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  1. Human hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are considered an emerging disease in industrialized countries. In the Netherlands, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections have been associated with travel to high-endemic ...

    Authors: Katrine Borgen, Tineke Herremans, Erwin Duizer, Harry Vennema, Saskia Rutjes, Arnold Bosman, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Marion Koopmans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:61
  2. Multi drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) remains a major threat to public health, reinforced by recent reports about the clinical course of patients infected with extensively drug res...

    Authors: Stefan H Blaas, Ralf Mütterlein, Johannes Weig, Albert Neher, Bernd Salzberger, Norbert Lehn and Ludmila Naumann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:60
  3. The advantage of treatment interruptions (TIs) in salvage therapy remains controversial. Regardless, characterizations of the correlates of CD4 count fall during TI are important to identify since patients wit...

    Authors: Kenneth H Huang, Mona R Loutfy, Christos M Tsoukas and Nicole F Bernard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:59
  4. Although the first clinical descriptions of Bartonella infection were associated with immunocompromised patient with bacillary angiomatosis, we currently know that this organism is directly involved in diseases a...

    Authors: Immaculada Pons, Isabel Sanfeliu, María Mercedes Nogueras, Montserrat Sala, Manuel Cervantes, M José Amengual and Ferran Segura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:58
  5. Genetic variations in MBL2 that reduce circulating levels and alter functional properties of the mannose binding lectin (MBL) have been associated with many autoimmune and infectious diseases. We examined whether...

    Authors: Elizabeth E Brown, Mingdong Zhang, Rebecca Zarin-Pass, Toralf Bernig, Fan-Chen Tseng, Nianqing Xiao, Meredith Yeager, Brian R Edlin, Stephen J Chanock and Thomas R O'Brien
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:57
  6. Infection due to Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease of global health significance, and especially the L-serovars causing lymphogranuloma venereum are increasingly bein...

    Authors: Anke Schaeffer and Birgit Henrich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:56
  7. In addition to their antimicrobial activity, antibiotics modulate cellular host defence. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is also a well known immunomodulator; however little is known about the in...

    Authors: Artur Bauhofer, Markus Huttel, Wilfried Lorenz, Daniel I Sessler and Alexander Torossian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:55
  8. A novel Ehrlichia, closely related to Ehrlichia ruminantium, was recently discovered from Panola Mountain State Park, GA, USA. We conducted a study to determine if this agent was recently introduced into the Unit...

    Authors: Amanda D Loftis, Tonya R Mixson, Ellen Y Stromdahl, Michael J Yabsley, Laurel E Garrison, Phillip C Williamson, Robert R Fitak, Paul A Fuerst, Daryl J Kelly and Keith W Blount
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:54
  9. For winter 2003/2004 in Scotland, it was recommended that all those aged 65 and over be eligible to receive 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (23vPPV), which has been shown to be effective in reduc...

    Authors: John D Mooney, Amanda Weir, Jim McMenamin, Lewis D Ritchie, Tatania V Macfarlane, Colin R Simpson, Syed Ahmed, Chris Robertson and Stuart C Clarke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:53
  10. Studies of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in Africa have shown high initial mortality. Factors contributing to this high mortality are poorly described. The aim of the present study was to assess mortal...

    Authors: Asgeir Johannessen, Ezra Naman, Bernard J Ngowi, Leiv Sandvik, Mecky I Matee, Henry E Aglen, Svein G Gundersen and Johan N Bruun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:52
  11. Infectious mastitis is a common condition during lactation and in fact, represents one of the main causes leading to a precocious weaning. The number of studies dealing with lactational mastitis is low and, up...

    Authors: Susana Delgado, Rebeca Arroyo, Rocío Martín and Juan M Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:51
  12. The use of hypertonic crystalloid solutions, including sodium chloride and bicarbonate, for treating severe sepsis has been much debated in previous investigations. We have investigated the effects of three cr...

    Authors: Zhi Xun Fang, Yu Feng Li, Xiao Qing Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Jin Song Zhang, Hai Ming Xia, Guo Ping Xing, Wei Ping Shu, Ling Shen and Guo Qing Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:50
  13. Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of I...

    Authors: Maija Heiro, Hans Helenius, Saija Hurme, Timo Savunen, Kaj Metsärinne, Erik Engblom, Jukka Nikoskelainen and Pirkko Kotilainen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:49
  14. Invasive amebiasis is an emerging parasitic disorder in Taiwan, especially in patients diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thirty-three Taiwanese subjects with amebic liver abscess (AL...

    Authors: Meng-Shuian Hsu, Szu-Min Hsieh, Mao-Yuan Chen, Chien-Ching Hung and Shan-Chwen Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:48
  15. Noroviruses are one of the principal biological agents associated with the consumption of contaminated food. The objective of this study was to analyse the size and epidemiological characteristics of foodborne...

