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  1. Research article

    Cost-utility analysis of Palivizumab for Respiratory Syncytial Virus infection prophylaxis in preterm infants: update based on the clinical evidence in Spain

    This study aimed at estimating the efficiency of palivizumab in the prevention of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection and its sequelae in preterm infants (32day 1-35day 0weeks of gestational age –wGA-) in...

    M. Sanchez-Luna, R. Burgos-Pol, I. Oyagüez, J. Figueras-Aloy, M. Sánchez-Solís, F. Martinón-Torres and X. Carbonell-Estrany

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:687

    Published on: 17 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Local epidemiology and resistance profiles in acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) in women: a prospective cohort study in an urban urological ambulatory setting

    Acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) is a common ailment in the urological setting. Guidelines for urinary tract infections are based on large-scale multi-centre, epidemiological and international studies. The o...

    Michael Seitz, Christian Stief and Raphaela Waidelich

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:685

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  3. Research article

    Infection by and genotype characteristics of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in HIV/AIDS patients from Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, China

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been increasingly reported to infect humans and various mammals. Microsporidia cause diarrhea in HIV-infected patients worldwide. PCR amplification and sequ...

    Hua Liu, Zhihua Jiang, Zhongying Yuan, Jianhai Yin, Zunfu Wang, Bingxue Yu, Dongsheng Zhou, Yujuan Shen and Jianping Cao

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:684

    Published on: 13 October 2017

  4. Research article

    Characteristics of spontaneous coagulase-negative staphylococcal spondylodiscitis: a retrospective comparative study versus Staphylococcus aureus spondylodiscitis

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are increasingly implicated in recent patient series of spondylodiscitis, but there are no series of CoNS-spondylodiscitis available. The objective of this study was to ...

    Julien Lopez, Zuzana Tatar, Anne Tournadre, Marion Couderc, Bruno Pereira, Martin Soubrier and Jean-Jacques Dubost

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:683

    Published on: 13 October 2017

  5. Research article

    Rates of, and risk factors for, septic arthritis in patients with invasive pneumococcal disease: prospective cohort study

    There are many case reports of septic arthritis complicating invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD); however, no study has compared patients with IPD with septic arthritis to those who didn’t develop septic arthr...

    Thomas J. Marrie, Gregory J. Tyrrell, Sumit R. Majumdar and Dean T. Eurich

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:680

    Published on: 12 October 2017

  6. Study protocol

    The epidemiology and transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the community in Singapore: study protocol for a longitudinal household study

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most common multidrug-resistant organisms in healthcare settings worldwide, but little is known about MRSA transmission outside of acute healthcare...

    Nivedita Shankar, Angela Li Ping Chow, Jolene Oon, Li Yang Hsu, Brenda Ang, Junxiong Pang, Paola Florez De Sessions, Balamurugan Periaswamy, Paul A. Tambyah, Desmond B. Teo and Clarence C. Tam

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:678

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  7. Research article

    G allele at −924 A > G position of FoxP3 gene promoter as a risk factor for tuberculosis

    Forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) is an important factor for development and function of Regulatory T cells (Treg). Studies have found an association between common gene polymorphisms in FoxP3 and some infectious di...

    Elham Beiranvand, Saeid Abediankenari, Soghra Khani, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini, Sirous Zeinali, Behnoush Beiranvand, Mehdi Goudarzi and Sima Sadat Seyedjavadi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:673

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  8. Research article

    A retrospective cohort study to predict severe dengue in Honduran patients

    An important challenge in the identification of dengue is how to predict which patients will go on to experience severe illness, which is typically characterized by fever, thrombocytopenia, haemorrhagic manife...

    Eduardo Fernández, Marek Smieja, Stephen D. Walter and Mark Loeb

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:676

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  9. Commentary

    Rational use of Xpert testing in patients with presumptive TB: clinicians should be encouraged to use the test-treat threshold

    A recently published Ugandan study on tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in HIV-positive patients with presumptive smear-negative TB, which showed that out of 90 patients who started TB treatment, 20% (18/90) had a p...

