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  1. Content type: Research article

    Detailed knowledge about viral respiratory disease transmission dynamics within healthcare institutions is essential for effective infection control policy and practice. In the quest to study viral transmissio...

    Authors: Hila Schwarz, Jürg Böni, Roger D. Kouyos, Teja Turk, Edouard Battegay, Malcolm Kohler, Rouven Müller, Heidi Petry, Hugo Sax, Rainer Weber, Allison McGeer, Alexandra Trkola and Stefan P. Kuster

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:446

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Candidaemia is associated with high mortality. Variables associated with mortality have been published previously, but not developed into a risk predictive model for mortality. We sought to describe the curren...

    Authors: C. Keighley, S. C-A. Chen, D. Marriott, A. Pope, B. Chapman, K. Kennedy, N. Bak, N. Underwood, H. L. Wilson, K. McDonald, J. Darvall, C. Halliday, S. Kidd, Q. Nguyen, K. Hajkowicz, T. C. Sorrell…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:445

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is a vector-borne neglected tropical disease caused by the filarial nematode parasites that can lead to the disfiguring swelling of the limbs (lymphedema or elephantiasis for late sta...

    Authors: Alexander Kwarteng, Yarhands Dissou Arthur, John Kanyiri Yamba, Augustina A. Sylverken, Priscilla Kini, Samuel Terkper Ahuno and Ellis Owusu-Dabo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:442

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  4. Content type: Research article

    São José do Rio Preto is one of the cities of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, that is hyperendemic for dengue, with the presence of the four dengue serotypes.

    Authors: Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto, Rafael Alves da Silva, Nathalia Zini, Gislaine Celestino Dutra da Silva, Natal Santos da Silva, Maisa Carla Pereira Parra, Margareth Regina Dibo, Cassia Fernanda Estofolete, Eliane Aparecida Fávaro, Karina Rocha Dutra, Manlio Tasso Oliveira Mota, Georgia Freitas Guimarães, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Marta Blangiardo and Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:441

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health burden in China although it has steadily declined over the last two decades. A valid updated prevalence of HBV infection in China relies on a large sa...

    Authors: Jing Meng, Hongqin Xu, Dongming Sui, Jing Jiang, Jie Li, Yanhang Gao and Junqi Niu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:440

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis has extensive clinical spectrum, clinicians have insufficient understanding of the disease, and the misdiagnosis rate is still high. By collecting and analyzing the clinical characteristics of pati...

    Authors: Wenhui Jiang, Jiwang Chen, Qian Li, Lisheng Jiang, Yanxin Huang, Yinghua Lan and Yongguo Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:439

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Gram-positive organisms are a leading cause of infection in cardiovascular surgery. Furthermore, these patients have a high risk of developing postoperative renal failure in intensive care unit (ICU). Some ant...

    Authors: Philippe Gaudard, Marine Saour, David Morquin, Hélène David, Jacob Eliet, Maxime Villiet, Jean-Pierre Daures and Pascal Colson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:438

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a common cause of bacteremia, which leads to significant morbidity and mortality. We investigated the relationship between time to positivity (TTP) and clinical outcomes in ch...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Qinyuan Li, Guangli Zhang, Huan Ma, Yi Wu, Qian Yi, Lili Jiang, Jiao Wan, Fengtao Suo and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:437

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Information on non-tuberculosis mycobacterial (NTM) diseases remains limited in Singapore and other Southeast Asian countries. This study aimed to delineate epidemiological and clinical features of pulmonary N...

    Authors: Zoe Xiaozhu Zhang, Benjamin Pei Zhi Cherng, Li-Hwei Sng and Yen Ee Tan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:436

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Over the past decades there have been outbreaks of mumps in many countries, even in populations that were vaccinated. Some studies suggest that the incidence of mumps is related to meteorological changes, but ...

    Authors: Yu Hao, Ran-ran Wang, Ling Han, Hong Wang, Xuan Zhang, Qiao-ling Tang, Long Yan and Juan He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:435

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Four species within Anaplasma genus are emerging zoonotic pathogens, which are transmitted by ticks and generate veterinary and public health concerns. Here, we performed a molecular survey of Anaplasma in Ankang...

