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  1. Coagulase-negative staphylococci belonging to S. haemolyticus, S. hominis subsp. hominis, S. simulans, and S. warneri are often described as etiological factors of infections. Staphylococci are a phylogenetically...

    Authors: Magdalena Szemraj, Magdalena Grazul, Ewa Balcerczak and Eligia M. Szewczyk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:128

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This study is to elucidate the disinfection effect of ozone producing low-pressure Hg vapor lamps against human pathogens. Ozone producing low-pressure Hg vapor lamps emit mainly 254 nm ultraviolet light C (UV...

    Authors: Wai Szeto, W. C. Yam, Haibao Huang and Dennis Y. C. Leung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  3. More and more azole-resistant strains emerged through the development of acquired resistance and an epidemiological shift towards inherently less susceptible species. The mechanisms of azoles resistance of Candid...

    Authors: Ming-rui Zhang, Fei Zhao, Shuang Wang, Sha Lv, Yan Mou, Chun-li Yao, Ying Zhou and Fu-qiu Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:126

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The emergence of Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) poses a major public health problem since it was first reported. Although the rising rates of VRE infections are being reported elsewhere in the worldwide; ...

    Authors: Addisu Melese, Chalachew Genet and Tesfaye Andualem

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  5. We analyzed the results of a 3-year surveillance study on the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of healthcare associated-infections (HAIs) in elderly inpatients in a large tertiary hospital in China.

    Authors: Xia Zhao, Lihong Wang, Nan Wei, Jingli Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Huijie Zhao and Xu Han

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  6. While several studies have assessed the associations between biological factors and tuberculosis (TB) transmission, our understanding of the associations between TB transmission and social and economic factors...

    Authors: Rebecca Tadokera, Linda-Gail Bekker, Barry N. Kreiswirth, Barun Mathema and Keren Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Paracoccidioidomycosis is a neglected tropical disease, endemic in several countries of South America including Colombia. We report a case of a patient with Chronic Multifocal Paracoccidioidomycosis with long-...

    Authors: Deving Arias Ramos, John Alexander Alzate, Ángela María Giraldo Montoya, Yessica Andrea Trujillo and Leidy Yurany Arias Ramos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:119

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Previous publications indicated an emerging issue with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), particularly skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), in Indigenous communities in ...

    Authors: Dahn Jeong, Ha Nhan Thi Nguyen, Mark Tyndall and Yoko S. Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Severe febrile illness without a known source (SFWS) is a challenge for clinicians when deciding how to manage a patient, particularly given the wide spectrum of potential aetiologies that contribute to fever....

    Authors: Jennifer Osborn, Teri Roberts, Ethan Guillen, Oscar Bernal, Paul Roddy, Stefano Ongarello, Armand Sprecher, Anne-Laure Page, Isabela Ribeiro, Erwan Piriou, Abiy Tamrat, Roberto de la Tour, V. Bhargavi Rao, Laurence Flevaud, Tomas Jensen, Lachlan McIver…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Yellow fever vaccine exists for over 80 years and is considered to be relatively safe. However, in rare cases it can produce serious neurotropic and viscerotropic complications. We report a case of a patient w...

    Authors: Lev Volkov, Gilda Grard, Pierre-Edouard Bollaert, Guillaume A. Durand, Aurélie Cravoisy, Marie Conrad, Lionel Nace, Guilhem Courte, Rémy Marnai, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart and Sébastien Gibot

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:116

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Normothermic and hypothermic oxygenated perfusion for donation after circulatory death in kidney transplantation are becoming popular in Italy, with the purpose of reducing the risk of primary non function and...

    Authors: Matteo Ravaioli, Valeria Corradetti, Matteo Renzulli, Giuliana Germinario, Lorenzo Maroni, Federica Odaldi, Guido Fallani, Anna Paola Pezzuto, Daniele Parlanti, Raffaele Bova, Claudia Bini, Gaetano La Manna and Giorgia Comai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:115

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Identifying patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and enhancing the cascade of care are essential for eliminating HCV infection. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of positive anti-HCV serol...

