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  1. Content type: Research article

    HIV-2 infection is characterised by a longer asymptomatic phase and slower AIDS progression than HIV-1 infection. Identifying unique immune signatures associated with HIV-2 pathogenesis may thus provide therap...

    Authors: Sukeshani Salwe, Amitkumar Singh, Varsha Padwal, Shilpa Velhal, Vidya Nagar, Priya Patil, Alaka Deshpande and Vainav Patel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:135

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Voriconazole is well established as standard treatment for invasive aspergillosis (IA). In 2017, isavuconazole, a new antifungal from the azole class, with a broader pathogen spectrum, was introduced in Sweden...

    Authors: Lefteris Floros, Daniel Kuessner, Jan Posthumus, Emma Bagshaw and Jan Sjölin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:134

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Infectious gastroenteritis is common in the emergency department (ED). Patients infected with either Norovirus or toxigenic Clostridium difficile require special isolation procedures. The aims were to describe th...

    Authors: Florence Skyum, Court Pedersen, Vibeke Andersen, Ming Chen, Andreas Franke, Detlev Petersen, Wolfgang Ries and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:133

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Empirical treatment of tuberculosis (TB) may be necessary in patients with negative or no Xpert MTB/RIF results. In a context with access to Xpert, we assessed mortality in the 6 months after the initial TB co...

    Authors: Helena Huerga, Gabriella Ferlazzo, Stephen Wanjala, Mathieu Bastard, Paolo Bevilacqua, Elisa Ardizzoni, Joseph Sitienei and Maryline Bonnet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:132

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma-release-assays (IGRAs) are utilized in screening programmes for presumed latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in health care workers (HCWs). However, inter-t...

    Authors: Shahieda Adams, Rodney Ehrlich, Roslynn Baatjies, Nandini Dendukuri, Zhuoyu Wang and Keertan Dheda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:131

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease and the roll-out of rapid molecular diagnostics for rifampin resistance has resulted in a steady rise in the number of patients with m...

    Authors: Saumu Pazia Juma, Athanasia Maro, Suporn Pholwat, Stellah G. Mpagama, Jean Gratz, Alphonse Liyoyo, Eric R. Houpt, Gibson S. Kibiki, Blandina T. Mmbaga and Scott K. Heysell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:129

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the main causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Prevalence of HCV in homeless populations ranges from 3.9 to 36.2%. The HepCheck study sought to investigate and establish ...

    Authors: John S. Lambert, Ross Murtagh, Dee Menezes, Austin O’Carroll, Carol Murphy, Walter Cullen, Tina McHugh, Gordana Avramovic, Willard Tinago and Marie Claire Van Hout

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:128

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) antagonists, most of which are monoclonal antibodies, became a widespread treatment for autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory bo...

    Authors: Tomislava Skuhala, Anita Atelj, Jelena Prepolec, Mahmoud Al-Mufleh, Andrija Stanimirović and Dalibor Vukelić

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:127

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  9. Content type: Research article

    A controversy exists about the potential effect of childhood varicella vaccination on Herpes Zoster (HZ) incidence. Mathematical models projected temporary HZ incidence increase after vaccine introduction that...

    Authors: Christophe Sauboin, Katsiaryna Holl, Paolo Bonanni, Anne A. Gershon, Bernd Benninghoff, Stephane Carryn, Margaret A. Burgess and Peter Wutzler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:126

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Syphilis screening can be successfully integrated into antenatal clinics, and potentially avert significant morbidity and mortality to unborn infants. A minority of male partners report for testing and treatme...

    Authors: Edith Nakku-Joloba, Juliet Kiguli, Christine Nalwadda Kayemba, Adeline Twimukye, Joshua Kimeze Mbazira, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Monica Birungi, Joshua Kyenkya, Josaphat Byamugisha, Charlotte Gaydos and Yukari C. Manabe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:124

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of data regarding the prevalence of invasive group B streptococcus (GBS) infection among neonates in China. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and mortality of invasive GBS infection...

