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  1. Sudden exacerbations and respiratory failure are major causes of death in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) pneumonia, but indicators for the prediction and treatment of severe patients a...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Lin Yao, Jian-Ping Zhang, Pei-Jun Tang, Zhi-Jian Ye, Xing-Hua Shen, Jun-Chi Xu, Mei-Ying Wu and Xin Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:747

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Effective active case finding (ACF) activities are essential for early identification of new cases of active tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI). Accurate diagnostics as well as the ability to ide...

    Authors: Caroline Corbett, Aizat Kulzhabaeva, Tatjana Toichkina, Gulmira Kalmambetova, Sevim Ahmedov, Uladzimir Antonenka, Altyn Iskakova, Dilorom Kosimova, Dasha Migunov, Bakyt Myrzaliev, Evgeni Sahalchyk, Nagira Umetalieva, Monica Vogel, Abdylat Kadyrov and Harald Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:746

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Workers and residents in Care Homes are considered at special risk for the acquisition of SARS-CoV-2 infection, due to the infectivity and high mortality rate in the case of residents, compared to other contai...

    Authors: Jorge Julio Cabrera Alvargonzalez, Sonia Rey Cao, Sonia Pérez Castro, Lucía Martinez Lamas, Olaia Cores Calvo, Julio Torres Piñon, Jacobo Porteiro Fresco, Julio Garcia Comesaña and Benito Regueiro Garcia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:745

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The triple burden of COVID-19, tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus is one of the major global health challenges of the twenty-first century. In high burden HIV/TB countries, the spread of COVID-19 am...

    Authors: Jacques L. Tamuzi, Birhanu T. Ayele, Constance S. Shumba, Olatunji O. Adetokunboh, Jeannine Uwimana-Nicol, Zelalem T. Haile, Joseph Inugu and Peter S. Nyasulu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:744

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Chagas disease is a zoonotic infection caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which affects an estimated 8–11 million people globally. Chagas disease is almost always associated with poverty in rural areas and...

    Authors: Paula Stigler Granados, Gerardo J. Pacheco, Evangelina Núñez Patlán, Jose Betancourt and Lawrence Fulton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:743

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The surge of methamphetamine use has been a complicating factor compounding the steeply increasing number of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. Infection from blood-borne viruses including hepatitis B virus (HBV...

    Authors: Yilin Cai, Zheng Dai, Sijin Wen and Ruchi Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:742

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cholera remains a major global health challenge. Uvira, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), has had endemic cholera since the 1970’s and has been implicated as a possible point of origin for nationa...

    Authors: Camille Williams, Oliver Cumming, Lynn Grignard, Baron Bashige Rumedeka, Jaime Mufitini Saidi, Daniel Grint, Chris Drakeley and Aurelie Jeandron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:741

    Content type: Research article

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  8. From 2016, the Government of India introduced the oral rotavirus vaccine into the national immunization schedule. Currently, two indigenously developed vaccines (ROTAVAC, Bharat Biotech; ROTASIIL, Serum Instit...

    Authors: Sidhartha Giri, C. P. Girish Kumar, Shainey Alokit Khakha, Mamta Chawla-Sarkar, Varanasi Gopalkrishna, Shobha D. Chitambar, Pratima Ray, S. Venkatasubramanian, Biswa Jyoti Borkakoty, Subarna Roy, Jyothi Bhat, Bhagirathi Dwibedi, Pradeep Das, Vijayachari Paluru, Sasirekha Ramani, Sudhir Babji…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:740

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Invasive infections with Candida krusei are uncommon and rarely complicated by spondylitis. Previous described cases were solely treated with antimycotic therapy, despite guidelines recommending surgical interven...

    Authors: Audrey J. C. Overgaauw, David C. de Leeuw, Susanne P. Stoof, Karin van Dijk, Joost C. J. Bot and Eef J. Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:739

    Content type: Case report

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  10. In accordance with international guidance for tuberculosis (TB) prevention, the Tanzanian Ministry of Health recommends isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for children aged 12 months and older who are living w...

    Authors: Olivia F. Hunter, Furaha Kyesi, Amrit Kaur Ahluwalia, Zeinabou Niamé Daffé, Patricia Munseri, C. Fordham von Reyn and Lisa V. Adams

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:738

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:784

  11. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is a concern in many countries, is the leading cause of liver cancer around the world. Since Taiwan launched its national health insurance system in 1995, it has managed ...

