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  1. Authors: Keivan Ranjbar, Mohsen Moghadami, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Mohammad Javad Fallahi, Vahid Khaloo, Reza Shahriarirad, Amirhossein Erfani, Zohre Khodamoradi and Mohammad Hasan Gholampoor Saadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:436

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:337

  2. By mid-July 2020, more than 108,000 COVID-19 cases had been diagnosed in Canada with more than half in the province of Quebec. In this context, we launched a study to analyze the epidemiological characteristic...

    Authors: Rodolphe Jantzen, Nolwenn Noisel, Sophie Camilleri-Broët, Catherine Labbé, Thibault de Malliard, Yves Payette and Philippe Broët

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Schistosomiasis is very common in the southern part of the Yangtze River Basin in China. It is mainly manifested as appendicitis, ulcers, hematomas, and thickening of the intestinal tract. Schistosomiasis of t...

    Authors: Xiu Li Zhu, Ji Zhong Song, Wen Yong Yu, Li Qun Hua and Ming Li Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:434

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Low testing rates and delays in reporting hinder the estimation of the mortality burden associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. During a public health emergency, estimating all cause excess deaths above an expe...

    Authors: Sushma Dahal, Juan M. Banda, Ana I. Bento, Kenji Mizumoto and Gerardo Chowell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:432

    Content type: Research

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  5. The upsurge in HIV infections among students is a matter of particular concern. However, few studies have explored the epidemiological characteristics including the risky sexual networking of HIV-infected stud...

    Authors: Wanjun Chen, Jiezhe Yang, Jun Jiang, Lin He, Yun Xu, Jinlei Zheng, Jianmin Jiang and Xiaohong Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease and has a great general and economic health importance in both developed and developing countries. Therefore, this systematic and meta-analytic study was conducted to determin...

    Authors: Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Masoud Mohammadi, Rostam Jalali, Nader Salari and Melika Hosseinian-Far

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Since December 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread quickly among the population and brought a severe global impact. However, considerable geographical disparities in the distribution of CO...

    Authors: Huihui Zhang, Yini Liu, Fangyao Chen, Baibing Mi, Lingxia Zeng and Leilei Pei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Hyperinflammation in severe COVID-19 infection increases the risk of respiratory failure and one of the cogent reasons of mortality associated with COVID-19. Baricitinib, a janus kinases inhibitor, can potenti...

    Authors: Md. Jahidul Hasan, Raihan Rabbani, Ahmad Mursel Anam, Shihan Mahmud Redwanul Huq, Mohammad Mufizul Islam Polash, Shahzadi Sayeeda Tun Nessa and Sitesh C. Bachar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Rotavirus A (RVA) is a significant cause of severe diarrheal illness and one of the common causes of death in children under the age of five. This study was aimed at detecting the prevalence of RVA in Pakistan...

    Authors: Nosheen Basharat, Asma Sadiq, Muhammad Dawood, Shahid Ali, Alam Khan, Rooh Ullah, Hayat Khan, Aamir Aziz, Hamid Ali, Aamer Ali Shah, Ijaz Ali and Jadoon Khan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research

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  10. Candida auris infections are an emerging global threat with poor clinical outcome, high mortality rate, high transmission rate and outbreak potential. The objective of this work is to describe a multidisciplinary...

    Authors: Dipu Thareparambil Sathyapalan, Remya Antony, Vrinda Nampoothiri, Anil Kumar, Nandita Shashindran, Jini James, Jisha Thomas, Preetha Prasanna, Akkulath Sangita Sudhir, Jeslyn Mary Philip, Fabia Edathadathil, Binny Prabhu, Sanjeev Singh and Merlin Moni

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although by late February 2020 the COVID-19 epidemic was effectively controlled in Wuhan, China, estimating the effects of interventions, such as transportation restrictions and quarantine measures, on the ear...

    Authors: Jingbo Liang, Hsiang-Yu Yuan, Lindsey Wu and Dirk Udo Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research

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  12. In the US, one in six men who have sex with men (MSM) with HIV are unaware of their HIV infection. In certain circumstances, access to HIV testing and viral load (VL) monitoring is challenging. The objective o...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Vickie Sullivan, Pollyanna R. Chavez, Sarah E. Wiatrek, Maria Zlotorzynska, Amy Martin, Rebecca Rossetti, Travis Sanchez, Patrick Sullivan, Robin J. MacGowan, S. Michele Owen and Silvina Masciotra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  13. HPV and C.trachomatis are the most prevalent, viral and bacterial STI worldwide. Both commonly have an asymptomatic development and can evolve into a persistent infection which, added to coinfections, may be impo...

