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  1. Serum vitamin D levels may have a protective role against severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Studies have shown that deficiency in vitamin D may be a significant risk factor for poor outcomes. This st...

    Authors: Erfan Kazemi, Ali Mansursamaei, Marzieh Rohani-Rasaf and Hossein Sheibani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:441
  2. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are essential to combat the STI epidemic in resource-limited settings. We characterized the burden of 5 curable STIs chlamydia, gonorrhe...

    Authors: Matthew M. Hamill, Annet Onzia, Tza-Huei Wang, Agnes N. Kiragga, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Ethan Gough, Peter Kyambadde, Johan H. Melendez and Yukari C. Manabe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:440
  3. The temporal evolution of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine efficacy and effectiveness (VE) against infection, symptomatic, and severe COVID-19 is incompletely defined. The temporal evolution of VE could be dependent on age,...

    Authors: Paddy Ssentongo, Anna E. Ssentongo, Navya Voleti, Destin Groff, Ashley Sun, Djibril M. Ba, Jonathan Nunez, Leslie J. Parent, Vernon M. Chinchilli and Catharine I. Paules
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:439
  4. Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is of great importance due to the frequency of strains becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. This review, using a public health focused approach, which ai...

    Authors: Chakib Nejjari, Youness El Achhab, Amina Benaouda and Chakib Abdelfattah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:438
  5. Molecular mechanisms determining the transmission and prevalence of drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are poorly understood. We used genomic and drug susceptibility data to explore ...

    Authors: Arnold Bainomugisa, Evelyn Lavu, Sushil Pandey, Suman Majumdar, Jennifer Banamu, Chris Coulter, Ben Marais, Lachlan Coin, Stephen M. Graham and Philipp du Cros
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:437
  6. Cellulitis is an infection most commonly caused by bacteria and successfully treated with antibiotics. However, certain patient populations, especially the immunocompromised, are at risk for fungal cellulitis,...

    Authors: Jed Paul, Mary M. Czech, Ramya Balijepally and Janice Wes Brown
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:435
  7. The management of febrile illnesses is challenging in settings where diagnostic laboratory facilities are limited, and there are few published longitudinal data on children presenting with fever in such settin...

    Authors: Techalew Shimelis, Susana Vaz Nery, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Adam W. Bartlett, Fitsum W/Gebriel Belay, Gill Schierhout, Sabine Dittrich, John A. Crump and John M. Kaldor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:434
  8. Etiological diagnosis is a key step in the treatment of patients with rare pulmonary mycosis, and the lack of understanding of this disease and lack of specific markers for the detection of rare species, such as

    Authors: Zhengtu Li, Jianli Tang, Jinping Zhu, Mingzhou Xie, Shaoqing Huang, Shaoqiang Li, Yangqing Zhan, Weiqi Zeng, Teng Xu and Feng Ye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:433
  9. Plasmodium vivax was endemic in northern Europe until the early twentieth century. Considering climate change and the recent emergence of other vector borne diseases in Europe, historical insight into the relatio...

    Authors: Mathias Mølbak Ingholt, Tzu Tung Chen, Franziska Hildebrandt, Rasmus Kristoffer Pedersen and Lone Simonsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:432
  10. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is detected in extrahepatic tissues of individuals with HBV infection. Whether nails and hair contain HBV has been unknown.

    Authors: Haruki Komatsu, Ayano Inui, Enkhtaivan Odmaa, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroki Hoshino, Shuichiro Umetsu, Tomoyuki Tsunoda and Tomoo Fujisawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:431
  11. Loop isothermal amplification (LAMP) has recently been proposed as a point-of-care diagnostic tool to detect acute infectious pathogens; however, this technique embeds risk of generating false-positive results...

    Authors: Ngo Tat Trung, Le Huu Phuc Son, Trinh Xuan Hien, Dao Thanh Quyen, Mai Hong Bang and Le Huu Song
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:429
  12. Efficacy and safety of long-acting cabotegravir (CAB) + rilpivirine (RPV) every 8 weeks (Q8W) versus daily oral standard of care (SoC) maintenance in treatment-experienced individuals with virologically suppre...

