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  1. We performed a case–control study to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) for prevention of hospitalization due to pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 (pH1N1) and to identify risk factors for pH1N1 and acute respir...

    Authors: Wiebke Hellenbrand, Pernille Jorgensen, Brunhilde Schweiger, Gerhard Falkenhorst, Matthias Nachtnebel, Benedikt Greutélaers, Christian Traeder and Ole Wichmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:127
  2. Although the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates in Japanese pediatric patients has increased rapidly, there have been no reports concerning macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae infectio...

    Authors: Naoyuki Miyashita, Yasuhiro Kawai, Hiroto Akaike, Kazunobu Ouchi, Toshikiyo Hayashi, Takeyuki Kurihara and Niro Okimoto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:126
  3. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) are in the process of implementation in Latin America. Experience in developed countries has shown that they reduce the incidence of invasive and non-invasive disease. Ho...

    Authors: Elizabeth Castañeda, Clara Inés Agudelo, Rodrigo De Antonio, Diego Rosselli, Claudia Calderón, Eduardo Ortega-Barria and Rómulo E Colindres
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:124
  4. Benznidazole (Bz)-chemotherapy is recommended to prevent Chagas disease progression, despite its limited efficacy during chronic disease. However, the host mechanisms underlying these benefits still remain to ...

    Authors: Renato Sathler-Avelar, Danielle Marquete Vitelli-Avelar, Silvana Maria Elói-Santos, Eliane Dias Gontijo, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho and Olindo Assis Martins-Filho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:123
  5. Shigellosis is a major public health concern worldwide, especially in developing countries. It is an acute intestinal infection caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella, with a minimum infective dose as low as 10...

    Authors: Xiu Pei Koh, Chien Shun Chiou, Noni Ajam, Haruo Watanabe, Norazah Ahmad and Kwai Lin Thong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:122
  6. Miliary tuberculosis (TB) is an uncommon cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with a high mortality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, predictors and out...

    Authors: Wang Deng, Min Yu, Hilary Ma, Liang An Hu, Gang Chen, Yong Wang, Jia Deng, ChangYi Li, Jin Tong and Dao Xin Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:121
  7. Environmental surfaces play an important role in transmission of healthcare-associated pathogens. There is a need for new disinfection methods that are effective against Clostridium difficile spores, but also saf...

    Authors: Michelle M Nerandzic, Jennifer L Cadnum, Kevin E Eckart and Curtis J Donskey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:120
  8. Childhood pneumonia and bronchiolitis is a leading cause of illness and death in young children worldwide with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) as the main viral cause. RSV has been associated with annual res...

    Authors: Letícia Martins Lamarão, Francisco Luzio Ramos, Wyller Alencar Mello, Mirleide Cordeiro Santos, Luana Soares Barbagelata, Maria Cleonice Aguiar Justino, Alexandre Ferreira da Silva, Ana Judith Pires Garcia Quaresma, Veronilce Borges da Silva, Rommel Rodríguez Burbano and Alexandre Costa Linhares
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:119
  9. Pneumonia is a leading cause of hospitalization during Hajj and susceptibility and transmission may be exacerbated by extreme spatial and temporal crowding. We describe the number and temporal onset, co–morbid...

    Authors: Yasser Mandourah, Assim Al-Radi, Ali Harold Ocheltree, Sara Rashid Ocheltree and Robert A Fowler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:117
  10. Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae infections are associated with delayed initiation of appropriate treatment, poor outcomes and increased hospital stay and expense. Although initia...

    Authors: Jérôme Fennell, Akke Vellinga, Belinda Hanahoe, Dearbhaile Morris, Fiona Boyle, Francis Higgins, Maura Lyons, Karina O’Connell, Deirbhile Keady and Martin Cormican
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:116
  11. Surgical site infection (SSI) are the third most frequently reported nosocomial infection, and the most common on surgical wards. HIV-infected patients may increase the possibility of developing SSI after surg...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Bao-Chi Liu, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Lei Li, Xian-Jun Xia and Rui-Zhang Guo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:115
  12. Partner notification (PN) among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV/STI is seen as a vital tool to identify others at risk of infection. However, hardly any data are available on the effectiveness of PN on HI...

    Authors: Fleur van Aar, Imke Schreuder, Yolanda van Weert, Ralph Spijker, Hannelore Götz and Eline Op de Coul
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:114
  13. Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection in Australia. This report aims to measure the burden of chlamydia infection by systematically reviewing reports on prevalence in Australian popula...

    Authors: Dyani Lewis, Danielle C Newton, Rebecca J Guy, Hammad Ali, Marcus Y Chen, Christopher K Fairley and Jane S Hocking
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:113
  14. Genetic variation in immune response genes is associated with susceptibility and severity of infectious diseases. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to develop meningoc...

    Authors: Marieke S Sanders, Gijs TJ van Well, Sander Ouburg, Servaas A Morré and A Marceline van Furth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:112
  15. Treatment of shigellosis in rabbits with butyrate reduces clinical severity and counteracts the downregulation of cathelicidin (CAP-18) in the large intestinal epithelia. Here, we aimed to evaluate whether but...

    Authors: Rubhana Raqib, Protim Sarker, Akhirunnesa Mily, Nur Haque Alam, Abu Saleh Mohammed Arifuzzaman, Rokeya Sultana Rekha, Jan Andersson, Gudmundur H Gudmundsson, Alejandro Cravioto and Birgitta Agerberth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:111
  16. Varicella and herpes zoster are both caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection or reactivation and may lead to complications associated with a (severe) societal burden. Because the epidemiology of VZV-r...

    Authors: Jorien GJ Pierik, Pearl D Gumbs, Sander AC Fortanier, Pauline CE Van Steenwijk and Maarten J Postma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:110
  17. The tcdA-negative variant (A-B+) of Clostridium difficile is prevalent in East Asian countries. However, the risk factors and clinical characteristics of A-B+ C. difficile infections (CDI) are not clearly documen...

    Authors: Jieun Kim, Hyunjoo Pai, Mi-ran Seo and Jung Oak Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:109
  18. Antibiotic associated diarrhoea complicates 5–39% of courses of antibiotic treatment. Major risk factors are increased age and admission to hospital. Of particular importance is C. difficile associated diarrhoea ...

    Authors: Stephen J Allen, Kathie Wareham, Caroline Bradley, Wyn Harris, Anjan Dhar, Helga Brown, Alwyn Foden, Way Yee Cheung, Michael B Gravenor, Sue Plummer, Ceri J Phillips and Dietrich Mack
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:108
  19. Authors: A Ashwin, Febe R Suman, Vinod K Panicker, S Alexander and R Krishnamoorthy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12(Suppl 1):P81

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  20. Authors: C Anitha, A Santhoshkumar, Padma Krishnan, BVR Tata, S Senthamarai, S Sivasankari, V Venugopal, Rajasekharan Sikhamani, M Pushkala and SK Amshavathani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12(Suppl 1):P56

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  21. Authors: Rajesh Kumar, Raiees Andrabi, Ashutosh Tiwari, Somi Sankaran Prakash, Naveet Wig, Durgashree Dutta, Anurag Sankhyan, Lubina Khan, Subrata Sinha and Kalpana Luthra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12(Suppl 1):P11

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

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