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  1. Content type: Research article

    To compare the risk of severe hepatotoxicity with anidulafungin versus caspofungin and micafungin in hospitalized adults.

    Authors: Francis Vekeman, Lisa Weiss, Jalal Aram, Raluca Ionescu-Ittu, Shahrzad Moosavi, Yongling Xiao, Wendy Y. Cheng, Rachel H. Bhak, Margaret Tawadrous, M. Rita Capparella, Philippe Montravers and Mei Sheng Duh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:438

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a commensal of the human upper respiratory tract and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This paper presents the distribution of serotypes and antimicrobial resistance ...

    Authors: Rachid Y. Yahiaoui, Hester J. Bootsma, Casper D. J. den Heijer, Gerlinde N. Pluister, W. John Paget, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Krzysztof Trzcinski and Ellen E. Stobberingh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:440

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Genetic diversity in Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) parasites is a major hurdle to the control of malaria. This study monitored changes in the genetic diversity and the multiplicity of P. falciparum parasi...

    Authors: Joshua Adjah, Bless Fiadzoe, Ruth Ayanful-Torgby and Linda E. Amoah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:432

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pet ownership in China has been steadily increasing over recent years. However, the risk of pet-associated zoonotic infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii remains poorly defined.

    Authors: Wei Cong, Hany M. Elsheikha, Na Zhou, Peng Peng, Si-Yuan Qin, Qing-Feng Meng and Ai-Dong Qian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:430

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological information on the burden of various parasitic infections and associated factors in different localities is indispensable to develop appropriate control and prevention measures as well as to mo...

    Authors: Getaneh Alemu, Zeleke Aschalew and Eshetu Zerihun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:435

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been recognized as a risk factor for both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke among young adults. However, information on the optimal management of HIV patients pre...

    Authors: Ping Liu, Min Wu, Ning Zhang, Chunyou Chen, Bing Xiong and Xiaoying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:434

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  7. Content type: Research article

    International and national travelling has made the rapid spread of infectious diseases possible. Little information is available on the role of major traffic hubs, such as airports, in the transmission of resp...

    Authors: Niina Ikonen, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Joanne E. Enstone, Ilpo Kulmala, Pertti Pasanen, Anniina Salmela, Satu Salo, Jonathan S. Nguyen-Van-Tam and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:437

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Septic cardiomyopathy represents cardiac impairment in sepsis and is a part of systemic involvement in sepsis. Cytokine storm is responsible for septic shock and for myocardial dysfunction of potentially rever...

    Authors: Andreja Sinkovic, Barbara Kit and Andrej Markota

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:433

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Necrotizing soft tissue infection is the most serious of all soft tissue infections. The patient’s life is dependent on prompt diagnosis and aggressive treatment. Diagnostic delays are related to increased mor...

    Authors: Annette Erichsen Andersson, Ingrid Egerod, Vibeke E. Knudsen and Ann-Mari Fagerdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:429

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Chronic diseases, chiefly cancers and circulatory system diseases (CSDs), have become the leading non-AIDS-related causes of death among HIV-infected people, as in the general population. After our previous re...

    Authors: Barbara Suligoi, Saverio Virdone, Martina Taborelli, Luisa Frova, Enrico Grande, Francesco Grippo, Marilena Pappagallo, Vincenza Regine, Lucia Pugliese, Diego Serraino and Antonella Zucchetto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:428

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB), especially extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), is an important cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO) in TB-burdened areas. Little information is known about patients with EPTB with clinical...

    Authors: Jeong-Han Kim, Eu Suk Kim, Kang-Il Jun, Hyun gul Jung, Ji Hwan Bang, Pyeong Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Kyoung-Ho Song, Hong Bin Kim, Nam Joong Kim, Myoung-don Oh and Sang-Won Park

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:426

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Incidence of Dengue infection is on the increase in Sri Lanka with it being associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity in pregnancy.

    Authors: B. V. K. M. Bopeththa, Sardha Hemapriya, K. K. Gayan Niranga and Danushka S. K. Kotigala

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:427

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Since the early 90’s antiretroviral drugs have been available at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC), a referral hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for the treatment of both adults and...

