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  1. The past two decades were associated with innovation and strengthening of malaria control interventions, which have been increasingly adopted at large scale. Impact evaluations of these interventions were most...

    Authors: Khalid Abdelmutalab Elmardi, Ishag Adam, Elfatih Mohamed Malik, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Mogahid Sheikheldien Abdin, Immo Kleinschmidt, Stef Kremers and Jessica Sophia Gubbels
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:927
  2. The World Health Organization recommends pneumococcal vaccination (PCV) in the first year of life. We investigated pneumococcal serotypes in children with clinical or radiologically confirmed pneumonia and hea...

    Authors: Kristina Elfving, Lucia Gonzales Strömberg, Shadi Geravandi, Maria Andersson, Marc Bachelard, Mwinyi Msellem, Delér Shakely, Birger Trollfors, Rickard Nordén, Andreas Mårtensson, Anders Björkman and Magnus Lindh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:925
  3. The exponential spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes unexpected economic burdens to worldwide health systems with severe shortages in hospital resources (beds, staff, equipment). Managing patie...

    Authors: Azam Orooji, Mostafa Shanbehzadeh, Esmat Mirbagheri and Hadi Kazemi-Arpanahi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:923
  4. From March 2020 through August 2021, 97,762 hospital-onset SARS-CoV-2 infections were detected in English hospitals. Resulting excess length of stay (LoS) created a potentially substantial health and economic ...

    Authors: James Stimson, Koen B. Pouwels, Russell Hope, Ben S. Cooper, Anne M. Presanis and Julie V. Robotham
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:922
  5. Mycobacterium (M.) chimaera is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) that belongs to M. avium complex (MAC). In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), MAC can cause bronchopulmonary infections that can be prolonged ...

    Authors: Alexandra Kavvalou, Florian Stehling, Eva Tschiedel, Jan Kehrmann, Bernd Walkenfort, Mike Hasenberg, Margarete Olivier and Mathis Steindor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:921
  6. Current tuberculosis (TB) regimen development pathways are slow and in urgent need of innovation. We investigated novel phase IIc and seamless phase II/III trials utilizing multi-arm multi-stage and Bayesian r...

    Authors: V. Chang, P. P. J. Phillips, M. Z. Imperial, P. Nahid and R. M. Savic
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:920
  7. While oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV, challenges such as adhering to a daily-dosing regimen and persistence have emerged as barriers for at-risks populations in S...

    Authors: Morgan S. Brown, Homaira Hanif, Kristen M. Little, Meredith R. Clark, Andrea R. Thurman, Lola Flomen and Gustavo F. Doncel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:919
  8. Restrictions to curb the first wave of COVID-19 in India resulted in a decline in facility-based HIV testing rates, likely contributing to increased HIV transmission and disease progression. The programmatic a...

    Authors: Rose Pollard, Ajay Enugu, Salin Sriudomporn, Jade Bell, Subash Chandra Ghosh, Visvanathan Arumugam, Parthasarathy Mugundu, Aditya Singh, Allison M. McFall, Shruti H. Mehta, Bryan N. Patenaude and Sunil S. Solomon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:918

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:955

  9. Despite the development and application of vaccines against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) around the world, the scientific community is still trying to find some therapies to avo...

    Authors: Carmen de la Rocha, Marco A. Cid-López, Blanca I. Venegas-López, Sandra C. Gómez-Méndez, Adriana Sánchez-Ortiz, Alma M. Pérez-Ríos, Ricardo A. Llamas-Velázquez, Aidé I. Meza-Acuña, Bárbara Vargas-Íñiguez, Daniela Rosales-Galván, Alejandra Tavares-Váldez, Nizdali Luna-Gudiño, Cinthia V. Hernández-Puente, Jovana Milenkovic, Cecilia Iglesias-Palomares, Miriam Méndez-del Villar…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:917
  10. Antimicrobial stewardship programs are intended to improve patient outcomes, reduce side effects, bacterial resistance, and costs. Thus, it is important to assess their impact on an ongoing basis. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Rula M. Darwish, Sajeda Ghassan Matar, Ahmad Atef Abu Snaineh, Mohammad Refat Alsharif, Ahmad Bassam Yahia, Haneen Nidal Mustafa and Elfatih A. Hasabo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:916
  11. Several methodological tests are available to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibody. Tests are mostly used in the aid of diagnosis or for serological assessment. No tests are fully confirmatory and have variable level of...

