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  1. Hospital-acquired influenza (HAI) is under-recognized despite its high morbidity and poor health outcomes. The early detection of HAI is crucial for curbing its transmission in hospital settings.

    Authors: Younghee Cho, Hyang Kyu Lee, Joungyoun Kim, Ki-Bong Yoo, Jongrim Choi, Yongseok Lee and Mona Choi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:466
  2. The use of temephos, the most common intervention for the chemical control of Aedes aegypti over the last half century, has disappointing results in control of the infection. The footprint of Aedes and the diseas...

    Authors: Víctor Manuel Alvarado-Castro, Cruz Vargas-De-León, Sergio Paredes-Solis, Alian Li-Martin, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:463
  3. It has become increasingly clear that SARS-CoV-2 infection can lead to persistent physical and mental health problems lasting weeks or months, requiring prolonged periods of clinical care and increasing the bu...

    Authors: Imen Zemni, Amel Gara, Cyrine Bennasrallah, Salma Ezzar, Meriem Kacem, Roua Chokri, Amani Maatouk, Hela Abroug, Wafa Dhouib, Manel Ben Fredj, Ines Bouanene and Asma Sriha Belguith
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:461
  4. Existing research in Ethiopia has primarily focused on the individual epidemiology of HIV and HBV, often overlooking the intricate dynamics of co-infection. This study aims to address this gap by comprehensive...

    Authors: Yitbarek Wasihun, Desalegn Asnake and Natnael Kebede
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:460
  5. Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause a variety of nosocomial infections in humans. This study aimed to molecularly characterize extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing and...

    Authors: Seble Worku, Tamrat Abebe, Berhanu Seyoum, Bikila Alemu, Gebrie Denkayehu, Tamrayehu Seyoum, Dawit Hailu Alemayehu, Alemseged Abdissa, Getachew Tesfaye Beyene, Adane Mihret and Göte Swedberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:459
  6. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a life-threatening bacterium known for its rapid development of antibiotic resistance, posing significant challenges in clinical treatment, biosecurity, food safety, and ...

    Authors: Wenjing Zhang, Hai Qu, Xin Wu, Jingjing Shi and Xinling Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:458
  7. HIV-tuberculosis (HIV-TB) co-infection is a significant public health concern worldwide. TB delay, consisting of patient delay, diagnostic delay, treatment delay, increases the risk of adverse anti-TB treatmen...

    Authors: Rujun Liao, Lin Hu, Jie Yu, Ying Chen, Miaoshuang Chen, Jingmin Yan, Xin Li, Xinyue Han, Chunnong Jike, Gang Yu, Ju Wang, Qiang Liao, Lan Xia, Xuefei Bai, Jinhong Shi, Tian Jiang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:457
  8. Both sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) and HIV infection can interfere with normal sleep architecture, and also cause physical and psychological distress. We aimed to understand the differences in the ...

    Authors: Yen-Chin Chen, Chang-Chun Chen, Wen-Kuei Lin, Han Siong Toh, Nai-Ying Ko and Cheng-Yu Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:456
  9. Considering the significance of increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its adverse effects on individual and social health and the important and effective role that veterinarians play in controlling this...

    Authors: Razie Toghroli, Laleh Hassani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Manoj Sharma, Hamid Sharifi and Maziar Jajarmi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:455
  10. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection poses a major public health challenge globally, especially among injecting drug users. China has the world’s largest burden of HCV infections. However, little is known about t...

    Authors: Hongxia Li, Huitao Huang, Wenyan Huang, Man Du, Dongling Long, Guangxian Xu, Wenhua Mei and Kaisong Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:451
  11. Quantifying the potential spatial spread of an infectious pathogen is key to defining effective containment and control strategies. The aim of this study is to estimate the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission at d...

    Authors: Valeria d’Andrea, Filippo Trentini, Valentina Marziano, Agnese Zardini, Mattia Manica, Giorgio Guzzetta, Marco Ajelli, Daniele Petrone, Martina Del Manso, Chiara Sacco, Xanthi Andrianou, Antonino Bella, Flavia Riccardo, Patrizio Pezzotti, Piero Poletti and Stefano Merler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:450
  12. Patients infected with Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) bacteremia in hospital have high morbidity and mortality. We analyzed the clinical characteristics of pneumonia and nonpneumonia-related AB bloodstream infectio...

