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  1. Infections can aggravate the course of neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Mutations in the anti-oxidant enzyme Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1, SOD1) are associat...

    Authors: Miriam Goos, Wolf-Dieter Zech, Manoj Kumar Jaiswal, Saju Balakrishnan, Sandra Ebert, Timothy Mitchell, Maria Teresa Carrì, Bernhard U Keller and Roland Nau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:131

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Cuban HIV/AIDS epidemic has the lowest prevalence rate of the Caribbean region. The objective of this paper is to give an overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cuba and to explore the reasons for this low p...

    Authors: Héctor de Arazoza, Jose Joanes, Rachid Lounes, Camille Legeai, Stéphan Clémençon, Jorge Pérez and Bertran Auvert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:130

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum) and mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis) are potentially pathogenic species playing an etiologic role in both genital infec...

    Authors: Radhouane Gdoura, Wiem Kchaou, Chiraz Chaari, Abir Znazen, Leila Keskes, Tarek Rebai and Adnane Hammami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:129

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Bacterial vaginosis (BV), the etiology of which is still uncertain, increases the risk of preterm birth. Recent PCR-based studies suggested that BV is associated with complex vaginal bacterial communities, inc...

    Authors: Renuka Tamrakar, Takashi Yamada, Itsuko Furuta, Kazutoshi Cho, Mamoru Morikawa, Hideto Yamada, Noriaki Sakuragi and Hisanori Minakami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:128

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Patients with advanced HIV infection at the time of diagnosis and patients not responding to antiretroviral therapy are at risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. Earlier studies of patients with HIV infection ...

    Authors: Arne B Brantsaeter, Mona Holberg-Petersen, Stig Jeansson, Anne K Goplen and Johan N Bruun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:127

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Travellers' diarrhoea is the most common health problem among international travellers and much of the burden falls on general practitioners. We assessed whether sentinel surveillance based in primary care cou...

    Authors: Gemma Northey, Meirion R Evans, Tinnu S Sarvotham, Daniel R Thomas and Tony J Howard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:126

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease infecting a broad range of mammalian hosts, and is re-emerging globally. California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) have experienced recurrent outbreaks of leptospirosis sin...

    Authors: James O Lloyd-Smith, Denise J Greig, Sharon Hietala, George S Ghneim, Lauren Palmer, Judy St Leger, Bryan T Grenfell and Frances MD Gulland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:125

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Human parvovirus B19 is the etiologic agent of erythema infectiosum in children. It is also associated with other clinical manifestations in different target groups. Patients with chronic hemolytic anemia are ...

    Authors: Faouzi Regaya, Lassad Oussaief, Mohamed Bejaoui, Mongi Karoui, Mohamed Zili and Ridha Khelifa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:123

    Content type: Research article

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  9. IFN-γ Release Assays (IGRAs) have been licensed for the diagnosis of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Their performance may depend on assay format and may vary across populations and settings. ...

    Authors: Ifedayo MO Adetifa, Moses D Lugos, Abdulrahman Hammond, David Jeffries, Simon Donkor, Richard A Adegbola and Philip C Hill

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:122

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Cost-sharing schemes incorporating modest targeted subsidies have promoted insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) for malaria prevention in the Kilombero Valley, southern Tanzania, since 1996. Here we evaluate result...

    Authors: GF Killeen, A Tami, J Kihonda, FO Okumu, ME Kotas, H Grundmann, N Kasigudi, H Ngonyani, V Mayagaya, R Nathan, S Abdulla, JD Charlwood, TA Smith and C Lengeler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:121

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Seroconversion rates reported after Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination globally ranges from 85–90%. Health care workers (HCWs) are at high risk of acquiring HBV and non responders' rates after HBV vaccination...

    Authors: Mohammad Zeeshan, Kauser Jabeen, Anita Nausheen Akbar Ali, Ailia Wilayat Ali, Saadia Z Farooqui, Vikram Mehraj and Afia Zafar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:120

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for use in HIV-infected adults in Brazil but there is uncertainty about its effectiveness in this patient population.

