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  1. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is one of the most common opportunistic infections following organ transplantation, despite administration of CMV prophylaxis. CMV-specific T-cell immunity (TCI) has been associ...

    Authors: Ralph Rogers, Kapil Saharia, Aditya Chandrokar, Zoe F. Weiss, Kendra Vieira, Sophia Koo and Dimitrios Farmakiotis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Critically ill patients undergo extensive physiological alterations that will have impact on antibiotic pharmacokinetics. Up to 60% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients meet the pharmacodynamic targets of bet...

    Authors: A. Abdulla, T. M. J. Ewoldt, N. G. M. Hunfeld, A. E. Muller, W. J. R. Rietdijk, S. Polinder, T. van Gelder, H. Endeman and B. C. P. Koch

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:57

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Nocardiosis is an uncommon disease caused by aerobic gram-positive bacteria Nocardia spp. Although it is usually an opportunistic infection affecting immunocompromised patients, even one third of cases occur in i...

    Authors: Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Izabela Swiecicka, Henryk Grześ, Agnieszka Siemieniako, Sambor Grygorczuk, Eugeniusz Tarasów and Sławomir Pancewicz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:56

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Candidaemia is the most common form of invasive candidiasis. Resistant Candida blood stream infection (BSI) is rising, with limitations on the development of broader-spectrum antifungal agents worldwide. Our stud...

    Authors: Namareq F. Aldardeer, Hadiel Albar, Majda Al-Attas, Abdelmoneim Eldali, Mohammed Qutub, Ashraf Hassanien and Basem Alraddadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study was conducted to understand the molecular epidemiology of circulating Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) strains in Sapporo, Japan.

    Authors: Jeewan Thapa, Takanori Watanabe, Mana Isoba, Torahiko Okubo, Kiyotake Abe, Kunihiro Minami and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Faecal microbial transplantation (FMT) is currently the most effective treatment of recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). However, up to 20% of patients experience further recurrences after single F...

    Authors: M. Kachlíková, P. Sabaka, A. Koščálová, M. Bendžala, Z. Dovalová and I. Stankovič

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  7. With the increase of awareness of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP), we found thrombosis in severe MPP (SMPP) was not rare. The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment, and...

    Authors: Jinrong Liu, Ruxuan He, Runhui Wu, Bei Wang, Hui Xu, Yue Zhang, Huimin Li and Shunying Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Opportunistic infections (OIs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). For better treatments and interventions, current and up-to-date in...

    Authors: Mamaru Wubale Melkamu, Mulugeta Tesfa Gebeyehu, Abebe Dilie Afenigus, Yitbarek Tenaw Hibstie, Belisty Temesgen, Pammla Petrucka and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hepatitis B is a major concern in Africa, especially in HIV-infected patients. Unfortunately, access to hepatitis B virus (HBV) testing and adequate treatment remains a challenge in the continent. We investiga...

    Authors: Florian Liégeois, Sylvie Boyer, Sabrina Eymard-Duvernay, Patrizia Carrieri, Charles Kouanfack, Jenny Domyeum, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Jacques Ducos, Eitel Mpoudi-Ngolé, Bruno Spire, Eric Delaporte, Christopher Kuaban, Laurent Vidal and Christian Laurent

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:49

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lymphedema is a public health problem in countries with lymphatic filariasis (LF) including Mali. We studied the epidemiology and clinical presentation of lymphedema in three previously LF-endemic health distr...

    Authors: Housseini Dolo, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Fatoumata Nene Konipo, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Salif Seriba Doumbia, Moussa Brema Sangare, Lamine Soumaoro, Michel Emmanuel Coulibaly, Abdallah Amadou Diallo, Yaye Diarra, Modibo Sangare, Seydou Doumbia, Robert Colebunders and Thomas B. Nutman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Ureaplasma urealyticum is a fastidious bacteria which lacks a cell wall. Extragenital infections are rare in immunocompetent adults. There are few literature reports of perinephric abscess. We present a case of n...

    Authors: Carolina Diaz Pallares, Thomas Griener and Stephen Vaughan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:47

    Content type: Case report

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  12. This study sought to provide up-to-date hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) seroprevalence in rural Burkina Faso decade after hepatitis B vaccine was introduced in the national immunization scheduled for children.

