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  1. In 2012, as a pilot for Botswana’s national Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) rollout plans, intensified tuberculosis (TB) case finding (ICF) activities were strengthened at 22 HIV treatment clinics prior to phased activa...

    Authors: Andrew F. Auld, Tefera Agizew, Sherri Pals, Alyssa Finlay, Ndwapi Ndwapi, Rosanna Boyd, Heather Alexander, Anikie Mathoma, Joyce Basotli, Sambayawo Gwebe-Nyirenda, James Shepherd, Tedd V. Ellerbrock and Anand Date
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:606
  2. Authors: Ankur Gupta-Wright, Katherine L. Fielding, Joep J. van Oosterhout, Douglas K. Wilson, Elizabeth L. Corbett, Clare Flach, Krishna P. Reddy, Rochelle P. Walensky, Jurgens A. Peters, Melanie Alufandika-Moyo and Stephen D. Lawn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:604

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:501

  3. Authors: Alberto L. García-Basteiro, Durval Respeito, Orvalho J. Augusto, Elisa López-Varela, Charfudin Sacoor, Victor G. Sequera, Aina Casellas, Quique Bassat, Ivan Manhiça, Eusebio Macete, Frank Cobelens and Pedro L. Alonso
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:603

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:214

  4. Trichosporon mycotoxinivorans is a recently described yeast-like fungal organism and its association as a pathogen for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) was reported previously. We show the clinical course of a ...

    Authors: Daniel Goldenberger, Vladimira Hinić, Spasenija Savic Prince, Michael Tamm, Anna-Maria Balestra, Doris Hohler and Reno Frei
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:601
  5. Novel avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of H7N9, H10N8, and H5N6 are currently circulating in China’s poultry flocks, occasionally infecting human and other mammals. Human infected AIV H5N6 in China during 2014–2...

    Authors: Zhijie Zhang, Rui Li, Lufang Jiang, Chenglong Xiong, Yue Chen, Genming Zhao and Qingwu Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:600
  6. Tuberculosis (TB) causes a major burden on global health with long and cumbersome TB treatment regimens. Host-directed immune modulating therapies have been suggested as adjunctive treatment to TB antibiotics....

    Authors: Kristian Tonby, Ida Wergeland, Nora V. Lieske, Dag Kvale, Kjetil Tasken and Anne M. Dyrhol-Riise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:599
  7. Diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSI) in neonates is usually difficult due to minimal symptoms at presentation; thus early empirical therapy guided by local antibiotic susceptibility profile is necessary t...

    Authors: Appiah-Korang Labi, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Stephanie Bjerrum, Christabel Enweronu-Laryea and Mercy Jemima Newman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:598
  8. Lower respiratory tract infection in children is increasingly thought to be polymicrobial in origin. Children with symptoms suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) may have tuberculosis, other respiratory t...

    Authors: Felix S. Dube, Mamadou Kaba, F. J. Lourens Robberts, Lemese Ah Tow, Sugnet Lubbe, Heather J. Zar and Mark P. Nicol
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:597
  9. Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) constitutes a great majority of hospital diarrhea cases in industrialized countries and is induced by two types of large toxin molecules: toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B...

    Authors: Bao-Zhong Zhang, Jianpiao Cai, Bin Yu, Yanhong Hua, Candy Choiyi Lau, Richard Yi-Tsun Tsun Kao, Kong-Hung Sze, Kwok-Yung Yuen and Jian-Dong Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:596
  10. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a bacterial pathogen that has developed resistance to multiple antibiotics and is a major cause of nosocomial infections worldwide. Carbapenemase-producing Kle...

    Authors: Aura Falco, Yusibeska Ramos, Esther Franco, Alegría Guzmán and Howard Takiff
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:595
  11. Tracking the dissemination of specific Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains using genotyped Mtb isolates from tuberculosis patients is a routine public health practice in the United States. The present study ...

    Authors: Larry D. Teeter, Padmaja Vempaty, Duc T. M. Nguyen, Jane Tapia, Sharon Sharnprapai, Smita Ghosh, J. Steven Kammerer, Roque Miramontes, Wendy A. Cronin and Edward A. Graviss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:594
  12. According to the World Health Organization, South Africa ranks as one of the highest burden of TB, TB/HIV co-infection, and drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) countries. DR-TB treatment is complicated to administer and...

