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  1. Antimicrobial resistance is one of the ten major public health threats facing humanity, especially in developing countries. Identification of the pathogens responsible for different microbial infections and an...

    Authors: Asmaa K. Helmy, Nagwa M. Sidkey, Ramy E. El-Badawy and Ahmed G. Hegazi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:424
  2. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most serious complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) but the characterization of the periprosthetic environment microbiome after TJA remains unknow...

    Authors: Hao Li, Jun Fu, Niu Erlong, Rui LI, Chi Xu, Libo Hao, Jiying Chen and Wei Chai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:423
  3. Acute gastrointestinal infections can lead to post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS). Moreover, coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is related to long-term gastrointestinal sequelae. In this study, the f...

    Authors: Daya Zhang, Chen Chen, Yunqian Xie, Fan Zeng, Shiju Chen, Runxiang Chen, Xiaodong Zhang, Shimei Huang, Da Li and Feihu Bai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:422
  4. The private sector is an important yet underregulated component of the TB treatment infrastructure in India. The Joint Effort for Elimination of Tuberculosis (Project JEET) aims to link private sector TB care ...

    Authors: Ridhima Sodhi, Michael J. Penkunas and Arnab Pal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:421
  5. Diphtheria is a severe respiratory or cutaneous infectious disease, caused by exotoxin producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae, C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis. Diphtheria is once again prevalent due to break...

    Authors: Jelte Elsinga, Dimphey van Meijeren and Frans Reubsaet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:420
  6. Lingering symptoms after acute COVID-19 present a major challenge to ambulatory care services. Since there are reservations regarding their optimal management, we aimed to collate all available evidence on the...

    Authors: Hannelore Dillen, Geertruida Bekkering, Sofie Gijsbers, Yannick Vande Weygaerde, Maarten Van Herck, Sarah Haesevoets, David A G Bos, Ann Li, Wim Janssens, Rik Gosselink, Thierry Troosters and Jan Y Verbakel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:419
  7. In vitro diagnostics (IVDs) for primary detection test/screening of human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV) have recently been updated to new-generation products in Japan. In this study, the performance of these pr...

    Authors: Shigeru Kusagawa, Ai Kawana-Tachikawa, Keiji Matsubayashi, Rieko Sobata and Isao Hamaguchi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:418
  8. Previous studies found minimal evidence and raised controversy about the link between hemoglobin and 28-day mortality in sepsis patients. As a result, the purpose of this study was to examine the association b...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Lu Chen, Zengping Meng, Yi Li, Juan Tang, Shaowen Liu, Li Li, Peisheng Zhang, Qian Chen and Yongmei Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:417
  9. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) is the cause of typhoid fever. Salmonella Typhi may be transmitted through shedding in the stool, which can continue after recovery from acute illness. Sheddin...

    Authors: Peter I. Johnston, Patrick Bogue, Angeziwa Chunga Chirambo, Maurice Mbewe, Reenesh Prakash, Vanessa Kandoole-Kabwere, Rebecca Lester, Thomas Darton, Stephen Baker, Melita A. Gordon and James E. Meiring
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:416
  10. Awake prone positioning has been widely used in non-intubated patients with acute hypoxic respiratory failure (AHRF) due to COVID-19, but the evidence is mostly from observational studies and low-quality rando...

    Authors: Wen Cao, Nannan He, Yannian Luo and Zhiming Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:415
  11. A key factor driving the development and maintenance of antibacterial resistance (ABR) is individuals’ use of antibiotics (ABs) to treat illness. To better understand motivations and context for antibiotic use...

    Authors: Katherine Keenan, Kathryn J. Fredricks, Mary Abed Al Ahad, Stella Neema, Joseph R. Mwanga, Mike Kesby, Martha F. Mushi, Annette Aduda, Dominique L. Green, Andy G. Lynch, Sarah I. Huque, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Hannah Worthington, Catherine Kansiime, Emmanuel Olamijuwon, Nyanda E. Ntinginya…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:414
  12. Rapid and accurate identification of carbapenemase-producing organism (CPO) intestinal carriers is essential for infection prevention and control. Molecular diagnostic methods can produce results in as little ...

    Authors: Yue Wang, Huijuan Song, Min Xu, Dengju Li, Xiao Ran, Ziyong Sun and Zhongju Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:413
  13. Systematic reviews (SR) and meta-analyses (MA) have become important in addressing specific questions of clinical importance and presenting evidence from an in-depth analysis of literature and aiding clinical ...

    Authors: Chester Kalinda and Elvis Temfack
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:412
  14. Historically, malaria has been the predominant cause of acute febrile illness (AFI) in sub-Saharan Africa. However, during the last two decades, malaria incidence has declined due to concerted public health co...

