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  1. The nosocomial acquisition of Candida albicans is a growing concern in intensive care units (ICUs) and understanding the route of contamination is relevant for infection control guidelines.

    Authors: Odile Eloy, Stéphanie Marque, Françoise Botterel, François Stephan, Jean-Marc Costa, Virginie Lasserre and Stéphane Bretagne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:162
  2. African malaria vectors bite predominantly indoors at night so sleeping under an Insecticide-Treated Net (ITN) can greatly reduce malaria risk. Behavioural adaptation by mosquitoes to increasing ITN coverage c...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Japhet Kihonda, Edith Lyimo, Fred R Oketch, Maya E Kotas, Evan Mathenge, Joanna A Schellenberg, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith and Chris J Drakeley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:161
  3. To establish the magnitude of bacteraemia in severely malnourished children, and describe the types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity by HIV status.

    Authors: Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa and James K Tumwine
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:160
  4. Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been obs...

    Authors: MaMercedes Nogueras, Gemma Navarro, Esperança Antón, Montserrat Sala, Manel Cervantes, MaJosé Amengual and Ferran Segura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:159
  5. Recent investigations on the antifungal properties of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Tea Tree Oil, TTO) have been performed with reference to the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. However, there i...

    Authors: Francesca Mondello, Flavia De Bernardis, Antonietta Girolamo, Antonio Cassone and Giuseppe Salvatore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:158
  6. Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes complicated biochemical, immunological and histological changes in host immune response against the virus which can be specific or non-specific. Recent attention has...

    Authors: Ilknur Kaleli, Melek Demir, Nural Cevahir, Mustafa Yılmaz and Suleyman Demir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:157
  7. Glycopeptides such as vancomycin are frequently the antibiotics of choice for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For the last 7 years incidence of vancomycin...

    Authors: Hare Krishna Tiwari and Malay Ranjan Sen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:156
  8. Disseminated mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) occurs mainly in immunocompromised hosts, which is associated with abnormal cellular immunity.

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Cheong Won Park, Sae Yoon Kee, Won Seok Choi, Eun Young Kang, Jang Wook Sohn, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim and Hee Jin Cheong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:154
  9. Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immu...

    Authors: Gonçalo N Almeida, Paul A Gibbs, Tim A Hogg and Paula C Teixeira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:153
  10. Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection has been implicated as a potential risk factor for atherosclerosis, however the mechanism leading to persistent infection and its role in the disease process remains to be eluc...

    Authors: Nicole Borel, Sanghamitra Mukhopadhyay, Carmen Kaiser, Erin D Sullivan, Richard D Miller, Peter Timms, James T Summersgill, Julio A Ramirez and Andreas Pospischil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:152
  11. Only a minority of probable SARS cases caused transmission. We assess if any epidemiological or clinical factors in SARS index patients were associated with increased probability of transmission.

    Authors: Mark IC Chen, Angela LP Chow, Arul Earnest, Hoe Nam Leong and Yee Sin Leo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:151
  12. A low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white-blood cell count (WBC) has been identified as an independent risk factor for adverse outcome in adults with bacterial meningitis. Whereas a low CSF WBC indicates the prese...

    Authors: Martijn Weisfelt, Diederik van de Beek, Lodewijk Spanjaard, Johannes B Reitsma and Jan de Gans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:149
  13. Past clinical trials of antimicrobial treatment in soft tissue infections have focused on non-standardized clinical and physiological outcome variables, and have not considered the subjective experience of pat...

    Authors: Aric J Storck, Kevin B Laupland, Ronald R Read, Manuel W Mah, John M Gill, Deborah Nevett and Thomas J Louie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:148
  14. In May 2003 the Soest County Health Department was informed of an unusually large number of patients hospitalized with atypical pneumonia.

    Authors: Klaudia Porten, Jürgen Rissland, Almira Tigges, Susanne Broll, Wilfried Hopp, Mechthild Lunemann, Ulrich van Treeck, Peter Kimmig, Stefan O Brockmann, Christiane Wagner-Wiening, Wiebke Hellenbrand and Udo Buchholz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:147
  15. Despite the known efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a large proportion of potentially-eligible HIV-infected patients do not access, and may stand to benefit from this treatment. In orde...

    Authors: Bohdan Nosyk, Huiying Sun, Xin Li, Anita Palepu and Aslam H Anis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:146
  16. Enterococci are the third leading cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI). Vancomycin resistant enterococci are common and provide treatment challenges; however questions remain about VRE's pathogenici...

    Authors: Katharine Bar, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Richard P Wenzel, Gonzalo ML Bearman and Michael B Edmond
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:145
  17. CD14 has been postulated to play a role in chlamydial immunity and immunopathology. There is evidence to support this role in human infections but its function in a mouse model has not been investigated.