    Authors: Kathryn Schnippel, Rebecca H. Berhanu, Andrew Black, Cynthia Firnhaber, Norah Maitisa, Denise Evans and Edina Sinanovic
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:593
  13. Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing increases patient accessibility to assessment of antiretroviral therapy eligibility. This review evaluates field performance in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) of curren...

    Authors: Minh D. Pham, Paul A. Agius, Lorena Romero, Peter McGlynn, David Anderson, Suzanne M. Crowe and Stanley Luchters
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:592
  14. Symptomatic primary HIV infection is associated with an adverse prognosis, and immediate initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is recommended. However, little is known about immunological pre...

    Authors: Marco Gelpi, Hans J. Hartling, Kristina Thorsteinsson, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum and Susanne D. Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:591
  15. Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV in Canada. Combination antiretroviral therapy has been shown to dramatically decrease progression to AIDS, prematu...

    Authors: Zachary Tanner, Nathan Lachowsky, Erin Ding, Hasina Samji, Mark Hull, Angela Cescon, Sophie Patterson, Jason Chia, Alia Leslie, Janet Raboud, Mona Loutfy, Curtis Cooper, Marina Klein, Nima Machouf, Christos Tsoukas, Julio Montaner…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:590
  16. Despite global efforts to control HIV among key populations, new infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) individuals are still increasing. The increasing HIV epidemic among MSM/TG...

    Authors: Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Kathrine Meyers, Polin Chan, Zhongdan Chen and Joseph D. Tucker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:588
  17. Neonatal infection constitutes one of Senegal’s most important public health problems, with a mortality rate of 41 deaths per 1,000 live births.

    Authors: Sebastien Breurec, Coralie Bouchiat, Jean-Marie Sire, Olivier Moquet, Raymond Bercion, Moussa Fafa Cisse, Philippe Glaser, Ousmane Ndiaye, Sidy Ka, Helene Salord, Abdoulaye Seck, Haby Signate Sy, Remy Michel and Benoit Garin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:587
  18. Ustekinumab (Stelara®), a human monoclonal antibody targeting the p40-subunit of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23, is indicated for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In large multicente...

    Authors: Insa Joost, Johannes Steinfurt, Philipp T. Meyer, Winfried V. Kern and Siegbert Rieg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:586
  19. Severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is sometimes associated with serious complications such as acute heart failure that can cause substantial child mortality. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (...

    Authors: Hui-Ling Deng, Yu-Feng Zhang, Ya-Ping Li, Yu Zhang, Yan Xie, Jun Wang, Xiao-Yan Wang and Shuang-Suo Dang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:585
  20. Achromobacter xylosoxidans (AX) is known for intrinsic resistance to disinfectants. Our laboratory routine surveillance system detected an unexpected rise in AX bloodstream infections in a 2200-bed hospital. An e...

    Authors: Frank Günther, Uta Merle, Uwe Frank, Matthias M. Gaida and Nico T. Mutters
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:584
  21. Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance is an emerging health problem in Kenya and especially in slums. Slum environments create a conducive environment for the spread of tuberculosis (TB) due to high population den...

    Authors: Glennah Kerubo, Evans Amukoye, Stefan Niemann and Samuel Kariuki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:583
  22. Acute vision loss in the post-partum period can occur due to many reasons. Eclampsia, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), pituitary apoplexy, and central serous retinopathy are some of the imp...

    Authors: Aniruddha More, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar and Ravi Uniyal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:582
  23. Cellulitis is a common infectious disease. Although blood culture is frequently used in the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of cellulitis, it is a contentious diagnostic test. To help clinicians determine w...

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Calvin M. Kunin, Chung Chang, Susan Shin-Jung Lee, Yao-Shen Chen and Hung-Chin Tsai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:581
  24. Granulysin (GNLY) is produced by human lymphocyte subpopulations and exhibits antimicrobial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We examined the association between GNLY levels in blood and latent tubercu...

    Authors: Pham Huu Thuong, Do Bang Tam, Shinsaku Sakurada, Nguyen Thi Le Hang, Minako Hijikata, Le Thi Hong, Phan Thi Minh Ngoc, Pham Thu Anh, Vu Cao Cuong, Ikumi Matsushita, Luu Thi Lien and Naoto Keicho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:580
  25. Dengue virus (DENV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) belong to the genus Flavivirus, and infection with a virus within this genus induces antibodies that are cross-reactive to other flaviviruses. Particularl...

