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  1. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 3rd most common cancer worldwide and the Czech Republic has the 6th highest incidence of CRC worldwide. Large intestinal microbiota play in its etiopathogenesis important role. B...

    Authors: Darina Kohoutova, David Smajs, Paula Moravkova, Jiri Cyrany, Monika Moravkova, Miroslava Forstlova, Michal Cihak, Stanislav Rejchrt and Jan Bures
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:733
  2. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy has resulted in a marked impact on reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MCT) of HIV. However the safety of in utero ART exposure in newborns remains a co...

    Authors: Luis M Prieto, María Isabel González- Tomé, Eloy Muñoz, María Fernández-Ibieta, Beatriz Soto, Ana Álvarez, Maria Luisa Navarro, Miguel Ángel Roa, José Beceiro, María Isabel de José, Iciar Olabarrieta, David Lora and José Tomás Ramos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:700
  3. Although severe sepsis constitutes an important burden for healthcare systems, there is limited nationwide data on its epidemiology in European countries. Our objective was to examine the most recent epidemiol...

    Authors: Carmen Bouza, Teresa López-Cuadrado, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson and José María Amate-Blanco
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3863
  4. Australia commenced human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in 2007, with a two-year catch-up to the age of 26; catch-up cohorts are thus now entering their thirties. Plans for monitoring vaccine impact involve...

    Authors: Louiza S Velentzis, Freddy Sitas, Dianne L O’Connell, Jessica Darlington-Brown, Sam Egger, Rohit Sinha, Emily Banks, Ian H Frazer and Karen Canfell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3861
  5. Anaemia is frequently associated with both HIV-infection and HIV-related tuberculosis (TB) in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve patients in sub-Saharan Africa and is strongly associated with poor prognosis. H...

    Authors: Andrew D Kerkhoff, Robin Wood, Frank G Cobelens, Ankur Gupta-Wright, Linda-Gail Bekker and Stephen D Lawn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3860
  6. Tuberculosis (TB) mortality remains high across sub-Saharan Africa despite integration of TB and HIV/ART programmes. To inform programme design and service delivery, we estimated mortality by time from startin...

    Authors: Nigel Field, Megan SC Lim, Jill Murray, Robert J Dowdeswell, Judith R Glynn and Pam Sonnenberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3858
  7. Despite the clinical significance of Salmonella infections, surveillance data worldwide remains limited and is more so exemplified by the lack of reports from Africa especially in eastern, central and western Afr...

    Authors: Appiah-Korang Labi, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Naa Okaikor Addison and Eric Sampene Donkor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3857

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:263

  8. Genes related to antigen presentation pathway, which are in the non-classical class-II region of human leukocyte antigen (HLA), play a vital role during the infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV).

    Authors: Peng Huang, Li Dong, Xiaomei Lu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hongbo Chen, Jie Wang, Yun Zhang, Jing Su and Rongbin Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:716
  9. Toxoplasmosis caused by the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a global epidemic parasitic disease. DNA vaccines play an important role in preventing the spread of toxoplasmosis. SAG family g...

    Authors: Gang Lu, Aihua Zhou, Min Meng, Lin Wang, Yali Han, Jingjing Guo, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Qunli Zhao, Xing-Quan Zhu and Shenyi He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3862
  10. The burden of bloodstream infections is insufficiently studied in children in Africa and many healthcare facilities lack the capacity to identify invasive disease. Often studies have been limited to febrile pa...

    Authors: Joakim Isendahl, Cristovão Manjuba, Amabelia Rodrigues, Weiping Xu, Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Christian G Giske and Pontus Nauclér
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3859
  11. Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a lethal infectious process afflicting immunocompromised individuals. Knowledge about this disease is still limited due to the scarcity of animal models designed to stud...

    Authors: Yuyan Yan, Zuotao Zhao, Hongfei Wan, Ruochen Wu, Jugao Fang and Honggang Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3856
  12. The influence of environmental and climatic factors on malaria vector bionomics and transmission is an important topic in the context of climatic change particularly at macro-geographical level. Sahelian areas...

