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  1. In HIV-1 infection, more than 95% of CD4+T cells die of caspase-1 mediated pyroptosis. What governs the increased susceptibility of CD4+T cells to pyroptosis is poorly understood.

    Authors: Fengting Yu, Chengjie Ma, Xia Jin, Hongxin Zhao, Jiang Xiao, Li Li, Shujing Song, Xiaohui Xie, Siyuan Yang, Yunxia Tang, Linghang Wang and Fujie Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:129
  2. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic occurred due to the dispersion of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Severe symptoms can be observed in COVID-19 patients with lipid-...

    Authors: Wan Amirul Syazwan Wan Ahmad Munawar, Marjanu Hikmah Elias, Faizul Helmi Addnan, Pouya Hassandarvish, Sazaly AbuBakar and Nuruliza Roslan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:124
  3. Community-acquired respiratory infections are a leading cause of illness and death globally. The aetiologies of community-acquired pneumonia remain poorly defined. The RESPIRO study is an ongoing prospective o...

    Authors: Dorothy Hui Lin Ng, Travis Ren Teen Chia, Barnaby Edward Young, Sapna Sadarangani, Ser Hon Puah, Jenny Guek Hong Low, Gabriel Zherong Yan, Yin Mo, Nicholas Jinghao Ngiam, Samuel Sherng Young Wang, Yan Tong Loo, Faith Evangeline Jie Qi Ong, Andrew Yunkai Li, Sharlene Ho, Lisa Ng, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:123
  4. The Xpert MTB/RIF test (Xpert) can help in the accurate screening of tuberculosis, however, its widespread use is limited by its high cost and lack of accessibility. Pooling of sputum samples for testing is a ...

    Authors: Jianfeng Zeng, Huan Huang, Xuhui Liu, Zhen Huang, Weijian Liu, Houming Liu and Shuihua Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:122
  5. Short-term exposure to air pollution may trigger symptoms of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) through stimulating lung tissue, damaging tracheobronchial mucosa, the key anti-mycobacterium T cell immune func...

    Authors: Chan-Na Zhao, Zhiwei Xu, Peng Wang, Jie Liu, Rong Wang, Hai-Feng Pan and Fangjin Bao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:121
  6. An increase in patients with multidrug-resistant organisms and associated outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic have been reported in various settings, including low-endemic settings. Here, we report three di...

    Authors: Beate Schlosser, Beate Weikert, Giovanni-Battista Fucini, Britta Kohlmorgen, Axel Kola, Anna Weber, Norbert Thoma, Michael Behnke, Frank Schwab, Petra Gastmeier, Christine Geffers and Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:120
  7. To evaluate the frequency, duration and patterns of long-term coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms and to analyse risk factors for long-lasting COVID-19 sequelae among a cohort of hospital employees (H...

    Authors: Rosalie Gruber, María Verónica Montilva Ludewig, Christina Weßels, Gerlinde Schlang, Svenja Jedhoff, Swetlana Herbrandt and Frauke Mattner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:119
  8. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of resistance to antimicrobial agents, and explore the risk factors associated with drug resistance by using nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) isolates from China.

    Authors: Weicong Ren, Yaoju Tan, Zichun Ma, Yuanyuan Shang, Shanshan Li, Xuxia Zhang, Wei Wang, Cong Yao, Jinfeng Yuan, Liang Li and Yu Pang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:118
  9. We aimed to analyze the clinical features of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) during the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant pandemic and to reveal the risk factors for CAPA and death.

    Authors: Yixuan Wang, Yan Yao, Qingfeng Zhang, Hao Chen, Yang He and Ke Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:117
  10. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) in different regions of Henan Province to provide evidence for the targeted...

    Authors: Bo Guo, Peili Li, Bingyu Qin, Shanmei Wang, Wenxiao Zhang, Yuan Shi, Jianxu Yang, Jingjing Niu, Shifeng Chen, Xiao Chen, Lin Cui, Qizhi Fu, Lin Guo, Zhe Hou, Hua Li, Xiaohui Li…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:116
  11. sCD25 is an important immune molecule for T cell regulation. Tracking the detection of plasma sCD25 plays an important role in the evaluation of immune function, progression, and prognosis of tuberculosis (TB)...

    Authors: Xin Yu, Yayan Niu, Junchi Xu, Xiaolong Zhang, Haiyan Wu, Yuhan Wang, Jianping Zhang and Meiying Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:115
  12. The healthcare system in Iran appears to overlook Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) as an endemic disease, particularly in pediatric cases, indicating the need for greater attention and awareness.

    Authors: Ali Hosseininasab, Safoura MoradKasani, Ehsan Mostafavi, Neda Baseri, Maryam Sadeghi and Saber Esmaeili
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:114
  13. Gonorrhea has long been a serious public health problem in mainland China that requires attention, modeling to describe and predict its prevalence patterns can help the government to develop more scientific in...

