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Page 144 of 154

  1. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella meningitis is a rare and serious infection of the central nervous system following acute Salmonella enterica sepsis. For this pathogen, no appropriate model has been reported in which to examine infec...

    Authors: Mark E Wickham, Nat F Brown, John Provias, B Brett Finlay and Brian K Coombes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:65

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Low vitamin E levels are often found in HIV-1 infection, and studies have suggested that higher levels may decrease the risk of disease progression. However, vitamin E supplementation has also been reported to...

    Authors: Susan M Graham, Jared M Baeten, Barbra A Richardson, Daniel D Bankson, Ludo Lavreys, Jeckoniah O Ndinya-Achola, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Julie Overbaugh and R Scott McClelland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:63

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Shigella spp. are major cause of diarrhoeal disease in both developing and developed countries. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shigella most frequently responsible for sporadic and epidemic enteritis in dev...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar, Aurora Aleo, Giovanni M Giammanco, Anna Maria Dionisi, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard and Caterina Mammina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:62

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Contaminated environmental surfaces may play an important role in transmission of some healthcare-associated pathogens. In this study, we assessed the adequacy of cleaning practices in rooms of patients with Clos...

    Authors: Brittany C Eckstein, Daniel A Adams, Elizabeth C Eckstein, Agam Rao, Ajay K Sethi, Gopala K Yadavalli and Curtis J Donskey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:61

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 (MTCT) have historically been lower in European than in American cohort studies, possibly due to differences in population characteristics. The Pediatric AIDS Cli...

    Authors: Marie-Louise Newell, Sharon Huang, Simona Fiore, Claire Thorne, Laurent Mandelbrot, John L Sullivan, Robert Maupin, Isaac Delke, D Heather Watts, Richard D Gelber and Coleen K Cunningham

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:60

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Varicella (chickenpox) is the primary disease caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is extremely contagious and is frequent in children. Indeed, in the absence of vaccination, a high proportion of the populatio...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, María Ordobás, Cristina García-Fernández, Luis García-Comas, Soledad Cañellas, Inmaculada Rodero, Ángeles Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Juan García-Gutiérrez and Rosa Ramírez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:59

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Primary renal aspergillosis is rare in diabetic patients. Diagnosis of localized primary renal Aspergillus infection in diabetic patients requires careful investigations due to its benign presentation and lack of...

    Authors: Jalaluddin A Haq, Mohammad AM Khan, Nazma Afroze and Tahniyah Haq

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:58

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial adhesion is an important determinant of colonization and infection, including dental caries. The salivary scavenger receptor cysteine-rich glycoprotein gp-340, which mediates adhesion of Streptococcus m...

    Authors: Anette Jonasson, Christer Eriksson, Howard F Jenkinson, Carina Källestål, Ingegerd Johansson and Nicklas Strömberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:57

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The impact of HIV drug resistance mutations in salvage therapy has been widely investigated in adults. By contrast, data available of predictive value of resistance mutations in pediatric population is scarce.

    Authors: Beatriz Larru, Carmen de Mendoza, José Ma Bellón, Ma Isabel de José, Ma José Mellado, Vincent Soriano, Ma Angeles Muñoz-Fernandez and José T Ramos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:55

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We described a series of imported cases of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Istanbul and investigated the genetic diversity of the virus. All the suspected cases of CCHF, who were applied to the healt...

    Authors: Kenan Midilli, Ayşen Gargılı, Onder Ergonul, Gönül Şengöz, Recep Ozturk, Mehmet Bakar and Frans Jongejan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:54

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  11. Content type: Research article

    An accurate, practical laboratory test is needed to confirm clinical diagnosis of pertussis in adults during the first 3 symptomatic weeks, when treatment is effective and transmission can be interrupted.

    Authors: Paul LJM Mertens, Frans S Stals, Ewout W Steyerberg and Jan H Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:53

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Vancomycin-resistant entrococci (VRE) are increasing in prevalence at many institutions, and are often reported in dialysis patients. The aim of this cross-sectional prevalence study was to determine the preva...

    Authors: Ojan Assadian, Mehrdad Askarian, Maria Stadler and Soheila Shaghaghian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:52

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the prevalence and microbiological characterization of community-acquired (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in a kindergarten.

    Authors: Wen-Tsung Lo, Wei-Jen Lin, Min-Hua Tseng, Jang-Jih Lu, Shih-Yi Lee, Mong-Ling Chu and Chih-Chien Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:51

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Chemokines play important roles in inflammation and antiviral action. We examined whether polymorphisms of RANTES, IP-10 and Mig affect the susceptibility to and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS...

    Authors: Man Wai Ng, Gangqiao Zhou, Wai Po Chong, Loretta Wing Yan Lee, Helen Ka Wai Law, Hongxing Zhang, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Susanna Fung Shan Fok, Yun Zhai, Raymond WH Yung, Eudora Y Chow, Ka Leung Au, Eric YT Chan, Wilina Lim, JS Malik Peiris, Fuchu He…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:50

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Based on results of earlier studies, brain, heart and kidney are most commonly used for West Nile virus (WNV) detection in avian species. Both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies have been used for the immuno...

