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  1. Authors: Julien Riou, Carole Dupont, Silvia Bertagnolio, Ravindra K. Gupta, Roger D. Kouyos, Matthias Egger and Christian L. Althaus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1098

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1042

  2. Aeromonas hydrophila is a gram-negative facultative anaerobic coccobacillus, which is an environmental opportunistic pathogen. A. hydrophila are involved in several infectious diseases such as gastroenteritis, se...

    Authors: Michael Greiner, Alexia Anagnostopoulos, Daniel Pohl, Reinhard Zbinden and Andrea Zbinden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1097

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The association between renal parenchyma changes on dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scans and demographic, clinical, and laboratory markers was assessed in pediatric patients with acute pyelonephritis.

    Authors: Daryoosh Fahimi, Leila Khedmat, Azadeh Afshin, Mohsen Jafari, Zakeyeh Bakouei, Effat Hosseinali Beigi, Mohammad Kajiyazdi, Anahita Izadi and Sayed Yousef Mojtahedi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1096

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Raoultella ornithinolytica is a Gram-negative bacillus that resembles Klebsiella. This bacterium is present in many soil and aquatic environments and is a major causative agent of healthcare-associated infections...

    Authors: Xiaonan Chen, Xinjian Zhou, Jun Cao, Ke Ma and Zhijie Xia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1095

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Several specific risk scores for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) involving clinical and biochemical parameters have been developed from higher-risk patients, in addition to validating well-established pneu...

    Authors: Jinghao Nicholas Ngiam, Nicholas W. S. Chew, Sai Meng Tham, Zhen Yu Lim, Tony Y. W. Li, Shuyun Cen, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Amelia Santosa, Ching-Hui Sia and Gail Brenda Cross

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1094

    Content type: Research

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  6. Gender differences among patients with drug resistant tuberculosis (DRTB) and HIV co-infection could affect treatment outcomes. We compared characteristics and treatment outcomes of DRTB/HIV co-infected men an...

    Authors: Joseph Baruch Baluku, David Mukasa, Felix Bongomin, Anna Stadelmann, Edwin Nuwagira, Sabine Haller, Kauthrah Ntabadde and Stavia Turyahabwe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1093

    Content type: Research

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  7. Mycobacterium marseillense is a new species of the Mycobacterium avium complex. There has been only a few human infections caused by M. marseillense worldwide.

    Authors: Yusuke Nomura, Koh Okamoto, Yuki Ohama, Yoshimi Higurashi, Sohei Harada and Kyoji Moriya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1092

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer. Serum CA-125 test are useful in the diagnosis of PTB. Although studies on the relation between CA-125 and PTB have been reported, t...

    Authors: Ping Zhao, Qin Yu, Aijie Zhang, Fang He, Songyan Xu and Liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with a higher risk of preterm delivery and spontaneous abortion. Yet little data on BV prevalence exist for sub-Saharan countries. The aim of this study was to estimate t...

    Authors: Marion Bonneton, Bich-Tram Huynh, Abdoulaye Seck, Raymond Bercion, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau and Muriel Vray

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1090

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Understanding the occurrence of yellow fever epidemics is critical for targeted interventions and control efforts to reduce the burden of disease. We assessed data on the yellow fever incidence and mortality r...

    Authors: Akuoma U. Nwaiwu, Alfred Musekiwa, Jacques L. Tamuzi, Evanson Z. Sambala and Peter S. Nyasulu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1089

    Content type: Research

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  11. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) represents a global health burden. However, its epidemiology in the Eastern Mediterranean (EM) and North Africa (NA) regions is currently not well understood. This review h...

    Authors: Alp Giray Dogu, Anouk M. Oordt-Speets, Femke van Kessel-de Bruijn, Mehmet Ceyhan and Amine Amiche

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1088

    Content type: Research

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  12. Low plasma levels of first-line antitubercular drugs can be counted among the main causes of poor response to antitubercular therapy, and therapeutic drug monitoring has been proposed as a method to promote ta...

    Authors: Chiara Tersigni, Giulia Boiardi, Lorenzo Tofani, Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Barbara Bortone, Leila Bianchi, Elena Chiappini, Maria Iris Cassetta, Stefania Fallani, Andrea Novelli and Luisa Galli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1087

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome secondary to infection is the leading cause of death in burn patients. Bloodstream infection (BSI) and the prognosis of burn patients are negatively correlated. Metagenomic ...

    Authors: Jing Wu and Man Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1086

    Content type: Research

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  14. Early prediction of bronchitis obliterans (BO) is of great significance to the improvement of the long-term prognosis of children caused by refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). This study aimed to e...

