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  1. Ascites is a pathological collection of free fluid in the peritoneal cavity, which is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis, an advanced liver disease. Bacterial infection increases the mortality ra...

    Authors: Abubeker Shemsu Helil, Shambel Araya Haile, Yohannis Birhanu, Hailemichael Desalegn, Daniel Melese Desalegn, Rozina Ambachew Geremew, Zenebe Gebreyohannes, Awad Mohammed, Daniel Dejene Wondimagegnehu, Gonfa Ayana, Anteneh Mehari Tizazu and Kassu Desta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:528
  2. Renal impairment is a predictor of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) severity. No studies have compared COVID-19 outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and patients with impaired renal function wi...

    Authors: Hiromu Tanaka, Shotaro Chubachi, Takanori Asakura, Ho Namkoong, Shuhei Azekawa, Shiro Otake, Kensuke Nakagawara, Takahiro Fukushima, Ho Lee, Mayuko Watase, Kaori Sakurai, Tatsuya Kusumoto, Katsunori Masaki, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:527
  3. The recently used pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) has not been adequately studied as a predictive marker for mortality in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ...

    Authors: Çağlayan Merve Ayaz, Özge Turhan, Vural Taner Yılmaz, Haydar Adanır, Beyza Sezer and Dilara Öğünç
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:526
  4. The burden of hepatitis E in Southeast Asia is substantial, influenced by its distinct socio-economic and environmental factors, as well as variations in healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to assess...

    Authors: Ulugbek Khudayberdievich Mirzaev, Serge Ouoba, Ko Ko, Zayar Phyo, Chanroth Chhoung, Akuffo Golda Ataa, Aya Sugiyama, Tomoyuki Akita and Junko Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:525
  5. While existing research on people living with HIV (PWH) during the COVID-19 pandemic primarily focused on their clinical outcomes, a critical gap remains in understanding the implications of COVID-19 delivery ...

    Authors: Yanink Caro-Vega, Lorena Guerrero-Torres, Andrea Cárdenas-Ortega, Alexandra Martin-Onraët, Patricia Rodríguez-Zulueta, Karla Romero-Mora, María Gómez-Palacio Schjetnan and Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:524
  6. In Thailand, the Department of Disease Control (DDC) regularly performs visual larval surveys throughout the country to monitor dengue fever outbreaks. Since 2016, the DDC switched from a paper-based to a digi...

    Authors: Naiyana Sahavechaphan, Asamaporn Chatrattikorn, Manot Rattananen, Pongsakorn Sadakorn, Darin Areechokchai and Sopon Iamsirithaworn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:523
  7. Carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CR-GNB) are a critical public health threat globally; however, there are inadequate surveillance data, especially in intensive care units (ICU), to inform infection...

    Authors: Jane Wairimu Maina, Jeniffer Munyiva Mutua and Abednego Moki Musyoki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:522
  8. Invasive fungal infection (IFI) has become an increasing problem in NICU neonates, and end-organ damage (EOD) from IFI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates. This study was conduc...

    Authors: Tao Han, Meng Qiu, Xinxin Niu, Shumei wang, Feng Wang, Jingke Cao, Shanghong Tang, Liping Cheng, Yabo Mei, Huayu Liang, Zhichun Feng, Geyu Chen and Qiuping Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:521
  9. On 20 September 2022, Uganda declared its fifth Sudan virus disease (SVD) outbreak, culminating in 142 confirmed and 22 probable cases. The reproductive rate (R) of this outbreak was 1.25. We described persons...

    Authors: Allan Komakech, Shannon Whitmer, Jonathan Izudi, Charles Kizito, Mackline Ninsiima, Sherry R. Ahirirwe, Zainah Kabami, Alex R. Ario, Daniel Kadobera, Benon Kwesiga, Samuel Gidudu, Richard Migisha, Issa Makumbi, Daniel Eurien, Joshua Kayiwa, Lilian Bulage…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:520
  10. Targeting mucosal immunity of the gut, which is known to provide antigen processing, while avoiding excessive or unnecessary inflammation, was tested as a way to modulate COVID-19 severity.

    Authors: Toshio Inui, Oksana Kruglova, Olga Martynenko, Kostiantyn Martynenko, Vadym Tieroshyn, Anatoliy Gavrylov, Kentaro Kubo, Hajime Yamakage, Borys Kutsyn, Alla Kubashko, Zoryana Veklych, Yurika Terashima, Martin Mette and Galyna Kutsyna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:519
  11. It is important to determine the prevalence and prognosis of community-acquired infection (CAI) and nosocomial infection (NI) to develop treatment strategies and appropriate medical policies in aging society.

