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  1. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection despite being a vaccine preventable disease remains a global public health problem. In Cameroon, the hepatitis B vaccine was introduced in the expanded program on immunisation...

    Authors: Ephesians N. Anutebeh, Lambed Tatah, Vitalis F. Feteh, Desmond Aroke, Jules C. N. Assob and Simeon Pierre Choukem

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1205

    Content type: Research

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  2. Critically ill patients with COVID-19 are at an increased risk of developing secondary bacterial infections. These are both difficult to diagnose and are associated with an increased mortality. Metabolomics ma...

    Authors: Gordan McCreath, Phillip D. Whitfield, Andrew J. Roe, Malcolm J. Watson and Malcolm A. B. Sim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1204

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Mexico is on the top five countries with the highest number of TB cases in America continent, nevertheless, information about genotypes circulating is practically unknown. Considering the above this study aims...

    Authors: Roberto Zenteno-Cuevas, Daniela Munro-Rojas, Damián Pérez-Martínez, Esdras Fernandez-Morales, Ana C. Jimenez-Ruano, Hilda Montero, Leila Escobar, Everest de Igartua, Ángel Trigos and Javier Fuentes-Dominguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1202

    Content type: Research

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  4. Blood stream infections are serious infections that usually induce prolongation of hospital stay, morbidity and mortality in several countries including Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine bacteri...

    Authors: Etsehiwot Adamu Tsegaye, Dejenie Shiferaw Teklu, Zelalem Tazu Bonger, Abebe Aseffa Negeri, Tesfaye Legesse Bedada and Adane Bitew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1201

    Content type: Research

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  5. Non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a fulminant disease with an increasing incidence. The serum beta-d-glucan (BDG) assay is used as an adjunct to the diagnosis of PCP; however,...

    Authors: Jumpei Taniguchi, Kei Nakashima, Hiroki Matsui, Tomohisa Watari, Ayumu Otsuki, Hiroyuki Ito and Yoshihito Otsuka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1200

    Content type: Research

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  6. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a simple-to-use nomogram for the prediction of syphilis infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Guangdong Province.

    Authors: Peizhen Zhao, Ziying Yang, Baohui Li, Mingzhou Xiong, Ye Zhang, Jiyuan Zhou and Cheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1199

    Content type: Research

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  7. Truck, bus, transit drivers, and men with mobile jobs are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HIV and risky behaviors among truck and bus drivers in Kurdis...

    Authors: Aisan Karimi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh, Obeidollah Faraji and Khaled Rahmani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1198

    Content type: Research

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  8. This study mainly evaluates the clinical characteristics and chest chest computed tomography (CT) findings of AFB-positive and AFB-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients to explore the relationship bet...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaoqian Shang, Liang Wang, Jiahui Fan, Fengming Tian, Xuanzheng Wang, Weina Kong, Jing Wang, Yunling Wang and Xiumin Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1197

    Content type: Research

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  9. Carbapenem resistant (CR) Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) and Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) are emerging multidrug resistant bacteria with very limited treatment options in case of infection. Both are well-known causes...

    Authors: Patrick Chhatwal, Ella Ebadi, Frank Schwab, Stefan Ziesing, Ralf-Peter Vonberg, Nicolas Simon, Svetlana Gerbel, Dirk Schlüter, Franz-Christoph Bange and Claas Baier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1196

    Content type: Research

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  10. Extensive parasitic diseases epidemiology in Zhejiang province has not been carried out since the second national survey in 2004. Therefore, dynamics in prevalence and infection pattern of the major intestinal...

    Authors: Yan Feng, Kegen Yu, Hualiang Chen, Xuan Zhang, Qiaoyi Lu, Xiaoxiao Wang, Xueying Zhang, Linong Yao and Wei Ruan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1195

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To examine whether outdoor transmission may contribute to the COVID-19 epidemic, we hypothesized that slower outdoor wind speed is associated with increased risk of transmission when individuals socialize outs...

    Authors: Sean A. P. Clouston, Olga Morozova and Jaymie R. Meliker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1194

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bacteremia due to the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) is associated with specific diseases, such as colorectal cancer and infective endocarditis. This study aimed to evaluate the clinica...

