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  1. Schistosomiasis is known to induce inflammatory immune responses. C-reactive protein (CRP), resistin and P-selectin are serological inflammatory markers that rise during the acute stages of infection. Here, we...

    Authors: Theresa N. Chimponda, Caroline Mushayi, Derick N. M. Osakunor, Arthur Vengesai, Eyoh Enwono, Seth Amanfo, Janice Murray, Cremance Tshuma, Francisca Mutapi and Takafira Mduluza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1071

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Klebsiella species are among the most common causes of bloodstream infection (BSI). However, few studies have evaluated their epidemiology in non-selected populations. The objective was to define the incidence of...

    Authors: Connor B. Reid, Lisa Steele, Kelsey Pasquill, Elizabeth C. Parfitt and Kevin B. Laupland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1070

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Tuberculosis represents a serious public health problem and a significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenge worldwide. Molecular diagnostic techniques are crucial in the World Health Organization’s new tube...

    Authors: Youness Mechal, Elmostafa Benaissa, Nadia El mrimar, Yassine Benlahlou, Fatna Bssaibis, Adil Zegmout, Mariama Chadli, Yashpal S. Malik, Nadia Touil, Ahmed Abid, Adil Maleb and Mostafa Elouennass

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Approximately 50% of cases of penile carcinoma (PeCa), a rare neoplasm worldwide, are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV). However, the detection of HPV-DNA is not sufficient to consider it the etiologi...

    Authors: Cecilia Martínez-Bailón, Alejandra Mantilla-Morales, Galo Méndez-Matías, Isabel Alvarado-Cabrero, Rogelio Maldonado-Rodríguez, Joel Quintero-Becerra, Rafael Arias-Flores and Patricia Piña-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1068

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Brazil has the largest population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America, with a disproportional prevalence of infection among gays, bisexuals and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Of releva...

    Authors: Thiago S. Torres, Luana M. S. Marins, Valdilea G. Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn and Paula M. Luz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1067

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Symptomatic and asymptomatic enteric infections in early childhood are associated with negative effects on childhood growth and development, especially in low and middle-income countries, and food may be an impor...

    Authors: Jane Mumma, Sheillah Simiyu, Evalyne Aseyo, John Anderson, Alexandra Czerniewska, Elizabeth Allen, Robert Dreibelbis, Kelly K. Baker and Oliver Cumming

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1066

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. HIV, HBV and HCV remain a global public health concern especially in Africa. Prevalence of these infections is changing and identification of risk factors associated with each infection in Mali is needed to im...

    Authors: Aude Jary, Sidi Dienta, Valentin Leducq, Quentin Le Hingrat, Mahamadou Cisse, Amadou B. Diarra, Djeneba B. Fofana, Alhassane Ba, Mounirou Baby, Chad J. Achenbach, Robert Murphy, Vincent Calvez, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin and Almoustapha I. Maiga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1064

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Contacting patients with tuberculosis have a substantial risk of developing the disease. Household contact screening has recently been recommended as a strategy to enhance case detection in high-burden countri...

    Authors: Dessie Alemnew Shiferaw, Habtamu Sewunet Mekonnen and Addisu Taye Abate

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To investigate the cumulative incidence of and factors associated with mortality among patients with infective endocarditis (IE) at Thailand’s largest national tertiary referral center.

    Authors: Taksaon Angsutararux and Nasikarn Angkasekwinai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1062

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Assessing the clinical relevance of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolated from respiratory samples can be challenging. The epidemiology and pathogenicity of NTM species vary geographically. We aimed to o...

    Authors: Yannick Vande Weygaerde, Nina Cardinaels, Peter Bomans, Taeyang Chin, Jerina Boelens, Emmanuel André, Eva Van Braeckel and Natalie Lorent

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1061

    Content type: Research article

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  11. West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, first detected in the Western Hemisphere in 1999 and spread across North America over the next decade. Though endemic in the most populous areas of North A...

    Authors: Emily Shing, John Wang, Mark P. Nelder, Camilla Parpia, Jonathan B. Gubbay, Mark Loeb, Erik Kristjanson, Alex Marchand-Austin, Stephen Moore, Curtis Russell, Doug Sider and Beate Sander

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1059

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Xpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert) has high sensitivity for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) compared to sputum-smear microscopy (smear) and can reduce time-to-diagnosis, time-to-treatment and potentially unfavorable patient-...

