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  1. There is controversy concerning the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and osteoporosis. This study is to examine the causal relationship between H. pylori infection and osteoporosis a...

    Authors: Ling Zhang, Daya Zhang, Ling Wei, Yan Zhou, Ximei Li, Runxiang Chen, Xiaodong Zhang, Shiju Chen and Feihu Bai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:305
  2. To effectively promote vaccine uptake, it is important to understand which people are most and least inclined to be vaccinated and why. In this study, we examined predictors of COVID-19 vaccine uptake and reas...

    Authors: Alistair Thorpe, Angela Fagerlin, Frank A. Drews, Holly Shoemaker, Federica S. Brecha and Laura D. Scherer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:304
  3. Influenza viruses cause pneumonia in approximately one-third of cases, and pneumonia is an important cause of death. The aim was to identify risk factors associated with severity and those that could predict t...

    Authors: M. I. Fullana Barceló, F. Artigues Serra, A. R. Millan Pons, J. Asensio Rodriguez, A. Ferre Beltran, M. del Carmen Lopez Bilbao, J. Reina Prieto and M. Riera Jaume
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:302
  4. In Malawi, female sex workers (FSW) have high HIV incidence and regular testing is suggested. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a safe and acceptable alternative to standard testing services. This study assessed; wh...

    Authors: Paul Mee, Melissa Neuman, Moses Kumwenda, Wezzie S. Lora, Simon Sikwese, Mwiza Sambo, Katherine Fielding, Pitchaya P. Indravudh, Karin Hatzold, Cheryl Johnson, Elizabeth. L. Corbett and Nicola Desmond
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):978

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  5. Globally, 80 million people are suffering from chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Sofosbuvir ribavirin-based anti-HCV therapy is associated with anemia and other adverse effects. Polymorphisms of Inosi...

    Authors: Sameen Amjed, Hafiz Ghulam Murtaza Saleem, Sajjad Ullah, Shahzad Latif, Shabana, Junaid Jafar and Ahmad Bilal Waqar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:301
  6. Symptoms of COVID-19 including fatigue and dyspnea, may persist for weeks to months after SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study compared self-reported disability among SARS-CoV-2-positive and negative persons with ...

    Authors: Jennifer P. King, Jessie R. Chung, James G. Donahue, Emily T. Martin, Aleda M. Leis, Arnold S. Monto, Manjusha Gaglani, Kayan Dunnigan, Chandni Raiyani, Sharon Saydah, Brendan Flannery and Edward A. Belongia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:300
  7. There are currently limited data regarding the clinical and economic significance of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and bone and joint infections in Australian people who inject drugs (PWID).

    Authors: B. Morgan, R. Lancaster, B. Boyagoda, R. Ananda, LO Attwood, D. Jacka and I. Woolley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:299
  8. The significant proportion of asymptomatic patients and the scarcity of genotypic analysis of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), mainly among men who have sex with men (MSM), triggers a high incidence of underdia...

    Authors: David Sánchez, Josep Ferrer, Estela Giménez, Ignacio Torres, Diego Carretero, María Jesús Alcaraz, María Jesús Castaño, David Navarro and Eliseo Albert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:298
  9. Although Zambia has integrated HIV-self-testing (HIVST) into its Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) regulatory frameworks, few best practices to optimize the use of HIV self-testing to increase testing coverag...

    Authors: Musonda Simwinga, Lwiindi Gwanu, Bernadette Hensen, Lucheka Sigande, Mwami Mainga, Thokozile Phiri, Eliphas Mwanza, Mutale Kabumbu, Chama Mulubwa, Lawrence Mwenge, Chiti Bwalya, Moses Kumwenda, Ellen Mubanga, Paul Mee, Cheryl C. Johnson, Elizabeth L. Corbett…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):977

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  10. Dengue is caused by a positive-stranded RNA virus called dengue virus, which is spread by Aedes mosquito species. It is a fast-growing acute febrile disease with potentially lethal consequences that is a globa...

    Authors: Eshetu Nigussie, Daniel Atlaw, Getahun Negash, Habtamu Gezahegn, Girma Baressa, Alelign Tasew and Demisu Zembaba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:297
  11. Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is a severe but rarely seen fungal infection presenting in patients with hematologic malignancies after a prolonged duration of neutropenia. A high index of suspicion is ...

    Authors: Allison Graeter, Dasom Lee, Guy Handley, Aliyah Baluch and Olga Klinkova
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:296
  12. Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is the causative agent of monkeypox’s zoonotic infection and was declared a global emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO). Studies from different countries have shown insuffici...

