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  1. Content type: Research article

    Human leishmaniasis is one of the major parasitic diseases with worldwide distribution. Sri Lanka is a recently established focus of leishmaniasis caused by a variant Leishmania donovani. Early case detection and...

    Authors: Bhagya Deepachandi, Sudath Weerasinghe, Preethi Soysa, Nadira Karunaweera and Yamuna Siriwardana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:623

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli lineage ST131 predominates across various spectra of extra-intestinal infections, including urinary tract infection (UTI). The distinctive resistance profile, diverse armamentarium of virulence f...

    Authors: Ihsan Ali, Zara Rafaque, Ibrar Ahmed, Faiza Tariq, Sarah E. Graham, Elizabeth Salzman, Betsy Foxman and Javid Iqbal Dasti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:620

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  3. Content type: Research article

    About 10% latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) would progress to active tuberculosis (TB), if left prophylactic therapy. Tuberculin skin test (TST) is the most widely used method for LTBI screening in the sch...

    Authors: Demin Cao, Zhiguo Zhang, Zhen Yang, Shubo Ma, Zhaogang Sun, Huijuan Duan, Baoli Zhu and Fei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:619

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The increased transmission of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) poses a challenge to tuberculosis prevention and control in Sri Lanka. Isoniazid (INH) is a key element of the first line anti tubercul...

    Authors: Roshanthi Eranga Karunaratne, Lahiru A. Wijenayaka, Sandya Sulochana Wijesundera, K. M. Nalin De Silva, Chamila Priyangani Adikaram and Jennifer Perera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:618

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The major infectious diseases of hepatitis B has constituted an acute public health challenge in China. An effective and affordable HBV control model is urgently needed. A national project of Community-based C...

    Authors: Bing Ruan, Zhixin Yu, Shigui Yang, Kaijin Xu, Jingjing Ren, Jun Yao, Nanping Wu, Chengbo Yu, Min Deng, Tiansheng Xie, Ping Chen, Chencheng Wang, Yiping Li, Yanhong Zhao, Jifang Sheng, Yunde Hou…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:617

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The point mutations in 23S rRNA gene of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) can lead to high-level resistance to macrolides. This study aimed to evaluate allele-specific real-time PCR (ASPCR) to detect the resi...

    Authors: Dongxing Guo, Wenjuan Hu, Baoping Xu, Jingyi Li, Dan Li, Shaogang Li, Zhaoyong Wu, Ran Wei, Xiujun Tian, Kunling Shen and Deli Xin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:616

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  7. Content type: Research article

    China contributed 8.9% of all incident cases of tuberculosis globally in 2017, and understanding the spatiotemporal distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in major transmission foci in the country is cri...

    Authors: Ting Li, Qu Cheng, Charles Li, Everleigh Stokes, Philip Collender, Alison Ohringer, Xintong Li, Jing Li, Jonathan L. Zelner, Song Liang, Changhong Yang, Justin V. Remais and Jin’ge He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:615

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of telbivudine in chronic hepatitis B women during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

    Authors: Li-fen Han, Jian-ming Zheng, Li-qing Zheng, Hai-bing Gao, Li-xia Chen, Qing-ling Xu, Yi-hong Chai, Xin Zhang, Chen Pan and Lv-feng Yao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:614

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) A genotype ON1, which was first detected in Ontario (Canada) in 2010/11, appeared in Germany in 2011/12. Preliminary observations suggested a higher clinical severity in c...

    Authors: Andrea Streng, David Goettler, Miriam Haerlein, Lisa Lehmann, Kristina Ulrich, Christiane Prifert, Christine Krempl, Benedikt Weißbrich and Johannes G. Liese

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:613

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death for individuals infected with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Conversely, HIV is the most important risk factor in the progression of TB from the latent to t...

    Authors: Augustus Aturinde, Mahdi Farnaghi, Petter Pilesjö and Ali Mansourian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:612

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) have become an important problem and they are associated with a high mortality rate. The aim of our s...

    Authors: Lucia Brescini, Gianluca Morroni, Chiara Valeriani, Sefora Castelletti, Marina Mingoia, Serena Simoni, Annamaria Masucci, Roberto Montalti, Marco Vivarelli, Andrea Giacometti and Francesco Barchiesi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:611

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Lassa fever (LF) is a viral hemorrhagic disease caused by the Lassa virus (LASV) and endemic in West African countries with an estimation of 300,000 to 500,000 cases and 5,000 deaths annually. The Margibi Coun...

