao Dong, Mengkai Qiao, Sushu Wu, Rong Wu, Xin Yuan, Jingwen Wang, Yuanyuan Xu and Zhengping Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:583
  6. Bacterial infections (BIs) are widespread in ICUs. The aims of this study were to assess compliance with antibiotic recommendations and factors associated with non-compliance.

    Authors: Romain Amadieu, Camille Brehin, Adéla Chahine, Erick Grouteau, Damien Dubois, Caroline Munzer, Clara Flumian, Olivier Brissaud, Barbara Ros, Gael Jean, Camille Brotelande, Brendan Travert, Nadia Savy, Benoit Boeuf, Ghida Ghostine, Isabelle Popov…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:582
  7. Several antifungal agents are available for primary therapy in patients with invasive aspergillosis (IA). Although a few studies have compared the effectiveness of different antifungal agents in treating IA, t...

    Authors: Ao Liu, Liubo Xiong, Lian Wang, Han Zhuang, Xiao Gan, Mengying Zou and Xiaoming Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:581
  8. Sexually transmitted infections continue to be a significant public health issue on a global scale. Due to their effects on reproductive and child health as well as their role in facilitating the spread of HIV...

    Authors: Gosa Mankelkl, Seid Mohammed Abdu, Ebrahim Msaye Asefa, Altaseb Beyene Kassaw, Gashawu Abebe, Mekonnen Belete, Amare Abera Tareke, Alemu Gedefie and Beletu Kinfe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:580
  9. Globally, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a major public health problem. The tuberculosis rate in Sierra Leone is 298 per 100,000 people, and Sierra Leone is considered a country with a high burde...

    Authors: Josephine Amie Koroma, Adel Hussein Elduma, Umaru Sesay and Gebrekrstos Negash Gebru
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:579
  10. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health event of great concern, however epidemic data on TB covering entire areas during the special period of the COVID-19 epidemic have rarely been reported. We compa...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Wang, Tengfei Guo, Liyang Xu, Jinwei Liu, Yi Hou, Junrong Jin, Qing Zhang, Tao Jiang, Zhanqin Zhao and Yun Xue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:578
  11. Sepsis is a common and severe disease with a high mortality rate in intensive care unit (ICU). The hemoglobin (HGB) level is a key parameter for oxygen supply in sepsis. Although HGB is associated with the pro...

    Authors: Wen-Ming Shao, Lu-Wei Ye, Lu-ming Zhang, Yu-Long Wang, Hui Liu, Dan He, Jia-Liang Zhu, Jun Lyu and Haiyan Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:577
  12. The impact of COVID-19 infection on the blood system remains to be investigated, especially with those encountering hematological malignancies. It was found that a high proportion of cancer patients are at an ...

    Authors: Abdulaziz M. Almuqrin, Badi A. Alotaibi, Jehad A. Aldali, Abdulrahman Alshalani, Hamood AlSudais and Hamzah J. Aldali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:576
  13. Sepsis is a life-threatening disease accompanied by disorders of the coagulation and immune systems. P2Y12 inhibitors, widely used for arterial thrombosis prevention and treatment, possess recently discovered ...

    Authors: Shaojun Jiang, Jianwen Xu, Chengjie Ke and Pinfang Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:575
  14. We conducted a systematic review to explore the relationship between perceived risk for HIV acquisition and sexual HIV exposure among sexual and gender minorities. We included 39 studies divided into (i) corre...

    Authors: Hamid Vega-Ramirez, Centli Guillen-Diaz-Barriga, Paula M. Luz and Thiago S. Torres
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:574
  15. Frailty is a vulnerable state to stressors due to the loss of physiological reserve as a result of multisystem dysfunction. The physiological and laboratory-based frailty index (FI-Lab), depending on laborator...

    Authors: Huafeng Ding, Xiangquan Li, Xianjiang Zhang, Jiaqiong Li and Qinfeng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:573
  16. Every year in Italy, influenza affects about 4 million people. Almost 5% of them are hospitalised. During peak illness, enormous pressure is placed on healthcare and economic systems. This study aims to quanti...

