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  1. Content type: Research article

    We examined differences in incident HIV infection between newly-arrived Asian-born and other men who have sex with men (MSM) after the introduction of universal HIV treatment guidelines in 2015 and pre-exposur...

    Authors: Nicholas A. Medland, Eric P. F. Chow, Timothy H. R. Read, Jason J. Ong, Marcus Chen, Ian Denham, Praveena Gunaratnum and Christopher K. Fairley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:410

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  2. Content type: Research article

    On 12 October, 2016 a measles outbreak was reported in Mayuge District, eastern Uganda. We investigated the outbreak to determine its scope, identify risk factors for transmission, evaluate vaccination coverag...

    Authors: Robert Kaos Majwala, Lydia Nakiire, Daniel Kadobera, Alex Riolexus Ario, Joy Kusiima, Joselyn Annet Atuhairwe, Joseph K. B. Matovu and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:412

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  3. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HBV, HCV, and HDV in urban populations and Amerindians living in the state of Tocantins (Eastern Amazon).

    Authors: Livia Melo Villar, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Elisabeth Lampe, Helena Medina Cruz, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Monica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Renata Gracie and Vanessa Salete de Paula

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:411

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Over 80% of morbidity due to soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) occurs in low-income countries. Children under 5 account for 20–30% of the burden in endemic areas. This study assessed the prevalence, intensi...

    Authors: Silvestro Ojja, Stevens Kisaka, Michael Ediau, Doreen Tuhebwe, Angela N. Kisakye, Abdullah A. Halage, Richard K. Mugambe and Joan N. Mutyoba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:408

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Post cardiac surgery mediastinitis is the major infectious complication, despite the development of surgical techniques and the application of strict preventive measures.

    Authors: Badia Belarj, Souhail Dahraoui, Leila Rar, Noureddine Atmani, Mohammed Frikh, Yassine Ben Lahlou, Adil Maleb, Abdelhay Lemnouer, Mahdi Ait Houssa, Abdelatif Boulahya and Mostafa Elouennass

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:407

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma japonicum, remains one of the most important parasitic diseases, and detection of S. japonicum infections in humans plays a crucial role in control and treatment. However, c...

    Authors: Yao Deng, Chen Qiu, Huan Ding and Da-Bing Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:404

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  7. Content type: Software

    Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening infection that remains a public health concern. Bacterial meningitis is commonly caused by the following species: Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Liste...

    Authors: Nadav Topaz, Dave Boxrud, Adam C. Retchless, Megan Nichols, How-Yi Chang, Fang Hu and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:405

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Influenza causes an estimated 3000 to 50,000 deaths per year in the United States of America (US). Timely and representative data can help local, state, and national public health officials monitor and respond...

    Authors: Kristin Baltrusaitis, John S. Brownstein, Samuel V. Scarpino, Eric Bakota, Adam W. Crawley, Giuseppe Conidi, Julia Gunn, Josh Gray, Anna Zink and Mauricio Santillana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:403

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  9. Content type: Technical advance

    During the fifth wave of human H7N9 infections, a novel highly pathogenic (HP) H7N9 variant emerged with an insertion of multiple basic amino acids in the HA cleavage site. Moreover, a neuraminidase inhibitor ...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Shanqin Li, Gary Wong, Sufang Ma, Zhixiang Xu, Xiaonan Zhao, Hong Li, Wen Xu, Haixia Zheng, Jingyan Lin, Qi Zhao, Wenjun Liu, Yingxia Liu, George F. Gao and Yuhai Bi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:406

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis, bacterial community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) are the three commonest causes of hospitalisation in HIV-infected adults. Prompt diagnosis and treatment init...

    Authors: Fiona Mendelson, Rulan Griesel, Nicki Tiffin, Molebogeng Rangaka, Andrew Boulle, Marc Mendelson and Gary Maartens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:399

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia pestis is a contributing agent to the epidemic disease, plague, which killed an estimated 200 million people during historical times. In this study, a rapid, cheap, sensitive, and specific technique, the...

    Authors: Hui-Ling Hsu, Chuan-Chang Chuang, Chung-Chih Liang, Der-Jiang Chiao, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Yu-Ping Wu, Feng-Ping Lin and Rong-Hwa Shyu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:402

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Helcococcus ovis, belonging to the genus of Helcococcu in Peptostreptococcaceae, is one kind of facultative anaerobic and gram-positive cocci, which was first isolated from a mixed infection in sheep in 1999. To ...

    Authors: Liyan Mao, Zhongju Chen, Yanfang Lu, Jing Yu, Yu Zhou, Qun Lin, Ying Luo and Ziyong Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:401

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Measles is a highly infectious and serious respiratory viral disease which caused by a virus. It is a significant cause of illness and death worldwide. This data analysis was conducted to describe the trend an...

