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  1. At the time of the influenza A(H1N1)pmd09 pandemic it was not known if concurrent or sequential administration of seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) with pandemic vaccine was preferred.

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, Louise Frenette, Laurence Chu, Shelly McNeil, Scott Halperin, Ping Li and David Vaughn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:279
  2. The risk of HIV-1 related mortality is strongly related to CD4 count. Guidance on optimal timing for initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is still evolving, but the contribution of HIV-1 infection to exc...

    Authors: Guy de Bruyn, Amalia Magaret, Jared M Baeten, Jairam R Lingappa, Patrick Ndase, Connie Celum and Anna Wald
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:277
  3. Rapid demographic growth in Douala city, Cameroon, has resulted in profound ecological and environmental changes. Although demographic changes can affect anopheline mosquito breeding sites, there is a lack of ...

    Authors: Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Blaise Defo-Talom, Romuald Tagne-Fotso, Billy Tene-Fossog, Cyrille Ndo, Leopold Gustave Lehman, Timoléon Tchuinkam, Pierre Kengne and Parfait Awono-Ambene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:275
  4. Persistent residual immune activation and lipid dysmetabolism are characteristics of HIV positive patients receiving an highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Nuclear Receptors are transcription factors...

    Authors: Barbara Renga, Daniela Francisci, Claudio D’Amore, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Adriana Carino, Franco Baldelli and Stefano Fiorucci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:274
  5. Semi-quantitative bacteruria counts (s-QBC) are important in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) due to most uropathogens. The prognostic value of s-QBC for diagnosis of UTI due to group B streptoco...

    Authors: Chee K Tan, Kimberly B Ulett, Michael Steele, William H Benjamin Jr and Glen C Ulett
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:273
  6. Managing a severe dengue infection is a challenge specially when complicated by other comorbidities. We report a patient with dengue haemorrhagic fever and spontaneous bleeding who required mandatory anticoagu...

    Authors: Champika Gamakaranage, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Sincy Samarawickrama, Dilushi Wijayaratne, Malaka Jayawardane, Panduka Karunanayake and Saroj Jayasinghe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:272
  7. Raw seafood consumption was identified as the major risk factor for hepatitis A during the large epidemic of 1996 and 1997 in Puglia (South Italy). In Puglia, vaccination for toddlers and preadolescents has be...

    Authors: Maria Chironna, Rosa Prato, Anna Sallustio, Domenico Martinelli, Silvio Tafuri, Michele Quarto and Cinzia Germinario
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:271
  8. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has of late emerged as a cause of community-acquired infections among immunocompetent adults without risk factors. Skin and soft tissue infections represent the ...

    Authors: Amreeta Dhanoa, Vivek Ajit Singh, Azura Mansor, Mohd Yasim Yusof, King-Ting Lim and Kwai-Lin Thong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:270
  9. MRSA prevalence in nursing homes often exceeds that in hospitals, but reasons for this are not well understood. We sought to measure MRSA burden in a large number of nursing homes and identify facility charact...

    Authors: Courtney R Murphy, Victor Quan, Diane Kim, Ellena Peterson, Matthew Whealon, Grace Tan, Kaye Evans, Hildy Meyers, Michele Cheung, Bruce Y Lee, Dana B Mukamel and Susan S Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:269
  10. Initial antimicrobial therapy (AB) is an important determinant of clinical outcome in patients with severe infections as pneumonia, however well-conducted studies regarding prognostic impact of inadequate init...

    Authors: Nihal Piskin, Hande Aydemir, Nefise Oztoprak, Deniz Akduman, Fusun Comert, Furuzan Kokturk and Guven Celebi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:268
  11. Pneumonia remains a leading cause of child death in developing countries. The viruses in severe pneumonia remain poorly defined.

    Authors: Akira Suzuki, Socorro Lupisan, Yuki Furuse, Naoko Fuji, Mariko Saito, Raita Tamaki, Hazel Galang, Lydia Sombrero, Melisa Mondoy, Rapunzel Aniceto, Remigio Olveda and Hitoshi Oshitani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:267
  12. Patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis (HD) are at higher risk for acquiring Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections than the general population. Strict infection control measures ...

