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  1. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common pathogen associated with acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children worldwide. RSV commonly presents as bronchiolitis in young c...

    Authors: Yingkang Jin, Dongwei Zhang, Kuimiao Deng, Peiqiong Wu, Diyuan Yang, Zhiwei Xie, Wenjun Qiu and Guangyuan Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:845
  2. Whether different anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) drugs have different effects on COVID-19 is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the incidence of COVID-19 in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving anti-HBV...

    Authors: Xingmei Liao, Yujie Fan, Chunxiu Zhong, Siru Zhao, Liangxu Guo, Wenjuan Tan, Junhua Yin and Rong Fan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:843
  3. We present a rare case of pathology-proven CMV pneumonitis in a patient with HIV infection after presenting with cough and fever. This presentation was complicated by recurrence of symptoms after treatment in ...

    Authors: Abbye W. Frederick, Ellen Kitchell, Clare McCormick-Baw, Vishal Kukkar and Mamta K. Jain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:842
  4. The studies on SARS-CoV-2 and human microbiota have yielded inconsistent results regarding microbiota α-diversity and key microbiota. To address these issues and explore the predictive ability of human microbi...

    Authors: Jie Zhou, Xiping Yang, Yuecong Yang, Yiru Wei, Dongjia Lu, Yulan Xie, Hao Liang, Ping Cui, Li Ye and Jiegang Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:841
  5. The elderly with severe infection increased dramatically in intensive care unit (ICU). Proper antimicrobial therapy help improve the prognosis. Linezolid, as an antimicrobial drug, is commonly utilized to trea...

    Authors: Ying Xu, Xilan Yang, Pei Liang and Chen Qu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:840
  6. Considering the fact that COVID-19 has undergone various changes over time, its symptoms have also varied. The aim of this study is to describe and compare the changes in personal characteristics, symptoms, an...

    Authors: Seyed Hossein Torabi, Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Azadeh Ebrahimzadeh and Fatemeh Salmani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:838
  7. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an inflammatory biomarker, measures innate-adaptive immune system balance. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aim to analyze the current literature to eva...

    Authors: Jingyang Chen, Sanaz Yasrebinia, Arshin Ghaedi, Monireh Khanzadeh, Stephan Quintin, Abeer Dagra, Rodeania Peart, Brandon Lucke-Wold and Shokoufeh Khanzadeh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:837
  8. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vaginal microecology and the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes in patients with uterine adhesions and explore the correlation between HPV infecti...

    Authors: Li Wang, Jiuzhi Zeng, Hanbo Liu, Hongzhou Xu, Yan Liu, Mengjun Luo and Weixin Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:836
  9. The Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2, currently the most prevalent strain, has rapidly spread in Jingzhou, China, due to changes in the country’s epidemic prevention policy, resulting in an unprecedented increase...

    Authors: Wei Xia, Tao Jiang, Yafeng Tan, Chengbin Li, Song Wu and Bing Mei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:835
  10. The urgent need for new treatments for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and pre-extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (pre-XDR-TB) is evident. However, the classic randomized controlled trial (RCT) ...

    Authors: Liang Fu, Juan Xiong, Haibo Wang, Peize Zhang, Qianting Yang, Yi Cai, Wenfei Wang, Feng Sun, Xilin Zhang, Zhaoqin Wang, Xinchun Chen, Wenhong Zhang and Guofang Deng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:834
  11. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) is a novel assay to detect pneumocystis jjrovecii (Pj) which has been defined to be more sensitive than qPCR in recent studies. We aimed to explore whether clinical features of pneumoc...

    Authors: Wenjie Bian, Yu Xie, Ying Shang, Lili Zhao, Zhengwu Yang, Xinqian Ma, Yukun He, Wenyi Yu, Wen Xi, Donghong Yang, Fang Wang, Yanwen Chen, Pihua Gong and Zhancheng Gao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:833
  12. GeneXpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) assay was applied widely to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and rifampicin resistance.

    Authors: Qi Nie, Dan Sun, Muxin Zhu, Shengjin Tu, Nanshan Chen, Hua Chen, Yong Zhou, Ge Yao, Xiaoqing Zhang, Tongcun Zhang, Chengfeng Yang and Lixuan Tao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:832
  13. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the GeneXpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert®), Auramine O staining method, and Lowenstein-Jensen medium for bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis a...

    Authors: Kui Li, Qianqian Hu, Jun Liu, Siyi Liu and Yingli He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:831
  14. We investigated the associations between the different doses of tigecycline, its efficacy and safety, and the role of tigecycline therapeutic drug monitoring for patients in the intensive care unit.

