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  1. Overuse of antibiotics is a key driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) world-wide. Malawi continues to report rising cases of AMR among both in-patients and out-patients. We investigated antibiotic use and r...

    Authors: Brany Mithi, Mosen Luhanga, Felix Kaminyoghe, Francis Chiumia, Daniel L. Banda and Lottie Nyama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:445
  2. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis significantly complicates the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), frequently leading to severe flare-ups and poor outcomes. The role of antiviral therapy in hospitalized I...

    Authors: Ching-Reigh Hsieh, Ren-Chin Wu, Chia-Jung Kuo, Pai-Jui Yeh, Yuan-Ming Yeh, Chyi-Liang Chen, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yu-Bin Pan, Yung-Kuan Tsou and Puo-Hsien Le
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:443
  3. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of sepsis. Elderly patients with urosepsis in intensive care unit (ICU) have more severe conditions and higher mortality rates owing to factors such as advanced ...

    Authors: Jian Wei, Ruiyuan Liang, Siying Liu, Wanguo Dong, Jian Gao, Tianfeng Hua, Wenyan Xiao, Hui Li, Huaqing Zhu, Juanjuan Hu, Shuang Cao, Yu Liu, Jun Lyu and Min Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:442
  4. In regions endemic for tuberculosis and brucellosis, distinguishing between tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and brucella meningitis (BM) poses a substantial challenge. This study investigates the clinical and par...

    Authors: Matin Shirazinia, Fereshte Sheybani, HamidReza Naderi, Mahboubeh Haddad, Pouria Hajipour and Farzaneh Khoroushi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:441
  5. The present study aimed to explore the pathogenic spectrum and risk factors of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (Peritoneal dialysis associated peritonitis, PDAP) in Yongzhou, Hunan, China. The clini...

    Authors: Linshuang You, Baoguo Zhang, Fan Zhang and Jianwen Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:440
  6. Herpes Zoster is an age dependent disease and as such it represents a problem in the Italian social context, where the demographic curve is characterized by an overrepresentation of the elderly population. Vac...

    Authors: Aurelia Salussolia, Angelo Capodici, Francesca Scognamiglio, Giusy La Fauci, Giorgia Soldà, Marco Montalti, Zeno Di Valerio, Maria Pia Fantini, Anna Odone, Claudio Costantino, Heidi J. Larson, Julie Leask, Jacopo Lenzi and Davide Gori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:438
  7. Immunodeficient patients, particularly HIV patients, are at risk of opportunistic infections. Nontuberculous mycobacteria can cause severe complications in immunodeficient patients.

    Authors: Ali Hassanzadeh, Malihe Hasannezhad, Ladan Abbasian, Sara Ghaderkhani, Fereshteh Ameli and Mehdi Allahdadi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:437
  8. Studies have shown that Omicron breakthrough infections can occur at higher SARS-CoV-2 antibody levels compared to previous variants. Estimating the magnitude of immunological protection induced from COVID-19 ...

    Authors: Alexander Hönning, Sara Tomczyk, Julia Hermes, Marica Grossegesse, Natalie Hofmann, Janine Michel, Markus Neumann, Andreas Nitsche, Berthold Hoppe, Tim Eckmanns, Hajo Schmidt-Traub and Kristina Zappel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:436
  9. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) refers to a set of parasitic illnesses caused by nematode worms and spread to people through faeces-contaminated soil. It is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income coun...

    Authors: Adamu Tesfa Mekonen, Teshome Bekana Hirpha and Asrat Zewdie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:435
  10. The problem of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, which is caused by ESBL and AmpC β-lactamases, is getting worse globally. Infections caused by bacterial isolates harboring these enzymes are difficult to ...

    Authors: Basma Ahmed Elawady, Noha Refaat Mahmoud, Hala El-Sayed Badawi, Azza Essam Eldin Badr and Noha Mahmoud Gohar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:434
  11. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infections are a major public health problem, necessitating the administration of polymyxin E (colistin) as a last-line antibiotic. Meanwhile, the mortality rate ...

    Authors: Maryam Sohrabi, Neda Pirbonyeh, Mahvash Alizade Naini, Alireza Rasekhi, Abbas Ayoub, Zahra Hashemizadeh and Fereshteh Shahcheraghi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:433
  12. Vaccination is effective in preventing viral respiratory infectious diseases through protective antibodies and the gut microbiome has been proven to regulate human immunity. This study explores the causal corr...

