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  1. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging zoonosis with a high fatality rate in China. Previous studies have reported that dysregulated inflammatory response is associated with disease ...

    Authors: Zhongwei Zhang, Xue Hu, Qunqun Jiang, Fangzhou Jiao, Qian Du, Jie Liu, Mingqi Luo, Anling Li, Liping Deng and Yong Xiong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:149
  2. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly in the absence of viral suppression, increase the risk of HIV transmission to uninfected partners. We determined factors associated with having an unsuppres...

    Authors: Marceline Mapiye, Khuliso Ravhuhali, Alex de Voux and Tendesayi Kufa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:148
  3. Influenza and RSV coinfections are not commonly seen but are concerning as they can lead to serious illness and adverse clinical outcomes among vulnerable populations. Here we describe the clinical features an...

    Authors: Henrique Pott, Jason J. LeBlanc, May S. ElSherif, Todd F. Hatchette, Shelly A. McNeil and Melissa K. Andrew
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:147
  4. The intestinal protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium is an important cause of diarrheal disease worldwide. A national microbiological surveillance programme was implemented in Sweden in 2018 in order to increase kno...

    Authors: Ioana Bujila, Karin Troell, Jessica Ögren, Anette Hansen, Gustav Killander, Lady Agudelo, Marianne Lebbad and Jessica Beser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:146
  5. Stage 1 of the STREAM trial demonstrated that the 9 month (Short) regimen developed in Bangladesh was non-inferior to the 20 month (Long) 2011 World Health Organization recommended regimen. We assess the assoc...

    Authors: Chen-Yuan Chiang, Henry Bern, Ruth Goodall, Shun-Tien Chien, I. D. Rusen and Andrew Nunn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:144
  6. Tetanus is a life-threatening but preventable neurologic disorder characterized by trismus and muscle spasms. Despite its decreasing global incidence, it remains to be endemic in resource-limited settings such...

    Authors: Pamela Danielle T. Lanuza, Jao Jarro B. Garcia, Christian Wilson R. Turalde and Mario Jr. B. Prado
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:142
  7. Gram-negative bacilli are the most common etiological agents responsible for urinary tract infections. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacilli is increasing at a rapid pace globally, w...

    Authors: Manal Ismail Abdalla Mohammedkheir, Elsheikh Mahgoub Gaafar and Eltayeb GareebAlla Eltayeb AbdAlla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:141
  8. Cumulative malaria parasite exposure in endemic regions often results in the acquisition of partial immunity and asymptomatic infections. There is limited information on how host-parasite interactions mediate ...

    Authors: Kelvin M. Kimenyi, Mercy Y. Akinyi, Kioko Mwikali, Tegan Gilmore, Shaban Mwangi, Elisha Omer, Bonface Gichuki, Juliana Wambua, James Njunge, George Obiero, Philip Bejon, Jean Langhorne, Abdirahman Abdi and Lynette Isabella Ochola-Oyier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:140
  9. The spread of SARS-CoV-2 has been studied at unprecedented levels worldwide. In jurisdictions where molecular analysis was performed on large scales, the emergence and competition of numerous SARS-CoV-2lineage...

    Authors: David Champredon, Devan Becker, Shelley W. Peterson, Edgard Mejia, Nikho Hizon, Andrea Schertzer, Mohamed Djebli, Femi F. Oloye, Yuwei Xie, Mohsen Asadi, Jenna Cantin, Xia Pu, Charles A. Osunla, Markus Brinkmann, Kerry N. McPhedran, Mark R. Servos…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:139
  10. Among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART), the mortality of immunological non-responders (INRs) is higher than that of immunological responders (IRs). However, factors associated wit...

    Authors: Heping Zhao, Anping Feng, Dan Luo, Tanwei Yuan, Yi-Fan Lin, Xuemei Ling, Huolin Zhong, Junbin Li, Linghua Li and Huachun Zou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:138
  11. Dried blood spot (DBS) testing provides an alternative to phlebotomy and addresses barriers to accessing healthcare experienced by some key populations. Large-scale evaluations of DBS testing programs are need...

