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  1. Localized `and disseminated Nocardia farcinica infection is frequently reported in immunocompromised patients. However, orbital nocardiosis is rare, and, to our knowledge, traumatic orbital nocardiosis that affec...

    Authors: Anan Wang, Qihua Xu, Yaohua Wang and Hongfei Liao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:953

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. In Vietnam, a country with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden, health professionals in both TB-specialized and non-TB-specialized general hospitals have a high risk of acquiring TB. The aims of the present study ...

    Authors: Chau Quy Ngo, Toshie Manabe, Giap Van Vu, Hanh Thi Chu, Trang Thi Thu Vu, Trang Thu Tran, Lan Thi Phuong Doan, Jin Takasaki and Koichiro Kudo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:951

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Bacterial infection of the urinary tract is among the common reasons for seeking medical attention in the community. Rapidly increasing antibiotic resistance of uropathogens is resulting in limited treatment o...

    Authors: Guesh Gebremariam, Haftom Legese, Yemane Woldu, Tadele Araya, Kiflom Hagos and Araya GebreyesusWasihun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:950

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is an important pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). After an EHEC outbreak involving uncooked beef, serving raw beef ...

    Authors: Kentaro Iwata and Michihiko Goto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:949

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can cause poor outcomes in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients; moreover, it is associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the general population. Accordingly, anti-HCMV ...

    Authors: Yeonju La, Da Eun Kwon, Seul Gi Yoo, Kyoung Hwa Lee, Sang Hoon Han and Yong Goo Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:948

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Klebsiella variicola and K. quasipneumoniae are new species distinguishable from K. pneumoniae but they are often misidentified as K. pneumoniae in clinical settings. Several reports have demonstrated the possibi...

    Authors: Kazuo Imai, Noriomi Ishibashi, Masahiro Kodana, Norihito Tarumoto, Jun Sakai, Toru Kawamura, Shinichi Takeuchi, Yoshitada Taji, Yasuhiro Ebihara, Kenji Ikebuchi, Takashi Murakami, Takuya Maeda, Kotaro Mitsutake and Shigefumi Maesaki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:946

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a lethal disease which has been changing significantly over the past decades; however, information about IE in China remains scarce. This study surveyed the changes in clinical c...

    Authors: Zuning Ren, Xichao Mo, Hongjie Chen and Jie Peng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:945

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Despite the numerous intervention programmes, HIV still remains a public health concern with a high impact in Sub-Saharan Africa region. Oxidative stress has been documented in HIV subjects as viral infection ...

    Authors: Stephen Bassey Coco-Bassey, Enosakhare A. Asemota, Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu, Joyce E. Etura, Esienanwan Esien Efiong, Imeobong J. Inyang and Emmanuel K. Uko

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:944

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A large proportion of people who inject drugs (PWID) living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have not been treated. It is unknown whether inclusion of HCV diagnostics and treatment into integrated substa...

    Authors: Lars T. Fadnes, Christer Frode Aas, Jørn Henrik Vold, Christian Ohldieck, Rafael Alexander Leiva, Fatemeh Chalabianloo, Svetlana Skurtveit, Ole Jørgen Lygren, Olav Dalgård, Peter Vickerman, Håvard Midgard, Else-Marie Løberg and Kjell Arne Johansson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:943

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. In recent years, the number of infective endocarditis (IE) cases associated with injection drug use has increased. Clinical guidelines suggest deferring surgery for IE in people who inject drugs (PWID) due to ...

    Authors: David Goodman-Meza, Robert E. Weiss, Sebastián Gamboa, Abel Gallegos, Alex A. T. Bui, Matthew B. Goetz, Steven Shoptaw and Raphael J. Landovitz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:918

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Initiating early effective antimicrobial therapy is the most important intervention demonstrated to decrease mortality in patients with gram-negative bacteremia with sepsis. Rapid MIC-based susceptibility resu...

    Authors: Gerald Elliott, Michael Malczynski, Viktorjia O. Barr, Doaa Aljefri, David Martin, Sarah Sutton, Teresa R. Zembower, Michael Postelnick and Chao Qi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:942

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been rapidly developed and widely used as an analytical technique in clinical laboratories with high accuracy in ...

