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  1. The study was to evaluate initial antimicrobial regimen and clinical outcomes and to explore risk factors for clinical failure (CF) in elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

    Authors: Xiudi Han, Xuedong Liu, Liang Chen, Yimin Wang, Hui Li, Fei Zhou, Xiqian Xing, Chunxiao Zhang, Lijun Suo, Jinxiang Wang, Guohua Yu, Guangqiang Wang, Xuexin Yao, Hongxia Yu, Lei Wang, Meng Liu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:668

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Frequencies of polymicrobial infection and pathogens evidenced in course of infected nonunion treatment are largely unknown. Therefore, this study aims at investigating microbial patterns in infected nonunions.

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Tobias Weber, Tamina D. Menges, Reinhard Schnettler, Christian Heiß and Volker Alt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:667

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Neonatal sepsis is one of the major causes of death during the first month of life and early empirical treatment with injectable antibiotics is a life-saving intervention. Adherence to World Health Organisatio...

    Authors: Beatrice Ekman, Prajwal Paudel, Omkar Basnet, Ashish KC and Johan Wrammert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:666

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia-induced pulmonary haemorrhage is considered a fatal infection among haematological patients. The outcome can be explained by the patients’ immunity status and late diagnosis and treat...

    Authors: Stefan Andrei, Alexandra Ghiaur, Lavinia Brezeanu, Cristina Martac, Andreea Nicolau, Daniel Coriu and Gabriela Droc

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:658

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a major Gram-negative pathogen, which has been reported to result in high mortality. We aim to investigate the prognostic value and optimum cut-off point of time-to-posit...

    Authors: Huiting Xu, Jie Cheng, Qinghong Yu, Qingyuan Li, Qian Yi, Siying Luo, Yuanyuan Li, Guangli Zhang, Xiaoyin Tian, Dapeng Cheng and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:665

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two major public health problems associated with increasing complications and mortality rates worldwide. The objective of this study is...

    Authors: James A. Ndako, Akinyomade O. Owolabi, Joseph A. Olisa, Jeremiah A. Akinwumi, Victor T. Dojumo, Oludolapo Olatinsu and Blessing A. Adebayo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:664

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Studies have demonstrated that health care students and practitioners are not immune to stigma towards people living with HIV (PLHIV). This attitude could lead to poor quality of care if it remains uncorrected...

    Authors: Mutiara Tirta Prabandari Lintang Kusuma, Tandalayo Kidd, Nancy Muturi, Sandra B. Procter, Linda Yarrow and Wei-Wen Hsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:663

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that was firstly reported in Wuhan, China, with cases now confirmed in more than 100 countries. However, COVID-19 pneumonia with spontaneous pneumothorax is unk...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Chen, Guqin Zhang, Yueting Tang, Zhiyong Peng and Huaqin Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:662

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Although women comprise 33% of the HIV-1-carriers in Israel, they have not previously been considered a risk group requiring special attention. Immigration waves from countries in Africa and in East Europe may...

    Authors: Tali Wagner, Karen Olshtain-Pops, Marina Wax, Olivia Horwitz, Rachel Shirazi, Yael Gozlan, Hadar Volnowitz, Ella Mendelson, Itzchak Levy and Orna Mor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:660

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are among the leading pathogens associated with endemic diarrhea in low income countries. Yet, few epidemiological studies have focused the contribution of enterohemorrhagic E...

    Authors: Marcelino Garrine, Glória Matambisso, Nélio Nobela, Delfino Vubil, Sérgio Massora, Sozinho Acácio, Tacilta Nhampossa, Pedro Alonso and Inácio Mandomando

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:659

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Tuberculosis is still a significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with high proportion of smear- and culture- negative incidences worldwide. The conventional diagnostic tests are time-consuming and have...

    Authors: Lingna Lyu, Zihui Li, Liping Pan, Hongyan Jia, Qi Sun, Qiuyue Liu and Zongde Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:657

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several studies have shown a substantial impact of Rotavirus (RV) vaccination on the burden of RV and all-cause acute gastroenteritis (AGE). However, the results of most impact studies could be confused by a d...

