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  1. Many studies examined the spread of SARS-CoV-2 within populations using seroprevalence. Healthcare workers are a high-risk population due to patient contact, and studies are needed to examine seroprevalence of...

    Authors: Rrezart Halili, Jeta Bunjaku, Bujar Gashi, Teuta Hoxha, Agron Kamberi, Nexhmedin Hoti, Riaz Agahi, Vlora Basha, Visar Berisha and Ilir Hoxha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:57

    Content type: Research

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  2. Previous reports have described hypogonadism associated with virus infection such as hantavirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). However, to ...

    Authors: Zhaoying Chen, Chen Jiang, Xiaoyu Cheng, Lidan Ma, Ying Xin, Tian Liu and Ruixia Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:56

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Early start of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in perinatally HIV-1 infected children is the optimal strategy to prevent immunological and clinical deterioration. To date, according to EMA, only 3...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Catiuscia Lisi, Vania Giacomet, Paola Erba, Stefania Bernardi, Paola Zangari, Antonio Di Biagio, Lucia Taramasso, Carlo Giaquinto, Osvalda Rampon, Clara Gabiano, Silvia Garazzino, Claudia Tagliabue, Susanna Esposito, Eugenia Bruzzese, Raffaele Badolato…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:55

    Content type: Research

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  4. Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) is a rare central nervous system infection caused by the Balamuthia mandrillaris or Acanthamoeba species. Diagnosis is challenging because of the non-specific clinical pre...

    Authors: Limei Peng, Quan Zhou, Yu Wu, Xiaoli Cao, Zili Lv, Minghua Su, Yachun Yu and Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:54

    Content type: Case report

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  5. This study is a baseline survey to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices with regards to the anthrax disease among the communities before demonstrating a One Health approach for elimination of human ant...

    Authors: Matrujyoti Pattnaik, Jaya Singh Kshatri, Hari Ram Choudhary, Debaprasad Parai, Jyoti Shandilya, Asit Mansingh, Arun Kumar Padhi, Sanghamitra Pati and Debdutta Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:53

    Content type: Research

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  6. Invasive pneumococcal disease is a major cause of infant morbidity and death worldwide. Vitamin D promotes anti-pneumococcal immune responses in vitro, but whether improvements in infant vitamin D status modif...

    Authors: Mahgol Taghivand, Lisa G. Pell, Mohammed Z. Rahman, Abdullah A. Mahmud, Eric O. Ohuma, Eleanor M. Pullangyeum, Tahmeed Ahmed, Davidson H. Hamer, Stanley H. Zlotkin, Jonathan B. Gubbay, Shaun K. Morris and Daniel E. Roth

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:52

    Content type: Research

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  7. Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing-Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) has risen in patients with urinary tract infections. The objective of this study was to determine explore the risk factors o...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Suishan Qiu, Minghao Chen, Jun Lyu, Guangchao Yu and Lianfang Xue

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:50

    Content type: Research

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  8. In Australia, demand for specialist infectious diseases services exceeds capacity to provide timely management of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in areas of high refugee and asylum seeker settlement. A m...

    Authors: Marina Kunin, Mark Timlin, Chris Lemoh, David A. Sheffield, Alana Russo, Shegofa Hazara and Jacqueline McBride

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:49

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Leishmaniasis, a disease caused by a protozoan, causes numerous deaths in humans each year. After malaria, leishmaniasis is known to be the deadliest parasitic disease globally. Direct visual detection of leis...

    Authors: Mojtaba Zare, Hossein Akbarialiabad, Hossein Parsaei, Qasem Asgari, Ali Alinejad, Mohammad Saleh Bahreini, Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Mohsen Ghofrani-Jahromi, Reza Shahriarirad, Yalda Amirmoezzi, Sepehr Shahriarirad, Ali Zeighami and Gholamreza Abdollahifard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:48

    Content type: Research

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  10. COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become the most threatening issue to all populations around the world. It is, directly and indirectly, affecting all of us and thus, is an emerging topic dealt in global heal...