    Authors: Santa Kumar Das, Abhinav Bhattarai, Kiran Paudel, Sandesh Bhusal, Sangam Shah, Sakchhyam Timsina, Aastha Subedi, Sandhya Niroula, Najim Z. Alshahrani, Sanjit Sah, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Joshuan J. Barboza, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Luis A. Salas-Matta, D. Katterine Bonilla-Aldana and Ranjit Sah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:295
  13. The latent and incubation periods characterize the transmission of infectious viruses and are the basis for the development of outbreak prevention and control strategies. However, systematic studies on the lat...

    Authors: Yu Li, Xinli Jiang, Yan Qiu, Feng Gao, Hualei Xin, Dan Li, Ying Qin and Zhongjie Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:294
  14. Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed forms of cancer, and it is associated with several common symptoms and signs such as rectal bleeding, altered bowel habits, abdominal pain, anemia, and...

    Authors: Kuan-Yu Lu, Wei-En Tung, Chang-Jung Chiang, Yueh-Ying Hsieh, Chia-Hsien Chen, Mei-Hui Lee, Min-Hsuan Yen, Po-Wen Lu and Lien-Chen Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:293
  15. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global health issue with various effects on the physical and mental state of the societies. The aim of this study was to identify the demographic characteristic...

    Authors: Elham Kalhori, Nahid Khodakarami, Mostafa Hamdieh, Roya Gholami and Sareh Dashti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:290
  16. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among hemodialysis (HD) patients as well as to ...

    Authors: Jehan Altinawe, Muhammad Eid Akkawi, Nihad Kharrat Helu, Qusai Hassan and Abdul-Hakim Nattouf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:289
  17. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental bacteria which may cause chronic lung disease. The prevalence of NTM pulmonary infection and disease has been increasing in the United States and globally. T...

    Authors: Julia E. Marshall, Rachel A. Mercaldo, Ettie M. Lipner and D. Rebecca Prevots
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:288

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:387

  18. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major global concern, with Indigenous Peoples bearing the highest burden. Previous studies exploring HCV prevalence within Indigenous populations have predominantly used ...

    Authors: Noel Tsui, Gabriel B. Tjong, Abigail J. Simms, Sarah A. Edwards and Shelley Cripps
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:287
  19. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), including sepsis and meningitis, can develop when Neisseria meningitidis bacteria breach the barrier and gain access to the circulation. While IMD is a rare outcome of bacter...

    Authors: Alexander Persson, Therese Koivula, Susanne Jacobsson and Bianca Stenmark
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:286
  20. There is limited information about the outcomes of polymicrobial bloodstream infections in patients with sepsis. We aimed to investigate outcomes of polymicrobial bloodstream infections compared to monomicrobi...

    Authors: Su Yeon Lee, Mi Hyeon Park, Dong Kyu Oh and Chae-Man Lim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:285
  21. Early diagnosis of muscular tuberculosis (TB) without coexistent active skeletal involvement is often challenging because the disease is very rare and its clinical manifestation is nonspecific and misleading. ...

    Authors: Liu Wentao, Xie Shuxia, Zhu Guoxing, Chen Qiaoping, Chen Peiran, Wu Angela, Li Meirong, Yin Songchao and Feng Peiying
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:284
  22. The performance of the sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores in predicting the prognoses of patients with sepsis has been validated. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Junyu Li, Huizhen Liu, Na Wang, Fengrong Wang, Na Shang, Shubin Guo and Guodong Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:282
  23. The evolution of SARS-CoV-2 has been observed from the very beginning of the fight against COVID-19, some mutations are indicators of potentially dangerous variants of the virus. However, there is no clear ass...

    Authors: Michał Majchrzak, Łukasz Madej, Małgorzata Łysek-Gładysińska, Dorota Zarębska-Michaluk, Katarzyna Zegadło, Anna Dziuba, Katarzyna Nogal-Nowak, Wioleta Kondziołka, Iwona Sufin, Mieczysława Myszona-Tarnowska, Mateusz Jaśkowski, Mateusz Kędzierski, Jadwiga Maciukajć, Jarosław Matykiewicz, Stanisław Głuszek and Wioletta Adamus-Białek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:281
  24. The causal association between gut microbiome and HIV infection remains to be elucidated. We conducted a two-sample mendelian randomization analysis to estimate the causality between gut microbiome and HIV inf...

    Authors: Kangjie Li, Cong Zhang, Jielian Deng, Haijiao Zeng, Yuan Zhang, Guichuan Lai, Xiaoni Zhong and Biao Xie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:280
  25. We investigated the value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in diagnosing infectious diseases in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).

    Authors: Hailong Yuan, Xiaolu Ma, Jianli Xu, Peng Han, Guanhua Rao, Gang Chen, Kaile Zhang, Ruixue Yang, Chuixia Han and Ming Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:279
  26. Procalcitonin (PCT) has garnered attention as a potential diagnostic biomarker for infection in cancer patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of procal...

