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  1. Content type: Research article

    Pro-inflammatory cytokines expressed in human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection, may induce oxidative stress likely to compromise the patency of the airways or damage the lung tissues/cardiac function. H...

    Authors: S. C. Ibeneme, C. Omeje, H. Myezwa, Salome Nwaelom Ezeofor, E. M. Anieto, F. Irem, Amaka Obiageli Nnamani, Fortune Elochukwu Ezenwankwo and G. C. Ibeneme

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:359

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is caused by oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) and is one of the most common malignancies in women living in sub-Saharan Africa. Women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ...

    Authors: A. Ermel, P. Tonui, M. Titus, Y. Tong, N. Wong, J. Ong’echa, K. Muthoka, S. Kiptoo, A. Moormann, J. Hogan, A. Mwangi, S. Cu-Uvin, P. J. Loehrer, O. Orang’o and D. Brown

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:352

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is considered to be responsible for a new viral epidemic and an emergent threat to global health security. This study describes the current epidemiologic...

    Authors: Kazhal Mobaraki and Jamal Ahmadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:351

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The geographical distribution of intestinal parasites with conditions of poverty in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa coincides with that of HIV/AIDS. However, there is paucity of studies investigating the ...

    Authors: Tuom Gebrewahid, Gebretsadkan Gebrekirstos, Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Hailay Gebreyesus, Abrham Awala and Kiros Tadla

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:350

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Although prior hospitalization (PH) has been considered as a risk factor for infection with potentially drug-resistant (PDR) pathogens in patients admitted with pneumonia, the evidence is limited. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Jae-Uk Song, Yee Hyung Kim, Mi Yeon Lee and Jonghoo Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:349

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Past studies have found a relationship between detectable HIV viral load and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy in high-income settings, however there is lit...

    Authors: S. George, N. McGrath and T. Oni

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:348

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  7. Content type: Technical advance

    Pooling sputum specimens is one potential strategy for reducing the cost of using Xpert MTB/RIF, a rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test, for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. We sought to co...

    Authors: Nguyen Thi Bich Phuong, Nguyen Thu Anh, Nguyen Van Son, Vitali Sintchenko, Jennifer Ho, Greg J. Fox, Nguyen Viet Nhung and Guy B. Marks

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:347

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mozambican healthcare workers have high rates of latent and active tuberculosis, but occupational screening for tuberculosis is not routine in this setting. Furthermore, the specificity of tuberculin skin test...

    Authors: Susannah K. Graves, Orvalho Augusto, Sofia Omar Viegas, Philip Lederer, Catarina David, Kristen Lee, Anila Hassane, Anilsa Cossa, Salma Amade, Susete Peleve, Pereira Zindoga, Leguesse Massawo, Francesca J. Torriani and Elizabete A. Nunes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:346

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Measles is one of the most contagious diseases caused by an acute viral illness called Morbillivirus that usually occurs as an outbreak in low-income countries. As of May 2016 measles suspected outbreak was re...

    Authors: Abadi Girmay and Abel Fekadu Dadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:345

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Brevibacteria are obligate aerobic gram-positive rods that are associated with milk products and are also found on human skin. Brevibacterium has been reported as a rare cause of catheter related blood steam infe...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Asai, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Atsuko Yamada, Hiroki Watanabe, Naoya Nishiyama, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideo Kato, Arufumi Shiota, Mao Hagihara, Yusuke Koizumi, Yuka Yamagishi and Hiroshige Mikamo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:344

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) has become a persistent health threat in Ethiopia. In this respect, baseline data are scarce in many parts of high TB burden regions including the different zones of Ethiopia.

    Authors: Amir Alelign, Aboma Zewude, Temesgen Mohammed, Samuel Tolosa, Gobena Ameni and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:343

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Varicella zoster virus (VZV) encephalitis is an infectious inflammatory disease of brain that can cause irreversible mental damage without timely treatment. In fact, many viruses can cause encephalitis, and th...

    Authors: Yu-xin Song, Ye Li, Yong-mei Jiang and Ting Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:342

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) have been major public health problems in low income countries primarily affecting school children. Previous studies in Ethiopia have shown high burden of intestinal para...

