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  1. Most countries have enacted some restrictions to reduce social contacts to slow down disease transmission during the COVID-19 pandemic. For nearly two years, individuals likely also adopted new behaviours to a...

    Authors: Kerry L. M. Wong, Amy Gimma, Pietro Coletti, Christel Faes, Philippe Beutels, Niel Hens, Veronika K. Jaeger, Andre Karch, Helen Johnson, WJohn Edmunds and Christopher I. Jarvis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:268
  2. Viral acute gastroenteritis (AG) is detected worldwide annually. Outbreaks caused by viruses associated with gastroenteritis have been reported repeatedly at the same facilities in Yokohama, Japan over several...

    Authors: Makoto Kumazaki and Shuzo Usuku
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:265
  3. This study aimed to identify the related risk factors and potential predictors of SARS-CoV-2 RNA negative conversion by describing the dynamics of viral shedding in infected children admitted to two hospitals ...

    Authors: Yan Yang, Yannan You, Yazun Liu, Lina Geng, Lirong Huang, Huan Zhou, Xiang Piao, Xiao Liu, Mingyun Wu, Yajuan Wang, Lili Zhou, Peng Wang, Shiping Shen, Mingge Hu, Zhaopeng Han and Zheng Xue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:264
  4. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major nosocomial pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality worldwide. For the establishment of national strategies to combat MRSA infection in eac...

    Authors: Ahmed Azzam, Heba Khaled, Maha Mosa, Neveen Refaey, Mohammed AlSaifi, Sarah Elsisi, Fatma Khaled Elagezy and May Mohsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:263
  5. Viral reactivations and co-infections have been reported among COVID-19 patients. However, studies on the clinical outcomes of different viral reactivations and co-infections are currently in limit. Thus, the ...

    Authors: Jenny Yeon Hee Kim, Martin Ragusa, Fernando Tortosa, Ana Torres, Lionel Gresh, Jairo Andres Méndez-Rico, Carlos Arturo Alvarez-Moreno, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Sandra Liliana Valderrama-Beltrán, Sylvain Aldighieri and Ludovic Reveiz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:259
  6. This study evaluated the effect of revisions to existing peer-counselor services, called Mentor Mothers (MM), at maternal and child health clinics on medication adherence for women living with HIV (WLWH) in Ke...

    Authors: Bruce A. Larson, Isaac Tsikhutsu, Margaret Bii, Nafisa Halim, Patricia Agaba, William Sugut, Jane Muli and Fredrick Sawe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:257
  7. Which antimicrobial agents provide the optimal efficacy, safety, and tolerability for the empirical treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) remains unclear but is paramount in the context of ...

    Authors: Wenqiang Kong, Ting Deng, Shiqin Li, Yunfeng Shu and Yanyan Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:256
  8. Antibacterial resistance is a growing concern worldwide, including in Mozambique. Diarrhea is an important cause of mortality in Mozambique, yet few local studies have reported on the resistance of bacterial p...

    Authors: Delfina F Hlashwayo, Emília V Noormahomed, Leonilde Bahule, Constance A Benson, Robert T Schooley, Betuel Sigaúque, Kim E Barrett and Custódio G Bila
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:255
  9. To reduce the burden from the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, federal and state local governments implemented restrictions such as limitations on gatherings, restaurant dining, and travel, and recommen...

    Authors: Brooke L. Lappe, Mary E. Wikswo, Anita K. Kambhampati, Sara A. Mirza, Jacqueline E. Tate, Alicia N. M. Kraay and Ben A. Lopman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:254
  10. In many countries tuberculosis (TB) remains a highly prevalent disease and a major contributor to infectious disease mortality. The fight against TB requires surveillance of the population of strains circulati...

    Authors: Lidia Żukowska, Daria Zygała-Pytlos, Katarzyna Struś, Anna Zabost, Monika Kozińska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Jarosław Dziadek and Alina Minias
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:253
  11. The World Health Organization recommends changing the first-line antimicrobial treatment for gonorrhoea when ≥ 5% of Neisseria gonorrhoeae cases fail treatment or are resistant. Susceptibility to ceftriaxone, the...

    Authors: Julien Riou, Christian L. Althaus, Hester Allen, Michelle J. Cole, Yonatan H. Grad, Janneke C. M. Heijne, Magnus Unemo and Nicola Low
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:252
  12. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) can impair pulmonary function (PF), especially in the elderly. The risk factors associated with the severity of PF impairment in the elderly with pulmonary TB remain unclear. Hence,...

