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  1. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a necessary cause of cervical cancer. HPV is also responsible for benign condylomata acuminata, also known as genital warts. We assessed the incidence of genital warts in Germany and...

    Authors: Peter Hillemanns, J Gabrielle Breugelmans, Friederike Gieseking, Stève Bénard, Emilie Lamure, Kavi J Littlewood and Karl U Petry
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:76
  2. The control of urinary schistosomiasis in Ogun State, Nigeria remains inert due to lack of reliable data on the geographical distribution of the disease and the population at risk. To help in developing a cont...

    Authors: Uwem F Ekpo, Chiedu F Mafiana, Clement O Adeofun, Adewale RT Solarin and Adewumi B Idowu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:74
  3. The diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) remains challenging. Culture and histopathological examination of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid are useful but have suboptimal sensitivity and in th...

    Authors: Prasanna D Khot, Daisy L Ko, Robert C Hackman and David N Fredricks
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:73
  4. Delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) results in excess morbidity and mortality, particularly among HIV-infected individuals. This study was conducted at a secondary level hospital serving communities wi...

    Authors: Graeme Meintjes, Hennie Schoeman, Chelsea Morroni, Douglas Wilson and Gary Maartens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:72
  5. Pediatric cancer patients face an increased risk of healthcare-associated infection (HAI). To date, no prospective multicenter studies have been published on this topic.

    Authors: Arne Simon, Roland A Ammann, Udo Bode, Gudrun Fleischhack, Hans-Martin Wenchel, Dorothee Schwamborn, Chara Gravou, Paul-Gerhardt Schlegel, Stefan Rutkowski, Claudia Dannenberg, Dieter Körholz, Hans Jürgen Laws and Michael H Kramer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:70
  6. Information regarding hepatitis C virus genotypes and subtypes circulating in Pakistan and various risk factors for their transmission are not known well. The specific objective of this study was to find out t...

    Authors: Muhammad Idrees and Sheikh Riazuddin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:69
  7. Quinolone resistance in Enterobacteriaceae results mainly from mutations in type II DNA topoisomerase genes and/or changes in the expression of outer membrane and efflux pumps. Several recent studies have indicat...

    Authors: Aihua Wang, Yonghong Yang, Quan Lu, Yi Wang, Yuan Chen, Li Deng, Hui Ding, Qiulian Deng, Hong Zhang, Chuanqing Wang, Lan Liu, Xiwei Xu, Li Wang and Xuzhuang Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:68
  8. Escherichia coli infections are frequent in ICU patients. The increased resistance to fluoroquinolones and amoxicillin/clavulanate of this pathogen mandates the prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics such as...

    Authors: Agnès Meybeck, Jean-Damien Ricard, Guilène Barnaud, Mathieu Eveillard, Guillaume Chevrel, Roman Mounier and Didier Dreyfuss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:67
  9. Although breast-feeding accounts for 15–20% of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, it is not prohibited in some developing countries because of the higher mortality associated with not breast-feeding. ...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Linda Kalilani, Vidyunmala Seksaria and Emily E Sickbert-Bennett
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:66
  10. QuantiFERON®TB Gold (QFT) is a promising blood test for tuberculosis infection but with few data so far from immigrant screening. The aim of this study was to compare results of QFT and tuberculin skin test (TST)...

    Authors: Brita Askeland Winje, Fredrik Oftung, Gro Ellen Korsvold, Turid Mannsåker, Anette Skistad Jeppesen, Ingunn Harstad, Berit Tafjord Heier and Einar Heldal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:65
  11. An ultraviolet visible marker (UVM) was used to assess the cleaning compliance of housekeeping staff for toilets in a tertiary healthcare setting.

    Authors: Michelle J Alfa, Christine Dueck, Nancy Olson, Pat DeGagne, Selena Papetti, Alana Wald, Evelyn Lo and Godfrey Harding
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:64
  12. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is caused by the larva of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Dogs and other canids are the primary definitive hosts for this parasite. CE may develop after accidental ingestion of tapewo...

    Authors: Jernej Logar, Barbara Soba and Tadeja Kotar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:63
  13. Australia is developing a chlamydia screening program. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of young women to the introduction of chlamydia screening in Australian General Practice.

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Rhian Parker, Christopher K Fairley, Jane M Gunn and Jane Hocking
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:62
  14. Human hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are considered an emerging disease in industrialized countries. In the Netherlands, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections have been associated with travel to high-endemic ...

    Authors: Katrine Borgen, Tineke Herremans, Erwin Duizer, Harry Vennema, Saskia Rutjes, Arnold Bosman, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Marion Koopmans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:61
  15. Multi drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) remains a major threat to public health, reinforced by recent reports about the clinical course of patients infected with extensively drug res...