    Authors: Yi-Chih Lee, Hsin-Tzu Yeh, Sz-Wei Lu, Yi-Chun Tsai, Yu-Chen Tsai and Chieh-Ching Yen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:278
  27. In 2018, the World Health Organization commenced a multi-country validation study of the Cepheid GeneXpert for a range of molecular-based point-of-care (POC) tests in primary care settings. One study arm focus...

    Authors: Mark Shephard, Susan Matthews, Ranmini Kularatne, Kelly Andrewartha, Karel Blondeel, Christian Alvarez, Elsy Camey, Amina Hançali, Etienne Müller, Aurelie Haw, Hicham Oumzil, Daniel Golparian, Dorian E Ramirez, James Kiarie, Firdavs Kurbonov, Massimo Mirandola…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):277

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  28. To compare the outcomes of big-bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (BB-DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in the management of medically unresponsive Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK).

    Authors: Xiaolin Qi, Huilin Mao, Jinhui Liu, Yanling Dong, Man Du, Ting Liu, Ting Zhang, Xiuhai Lu and Hua Gao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:276
  29. Malaria infection is a multifactorial disease partly modulated by host immuno-genetic factors. Recent evidence has demonstrated the importance of Interleukin-17 family proinflammatory cytokines and their genet...

    Authors: Fatou Thiam, Gora Diop, Cedric Coulonges, Celine Derbois, Alassane Thiam, Abou Abdallah Malick Diouara, Mame Ndew Mbaye, Mamadou Diop, Cheikh Momar Nguer, Yakhya Dieye, Babacar Mbengue, Jean-Francois Zagury, Jean-Francois Deleuze and Alioune Dieye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:275
  30. Currently, antibiotic-resistant strains of Enterococcus are considered to be one of the critical health challenges globally. This study aimed to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern, biofilm formatio...

    Authors: Maryam Ghazvinian, Saba Asgharzadeh Marghmalek, Mehrdad Gholami, Sanaz Amir Gholami, Elham Amiri and Hamid Reza Goli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:274
  31. Human herpesviruses are widespread among the human population. The infections often occur unnoticed, but severe disease as well as long-term sequelae are part of the symptom spectrum. The prevalence varies amo...

    Authors: Jan Olsson, Sema Nourmohammadi, Emma Honkala, Anders Johansson, Göran Hallmans, Bodil Weidung, Hugo Lövheim and Fredrik Elgh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:273
  32. To assess the efficacy of 0.23% povidone-iodine (PVP-I) nasal rinses and mouth washes on detectability of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus and cycle threshold (Ct) values in nasopharyngeal swabs.

    Authors: Saad Alsaleh, Ahmed Alhussien, Abduljabbar Alyamani, Fahad Alhussain, Ali Alhijji, Khalifa Binkhamis, Anas Khan, Amin Javer and Fatimah S. Alshahrani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:271
  33. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 range from asymptomatic, mild to moderate, severe, and critical disease. Host genetic variants were recognized to affect the disease severity. However, the genetic lands...

    Authors: Feng Zhang, Pingping Zhou, Liangliang Wang, Xinzhong Liao, Xuejie Liu, Changwen Ke, Simin Wen and Yuelong Shu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:270
  34. HIV-1 CRF65_cpx strain carries drug-resistant mutations, which raises concerns about its potential for causing virologic failure. The CRF65_cpx ranks as the fourth most prevalent on Hainan Island, China. Howev...

    Authors: Dee Yu, Kaokao Zhu, Mu Li, Fei Zhang, Yuan Yang, Chunyun Lu, Shanmei Zhong, Cai Qin, Yanan Lan, Jipeng Yu, Jindong Ding Petersen, Junjun Jiang, Hao Liang, Li Ye and Bingyu Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:269
  35. This study evaluates the implementation and running costs of an HIV self-testing (HIVST) distribution program in Eswatini. HIVST kits were delivered through community-based and workplace models using primary a...

    Authors: Kathleen McGee, Marc d’Elbée, Ralitza Dekova, Linda A. Sande, Lenhle Dube, Sanele Masuku, Makhosazana Dlamini, Collin Mangenah, Lawrence Mwenge, Cheryl Johnson, Karin Hatzold, Melissa Neuman, Gesine Meyer-Rath and Fern Terris-Prestholt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):976

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  36. Rickettsia spp. and Orientia spp. are the causes of neglected infections that can lead to severe febrile and systemic illnesses in humans. Implementing proper biosafety practices when handling these pathogens is ...