    Authors: Ana Martinez, Angela Dominguez, Nuria Torner, Laura Ruiz, Neus Camps, Irene Barrabeig, Cesar Arias, Josep Alvarez, Pere Godoy, Pilar Jorgina Balaña, Analia Pumares, Rosa Bartolome, Dolors Ferrer, Unai Perez, Rosa Pinto and Javier Buesa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:47
  16. French Guiana has the highest tuberculosis (TB) burden among all French departments, with a strong increase in the TB incidence over the last few years. It is now uncertain how best to explain this incidence. ...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Christophe Sola, Karine Brudey, Jean-François Guégan and Nalin Rastogi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:46
  17. Prevalence and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young men in Switzerland is still unknown. The objective of the present study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for C. trachomatis inf...

    Authors: David Baud, Katia Jaton, Claire Bertelli, Jean-Pierre Kulling and Gilbert Greub
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:45
  18. Infectious disease is often the reason for intravenous drug users being seen in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of treatment and outcomes for this patient po...

    Authors: Dominik Mertz, Nina Viktorin, Marcel Wolbers, Gerd Laifer, Bernd Leimenstoll, Ursula Fluckiger and Manuel Battegay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:42
  19. On 20–21 February 2006, six cases of diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) were reported by paediatricians to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. We initiated an investigation to identif...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Karin Nygard, Hanne-Merete Eriksen, Jørgen Lassen, Bjørn-Arne Lindstedt, Lin T Brandal, Georg Kapperud and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:41
  20. There is little information on nasopharyngeal (NP) flora or bacteremia in HIV-infected children. Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospectiv...

    Authors: Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Wasserman, Juanita Smit, Andrew Whitelaw and Heather J Zar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:40
  21. Rectal administration of artemisinin derivatives has potential for early treatment for severe malaria in remote settings where injectable antimalarial therapy may not be feasible. Preparations available includ...

    Authors: Melba Gomes, Isabela Ribeiro, Marian Warsame, Harin Karunajeewa and Max Petzold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:39
  22. In the ICU, bacteremia is a life-threatening infection whose prognosis is highly dependent on early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to distinguish b...

    Authors: Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Serge Aho, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Jean-Marc Doise, Sébastien Prin, Niels-Olivier Olsson and Bernard Blettery
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:38
  23. Several public health strategic interventions are required for effective prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) and it is necessary to create a communication plan to keep families adequately informed o...

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Rossella Abbate, Luciana Albano, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:36
  24. Diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleuritis is difficult and better diagnostic tools are needed. New blood based interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) tests are promising, but sensitivity could be low in HIV positive patients....

    Authors: Kamaldeen Baba, Steinar Sørnes, Anwar A Hoosen, Jacob M Lekabe, Mathew J Mpe, Nina Langeland and Anne M Dyrhol-Riise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:35
  25. Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. Nearly 60% of SSI diagnosis occur in the postdischarge period. However, literature provides ...

    Authors: Nicola Petrosillo, Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Emanuele Nicastri, Lorena Martini, Giuseppe Ippolito and Maria Luisa Moro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:34
  26. Prisons are known to be high-risk environments for the spread of bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections. Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectio...

    Authors: Andrew A Adjei, Henry B Armah, Foster Gbagbo, William K Ampofo, Isaac Boamah, Clement Adu-Gyamfi, Isaac Asare, Ian FA Hesse and George Mensah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:33
  27. Active tuberculosis (TB) is common among HIV-infected persons living in tuberculosis endemic countries, and screening for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended routinely. We sought to determine the role of chest x-...

    Authors: Muhammad Bakari, Robert D Arbeit, Lillian Mtei, Johnson Lyimo, Richard Waddell, Mecky Matee, Bernard F Cole, Susan Tvaroha, C Robert Horsburgh, Hanna Soini, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:32
  28. The performance of the WHO recommendations for pediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource poor settings is insufficiently documented in routine care.

    Authors: Steven FJ Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Jean Lusiama, Nicole Shabani, Samuel Edidi, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:31
  29. A simple filter paper method was developed for, the transport and storage of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) at room temperature or -20°C after spotting on filter paper, for subsequent serotyping of outer membran...

    Authors: Aline S Ferraz, Elza FT Belo, Ligia MCC Coutinho, Ana P Oliveira, Andréia MS Carmo, Daniele L Franco, Tatiane Ferreira, André Y Yto, Marta SF Machado, Monica CG Scola and Elizabeth De Gaspari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:30
  30. Patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia and fever are usually hospitalized and treated on empirical intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. Early diagnosis of sepsis in children with febrile neu...

    Authors: Miriam Diepold, Peter Noellke, Ulrich Duffner, Udo Kontny and Reinhard Berner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:28
  31. Host genetic factors may play a role in the occurrence and progress of SARS-Cov infection. This study was to investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α gene polymorphisms with the occurren...

