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  1. The incidences of reportable sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased since the late 1990 s in Norway. The objectives of our study were to assess factors, asso...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Barbara Schimmer, Andrej M Grjibovski, Elise Klouman and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:261
  2. Previously two prediction rules identifying children at risk of hearing loss and academic or behavioral limitations after bacterial meningitis were developed. Streptococcus pneumoniae as causative pathogen was an...

    Authors: Arno E Commandeur, Rogier CJ de Jonge, Irene Koomen, Lodewijk Spanjaard, A Marceline van Furth and Caroline B Terwee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:259
  3. Known risk factors for death following a diagnosis of tuberculosis may not be applicable to current U.S. cases. We evaluated the factors associated with all-cause mortality in patients with tuberculosis in Was...

    Authors: David J Horne, Rebecca Hubbard, Masahiro Narita, Alexia Exarchos, David R Park and Christopher H Goss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:258
  4. HCV is a leading cause of liver chronic diseases all over the world. In developed countries the highest prevalence of infection is reported among intravenous drug users and haemodialysis (HD) patients. The pre...

    Authors: Simone Lanini, Isabella Abbate, Vincenzo Puro, Fabrizio Soscia, Franceso Albertoni, Walter Battisti, Amilacare Ruta, Maria R Capobianchi and Giuseppe Ippolito
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:257
  5. In April 2009, the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus emerged and spread globally. The objective of this study was to describe the independent risk factors for hospital mortality and the treatment effect of cort...

    Authors: Xiuming Xi, Yuan Xu, Li Jiang, Ang Li, Jie Duan and Bin Du
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:256
  6. In India, Pune was one of the badly affected cities during the influenza A (H1N1) 2009 pandemic. We undertook serosurveys among the risk groups and general population to determine the extent of pandemic influe...

    Authors: Babasaheb V Tandale, Shailesh D Pawar, Yogesh K Gurav, Mandeep S Chadha, Santosh S Koratkar, Vijay N Shelke and Akhilesh C Mishra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:255
  7. Evidence suggests that probiotics reduce rotavirus diarrhoea duration. Although there are several probiotic strains potentially useful, daily practice is often limited by the type and number of products locall...

    Authors: Giuseppe Grandy, Marcos Medina, Richard Soria, Carlos G Terán and Magdalena Araya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:253
  8. Implementation of Multi drug Therapy (MDT) regimen has resulted in the decline of the total number of leprosy cases in the world. Though the prevalence rate has been declining, the incidence rate remains more ...

    Authors: Surajita Banerjee, Kamalesh Sarkar, Soma Gupta, Prasanta Sinha Mahapatra, Siddhartha Gupta, Samudra Guha, Debasis Bandhopadhayay, Chaitry Ghosal, Suman Kalyan Paine, Rathindra Nath Dutta, Nibir Biswas and Basudev Bhattacharya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:252
  9. Liver fibrosis progression is commonly found in patients with CHB. Liver biopsy is a gold standard for identifying the extent of liver fibrosis, but has many draw-backs. It is essential to construct a noninvas...

    Authors: Danan Wang, Qinghui Wang, Fengping Shan, Beixing Liu and Changlong Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:251
  10. The economical impact of absenteeism and reduced productivity due to acute infectious respiratory and gastrointestinal disease is normally not in the focus of surveillance systems and may therefore be underest...

    Authors: Nils-Olaf Hübner, Claudia Hübner, Michael Wodny, Günter Kampf and Axel Kramer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:250
  11. Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome (mTSS) is thought to be associated with the vaginal colonization with specific strains of Staphylococcus aureus TSST-1 in women who lack sufficient antibody titers to this toxin. Th...

    Authors: Jeffrey Parsonnet, Melanie A Hansmann, Jon L Seymour, Mary L Delaney, Andrea M DuBois, Paul A Modern, Michaelle B Jones, John E Wild and Andrew B Onderdonk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:249
  12. Although many infections that are transmissible from person to person are acquired through direct contact between individuals, a minority, notably pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), measles and influenza are known t...

