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  1. Content type: Research article

    WHO identifies pregnant women to be at increased risk for severe outcomes from influenza virus infections and recommends that they be prioritized for influenza vaccination. The evidence supporting this, howeve...

    Authors: Dominik Mertz, Calvin Ka-Fung Lo, Lyubov Lytvyn, Justin R. Ortiz and Mark Loeb

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:683

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Human adenoviruses (HAdV) are important pathogens of pediatric respiratory tract infections in Taiwan. There were two major HAdV epidemics in southern Taiwan in 2011 and 2014, respectively.

    Authors: Ching-Fen Shen, Shih-Min Wang, Jen-Ren Wang, Yu-Shiang Hu, Tzong-Shiann Ho and Ching-Chuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:681

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A major challenge in dengue management in resource limited settings is the confirmation of diagnosis. Clinical features of dengue often overlap with other infections and molecular diagnostic tools are not read...

    Authors: Ponsuge Chathurani Sigera, Ranmalee Amarasekara, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Senaka Rajapakse, Praveen Weeratunga, Nipun Lakshita De Silva, Chun Hong Huang, Malaya K. Sahoo, Benjamin A. Pinsky, Dylan R. Pillai, Hasitha A. Tissera, Saroj Jayasinghe, Shiroma Handunnetti and Sumadhya D. Fernando

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:680

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Abnormal sexual behaviors presenting as manifestations of rabies have occasionally been reported in the literature, although little attention has been paid to these cases to date. This study aimed to analyze t...

    Authors: Zhaoxing Tian, Yingyu Chen and Wei Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:679

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Fecal colonization with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a risk factor for bacterial translocation resulting in subsequent endogenous infections. The purpose of this study is to investigate the...

    Authors: Fen Pan, Dongxing Tian, Bingjie Wang, Wantong Zhao, Huihong Qin, Tiandong Zhang and Hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:678

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  6. Content type: Technical advance

    In addition to seasonal influenza viruses recently circulating in humans, avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of H5N1, H5N6 and H7N9 subtypes have also emerged and demonstrated human infection abilities with high m...

    Authors: Su Jeong Ahn, Yun Hee Baek, Khristine Kaith S. Lloren, Won-Suk Choi, Ju Hwan Jeong, Khristine Joy C. Antigua, Hyeok-il Kwon, Su-Jin Park, Eun-Ha Kim, Young-il Kim, Young-Jae Si, Seung Bok Hong, Kyeong Seob Shin, Sungkun Chun, Young Ki Choi and Min-Suk Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:676

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is now recognized as a major cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. HEV specific antibodies develop shortly after infection and are thought to confer protection.

    Authors: Marcus Panning, Kristi Basho, Andreas Fahrner and Christoph Neumann-Haefelin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:675

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    The antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence club (AC) differentiated service delivery model, where clinically stable ART patients receive their ART refills and psychosocial support in groups has supported clini...

    Authors: Lynne Wilkinson, Anna Grimsrud, Tali Cassidy, Catherine Orrell, Jacqueline Voget, Helen Hayes, Claire Keene, Sarah Jane Steele and Rodd Gerstenhaber

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:674

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous qualitative studies suggested that the false negative rate of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis infection (T-SPOT.TB) is associated with many risk factors in tuberculosis patients. However, more prec...

    Authors: Kui Li, Caiyong Yang, Zicheng Jiang, Shengxi Liu, Jun Liu, Chuanqi Fan, Tao Li and Xuemin Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:673

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium striatum is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen associated with immunocompromised and chronically ill patients, as well as nosocomial outbreaks. In this study, we characterized 23 MDR C...

    Authors: Juliana Nunes Ramos, Cassius Souza, Yuri Vieira Faria, Eliane Cristine da Silva, João Flávio Carneiro Veras, Paulo Victor Pereira Baio, Sérgio Henrique Seabra, Lilian de Oliveira Moreira, Raphael Hirata Júnior, Ana Luíza Mattos-Guaraldi and Verônica Viana Vieira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:672

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a rare complication of influenza infection that has substantial morbidity. We report the first case of OP associated with avian influenza H7N9 infection that had significant improv...

