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  1. One of the major challenges in treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is predicting the severity of disease. We aimed to develop a new score for predicting progression from mild/moderate to...

    Authors: Ming Wang, Dongbo Wu, Chang-Hai Liu, Yan Li, Jianghong Hu, Wei Wang, Wei Jiang, Qifan Zhang, Zhixin Huang, Lang Bai and Hong Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:498
  2. COVID-19 poses a severe threat to global human health, especially the USA, Brazil, and India cases continue to increase dynamically, which has a far-reaching impact on people's health, social activities, and t...

    Authors: Yanding Wang, Zehui Yan, Ding Wang, Meitao Yang, Zhiqiang Li, Xinran Gong, Di Wu, Lingling Zhai, Wenyi Zhang and Yong Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:495
  3. HIV self-testing (HIVST) has the potential to increase coverage of HIV testing, but concerns exist about intended users’ ability to correctly perform and interpret tests, especially in poor communities with lo...

    Authors: Melissa Neuman, Alwyn Mwinga, Kezia Kapaku, Lucheka Sigande, Caroline Gotsche, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Russell Dacombe, Kwitaka Maluzi, Barry Kosloff, Cheryl Johnson, Karin Hatzold, Elizabeth L. Corbett and Helen Ayles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22(Suppl 1):494

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  4. Understanding the characteristics and natural history of novel pathogens is crucial to inform successful control measures. Japan was one of the first affected countries in the COVID-19 pandemic reporting their...

    Authors: Natsuko Imai, Katy A. M. Gaythorpe, Sangeeta Bhatia, Tara D. Mangal, Gina Cuomo-Dannenburg, H. Juliette T. Unwin, Elita Jauneikaite and Neil M. Ferguson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:493
  5. Increased and inappropriate antimicrobial use are the key drivers of the emergence of antimicrobial resistance, and there have been widespread concerns around potential antimicrobial misuse, overuse and their ...

    Authors: Aya Olivia Nakitanda, Pär Karlsson, Lukas Löfling, Carolyn E. Cesta and Ingvild Odsbu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:492
  6. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) and carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) are a growing threat. The objective of this study was to describe CRAB and CRPA epidemiology and identify...

    Authors: Amanda Vivo, Margaret A. Fitzpatrick, Katie J. Suda, Makoto M. Jones, Eli N. Perencevich, Michael A. Rubin, Swetha Ramanathan, Geneva M. Wilson, Martin E. Evans and Charlesnika T. Evans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:491
  7. Tuberculosis (TB) is the respiratory infectious disease with the highest incidence in China. We aim to design a series of forecasting models and find the factors that affect the incidence of TB, thereby improv...

    Authors: Enbin Yang, Hao Zhang, Xinsheng Guo, Zinan Zang, Zhen Liu and Yuanning Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:490
  8. Alveolar echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease that mostly affects the liver, with vascular invasion and a protean clinical symptom. However, no reports of sympathetic nerve infiltration in hepatic alveolar ech...

    Authors: Zongding Wang, Tiemin Jiang, Tuerganaili Aji and Hao Wen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:489
  9. Tuberculosis (TB) has a serious impact on people’s health. China is one of 30 countries that has a high TB burden. As the currently decreasing speed of the incidence of TB, the WHO’s goal of “End TB Strategy” ...

    Authors: Zexuan Wen, Tao Li, Wenlong Zhu, Wei Chen, Hui Zhang and Weibing Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:488
  10. Future prevalence of colonization with extended-spectrum betalactamase (ESBL-) producing K. pneumoniae in humans and the potential of public health interventions against the spread of these resistant bacteria rem...

    Authors: Luisa Salazar-Vizcaya, Andrew Atkinson, Andreas Kronenberg, Catherine Plüss-Suard, Roger D. Kouyos, Viacheslav Kachalov, Nicolas Troillet, Jonas Marschall and Rami Sommerstein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:487
  11. Point-of-care (POC) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests have the ability to improve testing efficiency in the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. However, real-world data on POC tests is scarce.

    Authors: Lukas Andreas Heger, Nils Elsen, Marina Rieder, Nadine Gauchel, Urte Sommerwerck, Christoph Bode, Daniel Duerschmied, Mark Oette and Ingo Ahrens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:486
  12. There is a limited understanding of how diarrhoeal cases across other household members influence the likelihood of diarrhoea in young children (aged 1–4 years).

    Authors: Farina L. Shaaban, Narcis B. Kabatereine and Goylette F. Chami
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:484
  13. Contact patterns play a key role in the spread of respiratory infectious diseases in human populations. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the regular contact patterns of the population have been disrupted due to s...

