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  1. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is among the top ten cause of death (9th) from a single infectious agent worldwide. It even ranks above HIV/AIDS. It is among the top 10 causes of death among children. Globally there are estimate...

    Authors: Bereket Gebremichael, Tsega-Ab Abebaw, Tsedey Moges, Admas Abera Abaerei and Nadia Worede

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:252

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Dengue fever is the most common arboviral infection in humans, with viral transmissions occurring in more than 100 countries in tropical regions. A global strategy for dengue prevention and control was establi...

    Authors: Wei-Ting Lai, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Hsin Hung, Ray-Bing Chen, Sanjay Shete and Chih-Chieh Wu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:256

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Female gender and favorable IFNL3 genotypes are the primary independent predictors of spontaneous clearance of HCV infection. However, chronic hepatitis C infection occurs in numerous women carrying favorable IFN...

    Authors: Zhe Xie, Yuantao Li, Lu Long, Hua Liang, Weiping Cai and Tao Shen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:254

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and bacterascites (BA) represent frequent and serious complications in cirrhosis patients with ascites. However, few detailed data are available regarding the clinical a...

    Authors: Nian-zhi Ning, Tao Li, Ju-ling Zhang, Fen Qu, Jie Huang, Xiong Liu, Zhan Li, Wei Geng, Jun-liang Fu, Wang Huan, Shu-yong Zhang, Chun-mei Bao and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:253

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Cryptococcus gattii is known to be an etiologic agent of human cryptococcosis, particularly in immunocompetent persons. C. gattii infection usually involves the central nervous system, the respiratory tract, or m...

    Authors: Wutthiseth Dhitinanmuang, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool and Anupop Jitmuang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:257

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  6. Content type: Research article

    HBsAg immune-escape mutations can favor HBV-transmission also in vaccinated individuals, promote immunosuppression-driven HBV-reactivation, and increase fitness of drug-resistant strains. Stop-codons can enhan...

    Authors: Luna Colagrossi, Lucas E. Hermans, Romina Salpini, Domenico Di Carlo, Suzan D. Pas, Marta Alvarez, Ziv Ben-Ari, Greet Boland, Bianca Bruzzone, Nicola Coppola, Carole Seguin-Devaux, Tomasz Dyda, Federico Garcia, Rolf Kaiser, Sukran Köse, Henrik Krarup…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:251

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is known to cause urinary tract infection (UTI) and meningitis in neonates, as well as existing as a commensal flora of the human gut. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. ...

    Authors: Young Ah Kim, Kyungwon Lee and Jae Eun Chung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:250

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate antibiotic use has become an important issue. However, collecting data on the use of all antibiotics in a hospital is difficult without an advanced computerized system and dedicated staff. This pap...

    Authors: Bongyoung Kim, Hyeonjun Hwang, Jieun Kim, Myoung-jae Lee and Hyunjoo Pai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:247

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Early identification of patients at highest risk is very important. The ...

    Authors: Ye Zhang, Ling-Yun Guo, Wen-Qi Song, Yan Wang, Fang Dong and Gang Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:248

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia is one of the world health organization defined higher tuberculosis (TB) burden countries where the disease remains a massive public health threat. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and asso...

    Authors: Biresaw Demile, Amare Zenebu, Haile Shewaye, Siqing Xia and Awoke Guadie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:249

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Background: Emerging pathogens such as Zika, chikungunya, Ebola, and dengue viruses are serious threats to national and global health security. Accurate forecasts of emerging epidemics and their severity are crit...

    Authors: Sara Y. Del Valle, Benjamin H. McMahon, Jason Asher, Richard Hatchett, Joceline C. Lega, Heidi E. Brown, Mark E. Leany, Yannis Pantazis, David J. Roberts, Sean Moore, A Townsend Peterson, Luis E. Escobar, Huijie Qiao, Nicholas W. Hengartner and Harshini Mukundan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:245

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, the world has seen a surge in Enterobacteriaceae resistant to broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics due to the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) or plasmid-mediated AmpC...

    Authors: L. M. Chirindze, T. F. Zimba, J. O. Sekyere, U. Govinden, H. Y. Chenia, A. Sundsfjord, S. Y. Essack and G. S. Simonsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:244

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Norovirus is a leading cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide with a peak of disease seen in children. The epidemiological analysis regarding the virus strains in Africa is limited. The first report of norov...

