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  1. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess efficacy and safety of prophylactic HPV vaccines against cervical cancer precursor events in women.

    Authors: Beibei Lu, Ambuj Kumar, Xavier Castellsagué and Anna R Giuliano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:13
  2. Description of the clinical pictures of patients colonized or infected by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates and admitted to hospital are rather scarce in Europe. However, a better delineation of the clin...

    Authors: Didier Schoevaerdts, Pierre Bogaerts, Alexandre Grimmelprez, Marie de Saint-Hubert, Bénédicte Delaere, Jacques Jamart, Christian Swine and Youri Glupczynski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:12
  3. Our objective was to determine the frequency and determinants of presentation to care with advanced HIV disease in patients who discover their HIV diagnosis at this stage as well as those with delayed presenta...

    Authors: Bakhao Ndiaye, Julia Salleron, Anne Vincent, Pierre Bataille, Frédérique Bonnevie, Philippe Choisy, Karine Cochonat, Clotilde Fontier, Habib Guerroumi, Bernard Vandercam, Hugues Melliez and Yazdan Yazdanpanah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:11
  4. Bacterial vaginosis (BV), an alteration of vaginal flora involving a decrease in Lactobacilli and predominance of anaerobic bacteria, is among the most common cause of vaginal complaints for women of childbear...

    Authors: Evy Gillet, Joris FA Meys, Hans Verstraelen, Carolyne Bosire, Philippe De Sutter, Marleen Temmerman and Davy Vanden Broeck
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:10
  5. Rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) is the most common cause of severe childhood diarrhea worldwide. Objectives were to estimate the burden of RVGE among children less than five years old in the Middle East (Bahr...

    Authors: Hanane Khoury, Isla Ogilvie, Antoine C El Khoury, Yinghui Duan and Mireille M Goetghebeur
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:9
  6. Cervical cancer is one of the most common AIDS-related malignancies in Thailand. To prevent cervical cancer, The US Public Health Service and The Infectious Disease Society of America have recommended that all...

    Authors: Amphan Chalermchockcharoenkit, Chenchit Chayachinda, Manopchai Thamkhantho and Chulaluk Komoltri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:8
  7. Expensive CD4 count and viral load tests have failed the intended objective of enabling access to HIV therapy in poor resource settings. It is imperative to develop simple, affordable and non-subjective diseas...

    Authors: Kerina Duri, Fredrik Müller, Felicity Z Gumbo, Nyaradzai E Kurewa, Simba Rusakaniko, Mike Z Chirenje, Munyaradzi P Mapingure and Babill Stray-Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:7
  8. Streptococcus suis is an emerging zoonotic pathogen and is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in adults in Vietnam. Systematic data on the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of S. suis strains isolated...

    Authors: Ngo T Hoa, Tran TB Chieu, Ho DT Nghia, Nguyen TH Mai, Pham H Anh, Marcel Wolbers, Stephen Baker, James I Campbell, Nguyen VV Chau, Tran T Hien, Jeremy Farrar and Constance Schultsz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:6
  9. Monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis is rapidly progressive and life-threatening. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether the clinical presentation and outcome for patients with this disease differ for t...

    Authors: Ching-Yu Lee, Liang-Tseng Kuo, Kuo-Ti Peng, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Tsan-Wen Huang and Ying-Chao Chou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:5
  10. Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most frequently encountered bacterial infections in children aged < 5 years; Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are hist...

    Authors: Alexandra Sierra, Pio Lopez, Mercedes A Zapata, Beatriz Vanegas, Maria M Castrejon, Rodrigo DeAntonio, William P Hausdorff and Romulo E Colindres
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:4
  11. Tuberculosis (TB) in migrants is an ongoing challenge in several low TB incidence countries since a large proportion of TB in these countries occurs in migrants from high incidence countries. To meet these cha...

    Authors: Gonzalo G Alvarez, Brian Gushulak, Khaled Abu Rumman, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Daniel Chemtob, Paul Douglas, Connie Erkens, Peter Helbling, Ingrid Hamilton, Jane Jones, Alberto Matteelli, Marie-Claire Paty, Drew L Posey, Daniel Sagebiel, Erika Slump, Anders Tegnell…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:3
  12. Voluntary home quarantine of cases and close contacts was the main non-pharmaceutical intervention used to limit transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza (pH1N1) in the initial response to the outbreak o...