    Authors: Puneet Misra, Shashi Kant, Randeep Guleria, Mohammad Ahmad, Suprakash Mandal, P. K. Chaturvedi, Guruprasad R. Medigeshi, Suneeta Meena, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Anisur Rahman, Meenu Sangral, Kapil Yadav, Mohan Bairwa and Partha Haldar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:915
  12. Both disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy are complications of sepsis as Salmonella septicemia, respectively. They are related and have similar clinical characteristics as thro...

    Authors: Yingxin Lin, Lei Huang, Yunliang Tu, Bin Huang, Sheng Zhang, Yingqun Chen and Weijia Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:914
  13. Although the prevalence of hepatitis B in Guangzhou, China, is high, the epidemiological trends are not well-documented. We aimed to analyse newly reported hepatitis B cases in Guangzhou between 2009 and 2020 ...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Zhiqiang Dong, Wensui Hu, Ke Li, Lili Sun, Jianrong Hou, Shijie Jia and Yuan Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:913
  14. There is a high prevalence of anemia among people living with HIV in Guangxi, China. Therefore, we investigated anemia and opportunistic infections in hospitalized people living with HIV and explored the risk ...

    Authors: Bo Xie, Wei Huang, Yanling Hu, Yanyun Dou, Luman Xie, Yong Zhang, Shanfang Qin, Ke Lan, Xianwu Pang, Hong Qiu, Lanxiang Li, Xihua Wei, Zengjing Liu, Zhihao Meng and Jiannan Lv
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:912
  15. Multiple vaccines have been tested in clinical trials for their efficacy and safety. In Saudi Arabia, Pfizer–BioNTech or Moderna were approved for children, however, previous studies to report their safety pro...

    Authors: Hassan Alwafi, Abdallah Y. Naser, Abdulelah M. Aldhahir, Ahmad Alhazmi, Areen Naif Alosaimi, Rasha Abdulaziz Mandili, Zaid Majeed, Emad Salawati, Rakan Ekram, Mohammed Samannodi, Hamza Assaggaf, Mohammed Almatrafi, Jaber S. Alqahtani, Safaa Mohammed Alsanosi and Faisal Minshawi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:911
  16. Environmental quality of life (QoL) assesses individually perceived factors such as physical safety and security, accessibility, quality of healthcare, and physical environment. These factors are particularly ...

    Authors: Claire Chen, Stefan Baral, Carly A. Comins, Mfezi Mcingana, Linwei Wang, Deliwe Rene Phetlhu, Ntambue Mulumba, Vijay Guddera, Katherine Young, Sharmistha Mishra, Harry Hausler and Sheree R. Schwartz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:910
  17. Influenza spreads from schools to the rest of society. Thus, we conducted questionnaire surveys of influenza vaccination in elementary and middle schools in a district for 10 years to determine immunization ra...

    Authors: Teruyuki Kajiume, Sumera Mukai, Nobutaka Toyota, Ikuo Kanazawa, Akiko Kato, Etsushi Akimoto and Toshio Shirakawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:909
  18. The relationship between in-utero antiretroviral (ARV) drug exposure and child growth needs further study as current data provide mixed messages. We compared postnatal growth in the first 18-months of life bet...

    Authors: Vundli Ramokolo, Louise Kuhn, Carl Lombard, Debra Jackson and Ameena E. Goga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:908
  19. Incarcerated people are at a disproportionate risk of contracting HIV. We estimated the prevalence and correlates of HIV testing among incarcerated people with a history of HIV-related high-risk behaviours in ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Tavakoli, Najmeh Parhizgari, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mehrdad Khezri, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Iman Ghasemzadeh, Ivana Bozicevic, Armita Shahesmaeili, Naser Nasiri, Ahmad Danesh, Mohammad Karamouzian and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:907
  20. This study was conducted with the intension of providing a more detailed view about the dynamics of COVID-19 pandemic. To this aim, characteristics, implemented public health measures, and health outcome of CO...

    Authors: Rozhin Amin, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi, Ali-Reza Zali and Khatereh Hannani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:906
  21. Prosthesis removal and antibiotic bone cement spacer implantation is a very important link in two-stage revision of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after artificial joint replacement, which is key to the ...

    Authors: Qingkai Wang, Jincheng Huang, Xiao Chen and Yi Jin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:905
  22. Cambodia was recently removed from the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) top 30 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. However, Cambodia’s TB burden remains substantial, and the country is on the WHO’s new...

