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  1. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of sepsis in pediatric patients is vital but remains a major challenge. Previous studies showed that presepsin is potentially a reliable diagnostic biomarker for sepsis in adult and neonates. H...

    Authors: Seo Hee Yoon, Eun Hwa Kim, Ha Yan Kim and Jong Gyun Ahn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:760

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is an important respiratory pathogen that causes seasonal epidemics of acute respiratory illness and contributes significantly to childhood pneumonia. Current knowledge and underst...

    Authors: John W. Oketch, Everlyn Kamau, Grieven P. Otieno, James R. Otieno, Charles N. Agoti and D. James Nokes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:757

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a well-known, life-threatening disease that persists despite preventative measures and approved antibiotic therapies. This prospective observational study investigated ...

    Authors: Ekaterina Kabak, Jana Hudcova, Zoltán Magyarics, Lukas Stulik, Marie Goggin, Valéria Szijártó, Eszter Nagy and Chris Stevens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:756

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an important nosocomial pathogen. This pathogen has intrinsic or acquired resistance to a number of antibiotics classes. Furthermore, Stenotrophomonas infections have been associat...

    Authors: Eun Jin Kim, Yong Chan Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Jun Yong Choi, Joon-Sup Yeom and Young Goo Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:754

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  5. Content type: Technical advance

    Leprosy continues to be a health problem in endemic areas. More than 200,000 new cases of leprosy per year suggest that transmission of the disease is still ongoing, presumably as airborne infection through na...

    Authors: Marcus Beissner, Anna Woestemeier, Malkin Saar, Kossi Badziklou, Issaka Maman, Charlotte Amedifou, Magdalena Wagner, Franz X. Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Basile Kobara, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Abiba Banla Kere, Thomas Löscher and Gisela Bretzel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:753

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Surgical site infections (SSI) are a common complication after a cesarean section (C-section) and mainly responsible for increased maternal mortality and morbidity, dissatisfaction of patients, longer hospital...

    Authors: Vjosa A. Zejnullahu, Rozalinda Isjanovska, Zana Sejfija and Valon A. Zejnullahu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:752

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about contextual factors that predict long-term mortality following HIV testing in resource-limited settings. We evaluated the impact of contextual factors on 5-year mortality among HIV-infecte...

    Authors: Ingrid V. Bassett, Ai Xu, Janet Giddy, Laura M. Bogart, Andrew Boulle, Lucia Millham, Elena Losina and Robert A. Parker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:751

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is an arbovirus that has rapidly spread worldwide, and the incidence of dengue has greatly increased in recent decades. The actual numbers of dengue cases are underreported, and many cases are not class...

    Authors: Lucia Teresa Côrtes da Silveira, Bernardo Tura and Marisa Santos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:750

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Sparganosis, a rare and severe parasitic infection caused by the larvae of Spirometra species or simply sparganum, generally involves subcutaneous tissue or muscle. But occasionally, sparganum can also invade the...

    Authors: Yueli Zhu, Lingqi Ye, Xiansan Ding, Jimin Wu and Yanxing Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:748

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Leishmaniasis caused by different species of Leishmania affect 98 countries worldwide. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is the mortal clinical presentation of the disease that causes the dead to more than 90% of the p...

    Authors: Giovanny Herrera, Adriana Castillo, Martha S. Ayala, Carolina Flórez, Omar Cantillo-Barraza and Juan David Ramirez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:747

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is one of the most serious public health threats of the twenty-first century. The implementation of AMR surveillance in Zimbabwe is limited. However, data from a private laboratory in ...

    Authors: Marvellous Mhondoro, Nqobile Ndlovu, Donewell Bangure, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Tafara Gombe, Gerald Shambira, Peter Nsubuga and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:746

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Due to the similar clinical, lung imaging, and pathological characteristics, talaromycosis is most commonly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of talaromycosis pleur...

    Authors: Ye Qiu, Wen Zeng, Hui Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong, Shudan Tang and Jianquan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:745

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug resistant (MDR) enterococci are important nosocomial pathogens causing serious problem in hospitalized patients. The aim of present study was to investigate the frequency of high-level aminoglycoside...