    Authors: Daniela Mariano Carvalho-Louro, Eric Bassetti Soares, Jose Eduardo Trevizoli, Thayna Moreira Gomes Marra, Alexandre Lima Rodrigues da Cunha, Marcelo Palmeira Rodrigues, Adriana Claudia Lopes Carvalho-Furtado, Beatriz Taynara Araujo dos Santos and Francisco de Assis da Rocha Neves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Currently available injectable agents are inadequate to address the high drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) burden in China. Regimens including the oral agent bedaquiline have been shown to be efficacious and...

    Authors: Abela Mpobela Agnarson, Xiao Chun Wang, Ravi Potluri, Hitesh Bhandari, Amit Dhir, Chrispin Kambili and Laurent Metz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is increasingly being diagnosed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) has been found to possess antifungal activities. We hence aimed to...

    Authors: Kai-Jieh Yeo, Hsin-Hua Chen, Yi-Ming Chen, Ching-Heng Lin, Der-Yuan Chen, Chih-Ming Lai and Wen-Cheng Chao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:112

    Content type: Research article

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  15. After publication of the original article [1], we were notified that Fig. 3 has “Fig. 1” posted on the top of it and Figs. 4 and 5 have “Genomic Position” in a different spot.

    Authors: G. Clement Dobbins, Amit Patki, Dongquan Chen, Hemant K. Tiwari, Curtis Hendrickson, William J. Britt, Karen Fowler, Jake Y. Chen, Suresh B. Boppana and Shannon A. Ross

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:111

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1046

  16. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionally affected by sexually transmitted infections (STI). STI are often extragenital and asymptomatic. Both can delay diagnosis and treatment. Approval of HIV pre...

    Authors: Klaus Jansen, Gyde Steffen, Anja Potthoff, Ann-Kathrin Schuppe, Daniel Beer, Heiko Jessen, Stefan Scholten, Petra Spornraft-Ragaller, Viviane Bremer and Carsten Tiemann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Tuberculosis continues to be a health problem of both developed and developing countries, and its incidence has currently increased due to HIV induced immune suppression. HIV-co-infection decreases the total n...

    Authors: Tadelo Wondmagegn, Debasu Damtie, Meaza Genetu, Belete Biadgo, Mulualem Lemma and Markos Negash

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of morbidity worldwide. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) bacteria are the major cause of urinary tract infections. UPEC strains derive from different phylogene...

    Authors: Belayneh Regasa Dadi, Tamrat Abebe, Lixin Zhang, Adane Mihret, Workeabeba Abebe and Wondwossen Amogne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Globally, Taenia solium can cause cysticercosis in humans (including neurocysticercosis) and in pigs through ingestion of eggs and taeniasis in humans through ingestion of raw/undercooked pork contaminated with m...

    Authors: Msawenkosi I. Sithole, Johan L. Bekker and Samson Mukaratirwa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  20. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are intricably interlinked in South Africa. The social aspects of this co-epidemic remain relatively unexplored. More specifically, no research has quantitatively explored the double ...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Nina Sommerland, Caroline Masquillier, Asta Rau, Michelle Engelbrecht, André Janse Van Rensburg, Gladys Kigozi, Koen Ponnet and Wim Van Damme

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:106

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Urogenital tuberculosis (TB) is rare in children and usually develops due to reactivation of the foci in the genitourinary tract after the latency period following initial infection. Urogenital TB in children ...

    Authors: Darja Aleinikova, Ilva Pole, Janis Kimsis, Anita Skangale, Olga Bobrikova, Regina Kazelnika, Inta Jansone, Inga Norvaisa, Iveta Ozere and Renate Ranka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:105

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Vibrio spp. are aquatic bacteria that are ubiquitous in warm estuarine and marine environments, of which 12 species are currently known to cause infections in humans. So far, only five human infections with V. ha...

    Authors: Thomas Theo Brehm, Laura Berneking, Holger Rohde, Martin Chistner, Carsten Schlickewei, Meike Sena Martins and Stefan Schmiedel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:104

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an endemic communicable disease in China, accounting for 90% of total reported cases worldwide. In this study, the authors want to investigate the risk factors f...

    Authors: Xiaochen Wang, Wenqi Shen, Yuanfang Qin, Liang Ying, Haipeng Li, Jiankui Lu, Jing Lu, Nan Zhang, Zhifeng Li, Weizhong Zhou, Fenyang Tang, Fengcai Zhu, Jianli Hu and Changjun Bao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:103

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Minimising antimicrobial overuse is needed to limit antimicrobial resistance. There is little evidence on how often microbiological testing informs antimicrobial de-escalation (e.g. stopping, shortening durati...