    Authors: Abyot Bekele Woyessa, Leroy Maximore, Darius Keller, John Dogba, Myer Pajibo, Kumblytee Johnson, Emmanuel Saydee, Julius Monday, Roland Tuopileyi II and Nuha Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:610

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infections (BSI) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. This scenario worsens with the emergence of drug-resistant pathogens, resulting in infections which are difficult to treat or even...

    Authors: Helena Ferreira Leal, Jailton Azevedo, Giulyana Evelyn Oliveira Silva, Angelica Maria Lima Amorim, Larissa Rangel Cabral de Roma, Ana Carolina Palmeira Arraes, Edilane Lins Gouveia, Mitermayer Galvão Reis, Ana Verena Mendes, Marcio de Oliveira Silva, Maria Goreth Barberino, Ianick Souto Martins and Joice Neves Reis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:609

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Blood culture bottles (BCBs) provide a semiautomated method for culturing periprosthetic tissue specimens. A study evaluating BCBs for culturing clinical samples other than body fluids is needed before impleme...

    Authors: Adriana Sanabria, Merethe E. O. Røkeberg, Mona Johannessen, Johanna Ericson Sollid, Gunnar Skov Simonsen and Anne-Merethe Hanssen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:607

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Infectious disease prevention and control strategies require a coordinated, transnational approach. To establish core capacities of the International Health Regulations (IHR), the World Health Organization (WH...

    Authors: Mory Keïta, Georges Alfred Kizerbo, Lorenzo Subissi, Fodé Amara Traoré, Ahmadou Doré, Mohamed Fode Camara, Ahmadou Barry, Raymond Pallawo, Mamadou Oury Baldé, Nfaly Magassouba, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey and Ibrahima Socé Fall

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:606

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis, and other serious infections among children in India. India introduced the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) in several states in 2...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Anita Shet, Rosemol Varghese, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Anand Manoharan, Brian Wahl, Sara Chandy, Jack Sternal, Raziuddin Khan, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Mathuram Santosham and Narendra K. Arora

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:605

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal helminth infections are a serious public health problem in developing countries. Jiangsu, an eastern coastal province of China, has an environment conducive to the transmission of intestinal parasit...

    Authors: Yang Dai, Xiangzhen Xu, Jianfeng Liu, Xiaolin Jin, Mingxue Shen, Xiaoting Wang, Jun Cao and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:604

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to investigate the pathogen distribution and drug resistance in patients with acute cerebral infarction complicated with diabetes mellitus and nosocomial pulmonary infection.

    Authors: Yu-Xin Liu, Qiu-Mei Cao and Bing-Chen Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:603

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a hepatotropic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) virus which causes death. More than 300 million people have chronic liver infections globally and about 600,000 people die annually from ac...

    Authors: Abayneh Tunje Tanga, Misanew Andargie Teshome, Desta Hiko, Chaltu Fikru and Gemechu Kejela Jilo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:602

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Despite effective antiretroviral therapy developed over the last decade, HIV infection remains a major worldwide public health problem. Recently, a promising preventive treatment has been made available for HI...

    Authors: Elise K. Van Obberghen, Delphine Viard, Alain Lafeuillade, Alexandre Civiletti, Fanny Rocher and Milou-Daniel Drici

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:601

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of both Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) and Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, there are limited studies on the effect of P. falciparum malaria infection on ...

    Authors: Saad Mahjub Atiku, Nabukeera Louise and Dennis M. Kasozi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:600

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Second-line Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) regimens are used when patients develop treatment failure for first-line drug regimens. It is costly unaffordable and it is not widely available for patients in resourc...

    Authors: Muluneh Alene, Tadesse Awoke, Melaku Kindie Yenit and Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:599

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  23. Content type: Case report

    In Japan and other countries, the number of patients with syphilis is increasing year by year. Recently, the cases of the pulmonary involvement in patients with secondary syphilis have been reported. However, ...

    Authors: Shinji Futami, Takayuki Takimoto, Futoshi Nakagami, Shingo Satoh, Masanari Hamaguchi, Muneyoshi Kuroyama, Kotaro Miyake, Shohei Koyama, Kota Iwahori, Haruhiko Hirata, Izumi Nagatomo, Yoshito Takeda, Hiroshi Kida and Atsushi Kumanogoh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:598

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) is severe surgical infections which can occur following trauma or abdominal surgery. NSTIs secondary to gastrointestinal (GI) fistula is a rare but severe complication.

