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  1. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the treatment outcomes, and factors affecting the outcomes, of new tuberculosis (TB) patients in Busan, South Korea.

    Authors: Jeongha Mok, Daeseong An, Seoungjin Kim, Miyoung Lee, Changhoon Kim and Hyunjin Son

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:655

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Early antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis (IA) has been associated with improved outcome. Traditionally, of empiric antifungal therapy has been used for clinically suspected IA. We compared outcomes ...

    Authors: Rita Wilson Dib, Ray Y. Hachem, Anne-Marie Chaftari, Fady Ghaly, Ying Jiang and Issam Raad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:656

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infection (BSI) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) can pro...

    Authors: Jing Ge, Tingting Yang, Lei Zhang, Xuhan Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhu, Baolin Tang, Xiang Wan, Juan Tong, Kaidi Song, Wen Yao, Guangyu Sun, Zimin Sun and Huilan Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:654

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Infections of the ears, paranasal sinuses, nose and throat are very common and represent a serious issue for the healthcare system. Bacterial biofilms have been linked to upper respiratory tract infections and...

    Authors: Alessandro Bidossi, Roberta De Grandi, Marco Toscano, Marta Bottagisio, Elena De Vecchi, Matteo Gelardi and Lorenzo Drago

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:653

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is little research on laypersons’ perceptions regarding common cold and influenza, their symptomatic distinction and considerations of risk. This study investigates understanding of pathogenesis across t...

    Authors: Elisabeth Anne-Sophie Mayrhuber, Wim Peersman, Nina van de Kraats, Goranka Petricek, Asja Ćosić Diviak, Silvia Wojczewski and Kathryn Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:647

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by pathogenic hantaviruses in Europe and Asia is often characterized by acute kidney injury (AKI) with massive proteinuria. Renal filtration depends on the i...

    Authors: Stefan Hägele, Alexander Müller, Christian Nusshag, Jochen Reiser, Martin Zeier and Ellen Krautkrämer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:645

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A mosquito-based arbovirus surveillance system was set up at Barkedji, Senegal after the first outbreak of Rift valley fever in West Africa in 1988. This system was recently updated using more sampling methods...

    Authors: El Hadji Ndiaye, Diawo Diallo, Gamou Fall, Yamar Ba, Ousmane Faye, Ibrahima Dia and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:642

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Although the incidence of dengue across Africa is high, severe dengue is reported infrequently. We describe the clinical features and the outcome of dengue according to raceduring an outbreak in Dar es Salaam,...

    Authors: Noémie Boillat-Blanco, Belia Klaassen, Zainab Mbarack, Josephine Samaka, Tarsis Mlaganile, John Masimba, Leticia Franco Narvaez, Aline Mamin, Blaise Genton, Laurent Kaiser and Valérie D’Acremont

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:644

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  9. Content type: Research article

    About 80% of all reported sickle cell disease (SCD) cases in children anually are recorded in Africa. Although malaria is considered a major cause of death in SCD children, there is limited data on the safety ...

    Authors: Augustina Frimpong, Laty Gaye Thiam, Benjamin Arko-Boham, Ewurama Dedea Ampadu Owusu and George O. Adjei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:650

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Liver transplant recipients are at high risk of developing invasive aspergillosis and in particular by Aspergillus fumigatus which is the most commonly encountered species in this population. Other non-fumigatus ...

    Authors: Nawel Aït-Ammar, Eric Levesque, Jean-Benjamin Murat, Sébastien Imbert, Françoise Foulet, Eric Dannaoui and Françoise Botterel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:648

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The 2010 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for management of cryptococcal diseases recommend high dose fluconazole (≥ 800 mg/day), either alone or with other antifungal drugs, as alterna...

    Authors: Hua-Zhen Zhao, Rui-Ying Wang, Xuan Wang, Ying-Kui Jiang, Ling-Hong Zhou, Jia-Hui Cheng, Li-Ping Huang, Thomas Stephen Harrison and Li-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:643

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) are well-accepted in diagnosis and surveillance of sexually infectious pathogens worldwide. However, performance differences between a RNA-based NAAT and DNA-based NAAT ...

    Authors: Yuying Liang, Xin Jin, Fang Yuan, Zhanjia Li and Shuiping Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:651

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Melioidosis is a tropical disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei). It can infect any organ system and lead to multiple abscesses. A few studies reported that central nervous system (CNS) is ...