    Authors: Vasiliki Chounta, Sonya J. Snedecor, Sterling Wu and Nicolas Van de Velde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:428
  13. Maintaining plasma HIV RNA suppression below the limit of quantification is the goal of antiretroviral therapy (ART). When viral loads (VL) remain in low-level viremia (LLV), or between 201 and 999 copies/mL, ...

    Authors: Pengtao Liu, Yinghui You, Lingjie Liao, Yi Feng, Yiming Shao, Hui Xing, Guanghua Lan, Jianjun Li, Yuhua Ruan and Dan Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:426
  14. Authors: Kazuo Imai, Noriomi Ishibashi, Masahiro Kodana, Norihito Tarumoto, Jun Sakai, Toru Kawamura, Shinichi Takeuchi, Yoshitada Taji, Yasuhiro Ebihara, Kenji Ikebuchi, Takashi Murakami, Takuya Maeda, Kotaro Mitsutake and Shigefumi Maesaki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:425

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:946

  15. Atypical pathogens (AP), present in some patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), are intrinsically resistant to betalactam drugs, the mainstay of empirical antibiotic treatment. Adding antibiotic cov...

    Authors: Aline Chauffard, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Sebastian Carballo, Virginie Prendki, Jean-Luc Reny, Jérôme Stirnemann and Nicolas Garin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:424
  16. Only a few studies have performed comprehensive comparisons between hospitalized patients from different waves of COVID-19. Thus, we aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and laboratory data of patient...

    Authors: Henriette Nørmølle Buttenschøn, Vibeke Lynggaard, Susanne Gundersborg Sandbøl, Eva Natalia Glassou and Annette Haagerup
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:423
  17. Vaccination is the most effective method to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and helps reduce mortality rate and economic costs associated with the pandemic. Despite these advantages, misinformation o...

    Authors: Kapil Madi Poudel, Neha Shah, Manab Prakash, Santosh Kumar Deo, Sunita Bhandari and Tika Ram Poudel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:422
  18. Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have become a fundamental pillar in optimizing antimicrobial usage, improving patient care, and reducing antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Herein we evaluated the impact...

    Authors: Christian Pallares, Cristhian Hernández-Gómez, Tobías Manuel Appel, Kevin Escandón, Sergio Reyes, Soraya Salcedo, Lorena Matta, Ernesto Martínez, Sara Cobo, Laura Mora, Adriana Marín, Adriana Correa, Elsa De La Cadena, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño and María Virginia Villegas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:420
  19. HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) negatively impacts quality of life (QoL) of people living with HIV who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Behavioural intervention adjunct to ART may improve QoL...

    Authors: Martins Nweke, Mshunqane Nombeko, Nalini Govender, Aderonke O. Akinpelu and Adesola Ogunniyi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:419
  20. The re-emergence of yellow fever poses a serious public health risk to unimmunized communities in the tropical regions of Africa and South America and unvaccinated travelers visiting these regions. This risk i...

    Authors: Fredy Brice Simo Nemg, Ngu Njei Abanda, Martial Gide Yonga, Diane Ouapi, Ivis Ewang Samme, Marlise Dontsop Djoumetio, Marie Claire Endegue-Zanga, Maurice Demanou and Richard Njouom
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:418
  21. Miliary tuberculosis (TB) is one of the severest manifestations of TB that can be lethal when concomitant with the central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Bacteriological, biochemical and radiological method...

    Authors: Guirong Wang, Ruixia Liang, Qing Sun, Xinlei Liao, Chenqian Wang and Hairong Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:417
  22. To evaluate the diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in immunocompromised patients for the diagnosis of suspected pneumonia in comparison wit...