    Authors: El Hadji Malick Ngom, Ndèye Diango Faye, Cheikh Talla, El Hadji Ndiaye, Jacques-André Ndione, Ousmane Faye, Yamar Ba, Mawlouth Diallo and Ibrahima Dia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3838
  13. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main etiological factor for cervical cancer and premalignant lesions of the cervix. The purposes of the present study were to determine the prevalence of type-specif...

    Authors: Xiao-Xiang Liu, Xing-Li Fan, Yue-Ping Yu, Lei Ji, Jie Yan and Ai-Hua Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:708
  14. People who inject drugs (PWID) are a key population affected by HIV. We assessed the effectiveness of HIV treatment among a clinical cohort of people living with HIV (PLHIV) diagnosed and referred for communit...

    Authors: Nick Walsh, Anne Mijch, Kerrie Watson, Handan Wand, Christopher K Fairley, John McNeil, Nick Crofts and Lisa Maher
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:707
  15. It is debated whether interferon-based therapy (IBT) would affect the incidence of active tuberculosis (TB) among hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients. Although some case reports have demonstrated a possi...

    Authors: Shang-Yi Lin, Tun-Chieh Chen, Po-Liang Lu, Chun-Yu Lin, Wei-Ru Lin, Yi-Hsin Yang and Yen-Hsu Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:705
  16. The global increase in the burden of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) underscores an urgent need for data on factors involved in generation and spread of TB drug resistance. We performed molecular ana...

    Authors: Nicholas Ezati, Deus Lukoye, Eddie M Wampande, Kenneth Musisi, George W Kasule, Frank GJ Cobelens, David P Kateete and Moses L Joloba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:703
  17. World-wide, the notable expansion of HIV/AIDS treatment programs in resource-limited settings has lead to an increasing number of patients in need of second-line cART. To adequately address and prepare for thi...

    Authors: Sandra W Cardoso, Paula M Luz, Luciane Velasque, Thiago S Torres, Isabel C Tavares, Sayonara R Ribeiro, Ronaldo I Moreira, Valdilea G Veloso, Richard D Moore and Beatriz Grinsztejn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:699
  18. China experiencing an increasing HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM), and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) has played a key role in this process. The aims of this study were to examine the tre...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Weiming Tang, Fei Zhong, Giridhar R Babu, Zhigang Han, Faju Qin, Kai Gao, Huixia Mai, Yuteng Zhao, Caiyun Liang, Lirui Fan, Hao Wu, Huifang Xu and Ming Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:696
  19. Detection of fungal DNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue is challenging due to degradation of DNA and presence of PCR inhibitors in these samples. We analyzed FFPE samples of 26 patients by...

    Authors: B Babouee Flury, M Weisser, S Savič Prince, L Bubendorf, M Battegay, R Frei and D Goldenberger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:692
  20. In Norway, it is recommended that children with Shiga-Toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections are excluded from daycare centers until up to five consecutive negative stool cultures are obtained. Childr...

    Authors: Emily MacDonald, Per Kjetil Dalane, Preben Aavitsland, Lin Thorstensen Brandal, Astrid Louise Wester and Line Vold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:673
  21. Although uncomplicated cystitis is often self-limiting, most such patients will be prescribed antibiotic treatment. We are investigating whether treatment of cystitis with an NSAID is as effective as an antibi...

    Authors: Ingvild Vik, Marianne Bollestad, Nils Grude, Anders Bærheim, Sigvard Mölstad, Lars Bjerrum and Morten Lindbæk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:693
  22. Interferon-γ release assays (IGRA) serve as immunodiagnostics of tuberculosis (TB) infection to identify individuals with latent TB infection (LTBI) eligible for preventive anti-TB therapy. In this longitudina...

    Authors: Nadine Durema Pullar, Harald Steinum, Johan Nikolai Bruun and Anne Ma Dyrhol-Riise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:667
  23. Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection are common causes of lower respiratory tract illness. Data on their burden in low and middle-income settings and from Africa are scarce. We aimed to es...

    Authors: Robert Kyeyagalire, Stefano Tempia, Adam L Cohen, Adrian D Smith, Johanna M McAnerney, Veerle Dermaux-Msimang and Cheryl Cohen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:694
  24. Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) is an important public health issue, because TDR-associated mutation may affect the outcome of antiretroviral treatment potentially or directly. Men who have sex with men (MSM...

