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  1. Echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease, is a zoonotic parasitic disease prevalent in pastoral areas, mainly involving the liver and lungs, and less frequently the bones and surrounding soft tissues. Dia...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Jinyong Huang, Liping Su, Qian Ma, Chao Ma and Zengru Xie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:178
  2. The severity and distribution of dengue virus (DENV) infections have been attributed to a complex interaction among viral, host and environmental factors. Herein, we investigated the influence of chikungunya (...

    Authors: Pablo Cantalice Santos Farias, André Filipe Pastor, Juliana Prado Gonçales, Iasmyn Dayanne Santos do Nascimento, Ellida Suellen de Souza Ferraz, Thaísa Regina Rocha Lopes, Rodrigo Feliciano do Carmo, Maria Rosângela Cunha Duarte Côelho and José Valter Joaquim Silva Júnior
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:177
  3. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus. In pregnant women, CMV infection is usually mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic but can lead to fetal infection. Here we present a rare case of severe CMV pneumonitis an...

    Authors: Sotirios Kalogeropoulos, Evgenia Zarogianni, Georgios Adonakis and Apostolos Kaponis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:176
  4. This study aimed to evaluate the socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory risk factors in hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the first 6 months of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic.

    Authors: Atefeh Esfandiari, Jamileh Kiani, Batool Amiri, Marzieh Mahmoodi, Fatemeh Abbasi, Erfan Javanmardi, Ahmad Yazdanpanah, Allahkarm Akhlaghi and Hedayat Salari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:175
  5. Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection outbreak causes community-acquired pneumonia. Cellular immune dysfunction and hypercytokinemia play important roles in the pathogenesis of adenovirus respiratory infection. So...

    Authors: Junping Sun, Xidong Ma, Mingyue Zhang, Mei Xie, Xingang Zhang, Xinjie Han, Xinfu Li, Enlu Zhou, Junyu Wang and Jianxin Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:174
  6. In countries with mature generalized HIV epidemics such as Uganda, there are still groups of individuals that are disproportionately affected. Among the key populations in Uganda are fishing communities, which...

    Authors: Cécile Kremer, Anatoli Kamali, Monica Kuteesa, Janet Seeley, Niel Hens and Rebecca N Nsubuga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:173
  7. Anthracosis is a disease generally considered to be in the lungs resulting from exposure to industrial dust in the workplace. Esophageal anthracosis is a fairly rare phenomenon and shows a strong correlation w...

    Authors: Weixin Cheng, Xinxin Zhou, Miaomiao Lu, Xi Jin and Feng Ji
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:172
  8. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a threat to patients. Accurate surveillance is required to identify and prevent HAIs. To estimate the incidence rate, report the accuracy and identify the barriers o...

    Authors: Naser Nasiri, Ali Sharifi, Iman Ghasemzadeh, Malahat Khalili, Ali Karamoozian, Ali Khalooei, Amin Beigzadeh, AliAkbar Haghdoost and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:171
  9. Nasopharyngeal swabs are taken to determine the causative agent of community acquired pneumonia (CAP), while the reliability of upper respiratory tract sampling as a proxy for lower respiratory tract infection...

    Authors: Heping Wang, Xiaonan Li, Yuejie Zheng, Lilly M. Verhagen, Jiali Gu, Li Li, Zhi Xu, Wenjian Wang and Marien I. de Jonge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:170
  10. Several studies have shown different effects of telehealth interventions on adherence to Antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV. This study conducted a meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled...

    Authors: Elham Davtalab Esmaeili, Hosein Azizi, Saeed Dastgiri and Leila R. Kalankesh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:169
  11. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) usually demonstrates multi-organ injury with a high mortality rate. This study aimed to investigate associations of serum aspartate/alanine aminotransferase (...

    Authors: Li Wang, Youde Liu, Renliang Qu and Zhiqiang Zou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:168
  12. Brucellosis is highly contagious zoonotic bacterial disease caused by gram-negative genus. It has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and due to variety and nonspecificity of clinical signs the diagnost...

    Authors: Yulia Dinikina, Uliana Tsoy, Andrey Dyachkov, Roman Grozov, Aleksandr Mushkin, Vyacheslav Zorin, Irina Nikitina and Elena Grineva
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:166
  13. In yellow fever (YF) endemic areas, measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), and YF vaccines are often co-administered in childhood vaccination schedules. Because these are live vaccines, we assessed potential immun...