    Authors: Qi Cheng, Han Zhang, Yunxiao Shang, Yuetong Zhao, Ye Zhang, Donglin Zhuang, Xuxu Cai and Ning Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1085

    Content type: Research

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  15. The role of the environment in hospital acquired infections is well established. We examined the impact on the infection rate for hospital onset Clostridioides difficile (HO-CDI) of an environmental hygiene inter...

    Authors: Sarah Simmons, Grady Wier, Antonio Pedraza and Mark Stibich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1084

    Content type: Research

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  16. Penicillin allergy prevalence is internationally reported to be around 10%. However, the majority of patients who report a penicillin allergy do not have a clinically significant hypersensitivity. Few patients...

    Authors: Linde Steenvoorden, Erik Oeglaend Bjoernestad, Thor-Agne Kvesetmoen and Anne Kristine Gulsvik

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1083

    Content type: Research

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  17. Plasma leakage is a precursor to life-threatening complications of dengue, but this group is poorly defined and not often reported in literature. Patients with Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) as defined in the...

    Authors: Chaturaka Rodrigo, Chathurani Sigera, Deepika Fernando and Senaka Rajapakse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1082

    Content type: Research

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  18. Leptospirosis is a re-emerging disease with vast clinical presentations, that ranges from subclinical or mild to severe and fatal outcomes. Leptospirosis can be managed well if diagnosed earlier, however, simi...

    Authors: Noraini Philip, Leslie Thian Lung Than, Anim Md Shah, Muhamad Yazli Yuhana, Zamberi Sekawi and Vasantha Kumari Neela

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1081

    Content type: Research article

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  19. HIV-infected persons are at increased risk of developing tuberculosis and Isoniazid preventive therapy has been shown to reduce the occurrence of tuberculosis among this group of persons. M-health technology h...

    Authors: Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Chihurumnanya Alo, Adaoha Pearl Agu, Chigozie Jesse Uneke and Lawrence Ulu Ogbonnaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1080

    Content type: Research

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  20. KPC-K.pneumoniae bloodstream infection (KPC-KpBSI) mortality rate in patients with hematological malignancies is reported about 60%. The initial treatment active against KPC-K.pneumoniae is crucial for survival a...

    Authors: Alessandra Micozzi, Giuseppe Gentile, Stefania Santilli, Clara Minotti, Saveria Capria, Maria Luisa Moleti, Walter Barberi, Claudio Cartoni, Silvia Maria Trisolini, Anna Maria Testi, Anna Paola Iori, Giampaolo Bucaneve and Robin Foà

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Importation of dengue following globalization presents an emerging threat to global health. However, evidence on global geographical sources and the potential of dengue importation globally are lacking. This s...

    Authors: Xiao Wei Sylvia Gwee, Pearleen Ee Yong Chua and Junxiong Pang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1078

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Taenia solium, present in most developing countries, infects many individuals and may result in their death. Neurocysticercosis (NCC) develops after invasion of the brain by parasitic larvae. It is the most commo...

    Authors: Tomoya Kinouchi, Yasuyuki Morishima, Shinichi Uyama, Tadashi Miyamoto, Hidehisa Horiguchi, Naomi Fujimoto and Hiromi Ueta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1077

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Early detection of clusters of pathogens is crucial for infection prevention and control (IPC) in hospitals. Conventional manual cluster detection is usually restricted to certain areas of the hospital and mul...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Britta Kohlmorgen, Christin Schröder, Luis Alberto Peña Diaz, Norbert Thoma, Anna Maria Rohde, Brar Piening, Petra Gastmeier and Michael Behnke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1075

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Maternal sepsis and other maternal infections (MSMI) have considerable impacts on women’s and neonatal health, but data on the global burden and trends of MSMI are limited. Comprehensive knowledge of the burde...

    Authors: Liyuan Chen, Qi Wang, Yun Gao, Jinxiang Zhang, Sheng Cheng, Huilong Chen, Zhilin Zeng and Zhongxian Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1074

    Content type: Research

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  25. Several inflammatory molecules participate in the immune response to malaria. Interleukin (IL)-18 is an inflammatory cytokine activated by NLRP3 inflammasomes. In clinical falciparum malaria, with and without ...

    Authors: Kari Otterdal, Aase Berg, Annika E. Michelsen, Arne Yndestad, Sam Patel, Ida Gregersen, Bente Halvorsen, Thor Ueland, Nina Langeland and Pål Aukrust

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1073

    Content type: Research

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  26. COVID-19 cases have been increasing since the epidemic started. One of the major concerns is how clinical symptomatology would behave after coinfection with another virus.