    Authors: Kun Guo, Wenbin Gong, Tao Zheng, Zhiwu Hong, Xiuwen Wu, Huajian Ren, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Peter Nthumba, Jianan Ren and Jieshou Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:597

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and has resultant important economic and societal costs underscoring the need for accurate surveillance. I...

    Authors: Frederick K. Wangai, Moses M. Masika, Marybeth C. Maritim and R. Andrew Seaton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:596

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  26. Content type: Research article

    People aging with HIV can experience a variety of health challenges associated with HIV and multimorbidity, referred to as ‘disability’. Our aim was to characterize the disability experience and examine relati...

    Authors: Kelly K. O’Brien, Steven Hanna, Patricia Solomon, Catherine Worthington, Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, Soo Chan Carusone, Stephanie Nixon, Brenda Merritt, Jacqueline Gahagan, Larry Baxter, Patriic Gayle, Greg Robinson, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Stephen Tattle and Tammy Yates

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:594

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  27. Content type: Technical advance

    Current drug regimens for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) include toxic systemic therapies such as amphotericin B (AB) and pentavalent antimonials. Fluconazole (FZ) is a well-tolerated potential oral alternative ...

    Authors: Ruwandi Kariyawasam, Priyanka Challa, Rachel Lau and Andrea K. Boggild

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:593

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Norovirus (NoV) is recognized as a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in settings globally. Studies have shown that employees played an important role in the transmission mode during some N...

    Authors: Qiang-song Wu, Ze-liang Xuan, Jing-yi Liu, Xue-tao Zhao, Yuan-fang Chen, Chen-xi Wang, Xiao-ting Shen, Ya-xin Wang, Lan Wang and Yi Hu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:592

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  29. Content type: Case report

    We report a rare case of Toscana virus infection imported into Switzerland in a 23-year old man who travelled to Imperia (Italy) 10 days before onset of symptoms. Symptoms included both meningitis and as well ...

    Authors: Fabian Tschumi, Stefan Schmutz, Verena Kufner, Maike Heider, Fiona Pigny, Bettina Schreiner, Riccarda Capaul, Yvonne Achermann and Michael Huber

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:591

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Transfusion-Transmitted Zika virus (TT-ZIKV) has become an emerging threat to world blood banks due to the fast spread of ZIKV epidemics and high rate of asymptomatic infections. For the risk assessment of ZIK...

    Authors: Rongfei Liu, Xuanzhuo Wang, Yu Ma, Jianyong Wu, Chen Mao, Lihong Yuan and Jiahai Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:590

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Early diagnosis of gastric tuberculosis is often challenging because the disease is very rare and its clinical manifestation is nonspecific and misleading. To raise the awareness and emphasize early diagnosis ...

    Authors: Jun Ma, Hongyun Yin and Huikang Xie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:589

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  32. Content type: Case report

    HIV controllers (HICs) are a rare group of HIV-1-infected individuals able to naturally control viral replication. Several studies have identified the occurrence of HIV dual infections in seropositive individu...

    Authors: Diogo Gama Caetano, Fernanda Heloise Côrtes, Gonzalo Bello, Suwellen Sardinha Dias de Azevedo, Brenda Hoagland, Larissa Melo Villela, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdiléa Gonçalves Veloso, Monick Lindenmeyer Guimarães and Mariza Gonçalves Morgado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:588

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In recent years Pakistan has faced frequent measles outbreaks killing hundreds of children despite the availability of vaccine for decades. This study was undertaken to determine the persistence of maternal tr...

    Authors: Najma Javed, Muhammad Arif Nadeem Saqib, Mir. Muhammad Hassan Bullo and Rana Jawad Asghar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:587

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Influenza vaccination is recognized as a primary public health intervention which prevents the illness of patients and relieves the societal burdens of influenza for medical community as well as the economy. T...

    Authors: Natsumi Shibata, Shinya Kimura, Takahiro Hoshino and Hisashi Urushihara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:586

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:709

  35. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide problem that crosses international boundaries and spread between continents easily. Hence, information on the existence of the causative microorganisms and their susceptibi...

    Authors: Tsegaye Alemayehu, Mulubrahan Ali, Enkosilassie Mitiku and Mengistu Hailemariam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:585

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles are implicated in drug-induced hypersensitivity, including by nevirapine and abacavir. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between HLA polym...