    Authors: Zhende Wang, Yongbin Wang, Shengkui Zhang, Suzhen Wang, Zhen Xu and ZiJian Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:113
  14. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has killed millions ...

    Authors: Nora Ahmed Saleh Bashar, Nadida Mohammed Abdel-Hamid Gohar, Ahmed A. Tantawy and Mai Hamed Mohamed Kamel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:112
  15. Group A Rotaviruses (RVA) is one of the most common causes of severe diarrhoea in infants and children under 5 years of age. Unlike many countries in the world where RVA surveillance/control is active, in Chad...

    Authors: Bertrand Djikoloum, Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Valentine Ngum Ndze, Rahinatou Ghapoutsa Nkandi, Carine Ngah Enjeh, Pidou Kimala, Jean Paul Assam Assam and Maurice BODA
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:111
  16. This study explores the hypothesis that COVID-19 patients are at a heightened risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) associated with medical device usage compared to non-COVID-19 patients. Our primary...

    Authors: Fredy Leonardo Carreño Hernández, Juanita Valencia Virguez, Juan Felipe González Vesga, María Lucía Castellanos, Gabriela Ruiz Beltrán, Laura Daniela Lorza Toquica, Carol Natalia Sánchez Gomez, Maria Valentina Stozitzky Ríos, Yenny Rocío Cárdenas Bolívar and Jorge Iván Alvarado Sanchez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:110

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:195

  17. Actinomyces turicensis is rarely responsible of clinically relevant infections in human. Infection is often misdiagnosed as malignancy, tuberculosis, or nocardiosis, therefore delaying the correct identification...

    Authors: Alessandra Imeneo, Lorenzo Vittorio Rindi, Andrea Di Lorenzo, Rosario Alessandro Cavasio, Pietro Vitale, Ilaria Spalliera, Mario Dauri, Daniele Guerino Biasucci, Ilaria Giuliano, Cartesio D’Agostini, Silvia Minelli, Maria Cristina Bossa, Anna Altieri, Massimo Andreoni, Vincenzo Malagnino, Marco Iannetta…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:109
  18. The spectrum of diseases caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep A) ranges from superficial to serious life-threatening invasive infections. We conducted a scoping review of published articles between 1980 and 20...

    Authors: Prerana Parajulee, Jung-Seok Lee, Kaja Abbas, Jeffrey Cannon, Jean Louis Excler, Jerome H. Kim and Vittal Mogasale
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:108
  19. In 2020, the WHO-approved Molbio Truenat platform and MTB assays to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTB) and resistance to rifampicin directly on sputum specimens. This primary health care center-based...

    Authors: V. N. Leukes, J. Hella, I. Sabi, M. Cossa, C. Khosa, B. Erkosar, C. Mangu, E. Siyame, B. Mtafya, A. Lwilla, S. Viegas, C. Madeira, A. Machiana, J. Ribeiro, A. L. Garcia-Basteiro, F. Riess…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:107
  20. Bacterial infections are not prevalent among patients hospitalized with COVID-19, while unnecessary prescription of antibiotics was commonly observed. This study aimed to determine the impact of procalcitonin ...

    Authors: Grace CY Lui, Catherine SK Cheung, Terry CF Yip, Mandy SM Lai, Timothy CM Li and Grace LH Wong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:106
  21. As many as 2.4 million Americans are affected by chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in the United States.In 2018, the estimated number of adults with a history of HCV infection in San Diego County was 55,354 (95%...

    Authors: Stacey L. Klaman, Job G. Godino, Adam Northrup, Sydney V. Lewis, Aaron Tam, Carolina Carrillo, Robert Lewis, Eva Matthews, Blanca Mendez, Letty Reyes, Sarah Rojas and Christian Ramers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:105
  22. With the widespread use of antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is worsening. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy changes of seven antibiotics in the treatment of N....

    Authors: Jiaojiao Zhong, Wenjing Le, Xuechun Li and Xiaohong Su
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:104
  23. Detecting pathogens in pediatric central nervous system infection (CNSI) is still a major challenge in medicine. In addition to conventional diagnostic patterns, metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) s...

    Authors: Sike He, Ying Xiong, Teng Tu, Jiaming Feng, Yu Fu, Xu Hu, Neng Wang and Dapeng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:103
  24. Lymphoedema is a globally neglected health care problem and a common complication following breast cancer treatment. Lymphoedema is a well-known predisposing factor for cellulitis, but few have investigated th...

    Authors: Ewa Anna Burian, Peter J. Franks, Pinar Borman, Isabelle Quéré, Tonny Karlsmark, Vaughan Keeley, Junko Sugama, Marina Cestari and Christine J. Moffatt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:102
  25. Anticoagulation is recommended as a standardized therapy for COVID-19 patients according to the WHO guidelines. However, bleeding events have also been reported. Hemorrhage or hematoma was observed in sites in...

