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  1. Research article

    Incident Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in household contacts of infectious tuberculosis patients in Brazil

    In household contact investigations of tuberculosis (TB), a second tuberculin skin test (TST) obtained several weeks after a first negative result consistently identifies individuals that undergo TST conversio...

    Edward C. Jones-López, Carlos Acuña-Villaorduña, Geisa Fregona, Patricia Marques-Rodrigues, Laura F. White, David Jamil Hadad, Lucilia Pereira Dutra-Molina, Solange Vinhas, Avery I. McIntosh, Mary Gaeddert, Rodrigo Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Padmini Salgame, Moises Palaci, David Alland, Jerrold J. Ellner and Reynaldo Dietze

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:576

    Published on: 18 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus type-2 (HSV-2) among pregnant women who participated in a national HIV surveillance activity in Haiti

    Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), one the most common causes of genital ulcers, appears to increase both the risk of HIV acquisition and HIV transmission. HSV-2/HIV co-infection among pregnant women may inc...

    Jean Wysler Domercant, Frantz Jean Louis, Erin Hulland, Mark Griswold, Jocelyne Andre-Alboth, Tun Ye and Barbara J. Marston

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:577

    Published on: 18 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Post-treatment haemolysis in African children with hyperparasitaemic falciparum malaria; a randomized comparison of artesunate and quinine

    Parenteral artesunate is the treatment of choice for severe malaria. Recently, haemolytic anaemia occurring 1 to 3 weeks after artesunate treatment of falciparum malaria has been reported in returning travellers ...

    C. Fanello, M. Onyamboko, S. J. Lee, C. Woodrow, S. Setaphan, K. Chotivanich, P. Buffet, S. Jauréguiberry, K. Rockett, K. Stepniewska, N. P. J. Day, N. J. White and A. M. Dondorp

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:575

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  4. Research article

    Effect of poly-hexamethylene biguanide hydrochloride (PHMB) treated non-sterile medical gloves upon the transmission of Streptococcus pyogenes, carbapenem-resistant E. coli, MRSA and Klebsiella pneumoniae from contact surfaces

    Reduction of accidental contamination of the near-patient environment has potential to reduce acquisition of healthcare-associated infection(s). Although medical gloves should be removed when soiled or touchin...

    S. Ali and A.P.R. Wilson

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:574

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Treatment outcomes of patients with multidrug-resistant and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis in Hunan Province, China

    The worldwide emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has posed additional challenges for global tuberculosis (TB) control efforts, as limite...

    Kefyalew Addis Alene, Hengzhong Yi, Kerri Viney, Emma S. McBryde, Kunyun Yang, Liqiong Bai, Darren J. Gray, Archie C. A. Clements and Zuhui Xu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:573

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Outcomes from patients with presumed drug resistant tuberculosis in five reference centers in Brazil

    The implementation of rapid drug susceptibility testing (DST) is a current global priority for TB control. However, data are scarce on patient-relevant outcomes for presumptive diagnosis of drug-resistant tube...

    D. M. P. Ramalho, P. F. C. Miranda, M. K. Andrade, T. Brígido, M. P. Dalcolmo, E. Mesquita, C. F. Dias, A. N. Gambirasio, J. Ueleres Braga, A. Detjen, P. P. J. Phillips, I. Langley, P. I. Fujiwara, S. B. Squire, M. M. Oliveira and A. L. Kritski

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:571

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  7. Research article

    Population effectiveness of the pentavalent and monovalent rotavirus vaccines: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

    Rotavirus was the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in infants and young children prior to the introduction of routine vaccination. Since 2006 there have been two licensed vaccines available; with s...

    Daniel Hungerford, Katie Smith, Angela Tucker, Miren Iturriza-Gómara, Roberto Vivancos, Catherine McLeonard, Nigel A Cunliffe and Neil French

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:569

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  8. Research article

    Predictors of delayed care seeking for tuberculosis in southern India: an observational study

    Reducing delay to accessing care is necessary to reduce the Tuberculosis (TB) burden in high incidence countries such as India. This study aimed to identify factors associated with delays in seeking care for T...

