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  1. This paper introduces a comprehensive case management model uniting doctors, nurses, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in order to shorten the time from HIV diagnosis to initiation of antiviral therapy...

    Authors: Lili Dai, Xiaochun Yu, Ying Shao, Yali Wang, Zaicun Li, Jiangzhu Ye, Shaoli Bai, Xiaoling Guo, Jianyun Wang, Bin Su, Taiyi Jiang, Tong Zhang, Hao Wu, Sarah Robbins Scott, An Liu and Lijun Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Washington University polyomavirus (WUPyV) is a novel human polyomavirus detected in childwith acute respiratory infection in 2007. However, the relationship between WUPyV and respiratory diseases has yet to b...

    Authors: Chao Wang, Tianli Wei, Yiman Huang, Qiong Guo, Zhiping Xie, Jingdong Song, Aijun Chen and Lishu Zheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Genetic diversity of ABO blood, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and haemoglobin type and their ability to protect against malaria vary geographically, ethnically and racially. No study has ...

    Authors: Jafaralli Sande Ahmed, Bernard Guyah, David Sang’, Mark Kilongosi Webale, Nathan Shaviya Mufyongo, Elly Munde and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Asymptomatic screening for gonorrhoea in heterosexual men is currently not recommended in many countries including Australia, given the prevalence is relatively low in the heterosexual population. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Mario Martín-Sánchez, Jason J. Ong, Christopher K. Fairley, Marcus Y. Chen, Deborah A. Williamson, Kate Maddaford, Ei T. Aung, Georgia Carter, Catriona S. Bradshaw and Eric P. F. Chow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bhutan is committed to eliminating hepatitis B and hepatitis C, though recent baseline estimates of disease burden in the general population are unknown. In 2017, we carried out a biomarker survey in the gener...

    Authors: N. Tshering, G. P. Dhakal, U. Wangchuk, S. Wangdi, L. Khandu, S. Pelden, F. Nogareda, M. K. Patel, Y. J. F. Hutin, K. Wannemuehler, B. B. Rewari and S. Wangchuk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Health-care workers (HCWs) are an epidemiological group with increased exposure to tuberculosis (TB), especially at health-care facilities (HCFs) with poor TB infection control in high-TB-burden settings. Chin...

    Authors: Guojie Wang, Jiying Xu, Bin Huang, Sanyou Gao, Yan Zhuang, Kan Wang, Yanqiu Zhang and Jianguo Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Eunae Cho, Sang Woo Park, Chung Hwan Jun, Sang Soo Shin, Eun Kyu Park, Kyo Seon Lee, Seon Young Park, Chang Hwan Park, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Kyu Choi and Jong Sun Rew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:483

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:40

  8. Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is endorsed by the World Health Organization as an intermediate endpoint for evaluating HPV vaccine effectiveness/efficacy. There are different approac...

    Authors: R. Donken, J. Hoes, M. J. Knol, G. S. Ogilvie, S. Dobson, A. J. King, J. Singer, P. J. Woestenberg, J. A. Bogaards, C. J. L. M. Meijer and H. E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:482

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ethiopia has low measles immunization coverage and little is known about the disparities surrounding what coverage is provided. This study assessed disparities in measles immunization and its change over time ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Dina Idriss-Wheeler and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Influenza A virus (IAV) infection is a serious public health problem not only in South East Asia but also in European and African countries. Scientists are using network biology to dig deep into the essential ...

    Authors: Qurat ul Ain Farooq, Zeeshan Shaukat, Sara Aiman, Tong Zhou and Chunhua Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The study aimed to assess whether gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms at admission are associated with increased short-term mortality in patients with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD).

    Authors: Hans Kristian Floeystad, Jacob Dag Berild, Bjoern Jardar Brandsaeter, Didrik Frimann Vestrheim, Dag Berild and Are Martin Holm

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:479

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Extended use of oseltamivir in an immunocompromised host could reportedly induce neuraminidase gene mutation possibly leading to oseltamivir-resistant influenza A/H3N2 virus. To our knowledge, no report is ava...