    Authors: Nozomi Takahashi, Taro Imaeda, Takehiko Oami, Toshikazu Abe, Nobuaki Shime, Kosaku Komiya, Hideki Kawamura, Yasuo Yamao, Kiyohide Fushimi and Taka‑aki Nakada
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:518
  12. Tuberculosis (TB) treatment delay is one of the major challenges of TB care in many low-income countries. Such cases may contribute to an increased TB transmission and severity of illness. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Daniel Dawit Rima, Derese Legese and Endrias Markos Woldesemayat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:517
  13. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is increasingly recognized as a significant risk factor in the development of head and neck cancers (HNCs), with varying prevalence and impact. This study aims to systematically revi...

    Authors: Prakasini Satapathy, Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib, Shilpa Gaidhane, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin, Hashem Abu Serhan, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Divya Sharma, Mithhil Arora, Sarvesh Rustagi, AlKaabi NA, Ahmed Alsayyah, Marwan Al-Hajeili, Maha F. Al-Subaie, Mubarak Alfaresi, Mohammed Alissa and Ali A. Rabaan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:516
  14. Lagenidium deciduum is an oomycete that can cause infections in mammals that present similarly to pythiosis and mucormycosis. Most of the existing case reports have occurred in canines and have been fatal. In an...

    Authors: Joanna Theophilopoulos, Rebekah King, Autumn Citta, Constance Alford, Natalie Dotson, Connie Cañete-Gibas, Carmita Sanders, Nathan Wiederhold, John A. Ligon and Connie Trieu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:515
  15. As is known, CD4 cell count is a significant parameter predicting HIV progression, opportunistic infections and death in HIV-infected individuals, as well was an important indicator for initiating antiretrovir...

    Authors: Yuwei Li, Hengli Liu, Shuangmei Zhang, Yanyun Zhang, Haiyang Wang, Huanhuan Zhang and Xia Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:514
  16. Long-term exposure to high-risk human papillomavirus (Hr-HPV) is a well-known necessary condition for development of cervical cancer. The aim of this study is to screen for Hr-HPV using vaginal self-sampling, ...

    Authors: Ban Traore, Yaya Kassogue, Brehima Diakite, Fousseyni Diarra, Kadidiatou Cisse, Oumar Kassogue, Modibo Diarra, Aissata Coulibaly, Bourama Coulibaly, Hama Diallo, Zoumana Diarra, Madani Ly, Aminata Maiga, Sidi Boula Sissoko, Adama Seydou Sissoko, Cheick Bougadari Traore…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:513
  17. Diarrhea is a common disease in immunocompromised patients and can be associated with greater morbidity and even mortality. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence of Aeromonas spp.,...

    Authors: Hosein Heydari, Abolfazl Iranikhah, Ahmad Ghasemi, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Seyed Ali Sadat-Mirei, Saeed Shams and Somayeh Kermani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:512
  18. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of acute lower respiratory infections in children worldwide. The highest incidence of severe disease is in the first 6 months of life, with infants bo...

    Authors: Fiona Giannini, Alexandra B. Hogan, Mohinder Sarna, Kathryn Glass and Hannah C. Moore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:510
  19. Pregnant women are at risk of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection, potentially leading to obstetric and neonatal complications. Placental transfer of antibodies directed to SARS-CoV-2 may be protective against neonata...

    Authors: An Vercoutere, Mbiton Joel Zina, Meltem Telis, Jean-Christophe Goffard, Michel Boulvain, Loïc de Doncker, Sara Derisbourg, Sylvie Houben, Marie-Luce Delforge, Caroline Daelemans and Dorottya Kelen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:509
  20. Chromobacterium violaceum is a rare but severe and often fatal cause of disease in humans. We present 2 clinical cases of sepsis and skin abscesses / cellulitis caused by C. violaceum seen in a referral hospital ...

    Authors: Bùi Văn Nam, Bùi Thanh Hà, Đặng Thị Thúy, H. Rogier van Doorn and Bùi Vũ Huy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:508
  21. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a significant health challenge affecting many people including those from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Even though HIV can be transmitted through various means, mother-t...

    Authors: Hidaya Mohammed, Martha Suntah Kebir, Comfort Obiribea, Mainprice Akuoko Essuman and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:507
  22. The sharp increase in fungal infections, insufficient diagnostic and treatment capabilities for fungal infections, poor prognosis of patients with fungal infections as well as the increasing drug resistance of...

    Authors: Huiyuan Zhang, Yinglin Wang, Ruigang Diao, Xuechen Huo and Quan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:506
  23. Research on the advantages of probiotics has attracted increasing interest based on the number of publications, products, and public awareness of their benefits. This review evaluated the role of probiotics (s...