    Authors: Xiang-rong Bai, Zhi-zhou Wang, Wen-chao Li, Yan-gai Wang, Ran Lou, Xin Qu, Linlin Fan, Wei Zhang, Yan-chuan Wu, Su-ying Yan and Lan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:830
  15. COVID-19 induced cytokine storm is a well-documented phenomena that contributes significantly in the disease’s evolution and prognosis. Therefore, therapies such as therapeutic plasma exchange, constitute a ma...

    Authors: Mohamed Zakaria Bouayed, Ilyass Laaribi, Iliass Benaini, Asmae Yeznasn, Sara Berrajaa, Younes Oujidi, Houssam Bkiyar, Naima Abda and Brahim Housni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:829
  16. With the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the impact of recent coronavirus, especially in children, cannot be ignored. In this study, we evaluated the SARS-CoV-2 infection rates and associated features in children less th...

    Authors: Marzieh Jamalidoust, Mohsen Jalil, Zahra Ashkan, Moslem Sharifi, Rouhollah Hemmati, Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Mohammad Rahim Kadivar, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Ali Amanati, Seyeheh Sedigheh Hamzavi, Sadaf Asaie, Maryam Eskandari, Nasrin Aliabadi and Mazyar Ziyaeyan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:828
  17. Sepsis in low-birth-weight neonates remains one of the most significant causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Approximately 3 million newborns suffer from sepsis globally every year. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Edyta Golińska, Ł Kozień, A Tomusiak-Plebanek, J Kędzierska, M Dorycka, R Lauterbach, D Pawlik, B Rzepecka-Węglarz, M Janiszewska, PB Heczko, J Wojkowska-Mach and M Strus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:827
  18. Severe forms of COVID-19 are more common in patients with abnormal fat distribution, particularly high visceral adiposity. The patient’s muscle strength may be reduced during the acute phase of the infection. ...

    Authors: Juliana Bonfleur Carvalho, Grasiela Konkolisc Pina de Andrade, Ludiane Alves do Nascimento, Natalia Golin, Ana Lucia Chalhoub Chediac Rodrigues, Erika Suiter, Maryana Virginia Orellana Soprani and Ariane Severine Nadolskis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:826
  19. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) ranks second among nosocomial infections in elderly patients after lung infections. Improper treatment can lead to death. This study analysed the risk factor...

    Authors: Li Shen, Ting Fu, Luguang Huang, Huiying Sun, Yu Wang, Lili Sun, Xiaoyun Lu, Jing Zhang, Zhaoxu Yang and Chunping Ni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:825
  20. The declaration of SARS-CoV-2 as a public health emergency of international concern in January 2020 prompted the need to strengthen infection prevention and control (IPC) capacities within health care faciliti...

    Authors: Landry Kabego, Thierno Balde, Deborah Barasa, Babacar Ndoye, Okou-Bisso Hilde, Tendai Makamure, Guy Ohirweoluhya Mulumeoderwa, Trevor Kanyowa, Rashidatu Fouad Kamara, Boiro Hamadou, Opeayo Ogundiran, Joseph Okeibunor, George Williams, Jayne Byakika Tusiime, Phionah Lynn Atuhebwe, Boniface Oyugi…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:824
  21. A test-based strategy against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the measures to assess the need for isolation and prevention of infection. However, testing with high sensitivity methods, such as qu...

    Authors: Kenji Ota, Hina Kodama, Yasuhide Kawamoto, Daisuke Sasaki, Fujiko Mitsumoto-Kaseida, Kei Sakamoto, Kosuke Kosai, Hiroo Hasegawa, Takahiro Takazono, Koichi Izumikawa, Hiroshi Mukae, Mya Myat Ngwe Tun, Kouichi Morita and Katsunori Yanagihara
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:823
  22. Trueperella pyogenes (T. pyogenes) is a bacterium that colonizes the skin and mucosal surfaces of various domestic and wild animals. It rarely leads to infections in humans, with only a few descriptions available...

    Authors: Johann Stuby, Patrizia Lardelli, Christine M. Thurnheer, Manuel R. Blum and Andrea N. Frei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:821
  23. Because of the multidrug resistance features of Acinetobacter baumannii, endurance to diverse conditions, and causing health fatalities in healthcare settings, the global health system is looking for the developm...

    Authors: Terefe Hailemichael, Lencho Girma, Paulos Fissiha, Alene Geteneh and Tesfaye Kassa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:820
  24. The 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) report has listed extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E) as critical pathogens for public health and requiring urgently new antibiotics. The aim...

    Authors: Omer Aurelle Nkengkana, Raspail Carrel Founou, Luria Leslie Founou, Brice Davy Dimani, Patrice Landry Koudoum, Jessica Ravalona Zemtsa, Aurelia Mbossi, Cyrielle Signe Mawout, Larissa Tchakounte Tegang and Michel Noubom
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:819
  25. Cross-reactive cellular and humoral immunity can substantially contribute to antiviral defense against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC). While the adult SARS-CoV-2 cellular and humoral immunity and its cro...

