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  1. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal schistosomiasis is highly endemic in Tanzania and mass drug administration (MDA) using praziquantel is the mainstay of the control program. However, the MDA program covers only school aged children ...

    Authors: Andreas Mueller, Antje Fuss, Uwe Ziegler, Godfrey M. Kaatano and Humphrey D. Mazigo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:832

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Whether past history of solid stage I/II inactive cancer has an impact on 28-day mortality of sepsis remains unclear. We aimed to determine the impact of history of stage I or II solid tumor malignancy in comp...

    Authors: George Dimοpoulos, Nikoletta Rovina, Maria Patrani, Eleni Antoniadou, Dimitrios Konstantonis, Konstantina Vryza, Glykeria Vlachogianni, Miltiades Kyprianou, Christina Routsi and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:831

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Many gaps in the burden of resistant pathogens exist in endemic areas of low- and middle-income economies, especially those endemic for carbapenem resistance. The aim of this study is to evaluate risk factors ...

    Authors: Astrid V. Cienfuegos-Gallet, Ana M. Ocampo de Los Ríos, Patricia Sierra Viana, Faiver Ramirez Brinez, Carlos Restrepo Castro, Gustavo Roncancio Villamil, Helena del Corral Londoño and J. Natalia Jiménez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:830

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Acinetobacter baumannii is an increasingly worrying organism in the healthcare setting, due to its multidrug resistance and persistence. Prolonged hospitalisation, immunocompromised patients and excessive antibio...

    Authors: Leena Al-Hassan, Mai M. Zafer and Hadir El-Mahallawy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:829

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a rising public health problem and has attracted considerable attention worldwide. The purpose of this study was to develop an optimal model with meteorological factors t...

    Authors: Wendong Liu, Changjun Bao, Yuping Zhou, Hong Ji, Ying Wu, Yingying Shi, Wenqi Shen, Jing Bao, Juan Li, Jianli Hu and Xiang Huo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:828

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The worldwide expansion of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) in cases of genital infections has led to an increased recurrence rate of these infections after first-line azithromycin treatment. By det...

    Authors: Olivier Thellin, Benaïssa Elmoualij, Willy Zorzi, Jorgen S. Jensen, Renaud Close, Valerie Deregowski, Muriel Le Guern Fellous and Pascale Quatresooz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:827

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and thyroid disease has been poorly studied. Therefore, we sought to determine the association between T. gondii seropositivity and thyroid dysfunction.

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Verónica Dayali Gutierrez-Martinez, Antonio Sifuentes-Alvarez, Eda Guadalupe Ramírez-Valles and Edith Contreras-Cisneros

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:826

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Detecting avian influenza virus has become an important public health strategy for controlling the emerging infectious disease.

    Authors: Xiaorong Guo, Dong Yang, Ruchun Liu, Yaman Li, Qingqing Hu, Xinrui Ma, Yelan Li, Heng Zhang, Xixing Zhang, Benhua Zhao and Tianmu Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:825

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To reduce acquisition and relapse of bacterial vaginosis (BV), lactobacilli must be maintained in the vaginal microbiome. Probiotic lactobacilli may aid this purpose. We investigated whether vaginal probiotics...

    Authors: Harold Marcotte, Per Göran Larsson, Kasper Krogh Andersen, Fanglei Zuo, Lasse Sommer Mikkelsen, Erik Brandsborg, Glenda Gray, Fatima Laher and Kennedy Otwombe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:824

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to gather temporal trends on bacteria epidemiology and resistance of intraoperative bone culture from chronic ostemyelitis at an affiliated hospital in South China.

    Authors: Xianghong Zhang, Qiong Lu, Tang Liu, Zhihong Li and Weiliang Cai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:823

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Current guidelines and targets for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) control focus on school-based deworming for school-age children, given the high risk of associated morbidity in this age group. However, expan...

    Authors: Naomi E. Clarke, Dinh Ng-Nguyen, Rebecca J. Traub, Archie C. A. Clements, Kate Halton, Roy M. Anderson, Darren J. Gray, Luc E. Coffeng, John M. Kaldor and Susana Vaz Nery

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:822

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is common in men who have sex with men (MSM) with HIV. The Swiss HCVree Trial targeted a micro-elimination by using a treat and counsel strategy. Self-reported condomless anal intercour...