    Authors: Erni Juwita Nelwan, Allerma Herdiman, Ayers Gilberth Ivano Kalaij, Richella Khansa Lauditta, Syarif Maulana Yusuf and Eva Suarthana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:505
  24. While numerous studies have evaluated the real-world performance of rapid antigen tests (RATs), data on the effect of Omicron sublineages such as XBB and reinfections on RAT performance is limited. We assessed...

    Authors: Celine Y. Tan, Kangwei Zeng, Lin Cui, Raymond T P Lin and Mark Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:504
  25. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is an emerging technique for the clinical diagnosis of infectious disease that has rarely been used for the diagnosis of ascites infection in patients with cirrhos...

    Authors: Pei Shi, Juan Liu, An Liang, Wentao Zhu, Jiwei Fu, Xincheng Wu, Yuchen Peng, Songsong Yuan and Xiaoping Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:503
  26. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common health problems worldwide and mainly affect women. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of UTIs in pregnant women and determine the antimicrobi...

    Authors: Yasmin Barnawi, Ahlam Alghamdi, Alnada Ibrahim, Lina Al-Anazi, Ghada Alhumaida, Reema Alotaibi, Mohammad Khan, Dareen Baz, Mohammed Alraey, Afrah Alkazemi, Hajar Alqhatani and Hadeel Waggas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:502
  27. The study aims were to evaluate the species distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of Gram-negative pathogens isolated from specimens of intra-abdominal infections (IAI), urinary tract infections (U...

    Authors: Ying Fu, Feng Zhao, Jie Lin, Pengcheng Li and Yunsong Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:501
  28. Dengue Viral Infection (DVI) has become endemic in Pakistan since the first major outbreak in Karachi in 1996. Despite aggressive measures taken by relevant authorities, Pakistan has been dealing with a worsen...

    Authors: Muhammad Riaz, Sabriah Noor Binti Harun, Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Yusra Habib Khan, Muhammad Hammad Butt, Aamir Husain, Muhammad Mujeeb khan and Amer Hayat Khan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:500
  29. Screening for tuberculosis (TB) and providing TB preventive treatment (TPT) along with antiretroviral therapy is key components of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) care. The uptake of TPT during the coronav...

    Authors: Senedu Bekele Gebreegziabher, Akililu Alemu Ashuro, Tsegaye Hailu Kumssa, Melese Yeshambaw Teferi, Endawoke Amsalu Alemayue, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Solomon Abebe Yimer and Mulatu Biru Shagre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:499
  30. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a significant threat to global health with Neisseria gonorrhoea emerging as a key pathogen of concern. In Australia, the Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Program (AGSP)...

    Authors: Phu Cong Do, Yibeltal Alemu Assefa, Suliasi Mekerusa Batikawai, Megbaru Alemu Abate and Simon Andrew Reid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:498
  31. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in phage therapy as an effective therapeutic tool against colibacillosis caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) which resulted from the increasing nu...

    Authors: Mobina Karami, Ali Goudarztalejerdi, Abdolmajid Mohammadzadeh and Enayat Berizi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:497
  32. Early in the host-response to infection, neutrophils release calprotectin, triggering several immune signalling cascades. In acute infection management, identifying infected patients and stratifying these by r...

    Authors: Eva Diehl-Wiesenecker, Noa Galtung, Johannes Dickescheid, Monika Prpic, Rajan Somasundaram, Kai Kappert and Wolfgang Bauer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:496
  33. In November 2019, the world faced a pandemic called SARS-CoV-2, which became a major threat to humans and continues to be. To overcome this, many plants were explored to find a cure.

    Authors: Eraj Irfan, Erum Dilshad, Faisal Ahmad, Fahad Nasser Almajhdi, Tajamul Hussain, Gholamreza Abdi and Yasir Waheed
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:495
  34. Brain-heart infusion agar supplemented with 4 µg/mL of vancomycin (BHI-V4) was commonly used for the detection of heterogeneous (hVISA) and vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA). However, its diagn...

    Authors: Xin Cheng, Juntong Zhou, Fan Yuan, Jingxin Ma, Shuilong Guo and Jianrong Su
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:494
  35. Diet plays an important role in Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, and our objective was to investigate potential connections between dietary patterns, specific food groups, and HP infection status in U.S. adult...

    Authors: Huan Zhang, Chao Xu, Ju Zhang, Jumei Yin, Nuo Yao, Qimeng Pang, Zhihua Liu, Chenchen Wang, Yongquan Shi, Lei Shang and Zheyi Han
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:493
  36. Malaria in pregnancy remains a major public health problem in the globe, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In malaria endemic areas, most pregnant women remain asymptomatic, but malaria could still cause compl...

