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  1. Many people have multiple infections at the same time, but the combined contribution of those infections to disease-related mortality is unknown. Registered causes of death offer a unique opportunity to study ...

    Authors: E. C. Griffiths, A. B. Pedersen, A. Fenton and O. L. Petchey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:411
  2. Febrile illness with suspected blood stream infection (BSI) is a common reason for admission to hospital in Africa and blood cultures are therefore an important investigation. Data on the prevalence and causes...

    Authors: Tom H. Boyles, Kelly Davis, Thomas Crede, Jacques Malan, Marc Mendelson and Maia Lesosky
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:410
  3. Long-term protection against meningococcal disease is associated with persistence of post-vaccination antibodies at protective levels. We evaluated the bactericidal antibody persistence and safety of the quadr...

    Authors: Charissa Fay Corazon Borja-Tabora, Cecilia Montalban, Ziad A. Memish, Dominique Boutriau, Devayani Kolhe, Jacqueline M. Miller and Marie Van der Wielen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:409
  4. Human adenoviruses (HAdV) play a significant role in pediatric respiratory tract infections. To date, over 60 types of HAdV have been identified. Here, HAdV types are characterized in children in the Beijing a...

    Authors: Chunyan Liu, Yan Xiao, Jing Zhang, Lili Ren, Jianguo Li, Zhengde Xie, Baoping Xu, Yan Yang, Suyun Qian, Jianwei Wang and Kunling Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:408
  5. Rapid diagnostic tests are urgently needed to mitigate HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) mortality. We evaluated diagnostic accuracy of the rapid urine lipoarabinomannan (LAM) test for pulmonary TB and assessed...

    Authors: Stephanie Bjerrum, Ernest Kenu, Margaret Lartey, Mercy Jemina Newman, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Aase Bengaard Andersen and Isik Somuncu Johansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:407
  6. Mycobacterium intracellulare is a major cause of Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease in many countries. Molecular studies have revealed several new Mycobacteria species that are closely related to M. intrace...

    Authors: Su-Young Kim, Hye Yun Park, Byeong-Ho Jeong, Kyeongman Jeon, Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki, Nam Yong Lee, Seung-Jung Han, Sung Jae Shin and Won-Jung Koh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:406
  7. Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in Ethiopia. In 2010 the TB treatment regimen was shortened from 8 to 6-months treatment. With this new regimen, the full course of treatment should be taken ...

    Authors: Daniel Fiseha and Meaza Demissie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:405
  8. While patient-provider interactions are commonly understood as mutually constructed relationships, the role of patient behaviour, participation in interactions, and characteristics, particularly ideals surroun...

    Authors: Catherine Campbell, Kerry Scott, Morten Skovdal, Claudius Madanhire, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:404
  9. Streptococcus pneumoniae (SPn) is an important pathogen causing a variety of clinical manifestations. The effects of SPn nasopharyngeal colonization on respiratory tract infections are poorly studied. We evaluate...

    Authors: Sigita Petraitiene, Tomas Alasevicius, Indre Staceviciene, Daiva Vaiciuniene, Tomas Kacergius and Vytautas Usonis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:403
  10. End-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection are increasingly common causes of death among HIV-infected individuals. However, there are few clinical investig...

    Authors: Kali Zhou, Fengyu Hu, Charles Wang, Min Xu, Yun Lan, Jamie P. Morano, Stanley M. Lemon, Joseph D. Tucker and Weiping Cai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:401
  11. Acinetobacter ursingii bacteremia is rarely reported. We investigated the incidence and clinical features of A. ursingii bacteremia, performance of the identification system, and antimicrobial susceptibility of t...

    Authors: Chun-Hsiang Chiu, Yi-Tzu Lee, Yung-Chih Wang, Ti Yin, Shu-Chen Kuo, Ya-Sung Yang, Te-Li Chen, Jung-Chung Lin, Fu-Der Wang and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:400
  12. The incidence of dengue is rising steadily in Malaysia since the first major outbreak in 1973. Despite aggressive measures taken by the relevant authorities, Malaysia is still facing worsening dengue crisis ov...

    Authors: Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Amer Hayat Khan, Azreen Syazril Adnan, Azmi Sarriff, Yusra Habib Khan and Fauziah Jummaat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:399
  13. The commercial Kalon HSV-2 IgG ELISA is currently recommended for research use in sub-Saharan Africa because of its superior accuracy compared to other serologic assays. However, there are no data on key preci...

