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  1. One of the main uses of seroprevalence studies it to evaluate vaccination programmes. In 1998, a programme of universal vaccination of preadolescents in schools with the hepatitis A vaccine was begun in Catalo...

    Authors: Àngela Domínguez, Miquel Bruguera, Pere Plans, Jordi Espuñes, Josep Costa, Antoni Plasencia and Lluis Salleras
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:73
  2. The diagnosis of an acute or convalescent West Nile (WN) virus infection can be confirmed by various serological assays such as enzyme immunoassay (EIA), immunofluorescence assay (IFA), or neutralisation test ...

    Authors: Matthias Niedrig, Oliver Donoso Mantke, Doris Altmann and Hervé Zeller
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:72
  3. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common opportunistic infection among HIV-infected individuals, a major source of serious complications among organ-transplant recipients, and a leading cause of hearing loss, vision ...

    Authors: Fernando AB Colugnati, Stephanie AS Staras, Sheila C Dollard and Michael J Cannon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:71
  4. In August 2002, the antifungal prophylaxis algorithm for neutropenic hematology/oncology (NHO) patients at the Medical Center was changed from conventional amphotericin (AMB) to an azole (AZ) based regimen (fl...

    Authors: Amy Riedel, Lan Choe, John Inciardi, Courtney Yuen, Thomas Martin and B Joseph Guglielmo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:70
  5. Commercial diagnostics are commonly used to identify gram-positive bacteria. Errors have been reported mostly at the species level. We have found certain phenotypic criteria used in API systems which significa...

    Authors: Wanla Kulwichit, Sumanee Nilgate, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Sunisa Krajiw, Chudaachhara Unhasuta and Anan Chongthaleong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:69
  6. Although melioidosis in endemic regions is usually caused by a diverse range of Burkholderia pseudomallei strains, clonal outbreaks from contaminated potable water have been described. Furthermore B. pseudomallei

    Authors: Bart J Currie, Daniel Gal, Mark Mayo, Linda Ward, Daniel Godoy, Brian G Spratt and John J LiPuma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:68
  7. Amongst school-aged children living in malaria endemic areas, chronic morbidity and exacerbation of morbidity associated with other infections are often not coincident with the presence or levels of Plasmodium pa...

    Authors: Shona Wilson, Mark Booth, Frances M Jones, Joseph K Mwatha, Gachuhi Kimani, H Curtis Kariuki, Birgitte J Vennervald, John H Ouma, Eric Muchiri and David W Dunne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:67
  8. The Andean valleys of Bolivia are the only reported location of sylvatic Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease in this country, and the high human prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in this...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Pizarro, David E Lucero and Lori Stevens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:66
  9. Salmonella meningitis is a rare and serious infection of the central nervous system following acute Salmonella enterica sepsis. For this pathogen, no appropriate model has been reported in which to examine infec...

    Authors: Mark E Wickham, Nat F Brown, John Provias, B Brett Finlay and Brian K Coombes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:65
  10. The infection rate of hepatitis B virus is continuously increasing in Pakistan. Therefore, a comprehensive study of epidemiological data is the need of time.

    Authors: Muhammad Masroor Alam, Soahil Zahoor Zaidi, Salman Akbar Malik, Asif Naeem, Shahzad Shaukat, Salmaan Sharif, Mehar Angez, Anis Khan and Javed Aslam Butt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:64
  11. Low vitamin E levels are often found in HIV-1 infection, and studies have suggested that higher levels may decrease the risk of disease progression. However, vitamin E supplementation has also been reported to...

    Authors: Susan M Graham, Jared M Baeten, Barbra A Richardson, Daniel D Bankson, Ludo Lavreys, Jeckoniah O Ndinya-Achola, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Julie Overbaugh and R Scott McClelland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:63
  12. Shigella spp. are major cause of diarrhoeal disease in both developing and developed countries. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shigella most frequently responsible for sporadic and epidemic enteritis in dev...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar, Aurora Aleo, Giovanni M Giammanco, Anna Maria Dionisi, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard and Caterina Mammina
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:62
  13. Contaminated environmental surfaces may play an important role in transmission of some healthcare-associated pathogens. In this study, we assessed the adequacy of cleaning practices in rooms of patients with Clos...

    Authors: Brittany C Eckstein, Daniel A Adams, Elizabeth C Eckstein, Agam Rao, Ajay K Sethi, Gopala K Yadavalli and Curtis J Donskey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:61
  14. Rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 (MTCT) have historically been lower in European than in American cohort studies, possibly due to differences in population characteristics. The Pediatric AIDS Cli...

    Authors: Marie-Louise Newell, Sharon Huang, Simona Fiore, Claire Thorne, Laurent Mandelbrot, John L Sullivan, Robert Maupin, Isaac Delke, D Heather Watts, Richard D Gelber and Coleen K Cunningham
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:60
  15. Varicella (chickenpox) is the primary disease caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is extremely contagious and is frequent in children. Indeed, in the absence of vaccination, a high proportion of the populatio...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, María Ordobás, Cristina García-Fernández, Luis García-Comas, Soledad Cañellas, Inmaculada Rodero, Ángeles Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Juan García-Gutiérrez and Rosa Ramírez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:59
  16. Primary renal aspergillosis is rare in diabetic patients. Diagnosis of localized primary renal Aspergillus infection in diabetic patients requires careful investigations due to its benign presentation and lack of...