    Authors: Stefan H Blaas, Ralf Mütterlein, Johannes Weig, Albert Neher, Bernd Salzberger, Norbert Lehn and Ludmila Naumann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:60
  16. The advantage of treatment interruptions (TIs) in salvage therapy remains controversial. Regardless, characterizations of the correlates of CD4 count fall during TI are important to identify since patients wit...

    Authors: Kenneth H Huang, Mona R Loutfy, Christos M Tsoukas and Nicole F Bernard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:59
  17. Although the first clinical descriptions of Bartonella infection were associated with immunocompromised patient with bacillary angiomatosis, we currently know that this organism is directly involved in diseases a...

    Authors: Immaculada Pons, Isabel Sanfeliu, María Mercedes Nogueras, Montserrat Sala, Manuel Cervantes, M José Amengual and Ferran Segura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:58
  18. Genetic variations in MBL2 that reduce circulating levels and alter functional properties of the mannose binding lectin (MBL) have been associated with many autoimmune and infectious diseases. We examined whether...

    Authors: Elizabeth E Brown, Mingdong Zhang, Rebecca Zarin-Pass, Toralf Bernig, Fan-Chen Tseng, Nianqing Xiao, Meredith Yeager, Brian R Edlin, Stephen J Chanock and Thomas R O'Brien
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:57
  19. Infection due to Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease of global health significance, and especially the L-serovars causing lymphogranuloma venereum are increasingly bein...

    Authors: Anke Schaeffer and Birgit Henrich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:56
  20. In addition to their antimicrobial activity, antibiotics modulate cellular host defence. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is also a well known immunomodulator; however little is known about the in...

    Authors: Artur Bauhofer, Markus Huttel, Wilfried Lorenz, Daniel I Sessler and Alexander Torossian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:55
  21. A novel Ehrlichia, closely related to Ehrlichia ruminantium, was recently discovered from Panola Mountain State Park, GA, USA. We conducted a study to determine if this agent was recently introduced into the Unit...

    Authors: Amanda D Loftis, Tonya R Mixson, Ellen Y Stromdahl, Michael J Yabsley, Laurel E Garrison, Phillip C Williamson, Robert R Fitak, Paul A Fuerst, Daryl J Kelly and Keith W Blount
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:54
  22. For winter 2003/2004 in Scotland, it was recommended that all those aged 65 and over be eligible to receive 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (23vPPV), which has been shown to be effective in reduc...

    Authors: John D Mooney, Amanda Weir, Jim McMenamin, Lewis D Ritchie, Tatania V Macfarlane, Colin R Simpson, Syed Ahmed, Chris Robertson and Stuart C Clarke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:53
  23. Studies of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in Africa have shown high initial mortality. Factors contributing to this high mortality are poorly described. The aim of the present study was to assess mortal...

    Authors: Asgeir Johannessen, Ezra Naman, Bernard J Ngowi, Leiv Sandvik, Mecky I Matee, Henry E Aglen, Svein G Gundersen and Johan N Bruun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:52
  24. Infectious mastitis is a common condition during lactation and in fact, represents one of the main causes leading to a precocious weaning. The number of studies dealing with lactational mastitis is low and, up...

    Authors: Susana Delgado, Rebeca Arroyo, Rocío Martín and Juan M Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:51
  25. The use of hypertonic crystalloid solutions, including sodium chloride and bicarbonate, for treating severe sepsis has been much debated in previous investigations. We have investigated the effects of three cr...

    Authors: Zhi Xun Fang, Yu Feng Li, Xiao Qing Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Jin Song Zhang, Hai Ming Xia, Guo Ping Xing, Wei Ping Shu, Ling Shen and Guo Qing Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:50
  26. Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of I...

    Authors: Maija Heiro, Hans Helenius, Saija Hurme, Timo Savunen, Kaj Metsärinne, Erik Engblom, Jukka Nikoskelainen and Pirkko Kotilainen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:49
  27. Invasive amebiasis is an emerging parasitic disorder in Taiwan, especially in patients diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thirty-three Taiwanese subjects with amebic liver abscess (AL...

    Authors: Meng-Shuian Hsu, Szu-Min Hsieh, Mao-Yuan Chen, Chien-Ching Hung and Shan-Chwen Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:48
  28. Noroviruses are one of the principal biological agents associated with the consumption of contaminated food. The objective of this study was to analyse the size and epidemiological characteristics of foodborne...

    Authors: Ana Martinez, Angela Dominguez, Nuria Torner, Laura Ruiz, Neus Camps, Irene Barrabeig, Cesar Arias, Josep Alvarez, Pere Godoy, Pilar Jorgina Balaña, Analia Pumares, Rosa Bartolome, Dolors Ferrer, Unai Perez, Rosa Pinto and Javier Buesa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:47
  29. French Guiana has the highest tuberculosis (TB) burden among all French departments, with a strong increase in the TB incidence over the last few years. It is now uncertain how best to explain this incidence. ...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Christophe Sola, Karine Brudey, Jean-François Guégan and Nalin Rastogi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:46
  30. Prevalence and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young men in Switzerland is still unknown. The objective of the present study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for C. trachomatis inf...

