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  1. Patients with Lyme borreliosis (LB) may report persisting non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, widespread musculoskeletal pain or cognitive difficulties. When present for more than 6 months and causing a red...

    Authors: Laurence Geebelen, Tinne Lernout, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Veroniek Saegeman, Leïla Belkhir, Paul De Munter, Bénédicte Dubois, Rene Westhovens, Herman Van Oyen, Niko Speybroeck and Katrien Tersago
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:756
  2. In this retrospective cohort study, we explored the correlation of blood human myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA) level with severity of disease in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

    Authors: Otto Lehtinen, Niklas Broman, Matti Waris, Tytti Vuorinen, Ville Peltola, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jarmo Oksi and Thijs Feuth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:755
  3. Tuberculosis (TB) represents a significant public health threat in India. Adherence to antitubercular therapy (ATT) is the key to reducing the burden of this infectious disease. Suboptimal adherence to ATT and...

    Authors: Clint Vaz, Nisha K. Jose, Jeremiah Jacob Tom, Georgia R. Goodman, Jasper S. Lee, Rana Prathap Padappayil, Manjunath Madathil, Conall O’Cleirigh, Rashmi Rodrigues and Peter R. Chai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:754
  4. Despite recommendations from the German Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO), pneumococcal vaccination coverage remains low in vulnerable populations. This study estimated the pneumococcal vaccination cov...

    Authors: Arijita Deb, Bélène Podmore, Rosemarie Barnett, Dominik Beier, Wolfgang Galetzka, Nawab Qizilbash, Dennis Haeckl, Timo Boellinger, Kelly D. Johnson and Thomas Weiss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:753
  5. The advent of the effective COVID-19 vaccine was the most eagerly expected worldwide. However, this hope quickly became hesitation and denial in many countries, including Guinea. Understanding the reasons for ...

    Authors: Almamy Amara Toure, Fodé Amara Traore, Gnoume Camara, Aboubacar Sidiki Magassouba, Ibrahima Barry, Mohamed Lamine Kourouma, Younoussa Sylla, Naby Yaya Conte, Diao Cisse, Nafissatou Dioubaté, Sidikiba Sidibe, Abdoul Habib Beavogui and Alexandre Delamou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:752
  6. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are consistently burdened by HIV at higher levels than other adults. While HIV prevention programs for MSM are growing in coverage and quality, HIV incidence remains high. In re...

    Authors: Carrie E. Lyons, Owen J. Stokes-Cawley, Anna Simkin, Anna L. Bowring, Iliassou Mfochive Njindam, Oudou Njoya, Anne Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Ubald Tamoufe, Sandra Georges, Florence Zeh Kakanou, Gnilane Turpin, Daniel Levitt, Serge Clotaire Billong, Sharmistha Mishra and Stefan Baral
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:751
  7. The post-partum period is a risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), possibly including the period after miscarriage as illustrated here. This case demonstrates how non-specific symptoms can hide widely disseminated...

    Authors: Arya Zandvakili, Takaaki Kobayashi, Quanhathai Kaewpoowat, Meredith G. Parsons, Bradley Ford, Jason H. Barker and Melinda Johnson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:750
  8. Strongyloidiasis, caused by Strongyloides stercoralis (S. stercoralis), is endemic worldwide, especially in countries with warm and humid climates. Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) is an ex...

    Authors: De-Han Cai, Jun Wang and Xiao-Lin Fang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:749
  9. Yearly, up to 1 million patients worldwide suffer from cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). In Ecuador, CL affects an estimated 5000 patients annually. CL leads to reduced Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) as a r...

    Authors: Jacob Machiel Bezemer, Manuel Calvopiña Hinojosa, Andrea Estefania Corral Zabala, Fernando Ortega Pérez, Veronica Cristina Vargas Román, Henk Dirk Frederik Herman Schallig and Henry John Christiaan de Vries
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:748
  10. Countries of the Greater Mekong Sub-region aim to achieve malaria elimination by 2030. In the region, malaria is concentrated in high-risk areas and populations such as forest-going mobile and migrant populati...

