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Page 144 of 148

  1. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to review the effects of adjunctive corticosteroids on overall mortality and the need for mechanical ventilation in HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP)...

    Authors: Matthias Briel, Remy Boscacci, Hansjakob Furrer and Heiner C Bucher

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:101

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Candida species have various degrees of susceptibility to common antifungal drugs. The extent of resistance to amphotericin B and fluconazole of Candida glabrata isolates causing candidemia has been reported. Ac...

    Authors: Yun-Liang Yang, Shu-Ying Li, Hsiao-Hsu Cheng and Hsiu-Jung Lo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:99

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Central nervous system (CNS) exposure to HIV is a universal facet of systemic infection. Because of its proximity to and shared barriers with the brain, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) provides a useful window into ...

    Authors: Serena S Spudich, Annelie C Nilsson, Nicole D Lollo, Teri J Liegler, Christos J Petropoulos, Steven G Deeks, Ellen E Paxinos and Richard W Price

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:98

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Aseptic meningitis is a relatively frequent childhood disease and virologic data suggest that enteroviruses are the commonest etiologic agents. We evaluated the epidemiologic characteristics of aseptic meningi...

    Authors: Kyung-Yil Lee, David Burgner, Hyung-Shin Lee, Ja-Hyun Hong, Mi-Hee Lee, Jin-Han Kang and Byung-Churl Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:97

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Taiwan19F-14 Streptococcus pneumoniae clone and its variants are being found with increasing frequency in the Asia-Pacific region. A 5-year old child with S. pneumoniae meningitis caused by a high-level penic...

    Authors: Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Wei Yang Lee, Ming Fang Cheng, I Fei Huang, Yu Chen Lin, Kai Sheng Hseih, I-Wen Huang and Christine C Chiou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:96

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress can be defined as an increase in oxidants and/or a decrease in antioxidant capacity. There is limited information about the oxidative status in subjects with hepatitis B virus infection. We ai...

    Authors: Cengiz Bolukbas, Fusun Filiz Bolukbas, Mehmet Horoz, Mehmet Aslan, Hakim Celik and Ozcan Erel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:95

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Some studies of nosocomial bloodstream infection (nBSI) have demonstrated a higher mortality for polymicrobial bacteremia when compared to monomicrobial nBSI. The purpose of this study was to compare differenc...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Gonzalo ML Bearman, Richard P Wenzel and Michael B Edmond

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:94

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  8. Content type: Research article

    We conducted a nationwide study in Denmark to identify clinical features and prognostic factors in patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae according to the focus of infection.

    Authors: Christian Østergaard, Helle Bossen Konradsen and Susanne Samuelsson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:93

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to investigate the in vivo efficacy of local and systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in the prevention of Staphylococcus (S.) epidermidis graft infection in a rat model and to evaluate the ba...

    Authors: Huseyin Turgut, Suzan Sacar, Ilknur Kaleli, Mustafa Sacar, Ibrahim Goksin, Semra Toprak, Ali Asan, Nural Cevahir, Koray Tekin and Ahmet Baltalarli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:91

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Myocarditis and pericarditis are rare complications of rickettsiosis, usually associated with Rickettsia rickettsii and R. conorii. African tick-bite fever (ATBF) is generally considered as a benign disease and n...

    Authors: Cristina Bellini, Matteo Monti, Mathieu Potin, Anne Dalle Ave, Jacques Bille and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:90

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In preparation of vaccines trials to estimate protection against shigellosis and cholera we conducted a two-year community-based surveillance study in an impoverished area of North Jakarta which provided updat...

    Authors: Magdarina D Agtini, Rooswanti Soeharno, Murad Lesmana, Narain H Punjabi, Cyrus Simanjuntak, Ferry Wangsasaputra, Dazwir Nurdin, Sri Pandam Pulungsih, Ainur Rofiq, Hari Santoso, H Pujarwoto, Agus Sjahrurachman, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Mohammad Ali…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:89

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:1

  12. Content type: Research article

    Complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) remain challenging to treat because of their polymicrobial etiology including multi-drug resistant bacteria. The efficacy and safety of tigecycline, an expanded br...