    Authors: Nigel Carrington, Anna Conway, Jason Grebely, Mitchell Starr, Beth Catlett, Annabelle Stevens, Bianca Prain, Colette McGrath, Louise Causer, Rebecca Guy, Joanne Holden, Phillip Keen, Melanie Kingsland, Heng Lu, Cherie Power, Phillip Read…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:137
  12. Bivalent COVID-19 vaccines have been implemented worldwide since the booster vaccination campaigns of autumn of 2022, but little is known about their effectiveness. Thus, this study holistically evaluated the ...

    Authors: Yudai Tamada, Kenji Takeuchi, Taro Kusama, Megumi Maeda, Fumiko Murata, Ken Osaka and Haruhisa Fukuda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:135
  13. Cytokines play a crucial role in regulating the function of the immune system by controlling the production, differentiation, and activity of immune cells. Occult hepatitis C virus (OHCV) infection can lead to...

    Authors: Sherif Elbaz, Nasser Mousa, Alaa Elmetwalli, Ahmed Abdel-Razik, Mohamed Salah, Amr ElHammady, Mostafa Abdelsalam, Eman Abdelkader, Niveen El-wakeel, Waleed Eldars, Ola El-Emam, Ahmed Elbeltagy, Mohamed Shaheen, Hossam El-Zamek, Eman Mousa, Ahmed Deiab…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:134
  14. Chronic exposure of mosquito larvae to pesticide residues and cross-resistance mechanisms are major drivers of tolerance to insecticides used for vector control. This presents a concern for the efficacy of clo...

    Authors: Caroline Fouet, Fred A. Ashu, Marilene M. Ambadiang, Williams Tchapga, Charles S. Wondji and Colince Kamdem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:133
  15. Neurological infection is an important cause of critical illness, yet little is known on the epidemiology of neurological infections requiring critical care.

    Authors: Joseph Donovan, Abena Glover, John Gregson, Andrew W. Hitchings, Emma C. Wall and Robert S. Heyderman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:132
  16. Day care centres (DCCs) are ideal settings for drug-resistant bacteria to emerge. Prevalence numbers of faecal carriage of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in these settings are rare. We aimed to determine the...

    Authors: Sara Dequeker, Mitch van Hensbergen, Casper D. J. den Heijer, Wouter Dhaeze, Stijn F. H. Raven, Helen Ewalts-Hakkoer, Paulien Tolsma, Ina Willemsen, Karine J. van Drunen-Kamp, Krista van der Slikke-Verstraten, Herman Goossens, Marjolein F. Q. Kluytmans-van den Bergh and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:131
  17. Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, predominantly affecting the peripheral nerves, resulting in sensory and motor deficits in the feet. Foot ulcers and imbalances are frequent ...

    Authors: Alex Tadeu Viana Da Cruz Junior, Beatriz Helena Baldez Vasconcelos, Tatiana Generoso Campos Pinho Barroso, Givago Silva Souza, Luis Carlos Pereira Monteiro, Marília Brasil Xavier and Bianca Callegari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:130
  18. In HIV-1 infection, more than 95% of CD4+T cells die of caspase-1 mediated pyroptosis. What governs the increased susceptibility of CD4+T cells to pyroptosis is poorly understood.

    Authors: Fengting Yu, Chengjie Ma, Xia Jin, Hongxin Zhao, Jiang Xiao, Li Li, Shujing Song, Xiaohui Xie, Siyuan Yang, Yunxia Tang, Linghang Wang and Fujie Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:129
  19. Infection by Dialister micraerophilus, an obligate anaerobic gram-negative bacillus, has rarely been described, and its clinical characteristics remain unclear.

