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  1. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, especially among non-affluent communities. In this study we determine the impact of respiratory viruses and how v...

    Authors: Emerson Rodrigues da Silva, Márcio Condessa Paulo Pitrez, Eurico Arruda, Rita Mattiello, Edgar E Sarria, Flávia Escremim de Paula, José Luis Proença-Modena, Luana Sella Delcaro, Otávio Cintra, Marcus H Jones, José Dirceu Ribeiro and Renato T Stein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:41
  2. Anogenital warts (AGWs) are a common, highly infectious disease caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), whose high recurrence rates contribute to direct medical costs, productivity loss and increased psychos...

    Authors: Harshila Patel, Monika Wagner, Puneet Singhal and Smita Kothari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:39
  3. Leptospirosis is a potentially fatal disease which can cause multi-organ dysfunction. It can rarely present as acute pancreatitis. This is the first ever report of leptospirosis presenting with acute pancreati...

    Authors: Nuwan Ranawaka, Vijayabala Jeevagan, Panduka Karunanayake and Saroj Jayasinghe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:38
  4. Persistent digestive disorders account for considerable disease burden in the tropics. Despite advances in understanding acute gastrointestinal infections, important issues concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, ...

    Authors: Sören L Becker, Jürg Vogt, Stefanie Knopp, Marcus Panning, David C Warhurst, Katja Polman, Hanspeter Marti, Lutz von Müller, Cedric P Yansouni, Jan Jacobs, Emmanuel Bottieau, Moussa Sacko, Suman Rijal, Fransiska Meyanti, Michael A Miles, Marleen Boelaert…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:37
  5. Chlamydia trachomatis may cause multiple different urogenital tract disorders, but current non-culture assays for rapid screening of C. trachomatis typically use immunochromatography-based methods. We establishe...

    Authors: Ze-yu Wang, Guang-yu Fu, Shan-mei Wang, Dong-chun Qin, Zhong-quan Wang and Jing Cui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:36
  6. Knowledge on antimicrobial drug resistance and genetic characteristics of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates circulating in India, Pakistan, and Bhutan is sorely lacking. In this paper, we describe the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Sunil Sethi, Daniel Golparian, Manju Bala, Dorji Dorji, Muhammad Ibrahim, Kausar Jabeen and Magnus Unemo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:35
  7. The effectiveness of preventive measures depends on prevailing attitudes and mindsets within a population. Perceived risk is central to a shift in mindset and behaviour. The present study aims to investigate t...

    Authors: François Taglioni, Michel Cartoux, Koussay Dellagi, Cécile Dalban, Adrian Fianu, Fabrice Carrat and François Favier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:34
  8. Coxsackievirus A9 (CA9) was one of the most prevalent serotype of enteroviral infections in Taiwan in 2011. After several patient series were reported in the 1960s and 1970s, few studies have focused on the cl...

    Authors: Yi-Chuan Huang, Ying-Hsia Chu, Ting-Yu Yen, Wen-Chan Huang, Li-Min Huang, Ai-Ling Cheng, Hurng-Yi Wang and Luan-Yin Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:33
  9. While the incidence of pertussis has increased in adolescents and adults in recent years in the U.S., little is known about the incidence and economic burden of pertussis in older adults. This study provides e...

    Authors: Catherine Balderston McGuiness, Jerrold Hill, Eileen Fonseca, Gregory Hess, William Hitchcock and Girishanthy Krishnarajah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:32
  10. Tuberculosis (TB) in children is rarely confirmed due to the lack of effective diagnostic tools; only 10 to 15% of pediatric TB is smear positive due to paucibacillary samples and the difficulty of obtaining h...

    Authors: Nguyen Thi Quynh Nhu, Dang Thi Minh Ha, Nguyen Duc Anh, Do Dang Anh Thu, Tran Ngoc Duong, Nguyen Dang Quang, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan, Tran Van Quyet, Nguyen Thi Bich Tuyen, Vo Thi Ha, Do Chau Giang, Nguyen Huy Dung, Marcel Wolbers, Jeremy Farrar and Maxine Caws
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:31
  11. As most genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections are asymptomatic, many patients do not seek health care for testing. Infections remain undiagnosed and untreated. We studied whether screening with information and...

    Authors: Hilde Kløvstad, Olav Natås, Aage Tverdal and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:30
  12. Few data are available regarding the epidemiology of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in ICU patients. The aim of this study was to examine epidemiology and economic outcomes (length of stay, hospital costs) among ...

    Authors: John W Baddley, Jennifer M Stephens, Xiang Ji, Xin Gao, Haran T Schlamm and Miriam Tarallo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:29
  13. Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are important causes of upper respiratory tract illness (URTI) and lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI). To analyse epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of the four ...

