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  1. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent in mouse macrophages. NO resistant Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with a severe outcome of these diseases.

    Authors: Angela Giudice, Ilza Camada, Paulo TG Leopoldo, Júlia MB Pereira, Lee W Riley, Mary E Wilson, John L Ho, Amelia Ribeiro de Jesus, Edgar M Carvalho and Roque P Almeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:7
  2. Enteroviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide and they are associated with diverse clinical syndromes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical manifestation of enteroviral neur...

    Authors: Mohsan Saeed, Sohail Z Zaidi, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Masroor, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez and Anis Khan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:6
  3. A procedure for including activity against enveloped viruses in the post-contamination treatment of hands has been recommended, but so far no European standard is available to implement it. In 2004, the German...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Jochen Steinmann and Holger Rabenau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:5
  4. Although Kabul city, Afghanistan, is currently the worldwide largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an estimated 67,500 cases, donor interest in CL has been comparatively poor because the disease i...

    Authors: Richard Reithinger and Paul G Coleman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:3
  5. Few studies on bacteraemia in Africa have been published. We aimed to prospectively identify the causative organisms of bacteraemia in The Gambia and their relation to clinical diagnoses, outcome and antimicro...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Charles O Onyeama, Usman NA Ikumapayi, Ousman Secka, Samuel Ameyaw, Naomi Simmonds, Simon A Donkor, Stephen R Howie, Mary Tapgun, Tumani Corrah and Richard A Adegbola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:2
  6. This is a correction of an earlier published article.

    Authors: Magdarina D Agtini, Rooswanti Soeharno, Murad Lesmana, Narain H Punjabi, Cyrus Simanjuntak, Ferry Wangsasaputra, Dazwir Nurdin, Sri Pandam Pulungsih, Ainur Rofiq, Hari Santoso, H Pujarwoto, Agus Sjahrurachman, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Mohammad Ali…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:1

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:89

  7. There are few reports in the literature of invasive infection caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis in patients without immunosuppression or other predisposing factors. The choice of antimicrobial therapy for bacte...

    Authors: Mei-Li Yang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Tun-Chieh Chen, Wei-Ru Lin, Chun-Yu Lin and Po-Liang Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:179
  8. Patients with psychiatric disorders were found to show a high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection. There is scarce information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Me...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Olga-Patricia Alanis-Quiñones, Miguel-Ángel Arreola-Valenzuela, Alfredo Rodríguez-Briones, Luis-Jorge Piedra-Nevarez, Ehecatl Duran-Morales, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sergio-Arturo Martínez-García and Oliver Liesenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:178
  9. The number of leishmaniasis cases associated with immunosuppression has increased regularly over the past 20 years. Immunosuppression related to HIV infection, immunosuppressive treatment, organ transplantatio...

    Authors: Silvia Pittalis, Emanuele Nicastri, Francesco Spinazzola, Piero Ghirga, Michele De Marco, Maria Grazia Paglia and Pasquale Narciso
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:177
  10. The disease burden and associated medical costs of rotavirus infections in inpatient and outpatient sectors in Taiwan were examined in anticipation of the availability of new rotavirus vaccines.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Lu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Yin-Hua Fang, Chung-Yi Wang, Yu-Huai Ho, Che-Lun Hung, Luan-Yin Chang, Chin-Yun Lee and Li-Min Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:176
  11. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral bronchiolitis in infants worldwide, and environmental, viral and host factors are all of importance for disease susceptibility and severity. To study...

    Authors: Hans-Olav Fjaerli, Geir Bukholm, Anne Krog, Camilla Skjaeret, Marit Holden and Britt Nakstad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:175
  12. Infection rates for many infectious diseases have declined over the past century. This has created a cohort effect, whereby older individuals experienced a higher infection rate in their past than younger indi...

    Authors: Arni SR Srinivasa Rao, Maggie H Chen, Ba' Z Pham, Andrea C Tricco, Vladimir Gilca, Bernard Duval, Murray D Krahn and Chris T Bauch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:174
  13. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of fluconazole as empiric antifungal therapy in cancer patients with fever and neutropenia. Our objective was to assess the frequency and resource utiliza...

    Authors: Donghui T Yu, Diane L Seger, Josh F Peterson, Ritesh N Kumar and David W Bates
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:173
  14. Both religious practices and male circumcision (MC) have been associated with HIV and other sexually-transmitted infectious diseases. Most studies have been limited in size and have not adequately controlled f...

    Authors: Paul K Drain, Daniel T Halperin, James P Hughes, Jeffrey D Klausner and Robert C Bailey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:172
  15. Wound infections are a common complication of surgery that add significantly to the morbidity of patients and costs of treatment. The global trend towards reducing length of hospital stay post-surgery and the ...

