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  1. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic clonorchiasis is one of the most prevalent food-borne parasitic diseases worldwide. Clonorchis sinensis, the pathogen, is the major parasitic trigger contributing to cholangitis, cholelithiasis, and even ...

    Authors: Xialei Liu, Genglong Zhu, Chaonong Cai, Zhiyue Lv and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:33

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Viruses are commonly found in patients with acute respiratory infections (ARIs). However, the viral etiologies and clinical characteristics of outpatients with ARIs are poorly understood in China. Here, we ide...

    Authors: Xiaohong Wen, Qiuling Huang, Hong Tao, Weihua Zou, Min Gao, Huihui Guo, Xing Yao, Dawei Cui and Xiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:32

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) urethritis has been increasing for the past 10 years. There is little data regarding the screening of Ct infection in asymptomatic men in France, despite the national r...

    Authors: Paul Rondeau, Nadia Valin, Dominique Decré, Pierre-Marie Girard, Karine Lacombe and Laure Surgers

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:31

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Almost half the world’s population is infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with the highest reported prevalence from Africa. This infection is associated with several morbid gastrointestinal conditions. ...

    Authors: Jeannine A. Aminde, Guisilla A. Dedino, Calypse A. Ngwasiri, Kingsley S. Ombaku, Cedric A. Mahop Makon and Leopold Ndemnge Aminde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:30

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  5. Content type: Research article

    During 2015–2016 an outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease due to N. meningitidis serogroup C ST-11 (cc11) occurred in Tuscany, Italy. The outbreak affected mainly the age group 20–30 years, men who have sex ...

    Authors: Alessandro Miglietta, Francesco Innocenti, Patrizio Pezzotti, Eleonora Riccobono, Maria Moriondo, Patrizia Pecile, Francesco Nieddu, Gian Maria Rossolini, Chiara Azzari, Emanuela Balocchini, Giovanni Rezza, Fabio Voller and Paola Stefanelli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:29

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare-associated infections have become a public health problem, creating a new burden on medical care in hospitals. The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria poses a difficult task for physicians, wh...

    Authors: F. Cyr Doscoph Afle, Alidéhou Jerrold Agbankpe, Roch Christian Johnson, Olivia Houngbégnon, Sègbè Christophe Houssou and Honoré Sourou Bankole

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:28

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Genital warts are important causes of morbidity and their prevalence and incidence can be used to evaluate the impact of HPV vaccination in a population.

    Authors: Eileen O. Dareng, Sally N. Adebamowo, Ayotunde Famooto, Oluwatoyosi Olawande, Michael K. Odutola, Yinka Olaniyan, Richard A. Offiong, Paul P. Pharoah and Clement A. Adebamowo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:27

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Transmission patterns in high tuberculosis incidence areas in England are poorly understood but need elucidating to focus contact tracing. We study transmission within and between age, ethnic and immigrant gro...

    Authors: Emilia Vynnycky, Adrienne R. Keen, Jason T. Evans, Shaina Khanom, Peter M. Hawkey, Richard G. White and Ibrahim Abubakar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:26

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a serious health problem in Suriname. To expand the diagnostic options, two newly developed diagnostic tests, i.e. the rapid diagnostic test CL Detect™ Rapid Test (CL Detect) an...

    Authors: Henk D. F. H. Schallig, Ricardo V. P. Hu, Alida D. Kent, Merlin van Loenen, Sandra Menting, Albert Picado, Zippora Oosterling and Israel Cruz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:25

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Many upper respiratory pathogens cause similar symptoms. In China, routine molecular tests for upper respiratory pathogens are not widely performed and antibiotics abuse in treating upper respiratory tract inf...

    Authors: Jialiang Tang, Jinkun Chen, Tingting He, Zhuojing Jiang, Jiale Zhou, Bin Hu and Shangxin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:24

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Crohn’s disease is a chronic enteritis of humans that affects the gastrointestinal tract, especially the terminal ileum, cecum and colon. The etiology of this disease is still unknown but seems to be multifact...

    Authors: Forough Zarei-Kordshouli, Bita Geramizadeh and Azizollah Khodakaram-Tafti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:23

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of leprosy and multidrug therapy are crucial to achieve zero transmission and zero grade II incapacities goals of World Health Organization. Leprosy is difficult to diagnose because clinical fo...