    Authors: Tefera Agizew, Violet Chihota, Sambayawo Nyirenda, Zegabriel Tedla, Andrew F. Auld, Unami Mathebula, Anikie Mathoma, Rosanna Boyd, Anand Date, Sherri L. Pals, Phenyo Lekone and Alyssa Finlay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1058

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is not widely available in China. Previous studies reported low awareness and inconclusive findings on the acceptability of PrEP among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM).

    Authors: Wenting Huang, Dan Wu, Jason J. Ong, M. Kumi Smith, Fan Yang, Hongyun Fu, Weiming Tang and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1057

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is acquired by consumption of raw or undercooked meat containing tissue cyst, food or water contaminated with oocyst and cong...

    Authors: Demissie Assegu Fenta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1056

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The risk factors for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD) are not well known. We hypothesized that low serum estradiol (E2) levels are related to MAC-LD as most patients with MAC-LD are postmenopausa...

    Authors: Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Yasunori Sato, Eiko Tamizu, Takanori Asakura, Shunsuke Uno, Masaaki Mori, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Makoto Ishii, Hiroshi Kawabe, Mitsuru Murata and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1055

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Primary care may be an avenue to increase coverage of HIV testing but it is unclear what challenges primary healthcare professionals in low- and middle-income countries face. We describe the HIV testing practi...

    Authors: Jason J. Ong, Ming Hui Peng, William W. Wong, Ying-Ru Lo, Michael R. Kidd, Martin Roland, Shan Zhu Zhu and Sun Fang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1054

    Content type: Research article

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  17. HIV-specific Antibody Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity (ADCC) has shown to be important in HIV control and resistance. The ADCC is mediated primarily by natural killer cell activated through the binding of FcγRIIIa...

    Authors: Sneha Pramod Talathi, Nawaj Najir Shaikh, Sudhanshu Shekhar Pandey, Vandana Ashish Saxena, Megha Sunil Mamulwar and Madhuri Rajeev Thakar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1053

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) is based on microbiological analyses and diagnostic imaging of cardiac manifestations. Echocardiography (ECHO) is preferred for visualization of IE-induced cardiac ...

    Authors: A. Damlin, K. Westling, E. Maret, C. Stålsby Lundborg, K. Caidahl and M. J. Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1052

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Cryptococcal prostatitis is a rare clinical disease and has never been reported in China.

    Authors: Lijun Xu, Ran Tao, Qiyu Zhao, Jinlin Cheng and Biao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1051

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) increasingly threatens public health. Carbapenem-producing gram-negative bacteria (CPB) pose the biggest threat. The risk for CPB spread is heightened during the transfer of a CP...

    Authors: Eline van Dulm, Wendy van der Veldt, Katja Jansen-van der Meiden, Gerry van Renselaar, Lian Bovée, Jeanette Ros, Udi Davidovich and Yvonne van Duijnhoven

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1050

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:70

  21. Diphtheria has been reported as an outbreak in some regions in Indonesia, most especially in East Java Province. Resistance to penicillin, erythromycin, and other antibiotics, single or multiple, has been repo...

    Authors: Dominicus Husada, Sugi Deny Pranoto Soegianto, Indra Suwarin Kurniawati, Adi Pramono Hendrata, Eveline Irawan, Leny Kartina, Dwiyanti Puspitasari, Parwati Setiono Basuki and Ismoedijanto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1049

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Success of India’s TB control program relies on rapid case detection, monitoring, care and treatment of drug resistance. Patients on multidrug resistance (MDR) treatment are monitored by follow up cultures. Di...

    Authors: Kamal Singh, Richa Kumari, Rajneesh Tripathi, Ankush Gupta and Shampa Anupurba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1048

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Molecular tests can allow the rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). TB-SPRINT 59-Plex Beamedex® is a microbead-based assay developed for the simultaneous spoligotyping and d...

    Authors: Regina Bones Barcellos, Isabela Neves de Almeida, Elisangela Costa da Silva, Harrison Magdinier Gomes, Lida Jouca de Assis Figueredo, Maria Laura Halon, Elis Regina Dalla Costa, Ícaro Rodrigues dos Santos, Maria Cláudia Vater, Suely Alves, Wânia da Silva Carvalho, Philip Suffys, Christophe Sola, Silvana Spíndola de Miranda, Maria Lucia Rossetti and Afrânio Kritski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1047

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most common congenital infection and a leading cause of long-term neurological and sensory sequelae, the most common being sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). ...

    Authors: G. Clement Dobbins, Amit Patki, Dongquan Chen, Hemant K. Tiwari, Curtis Hendrickson, William J. Britt, Karen Fowler, Jake Y. Chen, Suresh B. Boppana and Shannon A. Ross

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1046

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An increased number of refractory mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia (MPP) cases have been reported. However the duration of MP infection in lower airway and the course of anti-MP treatment remains unclear.

