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  1. Since the available data for bloodstream infections in solid malignancy tumors are somewhat limited in Palestine, prevention of infection before the occurrence, controlling it when it occurs, and implementing ...

    Authors: Rama Rabayah, Ranyah B. Alsayed, Adham Abu Taha, Husam Salameh, Riad Amer, Ali Sabateen, Banan M. Aiesh and Sa’ed H. Zyoud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:385
  2. Research on the association of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with prognosis in COVID-19 has been limited. We investigated the association between the fatty liver index (FLI), a non-invasive and sim...

    Authors: Yoonkyung Chang, Jimin Jeon, Tae-Jin Song and Jinkwon Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:384
  3. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) functional cure is a novel biomedical strategy characterized by sustained viral suppression without the need for life-long medications. The attitude of people living with HIV...

    Authors: Tsz Ho Kwan, Chin Pok Chan, Ngai Sze Wong and Shui Shan Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:383
  4. The rapid worldwide spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections led to public health crises globally and the number of pediatric patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (CO...

    Authors: Setareh Mamishi, Babak Pourakbari, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh, Amene Navaeian, Hamid Eshaghi, Bahareh Yaghmaei, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Shiva Poormohammadi, Yasmine Mahmoudieh and Shima Mahmoudi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:382
  5. Natural immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis exists, and > 90% of those infected remain disease-free. Innate and adaptive immune responses required to mediate such protection against tuberculosis (TB) are,...

    Authors: Andriёtte M. Hiemstra, Candice E. MacDonald, Ilana C. van Rensburg, Kim Stanley, Elizna Maasdorp, Shirley Mc Anda, Susanne Tönsing, Jane Alexandra Shaw, Gerard Tromp, Gian D. van der Spuy, Kevin B. Urdahl, David M. Lewinsohn, Helena Kuivaniemi, Nelita Du Plessis, Stephanus T. Malherbe and Gerhard Walzl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:381
  6. Persons involved in the justice system are at high risk for HIV and drug overdose upon release to the community. This manuscript describes a randomized controlled trial of two evidence-based linkage interventi...

    Authors: Sandra A. Springer, Ank E. Nijhawan, Kevin Knight, Irene Kuo, Angela Di Paola, Esther Schlossberg, Cynthia A. Frank, Mark Sanchez, Jennifer Pankow, Randi P. Proffitt, Wayne Lehman, Zoe Pulitzer, Kelly Thompson, Sandra Violette and Kathleen K. Harding
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:380
  7. To study whether the association between the CD4/CD8 ratio variation over time and the development of clinical outcomes vary in late presenters (CD4 count < 350/µL or AIDS event at enrolment) or advanced prese...

    Authors: Lourdes Domínguez-Domínguez, Marta Rava, Otilia Bisbal, Luis Lopez-Cortés, Joaquín Portilla, Daniel Podzamczer, Julián Olalla, Daniel Fuster, Rafael Rubio, Inmaculada Jarrín, José Antonio Iribarren and Santiago Moreno
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:379
  8. Serum procalcitonin (PCT) has become an emerging prognostic biomarker of disease progression in patients with COVID-19. This study aims to determine the optimal cut-off value of PCT with regards to important c...

    Authors: Cher Wei Twe, Delton Kah Yeang Khoo, Kian Boon Law, Nur Sabreena binti Ahmad Nordin, Subashini Sathasivan, Kah Chuan Lim, Sharifah Khairul Atikah, Syarifah Nurul Ain bt Syed Badaruddin and Suresh Kumar Chidambaram
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:378
  9. Systemic histoplasmosis is a disease of high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Patients with AIDS get the infection through inhalation of spores, triggering a primary lung infection with a...

    Authors: Luis Escalante, Jennyfer Granizo-Rubio, Victor Pinos-León, Sonia Tello, Astrid Maldonado and Iván Cherrez-Ojeda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:377
  10. Measles is a viral disease and a leading vaccine-preventable childhood killer. More than 95% of measles deaths occur in countries with low incomes and weak health infrastructures. In response to this, Ethiopia...