    Authors: Yang Jiao, Shuming Li, Zhenpeng Li, Zheng Zhang, Jianhong Zhao, Li Li, Lijuan Wang, Qianqian Yin, Yan Wang, Zhaoli Zeng, Yiming Shao and Liying Ma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:689
  25. Rickettsia felis is a recently described flea-borne spotted fever group Rickettsia that is an emerging human pathogen. Although there is information on the organism from around the world, there is no information...

    Authors: Jilei Zhang, Guangwu Lu, Patrick Kelly, Zhenwen Zhang, Lanjing Wei, Duonan Yu, Shayilan Kayizha and Chengming Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:682
  26. Prison conditions can favor the spread of tuberculosis (TB). This study aimed to evaluate in a Brazilian prison: the performance and accuracy of smear, culture and Detect-TB; performance of smear plus culture ...

    Authors: Karen Barros Schmid, Luciene Scherer, Regina Bones Barcellos, Daniele Kuhleis, Isaías Valente Prestes, Ricardo Ewbank Steffen, Elis Regina Dalla Costa and Maria Lucia Rosa Rossetti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:678
  27. Anal cancer has become one of the most common non-AIDS-defined tumors among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-positive (HIV+) individuals, and a rise in its incidence among HIV+ Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) has ...

    Authors: Rocío Méndez-Martínez, Norma E Rivera-Martínez, Brenda Crabtree-Ramírez, Juan G Sierra-Madero, Yanink Caro-Vega, Silvia C Galván, David Cantú de León and Alejandro García-Carrancá
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:671
  28. Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) is a major cause of both healthcare and community acquired infections. In developing countries, manual phenotypic tests are the mainstay for the identification of staphylococci w...

    Authors: Geoffrey Omuse, Beatrice Kabera and Gunturu Revathi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:669
  29. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to AmpC producing Enterobacteriaceae (AE) in a large centralized Canadian regio...

    Authors: Vikas P Chaubey, Johann D D Pitout, Bruce Dalton, Daniel B Gregson, Terry Ross and Kevin B Laupland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:647
  30. Cervical cancer (CC) is caused by persistent infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) types. In Saudi Arabia which has a population of 6.5 million women over the age of 15 years, approximately ...

    Authors: Abdulaziz AlObaid, Ismail A Al-Badawi, Hanan Al-Kadri, Kusuma Gopala, Walid Kandeil, Wim Quint, Murad Al-Aker and Rodrigo DeAntonio
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:643
  31. Linezolid, which has bacteriostatic activity, is approved for the treatment of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections. Meanwhile, daptomycin exerts bactericidal activity against VRE, but is not appr...

    Authors: Yu-Chung Chuang, Jann-Tay Wang, Hsin-Yi Lin and Shan-Chwen Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:687
  32. The HIV co-receptors CXCR4 and CCR5 play an important role in HIV infection and replication. Therefore we hypothesize that long-term non-progressors (LTNP) with viral control have lower expression of CCR5 and ...

    Authors: Hinta Meijerink, Agnes R Indrati, Reinout van Crevel, Irma Joosten, Hans Koenen and Andre JAM van der Ven
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:683
  33. Chest-x-ray is routinely used in the diagnosis of smear negative tuberculosis (TB). This study assesses the incremental cost per true positive test of a point-of-care digital chest-x-ray, in the diagnosis of p...

    Authors: Gambo Aliyu, Samer S El-Kamary, Alash’le Abimiku, Laura Hungerford, Joshua Obasanya and William Blattner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:675
  34. Once considered primarily a pediatric concern, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is gaining recognition as a cause of significant morbidity and mortality in adults. A better understanding of RSV epid...

    Authors: Cheryl Volling, Kazi Hassan, Tony Mazzulli, Karen Green, Ahmed Al-Den, Paul Hunter, Rupi Mangat, John Ng and Allison McGeer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:665
  35. Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as one of the most important hospital-acquired pathogens in the world, because of its resistance to almost all available antibiotic drugs. Endolysins from phages are attractin...