    Authors: Ying Li, Mingzhu Shan, Zuobin Zhu, Xuhua Mao, Mingju Yan, Ying Chen, Qiuju Zhu, Hongchun Li and Bing Gu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:941

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Bacillus anthracis causes a highly lethal infectious disease primarily due to toxin-mediated injury. Antibiotics are no longer effective to treat the accumulation of anthrax toxin, thereby new strategies of antib...

    Authors: Siping Xiong, Tingting Zhou, Feng Zheng, Xudong Liang, Yongping Cao, Chunhui Wang, Zhengqin Feng, Qi Tang and Jin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:940

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Invasive candidiasis (IC) is the most common invasive fungal infection. The epidemiology of IC in hospitalized patients has been widely investigated in many metropolitan cities; however, little information fro...

    Authors: Zhang-rui Zeng, Gang Tian, Yin-huan Ding, Kui Yang, Jin-bo Liu and Jian Deng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:939

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Viral bronchiolitis is the most common cause of respiratory failure requiring invasive ventilation in young children. Bacterial co-infections may complicate and prolong paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) st...

    Authors: Hanke M. G. Wiegers, Lisa van Nijen, Job B. M. van Woensel, Reinout A. Bem, Menno D. de Jong and Job C. J. Calis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:938

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Malaria is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Pakistan is considered as a moderate malaria-endemic country but still, 177 million individuals are at risk of malaria. Roughly 60% of Pakistan’s populati...

    Authors: Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Huma Fatima, Muhammad Afzal, Aamir Ali Khattak and Muhammad Ali Nawaz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:935

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Morbidity and mortality from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection remain significant in cancer patients. We evaluated clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes in patients with active Mtb infection...

    Authors: Joumana Kmeid, Prathit A. Kulkarni, Marjorie V. Batista, Firas El Chaer, Amrita Prayag, Ella J. Ariza-Heredia, Victor E. Mulanovich and Roy F. Chemaly

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:934

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has emerged as a major public health issue in Vietnam since 2003. We aimed to investigate the household transmission of HFMD and its causative viruses from 150 households in...

    Authors: Cuong Quoc Hoang, Thao Thanh Thi Nguyen, Nguyen Xuan Ho, Hai Duc Nguyen, An Binh Nguyen, Tham Hong Thi Nguyen, Hung Cong Phan and Lan Trong Phan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:933

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although DAAs hold promise to significantly reduce rates of chronic HCV infections, its eradication still requires development of an effective vaccine. Prolonged T cell responses and cross neutralizing antibod...

    Authors: Reham M. Dawood, Rehab I. Moustafa, Tawfeek H. Abdelhafez, Reem El-Shenawy, Yasmine El-Abd, Noha G. Bader El Din, Jean Dubuisson and Mostafa K. El Awady

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:932

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The sepsis-induced immunodepression contributes to impaired clinical outcomes of various stress conditions. This syndrome is well documented and characterized by attenuated function of innate and adaptive immu...

    Authors: Didier Payen, Valerie Faivre, Jordi Miatello, Jenneke Leentjens, Caren Brumpt, Pierre Tissières, Claire Dupuis, Peter Pickkers and Anne Claire Lukaszewicz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:931

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The potential HPV transmission route includes horizontal transmission “in utero” and vertical transmission from parents. Less is known about the role of child’s father as a potential source of HPV infection an...

    Authors: Mariusz Skoczyński, Anna Goździcka-Józefiak and Anna Kwaśniewska

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:930

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stages of taeniid cestodes of the genus Echinococcus. The two major types of infection in humans are cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis and alveola...

    Authors: Shima Mahmoudi, Setareh Mamishi, Maryam Banar, Babak Pourakbari and Hossein Keshavarz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:929

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Endemic presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to carbapenem in Italy has been due principally to the clonal expansion of CC258 isolates; however, recent studies suggest an ongoing epidemiological change in ...

    Authors: Teresa Fasciana, Bernardina Gentile, Maria Aquilina, Andrea Ciammaruconi, Chiara Mascarella, Anna Anselmo, Antonella Fortunato, Silvia Fillo, Giancarlo Petralito, Florigio Lista and Anna Giammanco

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:928

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative bacterium and an oral commensal in dogs and cats, but occasionally causes serious infections in humans. Septicemia is one of the most fulminant forms, but diagnosis of...