    Authors: Chekole Hailu, Girmatsion Fisseha and Aregawi Gebreyesus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:376
  11. This study evaluated the performance of a novel fast broad range PCR and sequencing (FBR-PCR/S) assay for the improved diagnosis of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in high-risk patients in a large Canadian healt...

    Authors: B. Chow, M. Groeschel, J. Carson, T. Griener and D. L. Church
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:375
  12. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing of microbial cell-free DNA (mcfDNA) allows for non-invasive pathogen detection from plasma. However, there is little data describing the optimal role for this assay in re...

    Authors: Akira A. Shishido, Myint Noe, Kapil Saharia and Paul Luethy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:372
  13. Authors: Yom An, Alvin Kuo Jing Teo, Chan Yuda Huot, Sivanna Tieng, Kim Eam Khun, Sok Heng Pheng, Chhenglay Leng, Serongkea Deng, Ngak Song, Sotheara Nop, Daisuke Nonaka and Siyan Yi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:370

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:317

  14. There have been no reports of tigecycline-associated drug-related liver injury (DILI) identified by histopathological assistance and causal assessment method. We reported the histopathological manifestations f...

    Authors: Xiaoping Shi, Donghui Lao, Qing Xu, Xiaoyu Li and Qianzhou Lv
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:368
  15. Cutibacterium modestum was named in 2020. C. modestum was previously called Propionibacterium humerusii. Several implant-associated infections caused by Cutibacterium species have been previously reported, but na...

    Authors: Taiji Koyama, Goh Ohji, Masako Nishida, Sho Nishimura, Iku Shirasugi, Kenichiro Ohnuma, Mari Kusuki and Kentaro Iwata
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:367
  16. COVID-19 infection can cause life-threatening respiratory disease. This study aimed to fully characterize the clinical features associated with postponed viral shedding time and disease progression, then devel...

    Authors: Wen-Yang Li, Daqing Wang, Yuhao Guo, Hong Huang, Hongwen Zhao, Jian Kang and Wei Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:366
  17. Amoebiasis is caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, which is a rare infectious disease in developed countries. If the trophozoites enter the blood, it can spread through the body, such as brain, and lung...

    Authors: Bao Fu, Jinjing Wang and Xiaoyun Fu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:364
  18. Second-line drug resistance (SLD) among tuberculosis (TB) patients is a serious emerging challenge towards global control of the disease. We characterized SLD-resistance conferring-mutations among TB patients ...

    Authors: Dennis Mujuni, Dianah Linda Kasemire, Ivan Ibanda, Joel Kabugo, Andrew Nsawotebba, Jody E. Phelan, Robert Kaos Majwala, Didas Tugumisirize, Abdunoor Nyombi, Beatrice Orena, Irene Turyahabwe, Henry Byabajungu, Diana Nadunga, Kenneth Musisi, Moses Lutakoome Joloba and Willy Ssengooba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:363
  19. The immune response to SARS-CoV-2 virus, the cause of COVID-19, is complex. Antibody mediated responses are important for viral clearance but may also drive hyperinflammation in severe COVID-19. We present a c...

    Authors: Katarina Nyström, Maria Hjorth, Ramona Fust, Åsa Nilsdotter-Augustinsson, Marie Larsson, Katarina Niward and Sofia Nyström
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:362
  20. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are still a major health problem, especially in resource-limited countries. The community-based prevalence of STH is unknown in Afghanistan. Main objectives of this s...

    Authors: Bilal Ahmad Rahimi, Bashir Ahmad Mahboobi, Mohammad Hashim Wafa, Mohammad Sediq Sahrai, Muhammad Haroon Stanikzai and Walter R. Taylor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:361

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:410

  21. Throughout the world tuberculosis (TB) is the second leading cause of death due to an infectious agent. The World Health Organization promotes Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) in children under 5 years who a...