    Authors: Wen-Kuan Liu, Qian Liu, De-Hui Chen, Huan-Xi Liang, Xiao-Kai Chen, Wen-Bo Huang, Sheng Qin, Zi-Feng Yang and Rong Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:28
  14. In April 2003, Médecins Sans Frontières launched an HIV/AIDS programme to provide free HAART to HIV-infected patients in Laos. Although HIV prevalence is estimated as low in this country, it has been increasin...

    Authors: Mathieu Bastard, Khamphang Soulinphumy, Prasith Phimmasone, Ahmed Hassani Saadani, Laura Ciaffi, Arlette Communier, Chansy Phimphachanh, René Ecochard and Jean-François Etard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:27
  15. Although cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture is the diagnostic reference standard for bacterial meningitis, its sensitivity is limited, particularly when antibiotics were previously administered. CSF Gram staini...

    Authors: Henry M Wu, Soraia M Cordeiro, Brian H Harcourt, Maria da Gloria S Carvalho, Jailton Azevedo, Tainara Q Oliveira, Mariela C Leite, Katia Salgado, Mitermayer G Reis, Brian D Plikaytis, Thomas A Clark, Leonard W Mayer, Albert I Ko, Stacey W Martin and Joice N Reis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:26
  16. Indirect herd effect from vaccination of children offers potential for improving the effectiveness of influenza prevention in the remaining unvaccinated population. Static models used in cost-effectiveness ana...

    Authors: Ilse Van Vlaenderen, Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Genevieve Meier and Barbara Poulsen Nautrup
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:25
  17. Reports of acquired immunodeficiency due to autoantibodies against interferon gamma in the adult population are increasing. The interleukin-12-dependent interferon-gamma axis is a major regulatory pathway of c...

    Authors: Sébastien Poulin, Claude Corbeil, Mélanie Nguyen, Anik St-Denis, Lise Côté, Françoise Le Deist and Alex Carignan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:24
  18. HIV positive patients are at risk of infectious and non-infectious complications that may necessitate intensive care unit (ICU) admission. While the characteristics of patients requiring ICU admission have bee...

    Authors: Julia Shrosbree, Lucy J Campbell, Fowzia Ibrahim, Phillip Hopkins, Marcela Vizcaychipi, Stephanie Strachan and Frank A Post
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:23
  19. Vitamin D enhances host protective immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis by suppressing Interferon-gamma (IFN-g) and reducing disease associated inflammation in the host. The objectives of this study wer...

    Authors: Nawal Salahuddin, Farheen Ali, Zahra Hasan, Nisar Rao, Masooma Aqeel and Faisal Mahmood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:22
  20. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a predominantly rural disease, common in the low lands of eastern Nepal. Since 1997 VL cases have also been reported among residents of the city of Dharan. Our main research obje...

    Authors: Surendra Uranw, Epco Hasker, Lalita Roy, Filip Meheus, Murari Lal Das, Narayan Raj Bhattarai, Suman Rijal and Marleen Boelaert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:21
  21. In April 2009, public health surveillance detected an increased number of influenza-like illnesses in Mexico City’s hospitals. The etiological agent was subsequently determined to be a spread of a worldwide no...

    Authors: Rodolfo Ocadiz-Delgado, Martha Estela Albino-Sanchez, Enrique Garcia-Villa, Maria Guadalupe Aguilar-Gonzalez, Carlos Cabello, Dora Rosete, Fidencio Mejia, Maria Eugenia Manjarrez-Zavala, Carmen Ondarza-Aguilera, Rosa Ma Rivera-Rosales and Patricio Gariglio
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:20
  22. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infectious diseases at the community level. In order to assess the adequacy of the empirical therapy, the prevalence and the resistance pattern of the ma...

    Authors: Inês Linhares, Teresa Raposo, António Rodrigues and Adelaide Almeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:19
  23. Accumulated evidence from epidemiological studies and more recently from randomized controlled trials suggests that male circumcision (MC) may substantially protect against genital HPV infection in men. The pu...

    Authors: Ginesa Albero, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, William Fulp, Mary R Papenfuss, Alan G Nyitray, Beibei Lu, Xavier Castellsagué, Martha Abrahamsen, Danélle Smith, F Xavier Bosch, Jorge Salmerón, Manuel Quiterio and Anna R Giuliano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:18
  24. The primary strategy to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus in India is to improve supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) and routine immunization coverage in priority districts. The CORE Group, par...

