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  1. Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is a serious nosocomial infection, however few studies have assessed CDAD outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the epidemiology, clinical course ...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Michael B Edmond, Richard P Wenzel and Gonzalo ML Bearman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:42
  2. Serum concentrations of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) have a strong independent association with HIV-1-related mortality. The practical utility of plasma suPAR in assessing shor...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Landon Myer, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Monica Vogt and Robin Wood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:41
  3. Fusarium spp. is being isolated with increasing frequency as a pathogen in oncohematologic patients. Caspofungin and amphotericin B have been reported to have synergistic activity against Fusarium spp.

    Authors: José-Manuel Vagace, Cesar Sanz-Rodriguez, Maria-Soledad Casado, Nieves Alonso, Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Francisco Garcia de la Llana, Luis Zarallo, Miguel Fajardo and Roberto Bajo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:40
  4. Largely due to the lack of diagnostic reagents, the prevalence and clinical presentation of cryptococcal meningitis in Tanzania is poorly understood. This in turn is limiting the impact of increased fluconazol...

    Authors: Peter R Kisenge, Alexander T Hawkins, Venance P Maro, John PD Mchele, Ndealilia S Swai, Andreas Mueller and Eric R Houpt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:39
  5. Shunt infection in hydrocephalus patients is a severe, even life-threatening complication. Antibiotic-impregnated shunts (AIS) have been developed in an attempt to reduce rate of shunt infection. The study was...

    Authors: Rainer Ritz, Florian Roser, Matthias Morgalla, Klaus Dietz, Marcos Tatagiba and Bernd E Will
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:38
  6. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis may be seen in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. This finding complicates interpretation of CSF abnormalities when such individuals are evaluated for other central ne...

    Authors: Christina M Marra, Clare L Maxwell, Ann C Collier, Kevin R Robertson and Allison Imrie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:37
  7. HIV-infected subjects have high incidence rates of Staphylococcus aureus infections, with both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. Possible explanations could include the high burden...

    Authors: Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Claudio Angeletti, Anna Festa and Nicola Petrosillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:36
  8. Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are an important public health problem. Improved identification of risk factors might enable targeted intervention. Therefore we carried out a case-control study with ...

    Authors: Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marie-Louise A Heijnen, Marcel F Peeters, Aad IM Bartelds and Berry Wilbrink
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:35
  9. This report discusses a case of unsuccessful treatment with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) in off-label use. The need for international guidelines concerning the off-label use of rFVIIa is outlined as well a...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Maja Weisser, Dimitrios A Tsakiris and Martin Siegemund
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:34
  10. Interferon-gamma is a key cytokine in the protective responses against intracellular pathogens. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the first intron of the human IFN-γ gene can putatively influen...

    Authors: Guilherme Inocêncio Matos, Claudia de J Fernandes Covas, Rita de Cássia Bittar, Adriano Gomes-Silva, Fabiana Marques, Viviane C Maniero, Valdir S Amato, Manoel P Oliveira-Neto, Marise da Silva Mattos, Claude Pirmez, Elizabeth P Sampaio, Milton O Moraes and Alda Maria Da-Cruz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:33
  11. Most research scientists working in the fields of molecular epidemiology, population and evolutionary genetics are confronted with the management of large volumes of data. Moreover, the data used in studies of...

    Authors: Alicia Amadoz and Fernando González-Candelas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:32
  12. In Canada, targeted vaccination of at risk groups for hepatitis A (HA) is done since the mid 1990s resulting in declining incidence. This study estimated the year and age specific hospitalization rates and dis...

    Authors: Magalie Canuel, Gaston De Serres, Bernard Duval, Rodica Gilca, Philippe De Wals and Vladimir Gilca
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:31
  13. Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typ...

    Authors: Frédérique Gouriet, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Frédéric Collart and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:30
  14. Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide with potent activity and broad spectrum against Gram-positive bacteria currently used for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections and bacteremia, incl...

    Authors: Helio S Sader, Amy A Watters, Thomas R Fritsche and Ronald N Jones
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:29
  15. Fungal infections are diagnosed increasingly often in patients affected by hematological diseases and their mortality has remained high. The recent development of new antifungal drugs gives the clinician the p...

    Authors: Simone Cesaro, Mareva Giacchino, Franco Locatelli, Monica Spiller, Barbara Buldini, Claudia Castellini, Desireè Caselli, Eugenia Giraldi, Fabio Tucci, Gloria Tridello, Mario Renato Rossi and Elio Castagnola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:28
  16. Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are major causes of morbidity among women in developing countries. Both infections have been associated with pregnancy-related complications, and case detection and treatment in pregna...