    Authors: Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd and Kevin G Kerr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:247
  13. Human infection with parvovirus B19 may lead to a diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations, including benign erythema infectiosum in children, transient aplastic crisis in patients with haemolytic anaemia, ...

    Authors: Trine H Mogensen, Jens Magnus B Jensen, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit and Carsten S Larsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:246
  14. Urinary tract infection (UTI) remains one of the main complications after kidney transplantation and it has serious consequences.

    Authors: Roberto Rivera-Sanchez, Dolores Delgado-Ochoa, Rocio R Flores-Paz, Elvia E García-Jiménez, Ramon Espinosa-Hernández, Andres A Bazan-Borges and Myriam Arriaga-Alba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:245
  15. Hyaluronic acid (HA) serum levels correlate with the histological stages of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected patients, and HA alone has shown very good diagnostic accuracy as a non-invasi...

    Authors: Salvador Resino, José M Bellón, Cristina Asensio, Dariela Micheloud, Pilar Miralles, Ana Vargas, Pilar Catalán, Juan C López, Emilio Álvarez, Jaime Cosin, Raquel Lorente, María A Muñoz-Fernández and Juan Berenguer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:244
  16. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Coronin-1 and Sp110 are essential factors for the containment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vivo expression of these mole...

    Authors: Pantelis Constantoulakis, Eftihia Filiou, Nikoletta Rovina, George Chras, Aggeliki Hamhougia, Simona Karabela, Adamandia Sotiriou, Charis Roussos and Nikolaos Poulakis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:243
  17. The association between HIV infection and invasive cervical cancer that has been reported may reflect differential prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or uncontrolled confounding. We conducted a...

    Authors: Georgette Adjorlolo-Johnson, Elizabeth R Unger, Edith Boni-Ouattara, Kadidiata Touré-Coulibaly, Chantal Maurice, Suzanne D Vernon, Marcel Sissoko, Alan E Greenberg, Stefan Z Wiktor and Terence L Chorba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:242
  18. Secondary caries is responsible for 60 percent of all replacement restorations in the typical dental practice. The diversity of the bacterial sources and the different types of filling materials could play a r...

    Authors: Si-su Mo, Wei Bao, Guang-yun Lai, Jun Wang and Ming-yu Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:241
  19. The study of the endotoxin tolerance phenomenon in light of the recently defined roles of mast cells and toll-like receptors as essential components of the innate immune response and as orchestrators of acquir...

    Authors: Saulo F Saturnino, Roberta O Prado, José R Cunha-Melo and Marcus V Andrade
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:240
  20. Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast and the most frequent cryptococcal species found in humans. Cryptococcosis is considered an opportunistic infection as it affects mainly immunosuppressed individu...

    Authors: Corina Probst, Georg Pongratz, Silvia Capellino, Rolf M Szeimies, Jürgen Schölmerich, Martin Fleck, Bernd Salzberger and Boris Ehrenstein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:239
  21. Not all women infected with HPV-16/18 have detectable levels of HPV-16/18 antibodies, those who seroconvert develop low antibody levels, and seroconversion occurs typically several months post-infection. We ev...

    Authors: Carolina Porras, Christina Bennett, Mahboobeh Safaeian, Sarah Coseo, Ana Cecilia Rodríguez, Paula González, Martha Hutchinson, Silvia Jiménez, Mark E Sherman, Sholom Wacholder, Diane Solomon, Leen-Jan van Doorn, Catherine Bougelet, Wim Quint, Mark Schiffman, Rolando Herrero…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:238
  22. Mycobacterium leprae is the only pathogenic bacteria able to infect peripheral nerves. Neural impairment results in a set of sensitive, motor and autonomic disturbances, with ulcers originating primarily on the ...

    Authors: Josafá G Barreto and Claudio G Salgado
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:237
  23. Several highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) outbreaks have been reported over the past decade. South Korea recently faced AI outbreaks whose economic impact was estimated to be 6.3 billion dollars, equivale...

