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  1. Public health depends largely on people’s knowledge, beliefs, or behaviors regarding their health and medical treatments. Although works based on the health belief model have shown that public beliefs about me...

    Authors: Taiyo Fukai, Keisuke Kawata and Masaki Nakabayashi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:612
  2. Omicron variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly become a global threat to public health. Numerous asymptomatic and mild cases had been admitted in shelter hospit...

    Authors: Chun Yin, Bo Hu, Kunyan Li, Xian Liu, Shuili Wang, Rulin He, Haibing Ding, Mingpeng Jin and Cheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:606
  3. The development of scoring systems to predict the short-term mortality and the length of hospital stay (LOS) in patients with bacteraemia is essential to improve the quality of care and reduce the occupancy va...

    Authors: Ching-Chi Lee, Yuan-Pin Hung, Chih-Chia Hsieh, Ching-Yu Ho, Chiao-Ya Hsu, Cheng-Te Li and Wen-Chien Ko
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:605
  4. Authors: Birhan Alemnew, Getnet Gedefaw, Gedefaw Diress Alen and Asmamaw Demis Bizuneh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:604

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:156

  5. Severe COVID-19 is a disease characterized by profound dysregulation of the innate immune system. There is a need to identify highly reliable prognostic biomarkers that can be rapidly assessed in body fluids f...

    Authors: Lázaro Verdiguel-Fernández, Rene Arredondo-Hernández, Jesús Andrés Mejía-Estrada, Adolfo Ortiz, Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez, Patricia Orduña, Samuel Ponce de León-Rosales, Juan José Calva and Yolanda López-Vidal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:602
  6. Mycoplasma hominis is a facultative anaerobic bacterium commonly present in the urogenital tract. In recent years, M. hominis has increasingly been associated with extra-urogenital tract infections, particularly ...

    Authors: Afrinash Ahamad, Fainareti N. Zervou and Maria E. Aguero-Rosenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:601
  7. Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), is a common health problem in low- and middle-income countries. Cardiac involvement is a relatively rare manifestation of Echinococcus infection. This study aims to summarize the...

    Authors: Erfan Banisefid, Kosar Baghernezhad, Rasa Beheshti, Sina Hamzehzadeh, Soheil Nemati, Zahra Samadifar, Hamid Owaysee Osquee, Elnaz Javanshir and Amirreza Naseri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:600
  8. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, especially for those living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Learning about knowledge of and attitudes towards HCV...

    Authors: Wenqian Xu, Peizhen Zhao, Haiyi Li and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:599
  9. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) improved the prognosis of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH). Life-long treatment is required in PLWH and is accompanied by various metabolic abnormalitie...

    Authors: Xiuxia Li, Xiaojing Song, Yang Han, Zhifeng Qiu, Wei Cao and Taisheng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:598
  10. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) cause substantial morbidity and mortality both in African and China. However, there is limited data available on the prevalence of HI...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Menglan Yang, Peizhen Zhao, Shujie Huang and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:597
  11. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common childhood bacterial infectious disease requiring antimicrobial therapy. Most cases of AOM are caused by translocation of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influen...

    Authors: Briallen Lobb, Matthew C. Lee, Christi L. McElheny, Yohei Doi, Kristin Yahner, Alejandro Hoberman, Judith M. Martin, Jeremy A. Hirota, Andrew C. Doxey and Nader Shaikh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:596
  12. Although many studies on asymptomatic norovirus infection in outbreaks have been conducted globally, structured data (important for emergency management of outbreaks) on the prevalence of this epidemic are sti...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Zhao Gao, Zu-rong Yang, Kun Liu and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:595
  13. Multimorbidity, smoking status, and pregnancy are identified as three risk factors associated with more severe outcomes following a SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus vaccination uptake is crucial for pregnant women l...

    Authors: Mohamed Mhereeg, Hope Jones, Jonathan Kennedy, Mike Seaborne, Michael Parker, Natasha Kennedy, Ashley Akbari, Luisa Zuccolo, Amaya Azcoaga-Lorenzo, Alisha Davies, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar and Sinead Brophy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:594
  14. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging global public health crisis. Surveillance is a fundamental component in the monitoring and evaluation of AMR mitigation endeavours. The primary aim of the scoping ...

