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  1. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the present study was to analyze the factors associated with non-completion of the hepatitis B vaccine series among men who have sex with men and use geosocial dating apps in Brazil.

    Authors: Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Matheus Costa Brandão Matos, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo, Sandra Brignol, Renata Karina Reis, Elucir Gir and Maria Eliete Batista Moura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:335

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Ralstonia picketti, Ralstonia mannitolilytica, and Ralstonia insidiosa have recently been regarded as emerging pathogens of infectious diseases, in particular as the pathogens responsible for nosocomial infection...

    Authors: Qingqing Fang, Yu Feng, Ping Feng, Xiaohui Wang and Zhiyong Zong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:334

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Historically Mycobacterium houstonense belongs to the unnamed third biovariant complex of the Mycobacterium fortuitum group, which are sorbitol positive. To date, there have been few reports of human infection in...

    Authors: Lei Tian, Zhen Zhang, Zhongju Chen and Ziyong Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:333

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease and a major cause of disability worldwide. To effectively plan morbidity management programmes, it is important to estimate disease burden and ev...

    Authors: Obiora A. Eneanya, Tini Garske and Christl A. Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:332

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Prosthetic joint infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and are frustrating for patients and physicians alike. Unusual causes of infection may be seen in selected circumstances and a high index of ...

    Authors: Minh-Vu Hoang Nguyen, Mauro M. Giordani and George R. Thompson III

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:331

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Invasive Salmonella infections result in significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Asia, typhoid and paratyphoid fever are reported to be the major invasive Salmonella infections, while inva...

    Authors: Anand Mohan, Chandran Munusamy, Yee-Chin Tan, Sobana Muthuvelu, Rohaidah Hashim, Su-Lin Chien, Ming-Kui Wong, Nurul Aiman Khairuddin, Yuwana Podin, Peter Sie-Teck Lau, David Chun-Ern Ng and Mong-How Ooi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:330

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In Vietnam, few studies have determined the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and no routine prenatal screening is in place. This study was conducted to evaluate the seroprevalence of t...

    Authors: G. Suzanne A. Smit, Binh Thi Lam Vu, Dung Trung Do, Quan Ha Do, Huy Quang Pham, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Elizaveta Padalko, Ellen Roets and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:329

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease caused by protozoa belonging to the genus Leishmania. The clinical presentation of visceral leishmaniasis strictly depends on the host immunocompetency, ...

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Laura Saporito, Paola Di Carlo, Manlio Tolomeo, Adriana Cervo, Alberto Firenze, Marcello Trizzino and Antonio Cascio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:328

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii infection is a great health concern to pregnant women and the developing fetus. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii and its associated factors in Adwa district...

    Authors: Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Amaha Gebremichael, Gebretsadkan Geberkirstos, Haftom Hadush, Tuam Gebrewahid, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Berihu Gidey, Negasi Asres and Hailay Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:327

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Endograft infection is a rare but extremely dangerous complication of aortic repair (25–100% of mortality). We describe here the first case of Listeria monocytogenes abdominal periaortitis associated with a vascu...

    Authors: Aurélie Foulex, Matteo Coen, Abdessalam Cherkaoui, Vladimir Lazarevic, Nadia Gaïa, Stefano Leo, Myriam Girard, Damiano Mugnai and Jacques Schrenzel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:326

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Group B streptococcus (GBS) is reported as the leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Newborns from GBS colonized pregnant women are at high risk of infection.

    Authors: Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael and Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:325

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    After antibiotic treatment of Lyme borreliosis, a subset of patients report persistent symptoms, also referred to as post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. The reported prevalence of persistent symptoms varies ...

    Authors: Hedwig D. Vrijmoeth, Jeanine Ursinus, Margriet G. Harms, Tizza P. Zomer, Stefanie A. Gauw, Anna D. Tulen, Kristin Kremer, Hein Sprong, Hans Knoop, Yolande M. Vermeeren, Barend van Kooten, Leo A. B. Joosten, Bart-Jan Kullberg, Joppe W. R. Hovius and Cees C. van den Wijngaard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:324

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the diagnostic value of the interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) for detecting tuberculosis (TB) infection in patients with Behçet’s disease (BD).