    Authors: Meiyan He, Xiaoming Yang, Zunjing Zhang and Zhongda Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:251
  13. Chronic wounds are frequently colonized or infected with multiple bacterial or fungal species, which can both promote or inhibit each other. Network analyses are helpful to understand the interplay of these sp...

    Authors: Sarah Sandmann, Jonathan Vas Nunes, Martin P. Grobusch, Maxwell Sesay, Martin A. Kriegel, Julian Varghese and Frieder Schaumburg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:250

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:357

  14. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and is related to the severity of the disease. This study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for predicting severe bronchioliti...

    Authors: Jisi Yan, LiHua Zhao, Tongqiang Zhang, Yupeng Wei, Detong Guo, Wei Guo, Jun Zheng and Yongsheng Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:249
  15. Evidence revealed that age could affect immune responses in patients with the acute respiratory syndrome of coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. This study investigated the impact of age on immune responses, ...

    Authors: Mitra Abbasifard, Ali Hasani Fakhrabadi, Fatemeh Bahremand and Hossein Khorramdelazad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:248
  16. Infections are major causes of disease in cancer patients and pose a major obstacle to the success of cancer care. The global rise of antimicrobial resistance threatens to make these obstacles even greater and...

    Authors: Anders Skyrud Danielsen, Léa Franconeri, Samantha Page, Anders Eivind Myhre, Ragnhild Agathe Tornes, Oliver Kacelnik and Jørgen Vildershøj Bjørnholt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:247
  17. Critically ill COVID-19 patients are highly susceptible to opportunistic fungal infection due to many factors, including virus-induced immune dysregulation, host-related comorbidities, overuse and misuse of an...

    Authors: Essamedin M. Negm, Mohamed Sorour Mohamed, Rehab A. Rabie, Walaa S. Fouad, Ahmed Beniamen, Ahmed Mosallem, Ahmed E. Tawfik and Hussein M. Salama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:246
  18. Balamuthia granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) is a peculiar parasitic infectious disease of the central nervous system, about 39% of the infected Balamuthia GAE patients were found to be immunocompromised a...

    Authors: Jun Liu, Wenjun Zhang, Shanlian Wu, Tianxiang Zeng, Fei Luo, Qiuhua Jiang and Ruijin Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:245
  19. Some species of Mollicutes have been associated with different pathologies of the urogenital tract in humans, with a high prevalence among adult men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW). Howeve...

    Authors: Valdiele de Jesus Salgado, Caio Marcellus Pereira de Abreu Oliveira, Ágatha Morgana Bertoti da Silva, Henrique Inácio Lima de Brito, Danielle Souto de Medeiros, Fabiane Soares, Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Guilherme Barreto Campos and Lucas Miranda Marques
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:244
  20. A highly accurate, rapid, and low-cost COVID-19 test is essential for guiding isolation measures. To date, the most widely used tests are either nucleic acid amplification tests or antigen tests. The objective...

    Authors: Mohamad Rani Hassoun, Nathan T. Kudlapur, Grace M. Chen, Jenna Green-Ross and Ashlesha Patel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:243
  21. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is a major concern in the global healthcare system. However, data from Asian regions dealing with the singularity of this infection in older persons i...

    Authors: Kejal Hasmukharay, Soo Tein Ngoi, Nor Izzati Saedon, Kit Mun Tan, Hui Min Khor, Ai Vyrn Chin, Maw Pin Tan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Nuryana binti Idris, Wen Kiong Niek, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Shahrul Bahyah binti Kamaruzzaman and Sasheela Sri La Sri Ponnampalavanar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:241
  22. Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) are disproportionately affected by HIV, with much higher incidence and prevalence rates than in the general population in different countries. There ...

    Authors: Gustavo Machado Rocha, Raissa Carolina Fonseca Cândido, Nathália Pacífico de Carvalho, Emilly Gabrielly Araujo Carvalho, Alícia Amanda Moreira Costa, Ives Vieira Machado, Marcos Paulo da Cruz Pimenta, José Anastácio de Paula Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães and Cristiane Aparecida Menezes de Pádua
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:240
  23. In this case report, we describe two unusual presentations of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reactivation without rash, a condition known as Zoster Sine Herpete (ZSH). In Case 1, a 58-year-old woman presented wi...