    Authors: André Luiz Leturiondo, Ariani Batista Noronha, Monik Oney Oliveira do Nascimento, Cynthia de Oliveira Ferreira, Fabíola da Costa Rodrigues, Milton Ozório Moraes and Carolina Talhari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:22

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  13. Content type: Research article

    HIV transmission remains a major concern in Eastern Europe, and too many people are diagnosed late. Expanded testing strategies and early and appropriate access to care are required. Infectious disease departm...

    Authors: Raimonda Matulionytė, Kęstutis Žagminas, Eglė Balčiūnaitė, Elžbieta Matulytė, Rasutė Paulauskienė, Almina Bajoriūnienė and Arvydas Ambrozaitis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:21

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Thus far, studies on Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing organisms have only been reported in those with a history of foreign travel, and a specific Japanese KPC-producing isolate has not yet been...

    Authors: Yusuke Ainoda, Kotaro Aoki, Yoshikazu Ishii, Kentaro Okuda, Hitomi Furukawa, Ryo Manabe, Toshinori Sahara, Fukumi Nakamura-Uchiyama, Hitomi Kurosu, Yukiko Ando, Maki Fujisawa, Hitomi Hoshino, Hideki Arima and Kenji Ohnishi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:20

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by enteroviruses that has a severely impair for those high incidence countries such as China.The current study aimed to investigate the epide...

    Authors: JiFeng Liu, XiaoMei Xiang, ZhongShu Pu, Yong Long, Dan Xiao, WeiLu Zhang, Qian Li, XiTong Li, SiYao Li, ZhongJun Shao, XiaoLi Yang and YongMin Xiong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:19

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The GeneXpert MTB/RIF Assay (Xpert®) is known to be a feasible, effective and a hopeful tool for rapid tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment. However, little is known about the time delay caused by initial...

    Authors: Miguelhete Lisboa, Inês Fronteira, Estefano Colove, Marques Nhamonga and Maria do Rosário O. Martins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:18

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Guidelines recommend macrolides and fluoroquinolones in patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), but their use has been associated with cardiac events. We quantified associations between ...

    Authors: Douwe F. Postma, Cristian Spitoni, Cornelis H. van Werkhoven, Leontine J. R. van Elden, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert and Marc J. M. Bonten

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:17

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to gain national data on the clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired infections in the Faroe Islands and to compare these data with data from other g...

    Authors: Marija Todorovic Markovic, Court Pedersen, Magnús Gottfredsson, Mirjana Todorovic Mitic and Shahin Gaini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:16

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  19. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of hantavirus-induced myocarditis in a young adult. Hantavirus showed a rapid increase of infections in the year 2017. Only scarce data is available about potential myocardial involvement in h...

    Authors: Patrick Krumm, Tanja Zitzelsberger, Meinrad Gawaz and Simon Greulich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:15

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Subclinical tuberculosis is an asymptomatic disease phase with important relevance to persons living with HIV. We describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and risk of mortality for HIV-infected adult...

    Authors: Kristina L. Bajema, Ingrid V. Bassett, Sharon M. Coleman, Douglas Ross, Kenneth A. Freedberg, Anna Wald and Paul K. Drain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:14

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Outbreaks of infectious gastroenteritis in care homes are common, with norovirus a frequent cause. In England there is no co-ordinated national surveillance system. We aimed to estimate the burden of these out...

    Authors: Thomas Inns, Helen E. Clough, John P. Harris, Roberto Vivancos, Natalie Adams and Sarah J. O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:12

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Circulating interferon-γ (IFN-γ) concentration may be sustained at a high level regardless of the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in some patients with HIV-1 infection. In the present study, we exam...

    Authors: Dai Watanabe, Tomoko Uehira, Sachiko Suzuki, Erina Matsumoto, Takashi Ueji, Kazuyuki Hirota, Rumi Minami, Soichiro Takahama, Kimikazu Hayashi, Morio Sawamura, Masahiro Yamamoto and Takuma Shirasaka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:11

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Making an accurate prognosis for mortality during tuberculosis (TB) treatment in TB-diabetes (TB-DM) comorbid patients remains a challenge for health professionals, especially in low TB prevalent populations, ...