    Authors: Krystallenia Paniskaki, Sarah Goretzki, Moritz Anft, Margarethe J. Konik, Klara Lechtenberg, Melanie Vogl, Toni L. Meister, Stephanie Pfaender, Markus Zettler, Jasmin Jäger, Sebastian Dolff, Timm H. Westhoff, Hana Rohn, Ursula Felderhoff-Mueser, Ulrik Stervbo, Oliver Witzke…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:818
  26. Research indicates that women in polygamous relationships may be exposed to unique sexual and reproductive health challenges. However, there are very few studies that examine whether polygamy is associated wit...

    Authors: Satveer Dhillon, Daniel Amoak, George N. Chidimbah Munthali, Yujiro Sano, Roger Antabe and Isaac Luginaah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:817
  27. In this study, we describe the epidemiological profile of an outbreak of the circulating Vaccine Derived Polio Virus type 2 in South Sudan from 2020 to 2021.

    Authors: Ayesheshem Ademe Tegegne, Atem Nathan Anyuon, George Awzenio Legge, Melisachew Adane Ferede, Zingbondo Isaac, Kirbak Anthony Laku, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Ochan Taban David Kilo, Fabian Ndenzako, Ndoutabe Modjirom, Olushayo Oluseun Olu and Sylvester Maleghemi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:816
  28. Leprosy is rare within non-endemic countries such as Canada, where cases are almost exclusively imported from endemic regions, often presenting after an incubation period of as many as 20 years. Due to its rar...

    Authors: Matt Driedger, Iris Teo and Virginia Roth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:815
  29. The organ dysfunction that is associated with death in COVID-19 patients has not been determined in multicenter epidemiologic studies. In this study, we evaluated the major association with death, concomitant ...

    Authors: Ryuichi Nakayama, Naofumi Bunya, Takashi Tagami, Mineji Hayakawa, Kazuma Yamakawa, Akira Endo, Takayuki Ogura, Atsushi Hirayama, Hideo Yasunaga, Shuji Uemura and Eichi Narimatsu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:814
  30. Both tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are major public health problems threatening global health. TB patients with DM have a higher bacterial burden and affect the absorption and metabolism for ant...

    Authors: Guisheng Xu, Xiaojiang Hu, Yanshu Lian and Xiuting Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:813
  31. Urinary tract infections (UTI) in men differ relevantly to women by their pathogens. Gram-positive uropathogens play a relevant role in UTI in men. In this study, we aimed to analyze the epidemiology of Enterococ...

    Authors: Jonas Salm, Florian Salm, Patricia Arendarski and Tobias Siegfried Kramer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:812
  32. The central nervous system is one of the most common sites of aspergillosis involvement in immunocompromised people, just after sinopulmonary infections. Neuroimaging modalities are crucial for the diagnosis o...

    Authors: Ali Amanati, Mehrzad Lotfi, Babak Abdolkarimi, Arian Karimi Rouzbahani and Golnaz Mahmoudvand
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:811
  33. The breast milk bank is a professional organization that collects donor human milk (DHM) for special medical needs by recruiting qualified breast milk donors. Such organizations are also responsible for the di...

    Authors: Ke Liu, Zhiyong Liu, Xufei Chen, Rouzhi Wang and Dan Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:810
  34. In Sofala province (Mozambique), young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) are estimated at 7% among people aged 15–24 years. Even though the COVID-19 pandemic threatened HIV health services, data on the impact of...

    Authors: Roberto Benoni, Virginia Casigliani, Annachiara Zin, Dara Giannini, Niccolò Ronzoni, Costanza Di Chiara, Kajal Chhaganlal, Daniele Donà, Ada Merolle, Helga Guambe Dos Anjos, Fernando Chenene, Francesca Tognon, Giovanni Putoto and Carlo Giaquinto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:809
  35. Immunosuppressive therapies have become a cornerstone of the management of severe COVID-19. The impact of these therapies on secondary infections and antimicrobial prescribing remains unclear. We sought to ass...

    Authors: Peter Crook, Clare Logan, Andrea Mazzella, Rachel M. Wake, Martina Cusinato, Ting Yau, Yee-Ean Ong, Timothy Planche, Marina Basarab and Tihana Bicanic
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:808
  36. Malaria has not yet been eradicated in Iran, and Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) is the main cause of malaria in the country. This study aimed to investigate and analyze the amount of genetic diversity of Plasmodium ...