    Tom Decroo, Aquiles R. Henríquez-Trujillo, Anja De Weggheleire and Lutgarde Lynen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:674

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  10. Research article

    Whole genome sequencing for the molecular characterization of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated at the Italian ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco Hospital, 2012–2014

    The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains is threatening antimicrobial treatment.

    Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Bernardina Gentile, Cristina Pagani, Annamaria Di Gregorio, Anna Anselmo, Anna Maria Palozzi, Antonella Fortunato, Valentina Pittiglio, Anna Lisa Ridolfo, Maria Rita Gismondo, Giuliano Rizzardini and Florigio Lista

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:666

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  11. Research article

    Co-infection of Schistosoma mansoni/hepatitis C virus and their associated factors among adult individuals living in fishing villages, north-western Tanzania

    Schistosoma mansoni and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) are co-existence in sub-Saharan Africa and co-infection is common among humans population. The immunological responses characterized wit...

    Humphrey D. Mazigo, Stella Kepha, Godfrey M. Kaatano and Safari M. Kinung’hi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:668

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  12. Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B infection among mothers and children with hepatitis B infected mother in upper Dolpa, Nepal

    Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide public health problem. In Nepal, the prevalence of HBV is found to be low (0.9%), although high prevalence (≥8%) of HBV infection is depicted among subgroup/pop...

    Purusotam Raj Shedain, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Megha Raj Banjara, Huang Ling and Subash Dhital

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:667

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  13. Research article

    Multiplex PCR point of care testing versus routine, laboratory-based testing in the treatment of adults with respiratory tract infections: a quasi-randomised study assessing impact on length of stay and antimicrobial use

    Laboratory-based respiratory pathogen (RP) results are often available too late to influence clinical decisions such as hospitalisation or antibiotic treatment due to time delay in transport of specimens and test...

    Denise Andrews, Yumela Chetty, Ben S. Cooper, Manjinder Virk, Stephen K Glass, Andrew Letters, Philip A. Kelly, Malur Sudhanva and Dakshika Jeyaratnam

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:671

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  14. Research article

    Evaluation of a pulsed xenon ultraviolet disinfection system to decrease bacterial contamination in operating rooms

    Environmental cleanliness is one of the contributing factors for surgical site infections in the operating rooms (ORs). To decrease environmental contamination, pulsed xenon ultraviolet (PX-UV), an easy and sa...

    Lynn El Haddad, Shashank S. Ghantoji, Mark Stibich, Jason B. Fleming, Cindy Segal, Kathy M. Ware and Roy F. Chemaly

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:672

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  15. Research article

    Acute undifferentiated fever in India: a multicentre study of aetiology and diagnostic accuracy

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of malaria, bacteraemia, scrub typhus, leptospirosis, chikungunya and dengue among hospitalized patients with acute undifferentiated fever in India...

    Kristine Mørch, Anand Manoharan, Sara Chandy, Novin Chacko, Gerardo Alvarez-Uria, Suvarna Patil, Anil Henry, Joel Nesaraj, Cijoy Kuriakose, Ashita Singh, Siby Kurian, Christel Gill Haanshuus, Nina Langeland, Bjørn Blomberg, George Vasanthan Antony and Dilip Mathai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:665

    Published on: 4 October 2017

  16. Research article

    Investigation of Salmonella Enteritidis outbreaks in South Africa using multi-locus variable-number tandem-repeats analysis, 2013-2015

    Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Enteritidis) has become a significant pathogen in South Africa, and the need for improved molecular surveillance of this pathogen ha...

    Munyadziwa Muvhali, Anthony Marius Smith, Andronica Moipone Rakgantso and Karen Helena Keddy

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:661

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  17. Technical advance

    Evaluation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis viability in OMNIgene-SPUTUM reagent upon multi-day transport at ambient temperature

    Maintaining the quality of clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) testing is a major challenge in many high TB burden-limited resources countries. Sample referral systems in low and middle income countries a...

    Elisa Tagliani, Riccardo Alagna, Silva Tafaj, Hasan Hafizi and Daniela Maria Cirillo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:663

    Published on: 2 October 2017

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