    Authors: Naonori Harada, Wataru Shibata, Hideo Koh, Emi Takashita, Seiichiro Fujisaki, Hiroshi Okamura, Satoru Nanno, Koichi Yamada, Hirohisa Nakamae, Masayuki Hino and Hiroshi Kakeya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:478

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The probability of hospitalization in patients suffering from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with an underlying comorbidity, such as a cardiac pathology, is 73-fold higher than that in CAP patients without...

    Authors: Loreto Arias-Fernández, Ruth Gil-Prieto and Ángel Gil-de-Miguel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Blood culture-negative endocarditis (BCNE) is diagnosed in 2–7% of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) and recent antibiotic use is a known risk factor. Altered mental status may be a presenting symptom....

    Authors: Hossein Sheibani, Mohammad Salari, Elham Azmoodeh, Amirhessam Kheirieh and Sara Chaghazardi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:476

    Content type: Case report

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  15. People living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) have an increased susceptibility to develop non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Infection with HIV contributes to the dev...

    Authors: Carla M. T. Fourie, Shani Botha-Le Roux, Wayne Smith, Aletta E. Schutte, Yolandi Breet, Carina M. C. Mels, Lebo F. Gafane-Matemane, Leandi Lammertyn, Lisa Uys, Adele Burger, Jitcy S. Joseph, Nandu Goswami, Patrick De Boever and Hans Strijdom

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains have recently come into existence worldwide; however, researchers in northeast China are not aware of their clinical features and molecular charact...

    Authors: Shanshan Su, Jisheng Zhang, Yongxin Zhao, Lan Yu, Yong Wang, Yuchao Wang, Mingjia Bao, Yu Fu, Chunjiang Li and Xiaoli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Strongyloidiasis is a gastrointestinal parasitic infection caused by percutaneous infection with Strongyloides stercoralis. Digestive symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain are the main manifestation, but s...

    Authors: Chisato Ashida, Koji Kinoshita, Yuji Nozaki and Masanori Funauchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:470

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Interferon-γ release assays (IGRA) with Resuscitation promoting factor (Rpf) proteins enhanced tuberculosis (TB) screening and diagnosis in adults but have not been evaluated in children. Children often develo...

    Authors: W. van Loon, M. P. Gomez, D. Jobe, K. L. M. C. Franken, T. H. M. Ottenhoff, M. Coninx, L. Kestens, J. S. Sutherland, B. Kampmann and L. D. Tientcheu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mumps is an acute respiratory infectious disease with obvious regional and seasonal differences. Exploring the impact of climate factors on the incidence of mumps and predicting its incidence trend on this bas...

    Authors: Wen-ting Zha, Wei-tong LI, Nan Zhou, Jia-jia Zhu, Ruihua Feng, Tong Li, Yan-bing Du, Ying Liu, Xiu-qin Hong and Yuan Lv

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by various pathogenic microorganisms is ubiquitous in the parts of the urinary system such as kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Currently, clinical detection of UTI is ...

    Authors: Manshi Li, Fuhuo Yang, Yihan Lu and Weifeng Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:467

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Dengue fever is a major public health problem in Colombia. A fever surveillance study was conducted for evaluation of the clinical, epidemiological, and molecular patterns of dengue, prior to Chikungunya and Z...

    Authors: Jacqueline Kyungah Lim, Mabel Carabali, Erwin Camacho, Diana Carolina Velez, Andrea Trujillo, Jorge Egurrola, Kang-Sung Lee, Ivan Dario Velez and Jorge E. Osorio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Since 2011, the Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network (GIHSN) has used active surveillance to prospectively collect epidemiological and virological data on patients hospitalized with influenza virus i...

    Authors: Bruno Lina, Alexandre Georges, Elena Burtseva, Marta C. Nunes, Melissa K. Andrew, Shelly A. McNeil, Guillermo M. Ruiz-Palacios, Luzhao Feng, Jan Kyncl, Philippe Vanhems, Justin R. Ortiz, John Paget and Robert C. Reiner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Despite successful clinical outcomes of biologic medications in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, some considerable adverse effects such as infections remain a major concern. Possibility of tuberculosi...

    Authors: Mohammad-Esmaeil Hejazi, Atefeh Ahmadzadeh, Alireza Khabbazi, Aliasghar Ebrahimi, Maryam Farmani and Yasin Hejazi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of death from a single infectious disease. TB treatment outcome is an important indicator for the effectiveness of a national TB control program. This stud...