    Authors: Jalaluddin A Haq, Mohammad AM Khan, Nazma Afroze and Tahniyah Haq
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:58
  17. Bacterial adhesion is an important determinant of colonization and infection, including dental caries. The salivary scavenger receptor cysteine-rich glycoprotein gp-340, which mediates adhesion of Streptococcus m...

    Authors: Anette Jonasson, Christer Eriksson, Howard F Jenkinson, Carina Källestål, Ingegerd Johansson and Nicklas Strömberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:57
  18. The impact of HIV drug resistance mutations in salvage therapy has been widely investigated in adults. By contrast, data available of predictive value of resistance mutations in pediatric population is scarce.

    Authors: Beatriz Larru, Carmen de Mendoza, José Ma Bellón, Ma Isabel de José, Ma José Mellado, Vincent Soriano, Ma Angeles Muñoz-Fernandez and José T Ramos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:55
  19. We described a series of imported cases of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Istanbul and investigated the genetic diversity of the virus. All the suspected cases of CCHF, who were applied to the healt...

    Authors: Kenan Midilli, Ayşen Gargılı, Onder Ergonul, Gönül Şengöz, Recep Ozturk, Mehmet Bakar and Frans Jongejan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:54
  20. An accurate, practical laboratory test is needed to confirm clinical diagnosis of pertussis in adults during the first 3 symptomatic weeks, when treatment is effective and transmission can be interrupted.

    Authors: Paul LJM Mertens, Frans S Stals, Ewout W Steyerberg and Jan H Richardus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:53
  21. Vancomycin-resistant entrococci (VRE) are increasing in prevalence at many institutions, and are often reported in dialysis patients. The aim of this cross-sectional prevalence study was to determine the preva...

    Authors: Ojan Assadian, Mehrdad Askarian, Maria Stadler and Soheila Shaghaghian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:52
  22. To evaluate the prevalence and microbiological characterization of community-acquired (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in a kindergarten.

    Authors: Wen-Tsung Lo, Wei-Jen Lin, Min-Hua Tseng, Jang-Jih Lu, Shih-Yi Lee, Mong-Ling Chu and Chih-Chien Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:51
  23. Chemokines play important roles in inflammation and antiviral action. We examined whether polymorphisms of RANTES, IP-10 and Mig affect the susceptibility to and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS...

    Authors: Man Wai Ng, Gangqiao Zhou, Wai Po Chong, Loretta Wing Yan Lee, Helen Ka Wai Law, Hongxing Zhang, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Susanna Fung Shan Fok, Yun Zhai, Raymond WH Yung, Eudora Y Chow, Ka Leung Au, Eric YT Chan, Wilina Lim, JS Malik Peiris, Fuchu He…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:50
  24. Based on results of earlier studies, brain, heart and kidney are most commonly used for West Nile virus (WNV) detection in avian species. Both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies have been used for the immuno...

    Authors: Rebecca C Smedley, Jon S Patterson, RoseAnn Miller, Jeffrey P Massey, Annabel G Wise, Roger K Maes, Ping Wu, John B Kaneene and Matti Kiupel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:49
  25. There is growing evidence that Chlamydia pneumoniae may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, as several studies have demonstrated the presence of the organism in atherosclerotic lesions. C. pneumon...

    Authors: Hem C Jha, Harsh Vardhan, Rishein Gupta, Rakesh Varma, Jagdish Prasad and Aruna Mittal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:48
  26. Inappropriate antibiotic use promotes resistance. Antibiotics are generally not indicated for upper respiratory infections (URIs). Our objectives were to describe patterns of URI treatment and to identify pati...

    Authors: Ilene H Zuckerman, Eli N Perencevich and Anthony D Harris
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:47
  27. We report a case of mucormycosis in a healthy 17-year-old accident victim with multiple abdominal injuries which was caused by infection with Absidia Corymbifera, a ubiquitous saphrophyte in the ground.

    Authors: Rita Belfiori, Adelmo Terenzi, Laura Marchesini and Antonella Repetto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:46
  28. Bloodstream infection is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and death in children. The impact of antimicrobial resistance and HIV infection on outcome is not firmly established.

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Karim P Manji, Willy K Urassa, Bushir S Tamim, Davis SM Mwakagile, Roland Jureen, Viola Msangi, Marit G Tellevik, Mona Holberg-Petersen, Stig Harthug, Samwel Y Maselle and Nina Langeland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:43
  29. Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is a serious nosocomial infection, however few studies have assessed CDAD outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the epidemiology, clinical course ...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Michael B Edmond, Richard P Wenzel and Gonzalo ML Bearman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:42
  30. Serum concentrations of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) have a strong independent association with HIV-1-related mortality. The practical utility of plasma suPAR in assessing shor...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Landon Myer, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Monica Vogt and Robin Wood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:41
  31. Fusarium spp. is being isolated with increasing frequency as a pathogen in oncohematologic patients. Caspofungin and amphotericin B have been reported to have synergistic activity against Fusarium spp.

