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  1. Diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) in children has been hampered by difficulty in obtaining convalescent serum and time constraints. In this study, the two diagno...

    Authors: Le Wang, Zhishan Feng, Mengchuan Zhao, Shuo Yang, Xiaotong Yan, Weiwei Guo, Zhongren Shi and Guixia Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:518
  2. Understanding the immune response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is essential for a clear approach to tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy. We investigated the immunological recovery in cART-trea...

    Authors: Basel Karo, Gérard Krause, Stefanie Castell, Christian Kollan, Osamah Hamouda and Walter Haas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:517
  3. When bacteria colony persist within a biofilm, suitable drugs are not yet available for the eradication of biofilm-producing bacteria. The aim of this study is to study the effect of magnetic nano-particles-in...

    Authors: Chih-Hsiang Fang, Pei-I Tsai, Shu-Wei Huang, Jui-Sheng Sun, Jenny Zwei-Chieng Chang, Hsin-Hsin Shen, San-Yuan Chen, Feng Huei Lin, Lih-Tao Hsu and Yen-Chun Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:516
  4. As a novel biomarker of inflammation, procalcitonin (PCT) has proven useful to guide antibiotic therapy in intensive care unit (ICU). However, there are controversial on mortality. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Yan Wang, Qianting Yang and Yalin Dong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:514

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:1077

  5. The incidence of tertiary syphilis involvement in the spinal column with destructive bone lesions is very rare. It is difficult to establish the correct diagnosis from radiographs and histological examination ...

    Authors: Yang Bai, Feng Niu, Lidi Liu, Hui Sha, Yimei Wang and Song Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:513
  6. Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in di...

    Authors: Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Mellina Yamamura, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ludmila Barbosa Bandeira Rodrigues, Simone Terezinha Protti, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:510
  7. Prostatic abscess is a rare complication of acute bacterial prostatitis and is most commonly caused by Enterobacteriaceae. We report on a case of prostatic abscess caused by Staphylococcus aureus and conduct a re...

    Authors: David E. Carroll, Ian Marr, G Khai Lin Huang, Deborah C. Holt, Steven Y. C. Tong and Craig S. Boutlis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:509
  8. Bacterial species belonging to the genus Exiguobacterium are facultative anaerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram-positive bacilli, and rarely associated with human infections. Herein, we reported the first case of com...

    Authors: Xingchun Chen, Lijun Wang, Jiali Zhou, Honglong Wu, Dong Li, Yanchao Cui and Binghuai Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:508
  9. Recent WHO guidelines identify virologic monitoring for diagnosing and confirming ART failure. In view of this, validation and scale up of point of care viral load technologies is essential in resource limited...

    Authors: Smita Kulkarni, Sushama Jadhav, Priyanka Khopkar, Suvarna Sane, Rajkumar Londhe, Vaishali Chimanpure, Veronica Dhilpe, Manisha Ghate, Rajendra Yelagate, Narayan Panchal, Girish Rahane, Dilip Kadam, Nitin Gaikwad, Bharat Rewari and Raman Gangakhedkar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:506
  10. Existing biomarkers such as AST, ALT and hematocrit have been associated with severe dengue but evidence are mixed. Recently, interests in creatine kinase as a dengue biomarker have risen. These biomarkers rep...

    Authors: Saiful Safuan Md Sani, Winn Hui Han, Mohamad Adam Bujang, Hui Jen Ding, Kiah Loon Ng and Mohd Azizuddin Amir Shariffuddin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:505
  11. The impact of HIV on TB, and the implications for TB control, has been acknowledged as a public health challenge. It is imperative therefore to assess the burden of HIV on TB patients as an indicator for monit...

    Authors: Eric Osei, Joyce Der, Richard Owusu, Philip Kofie and Wisdom Kudzo Axame
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:504
  12. In the aftermath of an upsurge in the number of dengue cases in 2013 and 2014, the SD BIOLINE Dengue Duo rapid diagnostic Point-of-Care Test (POCT) kit was introduced in Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore in June ...

    Authors: Qinghui Tan, Zoe J-L Hildon, Shweta Singh, Jin Jing, Tun Linn Thein, Richard Coker, Hubertus J. M. Vrijhoef and Yee Sin Leo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:503
  13. China has a high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and a consequently high burden of disease with respect to cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine has proved to be effective in preventing cervical cancer and...

    Authors: Xiuting Mo, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Lijie Wang, Xianchen Liu, Bin Wu, Huiwen Luo, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori and Takeo Nakayama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:502
  14. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) establishes a lifelong infection that is efficiently controlled by the immune system; this infection can be reactivated in case of immunosuppression such as following solid organ transpla...

    Authors: Linda A. Selvey, Wai H. Lim, Peter Boan, Ramyasuda Swaminathan, Claudia Slimings, Amy E. Harrison and Aron Chakera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:501
  15. Although the proportion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections has reduced after the introduction of antibiotics with anti-pseudomonal effects, P. aeruginosa bacteremia still causes high mortality in immunocompromi...

