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  1. In this study, we describe the patterns of antibiotic prescription for neonates based on World Health Organization’s (WHO) Essential Medicines List Access, Watch, and Reserve (AWaRe), and the Management of Ant...

    Authors: Jiaosheng Zhang, Li Lin, Gen Lu, Keye Wu, Daiyin Tian, Lanfang Tang, Xiang Ma, Yajuan Wang, Gang Liu, Yanqi Li, Jing Qian, Ping Wang, Qing Cao, Wenshuang Zhang, Lijuan Wu, Ligang Si…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:186
  2. Timely access to outbreak related data, particularly in the early events of a spillover, is important to support evidence based control measures in response to outbreaks of zoonotic Emerging Infectious Disease...

    Authors: Martine Y. van Roode, Carolina dos S. Ribeiro, Elmoubasher Farag, Mohamed Nour, Aya Moustafa, Minahil Ahmed, George Haringhuizen, Marion P.G. Koopmans and Linda H.M. van de Burgwal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:185
  3. Chronic comorbid conditions are common in patients with sepsis and may affect the outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and outcomes of common comorbidities in patients with sepsis.

    Authors: Christine Kang, Seongmi Choi, Eun Jin Jang, Somin Joo, Jae Hoon Jeong, Seung-Young Oh, Ho Geol Ryu and Hannah Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:184
  4. The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may affect the miRNA expression pattern during cervical cancer (CC) development. To demonstrate the association between high-risk HPVs and the development of cervix dys...

    Authors: Ali Dehghani, Fardin Khajepour, Mohammad Dehghani, Ehsan Razmara, Mohammadreza Zangouey, Maryam Fekri Soofi Abadi, Reza Bahram Abadi Nezhad, Shahriar Dabiri and Masoud Garshasbi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:182
  5. An increasing number of studies have described new and persistent symptoms and conditions as potential post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC). However, it remains unclear whether certain symptoms o...

    Authors: Yongkang Zhang, Alfonso Romieu-Hernandez, Tegan K. Boehmer, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Thomas W. Carton, Adi V. Gundlapalli, Julia Fearrington, Kshema Nagavedu, Katherine Dea, Erick Moyneur, Lindsay G. Cowell, Rainu Kaushal, Kenneth H. Mayer, Jon Puro, Sonja A. Rasmussen, Deepika Thacker…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:181
  6. Pseudomonas nitroreducens is a non-fermenting, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium commonly inhabiting soil, particularly soil contaminated with oil brine. To our knowledge, no cases of human infection with P. ni...

    Authors: Naoya Itoh, Nana Akazawa, Makoto Yamaguchi, Hiromi Murakami and Kiyofumi Ohkusu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:180
  7. During the COVID-19 pandemic swift implementation of research cohorts was key. While many studies focused exclusively on infected individuals, population based cohorts are essential for the follow-up of SARS-C...

    Authors: Olena Tsurkalenko, Dmitry Bulaev, Marc Paul O’Sullivan, Chantal Snoeck, Soumyabrata Ghosh, Alexey Kolodkin, Basile Rommes, Piotr Gawron, Carlos Vega Moreno, Clarissa P. C. Gomes, Anne Kaysen, Jochen Ohnmacht, Valerie E. Schröder, Lukas Pavelka, Guilherme Ramos Meyers, Laure Pauly…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:179
  8. Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen serves as an attractive biomarker to diagnose Tuberculosis (TB). Given the limitations of current diagnostic modalities for Pleural TB, current study evaluated LAM’s potential t...

    Authors: Atish Mohapatra, Ujjwala Gaikwad, Ranganath T. Ganga and Pratibha Sharma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:178
  9. Human polyomaviruses contribute to human oncogenesis through persistent infections, but currently there is no effective preventive measure against the malignancies caused by this virus. Therefore, the developm...

    Authors: Reza Salahlou, Safar Farajnia, Nasrin Bargahi, Nasim Bakhtiyari, Faranak Elmi, Mehdi Shahgolzari, Steven Fiering and Srividhya Venkataraman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:177
  10. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), accounting for about 25% of global TB cases. In several communities, TB diagnosis, treatment, and control have become a...

    Authors: William Dormechele, Emmanuel Osei Bonsu, Caleb Boadi, Mercy Oseiwah Adams, Benedictus Atsu Hlormenu, Stephen Kwakye Addo, Bright Boatey Bossman and Isaac Yeboah Addo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:175
  11. It is not yet fully understood to what extent in-flight transmission contributed to the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study aimed to determine the occurrence and ...