    Authors: Win Htike, Win Han Oo, Thet Lynn, Lun Sovanda, Paul A. Agius, May Chan Oo, Naw Hkawng Galau, Kaung Myat Thu, Aung Khine Zaw, Ei Phyu Htwe, Julia C. Cutts, Ellen A. Kearney, Nick Scott, Katherine O’Flaherty, Bangyuan Wang, Boualam Khamlome…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:747
  11. A paradoxical hypothesis about the effect of smoking on patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrom 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection still exists. Furthermore, gender-discrepancy in the impact of smoking o...

    Authors: Abbas Hoballah, Rana El Haidari, Rima Badran, Ali Jaber, Samir Mansour and Linda Abou-Abbas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:746
  12. In persons living with HIV (PLWH), the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases increased over time, because of aging associated with chronic inflammation, systemic immune activation, and long-term exposure...

    Authors: Paolo Maggi, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Barbara Menzaghi, Chiara Molteni, Nicola Squillace, Lucia Taramasso, Marta Guastavigna, Giulia Gamboni, Giordano Madeddu, Francesca Vichi, Antonio Cascio, Eleonora Sarchi, Giovanni Pellicanò, Canio Vito Martinelli, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Laura Valsecchi…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:745
  13. The durability of immune responses to COVID-19 vaccines among older people living with HIV (PWH) is clinically important.

    Authors: Jessica J. Tuan, Heidi Zapata, Lydia Barakat, Laurie Andrews, Anousheh Behnegar, Yee Won Kim, Jehanzeb Kayani, Suzana Mutic, Linda Ryall, Barbara Turcotte, Terese Critch-Gilfillan, Min Zhao, Syim Salahuddin, Shaili Gupta, Richard Sutton, Gerald Friedland…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:744
  14. Lockdowns imposed throughout the US to control the COVID-19 pandemic led to a decline in all routine immunizations rates, including the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine. It is feared that post-lockdown, t...

    Authors: Mugdha Thakur, Richard Zhou, Mukundan Mohan, Achla Marathe, Jiangzhuo Chen, Stefan Hoops, Dustin Machi, Bryan Lewis and Anil Vullikanti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:743
  15. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to constitute an international public health emergency. Vaccination is a prospective approach to control this pandemic. However, apprehension about the safety of v...

    Authors: Lin Gan, Yan Chen, Jinlin Tan, Xuezhi Wang and Dingmei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:742
  16. HIV drug resistance increased with the widespread use of antiretroviral drugs, and posed great threat to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Pu’er Prefecture, lying in the southwest of Yunnan Province, China, border...

    Authors: Difei Li, Huichao Chen, Huilan Li, Yanling Ma, Lijuan Dong, Jie Dai, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Zhijun Zeng, Pengyan Sun, Zhizhong Song and Min Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:741
  17. Basidiobolus ranarum belongs to the Entomophthorales order and the Zygomycetes class. This fungus is an environmental saprophyte that can be found in soil and rotting vegetables.Primarily restricted to tropica...

    Authors: Elham Barahimi, Tuba Abbasi, Zahra Ghaeini Hesarooeyeh, Hanieh Raad, Mohadeseh Karimi and Mahsa Shahi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:740
  18. Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a common and largely preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. The COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to health systems. We conducted a nation...

    Authors: Ronza Najjar-Debbiny, Bibiana Chazan, Rona Lobl, M. Todd Greene, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Yehuda Carmeli and Mitchell J. Schwaber
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:739
  19. People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionally affected by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and many remain undiagnosed. HCV self-testing (HCVST) may be an effective approach to increase testing uptake,...

    Authors: Elena Ivanova Reipold, Emmanuel Fajardo, Emily Juma, David Bukusi, Elkin Bermudez Aza, Muhammad S. Jamil, Cheryl Case Johnson, Carey Farquhar, Philippa Easterbrook and Aliza Monroe-Wise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:738
  20. Outbreaks of new HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID) are a major public health concern. Oral daily PrEP, has been identified as a critical addition to the biomedical toolkit for this populati...