    Authors: Muhammad T Imtiaz, Justin H Schripsema, Ira M Sigar and Kyle H Ramsey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:144
  18. On 26 December 2004, a tsunami struck the coast of the state of Tamil Nadu, India, where one-dose measles coverage exceeded 95%. On 29 December, supplemental measles immunization activities targeted children 6...

    Authors: Arumugam Mohan, Manoj V Murhekar, Niteen S Wairgkar, Yvan J Hutin and Mohan D Gupte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:143
  19. Current theories underline the crucial role of pro-inflammatory mediators produced by monocytes for the pathogenesis of sepsis. Since monocytes derive from progenitor hemopoetic cells, the kinetics of stem cel...

    Authors: Thomas Tsaganos, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Spyridon Kollias, Dimitrios Zervakis, Vassiliki Karagianni, Aimilia Pelekanou, Ekaterini-Christina Tampaki, Marina Kontogiorgi, Apostolos Koroneos, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Apostolos Armaganidis, Charis Roussos and Helen Giamarellou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:142
  20. Since the introduction of HAART the incidence of HIV dementia has declined and HAART seems to improve neurocognitive function in patients with HIV dementia. Currently, HIV dementia develops mainly in patients ...

    Authors: Lars-Magnus Andersson, Lars Hagberg, Lars Rosengren, Dietmar Fuchs, Kaj Blennow and Magnus Gisslén
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:141
  21. Basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum, member of the class Zygomycetes, order Entomophthorales, found worldwide. Usually basidiobolomycosis is a subcutaneous infection but...

    Authors: Guido EL van den Berk, L Arnold Noorduyn, Ruud J van Ketel, Jeannouel van Leeuwen, Willem A Bemelman and Jan M Prins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:140
  22. Determinants of the clinical presentation of the leishmaniases are poorly understood but Leishmania species and strain differences are important. To examine the relationship between clinical presentation, species...

    Authors: Manuel Calvopina, Rodrigo X Armijos, Jorge D Marco, Hiroshi Uezato, Hirotomo Kato, Eduardo A Gomez, Masataka Korenaga, Paola A Barroso, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Philip J Cooper, Shigeo Nonaka and Yoshihisa Hashiguchi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:139
  23. Though influenza vaccines are the cornerstone of medical interventions aimed at protecting individuals against epidemic influenza, their effectiveness in HIV infected individuals is not certain. With the recen...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Linda Kalilani and Adaora A Adimora
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:138
  24. Endocarditis is a common complication in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). We compared risk factors, clinical manifestations, and outcome in a large, prospective cohort of patients with S. aureus endocardit...

    Authors: Eeva Ruotsalainen, Kari Sammalkorpi, Janne Laine, Kaisa Huotari, Seppo Sarna, Ville Valtonen and Asko Järvinen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:137
  25. the objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of annual review of the infection control practice in all Ministry of Health hospitals in the holy city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the Hajj period of...

    Authors: Tariq A Madani, Ali M Albarrak, Mohammad A Alhazmi, Tarik A Alazraqi, Abdulahakeem O Althaqafi and Abdulrahman H Ishaq
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:135
  26. Schistosomiasis affects the reproductive health of women. Described sequelae are ectopic pregnancy, infertility, abortion, and cervical lesions and symptoms mimicking cervical cancer and STIs. There are indica...

    Authors: Britta Swai, Gabriele Poggensee, Sabina Mtweve and Ingela Krantz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:134
  27. End stage renal disease patients are at risk of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) infections. The first reports of VRE isolation were from hemodialysis patients. However, to date, VRE fecal colonization ...

    Authors: Maria Cecília S Freitas, Alvaro Pacheco-Silva, Dulce Barbosa, Suzane Silbert, Hélio Sader, Ricardo Sesso and Luis Fernando A Camargo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:133
  28. Several acute illness severity scores have been proposed for evaluating patients on admission to intensive care units but these have not been compared for patients with nosocomial bloodstream infection (nBSI)....

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Gonzalo ML Bearman, Richard P Wenzel and Michael B Edmond
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:132
  29. Purified water for pharmaceutical purposes must be free of microbial contamination and pyrogens. Even with the additional sanitary and disinfecting treatments applied to the system (sequential operational stag...

    Authors: Priscila G Mazzola, Alzira MS Martins and Thereza CV Penna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:131
  30. The reemergence of epidemic diphtheria in Belarus in 1990s has provided us with important information on the biology of the disease and the diversity of the causative agent Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Molecular ...

