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  1. Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are an emerging cause of significant morbidity and mortality in severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to assess the prevalence, clinical profile and outcome of BSIs...

    Authors: Naveenraj Palanisamy, Nakka Vihari, Durga Shankar Meena, Deepak Kumar, Naresh Midha, Vibhor Tak, Ankur Sharma, Gopal Krishana Bohra, Nikhil Kothari, Naveen Dutt, Pradeep Kumar Bhatia, Mahendra Kumar Garg and Sanjeev Misra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:933

    Content type: Research

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  2. Empowering female sex workers (FSWs) through women controlled HIV prevention option has been in focus globally. FSWs are important target for oral pre exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). A multi-centric qualitative s...

    Authors: Seema Sahay, Archana Verma, Suhas Shewale, Sampada Bangar, Athokpam Bijeshkumar, Mubashir Angolkar, Thilakavathi Subramanian and Nomita Chandhiok

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:930

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Remote Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities have potential to be severely impacted by COVID-19, with multiple factors predisposing to increased transmission and disease severity. Our mo...

    Authors: Ben B. Hui, Damien Brown, Rebecca H. Chisholm, Nicholas Geard, Jodie McVernon and David G. Regan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:929

    Content type: Research article

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  4. South Africa implemented rapid and strict physical distancing regulations to minimize SARS-CoV-2 epidemic spread. Evidence on the impact of such measures on interpersonal contact in rural and lower-income sett...

    Authors: Nicky McCreesh, Vuyiswa Dlamini, Anita Edwards, Stephen Olivier, Njabulo Dayi, Keabetswe Dikgale, Siyabonga Nxumalo, Jaco Dreyer, Kathy Baisley, Mark J. Siedner, Richard G. White, Kobus Herbst, Alison D. Grant and Guy Harling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:928

    Content type: Research article

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  5.  Several immunisation candidates against RSV are in late-stage clinical trials. To evaluate the benefits of a potential vaccination programme, both economic and health benefits will be needed. Health benefits ...

    Authors: Eva Díez-Gandía, Carla Gómez-Álvarez, Mónica López-Lacort, Cintia Muñoz-Quiles, Isabel Úbeda-Sansano, Javier Díez-Domingo and Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:924

    Content type: Research

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  6. Knowledge regarding factors predicting the SARS-COV-2 reinfection risk is scarce and it has major implications in public health policies. We aimed to identify factors associated with the risk of symptomatic SA...

    Authors: Efrén Murillo-Zamora, Xóchitl Trujillo, Miguel Huerta, Mónica Ríos-Silva, Felipe Aguilar-Sollano and Oliver Mendoza-Cano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:923

    Content type: Research

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  7. Postpartum alanine transaminase (ALT) flares occur frequently in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected mothers with antepartum antiviral therapy (AVT). We aimed to characterize the T cell immunity in HBV-in...

    Authors: Meiting Huang, Yunfei Gao, Xueru Yin, Xuelian Zhang, Yaohua Hao, Jing Hu and Zhihua Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:922

    Content type: Research

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  8. Most infants infected with Toxoplasma gondii are completely asymptomatic at birth, yet they may develop ocular and neurological sequelae in the first few months of life. Cases of congenital toxoplasmosis with sev...

    Authors: Jiao Li, Jing Zhao, Xiaoyan Yang, Yang Wen, Liang Huang, Dan Ma and Jing Shi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:920

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome in neonates, and the molecular mechanism of LOS is incompletely characterized. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential value ...

    Authors: Chuchu Gao, Zongtai Feng, Lixia Wang, Xingxing Zhao, Kai Fu, Shurong Ma, Zuming Yang, Sannan Wang and Shenglin Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:919

    Content type: Research

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  10. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of the virus in tear and conjunctival secretions of clinically-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia patients.

    Authors: Yunus Karabela, Semsi Nur Karabela, Mehmet Ozbas, Havva Kasikci and Kadriye Kart Yasar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:918

    Content type: Research

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  11. HIV incidence can be estimated with cross-sectional studies using clinical, serological, and molecular data. Worldwide, HIV incidence data in only men who have sex with men (MSM) are scarce and principally foc...

    Authors: D. N. Vergara-Ortega, H. López-Gatell, S. Bautista-Arredondo, A. Colchero, S. G. Sosa-Rubí, M. Morales-Vazquez, A. Herrera-Ortiz, M. Olamendi-Portugal, S. García-Cisneros, E. E. Sevilla-Reyes, M. Hernández-Avila and M. A. Sánchez-Alemán

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:917

    Content type: Research

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  12. Leprosy is a treatable disease; however, the release from treatment after completion of multidrug therapy (MDT) often does not equal absence of health problems. Consequently, sequelae interfere with the patien...