    Authors: Phu Cong Do, Yibeltal Alemu Assefa, Suliasi Mekerusa Batikawai and Simon Andrew Reid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:593
  15. In immunocompromised populations, such as patients with AIDS and recipients of solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplants, BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) can reactivate and cause several diseases, which can ...

    Authors: Yuchen Wang, Yiling Fang, Ziyan Yan, Renfei Xia, Wenli Zeng, Wenfeng Deng, Jian Xu, Xiaoqin Feng, Jie Peng and Yun Miao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:592
  16. Human orthopneumovirus (HOPV) or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the important causes of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) during the cold months of the year worldwide. Many countries have reported...

    Authors: Jila Yavarian, Somayeh Shatizadeh Malekshahi, Marziyeh Faraji-Zonouz, Shirin Kalantari, Sevrin Zadheidar, Sara Saghafi, Faezeh Tarpour, Arash Letafati, Akram sadat Ahmadi, Nazanin-Zahra Shafiei-Jandaghi and Talat Mokhtari-Azad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:591
  17. Vitamin B6 is an essential water-soluble vitamin for humans. It is often used to prevent a variety of neuropathies, relieve vomiting, and relieve symptoms such as hand and foot neuritis.

    Authors: Meng-Yan Cui, Meng-Jie Zhang, Qiao-Li Jiang, Zhong-Mei Pei, Zhen-Yu Cui, Mei Kang, Lun-Gen Lu and Ying-Ying Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:590
  18. During endotracheal intubation, extubation, tracheotomy, and tracheotomy tube replacement, the splashed airway secretions of patients will increase the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV‐2 and many other potenti...

    Authors: Lilong Liu, Yan Deng, Shouli Xia, Zengpeng Sun, Zhipeng Zhu, Weiyi Chen, Dongdong Xiao, Weiyong Sheng and Ke Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:589
  19. To investigate the etiological characteristics of plastic bronchitis (PB) caused by pulmonary infections in children and to identify any differences in the clinical features of PB cases caused by different pat...

    Authors: Feng Huang, Wenjing Gu, Jianfeng Diwu, Xinxing Zhang, Yanyu He, Youjian Zhang, Zhengrong Chen, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Heting Dong, Shanshan Wang, Yuqing Wang, Canhong Zhu and Chuangli Hao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:588
  20. Escherichia coli significantly causes nosocomial infections and rampant spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). There is limited data on genomic characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producin...

    Authors: Ivan Sserwadda, Benson R. Kidenya, Stephen Kanyerezi, Inyasi Lawrence Akaro, Baraka Mkinze, Stephen E. Mshana, Suhaila O. Hashim, Everlyne Isoe, Jeremiah Seni, Moses L. Joloba and Gerald Mboowa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:587
  21. Tuberculosis (TB) has a high morbidity and mortality rate, and its prevention and treatment focus is on impoverished areas. The Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is a typical impoverished area in western Chin...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Chaoxin Zhou, Lan Shang and Xiyuan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:586
  22. To study the efficacy and safety of arbidol hydrochloride tablets as a treatment for influenza-like diseases.

    Authors: Xinfeng Bai, Suya Xi, Guiyan Chen, Xiaoying Fan, Kaiwei Wang, Yong Li, Yang Zhao, Weizhan Wang and Yingping Tian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:585
  23. To estimate the prevalence and risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in China.

    Authors: Cong-Cong Qi, Li-Ran Xu, Chang-Jia Zhao, Hai-Yan Zhang, Qing-Ya Li, Mei-Jun Liu, Ye-Xuan Zhang, Zhou Tang and Xiu-Xia Ma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:584
  24. To date, few cases of TSS caused by coagulase negative (CoN) staphylococci have been reported in the literature. Recent data show that CoN staphylococci are capable of secreting a number of enterotoxins and cytot...

    Authors: Charis Armeftis, Andreas Ioannou, Theodorakis Lazarou, Achilleas Giannopoulos, Efrosyni Dimitriadou, Kostantinos Makrides and Zoi Dorothea Pana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:583
  25. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered one of the most prevalent infections that may lead to many renal complications. They account for almost 10% of all infections in Saudi Arabia, making them the second...

