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  1. Active tuberculosis (ATB) originates from primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection or reactivation of latent tuberculosis. Besides bacteriological examination, MTB-reactive immunocytes detection can be ...

    Authors: Yong Fang, Na Wang, Liang Tang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Yuan Tang, Lin Li, Wen-Fei Wu, Bo Su and Wei Sha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:899
  2. Authors: Ladjane Santos Wolmer de Melo, Maria Verônica Monteiro de Abreu, Bernuarda Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Maria das Graças Washington Casimiro Carreteiro, Maria Fernanda Aparecida Moura de Souza, Maria Carolina Andrade Lins de Albuquerque, Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal and Heloisa Ramos Lacerda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:898

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:212

  3. Many of the acute infections that are seen in primary care and sometimes managed with antibiotics are self-resolving and antibiotics may be unnecessary. Information about the natural history of these infection...

    Authors: Kwame Peprah Boaitey, Mina Bakhit, Natalia Krzyzaniak and Tammy C. Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:897
  4. Authors: Xiao Wei, Biao Meng, Hong Peng, Yan Li, Min Liu, Hairui Si, Rui Wu, Hailong Chen, Ying Bai, Qunling Feng, Changjun Wang and Xiangna Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:896

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:761

  5. Sexual uses of alcohol and drugs are pervasive among men who have sex with men (MSM) and associated with increased risk of HIV infection. However, there are limited studies related to sexual uses of alcohol an...

    Authors: Jinshen Wang, Peizhen Zhao, Wenqian Xu and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:895
  6. The drive to vaccinate large populations is nowadays the main instrument for combating the pandemic and preventing serious disease and death. However, breakthrough infection (post-vaccination infection) still ...

    Authors: Sihem Ben Fredj, Rim Ghammem, Nawel Zammit, Amani Maatouk, Nihel Haddad, Nouha Haddad, Manel Kachroudi, Senda Rebai, Hafsia Laadhari, Mohamed Mizouni Ghodhbani, Jihen Maatoug and Hassen Ghannem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:894
  7. The infection rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) is high in the coastal regions of China. However, the infection rate among high-risk genotypes of women in Putian City is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed t...

    Authors: Zhanfei Chen, Hua Lin, Jinyuan Zheng, Lili Cai, Zhonghui Chen, Jinqiu Li and Liumin Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:893
  8. Neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) index has been widely studied as an indication of bacteria-infected diseases, but the exact usage of nCD64 index in monitoring infections remains debated. So this study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yanting Gao, Lihui Lin, Jinyan Zhao, Xia Peng and Li Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:892
  9. The impact of corticosteroids on patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)/chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection is currently unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of corticost...

    Authors: Mei Meng, Yufeng Chu, Sheng Zhang, Xuechuan Li, Jing Sha, Peng Wang, Yunliang Cui, Meihong Han, Xuan Dong, Wenqing Sun, Zhongfa Zhang, Yunxin Deng, Tao Wang, Djillali Annane, Shouqiang Jia and Dechang Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:891
  10. Increased frequency of circulating double negative T (DNT, CD4CD8CD3+) cells with protective immune function has been observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and tuberculosis (TB). Here the rol...

    Authors: Yuting Tan, Shi Zou, Wei Guo, Yanni Xiang, Yu Dong, Qi Zhu, Songjie Wu, Mingqi Luo, Ling Shen and Ke Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:890
  11. Our study examines if SARS-CoV-2 infections varied by vaccination status, if an individual had previously tested positive and by neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation across the Delta and Omicron epidemic wa...

    Authors: Mark A. Green, Daniel J. Hungerford, David M. Hughes, Marta Garcia-Fiñana, Lance Turtle, Christopher Cheyne, Matthew Ashton, Gary Leeming, Malcolm G. Semple, Alex Singleton and Iain Buchan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:889
  12. Herpes zoster increases the burden on the elderly in an aging society. Although an effective vaccine licensed by China Food and Drug Administration in 2019 was introduced into the market in June 2020, the will...

    Authors: Binshan Jiang, Qing Wang, Zhenzhong Wang, Yunshao Xu, Tao Yang, Weizhong Yang, Mengmeng Jia and Luzhao Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:888
  13. Persons in Pakistan have suffered from various infectious diseases over the years, each impacted by various factors including climate change, seasonality, geopolitics, and resource availability. The COVID-19 p...

    Authors: Bayan Missaghi, Muhammad Wasif Malik, Waseem Shaukat, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Aamer Ikram and Herman W. Barkema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:887
  14. Trans women face tremendous social inequities as well as disproportionate rates of HIV and substance use, yet disaggregated substance use data specific to trans women remain limited.