    Authors: Taehyong Kim, Woochang Hwang, Aidong Zhang, Surajit Sen and Murali Ramanathan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:236
  24. Few data are available on the incidence of nosocomial Rotavirus infections (NRVI) in pediatric hospitals and on their economic impact. The goals of this study were: to evaluate the incidence of NRVI in various...

    Authors: Filippo Festini, Priscilla Cocchi, Daniela Mambretti, Bruna Tagliabue, Milena Carotti, Daniele Ciofi, Klaus P Biermann, Roberto Schiatti, Franco M Ruggeri, Fernando Maria De Benedictis, Alessandro Plebani, Alfredo Guarino and Maurizio de Martino
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:235
  25. The frequent occurrence of ferret badger-associated human rabies cases in southeast China highlights the lack of laboratory-based surveillance and urges revisiting the potential importance of this animal in ra...

    Authors: Ye Liu, Shoufeng Zhang, Xianfu Wu, Jinghui Zhao, Yanli Hou, Fei Zhang, Andres Velasco-Villa, Charles E Rupprecht and Rongliang Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:234
  26. Hyaluronic acid capsule plays a key role in Streptococcus pyogenes virulence. Circulation of mucoid or highly encapsulated strains has been related to rheumatic fever epidemics and invasive disease in several cou...

    Authors: Esther Tamayo, Milagrosa Montes, Guadalupe García-Medina, José M García-Arenzana and Emilio Pérez-Trallero
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:233
  27. Bacterial meningitis (BM) is a severe infection responsible for high mortality and disabling sequelae. Early identification of patients at high risk of these outcomes is necessary to prevent their occurrence b...

    Authors: Rogier CJ de Jonge, A Marceline van Furth, Merel Wassenaar, Reinoud JBJ Gemke and Caroline B Terwee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:232
  28. Data on the epidemiology and cost of herpes zoster (HZ) and post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) in Italy are limited. This retrospective, population-based study was designed to determine the incidence of HZ and the ...

    Authors: Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Monica Merito, Patrizio Pezzotti, Luigi Naldi, Antonio Gatti, Maud Beillat, Laurence Serradell, Rafaelle di Marzo and Antonio Volpi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:230
  29. Bartonella tamiae, a newly described bacterial species, was isolated from the blood of three hospitalized patients in Thailand. These patients presented with headache, myalgia, anemia, and mild liver function ab...

    Authors: Leah Colton, Nordin Zeidner, Tarah Lynch and Michael Y Kosoy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:229
  30. Epidemic outbreaks of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) in intensive care units (ICUs) are increasing. The incidence of MDR AB bacteremia, which develops as a result of colonization, is incr...

    Authors: Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Song Ee Kim, Byung Hoon Park, Ji Young Son, Eun Young Kim, Joo Eun Lim, Sang Kook Lee, Sang Hoon Lee, Kyung Jong Lee, Young Ae Kang, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang and Young Sam Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:228
  31. In the developing world co-infections and polyparasitism within humans appear to be the rule rather than the exception, be it any combination of inter-specific and/or inter- and intra-Genera mixed infections. ...

    Authors: Artemis Koukounari, Christl A Donnelly, Moussa Sacko, Adama D Keita, Aly Landouré, Robert Dembelé, Elisa Bosqué-Oliva, Albis F Gabrielli, Anouk Gouvras, Mamadou Traoré, Alan Fenwick and Joanne P Webster
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:227
  32. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The global epidemiological scenario of HBV infection has been changing rapidly over the last two decade...

    Authors: Narcisse P Komas, Souleyman Baï-Sepou, Alexandre Manirakiza, Josiane Léal, Aubin Béré and Alain Le Faou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:226
  33. When Staphylococcus aureus is isolated in urine, it is thought to usually represent hematogenous spread. Because such spread might have special clinical significance, we evaluated predictors and outcomes of S. au...

    Authors: Shingo Chihara, Kyle J Popovich, Robert A Weinstein and Bala Hota
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:225
  34. BED-EIA HIV-1 Incidence Test (BED-CEIA) has been described as a tool to discriminate recent (RS) from long-term (LTS) seroconversion of HIV-1 infection, contributing to a better understanding of the dynamics o...