    Authors: Patrizia Künzler-Heule, Sandra Engberg, Manuel Battegay, Axel J. Schmidt, Katharina Fierz, Huyen Nguyen, Agnes Kocher, Christiana Nöstlinger, Benjamin Hampel, Marcel Stöckle, Charles Béguelin, Julie Delaloye, Patrick Schmid, Markus Flepp, Mathieu Rougement, Dominique Laurent Braun…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:821

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Reports on the worldwide ascending trend of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolation rates and their effective role in respiratory tract infections are compelling. However, as yet, there are no su...

    Authors: Reem Gharbi, Besma Mhenni, Saloua Ben Fraj and Helmi Mardassi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:819

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is resistant to at least Rifampicin and Isoniazid drugs. The treatment success rate for MDR-TB cases is lower than for dru...

    Authors: Teklu Molie, Zelalem Teklemariam, Eveline Klinkenberg, Yadeta Dessie, Andargachew Kumsa, Hussen Mohammed, Adisalem Debebe, Dawit Assefa, Abebe Habte, Ahmed Bedru, Daniel Fiseha and Berhanu Seyoum

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:818

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of Drug-Resistance Tuberculosis (DR-TB) is an increasing global public health problem. Lost to Follow-up (LTFU) from DR-TB treatment remains a major barrier to tuberculosis epidemic control and b...

    Authors: Getahun Molla Kassa, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Atalay Goshu Muluneh and Mehari Woldemariam Merid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:817

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Cellulosimicrobium species, formely known as Oerskovia species, are gram-positive bacilli belonging to the order Actinomycetales. They rarely cause human infections. The genus comprises two pathogenic species in ...

    Authors: María Rivero, Javier Alonso, María Fernanda Ramón, Nancy Gonzales, Ana Pozo, Itxaso Marín, Ana Navascués and Regina Juanbeltz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:816

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Elite controllers (EC), a small subset of the HIV-positive population (< 1%), suppress HIV viremia below the limit of quantification of clinical viral load assays in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

    Authors: Deirdre Morley, John S. Lambert, Louise E. Hogan, Cillian De Gascun, Niamh Redmond, Rachel L. Rutishauser, Cassandra Thanh, Erica A. Gibson, Kristen Hobbs, Sonia Bakkour, Michael P. Busch, Jeremy Farrell, Padraig McGetrick and Timothy J. Henrich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:815

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:877

  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Prevention of new HIV infections is a critical public health issue. The highest HIV testing gaps are in men, adolescents 15–19 years old, and adults 40 years and older. Community-based HIV testing services (HT...

    Authors: Pitchaya P. Indravudh, Katherine Fielding, Moses K. Kumwenda, Rebecca Nzawa, Richard Chilongosi, Nicola Desmond, Rose Nyirenda, Cheryl C. Johnson, Rachel C. Baggaley, Karin Hatzold, Fern Terris-Prestholt and Elizabeth L. Corbett

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:814

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Rubella is an RNA virus in the genus Rubivirus within the Matonaviridae family. Rubella remains a leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Most African countries including Liberia do not currently prov...

    Authors: Abyot Bekele Woyessa, Mohammed Seid Ali, Tiala K. Korkpor, Roland Tuopileyi II, Henry T. Kohar, John Dogba, April Baller, Julius Monday, Suleman Abdullahi, Thomas Nagbe, Gertrude Mulbah, Mohammed Kromah, Jeremy Sesay, Kwuakuan Yealue, Tolbert Nyenswah and Mesfin Zbelo Gebrekidan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:813

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Invasive group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease in Chinese infants has gradually gained attention in recent years, but the molecular epidemiology of the pathogen is still not well known.

    Authors: Juan Li, Wenjing Ji, Kankan Gao, Haijian Zhou, Lihua Zhang, Xiaoping Mu, Chunlei Yuan, Xiaoshan Guan, Qiulian Deng, Lian Zhang, Huamin Zhong, Xiurong Gao, Fei Gao, Yan Long, Chien-Yi Chang, David J. McIver…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:812

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem in China. Over a decade has passed since the last National Hepatitis Seroepidemiological Survey was conducted in 2006. The lack of updated dat...

    Authors: Huai Wang, Peixuan Men, Yufeng Xiao, Pei Gao, Min Lv, Qianli Yuan, Weixin Chen, Shuang Bai and Jiang Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:811

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The 2014–2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa was the largest Ebola epidemic to date. Contact tracing was a core surveillance activity. Challenges with paper-based contact tracing systems include incomplete iden...