    Authors: Joshua Howkins, Simon Packer, Eleanor Walsh, Deepti Kumar, Obaghe Edeghere, Matthew Hickman and Isabel Oliver
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:174

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:377

  12. Sepsis not only causes inflammation, but also damages the heart and increases the risk of death. The glycolytic pathway plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced cardiac injury. This study aim...

    Authors: Long Huang, Xincai Wang, Bawei Huang, Yu Chen and Xiaodan Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:173
  13. Spontaneous miscarriage, a leading health concern globally, often occurs due to various factors, including infections. Among these, Coxiella burnetii and Brucella spp. may have adverse effects on pregnancy outcom...

    Authors: Neda Baseri, Amir Hossein Omidi, Mina Latifian, Ehsan Mostafavi, Shahram Khademvatan, Navid Omidifar, Seyyed javad Seyyed Tabaei, Rasool Jafari, Shiva Zeinali, Ahmad Ghasemi and Saber Esmaeili
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:172
  14. Syndromic surveillance of acute gastroenteritis plays a significant role in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal infections that are responsible for a substantial number of deaths globally, especia...

    Authors: Jad Mohtar, Hiba Mallah, Jean Marc Mardirossian, Rana El-Bikai, Tamima El Jisr, Shatha Soussi, Rania Naoufal, Gabriella Alam and Mira El Chaar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:171
  15. Maternal sepsis is the third leading cause of maternal death in the world. Women in resource-limited countries shoulder most of the burdens related to sepsis. Despite the growing risk associated with maternal ...

    Authors: Bisrat Tesfay Abera, Hale Teka, Daniel Gebre, Tsega Gebremariam, Ephrem Berhe, Hagos Gidey, Birhane Amare, Rahel Kidanemariam, Marta Abrha Gebru, Fireweyni Tesfay, Yibrah Berhe Zelelow, Awol Yemane, Fanus Gebru, Ashenafi Tekle, Habtom Tadesse, Mohammedtahir Yahya…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:170
  16. Leptospirosis is an underdiagnosed infectious disease with non-specific clinical presentation that requires laboratory confirmation for diagnosis. The serologic reference standard remains the microscopic agglu...

    Authors: Marta Valente, Justina Bramugy, Suzanne H. Keddie, Heidi Hopkins, Quique Bassat, Oliver Baerenbold, John Bradley, Jane Falconer, Ruth H. Keogh, Paul N. Newton, Mathieu Picardeau and John A. Crump
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:168
  17. In Burkina Faso, the prevalence of malaria has decreased over the past two decades, following the scale-up of control interventions. The successful development of malaria parasites depends on several climatic ...

    Authors: Nafissatou Traoré, Taru Singhal, Ourohiré Millogo, Ali Sié, Jürg Utzinger and Penelope Vounatsou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:166
  18. Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus are major bacterial causes of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs...

    Authors: Tran Thi Ngoc Dung, Voong Vinh Phat, Chau Vinh, Nguyen Phu Huong Lan, Nguyen Luong Nha Phuong, Le Thi Quynh Ngan, Guy Thwaites, Louise Thwaites, Maia Rabaa, Anh T. K. Nguyen and Pham Thanh Duy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:164
  19. Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is hampered by the lack of a gold standard. Current microbiological tests lack sensitivity and clinical diagnostic approaches are subjective. We therefore built a diag...

    Authors: Trinh Huu Khanh Dong, Joseph Donovan, Nghiem My Ngoc, Do Dang Anh Thu, Ho Dang Trung Nghia, Pham Kieu Nguyet Oanh, Nguyen Hoan Phu, Vu Thi Ty Hang, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Nguyen Thuy Thuong Thuong, Le Van Tan, Guy E. Thwaites and Ronald B. Geskus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:163
  20. Bloodstream infection of Klebsiella pneumoniae (BSI-KP) were associated with increased mortality. Klebsiella pneumoniae was tested to susceptible to colistin by E-test and broth microdilution method in clinical l...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Hongcheng Liu, Huiqing Huang, Yuesong Weng and Xiaojun Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:161
  21. The pathological consequences of inflammation persist in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH), regardless of the positive outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The cur...

