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  1. Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:604

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:410

  2. Authors: Esther Merlini, Alessandro Cozzi-lepri, Antonella Castagna, Andrea Costantini, Sergio Lo Caputo, Stefania Carrara, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Maria A. Ursitti, Andrea Antinori, Antonella D’Arminio Monforte and Giulia Marchetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:603

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:557

  3. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread around the world, until now, the number of positive and death cases is still increasing. Therefore, it remains important to identify risk factors for death in cri...

    Authors: Jinghua Gao, Li Zhong, Ming Wu, Jingjing Ji, Zheying Liu, Conglin Wang, Qifeng Xie and Zhifeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:602

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Gastrointestinal illness is a major cause of morbidity in travellers and is a common reason for presentation to healthcare services on return. Whilst the aetiology of imported gastrointestinal disease is predo...

    Authors: Robert A. Lever, Louis Tapper, Sophie Skarbek, Peter L. Chiodini, Margaret Armstrong and Robin L. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:599

    Content type: Research

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  5. Early diagnosis and treatment of Buruli ulcer is critical in order to avoid the debilitating effects of the disease. In this regard, the development of new diagnostic and point of care tools is encouraged. The...

    Authors: Anthony Ablordey, Evans Ahotor, Charles A. Narh, Sandra A. King, Isra Cruz, Joseph M. Ndung’u and Dziedzom K. de Souza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:598

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a primary pathogen of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). However, little data are available on combination with sepsis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and pro...

    Authors: Shixiao Li, Sufei Yu, Minfei Peng, Jiajia Qin, Chunyan Xu, Jiao Qian, Minmin He and Peng Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:597

    Content type: Research

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  7. Measles outbreaks are prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa despite the preventive measures like vaccination that target under five-year-old children and health systems strengthening efforts like prioritizin...

    Authors: Abel Wilson Walekhwa, Moses Ntaro, Peter Chris Kawungezi, Chiara Achangwa, Rabbison Muhindo, Emmanuel Baguma, Michael Matte, Richard Migisha, Raquel Reyes, Peyton Thompson, Ross M. Boyce and Edgar M. Mulogo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:596

    Content type: Research

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  8. We aimed to assess the overall cardiovascular and metabolic effect of the switch to three different single tablet regimens (STRs) [tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine/rilpivirine (TAF/FTC/RPV), TAF/FTC/elviteg...

    Authors: Andrea Giacomelli, Federico Conti, Laura Pezzati, Letizia Oreni, Anna Lisa Ridolfo, Valentina Morena, Cecilia Bonazzetti, Gabriele Pagani, Tiziana Formenti, Massimo Galli and Stefano Rusconi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research

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  9. UltraViolet-C (UV-C) lamps may be used to supplement current hospital cleaning and disinfection of surfaces contaminated by SARS-CoV-2. Our aim is to provide some practical indications for the correct use of U...

    Authors: Manuela Lualdi, Adalberto Cavalleri, Andrea Bianco, Mara Biasin, Claudia Cavatorta, Mario Clerici, Paola Galli, Giovanni Pareschi and Emanuele Pignoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:594

    Content type: Research

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  10. Unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) within the context of concurrent sexual relationship are prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM) who have regular male sex partners and it aggravates the risk of HIV ...

    Authors: Sha Chen, Qingling Yang, Juan He, Xiongzhi Fan, Zhongqi Liu, Jialing Qiu, Zhiwei Zheng, Jing Gu, Weibin Cheng, Yuantao Hao, Jinghua Li and Chun Hao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:593

    Content type: Research

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  11. Factors predicting peripheral blood total HIV-1 DNA size in chronically infected patients with successfully suppressed viremia remain unclear. Prognostic power of such factors are of clinical significance for ...

    Authors: Yongsong Yue, Yijia Li, Yizhi Cui, Nidan Wang, Yunda Huang, Wei Cao, Yang Han, Ting Zhu, Wei Lyu, Jing Xie, Xiaojing Song, Yanling Li, Tong Wang, Tuofu Zhu and Taisheng Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:592

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Authors: Sonia Vivian de Jezus, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Keila Cristina Mascarello, Carolina Maia Martins Sales, Maysa Mabel Fauth, Nahari de Faria Marcos Terena, Raphael Florindo Amorim, Vania Maria Silva Araujo, Miguel Angel López Aragón and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:591

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:512

  13. Bloodstream infections due to Staphylococcus aureus cause significant patient morbidity and mortality worldwide. Of major concern is the emergence and spread of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in bloodstre...