    Authors: J. P. Mosmann, S. Zayas, A. X. Kiguen, R. F. Venezuela, O. Rosato and C. G. Cuffini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research

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  14. Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 8 incidence has increased in Denmark after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCV). The mechanism behind the serotype 8 replacement is not well understood. In ...

    Authors: Camilla Bülow Hansen, Kurt Fuursted, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Tine Dalby, Charlotte Sværke Jørgensen and H-C Slotved

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Hawthorne Effect is the change in behaviour by subjects due to their awareness of being observed and is evident in both research and clinical settings as a result of various forms of observation. When the ...

    Authors: Francis Rezk, Margaretha Stenmarker, Stefan Acosta, Karoline Johansson, Malin Bengnér, Håkan Åstrand and Ann-Christine Andersson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G may have an important role in the natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Our aim was to evaluate the role of HLA-G in the outcome of genital and oral HPV infec...

    Authors: Anna Jaakola, Michel Roger, Marie-Claude Faucher, Kari Syrjänen, Seija Grénman, Stina Syrjänen and Karolina Louvanto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:419

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Dutch province of Limburg borders the German district of Heinsberg, which had a large cluster of COVID-19 cases linked to local carnival activities before any cases were reported in the Netherlands. Howeve...

    Authors: Mitch van Hensbergen, Casper D. J. den Heijer, Petra Wolffs, Volker Hackert, Henriëtte L. G. ter Waarbeek, Bas B. Oude Munnink, Reina S. Sikkema, Edou R. Heddema and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:418

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Following a first wave in spring and gradual easing of lockdown, Luxembourg experienced an early second epidemic wave of SARS-CoV-2 before the start of summer school holidays on 15th July. This provided the op...

    Authors: Joël Mossong, Laurent Mombaerts, Lisa Veiber, Jessica Pastore, Gwenaëlle Le Coroller, Michael Schnell, Silvana Masi, Laetitia Huiart and Paul Wilmes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most feared complications following total arthroplasty surgeries. Gram-positive bacteria are the most common microorganisms implicated in PJIs, while infections m...

    Authors: Marta Bottagisio, Alessandro Bidossi, Nicola Logoluso, Antonio Pellegrini and Elena De Vecchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:416

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease among children in developed countries, in which the resulting coronary artery (CA) abnormalities cause myocardial ischemia, infarction, ...

    Authors: Yifan Ren, Chuanxin Zhang, Xiaoqin Xu and Yu Yin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:415

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The development of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) for HCV has revolutionized the treatment of HCV, including its treatment in patients with HIV coinfection. The aim of this study was to compare the changes in ...

    Authors: Maria Giovanna Quaranta, Luigina Ferrigno, Xhimi Tata, Franca D’Angelo, Carmine Coppola, Alessia Ciancio, Serena Rita Bruno, Martina Loi, Alessia Giorgini, Marzia Margotti, Valentina Cossiga, Giuseppina Brancaccio, Marcello Dallio, Martina De Siena, Marco Cannizzaro, Luisa Cavalletto…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:413

    Content type: Research

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  22. Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 in December 2019, more than 8 million cases have occurred worldwide as of June 16, 2020. However, it is important to distinguish COVID-19 from other respiratory i...

    Authors: Xinghua Liu, Wei Li, Bo Zhang, Yan Guo, Zhao Hu, Cao Peng, Xiao Lei, Qunying Luo, Qiong Zhang, Wei Deng, Juanjuan Wang, Jianqiao Tang, Yunqiao Li and Jianying Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. An effective treatment option is not yet available for SARS-CoV2, which causes the COVID-19 pandemic and whose effects are felt more and more every day. Ivermectin is among the drugs whose effectiveness in tre...

    Authors: Nurullah Okumuş, Neşe Demirtürk, Rıza Aytaç Çetinkaya, Rahmet Güner, İsmail Yaşar Avcı, Semiha Orhan, Petek Konya, Bengü Şaylan, Ayşegül Karalezli, Levent Yamanel, Bircan Kayaaslan, Gülden Yılmaz, Ümit Savaşçı, Fatma Eser and Gürhan Taşkın

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research

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  24. Salivary detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been proposed as an alternative to nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swab testing. Our group previously published a study de...

    Authors: Lisa Caulley, Julie Shaw, Martin Corsten, Nadia Hua, Jonathan B. Angel, Guillaume Poliquin, Jonathan Whelan, Kym Antonation and Stephanie Johnson-Obaseki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:410

    Content type: Research

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  25. Accurately predicting outcomes for cancer patients with COVID-19 has been clinically challenging. Numerous clinical variables have been retrospectively associated with disease severity, but the predictive valu...

