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  1. Research article

    Hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection among pregnant women in Rwanda

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a pandemic causing disease; more than 185 million people are infected worldwide. An HCV antibody (Ab) prevalence of 6.0% was estimated in Central African countries. The stu...

    Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Helene Balisanga, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Eric Remera, Samuel S. Malamba, David J. Riedel and Sabin Nsanzimana

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:167

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Field evaluation of a recombinase polymerase amplification assay for the diagnosis of Schistosoma japonicum infection in Hunan province of China

    Current diagnostic methods for Schistosoma japonicum infection are insensitive for low-density infections. Therefore, a new diagnostic assay based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) technology was esta...

    Weiwei Xing, Xinling Yu, Jingtao Feng, Kui Sun, Wenliang Fu, Yuanyuan Wang, Minji Zou, Wenrong Xia, Zhihong Luo, Hongbin He, Yuesheng Li and Donggang Xu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:164

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  3. Research article

    A controlled survey of less typical long-term consequences after an extensive waterborne epidemic

    Extensive backflow of treated wastewater caused household water contamination in a Finnish town in 2007. The drinking water of 9 500 residents became heavily polluted with faecal microbes, resulting in a large...

    Janne Laine, Outi Laine, Jukka Lumio, Jaakko Antonen, Salla Toikkanen, Mikko J. Virtanen and Markku Kuusi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:161

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  4. Research article

    The need for treatment scale-up to impact HCV transmission in people who inject drugs in Montréal, Canada: a modelling study

    HCV transmission remains high in people who inject drugs (PWID) in Montréal. New direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), highly effective and more tolerable than previous regimens, make a “Treatment as Prevention” (T...

    Anthony Cousien, Pascale Leclerc, Carole Morissette, Julie Bruneau, Élise Roy, Viet Chi Tran, Yazdan Yazdanpanah and Joseph Cox

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:162

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  5. Research article

    The virological durability of first-line ART among HIV-positive adult patients in resource limited settings without virological monitoring: a retrospective analysis of DART trial data

    Few low-income countries have virological monitoring widely available. We estimated the virological durability of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) after five years of follow-up among adult Ugandan and Z...

    David I. Dolling, Ruth L. Goodall, Michael Chirara, James Hakim, Peter Nkurunziza, Paula Munderi, David Eram, Dinah Tumukunde, Moira J. Spyer, Charles F. Gilks, Pontiano Kaleebu, David T. Dunn and Deenan Pillay

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:160

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Comparison of methods for identifying causative bacterial microorganisms in presumed acute endophthalmitis: conventional culture, blood culture, and PCR

    Identification of bacterial pathogens in endophthalmitis is important to inform antibiotic selection and treatment decisions. Hemoculture bottles and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis have been proposed...

    Pear Pongsachareonnont, Worawalun Honglertnapakul and Tanittha Chatsuwan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:165

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Suspicion of respiratory tract infection with multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: epidemiology and risk factors from a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit

    Multidrug-resistant (MDR) infections are a serious concern for children admitted to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). Tracheal colonization with MDR Enterobacteriaceae predisposes to respiratory infec...

    Hanna Renk, Lenja Stoll, Felix Neunhoeffer, Florian Hölzl, Matthias Kumpf, Michael Hofbeck and Dominik Hartl

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:163

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Genetic Characterization of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolates from outbreaks between 2011 and 2015 in Tanzania

    Cholera outbreaks have occurred in Tanzania since 1974. To date, the genetic epidemiology of these outbreaks has not been assessed.

    Yazid Kachwamba, A. A. Mohammed, H. Lukupulo, L. Urio, M. Majigo, F. Mosha, M. Matonya, R. Kishimba, J. Mghamba, J. Lusekelo, S. Nyanga, M. Almeida, S. Li, D. Domman, S.Y. Massele and O. C. Stine

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:157

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  9. Research article

    UK national clinical audit: management of pregnancies in women with HIV

    The potential for HIV transmission between a pregnant woman and her unborn child was first recognized in 1982. Since then a complex package of measures to reduce risk has been developed. This project aims to r...

    S. Raffe, H. Curtis, P. Tookey, H. Peters, A. Freedman and Y. Gilleece

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:158

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Empiric treatment against invasive fungal diseases in febrile neutropenic patients: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

    The most optimal antifungal agent for empiric treatment of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in febrile neutropenia is controversial. Our objective was evaluate the relative efficacy of antifungals for all-cause...

    Ken Chen, Qi Wang, Roy A. Pleasants, Long Ge, Wei Liu, Kangning Peng and Suodi Zhai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:159

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  11. Research article

    A screening program to test and treat for Helicobacter pylori infection: Cost-utility analysis by age, sex and ethnicity

    The World Health Organization recommends all countries consider screening for H. pylori to prevent gastric cancer. We therefore aimed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a H. pylori serology-based screening pro...

    Andrea M. Teng, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nisha Nair, Melissa McLeod, Nick Wilson and Tony Blakely

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:156

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Cost-benefit analysis of Chlamydia trachomatis screening in pregnant women in a high burden setting in the United States

    Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States (U.S.) [1] and remains a major public health problem. We determined the cos...