    Authors: Anne M Kavanagh, Rebecca J Bentley, Kate E Mason, Jodie McVernon, Sylvia Petrony, James Fielding, Anthony D LaMontagne and David M Studdert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:2
  13. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide, yet the determinants of death are not well understood. We sought to determine risk factors for mortality during treatment of drug-susceptible pulmonary tuber...

    Authors: Payam Nahid, Leah G Jarlsberg, Irina Rudoy, Bouke C de Jong, Alon Unger, L Masae Kawamura, Dennis H Osmond, Philip C Hopewell and Charles L Daley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:1
  14. Encephalitis is an acute clinical syndrome of the central nervous system (CNS), often associated with fatal outcome or permanent damage, including cognitive and behavioural impairment, affective disorders and ...

    Authors: Jemila S Hamid, Christopher Meaney, Natasha S Crowcroft, Julia Granerod and Joseph Beyene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:364
  15. Oral vancomycin (125 mg qid) is recommended as treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Higher doses (250 or 500 mg qid) are sometimes recommended for patients with very severe CDI, without supp...

    Authors: Milagros Gonzales, Jacques Pepin, Eric H Frost, Julie C Carrier, Stephanie Sirard, Louis-Charles Fortier and Louis Valiquette
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:363
  16. New diagnoses of tuberculosis (TB) present important opportunities to detect and treat HIV. Rates of HIV and TB in Indonesia's easternmost Papua Province exceed national figures, but data on co-infection rates...

    Authors: Gysje J Pontororing, Enny Kenangalem, Dina B Lolong, Govert Waramori, Sandjaja, Emiliana Tjitra, Ric N Price, Paul M Kelly, Nicholas M Anstey and Anna P Ralph
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:362
  17. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between trends in CD4 counts (slope) and HIV viral load (VL) after initiation of combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) in Asian patients in The TREAT...

    Authors: Jialun Zhou, Thira Sirisanthana, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Yi-Ming A Chen, Ning Han, Poh_Lian Lim, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Jun Yong Choi, Tuti Parwati Merati, Evy Yunihastuti, Shinichi Oka, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Praphan Phanuphak, Christopher KC Lee, Patrick CK Li, Sanjay Pujari…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:361
  18. Human papilloma virus (HPV) types 6 and 11 account for 90 percent of anogenital warts (AGW). Assessment of a potential reduction of the incidence of AGW following introduction of HPV vaccines requires populati...

    Authors: Angela A Kraut, Tania Schink, Renate Schulze-Rath, Rafael T Mikolajczyk and Edeltraut Garbe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:360
  19. U.S. population studies show herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) seroprevalence levelling by approximately age 30, suggesting few new infections after that age. It is unclear whether this pattern is driven by ...

    Authors: Greta R Bauer, Nooshin Khobzi and Todd A Coleman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:359
  20. Concomitant infections may influence HIV progression by causing chronic activation leading to decline in T-cell function. In the Americas, visceral (AVL) and tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) have emerged as imp...

    Authors: Joanna R Santos-Oliveira, Carmem BW Giacoia-Gripp, Priscilla Alexandrino de Oliveira, Valdir S Amato, Jose Ângelo L Lindoso, Hiro Goto, Manoel P Oliveira-Neto, Marise S Mattos, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Mariza G Morgado and Alda M Da-Cruz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:358
  21. The standard three-dose schedule of hepatitis B vaccines is frequently not completed, especially in adolescents. A primary study has confirmed the equivalence of a two-dose schedule of an Adult formulation of hep...

    Authors: Pierre Van Damme, Anna Moiseeva, Igor Marichev, Anne-Diane Kervyn, Robert Booy, Sherine Kuriyakose, Andrew Brockway, Su-Peing Ng, Maarten Leyssen and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:357
  22. Dengue is now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the tropics. We conducted the first ex vivo study of dengue fever (DF) in African patients infected during the first Gabonese dengue virus 2 (DE...

    Authors: Pierre Becquart, Nadia Wauquier, Dieudonné Nkoghe, Angélique Ndjoyi-Mbiguino, Cindy Padilla, Marc Souris and Eric M Leroy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:356
  23. Corynebacterium mucifaciens has been mainly isolated from skin, blood and from other normally-sterile body fluids. It has rarely been described as a human pathogen since its description.

    Authors: Félix Djossou, Marie-Christine Bézian, Daniel Moynet, Anne Le Flèche-Matéos and Denis Malvy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:355
  24. Currently, T-cell based gamma interferon (IFNγ) release assays (IGRAs) are acknowledged as the best methods available for the screening of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and also as aid for the diagnosis...