    Authors: José-Manuel Vagace, Cesar Sanz-Rodriguez, Maria-Soledad Casado, Nieves Alonso, Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Francisco Garcia de la Llana, Luis Zarallo, Miguel Fajardo and Roberto Bajo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:40
  32. Largely due to the lack of diagnostic reagents, the prevalence and clinical presentation of cryptococcal meningitis in Tanzania is poorly understood. This in turn is limiting the impact of increased fluconazol...

    Authors: Peter R Kisenge, Alexander T Hawkins, Venance P Maro, John PD Mchele, Ndealilia S Swai, Andreas Mueller and Eric R Houpt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:39
  33. Shunt infection in hydrocephalus patients is a severe, even life-threatening complication. Antibiotic-impregnated shunts (AIS) have been developed in an attempt to reduce rate of shunt infection. The study was...

    Authors: Rainer Ritz, Florian Roser, Matthias Morgalla, Klaus Dietz, Marcos Tatagiba and Bernd E Will
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:38
  34. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis may be seen in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. This finding complicates interpretation of CSF abnormalities when such individuals are evaluated for other central ne...

    Authors: Christina M Marra, Clare L Maxwell, Ann C Collier, Kevin R Robertson and Allison Imrie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:37
  35. HIV-infected subjects have high incidence rates of Staphylococcus aureus infections, with both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. Possible explanations could include the high burden...

    Authors: Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Claudio Angeletti, Anna Festa and Nicola Petrosillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:36
  36. Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are an important public health problem. Improved identification of risk factors might enable targeted intervention. Therefore we carried out a case-control study with ...

    Authors: Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marie-Louise A Heijnen, Marcel F Peeters, Aad IM Bartelds and Berry Wilbrink
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:35
  37. This report discusses a case of unsuccessful treatment with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) in off-label use. The need for international guidelines concerning the off-label use of rFVIIa is outlined as well a...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Maja Weisser, Dimitrios A Tsakiris and Martin Siegemund
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:34
  38. Interferon-gamma is a key cytokine in the protective responses against intracellular pathogens. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the first intron of the human IFN-γ gene can putatively influen...

    Authors: Guilherme Inocêncio Matos, Claudia de J Fernandes Covas, Rita de Cássia Bittar, Adriano Gomes-Silva, Fabiana Marques, Viviane C Maniero, Valdir S Amato, Manoel P Oliveira-Neto, Marise da Silva Mattos, Claude Pirmez, Elizabeth P Sampaio, Milton O Moraes and Alda Maria Da-Cruz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:33
  39. Most research scientists working in the fields of molecular epidemiology, population and evolutionary genetics are confronted with the management of large volumes of data. Moreover, the data used in studies of...

    Authors: Alicia Amadoz and Fernando González-Candelas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:32
  40. In Canada, targeted vaccination of at risk groups for hepatitis A (HA) is done since the mid 1990s resulting in declining incidence. This study estimated the year and age specific hospitalization rates and dis...

    Authors: Magalie Canuel, Gaston De Serres, Bernard Duval, Rodica Gilca, Philippe De Wals and Vladimir Gilca
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:31
  41. Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typ...

    Authors: Frédérique Gouriet, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Frédéric Collart and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:30
  42. Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide with potent activity and broad spectrum against Gram-positive bacteria currently used for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections and bacteremia, incl...

    Authors: Helio S Sader, Amy A Watters, Thomas R Fritsche and Ronald N Jones
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:29
  43. Fungal infections are diagnosed increasingly often in patients affected by hematological diseases and their mortality has remained high. The recent development of new antifungal drugs gives the clinician the p...

    Authors: Simone Cesaro, Mareva Giacchino, Franco Locatelli, Monica Spiller, Barbara Buldini, Claudia Castellini, Desireè Caselli, Eugenia Giraldi, Fabio Tucci, Gloria Tridello, Mario Renato Rossi and Elio Castagnola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:28
  44. Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are major causes of morbidity among women in developing countries. Both infections have been associated with pregnancy-related complications, and case detection and treatment in pregna...

    Authors: Maria Romoren, Johanne Sundby, Manonmany Velauthapillai, Mafizur Rahman, Elise Klouman and Per Hjortdahl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:27
  45. Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae meningitis has a high lethality despite antibiotic treatment. Inflammation is a major pathogenetic factor, which is unresponsive to antibiotics. Therefore adjunctive therapies with ...

    Authors: Hakim Echchannaoui, Stephen L Leib, Ulf Neumann and Regine MA Landmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:25
  46. Vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE) is a major cause of nosocomial infections in the United States and may be associated with greater morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs than vancomycin-susceptible ...

    Authors: Monique A de Bruin and Lee W Riley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:24

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