    Authors: Perez-Mendez Maria Jose, Zarate-Segura Paola, Davila-Gonzalez Eduardo, Servin-Monroy Monroy Osvaldo Arturo and Bastida-Gonzalez Fernando

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1072

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Antigen testing offers rapid and inexpensive testing for SARS-CoV-2 but concerns regarding performance, especially sensitivity, remain. Limited data exists for use of antigen testing in asymptomatic patients; ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Mitchell, Steven Orris, Tanner Freeman, Megan C. Freeman, Michelle Adam, Meredith Axe, Jamie Gribschaw, Joe Suyama, Alejandro Hoberman and Alan Wells

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1071

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common types of DNA changes in the human genome that leading to phenotypic differences in humans. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are usually affected by various bacteria...

    Authors: Sima Kazemi, Saeid Afshar, Manoochehr Karami, Massoud Saidijam, Fariba Keramat, Seyed Hamid Hashemi and Mohammad Yousef Alikhani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1070

    Content type: Research

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  29. Melioidosis, the infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is associated with a high case fatality rate, due in part to difficulties in clinical recognition and diagnostic confirmation of the disease. Althou...

    Authors: Anand Mohan, Yuwana Podin, Da-Wei Liew, Jeevithaa Mahendra Kumar, Peter Sie-Teck Lau, Yee-Yen Tan, Yi-Pinn Tai, Ranveer Singh Gill, Ram Shanmugam, Su-Lin Chien, Lee-See Tan, Nurul Asiah Mat Sani, Kamilah Manan and Mong-How Ooi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Nowadays, most studies of tuberculous epididymo-orchitis (TBEO) are case reports or small sample cohort series. Our study is aimed to present the largest series of TBEO with our management experiences and long...

    Authors: Yin Huang, Bo Chen, Dehong Cao, Zeyu Chen, Jin Li, Jianbing Guo, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei and Liangren Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1068

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Myiasis is caused by dipterous larvae, and rarely affects the mouth. Diagnosis by traditional means is easy to be confused with other similar species. Here, we report a case of oral myiasis, in a 5-month-old i...

    Authors: Minyu Zhou, Ke Cao, Hui Huang, Xiaojuan Luo, Ying Wang, Weike Ma and Zhiyue Lv

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1067

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The COVID-19 and HIV epidemics have exacerbated existing inequities among vulnerable groups and severely impacted communities of color. People living with HIV (PLWH), who may already face stigma or discriminat...

    Authors: Andre Hall, Olivier Joseph, Samantha Devlin, Jared Kerman, Jessica Schmitt, Jessica P. Ridgway and Moira C. McNulty

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Transgender and gender diverse individuals often face structural barriers to health care because of their gender minority status. The aim of this study was to examine the association between gender minority st...

    Authors: Yongjie Sha, Willa Dong, Weiming Tang, Lingling Zheng, Xi Huang, Kathryn E. Muessig and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1065

    Content type: Research

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  34. In 2018, Rwanda launched a 5-year hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination plan as per the World Health Organization global targets to eliminate HCV by 2030. To improve awareness of HCV status, strategies are neede...

    Authors: Janvier Serumondo, Sonjelle Shilton, Ladislas Nshimiyimana, Prosper Karame, Donatha Dushimiyimana, Emmanuel Fajardo, Eric Remera, Gallican N. Rwibasira and Guillermo Z. Martínez-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1064

    Content type: Research

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  35. The incidence of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has increased in recent years, making it a very common childhood illness worldwide. The relationship between different enterovirus genotypes and disease seve...

    Authors: Chenguang Shen, Yi Xu, Jingkai Ji, Jinli Wei, Yujin Jiang, Yang Yang, Minghui Yang, Huaxin Huang, Rongrong Zou, Chunxiao Fang, Fansen Zeng, Fengxia Yang, Xinfa Wang, Jing Yuan, Jianmin Li, Xianfeng Wang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1062

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The worldwide spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) has reduced the clinical utility of carbapenems. Plasmids often play an important role in the spread of genes encoding drug-resistance fact...

    Authors: Nobuyoshi Mori, Tatsuya Tada, Satoshi Oshiro, Kyoko Kuwahara-Arai, Teruo Kirikae and Yuki Uehara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1061

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Multi-drug resistant—tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an emerging public health concern in Uganda. Prior to 2013, MDR-TB treatment in Uganda was only provided at the national referral hospital and two private-not-for ...

    Authors: Mbonye Kayitale Martin, Otuba John Paul, Riese Sara, Alima Hilary, Mugabe Frank, Muhwezi K. Augustin, Turyahabwe Stavia, Wandera Christopher, Tisna Veldhuijzen van Zanten and Tugume Gladys

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1060

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) varies depending on a number of factors, including vaccine uptake, in both children and adults, the geographic location, and local serotype prevalence. Ther...