    Authors: Kun Hu, Qian Xiang, Zhe Wang, Guang-yan Mu, Zhuo Zhang, Ling-yue Ma, Qiu-fen Xie, Shu-qing Chen, Shuang Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhang and Yi-min Cui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:583

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a highly contagious herpesvirus with potential for nosocomial transmission. However, the importance of nosocomial chickenpox outbreak in China has often been ignored. With the i...

    Authors: Jin Yang, Jieling Liu, Fanfan Xing, Haiyan Ye, Guijian Dai, Meiyuan Liu, Simon Kam-Fai Lo, Ricky Wing-Tong Lau, Kelvin Hei-Yeung Chiu, Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan and Kwok-Yung Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:582

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is caused by an obligatory intracellular coccidian protozoan organism, Toxoplasma gondii. It has a worldwide distribution, affecting one-third of the world population. Psychiatric patients have a hi...

    Authors: Barnabas Achaw, Habtie Tesfa, Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke, Ligabaw Worku, Ayenew Addisu, Niguse Yigzaw and Yalewayker Tegegne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:581

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the trends in AIDS detection and the AIDS-attributed death rate in Brazil between 2007 and 2015 and to determine the population characteristics associated with AIDS detection.

    Authors: Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira, Meritxell Sabidó, Alessandro Caruso and Adele Schwartz Benzaken

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:579

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cancers in men, including penile, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence, the genotypes, and the risk factors of HPV i...

    Authors: Hai Ha Long Le, Xiuqiong Bi, Azumi Ishizaki, Hung Van Le, Trung Vu Nguyen and Hiroshi Ichimura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:578

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) is caused by a multitude of diverse pathogens, with significant morbidity and mortality in the developing world. The objective of this review was to characterise t...

    Authors: Kinley Wangdi, Kaushalya Kasturiaratchi, Susana Vaz Nery, Colleen L. Lau, Darren J. Gray and Archie C. A. Clements

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:577

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pleural parasitic infestation (PPI) is a disease prevalent in certain parts of the world. It is frequently misdiagnosed due to its lack of standardized diagnostic criteria. The purpose of this study was to eva...

    Authors: Jinlin Wang, Weizhan Luo, Panxiao Shen, Jianxing He and Yunxiang Zeng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:576

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Hospital environment in patient care has been linked on healthcare-associated infections (HAI). No touch disinfection technologies that utilize pulsed xenon ultraviolet light has been recognized to prevent inf...

    Authors: José E. Villacís, Mario Lopez, Deborah Passey, Manuel Hernando Santillán, Germán Verdezoto, Freddy Trujillo, Gustavo Paredes, Carmen Alarcón, Ronny Horvath and Mark Stibich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:575

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Blood donor plasma samples were detected by the Ultrio Plus NAT system for HBV, HCV and HIV-1 in Shenzhen blood center, China. Reactive samples underwent further discriminatory testing of a single virus by the...

    Authors: Xianlin Ye, Tong Li, Wen Shao, Jinfeng Zeng, Wenxu Hong, Liang Lu, Weigang Zhu, Chengyao Li and Tingting Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:574

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Solid organ transplantation (SOT) is a well-established and life-saving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Organ rejection and infections are among the main complications to SOT and largely d...

    Authors: Camilla Heldbjerg Drabe, Søren Schwartz Sørensen, Allan Rasmussen, Michael Perch, Finn Gustafsson, Omid Rezahosseini, Jens D. Lundgren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski and Susanne Dam Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:573

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  46. Content type: Research article

    We conducted a diagnostic surveillance study to identify Plasmodium, dengue virus, chikungunya virus, and Orientia tsutsugamushi infections among febrile patients who underwent triage for malaria in the outpatien...

    Authors: Pavitra N. Rao, Anna Maria van Eijk, Sandhya Choubey, Syed Zeeshan Ali, Aditee Dash, Punam Barla, Rajshri Rani Oraon, Gautam Patel, P. Nandini, Subrata Acharya, Sanjib Mohanty, Jane M. Carlton and Sanghamitra Satpathi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:572

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs) have emerged as antibiotic-resistant bacteria of global concern. Here we assessed the performance of the Carba (beta) assay, a multiplex real-time PCR assay developed b...

    Authors: Amanda Bordin, Ella Trembizki, Madeline Windsor, Rachel Wee, Lit Yeen Tan, Cameron Buckley, Melanie Syrmis, Haakon Bergh, Kyra Cottrell, Hosam M. Zowawi, Hanna E. Sidjabat, Patrick N. A. Harris, Graeme R. Nimmo, David L. Paterson and David M. Whiley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:571

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