    Authors: Maria Amelia SM Veras, Wayne TA Enanoria, Euclides A Castilho and Arthur L Reingold

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:119

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Maternal antibody is the major form of protection against disease in early life; however, its presence interferes with active immunization of offspring. In order to overcome the immunosuppression caused by mat...

    Authors: Jianjun Chen, Fenghua Zhang, Fang Fang, Haiyan Chang and Ze Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:118

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite the increasing promotion of alcohol-based hand rubs and the worldwide use of ethanol-based hand rubs in hospitals only few studies have specifically addressed the issue of ethanol absorption when repea...

    Authors: Axel Kramer, Harald Below, Nora Bieber, Guenter Kampf, Cyril D Toma, Nils-Olaf Huebner and Ojan Assadian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:117

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Calorimetry is a nonspecific technique which allows direct measurement of heat generated by biological processes in the living cell. We evaluated the potential of calorimetry for rapid detection of bacterial g...

    Authors: Andrej Trampuz, Andrea Steinhuber, Matthias Wittwer and Stephen L Leib

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:116

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Eight genotypes of Hepatitis B virus designated A-H, have been known but in Pakistan, no such data is available on the prevalent HBV genotypes. Therefore, the subject study was conducted to determine HBV genot...

    Authors: Muhammad Masroor Alam, Sohail Zahoor Zaidi, Salman Akbar Malik, Shahzad Shaukat, Asif Naeem, Salmaan Sharif, Mehar Angez and Javed Aslam Butt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:115

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Young women receiving family planning services are at risk for both unintended pregnancy and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection.

    Authors: Nicholas J Moss, Cynthia C Harper, Katherine Ahrens, Katherine Scott, Susan Kao, Nancy Padian, Tina Raine and Jeffrey D Klausner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:113

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Sternal wound infection (SWI) is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening complication of cardiac surgery. Predisposing factors for SWI are multiple with varied frequencies in different studies. The purpos...

    Authors: Abbas Salehi Omran, Abbasali Karimi, S Hossein Ahmadi, Setareh Davoodi, Mehrab Marzban, Namvar Movahedi, Kyomars Abbasi, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Saeed Davoodi and Naghmeh Moshtaghi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:112

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an increasingly common cause of nosocomial infections, causing severe morbidity and mortality worldwide, and accounting in some hospitals for more than 50% of...

    Authors: Lorenzo Drago, Elena De Vecchi, Lucia Nicola and Maria Rita Gismondo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:111

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The tick-borne intracellular pathogen, Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) causes human granulocytic anaplasmosis after infection of polymorphonuclear leucocytes. The human Sp110 gene is a ...

    Authors: José de la Fuente, Raúl Manzano-Roman, Edmour F Blouin, Victoria Naranjo and Katherine M Kocan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:110

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Studies show that tuberculosis notification declines with increasing altitude. This can be due to declining incidence or declining case detection. In Vietnam notification rates of new smear-positive tuberculos...

    Authors: M Vree, NB Hoa, DN Sy, NV Co, FGJ Cobelens and MW Borgdorff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:109

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Several studies have investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with sepsis and septic shock with conflicting results. Only few studies have combined the analysis of mult...

    Authors: Kristine Marie Jessen, Sarah Bjerre Lindboe, Anncatrine Luisa Petersen, Jesper Eugen-Olsen and Thomas Benfield

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:108

    Content type: Research article

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  23. During and shortly after birth, newborn infants are colonized with enterococci. This study analyzes predictors for early enterococcal colonization of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit and describes ris...

    Authors: Markus Hufnagel, Cathrin Liese, Claudia Loescher, Mirjam Kunze, Heinrich Proempeler, Reinhard Berner and Marcus Krueger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:107

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Nosocomial bacteremia is associated with a poor prognosis. Early adequate therapy has been shown to improve outcome. Consequently, rapid detection of a beginning sepsis is therefore of the utmost importance. T...

    Authors: Dominique M Vandijck, Eric A Hoste, Stijn I Blot, Pieter O Depuydt, Renaat A Peleman and Johan M Decruyenaere

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:106

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Intestinal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus among hospitalized patients has been associated with increased risk of staphylococcal infection and could potentially contribute to transmission. We hypothesized t...