    Authors: Jianing Ma, Avina Vongpradith, Jorge R. Ledesma, Amanda Novotney, Siyan Yi, Kruy Lim, Simon I. Hay, Christopher J. L. Murray and Hmwe H. Kyu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:904
  23. Kodamaea ohmeri is a rare pathogen with high mortality and is found among blood samples in a considerable proportion; however, gastrointestinal infection of K. ohmeri is extremely rare. Invasive pulmonary aspergi...

    Authors: Zi-Mu Li, Yu-Kun Kuang, Yi-Fan Zheng, Pei-Hang Xu, Ji-Yu Wang, Run-Jing Gan, Hui-Xia Li, Li-Hong Bai, Can-Mao Xie and Ke-Jing Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:903
  24. To gain insight into the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and containment measures on the HIV epidemic and services, this study aims to describe HIV trends in 2020 and compare them with previous years.

    Authors: Dominique Van Beckhoven, Ben Serrien, Marion Montourcy, Chris Verhofstede, Dorien Van den Bossche, Agnes Libois, Deborah De Geyter, Thierry Martin, Sandra Van den Eynde, Bea Vuylsteke, Gilles Darcis, Karlijn van Halem, Eric Florence and Jessika Deblonde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:901
  25. There are growing reports on the prevalence of non-falciparum species and submicroscopic infections in sub-Saharan African countries but little information is available from Cameroon.

    Authors: Loick Pradel Kojom Foko, Joseph Hawadak, Francine Dorgelesse Kouemo Motse, Carole Else Eboumbou Moukoko, Lugarde Kamgain Mawabo, Veena Pande and Vineeta Singh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:900
  26. Active tuberculosis (ATB) originates from primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection or reactivation of latent tuberculosis. Besides bacteriological examination, MTB-reactive immunocytes detection can be ...

    Authors: Yong Fang, Na Wang, Liang Tang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Yuan Tang, Lin Li, Wen-Fei Wu, Bo Su and Wei Sha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:899
  27. Authors: Ladjane Santos Wolmer de Melo, Maria Verônica Monteiro de Abreu, Bernuarda Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Maria das Graças Washington Casimiro Carreteiro, Maria Fernanda Aparecida Moura de Souza, Maria Carolina Andrade Lins de Albuquerque, Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal and Heloisa Ramos Lacerda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:898

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:212

  28. Many of the acute infections that are seen in primary care and sometimes managed with antibiotics are self-resolving and antibiotics may be unnecessary. Information about the natural history of these infection...

    Authors: Kwame Peprah Boaitey, Mina Bakhit, Natalia Krzyzaniak and Tammy C. Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:897

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:13

  29. Authors: Xiao Wei, Biao Meng, Hong Peng, Yan Li, Min Liu, Hairui Si, Rui Wu, Hailong Chen, Ying Bai, Qunling Feng, Changjun Wang and Xiangna Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:896

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:761

  30. Sexual uses of alcohol and drugs are pervasive among men who have sex with men (MSM) and associated with increased risk of HIV infection. However, there are limited studies related to sexual uses of alcohol an...

    Authors: Jinshen Wang, Peizhen Zhao, Wenqian Xu and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:895
  31. The drive to vaccinate large populations is nowadays the main instrument for combating the pandemic and preventing serious disease and death. However, breakthrough infection (post-vaccination infection) still ...

    Authors: Sihem Ben Fredj, Rim Ghammem, Nawel Zammit, Amani Maatouk, Nihel Haddad, Nouha Haddad, Manel Kachroudi, Senda Rebai, Hafsia Laadhari, Mohamed Mizouni Ghodhbani, Jihen Maatoug and Hassen Ghannem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:894
  32. The infection rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) is high in the coastal regions of China. However, the infection rate among high-risk genotypes of women in Putian City is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed t...

    Authors: Zhanfei Chen, Hua Lin, Jinyuan Zheng, Lili Cai, Zhonghui Chen, Jinqiu Li and Liumin Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:893
  33. Neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) index has been widely studied as an indication of bacteria-infected diseases, but the exact usage of nCD64 index in monitoring infections remains debated. So this study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yanting Gao, Lihui Lin, Jinyan Zhao, Xia Peng and Li Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:892
  34. The impact of corticosteroids on patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)/chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection is currently unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of corticost...

    Authors: Mei Meng, Yufeng Chu, Sheng Zhang, Xuechuan Li, Jing Sha, Peng Wang, Yunliang Cui, Meihong Han, Xuan Dong, Wenqing Sun, Zhongfa Zhang, Yunxin Deng, Tao Wang, Djillali Annane, Shouqiang Jia and Dechang Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:891
  35. Increased frequency of circulating double negative T (DNT, CD4CD8CD3+) cells with protective immune function has been observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and tuberculosis (TB). Here the rol...

