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  1. Monitoring HIV viral load (HVL) in people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended by the World Health Organization. Implementation of HVL testing programs have been affected by l...

    Authors: Dorcas Mnzava, James Okuma, Robert Ndege, Namvua Kimera, Alex Ntamatungiro, Amina Nyuri, Theonestina Byakuzana, Faraji Abilahi, Paul Mayeka, Emmy Temba, Teddy Fanuel, Tracy Renée Glass, Thomas Klimkait, Fiona Vanobberghen and Maja Weisser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:222
  2. Phenylephrine (PE) and norepinephrine (NE) may be used to maintain adequate blood pressure and tissue perfusion in patients with septic shock, but the effect of NE combined with PE (NE-PE) on mortality remains...

    Authors: Dan He, Hai Hu, Liang Hong, Luming Zhang, Xuehao Lu, Wan-jie Gu, Jun Lyu and Haiyan Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:221
  3. Children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) are prone to a missed diagnosis at the early stages of the disease, which greatly affects the prognosis of children. In this study, the application value of Myc...

    Authors: Wenbin Tuo, Xia Guo, Mo Wu, Si Xie, Xin Shen, Jun Wang, Qinzhen Cai, Chunhui Yuan, Cong Yao and Yun Xiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:220
  4. Mycoplasma hominis infection is common in urinary tract. 18F-FDG-PET/CT is a valuable tool for tumor and infection diagnosis. Few studies have shown the 18F-FDG-PET/CT images after mycoplasma infection.

    Authors: Junqing Wu, Donghua He, Fang Yu, Yue Huang, Meiru Bian, Chengxuan Yu, Jiao Liu, Zhen Cai and Yi Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:219
  5. Nocardia caishijiensis is a rare soil actinomycete first described in Anhui province, China, in 2003. There has been only one reported instance of human infection caused by this species in the current literature.

    Authors: Fabricio Malaguez Webber, Arun Nachiappan, Freddy Duarte Lau, Christie Costello and Saul Zane
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:218
  6. Cryptococcosis is an increasingly common infection given the growing immunocompromised population worldwide. Cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) testing demonstrates excellent sensitivity and specificity and is the ma...

    Authors: Alex N. Zimmet, Grace D. Cullen, Leah Mische, Michael Deftos, Yael Bogler, Nang L. Nguyen and Manoj Ray
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:217
  7. HIV infection is associated with more rapid progression of some comorbidities. This study assessed the impact of HIV-infection on the presentation and outcome of HCC.

    Authors: Sara K. Nsibirwa, Jim Aizire, Julie Nabweteme Mugerwa, David L. Thomas, Ponsiano Ocama and Gregory D. Kirk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:216
  8. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a progressive hematological malignancy that can be fatal when left untreated. However, spontaneous remission is rarely observed in the presence of infectious diseases.

    Authors: Osamu Imataki, Tomoya Ishida, Jun-ichiro Kida, Makiko Uemura, Haruyuki Fujita and Norimitsu Kadowaki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:215
  9. Life-long immunosuppressive treatment after liver transplantation (LT) prevents graft rejection but predisposes the LT recipient to infections. Herpesvirus infections are associated with morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Moises Alberto Suarez-Zdunek, Sunil Kumar Saini, Christian Ross Pedersen, Sebastian Rask Hamm, Annemette Hald, Allan Rasmussen, Jens Georg Hillingsø, Sine Reker Hadrup and Susanne Dam Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:214
  10. Bacillus cereus infections in immunocompetent patients are uncommon and mainly observed in fragile patients. It can cause lethal infections with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). However, a patient pres...

    Authors: Zengrong Wang, Han Xia, Fangfang Fan, Jin Zhang, Hong Liu and Jing Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:213
  11. Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, characterized by paroxysms of severe coughing, and predominantly affects children. We report the first case of mu...

    Authors: Jingqiao Wang, Junxiang Gao, Hongwei Fan, Haonan Guo, Zundong Yin, Mei Dong and Xiaoming Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:212
  12. The influenza viruses pose a threat to human health and medical services, and vaccination is an important way to prevent infection. However, the effectiveness of influenza vaccines is affected by various aspec...

