Skip to main content

Advertisement

Articles

Page 144 of 162

  1. Computer keyboards and mice are potential reservoirs of nosocomial pathogens, but routine disinfection for non-water-proof computer devices is a problem. With better hand hygiene compliance of health-care work...

    Authors: Po-Liang Lu, LK Siu, Tun-Chieh Chen, Ling Ma, Wen-Gin Chiang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Sheng-Fung Lin and Tyen-Po Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Pyrethroid insecticides are widely used for insect pest control in Cameroon. In certain insect species, particularly the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, resistance to this class of insecticides is a source of g...

    Authors: Philippe Nwane, Josiane Etang, Mouhamadou Chouaibou, Jean Claude Toto, Clément Kerah-Hinzoumbé, Rémy Mimpfoundi, Herman Parfait Awono-Ambene and Frédéric Simard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. World Health Organization (WHO) targets for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance, including the notification of a minimum rate of AFP among children, are used to assess the adequacy of AFP surveillance f...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, P Anthony J Martin, Heath Kelly, Ben Madin and Charles Watson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Infective endocarditis is significantly more common in haemodialysis patients as compared with the general population, the causative pathogen is generally Staphylococcus aureus; there have been no previously repo...

    Authors: Yusuke Tsugawa, Miyuki Futatsuyama, Keiichi Furukawa, Fumika Taki, Yuji Nishizaki, Keiichi Tamagaki, Yuki Kaneshiro and Yasuhiro Komatsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:161

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. Some island nations have explicit components of their influenza pandemic plans for providing travel warnings and restricting incoming travellers. But the potential value of such restrictions has not been quant...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Nick Wilson and Michael G Baker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Ebola and Marburg viruses cause highly lethal hemorrhagic fevers in humans. Recently, bats of multiple species have been identified as possible natural hosts of Zaire ebolavirus (ZEBOV) in Gabon and Republic of C...

    Authors: Xavier Pourrut, Marc Souris, Jonathan S Towner, Pierre E Rollin, Stuart T Nichol, Jean-Paul Gonzalez and Eric Leroy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:159

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. The ocular manifestations of HIV may lead to visual impairment or blindness. In India, patients typically initiate antiretroviral treatment (ART) with low CD4 cell counts when the risk of ocular complications ...

    Authors: Sophia Pathai, Alaka Deshpande, Clare Gilbert and Stephen D Lawn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is considered useful in predicting the likeliness of developing bacterial infections in emergency setting. In this study, we describe PCT levels overtime and their relationship with b...

    Authors: Cédric Daubin, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Sabine Fradin, Astrid Vabret, Michel Ramakers, Nicolas Terzi, François Freymuth, Pierre Charbonneau and Damien du Cheyron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Interferon has been widely used in the treatment of genital warts for its immunomodulatory, antiproliferative and antiviral properties. Currently, no evidence that interferon improves the complete response rat...

    Authors: Jin Yang, Yu-guo Pu, Zhong-ming Zeng, Zhi-jian Yu, Na Huang and Qi-wen Deng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. HIV infection has been modifying both the epidemiology and outcome of parasitic infections. Hence, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among people with and ...

    Authors: Shimelis Assefa, Berhanu Erko, Girmay Medhin, Zelalem Assefa and Techalew Shimelis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Tipranavir (TPV) is a recently approved nonpeptidic protease inhibitor (PI) of HIV-1 and has been indicated for those infected with PIs-resistant HIV-1. However, in clinical practice, whether the HIV-1 from th...

    Authors: Szu-Min Hsieh, Sui-Yuan Chang, Chien-Ching Hung, Wang-Huei Sheng, Mao-Yuan Chen and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:154

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Group B streptococci (GBS), or Streptococcus agalactiae, are the leading bacterial cause of meningitis and bacterial sepsis in newborns. Here we compared different culture media for GBS detection and we compared ...

    Authors: Nabil Abdullah El Aila, Inge Tency, Geert Claeys, Bart Saerens, Ellen De Backer, Marleen Temmerman, Rita Verhelst and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax, has recently been used as an agent of bioterrorism. The innate immune system initially appears to contain the pathogen at the site of entry. Because the human ...

    Authors: Mikhail Dozmorov, Wenxin Wu, Kaushik Chakrabarty, J Leland Booth, Robert E Hurst, K Mark Coggeshall and Jordan P Metcalf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates offers better opportunities to study links between tuberculosis (TB) cases and can highlight relevant issues in urban TB control in low-endemic countries.

