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  1. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Treatment with first generation protease inhibitors (PI) + peg-interferon (pegIFN) and ribavirin (RBV...

    Authors: Liat Deutsch, Inbal Houri, Ziv Ben-Ari, Amir Shlomai, Ella Veitsman, Oranit Cohen-Ezra, Assaf Issachar, Orna Mor, Yael Gozlan, Rafael Bruck, Yoram Menachem, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Helena Katchman and Oren Shibolet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The public health response to Zika outbreak has mostly focused on epidemiological surveillance, vector control, and individual level preventative measures. This qualitative study employs a social-ecological fr...

    Authors: Ana Rosa Linde-Arias, Maria Roura and Eduardo Siqueira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease causing serious health problems in both humans and animals in different endemic regions across the world. There are two different forms of human echinococcosis: C...

    Authors: Aisha Khan, Haroon Ahmed, Sami Simsek, Hua Liu, Jianhai Yin, Ying Wang, Yujuan Shen and Jianping Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:262

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Q fever (Coxiella burnetii infection) has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. After investigating the obstetrical importance of Q fever on Reunion island and demonstrating an association between inci...

    Authors: Julien Jaubert, Laura Atiana, Sophie Larrieu, Philippe De Vos, Claudine Somon-Payet, Sylvaine Porcherat, Yoan Mboussou, Florence Naze, Sandrine Picot, Malik Boukerrou, Pierre-Yves Robillard and Patrick Gérardin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Infection by hepatitis E virus (HEV) can cause a high burden of morbidity and mortality in countries with poor access to clean water and sanitation. Our study aimed to investigate the situation of HEV infectio...

    Authors: Vianney Tricou, Julie Bouscaillou, Gina-Laure Laghoe-Nguembe, Aubin Béré, Xavier Konamna, Benjamin Sélékon, Emmanuel Nakouné, Mirdad Kazanji and Narcisse P. Komas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In Bolivia the incidence and mortality rates of uterine cervix cancer are the highest in America. The main factor contributing to this situation is the difficulty of establishing and maintaining quality preven...

    Authors: Gustavo Allende, Pedro Surriabre, Neli Ovando, Pamela Calle, Andrea Torrico, Jaime Villarroel, Michel Bossens, Véronique Fontaine and Patricia Rodriguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Mycobacterial species other than Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae are generally free-living organisms and Mycobacterium simiae is one of the slowest growing Non-tuberculous mycobacteria. This i...

    Authors: B. S. D. P. Keragala, C. N. Gunasekera, P. D. Yesudian, Chandima Guruge, B. S. Dissanayaka, D. P. Liyanagama, G. I. M. Jinadasa, S. R. Constantine and H. M. M. T. B. Herath

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:258

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Cryptosporidium sp. are common intracellular parasites responsible of severe diarrhea in T-cell-immunocompromised patients. We report the first case of a woman who contracted cryptosporidiosis after treatment wit...

    Authors: M. Martinot, A. Abou-Bacar, M. Lamothe, M. Alt Tebacher, M. Mohseni Zadeh, F. Dalle, L. Favennec, D. Costa, J. Brunet and F. Sellal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:257

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Modelling of longitudinal biomarkers and time-to-event data are important to monitor disease progression. However, these two variables are traditionally analyzed separately or time-varying Cox models are used....

    Authors: Nobuhle N. Mchunu, Henry G. Mwambi, Tarylee Reddy, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma and Kogieleum Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) is diagnostically challenging; therefore, many cases are treated presumptively. We aimed to describe features and outcomes of gastrointestinal TB, determine whether a clinica...

    Authors: Christopher Lowbridge, Soraya A. M. Fadhil, Gayathri D. Krishnan, Emma Schimann, Raman Muthu Karuppan, Nagaraj Sriram, Giri Shan Rajahram, Jayaram Menon, Aatish Patel, Timothy William, Dawn Carmel Paul and Anna P. Ralph

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:255

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To evaluate nasal carriage, antibiotic susceptibility and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), as well as the risk factors of MRSA colonization, in human immunodeficien...

    Authors: Yi-Yu Hsu, David Wu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shie-Shian Huang, Fang-Hsueh Yuan, Ming-Hsun Lee, Ching-Tai Huang, Shian-Sen Shie, Po-Yen Huang, Chien-Chang Yang, Chun-Wen Cheng, Hsieh-Shong Leu, Ting-Shu Wu and Yhu-Chering Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate the efficacy and safety of targeted antibiotics for the treatment of culture-negative prosthetic joint infection based on metagenomic next-generation sequencing resu...