    Authors: Yilin Yang, Talha Mahmood, Afsheen H. Siddiqui and Muhammad A. Aziz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:239
  24. After completion of TB treatment patients may remain at risk of co-morbidity and mortality. We determined the survival and predictors of all-cause mortality after completing TB treatment among ART-experienced ...

    Authors: Ivan Lumu, Joseph Musaazi, Aggrey Semeere, Ian Handel and Barbara Castelnuovo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:238
  25. Omicron (B.1.1.529) is the fifth variant of concern of SARS-CoV-2, which has several subvariants. Clinical features of BA.1 and BA.2 infections have been described in the literature, but we have limited inform...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Salehi, Arezoo Salami Khaneshan, Abbas Shakoori Farahani, Mahsa Doomanlu, Mohammad Arabzadeh, Abolfazl Sobati, Kousha Farhadi, Reza Fattahi, Esmaeil Mohammadnejad, Asghar Abdoli and Jayran Zebardast
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:237
  26. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health threat in Ghana. The impact of COVID-19 resulted in a 15% decline of TB case notification in 2020 compared to 2019. To mitigate the impact on TB services, the Gh...

    Authors: Yaw Adusi-Poku, Zeleke Alebachew Wagaw, Rita Patricia Frimpong-Mansoh, Isaac Opoku Asamoah, Felix Sorvor, Felix Kwami Afutu, Charity Sarpong, Luiz Octaviano Amoussou-Gohoungo, Farida Ngelba Abdulai and Sevim Ahmedov
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:236
  27. Rhizopus delemar is an invasive fungal pathogen that can cause fatal mucormycosis in immunodeficient individuals. Encephalitis caused by R. delemar is rare and difficult to diagnose early. Clinical detection meth...

    Authors: Shuhua Xie, Zhaohui Lai, Han Xia, Mingze Tang, Jinxing Lai, Qing Liu, Zhijuan Lu, Dehai He, Jiangli Qi and Xianghong Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:235
  28. Children under age five years, particularly those living with HIV (CLHIV), are at risk for rapid progression of tuberculosis (TB). We aimed to describe TB clinical presentations, diagnostic pathways and treatm...

    Authors: L Powell, L Denoeud-Ndam, N Herrera, R Masaba, B Tchounga, S Siamba, M Ouma, SJ Petnga, R Machekano, B Pamen, G Okomo, L Simo, M Casenghi, N Rakhmanina and A Tiam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:234
  29. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at higher risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancers compared to the general population. Xpert HPV test is a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay capa...

    Authors: Abigail Admase, Samir Joshi, Rohidas Borse, Prasad Deshpande, Vandana Kulkarni, Samir Khaire, Rahul Thakur, Amol Chavan, Smita Nimkar, Vidya Mave and Ivan Marbaniang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:233
  30. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major public health challenge worldwide. However, the aetiological and disease severity-related pathogens associated with CAP in adults in China are not well established...

    Authors: Lulu Zhang, Yan Xiao, Guoliang Zhang, Hongru Li, Jianping Zhao, Mingwei Chen, Fuhui Chen, Ling Liu, Yalun Li, Liping Peng, Feng Zhao, Donghong Yang, Zhongmei Wen, Lei Wu, Shuo Wu, Yajiao Sun…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:231
  31. Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) dramatically improved survival in people living with HIV (PLWH) but is associated with weight gain (WG), raising concern for a possible obesity epidemic in PLWH. This sco...

    Authors: Giovanni Guaraldi, Paolo Bonfanti, Antonio Di Biagio, Andrea Gori, Jovana Milić, Paola Saltini, Francesco V. Segala, Nicola Squillace, Lucia Taramasso and Antonella Cingolani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:230
  32. Taste or smell disorders have been reported as strongly associated with COVID-19 diagnosis. We aimed to identify subject characteristics, symptom associations, and antibody response intensity associated with t...

    Authors: Julien Ramillon, Xavier de Lamballerie, Olivier Robineau, Hélène Blanché, Gianluca Severi, Mathilde Touvier, Marie Zins, Fabrice Carrat and Nathanaël Lapidus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:228
  33. Doravirine (DOR) is a newly approved antiretroviral belonging to the class of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI), well tolerated and leading to an improved lipid profile in antiretroviral ...

    Authors: Paolo Maggi, Elena Delfina Ricci, Stefania Cicalini, Giovanni Francesco Pellicanò, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Francesca Vichi, Antonio Cascio, Eleonora Sarchi, Giancarlo Orofino, Nicola Squillace, Giordano Madeddu, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Olivia Bargiacchi, Chiara Molteni, Addolorata Masiello, Annalisa Saracino…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:227
  34. Epidemiology of infectious diseases causing febrile illness varies geographically with human attributes. Periodic institutional surveillance of clinical and microbiological profiles in adding data to updating ...