    Authors: Brian K. Kigozi, Grishma A. Kharod, Henry Bukenya, Sean V. Shadomy, Dana L. Haberling, Robyn A. Stoddard, Renee L. Galloway, Phionah Tushabe, Annet Nankya, Thomas Nsibambi, Edward Katongole Mbidde, Julius J. Lutwama, Jamie L. Perniciaro, William L. Nicholson, William A. Bower, Josephine Bwogi…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:411
  15. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) were adopted in Belgium in order to decrease social interactions between people and as such decrease viral transmission of SARS-CoV-2. With the aim to better evaluate th...

    Authors: Adrien Lajot, James Wambua, Pietro Coletti, Nicolas Franco, Ruben Brondeel, Christel Faes and Niel Hens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:410
  16. The number of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) cases is increasing in immunocompromised patients without human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV), causing serious morbidity with high mortality. Trimethoprim/su...

    Authors: Hui Qi, Danjiang Dong, Ning Liu, Ying Xu, Mengzhi Qi and Qin Gu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:409
  17. Non-conversion of sputum smear prolongs the infectivity of pulmonary tuberculosis patients and has been associated with unfavorable tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes. Nevertheless, there is a limited eviden...

    Authors: Gaetan Gatete, Kato J Njunwa, Patrick Migambi, Joseph Ntaganira and Albert Ndagijimana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:408
  18. Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis can occur in both previously healthy and immunocompromised hosts. Here, we describe a 55 year-old HIV-negative male with no known prior medical problems, who presented with thr...

    Authors: Mohammad El-Atoum, Jessica C. Hargarten, Yoon-Dong Park, Kenneth Ssebambulidde, Li Ding, Prashant Chittiboina, Dima A. Hammoud, Seher H. Anjum, Seth R. Glassman, Shehzad Merchant, Peter R. Williamson and John C. Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:407
  19. Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most serious infectious diseases worldwide. China has the second highest TB burden globally, but existing studies have mostly neglected the post-tuberculosis (post-TB) dise...

    Authors: Caimei Jing, Huiqiu Zheng, Xuemei Wang, Yanling Wang, Yifan Zhao, Sijia Liu, Jing Zhao and Qianqian Du
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:406
  20. One of the key obstacles to malaria elimination is largely attributed to Plasmodium vivax’s ability to form resilient hypnozoites in the host liver that cause relapsing infections. As a result, interruption of P....

    Authors: Laurent Dembele, Ousmaila Diakite, Fanta Sogore, Soriya Kedir, Fatalmoudou Tandina, Mohamed Maiga, Andargie Abate, Lemu Golassa and Abdoulaye A. Djimde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:405
  21. Sanitation or sanitary workers are exposed to hepatitis virus infections because of filthy and dangerous working conditions. The current global systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate the pooled ...

    Authors: Sina Tolera, Dechasa Adare Mengistu, Fekade Ketema Alemu, Abraham Geremew, Yohannes Mulugeta, Gebisa Dirirsa, Liku Muche Temesgen, Wegene Diriba, Gutema Mulatu, Tamagnu Sintie, Kefelegn Bayu and Ashenafi Berhanu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:404
  22. Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) differs in its spatio-temporal distribution in Vietnam with the highest incidence seen during the summer months in the northern provinces. AES has multiple aetiologies, and th...

    Authors: Hannah E. Brindle, Leonardo S. Bastos, Robert Christley, Lucie Contamin, Le Hai Dang, Dang Duc Anh, Neil French, Michael Griffiths, Behzad Nadjm, H. Rogier van Doorn, Pham Quang Thai, Tran Nhu Duong and Marc Choisy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:403
  23. To assess the levels of adherence among pregnant women to the basic COVID-19 preventive measures, and to analyze the effect of risk perception and sociodemographic and clinical factors on adherence.

    Authors: Ranya A. Ghamri and Kholoud A. Ghamri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:402
  24. The aim of this study was to define a set of urinary tract infections (UTIs)-specific quality indicators for appropriate prescribing in children and evaluate clinical practices in a district general hospital i...

    Authors: Konstantinos Vazouras, Charlotte Jackson, Laura Folgori, Anastasia Anastasiou-Katsiardani, Yingfen Hsia and Romain Basmaci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:400
  25. Staphylococcus aureus is among the top three causative agents of nosocomial infection in Ethiopia. The majority of studies in Ethiopia have focused on the epidemiology of S. aureus in hospital settings, with limi...