    Authors: Grey Idalia Benoit Vásquez, Ana Lucia Morrobel, Dione Benjumea-Bedoya and Helena del Corral-Londoño
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:359
  22. Gender differences in a number of infectious diseases have been reported. The evidence for gender differences in clinical measles incidence rates has been variable and poorly documented over age groups, countr...

    Authors: Manfred S. Green, Naama Schwartz and Victoria Peer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:358
  23. Refugees are screened for TB overseas using Technical Instructions (TIs) issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and after arrival during their refugee health assessment (RHA). We examine...

    Authors: Kailey Urban, Blain Mamo, Dzung Thai, Alicia Earnest and Emily Jentes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:356
  24. Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection happens frequently in immunosuppressed patients with reported domestic animal bites. Clinical presentation ranges from simple cellulitis to fulminant septic shock with dissemin...

    Authors: Alexandre Martins-Baltar, Sylvain Meyer, Olivier Barraud, Fabien Garnier, Marie-Cécile Ploy, Philippe Vignon and Bruno François
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:355
  25. Good’s syndrome (GS) is characterized by immunodeficiency, and patients diagnosed with GS are susceptible to infection or even bacteremia, which is the most evident complication. Campylobacter coli (C. coli) rare...

    Authors: Lei Jiang, Jia Gao, Pu Wang and Yuliang Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:354
  26. The incidence of sparganosis, especially intracranial live sparganosis is very low in China. Due to the lack of typical clinical manifestations, it is difficult to make a clear preoperative diagnosis of the di...

    Authors: Jialing Hu, Kaili Liao, Xiaojin Feng, Danling Jiang, Hailin Liu, Qingcui Zheng, Hai Qiu, Fuzhou Hua, Guohai Xu and Chunhua Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:353
  27. Invasive fungal diseases (IFD) remain a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) and are associated with high mortality rates in patients receiving alloHSCT. Antifung...

    Authors: Mauricette Michallet, Jean el Cheikh, Raoul Herbrecht, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Denis Caillot and Jean-Pierre Gangneux
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:352
  28. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) biomarkers reflect the status of HBV infection; however, their role in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C (HBV/HCV) coinfection remains unknown. This study evaluated the characteri...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Tseng, Wen-Chun Liu, Chi-Yi Chen, Ting-Tsung Chang and Kuo-Chih Tseng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:351
  29. Acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) remains the leading cause of death in children worldwide, and viruses have been the major cause of ALRI. In Myanmar, ALRI is associated with high morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Kamata, Khin Nyo Thein, Lasham Di Ja, Nay Chi Win, Su Mon Kyaw Win, Yuko Suzuki, Ai Ito, Hidekazu Osada, Irina Chon, Wint Wint Phyu, Yuta Aizawa, Tatsuki Ikuse, Tomomi Ota, Yadanar Kyaw, Htay Htay Tin, Yugo Shobugawa…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:350
  30. The UK has implemented routine use of whole genome sequencing (WGS) in TB diagnostics. The WHO recommends addition of a fluoroquinolone for isoniazid mono-resistance, so early detection may be of use. The aim ...

    Authors: Mirae Park, Ajit Lalvani, Giovanni Satta and Onn Min Kon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:349
  31. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of setting up a full-time infection control nursing service on reducing the prevalence of multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) in the orthopedic ward.

    Authors: Yun Yang, Ting-ting Tang, Ji Lin, Chun-lan Gan, Wen-zhi Huang and Yue Fang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:348
  32. Important prevention efforts have led to a reduction in mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) globally. However, new cases of paediatric HIV infections still occur. Early diagnosis of new HIV infections i...