    Authors: Chaoxin Wang, Zida Huang, Wenbo Li, Xinyu Fang and Wenming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the effect of age at administration of the first dose of a measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) on protection against measles and on antibody response after one- and...

    Authors: Sara Carazo, Marie-Noëlle Billard, Amélie Boutin and Gaston De Serres

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Treatment of resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection continues to be a challenge in Latin American countries (LATAM). We synthesize the literature on the use of appropriate initial antibiotic therapy (AIAT) an...

    Authors: Alfredo Ponce de Leon, Sanjay Merchant, Gowri Raman, Esther Avendano, Jeffrey Chan, Griselda Tepichin Hernandez and Eric Sarpong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Despite the considerable efforts made to address the issue of brucellosis worldwide, its prevalence in dairy products continues to be difficult to estimate and represents a key public health issue around the w...

    Authors: Peifeng Liang, Yuan Zhao, Jianhua Zhao, Dongfeng Pan and Zhongqin Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne infection transmitted by Aedes aegypti and mainly found in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Since its re-introduction in 1986, Brazil has become a hotspot for dengue an...

    Authors: Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Nidhi Parikh, Dave Osthus, Kaitlyn Martinez, Nicholas Generous, Sara del Valle and Carrie A. Manore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Understanding factors driving virological failure, including the contribution of HIV drug resistance mutations (DRM), is critical to ensuring HIV treatment remains effective. We examine the contribution of dru...

    Authors: Sheri A. Lippman, Alyssa C. Mooney, Adrian Puren, Gillian Hunt, Jessica S. Grignon, Lisa M. Prach, Hailey J. Gilmore, Hong-Ha M. Truong, Scott Barnhart and Teri Liegler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Tourniquets used for peripheral venous vascular access such as blood sampling are regularly contaminated in clinical routine. Although most contaminations are harmless, some pose a possible risk for infection....

    Authors: Marcus Grohmann, Lena Schomakers, Frank Wolschendorf, Janina Grosch, Susan Lindner and Anna Kristina Witte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Patients infected with HIV may experience a succession of clinical stages before the disease diagnosis and their health status may be followed-up by tracking disease biomarkers. In this study, we present a joi...

    Authors: Zelalem G. Dessie, Temesgen Zewotir, Henry Mwambi and Delia North

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:246

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In resource limited settings, Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients on antiretroviral treatment. Ethiopia is one of the 30 high TB burden countries. TB causes burden in h...

    Authors: Agazhe Aemro, Abebaw Jember and Degefaye Zelalem Anlay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Lebanon has experienced several measles and mumps outbreaks in the past 20 years. In this article, a case-based surveillance of both measles and mumps outbreaks in Lebanon was carried out in an attempt to outl...

    Authors: Talal El Zarif, Mohamed Faisal Kassir, Nazih Bizri, Ghida Kassir, Umayya Musharrafieh and Abdul Rahman Bizri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  22. After publication of the original article [1], there is a duplicate “35.322” in the section “Study outcomes”: Secondary outcomes included combined aortic valve repairs or replacements (ICD-9 35.11, 35.22, 35.2...

    Authors: Ché Matthew Harris, Waseem Khaliq, Aiham Albaeni and Keith C. Norris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:243

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:146

  23. Adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) are a particularly vulnerable but often overlooked group in the HIV response despite additional disease management challenges.

    Authors: Jillian Murray, Katherine Whitehouse, Janet Ousley, Elkin Bermudez, Theint Thida Soe, Adelene Hilbig, Kyi Pyar Soe, Phyu Ei Mon, Kyaw Tint Tun, Win Le Shwe Sin Ei, Joanne Cyr, Carole Deglise and Iza Ciglenecki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The current national influenza vaccination schedule in Mexico does not recommend vaccination in the school-aged population (5–11 years). Currently, there are limited data from middle-income countries analysing...

    Authors: Jorge Abelardo Falcón-Lezama, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Miguel Betancourt-Cravioto, Myrna María Alfaro-Cortes, Roberto Isaac Bahena-González and Roberto Tapia-Conyer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:240

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Peritoneal tuberculosis is the most common cause of low albumin gradient ascites in developing countries, but it can be easily confused with other causes of ascites. Peritoneal tuberculosis requires early reco...

