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  1. Content type: Research article

    Hantaviruses are important zoonotic pathogens, and they pose a profound risk to public health. So far, there has been no evidence showing that Tula virus (TULV), one species of hantavirus, is endemic in China....

    Authors: Gang Guo, Baoping Guo, Xiran Wu, Yuanzhi Wang, Jianling Bao, Yuan Ren, Hongyu Li, Jun Li, Wenbao Zhang and Hua Yao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:527

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Food-borne trematodiases are an important group of neglected global diseases. Affected patients in regions with low prevalence usually experience delayed diagnosis, especially when presenting with atypical cli...

    Authors: Lun Li, Xinchao Liu, Baotong Zhou, Shimin Zhang, Geng Wang, Guotao Ma, Ruxuan Chen, Yang Zou, Wei Cao and Taisheng Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:526

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  3. Content type: Case report

    As technology progresses, several highly sensitive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening kits are being researched and developed to quickly and efficiently identify serum HIV antibodies within the non-w...

    Authors: Shuangquan Yan, Jing Huang, Qiaofei Zheng, Hongguo Zhu, Zhuolin Gao, Jiaxi Feng and Youzu Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:525

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Due to no clinical symptoms in the compensated stage of cirrhosis, it is usually diagnosed when decompensated complications occur. In this study, the noninvasive circulating biomarkers for early detection to c...

    Authors: Liangshan Hu, Yan Zhu, Jingqian Zhang, Wei Chen, Zeyong Li, Lihua Li, Liping Zhang and Donglin Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:523

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To describe patients with inherited and acquired complement deficiency who developed invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in England over the last decade.

    Authors: Shamez N. Ladhani, Helen Campbell, Jay Lucidarme, Steve Gray, Sydel Parikh, Laura Willerton, Stephen A. Clark, Aiswarya Lekshmi, Andrew Walker, Sima Patel, Xilian Bai, Mary Ramsay and Ray Borrow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:522

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Leprosy is is still considered a public health issue and in Colombia 7–10% of new cases are found in children, indicating both active transmission and social inequality. We hypothesized that circulating antibo...

    Authors: Héctor Serrano-Coll, Hugo Rene Mora, Juan Camilo Beltrán, Malcolm S. Duthie and Nora Cardona-Castro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:520

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  7. Content type: Research article

    There have been a number of studies about seroprevalence of HEV among pregnant women in Africa. However, the finding of seroprevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women is variable and inconsistent. Theref...

    Authors: Mulat Dagnew, Amare Belachew, Moges Tiruneh and Feleke Moges

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:519

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Heterosexual transmission is the main driver of the HIV epidemic in Tanzania. Only one estimate of the incidence rate of intra-marital HIV seroconversion in Tanzania has been reported and was derived from data...

    Authors: Soledad Colombe, James Beard, Baltazar Mtenga, Peter Lutonja, Julius Mngara, Claudia J. de Dood, Govert J. van Dam, Paul L. A. M. Corstjens, Samuel Kalluvya, Mark Urassa, Jim Todd and Jennifer A. Downs

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:518

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Although Option B+ may be more costly than Options B, it may provide additional health benefits that are currently unclear in Yunnan province. We created deterministic models to estimate the cost-effectiveness...

    Authors: Xiaowen Wang, Guangping Guo, Jiarui Zheng and Lin Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:517

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A cholera outbreak started on 29 February in Bwikhonge Sub-county, Bulambuli District in Eastern Uganda. Local public health authorities implemented initial control measures. However, in late March, cases shar...

    Authors: Paul Edward Okello, Lilian Bulage, Alex Ario Riolexus, Daniel Kadobera, Benon Kwesiga, Henry Kajumbula, Muhamed Mulongo, Eunice Jennifer Namboozo, Godfrey Pimundu, Isaac Ssewanyana, Charles Kiyaga, Steven Aisu and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:516

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Most of studies on the relationship between drug use and HIV have focused largely on people who inject drugs. Non-injecting drug use is much more common than injecting drug use, and although it can also predis...