    Authors: Lisa O. Danquah, Nadia Hasham, Matthew MacFarlane, Fatu E. Conteh, Fatoma Momoh, Andrew A. Tedesco, Amara Jambai, David A. Ross and Helen A. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:810

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  23. Content type: Research

    Loss to follow-up after a positive infant HIV diagnosis negates the potential benefits of robust policies recommending immediate triple antiretroviral therapy initiation in HIV positive infants. Whilst the dia...

    Authors: Elelwani Mathivha, Steve Olorunju, Debra Jackson, Thu-Ha Dinh, Nicolette du Plessis and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):790

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  24. Content type: Research

    Despite improved policies to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT), adherence to maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) and infant Nevirapine prophylaxis (NVP) is low in South Africa. We describe ART ...

    Authors: Anna Larsen, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Thu-Ha Dinh, Nobubelo Ngandu, Carl Lombard, Mireille Cheyip, Kassahun Ayalew, Witness Chirinda, Gurpreet Kindra, Debra Jackson and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):789

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  25. Content type: Research

    Since 2001 the South African guidelines to improve child health and prevent vertical HIV transmission recommended frequent infant follow-up with HIV testing at 18 months postpartum. We sought to understand non...

    Authors: Nobubelo Kwanele Ngandu, Debra Jackson, Carl Lombard, Duduzile Faith Nsibande, Thu-Ha Dinh, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Mary Mogashoa and Ameena Ebrahim Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):788

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  26. Content type: Research

    South Africa (SA) has expanded efforts to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) to less than 2% at six weeks after birth and to less than 5% at 18 months postpartum by 2016. Despite improved antire...

    Authors: Gillian M. Hunt, Johanna Ledwaba, Anna Salimo, Monalisa Kalimashe, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Gayle Sherman, Adrian Puren, Nobubelo K. Ngandu, Carl Lombard, Lynn Morris and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):787

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  27. Content type: Research

    Although the use of technology viz. mobile phones, personalised digital assistants, smartphones, notebook and tablets to monitor health and health care (mHealth) is mushrooming, only small, localised studies h...

    Authors: Yages Singh, Debra Jackson, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Natasha Titus and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):786

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  28. Content type: Research

    In June 2015, South Africa introduced early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) at birth and ten weeks postpartum. Guidelines recommended return of birth results within a week and ten weeks postpartum results within fo...

    Authors: Nobubelo Kwanele Ngandu, Vincent Maduna, Gayle Sherman, Nobuntu Noveve, Witness Chirinda, Vundli Ramokolo, Carl Lombard and Ameena Ebrahim Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):785

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a global public health target. Robust, feasible methodologies to measure population level impact of programmes to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV ...

    Authors: Debra J. Jackson, Thu-Ha Dinh, Carl J. Lombard, Gayle G. Sherman and Ameena E. Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):784

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  30. Content type: Research

    The 2016 ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ global agenda, builds on the 2011-2015 ‘Global Plan’. It prioritises 22 countries where 90% of the world’s HIV-positive pregnant women live and aims to eliminate ver...

    Authors: Ameena E. Goga, Thu-Ha Dinh, Shaffiq Essajee, Witness Chirinda, Anna Larsen, Mary Mogashoa, Debra Jackson, Mireille Cheyip, Nobubelo Ngandu, Surbhi Modi, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Esnat Chirwa, Yogan Pillay and Mary Mahy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):783

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  31. Content type: Research article

    With one in every 20 Pakistanis already infected, Pakistan has the second largest number of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections globally. The aim of this study was to present a quantitative and analytical chara...

    Authors: Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al Kanaani and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:809

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Cryptosporidium spp. are prevalent zoonotic parasites associated with a high burden among children. To date only limited molecular epidemiological data on E. bieneusi and Cryptosporidi...

    Authors: Rapeepun Prasertbun, Hirotake Mori, Yaowalark Sukthana, Supaluk Popruk, Teera Kusolsuk, Katsuro Hagiwara and Aongart Mahittikorn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:808

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  33. Content type: Research article

    HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a promising approach to expand HIV testing. HIVST is a process in which a person performs an HIV test and interprets the result. Negative HIVST results may encourage men who have se...

    Authors: Weiming Tang, Wenting Huang, Haidong Lu, Bolin Cao, Dan Wu, Jason Ong, Hongyun Fu, Ye Zhang, Bin Yang, Cheng Wang, Wei Ma, Chongyi Wei and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:807

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Non-typhoidal salmonellae (NTS) have been associated with invasive disease, notably meningitis, in immunocompromised individuals. Infections of this nature carry high rates of morbidity and mortality. Colistin...