    Authors: Baye Sitotaw, Haileyesus Mekuriaw and Destaw Damtie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:341

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Compromised immune function, associated with human immune deficiency virus(HIV) infection, is improved by antiretroviral therapy(ART) which also decreases bone mineral density(BMD), and possibly the quality of...

    Authors: Sam Chidi Ibeneme, Franklin Onyedinma Irem, Nneka Ifeyinwa Iloanusi, Amarachi Destiny Ezuma, Fortune Elochukwu Ezenwankwo, Philip Chinedu Okere, Amaka Obiageli Nnamani, Salome Nwaelom Ezeofor, Ngozi Regina Dim and Gerhard Fortwengel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:340

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Zika virus is associated with increased cases of both microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Community knowledge, perceptions and practices to prevent infection with the Zika virus are not well understood, ...

    Authors: Erik J. Nelson, Maya C. Luetke, Sina Kianersi, Erik Willis and Molly Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:339

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  16. Content type: Research article

    A severe dengue epidemic occurred in 2015 which resulted in over 22,000 laboratory-confirmed cases. A cross-sectional seroprevalence study was conducted during the ending phase of this epidemic to evaluate the...

    Authors: Yu-Wen Chien, Hsiang-Min Huang, Tzu-Chuan Ho, Fan-Chen Tseng, Nai-Ying Ko, Wen-Chien Ko and Guey Chuen Perng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:338

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial overuse and misuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics increases the risk for antimicrobial resistance. Investigating unwarranted variation in antibiotic prescription has therefore gained global priority.

    Authors: Pia Kjær Kristensen, Søren Paaske Johnsen and Reimar Wernich Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:337

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the present study was to analyze the factors associated with non-completion of the hepatitis B vaccine series among men who have sex with men and use geosocial dating apps in Brazil.

    Authors: Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Matheus Costa Brandão Matos, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo, Sandra Brignol, Renata Karina Reis, Elucir Gir and Maria Eliete Batista Moura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:335

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Ralstonia picketti, Ralstonia mannitolilytica, and Ralstonia insidiosa have recently been regarded as emerging pathogens of infectious diseases, in particular as the pathogens responsible for nosocomial infection...

    Authors: Qingqing Fang, Yu Feng, Ping Feng, Xiaohui Wang and Zhiyong Zong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:334

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Historically Mycobacterium houstonense belongs to the unnamed third biovariant complex of the Mycobacterium fortuitum group, which are sorbitol positive. To date, there have been few reports of human infection in...

    Authors: Lei Tian, Zhen Zhang, Zhongju Chen and Ziyong Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:333

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease and a major cause of disability worldwide. To effectively plan morbidity management programmes, it is important to estimate disease burden and ev...

    Authors: Obiora A. Eneanya, Tini Garske and Christl A. Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:332

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Prosthetic joint infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and are frustrating for patients and physicians alike. Unusual causes of infection may be seen in selected circumstances and a high index of ...

    Authors: Minh-Vu Hoang Nguyen, Mauro M. Giordani and George R. Thompson III

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:331

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Invasive Salmonella infections result in significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Asia, typhoid and paratyphoid fever are reported to be the major invasive Salmonella infections, while inva...

    Authors: Anand Mohan, Chandran Munusamy, Yee-Chin Tan, Sobana Muthuvelu, Rohaidah Hashim, Su-Lin Chien, Ming-Kui Wong, Nurul Aiman Khairuddin, Yuwana Podin, Peter Sie-Teck Lau, David Chun-Ern Ng and Mong-How Ooi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:330

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In Vietnam, few studies have determined the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and no routine prenatal screening is in place. This study was conducted to evaluate the seroprevalence of t...

    Authors: G. Suzanne A. Smit, Binh Thi Lam Vu, Dung Trung Do, Quan Ha Do, Huy Quang Pham, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Elizaveta Padalko, Ellen Roets and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:329

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease caused by protozoa belonging to the genus Leishmania. The clinical presentation of visceral leishmaniasis strictly depends on the host immunocompetency, ...

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Laura Saporito, Paola Di Carlo, Manlio Tolomeo, Adriana Cervo, Alberto Firenze, Marcello Trizzino and Antonio Cascio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:328

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii infection is a great health concern to pregnant women and the developing fetus. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii and its associated factors in Adwa district...

    Authors: Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Amaha Gebremichael, Gebretsadkan Geberkirstos, Haftom Hadush, Tuam Gebrewahid, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Berihu Gidey, Negasi Asres and Hailay Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:327

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Endograft infection is a rare but extremely dangerous complication of aortic repair (25–100% of mortality). We describe here the first case of Listeria monocytogenes abdominal periaortitis associated with a vascu...

    Authors: Aurélie Foulex, Matteo Coen, Abdessalam Cherkaoui, Vladimir Lazarevic, Nadia Gaïa, Stefano Leo, Myriam Girard, Damiano Mugnai and Jacques Schrenzel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:326

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Group B streptococcus (GBS) is reported as the leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Newborns from GBS colonized pregnant women are at high risk of infection.

    Authors: Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael and Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:325

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    After antibiotic treatment of Lyme borreliosis, a subset of patients report persistent symptoms, also referred to as post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. The reported prevalence of persistent symptoms varies ...

    Authors: Hedwig D. Vrijmoeth, Jeanine Ursinus, Margriet G. Harms, Tizza P. Zomer, Stefanie A. Gauw, Anna D. Tulen, Kristin Kremer, Hein Sprong, Hans Knoop, Yolande M. Vermeeren, Barend van Kooten, Leo A. B. Joosten, Bart-Jan Kullberg, Joppe W. R. Hovius and Cees C. van den Wijngaard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:324

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the diagnostic value of the interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) for detecting tuberculosis (TB) infection in patients with Behçet’s disease (BD).

    Authors: Xiuhua Wu, Pang Chen, Wei Wei, Mengyu Zhou, Chaoran Li, Jinjing Liu, Lidan Zhao, Lifan Zhang, Yan Zhao, Xiaofeng Zeng, Xiaoqing Liu and Wenjie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:323

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite major improvements in child survival rates, the number of deaths due to diarrhea remains unacceptably high. We aimed to describe diarrhea-associated mortality and evaluate risk factors for death among ...

    Authors: Sozinho Acácio, Inácio Mandomando, Tacilta Nhampossa, Llorenç Quintó, Delfino Vubil, Charfudin Sacoor, Karen Kotloff, Tamer Farag, Dilruba Nasrin, Eusébio Macete, Myron M. Levine, Pedro Alonso and Quique Bassat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:322

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Rabies remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Most fatal rabies cases, especially in children, result from dog bites and occur in low-income countries, such as those in Sub-Saharan Afri...

    Authors: Mamadou Korka Diallo, Alpha Oumar Diallo, Anta Dicko, Vincent Richard and Emmanuelle Espié

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:321

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors became a major clinical issue among HIV-infected individuals in the post-cART era. As in the past decades the link between acute infections and ...

    Authors: Emersom Cicilini Mesquita, Lara Esteves Coelho, Rodrigo Teixeira Amancio, Valdilea Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula Luz and Fernando Augusto Bozza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:319

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important public health problem in Brazil and in several tropical regions of the world. In the Americas, Brazil is the country with the highest number of registered cases. In...

    Authors: Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Dayane Costa de Souza, Vanessa Normandio de Castro, Stefan Michael Geiger and David Soeiro Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:318

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Necrotising fasciitis is a rapidly progressing soft-tissue infection with a low incidence that carries a relevant risk of morbidity and mortality. Although necrotising fasciitis is often fatal in adults, its c...

    Authors: Arne Schröder, Aurélie Gerin, Gregory B. Firth, Kelly S. Hoffmann, Andrew Grieve and Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:317

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:469

  36. Content type: Research article

    Drug resistant tuberculosis is a major public health problem in Morocco and worldwide. Treatment outcome of drug resistant tuberculosis is poor and requires a long period of treatment with many toxic and expen...

