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  1. The post-partum period is a risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), possibly including the period after miscarriage as illustrated here. This case demonstrates how non-specific symptoms can hide widely disseminated...

    Authors: Arya Zandvakili, Takaaki Kobayashi, Quanhathai Kaewpoowat, Meredith G. Parsons, Bradley Ford, Jason H. Barker and Melinda Johnson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:750
  2. Strongyloidiasis, caused by Strongyloides stercoralis (S. stercoralis), is endemic worldwide, especially in countries with warm and humid climates. Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) is an ex...

    Authors: De-Han Cai, Jun Wang and Xiao-Lin Fang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:749
  3. Yearly, up to 1 million patients worldwide suffer from cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). In Ecuador, CL affects an estimated 5000 patients annually. CL leads to reduced Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) as a r...

    Authors: Jacob Machiel Bezemer, Manuel Calvopiña Hinojosa, Andrea Estefania Corral Zabala, Fernando Ortega Pérez, Veronica Cristina Vargas Román, Henk Dirk Frederik Herman Schallig and Henry John Christiaan de Vries
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:748
  4. A paradoxical hypothesis about the effect of smoking on patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrom 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection still exists. Furthermore, gender-discrepancy in the impact of smoking o...

    Authors: Abbas Hoballah, Rana El Haidari, Rima Badran, Ali Jaber, Samir Mansour and Linda Abou-Abbas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:746
  5. In persons living with HIV (PLWH), the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases increased over time, because of aging associated with chronic inflammation, systemic immune activation, and long-term exposure...

    Authors: Paolo Maggi, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Barbara Menzaghi, Chiara Molteni, Nicola Squillace, Lucia Taramasso, Marta Guastavigna, Giulia Gamboni, Giordano Madeddu, Francesca Vichi, Antonio Cascio, Eleonora Sarchi, Giovanni Pellicanò, Canio Vito Martinelli, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Laura Valsecchi…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:745
  6. The durability of immune responses to COVID-19 vaccines among older people living with HIV (PWH) is clinically important.

    Authors: Jessica J. Tuan, Heidi Zapata, Lydia Barakat, Laurie Andrews, Anousheh Behnegar, Yee Won Kim, Jehanzeb Kayani, Suzana Mutic, Linda Ryall, Barbara Turcotte, Terese Critch-Gilfillan, Min Zhao, Syim Salahuddin, Shaili Gupta, Richard Sutton, Gerald Friedland…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:744
  7. Lockdowns imposed throughout the US to control the COVID-19 pandemic led to a decline in all routine immunizations rates, including the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine. It is feared that post-lockdown, t...

    Authors: Mugdha Thakur, Richard Zhou, Mukundan Mohan, Achla Marathe, Jiangzhuo Chen, Stefan Hoops, Dustin Machi, Bryan Lewis and Anil Vullikanti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:743
  8. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to constitute an international public health emergency. Vaccination is a prospective approach to control this pandemic. However, apprehension about the safety of v...

    Authors: Lin Gan, Yan Chen, Jinlin Tan, Xuezhi Wang and Dingmei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:742
  9. HIV drug resistance increased with the widespread use of antiretroviral drugs, and posed great threat to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Pu’er Prefecture, lying in the southwest of Yunnan Province, China, border...

    Authors: Difei Li, Huichao Chen, Huilan Li, Yanling Ma, Lijuan Dong, Jie Dai, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Zhijun Zeng, Pengyan Sun, Zhizhong Song and Min Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:741
  10. Basidiobolus ranarum belongs to the Entomophthorales order and the Zygomycetes class. This fungus is an environmental saprophyte that can be found in soil and rotting vegetables.Primarily restricted to tropica...

    Authors: Elham Barahimi, Tuba Abbasi, Zahra Ghaeini Hesarooeyeh, Hanieh Raad, Mohadeseh Karimi and Mahsa Shahi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:740
  11. Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a common and largely preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. The COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to health systems. We conducted a nation...