    Authors: Sha Sha, Sun Qi and Shi Qindong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:101
  26. Despite their higher risk of developing severe disease, little is known about the burden of influenza in Portugal in children aged < 5 years old. This study aims to cover this gap by estimating the clinical an...

    Authors: Alberto Caldas Afonso, Catarina Gouveia, Gustavo Januário, Mafalda Carmo, Hugo Lopes, Hélène Bricout, Catarina Gomes and Filipe Froes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:100
  27. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly infectious disease that poses a significant clinical and medical burden, as well as social disruption and economic costs, recognized by the World Health Organizati...

    Authors: Jorge Mestre-Ferrándiz, Agustín Rivero, Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez, Álvaro Hidalgo, Fernando Abdalla, Isabel Martín, Javier Álvarez, Manuel García-Cenoz, Maria del Carmen Pacheco, María Garcés-Sánchez, Néboa Zozaya and Raúl Ortiz-de-Lejarazu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:99
  28. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Due to the increase in Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, it is ...

    Authors: Jefferson Antonio Buendía, Diana Guerrero Patiño and Andrés Felipe Zuluaga Salazar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:98
  29. Immunological nonresponders (INRs) living with HIV are at increased risk of co-infection and multiple tumors, with no effective strategy currently available to restore their T-cell immune response. This study ...

    Authors: Chaoyu Chen, Jiangrong Wang, Jingna Xun, Xinyu Zhang, Li Liu, Zichen Song, Renfang Zhang, Jun Chen and Hongzhou Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:97
  30. Whether human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) carriers can develop sufficient humoral immunity after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination is unknown.

    Authors: Takuro Kameda, Atae Utsunomiya, Nobuaki Otsuka, Yoko Kubuki, Taisuke Uchida, Kotaro Shide, Ayako Kamiunten, Nobuaki Nakano, Masahito Tokunaga, Takayoshi Miyazono, Yoshikiyo Ito, Kentaro Yonekura, Toshiro Kawakita, Keiichi Akizuki, Yuki Tahira, Masayoshi Karasawa…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:96
  31. Orf virus (ORFV) is the pathogen responsible for Orf, a zoonotic viral infection that can be spread to humans from sheep and goats. Here, we present a case of human Orf complicated by an immune-related reactio...

    Authors: Martina Salvi, Giorgio Tiecco, Luca Rossi, Marina Venturini, Simonetta Battocchio, Francesco Castelli and Eugenia Quiros-Roldan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:95
  32. In the 2022 mpox-outbreak most patients presented with mild symptoms. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement has previously been described as a rare and severe complication of mpox; however, diagnostic findi...

    Authors: Hansen Karin, Båtshake Ylva, Söderholm Sandra, Pettke Aleksandra, Björkman Per and Sondén Klara
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:94
  33. Recent pandemics have had far-reaching effects on the world’s largest economies and amplified the need to estimate the full extent and range of socioeconomic impacts of infectious diseases outbreaks on multi-s...

    Authors: Ely Zarina Samsudin, Siti Munira Yasin, Nur-Hasanah Ruslan, Nik Nairan Abdullah, Ahmad Faiz Azhari Noor and Ahmad Fitri Abdullah Hair
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:93
  34. With the development of society, pulmonary fungal diseases, represented by pulmonary aspergillosis and pulmonary cryptococcosis, have become increasingly common. However, there is a lack of clear understanding...

    Authors: Xidong Wang, Shaoqiang Li, Mangui Zhu, Ye Qiu, Yilei Hui, Yongming Li, Yangqing Zhan, Yan Wang, Feng Ye and Zhengtu Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:92
  35. Pediatric COVID-19 cases are often mild or asymptomatic, which has complicated estimations of disease burden using existing testing practices. We aimed to determine the age-specific population seropositivity a...

    Authors: Sarah L. Silverberg, Hennady P. Shulha, Brynn McMillan, Guanyuhui He, Amy Lee, Ana Citlali Márquez, Sofia R. Bartlett, Vivek Gill, Bahaa Abu-Raya, Julie A. Bettinger, Adriana Cabrera, Daniel Coombs, Soren Gantt, David M. Goldfarb, Laura Sauvé, Mel Krajden…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:91
  36. In recent decades, the prevalence of antibiotic resistance is increasing in Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus influenzae), which poses important challenges to global health. This research offers a comprehensive...

    Authors: Mohammad Abavisani, Masoud Keikha and Mohsen Karbalaei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:90
  37. In early symptomatic COVID-19 treatment, high dose oral favipiravir did not accelerate viral clearance.