    Authors: Gerard de Vries, Rob AH van Hest, Conny CA Burdo, Dick van Soolingen and Jan H Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. With the control of many infections through national vaccination programmes, varicella is currently the most widespread preventable childhood disease in industrialized nations. In 2005 varicella vaccination wa...

    Authors: Vincenzo Baldo, Tatjana Baldovin, Francesca Russo, Marta Cecilia Busana, Cinzia Piovesan, Greta Bordignon, Aurore Giliberti and Renzo Trivello

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Knowledge of HBV genotype is very important for clinical treatment. Studies have suggested possible pathogenic and therapeutic differences among HBV genotypes. The aim of this study was to determine HBV subtyp...

    Authors: Priscila A Tonetto, Neiva SL Gonçales, Viviane C Fais, Aline G Vigani, Eduardo SL Gonçales, Adriana Feltrin and Fernando L Gonçales Jr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Despite the implementation of prevention guidelines, early-onset group B streptococci (GBS) disease remains a cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Strategies to identify women who are at risk o...

    Authors: Martina Wernecke, Ciara Mullen, Vimla Sharma, John Morrison, Thomas Barry, Majella Maher and Terry Smith

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:148

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  18. Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic infection that has been recognized for decades, but the problem of the disease has not been fully addressed, particularly in resource-poor, developing countries, where the...

    Authors: Ann Florence B Victoriano, Lee D Smythe, Nina Gloriani-Barzaga, Lolita L Cavinta, Takeshi Kasai, Khanchit Limpakarnjanarat, Bee Lee Ong, Gyanendra Gongal, Julie Hall, Caroline Anne Coulombe, Yasutake Yanagihara, Shin-ichi Yoshida and Ben Adler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. The objective of this study was to determine whether neonatal nasogastric enteral feeding tubes are colonised by the opportunistic pathogen Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) and other Enterobacteriaceae, ...

    Authors: Edward Hurrell, Eva Kucerova, Michael Loughlin, Juncal Caubilla-Barron, Anthony Hilton, Richard Armstrong, Craig Smith, Judith Grant, Shiu Shoo and Stephen Forsythe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. To allow direct comparison of bloodstream infection (BSI) rates between hospitals for performance measurement, observed rates need to be risk adjusted according to the types of patients cared for by the hospit...

    Authors: ENC Tong, ACA Clements, MA Haynes, MA Jones, AP Morton and M Whitby

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Within outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157), at least 10–15% of cases are thought to have been acquired by secondary transmission. However, there has been little systematic quantification or characte...

    Authors: Kate G Snedeker, Darren J Shaw, Mary E Locking and Robin J Prescott

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. There is little knowledge regarding the prevalence and nature of renal impairment in African populations initiating antiretroviral treatment, nor evidence to inform the most cost effective methods of screening...

    Authors: Cara Franey, Deborah Knott, Till Barnighausen, Martin Dedicoat, Ahmed Adam, Richard J Lessells, Marie-Louise Newell and Graham S Cooke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is considered a real threat to the achievement of TB control. Testing of mycobacterial culture and testing of drug susceptibility (DST) capacity are limited in resource-poor...

    Authors: Paolo Miotto, Nuccia Saleri, Mathurin Dembelé, Martial Ouedraogo, Gisèle Badoum, Gabriele Pinsi, Giovanni B Migliori, Alberto Matteelli and Daniela M Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:142

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The development and evaluation of rapid and accurate new diagnostic tools is essential to improve tuberculosis (TB) control in developing countries. In a previous study, the first release of a urine LAM-ELISA ...

    Authors: Klaus Reither, Elmar Saathoff, Jutta Jung, Lilian T Minja, Inge Kroidl, Eiman Saad, Jim F Huggett, Elias N Ntinginya, Lucas Maganga, Leonard Maboko and Michael Hoelscher

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Early highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), started within the first months of age, has been proven to be the optimal strategy to prevent immunological and clinical deterioration in perinatally HIV-inf...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Luisa Galli, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Clara Gabiano, Catiuscia Lisi, Stefania Bernardi, Alessandra Viganò, Alfredo Guarino, Carlo Giaquinto, Susanna Esposito, Raffaele Badolato, Cesare Di Bari, Raffaella Rosso, Orazio Genovese, Massimo Masi, Antonio Mazza…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a growing concern worldwide. Rapid detection of resistance expedites appropriate intervention to control the disease. Several technologies have recently been reported to det...