    Authors: Mónica López-Lacort, Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel Martínez-Beneito, Cintia Muñoz-Quiles and Javier Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:656

    Content type: Research article

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  13. People who use drugs including people who inject drugs (PWUD/ID), sex workers (SWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk of HIV and viral hepatitis infection. Limited epidemiological data ...

    Authors: Andrew Scheibe, Katherine Young, Anna Versfeld, C. Wendy Spearman, Mark W. Sonderup, Nishi Prabdial-Sing, Adrian Puren and Harry Hausler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:655

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by brucella. It has been an increasing trend in recent years (Wang H, Xu WM, Zhu KJ, Zhu SJ, Zhang HF, Wang J, Yang Y, Shao FY, Jiang NM, Tao ZY, Jin HY, Tang Y, Huo LL...

    Authors: Lingling Geng, Yuan Feng, Dan Li, Nan Nan, Kai Ma, Xianyan Tang and Xiaoqing Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:654

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Currently there are only two population studies on sepsis incidence in Asia. The burden of sepsis in Hong Kong is unknown. We developed a sepsis surveillance method to estimate sepsis incidence from a populati...

    Authors: Ying Zhi Liu, Raymond Chu, Anna Lee, Charles David Gomersall, Lin Zhang, Tony Gin, Matthew T. V. Chan, William K. K. Wu and Lowell Ling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:652

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Risk factors related to mortality due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) have been unveiled previously, but early clinical manifestations of IPD based on prognosis remain uncovered.

    Authors: Shuiyan Wu, Xubei Guo, Zhong Xu, Meilin Han, Lili Huang, Yunzhen Tao, Ying Li, Yanhong Li, Tao Zhang and Zhenjiang Bai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:651

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cryptococcus is a conditional pathogenic fungus causing cryptococcosis, which is one of the most serious fungal diseases faced by humans. Lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFA) is successfully applied to ...

    Authors: Li-Min Xie, Geng-Ling Lin, Hao-Neng Dong, Ying-Xia Liao, Ye-Ling Liu, Jian-Feng Qin and Xu-Guang Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:650

    Content type: Research article

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  18. More than 80,000 dengue cases including 215 deaths were reported nationally in less than 7 months between 2016 and 2017, a fourfold increase in the number of reported cases compared to the average number over ...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Jefferson Riera, Kayla Ostrow, Sauleh Siddiqui, Harendra de Silva, Sahotra Sarkar, Lakkumar Fernando and Lauren Gardner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:649

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The family cluster is one of most important modes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission throughout China, and more details are needed about how family clusters cause the ...

    Authors: Yiling Zhang, Cheng Zhang, Ying Hu, Hongmei Yao, Xianchun Zeng, Changrong Hu, Li Zhao, Xiangyan Zhang and Xianwei Ye

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:647

    Content type: Case report

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  20. COVID-19 is known as a new viral infection. Viral-bacterial co-infections are one of the biggest medical concerns, resulting in increased mortality rates. To date, few studies have investigated bacterial super...

    Authors: Ehsan Sharifipour, Saeed Shams, Mohammad Esmkhani, Javad Khodadadi, Reza Fotouhi-Ardakani, Alireza Koohpaei, Zahra Doosti and Samad EJ Golzari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:646

    Content type: Research article

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  21. During the outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq that started in 2015, the course of the disease and the treatment were not consistent with the available literature. Physicians, p...

    Authors: Dindar S. Qurtas and Nazar Pauls Shabila

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:645

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To explore the clinical features and CT findings of clinically cured coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with viral RNA positive anal swab results after discharge.

    Authors: Hui Zhou, Liping Zhu, Yueshuang Leng, Dongcui Wang, Harrison X. Bai, Zeng Xiong, Linbo Shi and Weihua Liao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:644

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The transmission features and the feasibility of containing shigellosis remain unclear among a population-based study in China.