    Authors: Fakhri Haghi, Vahid Lohrasbi and Habib Zeighami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:744

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Dengue, a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, is an important public health concern throughout Thailand. Climate variables are potential predictors of dengue transmission. Associations between climate ...

    Authors: Thipruethai Phanitchat, Bingxin Zhao, Ubydul Haque, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan, Sirinart Aromseree, Kesorn Thaewnongiew, Benedicte Fustec, Michael J. Bangs, Neal Alexander and Hans J. Overgaard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:743

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Trends in antimicrobial resistance help inform infection control efforts. We examined trends in resistance for Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter spp. from 2013 to 2017 in hospitalized US patients.

    Authors: Vikas Gupta, Gang Ye, Melanie Olesky, Kenneth Lawrence, John Murray and Kalvin Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:742

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The use of fixed combination antiretroviral therapy with a low genetic barrier for the treatment of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may affect the local HIV transmitted drug resistanc...

    Authors: Ya-Wei Weng, I-Tzu Chen, Hung-Chin Tsai, Kuan-Sheng Wu, Yu-Ting Tseng, Cheng-Len Sy, Jui-Kuang Chen, Susan Shin-Jung Lee and Yao-Shen Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:741

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Almost 1% of Canadians are hepatitis C (HCV)-infected. The liver-specific complications of HCV are established but the extra-hepatic comorbidity, multimorbidity, and its relationship with HCV treatment, is les...

    Authors: Curtis L. Cooper, Chrissi Galanakis, Jessy Donelle, Jeff Kwong, Rob Boyd, Lisa Boucher and Claire E. Kendall

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:712

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Women living with HIV (WLWH) have high rates of persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infections and cervical cancer. We aimed to assess the distribution of hrHPV genotypes, risk factors of type-sp...

    Authors: Kristina Thorsteinsson, Steen Ladelund, Merete Storgaard, Terese L. Katzenstein, Isik Somuncu Johansen, Gitte Pedersen, Frederikke Falkencrone Rönsholt, Lars Nørregård Nielsen, Lisbeth Nilas, Maria Franzmann, Niels Obel, Anne-Mette Lebech and Jesper Bonde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:740

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  19. Content type: Technical advance

    The technique most frequently used to genotype HCV is quantitative RT-PCR. This technique is unable to provide an accurate genotype/subtype for many samples; we decided to develop an in-house method with the g...

    Authors: Sylvie Goletti, Siméon Zuyten, Léonie Goeminne, Chris Verhofstede, Hector Rodriguez-Villalobos, Monique Bodeus, Peter Stärkel, Yves Horsmans and Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:738

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Brainstem encephalitis is a serious complication of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and hypertension may occur, sometimes progressing to cardiopulmo...

    Authors: Qui Tu Phan, Lam Khanh Phung, Khanh Huu Truong, Trieu Trung Huynh, Giang Thanh Phạm, Bich Ngọc Nguyen, Quyen Thanh Tran, Vuong Ngoc Thien Huynh, Tien Thi My Nguyen, Thoa Phan Kim Le, Nhan Nguyen Thanh Le, Saraswathy Sabanathan, H. Rogier van Doorn, Tan Van Le, Toan Duc Nguyen, Laura Merson…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:737

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Noroviruses (NoVs) are considered an important cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) across all age groups, especially in children under 5 years of age. We investigated the epidemiology of noroviruses in outpat...

    Authors: Lijuan Lu, Huaqing Zhong, Menghua Xu, Liyun Su, Lingfeng Cao, Ran Jia and Jin Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:736

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has decreased in South Korea, the mortality rate remains high. TB mortality is a key indicator for TB control interventions. The purpose of this study was to assess ...

    Authors: Jinsoo Min, Ju Sang Kim, Hyung Woo Kim, Ah Young Shin, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Sung-Soon Lee, Yang-Ki Kim, Kyeong-Cheol Shin, Jung Hyun Chang, Gayoung Chun, Joosun Lee, Mi Sun Park and Jae Seuk Park

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:735

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most chronic infections worldwide. Based on their demonstrable impact on human health, the WHO recently recommended the implementation of ...

