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  1. Content type: Research article

    Despite wide spread use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) by pregnant women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the transmission rate is still higher by 18% after breastfeeding ends. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Girma Alemayehu Beyene, Lelisa Sena Dadi and Solomon Berhanu Mogas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:327

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  2. Content type: Database

    There are several epidemiological studies available on hepatitis B virus among pregnant women in Ethiopia. These individual studies revealed wide variation over time and across geographical areas. The aim of t...

    Authors: Kindie Mitiku Kebede, Dejene Derseh Abateneh and Alemayehu Sayih Belay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:322

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The incidence and severity of tuberculosis chemotherapy toxicity is poorly characterised. We used data available from patients in the REMoxTB trial to provide an assessment of the risks associated with the sta...

    Authors: Conor D. Tweed, Angela M. Crook, Evans I. Amukoye, Rodney Dawson, Andreas H. Diacon, Madeline Hanekom, Timothy D. McHugh, Carl M. Mendel, Sarah K. Meredith, Michael E. Murphy, Saraswathi E. Murthy, Andrew J. Nunn, Patrick P. J. Phillips, Kasha P. Singh, Melvin Spigelman, Genevieve H. Wills…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:317

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  4. Content type: Technical advance

    Underlying coinfections may complicate infectious disease states but commonly go unnoticed because an a priori clinical suspicion is usually required so they can be detected via targeted diagnostic tools. Shot...

    Authors: D. N. Birdsell, Y. Özsürekci, A. Rawat, A. E. Aycan, C. L. Mitchell, J. W. Sahl, A. Johansson, R. E. Colman, J. M. Schupp, M. Ceyhan, P. S. Keim and D. M. Wagner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:319

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Etravirine (ETR), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) available in France since 2006, is indicated for antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected adults, in combination with a ritonavir-boost...

    Authors: Valérie Potard, Cécile Goujard, Marc Antoine Valantin, Jean Marc Lacombe, Rima Lahoulou, Arnaud Chéret, Pierre Marie Girard and Dominique Costagliola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:326

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  6. Content type: Research article

    IL-17 and IL-22 cytokines play an important role in protective immune responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Information on the production of these cytokines and the factors that regulate t...

    Authors: Kamakshi Prudhula Devalraju, Venkata Sanjeev Kumar Neela, Sharadambal Sunder Ramaseri, Arunabala Chaudhury, Abhinav Van, Siva Sai Krovvidi, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati and Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:321

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia ranking third in the world, regarding leprosy burden. Chemoprophylaxis is effective in reducing risk of developing leprosy among contacts. ‘Blanket approach’ is an operational strategy for leprosy po...

    Authors: Anuj Tiwari, Steaven Dandel, Rita Djupuri, Liesbeth Mieras and Jan Hendrik Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:324

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  8. Content type: Research article

    HIV infection continues to be epidemic of public health importance with a prevalence of 1.1% and incidence of 0.33/1000 population having low-intensity mixed epidemic. Ethiopia has adopted the 90–90-90 by 2020...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Abebaw Wasie and Abdulsemed Worku

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:320

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  9. Content type: Research article

    With a prevalence of 4.7–13% in Danish Ixodes ricinus ticks, Rickettsia helvetica is one of the most frequently detected tick-borne organisms in Denmark. Most reports of human exposure have described asymptomatic...

    Authors: Lukas Frans Ocias, Ram Benny Dessau, Anne-Mette Lebech, Charlotte Sværke Jørgensen, Randi Føns Petersen and Karen Angeliki Krogfelt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:325

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Laryngeal aspergillosis is uncommon and is usually secondary to pulmonary involvement in immunocompromised patients. Primary laryngeal aspergillosis in immunocompetent individuals is extremely rare, with a few...

    Authors: Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Joseph Jillwin, Shivaprakash Mandya Rudramurthy, Krishna Chandra Rijal, Niranjan Nayak, Arunaloke Chakrabarti and Arnab Ghosh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:323

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  11. Content type: Research article

    GII noroviruses are a common cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in institutional settings globally. However, AGE outbreaks caused by GI norovirus, especially the GI.5 genotype, are relatively uncom...