    Authors: Jinrong Liu, Fei Zhao, Jie Lu, Hui Xu, Hui Liu, Xiaolei Tang, Haiming Yang, Jianzhong Zhang and Shunying Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1045

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Scrub typhus is an important arthropod-borne disease causing significant acute febrile illness by infection with Orientia spp.

    Authors: Stuart D. Blacksell, Matthew T. Robinson, Paul N. Newton, Soiratchaneekorn Ruanchaimun, Jeanne Salje, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Matthew D. Wegner, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, Allan M. Bennett, Allen L. Richards, John Stenos and Nicholas P. J. Day

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1044

    Content type: Debate

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  27. The implementation of national antiretroviral therapy (ART) and expanded ART policies results in that more and more HIV-infected patients receive ART in Kunming, Yunnan province, China. At the same time, howev...

    Authors: Bin Liao, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Jing-Ying Wang, Jun Liu, Jun Liang, Wen-Jie He, Biao Hong and Yi Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1043

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic protozoan parasite that can infect all warm-blooded animals including humans and cause serious clinical manifestations. Toxoplasmosis can be diagnosed using histological, ser...

    Authors: Mert Döşkaya, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Muhammet Karakavuk, Esra Atalay Şahar, Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan, Meltem Işıkgöz Taşbakan, Mümtaz Yılmaz, Hüseyin Can, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya and Adnan Yüksel Gürüz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1042

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is one of the most pervasive sexually transmitted infections and has high prevalence in urogenital and extra-urogenital sites among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study...

    Authors: Ying Zhou, Yu-Mao Cai, Shi-Liang Li, Ning-Xiao Cao, Xiao-Feng Zhu, Feng Wang, Yan Han, Yue-Ping Yin and Xiang-Sheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1041

    Content type: Research article

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  30. European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP) antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data are used to inform gonorrhoea treatment guidelines; therefore the data need to be robust and representat...

    Authors: Michelle J. Cole, Chantal Quinten, Susanne Jacobsson, Michaela Day, Andrew J. Amato-Gauci, Neil Woodford, Gianfranco Spiteri and Magnus Unemo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1040

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Ligands of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) are key signalling molecules in the innate immune system but their role in tuberculosis-diabetes comorbidity (TB-DM) has not been investigated.

    Authors: Nathella Pavan Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Arul Nancy, Vijay Viswanathan, Basavaradhya S. Shruthi, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Syed Hissar, Hardy Kornfeld and Subash Babu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1039

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Shigella spp. and entero-invasive E. coli (EIEC) use the same invasive mechanism to cause diarrheal diseases. Public health regulations apply only to Shigella spp. infections, but are hampered by the lack of simp...

    Authors: Maaike J. C. van den Beld, Esther Warmelink, Alexander W. Friedrich, Frans A. G. Reubsaet, Maarten Schipper, Richard F. de Boer, Daan W. Notermans, Mariska W. F. Petrignani, Evert van Zanten, John W. A. Rossen, Ingrid H. M. Friesema and A. M. D. ( Mirjam) Kooistra-Smid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1037

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The cytokine gene polymorphism is important for the genetic susceptibility of infectious diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between TNF-α, IL-12, and IL-13 gene polymorp...

    Authors: Sima Kazemi, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Fariba Keramat, Massoud Saidijam, Ali Reza Soltanian, Mahdi Alahgholi-Hajibehzad, Seyed Hamid Hashemi and Mohammad Yousef Alikhani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1036

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Following publication of the original article [1], one of the authors, Dr. Sarah E. Bowden reported that at the time of the study she wasn’t working for the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers...

    Authors: Ilya R. Fischhoff, Sarah E. Bowden, Felicia Keesing and Richard S. Ostfeld

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1035

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:861

  35. The incidence of Taralomyces marneffei infection in HIV-infected individuals has been decreasing, whereas its rate is rising among non-HIV immunodeficient persons, particularly patients with anti-interferon-gamma...

    Authors: Thanyarak Wongkamhla, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool and Anupop Jitmuang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1034

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Leprosy is an ancient infectious disease with a global annual incidence that has plateaued above 200,000 new cases since over a decade. New strategies are required to overcome this stalemate. Post-exposure pro...

    Authors: Nimer Ortuno-Gutierrez, Assoumani Younoussa, Andriamira Randrianantoandro, Sofie Braet, Bertrand Cauchoix, Stéphanie Ramboarina, Abdallah Baco, Aboubacar Mzembaba, Zahara Salim, Mohamed Amidy, Saverio Grillone, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Bouke C. de Jong and Epco Hasker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1033

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Anemia is a common problem in HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infected patients, and is associated with decreased functional capacity and quality of life. Ethiopia is one of the countries which has expanded...