    Authors: Jules Ntwari, Vincent Dusabejambo and Cameron Page

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Anemia is common among people living with HIV infection (PLWH) and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Information on risk factors for anemia incidence in the current antiretroviral therapy (ART) era i...

    Authors: B. N. Harding, B. M. Whitney, R. M. Nance, S. A. Ruderman, H. M. Crane, G. Burkholder, R. D. Moore, W. C. Mathews, J. J. Eron, P. W. Hunt, P. Volberding, B. Rodriguez, K. H. Mayer, M. S. Saag, M. M. Kitahata, S. R. Heckbert…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:238

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Infections with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) pose a serious threat to patients with dysregulated immunity such as in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), but such infections have rarely been compr...

    Authors: Mohammad Rubayet Hasan, Manu Somasundaram Sundaram, Sathyavathi Sundararaju, Kin-Ming Tsui, Mohammed Yousuf Karim, Diane Roscoe, Omar Imam, Mohammad A. Janahi, Eva Thomas, Simon Dobson, Rusung Tan, Patrick Tang and Andres Perez Lopez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:237

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Melioidosis-associated peri-prosthetic infection is extremely rare. To date, melioidosis associated septic arthritis of the ankle joint following a medial malleolar internal fixation has not been reported.

    Authors: Umesh Jayarajah, Arulprashanth Arulanantham, Vimaleswaran Koculen, Chamikara Palkumbura, Aadil Faleel and Rukshan Sooriyarachchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:236

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Loss to follow-up (LTFU) deprives HIV-exposed infants the lifesaving care required and results in exposing HIV free infants to virus requisition risk. We aimed to determine the rate of LTFU, postnatal mother-t...

    Authors: Rogers Ankunda, Samuel Nambile Cumber, Catherine Atuhaire, Taseera Kabanda, Claude Ngwayu Nkfusai, Frankline Sevidzem Wirsiy and Eleanor Turyakira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) typically infects oral or anogenital squamous epithelium and causes blisters and ulcerations. Here we reported an unusual case of HSV induced exuberant rectal inflammatory pseudotumo...

    Authors: Shi Bai, Justin A. Maykel and Michelle X. Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:234

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The most common infection in patients positive for anti-interferon-gamma autoantibodies (anti-IFN-γ AAbs) is disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial (dNTM) infection. Here, we report a rare case of triple in...

    Authors: Pongprueth Rujirachun, Jirath Sangwongwanich and Methee Chayakulkeeree

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:232

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The spectrum of yeasts and their antifungal susceptibility profile are poorly known and treatment of fungal disease has remained empirical. The aim of this study is to determine the spectrum and antifungal sus...

    Authors: Elias Seyoum, Adane Bitew and Amete Mihret

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide. More than 2 billion people have been exposed to HBV, and about 257 million individuals are chronic carriers of HBV. HBV reactivatio...

    Authors: Kuniyasu Niizuma, Yoshikazu Ogawa, Takayuki Kogure and Teiji Tominaga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:230

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in the intensive care unit (ICU) presents several challenges, mainly associated to the clinical state of the patient. The presence of HIV infection further aggrav...

    Authors: Cynthia Pessoa Neves, Allyson Guimarães Costa, Izabella Picinin Safe, Alexandra de Souza Brito, Jaquelane Silva Jesus, Afranio Lineu Kritski, Marcus Vinicius Guimarães Lacerda, Miguel Viveiros and Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) is an important cause of infection in immunocompromised populations. Few studies have described the characteristics of vanB VRE infection. We sought to describe the epidemi...

    Authors: Ouli Xie, Monica A. Slavin, Benjamin W. Teh, Ashish Bajel, Abby P. Douglas and Leon J. Worth

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Early infant diagnosis is important for timely identification of HIV-infected infants and linkage to care. Testing at birth has been implemented to facilitate earlier diagnosis of HIV infection but may present...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Jane N. Mutanga, Nkumbula Moyo, Jessica L. Schue, Mutinta Hamahuwa, Philip E. Thuma and William J. Moss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:227

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Rapid control of cholera outbreaks is a significant challenge in overpopulated urban areas. During late-2017, Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, experienced a cholera outbreak that ...