    Authors: Qunhua Ying, Shutan Wang, Xiuming Lou, Jinlong Ding and Jiefeng Ding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:123

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) contributes to the development of cervical and oropharyngeal tumors. The increased incidence of HPV associated oropharyngeal tumors is lately being observed also in Polish population...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kiwerska, Agata Jozefiak, Janina Markowska, Witold Kedzia, Joanna Jackowska and Malgorzata Wierzbicka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:122

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminthic (STH) infections are common in Sub-Saharan Africa. One method used for control of these helminths is mass anti-helminthic administration in populations at risk of STH infections. In...

    Authors: Abdulazeez Imam, Zubaida L. Farouk, Fatimah Hassan-Hanga and Uchechukwu G. Ihesiulor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:121

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  14. Content type: Debate

    Antimicrobial resistance continues to outpace the development of new chemotherapeutics. Novel pathogens continue to evolve and emerge. Public health innovation has the potential to open a new front in the war ...

    Authors: David S. Thaler, Michael G. Head and Andrew Horsley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:120

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  15. Content type: Research article

    More than 50% of the people are infected worldwide with H. pylori which causes significant public health morbidity and mortality. The distribution is quite different from country to country. Hence, early informat...

    Authors: Gemechu Shiferaw and Dessie Abera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:118

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an important component of first-line drugs because of its distinctive capability to kill subpopulations of persistent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). The prodrug (PZA) is converted to its ...

    Authors: Muhammad Tahir khan, Shaukat Iqbal Malik, Sajid Ali, Nayyer Masood, Tariq Nadeem, Anwar Sheed Khan and Muhammad Tanvir Afzal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:116

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Clonorchiasis is the common parasitic infection in the general population of the Republic of Korea, however, taeniasis is scarcely reported recently. Here, we describe a case of co-infection with the cestode T. s...

    Authors: Ju Hyeon Shin, Eun Jeong Won, Jee Seung Jung, Kyung-Hwa Park, Kwang Il Nam, Soo Hyun Kim and Jong Hee Shin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:115

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  18. Content type: Correction

    Authors: Muhammad Imran Nisar, Kanwal Nayani, Tauseef Akhund, Atif Riaz, Omar Irfan, Sadia Shakoor, Sehrish Muneer, Sana Muslim, Aneeta Hotwani, Furqan Kabir, Cynthia Whitney, Lindsay Kim, Velusamy Srinivasan, Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi and Fyezah Jehan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:114

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:672

  19. Content type: Research article

    Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is endemic in dromedary camels in the Arabian Peninsula, and zoonotic transmission to people is a sporadic event. In the absence of epidemiological data ...

    Authors: Emma G. Gardner, David Kelton, Zvonimir Poljak, Maria Van Kerkhove, Sophie von Dobschuetz and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:113

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Crowdsourcing method is an excellent tool for developing tailored interventions to improve sexual health. We evaluated the implementation of an innovation contest for sexual health promotion in China.

    Authors: Ye Zhang, Songyuan Tang, Katherine Li, Lai Sze Tso, Barry L. Bayus, David Glidden, Bin Yang, Heping Zheng, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:112

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Osteoarticular tuberculosis is a great masquerader presenting in varied forms and in atypical locations, and it is prone to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. Isolated acromioclavicular joint tuberculosis has ...

    Authors: Jian Cheng, Shiming Feng, Huining Lei, Weiling Huo and Huanhuan Feng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:111

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Community-based GeneXpert MTB/RIF testing may increase detection of prevalent TB in the community and improve rates of TB treatment completion.

    Authors: Ingrid V. Bassett, Leah S. Forman, Sabina Govere, Hilary Thulare, Simone C. Frank, Bright Mhlongo and Elena Losina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:110

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a novel emerging viral infectious disease. We explored the percentage, origins and functional roles of low density neutrophils (LDNs), one of the neutrophi...