    Authors: Carla Vizzotti, Jennifer B. Harris, Analía Aquino, Carolina Rancaño, Cristian Biscayart, Romina Bonaventura, Andrea Pontoriero, Elsa Baumeister, Maria Cecilia Freire, Mirta Magariños, Blanca Duarte, Gavin Grant, Susan Reef, Janeen Laven, Kathleen A. Wannemuehler, Alba Maria Ropero Alvarez…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:165
  14. Ureaplasma urealyticum is the most prevalent genital mycoplasma isolated from the urogenital tract of females, but there is no unified treatment plan. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of azithromycin in...

    Authors: Weibin Fan, Qisheng Wang, Zuyu Liang, Jinyu Wang and Lin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:163
  15. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) are serious global public health problems. This study aimed to explore the differences in drug resistance between DR-TB patients with and without ...

    Authors: Yuanping Pan, Yingying Yu, Yaohui Yi, Xiaofeng Dou, Jiachen Lu and Ling Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:162
  16. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We qualitatively evaluated the implementation of an Evidence-Based Multiple Focus Integrated Intensified TB...

    Authors: Kahabi Isangula, Doreen Philbert, Florence Ngari, Tigest Ajeme, Godfather Kimaro, Getnet Yimer, Nicholaus P. Mnyambwa, Winters Muttamba, Irene Najjingo, Aman Wilfred, Johnson Mshiu, Bruce Kirenga, Steve Wandiga, Blandina Theophil Mmbaga, Francis Donard, Douglas Okelloh…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:161
  17. The HIV epidemic is still expanding among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, but HIV testing rates remain suboptimal. Network-based interventions, such as secondary distribution, have shown promise to e...

    Authors: Siyue Hu, Ying Lu, Xi He, Yi Zhou, Dan Wu, Joseph D. Tucker, Bin Yang and Weiming Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:160
  18. Some studies have reported the possible role of vitamin D3 in ameliorating disease outcomes in childhood infectious diarrhea. However, findings about its effectiveness and the association of serum vitamin D level...

    Authors: Samuel N Uwaezuoke, Chioma L Odimegwu, Ngozi R Mbanefo, Chizoma I Eneh, Ijeoma O Arodiwe, Uzoamaka V Muoneke, Francis N Ogbuka, Chibuzo O Ndiokwelu and Anthony T Akwue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:159
  19. Globally, it has been reported that different social determinants of health -structural, sociodemographic, economic, living conditions and cultural factors- may affect opportunities to adhere to prevention mea...

    Authors: Alexandra Obach, Báltica Cabieses, Francisca Vezzani, Consuelo Robledo, Alice Blukacz and Pablo Vial
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:158
  20. The life-threatening pathogen Leptospira interrogans is the most common agent of leptospirosis, an emerging zoonotic disease. However, little is known about the strains that are currently circulating worldwide du...

    Authors: Linda Grillova, Thomas Cokelaer, Jean-François Mariet, Juliana Pipoli da Fonseca and Mathieu Picardeau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:157
  21. In preparation of future pandemics, it is important to recognise population-level determinants associated with development of severe illness before efficient vaccines and evidence-based therapeutic measures ar...

    Authors: Dennis Nordvall, Dan Drobin, Toomas Timpka and Robert G. Hahn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:156
  22. People experiencing homelessness (PEH) have been identified as being increasingly susceptible to Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), with policies enacted to test, isolate, increase hygiene practices and prioritis...

    Authors: Tharanika Ahillan, Matthew Emmerson, Bethan Swift, Hadiya Golamgouse, Kaiyang Song, Angela Roxas, Sakina Bano Mendha, Elena Avramović, Jatin Rastogi and Binta Sultan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:155
  23. Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotyping has been crucial to determining the distribution and impact of different families on disease clinical presentation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the associations amon...

    Authors: Anabel Ordaz-Vázquez, Pedro Torres-González, Leticia Ferreyra-Reyes, Sergio Canizales-Quintero, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, Lourdes García-García, Alfredo Ponce-De-León, José Sifuentes-Osornio and Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:154
  24. Pulmonary cryptococcosis (PC) is a fungal infection that can have a variable prognosis depending on several factors. The objective of this study was to analyse the characteristics of pulmonary lesions and iden...

    Authors: Yu Yan, Yuxiao Wu, Qin Wang, Xiaodan Zhu, Huayin Li and Hongni Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:153
  25. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) may be involved in the natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In our study, we aimed to investigate the association of TLR4 (rs10116253, rs1927911, rs10759931) and TLR...

    Authors: Chunlin Zhang, Zhiping Yang, Ping Luo, Ting Li, Sutong Wang, Fenglan Sun, Ping Gong and Bing Mei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:152
  26. Hepatitis B infection seriously threatens global public health, especially in developing nations. Despite several investigations on HBV incidence, the national pooled prevalence remains unknown, particularly i...