    Authors: Yahya A. Almutawif and Hamza M. A. Eid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:582
  26. Immune dysregulation in patients with acute COVID-19 under chronic hemodialysis (CHD) is fully not elucidated. The changes of mononuclear counts and mediators before and after HD and associations with final ou...

    Authors: Dimitra Bacharaki, Minas Karagiannis, Panagiotis Giannakopoulos, Evangelos Papachristou, Dimitrios Divanis, Aggeliki Sardeli, Dimitra Petrou, Petros Nikolopoulos, Adamantia Bratsiakou, Vassiliki Zoi, Nikitas Piliouras, Georgia Damoraki, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Dimitrios Goumenos and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:581
  27. Many factors determine empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We aimed to describe the empirical antibiotic treatment CAP patients with an acute hospital visit and to determine i...

    Authors: Morten Hjarnø Lorentzen, Flemming Schønning Rosenvinge, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Ole Graumann, Christian B. Laursen, Christian Backer Mogensen and Helene Skjøt-Arkil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:580
  28. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is the second leading cause of community-acquired and hospital-acquired gram-negative bloodstream infection (BSI). This study aimed to assess the epidemiological and microbia...

    Authors: Taghreed A. Hafiz, Sarah Alanazi, Shahad S. Alghamdi, Murad A. Mubaraki, Waleed Aljabr, Nouf Madkhali, Sarah R. Alharbi, Khalifa Binkhamis and Fawzia Alotaibi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:579
  29. HIV post- exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a prevention tool for individuals with a recent potential exposure to HIV. Doravirine has been available since 2019 in combination with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and...

    Authors: Inès Devred, Kick Kayembe, Nadia Valin, Hayette Rougier, Bruce Wuembulua Shinga, Sidonie Lambert-Niclot, Thibault Chiarabini, Marie-Caroline Meyohas and Karine Lacombe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:578
  30. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA vaccine effectiveness (VE) has recently declined, and reports about COVID-19 breakthrough infection have increased. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on population-b...

    Authors: Xiaohui Jing, Menglin Han, Xiaoxuan Wang and Li Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:577

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:648

  31. So far, there have been more than 761 million confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 worldwide, with more than 6.8 million deaths. The most common direct causes of death for COVID-19 are diffuse alveolar injury and acu...

    Authors: Jiangwei Kong, Tengfei Yang, Fu Zhang, XinBiao Liao, Sihao Du, Xingan Yang and Dongri Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:576
  32. Data on recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis prevalence among drug users in the Southwest China are sparse despite the high burden of drug use. This study aims at ass...

    Authors: Tong Luo, Zhaosen Lin, Zhenxian Wu, Ping Cen, Aidan Nong, Rongye Huang, Jianhua Che, Fengfeng Liang, Yuan Yang, Jie Liu, Li Huang, Jie Cai, Yanyun Ou, Li Ye, Lijuan Bao, Bingyu Liang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:575
  33. Diagnosis of infected individuals with Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is often performed by real-time PCR or transcription-mediated amplification (TMA). A limitation of the MG-TMA assay is the relatively short time s...

    Authors: Nikki Adriaens, Anne-Marije Pennekamp, Alje P. van Dam and Sylvia M. Bruisten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:574
  34. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are drugs growingly employed in cancer immunotherapy which have significantly improved the prognosis of several tumours. ICIs act by restoring the “exhausted” immune system ...

    Authors: Cecilia Azzarà, Andrea Lombardi, Andrea Gramegna, Margherita Ori, Andrea Gori, Francesco Blasi and Alessandra Bandera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:573
  35. Cholera in Kolkata remains endemic and the Indian city is burdened with a high number of annual cases. Climate change is widely considered to exacerbate cholera, however the precise relationship between climat...

    Authors: Debbie Shackleton, Theo Economou, Fayyaz Ali Memon, Albert Chen, Shanta Dutta, Suman Kanungo and Alok Deb
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:572
  36. Collagenomas are rare connective tissue hamartomas composed of dermal collagen. Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can present with HIV-related lipodystrophy or lipomas. There are no kno...