    Authors: Yuki Kaiki, Hiroki Kitagawa, Kayoko Tadera, Hiroyuki Taogoshi, Mitsuyasu Ikeda, Mikihiro Kano, Toshie Harino, Toshihito Nomura, Keitaro Omori, Norifumi Shigemoto, Shinya Takahashi and Hiroki Ohge

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1192

    Content type: Research

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  13. The high misdiagnosis rate of asymptomatic neurosyphilis (ANS) has long challenged infectious disease clinicians. We aim to develop a model for diagnosing ANS in asymptomatic syphilis (AS) patients without CSF...

    Authors: Weijie Li, Jiaqi Han, Pan Zhao, Dagang Wang, Tianhao Sun, Jie Guo, Yanqun He, Pei Qu, Ying Liu, Congle Shen and Yajie Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1191

    Content type: Research

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  14. Identifying the biological subclasses of septic shock might provide specific targeted therapies for the treatment and prognosis of septic shock. It might be possible to find biological markers for the early pr...

    Authors: Songchang Shi, Xiaobin Pan, Hangwei Feng, Shujuan Zhang, Songjing Shi and Wei Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1190

    Content type: Research

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  15. This study aimed to assess the seasonality of confirmed malaria cases in Togo and to provide new indicators of malaria seasonality to the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP).

    Authors: Anne Thomas, Tchaa A. Bakai, Tinah Atcha-Oubou, Tchassama Tchadjobo, Nadine Bossard, Muriel Rabilloud and Nicolas Voirin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1189

    Content type: Research

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  16. Increasing numbers of tick-borne pathogens are being discovered, including those that infect humans. However, reports on co-infections caused by two or more tick-borne pathogens are scarce.

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Liang Jiang, Yicheng Yang, Songsong Xie, Wumei Yuan and Yuanzhi Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1187

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Nucleic acid-based amplification tests (NAAT), above all (q)PCR, have been applied for the detection of Mycobacterium leprae in leprosy cases and household contacts with subclinical infection. However, their appl...

    Authors: Malkin Saar, Marcus Beissner, Fatih Gültekin, Issaka Maman, Karl-Heinz Herbinger and Gisela Bretzel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1186

    Content type: Research

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  18. The first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran were reported in Qom city. Subsequently, the neighboring provinces and gradually all 31 provinces of Iran were involved. This study aimed to investigate the case f...

    Authors: Kourosh Kabir, Ali Taherinia, Davoud Ashourloo, Ahmad Khosravi, Hossien Karim, Hamid Salehi Shahrabi, Mojtaba Hedayat Yaghoobi, Alireza Soleimani, Zaynab Siami, Mohammad Noorisepehr, Ramin Tajbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Maghsoudi, Mehran Lak, Parham Mardi, Behnaz Nouri, Mohammad Mohammadzadeh…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1185

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a systemic inflammatory response caused by the rickettsial bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury (AKI) are rare complications of HGA....

    Authors: Jeong Min Cho, Jeonghyun Chang, Dong-Min Kim, Yee Gyung Kwak, Chong Rae Cho and Je Eun Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1184

    Content type: Case report

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  20. We investigate the long-term effects of SARS-CoV on patients’ lung and immune systems 15 years post-infection. SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is ongoing however, another genetically related beta-coronavirus SARS-CoV caus...

    Authors: Jia Li, Yali Zheng, Lili Zhao, Zhihong Yue, Feng Pan, Yuehong Chen, Bing Yu, Yanwen Chen, Guangyu Zhao, Yusen Zhou and Zhancheng Gao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1183

    Content type: Research

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  21. Vancomycin is a commonly used antibiotic in critically ill patients for various indications. Critical illness imposes pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamics challenges, which makes optimizing vancomycin in this popu...

    Authors: Khalid Al Sulaiman, Abdulrahman Alshaya, Ohoud Aljuhani, Amjad Alsaeed, Nadiyah Alshehri, Ramesh Vishwakarma, Hamdan Alzahrani, Sara Althewaibi, Nawaf Alghamdi, Khalid Alhelal, Aisha Alharbi and Shmeylan Al Harbi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1182

    Content type: Research

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  22. PCR is a proper technique that significantly improves toxoplasmosis diagnosis. However, a more sensitive technique is required. This study compared real-time PCR with nested PCR using B1, SAG-4, and MAG-1 brad...