    Authors: Sam Ogwang, Benon B Asiimwe, Hamidou Traore, Francis Mumbowa, Alphonse Okwera, Kathleen D Eisenach, Susan Kayes, Edward C Jones-López, Ruth McNerney, William Worodria, Irene Ayakaka, Roy D Mugerwa, Peter G Smith, Jerrold Ellner and Moses L Joloba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. From 2003 through to 2004, an outbreak of tuberculosis was identified at a university campus in Yokohama City, located in the southern part of the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (TMA). All Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M....

    Authors: Akihiro Ohkado, Yoshiro Murase, Masaaki Mori, Naoki Hasegawa, Goro Otsuka, Michiko Nagamine, Hideo Maeda, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Masako Ohmori, Norio Yamada, Shinji Maeda, Seiya Kato, Toru Mori and Nobukatsu Ishikawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:79

  28. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the major nosocomial pathogens. Due to the diffusion of MRSA strains in both hospital and community settings, prevention and control strategies are rec...

    Authors: Claudia Dalla Valle, Maria Rosalia Pasca, Debora De Vitis, Federico Capra Marzani, Vincenzo Emmi and Piero Marone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Immunodeficient persons with persistent vaccine-related poliovirus infection may serve as a potential reservoir for reintroduction of polioviruses after wild poliovirus eradication, posing a risk of their furt...

    Authors: Nino Khetsuriani, Rita Helfand, Mark Pallansch, Olen Kew, Ashley Fowlkes, M Steven Oberste, Peter Tukei, Joseph Muli, Ernest Makokha and Howard Gary

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. To assess changes in the pattern of Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) in Italy after the introduction of conjugate menC vaccine in the National Vaccine Plan 2005–2007 and to provide information for developi...

    Authors: Paola Stefanelli, Cecilia Fazio, Tonino Sofia, Arianna Neri and Paola Mastrantonio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Many epidemiological studies have shown that the genetic factors of the host play a role in the variability of clinical response to infection caused by M. leprae. With the purpose of identifying genes of suscepti...

    Authors: Samira A da Silva, Priscila S Mazini, Pâmela G Reis, Ana M Sell, Luiza T Tsuneto, Paulo R Peixoto and Jeane EL Visentainer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Influenza has been associated with a heavy burden of mortality. In tropical or subtropical regions where influenza viruses circulate in the community most of the year, it is possible that there are seasonal va...

    Authors: Lin Yang, Chit Ming Wong, King Pan Chan, Patsy Yuen Kwan Chau, Chun Quan Ou, Kwok Hung Chan and JS Malik Peiris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Polymorphisms of the human prion protein gene (PRNP) contribute to the genetic determinants of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Numerous polymorphisms in the promoter regions as well as the open reading frame of

    Authors: Bo-Yeong Choi, Su Yeon Kim, So-Young Seo, Seong Soo A An, SangYun Kim, Sang-Eun Park, Seung-Han Lee, Yun-Ju Choi, Sang-Jin Kim, Chi-Kyeong Kim, Jun-Sun Park and Young-Ran Ju

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Current guidelines on the management of urinary tract infection recommend treating febrile urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis with antimicrobials for at least 14 days. Few randomized trials showed...

    Authors: Cees van Nieuwkoop, Jan W van't Wout, Willem JJ Assendelft, Henk W Elzevier, Eliane MS Leyten, Ted Koster, G Hanke Wattel-Louis, Nathalie M Delfos, Hans C Ablij, Ed J Kuijper, Jan Pander, Jeanet W Blom, Ida C Spelt and Jaap T van Dissel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:131

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Chlamydia trachomatis is a highly prevalent sexually transmitted disease. Testing rates among young Norwegian women are high. Young women diagnosed with C. trachomatis are often worried about future complication...

    Authors: Inger J Bakken and Sara Ghaderi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Geographical and temporal diffusion patterns of a human pandemic due to Swine Origin Influenza Virus (S-OIV) remain uncertain. The extent to which national and international pandemic preparedness plans and con...

    Authors: Antoine Flahault, Elisabeta Vergu and Pierre-Yves Boëlle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. There is little information describing survival in HIV-infected patients after primary diagnosis in Korea, and changes in survival over time. This study investigated survival times, survival characteristics, a...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Jin-Hee Lee, Eun-Jin Kim, Jiae Lee, Jeong-Gu Nam, Byung-Hee Yoo and Sung Soon Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In general, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) population has begun to experience the benefits of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); unfortunately, these ...