    Authors: Hyo Sup Kim, Bo Kyoung Park, Seong koo Kim, Seung Beom Han, Jae Wook Lee, Dong-Gun Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong and Jin Han Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:500
  16. In the wake of a decline in global malaria, it is imperative to describe the epidemiology of malaria in a country to inform control policies. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and c...

    Authors: Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Andreas Latz, Longdoh Anna Njunda and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:499
  17. In 2015, the largest outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection outside the Middle East occurred in South Korea. We summarized the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory f...

    Authors: Ji Yeon Lee, You-Jin Kim, Eun Hee Chung, Dae-Won Kim, Ina Jeong, Yeonjae Kim, Mi-ran Yun, Sung Soon Kim, Gayeon Kim and Joon-Sung Joh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:498
  18. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is endemic in Eastern European and Balkan region countries. In 2012, Bulgaria showed the highest rate (67.13 cases per 100,000) in Europe. Nevertheless, HAV genotypes and stra...

    Authors: Roberto Bruni, Stefania Taffon, Michele Equestre, Eleonora Cella, Alessandra Lo Presti, Angela Costantino, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna, Elitsa Golkocheva-Markova, Diljana Bankova, Massimo Ciccozzi, Pavel Teoharov and Anna Rita Ciccaglione
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:497
  19. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is key component of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV, but existing tools to monitor drug adherence are often inaccurate. Detection of...

    Authors: Tim R. Cressey, Oraphan Siriprakaisil, Virat Klinbuayaem, Justice Quame-Amaglo, Rachel W. Kubiak, Pra-ornsuda Sukrakanchana, Kanchana Than-in-at, Jared Baeten, Wasna Sirirungsi, Ratchada Cressey and Paul K. Drain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:496
  20. Although live-attenuated varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccines have been proven to be safe and effective in preventing varicella and real-word evidence shows routine childhood immunization programs are effecti...

    Authors: Z. Meszner, Z. Molnar, E. Rampakakis, H. K. Yang, B. J. Kuter and Lara J. Wolfson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:495
  21. In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute vira...

    Authors: Junhong Ai, Zhengde Xie, Gang Liu, Zongbo Chen, Yong Yang, Yuning Li, Jing Chen, Guo Zheng and Kunling Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:494
  22. Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. However their aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibilities and associated outcomes differ between developed and developing...

    Authors: Vu Quoc Dat, Hieu Ngoc Vu, Hung Nguyen The, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Long Bao Hoang, Dung Vu Tien Viet, Chi Linh Bui, Kinh Van Nguyen, Trung Vu Nguyen, Dao Tuyet Trinh, Alessandro Torre, H. Rogier van Doorn, Behzad Nadjm and Heiman F.L. Wertheim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:493
  23. Whether viral coinfections cause more severe disease than Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) alone remains unclear. We compared clinical disease severity and sought clinical and demographic differences between i...

    Authors: A. Frassanito, R. Nenna, A. Nicolai, A. Pierangeli, A. E. Tozzi, P. Stefanelli, R. Carsetti, C. Concato, I. Schiavoni and F. Midulla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:492
  24. The ongoing epidemic of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Georgia highlights the need for more effective control strategies. A new regimen to treat MDR-TB that includes pyrazinamide (PZA) is current...

    Authors: Sarah Sengstake, Indra L Bergval, Anja R Schuitema, Jessica L de Beer, Jody Phelan, Rina de Zwaan, Taane G Clark, Dick van Soolingen and Richard M Anthony
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:491
  25. Infections with multi drug resistant (MDR) organisms are a major problem in intensive care units (ICUs). Proper infection control procedures are mandatory to combat the spread of resistant organisms within ICU...

    Authors: Kavinda Tissera, Veranja Liyanapathirana, Nilanthi Dissanayake, Vasanthi Pinto, Asela Ekanayake, Manjula Tennakoon, Dinuka Adasooriya and Dulmini Nanayakkara
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:490
  26. Observed adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the lipid profile could be of significance in pregnancy. This systematic review aims to summarize studies that investigated the association between H...

    Authors: Marissa J. Harmsen, Joyce L. Browne, Francois Venter, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Marcus J. Rijken
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:489
  27. Gene polymorphisms impact greatly on a person’s susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) and CD36 are two scavenger receptors (SRs) that can recogn...

    Authors: Wenting Lao, Hui Kang, Guojiang Jin, Li Chen, Yang Chu, Jiao Sun and Bingqi Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:488
  28. Schistosomiasis is a disease of public health importance with long term complications mostly common among children, rural dwellers, poor and migrant workers. Studies have not documented the burden among migran...

    Authors: Obioma Uchendu, Victoria Oladoyin, Michael Idowu, Oluwapelumi Adeyera, Oluwatosin Olabisi, Oluwafisayomi Oluwatosin and Gbemisola Leigh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:487
  29. Giardia is a leading but neglected cause of infectious gastroenteritis worldwide and is treatable. There is a substantial burden of undetected Giardia in the UK and for every one case ...

    Authors: Alison Waldram, Roberto Vivancos, Catherine Hartley and Kenneth Lamden
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:486
  30. Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by different Brucella species and human brucellosis is commonly prevalent in different states of India. Among various Brucella species, B. melitensis is most pa...