    Authors: Tauseef Ahmad, Muhammad Ayub Jadoon, Muhammad Khan, Haroon, Muhammad Mumtaz Khan, Akbar Hussain, Taha Hussein Musa, Muhammad Waqar, Eyasu Ejeta, Manoochehr Karami, Kefyalew Addis Alene and Hui Jin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  25. At present, there are few studies on polymorphism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) gene and how it affects the TB epidemic. This study aimed to document the differences of polymorphisms between tuberculosis ho...

    Authors: Dingwen Lin, Zhezhe Cui, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Prasit Palittapongarnpim, Angkana Chaiprasert, Wuthiwat Ruangchai, Jing Ou and Liwen Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Uganda has experienced seven Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks and four Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) outbreaks between 2000 and 2019. We investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors for Marburg virus and ...

    Authors: Luke Nyakarahuka, Ilana J. Schafer, Stephen Balinandi, Sophia Mulei, Alex Tumusiime, Jackson Kyondo, Barbara Knust, Julius Lutwama, Pierre Rollin, Stuart Nichol and Trevor Shoemaker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although the United Nations program on HIV/AIDS 90–90-90-targets recommends achieving 90% of viral suppression for patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy by 2020, virological failure is still high and i...

    Authors: Chilot Desta Agegnehu, Mehari Woldemariam Merid and Melaku Kindie Yenit

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Extra pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) accounts for approximately one-half of TB cases in HIV-infected individuals with pleural TB as the second most common location. Even though mycobacteria are c...

    Authors: Tehmina Mustafa, Ida Wergeland, Kamaldeen Baba, Sharad Pathak, Anwar A. Hoosen and Anne Margarita Dyrhol-Riise

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Anaplasmosis is an emerging acute febrile disease that is caused by a bite of an Anaplasma phagocytophilum–infected hard tick. As for healthy patients, reports on asymptomatic anaplasmosis resulting from such tic...

    Authors: Jiyeon Yoo, Jong-Hoon Chung, Choon-Mee Kim, Na Ra Yun and Dong-Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:458

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Indwelling central venous catheters (CVC) are used to provide long term hemodialysis. The commonest and the severe complication of CVC is the central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). This study ...

    Authors: J. A. A. S. Jayaweera and D. Sivakumar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Delayed treatment initiation of tuberculosis (TB) increases disease progression and development of complications which may lead to a higher level of infectiousness, clinical severity and increased mortality. B...

    Authors: Kiros Tedla, Girmay Medhin, Gebretsadik Berhe, Afework Mulugeta and Nega Berhe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:456

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a high burden of syphilis infection. Expanding syphilis testing to improve timely diagnosis and treatment is critical to improve syphilis control. However, syphilis testing...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Cheng Wang, Weiming Tang, Jason J. Ong, Hongyun Fu, Michael Marks, M. Kumi Smith, Changchang Li, Juan Nie, Peizhen Zhao, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:455

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes varicella primarily in childhood, and some rare adults also report varicella. Herpes zoster mainly occurs in adults by endogenous reactivation of latent VZV. Until now, vari...

    Authors: Guangcheng Xie, Qiongling Wei, Wenping Guo, Dan Li, Pingping Sun, Jiangli Wang and Houguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:454

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Uropathogenic E. coli is the leading cause of Urinary tract infections (UTIs), contributing to 80–90% of all community-acquired and 30–50% of all hospital-acquired UTIs. Biofilm forming Uropathogenic E. coli are ...

    Authors: Paul Katongole, Fatuma Nalubega, Najjuka Christine Florence, Benon Asiimwe and Irene Andia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:453

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Bacterial infections are the most frequent complications in patients with malignancy, and the epidemiology of nosocomial infections among cancer patients has changed over time. This study aimed to evaluate the...

    Authors: Ai-Min Jiang, Xin Shi, Na Liu, Huan Gao, Meng-Di Ren, Xiao-Qiang Zheng, Xiao Fu, Xuan Liang, Zhi-Ping Ruan, Yu Yao and Tao Tian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. In line with the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 target, Norway aims for at least 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their HIV-status. We produced current estimates of t...

