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  1. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is commonly used to detect viral pathogens because of its high sensitivity and specificity. However, conventional PCR methods cannot determine virus infectivity. Virus infec...

    Authors: Yuki Nakaya, Takashi Fukuda, Hiroki Ashiba, Masato Yasuura and Makoto Fujimaki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:585

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a major health event that endangers people health throughout China and the world. Understanding the factors associated with COVID-19 disease severity cou...

    Authors: Songqiao Liu, Huanyuan Luo, Yuancheng Wang, Luis E. Cuevas, Duolao Wang, Shenghong Ju and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Dengue fever is endemic and a leading health problem in Sri Lanka. Increased incidence of concurrent bacteremia in patients with dengue infection is a recognized complication. However, Staphylococcal endocardi...

    Authors: Nilusha Weerasooriya, Tharanga Fernando, Pasan Serasinghe, Buddhika Alahakoon, Chirath Madurapperuma and Ananda Jayanaga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:583

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Limited data are available on the effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) or Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) on renal function in Ethiopians. We aimed to assess factors associated with renal function chan...

    Authors: Daniel Yilma, Alemseged Abdissa, Pernille Kæstel, Markos Tesfaye, Mette F. Olsen, Tsinuel Girma, Christian Ritz, Henrik Friis, Åse B. Andersen and Ole Kirk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:582

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) remains a major safety concern for blood supplies. Despite many HTLV positive cases being reported in southeastern China, the detection of HTLV has not been prioritized i...

    Authors: Junpeng Zhao, Feixue Zhao, Wei Han, Xiaoxuan Xu, Lilin Wang, Ran Li, Tong Li, Linfeng Wu, Dandan Du, Xuezhen Zeng, Xiujuan Cui, Yunlong Chen, Jinfeng Zeng and Lunan Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Dengue virus (DENV) causes the hospitalisation of an estimated 500,000 people every year. Outbreaks can severely stress healthcare systems, especially in rural settings. It is difficult to discriminate patient...

    Authors: Wesley de Jong, Tri Pudy Asmarawati, Inge Verbeek, Musofa Rusli, Usman Hadi, Eric van Gorp and Marco Goeijenbier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:580

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), most prisons are overcrowded with poor ventilation and put prisoners disproportionally at risk of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and developing TB infection but are mostl...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Portia Vezi, Vitalis Bawontuo, Ernest Osei and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:570

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is the 10th leading cause of death. Despite no country achieved its target, the world health organization (WHO) proposed a 90–90-90 approach to fastening the end TB strategy. Improv...

    Authors: Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Getu Debalkie, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Destaw Fetene, Haileab Fekadu Wolde and Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:579

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Gram-positive anaerobic (GPA) bacteria inhabit different parts of the human body as commensals but can also cause bacteremia. In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed GPA bacteremia pathogens bef...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Yuki Hara, Yusuke Yoshimi, Yoshiro Fujita, Masamichi Yokoe and Yoshinori Noguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite the significant decline in the prevalence of HIV in Tanzania, the prevalence rates in Mbeya, Iringa, and Njombe regions are higher than the national average and have remained stable for years. The curr...

    Authors: Habakkuk Mwakyula Issakwisa, Gloria Reginald Mbwile, Godlove Fred Mbwanji, David Daniel Nassoro, Nyanda Elias Ntinginya and Anthony Ambikile Nsojo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:577

    Content type: Research article

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  11. China ranks second in the world in terms of numbers of tuberculosis (TB) cases and is one of the top three countries with the largest number of multidrug-resistant and rifampicin-resistant TB (MDR/RR-TB). It a...

    Authors: Liwen Zhang, Wei Xing, Jiani Zhou, Rui Zhang, Yong Cheng, Jin Li, Geng Wang, Shili Liu and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:576

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with the high case-fatality rate, and lack of vaccines. We aimed to systematically analysed the epidemiological characterist...

    Authors: Zhiquan He, Bohao Wang, Yi Li, Yanhua Du, Hongxia Ma, Xingle Li, Wanshen Guo, Bianli Xu and Xueyong Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:575

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) and HIV-associated myelopathy (HAM) are not showing significant reduction in there occurrence....