    Authors: Paula O. Narváez, Salome Gomez-Duque, Juan E. Alarcon, Paula C. Ramirez-Valbuena, Cristian C. Serrano-Mayorga, Julian Lozada-Arcinegas, Alirio Bastidas, Sandra Gómez, Hernan Vargas, Charles Feldman and Luis Felipe Reyes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1059

    Content type: Research

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  39. Comorbidities such as undernutrition and parasitic infections are widespread in India and other tuberculosis (TB)-endemic countries. This study examines how these conditions as well as food supplementation and...

    Authors: Chelsie Cintron, Prakash Babu Narasimhan, Lindsey Locks, Senbagavalli Babu, Pranay Sinha, Nonika Rajkumari, Vaishnavi Kaipilyawar, Anurag Bhargava, Kimberly Maloomian, Padma Chandrasekaran, Sheetal Verma, Noyal Joseph, W. Evan Johnson, Christine Wanke, C. Robert Horsburgh Jr., Jerrold J. Ellner…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1058

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Some children hospitalized for severe pertussis need intensive care; moreover, some children die because of deterioration alone or in combination with other complications. The purpose of this study was to iden...

    Authors: Tingting Shi, Ling Wang, Shuling Du, Huifeng Fan, Minghua Yu, Tao Ding, Xuehua Xu, Dongwei Zhang, Li Huang and Gen Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1057

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The importance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains with disputed rpoB mutations remains to be defined. This study aimed to assess the frequency and types of rpoB mutations in M. tuberculosis isolates from Cubal...

    Authors: Ariadna Rando-Segura, María Luisa Aznar, María Milagros Moreno, Mateu Espasa Soley, Elena Sulleiro Igual, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Eva Gil Olivas, Arlete Nindia Eugénio, Carlos Escartin Huesca, Adriano Zacarias, Josep Vegue Collado, Domingos Katimba, Maria Carmen Vivas Cano, Estevao Gabriel, Maria Teresa López García, Tomas Pumarola Suñe…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1056

    Content type: Research

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  42. Diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) in children is challenging due to paucibacillary disease, and lack of ability for microbiologic confirmation. Hence, we measured the plasma chemokines as biomarkers for diagnosis o...

    Authors: Nathella Pavan Kumar, Syed Hissar, Kannan Thiruvengadam, Velayuthum V. Banurekha, Sarath Balaji, S. Elilarasi, N. S. Gomathi, J. Ganesh, M. A. Aravind, Dhanaraj Baskaran, Srikanth Tripathy, Soumya Swaminathan and Subash Babu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1055

    Content type: Research

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  43. Yellow fever outbreaks are documented to have a considerable impact not only on the individuals but on the health system with significant economic implications. Efforts to eliminate yellow fever outbreaks glob...

    Authors: Terna Nomhwange, Anne Eudes Jean Baptiste, Obi Ezebilo, Joseph Oteri, Lois Olajide, Kizito Emelife, Shehu Hassan, Erdoo R. Nomhwange, Kennedy Adejoh, Faith Ireye, Eyo E. Nora, Adamu Ningi, Blaise Bathondeli and Oyewale Tomori

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1054

    Content type: Research

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  44. Schizophyllum commune is a basidiomycete that lives in the environment and can cause infections, mainly those of the respiratory system. Although S. commune is increasingly reported as a cause of allergic broncho...

    Authors: Naoya Itoh, Nana Akazawa, Hiromi Murakami, Yuichi Ishibana, Yusuke Takahashi, Waki Hosoda, Takashi Yaguchi and Katsuhiko Kamei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1052

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Patients have distinct clinical forms, and the host´s immunological response regulate those manifestations. In this work, the presence of th...

    Authors: Stephanni Figueiredo da Silva, Leticia Rossetto da Silva Cavalcante, Ezequiel Angelo Fonseca Junior, Joselina Maria da Silva, José Cabral Lopes and Amilcar Sabino Damazo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1050

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Treatment outcomes were evaluated of a cohort of new pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases that were rifampicin resistant, multidrug-resistant, or extensively resistant during 2013 and 2014 in Brazil. The objectiv...

    Authors: Patricia Bartholomay, Rejane Sobrino Pinheiro, Fernanda Dockhorn, Daniele Maria Pelissari and Wildo Navegantes de Araújo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1049

    Content type: Research

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  47. Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum are the most common soil-transmitted helminths of humans and pigs, respectively. The zoonotic potential of A. suum has been a matter of debate for decades. This study was aim...

    Authors: Giovanni Romano, Paola Pepe, Serena Cavallero, Paola Cociancic, Lorenzo Di Libero, Giovanni Grande, Giuseppe Cringoli, Stefano D’Amelio and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1045

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.