    Authors: Ronza Najjar-Debbiny, Bibiana Chazan, Rona Lobl, M. Todd Greene, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Yehuda Carmeli and Mitchell J. Schwaber
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:739
  12. People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionally affected by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and many remain undiagnosed. HCV self-testing (HCVST) may be an effective approach to increase testing uptake,...

    Authors: Elena Ivanova Reipold, Emmanuel Fajardo, Emily Juma, David Bukusi, Elkin Bermudez Aza, Muhammad S. Jamil, Cheryl Case Johnson, Carey Farquhar, Philippa Easterbrook and Aliza Monroe-Wise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:738
  13. Outbreaks of new HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID) are a major public health concern. Oral daily PrEP, has been identified as a critical addition to the biomedical toolkit for this populati...

    Authors: Adrian R. King, Saanchi Shah, Laura A. Randall, Paula M. Frew, Anne Spaulding and Ian W. Holloway
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:737
  14. To investigate the clinical features and risk factors of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) associated surgical site infections (SSIs) in HIV-negative patients with cryptococcal meningitis (CM).

    Authors: Lejia Xu, Jianyun Zhu, Xiaoyun Wang, Guofen Zeng, Zhiliang Gao and Jing Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:736
  15. The clinical course of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is diverse, and the usefulness of phenotyping in predicting the severity or prognosis of the disease has been demonstrated overseas. This study aimed to in...

    Authors: Shiro Otake, Shotaro Chubachi, Ho Namkoong, Kensuke Nakagawara, Hiromu Tanaka, Ho Lee, Atsuho Morita, Takahiro Fukushima, Mayuko Watase, Tatsuya Kusumoto, Katsunori Masaki, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa, Norihiro Harada, Tetsuya Ueda…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:735
  16. Effective SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients receiving treatment with B-cell depleting agents is challenging. Information on vaccination responses in these patients are a valuable tool to develop efficient vac...

    Authors: Frederic Arnold, Daniela Huzly, Yakup Tanriver and Thomas Welte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:734
  17. Fungal ball sinusitis is characterized by complex fungus infections with non-invasive inflammation. But no research reported fungal ball composition and metabolic-related product types currently. 12 patients w...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Zhang, Na Zhang, Qian Huang, Shunjiu Cui, Lingyan Liu and Bing Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:733
  18. Several interventions have shown benefits in improving mental health problems such as depression which is common in people living with HIV. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the effect of these interv...

    Authors: Jackson Jr Nforbewing Ndenkeh, Akindeh Mbuh Nji, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Camilla Rothe and Arne Kroidl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:732
  19. Chronic inflammation has been reported as one of the novel coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Knowing that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) provokes a local inflammation, the relationship between H. pylori

    Authors: Lionel Danny Nguefak Tali, Ghislaine Florice Nintewoue Faujo, Justine Laure Nguieguia Konang, Jean Paul Dzoyem and Laure Brigitte Mabeku Kouitcheu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:731
  20. In December 2019, in Wuhan, China, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was emerged due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). It seems that children and neonates, similar to adult and...

    Authors: Roghayeh Babaei, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Seyed Jalal Kiani, Arezoo Marjani, Saba Garshasbi, Farzaneh Dehghani-Dehej and Sara Chavoshpour
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:730
  21. Over 420,000 people have initiated life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia; however, lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) rates continues to be high. A clinical decision tool is needed to identify patients at...

    Authors: Dawit Tefera Fentie, Getahun Molla Kassa, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh and Achenef Asmamaw Muche
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:727
  22. Influenza can have a domino effect, triggering severe conditions and leading to hospitalization or even death. Since influenza testing is not routinely performed, statistical modeling techniques are increasing...