    Authors: Roxanne Rule, Nontombi Mbelle, John Osei Sekyere, Marleen Kock, Anwar Hoosen and Mohamed Said

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:806

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Early Childhood Education Centre (ECEC) staff are strongly recommended to receive several immunizations including influenza and pertussis. However, evidence regarding the uptake is either old or lacking across...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Stephanie Dwyer, Alamgir Kabir and Rajneesh Kaur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:805

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhea is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among less than 5 years old children and it contributes to the deaths of approximately one million children every year. In Ethiopia, diarrhea ...

    Authors: Getachew Yismaw Workie, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu and Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:804

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Scabies, a parasitic disease of the skin, is a major public health problem, largely affecting children. Scabies is often complicated by impetigo which can result in serious complications including invasive inf...

    Authors: Millicent H. Osti, Oliver Sokana, Sophie Phelan, Michael Marks, Margot J. Whitfeld, Christina Gorae, John M. Kaldor, Andrew C. Steer and Daniel Engelman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:803

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious global health problem. Persistence of the virus occurs as a result of stability of the replication intermediate comprising covalently closed circular...

    Authors: Kristie Bloom, Haajira Kaldine, Toni Cathomen, Claudio Mussolino, Abdullah Ely and Patrick Arbuthnot

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:802

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In Nepal, cases of Cholera occur annually either as sporadic or as outbreaks claiming the lives of many in rural areas. The present study is a laboratory based surveillance which aims to analyze the changing e...

    Authors: Nisha Rijal, Jyoti Acharya, Shailaja Adhikari, Bishnu Psd Upadhaya, Geeta Shakya, Palpasa Kansakar and Piyush Rajbhandari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:801

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Larviciding is an effective supplementary tool for malaria vector control, but the identification and accessibility of aquatic habitats impedes application. Dissemination of the insect growth regulator, pyripr...

    Authors: Oscar Mbare, Steven W. Lindsay and Ulrike Fillinger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:800

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The accuracy of different laboratory tests for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (preDM) in populations exposed to tuberculosis (TB) remains poorly understood. Here, we examined the prevalenc...

    Authors: Roger I. Calderon, Maria B. Arriaga, Kattya Lopez, Nadia N. Barreda, Oswaldo M. Sanabria, José F. Fróes Neto, Davi Neri Araújo, Leonid Lecca and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:799

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The global burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high and there have been reports of increasing chlamydial and gonorrheal infections. High-volume screening programs for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) an...

    Authors: André Frontzek, Gudrun Aretzweiler, Daniela Winkens, Dana Duncan and Elizabeth M. Marlowe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:797

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  43. Content type: Case report

    The number of new rickettsial species are rapidly increasing, and increasing numbers of Rickettsia raoultii (R. raoultii) infection cases have been detected in humans. However, neurological abnormalities caused b...

    Authors: Zhihui Dong, Yicheng Yang, Qian Wang, Songsong Xie, Shanshan Zhao, Wenbo Tan, Wumei Yuan and Yuanzhi Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:796

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria of the Achromobacter genus, more particularly xylosoxidans species, are responsible for various healthcare associated infections (HAI) which are increasingly described since the last decade. Cystic fibro...

    Authors: Karine Marion-Sanchez, Karine Pailla, Claude Olive, Xavier Le Coutour and Christian Derancourt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:795

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Regimens that could treat both rifampin-resistant (RR) and rifampin-susceptible tuberculosis (TB) while shortening the treatment duration have reached late-stage clinical trials. Decisions about whether and ho...

    Authors: Emily A. Kendall, Shelly Malhotra, Sarah Cook-Scalise, Claudia M. Denkinger and David W. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:794

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The HLA-B*57:01 allele is associated with a hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir. Due to the lack of knowledge of HLA-B*57:01 prevalence in Colombia, routine screening is not performed and is not recommended ...

    Authors: Ernesto Martínez Buitrago, José Millán Oñate, José Fernando García-Goez, Jorge Álvarez, William Lenis, Luz Marina Sañudo and Luisa Consuelo Rubiano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:793

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Infections by Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (SGSP) is often underestimated. Herein, the epidemiological features and resistant characteristics of SGSP in mainland China are characterized to enabl...

    Authors: Yi Li, Xingchun Chen, Zhijun Zhang, Lijun Wang, Junrui Wang, Ji Zeng, Junwen Yang and Binghuai Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:791

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