    Authors: Ahmed Azzam, Heba Khaled, Ola A. Elbohy, Shueb Abdirahman Mohamed, Sana Mostafa Hussein Mohamed, Ahmed H. Abdelkader, Ahmad Ashraf Ezzat, Amora Omar Ibrahim Elmowafy, Ola Ali El-Emam, Mona Awadalla, Neveen Refaey and Shimaa Mohamed Abdou Rizk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:151
  27. This study aimed to evaluate the reactogenicity effects of COVID-19 vaccines, used in Iran.

    Authors: Mostafa Enayatrad, Sepideh Mahdavi, Roqayeh Aliyari, Sajad Sahab-Negah, Sairan Nili, Mohammad Fereidouni, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Abtin Heidarzadeh, Fariba Shahraki-Sanavi, Mansooreh Fateh, Hamidreza Khajeha, Zahra Emamian, Elahe Behmanesh, Hossein Sheibani, Maryam Abbaszadeh…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:150
  28. Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment involves toxic drugs that cause adverse events (AEs), which are life-threatening and may lead to death if not well managed. In Uganda, the prevalence of MDR...

    Authors: Paul Mukama Ategyeka, Michael Muhoozi, Racheal Naturinda, Peter Kageni, Carol Namugenyi, Amos Kasolo, Stevens Kisaka and Noah Kiwanuka
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:149
  29. Diagnostics for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are usually inaccurate, expensive, or complicated. The breathomics-based method may be an attractive option for fast and noninvasive PTB detection.

    Authors: Liang Fu, Lei Wang, Haibo Wang, Min Yang, Qianting Yang, Yi Lin, Shanyi Guan, Yongcong Deng, Lei Liu, Qingyun Li, Mengqi He, Peize Zhang, Haibin Chen and Guofang Deng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:148
  30. Pregnancy increases a woman’s risk of severe dengue. To the best of our knowledge, the moderation effect of the dengue serotype among pregnant women has not been studied in Mexico. This study explores how preg...

    Authors: Esther Annan, Uyen-Sa D. T. Nguyen, Jesús Treviño, Wan Fairos Wan Yaacob, Sherry Mangla, Ashok Kumar Pathak, Rajesh Nandy and Ubydul Haque
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:147
  31. Our study survey assessed HIV risk profile and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among HIV-negative individuals seeking mpox vaccination, elucidating HIV prevention gaps and opportunities.

    Authors: Onyema Ogbuagu, Manas Sharma, Grace Igiraneza, Laurie Andrews, Jessica Tuan and Lydia A. Barakat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:146

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:224

  32. Typical Lemierre’s syndrome is usually secondary to an oropharyngeal infection. Recently, several cases following a primary infection site other than the oropharynx have been reported as atypical Lemierre’s sy...

    Authors: Koji Mishima, Kazunobu Aoki, Yusuke Shirai, Hiroshi Aritomo, Maiko Iwasaka, Masakazu Katsura, Tomofumi Tatsutani, Hiroko Ikeuchi, Kensuke Oryoji and Shinichi Mizuki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:145
  33. To understand the factors influencing clinical outcomes of severe hand, foot, and mouth diseases (HFMD), and to provide scientific evidence for reducing the mortality risk of severe HFMD.

    Authors: Yuanjun Peng, Weitao He, Zhigang Zheng, Peijiang Pan, Yu Ju, Zhenwei Lu, Yanyan Liao, Hailong Wang, Chao Zhang, Jing Wang, Lina Jiang, Hao Liang, Minmei Chen and Li Ye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:144
  34. Several prolonged typhoid fever epidemics have been reported since 2010 throughout eastern and southern Africa, including Malawi, caused by multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhi. The World Health Organization reco...

    Authors: Maile T. Phillips, Marina Antillon, Joke Bilcke, Naor Bar-Zeev, Fumbani Limani, Frédéric Debellut, Clint Pecenka, Kathleen M. Neuzil, Melita A. Gordon, Deus Thindwa, A. David Paltiel, Reza Yaesoubi and Virginia E. Pitzer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:143
  35. Bartonella quintana is an important cause of culture-negative endocarditis. Although humans have been considered as its only reservoir, recent studies showed that macaque species are also reservoirs of B. quintan...

    Authors: Shingo Sato, Lev Shapira, Diana Tasher, Soichi Maruyama and Michael Giladi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:142
  36. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an endemic parasitic disease in Latin America, and its clinical picture is aggravated in coinfections with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Larissa D. L. N. Costa, Uiara S. Lima, Vandilson Rodrigues, Mayara I. S. Lima, Lucilene A. Silva, Jorim Ithamar and Conceição M. P. S. Azevedo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:141
  37. Mycobacterium haemophilum is a slow-growing non-chromogenic nontuberculous Mycobacterium species that can cause skin infection or arthritis in an immunocompromised population or in children. Primary infection of...