    Authors: Fasil Wagnew, Setegn Eshetie, Animut Alebel, Cheru Tesema, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Alemu Gebrie, Getenet Dessie and Amanuel Alemu Abajobir

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1032

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is the principal causative agent of bovine tuberculosis; however, it may also cause serious infection in human being. Type I IFN is a key factor in reducing viral multiplication and...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Tariq Hussain, Kai Zhang, Yi Liao, Jiao Yao, Yinjuan Song, Naveed Sabir, Guangyu Cheng, Haodi Dong, Miaoxuan Li, Jiamin Ni, Mazhar Hussain Mangi, Deming Zhao and Xiangmei Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1031

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cytomegalovirus infection dramatically decreased with the introduction of antiretroviral therapy. Whether incidence, clinical characteristics and prognosis of cytomegalovirus in HIV infected patients, has chan...

    Authors: R. Perello, A. Vergara, E. Monclus, S. Jimenez, M. Montero, N. Saubi, A. Moreno, Y. Eto, A. Inciarte, J. Mallolas, E. Martínez and M. A. Marcos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1030

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) raises an urgent public health issue in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in China. The associations between weather factors and HFMD have been widely studied but with in...

    Authors: Zhicheng Du, Shao Lin, Tia Marks, Wangjian Zhang, Te Deng, Shicheng Yu and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1029

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pseudomonas aeruginosa-related pneumonia is an ongoing healthcare challenge. Estimating its financial burden is complicated by the time-dependent nature of the disease.

    Authors: Klaus Kaier, Thomas Heister, Tim Götting, Martin Wolkewitz and Nico T. Mutters

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1028

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Viral hepatitis is a global public health problem affecting millions of people worldwide, causing thousands of deaths due to acute and persistent infection, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Providing updated serol...

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Behzadi, Victor Hugo Leyva-Grado, Mandana Namayandeh, Atoosa Ziyaeyan, Roya Feyznezhad, Hedayat Dorzaban, Marzieh Jamalidoust and Mazyar Ziyaeyan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1027

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The presence of nosocomial pathogens in many intensive care units poses a threat to patients and public health worldwide. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important pathogen endemic in man...

    Authors: Farida Chamchod and Prasit Palittapongarnpim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1026

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  44. Treatment for severe malaria must be prompt with effective parenteral antimalarial drugs for at least 24 h to achieve fast parasite clearance, and when the patient can tolerate oral therapy, treatment should b...

    Authors: Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Ronald Ssenyonga, Mohammed Lamorde, Daniel Blessborn and Joel Tarning

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1025

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2018 in Ethiopia, magnitude of human immunodeficiency virus Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome treatment failure was 15.9% and currently the number of patient receiving second line antiretroviral therapy (A...

    Authors: Diriba Mulisa, Mulugeta Tesfa, Getachew Mullu Kassa and Tadesse Tolossa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1024

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Currently, norovirus (NoV) is associated with one-fifth of all acute gastroenteritis (AGE) cases worldwide. The NoV GII.17_2014 variant has been associated with gastroenteritis outbreaks in several Asian count...

    Authors: Larissa Cristina Prado das Neves Costa, Dielle Monteiro Teixeira, Ana Caroline Rodrigues Portela, Ian Carlos Gomes de Lima, Renato da Silva Bandeira, Edivaldo Costa Sousa Júnior, Jones Anderson Monteiro Siqueira, Hugo Reis Resque, Luciana Damascena da Silva and Yvone Benchimol Gabbay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1021

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Vitamin D deficiency, determined by blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D, i.e. the major vitamin D form in blood], has been shown to associate with all-cause mortalities. We recently demonstrated that...

    Authors: Chih-Huang Li, Xiaolei Tang, Samiksha Wasnik, Xiaohua Wang, Jintao Zhang, Yi Xu, Kin-Hing William Lau, H. Bryant Nguyen and David J. Baylink

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1020

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Early diagnosis and treatment of neurosyphilis is of great significance for regression. There is no gold standard for the diagnosis of neurosyphilis. We did this study to explore the factors associated with th...

    Authors: Yong Lu, Wujian Ke, Ligang Yang, Zhenyu Wang, Ping Lv, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Jinghua Li, Yumao Cai, Mei Gu, Hongfang Liu, Wenjing Chen, Xiaohui Zhang, Liuyuan Wang, Yahui Liu, Bin Yang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1017

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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