    Authors: Emily S Petherick, Jane E Dalton, Peter J Moore and Nicky Cullum
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:170
  16. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), a group of neurodegenerative diseases, are thought to be caused by an abnormal isoform of a naturally occurring protein known as cellular prion protein, PrPC. The...

    Authors: Konstantia Kotta, Ioannis Paspaltsis, Sevasti Bostantjopoulou, Helen Latsoudis, Andreas Plaitakis, Dimitrios Kazis, John Collinge and Theodoros Sklaviadis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:169
  17. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major cause of serious infections in hospitals and in the community worldwide. In this study, MRSA isolated from patients in Kuwait hospitals w...

    Authors: Edet E Udo, Noura Al-Sweih, Eiman Mokaddas, Molly Johny, Rita Dhar, Huda H Gomaa, Inaam Al-Obaid and Vincent O Rotimi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:168
  18. Low levels of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load are frequently detected following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and CMV disease may still develop in some allogeneic SCT patients who have negative p...

    Authors: Giuseppe Gentile, Alessandra Picardi, Angela Capobianchi, Alessandra Spagnoli, Laura Cudillo, Teresa Dentamaro, Andrea Tendas, Luca Cupelli, Marco Ciotti, Antonio Volpi, Sergio Amadori, Pietro Martino and Paolo de Fabritiis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:167
  19. Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum have been associated with respiratory diseases in premature newborns, but their role in the pathogenesis of the respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is unclear. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Rosario Cultrera, Silva Seraceni, Rossella Germani and Carlo Contini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:166
  20. Data on the subtypes of HIV in a population help in predicting the potential foci of epidemic, tracking the routes of infection and following the patterns of the virus' genetic divergence. Globally, the most p...

    Authors: Saeed Khan, Mohammad A Rai, Mohammad R Khanani, Muhammad N Khan and Syed H Ali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:164
  21. The nosocomial acquisition of Candida albicans is a growing concern in intensive care units (ICUs) and understanding the route of contamination is relevant for infection control guidelines.

    Authors: Odile Eloy, Stéphanie Marque, Françoise Botterel, François Stephan, Jean-Marc Costa, Virginie Lasserre and Stéphane Bretagne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:162
  22. African malaria vectors bite predominantly indoors at night so sleeping under an Insecticide-Treated Net (ITN) can greatly reduce malaria risk. Behavioural adaptation by mosquitoes to increasing ITN coverage c...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Japhet Kihonda, Edith Lyimo, Fred R Oketch, Maya E Kotas, Evan Mathenge, Joanna A Schellenberg, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith and Chris J Drakeley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:161
  23. To establish the magnitude of bacteraemia in severely malnourished children, and describe the types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity by HIV status.

    Authors: Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa and James K Tumwine
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:160
  24. Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been obs...

    Authors: MaMercedes Nogueras, Gemma Navarro, Esperança Antón, Montserrat Sala, Manel Cervantes, MaJosé Amengual and Ferran Segura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:159
  25. Recent investigations on the antifungal properties of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Tea Tree Oil, TTO) have been performed with reference to the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. However, there i...

    Authors: Francesca Mondello, Flavia De Bernardis, Antonietta Girolamo, Antonio Cassone and Giuseppe Salvatore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:158
  26. Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes complicated biochemical, immunological and histological changes in host immune response against the virus which can be specific or non-specific. Recent attention has...

    Authors: Ilknur Kaleli, Melek Demir, Nural Cevahir, Mustafa Yılmaz and Suleyman Demir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:157
  27. Glycopeptides such as vancomycin are frequently the antibiotics of choice for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For the last 7 years incidence of vancomycin...

    Authors: Hare Krishna Tiwari and Malay Ranjan Sen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:156
  28. Disseminated mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) occurs mainly in immunocompromised hosts, which is associated with abnormal cellular immunity.

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Cheong Won Park, Sae Yoon Kee, Won Seok Choi, Eun Young Kang, Jang Wook Sohn, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim and Hee Jin Cheong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:154
  29. Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immu...

    Authors: Gonçalo N Almeida, Paul A Gibbs, Tim A Hogg and Paula C Teixeira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:153
  30. Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection has been implicated as a potential risk factor for atherosclerosis, however the mechanism leading to persistent infection and its role in the disease process remains to be eluc...