    Authors: Hlengiwe Sacolo-Gwebu, Muhubiri Kabuyaya and Moses Chimbari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:734

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    At a time when programs were struggling to design effective regimens for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), the marketing authorization of bedaquiline and delamanid was a critical deve...

    Authors: Uzma Khan, Helena Huerga, Aamir J. Khan, Carole D. Mitnick, Catherine Hewison, Francis Varaine, Mathieu Bastard, Michael Rich, Molly F. Franke, Sidney Atwood, Palwasha Y. Khan and Kwonjune J. Seung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:733

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a tick-borne disease caused by spirochetes belonging to the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species. Due to a variety of clinical manifestations, diagnosing LB can be challenging, and lab...

    Authors: F. R. van de Schoor, M. E. Baarsma, S. A. Gauw, L. A. B. Joosten, B. J. Kullberg, C. C. van den Wijngaard and J. W. Hovius

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:732

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Isoniazid resistant tuberculosis is the most prevalent type of resistance in Swaziland and over two-thirds of the isoniazid resistant tuberculosis patients are tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-...

    Authors: Nonhlanhla Christinah Dlamini, Dar-Der Ji and Li-Yin Chien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:731

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Solobacterium moorei, the only species in the genus Solobacterium, is a Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, strict anaerobic, short to long bacillus. It has rarely been documented to cause blood stream infections. ...

    Authors: Wen-Jing Liu, Meng Xiao, Jie Yi, Ying Li, Timothy Kudinha and Ying-Chun Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:730

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  28. Content type: Research article

    No comparison data have been reported on viral and epidemiological profiles of hospitalized children with severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) in Beijing or Shanghai, China.

    Authors: Yanjie Zhao, Roujian Lu, Jun Shen, Zhengde Xie, Gaoshan Liu and Wenjie Tan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:729

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Cryptosporidium is among the most common causes of severe diarrhea in African children 0–23 months old. It is associated with excess mortality, stunting and malnutrition. The most common manifestation of crypt...

    Authors: Wongani Nyangulu, Wes Van Voorhis and Pui-Ying Iroh Tam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:728

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Since 2000, substantial increases in syphilis in men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported in many cities. Condomless anal sex (CAS) is one of the factors, along with drugs for sex and sex in group. T...

    Authors: Maider Arando, Candela Fernandez-Naval, Miriam Mota-Foix, Desi Martinez, Pere Armengol, Maria Jesús Barberá, Juliana Esperalba and Martí Vall-Mayans

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:727

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) have been used as a diagnostic tool for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Taiwan for many years. In accordance with Taiwanese legislation, health care personnel are requir...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Wu, Yao-Kuang Wu, Chou-Chin Lan, Mei-Chen Yang, Ting-Qian Dong, I-Shiang Tzeng and Shu-Shien Hsiao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:726

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Female sex workers (FSWs) at substantial risk of HIV are potentially a suitable group for HIV prevention trials including vaccine trials. Few HIV vaccine preparatory studies have been conducted among FSWs in S...

    Authors: Yunia Mayanja, Andrew Abaasa, Gertrude Namale, Gershim Asiki, Matthew A. Price and Anatoli Kamali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:725

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in HIV endemic settings is a major threat to public health. MDR-TB is a substantial and underreported problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with recognised cases projec...

    Authors: Elvis Dzelamonyuy Chem, Marie Claire Van Hout and Vivian Hope

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:723

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Coccidioides spp. are dimorphic fungi endemic to Central America, regions of South America and southwestern USA. Two species cause most human disease: Coccidioides immitis (primarily California isolates) and Cocc...

    Authors: Raynell Lang, William Stokes, Jane Lemaire, Andrew Johnson and John Conly

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:722

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising and effective tool to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission; however, context-specific data to guide optimal implementation are currently lackin...