    Authors: Sovannary Tuot, Gitau Mburu, Phalkun Mun, Pheak Chhoun, Navy Chann, Kiesha Prem and Siyan Yi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:515

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Demographic characteristic surveillance of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) among blood donors is crucial to formulating control strategies and preventing TTIs. This study aimed to investigate the dem...

    Authors: Le Chang, Junpeng Zhao, Fei Guo, Huimin Ji, Lu Zhang, Xinyi Jiang and Lunan Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:514

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Monofocal necrotizing fasciitis (MONF) involves a single site in a rapidly progressing infection and necrosis of the fascia and surrounding soft tissue. Synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis (SMNF), the...

    Authors: Ching-Yu Lee, Tsan-Wen Huang, Meng-Huang Wu, Tsung-Jen Huang, Yan-Rong Li, Evelyn Jou-Chen Huang and Yao-Hung Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:513

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Pneumococcal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We use routine hospital admissions data and time-series modelling analysis to estimate the impact of the seven and thirteen valent...

    Authors: Tinevimbo Shiri, Noel D. McCarthy and Stavros Petrou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:510

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  15. Content type: Research article

    High-risk population of blood donation increases the prevalence of transmit blood-borne diseases and harm the blood safety. Syphilis accounts for approximately 10% of commonly sexually transmitted diseases. Th...

    Authors: Shuangli Liu, Liping Luo, Guangxiang Xi, Like Wan, Li Zhong, Xue Chen, Tianxiang Gong, Shuping Li, Yi He and Na Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:509

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In China multidrug-resistant bacteria pose a considerable threat to public health. Antimicrobial resistance has weakened the effectiveness of many medicines widely used today. Thus, discovering new antibacteri...

    Authors: Chunjiang Zhao, Xiaojuan Wang, Yawei Zhang, Ruobing Wang, Qi Wang, Henan Li and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:508

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Population immunity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Lao People’s Demographic Republic (PDR) has not been examined since the national HBV vaccination program was started in 2002. Vaccine has been observed to...

    Authors: Masataro Norizuki, Tomomi Kitamura, Kenichi Komada, Masaya Sugiyama, Masashi Mizokami, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Vilasak Som-Oulay, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Munehito Machida, Koji Wada, Koji Ishii, Tomoko Kiyohara, Takaji Wakita and Masahiko Hachiya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:507

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Scalp mycosis is often caused by dermatophytes and was so called tinea capitis. There is no published report caused by Aspergillus protuberus. We report a rare case of kerion-type scalp mycosis caused by A. protu...

    Authors: Jinjing Jia, Min Chen, Xiumei Mo, Junfeng Liu, Fenggen Yan, Zhengxiao Li, Shaoqiong Xie and Dacan Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:506

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Regardless of chronic treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART), the switching rate for ART regarding anchor drugs has not been articulated in real-world clinical-settings in Japan. We assessed switch rates ...

    Authors: Daniel J. Ruzicka, Naho Kuroishi, Nobuyuki Oshima, Ryuta Sakuma and Toshio Naito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:505

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is frequently diagnosed in the Emergency Department (ED). Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is an uncommon isolate in urine cultures (0.5–6% of positive urine cultures), except in patients ...

    Authors: Thomas Lafon, Ana Catalina Hernandez Padilla, Arthur Baisse, Lucie Lavaud, Marine Goudelin, Olivier Barraud, Thomas Daix, Bruno Francois and Philippe Vignon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:504

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis remains a public health problem in Central Kenya despite concerted control efforts. Access to improved water and sanitation has been emphasized as important control measures. Few studies have a...

    Authors: Paul M. Gichuki, Stella Kepha, Damaris Mulewa, Janet Masaku, Celestine Kwoba, Gabriel Mbugua, Humphrey D. Mazigo and Charles Mwandawiro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:503

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia in humans and a large number of animal species. Considering recent evidence of the circulation of this bacterium in different parts of Iran, especially i...