    Authors: Munira Nasser Hassen, Abyot Bekele Woyessa, Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Lucy Buluanger, Ayesheshem Ademe, Alemayehu Bekele, Adamu Addissie, Amha Kebede and Daddi Jima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:400

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The decline in the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) in some endemic regions threatens the progress towards global elimination of malaria. Molecular surveillance of drug resistance in m...

    Authors: Kolapo Muyiwa Oyebola, Oluwagbemiga Olanrewaju Aina, Emmanuel Taiwo Idowu, Yetunde Adeola Olukosi, Olusola Sunday Ajibaye, Olubunmi Adetoro Otubanjo, Taiwo Samson Awolola, Gordon Akanzuwine Awandare and Alfred Amambua-Ngwa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:392

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Between November 2013 and June 2014, 56 cases of bacteremia (15 deaths) associated with the use of Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) and/or calcium gluconate (CG) were reported in four Brazilian states.

    Authors: Marcelo Pillonetto, Lavinia Arend, Suzie M. T. Gomes, Marluce A. A. Oliveira, Loeci N. Timm, Andreza F. Martins, Afonso L. Barth, Alana Mazzetti, Lena Hersemann, Theo H. M. Smits, Marcelo T. Mira and Fabio Rezzonico

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:397

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Invasive bacterial diseases (IBD) are a serious cause of hospitalization, sequelae and mortality. Albeit a low incidence, an increase in cases due to H. influenzae was registered in the past 4 years and, in the T...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Federica Inturrisi, Elisa Orlandini, Maurizio de Martino and Chiara de Waure

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:396

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Monitoring of undernutrition and parasitic infection are essential to design appropriate intervention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infe...

    Authors: Tamirat Hailegebriel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:394

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fungal bloodstream infections (BSI) may be serious and are associated with drastic rise in mortality and health care costs. Candida spp. are the predominant etiological agent of fungal sepsis. The prompt and spec...

    Authors: Gabor Fidler, Eva Leiter, Sandor Kocsube, Sandor Biro and Melinda Paholcsek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:393

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The bicomponent leukotoxins and the pyrogenic toxin superantigens (PTSAgs) are important virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus. It is necessary to survey the prevalence and expression of these toxin-encoding...

    Authors: Chunyan He, Su Xu, Huanqiang Zhao, Fupin Hu, Xiaogang Xu, Shu Jin, Han Yang, Fang Gong and Qingzhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:395

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Caring for young children is a known risk factor for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection mainly through exposure to their saliva and urine. In a previous study, 36 CMV-seropositive children 2 mo. to 4 years old we...

    Authors: Minal M. Amin, Jennifer D. Stowell, William Hendley, Philip Garcia, D. Scott Schmid, Michael J. Cannon and Sheila C. Dollard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:391

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  21. Content type: Research article

    It is difficult to diagnose ascites infection early in cirrhotic patients. The present study was to create and evaluate a new bioscore combined with PCT, sNFI and dCHC in the diagnosis of ascites infection in ...

    Authors: Han Wang, Yan Li, Fangfang Zhang, Ning Yang, Na Xie, Yuanli Mao and Boan Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:389

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Guangxi is the province most seriously affected by rabies virus (RABV) in China. Those most affected by RABV each year are people in rural areas, where dogs are the main cause of human infection with the virus.

    Authors: Xian-Kai Wei, Yi Xiong, Xiao-Ning Li, Min Zheng, Yan Pan, Xiao-Xia He, Jing-Jing Liang, Cheng Liu, Yi-Zhi Zhong, Lian-Bin Zou, Lie-Feng Zheng, Jian-Gang Guo, Chang-Ting Li, Sheng-Bin Huang, Jia-Zhong Gan, Zhen-Mu Meng…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:386

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is a recently emerged arbovirus, which infection during pregnancy is associated with a series of congenital malformations, collectively denominated Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS). Following i...

    Authors: Carlos A. A. Brito, Adélia Henriques-Souza, Cynthia R. P. Soares, Priscila M. S. Castanha, Laís C. Machado, Mylena R. Pereira, Mariana C. M. Sobral, Antonio R. Lucena-Araujo, Gabriel L. Wallau and Rafael F. O. Franca

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:388

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) is a thermal dimorphic pathogenic fungus that often causes fatal opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Although T. marneffei-infect...

    Authors: Xiaoming Yu, Keji Miao, Changsheng Zhou, Yuelin Cai, Xiaoying Huang, Yanfan Chen, Mayun Chen, Hui Cai and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:390

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) causes considerable morbidity and mortality in children. Despite this, its epidemiology and risk factors are poorly understood, with minimal paediatric clinical trial data ...