    Authors: Yuka Saito, Meng Ling Moi, Nozomi Takeshita, Chang-Kweng Lim, Hajime Shiba, Kuniaki Hosono, Masayuki Saijo, Ichiro Kurane and Tomohiko Takasaki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:578
  26. Nearly every year Influenza affects most countries worldwide and the risk of a new pandemic is always present. Therefore, influenza is a major concern for public health. School-age individuals are often the mo...

    Authors: Constanze Ciavarella, Laura Fumanelli, Stefano Merler, Ciro Cattuto and Marco Ajelli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:576
  27. An outbreak of pneumococcal meningitis among non-infant children and adults occurred in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana between December 2015 and April 2016 despite the recent nationwide implementation of a va...

    Authors: Brenda Anna Kwambana-Adams, Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe, Badu Sarkodie, Osei Kuffour Afreh, George Khumalo Kuma, Godfred Owusu-Okyere, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Sally-Ann Ohene, Charles Okot, Archibald Kwame Worwui, Catherine Okoi, Madikay Senghore, Jacob Kweku Otu, Chinelo Ebruke, Richard Bannerman, Kwame Amponsa-Achiano…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:575
  28. Aggregatibacter aphrophilus, a commensal of the oro-pharyngeal flora and member of the HACEK group of organisms, is an uncommonly encountered clinical pathogen. It has already been des...

    Authors: Morgane Choquet, Emilie Pluquet, Sandrine Castelain, Raphaël Guihéneuf and Véronique Decroix
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:574
  29. Tuberculous meningitis in adults is well characterized in Vietnam, but there are no data on the disease in children. We present a prospective descriptive study of Vietnamese children with TBM to define the pre...

    Authors: Nguyen Duc Bang, Maxine Caws, Thai Thanh Truc, Tran Ngoc Duong, Nguyen Huy Dung, Dang Thi Minh Ha, Guy E. Thwaites, Doortje Heemskerk, Joel Tarning, Laura Merson, Pham Van Toi, Jeremy J. Farrar, Marcel Wolbers, Thomas Pouplin and Jeremy N. Day
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:573
  30. Co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among HIV infected individuals especially in developing countries. Early initiation of cART in these patients when C...

    Authors: Simon Mutembo, Jane N. Mutanga, Kebby Musokotwane, Lutangu Alisheke and Christopher C. Whalen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:572
  31. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduce HIV-1 transmission within heterosexual HIV-1 serodiscordant couples. Prioritizing couples at highest HIV-1 transmission risk for ART and ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Irungu, Renee Heffron, Nelly Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Elly Katabira, Nulu Bulya, Elizabeth Bukusi, Josephine Odoyo, Stephen Asiimwe, Edna Tindimwebwa, Connie Celum and Jared M. Baeten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:571
  32. Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is a significant paediatric bloodstream pathogen in children. There is little data from Africa. In this study we describe the epidemiology of multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Heloise Buys, Rudzani Muloiwa, Colleen Bamford and Brian Eley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:570
  33. Acute reduction in hemoglobin levels is frequently seen during sepsis. Previous studies have focused on the management of anemia in patients with septic shock admitted to intensive care units (ICU’s), includin...

    Authors: Gassan Fuad Muady, Haim Bitterman, Arie Laor, Moshe Vardi, Vitally Urin and Nesrin Ghanem-Zoubi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:569
  34. Outcome of patients with streptococcal prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) is not well known.

    Authors: E. Fiaux, M. Titecat, O. Robineau, J. Lora-Tamayo, Y. El Samad, M. Etienne, N. Frebourg, N. Blondiaux, B. Brunschweiler, F. Dujardin, E. Beltrand, C. Loiez, V. Cattoir, J. P. Canarelli, C. Hulet, M. Valette…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:568
  35. Fever is a common cause of hospital admission in Bangladesh but causative agents, other than malaria, are not routinely investigated. Enteric fever is thought to be common.

    Authors: Rapeephan R. Maude, Aniruddha Ghose, Rasheda Samad, Hanna K. de Jong, Masako Fukushima, Lalith Wijedoru, Mahtab Uddin Hassan, Md Amir Hossain, Md Rezaul Karim, Abdullah Abu Sayeed, Stannie van den Ende, Sujat Pal, A. S. M. Zahed, Wahid Rahman, Rifat Karnain, Rezina Islam…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:567
  36. The rodent borne Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) causes haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in central and northern Europe. The number of cases has increased and northern Sweden has experienced large outbreaks in...