    Authors: Anita Bhalla, David C Aron and Curtis J Donskey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:105

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the dry season 2005/6 in Tamale,...

    Authors: Klaus Reither, Ralf Ignatius, Thomas Weitzel, Andrew Seidu-Korkor, Louis Anyidoho, Eiman Saad, Andrea Djie-Maletz, Peter Ziniel, Felicia Amoo-Sakyi, Francis Danikuu, Stephen Danour, Rowland N Otchwemah, Eckart Schreier, Ulrich Bienzle, Klaus Stark and Frank P Mockenhaupt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:104

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Candidemia is a major infectious complication of seriously immunocompromised patients. In the absence of specific signs and symptoms, there is a need to evolve an appropriate diagnostic approach. A number of m...

    Authors: Fasahat F Alam, Abu S Mustafa and Zia U Khan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:103

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Onychomycosis has a high prevalance among immunocompromised patients such as diabetics and hemodialysis patients. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of onychomycosis among hemodialysi...

    Authors: Güven Kuvandik, Meryem Çetin, Gultekin Genctoy, Mehmet Horoz, Mehmet Duru, Cenk Akcali, Salim Satar, Ahmet A Kiykim and Hasan Kaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:102

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Bacterial meningitis remains a source of substantial morbidity and mortality in childhood. During the last decades gradual changes have been observed in the epidemiology of bacterial meningitis, related to the...

    Authors: Maria N Theodoridou, Vasiliki A Vasilopoulou, Erato E Atsali, Anastasia M Pangalis, Glyceria J Mostrou, Vassiliki P Syriopoulou and Christos S Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:101

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The coinfections HIV/HCV/HBV are an important health issue in penitentiary communities. The aim of the study was to examine HIV, HBV and HCV coinfections determinants amongst prisoners in the jails of Southern...

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Giacomina Chiaradia, Alice Mannocci, Manuela Reali, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Elisabetta De Vito, Antonio Grieco and Walter Ricciardi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:100

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) ELISPOT assays incorporating Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens are useful in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) or latent infection. However, their utility in patients with adv...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Monica Vogt, Linda-Gail Bekker, Motasim Badri, Marjorie Ntobongwana, Hazel M Dockrell, Robert J Wilkinson and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:99

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Emerging molecular, animal model and epidemiologic evidence suggests that Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (STEC O157) isolates vary in their capacity to cause human infection and disease. The translocate...

    Authors: James L Bono, James E Keen, Michael L Clawson, Lisa M Durso, Michael P Heaton and William W Laegreid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:98

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Candida krusei infections are associated with high mortality. In order to explore ways to prevent these infections, we investigated potential routes for nosocomial spread and possible clonality of C. krusei in a...

    Authors: Timo Hautala, Irma Ikäheimo, Heidi Husu, Marjaana Säily, Timo Siitonen, Pirjo Koistinen, Jaana Vuopio-Varkila, Markku Koskela and Pekka Kujala

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:97

    Content type: Research article

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  34. NOD2, an intracellular pathogen recognition sensor, modulates innate defences to muropeptides derived from various bacterial species, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Experimentally, NOD2 attenuates tw...

    Authors: Sanjay Lala, Keertan Dheda, Jung-Su Chang, Jim F Huggett, Louise U Kim, Margaret A Johnson, Graham AW Rook, Satish Keshav and Alimuddin Zumla

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:96

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Military members, injured in Afghanistan or Iraq, have returned home with multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections. The source of these infections is unknown.

    Authors: Homer C Tien, Anthony Battad, Elizabeth A Bryce, Jeffrey Fuller, Michael Mulvey, Kathy Bernard, Ronald Brisebois, Jay J Doucet, Sandro B Rizoli, Robert Fowler and Andrew Simor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:95

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In Finland, the annual number of MRSA notifications to the National Infectious Disease Register (NIDR) has constantly increased since 1995, and molecular typing has revealed numerous outbreak isolates of MRSA....