    Authors: Mengistu Legesse, Gobena Ameni, Gezahegne Mamo, Girmay Medhin, Gunnar Bjune and Fekadu Abebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:354
  25. The clinical diagnosis of encephalitis is often difficult and identification of a causative organism is infrequent. The encephalitis syndrome may herald the emergence of novel pathogens with outbreak potential...

    Authors: Clare Huppatz, Yash Gawarikar, Chris Levi, Paul M Kelly, David Williams, Craig Dalton, Peter Massey, Rodney Givney and David N Durrheim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:353
  26. In Greece, fusidic acid and clindamycin are commonly used for the empiric therapy of suspected staphylococcal infections.

    Authors: George D Katopodis, Ioanna N Grivea, Angeliki J Tsantsaridou, Spyros Pournaras, Efi Petinaki and George A Syrogiannopoulos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:351
  27. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an important cause of respiratory tract infection and is increasingly being associated with other diseases such as asthma and extra-pulmonary complications. Considerable cross-reactivity...

    Authors: Irum Tabassum, Rama Chaudhry, Bishwanath Kumar Chourasia and Pawan Malhotra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:350
  28. Many studies using DNA fingerprinting to differentiate Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains reveal single strains in cultures, suggesting that most disease is caused by infection with a single strain. However...

    Authors: Katherine R Dickman, Lydia Nabyonga, David P Kateete, Fred A Katabazi, Benon B Asiimwe, Harriet K Mayanja, Alphonse Okwera, Christopher Whalen and Moses L Joloba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:349
  29. Individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of progression to active tuberculosis following Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The objective of the study was to determin...

    Authors: Irene Latorre, Xavier Martínez-Lacasa, Roser Font, Alicia Lacoma, Jordi Puig, Cristina Tural, Josep Lite, Cristina Prat, Eva Cuchi, Vicente Ausina and Jose Domínguez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:348
  30. In October 2007, the working group CEN/TC 216 of the European Committee for standardisation suggested that the Sabin oral poliovirus vaccine type 1 strain (LSc-2ab) presently used for virucidal tests should be...

    Authors: Maren Eggers, Elena Terletskaia-Ladwig, Holger F Rabenau, Hans W Doerr, Sabine Diedrich, Gisela Enders and Martin Enders
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:347
  31. Brucellosis is an endemic infection in Georgia. We conducted a review of patient records with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis of brucellosis over three decades at the central referral hospital for brucellos...

    Authors: Tamar Akhvlediani, Danielle V Clark, Giulen Chubabria, Otar Zenaishvili and Matthew J Hepburn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:346
  32. Treponema denticola is an oral spirochete involved in the pathogenesis and progression of periodontal disease. Of its virulence factors, the major surface protein (MSP) plays a role in the interaction between th...

    Authors: Paolo Gaibani, Maria Teresa Pellegrino, Giada Rossini, Gualtiero Alvisi, Luisa Miragliotta, Carlo Prati and Vittorio Sambri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:345
  33. The yield of mycobacterial blood cultures for multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) among drug-resistant TB suspects has not been described.

    Authors: Scott K Heysell, Tania A Thomas, Neel R Gandhi, Anthony P Moll, François J Eksteen, Yacoob Coovadia, Lynette Roux, Palav Babaria, Umesh Lalloo, Gerald Friedland and Sarita Shah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:344
  34. Finnish and Swedish waste water systems used by the forest industry were found to be exceptionally heavily contaminated with legionellae in 2005.

    Authors: Jaana Kusnetsov, Liisa-Kaarina Neuvonen, Timo Korpio, Søren A Uldum, Silja Mentula, Tuula Putus, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh and Kari-Pekka Martimo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:343
  35. An increasing number of reports are calling our attention to the worldwide spread of leishmaniasis. The urbanization of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been observed in different South American countr...

    Authors: Israel Cruz, Lucrecia Acosta, Mariana N Gutiérrez, Javier Nieto, Carmen Cañavate, Jorge Deschutter and Fernando J Bornay-Llinares
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:342
  36. The efficacy and safety of a single dose of ampicillin/sulbactam compared to a single dose of cefuroxime at cord clamp for prevention of post-cesarean infectious morbidity has not been assessed.

    Authors: Eleftherios Ziogos, Sotirios Tsiodras, Ioannis Matalliotakis, Helen Giamarellou and Kyriaki Kanellakopoulou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:341
  37. Several studies have compared nasal swabs to the more invasive nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) for detection of respiratory viruses. Mostly, the comparisons have been performed on immunocompetent children with u...

