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  1. After relaxing social distancing measures, South Korea experienced a resurgent second epidemic wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we aimed to identify the transmission dynamics of seve...

    Authors: Sukhyun Ryu, Sheikh Taslim Ali, Eunbi Noh, Dasom Kim, Eric H. Y. Lau and Benjamin J. Cowling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:485

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Chromobacterium violaceum (C. violaceum) is a Gram-negative saprophytic bacterium that is widespread in tropical and subtropical environments, and belongs to conditional pathogenic bacteria. Human infection with

    Authors: Lijuan Lang, Menglei Wang, Xiaowen Huang, Hao Zhou, Zaigao Zhou, Liang Huang, Huanxin Zheng, Kang Zeng and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:484

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is an emerging sexually transmitted infection (STI) for whose management remains controversial. We aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of MG infection in patients attending ...

    Authors: Roxane Begnis, Nicolas Bouscaren, Loic Raffray, Cécile Saint Pastou Terrier, Fanny Andry, Malik Boukerrou, Yatrika Koumar, Marie-Pierre Moiton, Patrick Gerardin and Antoine Bertolotti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:482

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has been largely controlled in China, to the point where case fatality rate (CFR) data can be comprehensively evaluated.

    Authors: Qing-Bin Lu, Hai-Yang Zhang, Tian-Le Che, Han Zhao, Xi Chen, Rui Li, Wan-Li Jiang, Hao-Long Zeng, Xiao-Ai Zhang, Hui Long, Qiang Wang, Ming-Qing Wu, Michael P. Ward, Yue Chen, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Yang Yang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:481

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hemoptysis is very common and can be life threatening in clinical practice for nontuberculous mycobacteria. The serum antibody against the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC-Ab), the majority of nontuberculous myco...

    Authors: Hiroaki Ogata, Atsushi Moriwaki, Taisuke Nakagawa, Soichiro Sakoda, Akiko Ishimatsu, Kazuhito Taguchi, Hiroshi Aso, Hiroko Nogami, Masako Kadowaki, Yuko Tateshi and Makoto Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:480

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2. Cross-sectional studies have provided variable rates of seroprevalence in HCWs. Longitudinal assessments of the serological response to Cov...

    Authors: Mirentxu Iruretagoyena, Macarena R. Vial, Maria Spencer-Sandino, Pablo Gaete, Anne Peters, Iris Delgado, Inia Perez, Claudia Calderon, Lorena Porte, Paulette Legarraga, Alicia Anderson, Ximena Aguilera, Pablo Vial, Thomas Weitzel and Jose M. Munita

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research

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  7. School-aged children (SAC) are a high-risk demographic group for infectious diseases and malnutrition. The objective of this study was to assess the burden and the effect of Plasmodium falciparum and Schistosoma ...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Ofon Vitalis Otia, Lorraine Francis, Orelien Sylvain Mtopi Bopda, Calvin Bisong Ebai, Teh Rene Ning, Helen Kuo Kuo Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:477

    Content type: Research

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  8. The COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan started in December 2019 and was under control by the end of March 2020 with a total of 50,006 confirmed cases by the implementation of a series of nonpharmaceutical intervention...

    Authors: Xi Huo, Jing Chen and Shigui Ruan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:476

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV), and in infants, adolescents, adults, pregnant women, and the immunocompromised it can be serious. The best way to prevent c...

    Authors: Francesco Paolo Bianchi, Silvio Tafuri, Angela Maria Vittoria Larocca, Cinzia Annatea Germinario and Pasquale Stefanizzi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:475

    Content type: Research

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  10. Defining socio-demographic factors, clinical presentations and underlying diseases associated with COVID-19 severity could be helpful in its management. This study aimed to further clarify the determinants and...

    Authors: Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi, Rozhin Amin, Ali Maher, Ayad Bahadorimonfared, Shahriar Janbazi, Khatereh Hannani, Ali-Asghar Kolahi and Ali-Reza Zali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:474

    Content type: Research

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  11. Until now, the influential factors associated with pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity among children remain unclear. This retrospective study was therefore conducted aiming to investigate the factors a...