    Authors: Biniyam Alemayehu Ayele, Wondwossen Amogne and Lalise Gemechu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:574

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Malaria during pregnancy leads to serious adverse effects on mothers and the fetus. Approximately 25 million pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa live at risk of malaria. This study would help to achieve Susta...

    Authors: Girma Bekele Gontie, Haileab Fekadu Wolde and Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:573

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Management of co-infections including cryptococcal meningitis, tuberculosis and other opportunistic infections in persons living with HIV can lead to complex polypharmacotherapy and increased susceptibility to...

    Authors: Prosperity C. Eneh, Katherine Huppler Hullsiek, Daniel Kiiza, Joshua Rhein, David B. Meya, David R. Boulware and Melanie R. Nicol

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The incidence of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) has gradually increased in recent years. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and cell count are very important for CM on etiology diagnosis and assessment of diseas...

    Authors: Junyan Qu, Jingwen Jiang and Xiaoju Lv

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:571

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:568

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:224

  18. To assess the dynamic changes in clinical and CT characteristics of COVID-19 patients with different epidemiology histories.

    Authors: Ruili Li, Guangxue Liu, Xiaojie Huang, Cuiyu Jia, Zhenying Xia, Wenyan Song, Xueqin Li, Xing Wang and Hongjun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:567

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) has been widely adopted in the clinical setting of ophthalmology and its infectious complications are rare. However, orbital abscess following STTA has been...

    Authors: Chiharu Iwahashi, Hiroshi Eguchi, Fumika Hotta, Mayu Uezumi, Miki Sawa, Masatomo Kimura, Takashi Yaguchi and Shunji Kusaka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:566

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Patients coinfected with HBV and hepatitis D virus (HDV) have a greater risk of HCC and cirrhosis. The current study was undertaken to assess HDV genotype distribution and determine clinical characteristics of...

    Authors: Shanshan Wu, Yi Zhang, Yuyan Tang, Ting Yao, Mengjiao Lv, Zhenghao Tang, Guoqing Zang, Yongsheng Yu and Xiaohua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:565

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The recent COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, has quickly spread throughout the world. In this study, we systematically reviewed the clinical features and outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19.

    Authors: Yi-jie Gao, Lei Ye, Jia-shuo Zhang, Yang-xue Yin, Min Liu, Hong-biao Yu and Rong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:564

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite several intervention programmes in South Africa, risky sexual behaviours among women of reproductive age remain a public health concern, making them vulnerable to unintended pregnancies and/or sexually...

    Authors: Mbuzeleni Hlongwa, Karl Peltzer and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:563

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Morbidity and mortality in transplant patients is increased by infection caused mainly by rare opportunistic pathogens. The present study reports a case where Hongkongmyces snookiorum caused subcutaneous phaeohyp...

    Authors: Deng Linqiang, Chen Yiguo, Xu Heping, Chen Dongke, Hu Longhua, Gui Xiaomei and Zou Xia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:562

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. The novel coronavirus, named as 2019-nCoV or coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has recently appeared in China and has spread worldwide, presenting a health threat to the global community. Therefore, it is i...

    Authors: Sa’ed H. Zyoud and Samah W. Al-Jabi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shu-Jin Fan, Hong-Kun Tan, Yu-Cheng Xu, Yuan-Zhi Chen, Tian-Ao Xie, Zhi-Yong Pan, Shi Ouyang, Qin Li, Xiao-yan Li, Zhen-Xing Li and Xu-Guang Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:560

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:525

  26. Listeriosis is a severe food-borne infection caused by the Gram-positive rod, Listeria monocytogenes. Despite the low incidence (3–8 cases per million), Listeriosis has a case fatality rate of 20–30% as it occurs...

    Authors: Rand Al Ohaly, Nischal Ranganath, Medina G. Saffie and Anjali Shroff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:559

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) infections are frequent and highly impact cancer patients. We developed and validated a scoring system to identify cancer patients harboring...