    Authors: Wei Li, Te-Sheng Chang, Shu-Zhi Chang, Ching-Hwa Chen and Mei-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:737

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Blood transfusion is associated with potential risks of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs). Different strategies are needed to monitor blood safety and screen the donors’ efficacy, such as evaluation of...

    Authors: Azadeh Omidkhoda, Bahman Razi, Ali Arabkhazaeli and Sedigheh Amini Kafi-Abad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:736

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The pandemic of COVID-19 has occurred close on the heels of a global resurgence of measles. In 2019, an unprecedented epidemic of measles affected Samoa, requiring a state of emergency to be declared. Measles ...

    Authors: Chandini Raina MacIntyre, Valentina Costantino and David J. Heslop

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:735

    Content type: Research article

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  14. HIV continues to be the main determinant morbidity with high mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a high number of patients being late presenters with advanced HIV. Clinical management of advanced HIV p...

    Authors: F. Mangana, L. D. Massaquoi, R. Moudachirou, R. Harrison, T. Kaluangila, G. Mucinya, N. Ntabugi, G. Van Cutsem, R. Burton and P. Isaakidis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:734

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The morbidity and mortality in community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM) remain substantial, and the etiology, clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and predictors of poor prognosis must be assesse...

    Authors: E. Matulyte, S. Kiveryte, R. Paulauskiene, E. Liukpetryte, R. Vaikutyte and R. Matulionyte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:733

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adolescent sexual debut and non-consensual sex have been linked to higher sexual risk and STI infection in adulthood among men who have sex with men (MSM) in high-income countries. This study aimed to examine ...

    Authors: Weiming Tang, Yehua Wang, Wenting Huang, Dan Wu, Fan Yang, Yongshi Xu, Jason J. Ong, Hongyun Fu, Bin Yang, Cheng Wang, Wei Ma, Chongyi Wei and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:732

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The specific clinical feature of tetanus is whole body muscle spasms. These spasms are intensely painful and sometime lead to some injuries. Vertebral fractures have been reported as a common complication of t...

    Authors: Hiroki Nagasawa, Ken-ichi Muramatsu, Ikuto Takeuchi, Yoshihiro Kushida, Kei Jitsuiki, Jun Shitara, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhiko Omori, Yasumasa Oode and Youichi Yanagawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:731

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The incidence of Lyme disease (LD) in North America has increased substantially in the past two decades. Concomitant with the increased incidence of infection has been an enhancement in the recognition of LD c...

    Authors: Faith Myers, Pooja E. Mishra, Daniel Cortez and Mark R. Schleiss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:730

    Content type: Case report

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  19. This study describes the disease burden, clinical characteristics, antibiotic management, impact of multidrug resistance and outcome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection (PABSI) among children admitted...

    Authors: Joycelyn Assimeng Dame, Natalie Beylis, James Nuttall and Brian Eley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:729

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Viral load (VL) testing is the gold-standard approach for monitoring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment success and virologic failure, but uptake is suboptimal in resource-limited and rural settings....

    Authors: Rita Nakalega, Nelson Mukiza, George Kiwanuka, Ronald Makanga-Kakumba, Robert Menge, Hajira Kataike, Joel Maena, Carolyne Akello, Patience Atuhaire, Flavia Matovu-Kiweewa, Cynthia Ndikuno-Kuteesa, Henry Debem and Andrew Mujugira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:727

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ivermectin is an excellent microfilaricide against Onchocerca volvulus. However, in some regions, long term use of ivermectin has resulted in sub-optimal responses to the treatment. More data to properly document...

    Authors: Raphael Awah Abong, Glory N. Amambo, Patrick W. Chounna Ndongmo, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Ritter Manuel, Amuam Andrew Beng, Mathias Eyong Esum, Kebede Deribe, Jerome Fru-Cho, Fanny F. Fombad, Theobald Mue Nji, Peter Ivo Enyong, Catherine B. Poole, Kenneth Pfarr, Achim Hoerauf, Clotilde K. S. Carlow…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:726

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Commencing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) immediately following HIV diagnosis (Option B+), has greatly improved maternal-infant health. Thus, large and increasing numbers of HIV-infected women are on AR...

    Authors: Kerina Duri, Felicity Z. Gumbo, Privilege T. Munjoma, Precious Chandiwana, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Asaph Ziruma, Andrew Macpherson, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Exnevia Gomo, Benjamin Misselwitz and Lovemore Ronald Mazengera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:725

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Spinal neuroschistosomiasis (SN) is one of the most severe clinical presentations of schistosomiasis infection and an ectopic form of the disease caused by any species of Schistosoma. In Brazil, all cases of this...