    Authors: Xing-Fen Han, Chao Han, Feng Jin, Jun-Li Wang and Mao-Shui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:473

    Content type: Research

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  12. HIV Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is being considered for implementation among MSM nationwide in Vietnam. However, there may be concerns about potential obstacles for PrEP adherence among Vietnamese MSM. Thi...

    Authors: Long Hoang Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Mattias Larsson, Luis E. C. Rocha, Anna Thorson and Susanne Strömdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:472

    Content type: Research

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  13. In 2017, New Caledonia experienced an outbreak of severe dengue causing high hospital burden (4379 cases, 416 hospital admissions, 15 deaths). We decided to build a local operational model predictive of dengue...

    Authors: Ingrid Marois, Carole Forfait, Catherine Inizan, Elise Klement-Frutos, Anabelle Valiame, Daina Aubert, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Sylvie Laumond, Emilie Barsac, Jean-Paul Grangeon, Cécile Cazorla, Audrey Merlet, Arnaud Tarantola, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol and Elodie Descloux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:470

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although great progress has been made in the prevention and treatment of AIDS, there are still a considerable number of new infections annually, especially in adolescents. With the advance of technology, game-...

    Authors: Jian Tang, Yanhua Chen, Xingli Yu, Jianlan Ren, Mei Li, Yue Luo, Hong Xie and Jing Wen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:469

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Vector control plays a critical role in the prevention, control and elimination of vector-borne diseases, and interventions of vector control continue to depend largely on the action of chemical insecticides. ...

    Authors: Henk van den Berg, Haroldo Sergio da Silva Bezerra, Emmanuel Chanda, Samira Al-Eryani, Bhupender N. Nagpal, Elkhan Gasimov, Raman Velayudhan and Rajpal S. Yadav

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:468

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Identifying and treating individuals with high risk of progression from latent tuberculosis infection to active tuberculosis (TB) disease is critical for eliminating the disease. We aimed to conduct a systemat...

    Authors: Jorge R. Ledesma, Jianing Ma, Peng Zheng, Jennifer M. Ross, Theo Vos and Hmwe H. Kyu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:467

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in people living with HIV (PLH) frequently presents as sputum smear-negative. However, clinical trials of TB in adults often use smear-positive individuals to ensure measurable bact...

    Authors: Edith E. Machowski, Matebogo Letutu, Limakatso Lebina, Ziyaad Waja, Reginah Msandiwa, Minja Milovanovic, Bhavna G. Gordhan, Kennedy Otwombe, Sven O. Friedrich, Richard Chaisson, Andreas H. Diacon, Bavesh Kana and Neil Martinson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:466

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic since March 11th, 2020. Despite emerging reports and literature covering a broad spectrum of COVID-19 clinical manifestations, facets of ...

    Authors: Muzakkir Amir, Andi Renata and Levina Tri Ratana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:465

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Leishmaniasis is one of the most neglected tropical diseases in the world and remains endemic in some underdeveloped regions, including western China. The phylogeny and classification of Chinese Leishmania has no...

    Authors: Dongmei Yuan, Hanxiao Qin, Dali Chen and Jianping Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Streptococcus pyogenes causes a profound global burden of morbidity and mortality across its diverse clinical spectrum. To support a new controlled human infection (‘challenge’) model seeking to accelerate S. pyo...

    Authors: Loraine V. Fabri, Kristy I. Azzopardi, Joshua Osowicki, Hannah R. Frost, Pierre R. Smeesters and Andrew C. Steer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:463

    Content type: Technical advance

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  21. Tuberculosis (TB) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are global health diseases with high morbidity and mortality. Few studies have focused on platelet indices in TB-DM coinfection patients. The objective of th...

    Authors: Feifan Xu, Shengyan Qu, Lin Wang and Yongwei Qin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This case report describes the clinical process of a shepherd who suffered brucellosis-related endocarditis (BE) and spondylitis (BS) and was infected with Brucella melitensis biovar 3 (B. melitensis biovar 3).

    Authors: Huan Zhang, Songsong Xie, Yueli Wang, Xiaoli Zhao, Jihai Yi, Zhen Wang, Qi Liu, Xiaoyu Deng, Bingjie Li, Buyun Cui, Yuanzhi Wang and Chuangfu Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:460

    Content type: Case report

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  23. COVID-19 is a public health emergency with a high mortality rate and it reduces the patient’s Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) significantly. This effect is measured in the current study.