    Authors: Adrian R. King, Saanchi Shah, Laura A. Randall, Paula M. Frew, Anne Spaulding and Ian W. Holloway
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:737
  21. To investigate the clinical features and risk factors of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) associated surgical site infections (SSIs) in HIV-negative patients with cryptococcal meningitis (CM).

    Authors: Lejia Xu, Jianyun Zhu, Xiaoyun Wang, Guofen Zeng, Zhiliang Gao and Jing Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:736
  22. The clinical course of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is diverse, and the usefulness of phenotyping in predicting the severity or prognosis of the disease has been demonstrated overseas. This study aimed to in...

    Authors: Shiro Otake, Shotaro Chubachi, Ho Namkoong, Kensuke Nakagawara, Hiromu Tanaka, Ho Lee, Atsuho Morita, Takahiro Fukushima, Mayuko Watase, Tatsuya Kusumoto, Katsunori Masaki, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa, Norihiro Harada, Tetsuya Ueda…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:735
  23. Effective SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients receiving treatment with B-cell depleting agents is challenging. Information on vaccination responses in these patients are a valuable tool to develop efficient vac...

    Authors: Frederic Arnold, Daniela Huzly, Yakup Tanriver and Thomas Welte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:734
  24. Fungal ball sinusitis is characterized by complex fungus infections with non-invasive inflammation. But no research reported fungal ball composition and metabolic-related product types currently. 12 patients w...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Zhang, Na Zhang, Qian Huang, Shunjiu Cui, Lingyan Liu and Bing Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:733
  25. Several interventions have shown benefits in improving mental health problems such as depression which is common in people living with HIV. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the effect of these interv...

    Authors: Jackson Jr Nforbewing Ndenkeh, Akindeh Mbuh Nji, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Camilla Rothe and Arne Kroidl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:732
  26. Chronic inflammation has been reported as one of the novel coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Knowing that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) provokes a local inflammation, the relationship between H. pylori

    Authors: Lionel Danny Nguefak Tali, Ghislaine Florice Nintewoue Faujo, Justine Laure Nguieguia Konang, Jean Paul Dzoyem and Laure Brigitte Mabeku Kouitcheu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:731
  27. In December 2019, in Wuhan, China, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was emerged due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). It seems that children and neonates, similar to adult and...

    Authors: Roghayeh Babaei, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Seyed Jalal Kiani, Arezoo Marjani, Saba Garshasbi, Farzaneh Dehghani-Dehej and Sara Chavoshpour
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:730
  28. Over 420,000 people have initiated life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia; however, lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) rates continues to be high. A clinical decision tool is needed to identify patients at...

    Authors: Dawit Tefera Fentie, Getahun Molla Kassa, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh and Achenef Asmamaw Muche
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:727
  29. Influenza can have a domino effect, triggering severe conditions and leading to hospitalization or even death. Since influenza testing is not routinely performed, statistical modeling techniques are increasing...

    Authors: Filipe Froes, Mafalda Carmo, Hugo Lopes, Geoffray Bizouard, Catarina Gomes, Margarida Martins, Hélène Bricout, Caroline de Courville, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Carlos Rabaçal, João F. Raposo and Carlos Robalo Cordeiro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:726
  30. Autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is the standard of care in many relapsed and refractory lymphoid malignancy, neuroblastoma, and multiple myeloma (MM). This study was conducted to desc...

    Authors: Riad Amer, Husam Salameh, Sultan Mosleh, Adham Abu-Taha, Hamza Hamayel, Ahmad Enaya, Amro Adas, Ahmad Khursani, Mohamad Wild-Ali, Taghreed Mousa, Maher Battat, Aiman Daifallah, Amer Koni and Ramzi Shawahna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:725
  31. Mycoplasma pneumoniae can be divided into different subtypes on the basis of the sequence differences of adhesive protein P1, but the relationship between different subtypes, macrolide resistance and clinical man...