    Authors: William M Weiss, Md Hafizur Rahman, Roma Solomon and Dora Ward
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:17
  25. Knowledge about symptoms and transmission of tuberculosis determines health seeking behavior and helps in prevention of tuberculosis transmission in the community. Such data is useful for policy makers to form...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, H N Harsha Kumar and John T Arokiasamy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:16

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:542

  26. Incorporation of the solubilizing excipient, sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin (SBECD), in the intravenous (IV) formulation of voriconazole has resulted in the recommendation that this formulation be used with ca...

    Authors: Craig M Lilly, Verna L Welch, Thomas Mayer, Paul Ranauro, Joanne Meisner and David R Luke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:14
  27. Appropriate immune activation of T cells and macrophages is central for the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections. IFN-γ stimulated responses are lowered in tuberculosis (TB), while expression of Suppr...

    Authors: Kiran I Masood, Martin E Rottenberg, Naseem Salahuddin, Muhammad Irfan, Nisar Rao, Berit Carow, Muniba Islam, Rabia Hussain and Zahra Hasan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:13
  28. The pathogenesis of primary tuberculous pleurisy is a delayed-type hypersensitivity immunogenic reaction to a few mycobacterial antigens entering the pleural space rather than direct tissue destruction by myco...

    Authors: Tsutomu Shinohara, Naoki Shiota, Motohiko Kume, Norihiko Hamada, Keishi Naruse and Fumitaka Ogushi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:12
  29. Listeriosis is a foodborne infection with a low incidence but a high case fatality rate. Unlike common foodborne diseases, the incubation period can be long. The first incubation periods were documented during...

    Authors: Véronique Goulet, Lisa A King, Véronique Vaillant and Henriette de Valk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:11
  30. The incidence of fungal healthcare-associated infection (HAI) has increased in a major teaching hospital in the northern part of Taiwan over the past decade, especially in the intensive care units (ICUs). The ...

    Authors: Su-Pen Yang, Yin-Yin Chen, Han-Shui Hsu, Fu-Der Wang, Liang-yu Chen and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:10
  31. Injection drug users (IDUs) represent a significant proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The low treatment uptake among these patients results in a low treatment effectiveness and a limited p...

    Authors: André Seidenberg, Thomas Rosemann and Oliver Senn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:9
  32. Wide use of ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin has often led to increased resistance. The resistance rate to these two agents varies in different clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae. Mutations of GyrA within the ...

    Authors: Yingmei Fu, Wenli Zhang, Hong Wang, Song Zhao, Yang Chen, Fanfei Meng, Ying Zhang, Hui Xu, Xiaobei Chen and Fengmin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:8
  33. Even though it has been suggested that antiretroviral therapy has an impact on severe hypovitaminosis D (SHD) in HIV infected patients, it could be speculated that the different levels of residual inflammation...

    Authors: Thiphaine Ansemant, Sophie Mahy, Christine Piroth, Paul Ornetti, Stephanie Ewing, Jean-Claude Guilland, Delphine Croisier, Laurence Duvillard, Pascal Chavanet, Jean-Francis Maillefert and Lionel Piroth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:7
  34. Historically, Pacific island countries and territories (PICTs) have been more severely affected by influenza pandemics than any other part of the world. We herein describe the emergence and epidemiologic chara...

    Authors: Jacobus Leen Kool, Boris Igor Pavlin, Jennie Musto and Akanisi Dawainavesi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:6
  35. There are no data available on human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in women living in the Mississippi Delta, where cervical cancer incidence and mortality among African American women is among the highest in...

    Authors: Philip E Castle, Julia C Gage, Edward E Partridge, Alfio Rausa, Patti E Gravitt and Isabel C Scarinci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:5
  36. Chromobacterium violaceum is a proteobacterium found in soil and water in tropical regions. The organism rarely causes infection in humans, yet can cause a severe systemic infection by entering the bloodstream v...

    Authors: James I Campbell, Nguyen Phu Huong Lan, Phan Tu Qui, Le Thi Dung, Jeremy J Farrar and Stephen Baker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:4
  37. Yunnan has the largest number of reported HIV/AIDS cases among all Chinese provinces, the reported prevalence of HIV among Yunnan men who have sex with men (MSM) passed 10%, while HIV incidence epidemic and mo...

    Authors: Junjie Xu, Minghui An, Xiaoxu Han, Manhong Jia, Yanling Ma, Min Zhang, Qinghai Hu, Zhenxing Chu, Jing Zhang, Yongjun Jiang, Wenqing Geng, Lin Lu and Hong Shang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:3
  38. There are approximately from 1,100 to 1,200 HIV-infected children in a follow-up in Spain. In 2008 an open, multicentral, retrospective and prospective Cohort of the Spanish Paediatric HIV Network (CoRISpe) wa...