    Authors: Prachi Pathak, Ashu Kumar and Duraipandian Thavaselvam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:485
  31. The HIV surveillance system in Germany is based on mandatory, anonymous notification of newly diagnosed HIV cases by laboratories. Because the time between HIV infection and the diagnosis of HIV varies widely ...

    Authors: Alexandra Hofmann, Andrea Hauser, Ruth Zimmermann, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Stephan Wildner, Claudia Kücherer, Norbert Bannert, Osamah Hamouda, Viviane Bremer and Barbara Bartmeyer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:484
  32. Toxoplasmosis is one of the common worldwide parasitic zoonosis due to Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can result in fetal and neonatal death or various congenital defects. The aim o...

    Authors: Sanata Bamba, Mamoudou Cissé, Ibrahim Sangaré, Adama Zida, Souleymane Ouattara and Robert T. Guiguemdé
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:482
  33. Cost-effectiveness studies of echinocandins for the treatment of invasive candidiasis, including candidemia, are rare in Asia. No study has determined whether echinocandins are cost-effective for both Candida alb...

    Authors: Huang-Tz Ou, Tsung-Ying Lee, Yee-Chun Chen and Claudie Charbonneau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:481
  34. Dengue has been prevalent in Colombia with high risk of outbreaks in various locations. While the prediction of dengue epidemics will bring significant benefits to the society, accurate forecasts have been a c...

    Authors: Jung-Seok Lee, Mabel Carabali, Jacqueline K. Lim, Victor M. Herrera, Il-Yeon Park, Luis Villar and Andrew Farlow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:480
  35. The bla NDM-1 gene in Salmonella species is mostly reported in clinical cases, but is rarely isolated from red and white meat in China.

    Authors: Wei Wang, Zulqarnain Baloch, Zixin Peng, Yujie Hu, Jin Xu, Séamus Fanning and Fengqin Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:479
  36. Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans by sandflies. The diagnosis of leishmaniasis is often challenging as it mimics many other infectious or mali...

    Authors: Gilles Darcis, Gert Van der Auwera, Jean-Baptiste Giot, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Françoise Tassin, Jorge Arrese Estrada, Lieselotte Cnops, Michel Moutschen, Laurence de Leval and Philippe Leonard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:478
  37. Acinetobacter pittii is a nosocomial pathogen rarely involved in community-acquired infections. We report for the first time that A. pittii can be responsible for cavitary community-ac...

    Authors: Romaric Larcher, Alix Pantel, Erik Arnaud, Albert Sotto and Jean-Philippe Lavigne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:477
  38. Rilpivirine is safe and effective in HIV-naïve patients with low baseline HIV-RNA or in switch strategy. It offers the advantages of few drug-drug interactions and a favourable toxicity profile. We aimed to de...

    Authors: Delphine Sculier, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Manuel Battegay, Matthias Cavassini, Jan Fehr, Cedric Hirzel, Patrick Schmid, Enos Bernasconi and Alexandra Calmy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:476
  39. In 2014, there were 170,000 new HIV-infected children globally. The rate of HIV transmission from mother to child in Ethiopia was 18%. Though there are a number of HIV-related studies conducted in Ethiopia, th...

    Authors: Nurilign Abebe Moges, Getachew Mullu Kassa and Dube Jara Boneya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:475
  40. Treatment of community acquired skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) is a common indication for outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) in USA, UK and Australasia, however data from Asia are lacking...

    Authors: Monica Chan, Chee Kheong Ooi, Joshua Wong, Lihua Zhong and David Lye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:474
  41. Prompt and appropriate treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis decreases the risk of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Understanding public perceptions and behaviors related to sore throa...

    Authors: John Musuku, Joyce C. Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Catherine Jones, Laurence Colin, Sherri Schwaninger, Patrick Musonda, Brigitta Tadmor, Jonathan M. Spector, Mark E. Engel and Liesl J. Zühlke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:473
  42. Members of the genus Pseudonocardia have been widely reported and recovered from several ecosystems, such as soil samples and plant samples. Pseudonocardia bacteria colonize the microbial communities on the integ...

    Authors: Amalia Navarro-Martínez, Noelia Corominas, Caridad Sainz de Baranda, Ángel Escudero-Jiménez, Jorge Galán- Ros, Juan Antonio Sáez- Nieto and Javier Solera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:472
  43. Herpes simplex infections (HSV1/2) are characterized by recurrent symptoms, a risk of neonatal herpes, and the facilitation of HIV transmission. In Germany, HSV1/2 infections are not notifiable and data are sc...

    Authors: Gerit Korr, Michael Thamm, Irina Czogiel, Christina Poethko-Mueller, Viviane Bremer and Klaus Jansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:471
  44. Since first reported in 2002, the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among childhood community-associated (CA) S. aureus infection in Taiwan increased significantly up to 2005. There have ...

    Authors: Hong-Kai Wang, Chun-Yen Huang and Yhu-Chering Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:470
  45. In Brazil, due to the rapid increase in programmes for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), routine programme data are widely available. The objective of this study was to assess the utility...

    Authors: Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira, Meritxell Sabidó, Alessandro Caruso and Adele Schwartz Benzaken
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:469

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