    Authors: Aleksandra Rosendo dos Santos, Pãmela Rodrigues de Souza Silva, Letícia Gomes Costa, Peter Steinmann and Eliane Ignotti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:916

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The aims of this study are to determine (i) SARS-CoV-2 antibody positive employees in Austrian trauma hospitals and rehabilitation facilities, (ii) number of active virus carriers (symptomatic and asymptomatic...

    Authors: Iris Leister, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Herwig Kollaritsch, Peter Dungel, Barbara Holzer, Johannes Grillari, Heinz Redl, Ivo Ponocny, Claudia Wilfing, Ludwig Aigner, Markus Exner, Michaela Stainer, Matthias Hackl, Thomas Hausner, Rainer Mittermayr and Wolfgang Schaden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:915

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant threat to global public health. Many medical curricula have limited clinical cases and materials focused on AMR, yet enhanced AMR education and training are need...

    Authors: Eneyi E. Kpokiri, Randall John, Dan Wu, Noah Fongwen, Jehan Z. Budak, Christina C. Chang, Jason J. Ong and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:914

    Content type: Research

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  15. While miliary tuberculosis (TB) in pregnancy is rare after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET), it poses a serious threat to the health of pregnant women and their fetuses. The present study ai...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Gai, Hongbin Chi, Wenli Cao, Lin Zeng, Lixue Chen, Weixia Zhang, Donghong Song, Ying Wang, Ping Liu, Rong Li and Yongchang Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:913

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Entecavir (ETV) is recommended as a first-line anti-HBV treatment. However, many chronic hepatitis B patients initiate anti-HBV treatment such as lamivudine and telbivudine with low genetic barriers in China, ...

    Authors: Jin Shang, Juan Zhou, Huan Liu, Rili M. Ise, You Tu, Jinqiu Ran, Lang Bai and Hong Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:912

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The potential shift of major causes of febrile illnesses from malaria to non-malarial febrile illnesses, including arboviral diseases such as chikungunya and dengue, is of concern. The last outbreaks of these ...

    Authors: Haliya S. Shauri, Esther Ngadaya, Mbazi Senkoro, Joram J. Buza and Sayoki Mfinanga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:911

    Content type: Research

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  18. As cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of non-AIDS related death in people living with HIV (PLWH) with undetectable viral load, we evaluated lipid profile, weight gain and calculated cardiovascula...

    Authors: Pierre-Emmanuel Plum, Nathalie Maes, Anne-Sophie Sauvage, Frédéric Frippiat, Christelle Meuris, Françoise Uurlings, Marianne Lecomte, Philippe Léonard, Nicolas Paquot, Karine Fombellida, Dolores Vaira, Michel Moutschen and Gilles Darcis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:910

    Content type: Research

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  19. How to early distinguish the severity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is a worldwide concern in clinical practice. We therefore conducted this study to assess the relationship between levels of serum inf...

    Authors: Mengyao Li, Ying Chen, Huihan Li, Dehua Yang, Yunlian Zhou, Zhimin Chen and Yuanyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:909

    Content type: Research

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  20. Pre-existing comorbidities have been linked to SARS-CoV-2 infection but evidence is sparse on the importance and pattern of multimorbidity (2 or more conditions) and severity of infection indicated by hospital...

    Authors: Yogini V. Chudasama, Francesco Zaccardi, Clare L. Gillies, Cameron Razieh, Thomas Yates, David E. Kloecker, Alex V. Rowlands, Melanie J. Davies, Nazrul Islam, Samuel Seidu, Nita G. Forouhi and Kamlesh Khunti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:908

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Viral load (VL) testing is key in monitoring adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and documenting HIV treatment response. As per HIV treatment guidelines in Uganda, the first VL test is recommended 6 mont...

    Authors: Grace Gabagaya, Gordon Rukundo, Alexander Amone, Priscilla Wavamunno, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Irene Lubega, Clemensia Nakabiito, Zikulah Namukwaya, Monica Nolan, Samuel S. Malamba, Rachel King, Jaco Homsy, Mary Glenn Fowler and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:907

    Content type: Research

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  22. COVID-19 disease may be associated with a wide range of bacterial and fungal infections. We report a patient with COVID-19 infection who developed rhino-facial mucormycosis during treatment with corticosteroids.

    Authors: Faezeh Mohammadi, Milad Badri, Shapoor Safari and Nima Hemmat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:906

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is one of the most virulent forms of mediastinitis. The main causes of high mortality in DNM are believed to stem from difficulty and delay in the diagnosis. Fast and...