    Authors: Filipe Froes, Mafalda Carmo, Hugo Lopes, Geoffray Bizouard, Catarina Gomes, Margarida Martins, Hélène Bricout, Caroline de Courville, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Carlos Rabaçal, João F. Raposo and Carlos Robalo Cordeiro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:726
  23. Autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is the standard of care in many relapsed and refractory lymphoid malignancy, neuroblastoma, and multiple myeloma (MM). This study was conducted to desc...

    Authors: Riad Amer, Husam Salameh, Sultan Mosleh, Adham Abu-Taha, Hamza Hamayel, Ahmad Enaya, Amro Adas, Ahmad Khursani, Mohamad Wild-Ali, Taghreed Mousa, Maher Battat, Aiman Daifallah, Amer Koni and Ramzi Shawahna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:725
  24. Mycoplasma pneumoniae can be divided into different subtypes on the basis of the sequence differences of adhesive protein P1, but the relationship between different subtypes, macrolide resistance and clinical man...

    Authors: Lifeng Li, Jiayue Ma, Pengbo Guo, Xiaorui Song, Mingchao Li, Zengyuan Yu, Zhidan Yu, Ping Cheng, Huiqing Sun and Wancun Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:724
  25. The prevalence of infectious diseases remains one of the major challenges faced by the Chinese health sector. Policymakers have a tremendous interest in investigating the spatiotemporal epidemiology of infecti...

    Authors: Junyao Zheng, Guoquan Shen, Siqi Hu, Xinxin Han, Siyu Zhu, Jinlin Liu, Rongxin He, Ning Zhang, Chih-Wei Hsieh, Hao Xue, Bo Zhang, Yue Shen, Ying Mao and Bin Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:723
  26. Dengue is a neglected tropical disease, for which no therapeutic agents have shown clinical efficacy to date. Clinical trials have used strikingly variable clinical endpoints, which hampers reproducibility and...

    Authors: Angela McBride, Nguyen Lam Vuong, Nguyen Van Hao, Nguyen Quang Huy, Ho Quang Chanh, Nguyen Thi Xuan Chau, Nguyen Minh Nguyet, Damien K. Ming, Nguyen Thanh Ngoc, Phung Tran Huy Nhat, Nguyen Thanh Phong, Luong Thi Hue Tai, Phan Vinh Tho, Dinh The Trung, Dong Thi Hoai Tam, Huynh Trung Trieu…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:722
  27. Understanding the immune response to the SARS-CoV-2 virus is critical for efficient monitoring and control strategies. The ProHEpic-19 cohort provides a fine-grained description of the kinetics of antibodies a...

    Authors: Concepción Violán, Pere Torán-Monserrat, Bibiana Quirant, Noemi Lamonja-Vicente, Lucía A. Carrasco-Ribelles, Carla Chacón, Josep Maria Manresa-Dominguez, Francesc Ramos-Roure, Rosalia Dacosta-Aguayo, Cristina Palacios-Fernández, Albert Roso-Llorach, Aleix Pujol, Dan Ouchi, Mónica Monteagudo, Pilar Montero-Alia, Rosa Garcia-Sierra…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:721
  28. Brazil is among the countries in South America where the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the general population hardest. Self-testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection is one of the community-based strategies that could help...

    Authors: Guillermo Z. Martínez-Pérez, Sonjelle Shilton, Maíra Saruê, Hilton Cesario, Abhik Banerji, Deepshikha Batheja, João Paulo Cunha, Rachel Baptista, Janine Schirmer, Eleva Ivanova Reipold and Alvaro Machado Dias
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:720
  29. Oral daily preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is recommended as standard of care for prevention in individuals at high risk for HIV infection, includin...

    Authors: Dvora Joseph Davey, Nei-yuan Hsiao, C. Wendy Spearman, Mark Sonderup, Nai-Chung Hu, Nyiko Mashele, Rufaro Mvududu and Landon Myer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:719
  30. COVID-19 vaccines are an effective tool to prevent illness due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, infection after vaccination still occurs. We evaluated all infections identified among recipients of either the ...