    Jared Ditkowsky, Khushal H. Shah, Margaret R. Hammerschlag, Stephan Kohlhoff and Tamar A. Smith-Norowitz

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:155

    Published on: 18 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and associated factors among Visceral Leishmaniasis infected patients in Northwest Ethiopia: a facility based cross-sectional study

    Visceral Leishmaniasis coinfection with HIV/AIDS has emerged as a series of disease pattern. It most often results in unfavorable responses to treatment, frequent relapses, and deaths. Scarce data is available...

    Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin and Abebaw Gebayehu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:152

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Factors associated with stigma attitude towards people living with HIV among general individuals in Heilongjiang, Northeast China

    HIV-related stigma always is major obstacles to an effective HIV response worldwide. The effect of HIV-related stigma on HIV prevention and treatment is particularly serious in China. This study was to examine...

    Xin Li, Lili Yuan, Xiaoxia Li, Jingli Shi, Liying Jiang, Chundi Zhang, Xiujing Yang, Yeli Zhang, Donghui Zhao and Yashuang Zhao

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:154

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Brain and liver pathology, amyloid deposition, and interferon responses among older HIV-positive patients in the late HAART era

    HIV+ patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with suppressed viral loads have a low incidence of HIV-associated dementia, but increased prevalence of milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognit...

    Isaac H. Solomon, Umberto De Girolami, Sukrutha Chettimada, Vikas Misra, Elyse J. Singer and Dana Gabuzda

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:151

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Clinical manifestations of severe enterovirus 71 infection and early assessment in a Southern China population

    Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) shows a potential of rapid death, but the natural history of the infection is poorly known. This study aimed to examine the natural history of EV-A71 infection.

    Si-da Yang, Pei-qing Li, Yi-min Li, Wei Li, Wen-ying Lai, Cui-ping Zhu, Jian-ping Tao, Li Deng, Hong-sheng Liu, Wen-cheng Ma, Jia-ming Lu, Yan Hong, Yu-ting Liang, Jun Shen, Dan-dan Hu, Yuan-yuan Gao…

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:153

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  17. Case report

    Zoonotic necrotizing myositis caused by Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus in a farmer

    Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is a beta-hemolytic group C streptococcus mainly causing infections in domesticated animals. Here we describe the first case of zoonotic necroti...

    Bård Reiakvam Kittang, Veronika Kuchařová Pettersen, Oddvar Oppegaard, Dag Harald Skutlaberg, Håvard Dale, Harald G. Wiker and Steinar Skrede

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:147

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  18. Research article

    Procalcitonin for infections in the first week after pediatric liver transplantation

    Procalcitonin (PCT) has become a commonly used serum inflammatory marker. Our aim was to describe the kinetics and usefulness of serial post-operative PCT measurements to detect bacterial infection in a cohort...

    Vladimir L. Cousin, Kalinka Lambert, Shahar Trabelsi, Annick Galetto-Lacour, Klara M. Posfay-Barbe, Barbara E. Wildhaber and Valérie A. McLin

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:149

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  19. Research article

    Wide variation in sexually transmitted infection testing and counselling at Aboriginal primary health care centres in Australia: analysis of longitudinal continuous quality improvement data

    Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are readily treatable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which continue to occur at high rates in Australia, particularly among Aboriginal Australians. This study aimed t...

    Barbara Nattabi, Veronica Matthews, Jodie Bailie, Alice Rumbold, David Scrimgeour, Gill Schierhout, James Ward, Rebecca Guy, John Kaldor, Sandra C. Thompson and Ross Bailie

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:148

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  20. Research article

    Factors associated with the length of delay with tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment among adult tuberculosis patients attending at public health facilities in Gondar town, Northwest, Ethiopia

    Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential for an effective tuberculosis (TB) control program. However, significant proportion of cases remains undiagnosed and untreated. Delay in diagnosis and treatmen...

    Selamsew Bogale, Ermias Diro, Atsede Mazengia Shiferaw and Melaku Kindie Yenit

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:145

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  21. Research article

    Treatment completion for latent tuberculosis infection: a retrospective cohort study comparing 9 months of isoniazid, 4 months of rifampin and 3 months of isoniazid and rifapentine

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended a new regimen for treatment of latent tuberculosis (three months of weekly isoniazid and rifapentine) in late 2011. While completion rates ...

    Adelaide H. McClintock, McKenna Eastment, Christy M. McKinney, Caroline L. Pitney, Masahiro Narita, David R. Park, Shireesha Dhanireddy and Alexandra Molnar

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:146

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  22. Research article

    Effective inhibition of MERS-CoV infection by resveratrol

    Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging viral pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no approved or licensed vaccine or antiviral medicines can...

    Shih-Chao Lin, Chi-Tang Ho, Wen-Ho Chuo, Shiming Li, Tony T. Wang and Chi-Chen Lin

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:144

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  23. Research article

    Association of high serum vitamin D concentrations with active pulmonary TB in an HIV co-endemic setting, Harare, Zimbabwe

    There is paucity data on the association of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and active tuberculosis (TB) in southern Africa where the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is co-endemic. We examined the association of...

    Cuthbert Musarurwa, Lynn Sodai Zijenah, Doreen Zvipo Duri, Kudzie Mateveke-Dangaiso, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Maria Mary Chipiti, Marshall Wesley Munjoma and Witmore Bayayi Mujaji

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:142

    Published on: 13 February 2017

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