    Authors: Wei-yuan Huang, Gang Wu, Feng Chen, Meng-meng Li and Jian-jun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:649

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Geographic differences in HIV, syphilis and condomless sex among men who have sex with men in China remained unknown. We aimed to elucidate these spatiotemporal changing patterns in China.

    Authors: Rong Fu, Jinkou Zhao, Dan Wu, Xiayan Zhang, Joseph D. Tucker, Meiwen Zhang and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:652

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Lassa fever has been a public health concern in the West African sub-region where it is endemic and a latent threat to the world at large. We investigated the trend in Lassa fever research using bibliometric a...

    Authors: Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu, Francisco López-Muñoz and F. Javier Povedano-Montero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:639

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  16. Content type: Debate

    Dengue Virus (DENV) and Zika Virus (ZIKV) are closely related flaviviruses, circulating in overlapping geographical regions. The recent ZIKV epidemic has been linked to an explosion in reports of microcephaly ...

    Authors: Shannon A. Gunawardana and Robert H. Shaw

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:641

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Disease caused by Bacillus anthracis is often accompanied by high mortality primarily due to toxin-mediated injury. In the early disease course, anthrax toxins are secreted; thus, antibiotic use is limited to the...

    Authors: Qi Tang, Siping Xiong, Xudong Liang, Xingwang Kuai, Yiwen Wang, Changjun Wang, Zhenqing Feng and Jin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:640

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Malaria prevalence in Cameroon is a major public health problem both at the regional and urban-rural geographic scale. In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million confirmed cases, and 18,738 cases were reported in healt...

    Authors: Marlvin Anemey Tewara, Prisca Ngetemalah Mbah-Fongkimeh, Alimu Dayimu, Fengling Kang and Fuzhong Xue

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:636

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has become a substantial threat recently. However few studies have quantified spatiotemporal heterogeneity of HFMD and detected spatiotemporal interactive effect of potentia...

    Authors: Xiangxue Zhang, Chengdong Xu and Gexin Xiao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:638

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Osteomyelitis is a difficult-to-cure infection with a high relapse rate despite combined medical and surgical therapies. Some severity factors, duration of antimicrobial therapy and type of surgical procedure ...

    Authors: E. Garcia del Pozo, J. Collazos, J. A. Carton, D. Camporro and V. Asensi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:635

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Leishmaniasis is a neglected and poorly reported parasitic infection transmitted by sand flies in tropical and subtropical regions. Knowledge about leishmaniasis has become important in non-endemic countries d...

    Authors: Hedvig Glans, Leif Dotevall, Sara Karlsson Söbirk, Anna Färnert and Maria Bradley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:632

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of pneumonia and secondary bacterial infections during the pandemic of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09.

    Authors: Chandini Raina MacIntyre, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Michelle Barnes, Iman Ridda, Holly Seale, Renin Toms and Anita Heywood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:637

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The frequency of mild forms of hepatitis A, especially in children, could lead to underreporting. The objective of the study was to investigate the sensitivity of two surveillance systems, mandatory Statutory ...

    Authors: Gloria Carmona, Marta Vilaró, Pilar Ciruela, Mireia Jané, Lluis Giralt, Laura Ruiz, Sergi Hernández and Àngela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:633

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Primate erythroparvovirus 1 (B19V) is a globally ubiquitous DNA virus. Infection results in a variety of clinical presentations including erythema infectiosum in children and arthralgia in adults. There is lim...

    Authors: Helen M. Faddy, Elise C. Gorman, Veronica C. Hoad, Francesca D. Frentiu, Sarah Tozer and R. L. P. Flower

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:631

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In adults, the emerging human adenovirus (HAdV) type 55 (HAdV-55) has been reported to cause more severe cases of adenovirus induced acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTIs) compared to other HAdV ser...

    Authors: Lili Xu, Jun Liu, Chunyan Liu, Yali Duan, Yun Zhu, Baoping Xu and Zhengde Xie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:634

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a major communicable disease in children ≤6 years old, particularly in several countries in the Asia-Pacific Region, including Thailand. HFMD impacts public health and th...