    Authors: Rebecca C Smedley, Jon S Patterson, RoseAnn Miller, Jeffrey P Massey, Annabel G Wise, Roger K Maes, Ping Wu, John B Kaneene and Matti Kiupel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:49

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  16. Content type: Research article

    There is growing evidence that Chlamydia pneumoniae may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, as several studies have demonstrated the presence of the organism in atherosclerotic lesions. C. pneumon...

    Authors: Hem C Jha, Harsh Vardhan, Rishein Gupta, Rakesh Varma, Jagdish Prasad and Aruna Mittal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate antibiotic use promotes resistance. Antibiotics are generally not indicated for upper respiratory infections (URIs). Our objectives were to describe patterns of URI treatment and to identify pati...

    Authors: Ilene H Zuckerman, Eli N Perencevich and Anthony D Harris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:47

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  18. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of mucormycosis in a healthy 17-year-old accident victim with multiple abdominal injuries which was caused by infection with Absidia Corymbifera, a ubiquitous saphrophyte in the ground.

    Authors: Rita Belfiori, Adelmo Terenzi, Laura Marchesini and Antonella Repetto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infection is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and death in children. The impact of antimicrobial resistance and HIV infection on outcome is not firmly established.

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Karim P Manji, Willy K Urassa, Bushir S Tamim, Davis SM Mwakagile, Roland Jureen, Viola Msangi, Marit G Tellevik, Mona Holberg-Petersen, Stig Harthug, Samwel Y Maselle and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:43

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is a serious nosocomial infection, however few studies have assessed CDAD outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the epidemiology, clinical course ...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Michael B Edmond, Richard P Wenzel and Gonzalo ML Bearman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:42

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Serum concentrations of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) have a strong independent association with HIV-1-related mortality. The practical utility of plasma suPAR in assessing shor...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Landon Myer, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Monica Vogt and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:41

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Fusarium spp. is being isolated with increasing frequency as a pathogen in oncohematologic patients. Caspofungin and amphotericin B have been reported to have synergistic activity against Fusarium spp.

    Authors: José-Manuel Vagace, Cesar Sanz-Rodriguez, Maria-Soledad Casado, Nieves Alonso, Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Francisco Garcia de la Llana, Luis Zarallo, Miguel Fajardo and Roberto Bajo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:40

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Largely due to the lack of diagnostic reagents, the prevalence and clinical presentation of cryptococcal meningitis in Tanzania is poorly understood. This in turn is limiting the impact of increased fluconazol...

    Authors: Peter R Kisenge, Alexander T Hawkins, Venance P Maro, John PD Mchele, Ndealilia S Swai, Andreas Mueller and Eric R Houpt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:39

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Shunt infection in hydrocephalus patients is a severe, even life-threatening complication. Antibiotic-impregnated shunts (AIS) have been developed in an attempt to reduce rate of shunt infection. The study was...

    Authors: Rainer Ritz, Florian Roser, Matthias Morgalla, Klaus Dietz, Marcos Tatagiba and Bernd E Will

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:38

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis may be seen in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. This finding complicates interpretation of CSF abnormalities when such individuals are evaluated for other central ne...

    Authors: Christina M Marra, Clare L Maxwell, Ann C Collier, Kevin R Robertson and Allison Imrie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:37

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  26. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected subjects have high incidence rates of Staphylococcus aureus infections, with both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. Possible explanations could include the high burden...

    Authors: Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Claudio Angeletti, Anna Festa and Nicola Petrosillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:36

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are an important public health problem. Improved identification of risk factors might enable targeted intervention. Therefore we carried out a case-control study with ...

    Authors: Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marie-Louise A Heijnen, Marcel F Peeters, Aad IM Bartelds and Berry Wilbrink

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:35

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  28. Content type: Case report

    This report discusses a case of unsuccessful treatment with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) in off-label use. The need for international guidelines concerning the off-label use of rFVIIa is outlined as well a...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Maja Weisser, Dimitrios A Tsakiris and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:34

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Interferon-gamma is a key cytokine in the protective responses against intracellular pathogens. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the first intron of the human IFN-γ gene can putatively influen...

    Authors: Guilherme Inocêncio Matos, Claudia de J Fernandes Covas, Rita de Cássia Bittar, Adriano Gomes-Silva, Fabiana Marques, Viviane C Maniero, Valdir S Amato, Manoel P Oliveira-Neto, Marise da Silva Mattos, Claude Pirmez, Elizabeth P Sampaio, Milton O Moraes and Alda Maria Da-Cruz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:33

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  30. Content type: Software

    Most research scientists working in the fields of molecular epidemiology, population and evolutionary genetics are confronted with the management of large volumes of data. Moreover, the data used in studies of...