    Authors: Wen-Ping Guo, Bing Zhang, Yi-Han Wang, Gang Xu, Xiaoquan Wang, Xuebing Ni and En-Min Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:434

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Natural killer (NK) cells are part of the innate immune system and provide surveillance against viruses and cancers. The ability of NK cells to kill virus-infected cells depends on the balance between the effects...

    Authors: Gabriel Andrade Nonato Queiroz, Rita Elizabeth Moreira Mascarenhas, Vincent Vieillard, Raphaela Lisboa Andrade, Bernardo Galvão-Castro and Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:433

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The HIV epidemic remains a concern on the global health agenda, despite progress made in reducing incidence. Investigation of trends among young people is important for monitoring HIV incidence and informing p...

    Authors: Chola Nakazwe, Charles Michelo, Ingvild F. Sandøy and Knut Fylkesnes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:432

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Onchocerciasis is a neglected tropical disease which is still of immense major public health concern in several areas of Africa and the Americas. The disease manifests either as ocular or as dermal onchocercia...

    Authors: Kenneth Bentum Otabil, Samuel Fosu Gyasi, Esi Awuah, Daniels Obeng-Ofori, Robert Junior Atta-Nyarko, Dominic Andoh, Beatrice Conduah, Lawrence Agbenyikey, Philip Aseidu, Comfort Blessing Ankrah, Abdul Razak Nuhu and H. D. F. H. Schallig

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:431

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Despite the undeniable significance of blood transfusion in saving a millions life in emergencies and medical treatment, the quality of blood faced challenges from transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) suc...

    Authors: Markos Negash, Moges Ayalew, Demeke Geremew and Meseret Workineh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:430

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluated the role of Chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing for prophylaxis of central venous catheter (CVC) related complications, but the results remained inconsisten...

    Authors: Li Wei, Yan Li, Xiaoyan Li, Lanzheng Bian, Zunjia Wen and Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:429

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is challenging and many patients are initiated on empirical anti-TB treatment without a laboratory confirmed diagnosis. Monitoring treatment response is thus impor...

    Authors: Melissa Davidsen Jørstad, Anne Ma Dyrhol-Riise, Jörg Aßmus, Msafiri Marijani, Lisbet Sviland and Tehmina Mustafa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:426

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the underlying epidemiology that shapes Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC), and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections can contribute to data driven policies directed towards curbing the proliferation of the...

    Authors: Helena Dela, Naiki Attram, Eric Behene, Selassie Kumordjie, Kwasi Kennedy Addo, Edward Owusu Nyarko, Nicholas N. A. Kyei, John Nii Ayite Carroll, Cynthia Kwakye, Christopher Anthony Duplessis, Nehkonti Adams, Eric Garges and Andrew Gordon Letizia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:425

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted in a remote sputum sample collection sites and GeneXpert® MTB/RIF testing centers to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Malawi. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate whether sput...

    Authors: Wondwossen A. Alemayehu, S. Neri, S. Dalebout, R. Nalikungwi, A. Trusov, E. Ahmed, A. Dimba, A. Weirich, P. S. Curry and C. D. Kelly-Cirino

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:424

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Determining the etiology of pneumonia is essential to guide public health interventions. Diagnostic test results, including from polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays of upper respiratory tract specimens, hav...

    Authors: Ying Lu, Lawrence Joseph, Patrick Bélisle, Pongpun Sawatwong, Anchalee Jatapai, Toni Whistler, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Supphacoke Khemla, Chris A. Van Beneden, Henry C. Baggett and Christopher J. Gregory

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:423

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Cholera increases the risk of harmful effects on foetuses. We prospectively followed pregnant women unaware of their pregnancy status who received a study agent in a clinical trial evaluating the association b...