    Authors: Maha Al-Mozaini, Tahani Alrahbeni, Reem Al-Mograbi and Abdulrahman Alrajhi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:425

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in Europe. In Germany, Ct screening is offered free of charge to pregnant women since 1995 and to women < 25 ...

    Authors: Alexandra Sarah Lang, Matthias an der Heiden, Klaus Jansen, Andrea Sailer, Viviane Bremer and Sandra Dudareva

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:424

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress is a modifiable risk-factor in infection causing damage to human cells. As an adaptive response, cells catabolize Tyrosine to 3-Nitrotyrosine (Tyr-NO2) by nitrosylation. We investigated whethe...

    Authors: Thomas Baumgartner, Giedré Zurauskaité, Yannick Wirz, Marc Meier, Christian Steuer, Luca Bernasconi, Andreas Huber, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Christoph Henzen, Claus Hoess, Robert Thomann, Werner Zimmerli, Beat Mueller and Philipp Schuetz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:423

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The major factors contributing for nerve damage and permanent disabilities in leprosy are type 1 or reversal reactions (RR) and type 2 or erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Gene profiling of leprosy reactions ha...

    Authors: Jamile Leão Rêgo, Nadja de Lima Santana, Paulo Roberto Lima Machado, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Thiago Gomes de Toledo-Pinto, Léa Cristina Castellucci and Milton Ozório Moraes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:422

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii infection can be acquired through ingestion of infectious tissue cysts in undercooked meat or environmental oocysts excreted by cats. This cross-sectional study assessed environmental risk facto...

    Authors: Andrey I. Egorov, Reagan Converse, Shannon M. Griffin, Jennifer Styles, Elizabeth Klein, Elizabeth Sams, Edward Hudgens and Timothy J. Wade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:421

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  18. Content type: Research article

    HIV remains a significant public health dilemma in West and Central Africa. HIV-related morbidity and mortality are unjustly high, yet little is known about the spectrum of complicating comorbidities in HIV-po...

    Authors: Richard Odame Phillips, Alexis Steinmetz, Justin Nichols, Emmanuel Adomako, Emmanuel Ofori, Emilia Antonio, St.-Martin Allihien, Collins Peprah-Addae and William Adams

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:419

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Malaria transmission is both seasonal and heterogeneous, and mathematical models that seek to predict the effects of possible intervention strategies should accurately capture realistic seasonality of vector a...

    Authors: Prashanth Selvaraj, Edward A. Wenger and Jaline Gerardin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:413

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the molecular epidemiology of carbapenem non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae(CNSE) isolated in the Eastern region of Heilongjiang Province, China, and the mechanism of car...

    Authors: Xue Gong, Jisheng Zhang, Shanshan Su, Yanjun Fu, Mingjia Bao, Yong Wang and Xiaoli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:417

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Uganda’s HIV Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) program rapidly scaled up testing of HIV-exposed infants (HEI) in its early years. However, little was known about retention outcomes of HEI after testing. Provision o...

    Authors: Charles Kiyaga, Vijay Narayan, Ian McConnell, Peter Elyanu, Linda Nabitaka Kisaakye, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Matthew Price and Jeff Grosz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:416

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Over the last two decades intra-aural tick infestation (otoacariasis) has been a common occurrence in the hilly central region in Sri Lanka. Very occasional detection of isolated unilateral facial nerve palsy ...

    Authors: Senanayake A. M. Kularatne, Ranjan Fernando, Sinnadurai Selvaratnam, Chandrasiri Narampanawa, Kosala Weerakoon, Sujanthe Wickramasinghe, Manoji Pathirage, Vajira Weerasinghe, Anura Bandara and Jayanthe Rajapakse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:418

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Dengue infection is an endemic illness in the tropics and it is associated with a wide variety of post infectious complications. With the increasing prevalence of dengue infection in endemic regions, post-infe...

    Authors: Rakitha Higgoda, Dilshan Perera and Kanapathipillai Thirumavalavan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:415

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) is one of the most important pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection diseases in children. There are two main types of H. influenzae, encapsulated H. influen...