    Authors: Yining Zhao, Samantha O’Dell, Xiaohan Yang, Jingyi Liao, Kexin Yang, Laura Fumanelli, Tao Zhou, Jiancheng Lv, Marco Ajelli and Quan-Hui Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:483
  14. The population-based serosurveys are essential for estimating Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) burden and monitoring the progression of this pandemic. We aimed to assess the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antib...

    Authors: Wajiha Javed, Syed Hussain Baqar Abidi and Jaffer Bin Baqar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:481
  15. Implementing effective and efficient case-finding strategies is crucial to increasing pediatric antiretroviral therapy coverage. In Ethiopia, universal HIV testing is conducted for children presenting at high-...

    Authors: Wondimu Teferi, Steve Gutreuter, Alemayehu Bekele, Jelaludin Ahmed, Jemal Ayalew, Jessica Gross, Hanna Kumsa, Tenagnework Antefe, Semegnew Mengistu, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric J. Dziuban, Christine Ross, Zena Belay, Tsegaye Tilahun, Desta Kassa and Susan Hrapcak
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:480
  16. HIV testing is a primary prevention strategy against the HIV epidemic and an entry point for HIV/AIDS-related care, prevention and treatment. This study aimed to estimate the uptake of HIV testing among Sino-V...

    Authors: Bingyu Liang, Qianni Huang, Yanyun Ou, Fei Zhang, Peidong Zhang, Aidan Nong, Shide Mo, Zhenxian Wu, Hai Xie, Huayue Liang, Jie Liu, Junjun Jiang, Hao Liang, Deping Liu and Li Ye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:479

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:551

  17. The role of oral beta-lactam antibiotics in treating febrile urinary tract infections (UTI) is not yet definite. Today, fluoroquinolones together with trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole (TMP–MTX) are considered sta...

    Authors: Bjørn Åsheim Hansen, Nils Grude, Morten Lindbæk and Tore Stenstad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:478
  18. Efforts to protect residents in nursing homes involve non-pharmaceutical interventions, testing, and vaccine. We sought to quantify the effect of testing and vaccine strategies on the attack rate, length of th...

    Authors: José P. Gómez Vázquez, Yury E. García, Alec J. Schmidt, Beatriz Martínez-López and Miriam Nuño
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:477
  19. Vaccination is a key intervention to prevent COVID-19. Many vaccines are administered globally, yet there is not much evidence regarding their safety and adverse effects. Iran also faces this challenge, especi...

    Authors: Ebrahim Babaee, Ali Amirkafi, Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi, Neda SoleimanvandiAzar, Babak Eshrati, Zahra Rampisheh, Mehran Asadi-Aliabadi and Marzieh Nojomi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:476
  20. Global mortality from AIDS-related diseases has been declining since 2005, resulting primarily from the widespread use and early initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy. Despite the significant improv...

    Authors: Pedro H. A. C. Leite, Lara E. Coelho, Sandra W. Cardoso, Ronaldo I. Moreira, Valdilea G. Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn and Paula M. Luz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:475
  21. HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping is critical to the monitoring of antiretroviral treatment. Data on HIV-1 genotyping success rates of different laboratory specimen types from multiple sources is still scarce.

    Authors: Jonah Omooja, Nicholas Bbosa, Dan Bugembe Lule, Maria Nannyonjo, Sandra Lunkuse, Faridah Nassolo, Stella Esther Nabirye, Hamidah Namagembe Suubi, Pontiano Kaleebu and Deogratius Ssemwanga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:474
  22. Following the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of infected Brazilian people has increased dramatically since February 2020, with Brazil being amongst the countries with the highest number of case...

    Authors: Rafael da Silveira Moreira, Emilly Guaris Costa, Lucas Fernando Rodrigues dos Santos, Luiz Henrique Lélis Miranda, Raiany Rodrigues de Oliveira, Ricardo Fusano Romão, Rodolfo Ferreira Cozer and Sarah Cavalcanti Guedes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:473
  23. Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at ...

    Authors: Su Yadana, Thaniwan Cheun-Arom, Hongying Li, Emily Hagan, Emma Mendelsohn, Alice Latinne, Stephanie Martinez, Opass Putcharoen, Janthira Homvijitkul, Onarnong Sathaporntheera, Nit Rattanapreeda, Pongtorn Chartpituck, Supalak Yamsakul, Krairoek Sutham, Supharoek Komolsiri, Sonjai Pornphatthananikhom…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:472
  24. Vaccination has been proven to be an effective approach against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This study aimed to determine the acceptance rate and factors influencing acceptance of COVID-1...