    Authors: Wiam A Alashek, Christopher W McIntyre and Maarten W Taal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:265
  13. Significant bacteriuria (SBU) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in patients with spina bifida and neuropathic detrusor sphincter dysfunction. Laboratory agar plated culture is the gold standard to...

    Authors: Bas SHJ Zegers, Cuno CSPM Uiterwaal, Carla C Verpoorten, Myleen MH Christiaens, Jan JLL Kimpen, Catharine CCE de Jong-de Vos van Steenwijk and Jan JD van Gool
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:264
  14. Pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at high risk of acquiring fungal infections. Antifungal prophylaxis shortly after transplantation is therefore indicated, but da...

    Authors: Michaela Döring, Carsten Müller, Pascal-David Johann, Annika Erbacher, Astrid Kimmig, Carl-Philipp Schwarze, Peter Lang, Rupert Handgretinger and Ingo Müller
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:263
  15. Development of tuberculosis (TB) is determined by various risk factors and the interactions of temporal and spatial distributions. The aim of this study was to identify the most salient risk factors for TB dis...

    Authors: Assel Terlikbayeva, Sabrina Hermosilla, Sandro Galea, Neil Schluger, Saltanat Yegeubayeva, Tleukhan Abildayev, Talgat Muminov, Farida Akiyanova, Laura Bartkowiak, Zhaksybay Zhumadilov, Almaz Sharman and Nabila El-Bassel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:262
  16. Rickettsioses are caused by pathogenic species of the genus Rickettsia and play an important role as emerging diseases. The bacteria are transmitted to mammal hosts including humans by arthropod vectors. Since de...

    Authors: Elisabeth Janecek, Sabine Streichan and Christina Strube
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:261
  17. The objective of this study was to assess temporal changes in incidence and short term mortality of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) from 1995 through 2008.

    Authors: Niels Mejer, Henrik Westh, Henrik C Schønheyder, Allan G Jensen, Anders R Larsen, Robert Skov and Thomas Benfield
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:260
  18. Day care-associated infectious diseases are widely recognized as a public health problem but rarely studied. Insights into their dynamics and their association with the day care setting are important for effec...

    Authors: Remko Enserink, Harold Noel, Ingrid HM Friesema, Carolien M de Jager, Anna MD Kooistra-Smid, Laetitia M Kortbeek, Erwin Duizer, Marianne AB van der Sande, Henriette A Smit and Wilfrid van Pelt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:259
  19. A Giardia outbreak was associated with development of post-infectious functional gastrointestinal disorders (PI-FGID) and chronic fatigue syndrome (PI-CFS). Markers of immune dysfunction have given conflicting re...

    Authors: Kurt Hanevik, Einar K Kristoffersen, Steinar Sørnes, Kristine Mørch, Halvor Næss, Ann C Rivenes, Jørn E Bødtker, Trygve Hausken and Nina Langeland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:258
  20. The development of jaundice after initiation of HAART in HIV-TB co-infected patients is a challenging presentation in resource constrained settings, and is often attributed to drug induced liver injury (DILI)....

    Authors: David A Barr and Pravistadevi K Ramdial
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:257
  21. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is spreading from high-risk groups, such as men who have sex with men (MSM) and sex workers, to the general population in China. This study examined the willingness of ge...

    Authors: Lili Yuan, Xin Li, Xiaoxia Li, Jingli Shi, Liying Jiang, Chundi Zhang, Xiujing Yang, Yeli Zhang and Yashuang Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:256
  22. We sought to characterize the temporal trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of macrolide-resistant pneumococci during a period with increased heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) coverage in Central ...

    Authors: Ioanna N Grivea, Alexia Sourla, Eleni Ntokou, Denise C Chryssanthopoulou, Alexandra G Tsantouli and George A Syrogiannopoulos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:255
  23. Spotted fever caused spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) is prevalent throughout China. In this study, we describe a rapid, simple, and sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targetin...