    Authors: Duc T. Nguyen and Edward A. Graviss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:10

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the mortality in hospitalized patients with tuberculous meningitis and describe factors associated with an increased risk of mortality.

    Authors: Jaime Soria, Tatiana Metcalf, Nicanor Mori, Renee E. Newby, Silvia M. Montano, Luz Huaroto, Eduardo Ticona and Joseph R. Zunt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:9

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To achieve the ambitious 90–90-90 UNAIDS targets, access to routine viral load (VL) is critical. To measure VL, Rwanda has relied on a national reference laboratory for years. In 2014, a VL testing platform wa...

    Authors: Jean de Dieu Ndagijimana Ntwali, Tom Decroo, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Athanase Kiromera, Placidie Mugwaneza, Sabin Nsanzimana and Lutgarde Lynen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:8

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  26. Content type: Research article

    For a long time, the Christie-Atkinson-Munch-Peterson (CAMP) test has been a standard test for the identification of Streptococcus agalactiae, and a positive result for S.agalactiae has been considered sensitive ...

    Authors: Dacheng Guo, Yu Xi, Shanmei Wang and Zeyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:7

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Extra-genital Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis infections are mostly asymptomatic, and important reservoir sites of infection as they often go undetected and may be more difficult to eradicate with...

    Authors: Johanna M. E. Venter, Precious M. Mahlangu, Etienne E. Müller, David A. Lewis, Kevin Rebe, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre and Ranmini S. Kularatne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:6

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  28. Content type: Research article

    On 18th May 2017, State Ministry of Health of former Warrap State received a report from Tonj East County of an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea and vomiting in Makuac payam. We conducted this investigation ...

    Authors: Fred Nsubuga, Stephen Chol Garang, Mathew Tut, David Oguttu, Robert Lubajo, Dennis Lodiongo, Michael Lasuba and Allan Mpairwe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:4

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Accurate drug susceptibility testing (DST) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens and culture isolates to first-line drugs is crucial for diagnosis and management of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis ...

    Authors: Noura M. Al-Mutairi, Suhail Ahmad, Eiman Mokaddas, Hanaa S. Eldeen and Susan Joseph

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:3

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a neglected tropical disease of public health relevance in Brazil. To prioritize disease control measures, the Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde of Brazil’s Ministry of Health (S...

    Authors: Gustavo Machado, Julio Alvarez, Haakon Christopher Bakka, Andres Perez, Lucas Edel Donato, Francisco Edilson de Ferreira Lima Júnior, Renato Vieira Alves and Victor Javier Del Rio Vilas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:2

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV and syphilis, are one of the major health care problems worldwide, especially in low- and middle income countries. HIV screening programmes have been widely used fo...

    Authors: Annelies Van Den Heuvel, Hilde Smet, Irena Prat, Anita Sands, Willy Urassa, Katrien Fransen and Tania Crucitti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Lebanon hosts a heterogeneous population coming from underdeveloped and developing countries, resulting in increasing incidences of tuberculosis over the past years. The genetic heterogeneity and lineages asso...

    Authors: Balig Panossian, Tamara Salloum, George F. Araj, Georges Khazen and Sima Tokajian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:710

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Human enteroviruses (HEVs) are common causal agents of aseptic meningitis in young children. Laboratory and syndromic surveillance during December 2015 and January 2016 noted an unusually high number of paedia...

    Authors: Heidi Smuts, Sarah Cronje, Juno Thomas, Delene Brink, Stephen Korsman and Diana Hardie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:709

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Effective combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved life expectancy among people living with HIV-1 infection. Treated HIV-1infection increases the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS). Despite sub-S...

    Authors: Titus F. Msoka, Gary P. Van Guilder, Yvo M. Smulders, Marceline van Furth, John A. Bartlett and Michiel A. van Agtmael

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:708

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  35. Content type: Review

    The emergence of different viral infections during the last decades like dengue, West Nile, SARS, chikungunya, MERS-CoV, Ebola, Zika and Yellow Fever raised some questions on quickness and reliability of labor...

    Authors: Matthias Niedrig, Pranav Patel, Ahmed Abd El Wahed, Regina Schädler and Sergio Yactayo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:707

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Spotted fever group of rickettsial infections are emerging in Sri Lanka. We describe a patient with rapidly progressing ARDS and myocarditis secondary to spotted fever caused by Rickettsia conorii. ARDS and myoca...