    Authors: Khadijeh Khanaliha, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Alireza Hedayatfar, Abdoulreza Esteghamati, Sayyed Amirpooya Alemzadeh, Qasem Asgari, Saba Garshasbi and Borna Salemi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1180

    Content type: Research

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  23. Antimicrobial drug resistance is one of the top ten threats to global health according to the World Health Organization. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections and main ...

    Authors: George Abongomera, Maurice Koller, Joseph Musaazi, Mohammed Lamorde, Marisa Kaelin, Hannington B. Tasimwa, Nadia Eberhard, Jan Hongler, Sabine Haller, Andrew Kambugu, Barbara Castelnuovo and Jan Fehr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1179

    Content type: Research article

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  24. No studies have yet reported the effect of prevention and control measures, which were implemented to combat COVID-19, on the prevention and control of common HAIs. We aimed to examine the effect of the “Norma...

    Authors: Caiyun Chen, Ping Zhu, Yongxiang Zhang and Bo Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1178

    Content type: Research

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  25. Temperature and precipitation are known to affect Vibrio cholerae outbreaks. Despite this, the impact of drought on outbreaks has been largely understudied. Africa is both drought and cholera prone and more resea...

    Authors: Gina E. C. Charnley, Ilan Kelman, Nathan Green, Wes Hinsley, Katy A. M. Gaythorpe and Kris A. Murray

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1177

    Content type: Research

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  26. Globally anti-tuberculosis drug resistance is one of the major challenges affecting control and prevention of tuberculosis. Kenya is ranked among 30 high burden TB countries globally. However, there is scanty ...

    Authors: Martin O. Ogwang, Mabel Imbuga, Caroline Ngugi, Lucy Mutharia, Gabriel Magoma and Lamec Diero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1175

    Content type: Research

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  27. The COVID-19 vaccines provide renewed hope in the fight against the recent pandemic. To ensure widespread vaccination, it is crucial to analyze vaccine willingness and its determinants among physicians, key he...

    Authors: May Sirikalyanpaiboon, Krittin Ousirimaneechai, Jeerath Phannajit, Panyavee Pitisuttithum, Watsamon Jantarabenjakul, Roongruedee Chaiteerakij and Leilani Paitoonpong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1174

    Content type: Research

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  28. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the number of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) is still increasing. The aim of our article is to estimate which of the conventional ICU mortality risk scor...

    Authors: Vaidas Vicka, Elija Januskeviciute, Sigute Miskinyte, Donata Ringaitiene, Mindaugas Serpytis, Andrius Klimasauskas, Ligita Jancoriene and Jurate Sipylaite

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1173

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although a vaccination campaign has been conducted since 2004, Japanese encephalitis (JE) is still a public health problem in Guizhou, one of the provinces with the highest incidence of JE in China. The aim of...

    Authors: Suye Zhao, Yidan Li, Shihong Fu, Ming Liu, Fan Li, Chunting Liu, Jing Yu, Liping Rui, Dingming Wang and Huanyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1172

    Content type: Research article

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  30. “Schistosomiasis” is a highly recurrent parasitic disease that affects a wide range of areas and a large number of people worldwide. In China, schistosomiasis has seriously affected the life and safety of the ...

    Authors: Fuju Wang, Xin Liu, Robert Bergquist, Xiao Lv, Yang Liu, Fenghua Gao, Chengming Li and Zhijie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1171

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Convalescent plasma has been widely used to treat COVID-19 and is under investigation in numerous randomized clinical trials, but results are publicly available only for a small number of trials. The objective...

    Authors: Cathrine Axfors, Perrine Janiaud, Andreas M. Schmitt, Janneke van’t Hooft, Emily R. Smith, Noah A. Haber, Akin Abayomi, Manal Abduljalil, Abdulkarim Abdulrahman, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia, Manuela Aguilar-Guisado, Farah Al-Beidh, Marissa M. Alejandria, Rachelle N. Alfonso, Mohammad Ali, Manaf AlQahtani…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1170

    Content type: Research article

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  32. SARS-CoV-2 stability and infection persistence has been studied on different surfaces, but scarce data exist related to personal protective equipment (PPE), moreover using realist viral loads for infection. Du...