    Authors: Jun Sakai, Kazuhito Imanaka, Masahiro Kodana, Kana Ohgane, Susumu Sekine, Kei Yamamoto, Yusuke Nishida, Toru Kawamura, Takahiro Matsuoka, Shigefumi Maesaki, Hideaki Oka and Hideaki Ohno

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:927

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play immunosuppressive roles in cancers and some infectious diseases; however, their role in dengue fever (DF) remains unknown. This study evaluated the clinical signif...

    Authors: Peng-Le Guo, Ling-Hua Li, Wen-Li Li, Jin-Cun Zhao, Feng-Yu Hu, Fu-Chun Zhang, Wei-Ping Cai and Xiao-Ping Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:926

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Ruili is a border city in southwest China along the heroin trafficking route. In recent decades, the city has witnessed increased in HIV transmission. The current study aims to explore the spatiotemporal trend...

    Authors: Li Jiang, Zhoulin Li, Jin Huang, Bang Liu, Yingbo Yang, Lanzhu Lin, Chengbo Wang, Ximei Xie, Xia Peng, Wen Xu and Hong Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:925

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a major health and economic burden. Accurate PTB detection is an important step to eliminating TB globally. Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10) has been reported as a po...

    Authors: Xia Qiu, Tao Xiong, Xiaojuan Su, Yi Qu, Long Ge, Yan Yue, Yan Zeng, Wenxing Li, Peng Hu and Dezhi Mu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:924

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with detectable Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the sputum is a major source of transmission. In resource limited TB endemic settings, cure is declared through sputum smear examination f...

    Authors: Atiqa Ambreen, Muhammad Jamil, Mohammad Aqeel ur Rahman and Tehmina Mustafa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:923

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In southern Papua, Indonesia, malaria is highly prevalent in young children and is a significant cause of morbidity and early mortality. The association between malaria and delayed mortality is unknown.

    Authors: Dewi Patriani, Eggi Arguni, Enny Kenangalem, Saber Dini, Paulus Sugiarto, Afdhal Hasanuddin, Daniel Adrian Lampah, Nicholas M. Douglas, Nicholas M. Anstey, Julie Anne Simpson, Ric N. Price and Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:922

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This short reply contests two assumptions made by the authors of Mayrhuber et al’s. “With fever it’s the real flu I would say.” The first is that there is influenza can be reliably defined by a medical case de...

    Authors: Annemarie Jutel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:921

    Content type: Correspondence

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  31. The only licensed malaria vaccine, RTS,S/AS01, has been developed for morbidity-control in young children. The potential impact on transmission of deploying such anti-infective vaccines to wider age ranges, po...

    Authors: Flavia Camponovo, Chris F. Ockenhouse, Cynthia Lee and Melissa A. Penny

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:920

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pertussis causes severe disease in young unvaccinated infants, with preterms potentially at highest risk. We studied pertussis in hospitalized infants as related to gestational age (GA) and vaccination history.

    Authors: Nicoline A. T. van der Maas, Elisabeth A. M. Sanders, Florens G. A. Versteegh, Albertine Baauw, Anneke Westerhof and Hester E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:919

    Content type: Research article

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  33. A bi-directional interaction between diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis is well established and has been likened to that between HIV and TB. Whereas HIV screening is standard of care test in sub Saharan Africa...

    Authors: Patricia J. Munseri, Henrika Kimambo and Kisali Pallangyo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:915

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Programmatic data on the baseline risk of tuberculosis in people living with HIV (PLHIV) are needed to evaluate long-term effectiveness of the ongoing isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) roll-out in India.

    Authors: Akshay N. Gupte, Dileep Kadam, Shashikala Sangle, Bharat B. Rewari, Sonali Salvi, Amol Chavan, Smita Nimkar, Jonathan Golub, Nikhil Gupte, Amita Gupta, Ivan Marbaniang and Vidya Mave

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:914

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Self-reported antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence measures that are associated with plasma viral load (VL) are valuable to clinicians and researchers, but are rarely examined among groups vulnerable to drop...

    Authors: William E. Cunningham, Robin M. Nance, Carol E. Golin, Patrick Flynn, Kevin Knight, Curt G. Beckwith, Irene Kuo, Anne Spaulding, Faye S. Taxman, Fredrick Altice, Joseph A. Delaney, Heidi M. Crane and Sandra A. Springer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:913

    Content type: Research article

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  36. West Nile virus (WNV) circulates across Australia and was referred to historically as Kunjin virus (WNVKUN). WNVKUN has been considered more benign than other WNV strains circulating globally. In 2011, a more vir...