    Authors: Nicole Borel, Sanghamitra Mukhopadhyay, Carmen Kaiser, Erin D Sullivan, Richard D Miller, Peter Timms, James T Summersgill, Julio A Ramirez and Andreas Pospischil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:152
  31. Only a minority of probable SARS cases caused transmission. We assess if any epidemiological or clinical factors in SARS index patients were associated with increased probability of transmission.

    Authors: Mark IC Chen, Angela LP Chow, Arul Earnest, Hoe Nam Leong and Yee Sin Leo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:151
  32. A low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white-blood cell count (WBC) has been identified as an independent risk factor for adverse outcome in adults with bacterial meningitis. Whereas a low CSF WBC indicates the prese...

    Authors: Martijn Weisfelt, Diederik van de Beek, Lodewijk Spanjaard, Johannes B Reitsma and Jan de Gans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:149
  33. Past clinical trials of antimicrobial treatment in soft tissue infections have focused on non-standardized clinical and physiological outcome variables, and have not considered the subjective experience of pat...

    Authors: Aric J Storck, Kevin B Laupland, Ronald R Read, Manuel W Mah, John M Gill, Deborah Nevett and Thomas J Louie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:148
  34. In May 2003 the Soest County Health Department was informed of an unusually large number of patients hospitalized with atypical pneumonia.

    Authors: Klaudia Porten, Jürgen Rissland, Almira Tigges, Susanne Broll, Wilfried Hopp, Mechthild Lunemann, Ulrich van Treeck, Peter Kimmig, Stefan O Brockmann, Christiane Wagner-Wiening, Wiebke Hellenbrand and Udo Buchholz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:147
  35. Despite the known efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a large proportion of potentially-eligible HIV-infected patients do not access, and may stand to benefit from this treatment. In orde...

    Authors: Bohdan Nosyk, Huiying Sun, Xin Li, Anita Palepu and Aslam H Anis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:146
  36. Enterococci are the third leading cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI). Vancomycin resistant enterococci are common and provide treatment challenges; however questions remain about VRE's pathogenici...

    Authors: Katharine Bar, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Richard P Wenzel, Gonzalo ML Bearman and Michael B Edmond
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:145
  37. CD14 has been postulated to play a role in chlamydial immunity and immunopathology. There is evidence to support this role in human infections but its function in a mouse model has not been investigated.

    Authors: Muhammad T Imtiaz, Justin H Schripsema, Ira M Sigar and Kyle H Ramsey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:144
  38. On 26 December 2004, a tsunami struck the coast of the state of Tamil Nadu, India, where one-dose measles coverage exceeded 95%. On 29 December, supplemental measles immunization activities targeted children 6...

    Authors: Arumugam Mohan, Manoj V Murhekar, Niteen S Wairgkar, Yvan J Hutin and Mohan D Gupte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:143
  39. Current theories underline the crucial role of pro-inflammatory mediators produced by monocytes for the pathogenesis of sepsis. Since monocytes derive from progenitor hemopoetic cells, the kinetics of stem cel...

    Authors: Thomas Tsaganos, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Spyridon Kollias, Dimitrios Zervakis, Vassiliki Karagianni, Aimilia Pelekanou, Ekaterini-Christina Tampaki, Marina Kontogiorgi, Apostolos Koroneos, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Apostolos Armaganidis, Charis Roussos and Helen Giamarellou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:142
  40. Since the introduction of HAART the incidence of HIV dementia has declined and HAART seems to improve neurocognitive function in patients with HIV dementia. Currently, HIV dementia develops mainly in patients ...

    Authors: Lars-Magnus Andersson, Lars Hagberg, Lars Rosengren, Dietmar Fuchs, Kaj Blennow and Magnus Gisslén
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:141
  41. Basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum, member of the class Zygomycetes, order Entomophthorales, found worldwide. Usually basidiobolomycosis is a subcutaneous infection but...

    Authors: Guido EL van den Berk, L Arnold Noorduyn, Ruud J van Ketel, Jeannouel van Leeuwen, Willem A Bemelman and Jan M Prins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:140
  42. Determinants of the clinical presentation of the leishmaniases are poorly understood but Leishmania species and strain differences are important. To examine the relationship between clinical presentation, species...

    Authors: Manuel Calvopina, Rodrigo X Armijos, Jorge D Marco, Hiroshi Uezato, Hirotomo Kato, Eduardo A Gomez, Masataka Korenaga, Paola A Barroso, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Philip J Cooper, Shigeo Nonaka and Yoshihisa Hashiguchi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:139
  43. Though influenza vaccines are the cornerstone of medical interventions aimed at protecting individuals against epidemic influenza, their effectiveness in HIV infected individuals is not certain. With the recen...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Linda Kalilani and Adaora A Adimora
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:138

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