    Authors: Eshan U. Patel, Jordyn Manucci, Erin M. Kahle, Jairam R. Lingappa, Rhoda Ashley Morrow, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Anelet James, Kwitaka F. Maluzi, Maina M. Cheeba, Glenda Gray, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Mubiana Inambao, Bellington Vwalika, Thomas C. Quinn and Oliver Laeyendecker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:398

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:355

  14. Unplanned care interruption (UCI) challenges effective HIV treatment. We determined the frequency and risk factors for UCI in Nigeria.

    Authors: Aimalohi A. Ahonkhai, Bolanle Banigbe, Juliet Adeola, Ifeyinwa Onwuatuelo, Ingrid V. Bassett, Elena Losina, Kenneth A. Freedberg, Prosper Okonkwo and Susan Regan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:397
  15. Accurate and high-throughput genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) may be important for understanding the epidemiology and pathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB). In this study, we report the develop...

    Authors: Eddie M. Wampande, Stavroula K. Hatzios, Beatrice Achan, Ezekiel Mupere, Mary Nsereko, Harriet K. Mayanja, Kathleen Eisenach, W Henry Boom, Sebastien Gagneux and Moses L. Joloba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:396
  16. The rapid global spread of multi-resistant bacteria and loss of antibiotic effectiveness increases the risk of initial inappropriate antibiotic therapy (IAT) and poses a serious threat to patient safety. We co...

    Authors: Gowri Raman, Esther Avendano, Samantha Berger and Vandana Menon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:395
  17. Peritoneal tuberculosis is an important problem in regions of the world where tuberculosis is still prevalent (Chest 1991; 99:1134). Atypical presentations such as portal vein thrombosis can delay diagnosis or...

    Authors: Ushani Mayurika Wariyapperuma and Champa Indrani Welikala Jayasundera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:394
  18. Acinetobacter baumannii has been associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, even in pediatric patients. Therapeutic options are limited, especially when the strain is multidrug resistant.

    Authors: Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Alessandra Oliva, Gabriella d’Ettorre, Alessandra D’Abramo, Elena Caresta, Caterina Silvia Barbara, Maria Teresa Mascellino, Paola Papoff, Corrado Moretti, Vincenzo Vullo, Paolo Visca and Mario Venditti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:393
  19. Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen that causes invasive infections in humans and pigs. It has been reported that S. suis infection in humans is mostly caused by serotype 2. However, human cases caused by o...

    Authors: Rujirat Hatrongjit, Anusak Kerdsin, Marcelo Gottschalk, Dan Takeuchi, Shigeyuki Hamada, Kazunori Oishi and Yukihiro Akeda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:392
  20. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) poses an increasingly large disease and economic burden worldwide. The effectiveness of screening programs in the tropics is poorly understood. The aims of this ...

    Authors: Mar-Kyaw Win, Tarek Abdellatif Aly Soliman, Linda Kay Lee, Chia Siong Wong, Angela Chow, Brenda Ang, Carrasco L. Roman and Yee-Sin Leo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:391
  21. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative plans for coordinated cessation of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) use, beginning with serotype 2-containing OPV (i.e., OPV2 cessation) followed by the remaining two OPV s...

    Authors: Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens and Kimberly M. Thompson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:390
  22. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative plans for coordinated cessation of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) after interrupting all wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission, but many questions remain related to long-ter...

    Authors: Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Mark A. Pallansch, Stephen L. Cochi, Steven G.F. Wassilak and Kimberly M. Thompson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:389
  23. Thromboembolic events among HIV infected persons are a recognized clinical problem but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. To assess whether coagulation and fibrinolysis differ between long-term t...

    Authors: Frederikke Falkencrone Rönsholt, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum, Pär Ingemar Johansson, Terese Lea Katzenstein and Sisse Rye Ostrowski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:388
  24. A specialist neurological infectious disease service has been run jointly by the departments of infectious disease and neurology at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital since 2005. We sought to describe the...

    Authors: Lance Turtle, Agam Jung, Nick J Beeching, Derek Cocker, Gerry R Davies, Andy Nicolson, Michael BJ Beadsworth, Alastair RO Miller and Tom Solomon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:387
  25. Sub-Saharan Africa has a high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. Health care workers (HCWs) are at high risk of contracting HBV infection through their occupation. Vaccination of HCWs against HB...