    Authors: Maria Romoren, Johanne Sundby, Manonmany Velauthapillai, Mafizur Rahman, Elise Klouman and Per Hjortdahl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:27
  17. Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae meningitis has a high lethality despite antibiotic treatment. Inflammation is a major pathogenetic factor, which is unresponsive to antibiotics. Therefore adjunctive therapies with ...

    Authors: Hakim Echchannaoui, Stephen L Leib, Ulf Neumann and Regine MA Landmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:25
  18. Vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE) is a major cause of nosocomial infections in the United States and may be associated with greater morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs than vancomycin-susceptible ...

    Authors: Monique A de Bruin and Lee W Riley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:24
  19. Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and ingesting eggs released through the faeces from infected dogs infects humans. The location of the hydatid cysts is mostly hepatic and/or pulmonary,...

    Authors: Sonia Vicidomini, Gabriella Cancrini, Simona Gabrielli, Riccardo Naspetti and Alessandro Bartoloni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:23
  20. Dengue disease severity is usually classified using criteria set up by the World Health Organization (WHO). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the WHO classification system and modifications to this...

    Authors: Tatty E Setiati, Albert TA Mairuhu, Penelopie Koraka, Mohamed Supriatna, Melvin R Mac Gillavry, Dees PM Brandjes, Albert DME Osterhaus, Jos WM van der Meer, Eric CM van Gorp and Augustinus Soemantri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:22
  21. Several strategies to optimise the use of antibiotics have been developed. Most of these interventions can be classified as educational or restrictive. Restrictive measures are considered to be more effective,...

    Authors: Julian Mettler, Mathew Simcock, Pedram Sendi, Andreas F Widmer, Roland Bingisser, Manuel Battegay, Ursula Fluckiger and Stefano Bassetti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:21
  22. The relationship between cholera and climate was explored in Africa, the continent with the most reported cases, by analyzing monthly 20-year cholera time series for five coastal adjoining West African countri...

    Authors: Guillaume Constantin de Magny, Jean-François Guégan, Michel Petit and Bernard Cazelles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:20
  23. Host genetic factors are important determinants in tuberculosis (TB). The SLC11A1 (or NRAMP1) gene has been studied extensively for genetic association with TB, but with inconsistent findings. In addition, no stu...

    Authors: Kim Hung Leung, Shea Ping Yip, Wa Sang Wong, Lap San Yiu, Kam Keung Chan, Wai Man Lai, Eudora YD Chow, Che Kit Lin, Wing Cheong Yam and Kin Sang Chan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:19
  24. The prevalence of self-reported preventive behaviors in response to an anticipated local human-to-human H5N1 transmission outbreak and factors associated with such behaviors have not been examined.

    Authors: Joseph TF Lau, Jean H Kim, Hi Yi Tsui and Sian Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:18
  25. Planning public health responses against pandemic influenza relies on predictive models by which the impact of different intervention strategies can be evaluated. Research has to date rather focused on produci...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Hans-Peter Duerr and Stefan O Brockmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:17
  26. Recent clinical trials in Africa, in combination with several observational epidemiological studies, have provided evidence that male circumcision can reduce HIV female-to-male transmission risk by 60% or more...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Stephen Moses, Sake J de Vlas and Robert C Bailey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:16
  27. HTLV-I infected patients often complain of urinary symptomatology. Epidemiological studies have suggested that these individuals have a higher prevalence and incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) than ser...

    Authors: Paulo N Rocha, Ana Paula Rehem, Juliana F Santana, Neviton Castro, Andre L Muniz, Katia Salgado, Heonir Rocha and Edgar M Carvalho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:15
  28. The clinical data of plasma NVP level, safety and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the concurrent use of nevirapine (NVP)-based ART and fluconazole (FLU) is scanty.

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Chatiya Athichathanabadi, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Thanongsri Phoorisri and Somnuek Sungkanuparph
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:14
  29. As the competing interests for only the previous calendar year were included in the published article and it is journal policy to list competing interests for the previous five years, a full declaration of int...

    Authors: Rhoda Ashley Morrow, David Friedrich, Amalia Meier and Lawrence Corey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:11

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:84

  30. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most frequent infection-related cause of death. The reference standard to diagnose CAP is a new infiltrate on chest radiograph in the presence of recently acquired res...

    Authors: Beat Müller, Stephan Harbarth, Daiana Stolz, Roland Bingisser, Christian Mueller, Jörg Leuppi, Charly Nusbaumer, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:10
  31. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent in mouse macrophages. NO resistant Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with a severe outcome of these diseases.