    Authors: Joshua T. Smith, Elissa M. Eckhardt, Nicole B. Hansel, Tahmineh Rahmani Eliato, Isabella W. Martin and Cheryl P. Andam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:589

    Content type: Research

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  14. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been shown to cause serious health problems among them is the Acute Respiratory Distress syndrome (ARDS). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling possibly partakes in the pat...

    Authors: Mohammad Taheri, Lina Moallemi Rad, Bashdar Mahmud Hussen, Fwad Nicknafs, Arezou Sayad and Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:588

    Content type: Research

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  15. Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) infection has been associated with adult-onset immunodeficiency due to anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies. We aimed to investigate the clinical features of non-HIV-infected patients wi...

    Authors: Zhao-Ming Chen, Zheng-Tu Li, Shao-Qiang Li, Wei-Jie Guan, Ye Qiu, Zi-Ying Lei, Yang-Qing Zhan, Hua Zhou, Sheng Lin, Xinni Wang, Zhun Li, Feng Yang, Wen Zeng, Ye Lin, Jing Liu, Jian-Quan Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:587

    Content type: Research

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  16. Pertussis remain a global health concern, especially in infants too young to initiate their vaccination. Effective vaccination and high coverage limit the circulation of the pathogen, yet duration of protectio...

    Authors: Gaelle Noel, Masoumeh Nakhost Lotfi, Sajedeh Mirshahvalad, Sedaghatpour Mahdi, David Tavel, Seyed M. Zahraei, Roxana Mansour Ghanaie, Tahereh Heidary, Aliahmad Goudarzi, Azardokht Kazemi, Abdollah Karimi, Alireza Nateghian, Mohand Ait-Ahmed, Nicole Guiso, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi and Fabien Taieb

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:586

    Content type: Research

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  17. Human coronaviruses are causative agents of respiratory infections with several subtypes being prevalent worldwide. They cause respiratory illnesses of varying severity and have been described to be continuously ...

    Authors: Elijah Nicholas Mulabbi, Robert Tweyongyere, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Edison Mworozi, Jeff Koehlerb, Hannah Kibuuka, Monica Millard, Bernard Erima, Titus Tugume, Ukuli Qouilazoni Aquino and Denis K. Byarugaba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:585

    Content type: Research

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  18. The demographic of Northern Territory prison population differs than elsewhere in Australia and the prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C may therefore be somewhat different from other jurisdictions. There...

    Authors: Richard P. Sullivan, Rob Baird, Kevin Freeman, Hugh Heggie, Joshua S. Davis, Catherine S. Marshall and Jane Davies

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:584

    Content type: Research

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  19. Previous studies showed that type 2 short bowel syndrome (SBS) rats were accompanied by severe intestinal bacterial dysbiosis. Limited data are available for intestinal fungal dysbiosis. Moreover, no effective...

    Authors: Xiuting Hu, Wei Cheng, Shengxian Fan, Yuhua Huang, Xi Chen, Zhiwei Jiang and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:583

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Refugees are frequently not immune to vaccine-preventable infections. Adherence to consensus guidelines on vaccination and infectious diseases screening among refugees resettling in the U.S. is unknown. We sou...

    Authors: Amir M. Mohareb, Bryan Brown, Kevin S. Ikuta, Emily P. Hyle and Aniyizhai Annamalai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:582

    Content type: Research

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  21. Despite high childhood immunization coverage, sporadic cases of diphtheria have been reported in Malaysia in recent years. This study aims to evaluate the seroprevalence of diphtheria among the Malaysian popul...

    Authors: Ahmad Faudzi Yusoff, Zatil Zahidah Mohd Sharani, Chee Cheong Kee, Nuur Hafizah Md Iderus, Ahmed Syahmi Syafiq Md Zamri, Tharmarajah Nagalingam, Mohd Safrin Mohamad Bashaabidin, Wan Abdul Hannan Wan Ibadullah, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Ainur Yusniza Yusof, Yee Ming Ching, Nurhanani Mohamed Nor, Balqis Kamarudin, Norazah Ahmad and Masita Arip

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:581

    Content type: Research

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  22. COVID-19 has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lateral flow assays can detect anti-Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies to monitor transmission. Howe...

    Authors: Bianca A. Trombetta, Savannah E. Kandigian, Robert R. Kitchen, Korneel Grauwet, Pia Kivisäkk Webb, Glenn A. Miller, Charles G. Jennings, Sejal Jain, Samara Miller, Yikai Kuo, Thadryan Sweeney, Tal Gilboa, Maia Norman, Daimon P. Simmons, Christopher E. Ramirez, Melissa Bedard…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:580

    Content type: Research

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  23. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis (CNM) is an emerging tick-born pathogen and usually causes symptomatic infection only in immunocompromised patients. Apart from one described case found in the literature where ...