    Authors: Siyeon Suh, Sol Lee, Ho Gym, Sanghyuk Yoon, Seunghwan Park, Jihi Cha, Do-Hyung Kwon, YunSu Yang and Sun Ha Jee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:47

    Content type: Research

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  11. Diphtheria is a contagious vaccine-preventable disease that contributes to the high morbidity and mortality among under 5 children, especially in Yemen. As a consequence of war and collapse of the health syste...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdallah Al-Dar, Mutahar Al-Qassimi, Faten Hamid Ezzadeen, Mohammed Qassime, Ahmed Mohamed Al murtadha and Yasser Ghaleb

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:46

    Content type: Research

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  12. While some evidence has been demonstrated the cost-effectiveness of routine hepatitis A vaccination in middle-income countries, the evidence is still limited in other settings including in South Africa. Given ...

    Authors: Jenna Patterson, Susan Cleary, Sheetal P. Silal, Gregory D. Hussey, Annabel Enoch, Stephen Korsman, Elizabeth Goddard, Mashiko Setshedi, Wendy C. Spearman, Benjamin M. Kagina and Rudzani Muloiwa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:45

    Content type: Research

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  13. In Germany, HPV vaccination of adolescent girls was introduced in 2007. Nationally representative data on the distribution of vaccine-relevant HPV types in the pre-vaccination era are, however, only available ...

    Authors: Anna Loenenbach, Michael Pawlita, Tim Waterboer, Thomas Harder, Christina Poethko-Müller, Michael Thamm, Raskit Lachmann, Yvonne Deleré, Ole Wichmann and Miriam Wiese-Posselt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:44

    Content type: Research

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  14. Lebanon, a small country in the Middle East, remains severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Seroprevalence surveys of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies provide accurate estimates of SARS-CoV-2 infection and henc...

    Authors: Abbas Hoballah, Rana El Haidari, Ghina Siblany, Fadi Abdel Sater, Samir Mansour, Hamad Hassan and Linda Abou-Abbas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:42

    Content type: Research

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  15. We aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in France and to identify the populations most exposed during the first epidemic wave.

    Authors: Josiane Warszawski, Anne-Lise Beaumont, Rémonie Seng, Xavier de Lamballerie, Delphine Rahib, Nathalie Lydié, Rémy Slama, Sylvain Durrleman, Philippe Raynaud, Patrick Sillard, François Beck, Laurence Meyer and Nathalie Bajos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:41

    Content type: Research

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  16. Encephalitis/meningitis brings a heavy disease burden, and the origin of disease remains unknown in 30–40% of patients. It is greatly significant that combinations of nucleic acid amplification and autoimmune ...

    Authors: Yi Zhang, Haocheng Zhang, Bo Deng, Ke Lin, Lei Jin, Xiaoni Liu, Yanlin Zhang, Xiaohua Chen, Yanliang Zhang, Shengjia Lu, Heqing Huang, Qiujing Wang, Tingting Feng, Weifeng Zhao, Qun Xue, Renfang Chen…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Inappropriate antibiotics use in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) is a major contributor to resistance. We aimed to design an algorithm based on clinical signs and host biomarkers to identify bacteria...

    Authors: Sarika K. L. Hogendoorn, Loïc Lhopitallier, Melissa Richard-Greenblatt, Estelle Tenisch, Zainab Mbarack, Josephine Samaka, Tarsis Mlaganile, Aline Mamin, Blaise Genton, Laurent Kaiser, Valérie D’Acremont, Kevin C. Kain and Noémie Boillat-Blanco

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:39

    Content type: Research

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  18. Influenza A virus (IAV) remains an important global public health threat with limited epidemiological information available from low-and-middle-income countries. The major objective of this study was to descri...

    Authors: Saima Hasan, Richard J. Webby, Muhammad Iqbal, Hamad Bin Rashid, Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad, Jawad Nazir, Jennifer DeBeauchamp, Shakera Sadiq and Mamoona Chaudhry

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:38

    Content type: Research

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  19. Nearly half of HIV-related deaths occur in East and Southern Africa, yet data on causes of death (COD) are scarce. We determined COD and associated factors among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in rural Tanzania.

    Authors: Getrud Joseph Mollel, Lilian Moshi, Hoda Hazem, Anna Eichenberger, Olivia Kitau, Herry Mapesi, Tracy R. Glass, Daniel Henry Paris, Maja Weisser and Fiona Vanobberghen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:37

    Content type: Research

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  20. Reactivation of latent Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection is more common than primary infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We report a rare case of primary T. gondii infection-assoc...

    Authors: Ying Zhou, Yongfeng Liu and Ying Wen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:35

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Sepsis is a leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the association of decreased mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities with the risk for p...