    Authors: Riccardo Cipelli, Serena Falato, Eleonora Lusito, Giovanni Maifredi, Michele Montedoro, Paola Valpondi, Alberto Zucchi, Maria Vittoria Azzi, Laura Zanetta, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Entela Xoxi, Paola Giovanna Marchisio and Silvana Castaldi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:572
  17. In this study, we examined the value of chest CT signs combined with peripheral blood eosinophil percentage in differentiating between pulmonary paragonimiasis and tuberculous pleurisy in children.

    Authors: Kai-Yi Zhang, Yan Bi, Xu-Wen Fu, Min Qi, Jia-Lu Wei, Wei Gan, Le Zhang and Xiang Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:571
  18. Flies are acknowledged as vectors of diseases transmitted through mechanical means and represent a significant risk to human health. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of enteropathogens carried by fl...

    Authors: Chen Lin, Jun Liu, Yongting Yuan, Siyu Yu, Lei Feng, Yingpei Gu, Xinchen Lu, Jingyi Liu, Huihui Li, Chenxi Hu, Hongxia Liu and Hanzhao Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:569
  19. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (LRTI) pose a serious threat to older adults but may be underdiagnosed due to atypical presentations. Here we assess LRTI symptom profiles and syndromic (symptom-based) case ...

    Authors: Rachel Kwiatkowska, Anastasia Chatzilena, Jade King, Madeleine Clout, Serena McGuinness, Nick Maskell, Jennifer Oliver, Robert Challen, Matthew Hickman, Adam Finn, Catherine Hyams and Leon Danon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:568
  20. This study investigates the longitudinal dynamic changes in immune cells in COVID-19 patients over an extended period after recovery, as well as the interplay between immune cells and antibodies. Leveraging si...

    Authors: Diwenxin Zhou, Shuai Zhao, Keting He, Qiuhong Liu, Fen Zhang, Zhangya Pu, Lanlan Xiao, Lingjian Zhang, Shangci Chen, Xiaohan Qian, Xiaoxin Wu, Yangfan Shen, Ling Yu, Huafen Zhang, Jiandi Jin, Min Xu…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:567
  21. Early and appropriate antibiotic treatment improves the clinical outcome of patients with sepsis. There is an urgent need for rapid identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of bacteri...

    Authors: Peng-Peng Tian, Shan-Shan Su, Li-Sha Zhu, Tian Wang, Hui Yang, Meng-Yao Du, Cai-Zhi Ding, Li Wang, Wen Fan and Hua-Wei Yi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:566
  22. The effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) depends on participants adherence, making it crucial to assess and compare regimen options to enhance human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prophylaxis strateg...

    Authors: Lin Gan, Xiaoxin Xie, Yanhua Fu, Xiaoyan Yang, Shujing Ma, Linghong Kong, Chunli Song, Yebing Song, Tingting Ren and Hai Long
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:565
  23. This single-centre retrospective cohort study reports on the results of a descriptive (non-comparative) retrospective cohort study of early initiation of antivirals and combined monoclonal antibody therapy (mA...

    Authors: Salvatore Rotundo, Lavinia Berardelli, Sara Gullì, Valentina La Gamba, Rosaria Lionello, Alessandro Russo, Enrico Maria Trecarichi and Carlo Torti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:564
  24. The World Health Organization recommended the use of chemical-based disinfectants as an effective prevention of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, calls for poisoning were reported in several medical centers. The...

    Authors: Wissam Ghach, Aseel A. Takshe, Mohammad Rababa, Sami Al-Rawashdeh and Nisreen Alwan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:563
  25. The impact of chickens on maintaining the economy and livelihood of rural communities cannot be overemphasized. In recent years, mycoplasmosis has become one of the diseases that affect the success of South Af...

    Authors: Peter Ayodeji Idowu, Takalani J. Mpofu, Oliver T. Zishiri, Olusesan A. Adelabu, Khathutshelo A. Nephawe and Bohani Mtileni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:562
  26. Treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) infections in low-resource settings is challenging particularly due to limited treatment options. Colistin is the mainstay drug for treatment; however, ...

    Authors: Nqobile Ngoma, Olga Perovic, Alex de Voux, Alfred Musekiwa and Liliwe Shuping
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:561
  27. China experienced an overwhelming COVID-19 pandemic from middle December 2022 to middle January 2023 after lifting the zero-COVID-19 policy on December 7, 2022. However, the infection rate was less studied. We...