    Authors: Jinming Su, Zhenwei Jia, Xinwei Wang, Fengxiang Qin, Rongfeng Chen, Yuting Wu, Beibei Lu, Chunlin Lan, Tongxue Qin, Yinlu Liao, Minjuan Shi, Yanyan Liao, Peijiang Pan, Li Ye, Junjun Jiang and Hao Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:471
  25. The present study aimed to identify the clinical significance of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP)-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) titer, in addition to a diagnosis of MP infection, in children with MP pneumonia.

    Authors: Soojeong Choo, Seo-Hee Kim and Eun Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:470
  26. Symptoms of depression are prevalent in people living with human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (PLWHA), and worsened by lack of physical activity/exercises, leading to restriction...

    Authors: Sam Chidi Ibeneme, Victor Chukwuebuka Uwakwe, Hellen Myezwa, Franklin Onyedinma Irem, Fortune Elochukwu Ezenwankwo, Tunde Adedayo Ajidahun, Amarachi Destiny Ezuma, Uchenna Prosper Okonkwo and Gerhard Fortwengel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:469
  27. Talaromyces marneffei is an opportunistic pathogen that infects immunodeficient and immunocompromised patients. We presented a pediatric patient with a diagnosis of T. marneffei infection who was followed up in t...

    Authors: Lin Lin, Huifeng Fan, Dongwei Zhang and Gen Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:468
  28. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) account for a disproportionate number of new HIV infections worldwide. HIV prevalence among young sex workers in Uganda is 22.5%. Although pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP...

    Authors: Jane Frances Lunkuse, Onesmus Kamacooko, Vincent Muturi-Kioi, Kundai Chinyenze, Monica O. Kuteesa, Matt A. Price and Yunia Mayanja
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:467
  29. It is not known whether post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) increases HIV-risk behaviours among young people in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed associations of PTSD symptoms with sexual behaviour, HIV risk p...

    Authors: Emily L. Webb, Janan J. Dietrich, Andrew S. Ssemata, Teacler G. Nematadzira, Stefanie Hornschuh, Ayoub Kakande, Gugulethu Tshabalala, Richard Muhumuza, Gertrude Mutonyi, Millicent Atujuna, Tarisai Bere, Linda-Gail Bekker, Melanie A. Abas, Helen A. Weiss, Janet Seeley, Lynda Stranix-Chibanda…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:466
  30. There is no consensus on the optimal secondary antifungal prophylaxis (SAP) regimen in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The purpose of this study was to evalua...

    Authors: Peipei Ye, Renzhi Pei, Youqian Hu, Dong Chen, Shuangyue Li, Junjie Cao, Fenglin Li, Mengjie Wu, Ying Fang and Ying Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:465
  31. Since the beginning of the pandemic, hospitals have been constantly overcrowded, with several observed waves of infected cases and hospitalisations. To avoid as much as possible this situation, efficient tools...

    Authors: Nadia Dardenne, Médéa Locquet, Anh Nguyet Diep, Allison Gilbert, Sophie Delrez, Charlotte Beaudart, Christian Brabant, Alexandre Ghuysen, Anne-Françoise Donneau and Olivier Bruyère
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:464
  32. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) and severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) are public health burdens globally. The percentage of non-SARS CoV-2 respiratory viruses among patients having ARI and SARI who v...

    Authors: Nagarajan Muruganandam, Avijit Roy, Nimisha Sivanandan, Alwin Vins, Nisha Beniwal, Harpreet Kaur, Varsha Potdar and Rehnuma Parvez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:463
  33. Patients with COVID-19 infection are commonly reported to have an increased risk of venous thrombosis. The choice of anti-thrombotic agents and doses are currently being studied in randomized controlled trials...

    Authors: Yi Lee, Qasim Jehangir, Pin Li, Deepthi Gudimella, Pooja Mahale, Chun-Hui Lin, Dinesh R. Apala, Geetha Krishnamoorthy, Abdul R. Halabi, Kiritkumar Patel, Laila Poisson, Venugopal Balijepally, Anupam A. Sule and Girish B. Nair
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:462
  34. Weather fluctuation affects the incidence of malaria through a network of causuative pathays. Globally, human activities have ultered weather conditions over time, and consequently the number of malaria cases....