    Authors: Lifeng Li, Jiayue Ma, Pengbo Guo, Xiaorui Song, Mingchao Li, Zengyuan Yu, Zhidan Yu, Ping Cheng, Huiqing Sun and Wancun Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:724
  32. The prevalence of infectious diseases remains one of the major challenges faced by the Chinese health sector. Policymakers have a tremendous interest in investigating the spatiotemporal epidemiology of infecti...

    Authors: Junyao Zheng, Guoquan Shen, Siqi Hu, Xinxin Han, Siyu Zhu, Jinlin Liu, Rongxin He, Ning Zhang, Chih-Wei Hsieh, Hao Xue, Bo Zhang, Yue Shen, Ying Mao and Bin Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:723
  33. Dengue is a neglected tropical disease, for which no therapeutic agents have shown clinical efficacy to date. Clinical trials have used strikingly variable clinical endpoints, which hampers reproducibility and...

    Authors: Angela McBride, Nguyen Lam Vuong, Nguyen Van Hao, Nguyen Quang Huy, Ho Quang Chanh, Nguyen Thi Xuan Chau, Nguyen Minh Nguyet, Damien K. Ming, Nguyen Thanh Ngoc, Phung Tran Huy Nhat, Nguyen Thanh Phong, Luong Thi Hue Tai, Phan Vinh Tho, Dinh The Trung, Dong Thi Hoai Tam, Huynh Trung Trieu…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:722
  34. Understanding the immune response to the SARS-CoV-2 virus is critical for efficient monitoring and control strategies. The ProHEpic-19 cohort provides a fine-grained description of the kinetics of antibodies a...

    Authors: Concepción Violán, Pere Torán-Monserrat, Bibiana Quirant, Noemi Lamonja-Vicente, Lucía A. Carrasco-Ribelles, Carla Chacón, Josep Maria Manresa-Dominguez, Francesc Ramos-Roure, Rosalia Dacosta-Aguayo, Cristina Palacios-Fernández, Albert Roso-Llorach, Aleix Pujol, Dan Ouchi, Mónica Monteagudo, Pilar Montero-Alia, Rosa Garcia-Sierra…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:721
  35. Brazil is among the countries in South America where the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the general population hardest. Self-testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection is one of the community-based strategies that could help...

    Authors: Guillermo Z. Martínez-Pérez, Sonjelle Shilton, Maíra Saruê, Hilton Cesario, Abhik Banerji, Deepshikha Batheja, João Paulo Cunha, Rachel Baptista, Janine Schirmer, Eleva Ivanova Reipold and Alvaro Machado Dias
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:720
  36. Oral daily preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is recommended as standard of care for prevention in individuals at high risk for HIV infection, includin...

    Authors: Dvora Joseph Davey, Nei-yuan Hsiao, C. Wendy Spearman, Mark Sonderup, Nai-Chung Hu, Nyiko Mashele, Rufaro Mvududu and Landon Myer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:719
  37. COVID-19 vaccines are an effective tool to prevent illness due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, infection after vaccination still occurs. We evaluated all infections identified among recipients of either the ...

    Authors: Katrin S. Sadigh, Kiersten J. Kugeler, Sara Bressler, Stephanie C. Massay, Emma Schmoll, Lauren Milroy, Alyson M. Cavanaugh, Allison Sierocki, Marc Fischer and Leisha D. Nolen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:718
  38. Neurosyphilis (NS) can lead to acute ischemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We compared the clinical characteristics and laboratory features among AIS and TIA patients who were syphilis-sero...

    Authors: Pornpong Jitpratoom and Adhiratha Boonyasiri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:717
  39. Located in southwestern Indian Ocean, Mayotte is a French territory, with a very specific demographic, social and health context. To date, epidemiological data on infections by hepatitis B (HBV), C (HCV), and ...