    Authors: Xiuhua Wu, Pang Chen, Wei Wei, Mengyu Zhou, Chaoran Li, Jinjing Liu, Lidan Zhao, Lifan Zhang, Yan Zhao, Xiaofeng Zeng, Xiaoqing Liu and Wenjie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:323

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite major improvements in child survival rates, the number of deaths due to diarrhea remains unacceptably high. We aimed to describe diarrhea-associated mortality and evaluate risk factors for death among ...

    Authors: Sozinho Acácio, Inácio Mandomando, Tacilta Nhampossa, Llorenç Quintó, Delfino Vubil, Charfudin Sacoor, Karen Kotloff, Tamer Farag, Dilruba Nasrin, Eusébio Macete, Myron M. Levine, Pedro Alonso and Quique Bassat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:322

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rabies remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Most fatal rabies cases, especially in children, result from dog bites and occur in low-income countries, such as those in Sub-Saharan Afri...

    Authors: Mamadou Korka Diallo, Alpha Oumar Diallo, Anta Dicko, Vincent Richard and Emmanuelle Espié

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:321

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors became a major clinical issue among HIV-infected individuals in the post-cART era. As in the past decades the link between acute infections and ...

    Authors: Emersom Cicilini Mesquita, Lara Esteves Coelho, Rodrigo Teixeira Amancio, Valdilea Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula Luz and Fernando Augusto Bozza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:319

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important public health problem in Brazil and in several tropical regions of the world. In the Americas, Brazil is the country with the highest number of registered cases. In...

    Authors: Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Dayane Costa de Souza, Vanessa Normandio de Castro, Stefan Michael Geiger and David Soeiro Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:318

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Necrotising fasciitis is a rapidly progressing soft-tissue infection with a low incidence that carries a relevant risk of morbidity and mortality. Although necrotising fasciitis is often fatal in adults, its c...

    Authors: Arne Schroder̈, Aurelié Gerin, Gregory B. Firth, Kelly S. Hoffmann, Andrew Grieve and Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:317

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Drug resistant tuberculosis is a major public health problem in Morocco and worldwide. Treatment outcome of drug resistant tuberculosis is poor and requires a long period of treatment with many toxic and expen...

    Authors: Mariam El Hamdouni, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Jouda Benamor, Mohammed Hassar, Yahia Cherrah and Samir Ahid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:316

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Over the last 20 years, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence has dramatically increased among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in many countries worldwide. It is suspected that this increas...

    Authors: Sophie Vaux, Stéphane Chevaliez, Leïla Saboni, Claire Sauvage, Cécile Sommen, Francis Barin, Antonio Alexandre, Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Florence Lot and Annie Velter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:315

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Influenza surveillance is necessary for detection of emerging variants of epidemiologic and clinical significance. This study describes the epidemiology of influenza types A and B, and molecular characteristic...

    Authors: Hebah A. Al Khatib, Asmaa A. Al Thani, Imed Gallouzi and Hadi M. Yassine

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:314

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Genetic variability and liability to develop drug-resistant mutations are the main characteristics of HIV-1, which can not only increase the risk of antiretroviral treatment (ART) failure, but also can lead to...

    Authors: Zhenyan Wang, Min Zhang, Renfang Zhang, Li Liu, Yinzhong Shen, Jiangrong Wang and Hongzhou Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:313

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Currently, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa. To address this challenge, outcomes of second-line protease inhibitor (PI) based ART...

    Authors: Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhammed Semakula, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Eric Remera, Dieudonne Sebuhoro, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Nathan Ford, Marcel Tanner, Steve Kanters, Edward J. Mills and Heiner C. Bucher

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:312

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is the drug of choice for anti-Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) prophylaxis in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Post-transplant management balances preventing PcP ...

    Authors: G. V. Ramesh Prasad, Jill Beckley, Mohit Mathur, Madhushankar Gunasekaran, Michelle M. Nash, Lindita Rapi, Michael Huang and Jeffrey S. Zaltzman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:311

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) is vital to improving outcomes in immunocompromised patients. This study evaluated the impact of a systematic protocol with nasal endoscopy and b...

    Authors: Mariana L. C. Silveira, Wilma T. Anselmo-Lima, Francesca M. Faria, Danielle L. C. Queiroz, Rodrigo L. Nogueira, Marcelo G. J. Leite, Ricardo M. Lessa, Belinda P. Simões, Edwin Tamashiro and Fabiana C. P. Valera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:310

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem and it is among the top 10 causes of death worldwide. One of the challenges against attaining an effective TB control program is delay in seeking health care ...