    Authors: Robert Whittaker, Kelsey K. Case, Øivind Nilsen, Hans Blystad, Susan Cowan, Hilde Kløvstad and Ard van Sighem

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a global cause of severe respiratory morbidity and mortality in infants. While preventive and therapeutic interventions are being developed, including antivirals, vaccines ...

    Authors: Annefleur C. Langedijk, Robert Jan Lebbink, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Anouk Evers, Marco C. Viveen, Anne Greenough, Terho Heikkinen, Renato T. Stein, Peter Richmond, Federico Martinón-Torres, Marta Nunes, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Christian Keller, Monika Bauck, Robert Cohen, Jesse Papenburg…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:450

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. This study aimed to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of 150 mg rifabutin (RBT) taken every other day (every 48 h) versus 300 mg RBT taken every other day (E.O.D), both in combination with lopinavir/ritonavir...

    Authors: Seni Kouanda, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Kadari Cisse, Tegwinde Rebeca Compaoré, Giorgia Sulis, Serge Diagbouga, Alberto Roggi, Grissoum Tarnagda, Paola Villani, Lassana Sangare, Jacques Simporé, Mario Regazzi and Alberto Matteelli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Why human tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) cases differ from year to year, in some years more 100%, has not been clarified, yet. The cause of the increasing or decreasing trends is also controversial. Austria is ...

    Authors: Franz Rubel, Melanie Walter, Janna R. Vogelgesang and Katharina Brugger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:448

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Ordinal health longitudinal response variables have distributions that make them unsuitable for many popular statistical models that assume normality. We present a multilevel growth model that may be more suit...

    Authors: Zelalem G. Dessie, Temesgen Zewotir, Henry Mwambi and Delia North

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a major healthcare concern worldwide. Here, we analyzed age-related trends in DR-TB rates in South Korea.

    Authors: Eung Gu Lee, Jinsoo Min, Ji Young Kang, Sung Kyoung Kim, Jin Woo Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Sang Haak Lee, Hyung Woo Kim and Ju Sang Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is rapidly spreading worldwide. Although 10–20% of patients with COVID-19 have severe symptoms, little is known about the risk factors related to the aggravation of COVID-19 symp...

    Authors: Min Cheol Chang, Yu-Kyung Park, Bong-Ok Kim and Donghwi Park

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The syphilis epidemic continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, despite several recent disease control initiatives. Though our understa...

    Authors: Ethan Osias, Phoebe Hung, Lorenzo Giacani, Chrysovalantis Stafylis, Kelika A. Konda, Silver K. Vargas, E. Michael Reyes-Díaz, W. Scott Comulada, David A. Haake, Austin M. Haynes, Carlos F. Caceres and Jeffrey D. Klausner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:444

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is one of the areas that most severely affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China, and virological failure on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is serious in this are...

    Authors: Dan Yuan, Meijing Liu, Peng Jia, Yiping Li, Yuling Huang, Li Ye, Laze Api, Maogang Chen, Liang Yao, Zixin Wang, Honglu Liu, Shu Liang and Shujuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Cerebral malaria is the most severe form of infection with Plasmodium falciparum characterized by a highly inflammatory response. This systematic review aimed to investigate the association between TNF-α levels a...

    Authors: Luana Leão, Bruna Puty, Maria Fâni Dolabela, Marinete Marins Povoa, Yago Gecy De Sousa Né, Luciana Guimarães Eiró, Nathália Carolina Fernandes Fagundes, Lucianne Cople Maia and Rafael Rodrigues Lima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Infection with the Cryptococcus neoformans yeast fungus is largely restricted to patients with HIV, sarcoidosis or immunosuppressive therapies. In sarcoidosis, there is intense local immune response in granuloma ...

    Authors: Johannes H. van der Stoep, Eva Sigstad and Anders Bredberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:440

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) presents a major threat to public health and has rapidly spread worldwide since the outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in 2019. To date, there have been few reports ...

    Authors: Mingliang Ying, Bin Lu, Jiangfeng Pan, Guanghong Lu, Shaobin Zhou, Dingjun Wang, Lu Li, Junkang Shen and Jiner Shu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:437

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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