    Authors: Saber Esmaeili, Ahmad Ghasemi, Razi Naserifar, Ali Jalilian, Leila Molaeipoor, Max Maurin and Ehsan Mostafavi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:502

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The island of Anjouan (Comoros) is highly endemic for leprosy with an annual incidence of 5–10/10,000. In May/June, 2015 single-dose Rifampicin post-exposure prophylaxis (SDR-PEP) was administered to 269 close...

    Authors: Nimer Ortuno-Gutierrez, Abdallah Baco, Sofie Braet, Assoumani Younoussa, Aboubacar Mzembaba, Zahara Salim, Mohamed Amidy, Saverio Grillone, Bouke C. de Jong, Jan Hendrik Richardus and Epco Hasker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:501

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Fine scale geospatial analysis of HIV infection patterns can be used to facilitate geographically targeted interventions. Our objective was to use the geospatial technology to map age and time standardized HIV...

    Authors: Gita Ramjee, Benn Sartorius, Natashia Morris, Handan Wand, Tarylee Reddy, Justin D. Yssel and Frank Tanser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:500

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  25. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 60% of the world’s population is infected with one form of intestinal parasites. Amoebiasis and giardiasis are among the leading intestinal protozoan infections that affected mankind. However, lit...

    Authors: Behailu Hawulte Ayele, Ayele Geleto, Desalegn Admassu Ayana and Muhedin Redi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:499

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cases of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) have increasingly been observed in Miyazaki, southwest Japan. It is critical to identify and elucidate the risk factors of infection at community lev...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Yasuo and Hiroshi Nishiura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:498

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  27. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing serves as a critical gateway for linkage and retention to care services, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries with high burden of HIV infections. However, the current progress towards addr...

    Authors: Mbuzeleni Hlongwa, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson, Sizwe Makhunga and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:496

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  28. Content type: Research article

    There is currently no research on the diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) for a single pathogens in CSF. The aim of this study was to analyse the value of mNGS for identifying Strept...

    Authors: Xi-xi Zhang, Ling-yun Guo, Lin-lin Liu, Ao Shen, Wen-ya Feng, Wen-hua Huang, Hui-li Hu, Bing Hu, Xin Guo, Tian-ming Chen, He-ying Chen, Yong-qiang Jiang and Gang Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:495

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  29. Content type: Research article

    A high proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) use geosocial networking apps (Apps) to seek partners. However, the relationship of app use with HIV risk is unknown. Further, the risks of some sexually tr...

    Authors: Ning Zhao, Katherine T. Li, Yang-yang Gao, Jun-jie Xu and De-Sheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:494

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is becoming a major public health concern in Guangdong (GD) Province of China. The problem was highlighted in 2014 by an unprecedented explosive outbreak, where the number of cases was larger than the t...

    Authors: Guanghu Zhu, Jianpeng Xiao, Tao Liu, Bing Zhang, Yuantao Hao and Wenjun Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:493

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by an excessive systemic inflammatory response, which can be classified as primary HLH (pHLH) and secondary HLH (sHLH). Viru...

    Authors: Xiaoling Yang, Chuan Wang, Libo Wu, Xiaoqian Jiang, Sumei Zhang and Fuchun Jing

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:492

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Medical masks are commonly used in health care settings to protect healthcare workers (HCWs) from respiratory and other infections. Airborne respiratory pathogens may settle on the surface of used masks layers...

    Authors: Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Sacha Stelzer-Braid, William Rawlinson, Giulietta Pontivivo, Quanyi Wang, Yang Pan, Daitao Zhang, Yi Zhang, Lili Li and C. Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:491

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  33. Content type: Research article

    We describe the clinical features of a cohort of patients with liver abscesses and investigate relationships between clinical, radiological and microbiological findings and mortality.

    Authors: Lorna Neill, Frances Edwards, Simon M. Collin, David Harrington, Dominic Wakerley, Guduru Gopal Rao and Alastair C. McGregor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:490

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A delayed initiation of tuberculosis treatment results in high morbidity, mortality, and increased person-to-person transmissions. The aim of this study was to assess treatment delay and its associated factors...