    Authors: Elaine Hsiang, Akua Gyamerah, Glenda Baguso, Jennifer Jain, Willi McFarland, Erin C. Wilson and Glenn-Milo Santos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:886
  15. To monitor Sweden’s progress towards the WHO goal of eliminating viral hepatitis, we estimated the prevalence, notification rate, and liver-related morbidity and mortality for diagnosed hepatitis B virus (HBV)...

    Authors: Soledad Colombe, Maria Axelsson, Soo Aleman, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Josefine Lundberg Ederth and Viktor Dahl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:885
  16. Tuberculosis has remained a leading cause of death among people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is the recommended strategy by the World Health Organization to prevent TB d...

    Authors: Renatus Fabiano Nyarubamba, Adam Silumbwe, Choolwe Jacobs, Patricia Maritim, Paschal Mdoe and Joseph Mumba Zulu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:884
  17. Authors: Vincenzo Scaglione, Salvatore Rotundo, Nadia Marascio, Carmela De Marco, Rosaria Lionello, Claudia Veneziano, Lavinia Berardelli, Angela Quirino, Vincenzo Olivadese, Francesca Serapide, Bruno Tassone, Helen Linda Morrone, Chiara Davoli, Valentina La Gamba, Andrea Bruni, Bruno Mario Cesana…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:883

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:793

  18. Antimicrobial resistance has reached an alarming rate globally, especially in middle-income countries such as Lebanon. The development of antifungal resistance is associated with the increased population’s inj...

    Authors: Deema Rahme, Mayssam Ayoub, Khalil Shaito, Nadine Saleh, Sara Assaf and Nathalie Lahoud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:882
  19. Group B Streptococci (GBS) colonize almost one third of human gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, particularly in females. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology, microbiological characteris...

    Authors: Maisa Ali, Mohammed A. Alamin, Gawahir A. Ali, Khalid Alzubaidi, Bashir Ali, Abdellatif Ismail, Joanne Daghfal, Muna Almaslamani and Hamad Abdel Hadi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:881
  20. The efficacy of early treatment with convalescent plasma in patients with COVID-19 is debated. Nothing is known about the potential effect of other plasma components other than anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies.

    Authors: Paola Maria Manzini, Giovannino Ciccone, Francesco Giuseppe De Rosa, Rossana Cavallo, Valeria Ghisetti, Sergio D’Antico, Claudia Galassi, Fabio Saccona, Anna Castiglione, Nadia Birocco, Tiziana Francisci, Huijing Hu, Clara Pecoraro, Franca Danielle, Luciana Labanca, Anna Maria Bordiga…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:879
  21. Obstetrical infection is one of the causes of maternal death and a difficult problem for many clinicians. Changes in the demographic and obstetric background of pregnant women following the Universal Two-Child...

    Authors: Huiqing Yuan, Cui Zhang, Ei Ni Tar Maung, Songli Fan, Zijia Shi, Fang Liao, Shuo Wang, Ying Jin, Le Chen and Li Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:878
  22. Bacterial infections are a common complication in patients with seasonal viral respiratory tract infections and are associated with poor prognosis, increased risk of intensive care unit admission and 29–55% mo...

    Authors: Jeniffer Munyiva Mutua, John Mwaniki Njeru and Abednego Moki Musyoki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:877
  23. Bedaquiline (BDQ) is a core drug for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) treatment. Accurate prediction of a BDQ-resistant phenotype from genomic data is not yet possible. A Bayesian method to predict BD...

    Authors: Pham Hien Trang Tu, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emilyn Costa Conceição, Jasna Loos and Annelies Van Rie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:876
  24. In order to verify the existence of an anthrax outbreak, determine its scope, grasp the epidemiological characteristics and find out the cause of the outbreak and recommend preventive and control measures.

    Authors: Xiaolin Yu, Ming Fang, Shuang Wang, Zhong Li, Lixiao Cheng, Zhaoshan Liu, Dandan Zhang, Dandan Dong and Zengqiang Kou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:875
  25. The Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MABC) is a group of acid-fast, rapidly dividing non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) that include a number of clinically important subspecies, including M. abscessus, M. bolleti...

    Authors: Ashley R. Rizzo and Nader H. Moniri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:874
  26. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after transplantation. This study aimed to investigate CMV seroprevalence, infection, and disease in Chinese thoracic organ transpl...