    Authors: Viravarn Luvira, William H. K. Schilling, Podjanee Jittamala, James A. Watson, Simon Boyd, Tanaya Siripoon, Thundon Ngamprasertchai, Pedro J. Almeida, Maneerat Ekkapongpisit, Cintia Cruz, James J. Callery, Shivani Singh, Runch Tuntipaiboontana, Varaporn Kruabkontho, Thatsanun Ngernseng, Jaruwan Tubprasert…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:89
  38. The Omicron wave of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains the dominant strain worldwide. The studies of nutritional status in geriatric people with COVID-19 Omicron variant are limited. Thus, the aim of ...

    Authors: Xiaohan Gu, Yongchao Guo, Yongmei Shi, Yaxiong Lu, Shihan Yang, Yongmei Jiang, Qianwen Jin and Qing Yun Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:88
  39. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted multiple health services, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, care, and treatment services, jeopardizing the achievement of the ...

    Authors: David A. Forero-Peña, Fhabián S. Carrión-Nessi, José L. Forero-Peña, Natasha A. Camejo-Ávila, Daniela L. Mendoza-Millán, Óscar D. Omaña-Ávila, Andrea L. Maricuto, Viledy L. Velásquez, Mario D. Mejía-Bernard, Carlis M. Rodriguez-Saavedra, María V. Marcano-Rojas, Yoesmir Contreras, Luis J. Guerra, María F. Alvarado, Martín Carballo, Jocays Caldera…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:87
  40. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) adds to India’s significant economic burden, with pericardial effusion being a potentially fatal complication. This case report highlights the need for early diagnosis and th...

    Authors: Diviya Bharathi Ravikumar, Barath Prashanth Sivasubramanian, Ankur Singla, Rakshaya Venu and Saketh Palasamudram Shekar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:86
  41. Authors: Guillermo Rodriguez-Nava, Goar Egoryan, Tianyu Dong, Qishuo Zhang, Elise Hyser, Bidhya Poudel, Maria Adriana Yanez-Bello, Daniela Patricia Trelles-Garcia, Chul Won Chung, Bimatshu Pyakuryal, Taraz Imani-Ramos, Valeria Patricia Trelles-Garcia, Daniel Sebastian Bustamante-Soliz and Jonathan J. Stake
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:84

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:618

  42. Authors: Xiao Tang, Na Wang, Gang Liu, Hai Tan, Ai-Min Li, Yan-Qiu Gao, Meng-Ying Yao, Na Wang, Hui-Dan Jing, Qing-Guo Di, Liang Chen, Rui Wang, Xu-Yan Li, Ying Li, Xue Yuan, Yu Zhao…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:83

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:532

  43. Around 10% of people infected by SARS-COV-2 report symptoms that persist longer than 3 months. Little has been reported about sex differences in symptoms and clustering over time of non-hospitalised patients i...

    Authors: Gemma Torrell, Diana Puente, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Lucia A. Carrasco-Ribelles, Concepció Violán, Tomás López-Jiménez, Veronica Royano, Alba Molina Cantón, Laura Medina-Perucha, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt and Anna Berenguera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:82
  44. The diagnostic assay leveraging multiple reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) could meet the requirements for rapid nucleic acid detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome...

    Authors: Jin Tang, Jie Zhu, Jie Wang, Haiyong Qian, Zengxin Liu, Ru Wang, Qingqing Cai, Yuan Fang and Weifeng Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:81
  45. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. The present review was conducted to accumulate evidence on the relationship between cervicovaginal human papillo...

    Authors: Seyedeh Maryam Khalili, Elnaz Haji Rafiei, Marjan Havaei, Leila Alizadeh, Fereshte Ghahremani, Zohreh Keshavarz, Ali Montazeri and Hedyeh Riazi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:80
  46. Pneumococcal disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of morbidity and mortality across all ages, particularly in younger children and older adults. Here, we describe pneumococcal disease ...

    Authors: Saravanan S. R. Sundaramurthy, Kristen E. Allen, Mark A. Fletcher, Kok Fui Liew, Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Mohammad Ali, Graciela Morales, Bradford Gessner, Jerusha Naidoo and Jo Southern
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:79
  47. Autoantibodies against interferon-γ (IFN-γ) can inhibit IFN-γ-dependent signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 phosphorylation and thus increase the risk of infection with intracellular pathogens, ...

    Authors: Yan Ning, Qingliang Yu, Hanlin Liang, Siyao Wu, Siqiao Liang, Xiaona Liang and Zhiyi He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:78
  48. In the Latin America and Caribbean region, Haiti is one of the countries with the highest rates of HIV. Therefore, this study examined the factors associated with HIV testing among women in Haiti and trends in...

    Authors: Fanor Joseph, David Jean Simon, Vénunyé Claude Kondo Tokpovi, Ann Kiragu, Marie-Reine Ayawavi Sitsope Toudeka and Roodjmie Nazaire
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:74

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