    Authors: María E Oliva, Arcot Rekha, Albert Yellin, Jacyr Pasternak, Maria Campos, Gilbert M Rose, Timothy Babinchak, Evelyn J Ellis-Grosse and Evan Loh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:88

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was a newly emerged infectious disease which caused a global epidemic in 2002–2003. Sequence analysis of SARS-coronavirus isolates revealed that specific genotypes ...

    Authors: Grace TY Chung, Rossa WK Chiu, Jo LK Cheung, Yongjie Jin, Stephen SC Chim, Paul KS Chan and YM Dennis Lo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:87

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Resistance to third generation cephalosporins due to acquisition and expression of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) enzymes among Gram-negative bacteria is on the increase. Presence of ESBL producing organ...

    Authors: Faustine Ndugulile, Roland Jureen, Stig Harthug, Willy Urassa and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:86

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Although senile dementia patients in long-term care facilities are at leading risk of scabies, the epidemiologic characteristics of this disease have yet to be fully clarified. This study documents the finding...

    Authors: Masae Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Nishiura and Toshio Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:85

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Commercially available assays to detect antibodies to the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)-specific glycoprotein gG-2 have markedly improved serologic diagnosis of HSV-2 infection. However, even tests with ...

    Authors: Rhoda Ashley Morrow, David Friedrich, Amalia Meier and Lawrence Corey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:84

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:11

  17. Content type: Research article

    High risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infects mucosal surfaces and HR-HPV infection is required for development of cervical cancer. Accordingly, enforced expression of the early HR-HPV proteins can induce im...

    Authors: Jeppe Vinther, Maiken W Rosenstierne, Karen Kristiansen and Bodil Norrild

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:83

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Pseudomonas luteola has been recognized as an uncommon cause of bacteremia and of infections in patients with underlying medical disorders

    Authors: Jean-Paul Casalta, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Gilbert Habib, Alberto Riberi and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:82

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is endemic to developing countries like India. Though the whole genome sequences of the type strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv and the clinical strain M. tuberculosis CDC1551 are available, the clinical i...

    Authors: Suma Sarojini, Smitha Soman, Indulakshmi Radhakrishnan and Sathish Mundayoor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:81

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  20. Content type: Case report

    HIV-infected patients on long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy often present peculiar patterns of fat redistribution, referred to as lipodystrophy. In spite of recent investigations, it is not known w...

    Authors: Giustino Parruti and Giuseppe Marani Toro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:80

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Both cell-associated and cell-free HIV virions are present in semen and cervical secretions of HIV-infected individuals. Thus, topical microbicides may need to inactivate both cell-associated and cell-free HIV...

    Authors: Stuart S Olmsted, Kristen V Khanna, Erina M Ng, Steven T Whitten, Owen N Johnson III, Richard B Markham, Richard A Cone and Thomas R Moench

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:79

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness in search of an infectious etiology. GB virus-C (GBV-C) virus is a flavivirus with cell tropism and host defense induction qualities compatible with a role in produ...

    Authors: James F Jones, Prasad S Kulkarni, Salvatore T Butera and William C Reeves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:78

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In the last decade many studies have definitely shown that human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the major cause of cervical carcinogenesis and, in the last few years, HPV testing has been proposed as a new and mo...

    Authors: Maria G Centurioni, Andrea Puppo, Domenico F Merlo, Gennaro Pasciucco, Enzo R Cusimano, Rodolfo Sirito and Claudio A Gustavino

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:77

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Laboratory diagnosis of Chlamydophila psittaci, an important turkey respiratory pathogen, is difficult. To facilitate the diagnosis, a nested PCR-enzyme immunoassay (PCR-EIA) was developed to detect the Cp. psitt...

