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  1. There is limited information about the outcomes of polymicrobial bloodstream infections in patients with sepsis. We aimed to investigate outcomes of polymicrobial bloodstream infections compared to monomicrobi...

    Authors: Su Yeon Lee, Mi Hyeon Park, Dong Kyu Oh and Chae-Man Lim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:285
  2. Early diagnosis of muscular tuberculosis (TB) without coexistent active skeletal involvement is often challenging because the disease is very rare and its clinical manifestation is nonspecific and misleading. ...

    Authors: Liu Wentao, Xie Shuxia, Zhu Guoxing, Chen Qiaoping, Chen Peiran, Wu Angela, Li Meirong, Yin Songchao and Feng Peiying
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:284
  3. The performance of the sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores in predicting the prognoses of patients with sepsis has been validated. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Junyu Li, Huizhen Liu, Na Wang, Fengrong Wang, Na Shang, Shubin Guo and Guodong Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:282
  4. The evolution of SARS-CoV-2 has been observed from the very beginning of the fight against COVID-19, some mutations are indicators of potentially dangerous variants of the virus. However, there is no clear ass...

    Authors: Michał Majchrzak, Łukasz Madej, Małgorzata Łysek-Gładysińska, Dorota Zarębska-Michaluk, Katarzyna Zegadło, Anna Dziuba, Katarzyna Nogal-Nowak, Wioleta Kondziołka, Iwona Sufin, Mieczysława Myszona-Tarnowska, Mateusz Jaśkowski, Mateusz Kędzierski, Jadwiga Maciukajć, Jarosław Matykiewicz, Stanisław Głuszek and Wioletta Adamus-Białek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:281
  5. The causal association between gut microbiome and HIV infection remains to be elucidated. We conducted a two-sample mendelian randomization analysis to estimate the causality between gut microbiome and HIV inf...

    Authors: Kangjie Li, Cong Zhang, Jielian Deng, Haijiao Zeng, Yuan Zhang, Guichuan Lai, Xiaoni Zhong and Biao Xie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:280
  6. We investigated the value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in diagnosing infectious diseases in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).

    Authors: Hailong Yuan, Xiaolu Ma, Jianli Xu, Peng Han, Guanhua Rao, Gang Chen, Kaile Zhang, Ruixue Yang, Chuixia Han and Ming Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:279
  7. Procalcitonin (PCT) has garnered attention as a potential diagnostic biomarker for infection in cancer patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of procal...

    Authors: Yi-Chih Lee, Hsin-Tzu Yeh, Sz-Wei Lu, Yi-Chun Tsai, Yu-Chen Tsai and Chieh-Ching Yen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:278
  8. In 2018, the World Health Organization commenced a multi-country validation study of the Cepheid GeneXpert for a range of molecular-based point-of-care (POC) tests in primary care settings. One study arm focus...

    Authors: Mark Shephard, Susan Matthews, Ranmini Kularatne, Kelly Andrewartha, Karel Blondeel, Christian Alvarez, Elsy Camey, Amina Hançali, Etienne Müller, Aurelie Haw, Hicham Oumzil, Daniel Golparian, Dorian E Ramirez, James Kiarie, Firdavs Kurbonov, Massimo Mirandola…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):277

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  9. To compare the outcomes of big-bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (BB-DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in the management of medically unresponsive Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK).

    Authors: Xiaolin Qi, Huilin Mao, Jinhui Liu, Yanling Dong, Man Du, Ting Liu, Ting Zhang, Xiuhai Lu and Hua Gao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:276
  10. Malaria infection is a multifactorial disease partly modulated by host immuno-genetic factors. Recent evidence has demonstrated the importance of Interleukin-17 family proinflammatory cytokines and their genet...

    Authors: Fatou Thiam, Gora Diop, Cedric Coulonges, Celine Derbois, Alassane Thiam, Abou Abdallah Malick Diouara, Mame Ndew Mbaye, Mamadou Diop, Cheikh Momar Nguer, Yakhya Dieye, Babacar Mbengue, Jean-Francois Zagury, Jean-Francois Deleuze and Alioune Dieye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:275
  11. Currently, antibiotic-resistant strains of Enterococcus are considered to be one of the critical health challenges globally. This study aimed to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern, biofilm formatio...

    Authors: Maryam Ghazvinian, Saba Asgharzadeh Marghmalek, Mehrdad Gholami, Sanaz Amir Gholami, Elham Amiri and Hamid Reza Goli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:274
  12. Human herpesviruses are widespread among the human population. The infections often occur unnoticed, but severe disease as well as long-term sequelae are part of the symptom spectrum. The prevalence varies amo...