    Authors: Jie Tang, Yong Wang, Weiqin Lu, Zhihong Gao, Mingfeng Xu, Lin Wu and Jianhua Jin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:560
  28. Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at an elevated risk of progressing to severe infections upon contracting COVID-19. We conducted a study on risk factors and multi-pathogen infections in KTRs with SARS-C...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Yuanbo Su and Ming Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:559
  29. In January 2020, a different cervical cancer screening program started in Germany. Women above the age of 35 are recommended to have a combined HPV and cytology swab every three years. Showing persistent high-...

    Authors: Barbara Kipp, Elena Ulrich, Carmen van Meegen and Thomas Schwenzer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:558
  30. Evidence continues to accumulate regarding the potential long-term health consequences of COVID-19 in the population. To distinguish between COVID-19-related symptoms and health limitations from those caused b...

    Authors: Cristina Barboza-Solis, Romain Fantin, Allan Hildesheim, Ruth Pfeiffer, Carolina Porras, Julia Butt, Tim Waterboer, Henriette Raventós, Arturo Abdelnour, Amada Aparicio, Viviana Loria, D. Rebecca Prevots, Mitchell H. Gail and Rolando Herrero
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:557
  31. Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is an important central nervous infection with severe neurological sequelae. The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristic and outcomes of patients with HSE in...

    Authors: Ta Thi Dieu Ngan, Nguyen Thi Tuyet, Dinh Trong Hung, Nguyen Trung Cap, Duy Manh Nguyen and Vu Quoc Dat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:556
  32. CRISPR-Cas is a prokaryotic adaptive immune system that protects bacteria and archaea against mobile genetic elements (MGEs) such as bacteriophages plasmids, and transposons. In this study, we aimed to assess ...

    Authors: Hiva Kadkhoda, Pourya Gholizadeh, Reza Ghotaslou, Tahereh Pirzadeh, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Edris Nabizadeh, Hadi Feizi, Hossein Samadi Kafil and Mohammad Aghazadeh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:554
  33. The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a global health emergency necessitates continued investigation of the disease progression. This study investigated the relationship between eosinophilia ...

    Authors: Mitra Samareh Fekri, Zohreh Najminejad, Fatemeh Karami Robati, Behnam Dalfardi, Mahdiyeh Lashkarizadeh and Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:553
  34. Persistent infections with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) can cause cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) that may progress to cancer. The cervicovaginal microbiome (CVM) correlates with SIL,...

    Authors: Mariano A. Molina, William P. J. Leenders, Martijn A. Huynen, Willem J. G. Melchers and Karolina M. Andralojc
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:552
  35. Leishmaniasis, an illness caused by protozoa, accounts for a substantial number of human fatalities globally, thereby emerging as one of the most fatal parasitic diseases. The conventional methods employed for...

    Authors: Alireza Sadeghi, Mahdieh Sadeghi, Mahdi Fakhar, Zakaria Zakariaei, Mohammadreza Sadeghi and Reza Bastani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:551
  36. Influenza A virus infections can occur in multiple species. Eurasian avian-like swine influenza A (H1N1) viruses (EAS-H1N1) are predominant in swine and occasionally infect humans. A Eurasian avian-like swine ...

    Authors: Yujie He, Shaoxia Song, Jie Wu, Julong Wu, Lifang Zhang, Lin Sun, Zhong Li, Xianjun Wang, Zengqiang Kou and Ti Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:550
  37. Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) implemented to reduce the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have suppressed the spread of other respiratory viruses during the ...

    Authors: Weiling Qiu, Jiaying Ding, Hongmei Zhang, Shumin Huang, Zuowei Huang, Ming Lin, Yuanyuan Zhang and Zhimin Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:549
  38. Clostridioides difficile infections (CDIs) and recurrences (rCDIs) remain a major public health challenge due to substantial mortality and associated costs. This study aims to generate real-world evidence on the ...

    Authors: Ana Antunes, Aurore Tricotel, Adrian Wilk, Silvia Dombrowski, Hanna Rinta-Kokko, Fredrik L. Andersson and Subrata Ghosh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:548
  39. Noroviruses are the second leading cause of death in children under the age of 5 years old. They are responsible for 200 million cases of diarrhoea and 50,000 deaths in children through the word, mainly in low...