    Authors: Jia Rui, Qi Chen, Qiuping Chen, Qingqing Hu, Mikah Ngwanguong Hannah, Zeyu Zhao, Yao Wang, Xingchun Liu, Zhao Lei, Shanshan Yu, Yi-Chen Chiang, Benhua Zhao, Yanhua Su, Bin Zhao and Tianmu Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:643

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Evidence suggested that vaginal microbiome played a functional role in the progression of cervical lesions in female infected by HPV. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of common vaginal infection on...

    Authors: Mei Yang, Lin Li, Chunfan Jiang, Xiaomin Qin, Min Zhou, Xiaogang Mao and Hui Xing

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:642

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Maternal poliovirus antibodies could provide passive immunity to the newborns from poliovirus infection during their first few months of life, but they may impair the immune responses of infants to the poliovi...

    Authors: Siyue Jia, Rong Tang, Guifan Li, Yuemei Hu and Qi Liang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:641

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world deeply, with more than 14,000,000 people infected and nearly 600,000 deaths. This review aimed to summarize the epidemiologic traits, clinical spectrum, CT results ...

    Authors: Yewei Xie, Zaisheng Wang, Huipeng Liao, Gifty Marley, Dan Wu and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:640

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Dengue fever is an arthropod vector-borne disease transmitted to humans by infected Aedes mosquitoes. Ethiopia has a favorable ecology for arthropods and report high burden of acute febrile illnesses. However,...

    Authors: Daniel Eshetu, Techalew Shimelis, Eshetu Nigussie, Girma Shumie, Wakwoya Chali, Biruck Yeshitela, Abraham Assefa and Endalamaw Gadisa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:639

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and severity. Studies investigating potential effects of co-morbid human immunodeficiency virus (...

    Authors: André Rolim Belisário, Paula F. Blatyta, Diana Vivanco, Claudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira, Anna Bárbara Carneiro-Proietti, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Cesar de Almeida-Neto, Paula Loureiro, Cláudia Máximo, Sheila de Oliveira Garcia Mateos, Miriam V. Flor-Park, Daniela de Oliveira Werneck Rodrigues, Rosimere Afonso Mota, Thelma T. Gonçalez, Thomas J. Hoffmann, Shannon Kelly…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:638

    Content type: Research article

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  29. An ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading globally. Recently, several articles have mentioned that the early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by COVID-19 signific...

    Authors: Jingen Xia, Yingying Feng, Min Li, Xin Yu, Yi Zhang, Jun Duan and Qingyuan Zhan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:637

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Key populations - men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) and people who inject drugs (PWID) – are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI) given their sexual risk behaviours al...

    Authors: Makini A. S. Boothe, Charlotte Comé, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Noela Chicuecue, Jessica Seleme, Denise Chitsondzo Langa, Isabel Sathane, Henry F. Raymond, Erika Fazito, Marleen Temmerman and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:636

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted in bioaerosols containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Despite being central to ongoing TB transmission, no routine diagnostic assay exists to measure Mtb in bioaerosols. Fur...

    Authors: Benjamin Patterson, Anastasia Koch, Sophia Gessner, Ryan Dinkele, Melitta Gqada, Wayne Bryden, Frank Cobelens, Francesca Little, Digby F. Warner and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:587

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:624

  32. Data regarding the prevalence of metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in cystic fibrosis patients are scarce. Furthermore, there is limited knowledge on the effect of MBL production o...

    Authors: M. Carugati, A. Piazza, A. M. Peri, L. Cariani, M. Brilli, D. Girelli, D. Di Carlo, A. Gramegna, M. Pappalettera, F. Comandatore, G. Grasselli, A. P. Cantù, M. Arghittu, A. Gori, C. Bandi, F. Blasi…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:635

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. People who inject drugs (PWID) have increased risk of acquiring blood-transmitted chronic viral infections such as Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as well as increas...

