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  1. Content type: Research article

    Neutropenic enterocolitis is a life-threatening complication most frequently occurring after intensive chemotherapy in acute leukaemias. Gramnegative bacteria constitute the most important group of causative p...

    Authors: Marcus Gorschlüter, Ulrich Mey, John Strehl, Volker Schmitz, Christian Rabe, Katharina Pauls, Carsten Ziske, Ingo GH Schmidt-Wolf and Axel Glasmacher

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:35

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  2. Content type: Research article

    End-stage liver disease is currently a major concern among HIV-positive individuals due to co-infection with hepatotropic virus. Hepatitis C has been pointed out as a remarkable factor for that. More recently,...

    Authors: Rui Alberto Roldão de Almeida Pereira, Aparecida Duarte Hg Mussi, Vergínia Correa de Azevedo e Silva and Francisco José Dutra Souto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:34

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Delay in start of tuberculosis (TB) treatment has an impact at both the individual level, by increasing the risk of morbidity and mortality, and at the community level, by increasing the risk of transmission. ...

    Authors: Mohamed Guled Farah, Jens Henning Rygh, Tore W Steen, Randi Selmer, Einar Heldal and Gunnar Bjune

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:33

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To apply clarithromycin as an immunomodulatory treatment in experimental urosepsis by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    Authors: Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Anastasia Antonopoulou, Maria Raftogiannis, Pantelis Koutoukas, Thomas Tsaganos, Vassiliki Tziortzioti, Charalambos Panagou, Theodoros Adamis and Helen Giamarellou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:31

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has gradually become more frequent in most countries of the world. Sweden has remained one of few exceptions to the high occurrence of MRSA in ...

    Authors: Mikael Stenhem, Åke Örtqvist, Håkan Ringberg, Leif Larsson, Barbro Olsson-Liljequist, Sara Hæggman and Karl Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Measles remains a major public health problem in Mozambique despite significant efforts to control the disease. Currently, health authorities base their outbreak control on data from the routine surveillance s...

    Authors: Jagrati V Jani, Ilesh V Jani, Carolina Araújo, Sundeep Sahay, Jorge Barreto and Gunnar Bjune

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:29

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    While hearing loss in HIV-infected people after beginning nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) has been reported, there have been no prospective studies that measured hearing changes longitudina...

    Authors: Jeffrey T Schouten, David W Lockhart, Thomas S Rees, Ann C Collier and Christina M Marra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    HPV infection in women from developing countries is an important public health problem. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalences of HPV infection and HPV genotypes in a female population of Durango Ci...

    Authors: Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Miguel Arturo Reyes-Romero and Margarita Carrera-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:27

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  9. Content type: Case report

    The current recommended therapy for diffuse coccidioidal pneumonia involves initial treatment with amphotericin B deoxycholate or high-dose fluconazole, followed by an azole after clinical improvement. Amphote...

    Authors: Dae Won Park, Jang Wook Sohn, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim, Je Hyeong Kim and Chol Shin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Meningococcal disease is infrequently found in Taiwan, a country with 23 million people. Between 1996 and 2002, 17 to 81 clinical cases of the disease were reported annually. Reported cases dramatically increa...

    Authors: Chien-Shun Chiou, Jui-Cheng Liao, Tsai-Ling Liao, Chun-Chin Li, Chen-Ying Chou, Hsiu-Li Chang, Shu-Man Yao and Yeong-Sheng Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:25

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The frequency of ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSI) is high in Brazilian hospitals, however little is known regarding what role, if any, resistance plays in the expected outcome in ...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Sérgio B Wey, Adauto Castelo, Ana Cristina Gales, Ruy Guilherme R Cal, José R do Carmo Filho, Michael B Edmond and Carlos Alberto P Pereira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:24

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) and Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) are medically significant infectious agents associated with various chronic human pathologies. Nevertheless, specific roles in disease progression or init...