    Authors: Christine U Oramasionwu, Jonathan M Hunter, Jeff Skinner, Laurajo Ryan, Kenneth A Lawson, Carolyn M Brown, Brittany R Makos and Christopher R Frei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Timely identification of pathogens is crucial to minimize mortality in patients with severe infections. Detection of bacterial and fungal pathogens in blood by nucleic acid amplification promises to yield resu...

    Authors: Christine Dierkes, Boris Ehrenstein, Sylvia Siebig, Hans-Jörg Linde, Udo Reischl and Bernd Salzberger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Impaired proliferation of hepatocytes has been reported in chronic Hepatitis C virus infection. Considering the fundamental role played by cell cycle proteins in controlling cell proliferation, altered regulat...

    Authors: Saira Sarfraz, Saeed Hamid, Syed Ali, Wasim Jafri and Anwar A Siddiqui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) genotype distribution and co-infection occurrence was studied in cervical cytologic specimens from Murcia Region, (southeast Spain), to obtain information regarding the possible effe...

    Authors: Pablo Conesa-Zamora, Sebastián Ortiz-Reina, Joaquín Moya-Biosca, Asunción Doménech-Peris, Francisco Javier Orantes-Casado, Miguel Pérez-Guillermo and Marcos Egea-Cortines

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. There are limited choice of antimicrobial agents to treat infection with metallo-β-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We evaluate the antimicrobial effects of aztreonam alone, colistin alone and the 3-dr...

    Authors: Shigeharu Oie, Yumi Fukui, Masaya Yamamoto, Yuki Masuda and Akira Kamiya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Tuberculosis remains an endemic public health problem, but the ecology of the TB strains prevalent, and their transmission, can vary by country and by region. We sought to investigate the prevalence of Mycobacter...

    Authors: Edgar Abadía, Monica Sequera, Dagmarys Ortega, María Victoria Méndez, Arnelly Escalona, Omaira Da Mata, Elix Izarra, Yeimy Rojas, Rossana Jaspe, Alifiya S Motiwala, David Alland, Jacobus de Waard and Howard E Takiff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. In Australia in June 2001, a unique pneumococcal vaccine schedule commenced for Indigenous infants; seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (7PCV) given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and 23-valent pneumococ...

    Authors: Amanda J Leach, Peter S Morris, Gabrielle B McCallum, Cate A Wilson, Liz Stubbs, Jemima Beissbarth, Susan Jacups, Kim Hare and Heidi C Smith-Vaughan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. A nation-wide surveillance study was conducted in Greece in order to provide a representative depiction of pneumococcal carriage in the pre-vaccination era and to evaluate potential risk factors for carriage o...

    Authors: Ioannis Katsarolis, Garyphallia Poulakou, Antonios Analitis, Irini Matthaiopoulou, Emmanuel Roilides, Charalampos Antachopoulos, Dimitrios A Kafetzis, Georgios L Daikos, Regina Vorou, Christina Koubaniou, Ioannis Pneumatikos, Georgios Samonis, Vasiliki Syriopoulou, Helen Giamarellou and Kyriaki Kanellakopoulou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Natural history models of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and disease have been used in a number of policy evaluations of technologies to prevent and screen for HPV disease (e.g., cervical cancer, anogeni...

    Authors: Ralph P Insinga, Erik J Dasbach and Elamin H Elbasha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The WHO suggested that governments stockpile, as part of preparations for the next influenza pandemic, sufficient influenza antiviral drugs to treat approximately 25% of their populations. Our aim is two-fold:...

    Authors: Stefano Merler, Marco Ajelli and Caterina Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:117

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are a major burden to public health worldwide. Routine antenatal HIV-1 screening to prevent maternal-infant transmission is universally recom...

    Authors: Zelma B Costa, Gustavo C Machado, Mariza M Avelino, Clidenor Gomes Filho, Jose V Macedo Filho, Ana L Minuzzi, Marilia D Turchi, Mariane MA Stefani, Wayner Vieira de Souza and Celina MT Martelli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Comparative genomic analysis of M. tuberculosis H37Rv and M. bovis BCG have shown that 16 RDs (Regions of Differences) are deleted in BCG and have shown six deletion regions in M. tuberculosis H37Rv. RD1, is pres...

    Authors: Balaraman Sekar, Kamalanathan Arunagiri, Nagamiah Selvakumar, Kaluvuri Serena Preethi and Kandhaswami Menaka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Featured videos

View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals