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  1. The objectives of this study were to determine for the first time, in Morocco, the nasal carriage rate, antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and virulence genes of Staphylococcus. aureus isolated from animals an...

    Authors: Nadira Mourabit, Abdelhay Arakrak, Mohammed Bakkali, Zeineb Zian, Joaira Bakkach and Amin Laglaoui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:602

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Fungal bloodstream infections (FBI) among intensive care unit (ICU) patients are increasing. Our objective was to characterize the fungal pathogens that cause bloodstream infections and determine the epidemiol...

    Authors: Guangwen Xiao, Wanqing Liao, Yuenong Zhang, Xiaodong Luo, Cailing Zhang, Guodan Li, Yingping Yang and Yunyao Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:599

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii presents challenges for clinical treatment and causes high mortality in children. We aimed to assess the risk factors and ove...

    Authors: Jingyi Shi, Ting Sun, Yun Cui, Chunxia Wang, Fei Wang, Yiping Zhou, Huijie Miao, Yijun Shan and Yucai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:597

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Group A Rotavirus (RVA), despite being an important pathogen in hospitalized children, is less studied in pediatric outpatients, and even rarely investigated in adults. This study aims to understand the geneti...

    Authors: Xiaozhou Kuang, Xiaohuan Gong, Xi Zhang, Hao Pan and Zheng Teng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:596

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Implementation of an effective Tuberculosis Routine Surveillance System in low-income countries like Tanzania is problematic, despite being an essential tool for the detection and effective monitoring of drug ...

    Authors: Basra Esmail Doulla, Stephen Bertel Squire, Eleanor MacPherson, Esther Stanslaus Ngadaya, Beatrice Kemilembe Mutayoba and Ivor Langley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:594

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tuberculosis is a serious health risk, for people living with human immune deficiency virus worldwide, and the burden of TB/HIV infection is still high in Ethiopia in particular. Therefore, the aim of this stu...

    Authors: Habtamu Belew, Moges Wubie, Getaye Tizazu, Abebaw Bitew and Tesfa Birlew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:593

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Treatment of tuberculosis infection (TBI) in individuals at high risk for tuberculosis (TB) disease is a priority for TB elimination in the US. Newly arrived refugees in Middle Tennessee are screened for TBI, ...

    Authors: Adoma Manful, Leslie Waller, Ben Katz, Jason Cummins, Jon Warkentin, Billy Reagon, Joanna Shaw-Kaikai, Yuwei Zhu and Yuri F. van der Heijden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:592

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV in Malawi. Early prevention efforts in Malawi have been largely focused on preventing heterosexual and vertical transmission of HIV, and MS...

    Authors: Yuan Zhao, Amrita Rao, Andrea L. Wirtz, Eric Umar, Gift Trapence, Vincent Jumbe, Sosthenes Ketende, Dunker Kamba, Chris Beyrer and Stefan Baral

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:591

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Antiviral therapy is recommended for patients with immune-active chronic hepatitis B (CHB) to decrease the risk of liver-related complications. However, the outcomes of the pegylated IFN-α (PEG-IFN-α) therapy ...

    Authors: Ruyu Liu, Yanhui Chen, Jiang Guo, Minghui Li, Yao Lu, Lu Zhang, Ge Shen, Shuling Wu, Min Chang, Leiping Hu, Hongxiao Hao, Henghui Zhang and Yao Xie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:590

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Estimating prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) worldwide is necessary in designing control programs and allocating health resources. We performed a meta-analysis to calculate the prevalence of CT in the g...

    Authors: Pengcheng Huai, Furong Li, Tongsheng Chu, Dianchang Liu, Jian Liu and Furen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:589

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Scale-up of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals is occurring in Spain, the vast majority (> 85%) with a reported history of injecting drug use and a smaller population of co-in...

    Authors: Britt Skaathun, Annick Borquez, Antonio Rivero-Juarez, Sanjay R. Mehta, Francisco Tellez, Manuel Castaño-Carracedo, Dolores Merino, Rosario Palacios, Juan Macías, Antonio Rivero and Natasha K. Martin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:588

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Inappropriate and excessive antimicrobial prescribing can lead to antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) principles are not well established in general practice in Australia despite the rela...

    Authors: Alicia J. Neels, Aaron E. Bloch, Stella M. Gwini and Eugene Athan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:586

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Listeriosis is a severe food-borne infection caused by the Gram-positive rod, Listeria monocytogenes. Despite the low incidence (3–8 cases per million), Listeriosis has a case fatality rate of 20–30% as it occurs...

    Authors: Rand Al Ohaly, Nischal Ranganath, Medina G. Saffie and Anjali Shroff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:559

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is commonly used to detect viral pathogens because of its high sensitivity and specificity. However, conventional PCR methods cannot determine virus infectivity. Virus infec...

    Authors: Yuki Nakaya, Takashi Fukuda, Hiroki Ashiba, Masato Yasuura and Makoto Fujimaki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:585

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a major health event that endangers people health throughout China and the world. Understanding the factors associated with COVID-19 disease severity cou...

    Authors: Songqiao Liu, Huanyuan Luo, Yuancheng Wang, Luis E. Cuevas, Duolao Wang, Shenghong Ju and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Dengue fever is endemic and a leading health problem in Sri Lanka. Increased incidence of concurrent bacteremia in patients with dengue infection is a recognized complication. However, Staphylococcal endocardi...

    Authors: Nilusha Weerasooriya, Tharanga Fernando, Pasan Serasinghe, Buddhika Alahakoon, Chirath Madurapperuma and Ananda Jayanaga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:583

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Limited data are available on the effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) or Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) on renal function in Ethiopians. We aimed to assess factors associated with renal function chan...

    Authors: Daniel Yilma, Alemseged Abdissa, Pernille Kæstel, Markos Tesfaye, Mette F. Olsen, Tsinuel Girma, Christian Ritz, Henrik Friis, Åse B. Andersen and Ole Kirk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:582

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) remains a major safety concern for blood supplies. Despite many HTLV positive cases being reported in southeastern China, the detection of HTLV has not been prioritized i...

    Authors: Junpeng Zhao, Feixue Zhao, Wei Han, Xiaoxuan Xu, Lilin Wang, Ran Li, Tong Li, Linfeng Wu, Dandan Du, Xuezhen Zeng, Xiujuan Cui, Yunlong Chen, Jinfeng Zeng and Lunan Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Dengue virus (DENV) causes the hospitalisation of an estimated 500,000 people every year. Outbreaks can severely stress healthcare systems, especially in rural settings. It is difficult to discriminate patient...

    Authors: Wesley de Jong, Tri Pudy Asmarawati, Inge Verbeek, Musofa Rusli, Usman Hadi, Eric van Gorp and Marco Goeijenbier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:580

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), most prisons are overcrowded with poor ventilation and put prisoners disproportionally at risk of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and developing TB infection but are mostl...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Portia Vezi, Vitalis Bawontuo, Ernest Osei and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:570

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is the 10th leading cause of death. Despite no country achieved its target, the world health organization (WHO) proposed a 90–90-90 approach to fastening the end TB strategy. Improv...

    Authors: Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Getu Debalkie, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Destaw Fetene, Haileab Fekadu Wolde and Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:579

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Gram-positive anaerobic (GPA) bacteria inhabit different parts of the human body as commensals but can also cause bacteremia. In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed GPA bacteremia pathogens bef...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Yuki Hara, Yusuke Yoshimi, Yoshiro Fujita, Masamichi Yokoe and Yoshinori Noguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Despite the significant decline in the prevalence of HIV in Tanzania, the prevalence rates in Mbeya, Iringa, and Njombe regions are higher than the national average and have remained stable for years. The curr...

    Authors: Habakkuk Mwakyula Issakwisa, Gloria Reginald Mbwile, Godlove Fred Mbwanji, David Daniel Nassoro, Nyanda Elias Ntinginya and Anthony Ambikile Nsojo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:577

    Content type: Research article

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  24. China ranks second in the world in terms of numbers of tuberculosis (TB) cases and is one of the top three countries with the largest number of multidrug-resistant and rifampicin-resistant TB (MDR/RR-TB). It a...

    Authors: Liwen Zhang, Wei Xing, Jiani Zhou, Rui Zhang, Yong Cheng, Jin Li, Geng Wang, Shili Liu and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:576

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with the high case-fatality rate, and lack of vaccines. We aimed to systematically analysed the epidemiological characterist...

    Authors: Zhiquan He, Bohao Wang, Yi Li, Yanhua Du, Hongxia Ma, Xingle Li, Wanshen Guo, Bianli Xu and Xueyong Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:575

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) and HIV-associated myelopathy (HAM) are not showing significant reduction in there occurrence....

    Authors: Biniyam Alemayehu Ayele, Wondwossen Amogne and Lalise Gemechu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:574

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Malaria during pregnancy leads to serious adverse effects on mothers and the fetus. Approximately 25 million pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa live at risk of malaria. This study would help to achieve Susta...

    Authors: Girma Bekele Gontie, Haileab Fekadu Wolde and Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:573

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Management of co-infections including cryptococcal meningitis, tuberculosis and other opportunistic infections in persons living with HIV can lead to complex polypharmacotherapy and increased susceptibility to...

    Authors: Prosperity C. Eneh, Katherine Huppler Hullsiek, Daniel Kiiza, Joshua Rhein, David B. Meya, David R. Boulware and Melanie R. Nicol

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The incidence of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) has gradually increased in recent years. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and cell count are very important for CM on etiology diagnosis and assessment of diseas...

    Authors: Junyan Qu, Jingwen Jiang and Xiaoju Lv

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:571

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:568

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:224

  31. To assess the dynamic changes in clinical and CT characteristics of COVID-19 patients with different epidemiology histories.

    Authors: Ruili Li, Guangxue Liu, Xiaojie Huang, Cuiyu Jia, Zhenying Xia, Wenyan Song, Xueqin Li, Xing Wang and Hongjun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:567

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) has been widely adopted in the clinical setting of ophthalmology and its infectious complications are rare. However, orbital abscess following STTA has been...