    Authors: Junlan Tu, Yidi Wang, Xiangyu Ye, Yifan Wang, Yixin Zou, Linna Jia, Sheng Yang, Rongbin Yu, Wei Liu and Peng Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:431
  13. Adenovirus (ADV) is a prevalent infective virus in children, accounting for around 5–10% of all cases of acute respiratory illnesses and 4–15% of pneumonia cases in children younger than five years old. Withou...

    Authors: Shi Tang, Ru Qin, Dayong Zhang, Xiaoyan He, Chaowen Yu, Dapeng Chen, Xiaoqiang Li and Shan Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:430
  14. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly contagious virus that uses angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a pivotal member of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS), as its cell-e...

    Authors: Ehsan Kakavandi, Kaveh Sadeghi, Mohammad Shayestehpour, Hossein Mirhendi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Talat Mokhtari-Azad, Nazanin Zahra Shafiei Jandaghi and Jila Yavarian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:429
  15. The impact of the constantly evolving severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 on the effectiveness of early coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatments is unclear. Here, we report characteristics an...

    Authors: Vishal Patel, Bethany Levick, Stephen Boult, Daniel C. Gibbons, Myriam Drysdale, Emily J. Lloyd, Moushmi Singh and Helen J. Birch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:428
  16. COVID-19 has been shown to increase the risk of extracorporeal coagulation during hemodialysis in patients, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanis...

    Authors: Guang Yang, Hui Shan, Dibin Wu, Sanmu Li, Zhiwei Lai, Fengping Zheng, Zibo Xiong, Zuying Xiong, Yuhan Diao, Ying Shan, Yun Chen, Aihong Wang, Wei Liang and Yuxin Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:427
  17. Severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), a significant global health concern, imposes a substantial disease burden. In China, there is inadequate data concerning the monitoring of respiratory pathogens, par...

    Authors: Jin-Zhu Wang, Ding Yuan, Xiang-Hong Yang, Chang-Hua Sun, Lin-lin Hou, Yan Zhang, Hong-Xiang Xie and Yan-Xia Gao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:426
  18. Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft-tissue infection that rapidly destroys the epidermis, subcutaneous tissue, and fascia. Despite their low virulence, Lactobacillus spp. can cause NF, and becau...

    Authors: Jun Nagayama, Takeo Sato, Ishida Takanori, Koga Kouji and Nakamura Mitsunobu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:425
  19. Group B streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae) (GBS) is a rare cause of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) occurring in patients with comorbidities and seems to be associated with a poor outcome. Depiction of GBS ...

    Authors: Ava Diarra, Benoit Gachet, Eric Beltrand, Julien Dartus, Caroline Loiez, Elise Fiaux, Pierre Patoz, Olivier Robineau and Eric Senneville
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:424
  20. Mental health (MH) is extremely relevant when referring to people living with a chronic disease, such as people living with HIV (PLWH). In fact – although life expectancy and quality have increased since the a...

    Authors: Francesco Di Gennaro, Roberta Papagni, Francesco Vladimiro Segala, Carmen Pellegrino, Gianfranco Giorgio Panico, Luisa Frallonardo, Lucia Diella, Alessandra Belati, Carmen Rita Santoro, Gaetano Brindicci, Flavia Balena, Davide Fiore Bavaro, Domenico Montalbò, Giacomo Guido, Lina Calluso, Marilisa Di Tullio…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:423
  21. Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae (B. henselae) and presents as lymphadenopathy following close contact with cats. However, in context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, clinical manifestat...

    Authors: Yanzhao Dong, Ahmad Alhaskawi, Xiaodi Zou, Haiying Zhou, Sohaib Hasan Abdullah Ezzi, Vishnu Goutham Kota, Mohamed Hasan Abdulla Hasan Abdulla, Alenikova Olga, Sahar Ahmed Abdalbary and Hui Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:422
  22. There are few thorough studies assessing predictors of severe encephalitis, despite the poor prognosis and high mortality associated with severe encephalitis. The study aims to evaluate the clinical predictors...