    Authors: Yajiao Li, Huiyu Li, Hua Wang, Hong Pan, Huixia Zhao, Honglin Jin and Shenghua Jie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:109

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  24. Content type: Research article

    For definitive diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis, Cryptococcus neoformans and/or C. gattii must be identified within cerebral spinal fluid from the patients. The traditional methods for detecting Cryptococcus ...

    Authors: Qinglin Ma, Jilong Yao, Shixin Yuan, Houming Liu, Ning Wei, Jianming Zhang and Wanshui Shan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:108

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Lost to follow-up (LTFU) negatively affects the treatment success of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) and thus, increases Tuberculosis-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (TB/HIV) related morbidity, mortality and hospit...

    Authors: Kebede Embaye Gezae, Haftom Temesgen Abebe and Letekirstos Gebreegziabher Gebretsadik

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:107

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the status of anti-tuberculosis treatment in critically ill patients, and to explore the value of APACHE-II score in guiding anti-tuberculosis treatment.

    Authors: Junke Qiu, Caihong Wang, Xiaohong Pan, Lei Pan, Xiaoqing Huang, Jiekun Xu, Xiaobo Ji and Minjie Mao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:106

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The correlation among high levels of total homocysteine, low levels of B12vitamin, and neurocognitive impairment in HIV negative patients has been the main research topic in some of the latest reviews. The aim of...

    Authors: Katia Falasca, Marta Di Nicola, Giuseppe Di Martino, Claudio Ucciferri, Francesca Vignale, Alessandro Occhionero and Jacopo Vecchiet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:105

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a highly infectious zoonotic disease of humans transmitted by Hyalomma ticks. Earlier studies have shown CCHF seroprevalence in livestock throughout India, yet sporadic o...

    Authors: Devendra T. Mourya, Pragya D. Yadav, Yogesh K. Gurav, Prachi G. Pardeshi, Anita M. Shete, Rajlaxmi Jain, Dinkar D. Raval, Kamlesh J. Upadhyay and Deepak Y. Patil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:104

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  29. Content type: Research article

    War-wounded civilians in Middle East countries are at risk of post-traumatic osteomyelitis (PTO). We aimed to describe and compare the bacterial etiology and proportion of first-line antibiotics resistant bact...

    Authors: Fabien Fily, Jean-Baptiste Ronat, Nada Malou, Rupa Kanapathipillai, Caroline Seguin, Nagham Hussein, Rasheed M. Fakhri and Céline Langendorf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:103

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Infective endocarditis (IE) is defined as endocarditis caused by microorganisms (bacteria or fungi) involving either the heart or great vessels. The clinical course of IE can be complicated by cardiac dysfunct...

    Authors: Nao Ogura, Kouki Tomari, Tomotada Takayama, Naoya Tonegawa, Teppei Okawa, Takashi Matsuoka, Mami Nakayashiro and Tsutomu Matsumora

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:102

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  31. Content type: Review

    Although short-range large-droplet transmission is possible for most respiratory infectious agents, deciding on whether the same agent is also airborne has a potentially huge impact on the types (and costs) of...

    Authors: Raymond Tellier, Yuguo Li, Benjamin J. Cowling and Julian W. Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:101

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  32. Content type: Research article

    With great changes over the past 10 years in China, especially the rapid economic development, population mobility, urbanization and aging, dynamic change on risk of delay, to our knowledge, has not been well ...

    Authors: Hongguang Chen, Tingwei Wang, Lin Liu, Donglin Wang and Qingxue Cheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:100

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Until now, herpes zoster (HZ)-related disease burden in Germany has been estimated based on health insurance data and clinical findings. However, the validity of self-reported HZ is unclear. This study investi...

    Authors: Mahrrouz Caputo, Johannes Horn, André Karch, Manas K. Akmatov, Heiko Becher, Bettina Braun, Hermann Brenner, Stefanie Castell, Beate Fischer, Guido Giani, Kathrin Günther, Barbara Hoffmann, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Thomas Keil, Birgit Klüppelholz, Lilian Krist…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:99

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania species, is a geographically extensive disease that infects humans and animals. CL is endemic in half of the 31 provinces of Iran, with 29,201 incidence cases rep...

