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  1. Content type: Research article

    The mortality following blood stream infection (BSI) and risk of subsequent BSI in relation to dialysis modality, vascular access, and other potential risk factors has received relatively little attention. Con...

    Authors: Karl Emil Nelveg-Kristensen, Gunnar Hellmund Laier and James Goya Heaf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:688

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prompt diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB) has paramount importance to reduce TB morbidity and mortality and to prevent the spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Few studies so far have assessed the diagnostic ...

    Authors: Anna Maria Peri, Davide Paolo Bernasconi, Nadia Galizzi, Alberto Matteelli, Luigi Codecasa, Vincenza Giorgio, Antonio Di Biagio, Fabio Franzetti, Antonella Cingolani, Andrea Gori and Giuseppe Lapadula

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:690

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Meningitis remains a top cause of premature death and loss of disability-adjusted life years in low-income countries. In resource-limited settings, proper laboratory diagnostics are often scarce and knowledge ...

    Authors: Guro K. Bårnes, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Melkamu Berhane, Alemseged Abdissa, Getnet Tesfaw, Gemeda Abebe, Siri Laura Feruglio, Dominique A. Caugant and Hannah Joan Jørgensen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:684

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The number of cases of Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is increasing in Europe. The described epidemic is mostly confined to HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM). However, dissemination of LGV from HIV ...

    Authors: Irith De Baetselier, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Ruth Verbrugge, Bénédicte De Deken, Hilde Smet, Saïd Abdellati, Vicky Cuylaerts, Ludwig Apers and Tania Crucitti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:689

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by Actinomyces spp. including brain abscess, actinomycoma, subdural empyema and epidural abscess are well described, however reports of Actinomyces-associated mening...

    Authors: Béla Kocsis, Zoltán Tiszlavicz, Gabriella Jakab, Réka Brassay, Márton Orbán, Ágnes Sárkány and Dóra Szabó

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:686

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a leading cause of hepatitis worldwide. However, its infection biology and pathogenesis remain largely elusive. Furthermore, no proven medication is available for treating hepatitis ...

    Authors: Wenhai Yu, Chenchen Yang, Xianhui Hao, Tianwu Ma and Fen Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:687

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This longitudinal study described Cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA, Epstein-Barr (EBV) DNA and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) DNA asymptomatic salivary shedding in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). We aimed ...

    Authors: Monica Basso, Samantha Andreis, Renzo Scaggiante, Elisa Franchin, Daniela Zago, Maria Angela Biasolo, Claudia Del Vecchio, Carlo Mengoli, Loredana Sarmati, Massimo Andreoni, Giorgio Palù and Saverio Giuseppe Parisi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:683

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a recognised cause of secondary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). While its incidence has been largely described during chronic HCV infection, only one case of ITP secondary t...

    Authors: Vincent Alcazer, Patrick Miailhes, Christophe Ramière, Caroline Charre and Laurent Cotte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:682

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  9. Content type: Debate

    Health care associated infections (HAI) among adults admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) have been shown to increase length of stay, the cost of care, and in some cases increased the risk of hospital dea...

    Authors: Steven A. Frost, Yu Chin Hou, Lien Lombardo, Lauren Metcalfe, Joan M. Lynch, Leanne Hunt, Evan Alexandrou, Kathleen Brennan, David Sanchez, Anders Aneman and Martin Christensen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:679

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The widespread use of an effective and safe vaccine to measles has substantially decreased morbidity and mortality from this epidemic. Nevertheless, HIV-infected children vaccinated against measles may develop...

    Authors: Houda Haban, Soumia Benchekroun, Mina Sadeq, Latifa Tajounte, Hinda Jama Ahmed, Abdelaziz Benjouad, Said Amzazi, Hicham Oumzil and Elmir Elharti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:680

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Dengue is a global problem mainly in the tropics. Meticulous clinical management of cases has reduced the death rate significantly, but large numbers of people still succumb to severe complications of the infe...

    Authors: S. A. M. Kularatne, M. M. Rajapakse, Udaya Ralapanawa, R. Waduge, L. P. M. M. K. Pathirage and R. P. V. J. Rajapakse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:681

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Dengue has global importance as a dreaded arboviral infection. It has 4 serotypes of epidemiological imporatnce. The classification denotes two clinical spectrums- dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorragic feve...