    Authors: Rajiha Abubeker. Ibrahim, Zelalem Mekuria, Shu-Hua Wang, Jose R. Mediavilla, Barry Kreiswirth, Eyasu T. Seyoum, Solomon H. Mariam, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes, Tesfa Addis Kefale, Geremew Tasew Guma and Nega Berhe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:399
  26. Children account for a significant proportion of COVID-19 hospitalizations, but data on the predictors of disease severity in children are limited. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with moderate/se...

    Authors: David Chun-Ern Ng, Chuin-Hen Liew, Kah Kee Tan, Ling Chin, Grace Sieng Sing Ting, Nur Fadzreena Fadzilah, Hui Yi Lim, Nur Emylia Zailanalhuddin, Shir Fong Tan, Muhamad Akmal Affan, Fatin Farihah Wan Ahmad Nasir, Thayasheri Subramaniam, Marlindawati Mohd Ali, Mohammad Faid Abd Rashid, Song-Quan Ong and Chin Chin Ch’ng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:398
  27. Klebsiella pneumoniae can infect a variety of sites, with the risk of infection being higher in the immunocompromised state such as diabetes mellitus. A distinct invasive syndrome has been detected mostly in Sout...

    Authors: Yu Chang, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Wei-Lung Chen and Jui-Yuan Chung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:397
  28. Though bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir (BIC/FTC/TAF) have been regulatory approved and included in the National Reimbursement Drug List in China, due to the affordability concern, generic version of efavir...

    Authors: Cao Jing, Tang Wei, Wang Ning, Zheng Fang, Xiao Gang, Wang Xingzhi, Zhou Guoqiang and Wang Min
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:396
  29. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) affects up to 5.000 people in Ecuador each year. L. guyanensis and L. braziliensis are the most common of the eight CL-causing Leishmania species. Earlier CL research concentrated on ...

    Authors: Jacob M. Bezemer, Byron P. Freire-Paspuel, Henk D. F. H. Schallig, Henry J.C. de Vries and Manuel Calvopiña
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:395
  30. Early data on COVID-19 (based primarily on PCR testing) indicated a low burden in Sub-Saharan Africa. To better understand this, this study aimed to estimate the incidence rate and identify predictors of SARS-...

    Authors: Nongodo Firmin Kaboré, Samiratou Ouédraogo, Ariane Kamga Mamguem, Isidore Tiandiogo Traoré, Dramane Kania, Hermann Badolo, Guillaume Sanou, Amariane Koné, Mimbouré Yara, Thérèse Kagoné, Esperance Ouédraogo, Blahima Konaté, Rachel Médah, Nathalie de Rekeneire, Armel Poda, Arnaud Eric Diendéré…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:394
  31. Buruli ulcer disease (BUD) caused by Mycobacterium (M.) ulcerans is characterized by necrotic skin lesions. As for other mycobacterial infections, e.g., tuberculosis, the immune response is important for host pro...

    Authors: Jonathan Kofi Adjei, Wilfred Aniagyei, Ernest Adankwah, Julia Seyfarth, Ertan Mayatepek, Daniel Antwi Berko, Nancy Ackam, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi, Yaw Ampem Amoako, Dorcas Owusu, Marc Jacobsen and Richard Odame Phillips
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:393
  32. With the advent of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS), the time of DNA metabolism can be explored after bacteria be killed. In this study, we applied mNGS in investigation of the clearance profile o...

    Authors: Zhuo Li, Shiying Zhang, Mengting Liu, Hongguang Ding, Yin Wen, Huishan Zhu and Hongke Zeng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:392
  33. Evidence on the relative importance of various factors associated with febrile illness in children and their heterogeneity across countries can inform the prevention, identification, and management of communic...

    Authors: Paddy Ssentongo, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Khush Shah, Thaddeus Harbaugh and Djibril M. Ba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:391
  34. Although several pathways have been proposed as the prerequisite for a safe phase-out in China, it is not clear which of them are the most important for keeping the mortality rate low, what thresholds should b...

    Authors: Qu Cheng, Xingjie Hao, Degang Wu, Qi Wang, Robert C. Spear and Sheng Wei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:390
  35. To compare clinical outcomes in patients with severe pneumonia according to the diagnostic strategy used.

    Authors: Renren Bao, Qing Mei, Tianjun Yang, Lei Zhang, Chunyan Zhu, Xiaoqin Fan, Yinzhong Wang, Fei Tong, Yuxi He, Xiaowei Fang, Shike Geng, Yu Yang, Ximei Sheng and Aijun Pan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:389
  36. Strong epidemiological links between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) may make household TB contact investigation an efficient strategy for HIV screening and finding individuals in sero...