    Authors: Pengcheng Lin, Yi Chen, Shanshan Su, Wengang Nan, Lingping Zhou, Ying Zhou and Yuping Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:416
  23. In Italy, the beginning of 2021 was characterized by the emergence of new variants of SARS-CoV-2 and by the availability of effective vaccines that contributed to the mitigation of non-pharmaceutical intervent...

    Authors: Chiara Antonini, Sara Calandrini and Fortunato Bianconi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:415
  24. Yemen has faced one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world since the start of the war in 2015. In 2020; 30 Vaccine Derived Polio Virus type 1 (VDPV1) isolates were detected in Saadah governorate. The ai...

    Authors: Mutahar Ahmed Al-Qassimi, Mohammed Al Amad, Labiba Anam, Khaled Almoayed, Ahmed Al-Dar and Faten Ezzadeen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:414
  25. There are limited data on risk factors for serious outcomes and death from COVID-19 among patients representative of the U.S. population. The objective of this study was to determine risk factors for critical ...

    Authors: Andrea K. Chomistek, Caihua Liang, Michael C. Doherty, C. Robin Clifford, Rachel P. Ogilvie, Robert V. Gately, Jennifer N. Song, Cheryl Enger, Nancy D. Lin, Florence T. Wang and John D. Seeger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:413
  26. Organ failure is incapability of at least one of the body organs to carry out a normal body functions. Identifying the predictors of the organ failure is crucial for improving COVID-19 patients’ survival. Howe...

    Authors: Abdi Birhanu, Galana Mamo Ayana, Bedasa Taye Merga, Addisu Alemu, Belay Negash, Ahmed Seid and Yadeta Dessie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:412
  27. The prevalence of virus positivity in the upper respiratory tract of asymptomatic community-dwelling older people remains elusive. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence of respiratory virus PCR posit...

    Authors: Ikkoh Yasuda, Motoi Suzuki, Haruka Maeda, Mayumi Terada, Eiichiro Sando, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Hirono Otomaru, Lay-Myint Yoshida and Konosuke Morimoto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:411
  28. This study aims to further investigate the association of COVID-19 disease severity with numerous patient characteristics, and to develop a convenient severity prediction scale for use in self-assessment at ho...

    Authors: Ye Yao, Jie Tian, Xia Meng, Haidong Kan, Lian Zhou and Weibing Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:409
  29. Little research has been conducted on the spatio-temporal relationship between the severe cases and the enteroviruses infections of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). This study aimed to investigate epidemic...

    Authors: Haixia Liu, Yuzhou Zhang, Hong Zhang, Yunhe Zheng, Faxiang Gou, Xiaoting Yang, Yao Cheng, Hannah McClymont, Hui Li, Xinfeng Liu and Wenbiao Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:408
  30. The aim of this work was to explore barriers and facilitators to uptake of COVID-19 vaccines and to explore views and reactions to efforts to improve vaccine uptake among vaccine hesitant individuals.

    Authors: Sarah Denford, Fiona Mowbray, Lauren Towler, Helena Wehling, Gemma Lasseter, Richard Amlôt, Isabel Oliver, Lucy Yardley and Matthew Hickman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:407
  31. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) are one of significant causes of morbidity and mortality. Evaluating risk factors associated with HAI are important to improve clinical outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the...

    Authors: Indah K. Murni, Trevor Duke, Sharon Kinney, Andrew J. Daley, Muhammad Taufik Wirawan and Yati Soenarto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:406
  32. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention contracted with laboratories to sequence the SARS-CoV-2 genome from positive samples across the United States to enable public health officials to investigate the...

    Authors: Chirayu Goswami, Michael Sheldon, Christian Bixby, Mehdi Keddache, Alexander Bogdanowicz, Yihe Wang, Jonathan Schultz, Jessica McDevitt, James LaPorta, Elaine Kwon, Steven Buyske, Dana Garbolino, Glenys Biloholowski, Alex Pastuszak, Mary Storella, Amit Bhalla…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:404
  33. Immunocompromised people (ICP) and elderly individuals (older than 80 years) are at increased risk for severe coronavirus infections. To protect against serious infection with SARS-CoV-2, ICP are taking precau...