    Authors: Xingli Fan, Xiaoxiang Liu, Lei Ji, Damin Cai, Jinqin Jiang, Jingjing Zhu, Aihua Sun and Jie Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:414

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  25. Content type: Research article

    We examined differences in incident HIV infection between newly-arrived Asian-born and other men who have sex with men (MSM) after the introduction of universal HIV treatment guidelines in 2015 and pre-exposur...

    Authors: Nicholas A. Medland, Eric P. F. Chow, Timothy H. R. Read, Jason J. Ong, Marcus Chen, Ian Denham, Praveena Gunaratnum and Christopher K. Fairley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:410

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  26. Content type: Research article

    On 12 October, 2016 a measles outbreak was reported in Mayuge District, eastern Uganda. We investigated the outbreak to determine its scope, identify risk factors for transmission, evaluate vaccination coverag...

    Authors: Robert Kaos Majwala, Lydia Nakiire, Daniel Kadobera, Alex Riolexus Ario, Joy Kusiima, Joselyn Annet Atuhairwe, Joseph K. B. Matovu and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:412

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HBV, HCV, and HDV in urban populations and Amerindians living in the state of Tocantins (Eastern Amazon).

    Authors: Livia Melo Villar, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Elisabeth Lampe, Helena Medina Cruz, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Monica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Renata Gracie and Vanessa Salete de Paula

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:411

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Over 80% of morbidity due to soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) occurs in low-income countries. Children under 5 account for 20–30% of the burden in endemic areas. This study assessed the prevalence, intensi...

    Authors: Silvestro Ojja, Stevens Kisaka, Michael Ediau, Doreen Tuhebwe, Angela N. Kisakye, Abdullah A. Halage, Richard K. Mugambe and Joan N. Mutyoba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:408

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Post cardiac surgery mediastinitis is the major infectious complication, despite the development of surgical techniques and the application of strict preventive measures.

    Authors: Badia Belarj, Souhail Dahraoui, Leila Rar, Noureddine Atmani, Mohammed Frikh, Yassine Ben Lahlou, Adil Maleb, Abdelhay Lemnouer, Mahdi Ait Houssa, Abdelatif Boulahya and Mostafa Elouennass

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:407

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma japonicum, remains one of the most important parasitic diseases, and detection of S. japonicum infections in humans plays a crucial role in control and treatment. However, c...

    Authors: Yao Deng, Chen Qiu, Huan Ding and Da-Bing Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:404

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  31. Content type: Software

    Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening infection that remains a public health concern. Bacterial meningitis is commonly caused by the following species: Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Liste...

    Authors: Nadav Topaz, Dave Boxrud, Adam C. Retchless, Megan Nichols, How-Yi Chang, Fang Hu and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:405

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Influenza causes an estimated 3000 to 50,000 deaths per year in the United States of America (US). Timely and representative data can help local, state, and national public health officials monitor and respond...

    Authors: Kristin Baltrusaitis, John S. Brownstein, Samuel V. Scarpino, Eric Bakota, Adam W. Crawley, Giuseppe Conidi, Julia Gunn, Josh Gray, Anna Zink and Mauricio Santillana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:403

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  33. Content type: Technical advance

    During the fifth wave of human H7N9 infections, a novel highly pathogenic (HP) H7N9 variant emerged with an insertion of multiple basic amino acids in the HA cleavage site. Moreover, a neuraminidase inhibitor ...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Shanqin Li, Gary Wong, Sufang Ma, Zhixiang Xu, Xiaonan Zhao, Hong Li, Wen Xu, Haixia Zheng, Jingyan Lin, Qi Zhao, Wenjun Liu, Yingxia Liu, George F. Gao and Yuhai Bi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:406

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis, bacterial community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) are the three commonest causes of hospitalisation in HIV-infected adults. Prompt diagnosis and treatment init...

    Authors: Fiona Mendelson, Rulan Griesel, Nicki Tiffin, Molebogeng Rangaka, Andrew Boulle, Marc Mendelson and Gary Maartens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:399

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia pestis is a contributing agent to the epidemic disease, plague, which killed an estimated 200 million people during historical times. In this study, a rapid, cheap, sensitive, and specific technique, the...