    Authors: Sihle E. Mabhida, Zandile J. Mchiza, Kabelo Mokgalaboni, Sidney Hanser, Joel Choshi, Haskly Mokoena, Khanyisani Ziqubu, Charity Masilela, Bongani B. Nkambule, Duduzile E. Ndwandwe, André P. Kengne and Phiwayinkosi V. Dludla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:160
  22. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a global health threat associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Diagnosis and treatment delays are associated with poor treatment outcomes in patients wi...

    Authors: Temesgen Yihunie Akalu, Archie C. A. Clements, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Zuhui Xu, Liqiong Bai and Kefyalew Addis Alene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:159
  23. Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) place a significant burden on healthcare systems globally. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and aetiologic age...

    Authors: Gabriel Kambale Bunduki, Effita Masoamphambe, Tilly Fox, Janelisa Musaya, Patrick Musicha and Nicholas Feasey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:158
  24. Accurate estimation of SARS-CoV-2 re-infection is crucial to understanding the connection between infection burden and adverse outcomes. However, relying solely on PCR testing results in underreporting. We pre...

    Authors: Lucie Richard, Rosane Nisenbaum, Karen Colwill, Sharmistha Mishra, Roya M. Dayam, Michael Liu, Cheryl Pedersen, Anne-Claude Gingras and Stephen W. Hwang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:125
  25. Empyema necessitans (EN) is a rare condition characterized by pleural infection with pus spreading into adjacent soft tissues. Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Actinomyces israelii are common causative age...

    Authors: Tomoaki Nakamura, Kazuhiro Ishikawa, Naoki Murata, Kuniko Sato, Atsushi Kitamura, Nobuyoshi Mori and Torahiko Jinta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:157
  26. Previous studies show increased morbidity in children who are HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) compared to children who are HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU). We sought to evaluate the effects of prenatal HIV exp...

    Authors: Jessica E. Ray, Katherine R. Dobbs, Sidney O. Ogolla, Ibrahim I. Daud, David Midem, Maxwel M. Omenda, Amy S. Nowacki, James G. Beeson, Katherine R. Sabourin, Rosemary Rochford and Arlene E. Dent
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:156
  27. This study aimed to understand the basic situation of adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Meigu County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture. The information ...

    Authors: Li Yuan, Kaiyou Chen, Yuanfang Cai, Zhonghui Zhou, Ju Yang, Wuti Jiqu, Qirong Zhu, Hong Zhang, Shaowei Niu and Hui Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:155
  28. Nocardiosis is a rare infection that typically results from inhalation of or inoculation with Nocardia organisms. It may cause invasive disease in immunocompromised patients. This case describes nocardiosis with ...

    Authors: Victor Arahirwa, Sahal Thahir, Lauren Hernandez and Zachary Inskeep Willis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:154
  29. Current diagnoses of urinary tract infection (UTI) by standard urine culture (SUC) has significant limitations in sensitivity, especially for fastidious organisms, and the ability to identify organisms in poly...

    Authors: Marzieh Akhlaghpour, Emery Haley, Laura Parnell, Natalie Luke, Mohit Mathur, Richard A. Festa, Michael Percaccio, Jesus Magallon, Mariana Remedios-Chan, Alain Rosas, Jimin Wang, Yan Jiang, Lori Anderson and David Baunoch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:153
  30. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is a life-threatening and severe disease in immunocompromised hosts. A synergistic regimen based on the combination of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX-TMP) with caspof...

    Authors: Hao Li, Yihe Lu, Guoxin Tian, Yongxing Wu, Tianjun Chen, Jiangwei Zhang, Nan Hu, Xiaoning Wang, Yang Wang, Lan Gao, Jinqi Yan, Linjing Zhou and Qindong Shi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:152
  31. Northern Italy was the first European country affected by the spread of the SARS-CoV-2, with the epicenter in the province of Bergamo.

    Authors: Bianca Maria Donida, Flavia Simonetta Pirola, Roberto Opizzi and Peter Assembergs
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:151
  32. Bacterial infections are considered a leading cause of hospitalization and death globally. There is still a need for a rapid and feasible biomarker for bacterial infections. Heparin-binding protein (HBP) was s...

    Authors: Amira Mohamed Taha, Khaled Abouelmagd, Mohamed Mosad Omar, Qasi Najah, Mohammed Ali, Mohammed Tarek Hasan, Sahar A. Allam, Roua Arian, Omar El Sayed Rageh and Mohamed Abd-ElGawad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:150
  33. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging zoonosis with a high fatality rate in China. Previous studies have reported that dysregulated inflammatory response is associated with disease ...