    Authors: Dako Dakouo, Djénéba Ouermi, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Abibou Simpore, Tégwendé Rebecca Compaore, Mah Alima Esther Traore, Zakaria Gamsore, Abdou Azaque Zoure, Lassina Traore, Théodora Mahoukèdè Zohoncon, Albert Théophane Yonli, P. Denise Ilboudo, Florencia Wendkuuni Djigma and Jacques Simpore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:547
  40. Oral candidiasis (OC) is a prevalent opportunistic infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The increasing resistance to antifungal agents in HIV-positive individuals suffering ...

    Authors: Amirreza Keyvanfar, Hanieh Najafiarab, Niki Talebian, Mahdi Falah Tafti, Gelareh Adeli, Zahra Ghasemi and Shabnam Tehrani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:546
  41. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the physicochemical characteristics of An. gambiae s.s. and An. coluzzii breeding sites, the susceptibility profiles to commonly used insecticides in publi...

    Authors: Innocent Djègbè, Donald Hessou-Djossou, Massioudou Koto Yerima Gounou Boukari, Odilon Nonfodji, Geneviève Tchigossou, Rousseau Djouaka, Sylvie Cornelie, Martin Akogbeto, Luc Djogbenou and Fabrice Chandre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:545
  42. The COVID-19 pandemic is still a public health concern in South Sudan having caused suffering since the first case of COVID-19 was introduced on 28th February 2020. COVAX vaccines have since been introduced using...

    Authors: Dickens Atwongyeire, Ayesheshem Ademe Tegegne, Fabian Ndenzako, Brendan Dineen, Anson Edu Benjamin, Benz Luo, Ferede Melesachew, Emmanuel George Bachan and Andrew Baguma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:544
  43. In 2022, an Ebola disease outbreak caused by Sudan virus (SUDV) occurred in Uganda, primarily affecting Mubende and Kassanda districts. We determined risk factors for SUDV infection among household members (HH...

    Authors: Stella M. Migamba, Denis-Luc Ardiet, Richard Migisha, Hildah T. Nansikombi, Brian Agaba, Helen Nelly Naiga, Mercy Wanyana, Jane Frances Zalwango, Immaculate Atuhaire, Peter Chris Kawungezi, Marie Goretti Zalwango, Brenda Simbwa, Daniel Kadobera, Alex R. Ario and Julie R. Harris
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:543
  44. While airport screening measures for COVID-19 infected passengers at international airports worldwide have been greatly relaxed, observational studies evaluating fever screening alone at airports remain scarce...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Takayama, Yining S. Xu, Yusuke Shimakawa, Gerardo Chowell, Masahiro Kozuka, Ryosuke Omori, Ryota Matsuyama, Taro Yamamoto and Kenji Mizumoto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:542
  45. Most studies investigated the relationship between COVID-19 and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) by comparing the incidence of GBS before and during the pandemic of COVID-19. However, the findings were inconsiste...

    Authors: Yaqian Li, Rongjuan Zhao, Ling Li, Huiru Xue, Huaxing Meng, Guanxi Li, Feng Liang, Huiqiu Zhang, Jing Ma, Xiaomin Pang, Juan Wang, Xueli Chang, Junhong Guo and Wei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:541
  46. Eradication of oral Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) not only reduces the infection rate from the transmission route but also improves the success rate of intragastric eradication. MAXPOWER Biological Bacteriostat...

    Authors: Yongkang Lai, Xiaoyang Dong, Yingxiao Song, Jiulong Zhao, Yiqi Du and Zhaoshen Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:540
  47. Cervical cancer (CC) is a significant global public health concern, particularly in developing countries such as Colombia. The main risk factor involves high-risk HPV types (HR-HPV) infection, coupled with pop...

    Authors: Heiser Arteaga-Pautt, O. Elias Bru-Cordero, Dina Ricardo-Caldera, Lyda Espitia-Pérez, Paula Avilés-Vergara, Catalina Tovar-Acero, Lorena Castaño-Caraballo, Sandra Janeth Perdomo-Lara, Helvey Ramón Zetién-Arteaga, Valentina Behaine-Bravo and Sara Cecilia Soto-De León
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:539
  48. Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are a diverse group of viruses associated with respiratory infections in humans worldwide. However, there is a lack of research on the genetic diversity and epidemiology of HAdVs in ...

    Authors: Khalid Mahmood, Waqar Ahmed, Saba Farooq, Gul Habib, Muhammad Ashfaq Sindhu, Afshan Asif and Thomas Iftner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:538

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