    Authors: Anne-Marie Kerttula, Outi Lyytikäinen, Minna Kardén-Lilja, Salha Ibrahem, Saara Salmenlinna, Anni Virolainen and Jaana Vuopio-Varkila

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:94

    Content type: Research article

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  37. From June to November 2005, 18 cases of community-acquired Legionnaires' disease (LD) were reported in Rapid City South Dakota. We conducted epidemiologic and environmental investigations to identify the sourc...

    Authors: Rosalyn E O'Loughlin, Lon Kightlinger, Matthew C Werpy, Ellen Brown, Valerie Stevens, Clark Hepper, Tim Keane, Robert F Benson, Barry S Fields and Matthew R Moore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:93

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Relatively few studies have been done in Tanzania to detect and classify diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) strains among children with diarrhea. This study aimed at investigating DEC among children in Dar es S...

    Authors: Sabrina J Moyo, Samwel Y Maselle, Mecky I Matee, Nina Langeland and Haima Mylvaganam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:92

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The World Health Organization recommends periodic mass antibiotic distributions to reduce the ocular strains of chlamydia that cause trachoma, the world's leading cause of infectious blindness. Their stated go...

    Authors: Kathryn J Ray, Travis C Porco, Kevin C Hong, David C Lee, Wondu Alemayehu, Muluken Melese, Takele Lakew, Elizabeth Yi, Jenafir House, Jaya D Chidambaram, John P Whitcher, Bruce D Gaynor and Thomas M Lietman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:91

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Resistance and susceptibility to scrapie has been associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms located within codons 136, 154 and 171 of the ovine prion protein gene (PRNP). Dual-labelled HyBeacon probes were ...

    Authors: David J French, Dominic Jones, David G McDowell, Jim A Thomson and Paul G Debenham

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:90

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The ability of medical residents training at U.S. urban medical centers to diagnose and manage tuberculosis cases has important public health implications. We assessed medical resident knowledge about tubercul...

    Authors: Petros C Karakousis, Frangiscos G Sifakis, Ruben Montes de Oca, Valerianna C Amorosa, Kathleen R Page, Yukari C Manabe and James D Campbell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:89

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Vancomycin use is considered inappropriate in most hospitals. A particular concern is the recent emergence of S. aureus with decreased susceptibility to vancomycin, making it important to reduce overall exposure ...

    Authors: Moacyr S Junior, Luci Correa, Alexandre R Marra, Luis FA Camargo and Carlos AP Pereira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:88

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Endophthalmitis is the inflammatory response to invasion of the eye with bacteria or fungi. The incidence of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery varies between 0.072–0.13 percent. Treatment of endophthalmit...

    Authors: Sayime Aydin, Bulent Ertugrul, Berna Gultekin, Guliz Uyar and Erkin Kir

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:87

    Content type: Case report

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  44. DNA fingerprinting by IS6110-RFLP has shown a high incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates having no and low copies of the insertion sequence in Kerala, South India. Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphis...

    Authors: Manju Y Krishnan, Indulakshmi Radhakrishnan, Biljo V Joseph, Madhavi Latha GK, Ajay Kumar R and Sathish Mundayoor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:86

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The epidemiology of E. ruminantium infection in extensively managed young animals is not adequately understood. Thus in this study, we monitored the onset (age at first infection) and kinetics of E. ruminantium i...

    Authors: Bonto Faburay, Dirk Geysen, Susanne Munstermann, Lesley Bell-Sakyi and Frans Jongejan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:85

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The identification of antigens able to differentiate tuberculosis (TB) disease from TB infection would be valuable. Cellular and humoral immune responses to Erp (Exported repetitive protein) – a recently ident...

    Authors: Valérie Martinez, Guislaine Carcelain, Edgar Badell, Marc Jouan, Isabelle Mauger, Pierre Sellier, Chantal Truffot, François Bricaire, Sandra M Arend, Tom Ottenhoff, Brigitte Autran and Brigitte Gicquel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:83

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Universal BCG vaccination in the UK ended in 2005. The new vaccination policy instead offers a number of different forms of selective vaccination to newborns based on risk of acquiring TB. We set out to assess...

    Authors: Morris Gordon, Hannah Roberts and Egware Odeka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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