    Authors: Danni He, Ning Li, Xiuxiu Lu, Wei Li, Yuanmei Chen, Zhongyuan Sun, Lipeng Zhang, Linying Guo, Xiaodai Cui, Guowei Song, Wenquan Niu and Qi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:34

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Data on antimicrobial resistance mechanisms are scanty for Cedecea spp., with very variable antibiotic resistance patterns documented. Here we report the first in vivo resistance evolution of a C. davisae clinica...

    Authors: Julia Notter, Salome N. Seiffert, Maria Zimmermann-Kogadeeva, Anja Bösch, Robert Wenger, Carol Strahm, Manuel Frischknecht, David M. Livermore and Baharak Babouee Flury

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:33

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Vaccination efforts to eradicate polio currently focus on children under 5 years of age, among whom most cases of poliomyelitis still occur. However, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an outbreak ...

    Authors: Vivian H. Alfonso, Arie Voorman, Nicole A. Hoff, William C. Weldon, Sue Gerber, Adva Gadoth, Megan Halbrook, Amelia Goldsmith, Patrick Mukadi, Reena H. Doshi, Guillaume Ngoie-Mwamba, Trevon L. Fuller, Emile Okitolonda-Wemakoy, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum and Anne W. Rimoin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:30

    Content type: Research

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  24. There are efforts in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) to integrate Tuberculosis (TB) and Diabetes mellitus (DM) healthcare services, as encouraged by WHO and other international health organizations. Ho...

    Authors: John L. Z. Nyirenda, Dirk Wagner, Bagrey Ngwira and Berit Lange

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:28

    Content type: Research

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  25. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly transmittable virus which causes the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Monocyte distribution width (MDW) is an in-vitro hematologi...

    Authors: Laila Alsuwaidi, Saba Al Heialy, Nahid Shaikh, Firas Al Najjar, Rania Seliem, Aaron Han and Mahmood Hachim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:27

    Content type: Research

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  26. Early diagnosis and treatment of patients with sepsis reduce mortality significantly. In terms of exploring new diagnostic tools of sepsis, monocyte distribution width (MDW), as part of the white blood cell (W...

    Authors: Chih-Huang Li, Chen-June Seak, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Tse‐Hsuan Su, Shi-Ying Gao, Cheng-Yu Chien and Chip-Jin Ng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:26

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 is a highly prevalent, non-oncogenic virus that has higher morbidity in immunocompromised hosts. Its most common clinical manifestation is superficial ulceration of the integument ...

    Authors: Sarah H. Brown, Vanessa A. R. States, Abaseen K. Afghan and Gowri Satyanarayana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:25

    Content type: Case report

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  28. The incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is low in Beijing, China, but the risk of outbreaks still exists. It is difficult to identify possible sources of infection among sporadic cases based on a ro...

    Authors: Huai Wang, Weixin Chen, Wenting Zhou, Feng Qiu, Wenjiao Yin, Jingyuan Cao, Pei Gao, Qianli Yuan, Min Lv, Shuang Bai and Jiang Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:22

    Content type: Research

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  29. In symptomatic patients, the diagnostic approach of COVID-19 should be holistic. We aimed to evaluate the concordance between RT-PCR and serological tests (IgM/IgG), and identify the factors that best predict ...

    Authors: Jean-Robert Makulo, Madone Ndona Mandina, Placide Kingebeni Mbala, Roger Dimosi Wumba, Pierre Zalagile Akilimali, Yannick Mayamba Nlandu, Jerome Ossam Odio, Ben Izizag Bepouka, Murielle Mashi Longokolo, Eric Kasongo Mukenge, Guyguy Kamwiziku, Jonathan Mutombo Muamba, Augustin Luzayadio Longo, Crispin Muanza Lufu, Hervé Letin Keke, Marcel Mambimbi Mbula…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:21

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The CD4 cell count signifies the health of an individual’s immune system. The use of data-driven models enables clinicians to accurately interpret potential information, examine the progression of CD4 count, a...

    Authors: Ashenafi A. Yirga, Sileshi F. Melesse, Henry G. Mwambi and Dawit G. Ayele

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:20

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Up to now, epidemiological studies on the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among drug addicted individuals have been rarely performed. By designing an age and sex matched case–control study, we sought to...