    Authors: Shixin Wang, Maoti Wei, Yi Han, Keju Zhang, Li He, Zhen Yang, Bing Su, Zhilun Zhang, Yilan Hu and Wuli Hui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:27
  32. Anaemia is the most common haematological complication of HIV and associated with a high morbidity and a poor prognosis. The pathogenesis of HIV-associated anaemia is poorly understood and may include a direct...

    Authors: Job CJ Calis, Hellen P Rotteveel, Antoinette C van der Kuyl, Fokla Zorgdrager, David Kachala, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek and Marion Cornelissen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:26
  33. The risk factors for the transmission of HCV vary substantially between countries and geographic regions. The overall prevalence in south and east Africa region has been estimated to be 1.6% but limited inform...

    Authors: Charles E Ramarokoto, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Rindra Randremanana, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Dominique Rousset, Voahangy Andrianaja, Vincent Richard, Jean-Louis Soares and Leon P Rabarijaona
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:25
  34. Disseminated mycobacterial disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV-infection. Nonspecific clinical presentation makes the diagnosis difficult and sometimes neglected.

    Authors: Rodrigo P dos Santos, Karin L Scheid, Denise MC Willers and Luciano Z Goldani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:24
  35. Circulating levels of endothelin-1 are increased in sepsis and correlate with severity of disease. A rapid and easy immunoassay has been developed to measure the more stable ET-1 precursor peptides proET-1. Th...

    Authors: Philipp Schuetz, Daiana Stolz, Beat Mueller, Nils G Morgenthaler, Joachim Struck, Christian Mueller, Roland Bingisser, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:22
  36. Guidelines established for the treatment of HIV-1 infection and genotype interpretation do not apply for HIV-2. Data about antiretroviral (ARV) drug efficacy and resistance mutations is scarce.

    Authors: Jean Ruelle, François Roman, Anne-Thérèse Vandenbroucke, Christine Lambert, Katrien Fransen, Fedoua Echahidi, Denis Piérard, Chris Verhofstede, Kristel Van Laethem, Marie-Luce Delforge, Dolorès Vaira, Jean-Claude Schmit and Patrick Goubau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:21
  37. The common response to stopping anti-HIV treatment is an increase of HIV-RNA load and decrease in CD4+, but not all the patients have similar responses to this therapeutic strategy. The aim was to identify predic...

    Authors: Elena Seoane, Salvador Resino, Santiago Moreno, Juan Carlos Lopez Bernaldo de Quiros, Ana Moreno, Rafael Rubio, Juan Gonzalez-García, José Ramón Arribas, Federico Pulido and Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:20
  38. Nigeria is home to more people living with HIV than any other country in the world, except South Africa and India-where an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million – 4.2 million] people were living with the virus in...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:19
  39. Recent data have suggested that 18 million of new sepsis cases occur each year worldwide, with a mortality rate of almost 30%. There is not consensus on the clinical definition of sepsis and, because of lack o...

    Authors: Gisela D De La Rosa, Marta L Valencia, Clara M Arango, Carlos I Gomez, Alex Garcia, Sigifredo Ospina, Susana Osorno, Adriana Henao and Fabián A Jaimes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:18
  40. High antibiotic resistance is described in atypical Mycobacteriosis, mainly by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC).

    Authors: María T Milanés-Virelles, Idrian García-García, Yamilet Santos-Herrera, Magalys Valdés-Quintana, Carmen M Valenzuela-Silva, Gaspar Jiménez-Madrigal, Thelvia I Ramos-Gómez, Iraldo Bello-Rivero, Norma Fernández-Olivera, Reinaldo B Sánchez-de la Osa, Carmen Rodríguez-Acosta, Lidia González-Méndez, Gregorio Martínez-Sánchez and Pedro A López-Saura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:17
  41. The durations of untreated stage 1 (early stage, haemo-lymphatic) and stage 2 (late stage, meningo-encephalitic) human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) due to Trypanosoma brucei gambiense are poorly qu...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, João AN Filipe, Daniel T Haydon, Daniel Chandramohan and François Chappuis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:16
  42. Nonencapsulated and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a major cause of human respiratory tract infections. Some strains of NTHi can cause invasive diseases such as septicemia and meningitis, even if H....

    Authors: Yukie Sekiya, Masahiro Eguchi, Masahiko Nakamura, Kimiko Ubukata, Satoshi Omura and Hidenori Matsui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:15
  43. Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteraemia remains a condition associated with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is a common but little-studied problem outside of Europe and...

    Authors: Jonathan Wei-Zhong Chia, Li-Yang Hsu, Louis Yi-Ann Chai and Paul Ananth Tambyah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:14
  44. There is currently a lack of consensus for the diagnosis, investigations and treatments of acute bacterial prostatitis (AP).

    Authors: Manuel Etienne, Pascal Chavanet, Louis Sibert, Frédéric Michel, Hervé Levesque, Bernard Lorcerie, Jean Doucet, Pierre Pfitzenmeyer and François Caron
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:12

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