    Authors: Frances Cirino, Wilmore C Webley, Corrie West, Nancy L Croteau, Chester Andrzejewski Jr and Elizabeth S Stuart

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:23

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:165

  13. Content type: Research article

    Syndromic management of STIs has been advocated as simplified and cheap approach. Youth have been reported to be at increased risk of acquiring STIs which can facilitate HIV transmission. We have investigated ...

    Authors: Guerino Chalamilla, Judica Mbwana, Fred Mhalu, Eunice Mmari, Mtebe Majigo, Andrew Swai, Willy Urassa and Eric Sandstrom

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:22

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Infection represents a frequent complication among patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and mortality is high. In particular, the incidence of fungal infections, especially due to Candida spp., has been increa...

    Authors: Matteo Bassetti, Elda Righi, Alessandro Costa, Roberta Fasce, Maria Pia Molinari, Raffaella Rosso, Franco Bobbio Pallavicini and Claudio Viscoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:21

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  15. Content type: Technical advance

    We have previously developed a test for the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) based on the detection of the SARS-coronavirus RNA in serum by real-time quantita...

    Authors: Rossa WK Chiu, Yongjie Jin, Grace TY Chung, Wing-bong Lui, Anthony TC Chan, Wilina Lim and YM Dennis Lo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:20

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Thrombocytopenia is commonly observed in severe leptospirosis. However, previous studies on coagulation alterations during leptospirosis resulted in inconsistent conclusions. Some findings showed that the prom...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Yang, Xu-Cheng Jiang, Xiang-Yan Zhang, Wen-Jun LI, Bao-Yu HU, Guo-Ping Zhao and Xiao-Kui Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:19

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of cholera outbreaks is crucial for the implementation of the most appropriate control strategies.

    Authors: Xuan-Yi Wang, M Ansaruzzaman, Raul Vaz, Catarina Mondlane, Marcelino ES Lucas, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Sonia Ampuero, Mahesh Puri, Taesung Park, GB Nair, John D Clemens, Claire-Lise Chaignat, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Farida Nato and Jean-Michel Fournier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:17

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The WHO recommends that adults with uncomplicated P. falciparum successfully treated with a blood schizonticide receive a single dose of primaquine (PQ) 45 mg as a gametocytocidal agent. An earlier pilot study...

    Authors: NJ Gogtay, KD Kamtekar, SS Dalvi, SS Mehta, AR Chogle, U Aigal and NA Kshirsagar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:16

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Acute infectious diseases are typically accompanied by non-specific symptoms including fever, malaise, irritability and somnolence that usually resolve on recovery. However, in some individuals these symptoms ...

    Authors: Suzanne D Vernon, Toni Whistler, Barbara Cameron, Ian B Hickie, William C Reeves and Andrew Lloyd

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:15

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Recent trends of pneumococcal colonization in the United States, following the introduction of conjugate vaccination, indicate that non-vaccine serotypes tend to replace vaccine serotypes. The eventual extent ...

    Authors: Simon Cauchemez, Laura Temime, Alain-Jacques Valleron, Emmanuelle Varon, Guy Thomas, Didier Guillemot and Pierre-Yves Boëlle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:14

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  21. Content type: Technical advance

    The reproducibilty of dengue IgM and IgG ELISA was studied in serum and filter paper blood spots from Vietnamese febrile patients.

    Authors: Thanh Nga T Tran, Peter J de Vries, Lan Phuong Hoang, Giao T Phan, Hung Q Le, Binh Q Tran, Chi Mai T Vo, Nam V Nguyen, Piet A Kager, Nico Nagelkerke and Jan Groen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:13

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We recently showed that beta-defensins have antimicrobial activity against nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and that interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) up-regulates the transcription of beta-defensin 2 ...

    Authors: Sung-Kyun Moon, Haa-Yung Lee, Huiqi Pan, Tamotsu Takeshita, Raekil Park, Kiweon Cha, Ali Andalibi and David J Lim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:12

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A reliable prediction of the causative agent of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is not possible based on clinical features. Our aim was to test, whether the measurement of the expression of complement recep...