    Authors: Sholeh Mansouri, Aliehsan Heidari, Hossein Keshavarz, Parviz Fallah, Amir Bairami and Elaheh Mahmoudi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:807
  37. Since its beginnings in 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic is still a problem of global medical concern. Southern Vietnam is one of the country's vast regions, including 20 provinces and the densely populated metropo...

    Authors: Anna S. Gladkikh, Thang M. Cao, Ekaterina O. Klyuchnikova, Manh H. Dao, Alena A. Sharova, Vasilina D. Melnichenko, Margarita R. Popova, Tatiana V. Arbuzova, Valeriya A. Sbarzaglia, Nadezhda A. Tsyganova, Edward Ramsay and Vladimir G. Dedkov
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:806
  38. The World Health Organization has proposed that onchocerciasis elimination (interruption) of transmission be verified in 12 (approximately a third) endemic countries by 2030. The strategy to reach this goal is...

    Authors: Kenneth Bentum Otabil, María-Gloria Basáñez, Blessing Ankrah, Emmanuel John Bart-Plange, Theophilus Nti Babae, Prince-Charles Kudzordzi, Vera Achiaa Darko, Abdul Sakibu Raji, Lydia Datsa, Andrews Agyapong Boakye, Michael Tawiah Yeboah, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Henk D. F. H. Schallig and Robert Colebunders
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:805
  39. Defining patterns of symptoms in long COVID is necessary to advance therapies for this heterogeneous condition. Here we aimed to describe clusters of symptoms in individuals with long COVID and explore the imp...

    Authors: Grace Kenny, Kathleen McCann, Conor O’Brien, Cathal O’Broin, Willard Tinago, Obada Yousif, Tessa O’Gorman, Aoife G. Cotter, John S. Lambert, Eoin R. Feeney, Eoghan de Barra, Corinna Sadlier, Alan Landay, Peter Doran, Stefano Savinelli and Patrick W. G. Mallon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:804
  40. According to the World Health Organization, foodborne disease is a significant public health issue. We will choose the best model to predict foodborne disease by comparison, to provide evidence for government ...

    Authors: Xiaobing Xian, Liang Wang, Xiaohua Wu, Xiaoqing Tang, Xingpeng Zhai, Rong Yu, Linhan Qu and Mengliang Ye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:803
  41. Healthcare utilization is typically adversely affected when the treatment is expensive and requires multiple visits. We examined the determinants of healthcare-seeking for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection whi...

    Authors: Phuong Nguyen Thi Ngoc, Ngoc Nghiem My, Sabrina Rasheed, Fatema Khatun, Jennifer Van Nuil, Dung Nguyen Thanh, Hung Le Mạnh and Motiur Rahman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:802
  42. Malaria is a significant global health concern, with a majority of cases in Sub-Saharan African nations. Numerous antimalarial drugs have been developed to counter the rampant prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum ...

    Authors: Cheikh Cambel Dieng, Victoria Morrison, Dickson Donu, Liwang Cui, Linda Amoah, Yaw Afrane and Eugenia Lo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:801
  43. Authors: Yee Ling Lau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:755

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:697

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:1162

  44. Post-COVID-19-Syndrome (PCS) frequently occurs after an infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, the understanding of causative mechanisms is still limited. Aim of ...

    Authors: Alexandra Domnica Hoeggerl, Verena Nunhofer, Wanda Lauth, Natalie Badstuber, Nina Held, Georg Zimmermann, Christoph Grabmer, Lisa Weidner, Christof Jungbauer, Nadja Lindlbauer, Heidrun Neureiter, Tuulia Ortner, Maria Flamm, Jürgen Osterbrink, Eva Rohde and Sandra Laner-Plamberger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:800
  45. In Turku, Finland, we introduced a home oxygen treatment and app-based monitoring program for hospitalized COVID-19 patients to facilitate an early discharge during the Omicron wave. In this case series we exp...

    Authors: Janne Hänninen, Ulla Anttalainen, Maritta Kilpeläinen, Ulla Hohenthal, Niklas Broman, Jenni Palmén, Jarmo Oksi and Thijs Feuth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:799
  46. Antimicrobial resistance is one of the common global public health problems. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is multifactorial, and tackling its development is challenging. Consequently, infections c...

    Authors: Belay Tafa Regassa, Wagi Tosisa, Daniel Eshetu, Degefu Beyene, Abera Abdeta, Abebe Assefa, Dejene Shiferew, Geremew Tasew, Begna Tulu and Tadesse Awoke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:798
  47. Persons with non-O and Rh-positive blood types are purported to be more susceptible to infection, including SARS-CoV-2, but there remains uncertainty about the degree to which this is so for both non-viral and...

    Authors: Emily Ana Butler, Rushil Parikh, Sonia M. Grandi, Joel G. Ray and Eyal Cohen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:797

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