    Authors: Alicia Amadoz and Fernando González-Candelas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:32

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, targeted vaccination of at risk groups for hepatitis A (HA) is done since the mid 1990s resulting in declining incidence. This study estimated the year and age specific hospitalization rates and dis...

    Authors: Magalie Canuel, Gaston De Serres, Bernard Duval, Rodica Gilca, Philippe De Wals and Vladimir Gilca

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:31

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typ...

    Authors: Frédérique Gouriet, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Frédéric Collart and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:30

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide with potent activity and broad spectrum against Gram-positive bacteria currently used for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections and bacteremia, incl...

    Authors: Helio S Sader, Amy A Watters, Thomas R Fritsche and Ronald N Jones

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:29

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Fungal infections are diagnosed increasingly often in patients affected by hematological diseases and their mortality has remained high. The recent development of new antifungal drugs gives the clinician the p...

    Authors: Simone Cesaro, Mareva Giacchino, Franco Locatelli, Monica Spiller, Barbara Buldini, Claudia Castellini, Desireè Caselli, Eugenia Giraldi, Fabio Tucci, Gloria Tridello, Mario Renato Rossi and Elio Castagnola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:28

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are major causes of morbidity among women in developing countries. Both infections have been associated with pregnancy-related complications, and case detection and treatment in pregna...

    Authors: Maria Romoren, Johanne Sundby, Manonmany Velauthapillai, Mafizur Rahman, Elise Klouman and Per Hjortdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:27

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae meningitis has a high lethality despite antibiotic treatment. Inflammation is a major pathogenetic factor, which is unresponsive to antibiotics. Therefore adjunctive therapies with ...

    Authors: Hakim Echchannaoui, Stephen L Leib, Ulf Neumann and Regine MA Landmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:25

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE) is a major cause of nosocomial infections in the United States and may be associated with greater morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs than vancomycin-susceptible ...

    Authors: Monique A de Bruin and Lee W Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:24

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and ingesting eggs released through the faeces from infected dogs infects humans. The location of the hydatid cysts is mostly hepatic and/or pulmonary,...

    Authors: Sonia Vicidomini, Gabriella Cancrini, Simona Gabrielli, Riccardo Naspetti and Alessandro Bartoloni

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:23

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dengue disease severity is usually classified using criteria set up by the World Health Organization (WHO). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the WHO classification system and modifications to this...

    Authors: Tatty E Setiati, Albert TA Mairuhu, Penelopie Koraka, Mohamed Supriatna, Melvin R Mac Gillavry, Dees PM Brandjes, Albert DME Osterhaus, Jos WM van der Meer, Eric CM van Gorp and Augustinus Soemantri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:22

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Several strategies to optimise the use of antibiotics have been developed. Most of these interventions can be classified as educational or restrictive. Restrictive measures are considered to be more effective,...

    Authors: Julian Mettler, Mathew Simcock, Pedram Sendi, Andreas F Widmer, Roland Bingisser, Manuel Battegay, Ursula Fluckiger and Stefano Bassetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:21

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between cholera and climate was explored in Africa, the continent with the most reported cases, by analyzing monthly 20-year cholera time series for five coastal adjoining West African countri...

    Authors: Guillaume Constantin de Magny, Jean-François Guégan, Michel Petit and Bernard Cazelles

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:20

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Host genetic factors are important determinants in tuberculosis (TB). The SLC11A1 (or NRAMP1) gene has been studied extensively for genetic association with TB, but with inconsistent findings. In addition, no stu...

    Authors: Kim Hung Leung, Shea Ping Yip, Wa Sang Wong, Lap San Yiu, Kam Keung Chan, Wai Man Lai, Eudora YD Chow, Che Kit Lin, Wing Cheong Yam and Kin Sang Chan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:19

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of self-reported preventive behaviors in response to an anticipated local human-to-human H5N1 transmission outbreak and factors associated with such behaviors have not been examined.

    Authors: Joseph TF Lau, Jean H Kim, Hi Yi Tsui and Sian Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:18

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  44. Content type: Software

    Planning public health responses against pandemic influenza relies on predictive models by which the impact of different intervention strategies can be evaluated. Research has to date rather focused on produci...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Hans-Peter Duerr and Stefan O Brockmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:17

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent clinical trials in Africa, in combination with several observational epidemiological studies, have provided evidence that male circumcision can reduce HIV female-to-male transmission risk by 60% or more...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Stephen Moses, Sake J de Vlas and Robert C Bailey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:16

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  46. Content type: Research article

    HTLV-I infected patients often complain of urinary symptomatology. Epidemiological studies have suggested that these individuals have a higher prevalence and incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) than ser...

    Authors: Paulo N Rocha, Ana Paula Rehem, Juliana F Santana, Neviton Castro, Andre L Muniz, Katia Salgado, Heonir Rocha and Edgar M Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:15

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