    Authors: Alicia Hernanz-Lobo, Beatriz Ruiz Saez, Itziar Carrasco García, Greta Mino-Leon, Julio Juárez, Noris Pavía Ruz, Dora Estripeaut, María de los Ángeles Pérez, Karen Erazo, Luis Guillermo Castaneda Villatoro, Oscar Porras, Luis Manuel Prieto Tato and María Luisa Navarro Gómez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:347
  33. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is known to reduce tuberculosis (TB) incidence among people living with HIV (PLWH). However, studies describing the impact of long-term ART and CD4 count recovery on TB incidence r...

    Authors: Sivaporn Gatechompol, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Frank van Leth, Frank Cobelens and Stephen J. Kerr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:346
  34. Despite differences in time of sepsis recognition, recent studies support that early initiation of norepinephrine in patients with septic shock (SS) improves outcome without an increase in adverse effects. Thi...

    Authors: Romain Jouffroy, Adèle Hajjar, Basile Gilbert, Jean Pierre Tourtier, Emmanuel Bloch-Laine, Patrick Ecollan, Josiane Boularan, Vincent Bounes, Benoit Vivien and Papa-Ngalgou Gueye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:345
  35. The Yinzhou Center for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC) in China implemented an integrated health big data platform (IHBDP) that pooled health data from healthcare providers to combat the spread of infecti...

    Authors: Xudong Zhou, Edmund Wei Jian Lee, Xiaomin Wang, Leesa Lin, Ziming Xuan, Dan Wu, Hongbo Lin and Peng Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:344
  36. Pneumonia is a common complication of influenza and closely related to mortality in influenza patients. The present study examines cytokines as predictors of the prognosis of influenza-associated pneumonia.

    Authors: Jiaying Zhang, Jingxia Wang, Yiwen Gong, Yudan Gu, Qiangqiang Xiang and Ling-Ling Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:343
  37. The impaired transplacental passage of IgG from mothers living with HIV to their infants could be one of the causes of the high vulnerability to infections of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants, but controve...

    Authors: Silvia Baroncelli, Clementina M. Galluzzo, Stefano Orlando, Robert Mphwere, Thom Kavalo, Richard Luhanga, Roberta Amici, Marco Floridia, Mauro Andreotti, Fausto Ciccacci, Maria Cristina Marazzi and Marina Giuliano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:342
  38. Non-conversion of sputum culture or smear within 2 months after the start of treatment is a known poor prognostic factor of pulmonary tuberculosis. In elderly patients, sputum conversion may be delayed because...

    Authors: Yuta Nakamura, Mari Yamasue, Kosaku Komiya, Shuichi Takikawa, Kazufumi Hiramatsu and Jun-ichi Kadota
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:339
  39. To analyse clinical characteristics, antibiotic susceptibility, and risk factors for mortality in paediatric invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Beijing.

    Authors: Man Jiang, Xi Wang, Liang Zhu, Yong-hong Yang, Kai-hu Yao, Fang Dong, Wei Shi, Qing Wang, Wen-qi Song and Gang Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:338
  40. The epidemiology of bloodstream infection (BSI) is well-established; however, little is known about the contribution of different pathogens to mortality. To understand true burden of BSI, pathogens contributin...

    Authors: Seok Jun Mun, Si-Ho Kim, Hyoung-Tae Kim, Chisook Moon and Yu Mi Wi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:336
  41. Aureobasidium melanigenum is a ubiquitous dematiaceous fungus that rarely causes invasive human infections. Here, we present a case of Aureobasidium melanigenum bloodstream infection in a 20-year-old man with lon...

    Authors: Shinya Yamamoto, Mahoko Ikeda, Yuki Ohama, Tomohiro Sunouchi, Yasutaka Hoshino, Hiroshi Ito, Marie Yamashita, Yoshiaki Kanno, Koh Okamoto, Satoshi Yamagoe, Yoshitsugu Miyazaki, Shu Okugawa, Jun Fujishiro and Kyoji Moriya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:335

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