    Authors: Adane Tilahun, Mulat Yimer, Woynshet Gelaye, Banchamlak Tegegne, Demeke Endalamaw, Fikirte Estifanos, Abtie Abebaw and Aberham Abere
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:492
  37. Brucellosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species, poses a significant global health concern. Among its diverse clinical manifestations, neurobrucellosis remains an infrequent yet debilitating complicati...

    Authors: Ahmad Alikhani, Noushin Ahmadi, Mehran Frouzanian and Amirsaleh Abdollahi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:491
  38. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is capable of infecting nearly all warm-blooded animals and approximately 30% of the global population. Though most infections are subclinical in immunocompetent individuals, congeni...

    Authors: Yue Zhong, Yining Cao, Xiaoyu Geng, Shujin Yang, Tianmei Qian, Chun Liu and Jinling Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:490
  39. It is challenging to diagnose brucellosis in nonendemic regions because it is a nonspecific febrile disease. The accurate identification of Brucella spp. in clinical microbiology laboratories (CMLs) continues to ...

    Authors: Jae Hyeon Park, Taek Soo Kim, Hyunwoong Park and Chang Kyung Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:489
  40. Prioritizing prevention over treatment has been a longstanding principle in the world health system. This study aims to compare the demographic changes, mortality, clinical, and paraclinical findings of patien...

    Authors: Reza Morovatshoar, Kiavash Hushmandi, Sara Orouei, Seyed Hassan Saadat and Rasoul Raesi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:488
  41. A Bartholin’s gland abscess is one of the most common infections in women of reproductive age. Although Bartholin’s gland abscesses have been reported in prepubertal children, they are rarer in prepubertal chi...

    Authors: Tomoko Kihara, Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Tomohiro Hasegawa, Koutaro Uemura and Toru Funakoshi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:487
  42. Recently, linezolid-resistant staphylococci have become an emerging problem worldwide. Understanding the mechanisms of resistance, molecular epidemiology and transmission of linezolid-resistant CoNS in hospita...

    Authors: Cailin Liu, Jing Yu, Chunguang Chen, Xiaogai Li, Yafei Ye, Yani Dong, Xinxin Ying, Haijun Li and Wanhai Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:486
  43. Neurobrucellosis (NB) is a rare and serious complication of brucellosis. Its clinical manifestations vary, with no obvious specificity. At present, there is no clear clinical diagnosis or treatment for referen...

    Authors: Wei Zhuang, Tao He, Jianyekai Tuerheng, Guang He, Bao-Li Wang, Yi-Heng Yang, Lan Zhang, Xian-Zhe Dong and Sheng-Yan Xi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:485
  44. Thromboembolic (TE) complications [myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE)] are common causes of mortality in hospitalised COVID-19 patients. Therefore, this...

    Authors: Hanies Yuhana Othman, Izzati Abdul Halim Zaki, Mohamad Rodi Isa, Long Chiau Ming and Hanis Hanum Zulkifly
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:484
  45. Monkeypox (Mpox) is an important human pathogen without etiological treatment. A viral-host interactome study may advance our understanding of molecular pathogenesis and lead to the discovery of suitable thera...

    Authors: Tamizhini Loganathan, John Fletcher, Priya Abraham, Rajesh kannangai, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Achraf El Allali, Alsamman M. Alsamman, Hatem Zayed and George Priya Doss C
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:483
  46. Tuberculosis (TB) poses a major public health challenge, particularly in children. A substantial proportion of children with TB disease remain undetected and unconfirmed. Therefore, there is an urgent need for...

    Authors: Daniela Neudecker, Nora Fritisch, Thomas Sutter, Lenette Lu, Pei Lu, Marc Tebruegge, Begoña Santiago-Garcia and Nicole Ritz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:481
  47. Tubal factor infertility (TFI) is common in sub-Saharan Africa and often secondary to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Anaerobes associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) are also found in PIDs widely dominat...

    Authors: Jules Mongane, Erick Hendwa, Dieudonné Sengeyi, Etienne Kajibwami, Freddy Kampara, Serge Chentwali, Claude Kalegamire, Isaac Barhishindi, Yvette Kujirakwinja, Jeanne Beija Maningo, Benjamin Kasago and Guy Mulinganya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:480
  48. Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a common hepatobiliary infection that has been shown to have an increasing incidence, with biliary surgery being identified as a trigger. Our aim was to investigate the clinical...

    Authors: Yuxin Lin, Yifan Chen, Weiyin Lu, Yu Zhang, Rongqian Wu and Zhaoqing Du
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:479

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