    Authors: Kevin K. Wu, Masoud Movassaghi, Brittney DeClerck and Maggie Chow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:571
  37. Integration of a sensitive point-of-care (POC) HIV viral load (VL) test into screening algorithms may help detect acute HIV infection earlier, identify people with HIV (PWH) who are not virally suppressed, and...

    Authors: Mohammad Harris Bayan, Travis Smalls, Alec Boudreau, Agha W. Mirza, Courtney Pasco, Zoe O Demko, Richard E. Rothman, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Susan H. Eshleman, Heba H. Mostafa, Nathalie Gonzalez-Jimenez, Pollyanna R. Chavez, Brian Emerson, Kevin P. Delaney, Debra Daugherty, Robin J. MacGowan…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:570
  38. Epithelial trauma is a risk factor of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs). Painful intercourse may be indicative of epithelial tissue disruption. Previous studies on ...

    Authors: Bastian Fischer, Walter Jaoko, Elvis Kirui, Bernard Muture, Isaac Madegwa and Lisbeth Kageni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:569
  39. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) complicated with extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) infection can aggravate the disease, but there have been few reports.

    Authors: Tianshui Niu, Fei He, Jianshe Yang, Chengxi Ma, Jingyi Xu, Tianzhi Sun, Xin Zhang, Shuyi Chen and Chuhui Ru
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:488
  40. There is no doubt about the cardiovascular complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between genetic variants in a region on chromosome 9p21...

    Authors: Eman A. Badr, Nesreen G. Elhelbawy, Alaa Osama Nagy, Amany A. Sultan and Shereen S. Elnaidany
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:568
  41. This study assessed the distribution characteristics of pathogens isolated from cases of orthopedic infections and focused on the antimicrobial susceptibility of the main pathogens.

    Authors: Boyong Wang, Qiaojie Wang, Musha Hamushan, Jinlong Yu, Feng Jiang, Mingzhang Li, Geyong Guo, Jin Tang, Pei Han and Hao Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:567
  42. The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic remains a major global health problem and Eswatini is not excluded. Our study investigated the circulating genotypes in Eswatini and compared them at baseline (start of treatment...

    Authors: Talent C. Dlamini, Brenda T. Mkhize, Clive Sydney, Nontuthuko E. Maningi and Lesibana A. Malinga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:566
  43. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is usually diagnosed in children, and the type of respiratory specimen is critical. Differences in pathogens detection between induced sputum (IS) and bronchoalveolar lavage ...

    Authors: Le Wang, Sukun Lu, Yinghui Guo, Jianhua Liu, Peng Wu and Shuo Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:565
  44. Gram-negative bloodstream infections (GN-BSIs) are a significant clinical challenge. The utility of follow-up blood cultures (FUBCs) in GN-BSIs and their impact on mortality and antibiotic consumption are area...

    Authors: Mehmet Yildiz, Hamid Habibi, Fatma Betul Altin, Seref Kerem Corbacioglu and Hasan Selcuk Ozger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:564
  45. Influenza infection is a highly preventable transmissible viral disease associated with mild upper respiratory symptoms and more severe conditions such as lethal pneumonia. Studies have shown that a broader sp...

    Authors: Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro, Alessandra N. C. P. Roscani, Augusto Cesar Sousa Raimundo, Larissa Ferreira, Tazio Vanni, Maria da Graça Salomão, Livia Fernandes Probst and Juliana Yukari K. Viscondi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:563
  46. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) play a pivotal role in controlling typhoid fever, as it is primarily transmitted through oral-fecal pathways. Given our constrained resources, staying current with the mos...

    Authors: Chaelin Kim, Gerard R. Goucher, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Woojoo Lee, Kaja Abbas and Jong-Hoon Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:562
  47. Intestinal tuberculosis is a chronic and specific infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis invading the intestine. Due to the nonspecific clinical presentation, it is stressed that intestinal perforation...

    Authors: Guobin Liu, Tianyan Chen, Xiaofeng Song, Bolin Chen and Quan Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:559

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