    Authors: Valentina Kolodkina, Leonid Titov, Tatyana Sharapa, Francine Grimont, Patrick AD Grimont and Androulla Efstratiou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:129
  31. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important pathogen that can cause severe illness in infants and young children. In this study, we assessed whether data on RSV collected by the European Influenza Survei...

    Authors: Tamara J Meerhoff, Douglas Fleming, Ann Smith, Anne Mosnier, Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber and W John Paget
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:128
  32. Combined kidney pancreas transplantation (PTx) evolved as excellent treatment for diabetic nephropathy. Infections remain common and serious complications.

    Authors: Natalie Berger, Sigmund Guggenbichler, Wolfgang Steurer, Christian Margreiter, Gert Mayer, Reinhold Kafka, Walter Mark, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Raimund Margreiter and Hugo Bonatti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:127
  33. Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) continues to be a problem for clinicians worldwide. However, few data on the antibiotic susceptibility patterns ...

    Authors: Adebayo O Shittu and Johnson Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:125
  34. Dengue is a common cause of fever in the tropics but its contribution to the total burden of febrile illnesses that is presented to primary health facilities in endemic regions such as Vietnam, is largely unkn...

    Authors: Hoang Lan Phuong, Peter J de Vries, Tran TT Nga, Phan T Giao, Le Q Hung, Tran Q Binh, Nguyen V Nam, Nico Nagelkerke and Piet A Kager
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:123
  35. In women, Chlamydia (C.) trachomatis upper genital tract infection can cause distal tubal damage and occlusion, increasing the risk of tubal factor subfertility and ectopic pregnancy. Variations, like single nucl...

    Authors: Janneke E den Hartog, Sander Ouburg, Jolande A Land, Joseph M Lyons, James I Ito, A Salvador Peña and Servaas A Morré
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:122
  36. Human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) are caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Rickettsia rickettsii, respectively. The pathogenesis of RMSF relates to rickettsia-mediated vasc...

    Authors: Kerry L Dierberg and J Stephen Dumler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:121
  37. Several enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-kits are commercially available for the rapid diagnosis of dengue infection, and have demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity in paired serum samples. In...

    Authors: Ole Wichmann, Klaus Stark, Pei-Yun Shu, Matthias Niedrig, Christina Frank, Jyh-Hsiung Huang and Tomas Jelinek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:120
  38. Spread of antibiotic resistance in hospitals is a well-known problem, but studies investigating the importance of factors potentially related to the spread of resistant bacteria in outpatients are sparse.

    Authors: Susanne Lietzau, Elke Raum, Heike von Baum, Reinhard Marre and Hermann Brenner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:119
  39. AIDS-associated cryptococcal meningitis has a high mortality. Fluconazole was the only systemic antifungal therapy available in our centre. From 1999–2001 we used low-dose fluconazole (200 mg daily initially),...

    Authors: CF Schaars, GA Meintjes, C Morroni, FA Post and G Maartens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:118
  40. Emergence and global dissemination of multiresistant strains of enteric pathogens is a very concerning problem from both epidemiological and Public Health points of view. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shige...

    Authors: Caterina Mammina, Aurora Aleo, Cristina Romani and Antonino Nastasi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:117
  41. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) causes severe infections in very young infants and invasive disease in pregnant women and adults with underlying medical conditions. GBS pathogenicity varies between and within serotyp...

    Authors: Shannon D Manning, Moran Ki, Carl F Marrs, Kiersten J Kugeler, Stephanie M Borchardt, Carol J Baker and Betsy Foxman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:116
  42. Lemierre's syndrome presents a classic clinical picture, the pathophysiology of which remains obscure. Attempts have been made to trace genetic predispositions that modify the host detection of pathogen or the...

    Authors: Jean-Michel Constantin, Jean-Paul Mira, Renaud Guerin, Sophie Cayot-Constantin, Olivier Lesens, Florence Gourdon, Jean-Pierre Romaszko, Philippe Linval, Henri Laurichesse and Jean-Etienne Bazin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:115
  43. Both uremia and hepatitis C infection is associated with increased oxidative stress. In the present study, we aimed to find out whether hepatitis C infection has any impact on oxidative stress in hemodialysis ...

    Authors: Mehmet Horoz, Cengiz Bolukbas, Filiz F Bolukbas, Mehmet Aslan, Ahmet O Koylu, Sahbettin Selek and Ozcan Erel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:114
  44. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection in pregnant women represents a risk for congenital disease. There is scarce information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in pregnant women in Mexico. Therefor...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Antonio Sifuentes-Álvarez, Sergio Guadalupe Narro-Duarte, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Juan Humberto Díaz-García, Oliver Liesenfeld, Sergio Arturo Martínez-García and Arturo Canales-Molina
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:113

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