    Authors: Moussa Lingani, Tomoyuki Akita, Serge Ouoba, Shintaro Nagashima, Palwende Romuald Boua, Kazuaki Takahashi, Basile Kam, Aya Sugiyama, Théodore Nikiema, Chikako Yamamoto, Athanase Somé, Karim Derra, Ko Ko, Hermann Sorgho, Zekiba Tarnagda, Halidou Tinto…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Acinetobacter baumannii is a gram-negative aerobic bacillus that is commonly causes of hospital-acquired infections. Community-acquired pneumonia caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (CAP-Ab) is rare but fatal if di...

    Authors: Ancong Xu, Hong Zhu, Bingqi Gao, Haixu Weng, Zhangna Ding, Mianmian Li, Xing Weng and Guoxin He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:45

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Anticipated HIV stigma, i.e., the expectation of adverse experiences from one’s seroconversion, is associated with both negative psychological and behavioral outcomes. We know little about anticipated HIV stig...

    Authors: Chuncheng Liu, Ye Zhang, Stephen W. Pan, Bolin Cao, Jason J. Ong, Hongyun Fu, Dan Wu, Rong Fu, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D. Tucker and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In recent decades, there has been a marked increase in the number of reported cases of pertussis around the world, and pertussis continues to be a frequently occurring disease despite an effective childhood va...

    Authors: Khalid Katfy, Idrissa Diawara, Fakhredine Maaloum, Siham Aziz, Nicole Guiso, Hassan Fellah, Bouchra Slaoui, Khalid Zerouali, Houria Belabbes and Naima Elmdaghri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Compliance to anti-TB treatment is crucial in achieving cure and avoiding the emergence of drug resistance. Electronic health (eHealth) interventions are included in the strategy to end the global Tuberculosis...

    Authors: Kassahun Dessie Gashu, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Zeleke Abebaw Mekonnen, Richard Lester and Binyam Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Patients with asplenia have a significantly increased lifelong risk of severe invasive infections, particular post-splenectomy sepsis (PSS). Clear preventive measures have been described in the literature, but...

    Authors: Marianne Bayrhuber, Natascha Anka, Johannes Camp, Manuela Glattacker, Erik Farin and Siegbert Rieg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. It is believed that the current prevalence of malaria in endemic areas reflects selection for the carrier form of sickle cell trait through a survival advantage. Malaria has been incriminated as a great cause ...

    Authors: Ngo Linwa Esther Eleonore, Samuel Nambile Cumber, Eposse Ekoube Charlotte, Esuh Esong Lucas, Mandeng Ma Linwa Edgar, Claude Ngwayu Nkfusai, Meh Martin Geh, Budzi Michael Ngenge, Fala Bede, Nzozone Henry Fomukong, Henri Lucien Fouammo Kamga and Dora Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Group B Streptococcal (GBS) infections in the United States are a leading cause of meningitis and sepsis in newborns. The CDC therefore recommends GBS screening for all pregnant women at 35–37 weeks of gestati...

    Authors: Tsokyi Choera, Brittney Jung-Hynes and Derrick J. Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Diarrhoea remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa. Of the three East African countries, Uganda has the worst mortality rate in children < 5 years, with ...

    Authors: Stephen Omona, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Robert Opoke, Geoffrey Openy and Robert Opiro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Streptococcus agalctiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) is a perinatal pathogen and a leading cause of neonatal infections worldwide. Serotype, sequence type, clonality, antibiotic resistance genes and surface prote...

    Authors: Mucheye Gizachew, Moges Tiruneh, Feleke Moges, Mulat Adefris, Zemene Tigabu and Belay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Impact of climate change on tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) prevalence in the tick-host enzootic cycle in a given region depends on how the region-specific climate change patterns influence tick population devel...

    Authors: Kyeongah Nah, Ákos Bede-Fazekas, Attila János Trájer and Jianhong Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. The WHO recently recommended the new Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra assay (Ultra) instead of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay because Ultra has improved sensitivity. We report the diagnostic accuracy of Ultra for tuberculous aden...

