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  1. Aggravation of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is threatening the efforts to control malaria by reducing the efficacy of insecticide-based interventions hence needs to be closely monitored. This stud...

    Authors: Leon M. J. Mugenzi, Gabriel Akosah-Brempong, Magellan Tchouakui, Benjamin D. Menze, Theofelix A. Tekoh, Micareme Tchoupo, Francis N. Nkemngo, Murielle J. Wondji, Ekene K. Nwaefuna, Michael Osae and Charles S. Wondji
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:799
  2. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a significant risk factor for fungal infection. The cavitary lesions post PTB serves as a good reservoir for fungal colonization and subsequent infection. Furthermore, the sever...

    Authors: Abdi Mohamed, Benear A. Obanda, Hannah K. Njeri, Sally N. Loroyokie, Olga M. Mashedi, Tom T. Ouko, Evangeline M. Gatumwa, Richard K. Korir, Takashi Yaguchi and Christine C. Bii
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:798
  3. Exophiala dermatitidis is a dematiaceous fungus isolated from various environmental sources. Systemic E. dermatitidis infections can lead to fatal outcomes, and treatment has not yet been standardized. Although E...

    Authors: Ryo Nakatani, Miho Ashiarai, Hiroki Yoshihara, Keigo Yada, Taiki Nozaki, Takeshi Ushigusa, Nobuyoshi Mori and Daisuke Hasegawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:797
  4. Adolescents who have acquired HIV perinatally (ALHIV) face unique challenges in taking lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART), but little is known about what factors affect their adherence over the course of th...

    Authors: Marian Loveday, Jennifer Furin, Sindisiwe Hlangu, Thabile Mthethwa and Tasneem Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:796
  5. The purpose of this study was to review the treatment plan of patients with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) pneumonia and analyze the factors associated with patient deaths and the medication...

    Authors: Yanling Deng, Lin Chen, Mingrui Yue, Xiaobo Huang, Yang Yang and Hua Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:795
  6. Early identification of bloodstream pathogens and their associated antimicrobial resistance may shorten time to optimal therapy in patients with sepsis. The BioFire Blood Culture Identification 2 Panel (BCID2)...

    Authors: Anna Maria Peri, Weiping Ling, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Patrick N. A. Harris and David L. Paterson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:794
  7. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and antivirals have been approved for early therapy of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), however, in the real-life setting, there are difficulties to prescribe these therapies within...

    Authors: Vincenzo Scaglione, Salvatore Rotundo, Nadia Marascio, Carmela De Marco, Rosaria Lionello, Claudia Veneziano, Lavinia Berardelli, Angela Quirino, Vincenzo Olivadese, Francesca Serapide, Bruno Tassone, Helen Linda Morrone, Chiara Davoli, Valentina La Gamba, Andrea Bruni, Bruno Mario Cesana…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:793

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:883

  8. SARS-CoV-2 infections have a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations whose causes are not completely understood. Some human conditions predispose to severe outcome, like old age or the presence of comorbiditi...

    Authors: Pavel Iša, Blanca Taboada, Rodrigo García-López, Celia Boukadida, José Ernesto Ramírez-González, Joel Armando Vázquez-Pérez, Alejandra Hernández-Terán, José Ángel Romero-Espinoza, José Esteban Muñoz-Medina, Concepción Grajales-Muñiz, Alma Rincón-Rubio, Margarita Matías-Florentino, Alejandro Sanchez-Flores, Edgar Mendieta-Condado, Gisela Barrera-Badillo, Susana López…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:792
  9. In microbiological diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) there is no consensus regarding the most suitable and optimal number of specimens to be cultured or the most effective technique of tissue p...

    Authors: Heime Rieber, Andre Frontzek, Stephanie Heinrich, Bertram Barden, Thomas Kortstegge, Thomas Dienstknecht, Andreas Breil-Wirth, Mathias Herwig, Jörg Jerosch, Ralf Pinkernell and Martin Ulatowski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:790
  10. Listeria monocytogenes is a causative agent of food poisoning and is also known to cause invasive diseases, such as bacteremia, meningitis, and encephalitis, in neonates, elderly and immunocompromised patients. H...