    Authors: Angela Giudice, Ilza Camada, Paulo TG Leopoldo, Júlia MB Pereira, Lee W Riley, Mary E Wilson, John L Ho, Amelia Ribeiro de Jesus, Edgar M Carvalho and Roque P Almeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:7
  32. Enteroviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide and they are associated with diverse clinical syndromes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical manifestation of enteroviral neur...

    Authors: Mohsan Saeed, Sohail Z Zaidi, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Masroor, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez and Anis Khan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:6
  33. A procedure for including activity against enveloped viruses in the post-contamination treatment of hands has been recommended, but so far no European standard is available to implement it. In 2004, the German...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Jochen Steinmann and Holger Rabenau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:5
  34. Although Kabul city, Afghanistan, is currently the worldwide largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an estimated 67,500 cases, donor interest in CL has been comparatively poor because the disease i...

    Authors: Richard Reithinger and Paul G Coleman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:3
  35. Few studies on bacteraemia in Africa have been published. We aimed to prospectively identify the causative organisms of bacteraemia in The Gambia and their relation to clinical diagnoses, outcome and antimicro...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Charles O Onyeama, Usman NA Ikumapayi, Ousman Secka, Samuel Ameyaw, Naomi Simmonds, Simon A Donkor, Stephen R Howie, Mary Tapgun, Tumani Corrah and Richard A Adegbola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:2
  36. This is a correction of an earlier published article.

    Authors: Magdarina D Agtini, Rooswanti Soeharno, Murad Lesmana, Narain H Punjabi, Cyrus Simanjuntak, Ferry Wangsasaputra, Dazwir Nurdin, Sri Pandam Pulungsih, Ainur Rofiq, Hari Santoso, H Pujarwoto, Agus Sjahrurachman, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Mohammad Ali…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:1

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:89

  37. There are few reports in the literature of invasive infection caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis in patients without immunosuppression or other predisposing factors. The choice of antimicrobial therapy for bacte...

    Authors: Mei-Li Yang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Tun-Chieh Chen, Wei-Ru Lin, Chun-Yu Lin and Po-Liang Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:179
  38. Patients with psychiatric disorders were found to show a high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection. There is scarce information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Me...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Olga-Patricia Alanis-Quiñones, Miguel-Ángel Arreola-Valenzuela, Alfredo Rodríguez-Briones, Luis-Jorge Piedra-Nevarez, Ehecatl Duran-Morales, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sergio-Arturo Martínez-García and Oliver Liesenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:178
  39. The number of leishmaniasis cases associated with immunosuppression has increased regularly over the past 20 years. Immunosuppression related to HIV infection, immunosuppressive treatment, organ transplantatio...

    Authors: Silvia Pittalis, Emanuele Nicastri, Francesco Spinazzola, Piero Ghirga, Michele De Marco, Maria Grazia Paglia and Pasquale Narciso
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:177
  40. The disease burden and associated medical costs of rotavirus infections in inpatient and outpatient sectors in Taiwan were examined in anticipation of the availability of new rotavirus vaccines.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Lu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Yin-Hua Fang, Chung-Yi Wang, Yu-Huai Ho, Che-Lun Hung, Luan-Yin Chang, Chin-Yun Lee and Li-Min Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:176
  41. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral bronchiolitis in infants worldwide, and environmental, viral and host factors are all of importance for disease susceptibility and severity. To study...

    Authors: Hans-Olav Fjaerli, Geir Bukholm, Anne Krog, Camilla Skjaeret, Marit Holden and Britt Nakstad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:175
  42. Infection rates for many infectious diseases have declined over the past century. This has created a cohort effect, whereby older individuals experienced a higher infection rate in their past than younger indi...

    Authors: Arni SR Srinivasa Rao, Maggie H Chen, Ba' Z Pham, Andrea C Tricco, Vladimir Gilca, Bernard Duval, Murray D Krahn and Chris T Bauch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:174
  43. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of fluconazole as empiric antifungal therapy in cancer patients with fever and neutropenia. Our objective was to assess the frequency and resource utiliza...

    Authors: Donghui T Yu, Diane L Seger, Josh F Peterson, Ritesh N Kumar and David W Bates
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:173
  44. Both religious practices and male circumcision (MC) have been associated with HIV and other sexually-transmitted infectious diseases. Most studies have been limited in size and have not adequately controlled f...

    Authors: Paul K Drain, Daniel T Halperin, James P Hughes, Jeffrey D Klausner and Robert C Bailey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:172

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