    Authors: Elizabeth Córdoba-Lanús, Omar García-Pérez, Sara Cazorla-Rivero, Francisco Rodríguez-Esparragón, José-Enrique Piñero, Bernardino Clavo and Jacob Lorenzo-Morales

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1169

    Content type: Research

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  33. Intensive adherence counseling (IAC) is an intervention recommended by the World Health Organization to improve anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence among people living with HIV on ART with unsuppressed vir...

    Authors: Zubair Lukyamuzi, Samuel Etajak, Thomas Katairo, David Mukunya, Moses Tetui, Aloysius Ssenyonjo and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1168

    Content type: Research

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  34. Certain types of enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses, cause encephalitis, and other neurological complications. However, these pathogens rarely cause fatal infections, especially in immunocompetent infan...

    Authors: Tomonori Nagai, Nozomu Hanaoka, Harutaka Katano, Masami Konagaya, Keiko Tanaka-Taya, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Toshiji Mukai and Tsuguto Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1167

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a severely neglected disease affecting millions of people with high mortality if left untreated. In Ethiopia, the primary laboratory diagnosis of VL is by using an antigen from a...

    Authors: Dawit Gebreegziabiher Hagos, Henk D. F. H. Schallig, Yazezew K. Kiros, Mahmud Abdulkadir and Dawit Wolday

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1166

    Content type: Research

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  36. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in 98 countries, and 350 million people are at risk of the disease worldwide. In endemic areas, conducting educational interventions is necessary to change preventive be...

    Authors: Gholamreza Alizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi and Akbar Hassanzadeh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1164

    Content type: Research

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  37. Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASIL), strongly related to human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, is more prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, no such data are available for Pakista...

    Authors: Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson and Anna Mia Ekström

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1163

    Content type: Research

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  38. Current assays for detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) rely on time consuming, costly and laboratory based methods for virus isolation, purification and removing inhibitor...

    Authors: Meng Yee Lai, Fatma Diyana Mohd Bukhari, Nur Zulaikha Zulkefli, Ilyiana Ismail, Nur Izati Mustapa, Tuan Suhaila Tuan Soh, Afifah Haji Hassan, Kalaiarasu M. Peariasamy, Yee Leng Lee, Jeyanthi Suppiah, Ravindran Thayan and Yee Ling Lau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1162

    Content type: Research

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  39. Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major public health problem in South Korea. Although TB notification rate in Korea is gradually decreasing, still highest among the member countries of the Organization for Economi...

    Authors: Eun Hye Lee, Nak-Hoon Son, Se Hyun Kwak, Ji Soo Choi, Min Chul Kim, Chang Hwan Seol, Sung-Ryeol Kim, Byung Hoon Park and Young Ae Kang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1161

    Content type: Research

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  40. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer. Characteristics of HPV infections, including the HPV genotype and duration of infection, determine a patient’s risk of high-grade lesi...

    Authors: Ruizhe Chen, Yunfeng Fu, Bingbing You, Ying Li, Yeli Yao, Xinyu Wang and Xiaodong Cheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1158

    Content type: Research

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  41. Cryptococcal meningitis is mainly caused by Cryptococcus neoformans/C. gattii complex. We compared the clinical, biological, and antifungal susceptibility profiles of isolates from HIV-Infected Patients (HIVIP) w...

    Authors: Bive Zono, Michel Moutschen, Hippolyte Situakibanza, Rosalie Sacheli, Gaultier Muendele, Pius Kabututu, Adolphe Biakabuswa, Nicole Landu, Georges Mvumbi and Marie-Pierre Hayette

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1157

    Content type: Research

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  42. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a major cause of bacterial meningitis, septicemia and pneumonia in children. Inappropriate choice of antibiotic can have important adverse consequences for both the ind...

    Authors: Tian-ming Chen, Wen-hui Li, Fang Wang, Kun Tan, Qing-xiong Zhu, Kai Zhou, Shi-hua Liu, Jing Liu, Jing Bi, Hui-ling Deng, Xue-xia Chen, Juan Li, Yu-min Wang, Qing Zhao, Liang Zhu, Hui-xuan Ma…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1156

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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