    Authors: Hongyi Wang, Yonghui Zhang, Zhu Mei, Yueru Jia, Sequoia I. Leuba, Jing Zhang, Zhenxing Chu, Haibo Ding, Yongjun Jiang, Wenqing Geng, Hong Shang and Junjie Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:721

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Non-tuberculous mycobacteria cause chronic pulmonary infection, but pleuritis and pleural effusion are rarely associated with infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria, especially rapid-growing mycobacteria.

    Authors: Ryosuke Hirabayashi, Atsushi Nakagawa, Hiroshi Takegawa and Keisuke Tomii

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:720

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Clostridium perfringens can cause various infections, including food poisoning, gas gangrene, cellulitis and fasciitis. C. perfringens septicemia is rare, but is a known cause of hemolysis by damaging red blood c...

    Authors: Masahide Sakaue, Koshi Ota, Eriko Nakamura, Masahiko Nitta, Masahiro Oka, Yasuo Oishi, Yohei Sano, Shinya Yonogi and Akira Takasu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:719

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  38. Content type: Research article

    We developed a clinical bedside tool to simultaneously estimate the probabilities of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (3GC-R), carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and mult...

    Authors: Thomas P. Lodise, Nicole Gidaya Bonine, Jiatao Michael Ye, Henry J. Folse and Patrick Gillard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:718

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) have emerged as a major causative agent of blood-stream infections (BSI). Linezolid (LZD) is currently used for treating glycopeptide and methicillin-resistant staphyloc...

    Authors: Gajanand Mittal, Vasundhra Bhandari, Rajni Gaind, Vandana Rani, Shimpi Chopra, Reetika Dawar, Raman Sardana and P. K. Verma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:717

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Asymptom of invasive candidiasis (IC) and low positive rate of blood culture lead to delay diagnose of neonatal infection. Serum (1,3)-β-D-glucan (BDG) performs well in adult IC, but its use in neonatal IC is ...

    Authors: Junfei Guo, Yongbing Wu, Weiming Lai, Weiming Lu and Xiaoping Mu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:716

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Gynecomastia is known to occur in some men taking an efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. However, the incidence and outcomes of gynecomastia are not known in Zimbabwe. We described the charac...

    Authors: Sandra Shawarira-Bote, Tinei Shamu and Cleophas Chimbetete

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:715

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Despite rapid scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART), Tuberculosis (TB) remains the commonest opportunistic infection and cause of death among HIV infected individuals in resource limited settings like India...

    Authors: Ameet Dravid, Kartik Natarajan, Mahenderkumar Medisetty, Raviraj Gawali, Uma Mahajan, Milind Kulkarni, Chinmay Saraf, Charuta Ghanekar, Sachin Kore, Niranjan Rathod and Mrudula Dravid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:714

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Management of partially-treated, community-acquired bacterial meningitis (PCBM) is commonly compromised by lack of microbiological diagnosis. We aimed to analyze the impact of FilmArray Meningitis-Encephalitis...

    Authors: Yair Mina, Vered Schechner, Michal Savion, Dafna Yahav, Efraim Bilavsky, Nadav Sorek, Haim Ben-Zvi and Amos Adler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:713

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) infections are of increasing concern in many hospitalized patients. Patients with cirrhosis are at added risk of infection with VRE, with associated increased risk for co...

    Authors: Melissa Barger, Emily Blodget, Sol Pena, Wendy Mack and Tse-Ling Fong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:711

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Pulmonary Cryptococcosis (PC) is diagnosed with increasing incidence in recent years, but it does not commonly involve the pleural space. Here, we report a HIV-negative case with advanced stage IIIB non-small ...

    Authors: Yuan Zhang, Sean X. Zhang, Julie Trivedi, Adam D. Toll, Julie Brahmer, Russell Hales, Sarah Bonerigo, Mingying Zeng, Huiping Li and Rex C. Yung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:710

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  46. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1], in Table 1, in the second and third column, “Vacnee” and “Non-vacnee” should be replaced with “Vaccinee” and “Non-vaccinee”.

    Authors: Natsumi Shibata, Shinya Kimura, Takahiro Hoshino and Hisashi Urushihara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:709

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:586

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