    Authors: Hangyong He, Hao Wang, Xuyan Li, Xiao Tang, Bing Sun and Zhaohui Tong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:671

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of precancerous lesions and cervical cancer in women. In order to determine the epidemiological characteristics as well as the relationship between the HP...

    Authors: Liang Ma, Jieping Lei, Li Ma, Xiao Cong, Na Wang, Hui Yang, Qian Liu, Yang Yu and Yongtong Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:670

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  13. Content type: Research article

    As a gateway for HIV-1 in China, Yunnan has experienced dramatic changes in HIV-1 epidemics, during which HIV-1 genotypes have become complex. To track dynamic changes in HIV-1 genotypes, an HIV-1 molecular ep...

    Authors: Min Chen, Yanling Ma, Huichao Chen, Jie Dai, Hongbing Luo, Chaojun Yang, Lijuan Dong, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Li Yang, Lijun Song, Zhizhong Song and Manhong Jia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:669

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A severe seasonal influenza epidemic was observed during 2017–2018 in China, prompting questions on clinical characteristics and outcomes of severe cases with influenza.

    Authors: Xiaofang Fu, Yuqing Zhou, Jie Wu, Xiaoxiao Liu, Cheng Ding, Chenyang Huang, Shufa Zheng, Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna, Yu Chen, Lanjuan Li and Shigui Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:668

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NL ratio) has been reported to be a predictive biomarker of tuberculosis (TB). We assessed the association between the NL ratio and the incidence of active TB cases within 1...

    Authors: Reiko Miyahara, Surachai Piyaworawong, Vivek Naranbhai, Prarit Prachamat, Prapimporn Kriengwatanapong, Naho Tsuchiya, Jiraporn Wongyai, Surasit Bupachat, Norio Yamada, Surin Summanapan, Surakameth Mahasirimongkol and Hideki Yanai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:667

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Human brucellosis is endemic in China and commonly occurs through contact with infected animals from working with livestock or consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. Although rare, human-to-human, and po...

    Authors: Guozhong Tian, Zhifei Zhan, Aimin Zhang, Hongyan Zhao, Xin Xia, Zixiang He, Bing Zhang, Menghua Zhao, Dongri Piao, Dianying Lu and Hai Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:666

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Scrub typhus is a mite borne zoonosis common in the tropics with no good preventive strategy. Children are also affected leading to considerable morbidity and mortality. We conducted a case control study and a...

    Authors: Winsley Rose, Gagandeep Kang, Valsan Philip Verghese, Sadanandane Candassamy, Prasanna Samuel, John Jude Antony Prakash and Jayaprakash Muliyil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:665

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have identified predictors of severe infections in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, the development of oral candidiasis (OC) as a predictor of subsequen...

    Authors: Makoto Yamaguchi, Takayuki Katsuno, Shiho Iwagaitsu, Hironobu Nobata, Hiroshi Kinashi, Shogo Banno and Yasuhiko Ito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:664

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Community-acquired sepsis is a life-threatening systemic reaction, which starts within ≤72 h of hospital admittance in an infected patient without recent exposure to healthcare risks. Our aim was to evaluate t...

    Authors: Balint Gergely Szabo, Rebeka Kiss, Katalin Szidonia Lenart, Bence Marosi, Eszter Vad, Botond Lakatos and Eszter Ostorhazi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:584

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Biomedical interventions such as antiretroviral therapy (ART) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are highly effective for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, China has not rel...

    Authors: Qing-hai Hu, Kathrine Meyers, Jun-jie Xu, Zhen-xing Chu, Jing Zhang, Hai-bo Ding, Xiao-xu Han, Yong-jun Jiang, Wen-qing Geng and Hong Shang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:663

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  21. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infectious diseases and risk factors for one-year mortality in elderly emergency department (ED) patients.