    Sarah E. Van Ness, Ankit Chandra, Sonali Sarkar, Jane Pleskunas, Jerrold J. Ellner, Gautam Roy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Swaroop Sahu, C. Robert Horsburgh Jr, Helen E. Jenkins and Natasha S. Hochberg

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:567

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  9. Research article

    The association between tuberculosis and the development of insulin resistance in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Western sub-district of the Cape Metropole region, South Africa: a combined cross-sectional, cohort study

    The existence of a bi-directional relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and insulin resistance (IR)/diabetes has been alluded to in literature. Although diabetes has been linked to increased tuberculosis risk...

    Lauren Philips, Janicke Visser, Daan Nel and Renée Blaauw

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:570

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  10. Research article

    Monitoring, documenting and reporting the quality of antibiotic use in the Netherlands: a pilot study to establish a national antimicrobial stewardship registry

    The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy is developing a national antimicrobial stewardship registry. This registry will report both the quality of antibiotic use in hospitals in the Netherlands and the st...

    Marvin AH Berrevoets, Jaap ten Oever, Tom Sprong, Reinier M van Hest, Ingeborg Groothuis, Inger van Heijl, Jeroen A Schouten, Marlies E Hulscher and Bart-Jan Kullberg

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:565

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  11. Case report

    Hepatitis B reactivation characterized by HBsAg negativity and anti-HbsAg antibodies persistence in haematopoietic stem cell transplanted patient after lamivudine withdrawal

    HBV reactivation is associated with high mortality rates in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and prophylactic lamivudine (LMV) treatment is suggested to prevent this phenomenon. However, the dura...

    C. Cerva, G. Maffongelli, V. Svicher, R. Salpini, L. Colagrossi, A. Battisti, B. Mariotti, R. Cerretti, L. Cudillo and L. Sarmati

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:566

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  12. Case report

    Secondary organizing pneumonia following viral pneumonia caused by severe influenza B: a case report and literature reviews

    Some reported that organizing pneumonia (OP) may occur after influenza A infections including swine-origin influenza A (H1N1). However, OP associated with influenza B infection has never been reported. We repo...

    Nobuhiro Asai, Toyoharu Yokoi, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideo Kato, Mao Hagihara, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi and Hiroshige Mikamo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:572

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  13. Research article

    Relationships between sickle cell trait, malaria, and educational outcomes in Tanzania

    Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) has been shown to be protective against malaria. A growing literature suggests that malaria exposure can reduce educational attainment. This study assessed the relationship and interact...

    Kevin Croke, Deus S. Ishengoma, Filbert Francis, Julie Makani, Mathias L. Kamugisha, John Lusingu, Martha Lemnge, Horacio Larreguy, Günther Fink and Bruno P. Mmbando

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:568

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  14. Case report

    First report of Sneathia sanguinegens together with Mycoplasma hominis in postpartum prosthetic valve infective endocarditis: a case report

    The presence of more than one bacterial agent is relatively rare in infective endocarditis, although more common in prosthetic cases. Molecular diagnosis from a removed heart tissue is considered a quick and e...

    Iva Kotaskova, Petr Nemec, Martina Vanerkova, Barbora Malisova, Renata Tejkalova, Marek Orban, Vita Zampachova and Tomas Freiberger

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:563

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  15. Research article

    Evaluation of vaccination herd immunity effects for anogenital warts in a low coverage setting with human papillomavirus vaccine—an interrupted time series analysis from 2005 to 2010 using health insurance data

    Shortly after the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendation and hence the reimbursement of vaccination costs for the respective age groups in Germany in 2007, changes in the incidence of anogenital war...

    Kathrin Thöne, Johannes Horn and Rafael Mikolajczyk

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:564

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  16. Research article

    Assessment of tuberculosis spatial hotspot areas in Antananarivo, Madagascar, by combining spatial analysis and genotyping

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem in Madagascar. A crucial element of TB control is the development of an easy and rapid method for the orientation of TB control strategies in the country. Our ...

    Noël Harijaona Ratovonirina, Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Solohery Lalaina Razafimahatratra, Mamy Serge Raherison, Guislaine Refrégier, Christophe Sola, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana and Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:562

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  17. Research article

    Genotypes of hepatitis a virus in Turkey: first report and clinical profile of children infected with sub-genotypes IA and IIIA

    Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a food and water-borne virus causing clinical (mainly hepatitis) and subclinical disease in humans. It is important to characterize circulating strains of HAV in order to prevent HAV...