    Authors: Majid Sharifzadeh, Hassan Rezanezhad, Kavous Solhjoo, Zahra Kargar Jahromi, Enayatollah Shadmand, Saeed Shahabi and Ali Taghipour

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:19

    Content type: Research

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  32. Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) is increasingly reported and associated with an aggressive course and high mortality rate. Existing literature on GBS IE is limited to case ser...

    Authors: Torrance Oravec, S. Annie Oravec, Jennifer Leigh, Liam Matthews, Bahareh Ghadaki, Dominik Mertz, Peter Daley and Anjali Shroff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:18

    Content type: Research

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  33. Salmonella is a major cause of zoonotic illness around the world, arising from direct or indirect contact with a range of animal reservoirs. In the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), salmonellosis is beli...

    Authors: Angus McLure, Craig Shadbolt, Patricia M. Desmarchelier, Martyn D. Kirk and Kathryn Glass

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:14

    Content type: Research

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  34. Fungal brain abscesses in immunocompetent patients are exceedingly rare. Cladophialophora bantiana is the most common cause of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis, a dematiaceous mold. Radiological presentation can mimic ...

    Authors: Perceus Mody, Paul Wada, Karen C. Bloch, Michail S. Lionakis, Katie D. White, Alexander S. Maris, Tonya Snyder, Jennifer Steinhauer and Romney Humphries

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:13

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Influenza virus infections in immunologically naïve children (primary infection) may be more severe than in children with re-infections who are already immunologically primed. We compared frequency and severit...

    Authors: Andrea Streng, Christiane Prifert, Benedikt Weissbrich, Andreas Sauerbrei, Andi Krumbholz, Ruprecht Schmidt-Ott and Johannes G. Liese

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:12

    Content type: Research

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  36. Intestinal microsporidiosis is an opportunistic infection associated with persistent diarrhea among HIV/AIDS patients. In Yemen, however, its epidemiology is unknown. Therefore, this study determined its preva...

    Authors: Kwkab A. R. Al-Brhami, Rashad Abdul‑Ghani and Salah A. Al-Qobati

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:11

    Content type: Research article

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  37. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic value of presepsin among patients with organ failure, including sepsis, in accordance with the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shoc...

    Authors: Sukyo Lee, Juhyun Song, Dae Won Park, Hyeri Seok, Sejoong Ahn, Jooyeong Kim, Jonghak Park, Han-jin Cho and Sungwoo Moon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:8

    Content type: Research

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  38. The reported incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in China has been increasing over the last decades, especially among drug users, which has become one of the main burdens of public health in Ch...

    Authors: Xing Ye, Fu-Rong Li, Qing Pan, Zhen Li, Gong-Qi Yu, Hong Liu, Jian Liu, Peng-Cheng Huai and Fu-Ren Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:7

    Content type: Research

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  39. Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are at increased risk of serious infections, including vaccine preventable diseases. Current evidence suggests uptake of additional recommended special risk vacci...

    Authors: Timothy Ford, Margie Danchin, Alissa McMinn, Kirsten Perrett, George Alex and Nigel W. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:6

    Content type: Research

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  40. The increasing number of dengue cases worldwide implies a greater exposure of at-risk groups, such as pregnant women. DENV infection during pregnancy has been increasingly associated with unfavorable outcomes,...

    Authors: Beatris Mario Martin, Allan Arnold Evans, Denise Siqueira de Carvalho and Silvia Emiko Shimakura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:5

    Content type: Research

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  41. It has been estimated that the incidence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) will not decline over the next 10 years despite the improved efficacy of antiviral therapy because most patients remain undiagnosed a...

    Authors: Massimo Andreoni, Nicola Coppola, Antonio Craxì, Stefano Fagiuoli, Ivan Gardini, Alessandra Mangia, Felice Alfonso Nava and Patrizio Pasqualetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:3

    Content type: Research

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  42. A single-tablet regimen (STR) has been associated with better drug adherence. However, the durability of different STRs was unknown in the real-world settings. Our aim was to investigate the durability of diff...

    Authors: Hui-Min Chang, Chen-Hsi Chou and Hung-Chin Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:2

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Real-world data on safety and clinical outcomes of remdesivir in COVID-19 management is scant. We present findings of data analysis conducted for assessing the safety and clinical outcomes of remdesivir treatm...

    Authors: Vaishali Gupte, Rashmi Hegde, Sandesh Sawant, Kabil Kalathingal, Sonali Jadhav, Rohit Malabade and Jaideep Gogtay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:1

    Content type: Research article

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