    Authors: Mitja Lenart, Miha Simoniti, Katja Strašek-Smrdel, Vesna Cvitković Špik, Tanja Selič-Kurinčič and Tatjana Avšič-Županc

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:579

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Antibiotic Resistance is an imminent global public health threat. Antibiotic resistance emerged in healthcare settings and has now moved on to the community settings.

    Authors: Thilini Munasinghe, Gihani Vidanapathirana, Shahlina Kuthubdeen, Asela Ekanayake, Sacheera Angulmaduwa, Kunchana De Silva, Susan Subhasinghe, Ruwani Kalupahana, Veranja Liyanapathirana and Margaret Ip

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:578

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Both capillary and venous blood samples have been interchangeably used for the diagnosis of malaria in Ethiopia. However, Plasmodium parasites are thought to be more concentrated in capillary than in venous blood...

    Authors: Getu Abeje, Woyneshet Gelaye and Getaneh Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:576

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has become a world health threaten. Its risk factors with death were still not known. White blood cells (WBC) count as a reflection of inflammation has played a vital role in ...

    Authors: Bin Zhu, Xiaokai Feng, Chunguo Jiang, Song Mi, Liya Yang, Zhigang Zhao, Yong Zhang and Liming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:574

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The recent increase in cases of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus (ARAf) infections is a major clinical concern owing to its treatment limitations. Patient-derived ARAf occurs after prolonged azole treatment ...

    Authors: Yuya Ito, Takahiro Takazono, Satoru Koga, Yuichiro Nakano, Nobuyuki Ashizawa, Tatsuro Hirayama, Masato Tashiro, Tomomi Saijo, Kazuko Yamamoto, Yoshifumi Imamura, Taiga Miyazaki, Katsunori Yanagihara, Koichi Izumikawa and Hiroshi Mukae

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:573

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria and represent a major healthcare burden. Carbapenem-resistant (CR) strains of Enterobacterales and non-lactose fe...

    Authors: Ryan K. Shields, Yun Zhou, Hemanth Kanakamedala and Bin Cai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:572

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Antibiotic resistance is increasing among urinary pathogens, resulting in worse clinical and economic outcomes. We analysed factors associated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in patients hospitalized ...

    Authors: Marion Opatowski, Christian Brun-Buisson, Mehdi Touat, Jérôme Salomon, Didier Guillemot, Philippe Tuppin and Laurence Watier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:571

    Content type: Research

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  30. Cholera has been present and recurring in Zambia since 1977. However, there is a paucity of data on genetic relatedness and diversity of the Vibrio cholerae isolates responsible for these outbreaks. Understanding...

    Authors: John Mwaba, Amanda K. Debes, Kelsey N. Murt, Patrick Shea, Michelo Simuyandi, Natasha Laban, Katayi Kazimbaya, Caroline Chisenga, Shan Li, Mathieu Almeida, Jacquelyn S. Meisel, Aaron Shibemba, Timothy Kantenga, Victor Mukonka, Geoffrey Kwenda, David A. Sack…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:570

    Content type: Research

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  31. NEW LAV BLOT I and II (LAV I and LAV II), they were only option for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) confirmatory test, following HIV screening test using HIV Ag/Ab combination test in Japan. We evaluated th...

    Authors: Shigeru Kusagawa, Ai Kawana-Tachikawa, Keiji Matsubayashi, Yuji Hoshi, Ken Ishimaru and Isao Hamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:569

    Content type: Research

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  32. Increasing incidences of syphilis highlight the preoccupation with the occurrence of neurosyphilis. This study aimed to understand the current diagnostic tools and their performance to detect neurosyphilis, in...

    Authors: Gustavo Henrique Pereira Boog, João Vitor Ziroldo Lopes, João Vitor Mahler, Marina Solti, Lucas Tokio Kawahara, Andre Kakinoki Teng, João Victor Taba Munhoz and Anna S. Levin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:568

    Content type: Research

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  33. There is limited evidence on the efficacy and safety of nucleos(t) ide analogues (NAs) in the treatment of HBV-ACLF. Our objective was to evaluate the outcomes among TAF, TDF and ETV, three first-line antivira...