    Authors: A. Mueller, L. Stoetter, S. Kalluvya, A. Stich, C. Majinge, B. Weissbrich and C. Kasang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:386
  26. Cryptococcus neoformans infection usually presents as chronic meningitis and is increasingly being recognized in immunocompromised patients. Presentation with pleural effusion is rare in cryptococcal disease; in ...

    Authors: Mayun Chen, Xiaomi Wang, Xianjuan Yu, Caijun Dai, Dunshun Chen, Chang Yu, Xiaomei Xu, Dan Yao, Li Yang, Yuping Li, Liangxing Wang and Xiaoying Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:385
  27. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) can be fatal without timely diagnosis and treatment. Treatment efficacies vary due to drug resistance, drug toxicity and co-morbidities. It is important to monitor treatment respons...

    Authors: Aarthy C. Vallur, Yeung L. Tutterrow, Raodoh Mohamath, Sowmya Pattabhi, Asrat Hailu, Asim O. Abdoun, Abdalla E. Ahmed, Maowia Mukhtar, Md Abdus Salam, Meirielly Lima Almeida, Roque P. Almeida, Dinesh Mondal, Audrey Albertini, Hashim Ghalib, Malcolm S. Duthie and Steven G. Reed
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:384
  28. Temporary increases in plasma HIV RNA ('blips') are common in HIV patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Blips above 500 copies/mL have been associated with subsequent viral rebound. It is not ...

    Authors: Jim Young, Martin Rickenbach, Alexandra Calmy, Enos Bernasconi, Cornelia Staehelin, Patrick Schmid, Matthias Cavassini, Manuel Battegay, Huldrych F. Günthard and Heiner C. Bucher
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:382
  29. Serial interferon-gamma-release-assay (IGRA) result can show variance due to within-subject variation and difference in host immune status, and may be affected by latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) treatment...

    Authors: Seung Heon Lee, Hee Jin Kim, Seok Ju Park, Tae Hee Kim, So Jeong Park, Sun Woo Kang, Yeong Hoon Kim and Dick Menzies
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:381
  30. Community-onset (CO) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia is an evolving problem, and there is a great need for a reliable method to assess MRSA risk at hospital admission. A new MRSA pred...

    Authors: Besu F. Teshome, Grace C. Lee, Kelly R. Reveles, Russell T. Attridge, Jim Koeller, Chen-pin Wang, Eric M. Mortensen and Christopher R. Frei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:380
  31. A small number of individuals with B-cell-related primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) may exhibit long-term (prolonged or chronic) excretion of immunodeficiency-associated vaccine-derived polioviruses (iV...

    Authors: Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Mark A. Pallansch and Kimberly M. Thompson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:379
  32. Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains with resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs), last options for first-line monotherapy of gonorrhoea, likely emerged and initially disseminated in Japan, followed by int...

    Authors: Ken Shimuta, Yuko Watanabe, Shu-ichi Nakayama, Tomoko Morita-Ishihara, Toshiro Kuroki, Magnus Unemo and Makoto Ohnishi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:378
  33. Since 2007, a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme against cervical cancer (CC) is implemented in Italy in 11-year-old girls. The extension of HPV vaccination to young adult women, or to 11-year-ol...

    Authors: Paolo Bonanni, Giovanni Gabutti, Nadia Demarteau, Sara Boccalini and Giuseppe La Torre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:377
  34. Prior analyses demonstrated the need for some countries and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) to conduct additional supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) with trivalent oral poliovirus vacci...

    Authors: Kimberly M. Thompson and Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:376
  35. The recent Ebola virus (EBOV) epidemic highlights the need for efficacious virucidal products to help prevent infection and limit the spread of Ebola virus disease. However, there is limited data on the effica...

    Authors: Maren Eggers, Markus Eickmann, Katharina Kowalski, Juergen Zorn and Karen Reimer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:375
  36. World leaders remain committed to globally-coordinated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) cessation following successful eradication of wild polioviruses, but the best timing and strategy for implementation depend ...

    Authors: Kimberly M. Thompson and Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:374
  37. Authors: Mark K. Webale, Valentine Budambula, Raphael Lihana, Francis O. Musumba, Anthony K. Nyamache, Nancy L. M. Budambula, Aabid A. Ahmed, Collins Ouma and Tom Were
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:373

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:299

  38. In spring 2008, a goat farm experiencing Q fever abortions (“Farm A”) was identified as the probable source of a human Q fever outbreak in a Dutch town. In 2009, a larger outbreak with 347 cases occurred in th...