    Authors: Chunrong Ju, Xiaohua Wang, Xin Xu, Shaobo Xie, Qingdong Cao, Wanli Lin, Jianheng Zhang, Yu Xu, Qiaoyan Lian, Danxia Huang, Rongchang Chen and Jianxing He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:872
  27. In Bangladesh, safely managed sanitation (SMS) coverage is low, and diarrheal disease is a significant health problem. This study estimated the inequality in access to SMS facilities at the national and sub-na...

    Authors: Jahanara Akter, Md. Rashedul Islam, Shamima Akter, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Fahima Hossain, Md Rifat Anam, Md. Ashraful Alam, Papia Sultana and Shahedur Rashid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:871
  28. This retrospective cohort study assessed benefits and risks of bedaquiline treatment in multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) combination therapy by evaluating safety, effectiveness, drug utilization and e...

    Authors: Helen Pai, Norbert Ndjeka, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Koné Kaniga, Eileen Birmingham, Gary Mao, Lori Alquier, Kourtney Davis, Arianne Bodard, Abeda Williams, Magalie Van Tongel, Florence Thoret-Bauchet, Shaheed V. Omar and Nyasha Bakare
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:870
  29. Epidemiology of febrile illness in Uganda is shifting due to increased HIV treatment access, emerging viruses, and increased surveillance. We investigated the aetiology and outcomes of acute febrile illness in...

    Authors: Paul W. Blair, Kenneth Kobba, Francis Kakooza, Matthew L. Robinson, Emmanuel Candia, Jonathan Mayito, Edgar C. Ndawula, Abraham J. Kandathil, Alphonsus Matovu, Gilbert Aniku, Yukari C. Manabe and Mohammed Lamorde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:869
  30. Human brucellosis has become one of the major public health problems in China, and increases atypical manifestations, such as fever of unknown origin (FUO), and misdiagnosis rates has complicated the diagnosis...

    Authors: Zhi-guo Wu, Zhi-ying Song, Wei-xin Wang, Wen-na Xi, Di Jin, Mao-xing Ai, Yu-chan Wu, Yu Lan, Shu-fen Song, Gong-chang Zhang, Xue-bing Yao, Zhen Gao, Cui-yun Liu, Ke Sun, Dong-shan Yu, Bao-gang Xie…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:868
  31. Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) can successfully suppress human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral replication and reconstruct immune function reconstruction in HIV-1-infected patients. However, ...

    Authors: Xiaojie Lao, Xinyin Mei, Jun Zou, Qing Xiao, Qiuyue Ning, Xianli Xu, Chunlan Zhang, Lei Ji, Shengwei Deng, Bingyang Lu and Maowei Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:867
  32. The efficacy of non-carbapenems as an empirical antibiotic for extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia in children remains controversial. We compared ...

    Authors: Saera Park, HyeJin So, Mi-Na Kim and Jina Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:866
  33. The early diagnosis of sepsis is beneficial to put forward a reasonable clinical treatment plan as soon as possible. This study was to explore the expression of Tripartite Motif 7 (TRIM7) in peripheral blood m...

    Authors: Mingfeng Lu, Aiwen Ma, Jianwei Liu, Wenzhen Zhou, Peng Cao, Tao Chu and Lu Fan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:865
  34. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has been found to persist within cavities in patients who have completed their anti-tuberculosis therapy. The clinical implications of Mtb persistence after therapy include recurr...

    Authors: Sergo A. Vashakidze, Abivarma Chandrakumaran, Merab Japaridze, Giorgi Gogishvili, Jeffrey M. Collins, Manana Rekhviashvili and Russell R. Kempker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:864
  35. The long-term protective effect of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), the incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine breakthrough infections (VBIs), and whether a booster HepB is necessary remain to be clarified in...

    Authors: Yarong Song, Xin Zhang, Minmin Liu, Xiangjun Zhai, Jianxun Liu, Yi Li, Lili Li, Yiwei Xiao, Zhongping Duan, Jing Jiang, Feng Ding, Liguo Zhu, Jie Jiang, Huaibin Zou, Hui Zhuang, Jie Wang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:863
  36. In order to estimate the prevalence and understand the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Sweden, the Public Health Agency of Sweden, with support from the Swedish Armed Forces, conducted a series of point prevalence sur...

    Authors: Ramona Groenheit, Jessica Beser, Sharon Kühlmann Berenzon, Ilias Galanis, Edward van Straten, Jan Duracz, Marie Rapp, Disa Hansson, Mikael Mansjö, Sandra Söderholm, Shaman Muradrasoli, Anna Risberg, Richard Ölund, Andreas Wiklund, Kristoffer Metzkes, Matilda Lundberg…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:861
  37. Our understanding of the influence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection on bacterial colonization in the children’s upper nasopharyngeal tract during the coronavirus infect...