    Authors: William L. Hamilton, Sacha-Marie Pires, Samantha Lippett, Vikesh Gudka, Elizabeth L. A. Cross and Martin J. Llewelyn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Rubella is highly under reported in Zambia as in most sub-Saharan countries despite being a disease of major public health concern especially among women of childbearing age. In September 2016, Zambia introduc...

    Authors: Mazyanga L. Mazaba, Seter Siziya, Mwaka Monze and Daniel Cohen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Invasive infections caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus are rare. Immunocompromised patients, who report being bitten by or having a close contact with an animal, represent a high-risk group for this infection. T...

    Authors: Petr Prasil, Lenka Ryskova, Stanislav Plisek and Pavel Bostik

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:100

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The identification of the pathogens in pleural effusion has mainly relied on conventional bacterial culture or single species polymerase chain reaction (PCR), both with relatively low sensitivity. We investiga...

    Authors: Léo Franchetti, Desiree M. Schumann, Michael Tamm, Kathleen Jahn and Daiana Stolz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:99

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Potentially pathogenic bacteria that colonise the lower genital tract of women in labour can be passed to the baby during birth. While many babies become colonised with these bacteria after delivery, a few dev...

    Authors: Josephine Tumuhamye, Hans Steinsland, James K. Tumwine, Olive Namugga, David Mukunya, Freddie Bwanga, Halvor Sommerfelt and Victoria Nankabirwa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Salmonella species commonly causes infection in humans and on occasion leads to serious complications, such as mycotic aneurysms. Here, we present the first case reported of a patient with a mycotic aneurysm like...

    Authors: Jakub Nagrodzki, Katherine E. Sharrocks, Vanessa K. Wong and Andrew J. Carmichael

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:97

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The goal of tuberculosis elimination put forward in the End TB Strategy prioritizes diagnosis and treatment of incipient and subclinical TB, recently defined by key stakeholders as “asymptomatic, early pre-clinic...

    Authors: Gry Klouman Bekken, Christian Ritz, Sumithra Selvam, Nelson Jesuraj, Anneke C. Hesseling, T. Mark Doherty, Harleen M. S. Grewal, Mario Vaz and Synne Jenum

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common health care associated infections in German acute hospitals and can result in prolonged hospital stays, increased use of antibiotics and utilisation of care. Sta...

    Authors: Antonia Bauer, Martin Grünewald, Hans Eberhardt, Rieke Schulz, Peter Martus, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Stefanie Joos and Heidrun Sturm

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:95

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC) is one of the most common extended-spectrum β-lactamase and carbapenemase-producing pathogen that threatens millions of the elderly and vulnerable sick persons. The objective of...

    Authors: Yongxin Zhao, Jisheng Zhang, Yanjun Fu, Chunjiang Li, Kewang Hu, Shanshan Su, Lan Yu, Yuhang Guo, Yu Fu and Xiaoli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The authors have retracted this article [1] because of methodological inaccuracies and incorrect use of the PRISMA/PROSPERO guidelines of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the article.

    Authors: Tolulope Ebenezer Atalabi and Taiwo Oluwakemi Adubi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:93

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:73

  34. Multi-drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are major causes of nosocomial infections globally. They are the current World Health Organization critical priority pathogens for res...

    Authors: Hilina Motbainor, Fetlework Bereded and Wondemagegn Mulu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  35. We compared the cryptococcal antigen detection and imaging findings between immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients in whom pulmonary cryptococcosis had been diagnosed. The aim of our study was to deter...

    Authors: Jingqi Min, Kunlun Huang, Chanmei Shi, Laifu Li, Fuye Li, Tao Zhu and Huojin Deng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:91

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Plague is a highly fatal disease caused by Yersinia pestis. Late diagnosis hampers disease outcome and effectiveness of control measures, induces death and disease spread. Advance on its diagnosis was the use of ...

    Authors: Minoarisoa Rajerison, Marie Melocco, Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, Soloandry Rahajandraibe, Feno Rakotoarimanana, André Spiegel, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina and Laurence Baril

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:90

    Content type: Technical advance

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  37. Outbreaks of acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) are common in Nepal, but the exact etiology or risk factors for them often go unrecognized. Diseases like influenza, enteric fever and rickettsial fev...