    Authors: Raymond Babila Nyasa, Fuanyi Awatboh, Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Vincent P. K. Titanji and Ndip Lucy M. Ayamba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:461
  35. With the decline in local malaria transmission in Vietnam as a result of the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) elimination activities, a greater focus on the importation and potential reintroduction of t...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Edgel, Sara Canavati, Hoi Thi Le, Tho Huy Tran, Kinh Van Nguyen, Trung Vu Nguyen, Nga Thi Nguyen, Hoa Mai Tran, Thang Duc Ngo, Duong Thanh Tran, Binh Thi Huong Nguyen, Long Khanh Tran, Thu Minh Nguyen, Rosalie J. Whedbee, Ekaterina I. Milgotina and Nicholas J. Martin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:460
  36. Most non-clinic based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programs require fingersticks to self-collect blood specimens for laboratory monitoring, a technique that often results in inadequate blood volume for ...

    Authors: Chase A. Cannon, Meena S. Ramchandani and Matthew R. Golden
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:459
  37. Prospective observational data show that infected persons with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remain polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for a prolonged duration, and tha...

    Authors: Monia Makhoul, Farah Abou-Hijleh, Shaheen Seedat, Ghina R. Mumtaz, Hiam Chemaitelly, Houssein Ayoub and Laith J. Abu-Raddad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:458
  38. Studies which examine quality of life (QOL) provide important insights that are needed to understand the impacts of HIV/AIDS anti-retroviral treatment (ART), comorbid conditions and other factors on the daily ...

    Authors: Nomcebo Oratile Mokgethi, Nicola Christofides, Mercilene Machisa, Godspower Akpomiemie and Samantha Lalla-Edward
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:456
  39. COVID-19 continues to disrupt social lives and the economy of many countries and challenges their healthcare capacities. Looking back at the situation in Germany in 2020, the number of cases increased exponent...

    Authors: Moritz Schäfer, Karunia Putra Wijaya, Robert Rockenfeller and Thomas Götz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:455
  40. Since 2006, Nepal has experienced frequent Dengue fever (DF) outbreaks. Up to now, there have been no knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) studies carried out on DF in Nepal that have included qualitative in...

    Authors: Parbati Phuyal, Isabelle Marie Kramer, Ulrich Kuch, Axel Magdeburg, David A Groneberg, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Doreen Montag, Harapan Harapan, Edwin Wouters, Anjani Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:454
  41. Authors: Moira A. Mugglestone, Natasha V. Ratnaraja, Aggie Bak, Jasmin Islam, Jennie A. Wilson, Jennifer Bostock, Samuel E. Moses, James R. Price, Michael Weinbren, Heather P. Loveday, Lucy Rivett, Simon M. Stoneham and A. Peter R. Wilson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:453
  42. The geographic distribution of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the hepatitis D virus (HDV) genotypes is uneven. We reconstructed the temporal evolution of HBV and HDV in Yakutia, one of the regions of Russia m...

    Authors: Anastasia A. Karlsen, Karen K. Kyuregyan, Olga V. Isaeva, Vera S. Kichatova, Fedor A. Asadi Mobarkhan, Lyudmila V. Bezuglova, Irina G. Netesova, Victor A. Manuylov, Andrey A. Pochtovyi, Vladimir A. Gushchin, Snezhana S. Sleptsova, Margarita E. Ignateva and Mikhail I. Mikhailov
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:452
  43. Monocytes play an important role in inflammation, and monocytosis and monocyte activation are features of chronic inflammation. We aimed to investigate if HIV status was associated with monocyte count and mono...

    Authors: Andreas D. Knudsen, Randa Bouazzi, Shoaib Afzal, Marco Gelpi, Thomas Benfield, Julie Høgh, Magda Teresa Thomsen, Marius Trøseid, Børge G. Nordestgaard and Susanne D. Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:451
  44. Concerns that athletes may be at a higher risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission has led to reduced participation in sports during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to...

    Authors: Raymond J. Kreienkamp, Christopher J. Kreienkamp, Cindy Terrill, Mark E. Halstead and Jason G. Newland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:450
  45. In sub-Saharan Africa, data on virologic outcomes of young people living with HIV (YLWH) enrolled on antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains scarce. In this study, we describe the prevalence of HIV virological no...

    Authors: Moses K. Nyongesa, Mwaganyuma H. Mwatasa, Vincent A. Kagonya, Gabriel Mwambingu, Caroline Ngetsa, Charles R. J. C. Newton and Amina Abubakar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:449
  46. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a disease with increased systemic inflammation and a high fatality rate. Oxidative stress is crucial for inflammation in the pathogeneses of various diseases. We...

    Authors: Zhen Tian, Naijuan Yao, Yuchao Wu, Fei Wang and Yingren Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:446

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