    Authors: Jing Duan, Chuncheng Zhang, Xiaoshuang Che, Juanjuan Fu, Feng Pang, Qigang Zhao and Zhiqing You

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:905

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) cause encephalitis/encephalopathy, but few reports were available. We aimed to investigate the incidence of encephalitis/encephalopathy in SFTS patients and t...

    Authors: Ying Xu, Mingran Shao, Ning Liu, Danjiang Dong, Jian Tang and Qin Gu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:904

    Content type: Research

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  25. Novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) was declared as a global pandemic in 2020. With the spread of the disease, a better understanding of patient outcomes associated with their symptoms in diverse geographi...

    Authors: Jamil Sadeghifar, Habib Jalilian, Khalil Momeni, Hamed Delam, Tadesse Sheleme, Ayoub Rashidi, Fariba Hemmati, Shahab Falahi and Morteza Arab-Zozani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:903

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Airway malacia is an important cause of noisy breathing, recurrent wheezing and respiratory infections, chronic coughing, and episodes of respiratory distress in young children. As the clinical manifestations ...

    Authors: Ting Wang, Qiuyan Xu, Ge Dai, Yu Hong, Zhengrong Chen, Min Lu, Yongdong Yan and Wujun Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:902

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is challenging, particularly in post-mortem human tissues. However, there is increasing evidence for viral SARS-CoV-2 manifestation i...

    Authors: Jana Ihlow, Alexander Seelhoff, Victor M. Corman, Achim D. Gruber, Simon Dökel, Jenny Meinhardt, Helena Radbruch, Ernst Späth-Schwalbe, Sefer Elezkurtaj, David Horst and Hermann Herbst

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:901

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Enteric fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A, B, and C. There is an emergence of Typhoid fever caused by extensively drug-resistant...

    Authors: Saba Shahid, Marvi Mahesar, Nida Ghouri and Saba Noreen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:900

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Without an adequate immune response, SARS-CoV2 virus can simply spread throughout the body of the host. Two of the well-known immunonutrients are selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). Se and Zn deficiency might lead to...

    Authors: Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi, Hedieh Moradi Tabriz, Mansoureh Togha, Shadi Ariyanfar, Zeinab Ghorbani, Sima Naeeni, Samaneh Haghighi, Aboozar Jazayeri, Mahnaz Montazeri, Mohammad Talebpour, Haleh Ashraf, Mehdi Ebrahimi, Azita Hekmatdoost and Elham Jafari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:899

    Content type: Research

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  30. Maternal immunization confers passive immunity to the fetus by transplacental antibody transfer. Infants may be better protected against pertussis if the mother received a diphtheriae, tetanus and acellular pe...

    Authors: Maarten M. Immink, Mireille N. Bekker, Hester E. de Melker, Nynke Y. Rots, Elisabeth A. M. Sanders and Nicoline A. T. van der Maas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:897

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The world has high hopes of vaccination against COVID-19 to protect the population, boost economies and return to normal life. Vaccination programmes are being rolled out in high income countries, but the pand...

    Authors: Isidore Tiandiogo Traoré, Samiratou Ouedraogo, Dramane Kania, Firmin Nongodo Kaboré, Blahima Konaté, Rachel Médah, Hermann Badolo, Nathalie de Rekeneire, Ariane Mamguem Kamga, Armel Poda, Arnaud Eric Diendere, Boukary Ouédraogo, Esperance Ouédraogo, Oumar Billa, Halidou Tinto and Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo-Yonli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:896

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. In China, men who have sex with men (MSM) face a high risk of HIV infection. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common in this population and leads to various adverse consequences, including risky sexual behav...

    Authors: Yang Zhu, Fengsu Hou, Chun Chen, Dannuo Wei, Liping Peng, Xinyi You, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Yuantao Hao and Jinghua Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:895

    Content type: Research

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  33. Primary care and frontline healthcare providers are often the first point of contact for patients experiencing tick-borne disease (TBD) but face challenges when recognizing and diagnosing these diseases. The s...

    Authors: Stephanie Mattoon, Caitlin Baumhart, Ana C. Barsallo Cochez, Douglas MacQueen, Jeffrey Snedeker, Caroline B. Yancey, Melissa Gatch and Emily M. Mader

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:894

    Content type: Research

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  34. Several studies have reported a significant association of knowledge, attitude and preventive practice (KAP) regarding dengue infection among community’s resident in endemic areas. In this study we aimed to as...

    Authors: Rhanye Mac Guad, Ernest Mangantig, Wah Yun Low, Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson, Meram Azzani, Shamala Devi Sekaran, Maw Shin Sim and Nornazirah Azizan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:893

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Several coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccines have already been authorized and distributed in different countries all over the world, including Bangladesh. Understanding public acceptance of such a novel vac...