    Authors: Meng Lan, Kang Dongmei, Shen Guodong, Yao Haifeng, Cui Guofeng, Chen Mengting and Fan Xiaoyun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:448
  13. Overuse of antibiotics is a key driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) world-wide. Malawi continues to report rising cases of AMR among both in-patients and out-patients. We investigated antibiotic use and r...

    Authors: Brany Mithi, Mosen Luhanga, Felix Kaminyoghe, Francis Chiumia, Daniel L. Banda and Lottie Nyama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:445
  14. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) are an important public health threat, with costly operational and economic consequences for NHS Integrated Care Systems and NHS Trusts. UK Health Security Agency...

    Authors: DR. Jenkins, C. Auckland, C. Chadwick, AR. Dodgson, DA. Enoch, SD. Goldenberg, A. Hussain, J. Martin, E. Spooner and T. Whalley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:444
  15. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis significantly complicates the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), frequently leading to severe flare-ups and poor outcomes. The role of antiviral therapy in hospitalized I...

    Authors: Ching-Reigh Hsieh, Ren-Chin Wu, Chia-Jung Kuo, Pai-Jui Yeh, Yuan-Ming Yeh, Chyi-Liang Chen, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yu-Bin Pan, Yung-Kuan Tsou and Puo-Hsien Le
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:443
  16. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of sepsis. Elderly patients with urosepsis in intensive care unit (ICU) have more severe conditions and higher mortality rates owing to factors such as advanced ...

    Authors: Jian Wei, Ruiyuan Liang, Siying Liu, Wanguo Dong, Jian Gao, Tianfeng Hua, Wenyan Xiao, Hui Li, Huaqing Zhu, Juanjuan Hu, Shuang Cao, Yu Liu, Jun Lyu and Min Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:442
  17. In regions endemic for tuberculosis and brucellosis, distinguishing between tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and brucella meningitis (BM) poses a substantial challenge. This study investigates the clinical and par...

    Authors: Matin Shirazinia, Fereshte Sheybani, HamidReza Naderi, Mahboubeh Haddad, Pouria Hajipour and Farzaneh Khoroushi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:441
  18. The present study aimed to explore the pathogenic spectrum and risk factors of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (Peritoneal dialysis associated peritonitis, PDAP) in Yongzhou, Hunan, China. The clini...

    Authors: Linshuang You, Baoguo Zhang, Fan Zhang and Jianwen Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:440
  19. Herpes Zoster is an age dependent disease and as such it represents a problem in the Italian social context, where the demographic curve is characterized by an overrepresentation of the elderly population. Vac...

    Authors: Aurelia Salussolia, Angelo Capodici, Francesca Scognamiglio, Giusy La Fauci, Giorgia Soldà, Marco Montalti, Zeno Di Valerio, Maria Pia Fantini, Anna Odone, Claudio Costantino, Heidi J. Larson, Julie Leask, Jacopo Lenzi and Davide Gori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:438
  20. Immunodeficient patients, particularly HIV patients, are at risk of opportunistic infections. Nontuberculous mycobacteria can cause severe complications in immunodeficient patients.

    Authors: Ali Hassanzadeh, Malihe Hasannezhad, Ladan Abbasian, Sara Ghaderkhani, Fereshteh Ameli and Mehdi Allahdadi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:437
  21. Studies have shown that Omicron breakthrough infections can occur at higher SARS-CoV-2 antibody levels compared to previous variants. Estimating the magnitude of immunological protection induced from COVID-19 ...

    Authors: Alexander Hönning, Sara Tomczyk, Julia Hermes, Marica Grossegesse, Natalie Hofmann, Janine Michel, Markus Neumann, Andreas Nitsche, Berthold Hoppe, Tim Eckmanns, Hajo Schmidt-Traub and Kristina Zappel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:436
  22. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) refers to a set of parasitic illnesses caused by nematode worms and spread to people through faeces-contaminated soil. It is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income coun...