    Authors: Vincentia Rizke Ciptaningtyas, Rebriarina Hapsari, Endang Sri Lestari, Helmia Farida, Quirijn de Mast and Marinus Isaäk de Jonge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:860
  38. Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common tick-borne infectious disease in the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis of LB is usually made by clinical symptoms and subsequently supported by serology. In Europe, a ...

    Authors: Julia Häring, Max J. Hassenstein, Matthias Becker, Julia Ortmann, Daniel Junker, André Karch, Klaus Berger, Tatia Tchitchagua, Olaf Leschnik, Manuela Harries, Daniela Gornyk, Pilar Hernández, Berit Lange, Stefanie Castell, Gérard Krause, Alex Dulovic…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:859
  39. In the general population, sport activity is associated with better health and better self-esteem. Among people living with HIV (PLHIV), sport activity could also be associated with better self-esteem. The mai...

    Authors: Lucia Grandiere Perez, Clotilde Allavena, Solène Sécher, Sylvain Durand, Antoine Grégoire, Yves-Marie Vandamme, Hikombo Hitoto, Sophie Leautez-Nainville, Christophe Michau and Eric Billaud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:858
  40. The systematic collection of valid data related to hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) is considered effective for nosocomial infection prevention and control programs. New strategies to reduce HAIs have recen...

    Authors: Ruiling Wen, Xinying Li, Tingting Liu and Guihong Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:857
  41. Increased occurrence of mucormycosis during the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic in early 2021 in India prompted us to undertake a multi-site case–control investigation. The objectives were to examine the mon...

    Authors: Tanu Anand, Aparna Mukherjee, Aanchal Satija, Poonam Sharma Velamuri, Kh. Jitenkumar Singh, Madhuchhanda Das, Kripa Josten, Pragya D. Yadav, Rima R. Sahay, Archana Y. Keche, Nitin M. Nagarkar, Prashant Gupta, D. Himanshu, Sejal N. Mistry, Jimy D. Patel, Prajwal Rao…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:856
  42. Prior studies have identified that vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE) bacteremia that persists for four days or more is an independent predictor of mortality. Despite this, there is no published data to i...

    Authors: Emily Fox, David Ha, Mark Bounthavong, Lina Meng, Emily Mui, Marisa Holubar, Stanley Deresinski and William Alegria
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:855
  43. Rapid/point-of-care respiratory virus nucleic acid tests (NAT) may improve oseltamivir, antibiotic, diagnostic test, and hospital bed utilization. Previous randomized controlled trials (RCT) on this topic have...

    Authors: Helen L. Bibby, Lawrence de Koning, Isolde Seiden-Long, Nathan Zelyas, Deirdre L. Church and Byron M. Berenger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:854
  44. In the past decade, Brazil has significantly reduced the prevalence of schistosomiasis through a combined effort of early treatment of infected people, expansion of basic sanitation infrastructure and educatio...

    Authors: Felipe Leão Gomes Murta, Cristiano Lara Massara, Maria Gabriela Rodrigues, Lilian Christina Nóbrega Holsbach Beck and Tereza Cristina Favre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:853
  45. There is no report on antibody titers after vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 in Japanese dialysis patients. As dialysis is different between Japan and other countries, changes in antibody titers were examined.

    Authors: Haruki Wakai, Natsumi Abe, Touno Tokuda, Rika Yamanaka, Satoshi Ebihara, Kensuke Izumaru, Daisuke Ishii, Toru Hyodo and Kazunari Yoshida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:852
  46. Taenia solium cysticercosis is a zoonotic disease that is endemic in many low- and middle-income countries where risk factors for disease transmission are present. The economic impact of cysticercosis on public h...

    Authors: Salvator Minani, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Anastasie Gasogo, Jean-Bosco Ntirandekura, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny and Chiara Trevisan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:851
  47. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global public health problem, with ~ 11 million people in Africa infected. There is incomplete information on HCV in Sudan, particularly in haemodialysis patients, who have a highe...

    Authors: Trodia Zitha, Chien-Yu Chen, Hatim Mudawi, Waleed Hussein, Maowia Mukhtar, Mazin Shigidi, Mohamed Elamin Awad Yousif, Mohammed Ahmed Ali, Dieter Glebe and Anna Kramvis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:848

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