    Authors: Hiroki Kitagawa, Kayoko Tadera, Keitaro Omori, Toshihito Nomura, Norifumi Shigemoto and Hiroki Ohge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:128
  20. Oritavancin, a long-acting lipoglycopeptide approved for use in acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections, has limited data evaluating use in serious infections due to Gram-positive organisms. We aime...

    Authors: Williams Monier Texidor, Matthew A. Miller, Kyle C. Molina, Martin Krsak, Barbara Calvert, Caitlin Hart, Marie Storer and Douglas N. Fish
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:127
  21. Watchful waiting management for acute otitis media (AOM), where an antibiotic is used only if the child’s symptoms worsen or do not improve over the subsequent 2–3 days, is an effective approach to reduce ant...

    Authors: Timothy C. Jenkins, Amy Keith, Amy B. Stein, Adam L. Hersh, Rashmi Narayan, Alice Eggleston, Deborah J. Rinehart, Payal K. Patel, Eve Walter, Ian G. Hargraves and Holly M. Frost
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:126
  22. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic occurred due to the dispersion of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Severe symptoms can be observed in COVID-19 patients with lipid-...

    Authors: Wan Amirul Syazwan Wan Ahmad Munawar, Marjanu Hikmah Elias, Faizul Helmi Addnan, Pouya Hassandarvish, Sazaly AbuBakar and Nuruliza Roslan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:124
  23. Community-acquired respiratory infections are a leading cause of illness and death globally. The aetiologies of community-acquired pneumonia remain poorly defined. The RESPIRO study is an ongoing prospective o...

    Authors: Dorothy Hui Lin Ng, Travis Ren Teen Chia, Barnaby Edward Young, Sapna Sadarangani, Ser Hon Puah, Jenny Guek Hong Low, Gabriel Zherong Yan, Yin Mo, Nicholas Jinghao Ngiam, Samuel Sherng Young Wang, Yan Tong Loo, Faith Evangeline Jie Qi Ong, Andrew Yunkai Li, Sharlene Ho, Lisa Ng, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:123
  24. The Xpert MTB/RIF test (Xpert) can help in the accurate screening of tuberculosis, however, its widespread use is limited by its high cost and lack of accessibility. Pooling of sputum samples for testing is a ...

    Authors: Jianfeng Zeng, Huan Huang, Xuhui Liu, Zhen Huang, Weijian Liu, Houming Liu and Shuihua Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:122
  25. Short-term exposure to air pollution may trigger symptoms of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) through stimulating lung tissue, damaging tracheobronchial mucosa, the key anti-mycobacterium T cell immune func...

    Authors: Chan-Na Zhao, Zhiwei Xu, Peng Wang, Jie Liu, Rong Wang, Hai-Feng Pan and Fangjin Bao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:121
  26. An increase in patients with multidrug-resistant organisms and associated outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic have been reported in various settings, including low-endemic settings. Here, we report three di...

    Authors: Beate Schlosser, Beate Weikert, Giovanni-Battista Fucini, Britta Kohlmorgen, Axel Kola, Anna Weber, Norbert Thoma, Michael Behnke, Frank Schwab, Petra Gastmeier, Christine Geffers and Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:120
  27. To evaluate the frequency, duration and patterns of long-term coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms and to analyse risk factors for long-lasting COVID-19 sequelae among a cohort of hospital employees (H...

    Authors: Rosalie Gruber, María Verónica Montilva Ludewig, Christina Weßels, Gerlinde Schlang, Svenja Jedhoff, Swetlana Herbrandt and Frauke Mattner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:119
  28. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of resistance to antimicrobial agents, and explore the risk factors associated with drug resistance by using nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) isolates from China.

    Authors: Weicong Ren, Yaoju Tan, Zichun Ma, Yuanyuan Shang, Shanshan Li, Xuxia Zhang, Wei Wang, Cong Yao, Jinfeng Yuan, Liang Li and Yu Pang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:118
  29. We aimed to analyze the clinical features of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) during the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant pandemic and to reveal the risk factors for CAPA and death.

