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  1. Content type: Research article

    Among people living with HIV (PLWH), the prevalence of non-HIV related co-morbidities is increasing. Aim of the present study is to describe co-morbidity and multi-morbidity, their clustering mode and the pote...

    Authors: Paolo Maggi, Carmen R. Santoro, Marco Nofri, Elena Ricci, Nicolò De Gennaro, Chiara Bellacosa, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Giancarlo Orofino, Barbara Menzaghi, Antonio Di Biagio, Nicola Squillace, Daniela Francisci, Francesca Vichi, Chiara Molteni, Paolo Bonfanti, Giovanni Battista Gaeta…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:555

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Kazakhstan remains a high-burden TB prevalence country with a concomitent high-burden of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. For this reason, we performed an in depth genetic diversity and population structure cha...

    Authors: B. J. Klotoe, S. Kacimi, E. Costa-Conceicão, H. M. Gomes, R. B. Barcellos, S. Panaiotov, D. Haj Slimene, N. Sikhayeva, S. Sengstake, A. R. Schuitema, M. Akhalaia, A. Alenova, E. Zholdybayeva, P. Tarlykov, R. Anthony, G. Refrégier…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:553

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most widespread sexually transmitted infection worldwide. It causes several health consequences, in particular accounting for the majority of cervical cancer cases in women. I...

    Authors: Samik Datta, Joshua Pink, Graham F. Medley, Stavros Petrou, Sophie Staniszewska, Martin Underwood, Pam Sonnenberg and Matt J. Keeling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:552

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  4. Content type: Research article

    At the end of March 2018, a clustered outbreak of measles associated with health care workers occurred in northern Taiwan. Prior to this study, the policy for measles vaccination for physicians and nurses in M...

    Authors: Chang-Pan Liu, Hsi-Peng Lu and Tainyi Luor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:551

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Sofosbuvir is the keystone of direct antiviral agents for the chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The safety of sofosbuvir in patients with stage 4–5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) needs further observation in real world.

    Authors: Taotao Yan, Jiuping Wang, Juan Li, Shan Fu, Yi Chen, Chunhua Hu, Rou Zhang, Zhen Tian, Fahui Zhao, Jun Dong, Jinfeng Liu, Yuan Yang, Tianyan Chen, Yingren Zhao and Yingli He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:550

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections are still common in low-income countries including Ethiopia, particularly in children due to low-quality drinking water, poor personal and environmental sanitation. Disabled ind...

    Authors: Agumas Ayalew Fentahun, Anemaw Asrat, Abebayehu Bitew and Selamawit Mulat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:549

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This retrospective study evaluated the performance of a lipoarabinomannan (LAM)-based immunological method for diagnosing pleural tuberculosis (TB) from pleural effusion samples. Results were compared to those...

    Authors: Qingtao Liang, Yu Pang, Yang Yang, Hua Li, Chao Guo, Xinting Yang and Xiaoyou Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:548

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A nationwide investigation on the carriage proportion of H. influenzae among healthy populations is lacking in China. The purpose of the study was to review the prevalence of pharyngeal carriage of H. influenzae ...

    Authors: Peng Yang, Jieming Zhang and Anlin Peng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:547

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori first-line treatment has decreased drastically with the rise of strains resistant to clarithromycin. Therapy failure has also been described in patients with infections by...

    Authors: Betsy Verónica Arévalo-Jaimes, Diana F. Rojas-Rengifo, Carlos Alberto Jaramillo, Belén Mendoza de Molano, José Fernando Vera-Chamorro and María del Pilar Delgado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:546

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The role of health literacy on tuberculosis patients has not been evaluated in China, in part because few special health literacy measurements exist.

    Authors: Yan Li, Shaoru Zhang, Tianhua Zhang, Yi Cao, Weiping Liu, Hualin Jiang, Dan Ren, Jing Ren, Haini Liu and Zhongqiu Hua

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:545

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Bedaquiline was recently introduced into World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended regimens for treatment of drug resistant tuberculosis. There is limited data on the long-term safety of bedaquiline. Because...

    Authors: Jackie Jones, Vanessa Mudaly, Jacqueline Voget, Tracey Naledi, Gary Maartens and Karen Cohen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:544

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Cysticercosis is an emerging and neglected tropical disease (NTD) that poses a serious public health concern worldwide. Disseminated cysticercosis (DCC) is an uncommon manifestation of cysticercosis, also foun...