    Authors: Alvaro J. Martínez-Valencia, Brian J. Gómez Martínez, Anita M. Montañez Ayala, Katherin García, Ricardo Sánchez Pedraza, Leydy P. Jiménez Cetina, Julio C. Gómez Rincón and Sonia I. Cuervo Maldonado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:558

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Multi-drug resistance pathogens such as Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) are of great global health concern, since they are associated with increased morbidity and...

    Authors: Upendo O. Kibwana, Mtebe Majigo, Doreen Kamori and Joel Manyahi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. There is a general dearth of information on extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). Here, we investigated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) drug resistance and transmission patterns in EPTB patients treated in the Tsh...

    Authors: Doctor B. Sibandze, Beki T. Magazi, Lesibana A. Malinga, Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Bong-Akee Shey, Jotam G. Pasipanodya and Nontombi N. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:556

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Determine TB-LAM is the first point-of-care test (POC) for HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) and rapidly identifies TB in those at high-risk for short-term mortality. While the relationship between urine-LAM an...

    Authors: Andrew D. Kerkhoff, Nicky Longley, Nicola Kelly, Anna Cross, Monica Vogt, Robin Wood, Sabine Hermans, Stephen D. Lawn and Thomas S. Harrison

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:555

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In this study, we aimed to describe the prevalence, clinical presentation and risk factors of paradoxical tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS) cases in China.

    Authors: Ming Xue, Ruming Xie, Yu Pang, Shuo Yan, Yanni Du, Chunshuang Guan and Budong Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  32. We examined cytokine immune response profiles among contacts to tuberculosis patients to identify immunologic and epidemiologic correlates of tuberculosis.

    Authors: Mary R. Reichler, Christina Hirsch, Yan Yuan, Awal Khan, Susan E. Dorman, Neil Schluger and Timothy R. Sterling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are a severe health concern worldwide. HBV is a DNA virus with a rapid rate of mutation. Based on heterogeneity of the nucleotide sequence, the HBV strains are divided into n...

    Authors: Yi Yi Kyaw, Aye Aye Lwin, Khin Saw Aye, Hlaing Myat Thu, Moh Moh Htun, Hnin Ohmar Soe, Kay Thi Aye, Kyaw Zin Thant, Hyeon Jeong Hwang and JaeHun Cheong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:552

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Talaromyces marneffei (TM) is a dimorphic fungus mainly prevalent in Southeast Asian countries, which often causes disseminated life-threatening infection. TM infection often occurs in HIV/AIDS patients even in t...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Qin, Xiaojie Huang, Hui Chen, Xinchao Liu, Yao Li, Jianhua Hou, Aixin Li, Xiaofeng Yan and Yaokai Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:551

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Highly pathogenic influenza A (H5N8) viruses have caused several worldwide outbreaks in birds and are of potential risk to humans. Thus, a specific, rapid and sensitive method for detection is urgently needed.

    Authors: Fan Yang, Lihua Xu, Fumin Liu, Hangping Yao, Nanping Wu and Haibo Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:550

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. We aimed to report the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Zengdu District, Hubei Province, China.

    Authors: Yiping Wei, Weibiao Zeng, Xiangyun Huang, Junyu Li, Xingting Qiu, Huadong Li, Dinghua Liu, Zhaofeng He, Wenzhong Yao, Ping Huang, Chao Li, Min Zhu, Chunlan Zhong, Xingen Zhu and Jiansheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:549

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Bacteriological confirmation (BC) proportion among notified pulmonary TB patients in China is among the lowest in the world. This study was to understand the yield of BC using different testing strategies and ...

    Authors: Guoqin Zhang, Yuhua Zhang, Mingting Chen and Fan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:548

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Monitoring hepatitis B surveillance data is important for evaluating progress towards global hepatitis B elimination goals. Accurate classification of acute and chronic hepatitis infections is essential for as...

    Authors: Hui Zheng, Alexander J. Millman, Jeanette J. Rainey, Fuzhen Wang, Rui Zhang, Hong Chen, Zundong Yin, Huaqing Wang and Guomin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:547

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection is characterized by high viral replication and a decrease in CD4+ T cells (CD4+TC), resulting in AIDS, which can lead to death. In elite controllers and viremia cont...