    Authors: Yuki Hatakeyama, Sho Nakakubo, Hirotaka Kusaka, Naomi Watanabe, Yukinori Yoshida, Hitoshi Shinzaki, Hiromitsu Hiroumi, Naoki Kishida and Satoshi Konno
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:789
  11. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has high seroprevalence, and its active infection is associated with several adverse prognoses in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the role of acti...

    Authors: Zhihui Zhang, Rujian Li, Yubiao Chen, Jierong Zhang, Yongxin Zheng, Minmin Xu, Jiaqi Liang, Jiahui Li, Yongbo Huang, Yonghao Xu, Weiqun He, Xiaoqing Liu and Yimin Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:788
  12. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its resulting disease, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread to millions of people worldwide. Preliminary data from organ tr...

    Authors: Aziza A. Ajlan, Tariq Ali, Hassan Aleid, Khalid Almeshari, Edward DeVol, Morad Ahmed Alkaff, Layal Fajji, Ali Alali, Dani Halabi, Sahar Althuwaidi, Saad Alghamdi, Asad Ullah, Abdulrahman Alrajhi, Khalid Bzeizi, Reem Almaghrabi, Kris Ann Hervera Marquez…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:786
  13. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza viruses are important global causes of morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Luminex NxTAG respiratory pathogen panels (RPPs)™ (in...

    Authors: Sophie Jullien, Felicity Fitzgerald, Suzanne Keddie, Oliver Baerenbold, Quique Bassat, John Bradley, Jane Falconer, Colin Fink, Ruth Keogh, Heidi Hopkins and Marie Voice
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:785
  14. The impact of comorbidities and biomarkers on COVID-19 severity vary by sex but have not yet been verified in population-based studies. We examined the association of comorbidities, inflammatory biomarkers, an...

    Authors: Yilin Yoshida, San Chu, Sarah Fox, Yuanhao Zu, Dragana Lovre, Joshua L. Denson, Lucio Miele and Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:784
  15. There is not a prevailing consensus on appropriate antibiotic choice, route, and duration in the treatment of bacterial pleural empyema after appropriate source control. Professional society guidelines note th...

    Authors: Benjamin S. Avner, Anush Ginosyan, James Le, Justin Mak, Zeena Qiryaqoz and Cuyler Huffman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:783
  16. The use of DTG-containing two-drug regimens is one of the most promising solutions to the need to ease the management of HIV treatment without harming its efficacy and safety. We report long- term results in p...

    Authors: Franco Maggiolo, Roberto Gulminetti, Layla Pagnucco, Margherita Digaetano, Adriana Cervo, Daniela Valenti, Annapaola Callegaro and Cristina Mussini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:782
  17. ESAT6-CFP10 (EC) skin test has been reported accurate and safe in identifying tuberculosis infection. We aimed to demonstrate the safety of EC skin test compared with tuberculin skin test (TST) in university f...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Zhixiong Fang, Wei Huang, Haiming Zhang, Si Luo, Sha Lin, Shaojie Li and Shuihua Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:780
  18. Sepsis is a heterogeneous syndrome due to a variable range of dysregulated processes in the host immune response. Efforts are made to stratify patients for personalized immune-based treatments and better progn...

    Authors: Isis Ricaño-Ponce, Anca-Lelia Riza, Aline H. de Nooijer, Andrei Pirvu, Stefania Dorobantu, Adina Dragos, Ioana Streata, Mihaela Roskanovic, Inge Grondman, Florentina Dumitrescu, Vinod Kumar, Mihai G. Netea and Mihai Ioana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:778
  19. Burkholderia cepacia (BC) has been detected more and more in infected patients in recent years. However, as a high-risk population, the clinical characteristics and prognosis of BC infection in hematopoietic stem...