    Authors: Iraj Mohammadpour, Gholam Reza Hatam, Farhad Handjani, Farzaneh Bozorg-Ghalati, Daniel PourKamal and Mohammad Hossein Motazedian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:98

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Erythema induratum of Bazin (EIB) – nodular vasculitis associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) – and Tuberculosis-Associated Ocular Inflammation (TB-AOI) represent uncommon manifestations of TB. There is ...

    Authors: William J. Connors, Dina A. Fisher, Dennis Y. Kunimoto and Julie M. Jarand

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:97

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Lesotho has one of the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) incidence and TB-HIV co-infection in the world. Our study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and associated factors towards TB in the general popu...

    Authors: Tegene Regassa Luba, Shangfeng Tang, Qiaoyan Liu, Simon Afewerki Gebremedhin, Matiko D. Kisasi and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:96

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In Japan, freeze-dried live attenuated varicella-zoster vaccine is available for adults aged ≥50 years to prevent herpes zoster. However, limited evidence has been accumulated regarding vaccine safety for pati...

    Authors: Satoko Ohfuji, Kazuya Ito, Megumi Inoue, Motoki Ishibashi, Hiroko Kumashiro, Yoshio Hirota, Eiji Kayano and Naoshi Ota

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:95

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  38. Content type: Research article

    India has the world’s highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment (“Short Course”) for previously un...

    Authors: Zarir F. Udwadia, Jeffrey A. Tornheim, Shashank Ganatra, Andrea DeLuca, Camilla S. Rodrigues and Amita Gupta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:94

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is a major challenge to health in the developing world. Triage prior to diagnostic testing could potentially reduce the volume of tests and costs associated with using the more accurate, but costl...

    Authors: Abu A. M. Shazzadur Rahman, Ivor Langley, Rafael Galliez, Afrânio Kritski, Ewan Tomeny and S. Bertel Squire

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:93

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Making a definite diagnosis of infectious uveitis is a challenging task because many other infectious, and non-infectious uveitis, may have similar non-specific symptoms and overlapping clinical appearances. C...

    Authors: Alejandra de-la-Torre, Juanita Valdés-Camacho, Clara López de Mesa, Andrés Uauy-Nazal, Juan David Zuluaga, Lina María Ramírez-Páez, Felipe Durán, Elizabeth Torres-Morales, Jessica Triviño, Mateo Murillo, Alba Cristina Peñaranda, Juan Carlos Sepúlveda-Arias and Jorge Enrique Gómez-Marín

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:91

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Measles is one of the most infectious diseases with a high mortality rate worldwide. It is caused by the measles virus (MeV) which is a single stranded RNA virus with genetic diversity based on the nucleoprote...

    Authors: Sonia Etenna Lekana-Douki, Pater Noster Sir-Ondo-Enguier, Octavie Banga-Mve-Ella, Romeo Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Gael D. Maganga, Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki and Nicolas Berthet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:90

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Seasonal patterns of influenza A subtypes and B lineages in tropical/subtropical regions across age have remained to be explored. The impact of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic on seasonal influenza activity have not be...

    Authors: Linlin Zhou, Huiping Yang, Yu Kuang, Tianshu Li, Jianan Xu, Shuang Li, Ting Huang, Chuan Wang, Wanyi Li, Mingyuan Li, Shusen He and Ming Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:89

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:290

  43. Content type: Research article

    TB transmission in healthcare facilities is an important public health problem, especially in the often-overcrowded settings of HIV treatment scale-up. The problem is compounded by the emergence of drug resist...

    Authors: A. Roderick Escombe, Eduardo Ticona, Víctor Chávez-Pérez, Manuel Espinoza and David A. J. Moore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:88

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Norovirus is the commonest cause of infectious intestinal disease (IID) worldwide. In the UK community incidence of norovirus has been estimated at 59/1000 population, equating to four million cases a year. Wh...

    Authors: John P. Harris, Miren Iturriza-Gomara, David J. Allen, Susan Kelly and Sarah J. O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:87

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