    Authors: Choi Wan Chan, Alex Molassiotis and Harold K. K. Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:226
  35. Influenza vaccination is the key to prevent influenza-related disease, especially among high-risk populations. However, influenza vaccine uptake in China is low. This secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental...

    Authors: Yumeng Du, Chenqi Jin, Mark Jit, Tracey Chantler, Leesa Lin, Heidi J. Larson, Jing Li, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Nina Ren, Weibin Cheng, Yi Zhou, Weiming Tang, Joseph D. Tucker and Dan Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:225
  36. Monitoring HIV viral load (HVL) in people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended by the World Health Organization. Implementation of HVL testing programs have been affected by l...

    Authors: Dorcas Mnzava, James Okuma, Robert Ndege, Namvua Kimera, Alex Ntamatungiro, Amina Nyuri, Theonestina Byakuzana, Faraji Abilahi, Paul Mayeka, Emmy Temba, Teddy Fanuel, Tracy Renée Glass, Thomas Klimkait, Fiona Vanobberghen and Maja Weisser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:222
  37. Phenylephrine (PE) and norepinephrine (NE) may be used to maintain adequate blood pressure and tissue perfusion in patients with septic shock, but the effect of NE combined with PE (NE-PE) on mortality remains...

    Authors: Dan He, Hai Hu, Liang Hong, Luming Zhang, Xuehao Lu, Wan-jie Gu, Jun Lyu and Haiyan Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:221
  38. Children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) are prone to a missed diagnosis at the early stages of the disease, which greatly affects the prognosis of children. In this study, the application value of Myc...

    Authors: Wenbin Tuo, Xia Guo, Mo Wu, Si Xie, Xin Shen, Jun Wang, Qinzhen Cai, Chunhui Yuan, Cong Yao and Yun Xiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:220
  39. Mycoplasma hominis infection is common in urinary tract. 18F-FDG-PET/CT is a valuable tool for tumor and infection diagnosis. Few studies have shown the 18F-FDG-PET/CT images after mycoplasma infection.

    Authors: Junqing Wu, Donghua He, Fang Yu, Yue Huang, Meiru Bian, Chengxuan Yu, Jiao Liu, Zhen Cai and Yi Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:219
  40. Life-long immunosuppressive treatment after liver transplantation (LT) prevents graft rejection but predisposes the LT recipient to infections. Herpesvirus infections are associated with morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Moises Alberto Suarez-Zdunek, Sunil Kumar Saini, Christian Ross Pedersen, Sebastian Rask Hamm, Annemette Hald, Allan Rasmussen, Jens Georg Hillingsø, Sine Reker Hadrup and Susanne Dam Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:214
  41. Bacillus cereus infections in immunocompetent patients are uncommon and mainly observed in fragile patients. It can cause lethal infections with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). However, a patient pres...

    Authors: Zengrong Wang, Han Xia, Fangfang Fan, Jin Zhang, Hong Liu and Jing Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:213
  42. Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, characterized by paroxysms of severe coughing, and predominantly affects children. We report the first case of mu...

    Authors: Jingqiao Wang, Junxiang Gao, Hongwei Fan, Haonan Guo, Zundong Yin, Mei Dong and Xiaoming Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:212
  43. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection among pregnant females could induce CMV hepatitis with possible changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) which could be reversibly increased during normal pregnancies, parti...

    Authors: Rasha Eletreby, Rasha Abdelaziz, Hend Ibrahim Shousha, Zeinab Hammam, Ayman Hany, Dina Sabry, Basma Elawady, Naglaa Zayed, Ayman Yosry and Shereen Abdel Alem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:210
  44. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) threatens people’s health and is the main cause of opportunistic fungus-related death in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Herein, we investigate the clinical ch...

    Authors: Saiduo Liu, Wei Chen, Fang Cheng, Xinchun Ye, Ning Pan and Hongzhou Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:204
  45. Actinomycosis often leads to cervicofacial infections, but thoracic involvement may also occur. However, the development of empyema is rare. While being followed up with the diagnosis of asthma and bronchiecta...

    Authors: Emine Afsin, Furkan Kucuk, Hüsna Ozcelik and Muhammed Yavuz Haktanır
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:203

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