    Authors: Ana Lúcia Coutinho Domingues, Constança Simões Barbosa, Thiago Frederico Andrade Agt, Andréia Braga Mota, Clélia Maria Ribeiro Franco, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes, Rodrigo Loyo and Elainne Christine Souza Gomes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:724

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection is ongoing and associated with high mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous injection of...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Diandian Li, Tao Liu, Haohua Wang, Fengming Luo and Yanbin Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:723

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Ross River virus (RRV) is responsible for the most common vector-borne disease of humans reported in Australia. The virus circulates in enzootic cycles between multiple species of mosquitoes, wildlife reservoi...

    Authors: Amanda K. Murphy, Julie A. Clennon, Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Cassie C. Jansen, Francesca D. Frentiu, Louise M. Hafner, Wenbiao Hu and Gregor J. Devine

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:722

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen which can invade different mammalian cells and reach to the central nervous system (CNS), leading to meningoencephalitis...

    Authors: Zi-Wei Lan, Min-Jia Xiao, Yuan-lin Guan, Ya-Jing Zhan and Xiang-Qi Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:721

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Children living with sputum smear-positive adult tuberculosis (TB) patients are vulnerable to acquire tubercular infection. Contact tracing is an important strategy to control tubercular infection in the commu...

    Authors: Geetika Srivastava, M. M. A. Faridi and Shiv Sagar Gupta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:720

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Healthcare workers (HCWs) face considerable mental and physical stress caring for patients with Covid-19. They are at higher risk of acquiring and transmitting this virus. This study aims to assess perception ...

    Authors: Mostafa A. Abolfotouh, Adel F. Almutairi, Ala’a A. BaniMustafa and Mohamed A. Hussein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:719

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Schistosoma antigen detection in urine is a valuable diagnostic approach for schistosomiasis control programmes because of the higher sensitivity compared to parasitological methods and preferred sampling of urin...

    Authors: Yabo Josiane Honkpehedji, Ayôla Akim Adegnika, Jean Claude Dejon-Agobe, Jeannot Fréjus Zinsou, Romuald Beh Mba, Jacob Gerstenberg, Raphaël Rakotozandrindrainy, Rivo Andry Rakotoarivelo, Tahinamandranto Rasamoelina, Elisa Sicuri, Norbert G. Schwarz, Paul L. A. M. Corstjens, Pytsje T. Hoekstra, Govert J. van Dam and Andrea Kreidenweiss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:718

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Fungal peritonitis (FP) is a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis. We herein describe the second case in Asia of Histoplasma capsulatum peritonitis associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (C...

    Authors: Thanat Ounsinman, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool and Nasikarn Angkasekwinai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:717

    Content type: Case report

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  31. A healthy 25-year-old woman developed COVID-19 disease with clinical characteristics resembling Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), a rare form of COVID-19 described primarily in children un...

    Authors: Aaron D. Kofman, Emma K. Sizemore, Joshua F. Detelich, Benjamin Albrecht and Anne L. Piantadosi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:716

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Women are under-represented in many mid-career infectious diseases research fellowships, including a TDR fellowship for low- and middle-income country (LMIC) researchers. TDR solicited creative ideas as part o...

    Authors: Ewen Liu, Juliet Iwelunmor, Grace Gabagaya, Helen Anyasi, Alejandra Leyton, Karen A. Goraleski, Shufang Wei, Mariam Otmani del Barrio, Atinuke Olaleye, Pascal Launois and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:715

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Human Immunodeficiency virus continues to be a major global health problem infecting 75 million and killing 32 million people since the beginning of the epidemic. It badly hit Sub Saharan Africa than any count...

    Authors: Teshome Kabeta Dadi, Merga Belina Feyasa and Mamo Nigatu Gebre

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:714

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The clinical features, course and outcome of hantavirus infection is highly variable. Symptoms of the central nervous system may occur, but often present atypically and diagnostically challenging. Even though ...

    Authors: Sebastian Schwab, Simon Lissmann, Niklas Schäfer, Alexander Isaak, Dietrich Klingmüller, Ulrike Attenberger, Anna M. Eis-Hübinger, Jörg Hofmann, Christian P. Strassburg and Philipp Lutz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:713

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Japan’s National Immunization Program does not cover rotavirus vaccine and no government subsidies are available. This study aimed to measure the uptake of and determinants that influenced self-paid rotavirus ...