    Authors: Saket Navlakha, Sejal Morjaria, Rocio Perez-Johnston, Allen Zhang and Ying Taur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:391

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  26. In non-pregnant adults, the incidence of invasive Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease is continuously increasing. Elderly and immunocompromised persons are at increased risk of infection. GBS commonly colonizes t...

    Authors: Rossella Baldan, Sara Droz, Carlo Casanova, Laura Knabben, Dorothy J. Huang, Christine Brülisauer, André B. Kind, Elke Krause, Stefanie Mauerer, Barbara Spellerberg and Parham Sendi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:408

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The prevalent resurgence of pertussis has recently become a critical public health problem worldwide. To understand pertussis pathogenesis and the host response to both the pathogen and vaccines, a suitable pe...

    Authors: Wenwen Jiang, Chen Wei, Dachao Mou, Weilun Zuo, Jiangli Liang, Xiao Ma, Lichan Wang, Na Gao, Qin Gu, Peng Luo, Yan Ma, Jingyan Li, Shuyuan Liu, Li Shi and Mingbo Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to expand. Herein, we report the epidemiological and clinical features of 478 patients with confirmed COVID-19 from a multicenter study conducted in f...

    Authors: Jinjun Zhang, Shixiong Yang, Yi Xu, Xinyan Qin, Jialiang Liu, Jinjun Guo, Sijia Tian, Shaoping Wang, Kai Liao, Ying Zhang, Yu Ma and Yuguo Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:406

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Aseptic meningitis is most often caused by enteroviruses (EVs), but EVs associated with aseptic meningitis have not yet been reported in Liaocheng. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and gen...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Min Meng, Huan Xu, Ting Wang, Ying Liu, Han Yan, Peiman Liu, Daogang Qin and Qiaozhi Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:405

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Our aim was to examine whether the length of stay, hospital charges and in-hospital mortality attributable to healthcare- and community-associated infections due to antimicrobial-resistant bacteria were higher...

    Authors: Katia Iskandar, Christine Roques, Souheil Hallit, Rola Husni-Samaha, Natalia Dirani, Rana Rizk, Rachel Abdo, Yasmina Yared, Matta Matta, Inas Mostafa, Roula Matta, Pascale Salameh and Laurent Molinier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:404

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Carnobacterium species are lactic acid-producing Gram-positive bacteria that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and Health Canada for use as a food bio-preservative. The use of live bacteri...

    Authors: Carson Ka-Lok Lo and Prameet M. Sheth

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:403

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. The effects of extreme temperature on infectious diseases are complex and far-reaching. There are few studies to access the relationship of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) with extreme temperature. The study aime...

    Authors: Dongzhen Chen, Hua Lu, Shengyang Zhang, Jia Yin, Xuena Liu, Yixin Zhang, Bingqin Dai, Xiaomei Li and Guoyong Ding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:402

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) are one of the most serious complication of arthroplasty. The management of PJI needs a multidisciplinary collaboration between orthopaedic surgeon, infectious disease special...

    Authors: Marion Le Maréchal, Zoé Cavalli, Cécile Batailler, Jean-François Gonzalez, André Ferreira, Sébastien Lustig, Tristan Ferry and Johan Courjon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:401

    Content type: Research

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  34. Self-sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is a feasible option to improve the cervical screening coverage. However, an ideal triage method for HPV-positive self-samples does not yet exist. The aim o...

    Authors: Fangbin Song, Peisha Yan, Xia Huang, Chun Wang, Xinfeng Qu, Hui Du and Ruifang Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research

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  35. As a blood-borne pathogen, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has long been a major threat associated with needle-stick injuries (NSIs) mainly because no vaccine is available for HCV. Following an NSI, we usually test th...

    Authors: Kazuya Okushin, Rie Suzuki, Takeya Tsutsumi, Koh Okamoto, Kazuhiko Ikeuchi, Akira Kado, Chihiro Minatsuki, Yuka Minami-Kobayashi, Nobuhiko Satoh, Mahoko Ikeda, Sohei Harada, Kenichiro Enooku, Hidetaka Fujinaga, Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi, Kazuhiko Koike and Kyoji Moriya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research

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  36. Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory event and a fatal complication of viral infections. Whether sHLH may also be observed in patients with a cytokine sto...

    Authors: Mei Meng, Limin Chen, Sheng Zhang, Xuan Dong, Wenzhe Li, Ranran Li, Yunxin Deng, Tao Wang, Yan Xu, Jiao Liu, Yanxia Huang, Yizhu Chen, Sisi Huang, Zhenliang Wen, Lidi Zhang, Hangxiang Du…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a major global health threat with a great number of deaths worldwide. Despite abundant data on that many COVID-19 patients also displayed kidney disease, ther...