    Authors: Yang Zou, Fei Wang, Hong-Bin Wang, Wayne W. Wu, Chia-Kwung Fan, Han-Yu Zhang, Lei Wang, Xiao-Jun Tian, Wei Li and Min-Jun Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:543

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis rapid molecular assays, including GeneXpert MTB/RIF® and Loopamp MTBC Detection Kit®, are highly sensitive and specific. Such performance does not automatically translate in improved disease contr...

    Authors: Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Simon Grandjean Lapierre, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Mamy Serge Raherison, Astrid M. Knoblauch, Antso Hasina Raherinandrasana, Andrianantenaina Rakotoson, Julio Rakotonirina and Voahangy Rasolofo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:542

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  14. Content type: Debate

    Hepatitis E is a liver disease caused by a small RNA virus known as hepatitis E virus (HEV). Four major genotypes infect humans, of which genotype 1 and 2 (HEV-1, HEV-2) are endemic mainly in Asia and responsi...

    Authors: Joachim Denner, Sven Pischke, Eike Steinmann, Johannes Blümel and Dieter Glebe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:541

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There is a pressing need for systematic approaches for monitoring how much TB treatment is ongoing in the private sector in India: both to cast light on the true scale of the problem, and to help monitor the p...

    Authors: Nimalan Arinaminpathy, Deepak Batra, Nilesh Maheshwari, Kishan Swaroop, Lokesh Sharma, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Sunil Khaparde, Raghuram Rao, Devesh Gupta, Bhavin Vadera, Sreenivas A. Nair, Kiran Rade, Sameer Kumta and Puneet Dewan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:539

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important pathogen that causes high mortality and morbidity in young infants. However, data on clinical manifestations between different GBS serotypes and correlation with mol...

    Authors: Yi Kao, Ming-Horng Tsai, Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Ming Chu, Hsuan-Rong Huang, Ming-Chou Chiang, Ren-Huei Fu, Jang-Jih Lu and Jen-Fu Hsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:538

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Treatment failure has become a significant challenge in patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART). The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors for first-line ART failure among patients attendi...

    Authors: Yihienew Mequanint Bezabih, Fekadu Beyene and Woldesellassie M. Bezabhe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:537

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) is one of the most common human parasitic helminths, and children are the most susceptible group. Some behavioral and environmental factors may facilitate pinworm infection. In t...

    Authors: Chia-Kwung Fan, Ting-Wu Chuang, Ying-Chieh Huang, Ai-Wen Yin, Chia-Mei Chou, Yu-Ting Hsu, Ramson Kios, Shao-Lun Hsu, Ying-Ting Wang, Mai-Szu Wu, Jia-Wei Lin, Kennar Briand and Chia-Ying Tu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:536

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Cysticercosis is spreading all over the world and it is a major health problem in most countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Extensive disseminated cysticercosis is relatively rare and fewer than 120 c...

    Authors: Xin-Zhong Zang, Huan-Zhang Li, Men-Bao Qian, Ying-Dan Chen, Chang-Hai Zhou, Hong-Kun Liu, Yu-Hua Liu and Shi-Zhu Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:535

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Late presentation to HIV/AIDS care which is attended by problems like, poor treatment outcomes, early development of opportunistic infections, increased healthcare costs, and mortality is a major problem in Et...

    Authors: Getaneh Mulualem Belay, Aklilu Endalamaw and Amare Demsie Ayele

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:534

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Distribution of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes varies significantly worldwide. Genomic diversity between genotypes has implications for treatment, vaccine development and optimal design of HCV diagnostic as...

    Authors: Nicholas Israel Nii-Trebi, Charles Addoquaye Brown, Yaa Difie Osei, William Kwabena Ampofo and Alexander Kwadwo Nyarko

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:533

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  22. Content type: Research article

    There is controversy regarding the relative influence of ‘exogenous’ versus ‘endogenous’ factors on the risk of progression from latent tuberculosis infection to active tuberculosis (TB) disease in children.