    Authors: Ulla Hohenthal, Jari Nuutila, Esa-Matti Lilius, Iina Laitinen, Jukka Nikoskelainen and Pirkko Kotilainen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:11

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The effects of HAART may differ between children and adults because children have a developing immune system, and the long-term immunological outcome in HIV-infected children on HAART is not well-known. A majo...

    Authors: Salvador Resino, Rosa Resino, Juan A Leon, José M Bellon, Pablo Martin-Fontelos, Jose T Ramos, Dolores Gurbindo-Gutierrez, Maria I de Jose, Luis Ciria and Maria A Muñoz-Fernandez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:10

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Abiotrophia and Granulicatella species, previously referred to as nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS), are significant causative agents of endocarditis and bacteraemia. In this study, we reviewed the clinic...

    Authors: Laurence Senn, José M Entenza, Gilbert Greub, Katia Jaton, Aline Wenger, Jacques Bille, Thierry Calandra and Guy Prod'hom

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:9

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Few published reports have evaluated the clinical features and outcome of serogroup W135 meningococcal disease. In Taiwan, W135 is the second most prevalent meningococcal disease serogroup.

    Authors: Jiun-Ling Wang, Ding-Ping Liu, Jer-Jea Yen, Chia-Jung Yu, Hsi-Chen Liu, Ching-Yuang Lin and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:7

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing popularity of acupuncture, the importance of infection control is not adequately emphasized in Oriental medicine. In December 2001, an Oriental medical doctor in Seoul, South Korea, enco...

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Jang Wook Sohn, Hye Won Jeong, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim and Min Ja Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:6

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological analyses indicate that the age distribution of natural cases of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) reflect age-related risk of infection, however, the underlying mechanisms remain...

    Authors: Suzanne G St Rose, Nora Hunter, Louise Matthews, James D Foster, Margo E Chase-Topping, Loeske EB Kruuk, Darren J Shaw, Susan M Rhind, Robert G Will and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:5

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Recent reports document an increasing incidence of new Gram-negative pathogens such as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Alcaligenes xylosoxidans isolated from patients with Cystic Fibrosis, along with an increase...

    Authors: Antonietta Lambiase, Valeria Raia, Mariassunta Del Pezzo, Angela Sepe, Vincenzo Carnovale and Fabio Rossano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:4

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Data on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Saudi Arabia (SA) and other Islamic countries are limited. This study describes the results of a five-year surveillance for STIs in SA.

    Authors: Tariq A Madani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:3

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of tuberculous pericarditis has increased in Africa as a result of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. However, the effect of HIV co-infection on clinical features and prognosis in t...

    Authors: Bongani M Mayosi, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Jimmy A Volmink, Freedom Gumedze, Gary Maartens, Akinyemi Aje, Baby M Thomas, Kandathil M Thomas, Abolade A Awotedu, Bongani Thembela, Phindile Mntla, Frans Maritz [Late], Kathleen Ngu Blackett, Duquesne C Nkouonlack, Vanessa C Burch…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:2

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is common in HIV infection and independently associated with disease progression and mortality. The pathophysiology of HIV-related anemia is not well understood especially in infancy.

    Authors: Melissa F Miller, Jean H Humphrey, Peter J Iliff, Lucie C Malaba, Nkosinathi V Mbuya and Rebecca J Stoltzfus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:1

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high incidence of cervical cancer reported from India, large scale population based studies on the HPV prevalence and genotype distribution are very few from this region. In view of the clinical tr...

    Authors: A Pavani Sowjanya, Meenkashi Jain, Usha Rani Poli, S Padma, Manik Das, Keerti V Shah, BN Rao, Radha Rama Devi, Patti E Gravitt and Gayatri Ramakrishna

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:116

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Maternal schistosomiasis and filariasis have been shown to influence infant responses to neonatal bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunisation but the effects of maternal hookworm, and of de-worming in pregnancy...