    Authors: Jian Li, Xia Gao, Yu-Long Ye, Tang Wan, Hao Zang, Ping-Hua Mo and Can-Lei Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:316

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is considered highly prevalent in West Africa. However, major gaps in surveillance exist in Sierra Leone. Although healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk for HBV infection, little i...

    Authors: Yu-Ling Qin, Bo Li, Yue-Su Zhou, Xin Zhang, Lei Li, Bing Song, Peng Liu, Yue Yuan, Zhong-Peng Zhao, Jun Jiao, Jing Li, Yi Sun, Stephen Sevalie, Joseph E. Kanu, Ya-Jun Song, Jia-Fu Jiang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:315

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy dramatically reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality, prolonging the lifespan of HIV-infected patients. Greater duration of infection and exposure to antiretroviral therapy makes the...

    Authors: Ana Rita Coelho, Flávia Andreia Moreira, Ana Cristina Santos, André Silva-Pinto, António Sarmento, Davide Carvalho and Paula Freitas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:309

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing globally. However, the related epidemiology, comorbidities, and clinical impact of NTM infection remains unclear...

    Authors: Maxine S. Eikani, Melodee Nugent, Arash Poursina, Pippa Simpson and Hara Levy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:311

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Avian influenza H5N1 has a high human case fatality rate, but is not yet well-adapted to human hosts. Amino acid substitutions currently circulating in avian populations may enhance viral fitness in, and thus ...

    Authors: Sean G. Young, Andrew Kitchen, Ghazi Kayali and Margaret Carrel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:314

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICUs). The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and microbiology of VAP in Polish ICUs from 2...

    Authors: Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Marta Zofia Wałaszek and Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:308

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Although paradoxical reactions (PRs) to anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) therapy during treatment are well-established occurrences, PRs presenting as a new lesion after the completion of treatment are extremely rar...

    Authors: Akira Machida, Tasuku Ishihara, Eiichiro Amano and Shinichi Otsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:313

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is associated with less renal and bone toxicity compared with tenofovir disoproxil (TDF). TAF's recent FDA approval has spurred HIV providers to consider switching antiretroviral th...

    Authors: Sarah S. Lee, Joshua P. Havens, Harlan R. Sayles, Jennifer L. O’Neill, Anthony T. Podany, Susan Swindells, Kimberly K. Scarsi and Sara H. Bares

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:310

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Globally, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex public problem, which is mainly fuelled by inappropriate use of antimicrobials. Rational use of antimicrobials is the main strategy for the prevention of A...

    Authors: Mohammed Assen Seid and Mohammed Seid Hussen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:312

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a well-known neglected parasitic disease. However, evidence supporting the four current treatment modalities is inadequate, and treatment options remain controversial. The aim of ...

    Authors: Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Ángela Romero-Alegría, Francisco Javier Burguillo, Antonio Muro, Adela Carpio-Pérez, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Javier Pardo-Lledias, Miguel Cordero and Moncef Belhassen-García

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:306

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus Group B (GBS) colonization in pregnant women is the most important risk factor for newborn disease due to vertical transmission during delivery. GBS colonization during pregnancy has been implicated...

    Authors: J. A. Carrillo-Ávila, J. Gutiérrez-Fernández, A. I. González-Espín, E. García-Triviño and L. G. Giménez-Lirola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:305

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite with worldwide distribution, infecting a broad-range of humans and warm-blooded animals. In the current study, role of this parasite on secondary sex ratio and risk of mi...

    Authors: Saeedeh Shojaee, Aref Teimouri, Hossein Keshavarz, Sanaz Jafarpour Azami and Sahar Nouri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:307

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is known to cause severe tubal disease leading to infertility and its incidence closely parallels with the overall prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in a community. Its magnitu...

    Authors: Sileshi Abdissa, Tamrat Abebe, Gobena Ameni, Sisay Teklu, Yonas Bekuretsion, Markos Abebe and Adane Mihret

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:304

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Efficient and effective strategies for identifying cases of active tuberculosis (TB) in rural sub-Saharan Africa are lacking. Household contact tracing offers a potential approach to diagnose more TB cases, an...

    Authors: Kristen M. Little, Reginah Msandiwa, Neil Martinson, Jonathan Golub, Richard Chaisson and David Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:299

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