    Authors: Megumi Hara, Rie Koshida, Kaoru Araki, Masahide Kondo and Yoshio Hirota

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:712

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mycobacterium bovis could infect patients with immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive conditions via Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination. Tuberculosis-related hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is reported, but ...

    Authors: Buyun Shi, Ming Chen, Zhi Xia, Shuna Xiao, Wen Tang, Chenguang Qin, Ying Cheng, Tao Huang, Chengjiao Huang, Yong Li and Hui Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:711

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Since pneumonia caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, tremendous infected cases has risen all over the world attributed to its high transmissibility. We aimed...

    Authors: Zhong Zheng, Ke Wu, Zhixian Yao, Xinyi Zheng, Junhua Zheng and Jian Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:710

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Zengxian Yu, Fang Zhu, Xinghe Tao, Lu Zhang, Suliu Wu, Chunfu Dong, Yeqing Dong, Ge Chen, Xinyang Zhou, Yinfei Fang and Kechen Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:709

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:687

  39. Intravesical administration of Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) has proven useful for treatment and prevention of recurrence of superficial bladder cancer and in situ carcinoma. However, fatal side effects such ...

    Authors: Gen Shimizu, Ryota Amano, Itaru Nakamura, Akane Wada, Masanobu Kitagawa and Shuta Toru

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:708

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus-2 has spread rapidly worldwide and disease spread is currently increasing. Data on the clinical picture of transp...

    Authors: Jing Li, Gang Chen, Mingmin Zhang, Shenghao Tu and Chao Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:707

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. To investigate the incidence of active tuberculosis (TB) among COPD patients using fluticasone/salmeterol or budesonide/formoterol, and to identify any differences between these two groups of patients.

    Authors: Tsan-Ming Huang, Kuan-Chih Kuo, Ya-Hui Wang, Cheng-Yi Wang, Chih-Cheng Lai, Hao-Chien Wang, Likwang Chen and Chong-Jen Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:706

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high mortality. Surgery may improve survival and reduce complications, but the balance between benefit and harm is difficult and may be closely related to age and...

    Authors: Lauge Østergaard, Morten Holdgaard Smerup, Kasper Iversen, Andreas Dalsgaard Jensen, Anders Dahl, Sandra Chamat-Hedemand, Niels Eske Bruun, Jawad Haider Butt, Henning Bundgaard, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber and Emil Fosbøl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:705

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. In sub-Saharan Africa, considerable HIV-burden exists among women. Anti-retroviral (ARV) based prevention products could decrease this burden, and their uptake could be increased if they also protect against p...

    Authors: Peter Vickerman, Matthew Quaife, Maggie Kilbourne-Brook, Mercy Mvundura, Robyn Eakle and Fern Terris-Prestholt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:704

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Treatment of gonorrhea is complicated by the development of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) to the antibiotics recommended for treatment. Knowledge on types of plasmids and the antibiotic r...

    Authors: Mary Wandia Kivata, Margaret Mbuchi, Fredrick Eyase, Wallace Dimbuson Bulimo, Cecilia Katunge Kyanya, Valerie Oundo, Wilton Mwema Mbinda, Willy Sang, Ben Andagalu, Olusegun O. Soge, Raymond Scott McClelland and John Distelhorst

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:703

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in people who inject drugs (PWID) can now be treated and cured. However, the impact that HCV treatment has on drug-user health, practices and wellbeing is not known. The aim ...

    Authors: Marta Torrens, Tokunbo Soyemi, Darcy Bowman and Eberhard Schatz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:702

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first detected in China at the end of 2019 and it has since spread in few months all over the World. Italy was one of the first Western coun...

    Authors: Diego Giuliani, Maria Michela Dickson, Giuseppe Espa and Flavio Santi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:700

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Infection is a leading cause of morbidity and death in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The increased susceptibility to infection is complicated and multifactorial. However, no studies have explored the sp...

    Authors: Chenyao Lin, Hui Shen, Shuimei Zhou, Minghui Liu, Anjie Xu, Shuang Huang, Changxin Shen and Fuling Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:699

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. A new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has escalated to a pandemic since its first outbreak in Wuhan, China. A small proportion of patients may have difficulty in generating IgM or IgG antibodies against SA...

    Authors: Jian Wang, Chong Chen, Qilin Li, Pengcheng Cai, Zheng Wang and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:698

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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