    Authors: Hui-Ling Hsu, Chuan-Chang Chuang, Chung-Chih Liang, Der-Jiang Chiao, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Yu-Ping Wu, Feng-Ping Lin and Rong-Hwa Shyu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:402

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Helcococcus ovis, belonging to the genus of Helcococcu in Peptostreptococcaceae, is one kind of facultative anaerobic and gram-positive cocci, which was first isolated from a mixed infection in sheep in 1999. To ...

    Authors: Liyan Mao, Zhongju Chen, Yanfang Lu, Jing Yu, Yu Zhou, Qun Lin, Ying Luo and Ziyong Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:401

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Measles is a highly infectious and serious respiratory viral disease which caused by a virus. It is a significant cause of illness and death worldwide. This data analysis was conducted to describe the trend an...

    Authors: Munira Nasser Hassen, Abyot Bekele Woyessa, Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Lucy Buluanger, Ayesheshem Ademe, Alemayehu Bekele, Adamu Addissie, Amha Kebede and Daddi Jima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:400

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The decline in the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) in some endemic regions threatens the progress towards global elimination of malaria. Molecular surveillance of drug resistance in m...

    Authors: Kolapo Muyiwa Oyebola, Oluwagbemiga Olanrewaju Aina, Emmanuel Taiwo Idowu, Yetunde Adeola Olukosi, Olusola Sunday Ajibaye, Olubunmi Adetoro Otubanjo, Taiwo Samson Awolola, Gordon Akanzuwine Awandare and Alfred Amambua-Ngwa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:392

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Between November 2013 and June 2014, 56 cases of bacteremia (15 deaths) associated with the use of Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) and/or calcium gluconate (CG) were reported in four Brazilian states.

    Authors: Marcelo Pillonetto, Lavinia Arend, Suzie M. T. Gomes, Marluce A. A. Oliveira, Loeci N. Timm, Andreza F. Martins, Afonso L. Barth, Alana Mazzetti, Lena Hersemann, Theo H. M. Smits, Marcelo T. Mira and Fabio Rezzonico

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:397

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Invasive bacterial diseases (IBD) are a serious cause of hospitalization, sequelae and mortality. Albeit a low incidence, an increase in cases due to H. influenzae was registered in the past 4 years and, in the T...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Federica Inturrisi, Elisa Orlandini, Maurizio de Martino and Chiara de Waure

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:396

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Monitoring of undernutrition and parasitic infection are essential to design appropriate intervention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infe...

    Authors: Tamirat Hailegebriel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:394

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Fungal bloodstream infections (BSI) may be serious and are associated with drastic rise in mortality and health care costs. Candida spp. are the predominant etiological agent of fungal sepsis. The prompt and spec...

    Authors: Gabor Fidler, Eva Leiter, Sandor Kocsube, Sandor Biro and Melinda Paholcsek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:393

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The bicomponent leukotoxins and the pyrogenic toxin superantigens (PTSAgs) are important virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus. It is necessary to survey the prevalence and expression of these toxin-encoding...

    Authors: Chunyan He, Su Xu, Huanqiang Zhao, Fupin Hu, Xiaogang Xu, Shu Jin, Han Yang, Fang Gong and Qingzhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:395

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Caring for young children is a known risk factor for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection mainly through exposure to their saliva and urine. In a previous study, 36 CMV-seropositive children 2 mo. to 4 years old we...

    Authors: Minal M. Amin, Jennifer D. Stowell, William Hendley, Philip Garcia, D. Scott Schmid, Michael J. Cannon and Sheila C. Dollard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:391

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) is a thermal dimorphic pathogenic fungus that often causes fatal opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Although T. marneffei-infect...

    Authors: Xiaoming Yu, Keji Miao, Changsheng Zhou, Yuelin Cai, Xiaoying Huang, Yanfan Chen, Mayun Chen, Hui Cai and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:390

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) causes considerable morbidity and mortality in children. Despite this, its epidemiology and risk factors are poorly understood, with minimal paediatric clinical trial data ...

    Authors: Alasdair P. S. Munro, Christopher C. Blyth, Anita J. Campbell and Asha C. Bowen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:387

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