    Authors: Yan Jia, Ya Liu, Yi Liu, Kaitai Yang and Yanfeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:777
  20. Randomised controlled trials have shown that steroids reduce the risk of dying in patients with severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), whilst many real-world studies have failed to replicate this result. ...

    Authors: Wenjuan Wang, Luke B Snell, Davide Ferrari, Anna L Goodman, Nicholas M Price, Charles D Wolfe, Vasa Curcin, Jonathan D Edgeworth and Yanzhong Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:776
  21. Inappropriate empiric antimicrobial treatment (IET) contributes to worsened outcomes. While IET’s differential impact across types of nosocomial pneumonia (NP: non-ventilated [nvHABP], ventilated [vHABP] hospi...

    Authors: Marya D. Zilberberg, Brian H. Nathanson, Laura A. Puzniak, Ryan J. Dillon and Andrew F. Shorr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:775
  22. Neonatal bacterial meningitis is a common neonatal disease with high morbidity, and can cause serious sequelae when left untreated. Escherichia coli is the common pathogen, and its endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (...

    Authors: Peicen Zou, Fan Yang, Yijun Ding, Di Zhang, Ying Liu, Jinjing Zhang, Dan Wu and Yajuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:774
  23. The clinical presentation of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in older patients is often complex and non-specific, posing a diagnostic challenge. This study evaluates the value of serum soluble triggering rec...

    Authors: Zhang Wang, Binbin Chang, Yong Zhang, Jieyu Chen, Fang Xie, Ying Xiang, Tingting Liu and Ying Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:773
  24. Ultrasonographic guidance is widely used for central venous catheterization. Several studies have revealed that ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization increases the rate of success during the first a...

    Authors: Jun Takeshita, Kazuya Tachibana, Yasufumi Nakajima and Nobuaki Shime
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:772
  25. Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a life-threatening condition in critically ill patients, but pathogen quantification techniques during treatment are laborious. This study aimed to explore the impact of monitori...

    Authors: Ziqiang Shao, Jingwen Zhu, Yanyan Wei, Jun Jin, Yang Zheng, Jingquan Liu, Run Zhang, Renhua Sun and Bangchuan Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:771
  26. Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease that is characterized by non-caseating epithelioid-cell granulomas upon histology. However, similar histological findings may also be seen with certain infections...

    Authors: Sara Denicolò, Sophie Laydevant, Julia Fink, Christoph Geiger, Alex Pizzini, Mario Sarcletti, Johannes Zschocke, Rosa Bellmann-Weiler, Günter Weiss and Ivan Tancevski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:770
  27. Protection by preventive Ebola vaccines has been demonstrated in clinical trials, but a complete picture of real-world effectiveness is lacking. Our previous study modeling the impact of preventively vaccinati...

    Authors: Ravi Potluri, Amit Kumar, Valérie Oriol-mathieu, Thierry Van Effelterre, Laurent Metz and Hitesh Bhandari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:769
  28. Malaria remains a public health problem in Kenya despite sustained interventions deployed by the government. One of the major impediments to effective malaria control is a lack of accurate diagnosis and effect...

    Authors: Wilfred Ouma Otambo, Patrick O. Onyango, Kevin Ochwedo, Julius Olumeh, Shirley A. Onyango, Pauline Orondo, Harrysone Atieli, Ming-Chieh Lee, Chloe Wang, Daibin Zhong, Andrew Githeko, Guofa Zhou, John Githure, Collins Ouma, Guiyun Yan and James Kazura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:768
  29. Clinical trials and individual-level observational data in Israel demonstrated approximately 95% effectiveness of mRNA-based vaccines against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Individual-level data are not ava...