    Authors: Cyrus Alinia, Safura Yaghmaei, Farman Zahir Abdullah, Asad Ahmadi, Nasrin Samadi, Sima Pourteimour, Hossein Safari, Hassan Mahmoodi, Ghobad Moradi and Bakhtiar Piroozi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:538

  24. During the spike of COVID-19 pandemic in Kazakhstan (June-2020), multiple SARS-CoV-2 PCR-test negative pneumonia cases with higher mortality were reported by media. We aimed to study the epidemiologic characte...

    Authors: Abduzhappar Gaipov, Arnur Gusmanov, Anara Abbay, Yesbolat Sakko, Alpamys Issanov, Kainar Kadyrzhanuly, Zhanar Yermakhanova, Lazzat Aliyeva, Ardak Kashkynbayev, Iklas Moldaliyev, Byron Crape and Antonio Sarria-Santamera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:458

    Content type: Research

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  25. This study presents the methods and results of the investigation into a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in a professional community. Due to the limited testing capacity available in France at the time, we elaborated a tes...

    Authors: Franck de Laval, Anaïs Grosset-Janin, François Delon, Alexandre Allonneau, Christelle Tong, Flavie Letois, Anne Couderc, Marc-Antoine Sanchez, César Destanque, Fabrice Biot, Françoise Raynaud, Christine Bigaillon, Olivier Ferraris, Etienne Simon-Loriere, Vincent Enouf, Dinaherisoa Andriamanantena…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research

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  26. Clostridioides difficile is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium, which causes Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). It has been recognised as a leading cause of healthcare-associated infections and a consider...

    Authors: Elaine Finn, Fredrik L. Andersson and Matthew Madin-Warburton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:456

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Leishmaniasis is one of the ten most important neglected tropical diseases worldwide. Understanding the distribution of vectors of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis (VL/CL) is one of the significant strateg...

    Authors: Ali Bordbar and Parviz Parvizi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:455

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Globally, Coronavirus disease-19 has created unprecedented challenges to public health. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk of COVID-19 because of their profession. There are limited studies conducted in Eth...

    Authors: Werku Etafa, Gosa Gadisa, Shibiru Jabessa and Tagay Takele

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aim of this study was to characterize the transmission chains and clusters of COVID-19 infection in Tunisia.

    Authors: Mouna Safer, Hejer Letaief, Aicha Hechaichi, Chahida Harizi, Sonia Dhaouadi, Leila Bouabid, Sondes Darouiche, Donia Gharbi, Nawel Elmili, Hamida Ben Salah, Mongi Hammami, Khouloud Talmoudi, Rim Moussa, Nejib Charaa, Hasna Termiz, Fethi Ltaief…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:453

    Content type: Research article

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  30. COVID-19 has impacted populations around the world, with the fatality rate varying dramatically across countries. Selenium, as one of the important micronutrients implicated in viral infections, was suggested ...

    Authors: Hai-Yang Zhang, An-Ran Zhang, Qing-Bin Lu, Xiao-Ai Zhang, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Xiu-Gang Guan, Tian-Le Che, Yang Yang, Hao Li, Wei Liu and Li-Qun Fang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research

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  31. Infleunza is a challenging issue in public health. The mortality and morbidity associated with epidemic and pandemic influenza puts a heavy burden on health care system. Most patients with influenza can be tre...

    Authors: Chan-Wa Cheong, Chien-Lin Chen, Chih-Huang Li, Chen-June Seak, Hsiao-Jung Tseng, Kuang-Hung Hsu, Chip-Jin Ng and Cheng-Yu Chien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research

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  32. A protective effect of vitamin D against COVID-19 infection is under investigation. We aimed to analyze the effect of vitamin D sufficiency on the clinical outcomes of patients infected with COVID-19.

    Authors: Alireza Davoudi, Narges Najafi, Mohsen Aarabi, Atefeh Tayebi, Roja Nikaeen, Hamideh Izadyar, Zahra Salar, Leila Delavarian, Narges Vaseghi, Zahra Daftarian and Fatemeh Ahangarkani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research

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  33. There is a need for innovative strategies to improve TB testing uptake and patient retention along the continuum of TB care early-on in treatment without burdening under-resourced health systems. We used a mix...