    Authors: Qiuyi Xu, Hejiang Wei, Simin Wen, Jiamin Chen, Yuxuan Lei, Yanhui Cheng, Weijuan Huang, Dayan Wang and Yuelong Shu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:211
  13. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection among pregnant females could induce CMV hepatitis with possible changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) which could be reversibly increased during normal pregnancies, parti...

    Authors: Rasha Eletreby, Rasha Abdelaziz, Hend Ibrahim Shousha, Zeinab Hammam, Ayman Hany, Dina Sabry, Basma Elawady, Naglaa Zayed, Ayman Yosry and Shereen Abdel Alem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:210
  14. The incidence of cryptococcosis amongst HIV-negative persons is increasing. Whilst the excellent performance of the CrAg testing in people living with HIV is well described, the diagnostic performance of the C...

    Authors: Catriona Macrae, Jayne Ellis, Suzanne H. Keddie, Jane Falconer, John Bradley, Ruth Keogh, Oliver Baerenbold, Heidi Hopkins and Joseph N. Jarvis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:209
  15. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal dysbiosis among women of reproductive age. Micronutrient deficiencies, including vitamin D deficiency, can increase the risk of BV. The findings of previous ...

    Authors: Seyede Faezeh Mojtahedi, Alireza Mohammadzadeh, Fatemeh Mohammadzadeh, Jelveh Jalili Shahri and Narjes Bahri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:208
  16. Malaria remains a significant public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Child mortality due to severe malaria remains high in developing countries despite improvements in malaria management and a better und...

    Authors: Judicaël Boris Lendongo Wombo, Euloge Ibinga, Sandrine Lydie Oyegue-Liabagui, Roméo Karl Imboumy Limoukou, Alain Prince Okouga, Franck Mounioko, Sydney Maghendji-Nzondo, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki and Edgard Brice Ngoungou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:207
  17. This study investigated associations between climate variables (average temperature and cumulative rainfall), and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and dengue-like-illness (DLI) incidence in two provinces (W...

    Authors: Gerry Andhikaputra, Yu-Han Lin and Yu-Chun Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:206
  18. One of the primary aims of contact restriction measures during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been to protect people at increased risk of severe disease from the virus. Knowledge about the uptake of contact restr...

    Authors: Jasmin Walde, Madhav Chaturvedi, Tom Berger, Antonia Bartz, Robin Killewald, Damilola Victoria Tomori, Nicole Rübsamen, Berit Lange, Stefan Scholz, Marina Treskova, Karolin Bucksch, Christopher I. Jarvis, Rafael Mikolajczyk, André Karch and Veronika K. Jaeger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:205
  19. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) threatens people’s health and is the main cause of opportunistic fungus-related death in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Herein, we investigate the clinical ch...

    Authors: Saiduo Liu, Wei Chen, Fang Cheng, Xinchun Ye, Ning Pan and Hongzhou Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:204
  20. Actinomycosis often leads to cervicofacial infections, but thoracic involvement may also occur. However, the development of empyema is rare. While being followed up with the diagnosis of asthma and bronchiecta...

    Authors: Emine Afsin, Furkan Kucuk, Hüsna Ozcelik and Muhammed Yavuz Haktanır
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:203
  21. Serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis was the major cause of meningococcal meningitis epidemics in the African meningitis belt before 2010 when the monovalent meningococcal A conjugate vaccine (MenAfriVac) was intro...

    Authors: Stebleson Azure, Abass Abdul-Karim, Braimah Baba Abubakari, John B. Eleeza, Daron Davies A. Agboyie, Enoch Weikem Weyori and Jun Yong Choi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:202
  22. Both post-COVID-19 condition (long COVID) and the presence of persisting symptoms that do not meet formal definitions of post-COVID-19-condition may adversely affect quality of life and function. However, thei...

    Authors: Charlotte Warren-Gash, Andrea Lacey, Sarah Cook, Dylan Stocker, Samantha Toon, Ffion Lelii, Ben Ford, Georgina Ireland, Shamez N. Ladhani, Terence Stephenson, Patrick Nguipdop-Djomo and Punam Mangtani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:201
  23. There is almost no data on the circulation of SARS-CoV-2 among street adolescents. We conducted a study to document the immunization status of street adolescents in Togo against different variants of SARS-CoV-2.