    Authors: Lars Öhrmalm, Michelle Wong, Maria Rotzén-Östlund, Oscar Norbeck, Kristina Broliden and Thomas Tolfvenstam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:340
  38. Responding to the high burden of cholera in developing countries, the WHO now considers vaccination as a supplement to the provision of safe drinking water and improved sanitation in the strategy for cholera c...

    Authors: Christian Schaetti, Ahmed M Khatib, Said M Ali, Raymond Hutubessy, Claire-Lise Chaignat and Mitchell G Weiss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:339
  39. Promising clinical data and significant antigen-sparing have been demonstrated for a pandemic H5N1 influenza split-virion vaccine adjuvanted with AS03A, an α-tocopherol-containing oil-in-water emulsion-based Adju...

    Authors: Hideaki Nagai, Hideyuki Ikematsu, Kazuyoshi Tenjinbaru, Atsushi Maeda, Mamadou Dramé and François P Roman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:338
  40. Most current guidelines recommend two serological tests to diagnose chronic Chagas disease. When serological tests are persistently inconclusive, some guidelines recommend molecular tests. The aim of this inve...

    Authors: Pedro EAA Brasil, Liane De Castro, Alejandro M Hasslocher-Moreno, Luiz HC Sangenis and José U Braga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:337
  41. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype (Ia, Ib, II-IX) correlates with pathogen virulence and clinical prognosis. Epidemiological studies of seroprevalence are an important metric for determining the proportion of ...

    Authors: Danielle L Ippolito, Wesley A James, Deborah Tinnemore, Raywin R Huang, Mary J Dehart, Julie Williams, Mark A Wingerd and Samandra T Demons
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:336
  42. Mycoplasma hominis is a fastidious micro-organism causing systemic infections in the neonate and genital infections in the adult. It can also be the cause of serious extra-genital infections, mainly in immunosup...

    Authors: Andres Pascual, Marie-Helene Perez, Katia Jaton, Gaudenz Hafen, Stefano Di Bernardo, Jacques Cotting, Gilbert Greub and Bernard Vaudaux
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:335
  43. Hypoglycaemia is an independent risk factor for death in severe malaria and a recognized adverse treatment effect of parenteral quinine. In 2006 our hospital changed quinine treatment policy from 15 mg/kg load...

    Authors: Gilbert N Ogetii, Samuel Akech, Julie Jemutai, Mwanamvua Boga, Esther Kivaya, Greg Fegan and Kathryn Maitland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:334
  44. blood cytokines and chemokines have been proposed as biomarkers for tuberculosis (TB). Recently, some immune mediators found in the urine of patients with renal dysfunctions have also been suggested as potenti...

    Authors: Angela Cannas, Ludovica Calvo, Teresa Chiacchio, Gilda Cuzzi, Valentina Vanini, Francesco N Lauria, Luigia Pucci, Enrico Girardi and Delia Goletti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:333
  45. Leptospirosis is becoming a major public health threat in Sri Lanka as well as in other countries. We designed a case control study to determine the factors associated with local transmission of leptospirosis ...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Dhanaseela B Nugegoda and Vasanthi Thevanesam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:332
  46. Several active ingredients proposed as vaginal microbicides have been shown paradoxically to increase susceptibility to infection in mouse genital herpes (HSV-2) vaginal susceptibility models and in clinical tria...

    Authors: Thomas R Moench, Russell J Mumper, Timothy E Hoen, Mianmian Sun and Richard A Cone
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:331
  47. Europeans represent the majority of international travellers and clinicians encountering returned patients have an essential role in recognizing, and communicating travel-associated public health risks.

    Authors: Vanessa Field, Philippe Gautret, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Eric Caumes, Mogens Jensenius, Francesco Castelli, Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Leisa Weld, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter de Vries, Frank von Sonnenburg, Louis Loutan and Philippe Parola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:330
  48. High rates of loss to follow-up (LTFU) are undermining rapidly expanding antiretroviral treatment (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa. The intelligent dispensing of ART (iDART) is an open-source electronic ph...

    Authors: Mweete D Nglazi, Richard Kaplan, Robin Wood, Linda-Gail Bekker and Stephen D Lawn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:329
  49. There are few studies in Brazil that address baseline prevalence of MRSA colonization and associated risk factors at hospital admission, or the incidence of nosocomial colonization. We report a prospective stu...

    Authors: Helena B Santos, Denise P Machado, Suzi A Camey, Ricardo S Kuchenbecker, Afonso L Barth and Mário B Wagner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:328

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