    Authors: Sara Thønnings, Filip Jansåker, Christoffer Sundqvist, Rebekka Faber Thudium, Susanne Dam Nielsen and Jenny Dahl Knudsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:634

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Cases of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia have been increasing recently; however, whether viral coinfection or macrolide-resistant M. infection contribute to the development of refractory M. pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Yajuan Zhou, Jing Wang, Wenjuan Chen, Nan Shen, Yue Tao, Ruike Zhao, Lijuan Luo, Biru Li and Qing Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:633

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Viral relapse is a major concern in hepatitis C virus (HCV) antiviral therapy. Currently, there are no satisfactory methods to predict viral relapse, especially in the era of direct acting antivirals in which ...

    Authors: Peng Peng, Yanjuan Xu, Michael W. Fried, Adrian M. Di Bisceglie and Xiaofeng Fan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:632

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  36. The drug resistance and the virologic failure of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are quite severe in Liangshan. A better understanding of the virologic failure of ART and the HIV-1 transmission network dynamics i...

    Authors: Dan Yuan, Meijing Liu, Yiping Li, Peng Jia, Ling Su, Li Ye, Yan Zhang, Pan Ling, Chang Zhou, Shu Liang, Hong Yang, Honglu Liu and Shujuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:631

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus was first reported in mainland China in 2013, and alarming in 2016–17 due to the surge across a wide geographic area. Our study aimed to identify and explore the spatial and temp...

    Authors: Xuzheng Shan, Yongqin Wang, Ruihong Song, Wen Wei, Hongxiu Liao, Huang Huang, Chunqiong Xu, Lvlin Chen and Shiyun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:630

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In this study, the association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cervical cancer and vaginal microbiome was evaluated in Chinese cohorts.

    Authors: Yulian Chen, Xingdi Qiu, Wenjing Wang, Dong Li, Anyue Wu, Zubei Hong, Wen Di and Lihua Qiu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:629

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Guidelines emphasize prompt antiviral treatment in severe influenza patients. Although nearly a 50% of severe influenza present with pneumonia, the effect of early (≤ 2 days after illness onset) neuraminidase ...

    Authors: Liang Chen, Xiudi Han, Yan Li Li, Chunxiao Zhang and Xiqian Xing

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:628

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The epidemiological pattern of hepatitis A infection has shown dynamic changes in many parts of the world due to improved socio-economic conditions and the accumulation of seronegative subjects, which leads to...

    Authors: Kaouther Ayouni, Bechir Naffeti, Walid Ben Aribi, Jihène Bettaieb, Walid Hammami, Afif Ben Salah, Hamadi Ammar, Slimane Ben Miled and Henda Triki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:627

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is evidence that males have higher incidence rates (IR) of campylobacteriois than females. The objectives of this study were to determine whether these observations differ between age groups and are cons...

    Authors: Manfred S. Green, Naama Schwartz and Victoria Peer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:625

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Benjamin Patterson, Anastasia Koch, Sophia Gessner, Ryan Dinkele, Melitta Gqada, Wayne Bryden, Frank Cobelens, Francesca Little, Digby F. Warner and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:624

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:587

  43. To improve treatment outcomes for tuberculosis (TB), efforts to reduce treatment failure are necessary. The aim of our study was to describe the characteristics of subjects who had failed treatment of tubercul...

    Authors: Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Jinsoo Min, Hyung Woo Kim, Joosun Lee, Ju Sang Kim, Jae Seuk Park and Sung-Soon Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:622

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jayalaxmi Wangkheimayum, Mohana Bhattacharjee, Bhaskar Jyoti Das, K. Melson Singha, Debadatta Dhar Chanda and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:620

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:544

  45. Neisseria macacae was discovered in the oral cavity of monkeys in 1983. In humans, it has been isolated from the upper respiratory tract of neutropenic patients. However, only two cases of N. macacae bacteremia h...

    Authors: Yasumasa Yamamoto, Norihiko Terada, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Hanako Kurai and Kiyofumi Ohkusu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:619

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. Vibrio cholerae are oxidase-positive bacteria that are classified into various serotypes based on the O surface antigen. V. cholerae serotypes are divided into two main groups: the O1 and O139 group and the non-O...

    Authors: Keisuke Tsuruta, Toru Ueyama, Tomoo Watanabe, Kenichi Nakano, Kenji Uno and Hidetada Fukushima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:618

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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