    Authors: S. A. M. Kularatne, Udaya Ralapanawa, Chamara Dalugama, Jayanika Jayasinghe, Sawandika Rupasinghe and Prabashini Kumarihamy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:674

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Among HIV-infected MSM who have been treated for HCV infection, the HCV reinfection rate is high. It is therefore essential to understand their perceptions of HCV risk behaviour and risk-reducing strategies.

    Authors: Femke Lambers, Wendy van der Veldt, Maria Prins and Udi Davidovich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:678

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection highly endemic in the American continent. The disease can be severe in immunocompromised subjects. In immunocompetent subjects the clinical manifestations are variable. Aim...

    Authors: Silvia Staffolani, Dora Buonfrate, Andrea Angheben, Federico Gobbi, Giovanni Giorli, Massimo Guerriero, Zeno Bisoffi and Francesco Barchiesi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:673

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Empirical antibiotic coverage for atypical pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has long been debated, mainly because of a lack of epidemiological data. We aimed to assess both testing for atypical ...

    Authors: Andrea Gramegna, Giovanni Sotgiu, Marta Di Pasquale, Dejan Radovanovic, Silvia Terraneo, Luis F. Reyes, Ester Vendrell, Joao Neves, Francesco Menzella, Francesco Blasi, Stefano Aliberti and Marcos I. Restrepo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:677

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Tuberculosis (TB) are the double burden diseases of the world. The African continent takes a great share of TB-HIV cases worldwide. This study was aimed to determine the ...

    Authors: Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Negasi Asres, Hailay Gebreyesus and Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:676

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The immune response during P. falciparum infection is a two-edged sword, involving dysregulation of the inflammatory responses with several types of immune cells participating. Here we examined T-cell, monocyte/m...

    Authors: Kari Otterdal, Aase Berg, Annika E. Michelsen, Sam Patel, Marit G. Tellevik, Christel G. Haanshuus, Børre Fevang, Pål Aukrust, Nina Langeland and Thor Ueland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:670

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  18. Content type: Research article

    A high rectal and oropharyngeal sexually transmitted infection (STI) burden has been reported among men who have sex with men (MSM) in many regions, but little data exists on rectal and oropharyngeal STIs amon...

    Authors: Li-Gang Yang, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Pei-Zhen Zhao, Zheng-Yu Chen, Wu-Jian Ke, Xu-Qi Ren, Liu-Yuan Wang, Wei-Ying Chen and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:675

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Benefits of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine programs have been linked to the vaccine’s ability to disrupt nasopharyngeal carriage and transmission. The 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV10) was included in the...

    Authors: Muhammad Imran Nisar, Kanwal Nayani, Tauseef Akhund, Atif Riaz, Omer Irfan, Sadia Shakoor, Sehrish Muneer, Sana Muslim, Aneeta Hotwani, Furqan Kabir, Cynthia Whitney, Lindsay Kim, Velusamy Srinivasan, Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi and Fyezah Jehan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:672

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The increased prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative isolates caused by Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) is worrisome in clinical settings worldwide. The mortality rate associated with infections caused by ...

    Authors: Mudathir Abdallah Adam and Wafa I. Elhag

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:668

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Lassa fever is one of the most lethal neglected tropical diseases in West Africa. It is a serious public health problem in this region of Africa where it is endemic in several countries. However, it remains a ...

    Authors: Cossi Angelo Attinsounon, Bienvenu Rolland Ossibi Ibara, Adébayo Alassani, Serge Adé, Khadidjatou Saké, Clément Glèlè Kakaï and Albert Dovonou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:667

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Endogenous endophthalmitis caused by hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (HVKP) is an emerging infectious disease commonly with a devastating visual outcome. Most HVKP strains display a wild-type susceptibility p...

    Authors: Min Xu, Ang Li, Haishen Kong, Weili Zhang, Hongchao Chen, Yajie Fu and Yiqi Fu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:669

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Intra-osseous (IO) access is recommended in cases of pre-hospital emergency or resuscitation when intravascular (IV) route is difficult or impossible. Despite recent improvement in IO devices and increasing in...