    Authors: Maythita Ittisanyakorn, Sukkhum Ruchichanantakul, Alissara Vanichkulbodee and Jiraporn Sri-on

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:662

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Echinococcosis multilocularis (Hydatid Disease - HD) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus multilocularis (EM). The main sites for this zoonosis are the Middle East, China, India, Ala...

    Authors: Marek Kowalczyk, Waldemar Kurpiewski, Ewa Zieliński, Dariusz Zadrożny, Łukasz Klepacki, Wit Juśkiewicz, Jacek Lasocki, Łukasz Dyśko, Krzysztof Batia and Wiesław Pesta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:661

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment is imperative in bacterial sepsis due increasing risk of mortality with every hour without appropriate antibiotic therapy. Atypical infections with fastidious organism...

    Authors: Seweryn Bialasiewicz, Tania P. S. Duarte, Son H. Nguyen, Vichitra Sukumaran, Alexandra Stewart, Sally Appleton, Miranda E. Pitt, Arnold Bainomugisa, Amy V. Jennison, Rikki Graham, Lachlan J. M. Coin and Krispin Hajkowicz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:660

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  24. Content type: Research article

    It is estimated that over a third of the world population is infected by malaria and helminthiases mainly among communities with high poverty indices. The distribution of these parasitic infections overlaps in...

    Authors: Nigatu Tuasha, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Berhanu Erko and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:659

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is one of the most common HIV-related opportunistic infections. The diagnosis of PCP is based on analyses from respiratory tract specimens which may require the invasive pro...

    Authors: Helena Hammarström, Anna Grankvist, Isabell Broman, Nahid Kondori, Christine Wennerås, Magnus Gisslen and Vanda Friman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:658

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The immune response to seasonal influenza vaccines decreases with advancing age. Therefore, an adjuvanted inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (Fluad®) exists for elderly individuals. Fluad® is more immunog...

    Authors: Manas K. Akmatov, Peggy Riese, Stephanie Trittel, Marcus May, Jana Prokein, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzmán and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:656

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although significant improvement in efficacy measured by a sustained virological response, the high acquisition costs of direct-acting antivirals limit the access for patients and influence the costs of health...

    Authors: Ru Han, Junwen Zhou, Clément François and Mondher Toumi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:655

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Retaining patients on antiretroviral treatment in care is critical to sustaining the 90:90:90 vision. Nigeria has made some progress in placing HIV-positive patients on treatment. In an effort to increase acce...

    Authors: Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Chima Ariel Onoka, Pearl Adaoha Agu, Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Muhammad Shakir Balogun and Lawrence Ulu Ogbonnaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:654

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The differential diagnosis of Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO) is very extensive, and includes infectious diseases (ID), neoplasms and noninfectious inflammatory diseases (NIID). Many FUO remain undiagnosed. Fact...

    Authors: Francesco Maria Fusco, Raffaella Pisapia, Salvatore Nardiello, Stefano Domenico Cicala, Giovanni Battista Gaeta and Giuseppina Brancaccio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:653

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Congenital Cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common cause of non-genetic hearing loss in childhood. A newborn hearing screening program (NHSP) is currently running in Italy, but no universal cCMV nor statewid...

    Authors: Laura Pellegrinelli, Cristina Galli, Valeria Primache, Mirko Alde’, Enrico Fagnani, Federica Di Berardino, Diego Zanetti, Elena Pariani, Umberto Ambrosetti and Sandro Binda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:652

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis A, caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), is a vaccine preventable disease. In Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), poor hygiene and sanitation conditions are the main risk factors contributing t...

    Authors: Jenna Patterson, Leila Abdullahi, Gregory D. Hussey, Rudzani Muloiwa and Benjamin M. Kagina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:651

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the oral switch (OS) stewardship intervention in the intensive care unit (ICU).

    Authors: Juliano Gasparetto, Felipe Francisco Tuon, Dayana dos Santos Oliveira, Tiago Zequinao, Gabriel Rammert Pipolo, Gabriel Velloso Ribeiro, Paola Delai Benincá, June Alisson Westarb Cruz and Thyago Proenca Moraes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:650

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  33. Content type: Technical advance

    Despite the greater sensitivity of the new dengue clinical classification proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009, there is a need for a better definition of warning signs and clinical progress...