    Authors: Godwin Anguzu, Amanda J Gupta, Emmanuel Ochom, Ashley S. Tseng, Meixin Zhang, Ruanne V. Barnabas, Abraham D. Flaxman, Achilles Katamba, J. Lucian Davis and Jennifer M. Ross
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:388
  37. Frequent serial monitoring of plasma cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load caused unnecessary budgets for laboratory testing without changes in treatment. We aimed to implement diagnostic stewardship to limit CMV v...

    Authors: Akeatit Trirattanapikul, Ekawat Pasomsub, Sukanya Siriyotha, Oraluck Pattanaprateep and Angsana Phuphuakrat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:387
  38. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in children, causing frequent outpatient visits and hospitalizations. Our study aimed to describe the clinical a...

    Authors: F. Martinón-Torres, M. Carmo, L. Platero, G. Drago, JL. López-Belmonte, M. Bangert and J. Díez-Domingo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:385
  39. Data continue to accumulate indicating that many systematic reviews are methodologically flawed, biased, redundant, or uninformative. Some improvements have occurred in recent years based on empirical methods ...

    Authors: Kat Kolaski, Lynne Romeiser Logan and John P. A. Ioannidis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:383
  40. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are a public health burden worldwide and often go undetected until sequelae develop. Offering HCV screening for the different vulnerable populations in community pharmacies c...

    Authors: Dominik Stämpfli, Tamara Leila Imfeld-Isenegger, Kurt E. Hersberger and Markus Messerli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:384
  41. Limited comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS is highlighted as one of the major factors linked to the high prevalence of HIV among adolescents and young girls. Thus, it is crucial to identify factors that facil...

    Authors: Joseph Kawuki, Ghislaine Gatasi, Quraish Sserwanja, David Mukunya and Milton W. Musaba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:382
  42. There is a mutual influence between COVID-19, diabetes ketoacidosis, and acute pancreatitis, with clinical manifestations overlapping each other, which can lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment that could...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Liu, Qingle Yu, Lanying Li, Songqing Wei, Jin Zeng and Jie Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:381
  43. Because patients with a “suspicion of Lyme borreliosis (LB)” may experience medical wandering and difficult care paths, often due to misinformation, multidisciplinary care centers were started all over Europe ...

    Authors: Alice Raffetin, Amal Chahour, Julien Schemoul, Giulia Paoletti, Zhuoruo He, Elisabeth Baux, Solène Patrat-Delon, Steve Nguala, Pauline Caraux-Paz, Costanza Puppo, Pauline Arias, Yoann Madec, Sébastien Gallien and Julie Rivière
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:380
  44. A pertinent risk factor of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and pneumonia is the exposure to major ambient air pollutants, with short term exposures to different air pollutants being shown to exacerb...

    Authors: Esther Li Wen Choo, A. Janhavi, Joel Ruihan Koo, Steve H. L. Yim, Borame L Dickens and Jue Tao Lim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:379
  45. On March 11th, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a pandemic. To control the pandemic, billions of vaccine doses have been administered worldwide. Predictor...

    Authors: Ohoud S. Almalki, Eman Y. Santali, Abdulaziz A. Alhothali, Ashraf A. Ewis, Abeer Shady, Ahmed Ibrahim Fathelrahman and Sayed F. Abdelwahab
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:378
  46. Cervical cancer is caused by oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) and is common among Kenyan women. Identification of factors that increase HR-HPV persistence is critically important. Kenyan women exposed...

    Authors: Yan Tong, Philip Tonui, Omenge Orang’o, Jianjun Zhang, Titus Maina, Kapten Muthoka, John Groopman, Joshua Smith, Erin Madeen, Aaron Ermel, Patrick Loehrer and Darron R. Brown
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:377
  47. Community-acquired bacterial meningitis is a rare but severe central nervous system infection that may be associated with cerebrovascular complications (CVC). Our objective is to assess the prevalence of CVC i...

    Authors: Amine Benadji, Thomas Debroucker, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Laurent Argaud, Virginie Vitrat, Charlotte Biron, Michel Wolff, Bruno Hoen, Xavier Duval and Sarah Tubiana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:376
  48. University students commonly received COVID-19 vaccinations before returning to U.S. campuses in the Fall of 2021. Given likely immunologic variation among students based on differences in type of primary seri...

    Authors: Peter M. DeJonge, Anastasia S. Lambrou, Hannah E. Segaloff, Allen Bateman, Alana Sterkel, Carol Griggs, Jake Baggott, Patrick Kelly, Natalie Thornburg, Monica Epperson, Rodel Desamu-Thorpe, Glen Abedi, Christopher H. Hsu, Jasmine Y. Nakayama, Jasmine Ruffin, Darlene Turner-Harper…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:374

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