    Authors: Yixuan Wang, Yan Yao, Qingfeng Zhang, Hao Chen, Yang He and Ke Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:117
  30. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) in different regions of Henan Province to provide evidence for the targeted...

    Authors: Bo Guo, Peili Li, Bingyu Qin, Shanmei Wang, Wenxiao Zhang, Yuan Shi, Jianxu Yang, Jingjing Niu, Shifeng Chen, Xiao Chen, Lin Cui, Qizhi Fu, Lin Guo, Zhe Hou, Hua Li, Xiaohui Li…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:116
  31. sCD25 is an important immune molecule for T cell regulation. Tracking the detection of plasma sCD25 plays an important role in the evaluation of immune function, progression, and prognosis of tuberculosis (TB)...

    Authors: Xin Yu, Yayan Niu, Junchi Xu, Xiaolong Zhang, Haiyan Wu, Yuhan Wang, Jianping Zhang and Meiying Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:115
  32. The healthcare system in Iran appears to overlook Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) as an endemic disease, particularly in pediatric cases, indicating the need for greater attention and awareness.

    Authors: Ali Hosseininasab, Safoura MoradKasani, Ehsan Mostafavi, Neda Baseri, Maryam Sadeghi and Saber Esmaeili
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:114
  33. Gonorrhea has long been a serious public health problem in mainland China that requires attention, modeling to describe and predict its prevalence patterns can help the government to develop more scientific in...

    Authors: Zhende Wang, Yongbin Wang, Shengkui Zhang, Suzhen Wang, Zhen Xu and ZiJian Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:113
  34. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has killed millions ...

    Authors: Nora Ahmed Saleh Bashar, Nadida Mohammed Abdel-Hamid Gohar, Ahmed A. Tantawy and Mai Hamed Mohamed Kamel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:112
  35. Group A Rotaviruses (RVA) is one of the most common causes of severe diarrhoea in infants and children under 5 years of age. Unlike many countries in the world where RVA surveillance/control is active, in Chad...

    Authors: Bertrand Djikoloum, Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Valentine Ngum Ndze, Rahinatou Ghapoutsa Nkandi, Carine Ngah Enjeh, Pidou Kimala, Jean Paul Assam Assam and Maurice BODA
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:111
  36. This study explores the hypothesis that COVID-19 patients are at a heightened risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) associated with medical device usage compared to non-COVID-19 patients. Our primary...

    Authors: Fredy Leonardo Carreño Hernández, Juanita Valencia Virguez, Juan Felipe González Vesga, María Lucía Castellanos, Gabriela Ruiz Beltrán, Laura Daniela Lorza Toquica, Carol Natalia Sánchez Gomez, Maria Valentina Stozitzky Ríos, Yenny Rocío Cárdenas Bolívar and Jorge Iván Alvarado Sanchez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:110

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:195

  37. Actinomyces turicensis is rarely responsible of clinically relevant infections in human. Infection is often misdiagnosed as malignancy, tuberculosis, or nocardiosis, therefore delaying the correct identification...

    Authors: Alessandra Imeneo, Lorenzo Vittorio Rindi, Andrea Di Lorenzo, Rosario Alessandro Cavasio, Pietro Vitale, Ilaria Spalliera, Mario Dauri, Daniele Guerino Biasucci, Ilaria Giuliano, Cartesio D’Agostini, Silvia Minelli, Maria Cristina Bossa, Anna Altieri, Massimo Andreoni, Vincenzo Malagnino, Marco Iannetta…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:109
  38. The spectrum of diseases caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep A) ranges from superficial to serious life-threatening invasive infections. We conducted a scoping review of published articles between 1980 and 20...

    Authors: Prerana Parajulee, Jung-Seok Lee, Kaja Abbas, Jeffrey Cannon, Jean Louis Excler, Jerome H. Kim and Vittal Mogasale
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:108
  39. In 2020, the WHO-approved Molbio Truenat platform and MTB assays to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTB) and resistance to rifampicin directly on sputum specimens. This primary health care center-based...