    Authors: Arnold Junior Sadio, Valentine Marie Ferré, Rodion Yao Konu, Anoumou Claver Dagnra, Diane Descamps, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi and Charlotte Charpentier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:200
  24. vasopressin is commonly used as a second-line vasopressor for patients with septic shock, but the optimal timing of initiation is uncertain. This study was designed to investigate when vasopressin initiation m...

    Authors: Jun Xu, Hongliu Cai and Xia Zheng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:199
  25. Standard airway care can reduce the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This study aimed to determine the effect of implementing infection control guidelines on the incidence of VAP in patients...

    Authors: Ali Safavi, Shahram Molavynejad, Mahboobeh Rashidi, Marziyeh Asadizaker and Elham Maraghi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:198
  26. Shortly after the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a considerable number of recovered patients reported persisting symptoms, especially neuropsychological manifestations, which were later named po...

    Authors: Ramin Hamidi Farahani, Ali Ajam and Alireza Ranjbar Naeini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:197
  27. Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) is a fatal infection associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although it is a rare disease, upsurge of AIFRS was noticed during the second wave of COVID-19 di...

    Authors: Muhammad Nour Alabdullah and Abdulmajeed Yousfan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:196
  28. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an increasingly popular imaging method in clinical practice. It became particularly important during the COVID-19 pandemic due to its mobility and ease of use compared to high-resoluti...

    Authors: Robert Chrzan, Kamil Polok, Jakub Antczak, Andżelika Siwiec-Koźlik, Wojciech Jagiełło and Tadeusz Popiela
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:195
  29. Previous studies have been inconclusive about racial disparities in sepsis. This study evaluated the impact of ethnic background on management and outcome in sepsis and septic shock.

    Authors: Andreas Koköfer, Behrooz Mamandipoor, Maria Flamm, Richard Rezar, Sarah Wernly, Christian Datz, Christian Jung, Venet Osmani, Bernhard Wernly and Raphael Romano Bruno
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:194
  30. Presence of at least one underlying health condition (UHC) is positively associated with severe COVID-19, but there is limited research examining this association by age group, particularly among young adults.

    Authors: Kate H. McConnell, Anjum Hajat, Coralynn Sack, Stephen J. Mooney and Christine M. Khosropour
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:193
  31. Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae has been identified as an animal pathogen that is thought to occur only in animal populations. Between 2009 and 2022, humans infected with SDSD were reported rarely....

    Authors: Chen-Hong He, Shu-Fan Feng, Shu-Xin Chen, Deng-Ke Han, Tian-Rong He, Jian-Wei Cao and Hui-Qiang Mai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:192
  32. The high endemicity of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) in sub-Saharan Africa is a real public health problem. To reduce the risk of HIV transmission through blood donation, the NBTC of Gabon has la...

    Authors: Christian Mangala, Joseph Fokam, Denis Maulot-Bangola, Olivier Rebienot-Pellegrin and Thérèse Nkoa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:191
  33. Multiple factors shape the temporal dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic. Quantifying their relative contributions is key to guide future control strategies. Our objective was to disentangle the individual effect...

    Authors: Juliette Paireau, Marie-Laure Charpignon, Sophie Larrieu, Clémentine Calba, Nathanaël Hozé, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Rodolphe Thiebaut, Mélanie Prague and Simon Cauchemez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:190
  34. Disseminated Clostridium septicum infection is an uncommon complication associated with malignancies, particular colonic adenocarcinoma. The organism appears to preferentially colonize large masses in rare indivi...

    Authors: Austin J. Helmink, Taylor A. Wahlig, Paul D. Fey, Jie Chen and Kirk W. Foster
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:189
  35. This study assessed the differences in daily virus reduction and the residual infectivity after the recommended home stay period in Japan in patients infected with influenza and treated with baloxavir (BA), la...

    Authors: Jiaming Li, Keita Wagatsuma, Yuyang Sun, Isamu Sato, Takashi Kawashima, Tadashi Saito, Yasushi Shimada, Yasuhiko Ono, Fujio Kakuya, Nobuo Nagata, Michiyoshi Minato, Naoki Kodo, Eitaro Suzuki, Akito Kitano, Toshihiro Tanaka, Satoshi Aoki…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:188
  36. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the world negatively with huge health and socioeconomic consequences. This study estimated the seasonality, trajectory, and projection of COVID-19 cases to understand the dyn...