    Authors: Panupong Upala, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Wipob Suttana, Niwed Kullawong, Ratipark Tamornpark and Chadaporn Inta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:630

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have suggested that Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection might be associated with fatty liver disease. However, the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and T. gondii

    Authors: Jiaofeng Huang, Haoyang Zhang, Shiying Liu, Mingfang Wang, Bo Wan, Bharat Velani, Yueyong Zhu and Su Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:629

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Febrile Urinary Tract Infection (FUTI) is frequently treated initially with intravenous antibiotics, followed by oral antibiotics guided by clinical response and bacterial susceptibility patterns. Due to incre...

    Authors: Thijs ten Doesschate, Suzan P. van Mens, Cees van Nieuwkoop, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Andy I. M. Hoepelman and Marc J. M. Bonten

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:626

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Temporal relationships between the time to appropriate antibiotic therapy and outcomes are not well described.

    Authors: Thomas P. Lodise, Qi Zhao, Kyle Fahrbach, Patrick J. Gillard and Amber Martin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:625

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is most frequently caused by Enterovirus71 (EV-A71) or Coxsackie virus A16 (CV-A16), infants and young children are at greatest risk. Describing the epidemiology of HFMD ca...

    Authors: Lili Xu, Yan Shi, Jeanette J. Rainey, Zhijie Zhang, Huayi Zhang, Jinhua Zhao, Yonghong Li, Huaxiang Rao, Yanming Li, Qiaohong Liao and Yongcheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:624

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella is an important human pathogen in Australia and annual case rates continue to increase. In addition to foodborne exposures, cases have been associated with animal and contaminated environment contact. ...

    Authors: Kelly M. J. Simpson, Grant A. Hill-Cawthorne, Michael P. Ward and Siobhan M. Mor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:623

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  32. Content type: Research article

    When two or more vaccines are administered concurrently, there is concern about safety and immunogenicity from vaccine interaction.

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Hee Jin Cheong, Ji Yun Noh, Min Joo Choi, Jin Gu Yoon, Saem Na Lee, Seong Hui Kang, Eun Joo Jeong, Yu Mi Jo and Woo Joo Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:628

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of HIV infection. However, there are only few data on HIV prevalence in MSM in Japan. The objective of this study was to explore the HIV prevalence in MSM at Sh...

    Authors: Misao Takano, Kohta Iwahashi, Ikuo Satoh, Junko Araki, Takuya Kinami, Yuzuru Ikushima, Toshiya Fukuhara, Hiroo Obinata, Yasuyo Nakayama, Yoshimi Kikuchi and Shinichi Oka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:627

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Despite persistent calls for HIV care to adopt a chronic care approach, few HIV treatment services have been able to establish service arrangements that prioritise self-management. To prevent cardiovascular an...

    Authors: Tanya Millard, Sarity Dodson, Karalyn McDonald, Karen M. Klassen, Richard H. Osborne, Malcolm W. Battersby, Christopher K. Fairley and Julian H. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:615

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Acute febrile illness (AFI) represent a significant health challenge in the Peruvian Amazon basin population due to their diverse etiologies and the unavailability of specific on-site diagnostic methods, resul...

    Authors: Fiorella Ricapa-Antay, Katia Diaz-Melon, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis J. del Valle, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Fernando Vasquez-Achaya, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Pablo Weilg, Dongmei Li, Carlos Manrique and Juana del Valle-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:618

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The HIV-Brazil Cohort Study (HIV-BCS) is a research primarily based on data collection from medical records of people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil. The aim of this study was to present the validating design ...

    Authors: Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Alexandre Grangeiro, Maria Mercedes Escuder, Jair Minoro Abe and Aluísio Augusto Cotrim Segurado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:617

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading infectious cause of hospitalization. A few vaccines exist to prevent pneumococcal disease in adults, including a pneumococcal polysaccharide unconjugated vaccine and a...

    Authors: Zhifeng Chen, Kara S. Cox, Aimin Tang, Jeanette Roman, Malorie Fink, Robin M. Kaufhold, Liming Guan, Andy Xie, Melissa A. Boddicker, Debra Mcguinness, Xiao Xiao, Hualin Li, Julie M. Skinner, Thorsten Verch, Mary Retzlaff and Kalpit A. Vora

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:613

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Gastrointestinal (GI) cryptococcosis is rarely reported. Most cases were diagnosed during evaluation of comorbid conditions, incidental findings, or postmortem. Here, we present a case of Crohn’s disease with ...