    Authors: Georgia A. F. Ladbury, Jeroen P.G. Van Leuken, Arno Swart, Piet Vellema, Barbara Schimmer, Ronald Ter Schegget and Wim Van der Hoek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:372
  39. Infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) in immunocompromised patients can lead to severe liver disease. Treatment options for HEV include peginterferon or ribavirin, routinely also used for the treatment of hep...

    Authors: Ludi Koning, Michael R. Charlton, Suzan D. Pas, Julie K. Heimbach, Albert DME Osterhaus, Kymberly D. Watt, Harry LA Janssen, Robert J. de Knegt and Annemiek A. van der Eijk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:371
  40. In Australia, chlamydia is the most commonly notifiable infection and over the past ten years chlamydia and gonorrhoea notification rates have increased. Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal Australians hav...

    Authors: Simon Graham, Rebecca J. Guy, Handan C. Wand, John M. Kaldor, Basil Donovan, Janet Knox, Debbie McCowen, Patricia Bullen, Julie Booker, Chris O’Brien, Kristine Garrett and James S. Ward
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:370
  41. Influenza and pneumonia combined are the leading causes of death due to infectious diseases in the United States. We describe factors associated with pneumonia among adults hospitalized with influenza.

    Authors: Shikha Garg, Seema Jain, Fatimah S. Dawood, Michael Jhung, Alejandro Pérez, Tiffany D’Mello, Arthur Reingold, Ken Gershman, James Meek, Kathryn E. Arnold, Monica M. Farley, Patricia Ryan, Ruth Lynfield, Craig Morin, Joan Baumbach, Emily B. Hancock…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:369
  42. Proper adherence to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) may depend upon the results of tuberculosis (TB) screening test and patients’ understanding of their risk of developing active TB. We conducted a study to...

    Authors: Grace A. Shayo, Candida Moshiro, Said Aboud, Muhammad Bakari and Ferdinand M. Mugusi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:368
  43. Experimental studies suggest that changes in brain ventricle size are key events in bacterial meningitis. This study investigated the relationship between ventricle size, clinical condition and risk of poor ou...

    Authors: Janni L. Sporrborn, Gertrud B. Knudsen, Mette Sølling, Karina Seierøe, Annette Farre, Bjarne Ø. Lindhardt, Thomas Benfield and Christian T. Brandt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:367
  44. Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis helps to understand the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis and to address evolutionary questions about the disease spread. Certain genotypes also have implications for...

    Authors: Vivi Lisdawati, Nelly Puspandari, Lutfah Rif’ati, Triyani Soekarno, Melatiwati M, Syamsidar K, Lies Ratnasari, Nur Izzatun and Ida Parwati
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:366
  45. New Zealand initiated HPV vaccination in 2008, and has attained 3-dose coverage of ~50 % in 12–13 year old girls. Due to the success of program initiatives in Māori girls, higher coverage rates of ~60 % have b...

    Authors: Yoon-Jung Kang, Hazel Lewis, Megan A. Smith, Leonardo Simonella, Harold Neal, Collette Bromhead and Karen Canfell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:365
  46. The emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus was associated with dramatically increased skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) incidence in the first few years of the 21st century in the U...

    Authors: Loren G. Miller, Debra F. Eisenberg, Honghu Liu, Chun-Lan Chang, Yan Wang, Rakesh Luthra, Anna Wallace, Christy Fang, Joseph Singer and Jose A. Suaya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:362
  47. Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) Ag-based tests are useful for detecting dengue virus (DENV), but there is lack of evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of NS1 Ag-based tests in Asian population. Thus, we conducted...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Shan, Xiangmei Wang, Qing Yuan, Yaping Zheng, Honghe Zhang, Yihua Wu and Jun Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:360
  48. Describing the circulation of influenza viruses and the characteristics of seasonal epidemics remains an essential tool to optimize the strategies of influenza prevention and control. Special attention has bee...

    Authors: Anne Mosnier, Saverio Caini, Isabelle Daviaud, Jean-Louis Bensoussan, Françoise Stoll-Keller, Tan Tai Bui, Bruno Lina, Sylvie Van der Werf and Jean Marie Cohen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:357

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