    Authors: Ma Isabel de Jose, Santiago Jiménez de Ory, Maria Espiau, Claudia Fortuny, Ma Luisa Navarro, Pere Soler-Palacín and Ma Angeles Muñoz-Fernandez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:2
  39. The impact of extended use of ART in developing countries has been enormous. A thorough understanding of all factors contributing to the success of antiretroviral therapy is required. The current study aims to...

    Authors: Barbara A Rath, Max von Kleist, Maria E Castillo, Lenka Kolevic, Patricia Caballero, Giselle Soto-Castellares, Angela M Amedee, James E Robinson, David K Katzenstein, Russell B Van Dyke and Richard A Oberhelman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:1
  40. Expatriates are a distinct population at unique risk for health problems related to their travel exposure.

    Authors: Poh-Lian Lim, Pauline Han, Lin H Chen, Susan MacDonald, Prativa Pandey, DeVon Hale, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Louis Loutan, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Xiaohong M Davis and David O Freedman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:386
  41. To describe the epidemiology and possible risk factors for the development of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Namibia.

    Authors: Philip M Ricks, Farai Mavhunga, Surbhi Modi, Rosalia Indongo, Abbas Zezai, Lauren A Lambert, Nick DeLuca, Jamie S Krashin, Allyn K Nakashima and Timothy H Holtz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:385
  42. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a highly lethal infectious disease and early diagnosis of TB is critical for the control of disease progression. The objective of this study was to profile a panel of serum micro...

    Authors: Yuhua Qi, Lunbiao Cui, Yiyue Ge, Zhiyang Shi, Kangchen Zhao, Xiling Guo, Dandan Yang, Hao Yu, Lan Cui, Yunfeng Shan, Minghao Zhou, Hua Wang and Zuhong Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:384
  43. Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) and trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSPyV) are recently found pathogens causing two rare skin disorders, Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) and trichodysplasia spinulo...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Matti Aronen, Tingting Chen, Laura Jartti, Tuomas Jartti, Olli Ruuskanen, Maria Söderlund-Venermo and Klaus Hedman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:383
  44. The emergence of an HIV-1 epidemic in China was first recognized in Dehong, western Yunnan. Due to its geographic location, Dehong contributed greatly in bridging HIV-1 epidemics in Southeast Asia and China th...

    Authors: Min Chen, Yanling Ma, Song Duan, Hui Xing, Shitang Yao, Yingzhen Su, Hongbing Luo, Li Yang, Huichao Chen, Liru Fu, Aijuan Qu, Chin-Yih Ou, Manhong Jia and Lin Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:382
  45. Viral load monitoring (VLM) to identify individuals failing antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not widely available in resource-limited settings. We compared the genotypic resistance patterns between clients with...

    Authors: Steven J Reynolds, Hakim Sendagire, Kevin Newell, Barbara Castelnuovo, Immaculate Nankya, Moses Kamya, Thomas C Quinn, Yukari C Manabe and Andrew Kambugu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:381
  46. The immune response to Schistosoma mansoni is characterized by a granulomatous reaction around the parasite eggs that are trapped in the host liver, and this reaction modulates the immune response during the chro...

    Authors: Roberta Oliveira-Prado, Iramaya Rodrigues Caldas, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Marcus Vinicius Andrade, Rafaelle Christine Gomes Fares, Laís Maroni Portugal, Andréa Gazzinelli, Rodrigo Corrêa-Oliveira and José Renan Cunha-Melo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:380
  47. False negative and indeterminate Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) results are a well documented problem. Cigarette smoking is known to increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB) and to impair Interferon-gamma...

    Authors: Martine G Aabye, Thomas Stig Hermansen, Morten Ruhwald, George PrayGod, Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen, Kidola Jeremiah, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Nyagosya Range, Henrik Friis, John Changalucha, Aase B Andersen and Pernille Ravn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:379
  48. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major global health problem. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk behaviors for HBV infection among high risk groups in Kohgiloyeh and Boyerahmad provi...

    Authors: Abdolmajid Khosravani, Bahador Sarkari, Halimeh Negahban, Asghar Sharifi, Mehdi Akbartabar Toori and Owrang Eilami
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:378
  49. More than 50% of patients infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) do not respond to treatment with conventional interferon (IFN) combined with ribavirin (RBV). The aim of our study was to evaluate the ef...

    Authors: Simara Artico, Karine Medeiros Amaral, Candice Beatriz Treter Gonçalves and Paulo Dornelles Picon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:377

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