    Authors: Natthakit Chavapradit and Nasikarn Angkasekwinai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:620

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite the use of pneumococcal vaccines, indigenous populations are consistently disproportionately affected by invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). With recent changes in Ontario’s provincial pneumococcal va...

    Authors: Daniel Dalcin, Lee Sieswerda, Sacha Dubois and Marina Ulanova

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:621

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen which is reported as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs). However, there is a lack of analysis focused on multidrug-resistant A...

    Authors: Yili Chen, Lu Ai, Penghao Guo, Han Huang, Zhongwen Wu, Xiaoling Liang and Kang Liao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:614

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Anisakid nematodes (Anisakis spp. or Pseudoterranova spp.) usually infect gastric or intestinal walls, while they rarely infect in extra-gastrointestinal sites of human body. Generally, Anisakis spp. larvae are h...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Murata, Katsuhiko Ando, Masanobu Usui, Hiromu Sugiyama, Akinobu Hayashi, Akihiro Tanemura, Hiroyuki Kato, Naohisa Kuriyama, Masashi Kishiwada, Shugo Mizuno, Hiroyuki Sakurai and Shuji Isaji

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:619

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is one of the most common arboviral diseases with increased outbreaks annually in tropical and subtropical areas. In Ethiopia, there are no data regarding clinical, hematological and biochemical paramet...

    Authors: Getachew Ferede, Moges Tiruneh, Ebba Abate, Yitayih Wondimeneh, Endalamaw Gadisa, Rawleigh Howe, Abraham Aseffa and Belay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:616

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Nucleic acid tests performed on blood samples collected on Dried Blood Spot (DBS) and detection of HCV core antigen (HCVcAg) are two approaches that may facilitate access to HCV diagnosis in low and middle inc...

    Authors: Truong Tam Nguyen, Véronique Lemee, Karine Bollore, Hai Vinh Vu, Karine Lacombe, Xuan Lien Truong Thi, Que Anh Luong, Charline Dubos, Jean-Christophe Plantier, Huong Duong Thi, Didier Laureillard, Maud Lemoine and Edouard Tuaillon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:622

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) caused an estimated 1.4 million deaths and 10.4 million new cases globally in 2015. TB rates in the United States continue to steadily decline, yet rates in the State of Hawaii are perenniall...

    Authors: Kent J. Koster, Angela Largen, Jeffrey T. Foster, Kevin P. Drees, Lishi Qian, Ed Desmond, Xuehua Wan, Shaobin Hou and James T. Douglas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:608

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Environmental disinfection with continuously antimicrobial surfaces could offer superior control of surface bioburden. We sought to decide the efficacy of photocatalyst antimicrobial coating in reducing methic...

    Authors: Min Hyung Kim, Seong Gyu Lee, Ki Sook Kim, Yoon Ji Heo, Ji Eun Oh and Su Jin Jeong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:610

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  46. Content type: Research article

    In the Netherlands, there are strong disparities in Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) prevalence between ethnic groups. The current study aims to identify whether socioeconomic status, sexual risk behavior and sexual he...

    Authors: Sebastiaan H. Hulstein, Amy Matser, Catharina J. Alberts, Marieke B. Snijder, Martina Willhauck-Fleckenstein, Katrin Hufnagel, Maria Prins, Henry J. C. de Vries, Maarten F. Schim van der Loeff and Tim Waterboer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:612

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a neglected debilitating zoonosis with a high prevalence in many developing countries. Bovine brucellosis is widespread in Cameroon but the epidemiological situation of human brucellosis is not ...

    Authors: Julius Awah-Ndukum, Mohamed Moctar Mouliom Mouiche, Lucy Kouonmo-Ngnoyum, Houli Nicolas Bayang, Tanyi Kingsley Manchang, Rodrigue Simonet Namegni Poueme, Justin Kouamo, Victor Ngu-Ngwa, Emmanuel Assana, Kameni Jean Marc Feussom and André Pagnah Zoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:611

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP) performs annual sentinel surveillance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae susceptibility to therapeutically relevant antimicrobials across the Europea...

    Authors: Michaela J. Day, Gianfranco Spiteri, Susanne Jacobsson, Neil Woodford, Andrew J. Amato-Gauci, Michelle J. Cole and Magnus Unemo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:609

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