    Authors: Romain Fantin, Rolando Herrero, Allan Hildesheim, Cristina Barboza-Solís, Amada Aparicio, D. Rebecca Prevots, Ruth M. Pfeiffer and Mitchell H. Gail
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:767
  30. We aimed to assess the prevalence of Salmonella Typhi through DNA and IgM-antibody detection methods as a prelude to extended surveillance activities at sites in Ghana, Madagascar, and Ethiopia.

    Authors: Ursula Panzner, Ondari Daniel Mogeni, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Trevor Toy, Hyon Jin Jeon, Gi Deok Pak, Se Eun Park, Yeetey Enuameh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Trinh Van Tan, Abraham Aseffa, Mekonnen Teferi, Biruk Yeshitela, Stephen Baker, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy and Florian Marks
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:766
  31. COVID-19 vaccines have been administered in many countries; however, a sufficient vaccine coverage rate is not guaranteed due to vaccine hesitancy. To improve the uptake rate of COVID-19 vaccine, it is essenti...

    Authors: Yiman Huang, Yijin Wu, Zhenwei Dai, Weijun Xiao, Hao Wang, Mingyu Si, Wenjun Wang, Xiaofen Gu, Li Ma, Li Li, Shaokai Zhang, Chunxia Yang, Yanqin Yu, Youlin Qiao and Xiaoyou Su
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:765
  32. Recently, with the rapid progress of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS), inconsistency between mNGS results and clinical diagnoses has become more common. There is currently no reasonable explanatio...

    Authors: Jin Wang, Jun Ye, Liqi Yang, Xiangfeng Chen, Haoshu Fang, Zhou Liu, Guomei Xia, Yafei Zhang and Zhenhua Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:764
  33. The COVID-19 pandemic was met with strict containment measures. We hypothesized that societal infection control measures would impact the number of hospital admissions for respiratory tract infections, as well...

    Authors: Sondre Serigstad, Dagfinn L. Markussen, Christian Ritz, Marit H. Ebbesen, Siri T. Knoop, Øyvind Kommedal, Lars Heggelund, Elling Ulvestad, Rune O. Bjørneklett and Harleen M. S. Grewal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:763
  34. Polymyxin E (colistin) is a last-resort antibiotic to treat infections caused by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). However, reports of CPEs resistant to colistin have been increasing, and the mcr ...

    Authors: Yusuke Miyazato, Noriko Iwamoto, Masaru Usui, Toyotaka Sato, Tohru Miyoshi-Akiyama, Maki Nagashima, Kazuhisa Mezaki, Kayoko Hayakawa and Norio Ohmagari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:762
  35. An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), caused by a Hantavirus, affected nine adult males in the southwest area of Xi’an in November 2020 was analyzed in this study.

    Authors: Xiao Wei, Biao Meng, Hong Peng, Yan Li, Min Liu, Hairui Si, Rui Wu, Hailong Chen, Ying Bai, Yan Li, Qunling Feng, Changjun Wang and Xiangna Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:761

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:896

  36. Patients with COVID-19 receiving mechanical ventilation may become aggravated with a secondary respiratory infection. The aim of this study was to describe secondary respiratory infections, their predictive fa...

    Authors: María Elena Ceballos, Carolina Nuñez, Javier Uribe, María Magdalena Vera, Ricardo Castro, Patricia García, Gabriel Arriata, Vicente Gándara, Camila Vargas, Angélica Dominguez, Inés Cerón, Pablo Born and Eduardo Espíndola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:760
  37. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a major cause of morbidity in children. However, its disease burden remains poorly understood, particularly outside of the hospital setting. Our study aimed to es...

    Authors: F. Martinón-Torres, M. Carmo, L. Platero, G. Drago, J. L. López-Belmonte, M. Bangert, J. Díez-Domingo and M. Garcés-Sánchez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:759
  38. Environmental contamination contributes to hospital associated infections, particularly those caused by multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO). This study investigated bioburden presence on surfaces in a critic...