    Authors: Alasdair P. S. Munro, Christopher C. Blyth, Anita J. Campbell and Asha C. Bowen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:387

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have evaluated the impact of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) combined with antimicrobial stewardship in patients with positive bloo...

    Authors: Yong Duk Jeon, Hye Seong, Dokyun Kim, Mi Young Ahn, In Young Jung, Su Jin Jeong, Jun Yong Choi, Young Goo Song, Dongeun Yong, Kyungwon Lee, June Myung Kim and Nam Su Ku

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:385

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  27. Content type: Research article

    World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, UN System Influenza Coordination (UNSIC) and other international organizations released a series of documents to fight against the influenza pandemic. Those doc...

    Authors: Feng Liang, Peng Guan, Wei Wu, Jing Liu, Ning Zhang, Bao-Sen Zhou and De-Sheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:383

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In 2013 and 2014, Singapore experienced its worst dengue outbreak known-to-date. Mosquito breeding in construction sites stood out as a probable risk factor due to its association with major dengue clusters in...

    Authors: Shaohong Liang, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Jayanthi Rajarethinam, Carmen Koo, Choon-Siang Tang, Chee-Seng Chong, Lee-Ching Ng and Grace Yap

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:382

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is associated with increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) treatment failure, death, and relapse compared to patients without diabetes. Current TB regimens are available as fixed dose combination (FDC) an...

    Authors: Mohammad H. Al-Shaer, Hazem Elewa, Yosra Alkabab, Lama H. Nazer and Scott K. Heysell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:384

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Dengue virus infection results in a broad spectrum of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic infection through to severe dengue. Although prior infection with another viral serotype, i.e. secondary dengu...

    Authors: Thi Hanh Tien Nguyen, Hannah E. Clapham, Khanh Lam Phung, Thanh Kieu Nguyen, The Trung DInh, Than Ha Quyen Nguyen, Van Ngoc Tran, Stephen Whitehead, Cameron Simmons, Marcel Wolbers and Bridget Wills

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:375

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant micro-organisms is a global concern, which is largely attributable to inaccurate prescribing of antibiotics to patients presenting with non-bacterial infections...

    Authors: C. B. van Houten, K. Oved, E. Eden, A. Cohen, D. Engelhard, S. Boers, R. Kraaij, R. Karlsson, D. Fernandez, E. Gonzalez, Y. Li, A. Stubbs, E. R. B. Moore, J. P. Hays and L. J. Bont

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:377

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Human parechovirus type 3 (HPeV-3) is known to cause cold-like symptoms, diarrhea, or severe infections such as sepsis in infants and children. In adults, HPeV-3 infection is rarely diagnosed because the sympt...

    Authors: Kiwamu Nakamura, Kyoichi Saito, Yasuka Hara, Tetsuji Aoyagi, Kadzuhiro Kitakawa, Yoshinobu Abe, Hiromu Takemura, Fumihito Ikeda, Mitsuo Kaku and Keiji Kanemitsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:381

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Hypervirulent strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae are a recognized cause of a distinct invasive syndrome that results in pyogenic liver abscesses and metastatic complications, particularly in the Asia Pacific region...

    Authors: Emma Sturm, Alex Tai, Belinda Lin, Jason Kwong, Eugene Athan, Benjamin P. Howden, Richard D. Angliss, Rafik Asaid and James Pollard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:380

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In spite of a local favorable environment, leptospirosis has never been described in Central African Republic so far mainly because of the weakness of diagnostic tests and differential diagnostic strategy for ...

    Authors: Pierre-Alain Rubbo, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Davy Martial Golongba, Florent Mbombo, Dominique Girault, Emmanuel Nakouné, Jean-Pierre Lombart, Sébastien Breurec and Cyrille Goarant

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:376

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Talaromyces marneffei, is an opportunistic pathogenic fungus that is most commonly reported in Southeast Asia and disseminated T.marneffei infection predominantly occurs in patients with immunodeficiency. With a ...

    Authors: Yi-Min Zhu, Jing-Wen Ai, Bin Xu, Peng Cui, Qi Cheng, Honglong Wu, Yi-Yi Qian, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Xian Zhou, Li Xing, Renhua Wu, Yongjun Li and Wen-Hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:379

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Herpes simplex virus infection is a global health concern with disproportionately high burden in low and middle-income countries. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of HSV infection in Ghana, which n...