    Authors: David Baud, Katia Jaton, Claire Bertelli, Jean-Pierre Kulling and Gilbert Greub
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:45
  31. Infectious disease is often the reason for intravenous drug users being seen in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of treatment and outcomes for this patient po...

    Authors: Dominik Mertz, Nina Viktorin, Marcel Wolbers, Gerd Laifer, Bernd Leimenstoll, Ursula Fluckiger and Manuel Battegay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:42
  32. On 20–21 February 2006, six cases of diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) were reported by paediatricians to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. We initiated an investigation to identif...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Karin Nygard, Hanne-Merete Eriksen, Jørgen Lassen, Bjørn-Arne Lindstedt, Lin T Brandal, Georg Kapperud and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:41
  33. There is little information on nasopharyngeal (NP) flora or bacteremia in HIV-infected children. Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospectiv...

    Authors: Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Wasserman, Juanita Smit, Andrew Whitelaw and Heather J Zar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:40
  34. Rectal administration of artemisinin derivatives has potential for early treatment for severe malaria in remote settings where injectable antimalarial therapy may not be feasible. Preparations available includ...

    Authors: Melba Gomes, Isabela Ribeiro, Marian Warsame, Harin Karunajeewa and Max Petzold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:39
  35. In the ICU, bacteremia is a life-threatening infection whose prognosis is highly dependent on early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to distinguish b...

    Authors: Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Serge Aho, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Jean-Marc Doise, Sébastien Prin, Niels-Olivier Olsson and Bernard Blettery
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:38
  36. Several public health strategic interventions are required for effective prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) and it is necessary to create a communication plan to keep families adequately informed o...

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Rossella Abbate, Luciana Albano, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:36
  37. Diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleuritis is difficult and better diagnostic tools are needed. New blood based interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) tests are promising, but sensitivity could be low in HIV positive patients....

    Authors: Kamaldeen Baba, Steinar Sørnes, Anwar A Hoosen, Jacob M Lekabe, Mathew J Mpe, Nina Langeland and Anne M Dyrhol-Riise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:35
  38. Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. Nearly 60% of SSI diagnosis occur in the postdischarge period. However, literature provides ...

    Authors: Nicola Petrosillo, Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Emanuele Nicastri, Lorena Martini, Giuseppe Ippolito and Maria Luisa Moro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:34
  39. Prisons are known to be high-risk environments for the spread of bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections. Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectio...

    Authors: Andrew A Adjei, Henry B Armah, Foster Gbagbo, William K Ampofo, Isaac Boamah, Clement Adu-Gyamfi, Isaac Asare, Ian FA Hesse and George Mensah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:33
  40. Active tuberculosis (TB) is common among HIV-infected persons living in tuberculosis endemic countries, and screening for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended routinely. We sought to determine the role of chest x-...

    Authors: Muhammad Bakari, Robert D Arbeit, Lillian Mtei, Johnson Lyimo, Richard Waddell, Mecky Matee, Bernard F Cole, Susan Tvaroha, C Robert Horsburgh, Hanna Soini, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:32
  41. The performance of the WHO recommendations for pediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource poor settings is insufficiently documented in routine care.

    Authors: Steven FJ Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Jean Lusiama, Nicole Shabani, Samuel Edidi, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:31
  42. A simple filter paper method was developed for, the transport and storage of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) at room temperature or -20°C after spotting on filter paper, for subsequent serotyping of outer membran...

    Authors: Aline S Ferraz, Elza FT Belo, Ligia MCC Coutinho, Ana P Oliveira, Andréia MS Carmo, Daniele L Franco, Tatiane Ferreira, André Y Yto, Marta SF Machado, Monica CG Scola and Elizabeth De Gaspari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:30
  43. Patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia and fever are usually hospitalized and treated on empirical intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. Early diagnosis of sepsis in children with febrile neu...

    Authors: Miriam Diepold, Peter Noellke, Ulrich Duffner, Udo Kontny and Reinhard Berner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:28
  44. The risk factors for the transmission of HCV vary substantially between countries and geographic regions. The overall prevalence in south and east Africa region has been estimated to be 1.6% but limited inform...

    Authors: Charles E Ramarokoto, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Rindra Randremanana, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Dominique Rousset, Voahangy Andrianaja, Vincent Richard, Jean-Louis Soares and Leon P Rabarijaona
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:25
  45. Disseminated mycobacterial disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV-infection. Nonspecific clinical presentation makes the diagnosis difficult and sometimes neglected.

    Authors: Rodrigo P dos Santos, Karin L Scheid, Denise MC Willers and Luciano Z Goldani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:24

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