    Authors: Yu-Qiang Zhang, Ting-Ting Xu, Fu-Yan Wang, Shuang Wang and Jun Cheng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:140
  38. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), a viral infectious disease affecting the central nervous system, potentially resulting in prolonged neurological symptoms and other long-term sequelae. Case identification can be...

    Authors: Katharina Schley, Josephine Friedrich, Andreas Pilz, Liping Huang, Bridget L. Balkaran, Martine C. Maculaitis and Claudius Malerczyk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:139
  39. The commitment of multidisciplinary teams in antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) is often inadequately considered, especially in surgical wards. We wanted to evaluate clinical, microbiological, and pharm...

    Authors: Marco Vecchia, Marta Colaneri, Paolo Sacchi, Lea Nadia Marvulli, Andrea Salvaderi, Jessica Lanza, Stefano Boschini, Franco Ragni, Piero Marone, Sara Cutti, Alba Muzzi, Carlo Marena, Monica Calvi, Luigia Scudeller, Enrico Maria Marone and Raffaele Bruno
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:138
  40. During the novel coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic, a considerable number of pneumothorax (PNX)/pneumomediastinum (PNM) associated with COVID-19 have been reported, and the incidence is higher in critically il...

    Authors: Se Ju Lee, Jinnam Kim, Ki Hyun Lee, Jung Ah Lee, Chang Hyup Kim, Su Hwan Lee, Byung Jo Park, Jung Ho Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Joon-Sup Yeom and Jun Yong Choi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:137
  41. Rhinovirus (RV) is one of the most common etiologic agents of acute respiratory infection (ARI), which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in young children. The clinical significance of RV co-detect...

    Authors: Justin Z. Amarin, Molly Potter, Jyotsna Thota, Danielle A. Rankin, Varvara Probst, Zaid Haddadin, Laura S. Stewart, Ahmad Yanis, Rana Talj, Herdi Rahman, Tiffanie M. Markus, James Chappell, Mary Lou Lindegren, William Schaffner, Andrew J. Spieker and Natasha B. Halasa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:136
  42. Fluoroquinolones have been, and continue to be, routinely used for treatment of many bacterial infections. In recent years, most parts of the world have reported an increasing trend of fluoroquinolone resistan...

    Authors: Upendo O. Kibwana, Joel Manyahi, Helene Heitmann Sandnes, Bjørn Blomberg, Stephen E. Mshana, Nina Langeland, Adam P. Roberts and Sabrina J. Moyo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:135
  43. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute respiratory infections worldwide. While historically RSV research has been focused on children, data on RSV infection in adults are limited. The go...

    Authors: Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Piero Luigi Lai, Matilde Ogliastro, Bianca Bruzzone, Cristina Galli, Federica Stefanelli, Elena Pariani, Andrea Orsi and Giancarlo Icardi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:134
  44. Since its emergence in November 2021, SARS-CoV-2 Omicron clade has quickly become dominant, due to its increased transmissibility and immune evasion. Different sublineages are currently circulating, which diff...

    Authors: Rossana Scutari, Valeria Fox, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Vanessa Fini, Annarita Granaglia, Valentino Costabile, Luna Colagrossi, Cristina Russo, Angela Mastronuzzi, Franco Locatelli, Carlo Federico Perno and Claudia Alteri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:133
  45. Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) affects approximately 500,000 patients annually in the United States, of these around 30,000 will die. CDI carries significant burdens including clinical, social and econ...

    Authors: Paul Feuerstadt, Nicolette Theriault and Glenn Tillotson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:132
  46. Time to diagnosis and treatment is a major factor in determining the likelihood of tuberculosis (TB) transmission and is an important area of intervention to reduce the reservoir of TB infection and prevent di...

    Authors: Marie Varughese, Courtney Heffernan, Michael Y. Li and Richard Long
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:131
  47. COVID-19 vaccines are effective against infections and outcomes; however, breakthrough infections (VBT) are increasingly reported, possibly due to waning of vaccine-induced immunity or emerging variants. Most ...

    Authors: Amr Kandeel, Manal Fahim, Ola Deghedy, Walaa Alim, Mohammad Abdel Fattah, Salma Afifi, Amira Mohsen and Khaled Abdelghaffar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:130
  48. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae related urinary tract infections (UTI) in adult cancer patients.

    Authors: Guojing Wang, Yu Zhu, Shana Feng, Baojun Wei, Yujuan Zhang, Jingzhi Wang, Shengkai Huang, Shengling Qin, Xuan Liu, Bing Chen and Wei Cui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:129

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