    Authors: Gleicy Macedo Hair, Flávio Fonseca Nobre and Patrícia Brasil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:649

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Lassa fever virus has been enlisted as a priority pathogen of epidemic potential by the World Health organization Research and Development (WHO R & D) Blueprint. Diagnostics play a crucial role in epidemic pre...

    Authors: Noah Fongwen Takah, Polina Brangel, Priyanka Shrestha and Rosanna Peeling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:647

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to establish a set of assessment methods suitable for evaluating the complex indoor environment of hospital wards and to ascertain the composition of bacteria and microbial ecology of...

    Authors: Shao Ling and Liu Hui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:646

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Long-term outcome of DAAs therapy in kidney transplant recipients was unknown. Thus, we aimed to evaluate it in a Chinese cohort of HCV-infected kidney transplant recipients.

    Authors: Jian Zhang, Wen Sun, Jun Lin, Ye Tian, Linlin Ma, Lei Zhang, Yichen Zhu and Wei Qiu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:645

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Given the widespread use of the Internet among men who have sex with men (MSM) and high risk of Internet-facilitated sexual behaviors, Internet-based interventions to reduce sexual risk are urgently needed.

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Weiming Tang, Fei Zhong, Gang Meng, Zhigang Han and Jinkou Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:644

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in children is an important public health problem in China. We performed the current study to explore the seroprevalence of VZV infection in Chinese children in order to ...

    Authors: Lin Luan, Xiaochen Shen, Jing Qiu, Yang Jing, Jingqi Zhang, Jie Wang, Jun Zhang and Chen Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:643

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Cervicofacial necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare life-threatening infection in the head and neck region that characteristically spreads along the fascial planes to involve subcutaneous tissues, fascia and fa...

    Authors: Arnold A. Mtenga, Boniphace M. Kalyanyama, Sira S. Owibingire, Karpal S. Sohal and Elison N.M. Simon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:642

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The diagnoses of active smear negative PTB, remains difficult. As a result, treatment is often carried out empirically relaying on clinical criteria. The distribution and magnitude of smear negative PTB, smear...

    Authors: Waganeh Sinshaw, Abebaw Kebede, Adane Bitew, Ephrem Tesfaye, Mengistu Tadesse, Zemedu Mehamed, Bazezew Yenew, Misikir Amare, Biniyam Dagne, Getu Diriba, Ayinalem Alemu, Muluwork Getahun, Dinka Fikadu, Kassu Desta and Habteyes Hailu Tola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:641

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The virological or clinical relapse is common in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients after stopping long-term nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy. Soluble growth stimulation expressed gene 2 (sST2), one of the ...

    Authors: Linqing Xie, Guichan Liao, Hongjie Chen, Muye Xia, Xuan Huang, Rong Fan, Jie Peng, Xiaoyong Zhang and Hongyan Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:640

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria are often used to evaluate the risk of sepsis and to identify in-hospital mortality among patients with suspected infection. However, utilization of the ...

    Authors: Henry Chih-Hung Tai, Chien-Chun Yeh, Yen-An Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Wei-Lung Chen, Chien-Cheng Huang and Jui-Yuan Chung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:639

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality. High HBV prevalence in immigrants and ethnic minorities and numerous barriers to healthcare access are associated with serio...

    Authors: Chul S. Hyun, Okhyun Ko, Seulgi Lee and Joseph McMenamin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:638

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In hospitalised patients with diarrhoea a positive campylobacter stool Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test with negative culture results as well as Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) positive stool PCRs, c...

    Authors: Jan-Erik Berdal, Benoit Follin-Arbelet and Jørgen Vildershøj Bjørnholt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:630

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Nosocomial infections and persistence of multidrug resistant biofilm forming Acinetobacter baumannii in hospitals has made it as a serious problem in healthcare settings worldwide.

    Authors: Habib Zeighami, Fatemeh Valadkhani, Reza Shapouri, Elham Samadi and Fakhri Haghi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:629

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