    Authors: Adamu Tesfa Mekonen, Teshome Bekana Hirpha and Asrat Zewdie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:435
  23. The problem of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, which is caused by ESBL and AmpC β-lactamases, is getting worse globally. Infections caused by bacterial isolates harboring these enzymes are difficult to ...

    Authors: Basma Ahmed Elawady, Noha Refaat Mahmoud, Hala El-Sayed Badawi, Azza Essam Eldin Badr and Noha Mahmoud Gohar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:434
  24. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infections are a major public health problem, necessitating the administration of polymyxin E (colistin) as a last-line antibiotic. Meanwhile, the mortality rate ...

    Authors: Maryam Sohrabi, Neda Pirbonyeh, Mahvash Alizade Naini, Alireza Rasekhi, Abbas Ayoub, Zahra Hashemizadeh and Fereshteh Shahcheraghi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:433
  25. Vaccination is effective in preventing viral respiratory infectious diseases through protective antibodies and the gut microbiome has been proven to regulate human immunity. This study explores the causal corr...

    Authors: Junlan Tu, Yidi Wang, Xiangyu Ye, Yifan Wang, Yixin Zou, Linna Jia, Sheng Yang, Rongbin Yu, Wei Liu and Peng Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:431
  26. Adenovirus (ADV) is a prevalent infective virus in children, accounting for around 5–10% of all cases of acute respiratory illnesses and 4–15% of pneumonia cases in children younger than five years old. Withou...

    Authors: Shi Tang, Ru Qin, Dayong Zhang, Xiaoyan He, Chaowen Yu, Dapeng Chen, Xiaoqiang Li and Shan Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:430
  27. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly contagious virus that uses angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a pivotal member of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS), as its cell-e...

    Authors: Ehsan Kakavandi, Kaveh Sadeghi, Mohammad Shayestehpour, Hossein Mirhendi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Talat Mokhtari-Azad, Nazanin Zahra Shafiei Jandaghi and Jila Yavarian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:429
  28. The impact of the constantly evolving severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 on the effectiveness of early coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatments is unclear. Here, we report characteristics an...

    Authors: Vishal Patel, Bethany Levick, Stephen Boult, Daniel C. Gibbons, Myriam Drysdale, Emily J. Lloyd, Moushmi Singh and Helen J. Birch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:428
  29. COVID-19 has been shown to increase the risk of extracorporeal coagulation during hemodialysis in patients, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanis...

    Authors: Guang Yang, Hui Shan, Dibin Wu, Sanmu Li, Zhiwei Lai, Fengping Zheng, Zibo Xiong, Zuying Xiong, Yuhan Diao, Ying Shan, Yun Chen, Aihong Wang, Wei Liang and Yuxin Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:427
  30. Severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), a significant global health concern, imposes a substantial disease burden. In China, there is inadequate data concerning the monitoring of respiratory pathogens, par...

    Authors: Jin-Zhu Wang, Ding Yuan, Xiang-Hong Yang, Chang-Hua Sun, Lin-lin Hou, Yan Zhang, Hong-Xiang Xie and Yan-Xia Gao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:426
  31. Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft-tissue infection that rapidly destroys the epidermis, subcutaneous tissue, and fascia. Despite their low virulence, Lactobacillus spp. can cause NF, and becau...

    Authors: Jun Nagayama, Takeo Sato, Ishida Takanori, Koga Kouji and Nakamura Mitsunobu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:425
  32. Group B streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae) (GBS) is a rare cause of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) occurring in patients with comorbidities and seems to be associated with a poor outcome. Depiction of GBS ...

    Authors: Ava Diarra, Benoit Gachet, Eric Beltrand, Julien Dartus, Caroline Loiez, Elise Fiaux, Pierre Patoz, Olivier Robineau and Eric Senneville
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:424
  33. Mental health (MH) is extremely relevant when referring to people living with a chronic disease, such as people living with HIV (PLWH). In fact – although life expectancy and quality have increased since the a...