    Authors: Marnix Van Loock, Kristel Verminnen, Trudy O Messmer, Guido Volckaert, Bruno M Goddeeris and Daisy Vanrompay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:76

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological investigations were carried out in the Lazio Region to assess the status of canine filariosis and to evaluate the actual risk for veterinary and medical public health.

    Authors: Paola Scaramozzino, Simona Gabrielli, Michele Di Paolo, Marcello Sala, Francesco Scholl and Gabriella Cancrini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:75

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV is a newly emerging virus that causes SARS with high mortality rate in infected people. Successful control of the global SARS epidemic will require rapid and sensit...

    Authors: Michela Flego, Paola Di Bonito, Alessandro Ascione, Silvia Zamboni, Alessandra Carattoli, Felicia Grasso, Antonio Cassone and Maurizio Cianfriglia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:73

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Giardia lamblia (intestinalis) and Cryptosporidium parvum are the two most important intestinal parasites infecting North Americans but there is a paucity of active population-based surveillance data from Canada...

    Authors: Kevin B Laupland and Deirdre L Church

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:72

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Blood culture (BCX) use is often sub-optimal, and is a user-dependent diagnostic test. Little is known about physician training and BCX-related knowledge. We sought to assess variations in caregiver BCX-relate...

    Authors: Jorge P Parada, David N Schwartz, Gordon D Schiff and Kevin B Weiss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:71

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacteriosis is one of the most commonly identified causes of bacterial diarrheal disease and a common cause of gastroenteritis in travellers from developed nations. Despite the widespread occurrence, th...

    Authors: Anders Ternhag, Anna Törner, Åke Svensson, Johan Giesecke and Karl Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:70

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  30. Content type: Research article

    By persisting in infected cells for a long period of time, proviral HIV-1 DNA can represent an alternative viral marker to RNA viral load during the follow-up of HIV-1 infected individuals. In the present stud...

    Authors: Maria Carla Re, Francesca Vitone, Laura Sighinolfi, Pasqua Schiavone, Florio Ghinelli and Davide Gibellini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:69

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Arcanobacterium haemolyticum has an established role in the etiology of human pharyngitis. There are increasing reports of systemic infections caused by this organism. From India, we report the first case of Arc...

    Authors: Subhash Chandra Parija, Venkatesh Kaliaperumal, Saka Vinod Kumar, Sistla Sujatha, Venkateshwara Babu and V Balu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:68

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To compare the adverse events after initiation of nevirapine-based ART among HIV-infected patients who did not receive fluconazole (group A), received fluconazole 400 mg/week (group B), and received fluconazol...

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Nopphanath Chumpathat, Achara Chaovavanich and Somnuek Sungkanuparph

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:67

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter infection is a major cause of bacterial gastrointestinal disease. Exposure to Campylobacter is known to produce an immune response in humans that can prevent future symptomatic infections. Further,...

    Authors: Gordon Miller, Geoff M Dunn, Thomas MS Reid, Iain D Ogden and Norval JC Strachan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:66

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mononuclear phagocytes are considered to be main targets for Dengue Virus (DENV) replication. These cells are activated after infection, producing proinflammatory mediators, including tumour-necrosis factor-α,...

    Authors: Patrícia CF Neves-Souza, Elzinandes L Azeredo, Sonia MO Zagne, Rogério Valls-de-Souza, Sonia RNI Reis, Denise IS Cerqueira, Rita MR Nogueira and Claire F Kubelka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:64

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Bartonella species are bacterial blood parasites of animals capable of causing disease in both animals and man. Cat-Scratch Disease (CSD) in humans is caused mainly by Bartonella henselae and is acquired from th...

    Authors: Joanne N Rampersad, John D Watkins, Michael S Samlal, Raymond Deonanan, Shalini Ramsubeik and David R Ammons

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:63

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide. In multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infectiousness is frequently prolonged, jeopardizing efforts to control TB. The conventional tuberc...