    Authors: Rajon Banik, Md. Saiful Islam, Mamun Ur Rashid Pranta, Quazi Maksudur Rahman, Mahmudur Rahman, Shahina Pardhan, Robin Driscoll, Sahadat Hossain and Md. Tajuddin Sikder

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:892

    Content type: Research

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  36. Determining factors affecting the transmission of rifampicin (RR) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains under standardized tuberculosis (TB) treatment is key to control TB and p...

    Authors: Matthias Merker, Nkongho F. Egbe, Yannick R. Ngangue, Comfort Vuchas, Thomas A. Kohl, Viola Dreyer, Christopher Kuaban, Jürgen Noeske, Stefan Niemann and Melissa S. Sander

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:891

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Hepatitis A is one of the most common infectious causes of acute hepatitis, and currently, a neglected global public health problem necessitating an urgent response in Somalia. Hepatitis A infection and its ra...

    Authors: Esra Keles, Mohamed A. Hassan-Kadle, Marian Muse Osman, Hasan Huseyin Eker, Zeynep Abusoglu, Kursad Nuri Baydili and Aamir Muse Osman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:890

    Content type: Research

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  38. Intestinal parasitic infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide and have been identified as one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality among disadvantaged populations. This ...

    Authors: Soumia Sebaa, Jerzy M. Behnke, Djamel Baroudi, Ahcene Hakem and Marawan A. Abu-Madi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:888

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In a previous retrospective observational study, a 3-day regimen of oseltamivir as post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for preventing transmission of influenza in wards was shown to be comparable to 7- to 10-day r...

    Authors: Nobuhisa Ishiguro, Yoichi M. Ito, Sumio Iwasaki, Miki Nagao, Hideki Kawamura, Shinichiro Kanai, Yoko Nukui, Koichi Tokuda, Takayuki Miyara, Hidetoshi Igari, Koichi Yamada, Hiroki Chikumi, Chiaki Sano, Ryuji Koike, Tetsuya Yagi and Nobuo Murakami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:887

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) posed an enormous threat to public health. The use of antiviral drugs in patients with this disease have triggered people’s attentions. Whether interferon al...

    Authors: Jingyuan Liu, Chunjing Du, Lin Pu, Pan Xiang, Haofeng Xiong, Wen Xie, Zhihai Chen and Ang Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:885

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair using the MitraClip device is increasingly used for high surgical risk patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Previous guidelines for infective endocardi...

    Authors: Aikaterini Papamanoli, Tahmid Rahman, Andreas P. Kalogeropoulos, Zeena Lobo, Paul Diggs, Anne Hamik and George Psevdos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:884

    Content type: Case report

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  42. A major limitation of current predictive prognostic models in patients with COVID-19 is the heterogeneity of population in terms of disease stage and duration. This study aims at identifying a panel of clinica...

    Authors: Elisa Gentilotti, Alessia Savoldi, Monica Compri, Anna Górska, Pasquale De Nardo, Alessandro Visentin, Giorgia Be, Elisa Razzaboni, Nicola Soriolo, Dario Meneghin, Domenico Girelli, Claudio Micheletto, Sara Mehrabi, Elda Righi and Evelina Tacconelli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:883

    Content type: Research

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  43. Understanding the behaviour of local malaria vectors is essential as effectiveness of the commonly used vector-targeted malaria control tools heavily relies on behaviour of the major malaria vectors. This stud...

    Authors: Endalew Zemene, Denekew Bitew Belay, Abebaw Tiruneh, Ming-Chieh Lee, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:882

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The introduction of Zika and chikungunya to dengue hyperendemic regions increased interest in better understanding characteristics of these infections. We conducted a cohort study in Mexico to evaluate the nat...

    Authors: Pablo F. Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Héctor Armando Rincón León, Sandra Caballero Sosa, Emilia Ruiz, José Gabriel Nájera Cancino, Paul Rodriguez de La Rosa, María de Lourdes Guerrero Almeida, John H. Powers III, John H. Beigel, Sally Hunsberger, Karina Trujillo, Pilar Ramos, Fernando J. Arteaga-Cabello, Alexander López-Roblero, Raydel Valdés-Salgado, Hugo Arroyo-Figueroa…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:881

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Choice-based experiments have been increasingly used to elicit preferences for vaccines and vaccination programs. This study aims to systematically identify and examine choice-based experiments assessing (diff...

    Authors: Marilyn Emma Diks, Mickael Hiligsmann and Ingeborg Maria van der Putten

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:879

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.