    Authors: Nan-Hui Zhang, Yi-Chun Cheng, Ran Luo, Chun-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Wang Ge and Gang Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:397

    Content type: Research

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  38. In the Brazilian Amazon, a new epidemiological profile of Chagas disease transmission, the oral route, has been detected and cited as being responsible for the increase in acute cases in Brazil. The clinical e...

    Authors: Katia do Nascimento Couceiro, Jessica Vanina Ortiz, Michael do Nascimento Correia, Mônica Regina Hosannah da Silva e Silva, Alba Regina Brandão, Paula Rita Leite da Silva, Susan Smith Doria, Reinaldo Bulgarelli Bestetti, Débora Raysa Teixeira de Sousa, Rubens Celso Andrade da Silva Junior, Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa Guerra, João Marcos Bemfica Barbosa Ferreira and Jorge Augusto de Oliveira Guerra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:396

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We describe the spectrum of ICD-10 classified causes for hospitalisations occurring between 2011 and 2018 in a cohort of people living with HIV (PLHIV).

    Authors: Sophia M. Rein, Fiona C. Lampe, Clinton Chaloner, Adam Stafford, Alison J. Rodger, Margaret A. Johnson, Jeffrey McDonnell, Fiona Burns, Sara Madge, Alec Miners, Lorraine Sherr, Simon Collins, Andrew Speakman, Andrew N. Phillips and Colette J. Smith

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Whole-genome sequencing has shown that the Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection process can be more heterogeneous than previously thought. Compartmentalized infections, exogenous reinfections, and microevolution ...

    Authors: Darío A. Fernandez Do Porto, Johana Monteserin, Josefina Campos, Ezequiel J. Sosa, Mario Matteo, Federico Serral, Noemí Yokobori, Andrés Fernández Benevento, Tomás Poklepovich, Agustín Pardo, Ingrid Wainmayer, Norberto Simboli, Florencia Castello, Roxana Paul, Marcelo Martí, Beatriz López…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:394

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. International air travel plays an important role in the global spread of SARS-CoV-2, and tracing of close contacts is an integral part of the public health response to COVID-19. We aimed to assess the timeline...

    Authors: Thai Quang Pham, Ngoc-Anh Hoang, Ha-Linh Quach, Khanh Cong Nguyen, Samantha Colquhoun, Stephen Lambert, Luong Huy Duong, Quang Dai Tran, Duc Anh Ha, Dinh Cong Phung, Nghia Duy Ngu, Tu Anh Tran, Quang Ngoc La, Tai Trong Nguyen, Quynh Mai Thi Le, Duong Nhu Tran…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research

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  42. Algorithms that bridge the gap between syndromic sexually transmitted infection (STI) management and treatment based in realistic diagnostic options and local epidemiology are urgently needed across Africa. Ou...

    Authors: Kristin M. Wall, Julien Nyombayire, Rachel Parker, Rosine Ingabire, Jean Bizimana, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Amelia Mazzei, Matt A. Price, Marie Aimee Unyuzimana, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen and Etienne Karita

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:392

    Content type: Research

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  43. Late-diagnosis of HIV is a major challenge for the control and prevention of AIDS in the world. The present study aimed to specify factors associated with the late diagnosis of HIV in Iran from 1987 to 2016.

    Authors: Younes Mohammadi, Mohammad Mirzaei, Nasrin Shirmohammadi-Khorram and Maryam Farhadian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:390

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and malignant lymphoma, hepatitis C flare during R-CHOP can result in discontinuation of treatment. However, appropriate therapeutic strategies for managing hepatitis C...

    Authors: Machiko Umemura, Goki Suda, Shihori Tsukamoto, Ko Ebata, Shinjiro Takahash, Takashi Sasaki, Sae Nakajima, Koji Hirata, Mariko Ozasa, Masatoshi Takano, Masaki Katagiri and Naoya Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:389

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Direct-Acting agents (DAAs) target and inhibit essential viral replication proteins. They have revolutionized the treatment of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection reaching high levels of sustained virologic resp...

    Authors: Fabián Aldunate, Natalia Echeverría, Daniela Chiodi, Pablo López, Adriana Sánchez-Cicerón, Martín Soñora, Juan Cristina, Gonzalo Moratorio, Nelia Hernández and Pilar Moreno

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:387

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Bridget J. Kelly, Brian G. Southwell, Lauren A. McCormack, Carla M. Bann, Pia D. M. MacDonald, Alicia M. Frasier, Christine A. Bevc, Noel T. Brewer and Linda B. Squiers

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:383

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:338

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