    Authors: Bixing Huang, Nic West, Jelena Vider, Ping Zhang, Rebecca E. Griffiths, Ernst Wolvetang, Peter Burtonclay and David Warrilow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:912

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Cyst infection is a prevalent complication in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients, however therapeutic and diagnostic approaches towards this condition remain unclear. The confirmatio...

    Authors: Laura Onuchic, Victor Augusto Hamamoto Sato, Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Bruno Eduardo Pedroso Balbo, Antônio Abel Portela-Neto, Fernanda Trani Ferreira, Elieser Hitoshi Watanabe, Andreia Watanabe, Maria Cláudia Stockler de Almeida, Leonardo de Abreu Testagrossa, Pedro Renato Chocair and Luiz Fernando Onuchic

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:911

    Content type: Case report

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  38. On September 4, 2018, a boarding school in the Shunyi District of Beijing, China reported an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis. At least 209 suspected students caused of diarrhea and vomiting. The case was inv...

    Authors: Dongwan Chen, Yongjin Li, Jinchang Lv, Xiufeng Liu, Peng Gao, Guoxin Zhen, Wenzeng Zhang, Dan Wu, Hongbo Jing, Ying Li, Yao Zhao, Xiaochen Ma, Huilai Ma and Lijie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:910

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections occur mostly in immunocompromised patients. Therefore, it is difficult to diagnose disseminated NTM infections in patients without history of immunocom...

    Authors: Yun-Kai Yeh, Jing-Ya Ding, Cheng-Lung Ku and Wei-Chih Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:909

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health concern threathing the success of TB control efforts, and this is particularily problematic in Central Asia. Here, we present the first analysis of the...

    Authors: Anna Engström, Uladzimir Antonenka, Abdylat Kadyrov, Gulmira Kalmambetova, Katharina Kranzer, Matthias Merker, Olim Kabirov, Nargiza Parpieva, Asliddin Rajabov, Evgeni Sahalchyk, Zayniddin Sayfudtinov, Stefan Niemann and Harald Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:908

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The objectives of this study were to examine nutrient intakes of tuberculosis (TB) patients and to identify their associated factors.

    Authors: Zhewen Ren, Fei Zhao, Hui Chen, Dongmei Hu, Wentao Yu, Xiaoli Xu, Dingwen Lin, Fuyi Luo, Yueling Fan, Haijun Wang, Jun Cheng and Liyun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:907

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Migrants often face barriers to accessing healthcare. We examined disparities in access to and use of HIV-related health services between migrant and non-migrant people recently diagnosed with HIV living in th...

    Authors: Janneke P. Bil, Freke R. Zuure, Debora Alvarez-del Arco, Jan M. Prins, Kees Brinkman, Eliane Leyten, Ard van Sighem, Fiona Burns and Maria Prins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:906

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Following publication of the original article1, the authors noted the following:

    Authors: Wail A. Hayajneh, Vincent J. Daniels, Cerise K. James, Muhammet Nabi Kanıbir, Matthew Pilsbury, Morgan Marks, Michelle G. Goveia, Elamin H. Elbasha, Erik Dasbach and Camilo J. Acosta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:904

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:119

  44. Acute Q fever usually presents as a nonspecific febrile illness, and its occurrence is rapidly increasing in South Korea. This study investigated the clinical characteristics of acute Q fever patients in South...

    Authors: Jung Yeon Heo, Young Wha Choi, Eun Jin Kim, Seung Hun Lee, Seung Kwan Lim, Seon Do Hwang, Ju Young Lee and Hye Won Jeong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:903

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. To prospectively analyze the efficacy of uromune® in the prevention of uncomplicated recurrent urinary tract infections at 3 and 6 months, and according to gender and menopause.

    Authors: Cristóbal Ramírez Sevilla, Esther Gómez Lanza, Juan Llopis Manzanera, Jose Antonio Romero Martín and Miguel Ángel Barranco Sanz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:901

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The impact of animals sources of food as a possible reservoir for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) - Producing E. coli, and the dissemination of such strains into the food production chain need to be asses...

    Authors: Mengistu Abayneh, Getnet Tesfaw, Kifle Woldemichael, Moti Yohannis and Alemseged Abdissa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:897

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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