    Authors: Haileselasie Berhane Alema, Sisay Asgedom Hailemariam, Kebede Haile Misgina, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregergis, Genet Kidane Mekonen and Kahsay Amare Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:309

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Despite World Health Organization recommendations, in many countries young children are not targeted for influenza vaccination. To help inform influenza vaccination policy, we examined the occurrence and burde...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Annick Moureau, Camille Schiffler, Martin Dupuy, Stephanie Pepin, Sandrine I. Samson, Philippe Vanhems and François Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:308

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Rapid detection of rifampicin resistance is essential for early management and prevention of transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). We studied the prevalence of rifampicin resistance of Mycoba...

    Authors: Balew Arega, Fiqrte Menbere and Yitagesu Getachew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:307

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Various integrated care models have been used to improve treatment completion of medications for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV), chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB), and Human immuno...

    Authors: Jørn Henrik Vold, Christer Aas, Rafael Alexander Leiva, Peter Vickerman, Fatemeh Chalabianloo, Else-Marie Løberg, Kjell Arne Johansson and Lars Thore Fadnes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:306

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Virological treatment failure is a problem that a Human Immune Virus patient faces after starting treatment due to different factors. However, there were few studies done on the predictors of virological treat...

    Authors: Mohammed Ahmed, Hailu Merga and Habtemu Jarso

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:305

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Screening programmes for tuberculosis (TB) among immigrants rarely consider the heterogeneity of risk related to migrants’ country of origin. We assess the performance of a large screening programme in asylum ...

    Authors: Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Stella Preussler, Ulrich Wagner, Brigitte Joggerst, Joachim Szecsenyi, Oliver Razum and Christian Stock

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:304

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Post-operative infections are frequent after radical cystectomy with urinary diversion surgery (UDS). Reduction of post-operative infections necessitates appropriate peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis ta...

    Authors: E. Kolwijck, A. E. M. Seegers, S. C. M. Tops, A. G. van der Heijden, J. P. M. Sedelaar and J. ten Oever

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:303

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a leading cause of invasive severe diseases with a high rate of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcome observed in staphyl...

    Authors: Charles Vidal, Florence Moulin, Xavier Nassif, Louise Galmiche, Delphine Borgel, Alain Charbit, Capucine Picard, Jean-Paul Mira, Olivier Lortholary, Anne Jamet and Julie Toubiana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:302

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Lactococcus garvieae is an unusual cause of infective endocarditis (IE). No current diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines are available to treat IE caused by these organisms. Based on a case report, we provide a ...

    Authors: Alexandre Malek, Alejandro De la Hoz, Sara Isabel Gomez-Villegas, Cima Nowbakht and Cesar A. Arias

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:301

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Although real-life results of sofosbuvir/simeprevir have been extensively reported from the United States, data from other geographical areas are limited. In the French observational cohort, ANRS CO22 HEPATHER...

    Authors: Anne Laurain, Sophie Metivier, Georges Haour, Dominique Larrey, Céline Dorival, Christophe Hezode, Fabien Zoulim, Patrick Marcellin, Marc Bourliere, Jean-Pierre Zarski, Dominique Thabut, Laurent Alric, Nathalie Ganne-Carrie, Paul Cales, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Ghassan Riachi…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:300

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  36. Content type: Case report

    The bacterial genus Bartonella is distributed worldwide and poses a public health risk. Cat-scratch disease caused by B. henselae in Croatia was first described in 1957. It is present throughout the country: a su...

    Authors: Maja Stepanić, Sanja Duvnjak, Irena Reil, Silvio Špičić, Gordan Kompes and Relja Beck

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:299

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is the foremost infection in the overall patient population, affecting up to 66% of operated patients and with a frequency up to nine times more than in developed countries. This ...

    Authors: Bruke B. Billoro, Mengistu H. Nunemo and Seid E. Gelan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:298

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection is widespread in cattle globally and is present in marketed beef and dairy products. Human infection with BLV has been reported in breast and lung cancer tissues and was s...