    Huseyin Yilmaz, Asiye Karakullukcu, Nuri Turan, Utku Y. Cizmecigil, Aysun Yilmaz, Ayse A. Ozkul, Ozge Aydin, Alper Gunduz, Mahmut Mete, Fadile Y. Zeyrek, Taner T. Kirazoglu, Juergen A. Richt and Bekir Kocazeybek

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:561

    Published on: 11 August 2017

  18. Research article

    Clinical and laboratory profiles of patients with early spontaneous healing in cutaneous localized leishmaniasis: a historical cohort study

    Skin ulcers in American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) may heal spontaneously after months/years. However, few cases may present quick heal even during diagnosis procedure (early spontaneous healing- ESH). The ...

    Carla Oliveira-Ribeiro, Maria Inês Fernandes Pimentel, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes Oliveira, Aline Fagundes, Maria de Fatima Madeira, Cintia Xavier Mello, Eliame Mouta-Confort, Claudia Maria Valete-Rosalino, Erica de Camargo Ferreira Vasconcellos, Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Leonardo Pereira Quintella, Liliane de Fatima Antonio, Armando Schubach and Fatima Conceição-Silva

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:559

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  19. Research article

    Polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum k13-propeller gene among migrant workers returning to Henan Province, China from Africa

    Henan Province has been in the malaria elimination stage, with all reports of the disease being imported since 2012 and over 90% coming from Africa. Surveillance and population studies are essential for the ea...

    Chengyun Yang, Hongwei Zhang, Ruimin Zhou, Dan Qian, Ying Liu, Yuling Zhao, Suhua Li and Bianli Xu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:560

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  20. Research article

    Viral and bacterial upper respiratory tract infection in hospital health care workers over time and association with symptoms

    Bacterial colonisation of the respiratory tract is commonly described and usually thought to be of no clinical significance. The aim of this study was to examine the presence and significance of bacteria and v...

    C. Raina MacIntyre, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Yi Zhang, Holly Seale, Peng Yang, Joshua Chen, Yang Pan, Daitao Zhang and Quanyi Wang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:553

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  21. Research article

    The efficacy, safety, and feasibility of inhaled amikacin for the treatment of difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial lung diseases

    In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, ...

    Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku…

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:558

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  22. Review

    Cardiovascular risk and dyslipidemia among persons living with HIV: a review

    Aim of this review is to focus the attention on people living with HIV infection at risk of developing a cardiovascular event. What is or what would be the most suitable antiretroviral therapy? Which statin or...

    Paolo Maggi, Antonio Di Biagio, Stefano Rusconi, Stefania Cicalini, Maurizio D’Abbraccio, Gabriella d’Ettorre, Canio Martinelli, Giuseppe Nunnari, Laura Sighinolfi, Vincenzo Spagnuolo and Nicola Squillace

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:551

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  23. Research article

    Diagnostic value of Pentraxin-3 in patients with sepsis and septic shock in accordance with latest sepsis-3 definitions

    Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) is an acute-phase protein involved in inflammatory and infectious processes. This study assesses its diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with sepsis or septic shock in a medical int...

    Sonja Hamed, Michael Behnes, Dominic Pauly, Dominic Lepiorz, Max Barre, Tobias Becher, Siegfried Lang, Ibrahim Akin, Martin Borggrefe, Thomas Bertsch and Ursula Hoffmann

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:554

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  24. Research article

    Improving ART programme retention and viral suppression are key to maximising impact of treatment as prevention – a modelling study

    UNAIDS calls for fewer than 500,000 new HIV infections/year by 2020, with treatment-as-prevention being a key part of their strategy for achieving the target. A better understanding of the contribution to tran...

    Nicky McCreesh, Ioannis Andrianakis, Rebecca N. Nsubuga, Mark Strong, Ian Vernon, Trevelyan J. McKinley, Jeremy E. Oakley, Michael Goldstein, Richard Hayes and Richard G. White

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:557

    Published on: 9 August 2017

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