    Authors: Mariam El Hamdouni, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Jouda Benamor, Mohammed Hassar, Yahia Cherrah and Samir Ahid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:316

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Over the last 20 years, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence has dramatically increased among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in many countries worldwide. It is suspected that this increas...

    Authors: Sophie Vaux, Stéphane Chevaliez, Leïla Saboni, Claire Sauvage, Cécile Sommen, Francis Barin, Antonio Alexandre, Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Florence Lot and Annie Velter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:315

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Influenza surveillance is necessary for detection of emerging variants of epidemiologic and clinical significance. This study describes the epidemiology of influenza types A and B, and molecular characteristic...

    Authors: Hebah A. Al Khatib, Asmaa A. Al Thani, Imed Gallouzi and Hadi M. Yassine

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:314

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Genetic variability and liability to develop drug-resistant mutations are the main characteristics of HIV-1, which can not only increase the risk of antiretroviral treatment (ART) failure, but also can lead to...

    Authors: Zhenyan Wang, Min Zhang, Renfang Zhang, Li Liu, Yinzhong Shen, Jiangrong Wang and Hongzhou Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:313

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Currently, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa. To address this challenge, outcomes of second-line protease inhibitor (PI) based ART...

    Authors: Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhammed Semakula, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Eric Remera, Dieudonne Sebuhoro, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Nathan Ford, Marcel Tanner, Steve Kanters, Edward J. Mills and Heiner C. Bucher

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:312

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is the drug of choice for anti-Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) prophylaxis in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Post-transplant management balances preventing PcP ...

    Authors: G. V. Ramesh Prasad, Jill Beckley, Mohit Mathur, Madhushankar Gunasekaran, Michelle M. Nash, Lindita Rapi, Michael Huang and Jeffrey S. Zaltzman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:311

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) is vital to improving outcomes in immunocompromised patients. This study evaluated the impact of a systematic protocol with nasal endoscopy and b...

    Authors: Mariana L. C. Silveira, Wilma T. Anselmo-Lima, Francesca M. Faria, Danielle L. C. Queiroz, Rodrigo L. Nogueira, Marcelo G. J. Leite, Ricardo M. Lessa, Belinda P. Simões, Edwin Tamashiro and Fabiana C. P. Valera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:310

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem and it is among the top 10 causes of death worldwide. One of the challenges against attaining an effective TB control program is delay in seeking health care ...

    Authors: Haileselasie Berhane Alema, Sisay Asgedom Hailemariam, Kebede Haile Misgina, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregergis, Genet Kidane Mekonen and Kahsay Amare Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:309

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Despite World Health Organization recommendations, in many countries young children are not targeted for influenza vaccination. To help inform influenza vaccination policy, we examined the occurrence and burde...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Annick Moureau, Camille Schiffler, Martin Dupuy, Stephanie Pepin, Sandrine I. Samson, Philippe Vanhems and François Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:308

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Rapid detection of rifampicin resistance is essential for early management and prevention of transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). We studied the prevalence of rifampicin resistance of Mycoba...

    Authors: Balew Arega, Fiqrte Menbere and Yitagesu Getachew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:307

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Various integrated care models have been used to improve treatment completion of medications for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV), chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB), and Human immuno...

    Authors: Jørn Henrik Vold, Christer Aas, Rafael Alexander Leiva, Peter Vickerman, Fatemeh Chalabianloo, Else-Marie Løberg, Kjell Arne Johansson and Lars Thore Fadnes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:306

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Post-operative infections are frequent after radical cystectomy with urinary diversion surgery (UDS). Reduction of post-operative infections necessitates appropriate peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis ta...

    Authors: E. Kolwijck, A. E. M. Seegers, S. C. M. Tops, A. G. van der Heijden, J. P. M. Sedelaar and J. ten Oever

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:303

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  48. Content type: Case report

    Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a leading cause of invasive severe diseases with a high rate of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcome observed in staphyl...

    Authors: Charles Vidal, Florence Moulin, Xavier Nassif, Louise Galmiche, Delphine Borgel, Alain Charbit, Capucine Picard, Jean-Paul Mira, Olivier Lortholary, Anne Jamet and Julie Toubiana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:302

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