    Authors: Lei Pan, Lijuan Zhang, Guiqiang Wang and Qinghui Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:254
  24. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is the etiological agent of periodontitis, and there is a strong association between clone JP2 and aggressive periodontitis in adolescents of African descent. The JP2 clone ...

    Authors: Akihiro Yoshida, Oum-Keltoum Ennibi, Hideo Miyazaki, Tomonori Hoshino, Hideaki Hayashida, Tatsuji Nishihara, Shuji Awano and Toshihiro Ansai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:253
  25. Understanding nosocomial pathogen transmission is restricted by culture limitations. Novel platforms, such as PCR-based electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS), may be useful as...

    Authors: Heather C Yun, Rachael E Kreft, Mayra A Castillo, Garth D Ehrlich, Charles H Guymon, Helen K Crouch, Kevin K Chung, Joseph C Wenke, Joseph R Hsu, Tracy L Spirk, J William Costerton, Katrin Mende and Clinton K Murray
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:252
  26. Nearly all HIV infections in children worldwide are acquired through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding. The objective of our study was to estimate the numb...

    Authors: Vanina Héraud-Bousquet, Florence Lot, Maxime Esvan, Françoise Cazein, Corinne Laurent, Josiane Warszawski and Anne Gallay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:251
  27. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in Brazil. We examined the health and economic impacts of quadrivalent HPV vaccination in Brazil.

    Authors: Kosuke Kawai, Gabriela Tannus Branco de Araujo, Marcelo Fonseca, Matthew Pillsbury and Puneet K Singhal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:250
  28. Investigations of the impact of ethnicity and socio-economic status on incidence and outcomes of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia are limited.

    Authors: Steven Y C Tong, Sebastian J van Hal, Lloyd Einsiedel, Bart J Currie and John D Turnidge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:249
  29. Good hand hygiene compliance is essential to prevent nosocomial infections in healthcare settings. Direct observation of hand hygiene compliance is the gold standard but is time consuming. An electronic dispen...

    Authors: Onno K Helder, Johannes B van Goudoever, Wim C J Hop, Johannes Brug and René F Kornelisse
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:248
  30. Procalcitonin (PCT) has emerged as a valuable marker of sepsis. The potential role of PCT in diagnosis and therapy monitoring of intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in intensive care ...

    Authors: Vasiliki P Theodorou, Vasilios E Papaioannou, Gregory A Tripsianis, Maria K Panopoulou, Elias K Christophoridis, Georgios A Kouliatsis, Theodora M Gioka, Efstratios S Maltezos, Sophia I Ktenidou-Kartali and Ioannis A Pneumatikos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:247
  31. Postnatal transmission of HIV-1 through breast milk remains an unsolved challenge in many resource-poor settings where replacement feeding is not a safe alternative. WHO now recommends breastfeeding of infants...

    Authors: Nicolas Nagot, Chipepo Kankasa, Nicolas Meda, Justus Hofmeyr, Cheryl Nikodem, James K Tumwine, Charles Karamagi, Halvor Sommerfelt, Dorine Neveu, Thorkild Tylleskär and Philippe Van de Perre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:246
  32. The objective of this study is to analyze the factors that are associated with the adequacy of empirical antibiotic therapy and its impact in mortality in a large cohort of patients with extended-spectrum β-la...

    Authors: Galo Peralta, María Lamelo, Patricia Álvarez-García, María Velasco, Alberto Delgado, Juan Pablo Horcajada, María Montero, María Pía Roiz, Maria Carmen Fariñas, Juan Alonso, Luis Martínez Martínez, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Macías, Jose Angel Alava, Azucena Rodríguez, Ana Fleites, Vicente Navarro…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:245
  33. Vulvar cancer is a relatively rare malignancy, which occurs most often in postmenopausal women. We have previously identified a geographic cluster of vulvar cancer in young Indigenous women living in remote co...