    Authors: WenYan Zhao, YuLiang Zhou, YingYing Hu, WenJing Luo, Jing Wang, Hong Zhu and ZhiPeng Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:421
  23. This cross-sectional study investigates infection prevention and control (IPC) competencies among healthcare professionals in northwest China, examining the influence of demographic factors, job titles, educat...

    Authors: Qinglan Zhao, Xiaoqing Cui, Ting Liu, Hanxue Li, Miaoyue Shi and Li Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:420
  24. To compare the similarities and differences between patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and those with other community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), utilizin...

    Authors: Hongli Zhao, Xiulin Yan, Ziru Guo, Kaiyu Li, Zhaopeng Wang, Jun Wang, Dong Lv, Jianling Zhu and Ye Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:419
  25. Palivizumab has proven effective in reducing hospitalizations, preventing severe illness, improving health outcomes, and reducing healthcare costs for infants at risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infec...

    Authors: Jaime E. Ordóñez and Victor M. Huertas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:418
  26. Mother-to-child transmission is the primary cause of HIV cases among children. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) plays a critical role in preventing mother-to-child transmission and reducing HIV progression, morbid...

    Authors: Fatemeh Mehrabi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Behnam Farhoudi, Shahryar Moradi Falah Langeroodi, Soheil Mehmandoost, Samaneh Abbaszadeh, Shahrzad Motaghi, Ali Mirzazadeh, Behnam Sadeghirad and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:417
  27. HIV/AIDS is a global health challenge and continues to threaten lives in sub-Saharan African countries such as Ghana. One of the important interventions for controlling its transmission is through testing and ...

    Authors: Mainprice Akuoko Essuman, Hidaya Mohammed, Martha Suntah Kebir, Comfort Obiribea and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:416
  28. In 2020, 14% of diagnosed persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Kenya were not taking antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 19% of those on ART had unsuppressed viral loads. Long-acting antiretroviral therapy (LA-ART)...

    Authors: Anne Kaggiah, Catherine N. Maina, John Kinuthia, Douglas Barthold, Brett Hauber, Jacinda Tran, Jane M. Simoni and Susan M. Graham
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:415
  29. Lobar pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a relatively difficult-to-treat pneumonia in children. The time of radiographic resolution after treatment is variable, a long recovery time can result in severa...

    Authors: Yu Zheng, Guoshun Mao, Hongchen Dai, Guitao Li, Liying Liu, Xiaying Chen and Ying Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:414
  30. Considering that neutralizing antibody levels induced by two doses of the inactivated vaccine decreased over time and had fallen to low levels by 6 months, and homologous and heterologous booster immunization ...

    Authors: Tao Huang, Qianqian Hu, Xiang Zhou, Huaiyu Yang, Wei Xia, Feng Cao, Minglu Deng, Xiaoxue Teng, Fan Ding, Zaixin Zhong, Lidong Gao, Jiufeng Sun and Lihui Gong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:413
  31. Vibrio furnissii is an emerging human pathogen closely related to V. fluvialis that causes acute gastroenteritis. V. furnissii infection has been reported to be rarer than V. fluvialis, but a multi-drug resistanc...

    Authors: Yanyan Zhou, Li Yu, Ming Liu, Weili Liang, Zhenpeng Li, Zheng Nan and Biao Kan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:412
  32. The COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented public health challenges worldwide. Understanding the factors contributing to COVID-19 mortality is critical for effective management and intervention strategi...

    Authors: Maryam Seyedtabib, Roya Najafi-Vosough and Naser Kamyari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:411
  33. Toxoplasmosis is a frequent infection among the human population. The infection can cause devastating complications for the fetus during pregnancy. The present study aimed to determine the serological and mole...

    Authors: Nasim Bashour, Arash Aminpour, Shabnam Vazifehkhah and Rasool Jafari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:410
  34. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has been increasingly applied in sepsis. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic utility of mNGS of paired plasma and peritoneal drainage (PD) fluid sa...

    Authors: Jia-yu Mao, Dong-kai Li, Dong Zhang, Qi-wen Yang, Yun Long and Na Cui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:409
  35. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are among the most prevalent foodborne parasitic and bacterial infections worldwide. However, the concurrent impact of coinfection on gastric path...