    Authors: Jan Olsson, Sema Nourmohammadi, Emma Honkala, Anders Johansson, Göran Hallmans, Bodil Weidung, Hugo Lövheim and Fredrik Elgh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:273
  13. To assess the efficacy of 0.23% povidone-iodine (PVP-I) nasal rinses and mouth washes on detectability of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus and cycle threshold (Ct) values in nasopharyngeal swabs.

    Authors: Saad Alsaleh, Ahmed Alhussien, Abduljabbar Alyamani, Fahad Alhussain, Ali Alhijji, Khalifa Binkhamis, Anas Khan, Amin Javer and Fatimah S. Alshahrani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:271
  14. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 range from asymptomatic, mild to moderate, severe, and critical disease. Host genetic variants were recognized to affect the disease severity. However, the genetic lands...

    Authors: Feng Zhang, Pingping Zhou, Liangliang Wang, Xinzhong Liao, Xuejie Liu, Changwen Ke, Simin Wen and Yuelong Shu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:270
  15. HIV-1 CRF65_cpx strain carries drug-resistant mutations, which raises concerns about its potential for causing virologic failure. The CRF65_cpx ranks as the fourth most prevalent on Hainan Island, China. Howev...

    Authors: Dee Yu, Kaokao Zhu, Mu Li, Fei Zhang, Yuan Yang, Chunyun Lu, Shanmei Zhong, Cai Qin, Yanan Lan, Jipeng Yu, Jindong Ding Petersen, Junjun Jiang, Hao Liang, Li Ye and Bingyu Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:269
  16. This study evaluates the implementation and running costs of an HIV self-testing (HIVST) distribution program in Eswatini. HIVST kits were delivered through community-based and workplace models using primary a...

    Authors: Kathleen McGee, Marc d’Elbée, Ralitza Dekova, Linda A. Sande, Lenhle Dube, Sanele Masuku, Makhosazana Dlamini, Collin Mangenah, Lawrence Mwenge, Cheryl Johnson, Karin Hatzold, Melissa Neuman, Gesine Meyer-Rath and Fern Terris-Prestholt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):976

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  17. Rickettsia spp. and Orientia spp. are the causes of neglected infections that can lead to severe febrile and systemic illnesses in humans. Implementing proper biosafety practices when handling these pathogens is ...

    Authors: Stuart D. Blacksell, Khanh Kim Le, Artharee Rungrojn, Jantana Wongsantichon, John Stenos, Stephen R. Graves and Nicholas P.J. Day
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:268
  18. Lophomonas blattarum is an emerging protozoan that mostly infects the lower respiratory tract and causes pulmonary lophomoniasis. Radiologic findings in patients with pulmonary lophomoniasis have yet to be studie...

    Authors: Amirmasoud Taheri, Mahdi Fakhar, Ali Sharifpour, Elhamsadat Banimostafavi, Sepideh SafaNavaei, Siavash Abedi, Hossein Mehravaran, Masoud Aliyali, Ahmad Shafahi and Asieh Delpzir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:267
  19. Dual point-of-care tests (POCTs) for the simultaneous detection of antibodies to HIV and syphilis have been developed. Since community-based organisations (CBO) are effective providers of HIV and syphilis test...

    Authors: Laura Fernàndez-López, Juliana Reyes-Urueña, Laia Egea, Andrii Chernyshev, Inga Upmace, Mitja Ćosić, William Mejías, Victoria González, Karel Blondeel, Soe Soe Thwin, Lorenzo Gios, Massimo Mirandola, Rosanna Peeling, James Kiarie, Jordi Casabona and Igor Toskin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):264

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  20. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections have increased globally. Asymptomatic infections represent a significant risk of long-term complications. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are d...

    Authors: Maddalena Cordioli, Lorenzo Gios, Anna Erbogasto, Massimo Mirandola, Angela Sandri, Valeska Padovese, Carlos Caceres, Silver Vargas, Karel Blondeel, Ronaldo Silva, James Kiarie, Firdavs Kurbonov, Rosanna W. Peeling, Soe Soe Thwin, Daniel Golparian, Magnus Unemo…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):224

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  21. Sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) remain significant global health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has r...

    Authors: Mark Shephard, Susan Matthews, Kelly Andrewartha, Wayne Dimech, Liza Cabuang, Christopher Barbara, Xiang-Sheng Chen, Maddalena Cordioli, Amina Hançali, Ting-Ting Jiang, Ranmini Kularatne, Stephanie Meli, Etienne Muller, Hicham Oumzil, Valeska Padovese, Angela Sandri…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):203

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  22. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as syphilis and HIV remain to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Dual rapid point-of-care tests (POCTs) have shown promise for detecting antibodies to H...