    Authors: Zhongwei Zhang, Xue Hu, Qunqun Jiang, Fangzhou Jiao, Qian Du, Jie Liu, Mingqi Luo, Anling Li, Liping Deng and Yong Xiong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:149
  34. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly in the absence of viral suppression, increase the risk of HIV transmission to uninfected partners. We determined factors associated with having an unsuppres...

    Authors: Marceline Mapiye, Khuliso Ravhuhali, Alex de Voux and Tendesayi Kufa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:148
  35. Influenza and RSV coinfections are not commonly seen but are concerning as they can lead to serious illness and adverse clinical outcomes among vulnerable populations. Here we describe the clinical features an...

    Authors: Henrique Pott, Jason J. LeBlanc, May S. ElSherif, Todd F. Hatchette, Shelly A. McNeil and Melissa K. Andrew
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:147
  36. The intestinal protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium is an important cause of diarrheal disease worldwide. A national microbiological surveillance programme was implemented in Sweden in 2018 in order to increase kno...

    Authors: Ioana Bujila, Karin Troell, Jessica Ögren, Anette Hansen, Gustav Killander, Lady Agudelo, Marianne Lebbad and Jessica Beser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:146
  37. Niemann-Pick Disease type C is a fatal autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder caused by NPC1 or NPC2 gene mutations and characterized by progressive, disabling neurological deterioration and hepatosplenomegal...

    Authors: Chaoxin Tao, Min Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang, Jihong Hao, Qiuyue Huo, Jie Sun, Jiangtao Xing, Yuna Zhang, Jianhong Zhao and Huaipeng Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:145
  38. Stage 1 of the STREAM trial demonstrated that the 9 month (Short) regimen developed in Bangladesh was non-inferior to the 20 month (Long) 2011 World Health Organization recommended regimen. We assess the assoc...

    Authors: Chen-Yuan Chiang, Henry Bern, Ruth Goodall, Shun-Tien Chien, I. D. Rusen and Andrew Nunn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:144
  39. Head lice are a main public health problem and the most important human ectoparasites and the use of pediculicides is the most common way to control it. One of the possible causes of treatment failure is the l...

    Authors: Eslam Moradi-Asl, Abedin Saghafipour, Amir Hamta, Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Malek Abazari and Shabnam Asghari Jajin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:143
  40. Tetanus is a life-threatening but preventable neurologic disorder characterized by trismus and muscle spasms. Despite its decreasing global incidence, it remains to be endemic in resource-limited settings such...

    Authors: Pamela Danielle T. Lanuza, Jao Jarro B. Garcia, Christian Wilson R. Turalde and Mario Jr. B. Prado
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:142
  41. Gram-negative bacilli are the most common etiological agents responsible for urinary tract infections. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacilli is increasing at a rapid pace globally, w...

    Authors: Manal Ismail Abdalla Mohammedkheir, Elsheikh Mahgoub Gaafar and Eltayeb GareebAlla Eltayeb AbdAlla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:141
  42. Cumulative malaria parasite exposure in endemic regions often results in the acquisition of partial immunity and asymptomatic infections. There is limited information on how host-parasite interactions mediate ...

    Authors: Kelvin M. Kimenyi, Mercy Y. Akinyi, Kioko Mwikali, Tegan Gilmore, Shaban Mwangi, Elisha Omer, Bonface Gichuki, Juliana Wambua, James Njunge, George Obiero, Philip Bejon, Jean Langhorne, Abdirahman Abdi and Lynette Isabella Ochola-Oyier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:140
  43. Among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART), the mortality of immunological non-responders (INRs) is higher than that of immunological responders (IRs). However, factors associated wit...

    Authors: Heping Zhao, Anping Feng, Dan Luo, Tanwei Yuan, Yi-Fan Lin, Xuemei Ling, Huolin Zhong, Junbin Li, Linghua Li and Huachun Zou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:138
  44. Dried blood spot (DBS) testing provides an alternative to phlebotomy and addresses barriers to accessing healthcare experienced by some key populations. Large-scale evaluations of DBS testing programs are need...

    Authors: Nigel Carrington, Anna Conway, Jason Grebely, Mitchell Starr, Beth Catlett, Annabelle Stevens, Bianca Prain, Colette McGrath, Louise Causer, Rebecca Guy, Joanne Holden, Phillip Keen, Melanie Kingsland, Heng Lu, Cherie Power, Phillip Read…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:137

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