    Authors: Marwa A. Gouda, Sara A. Saied, Ahmed Edrees, Rasha Galal Mostafa, Ashraf Elfert, Aya Abdallah seleem, Asmaa Shams and Sameh Afify
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:408
  36. Since the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), there have been multiple waves of infection and multiple rounds of vaccination rollouts. Both prior infection and vaccination can prevent future infection and redu...

    Authors: Thao P. Le, Isobel Abell, Eamon Conway, Patricia T. Campbell, Alexandra B. Hogan, Michael J. Lydeamore, Jodie McVernon, Ivo Mueller, Camelia R. Walker and Christopher M. Baker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:407
  37. Opportunistic infections (OIs) are common causes of mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). We determined prevalence and 30-day mortality due to histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and TB in PLHIV with adv...

    Authors: Gloria Aguilar, Gladys Lopez, Omar Sued, Narda Medina, Diego H. Caceres, Jose Pereira, Alexander Jordan, Virgilio Lezcano, Cristina Vicenti, Gustavo Benitez, Tania Samudio and Freddy Perez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:406
  38. Genital infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is a major public health issue worldwide. It can lead to cervicitis, urethritis, and infertility. This study was conducted to determine the characteri...

    Authors: Qianting Zhou, Jiayan Li, Lipei Luo, Shuling Min, Li Wang, Lixiu Peng, Yinglan Hou, Ping He, Song He, Shixing Tang and Hongliang Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:405
  39. Severe malaria is not routinely considered when evaluating a febrile patient in the postoperative setting. Common bacterial infections, along with adverse drug reactions, are the usual differential concerns. W...

    Authors: Alan Bulbin, Julia Shen, Carol Liotta-Bono and Tahir Ahmad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:404
  40. Monkeypox is an emerging infectious disease with confirmed cases and deaths in several parts of the world. In light of this crisis, this study aims to analyze the global knowledge pattern of monkeypox-related ...

    Authors: Yuanqi Cai, Xiaoming Zhang, Kuixing Zhang, Jingbo Liang, Pingping Wang, Jinyu Cong, Xin Xu, Mengyao li, Kunmeng Liu and Benzheng Wei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:403
  41. Tuberculosis (TB) ranks as the second leading cause of death globally among all infectious diseases. This problem is likely due to the lack of biomarkers to differentiate the heterogeneous spectrum of infectio...

    Authors: Harinisri Gunasekaran, Pavithra Sampath, Kannan Thiruvengadam, Muniyandi Malaisamy, Rathinasabapati Ramasamy, Uma Devi Ranganathan and Ramalingam Bethunaickan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:402
  42. African giant pouched rats, trained by Anti-Persoonsmijnen Ontmijnende Product Ontwikkeling (APOPO), have demonstrated their ability to detect tuberculosis (TB) from sputum. We assessed rat-based case detectio...

    Authors: Tefera B. Agizew, Joseph Soka, Cynthia D. Fast, Stephen Mwimanzi, Gilbert Mwesiga, Nashon Edward, Marygiven Stephen, Reheme Kondo, Robert Burny, Christophe Cox and Negussie Beyene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:401
  43. Immunosuppression is a leading cause of septic death. Therefore, it is necessary to search for biomarkers that can evaluate the immune status of patients with sepsis. We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic ...

    Authors: Juanjuan Cui, Wen Cai, Jing Lin, Li Zhang, Youhan Miao, Ying Xu and Weifeng Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:399
  44. Cryptococcal osteomyelitis is a rare and potentially serious condition, typically encountered in individuals with compromised immune systems. This case underscores the unusual occurrence of disseminated Crypto...

    Authors: Yang-Ming Lee, Yuag-Meng Liu and Tsung-Chia Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:397
  45. Tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) co-morbidity continues to be a serious worldwide health issue, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies on th...

    Authors: Jacob Nignan Nabei, Harriet Affran Bonful, Edwin Andrews Afari, Abdul Gafaru Mohammed and Adote Anum
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:396
  46. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental organisms that are increasingly contributing to human infections. Mycobacterium immunogenum, a variant of NTM discovered in 2001, is a rapidly growing mycobact...

    Authors: Tomohide Okinaka, Kenjiro Fujimura, Yuka Hamasaki, Yuichi Hasegawa and Takashi Matono
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:395

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