    Authors: Stephanie Law, Boitumelo Seepamore, Olivia Oxlade, Nondumiso Sikhakhane, Halima Dawood, Sheldon Chetty, Nesri Padayatchi, Dick Menzies and Amrita Daftary

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. In the era of anti-retroviral therapy (ART), the plasma HIV viral load (VL) is an important primary indicator for monitoring the HIV treatment response. To optimize the clinical management of HIV/AIDS patients...

    Authors: Shanfang Qin, Jingzhen Lai, Hong Zhang, Di Wei, Qing Lv, Xue Pan, Lihua Huang, Ke Lan, Zhihao Meng, Hao Liang and Chuanyi Ning

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Enterococcus casseliflavus is rarely isolated from human specimens. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on its detailed treatment course and prognosis. Here, we present the first known case of E. c...

    Authors: Nobumasa Okumura, Takashi Watanabe, Satoshi Teranishi, Daisuke Suzuki, Takahiko Hashimoto, Kosuke Takahashi and Toru Hara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:447

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Hantaan virus is characterized by systemic immunopathological injury. Pentraxin-3 is an acute-phase reactant involved in the processes of inflammation and...

    Authors: Hong Du, Haifeng Hu, Pingzhong Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Ying Zhang, Hong Jiang, Jing Li, Xuefan Bai and Jianqi Lian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:445

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To investigate the trends and correlation between antibacterial consumption and carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from 2012 to 2019 in a tertiary-care teaching hospital in southern China.

    Authors: Chunhong Liang, Xueyan Zhang, Lijuan Zhou, Guangyi Meng, Liqiu Zhong and Pingzhi Peng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In this study, the prevalence and persistence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus) IgG was evaluated in volunteers 90 days after COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) diagnosis by c...

    Authors: Carlos David Araújo Bichara, Ednelza da Silva Graça Amoras, Gergiane Lopes Vaz, Maria Karoliny da Silva Torres, Maria Alice Freitas Queiroz, Isabella Pinheiro Costa do Amaral, Izaura Maria Vieira Cayres Vallinoto, Cléa Nazaré Carneiro Bichara and Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:443

    Content type: Research

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  39. In resource-limited settings, where rubella is endemic, it is difficult to determine which sporadic case should be tested for rubella. The study aimed to provide useful evidence to help screen rubella cases fo...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Ogata, Maki Murooka, Makoto Akashi, Akemi Ishitsuka, Akari Miyazaki, Shuuichi Osawa, Kanako Ishikawa, Keiko Tanaka-Taya and Ritei Uehara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:442

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Lower respiratory tract infection is a global problem accounting over 50 million deaths annually. Here, we determined the bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of lower respiratory tract i...

    Authors: Alemitu Beyene Gebre, Tsegaye Alemayehu Begashaw and Moges Desta Ormago

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Genetic diversity in Plasmodium falciparum populations can be used to describe the resilience and spatial distribution of the parasite in the midst of intensified intervention efforts. This study used microsatell...

    Authors: Linda Eva Amoah, Zakaria Abukari, Maame Esi Dawson-Amoah, Cheikh Cambel Dieng, Eugenia Lo and Yaw Asare Afrane

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:439

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. While the use of sulphadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) is effective in preventing malaria infection during pregnancy, there are challenges limiting its uptake in Nigeria. This study aimed at exploring the barriers t...

    Authors: Fatima Mahmud Muhammad, Saharnaz Nedjat, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Abraham Assan and Reza Majdzadeh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Many studies have shown that vancomycin is inferior to β-lactam antibiotics in terms of effectiveness in the treatment of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia. However, limited data are...

    Authors: Ching-Yen Tsai, Chen-Hsiang Lee and I-Ling Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Authors: Keivan Ranjbar, Mohsen Moghadami, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Mohammad Javad Fallahi, Vahid Khaloo, Reza Shahriarirad, Amirhossein Erfani, Zohre Khodamoradi and Mohammad Hasan Gholampoor Saadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:436

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:337

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.