    Authors: Yuting Tan, Shi Zou, Wei Guo, Yanni Xiang, Yu Dong, Qi Zhu, Songjie Wu, Mingqi Luo, Ling Shen and Ke Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:890
  36. Our study examines if SARS-CoV-2 infections varied by vaccination status, if an individual had previously tested positive and by neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation across the Delta and Omicron epidemic wa...

    Authors: Mark A. Green, Daniel J. Hungerford, David M. Hughes, Marta Garcia-Fiñana, Lance Turtle, Christopher Cheyne, Matthew Ashton, Gary Leeming, Malcolm G. Semple, Alex Singleton and Iain Buchan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:889
  37. Herpes zoster increases the burden on the elderly in an aging society. Although an effective vaccine licensed by China Food and Drug Administration in 2019 was introduced into the market in June 2020, the will...

    Authors: Binshan Jiang, Qing Wang, Zhenzhong Wang, Yunshao Xu, Tao Yang, Weizhong Yang, Mengmeng Jia and Luzhao Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:888
  38. Persons in Pakistan have suffered from various infectious diseases over the years, each impacted by various factors including climate change, seasonality, geopolitics, and resource availability. The COVID-19 p...

    Authors: Bayan Missaghi, Muhammad Wasif Malik, Waseem Shaukat, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Aamer Ikram and Herman W. Barkema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:887
  39. Trans women face tremendous social inequities as well as disproportionate rates of HIV and substance use, yet disaggregated substance use data specific to trans women remain limited.

    Authors: Elaine Hsiang, Akua Gyamerah, Glenda Baguso, Jennifer Jain, Willi McFarland, Erin C. Wilson and Glenn-Milo Santos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:886
  40. To monitor Sweden’s progress towards the WHO goal of eliminating viral hepatitis, we estimated the prevalence, notification rate, and liver-related morbidity and mortality for diagnosed hepatitis B virus (HBV)...

    Authors: Soledad Colombe, Maria Axelsson, Soo Aleman, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Josefine Lundberg Ederth and Viktor Dahl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:885
  41. Tuberculosis has remained a leading cause of death among people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is the recommended strategy by the World Health Organization to prevent TB d...

    Authors: Renatus Fabiano Nyarubamba, Adam Silumbwe, Choolwe Jacobs, Patricia Maritim, Paschal Mdoe and Joseph Mumba Zulu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:884
  42. Authors: Vincenzo Scaglione, Salvatore Rotundo, Nadia Marascio, Carmela De Marco, Rosaria Lionello, Claudia Veneziano, Lavinia Berardelli, Angela Quirino, Vincenzo Olivadese, Francesca Serapide, Bruno Tassone, Helen Linda Morrone, Chiara Davoli, Valentina La Gamba, Andrea Bruni, Bruno Mario Cesana…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:883

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:793

  43. Antimicrobial resistance has reached an alarming rate globally, especially in middle-income countries such as Lebanon. The development of antifungal resistance is associated with the increased population’s inj...

    Authors: Deema Rahme, Mayssam Ayoub, Khalil Shaito, Nadine Saleh, Sara Assaf and Nathalie Lahoud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:882
  44. Group B Streptococci (GBS) colonize almost one third of human gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, particularly in females. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology, microbiological characteris...

    Authors: Maisa Ali, Mohammed A. Alamin, Gawahir A. Ali, Khalid Alzubaidi, Bashir Ali, Abdellatif Ismail, Joanne Daghfal, Muna Almaslamani and Hamad Abdel Hadi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:881
  45. In order to verify the existence of an anthrax outbreak, determine its scope, grasp the epidemiological characteristics and find out the cause of the outbreak and recommend preventive and control measures.

    Authors: Xiaolin Yu, Ming Fang, Shuang Wang, Zhong Li, Lixiao Cheng, Zhaoshan Liu, Dandan Zhang, Dandan Dong and Zengqiang Kou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:875
  46. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after transplantation. This study aimed to investigate CMV seroprevalence, infection, and disease in Chinese thoracic organ transpl...

    Authors: Chunrong Ju, Xiaohua Wang, Xin Xu, Shaobo Xie, Qingdong Cao, Wanli Lin, Jianheng Zhang, Yu Xu, Qiaoyan Lian, Danxia Huang, Rongchang Chen and Jianxing He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:872

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