    Authors: Katrin S. Sadigh, Kiersten J. Kugeler, Sara Bressler, Stephanie C. Massay, Emma Schmoll, Lauren Milroy, Alyson M. Cavanaugh, Allison Sierocki, Marc Fischer and Leisha D. Nolen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:718
  31. Neurosyphilis (NS) can lead to acute ischemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We compared the clinical characteristics and laboratory features among AIS and TIA patients who were syphilis-sero...

    Authors: Pornpong Jitpratoom and Adhiratha Boonyasiri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:717
  32. Located in southwestern Indian Ocean, Mayotte is a French territory, with a very specific demographic, social and health context. To date, epidemiological data on infections by hepatitis B (HBV), C (HCV), and ...

    Authors: Cécile Brouard, Fanny Parenton, Hassani Youssouf, Stéphane Chevaliez, Emmanuel Gordien, Maxime Jean, Mathias Bruyand, Sophie Vaux, Florence Lot and Marc Ruello
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:716
  33. Refractory rifampicin-resistant/multidrug resistant/extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis (RR/MDR/XDR-TB) were defined as patients infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) resistant to rifampicin(RR-TB), ...

    Authors: Shao-Jun Zhang, Yan Yang, Wen-Wen Sun, Zhong-Shun Zhang, He-Ping Xiao, Yu-Ping Li, Zhe-Min Zhang and Lin Fan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:715
  34. The effect of coupled plasma filtration adsorption (CPFA) for the treatment of sepsis or septic shock is controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of CPFA on all...

    Authors: Yuting Li, Hongxiang Li, Jianxing Guo, Youquan Wang and Dong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:714
  35. Variant of concern (VOC) SARS-CoV-2 alpha variant (B.1.1.7) was the dominant strain in the Netherlands between March 2021–June 2021. We describe three primary school outbreaks due to the alpha variant using wh...

    Authors: Koen M. F. Gorgels, Lieke B. van Alphen, Brian M. J. W. van der Veer, Volker H. Hackert, Audrey Y. J. Hensels, Casper D. J. den Heijer, Jozef Dingemans, Paul H. M. Savelkoul and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:713
  36. Authors: Hassan Ashktorab, Antonio Pizuorno, Folake Adeleye, Adeyinka Laiyemo, Maryam Mehdipour Dalivand, Farshad Aduli, Zaki A. Sherif, Gholamreza Oskrochi, Kibreab Angesom, Philip Oppong-Twene, Suryanarayana Reddy Challa, Nnaemeka Okorie, Esther S. Moon, Edward Romos, Boubini Jones-Wonni, Abdoul Madjid Kone…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:712

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:552

  37. The nationwide lockdown (March 25 to June 8, 2020) to curb the spread of coronavirus infection had significant health and economic impacts on the Indian economy. There is limited empirical evidence on how COVI...

    Authors: Susmita Chatterjee, Palash Das and Anna Vassall
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:711
  38. HIV-1 is endemic in Botswana. The country’s primary challenge is identifying people living with HIV who are unaware of their status. We evaluated factors associated with undiagnosed HIV infection using HIV-1 p...

    Authors: Lynnette Bhebhe, Sikhulile Moyo, Simani Gaseitsiwe, Molly Pretorius-Holme, Etienne K. Yankinda, Kutlo Manyake, Coulson Kgathi, Mompati Mmalane, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Tendani Gaolathe, Pamela Bachanas, Faith Ussery, Mpho Letebele, Joseph Makhema, Kathleen E. Wirth, Shahin Lockman…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:710
  39. We aimed to compare the changes in SARS-CoV-2 spike protein antibody titres based on age group and sex using paired blood sampling after vaccination in association with the presence of nucleocapsid protein ant...