    Authors: Samara Tatielle Monteiro Gomes, Ednelza da Silva Graça Amoras, Érica Ribeiro Gomes, Maria Alice Freitas Queiroz, Edivaldo Costa Sousa Júnior, Janaína Mota de Vasconcelos Massafra, Poliana da Silva Lemos, João Lídio Vianez Júnior, Ricardo Ishak and Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Bloodstream infection is common in the UK and has significant mortality depending on the pathogen involved, site of infection and other patient factors. Healthcare staffing and ward activity may also impact on...

    Authors: Rebecca N. Evans, Katie Pike, Chris A. Rogers, Rosy Reynolds, Margaret Stoddart, Robin Howe, Mark Wilcox, Peter Wilson, F. Kate Gould and Alasdair MacGowan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:545

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. This study aimed to identify ten different 16S rRNA methyltransferase genes (rmtA, rmtB, rmtC, rmtD, armA, rmtF, npmA, rmtH, rmtE and rmtG) and their coexisting ESBL and carbapenemase with the emergence of three

    Authors: Jayalaxmi Wangkheimayum, Mohana Bhattacharjee, Bhaskar Jyoti Das, K. Melson Singha, Debadatta Dhar Chanda and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The main advantage of GeneXpert MTB/RIF® (Xpert) molecular diagnostic technology is the rapid detection of M.tuberculosis DNA and mutations associated with rifampicin (RIF) resistance for timely initiation of app...

    Authors: Julia V. Ershova, Grigory V. Volchenkov, Tatiana R. Somova, Tatiana A. Kuznetsova, Natalia V. Kaunetis, Dorothy Kaminski, Olga V. Demikhova, Larisa N. Chernousova, Irina A. Vasilyeva, Eleanor M. Kerr, J. Peter Cegielski and Ekaterina V. Kurbatova

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:543

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. To evaluate whether soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) can be used as an early predictor of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).

    Authors: Xingxing Zhao, Lixiao Xu, Zuming Yang, Bin Sun, Ying Wang, Gen Li, Chenxi Feng, Tao Pan, Tian Yu and Xing Feng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:542

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Parham Azimi, Zahra Keshavarz, Jose Guillermo Cedeno Laurent and Joseph G. Allen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:541

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:497

  45. Antimicrobial resistance is an ecological and multicausal problem. Infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) can be acquired and transmitted in the community. Data o...

    Authors: Deving Arias Ramos, Julián Andrés Hoyos Pulgarín, Germán Alberto Moreno Gómez, John Alexander Alzate, Juan Camilo Olaya Gómez, Isabella Cortés Bonilla and Camila Vargas Mosquera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Staphylococcus saccharolyticus is a rarely encountered coagulase-negative, which grows slowly and its strictly anaerobic staphylococcus from the skin. It is usually considered a contaminant, but some rare reports...

    Authors: Marie-Charlotte Trojani, Brigitte Lamy, Raymond Ruimy, Nicolas Amoretti, Karine Risso and Christian Roux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:539

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. The risk of life-threatening complications, such as visceral disseminated varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection, is greater in immunosuppressed individuals, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.

    Authors: Veronica Vassia, Alessandro Croce, Paolo Ravanini, Monica Leutner, Chiara Saglietti, Stefano Fangazio, Marco Quaglia and Carlo Smirne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:538

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  48. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, early, ideally real-time, identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals is pivotal in interrupting infection chains. Volatile organic compounds produced during...

    Authors: Paula Jendrny, Claudia Schulz, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Erasmus Osterhaus, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Christiane Ernst, Marylyn Martina Addo, Esther Schalke and Holger Andreas Volk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:536

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Breakthrough invasive fungal infections (bIFIs) are an area of concern in the scarcity of new antifungals. The mixed form of bIFIs is a rare phenomenon but could be potentially a troublesome challenge when cau...

    Authors: Ali Amanati, Mehrzad Lotfi, Mohammad Sadegh Masoudi, Hadis Jafarian, Fatemeh Ghasemi, Haleh Bozorgi and Parisa Badiee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:535

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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