    Authors: Thomas Chalopin, Adrien Lemaignen, Antoine Guillon, Arnaud Geffray, Gaelle Derot, Olivier Bahuaud, Charles Agout, Philippe Rosset, Claire Castellier, Gonzague De Pinieux, Anne-Sophie Valentin, Louis Bernard and Frederic Bastides

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:665

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The most prevalent strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) in Beijing belong to the Beijing genotype family. The influence of Beijing genotype prevalence on the development of drug resistance, and the associ...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Xuxia Zhang, Yuqing Zhang, Yong Sun, Cong Yao, Wei Wang and Chuanyou Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:658

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial co-infection of patients suffering from influenza pneumonia is a key element that increases morbidity and mortality. The occurrence of Acinetobacter baumannii co-infection in patients with avian influen...

    Authors: William J. Liu, Rongrong Zou, Yongfei Hu, Min Zhao, Chuansong Quan, Shuguang Tan, Kai Luo, Jing Yuan, Haixia Zheng, Jue Liu, Min Liu, Yuhai Bi, Jinghua Yan, Baoli Zhu, Dayan Wang, Guizhen Wu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:664

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    To combat emerging drug resistance in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) the World Health Organization and GMS countries have committed to eliminating malaria in the region by 2030. The overall approach inclu...

    Authors: Win Han Oo, Julia C. Cutts, Paul A. Agius, Kyaw Zayar Aung, Poe Poe Aung, Aung Thi, Nyi Nyi Zaw, Htin Kyaw Thu, Wai Yan Min Htay, Ricardo Ataide, Katherine O’Flaherty, Ai Pao Yawn, Aung Paing Soe, James G. Beeson, Brendan Crabb, Naanki Pasricha…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:663

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung diseases are increasingly recognized as chronic opportunistic infections, occurring in individuals with a wide variety of underlying conditions. In the absence of systemi...

    Authors: Judith Provoost, Florent Valour, Delphine Gamondes, Sandrine Roux, Nathalie Freymond, Emilie Perrot, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Lize Kiakouama-Maleka, Christian Chidiac, Gérard Lina, Oana Dumitrescu, Agathe Sénéchal and Florence Ader

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:659

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Large scale administration of the anthelminthic drug praziquantel (PZQ) to at-risk populations is the cornerstone of schistosomiasis control, although persisting high prevalence of infections in some areas and...

    Authors: P. T. Hoekstra, M. Casacuberta Partal, A. S. Amoah, L. van Lieshout, P. L. A. M. Corstjens, S. Tsonaka, R. K. Assaré, K. D. Silué, A. Meité, E. K. N’Goran, Y. K. N’Gbesso, M. Roestenberg, S. Knopp, J. Utzinger, J. T. Coulibaly and G. J. van Dam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:662

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In Southeast Asia, though fishermen are known to be a key population at high risk of HIV, little is known about their co-infection rates with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), or how illness and risk behaviors vary by ...

    Authors: Janet Ousley, Robin Nesbitt, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Elkin Bermudez, Kyi Pyar Soe, Rey Anicete, Phyu Ei Mon, Win Le Shwe Sin Ei, Susannah Christofani, Marcelo Fernandez and Iza Ciglenecki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:657

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Contact tracing for tuberculosis (TB) is a recommended measure to improve the case detection rate; however, actual implementation in Myanmar is limited and low detection rates have been reported. Household con...

    Authors: Kyaw Ko Ko Htet, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Saw Thein, Edward B. McNeil and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:660

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the treatment outcomes, and factors affecting the outcomes, of new tuberculosis (TB) patients in Busan, South Korea.

    Authors: Jeongha Mok, Daeseong An, Seoungjin Kim, Miyoung Lee, Changhoon Kim and Hyunjin Son

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:655

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Early antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis (IA) has been associated with improved outcome. Traditionally, of empiric antifungal therapy has been used for clinically suspected IA. We compared outcomes ...

    Authors: Rita Wilson Dib, Ray Y. Hachem, Anne-Marie Chaftari, Fady Ghaly, Ying Jiang and Issam Raad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:656

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infection (BSI) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) can pro...

    Authors: Jing Ge, Tingting Yang, Lei Zhang, Xuhan Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhu, Baolin Tang, Xiang Wan, Juan Tong, Kaidi Song, Wen Yao, Guangyu Sun, Zimin Sun and Huilan Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:654

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Infections of the ears, paranasal sinuses, nose and throat are very common and represent a serious issue for the healthcare system. Bacterial biofilms have been linked to upper respiratory tract infections and...