    Authors: Juan Li, Chunhua Hu, Yi Chen, Rou Zhang, Shan Fu, Mimi Zhou, Zhijie Gao, Mengjun Fu, Taotao Yan, Yuan Yang, Jianzhou Li, Jinfeng Liu, Tianyan Chen, Yingren Zhao and Yingli He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:567

    Content type: Research

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  34. Vitamin D deficiency has been suggested to favor a poorer outcome of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). We aimed to assess if 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (25OHD) levels are associated with interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels ...

    Authors: Irene Campi, Luigi Gennari, Daniela Merlotti, Christian Mingiano, Alessandro Frosali, Luca Giovanelli, Camilla Torlasco, Martino F. Pengo, Francesca Heilbron, Davide Soranna, Antonella Zambon, Marta Di Stefano, Carmen Aresta, Marco Bonomi, Biagio Cangiano, Vittoria Favero…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:566

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Rhodococcus kroppenstedtii is an aerobic, gram-positive bacterium firstly identified in the environment, which has not been reported in human-related infection. Herein, we reported the first case of peritoneal di...

    Authors: Yi Kang, Yuxin Chen, Zhifeng Zhang, Han Shen, Wanqing Zhou and Chao Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:565

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. Listeria monocytogenes (LM) has come to be a major public health issue of at-risk groups, causing high morbidity and mortality. Despite this data, studies are very limited in developing countries like Ethiopia. T...

    Authors: Lencho Girma, Alene Geteneh, Demisew Amenu and Tesfaye Kassa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:564

    Content type: Research

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  37. Psychological distress, a major comorbidities of tuberculosis (TB) patients, has posed a serious threat to the progress being made in global TB programs by affecting treatment adherence and health outcomes. Ho...

    Authors: Xu Chen, Ruiheng Wu, Jia Xu, Jiawei Wang, Mingcheng Gao, Yunting Chen, Yuanping Pan, Haoqiang Ji, Yuxin Duan, Meng Sun, Liang Du and Ling Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:563

    Content type: Research article

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  38. People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with immuno-virological discordant responses are at an increased risk to develop acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and severe non AIDS events which...

    Authors: Genet Gebrehiwet Hailu and Araya Gebreyesus Wasihun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:561

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study was performed with the intention of comparing the clinical, laboratory, and chest computed tomography (CT) findings between severe and non-severe patients as well as between different age groups com...

    Authors: Meisam Hoseinyazdi, Saeid Esmaeilian, Reza Jahankhah, Arash Teimouri, Farzaneh Ghazi Sherbaf, Faranak Rafiee, Reza Jalli and Sedighe Hooshmandi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:560

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Gonorrhoea and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae are significant public health concerns globally. Nearly no gonococcal AMR data are available from Central Asia, and no data from Kyrgyzstan h...

    Authors: Saliya Karymbaeva, Iryna Boiko, Susanne Jacobsson, Galina Mamaeva, Ainagul Ibraeva, Dilara Usupova, Daniel Golparian and Magnus Unemo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:559

    Content type: Research

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  41. The quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) effectively detects the SARS-COV-2 virus. SARS-CoV-2 Nevertheless, some critical gaps remain in the identification and monitoring of a...

    Authors: Ariel Torres, Martha Fors, Tamaris Rivero, Karina Pantoja and Santiago Ballaz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:558

    Content type: Research

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  42. Despite the effectiveness of cART, people living with HIV still experience an increased risk of serious non-AIDS events, as compared to the HIV negative population. Whether pre-cART microbial translocation (MT...

    Authors: Esther Merlini, Alessandro Cozzi-lepri, Antonella Castagna, Andrea Costantini, Sergio Lo Caputo, Stefania Carrara, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Maria A. Ursitti, Andrea Antinori, Antonella D’Arminio Monforte and Giulia Marchetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:557

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:603

  43. Covid-19 in Mexico is on the rise in different parts of the country. We aimed to study the symptoms and comorbidities that associate with this pandemic in 3 different regions of Mexico.

    Authors: Antonio Pizuorno, Nora A. Fierro, Edgar D. Copado-Villagrana, María E. Herrera-Solís, Gholamreza Oskrochi, Hassan Brim and Hassan Ashktorab

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:555

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Children affected by infectious diseases may not always have a detectable infectious etiology. Diagnostic uncertainty can lead to prolonged hospitalizations, inappropriately broad or extended courses of antibi...

    Authors: Julianne Wilke, Nanda Ramchandar, Christopher Cannavino, Alice Pong, Adriana Tremoulet, Leidy Tovar Padua, Helen Harvey, Jennifer Foley, Lauge Farnaes and Nicole G. Coufal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:552

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.