    Authors: Kristina Bergstedt Oscarsson, Alette Brorstad, Maria Baudin, Anne Lindberg, Annika Forssén, Magnus Evander, Marie Eriksson and Clas Ahlm
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:566
  37. HCV treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID) is low. Education programs may be suitable strategies to improve patients’ knowledge about their condition and to overcome barriers to access treatment.

    Authors: Rui Tato Marinho, António Costa, Teodomiro Pires, Helena Raposo, Carlos Vasconcelos, Cristina Polónia, Joaquim Borges, Mariana Soares, Graça Vilar and Ana Maria Nogueira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:565
  38. Tuberculosis (TB) disproportionately affects immigrants, HIV-infected individuals, and those living in crowded settings such as homeless shelters and correctional facilities. Although the majority of jails and...

    Authors: Ank E. Nijhawan, Princess A. Iroh, Larry S. Brown, Daniel Winetsky and Esmaeil Porsa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:564
  39. The spread of resistance to carbapenems among Enterobacteriaceae has become a major public health problem in recent years. In this study, we describe an outbreak of Klebsiella pneumoniae in the neonatal ward. Fir...

    Authors: Jing Yu, Kun Tan, Zhihui Rong, Yue Wang, Zhongju Chen, Xuhui Zhu, Li Wu, Li Tan, Wei Xiong, Ziyong Sun and Ling Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:563
  40. A substantial proportion of HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We aimed to increase understanding of the factors affecting their high mortality, p...

    Authors: Susannah L Woodd, Paul Kelly, John R. Koethe, George Praygod, Andrea M. Rehman, Molly Chisenga, Joshua Siame, Douglas C. Heimburger, Henrik Friis and Suzanne Filteau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:562
  41. Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are responsible for a significant disease burden amongst Māori and Pacific populations in New Zealand (NZ). However, contemporary data are lacking ...

    Authors: Deborah A Williamson, Pierre R Smeesters, Andrew C Steer, Julie Morgan, Mark Davies, Philip Carter, Arlo Upton, Stephen Y.C. Tong, John Fraser and Nicole J Moreland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:561
  42. Differences between the characteristics of culture positive pyogenic spondylitis (CPPS) and tuberculous spondylitis (TS) are well known. However, differences between the characteristics of culture negative pyo...

    Authors: Chung-Jong Kim, Eun Jung Kim, Kyoung-Ho Song, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Ji Hwan Bang, Eu Suk Kim, Sang Won Park, Hong-Bin Kim, Myoung-don Oh and Nam Joong Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:560
  43. Among septic patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), early recognition of those with the highest risk of death is of paramount importance. Since clinical judgment is sometimes uncertain biomarkers ...

    Authors: P. E. Charles, R. Noel, F. Massin, J. Guy, P. E. Bollaert, J. P. Quenot and S. Gibot
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:559
  44. Worldwide, human brucellosis remains an important and widespread infection. In the past, there were limited data on the occurrence of human brucellosis in the United Arab Emirates and the reported incidence ap...

    Authors: Nawal Al Shehhi, Faisal Aziz, Farida Al Hosani, Bashir Aden and Iain Blair
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:558
  45. Mycoplasma hominis, a well known cause of neonatal infection, has been reported as a pathogen in urogenital infections in adults; however, central nervous system (CNS) infections are rare. We report here the firs...

    Authors: Menglan Zhou, Peng Wang, Sharon Chen, Bin Du, Jinlong Du, Fengdan Wang, Meng Xiao, Fanrong Kong and Yingchun Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:557
  46. Little is known about survival outcomes of HIV patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) on a large-scale in India, or facility level factors that influence patient survival to guide further improvem...

    Authors: Rakhi Dandona, Bharat B. Rewari, G. Anil Kumar, Sukarma Tanwar, S. G. Prem Kumar, Venkata S. Vishnumolakala, Herbert C. Duber, Emmanuela Gakidou and Lalit Dandona
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:555
  47. Performing a test of cure (TOC) could demonstrate success or failure of antimicrobial treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis infection, but recommendations for the timing of a TOC using nucleic acid amplification tes...

    Authors: Carolien M. Wind, Maarten F. Schim van der Loeff, Magnus Unemo, Rob Schuurman, Alje P. van Dam and Henry J. C. de Vries
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:554

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