    Authors: Maureen Morgan, Shriprakash Kalantri, Laura Flores and Madhukar Pai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:62

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Coxiella burnetii causes the common worldwide zoonotic infection, Q fever. It has been previously suggested that patients who had recovered from acute Q fever (whether symptomatic or otherwise) may be at incre...

    Authors: Conall McCaughey, Liam J Murray, James P McKenna, Peter V Coyle, Hugh J O'Neill, Dorothy E Wyatt, Jayne V Woodside, John WG Yarnell, Pierre Ducimetiere, Annie Bingham, Philippe Amouyel, Michele Montaye, Dominique Arveiler, Bernadette Haas, Jean Ferrieres and Jean-Bernard Ruidavets

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:61

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Kocuria, previously classified into the genus of Micrococcus, is commonly found on human skin. Two species, K. rosea and K. kristinae, are etiologically associated with catheter-related bacteremia.

    Authors: Edmond SK Ma, Chris LP Wong, Kristi TW Lai, Edmond CH Chan, WC Yam and Angus CW Chan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:60

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Sputum microscopy, the most important conventional test for tuberculosis, is specific in settings with high burden of tuberculosis and low prevalence of non tuberculous mycobacteria. However, the test lacks se...

    Authors: Shriprakash Kalantri, Madhukar Pai, Lisa Pascopella, Lee Riley and Arthur Reingold

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:59

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The risk of hepatotoxicity associated with different highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens (containing multiple-protease inhibitors, single-protease inhibitors or non nucleoside reverse transcr...

    Authors: Carlo Torti, Giuseppe Lapadula, Salvatore Casari, Massimo Puoti, Mark Nelson, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Daniele Bella, Giuseppe Pastore, Nicoletta Ladisa, Lorenzo Minoli, Giovanni Sotgiu, Francesco Mazzotta, Sergio Lo Caputo, Giovanni Di Perri, Gaetano Filice, Carmine Tinelli…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:58

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pertussis, a highly contagious respiratory illness, affects people of all ages and can have serious clinical consequences. It has been reported that from 1997–2000, 20% of all pertussis cases required hospital...

    Authors: Judith A O'Brien and J Jaime Caro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:57

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In Canada – a low endemicity country, vaccines for hepatitis A virus (HAV) are currently recommended to individuals at increased risk for infection or its complications. Applying these recommendations is diffi...

    Authors: Ba' Pham, Bernard Duval, Gaston De Serres, Vladimir Gilca, Andrea C Tricco, Jan Ochnio and David W Scheifele

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:56

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the single most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age and associated with a sizeable infectious disease burden among both non-pregnant and pregnant women, including ...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Joris Delanghe, Kristien Roelens, Stijn Blot, Geert Claeys and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:55

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Recently, a negative association between Toxoplasma-infection and novelty seeking was reported. The authors suggested that changes of personality trait were caused by manipulation activity of the parasite, aimed ...

    Authors: Martina Novotná, Jitka Hanusova, Jiří Klose, Marek Preiss, Jan Havlicek, Kateřina Roubalová and Jaroslav Flegr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:54

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  45. Content type: Technical advance

    Viral hepatitis due to hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus are major public health problems all over the world. Traditional detection methods including polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays and enzy...

    Authors: Lianlian Duan, Yefu Wang, Shawn Shun-cheng Li, Zhixiang Wan and Jianxin Zhai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:53

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  46. Content type: Research article

    In Thailand, rabies remains a neglected disease with authorities continuing to rely on human death statistics while ignoring the financial burden resulting from an enormous increase in post-exposure prophylaxi...

    Authors: Jessada Denduangboripant, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Boonlert Lumlertdacha, Nipada Ruankaew, Wirongrong Hoonsuwan, Apirom Puanghat and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:52

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