    Authors: H. M. L. Y. Herath, J. M. H. D. Jayasundara, S. D. N. Senadhira, S. A. M. Kularatne and W. K. S. Kularatne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:705

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Those infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a higher risk of opportunistic infections. The risk is related to the level of immunosuppression. We report a case of a young male with the unusual sce...

    Authors: Deving Arias Ramos, John Alexander Alzate, Jhon Alejandro Rico Gallego and Natalia Acevedo Escalante

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:704

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Primary meningococcal arthritis is a rare infectious disease that occurs in less than 3% of meningococcal infections and is characterized by arthritis without meningitis, fever, rash, or hemodynamic instabilit...

    Authors: S. Ricci, A. Montemaggi, F. Nieddu, D. Serranti, G. Indolfi, M. Moriondo and C. Azzari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:703

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Invasive aspergillosis is a complication in immunocompromised patients and commonly detected in patients with hematological malignancies, which mostly affect the lungs. Because of its high iodine content, rich...

    Authors: Jiaying Tan, Jun Shen, Yong Fang, Liping Zhu, Yang Liu, Ye Gong, Hechen Zhu, Zupeng Hu and Gang Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:702

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Routine culture-based diagnosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients can be hampered by the phenotypic variability of the microorganism, including its transition to a Viable B...

    Authors: Gianmarco Mangiaterra, Mehdi Amiri, Andrea Di Cesare, Sonia Pasquaroli, Esther Manso, Natalia Cirilli, Barbara Citterio, Carla Vignaroli and Francesca Biavasco

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:701

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  41. Content type: Research article

    China has made substantial progress in tackling its HIV and AIDS epidemic. But the changing patterns of HIV and AIDS incidence based on the longitudinal observation data were rarely studied.

    Authors: Zhenqiu Liu, Oumin Shi, Qiong Yan, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Yue Chen, Xingdong Chen and Tiejun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:700

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is an uncommon form of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Korea. In this study, we aimed to highlight the clinical features, diagnostic methods, and outcomes of abdominal TB ...

    Authors: Jin-Kyu Cho, Young Min Choi, Sang Soo Lee, Hye Kyong Park, Ra Ri Cha, Wan Soo Kim, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Min Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Chang Yoon Ha, Hyun Jin Kim, Tae Hyo Kim, Woon Tae Jung and Ok Jae Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:699

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common illness affecting hundreds of millions worldwide. Few studies have investigated the relationship between serum magnesium levels and outcomes of these patients. We...

    Authors: Roni Nasser, Mohammad E. Naffaa, Tanya Mashiach, Zaher S. Azzam and Eyal Braun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:698

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  44. Content type: Research article

    An explosive outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease (LD) was identified on 11 December 2015 in Manzanares, Ciudad Real, Spain, and was declared closed by 03 February 2016. The number of declared cases was 593 with ...

    Authors: Fernando Cebrián, Juan C. Montero and Pedro J. Fernández

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:696

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  45. Content type: Case report

    We report on a 21-year-old patient with a giant symptomatic hydatid cyst of the interventricular septum, to whom a staged management approach was employed. Induction medical therapy led to a reduction in the s...

    Authors: Jadranka Separovic Hanzevacki, Hrvoje Gasparovic, Vlatka Reskovic Luksic, Zvonimir Ostojic and Bojan Biocina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:694

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Highly active antiretroviral therapy has significantly changed the natural history of HIV infection, leading to a dramatic reduction of HIV-related morbidity and mortality. Late Presenters, Very Late Presenter...

    Authors: Andrea Marino, Eleonora Caltabiano, Aldo Zagami, Anna Onorante, Carmela Zappalà, Maria Elena Locatelli, Alessio Pampaloni, Daniele Scuderi, Roberto Bruno and Bruno Cacopardo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:693

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Oncogenic Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are closely associated with anal cancer which is high among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected males. There are no data regarding anal HPV infection and...

    Authors: Abhilasha Gautam, Jaya Chakravarty, Vijay Kumar Singh, Amrita Ghosh, Shashi Bhushan Chauhan, Madhukar Rai and Shyam Sundar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:692

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