    Authors: V. N. Leukes, J. Hella, I. Sabi, M. Cossa, C. Khosa, B. Erkosar, C. Mangu, E. Siyame, B. Mtafya, A. Lwilla, S. Viegas, C. Madeira, A. Machiana, J. Ribeiro, A. L. Garcia-Basteiro, F. Riess…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:107
  40. Bacterial infections are not prevalent among patients hospitalized with COVID-19, while unnecessary prescription of antibiotics was commonly observed. This study aimed to determine the impact of procalcitonin ...

    Authors: Grace CY Lui, Catherine SK Cheung, Terry CF Yip, Mandy SM Lai, Timothy CM Li and Grace LH Wong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:106
  41. As many as 2.4 million Americans are affected by chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in the United States.In 2018, the estimated number of adults with a history of HCV infection in San Diego County was 55,354 (95%...

    Authors: Stacey L. Klaman, Job G. Godino, Adam Northrup, Sydney V. Lewis, Aaron Tam, Carolina Carrillo, Robert Lewis, Eva Matthews, Blanca Mendez, Letty Reyes, Sarah Rojas and Christian Ramers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:105
  42. With the widespread use of antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is worsening. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy changes of seven antibiotics in the treatment of N....

    Authors: Jiaojiao Zhong, Wenjing Le, Xuechun Li and Xiaohong Su
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:104
  43. Detecting pathogens in pediatric central nervous system infection (CNSI) is still a major challenge in medicine. In addition to conventional diagnostic patterns, metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) s...

    Authors: Sike He, Ying Xiong, Teng Tu, Jiaming Feng, Yu Fu, Xu Hu, Neng Wang and Dapeng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:103
  44. Lymphoedema is a globally neglected health care problem and a common complication following breast cancer treatment. Lymphoedema is a well-known predisposing factor for cellulitis, but few have investigated th...

    Authors: Ewa Anna Burian, Peter J. Franks, Pinar Borman, Isabelle Quéré, Tonny Karlsmark, Vaughan Keeley, Junko Sugama, Marina Cestari and Christine J. Moffatt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:102
  45. Anticoagulation is recommended as a standardized therapy for COVID-19 patients according to the WHO guidelines. However, bleeding events have also been reported. Hemorrhage or hematoma was observed in sites in...

    Authors: Sha Sha, Sun Qi and Shi Qindong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:101
  46. Despite their higher risk of developing severe disease, little is known about the burden of influenza in Portugal in children aged < 5 years old. This study aims to cover this gap by estimating the clinical an...

    Authors: Alberto Caldas Afonso, Catarina Gouveia, Gustavo Januário, Mafalda Carmo, Hugo Lopes, Hélène Bricout, Catarina Gomes and Filipe Froes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:100
  47. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly infectious disease that poses a significant clinical and medical burden, as well as social disruption and economic costs, recognized by the World Health Organizati...

    Authors: Jorge Mestre-Ferrándiz, Agustín Rivero, Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez, Álvaro Hidalgo, Fernando Abdalla, Isabel Martín, Javier Álvarez, Manuel García-Cenoz, Maria del Carmen Pacheco, María Garcés-Sánchez, Néboa Zozaya and Raúl Ortiz-de-Lejarazu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:99
  48. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Due to the increase in Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, it is ...

    Authors: Jefferson Antonio Buendía, Diana Guerrero Patiño and Andrés Felipe Zuluaga Salazar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:98
  49. Orf virus (ORFV) is the pathogen responsible for Orf, a zoonotic viral infection that can be spread to humans from sheep and goats. Here, we present a case of human Orf complicated by an immune-related reactio...

    Authors: Martina Salvi, Giorgio Tiecco, Luca Rossi, Marina Venturini, Simonetta Battocchio, Francesco Castelli and Eugenia Quiros-Roldan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:95

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