    Authors: Ayo S. Adebowale, Rotimi F. Afolabi, Segun Bello, Mobolaji M. Salawu, Eniola A. Bamgboye, Ikeola Adeoye, Magbagbeola D. Dairo, Betty Kivumbi, Irene Wanyana, Ibrahima Seck, Issakha Diallo, Mamadou M. M. Leye, Oumar Bassoum, Mane Fall, Rawlance Ndejjo, Steven N. Kabwama…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:187
  37. To estimate crude mortality, excess mortality, and standardized mortality rates (SMR) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Luzhou, China 2006–2020, an...

    Authors: Dandan Niu, Ticheng Xiao, Yuanyi Chen, Houlin Tang, Fangfang Chen, Chang Cai, Qianqian Qin, Decai Zhao, Yichen Jin, Shi Wang, Yushan Hou, Zhen Lu, Luoyao Yang, Hong Liu, Dongqin Xie, Huachun Zou…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:186
  38. Pneumocystis jirovecii infection is the most common opportunistic infection that causes pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients; however, extrapulmonary P. jirovecii infection is extreme...

    Authors: Lalita Tancharoen, Soranart Muangsomboon, Patsharaporn T. Sarasombath and Nasikarn Angkasekwinai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:185
  39. There is a growing interest in Klebsiella variicola as a causative pathogen in humans, though its clinical features and the impact of co-infection or secondary infection with COVID-19 remain unknown.

    Authors: Rimi Tanii, Sohei Harada, Hiroki Saito, Koh Okamoto, Yohei Doi and Masahiro Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:184
  40. Malaria, chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and dengue virus (DENV) are endemic causes of fever among children in Kenya. The risks of infection are multifactorial and may be influenced by built and social environments...

    Authors: Aslam Khan, Donal Bisanzio, Francis Mutuku, Bryson Ndenga, Elysse N. Grossi-Soyster, Zainab Jembe, Priscilla W. Maina, Philip K. Chebii, Charles O. Ronga, Victoria Okuta and A. Desiree LaBeaud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:183
  41. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 is a pandemic disease. Countries should take standard measures and responses to battle the effects of the viruses. However, little is known in Ethiopia regarding...

    Authors: Abdurezak Kemal, Kenzudin Assfa, Bisrat Zeleke, Mohammed Jemal, Musa Jemal, Shemsu Kedir, Amare Zewdie, Samuel Dessu, Fedila Yassin and Adane Habtie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:181
  42. Whipple's disease is known to cause multiple varied systemic symptoms, and is a well-documented cause of culture-negative endocarditis. Endocarditis secondary to Whipple disease, however, has rarely been known...

    Authors: York Chen, Rattanaporn Mahatanan, Isabella W. Martin and David de Gijsel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:180
  43. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) chronicity in the midst of old age multiplies the risk for chronic non communicable diseases. The old are predisposed to drug-drug interactions, overlapping toxicities and im...

    Authors: Antimon Tibursi Massawe, Grace Ambrose Shayo and Sabina Ferdinand Mugusi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:179
  44. Echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease, is a zoonotic parasitic disease prevalent in pastoral areas, mainly involving the liver and lungs, and less frequently the bones and surrounding soft tissues. Dia...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Jinyong Huang, Liping Su, Qian Ma, Chao Ma and Zengru Xie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:178
  45. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus. In pregnant women, CMV infection is usually mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic but can lead to fetal infection. Here we present a rare case of severe CMV pneumonitis an...

    Authors: Sotirios Kalogeropoulos, Evgenia Zarogianni, Georgios Adonakis and Apostolos Kaponis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:176
  46. This study aimed to evaluate the socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory risk factors in hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the first 6 months of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic.

    Authors: Atefeh Esfandiari, Jamileh Kiani, Batool Amiri, Marzieh Mahmoodi, Fatemeh Abbasi, Erfan Javanmardi, Ahmad Yazdanpanah, Allahkarm Akhlaghi and Hedayat Salari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:175
  47. Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection outbreak causes community-acquired pneumonia. Cellular immune dysfunction and hypercytokinemia play important roles in the pathogenesis of adenovirus respiratory infection. So...

    Authors: Junping Sun, Xidong Ma, Mingyue Zhang, Mei Xie, Xingang Zhang, Xinjie Han, Xinfu Li, Enlu Zhou, Junyu Wang and Jianxin Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:174

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