    Authors: Oksana Debrah, Francis Agyemang-Yeboah, Richard Harry Asmah, Emmanuel Timmy-Donkoh, Mohammed Mustapha Seini, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Nilok Sight and Ellis Owusu-Dabo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:378

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The long-term benefits of antiretroviral treatment (ART) are associated with metabolic complications, especially lipodystrophy, which has been well described among HIV-infected adults and children on ART in de...

    Authors: Cecile Cames, Lea Pascal, Aissatou Ba, Hélène Mbodj, Baly Ouattara, Ndeye-Fatou Diallo, Philippe Msellati, Ngagne Mbaye, Haby Sy Signate, Stephane Blanche and Aminata Diack

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:374

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Reducing the number of people with undiagnosed HIV infection is a major goal of HIV control and prevention efforts in Europe and elsewhere. We analysed data from a large multi-city European bio-behavioural sur...

    Authors: Ulrich Marcus, Christiana Nöstlinger, Magdalena Rosińska, Nigel Sherriff, Lorenzo Gios, Sonia F. Dias, Ana F. Gama, Igor Toskin, Ivailo Alexiev, Emilia Naseva, Susanne Barbara Schink and Massimo Mirandola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:368

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasites are the most common infections in developing countries. Prevalence and impacts of these parasites are high in pregnant women. The aims of this study were to determine prevalence of helmint...

    Authors: Berhanu Elfu Feleke and Tadesse Hailu Jember

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:373

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  40. Content type: Research article

    With the increasing incidence of scrub typhus in recent years, it is of great value to analyse the spatial and temporal distribution of scrub typhus by applying micro-geographical studies at a reasonably fine ...

    Authors: Huiyan Yu, Changkui Sun, Wendong Liu, Zhifeng Li, Zhongming Tan, Xiaochen Wang, Jianli Hu, Shanqiu Shi and Changjun Bao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:372

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections are among the most common urological infections world-wide. Bacterial biofilms and encrustation cause significant complications in patients with urinary catheters. ...

    Authors: Kedar Diwakar Mandakhalikar, Rong Wang, Juwita N. Rahmat, Edmund Chiong, Koon Gee Neoh and Paul A. Tambyah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:370

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Colonisation with Panton-Valentine Leukocidin expressing strains of Staphylococcus aureus (PVL + SA) is characterised by recurrent skin and soft tissue infections. While periorbital and orbital infections are com...

    Authors: Pia-Alice Hoppe, Leif G. Hanitsch, Rasmus Leistner, Michaela Niebank, Christoph Bührer, Horst von Bernuth and Renate Krüger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:371

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Aspergillosis is a serious infection particularly affecting the immunodeficient host. Its co-infection with tuberculosis and cytomegalovirus has not been reported before. Embolic events are well recognized wit...

    Authors: Harsha Anuruddhika Dissanayake, Praveen Nilendra Weeratunga, Panduka Karunanayake, Rushika D. Lanerolle, M. V. Chandu de Silva and Saroj Jayasinghe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:367

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Some children are prone to recurrent invasive pneumococcal disease (rIPD) and of these, some respond insufficiently to standard pneumococcal vaccination. Little is known about how to handle these children and ...

    Authors: Helene A. S. Ingels, Bjørn Kantsø and Hans-Christian Slotved

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:366

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Observation and feedback are core strategies of hand hygiene (HH) improvement. Direct overt observation is currently the gold standard method. Observation bias, also known as the Hawthorne effect, is a major d...

    Authors: Kuan-Sheng Wu, Susan Shin-Jung Lee, Jui-Kuang Chen, Yao-Shen Chen, Hung-Chin Tsai, Yueh-Ju Chen, Yu-Hsiu Huang and Huey-Shyan Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:369

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Concomitant use of ledipasvir and boosted protease inhibitors (PIs) may increase the risk of tenofovir (TDF) nephrotoxicity, since both these drugs increase TDF levels. Our aim was to evaluate glomerular filtr...

    Authors: Cristina Aurora São Pedro Soeiro, Celina Andreia Melo Gonçalves, Marta Sofia Correia Marques, Maria Josefina Vazquez Méndez, Ana Paula Ribeiro Almeida Tavares, Ana Maria Lacerda Morgado Fernandes de Carvalho de Aboim Horta and Rui Manuel do Rosário Sarmento-Castro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:364

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  47. Content type: Case report

    Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex (B. b. sl) spirochetes can cause Lyme borreliosis, manifesting as localized infection (e.g. erythema migrans) or disseminated disease (e.g. Lyme neuroborreli...

    Authors: A. Wagemakers, M. C. Visser, B. de Wever, J. W. Hovius, N. W. C. J. van de Donk, E. J. Hendriks, L. Peferoen, F. F. Muller and C. W. Ang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:362

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