    Authors: Cécile Brouard, Fanny Parenton, Hassani Youssouf, Stéphane Chevaliez, Emmanuel Gordien, Maxime Jean, Mathias Bruyand, Sophie Vaux, Florence Lot and Marc Ruello
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:716
  40. Refractory rifampicin-resistant/multidrug resistant/extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis (RR/MDR/XDR-TB) were defined as patients infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) resistant to rifampicin(RR-TB), ...

    Authors: Shao-Jun Zhang, Yan Yang, Wen-Wen Sun, Zhong-Shun Zhang, He-Ping Xiao, Yu-Ping Li, Zhe-Min Zhang and Lin Fan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:715
  41. The effect of coupled plasma filtration adsorption (CPFA) for the treatment of sepsis or septic shock is controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of CPFA on all...

    Authors: Yuting Li, Hongxiang Li, Jianxing Guo, Youquan Wang and Dong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:714
  42. Variant of concern (VOC) SARS-CoV-2 alpha variant (B.1.1.7) was the dominant strain in the Netherlands between March 2021–June 2021. We describe three primary school outbreaks due to the alpha variant using wh...

    Authors: Koen M. F. Gorgels, Lieke B. van Alphen, Brian M. J. W. van der Veer, Volker H. Hackert, Audrey Y. J. Hensels, Casper D. J. den Heijer, Jozef Dingemans, Paul H. M. Savelkoul and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:713
  43. Authors: Hassan Ashktorab, Antonio Pizuorno, Folake Adeleye, Adeyinka Laiyemo, Maryam Mehdipour Dalivand, Farshad Aduli, Zaki A. Sherif, Gholamreza Oskrochi, Kibreab Angesom, Philip Oppong-Twene, Suryanarayana Reddy Challa, Nnaemeka Okorie, Esther S. Moon, Edward Romos, Boubini Jones-Wonni, Abdoul Madjid Kone…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:712

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:552

  44. The nationwide lockdown (March 25 to June 8, 2020) to curb the spread of coronavirus infection had significant health and economic impacts on the Indian economy. There is limited empirical evidence on how COVI...

    Authors: Susmita Chatterjee, Palash Das and Anna Vassall
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:711
  45. HIV-1 is endemic in Botswana. The country’s primary challenge is identifying people living with HIV who are unaware of their status. We evaluated factors associated with undiagnosed HIV infection using HIV-1 p...

    Authors: Lynnette Bhebhe, Sikhulile Moyo, Simani Gaseitsiwe, Molly Pretorius-Holme, Etienne K. Yankinda, Kutlo Manyake, Coulson Kgathi, Mompati Mmalane, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Tendani Gaolathe, Pamela Bachanas, Faith Ussery, Mpho Letebele, Joseph Makhema, Kathleen E. Wirth, Shahin Lockman…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:710
  46. We aimed to compare the changes in SARS-CoV-2 spike protein antibody titres based on age group and sex using paired blood sampling after vaccination in association with the presence of nucleocapsid protein ant...

    Authors: Shiro Hoshida, Nobuyuki Koeda, Hideki Hattori, Masahiro Tanaka, Ichiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Fukui, Junya Fujita, Yo Sasaki and Shigeyuki Tamura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:709
  47. Authors: Pyae Linn Aung, Myat Thu Soe, Thit Lwin Oo, Kyaw Thu Aung, Kyaw Kyaw Lin, Aung Thi, Lynette Menezes, Daniel M. Parker, Liwang Cui and Myat Phone Kyaw
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:708

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:653

  48. Tuberculosis (TB) had been the leading lethal infectious disease worldwide for a long time (2014–2019) until the COVID-19 global pandemic, and it is still one of the top 10 death causes worldwide. One importan...

    Authors: Xin Hu, Jie Wang, Yingjiao Ju, Xiuli Zhang, Wushou’er Qimanguli, Cuidan Li, Liya Yue, Bahetibieke Tuohetaerbaike, Ying Li, Hao Wen, Wenbao Zhang, Changbin Chen, Yefeng Yang, Jing Wang and Fei Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:707

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