    Authors: Didier Bompangue, Sandra Moore, Nadège Taty, Benido Impouma, Bertrand Sudre, Richard Manda, Thierno Balde, Franck Mboussou and Thierry Vandevelde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear, comprising a spectrum of diseases. It is the commonest episode of infection in children, which often occurs after an acute upper respiratory tract infection. Oti...

    Authors: Tewodros Tesfa, Habtamu Mitiku, Mekonnen Sisay, Fitsum Weldegebreal, Zerihun Ataro, Birhanu Motbaynor, Dadi Marami and Zelalem Teklemariam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cervical lymphadenopathy refers to a frequently observed clinical presentation in numerous pathological conditions. A wide spectrum of diseases can cause cervical lymphadenopathy, irrespective of the fact that...

    Authors: Lei Sun, Liang Zhang, Kun Yang, Xiang-mei Chen, Jia-min Chen, Jiang Xiao, Hong-xin Zhao, Zhi-yuan Ma, Li-ming Qi and Peng Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen that causes serious systemic infections in pigs and occupation-related infections in humans who contact with pigs or pork products. In China, it has caused two outbreaks ...

    Authors: Fei Jiang, Jingjing Guo, Chen Cheng and Bing Gu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:223

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Infectious diarrhea can lead to a considerable global disease burden. Thus, the accurate prediction of an infectious diarrhea epidemic is crucial for public health authorities. This study was aimed at developi...

    Authors: Xinyu Fang, Wendong Liu, Jing Ai, Mike He, Ying Wu, Yingying Shi, Wenqi Shen and Changjun Bao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:222

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The goal of the study was to evaluate a potential role for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) genetic variability as biomarker in sepsis. In particular, we aimed to determine if single nucleotide polymorphism...

    Authors: Anca Meda Georgescu, Claudia Banescu, Razvan Azamfirei, Adina Hutanu, Valeriu Moldovan, Iudita Badea, Septimiu Voidazan, Minodora Dobreanu, Ioana Raluca Chirtes and Leonard Azamfirei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The management of disseminated cysticercosis is unclear and largely considered hazardous. The role of albendazole remains controversial in such patients.

    Authors: Sudhakar Pandey, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Imran Rizvi, Amita Jain, Neera Kohli, Rajesh Verma, Praveen Sharma, Ravi Uniyal and Shweta Pandey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  44. This study represents the first Scottish retrospective analysis of the microbiology of diabetic foot infections (DFIs). The aims were to compare the microbiological profile of DFIs treated at a Scottish tertia...

    Authors: Katherine E. Macdonald, Crispin Y. Jordan, Emma Crichton, Judith E. Barnes, Gillian E. Harkin, Lesley M. L. Hall and Joshua D. Jones

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Congenital Cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is a serious global public health issue that can cause irreversible fetal and neonatal congenital defects in symptomatic or asymptomatic newborns at birth. In absence of unive...

    Authors: Laura Pellegrinelli, Luisella Alberti, Elena Pariani, Maria Barbi and Sandro Binda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:217

    Content type: Debate

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  46. The poorly known mycobacterial species Mycobacterium monacense is a rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacterium that was first described in 2006 (Reischl et al., Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56:2575-8, 2006); it h...

    Authors: Chenyan Yuan, Huixia Lu, Congshan Yang, Wei Gao, Hailiang Wang and Guoqiu Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:215

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. Pulmonary endarteritis is a rare clinical phenomenon with congenital heart that can potentially lead to major complications.

    Authors: Arezoo Khosravi, Zohreh Rostami, Mohammad Javanbakht, Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari, Mohsen Sadeghi Ghahroudi, Mohammad Hassan Kalantar-Motamed, Ramezan Jafari and Behzad Einollahi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:212

    Content type: Case report

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  48. Kiribati introduced rotavirus vaccine in 2015. To estimate the impact of rotavirus vaccine on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among children under 5 in Kiribati, a retrospective...

    Authors: Jana Lai, Cattram Nguyen, Beia Tabwaia, Agnes Nikuata, Nikarawa Baueri, Eretii Timeon, Mohammed Diaaldeen, Tinai Iuta, Murat Hakan Ozturk, Aaron Moore, Alice Hall, Batmunkh Nyambat, Stephanie Davis, Ataur Rahman, Wendy Erasmus, Kimberley Fox…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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