    Authors: Alice R Rumbold, Sarah E Tan, John R Condon, Debbie Taylor-Thomson, Maria Nickels, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Margaret LJ Davy, Margaret M O’Brien, Christine M Connors, Ibrahim Zardawi, Jim Stankovich and Suzanne M Garland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:243
  34. Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiologic agent of melioidosis, is endemic to tropic regions, mainly in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Melioidosis occurs only sporadically in travellers returning from dis...

    Authors: Detlev Schultze, Brigitt Müller, Thomas Bruderer, Günter Dollenmaier, Julia M Riehm and Katia Boggian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:242
  35. Contact lens-related infections are often associated with inadequate contact lens hygiene, and therefore, contact lens care products should be able to sufficiently minimise the amount of pathogens that are res...

    Authors: Claudia Hildebrandt, Daniela Wagner, Thomas Kohlmann and Axel Kramer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:241
  36. Healthcare-associated (HCA) infection has emerged as a new epidemiological category. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HCA infection on mortality in community-onset Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodst...

    Authors: Younghee Jung, Myung Jin Lee, Hye-Yun Sin, Nak-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Hwan Hwang, Jinyong Park, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Eu Suk Kim, Sang-Won Park, Kyoung Un Park, Hong Bin Kim, Nam-Joong Kim, Eui-Chong Kim, Kyoung-Ho Song and Myoung-don Oh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:239
  37. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) is a rare but life threatening condition which may follow hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Diagnosis, monitoring and treatment...

    Authors: Anna Amelia Colombo, Giovanna Giorgiani, Vanina Rognoni, Paola Villani, Milena Furione, Mario Regazzi Bonora, Emilio Paolo Alessandrino, Marco Zecca and Fausto Baldanti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:238
  38. Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a frequent and serious infectious complication in immunocompromised patients. Culture and cytology in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) have a high specificity but low sensitivity f...

    Authors: Michael Buess, Gieri Cathomas, Jörg Halter, Lilian Junker, Peter Grendelmeier, Michael Tamm and Daiana Stolz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:237
  39. Kingella kingae is the second most common pathogen causing paediatric arthritis and is described to be the causative bacteria in some paediatric osteomyelitis. Its microbiological detection is particularly diffi...

    Authors: Dunja Wilmes, Patrick Omoumi, Jean Squifflet, Olivier Cornu, Hector Rodriguez-Villalobos and Jean Cyr Yombi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:236
  40. Previous reports of infection with Clostridium septicum have identified an unexpected association with concurrent malignancy. The reported rate of associated malignancy has been found to be as high as 81 percent....

    Authors: Demetri M Economedes, Jerome Santoro and Carl A Deirmengian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:235
  41. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common infection in the intensive care unit (ICU) and associated with a high mortality.

    Authors: Raquel A Caserta, Alexandre R Marra, Marcelino S Durão, Cláudia Vallone Silva, Oscar Fernando Pavao dos Santos, Henrique Sutton de Sousa Neves, Michael B Edmond and Karina Tavares Timenetsky
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:234
  42. The plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) remains the gold standard for the detection of serologic immune responses to dengue virus (DENV). While the basic concept of the PRNT remains constant, this test...

    Authors: Kaitlin Rainwater-Lovett, Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer, Derek AT Cummings and Justin Lessler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:233
  43. Melioidosis has become an emerging infection in Sri Lanka; a country which is considered non endemic for it. Paraplegia due to Burkholderia pseudomallei is a very rare entity encountered even in countries where t...

    Authors: Shanika Nandasiri, Harith Wimalaratna, Muditha Manjula and Enoka Corea
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:232
  44. Candida albicans is the most pathogenic Candida species but shares many phenotypic features with Candida dubliniensis and may, therefore, be misidentified in clinical microbiology laboratories. Candidemia cases ...

    Authors: Suhail Ahmad, Ziauddin Khan, Mohammad Asadzadeh, Ajmal Theyyathel and Rachel Chandy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:230
  45. Complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTIs) occur frequently, but limited data do not allow any consensus on an optimal treatment strategy. We designed this prospective, multicenter, observational stu...

    Authors: Benjamin A Lipsky, Gregory J Moran, Lena M Napolitano, Lien Vo, Susan Nicholson and Myoung Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:227

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