    Authors: Guangtao Huang, Xiaodong Shen, Yali Gong, Zhiwei Dong, Xia Zhao, Wei Shen, Jing Wang, Fuquan Hu and Yizhi Peng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:681
  36. Human adenovirus (HAdV) causes acute diarrhoea sporadically, as well as in outbreaks. Understanding the prevalence and types of HAdV in diarrhoea is important for control and preventive measures, especially in...

    Authors: Sabrina John Moyo, Kurt Hanevik, Bjørn Blomberg, Oyvind Kommedal, Svein Arne Nordbø, Samuel Maselle and Nina Langeland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:666
  37. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe disease caused by Leishmania infantum in the Mediterranean basin, and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Infantile VL may begin suddenly, with high fe...

    Authors: Fraia Melchionda, Stefania Varani, Filomena Carfagnini, Tamara Belotti, Trentina Di Muccio, Roberto Tigani, Rosalba Bergamaschi and Andrea Pession
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:620
  38. The natural (i.e. unvaccinated population) attack rate of an infectious disease is an important parameter required for understanding disease transmission. As such, it is an input parameter in infectious diseas...

    Authors: Kavisha Jayasundara, Charlene Soobiah, Edward Thommes, Andrea C Tricco and Ayman Chit
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:670
  39. The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels in children with latent and active TB compared to healthy controls of the same age and ethnical background.

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturini, Ludovica Facchini, Nuria Martinez-Alier, Vas Novelli, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino and Elena Chiappini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:652
  40. Aspiration pneumonia is an urgent health concern with high mortality and long hospitalization in industrialized and aging countries. However, there is no information about the effectiveness of azithromycin (AZ...

    Authors: Satoshi Marumo, Takashi Teranishi, Yuichi Higami, Yoshihiko Koshimo, Hirofumi Kiyokawa and Motokazu Kato
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:685
  41. Pulmonary nocardiosis frequently occurs in immunocompromised hosts and in some immunocompetent hosts with chronic lung disease; however, few reports have described pulmonary nocardiosis with nontuberculous myc...

    Authors: Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Fumitake Saito, Yoshifumi Kimizuka, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tohru Gonoi, Katsuhiko Kamei, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:684
  42. Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) is a flavivirus that occurs in Australia and New Guinea. While clinical cases are uncommon, MVEV can cause severe encephalitis with high mortality. Sentinel chicken surv...

    Authors: Linda A Selvey, Cheryl A Johansen, Annette K Broom, Catarina Antão, Michael D Lindsay, John S Mackenzie and David W Smith
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:672
  43. This study aimed to investigate risk factors for colonisation with extensively drug-resistant P. aeruginosa (XDR-PA) in immunocompromised patients and to build a clinical risk score (CRS) based on these results.

    Authors: Matthias Willmann, Anna M Klimek, Wichard Vogel, Jan Liese, Matthias Marschal, Ingo B Autenrieth, Silke Peter and Michael Buhl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:650
  44. Complicated pyelonephritis (cPN), a common cause of hospital admission, is still a poorly-understood entity given the difficulty involved in its correct definition. The aim of this study was to analyze the mai...

    Authors: Veronica A Buonaiuto, Ignacio Marquez, Inmaculada De Toro, Carolina Joya, Juan D Ruiz-Mesa, Raimundo Seara, Antonio Plata, Beatriz Sobrino, Begoña Palop and Juan D Colmenero
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:639
  45. Little is known about the association between gender and risk of TB infection. We sought to assess the impact of gender on TB prevalence among people with presumptive tuberculosis at a regional referral hospit...

    Authors: Yap Boum, Daniel Atwine, Patrick Orikiriza, Justus Assimwe, Anne-Laure Page, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire and Maryline Bonnet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:638
  46. Data on the etiologies of pneumonia among children are inadequate, especially in developing countries. The principal objective is to undertake a multicenter incident case–control study of <5-year-old children ...

    Authors: Valentina Sanchez Picot, Thomas Bénet, Melina Messaoudi, Jean-Noël Telles, Monidarin Chou, Tekchheng Eap, Jianwei Wang, Kunling Shen, Jean-William Pape, Vanessa Rouzier, Shally Awasthi, Nitin Pandey, Ashish Bavdekar, Sonali Sanghvi, Annick Robinson, Bénédicte Contamin…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:635

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