    Authors: Ashraful Islam Khan, Mohammad Ali, Julia Lynch, Alamgir Kabir, Jean-Louis Excler, Md. Arifuzzaman Khan, Md. Taufiqul Islam, Afroza Akter, Fahima Chowdhury, Amit Saha, Iqbal Ansary Khan, Sachin N. Desai, Deok Ryun Kim, Nirod Chandra Saha, Ajit P. Singh, John D. Clemens…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:422

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The Zambian Ministry of Health implemented a reactive one-dose Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) campaign in April 2016 in three Lusaka compounds, followed by a pre-emptive second-round in December. Understanding upt...

    Authors: Leonard W. Heyerdahl, Miguel Pugliese-Garcia, Sharon Nkwemu, Taniya Tembo, Chanda Mwamba, Rachel Demolis, Roma Chilengi, Bradford D. Gessner, Elise Guillermet and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:421

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infection is an infection affecting infants and children. The aim of this study was to determine the etiology of urinary tract infection along with their antimicrobial resistance.

    Authors: Rabina Ganesh, Dhiraj Shrestha, Balkrishna Bhattachan and Ganesh Rai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:420

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children represent a very vulnerable population for anti-retroviral therapy (ART) drug resistance. As a global target, 90% of patients receiving ART should have HIV-...

    Authors: Melashu Balew Shiferaw, Demeke Endalamaw, Mulat Hussien, Manamnot Agegne, Desalegn Amare, Fikirte Estifanos and Dinbere Temesgen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:419

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The global expansion of dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV), and Zika viruses (ZIKV) is having a serious impact on public health. Because these arboviruses are transmitted by the same mosquito species and co-ci...

    Authors: Lyudmyla G. Glushakova, Barry W. Alto, Myong-Sang Kim, Daniel Hutter, Andrea Bradley, Kevin M. Bradley, Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena and Steven A. Benner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:418

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, morbidity and mortality due to diarrhea is significantly high. Most importantly, burden of diarrhea is disproportionately high among under-five children. Therefore, the objective of this study was...

    Authors: Amare Belachew Dagnew, Tilahun Tewabe, Yihun Miskir, Tariku Eshetu, Wosin Kefelegn, Kidanu Zerihun, Mekonnen Urgessa and Tiruha Teka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:417

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) bathing of hospitalized patients may have benefit in reducing hospital-acquired bloodstream infections (HABSIs). However, the magnitude of effect, implementation fidelity, and pat...

    Authors: Jackson S. Musuuza, Pramod K. Guru, John C. O’Horo, Connie M. Bongiorno, Marc A. Korobkin, Ronald E. Gangnon and Nasia Safdar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:416

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network is an international platform whose primary objective is to study severe cases of influenza requiring hospitalization.

    Authors: Joan Puig-Barberà, Ainara Mira-Iglesias, Elena Burtseva, Benjamin J. Cowling, Unal Serhat, Guillermo Miguel Ruiz-Palacios, Odile Launay, Jan Kyncl, Parvaiz Koul, Marilda M. Siqueira and Anna Sominina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:415

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Establishing epidemiological models and conducting predictions seems to be useful for the prevention and control of human brucellosis. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models can capture the lo...

    Authors: Wei Wu, Shu-Yi An, Peng Guan, De-Sheng Huang and Bao-Sen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:414

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Malaria continues to be a public health problem and important cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Due to continuous interventions to combat malaria in endemic regions, a decline in malaria related de...

    Authors: Teha Shumbej, Abdulewhab Jemal, Abdulsemed Worku, Fitsum Bekele and Habtamu Weldesenbet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:413

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal surgery is associated with high rates of surgical site infection (SSI). We investigated SSI in radical resection of colon or rectal carcinoma and its epidemiological distribution in 26 hospitals in ...

    Authors: Mingmei Du, Bowei Liu, Meng Li, Jingui Cao, Ding Liu, Zhigang Wang, Qiongshu Wang, Pengyun Xiao, Xinling Zhang, Yanxin Gao, Hua Zeng, Jing Yang, Xiaoli Xu, Yi Huang, Qun Zhang, Bo Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:411

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Consumption of unwashed, raw or unhygienically prepared fruits and vegetables act as potential source for the spread of various parasitic diseases. Moreover, the level of contamination and species of contamina...