    Authors: Carlos A Velasco de Castro, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdiléa G Veloso, Francisco I Bastos, José H Pilotto and Mariza G Morgado
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:224
  35. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in heterosexual couples has been sparsely studied, it is relevant to understand disease burden and transmission mechanisms. The present study determined the preval...

    Authors: Rocio Parada, Rosalba Morales, Anna R Giuliano, Aurelio Cruz, Xavier Castellsagué and Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:223

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:25

  36. This study was performed to better assess the perceptions, motivating factors, and behaviors associated with the use of hand washing to prevent H1N1 influenza transmission during the peak pandemic period in Ko...

    Authors: Jae-Hyun Park, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Dae-Yong Son, Seon-Ung Kim and Chang-Min Ha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:222
  37. The A/H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic revealed that operational issues of school closure interventions, such as when school closure should be initiated (activation trigger), how long schools should be closed (durati...

    Authors: Nilimesh Halder, Joel K Kelso and George J Milne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:221
  38. Data on the performance of Mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific interferon-(IFN)-γ release assays (IGRAs) in the serial testing of health care workers (HCWs) is limited. The objective of the present study was t...

    Authors: Felix C Ringshausen, Albert Nienhaus, Anja Schablon, Stephan Schlösser, Gerhard Schultze-Werninghaus and Gernot Rohde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:220
  39. Splenectomy is associated with increased risk for bacteremia, due to impaired clearance of bloodborne agents and to altered phagocytosis and humoral immunity. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patie...

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, Linda Dodds, Deshayne Fell and G Ross Langley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:219
  40. Rotavirus is the major cause of acute gastroenteritis and severe dehydrating diarrhea in young children.

    Authors: Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Fabio Meneghin, Dario Dilillo, Luisa Romanò, Roberta Bottone, Cecilia Mantegazza, Roberto Giacchino, Roberto Besana, Giuseppe Ricciardi, Andrea Sterpa, Nicola Altamura, Massimo Andreotti, Giovanni Montrasio, Luigi Macchi, Anna Pavan, Sara Paladini…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:218
  41. Tigecycline, a first-in-class broad-spectrum glycylcycline antibiotic, has broad-spectrum in vitro activity against bacteria commonly encountered in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), including ae...

    Authors: Zhangjing Chen, Jufang Wu, Yingyuan Zhang, Junming Wei, Xisheng Leng, Jianwei Bi, Rong Li, Lunan Yan, Zhiwei Quan, Xiaoping Chen, Yunsong Yu, Zhiyong Wu, Dawei Liu, Xiaochun Ma, Robert Maroko and Angel Cooper
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:217
  42. DNA of the polyomaviruses WU (WUPyV) and KI (KIPyV) and of human bocavirus (HBoV) has been detected with varying frequency in respiratory tract samples of children. However, only little is known about the humo...

    Authors: Florian Neske, Christiane Prifert, Barbara Scheiner, Moritz Ewald, Jörg Schubert, Andreas Opitz and Benedikt Weissbrich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:215
  43. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) serological markers and the prevalence of VDRL positive subjects in...

    Authors: Silvio Tafuri, Rosa Prato, Domenico Martinelli, Livio Melpignano, Maria De Palma, Michele Quarto and Cinzia Germinario
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:213
  44. More than 50% of hepatitis C viruses (HCV)-infected patients do not respond to the classical Interferon (IFN)/Ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retreatm...

    Authors: Fernando L Gonçales Jr, Camila A Moma, Aline G Vigani, Adriana FCF Angerami, Eduardo SL Gonçales, Raquel Tozzo, Maria HP Pavan and Neiva SL Gonçales
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:212
  45. During an influenza pandemic, a substantial proportion of transmission is thought to occur in households. We used data on influenza progression in individuals and their contacts collected by the City of Milwau...

    Authors: Edward Goldstein, Benjamin J Cowling, Justin J O'Hagan, Leon Danon, Vicky J Fang, Angela Hagy, Joel C Miller, David Reshef, James Robins, Paul Biedrzycki and Marc Lipsitch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:211

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