    Authors: Gertrude C. Buehring, Anne DeLaney, HuaMin Shen, David L. Chu, Niema Razavian, Daniel A. Schwartz, Zach R. Demkovich and Michael N. Bates

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:297

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dengue infections have become a huge threat to public health systems in developing countries. Data on seroprevalence and incidence of dengue infections are lacking from rural regions of India. The objective of...

    Authors: Paresh S. Shah, Kalichamy Alagarasu, Shivaji Karad, Avinash Deoshatwar, Santosh M. Jadhav, Tushar Raut, Anand Singh, Cecilia Dayaraj and Vasant S. Padbidri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:296

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum and Intestinal Parasitic Infections (IPIs) - with the corresponding pathogenesis among children remain uncertain. This study aimed at determining the prevalence and the out...

    Authors: Paul Oboth, Yahaya Gavamukulya and Banson John Barugahare

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:295

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  41. Content type: Research article

    African, Caribbean, and Black (Black) men account for 16.5% of new HIV diagnoses among men in Ontario. There is substantial evidence that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with increased li...

    Authors: LaRon E. Nelson, Wangari Tharao, Winston Husbands, Ting Sa, Nanhua Zhang, Sameer Kushwaha, David Absalom and Rupert Kaul

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:294

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The Lebanese Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (LSIDCM) is involved in antimicrobial stewardship. In an attempt at guiding clinicians across Lebanon in regards to the proper use of antim...

    Authors: Nicholas Haddad, Souha S. Kanj, Lyn S. Awad, Dania I. Abdallah and Rima A. Moghnieh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:293

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Syphilis is responsible for a substantial burden of preventable adverse outcomes in pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of adverse pregnancy outcomes among syphilis-seropositive w...

    Authors: Huihui Liu, Niannian Chen, Jia Yu, Weiming Tang, Jianrong He, Huiyun Xiao, Suifang Lin, Fang Hu, Qiong Feng, Joseph D. Tucker, Huimin Xia and Xiu Qiu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:292

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus tigurinus was recently described as a new streptococcal species within the viridans group streptococci (VGS). The objectives of the present work were to analyse the clinical and microbiological char...

    Authors: María Ercibengoa, Miguel Angel Goenaga, Carmen Ardanuy, Immaculada Grau, Cristina García-de-la-Maria, Manuel Almela, Jose María Miro, Enrique Navas, María Carmen Fariñas, Carlos Ruiz de Alegría, Javier de la Torre, Fernando Fernández, Mercedes Marín, Patricia Muñoz, Beatriz Orden, José Antonio Oteo…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:291

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  45. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the author reported an error in the title:

    Authors: Linlin Zhou, Huiping Yang, Yu Kuang, Tianshu Li, Jianan Xu, Shuang Li, Ting Huang, Chuan Wang, Wanyi Li, Mingyuan Li, Shusen He and Ming Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:290

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:89

  46. Content type: Research article

    Purulent meningitis (PM) is a serious life-threatening infection of the central nervous system (CNS) by bacteria or fungi and associated with high mortality and high incidence of CNS sequelae in children. Howe...

    Authors: Chengna Zhao, Xi Wang, Chao Zhang, Bing Liu, Hongbo Jing, Lihua Ming, Hua Jiang, Yuling Zheng, Peng Liu, Gang Liu and Yongqiang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:289

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  47. Content type: Case report

    Ruxolitinib is a highly potent janus kinase inhibitor that places its users at risk for various bacterial infections and viral reactivation. However new reports are also emerging that suggest greater immunosup...

    Authors: Katya Prakash and Douglas Richman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:287

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Second line anti-tuberculosis drugs are substantially complex, long term, more costly, and more toxic than first line anti-tuberculosis drugs. In Ethiopia, evidence on the incidence and predictors of adverse d...

    Authors: Mehari Woldemariam Merid, Lemma Derseh Gezie, Getahun Molla Kassa, Atalay Goshu Muluneh, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu and Melaku Kindie Yenit

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:286

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a transmissible infectious disease caused by human enteroviruses (EV). Here, we described features of children with severe HFMD caused by EV-A71 or coxsackievirus A16 (CV...

    Authors: Kang Cai, Yizhong Wang, Zhongqin Guo, Huiju Yu, Huajun Li, Liya Zhang, Shanshan Xu and Qingli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:285

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