    Authors: Stuart D. Blacksell, Khanh Kim Le, Artharee Rungrojn, Jantana Wongsantichon, John Stenos, Stephen R. Graves and Nicholas P.J. Day
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:268
  37. Lophomonas blattarum is an emerging protozoan that mostly infects the lower respiratory tract and causes pulmonary lophomoniasis. Radiologic findings in patients with pulmonary lophomoniasis have yet to be studie...

    Authors: Amirmasoud Taheri, Mahdi Fakhar, Ali Sharifpour, Elhamsadat Banimostafavi, Sepideh SafaNavaei, Siavash Abedi, Hossein Mehravaran, Masoud Aliyali, Ahmad Shafahi and Asieh Delpzir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:267
  38. Dual point-of-care tests (POCTs) for the simultaneous detection of antibodies to HIV and syphilis have been developed. Since community-based organisations (CBO) are effective providers of HIV and syphilis test...

    Authors: Laura Fernàndez-López, Juliana Reyes-Urueña, Laia Egea, Andrii Chernyshev, Inga Upmace, Mitja Ćosić, William Mejías, Victoria González, Karel Blondeel, Soe Soe Thwin, Lorenzo Gios, Massimo Mirandola, Rosanna Peeling, James Kiarie, Jordi Casabona and Igor Toskin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):264

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  39. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections have increased globally. Asymptomatic infections represent a significant risk of long-term complications. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are d...

    Authors: Maddalena Cordioli, Lorenzo Gios, Anna Erbogasto, Massimo Mirandola, Angela Sandri, Valeska Padovese, Carlos Caceres, Silver Vargas, Karel Blondeel, Ronaldo Silva, James Kiarie, Firdavs Kurbonov, Rosanna W. Peeling, Soe Soe Thwin, Daniel Golparian, Magnus Unemo…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):224

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  40. Sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) remain significant global health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has r...

    Authors: Mark Shephard, Susan Matthews, Kelly Andrewartha, Wayne Dimech, Liza Cabuang, Christopher Barbara, Xiang-Sheng Chen, Maddalena Cordioli, Amina Hançali, Ting-Ting Jiang, Ranmini Kularatne, Stephanie Meli, Etienne Muller, Hicham Oumzil, Valeska Padovese, Angela Sandri…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):203

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  41. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as syphilis and HIV remain to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Dual rapid point-of-care tests (POCTs) have shown promise for detecting antibodies to H...

    Authors: Weiping Cao, Yetunde F. Fakile, Mayur R. Shukla, Kevin Pettus, Kathryn Lupoli, Jaeyoung Hong, Allan Pillay, Ranmini Kularatne, Hicham Oumzil, Valeska Padovese, Nigel Sherriff, Isaac SSewanyana, Silver K. Vargas, Antonella Zorzi, Karel Blondeel, Igor Toskin…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):194

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  42. Globally, the incidence of HIV and syphilis can be reduced by the use of validated point of care tests (POCTs). As part of the WHO PRoSPeRo Network, we aimed to evaluate the performance, acceptability, and ope...

    Authors: Nigel Sherriff, Massimo Mirandola, Ronaldo Silva, Maddalena Cordioli, Alexandra Sawyer, Lorenzo Gios, Antonella Zorzi, Jorg Huber, Jaime Vera, Daniel Richardson, Mohammed Hassan-Ibrahim, Dominika Wlazly, Valeska Padovese, Christopher Barbara, Anabel Darmanin, Aaron Schembri…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):192

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  43. Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative bacterium that is widespread in the environment. S. marcescens bacteremia can be fatal during pregnancy and cause persistent chorioamnionitis. This study reports an outbreak...

    Authors: Seulki Kim, Sunah Jung, Dong Hyung Lee, Chulhun L. Chang, Moonsuk Bae, A Reum Kim, Su Jin Lee and Seungjin Lim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:266
  44. Consultations for sexually transmitted infection (STI) provide an opportunity to offer HIV testing to both patients and their partners. This study describes the organisation of HIV self-testing (HIVST) distrib...

    Authors: Sokhna Boye, Alexis Kouadio, Amélé Florence Kouvahe, Anthony Vautier, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Nicolas Rouveau, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Romain Silhol, Arlette Simo Fotso, Joseph Larmarange and Dolorès Pourette
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):975

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  45. The presence of untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) significantly increases the chance of acquiring HIV. In Brazil, testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) among Pre-...

    Authors: Marcela Antonini, Mario Vianna Vettore, Anita Øgård-Repål, Daniel de Macêdo Rocha, Karyanna Alves de Alencar Rocha, Henrique Ciabotti Elias, Felipe Barufaldi, Rodrigo Carvalho Santana, Elucir Gir, Bruno Spire and Renata Karina Reis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:260

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