    Authors: Alessandro Bidossi, Roberta De Grandi, Marco Toscano, Marta Bottagisio, Elena De Vecchi, Matteo Gelardi and Lorenzo Drago

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:653

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is little research on laypersons’ perceptions regarding common cold and influenza, their symptomatic distinction and considerations of risk. This study investigates understanding of pathogenesis across t...

    Authors: Elisabeth Anne-Sophie Mayrhuber, Wim Peersman, Nina van de Kraats, Goranka Petricek, Asja Ćosić Diviak, Silvia Wojczewski and Kathryn Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:647

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by pathogenic hantaviruses in Europe and Asia is often characterized by acute kidney injury (AKI) with massive proteinuria. Renal filtration depends on the i...

    Authors: Stefan Hägele, Alexander Müller, Christian Nusshag, Jochen Reiser, Martin Zeier and Ellen Krautkrämer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:645

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  37. Content type: Research article

    A mosquito-based arbovirus surveillance system was set up at Barkedji, Senegal after the first outbreak of Rift valley fever in West Africa in 1988. This system was recently updated using more sampling methods...

    Authors: El Hadji Ndiaye, Diawo Diallo, Gamou Fall, Yamar Ba, Ousmane Faye, Ibrahima Dia and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:642

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although the incidence of dengue across Africa is high, severe dengue is reported infrequently. We describe the clinical features and the outcome of dengue according to raceduring an outbreak in Dar es Salaam,...

    Authors: Noémie Boillat-Blanco, Belia Klaassen, Zainab Mbarack, Josephine Samaka, Tarsis Mlaganile, John Masimba, Leticia Franco Narvaez, Aline Mamin, Blaise Genton, Laurent Kaiser and Valérie D’Acremont

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:644

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  39. Content type: Research article

    About 80% of all reported sickle cell disease (SCD) cases in children anually are recorded in Africa. Although malaria is considered a major cause of death in SCD children, there is limited data on the safety ...

    Authors: Augustina Frimpong, Laty Gaye Thiam, Benjamin Arko-Boham, Ewurama Dedea Ampadu Owusu and George O. Adjei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:650

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Liver transplant recipients are at high risk of developing invasive aspergillosis and in particular by Aspergillus fumigatus which is the most commonly encountered species in this population. Other non-fumigatus ...

    Authors: Nawel Aït-Ammar, Eric Levesque, Jean-Benjamin Murat, Sébastien Imbert, Françoise Foulet, Eric Dannaoui and Françoise Botterel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:648

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The 2010 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for management of cryptococcal diseases recommend high dose fluconazole (≥ 800 mg/day), either alone or with other antifungal drugs, as alterna...

    Authors: Hua-Zhen Zhao, Rui-Ying Wang, Xuan Wang, Ying-Kui Jiang, Ling-Hong Zhou, Jia-Hui Cheng, Li-Ping Huang, Thomas Stephen Harrison and Li-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:643

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) are well-accepted in diagnosis and surveillance of sexually infectious pathogens worldwide. However, performance differences between a RNA-based NAAT and DNA-based NAAT ...

    Authors: Yuying Liang, Xin Jin, Fang Yuan, Zhanjia Li and Shuiping Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:651

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Melioidosis is a tropical disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei). It can infect any organ system and lead to multiple abscesses. A few studies reported that central nervous system (CNS) is ...

    Authors: Wei-yuan Huang, Gang Wu, Feng Chen, Meng-meng Li and Jian-jun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:649

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Geographic differences in HIV, syphilis and condomless sex among men who have sex with men in China remained unknown. We aimed to elucidate these spatiotemporal changing patterns in China.

    Authors: Rong Fu, Jinkou Zhao, Dan Wu, Xiayan Zhang, Joseph D. Tucker, Meiwen Zhang and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:652

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Disease caused by Bacillus anthracis is often accompanied by high mortality primarily due to toxin-mediated injury. In the early disease course, anthrax toxins are secreted; thus, antibiotic use is limited to the...

    Authors: Qi Tang, Siping Xiong, Xudong Liang, Xingwang Kuai, Yiwen Wang, Changjun Wang, Zhenqing Feng and Jin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:640

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