    Authors: Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Polyna Khudyakov, Uyanga Buyanjargal, Delgerekh Baigal, Munkhzul Baatar, Nomin Enkhamgalan, Sumiya Erdenebaatar, Batbayar Ochirbat, Buyankhishig Burneebaatar, Enkhtamir Purevdorj, Yanjindulam Purevsuren, Gantsetseg Garmaa, Erdenetuya Ganbaatar and Adrian R. Martineau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:532

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Clinical microbiology laboratories are asked to process large numbers of urine specimens for culture, but only 20–40% of them are positive. Therefore, a rapid, reliable screening method is necessary to speed u...

    Authors: Jong-Mi Lee, Doo-Jin Baek, Kang Gyun Park, Eunhee Han and Yeon-Joon Park

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:531

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by gram-negative bacilli is rare. However, the incidence of this severe infection is rising because of the increasing number of persons at risk, such as patients with immunos...

    Authors: Nicolas Gürtler, Michael Osthoff, Florian Rueter, Daniel Wüthrich, Lukas Zimmerli, Adrian Egli and Stefano Bassetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:530

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Tuberculosis (TB)-associated Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS) is an aberrant inflammatory response in TB patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus coinfection, after antiretrovir...

    Authors: Gopalan Narendran, Deivide Oliveira-de-Souza, Caian L. Vinhaes, Kevan Akrami, Kiyoshi F. Fukutani, Kesavamurthy Banu, Padmapriyadarsini Chandrasekaran, Narayanan Ravichandran, Irini Sereti, Soumya Swaminathan and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:529

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Several factors have been identified as being associated with increased adherence to antiretroviral therapy, including sero-status disclosure; however, studies examining the effect of disclosure on ART adheren...

    Authors: Getenet Dessie, Fasil Wagnew, Henok Mulugeta, Dessalegn Amare, Dube Jara, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Ayenew Negesse, Swati Rayasam and Sahai Burrowes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:528

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Hantaviruses are important zoonotic pathogens, and they pose a profound risk to public health. So far, there has been no evidence showing that Tula virus (TULV), one species of hantavirus, is endemic in China....

    Authors: Gang Guo, Baoping Guo, Xiran Wu, Yuanzhi Wang, Jianling Bao, Yuan Ren, Hongyu Li, Jun Li, Wenbao Zhang and Hua Yao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:527

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Food-borne trematodiases are an important group of neglected global diseases. Affected patients in regions with low prevalence usually experience delayed diagnosis, especially when presenting with atypical cli...

    Authors: Lun Li, Xinchao Liu, Baotong Zhou, Shimin Zhang, Geng Wang, Guotao Ma, Ruxuan Chen, Yang Zou, Wei Cao and Taisheng Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:526

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  29. Content type: Case report

    As technology progresses, several highly sensitive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening kits are being researched and developed to quickly and efficiently identify serum HIV antibodies within the non-w...

    Authors: Shuangquan Yan, Jing Huang, Qiaofei Zheng, Hongguo Zhu, Zhuolin Gao, Jiaxi Feng and Youzu Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:525

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Due to no clinical symptoms in the compensated stage of cirrhosis, it is usually diagnosed when decompensated complications occur. In this study, the noninvasive circulating biomarkers for early detection to c...

    Authors: Liangshan Hu, Yan Zhu, Jingqian Zhang, Wei Chen, Zeyong Li, Lihua Li, Liping Zhang and Donglin Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:523

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  31. Content type: Research article

    To describe patients with inherited and acquired complement deficiency who developed invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in England over the last decade.

    Authors: Shamez N. Ladhani, Helen Campbell, Jay Lucidarme, Steve Gray, Sydel Parikh, Laura Willerton, Stephen A. Clark, Aiswarya Lekshmi, Andrew Walker, Sima Patel, Xilian Bai, Mary Ramsay and Ray Borrow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:522

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Leprosy is is still considered a public health issue and in Colombia 7–10% of new cases are found in children, indicating both active transmission and social inequality. We hypothesized that circulating antibo...

    Authors: Héctor Serrano-Coll, Hugo Rene Mora, Juan Camilo Beltrán, Malcolm S. Duthie and Nora Cardona-Castro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:520

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There have been a number of studies about seroprevalence of HEV among pregnant women in Africa. However, the finding of seroprevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women is variable and inconsistent. Theref...