    Authors: Getaneh Alemu, Mohammedaman Mama, Direslgne Misker and Desta Haftu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:410

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major human pathogen, and nasopharyngeal colonization is the first step for transmission and pathogenesis of pneumococcal diseases. Ethiopia introduced the 10-valent pneumococcal con...

    Authors: Wondewosen Tsegaye Sime, Abraham Aseffa, Yimtubezenash Woldeamanuel, Sarah Brovall, Eva Morfeldt and Birgitta Henriques-Normark

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:409

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in children is challenging. Epidemiological data of childhood pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are urgently needed.

    Authors: Ning-ning Tao, Yi-fan Li, Yun-xia Liu, Jin-yue Liu, Wan-mei Song, Yao Liu, Hong Geng, Shan-shan Wang and Huai-chen Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:408

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In co-endemic areas, rate of intestinal parasites and tuberculosis (TB) co-infection thought to be high. However, there are limited studies on the epidemiology of this co-infection in Ethiopia. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Ayinalem Alemu, Abebaw Kebede, Biniyam Dagne, Misikir Amare, Getu Diriba, Bazezew Yenew, Ephrem Tesfaye, Mengistu Tadesse, Waganeh Sinshaw, Dawit Challa and Kassu Desta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:407

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, intestinal parasitic infections are the major public health problems affecting millions annually. Overcrowding and poor living conditions are the major risk factor...

    Authors: Fitsum Mardu, Mekonnen Yohannes and Desalegn Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:406

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV makeup a deadly synergy of infectious disease, and the combined effect is apparent in resource limited countries like Ethiopia. Previous studies have demonstrated inconsistent results...

    Authors: Demeke Geremew, Aklilu Endalamaw, Markos Negash, Setegn Eshetie and Belay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:405

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus infection is a usually self-limiting illness in adolescents. We present a case of an adolescent who had been receiving azathioprine for inflammatory bowel disease for fou...

    Authors: Minna Honkila, Riitta Niinimäki, Mervi Taskinen, Outi Kuismin, Kaisa Kettunen, Janna Saarela, Sami Turunen, Marjo Renko and Terhi Tapiainen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:404

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Implementation of sputum Gram stain in the initial assessment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients is still controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the useful...

    Authors: Gaspar Del Rio-Pertuz, Juan F. Gutiérrez, Abel J. Triana, Jorge L. Molinares, Andrea B. Robledo-Solano, José L. Meza, Orlando M. Ariza-Bolívar, Jorge Acosta-Reyes, Argenis Garavito, Diego Viasus and Jordi Carratalà

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:403

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  40. Content type: Research article

    There have been no reports regarding clinical features and molecular characteristics of childhood methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections in Taiwan.

    Authors: Yu-Jen Chen, Po-An Chen, Chih-Jung Chen and Yhu-Chering Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:402

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  41. Content type: Research article

    France is the European country with the lowest level of confidence in vaccines. Measurement of patients’ acceptability towards a future therapeutic HIV vaccine is critically important. Thus, the aim of this st...

    Authors: Svetlane Dimi, David Zucman, Olivier Chassany, Christophe Lalanne, Thierry Prazuck, Emmanuel Mortier, Catherine Majerholc, Isabelle Aubin-Auger, Pierre Verger and Martin Duracinsky

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:401

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are vulnerable to hospitalization or death from norovirus infection, but the actual disease burden remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide survey to estimate the number of inpatients...

    Authors: Satoko Ohfuji, Kyoko Kondo, Kazuya Ito, Tetsuo Kase, Akiko Maeda, Wakaba Fukushima, Taisei Masuda and Munehide Kano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:400

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Uptake of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) re-testing among postnatal mothers who had previously tested HIV-negative is crucial for the detection of recent seroconverters who are likely to have high plasma v...

    Authors: Saumu Iddy Nungu, Janneth Maridadi Mghamba, Susan Fred Rumisha and Innocent Antony Semali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:398

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the ninth leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause from a single infectious agent. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the only licensed vaccine for TB, yet its efficacy remain...

    Authors: Eileen Sweeney, Darren Dahly, Nahed Seddiq, Gerard Corcoran, Mary Horgan and Corinna Sadlier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:397

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