    Authors: Alexandra Dopfer-Jablonka, Sandra Steffens, Frank Müller, Marie Mikuteit, Jacqueline Niewolik, Anne Cossmann, Metodi V. Stankov, Georg M. N. Behrens, Eva Hummers, Gloria Heesen, Dominik Schröder, Sascha Roder, Frank Klawonn, Kai Vahldiek, Justin Hasenkamp, Jonathan Kallusky…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:403
  34. The scientific response to the COVID-19 pandemic has produced an abundance of publications, including peer-reviewed articles and preprints, across a wide array of disciplines, from microbiology to medicine and...

    Authors: Wei Yu, Emily Drzymalla, Marta Gwinn and Muin J. Khoury
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:402
  35. A paucity of studies focused on the genetic association that tuberculosis (TB) patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are more likely to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) with more potent ...

    Authors: Shengqiong Guo, Shiguang Lei, Prasit Palittapongarnpim, Edward McNeil, Angkana Chaiprasert, Jinlan Li, Huijuan Chen, Weizheng Ou, Komwit Surachat, Wan Qin, Siyu Zhang, Rujuan Luo and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:401
  36. Healthcare-associated infections pose a potentially fatal threat to patients worldwide and Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common causes of healthcare-associated infections. S. aureus is a common commens...

    Authors: Erika Reategui Schwarz, Adriana van de Guchte, Amy C. Dupper, Ana Berbel Caban, Devika Nadkarni, Lindsey Fox, Alexandra Mills, Ajay Obla, Kieran I. Chacko, Irina Oussenko, Flora Samaroo, Jose Polanco, Richard Silvera, Melissa L. Smith, Gopi Patel, Melissa Gitman…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:400
  37. In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are at high risk of acquiring HIV. A growing number of sub-Saharan African countries are beginning to avail pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, but...

    Authors: Morten Skovdal, Phyllis Magoge-Mandizvidza, Freedom Dzamatira, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Constance Nyamukapa, Ranjeeta Thomas, Owen Mugurungi and Simon Gregson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:399
  38. Infectious diseases continue to account for considerable illness and death worldwide, and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are a significant burden on global economies and public health. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Kanar Sweiss, Abdallah Y. Naser, Mohammed Samannodi and Hassan Alwafi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:398
  39. Chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a worldwide health problem. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set elimination targets by 2030. This study aims to examine the posit...

    Authors: Dana Busschots, Erwin Ho, Sarah Blach, Frederik Nevens, Homie Razavi, Brieuc Van Damme, Thomas Vanwolleghem and Geert Robaeys
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:397
  40. Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the major complications for patients with diabetes, and has become an important cause of non-traumatic amputation. Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft-tissue infectio...

    Authors: Xuemei Li, Zhipeng Du, Ziwei Tang, Qin Wen, Qingfeng Cheng and Yunhua Cui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:396
  41. Young people, aged 16–24, in southern Malawi have high uptake of HIV self-testing (HIVST) but low rates of linking to services following HIVST, especially in comparison, to older generations. The study aim is ...

    Authors: Lisa Harrison, Moses Kumwenda, Lot Nyirenda, Richard Chilongosi, Elizabeth Corbett, Karin Hatzold, Cheryl Johnson, Musonda Simwinga, Nicola Desmond and Miriam Taegtmeyer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22(Suppl 1):395

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  42. Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive bacterium that can be found in various natural and human-made environments. It is often involved in gastrointestinal infections and food poisoning; yet, it can rarely cause seri...

    Authors: Mohammad Esmkhani and Saeed Shams
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:393
  43. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) caused by phlebovirus results in neuropsychiatric symptoms, multiorgan dysfunction and significant mortality. We aimed to evaluate the thyroid function in SFT...

    Authors: Li Wang, Youde Liu, Haifeng Yu, Kun Ding and Zhiqiang Zou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:391

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