    Authors: Shiro Hoshida, Nobuyuki Koeda, Hideki Hattori, Masahiro Tanaka, Ichiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Fukui, Junya Fujita, Yo Sasaki and Shigeyuki Tamura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:709
  40. Authors: Pyae Linn Aung, Myat Thu Soe, Thit Lwin Oo, Kyaw Thu Aung, Kyaw Kyaw Lin, Aung Thi, Lynette Menezes, Daniel M. Parker, Liwang Cui and Myat Phone Kyaw
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:708

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:653

  41. Tuberculosis (TB) had been the leading lethal infectious disease worldwide for a long time (2014–2019) until the COVID-19 global pandemic, and it is still one of the top 10 death causes worldwide. One importan...

    Authors: Xin Hu, Jie Wang, Yingjiao Ju, Xiuli Zhang, Wushou’er Qimanguli, Cuidan Li, Liya Yue, Bahetibieke Tuohetaerbaike, Ying Li, Hao Wen, Wenbao Zhang, Changbin Chen, Yefeng Yang, Jing Wang and Fei Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:707
  42. In 2016 Rwanda adopted “treat all” where all patients with HIV are immediately eligible for ART regardless of disease progression. Despite widespread availability of treatment, it is unknown whether presentati...

    Authors: Gentille Musengimana, Jean Paul Umugisha, Placide Habinshuti, Todd Anderson, Geraldine Mukesharurema, Eric Remera, Jean D’Amour Ndahimana and Dale A. Barnhart
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:706
  43. Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable, preventable and curable disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Peru is amongst the 30 countries with the highest burden of multidrug-resistant tuber...

    Authors: Zully M. Puyén, David Santos-Lázaro, Aiko N. Vigo, Jorge Coronel, Miriam J. Alarcón, Vidia V. Cotrina and David A. J. Moore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:705
  44. Infections caused by Klebsiella oxytoca are the second most common cause of Klebsiella infections in humans. Most studies have focused on K. oxytoca outbreaks and few have examined the broader clinical context of...

    Authors: James Stewart, Louise M. Judd, Adam Jenney, Kathryn E. Holt, Kelly L. Wyres and Jane Hawkey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:704
  45. It seems that acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination is the most effective way to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic now. Health care workers (HCWs) are one of the most important groups who are at risk for COVID-19 infe...

    Authors: Koorosh Kamali, Zarrintaj Hoseinzade, Khadijeh Hajimiri, Soodabeh Hoveidamanesh, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Sousan Mahmoudi Bavandpouri, Tahereh Mohamadi, Soraya Mohamadi, Zohre Bigdeli, Azam Maleki, Mahboubeh Shirzad, Zahra Heidari, Mahya Farsadegi and Alireza Shoghli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:703
  46. COVID-19 outcomes among hospitalized patients may have changed due to new variants, therapies and vaccine availability. We assessed outcomes of adults hospitalized with COVID-19 from March 2020–February 2022.

    Authors: Maria Stepanova, Brian Lam, Elena Younossi, Sean Felix, Mariam Ziayee, Jillian Price, Huong Pham, Leyla de Avila, Kathy Terra, Patrick Austin, Thomas Jeffers, Carey Escheik, Pegah Golabi, Rebecca Cable, Manirath Srishord, Chapy Venkatesan…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:702
  47. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are of great global health concern. Currently, there are limited epidemiological data characterizing STIs in the general population in Rwanda. We assessed the national an...

    Authors: Jean Damascene Makuza, Phyumar Soe, Dahn Jeong, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Donatha Dushimiyimana, Justine Umutesi, Ladislas Nshimiyimana, Clarisse Maliza, Janvier Serumondo, Eric Remera, Gallican Nshogoza Rwibasira, Albert Tuyishime and David J. Riedel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:701
  48. Campylobacter jejuni is a common cause of acute gastroenteritis, but central nervous system infections are rare manifestations of Campylobacter infection. Therefore, C. jejuni trauma-related subdural hygroma infe...

    Authors: Ivana Valenčak-Ignjatić, Nina Krajcar, Diana Didović, Srđan Roglić, Iva Butić, Marko Jelić, Hrvoje Jednačak and Goran Tešović
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:700

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