    Authors: Kgomotso Makhaola, Sikhulile Moyo, Kwana Lechiile, David M. Goldfarb and Lemme P. Kebaabetswe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:246

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia prevalence in the Netherlands remains high despite targeted efforts. Effective Partner Notification (PN) and Partner Treatment (PT) can interrupt transmission and prevent re-infections. Patient Initi...

    Authors: Anita C. Nanhoe, Maartje Visser, Jurriaan J. Omlo, Anita J. C. M. Watzeels, Ingrid V. van den Broek and Hannelore M. Götz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:243

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The Israeli Ministry of Health (MoH) encountered two substantial outbreaks during the past decade: the H1N1 swine flu outbreak during 2009–2010 and the silent polio outbreak during 2013. Although both outbreak...

    Authors: Iftach Sagy, Paula Feder-Bubis, Victor Novack, Tal Peleg-Sagy and Dan Greenberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:241

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Development of sepsis is a process with significant variation among individuals. The precise elements of this variation need to be defined. This study was designed to define the way in which comorbidities cont...

    Authors: Dimitrios Sinapidis, Vassileios Kosmas, Vasileios Vittoros, Ioannis M. Koutelidakis, Aikaterini Pantazi, Aggelos Stefos, Konstantinos E. Katsaros, Karolina Akinosoglou, Magdalini Bristianou, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Michael Chrisofos and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:242

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Prior to clinical trials of new TB drugs or therapeutic vaccines, it is necessary to develop monitoring tools to predict treatment outcomes in TB patients. Urine interferon gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) i...

    Authors: Song Yee Kim, Jungho Kim, Deok Ryun Kim, Young Ae Kang, Sungyoung Bong, Jonghee Lee, Suyeon Kim, Nam Suk Lee, Bora Sim, Sang-Nae Cho, Young Sam Kim and Hyejon Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:240

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is a common infectious disease in neurology and VZV the second most frequent virus detected in encephalitis. This study investigated characteristics of clinical and la...

    Authors: Thomas Skripuletz, Kaweh Pars, Alina Schulte, Philipp Schwenkenbecher, Özlem Yildiz, Tina Ganzenmueller, Maike Kuhn, Annette Spreer, Ulrich Wurster, Refik Pul, Martin Stangel, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs and Corinna Trebst

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:238

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease caused by parasites that infest open water sources such as rivers and dams may increase susceptibility to HIV. Mass-treatment with praziquantel tablets, recommende...

    Authors: Andrea Lothe, Nqobile Zulu, Arne Olav Øyhus, Eyrun Floerecke Kjetland and Myra Taylor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:239

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Direct-acting anti-viral agents have improved the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but this treatment is challenging for patients using co-medications because of potential drug–drug inte...

    Authors: Daniel J. Ruzicka, Jumpei Tetsuka, Go Fujimoto and Tatsuya Kanto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:237

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Armed conflicts are a major contributor to injury and death globally. Conflict-related injuries are associated with a high risk of wound infection, but it is unknown to what extent infection directly relates t...

    Authors: Andreas Älgå, Sidney Wong, Muhammad Shoaib, Kalle Lundgren, Christian G. Giske, Johan von Schreeb and Jonas Malmstedt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:233

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  22. Content type: Research article

    With the widespread use of rifampicin and isoniazid, bacterial resistance has become a growing problem. Additionally, the lack of relevant baseline information for the frequency of drug-resistant tuberculosis ...

    Authors: Ming-Jin Zhang, Wen-Zhi Ren, Xue-Juan Sun, Yang Liu, Ke-Wei Liu, Zhong-Hao Ji, Wei Gao and Bao Yuan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:234

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) is an established microbiologic cause of pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, and disseminated disease in cases of advanced immune suppression. However, MAC manifesting as vertebral...

    Authors: Megan E. Gray, Peter W. Liu and Brian Wispelwey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:235

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Kirschsteiniothelia is a saprophytic fungus that is abundantly present in the environment. To date, there have been no reports of human infection caused by this fungus. We report a case of Kirschsteiniothelia inf...

    Authors: Masanori Nishi, Ichiro Okano, Takatoshi Sawada, Yasuka Hara, Kiwamu Nakamura, Katsunori Inagaki and Takashi Yaguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:236

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The need to study the outcome of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected individuals in Ghana, a sub-Saharan African country crucial in the era of the “Treat All” policy....

    Authors: Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Faustina Pappoe, Ibrahim Baidoo, Francis Arthur, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Godwin Kwakye-Nuako and Stephen Ayisi Addo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:230

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