    Authors: Alison M Elliott, Proscovia B Namujju, Patrice A Mawa, Maria A Quigley, Margaret Nampijja, Peter M Nkurunziza, John T Belisle, Moses Muwanga and James AG Whitworth

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:115

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The functional polymorphism -260 C>T in the LPS sensing TLR4 co-receptor CD14 gene enhances the transcriptional activity and results in a higher CD14 receptor density. Individuals carrying the T/T genotype also h...

    Authors: Sander Ouburg, Joke Spaargaren, Janneke E den Hartog, Jolande A Land, Johan SA Fennema, Jolein Pleijster, A Salvador Peña and Servaas A Morré

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:114

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Leishmaniasis remains a serious public health problem in several parts of the developing world. Effective prophylactic measurements are hampered by imprecise comprehension of different aspects of the disease, ...

    Authors: Arlene Caldas, Cecília Favali, Dorlene Aquino, Vera Vinhas, Johan van Weyenbergh, Cláudia Brodskyn, Jackson Costa, Manoel Barral-Netto and Aldina Barral

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:113

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Delayed diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) results in severe disease and a higher mortality. It also leads to an increased period of infectivity in the community. The objective of this study was to d...

    Authors: Solomon Yimer, Gunnar Bjune and Getu Alene

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:112

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to establish 1) the performance of chest X-ray (CXR) in all suspects of tuberculosis (TB), as well as smear-negative TB suspects and 2) to compare the cost-effectiveness of the ...

    Authors: MRA van Cleeff, LE Kivihya-Ndugga, H Meme, JA Odhiambo and PR Klatser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:111

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Septicaemia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among children in the developing world. This pattern has changed little in the past decade. Physical signs and symptoms, though useful in identifying po...

    Authors: Martin M Meremikwu, Chukwuemeka E Nwachukwu, Anne E Asuquo, Joseph U Okebe and Simon J Utsalo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:110

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, may cause culture-negative vascular graft infections. Very few cases of C. burnetii infection of a vascular graft have been reported. All were diagnosed by sero...

    Authors: Laurence Senn, Mario Franciolli, Didier Raoult, Alexandre Moulin, Ludwig Von Segesser, Thierry Calandra and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:109

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Biliary atresia (BA) is the most severe hepatic disorder in newborns and its etiopathogenesis remains unknown. Viral involvement has been proposed, including the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). The aims of the s...

    Authors: Adriana MA De Tommaso, Paula D Andrade, Sandra CB Costa, Cecília AF Escanhoela and Gabriel Hessel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:108

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Rapidly growing mycobacteria is recognized as one of the causative agents of catheter-related infections, especially in immunocompromised hosts. To date, however, Mycobacterium senegalense, which was known as the...

    Authors: Won Sup Oh, Kwan Soo Ko, Jae-Hoon Song, Mi Young Lee, Seong Yeol Ryu, Sangtaek Heo, Ki Tae Kwon, Jang-Ho Lee, Kyong Ran Peck and Nam Yong Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:107

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). High global incidence of macrolide and penicillin resistance has been reported, whereas fluoroquinolone resistance is uncommon...

    Authors: Andrea Endimiani, Gioconda Brigante, Alessia A Bettaccini, Francesco Luzzaro, Paolo Grossi and Antonio Q Toniolo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:106

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen causing female genital tract infection throughout the world. Reinfection with the same serovar, as well as multiple infections wit...

    Authors: Joseph M Lyons, Servaas A Morré, Lucy P Airo-Brown, A Salvador Peña and James I Ito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:105

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Rabies virus preferentially involves brainstem, thalamus and spinal cord in human furious and paralytic rabies beginning in the early stage of illness. Nevertheless, rabies patient remains alert until the pre-...

    Authors: Sasiwimol Juntrakul, Preecha Ruangvejvorachai, Shanop Shuangshoti, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:104

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial meningitis is a group of life threatening infections that mostly affect children and adolescents, and may be the cause of severe neurological sequelae. Cuba has implemented massive vaccination progra...

    Authors: Félix O Dickinson and Antonio E Pérez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:103

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