    Authors: Katherine Antel, Jenna Oosthuizen, Francois Malherbe, Vernon J. Louw, Mark P. Nicol, Gary Maartens and Estelle Verburgh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Vaginal candidiasis is frequent in pregnant women and is associated with sepsis and adverse neonatal outcomes. This study determined the prevalence of candida species in symptomatic pregnant women and evaluated t...

    Authors: Nahed Ghaddar, Elie Anastasiadis, Rawad Halimeh, Ali Ghaddar, Rita Dhar, Wadha AlFouzan, Hoda Yusef and Mira El Chaar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH) is increasing. Effective biomedical prevention methods (treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis) are being widely implemented in high-income nations...

    Authors: Ben Huntingdon, Louise Sharpe, John de Wit, Martin Duracinsky and Ilona Juraskova

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Georgia has one of the highest HCV prevalence in the world and launched the world’s first national HCV elimination programs in 2015. Georgia set the ambitious target of diagnosing 90% of people living with HCV...

    Authors: Tengiz Tsertsvadze, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Muazzam Nasrullah, Lali Sharvadze, Juliette Morgan, Shaun Shadaker, Lia Gvinjilia, Maia Butsashvili, David Metreveli, Vakhtang Kerashvili, Marina Ezugbaia, Nikoloz Chkhartishvili, Akaki Abutidze, Valeri Kvaratskhelia and Francisco Averhoff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage is often asymptomatic but can cause invasive pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal carriage is a prerequisite for disease, with children as main reservoir and transmitters. Childhoo...

    Authors: A. Løvlie, D. F. Vestrheim, I. S. Aaberge and A. Steens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Parasitic trichostrongyloid nematodes have a worldwide distribution in ruminants and frequently have been reported from humans in Middle and Far East, particularly in rural communities with poor personal hygie...

    Authors: Keyhan Ashrafi, Meysam Sharifdini, Zahra Heidari, Behnaz Rahmati and Eshrat Beigom Kia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Incidence of anal and oral infections with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is increasing, particularly among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-positive (HIV+) men. HPV type 16 has exhibited the highest incidence and onl...

    Authors: Rocío Méndez-Martínez, Silvia Maldonado-Frías, Salvador Vázquez-Vega, Yanink Caro-Vega, José Guadalupe Rendón-Maldonado, Miriam Guido-Jiménez, Brenda Crabtree-Ramírez, Juan G. Sierra-Madero and Alejandro García-Carrancá

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Human brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp. It is one of the most public health problems that remains largely neglected in developing counties, including Saudi Arabia. Brucellosis ...

    Authors: Abdullah M. Alkahtani, Mohammed M. Assiry, Harish C. Chandramoorthy, Ahmed M. Al-Hakami and Mohamed E. Hamid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  31. After publication of the original article [1], we were notified that an author’s name has been erroneously spelled. Aamir Ali Khattak should be replaced with Aamer Ali Khattak.

    Authors: Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Huma Fatima, Muhammad Afzal, Aamer Ali Khattak and Muhammad Ali Nawaz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:25

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:935

  32. Despite recent improvement in management, infective endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with considerable risk of morbidity and mortality. Early identification of predictors of inpatient mortality is ...

    Authors: William Lorson, Michael P. Veve, Eric Heidel and Mahmoud A. Shorman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus continues to inexorably rise in the United States and throughout the world. Lower limb amputations are a devastating comorbid complication of diabetes mellitus. Osteomyeliti...

    Authors: Mary T. Bessesen, Gheorghe Doros, Adam M. Henrie, Kelly M. Harrington, John A. Hermos, Robert A. Bonomo, Ryan E. Ferguson, Grant D. Huang and Sheldon T. Brown

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonosis in the world. In China, 90% of human brucellosis occurs in six northern agricultural provinces. However, there is a recent increase in the trend of human bruc...

    Authors: Hai-Yan Ye, Fan-Fan Xing, Jin Yang, Simon Kam-Fai Lo, Ricky Wing-Tong Lau, Jonathan Hon-Kwan Chen, Kelvin Hei-Yeung Chiu and Kwok-Yung Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Meningitis is a very rare atypical presenting feature of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. In our case report, we describe an unusual clinical presentation of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with a biphasic pat...