    Authors: Francesco Di Gennaro, Roberta Papagni, Francesco Vladimiro Segala, Carmen Pellegrino, Gianfranco Giorgio Panico, Luisa Frallonardo, Lucia Diella, Alessandra Belati, Carmen Rita Santoro, Gaetano Brindicci, Flavia Balena, Davide Fiore Bavaro, Domenico Montalbò, Giacomo Guido, Lina Calluso, Marilisa Di Tullio…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:423
  34. Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae (B. henselae) and presents as lymphadenopathy following close contact with cats. However, in context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, clinical manifestat...

    Authors: Yanzhao Dong, Ahmad Alhaskawi, Xiaodi Zou, Haiying Zhou, Sohaib Hasan Abdullah Ezzi, Vishnu Goutham Kota, Mohamed Hasan Abdulla Hasan Abdulla, Alenikova Olga, Sahar Ahmed Abdalbary and Hui Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:422
  35. There are few thorough studies assessing predictors of severe encephalitis, despite the poor prognosis and high mortality associated with severe encephalitis. The study aims to evaluate the clinical predictors...

    Authors: WenYan Zhao, YuLiang Zhou, YingYing Hu, WenJing Luo, Jing Wang, Hong Zhu and ZhiPeng Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:421
  36. This cross-sectional study investigates infection prevention and control (IPC) competencies among healthcare professionals in northwest China, examining the influence of demographic factors, job titles, educat...

    Authors: Qinglan Zhao, Xiaoqing Cui, Ting Liu, Hanxue Li, Miaoyue Shi and Li Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:420
  37. To compare the similarities and differences between patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and those with other community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), utilizin...

    Authors: Hongli Zhao, Xiulin Yan, Ziru Guo, Kaiyu Li, Zhaopeng Wang, Jun Wang, Dong Lv, Jianling Zhu and Ye Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:419
  38. Palivizumab has proven effective in reducing hospitalizations, preventing severe illness, improving health outcomes, and reducing healthcare costs for infants at risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infec...

    Authors: Jaime E. Ordóñez and Victor M. Huertas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:418
  39. Mother-to-child transmission is the primary cause of HIV cases among children. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) plays a critical role in preventing mother-to-child transmission and reducing HIV progression, morbid...

    Authors: Fatemeh Mehrabi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Behnam Farhoudi, Shahryar Moradi Falah Langeroodi, Soheil Mehmandoost, Samaneh Abbaszadeh, Shahrzad Motaghi, Ali Mirzazadeh, Behnam Sadeghirad and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:417
  40. HIV/AIDS is a global health challenge and continues to threaten lives in sub-Saharan African countries such as Ghana. One of the important interventions for controlling its transmission is through testing and ...

    Authors: Mainprice Akuoko Essuman, Hidaya Mohammed, Martha Suntah Kebir, Comfort Obiribea and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:416
  41. Lobar pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a relatively difficult-to-treat pneumonia in children. The time of radiographic resolution after treatment is variable, a long recovery time can result in severa...

    Authors: Yu Zheng, Guoshun Mao, Hongchen Dai, Guitao Li, Liying Liu, Xiaying Chen and Ying Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:414
  42. Considering that neutralizing antibody levels induced by two doses of the inactivated vaccine decreased over time and had fallen to low levels by 6 months, and homologous and heterologous booster immunization ...

    Authors: Tao Huang, Qianqian Hu, Xiang Zhou, Huaiyu Yang, Wei Xia, Feng Cao, Minglu Deng, Xiaoxue Teng, Fan Ding, Zaixin Zhong, Lidong Gao, Jiufeng Sun and Lihui Gong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:413
  43. Vibrio furnissii is an emerging human pathogen closely related to V. fluvialis that causes acute gastroenteritis. V. furnissii infection has been reported to be rarer than V. fluvialis, but a multi-drug resistanc...

    Authors: Yanyan Zhou, Li Yu, Ming Liu, Weili Liang, Zhenpeng Li, Zheng Nan and Biao Kan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:412

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