    Authors: Mulat Dagnew, Amare Belachew, Moges Tiruneh and Feleke Moges

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:519

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Heterosexual transmission is the main driver of the HIV epidemic in Tanzania. Only one estimate of the incidence rate of intra-marital HIV seroconversion in Tanzania has been reported and was derived from data...

    Authors: Soledad Colombe, James Beard, Baltazar Mtenga, Peter Lutonja, Julius Mngara, Claudia J. de Dood, Govert J. van Dam, Paul L. A. M. Corstjens, Samuel Kalluvya, Mark Urassa, Jim Todd and Jennifer A. Downs

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:518

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Although Option B+ may be more costly than Options B, it may provide additional health benefits that are currently unclear in Yunnan province. We created deterministic models to estimate the cost-effectiveness...

    Authors: Xiaowen Wang, Guangping Guo, Jiarui Zheng and Lin Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:517

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A cholera outbreak started on 29 February in Bwikhonge Sub-county, Bulambuli District in Eastern Uganda. Local public health authorities implemented initial control measures. However, in late March, cases shar...

    Authors: Paul Edward Okello, Lilian Bulage, Alex Ario Riolexus, Daniel Kadobera, Benon Kwesiga, Henry Kajumbula, Muhamed Mulongo, Eunice Jennifer Namboozo, Godfrey Pimundu, Isaac Ssewanyana, Charles Kiyaga, Steven Aisu and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:516

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Most of studies on the relationship between drug use and HIV have focused largely on people who inject drugs. Non-injecting drug use is much more common than injecting drug use, and although it can also predis...

    Authors: Sovannary Tuot, Gitau Mburu, Phalkun Mun, Pheak Chhoun, Navy Chann, Kiesha Prem and Siyan Yi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:515

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Demographic characteristic surveillance of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) among blood donors is crucial to formulating control strategies and preventing TTIs. This study aimed to investigate the dem...

    Authors: Le Chang, Junpeng Zhao, Fei Guo, Huimin Ji, Lu Zhang, Xinyi Jiang and Lunan Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:514

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Monofocal necrotizing fasciitis (MONF) involves a single site in a rapidly progressing infection and necrosis of the fascia and surrounding soft tissue. Synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis (SMNF), the...

    Authors: Ching-Yu Lee, Tsan-Wen Huang, Meng-Huang Wu, Tsung-Jen Huang, Yan-Rong Li, Evelyn Jou-Chen Huang and Yao-Hung Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:513

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Pneumococcal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We use routine hospital admissions data and time-series modelling analysis to estimate the impact of the seven and thirteen valent...

    Authors: Tinevimbo Shiri, Noel D. McCarthy and Stavros Petrou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:510

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  41. Content type: Research article

    High-risk population of blood donation increases the prevalence of transmit blood-borne diseases and harm the blood safety. Syphilis accounts for approximately 10% of commonly sexually transmitted diseases. Th...

    Authors: Shuangli Liu, Liping Luo, Guangxiang Xi, Like Wan, Li Zhong, Xue Chen, Tianxiang Gong, Shuping Li, Yi He and Na Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:509

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In China multidrug-resistant bacteria pose a considerable threat to public health. Antimicrobial resistance has weakened the effectiveness of many medicines widely used today. Thus, discovering new antibacteri...

    Authors: Chunjiang Zhao, Xiaojuan Wang, Yawei Zhang, Ruobing Wang, Qi Wang, Henan Li and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:508

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Population immunity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Lao People’s Demographic Republic (PDR) has not been examined since the national HBV vaccination program was started in 2002. Vaccine has been observed to...

    Authors: Masataro Norizuki, Tomomi Kitamura, Kenichi Komada, Masaya Sugiyama, Masashi Mizokami, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Vilasak Som-Oulay, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Munehito Machida, Koji Wada, Koji Ishii, Tomoko Kiyohara, Takaji Wakita and Masahiko Hachiya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:507

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Scalp mycosis is often caused by dermatophytes and was so called tinea capitis. There is no published report caused by Aspergillus protuberus. We report a rare case of kerion-type scalp mycosis caused by A. protu...

    Authors: Jinjing Jia, Min Chen, Xiumei Mo, Junfeng Liu, Fenggen Yan, Zhengxiao Li, Shaoqiong Xie and Dacan Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:506

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