    Authors: Chiharu Iwahashi, Hiroshi Eguchi, Fumika Hotta, Mayu Uezumi, Miki Sawa, Masatomo Kimura, Takashi Yaguchi and Shunji Kusaka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:566

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Patients coinfected with HBV and hepatitis D virus (HDV) have a greater risk of HCC and cirrhosis. The current study was undertaken to assess HDV genotype distribution and determine clinical characteristics of...

    Authors: Shanshan Wu, Yi Zhang, Yuyan Tang, Ting Yao, Mengjiao Lv, Zhenghao Tang, Guoqing Zang, Yongsheng Yu and Xiaohua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:565

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The recent COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, has quickly spread throughout the world. In this study, we systematically reviewed the clinical features and outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19.

    Authors: Yi-jie Gao, Lei Ye, Jia-shuo Zhang, Yang-xue Yin, Min Liu, Hong-biao Yu and Rong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:564

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Despite several intervention programmes in South Africa, risky sexual behaviours among women of reproductive age remain a public health concern, making them vulnerable to unintended pregnancies and/or sexually...

    Authors: Mbuzeleni Hlongwa, Karl Peltzer and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:563

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Morbidity and mortality in transplant patients is increased by infection caused mainly by rare opportunistic pathogens. The present study reports a case where Hongkongmyces snookiorum caused subcutaneous phaeohyp...

    Authors: Deng Linqiang, Chen Yiguo, Xu Heping, Chen Dongke, Hu Longhua, Gui Xiaomei and Zou Xia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:562

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. The novel coronavirus, named as 2019-nCoV or coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has recently appeared in China and has spread worldwide, presenting a health threat to the global community. Therefore, it is i...

    Authors: Sa’ed H. Zyoud and Samah W. Al-Jabi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shu-Jin Fan, Hong-Kun Tan, Yu-Cheng Xu, Yuan-Zhi Chen, Tian-Ao Xie, Zhi-Yong Pan, Shi Ouyang, Qin Li, Xiao-yan Li, Zhen-Xing Li and Xu-Guang Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:560

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:525

  39. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) infections are frequent and highly impact cancer patients. We developed and validated a scoring system to identify cancer patients harboring...

    Authors: Alvaro J. Martínez-Valencia, Brian J. Gómez Martínez, Anita M. Montañez Ayala, Katherin García, Ricardo Sánchez Pedraza, Leydy P. Jiménez Cetina, Julio C. Gómez Rincón and Sonia I. Cuervo Maldonado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:558

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Multi-drug resistance pathogens such as Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) are of great global health concern, since they are associated with increased morbidity and...

    Authors: Upendo O. Kibwana, Mtebe Majigo, Doreen Kamori and Joel Manyahi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. There is a general dearth of information on extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). Here, we investigated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) drug resistance and transmission patterns in EPTB patients treated in the Tsh...

    Authors: Doctor B. Sibandze, Beki T. Magazi, Lesibana A. Malinga, Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Bong-Akee Shey, Jotam G. Pasipanodya and Nontombi N. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:556

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Determine TB-LAM is the first point-of-care test (POC) for HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) and rapidly identifies TB in those at high-risk for short-term mortality. While the relationship between urine-LAM an...

    Authors: Andrew D. Kerkhoff, Nicky Longley, Nicola Kelly, Anna Cross, Monica Vogt, Robin Wood, Sabine Hermans, Stephen D. Lawn and Thomas S. Harrison

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:555

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. In this study, we aimed to describe the prevalence, clinical presentation and risk factors of paradoxical tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS) cases in China.

    Authors: Ming Xue, Ruming Xie, Yu Pang, Shuo Yan, Yanni Du, Chunshuang Guan and Budong Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  44. We examined cytokine immune response profiles among contacts to tuberculosis patients to identify immunologic and epidemiologic correlates of tuberculosis.

    Authors: Mary R. Reichler, Christina Hirsch, Yan Yuan, Awal Khan, Susan E. Dorman, Neil Schluger and Timothy R. Sterling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Highly pathogenic influenza A (H5N8) viruses have caused several worldwide outbreaks in birds and are of potential risk to humans. Thus, a specific, rapid and sensitive method for detection is urgently needed.

    Authors: Fan Yang, Lihua Xu, Fumin Liu, Hangping Yao, Nanping Wu and Haibo Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:550

    Content type: Research article

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  46. We aimed to report the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Zengdu District, Hubei Province, China.

    Authors: Yiping Wei, Weibiao Zeng, Xiangyun Huang, Junyu Li, Xingting Qiu, Huadong Li, Dinghua Liu, Zhaofeng He, Wenzhong Yao, Ping Huang, Chao Li, Min Zhu, Chunlan Zhong, Xingen Zhu and Jiansheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:549

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Bacteriological confirmation (BC) proportion among notified pulmonary TB patients in China is among the lowest in the world. This study was to understand the yield of BC using different testing strategies and ...

    Authors: Guoqin Zhang, Yuhua Zhang, Mingting Chen and Fan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:548

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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