    Authors: Kenaw Tegegne Tefera, Nebiyu Mesfin, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Koku Sisay Tamirat and Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:489

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There are limited studies focusing on liver abscess with negative microbiological cultures. This study evaluated the clinical and prognostic differences of patients with culture-negative liver abscess (CNLA) c...

    Authors: Jai Hoon Yoon, Youn Jeong Kim and Sang Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:488

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Typhoid fever remains a major public health problem in Zimbabwe with recurrent outbreaks reported since 2009. To provide guidance on appropriate treatment choice in order to minimise the morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Tapfumanei Mashe, Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Andrew Tarupiwa, Ellen Munemo, Sekesai Mtapuri-Zinyowera, Shannon L. Smouse, Arvinda Sooka, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Anthony M. Smith and Joshua Mbanga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:487

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The increase in drug resistance to affordable antibiotics used to treat Gram positive bacterial infections has complicated the management of enterococcal infections. Resistance to vancomycin, one of the most p...

    Authors: David P. Kateete, Moses Edolu, Edgar Kigozi, Jeffrey Kisukye, Hannington Baluku, Frank Nobert Mwiine and Christine F. Najjuka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:486

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Bordetella trematum is an infrequent Gram-negative coccobacillus, with a reservoir, pathogenesis, a life cycle and a virulence level which has been poorly elucidated and understood. Related information is scarce ...

    Authors: Thaís Regina y Castro, Roberta Cristina Ruedas Martins, Nara Lúcia Frasson Dal Forno, Luciana Santana, Flávia Rossi, Alexandre Vargas Schwarzbold, Silvia Figueiredo Costa and Priscila de Arruda Trindade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:485

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Network meta-analyses (NMAs) provide comparative treatment effects estimates in the absence of head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This NMA compared the efficacy and safety of dolutegravir (DTG) ...

    Authors: Sonya J. Snedecor, Matthew Radford, David Kratochvil, Richard Grove and Yogesh S. Punekar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:484

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies reported contradicting findings about the association between intestinal parasitosis and maternal anemia. In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection a...

    Authors: Amelo Bolka and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:483

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To assess the immune persistence conferred by a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-derived hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) 17 to 20 years after primary immunization during early life.

    Authors: Yu-Liang Zhao, Bi-Hua Han, Xin-Jiang Zhang, Lu-Lu Pan, Hai-Song Zhou, Zhao Gao, Zhi-Yong Hao, Zhi-Wei Wu, Tian-Li Ma, Feng Wang, Qi Li, Sheng-Li Bi and Jing-Chen Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:482

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Delayed tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment increase morbidity, mortality, expenditure, and transmission in the community. This study assessed patient and provider related delays to diagnosis and treatme...

    Authors: Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:481

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Some reports are available on the prevalence of opportunistic parasitoses among hemodialysis (HD) patients, yet there is a paucity of data on the association of CD4+ T-cell counts with such infections. Therefo...

    Authors: Amany I. Shehata, Faika Hassanein and Rashad Abdul-Ghani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:480

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  44. Content type: Software

    The increasing availability of high-throughput sequencing data provides researchers with unprecedented opportunities to investigate viral genetic elements in host genomes that contribute to virus-linked cancer...

    Authors: Bingqing Yan, Xinyi Liu, Siwei Zhang, Siyang Yu, Fangjia Tong, Huanhuan Xie, Lianhao Song, Yan Zhang and Lanlan Wei

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:479

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus and beta-hemolytic streptococci (BHS) diseases disproportionately affect populations in middle/low-income countries. To assess if this disparity is reflected in colonization by these organis...

    Authors: Felipe Piedade Gonçalves Neves, Mariel Asbury Marlow, Gabriel Rezende-Pereira, Marcos Gabriel Pinheiro, Allyne Fandino Martinez dos Santos, Maria de Fátima Nogueira de Freitas, Rosana Rocha Barros, Fábio Aguiar-Alves, Claudete Aparecida Araújo Cardoso and Lee Woodland Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:478

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