    Authors: Anjay Khandelwal, Brian Lapolla, Tina Bair, Frances Grinstead, Meaghan Hislop, Christine Greene and Michael T. Bigham
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:758
  39. Acanthamoeba is an emerging pathogen, infamous for its resilience against antiprotozoal compounds, disinfectants and harsh environments. It is known to cause keratitis, a sight-threatening, painful and difficult ...

    Authors: Binod Rayamajhee, Savitri Sharma, Mark Willcox, Fiona L. Henriquez, Raksheeth Nathan Rajagopal, Gauri Shankar Shrestha, Dinesh Subedi, Bhupesh Bagga and Nicole Carnt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:757
  40. Patients with Lyme borreliosis (LB) may report persisting non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, widespread musculoskeletal pain or cognitive difficulties. When present for more than 6 months and causing a red...

    Authors: Laurence Geebelen, Tinne Lernout, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Veroniek Saegeman, Leïla Belkhir, Paul De Munter, Bénédicte Dubois, Rene Westhovens, Herman Van Oyen, Niko Speybroeck and Katrien Tersago
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:756
  41. In this retrospective cohort study, we explored the correlation of blood human myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA) level with severity of disease in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

    Authors: Otto Lehtinen, Niklas Broman, Matti Waris, Tytti Vuorinen, Ville Peltola, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jarmo Oksi and Thijs Feuth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:755
  42. Tuberculosis (TB) represents a significant public health threat in India. Adherence to antitubercular therapy (ATT) is the key to reducing the burden of this infectious disease. Suboptimal adherence to ATT and...

    Authors: Clint Vaz, Nisha K. Jose, Jeremiah Jacob Tom, Georgia R. Goodman, Jasper S. Lee, Rana Prathap Padappayil, Manjunath Madathil, Conall O’Cleirigh, Rashmi Rodrigues and Peter R. Chai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:754
  43. Despite recommendations from the German Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO), pneumococcal vaccination coverage remains low in vulnerable populations. This study estimated the pneumococcal vaccination cov...

    Authors: Arijita Deb, Bélène Podmore, Rosemarie Barnett, Dominik Beier, Wolfgang Galetzka, Nawab Qizilbash, Dennis Haeckl, Timo Boellinger, Kelly D. Johnson and Thomas Weiss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:753
  44. The advent of the effective COVID-19 vaccine was the most eagerly expected worldwide. However, this hope quickly became hesitation and denial in many countries, including Guinea. Understanding the reasons for ...

    Authors: Almamy Amara Toure, Fodé Amara Traore, Gnoume Camara, Aboubacar Sidiki Magassouba, Ibrahima Barry, Mohamed Lamine Kourouma, Younoussa Sylla, Naby Yaya Conte, Diao Cisse, Nafissatou Dioubaté, Sidikiba Sidibe, Abdoul Habib Beavogui and Alexandre Delamou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:752
  45. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are consistently burdened by HIV at higher levels than other adults. While HIV prevention programs for MSM are growing in coverage and quality, HIV incidence remains high. In re...

    Authors: Carrie E. Lyons, Owen J. Stokes-Cawley, Anna Simkin, Anna L. Bowring, Iliassou Mfochive Njindam, Oudou Njoya, Anne Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Ubald Tamoufe, Sandra Georges, Florence Zeh Kakanou, Gnilane Turpin, Daniel Levitt, Serge Clotaire Billong, Sharmistha Mishra and Stefan Baral
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:751
  46. Countries of the Greater Mekong Sub-region aim to achieve malaria elimination by 2030. In the region, malaria is concentrated in high-risk areas and populations such as forest-going mobile and migrant populati...

    Authors: Win Htike, Win Han Oo, Thet Lynn, Lun Sovanda, Paul A. Agius, May Chan Oo, Naw Hkawng Galau, Kaung Myat Thu, Aung Khine Zaw, Ei Phyu Htwe, Julia C. Cutts, Ellen A. Kearney, Nick Scott, Katherine O’Flaherty, Bangyuan Wang, Boualam Khamlome…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:747

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