    Authors: Maria Stavrou, Jing Ming Yeo, Alexander David Slater, Oliver Koch, Sarosh Irani and Peter Foley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:21

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Toxocariasis is a worldwide zoonotic parasitic disease caused by species of Toxocara and Toxascaris, common in dogs and cats. Herein, a meta-analysis was contrived to assess the prevalence of Toxocara/Toxascaris ...

    Authors: Aida Vafae Eslahi, Milad Badri, Ali Khorshidi, Hamidreza Majidiani, Elham Hooshmand, Hamid Hosseini, Ali Taghipour, Masoud Foroutan, Nader Pestehchian, Farzaneh Firoozeh, Seyed Mohammad Riahi and Mohammad Zibaei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pyrazinamide still may be a useful drug for treatment of rifampin-resistant (RR-TB) or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in China while awaiting scale up of new drugs and regimens including bedaquiline...

    Authors: Hui Xia, Susan van den Hof, Frank Cobelens, Yang Zhou, Bing Zhao, Shengfen Wang and Yanlin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Recurrence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) after treatment occurs through relapse of the initial infection or reinfection by a new drug-resistant strain. Outbreaks of DR-TB in high burden regions presen...

    Authors: Kurt Wollenberg, Michael Harris, Andrei Gabrielian, Nelly Ciobanu, Dumitru Chesov, Alyssa Long, Jessica Taaffe, Darrell Hurt, Alex Rosenthal, Michael Tartakovsky and Valeriu Crudu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cryptosporidium is a genus of common intestinal protozoa, members of which cause diarrhea in a wide variety of hosts. Previous studies on Cryptosporidium in China have mainly focused on diarrhea sufferers, childr...

    Authors: Ning Xu, Hua Liu, Yanyan Jiang, Jianhai Yin, Zhongying Yuan, Yujuan Shen and Jianping Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Bacillus cereus sometimes causes central nervous system infection, especially in compromised hosts. In cases of meningitis arising during neutropenia, CSF abnormalities tend to be subtle and can be easily overloo...

    Authors: Yusuke Koizumi, Takafumi Okuno, Hitoshi Minamiguchi, Keiko Hodohara, Hiroshige Mikamo and Akira Andoh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:15

    Content type: Case report

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  41. The Xpert® MTB/RIF assay (Xpert; Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) is a cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification assay for rapidly diagnosing tuberculosis and assessing antibiotic sensitivity. Although previous e...

    Authors: Young Seok Seo, Ji-Man Kang, Dong Soo Kim and Jong Gyun Ahn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The development of respiratory infections secondary to Aspergillus spp. spores found ubiquitously in the ambient environment is uncommon in immunocompetent patients. Previous reports of invasive upper airway aspe...

    Authors: Shihan N. Khan, Rashmi Manur, John S. Brooks, Michael A. Husson, Kevin Leahy and Matthew Grant

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:13

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Determination of the prevalence and distribution pattern of intestinal parasites is a fundamental step to set up an effective control program to improve the health status. This study aimed to determine the pre...

    Authors: Mohammad Javad Abbaszadeh Afshar, Maryam Barkhori Mehni, Mostafa Rezaeian, Mehdi Mohebali, Vali Baigi, Somayeh Amiri, Mohammad Bagher Amirshekari, Ruhollah Hamidinia and Mohammad Samimi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Brucellosis is endemic in many areas in China. The current diagnosis of Brucellosis predominantly relies on the traditional bacterial culture and serum agglutination test. In this study, we aimed to explore th...

    Authors: Nannan Xu, Wei Wang, Fengzhe Chen, Wen Li and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  45. An individual is considered HIV positive when a confirmatory HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation test returns positive following an initial reactive antigen/antibody combination screen. Falsely reactive HIV screens ha...

    Authors: Polly Tsybina, Maurice Hennink, Tania Diener, Jessica Minion, Amanda Lang, Stephanie Lavoie, John Kim and Alexander Wong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:9

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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