    Authors: Sunil Pokharel, Manan Karki, Bhim Acharya, Baburam Marasini and Amit Arjyal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections have become a global health threat. Controlling CRE transmission in hospitals is increasingly dependent on the use of disinfectants to restrict the risk of...

    Authors: Yili Chen, Kang Liao, Yongxin Huang, Penghao Guo, Han Huang, Zhongwen Wu and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Xpert® MTB/RIF assay is currently used in Ethiopia for the rapid diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and mutations that confer Rifampicin resistance. Rifampicin resistance is determined based on any mut...

    Authors: Ayinalem Alemu, Mengistu Tadesse, Getachew Seid, Helina Mollalign, Kirubel Eshetu, Waganeh Sinshaw, Yeshiwork Abebaw, Misikir Amare, Biniyam Dagne, Getu Diriba, Bazezew Yenew, Melak Getu and Betselot Zerihun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Little is known about the potential use of the eosinophil count as a predictive marker of bloodstream infection. In this study, we aimed to assess the reliability of eosinopenia as a predictive marker of blood...

    Authors: Takanobu Hirosawa, Yukinori Harada, Kohei Morinaga, Hiroshi Takase, Michihiro Nin and Taro Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:85

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem and interferon-alpha (IFN-α) is one of the effective therapies. However, little is known about the genetic background of the HBV infection or the ge...

    Authors: Zebin Zhu, Shanzhou Huang, Yixi Zhang, Chengjun Sun, Yunhua Tang, Qiang Zhao, Qi Zhou, Weiqiang Ju and Xiaoshun He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The more quickly bacterial pathogens responsible for foodborne illness outbreaks can be linked to a vehicle of transmission or a source, the more illnesses can be prevented. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) based...

    Authors: Andrea Ottesen, Padmini Ramachandran, Yi Chen, Eric Brown, Elizabeth Reed and Errol Strain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  43. No-touch environmental disinfection using ultraviolet devices has been highlighted in the past several years to control the transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). However, its effectiveness in ...

    Authors: Keita Morikane, Shoko Suzuki, Jun Yoshioka, Jun Yakuwa, Masaki Nakane and Kenji Nemoto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Macrophages play a key role in the infection process, and alternatively activated macrophages (M2 polarization) play important roles in persistent infection via the immune escape of pathogens. This suggests th...

    Authors: Hyun Jin Cho, Yun-Ji Lim, Jhingook Kim, Won-Jung Koh, Chang-Hwa Song and Min-Woong Kang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In addition to outbreaks of nosocomial influenza, sporadic nosocomial influenza infections also occur but are generally not reported in the literature.

    Authors: P. Godoy, N. Torner, N. Soldevila, C. Rius, M. Jane, A. Martínez, JA. Caylà and A. Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:80

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the most common causative pathogens of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), accounting for as many as 30–50% of CAP during peak years. An early and rapid diagnostic method is key fo...

    Authors: Guanhua Xue, Shaoli Li, Hanqing Zhao, Chao Yan, Yanling Feng, Jinghua Cui, Tingting Jiang and Jing Yuan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  47. At the end of the 1970s, in Italy more than 2% of the general population was HBsAg carrier. In the late ‘70s and late ‘80s, two remarkable events might have impacted on HBV strains transmitted in North-East It...

    Authors: Roberto Bruni, Umbertina Villano, Stefania Taffon, Michele Equestre, Elisabetta Madonna, Paola Chionne, Angela Candido, Stefano Dettori, Giulio Pisani, Maria Rapicetta, Flavia Bortolotti and Anna Rita Ciccaglione

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The rates of newly diagnosed cases of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital chlamydial infection and gonorrhea, are important for prevention and control of these diseases. However, nationwide rates ...

    Authors: Miyuki Kawado, Shuji Hashimoto, Akiko Ohta, Mari S. Oba, Ritei Uehara, Kiyosu Taniguchi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Masaki Nagai and Yoshitaka Murakami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Following migration from Schistosoma and Strongyloides endemic to non-endemic regions, people remain at high risk for adverse sequelae from these chronic infections. HIV co-infected persons are particularly vulne...

    Authors: Jessica McLellan, M. John Gill, Stephen Vaughan and Bonnie Meatherall

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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