    Authors: Weiping Cao, Yetunde F. Fakile, Mayur R. Shukla, Kevin Pettus, Kathryn Lupoli, Jaeyoung Hong, Allan Pillay, Ranmini Kularatne, Hicham Oumzil, Valeska Padovese, Nigel Sherriff, Isaac SSewanyana, Silver K. Vargas, Antonella Zorzi, Karel Blondeel, Igor Toskin…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):194

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  23. Globally, the incidence of HIV and syphilis can be reduced by the use of validated point of care tests (POCTs). As part of the WHO PRoSPeRo Network, we aimed to evaluate the performance, acceptability, and ope...

    Authors: Nigel Sherriff, Massimo Mirandola, Ronaldo Silva, Maddalena Cordioli, Alexandra Sawyer, Lorenzo Gios, Antonella Zorzi, Jorg Huber, Jaime Vera, Daniel Richardson, Mohammed Hassan-Ibrahim, Dominika Wlazly, Valeska Padovese, Christopher Barbara, Anabel Darmanin, Aaron Schembri…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):192

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  24. Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative bacterium that is widespread in the environment. S. marcescens bacteremia can be fatal during pregnancy and cause persistent chorioamnionitis. This study reports an outbreak...

    Authors: Seulki Kim, Sunah Jung, Dong Hyung Lee, Chulhun L. Chang, Moonsuk Bae, A Reum Kim, Su Jin Lee and Seungjin Lim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:266
  25. Consultations for sexually transmitted infection (STI) provide an opportunity to offer HIV testing to both patients and their partners. This study describes the organisation of HIV self-testing (HIVST) distrib...

    Authors: Sokhna Boye, Alexis Kouadio, Amélé Florence Kouvahe, Anthony Vautier, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Nicolas Rouveau, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Romain Silhol, Arlette Simo Fotso, Joseph Larmarange and Dolorès Pourette
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 22(Suppl 1):975

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 1

  26. Infectious diarrhea remains a major public health problem worldwide. This study used stacking ensemble to developed a predictive model for the incidence of infectious diarrhea, aiming to achieve better predict...

    Authors: Pengyu Wang, Wangjian Zhang, Hui Wang, Congxing Shi, Zhiqiang Li, Dahu Wang, Lei Luo, Zhicheng Du and Yuantao Hao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:265
  27. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the factors associated with the severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in children aged under 2 years who were admitted to the Children’s ...

    Authors: Shuo Yang, Sukun Lu, Yakun Wang, Yinghui Guo, Zhuang Zhang, Weijian Wang and Le Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:263
  28. Widespread human-to-human transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus two (SARS-CoV-2) stems from a strong affinity for the cellular receptor angiotensin converting enzyme two (ACE2). We ...

    Authors: Aidan M. Nikiforuk, Kevin S. Kuchinski, Katy Short, Susan Roman, Mike A. Irvine, Natalie Prystajecky, Agatha N. Jassem, David M. Patrick and Inna Sekirov
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:262
  29. The presence of untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) significantly increases the chance of acquiring HIV. In Brazil, testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) among Pre-...

    Authors: Marcela Antonini, Mario Vianna Vettore, Anita Øgård-Repål, Daniel de Macêdo Rocha, Karyanna Alves de Alencar Rocha, Henrique Ciabotti Elias, Felipe Barufaldi, Rodrigo Carvalho Santana, Elucir Gir, Bruno Spire and Renata Karina Reis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:260
  30. While there is a high burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections among pediatric patients, studies on the molecular epidemiology of MRSA infections in Korean children since the 2010s ...

    Authors: Gahee Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Yonghee Lee, Jung Hwa Kim and Jina Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:259
  31. To identify the key infection processes and risk factors in Computed Tomography (CT) examination process within the standard prevention and control measures for the COVID-19 epidemic, aiming to mitigate cross-...

    Authors: Lingzhi Jin, Meiting Ye, Wenhua Lin, Yong Ye, Yen-Ching Chuang, Jin-Yan Luo and Fuqin Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:257
  32. Occupational blood and body fluid exposure (OBEs) is a highly concerning global health problem in health facilities. Improper or inadequate post-exposure practices increase the risk of infection with bloodborn...

    Authors: Hong Feng, Xiaoli Mao, Mengqi Li and Hongbo Mao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:256
  33. The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) in blood has demonstrated its capability to predict bacteremia in emergency departments, and its association with mortality has been established in patients with sepsis in...

    Authors: Marcus Roldgaard, Thomas Benfield and Sandra Tingsgård
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:255
  34. It is important to identify the relationship between the COVID-19 vaccination status and the prognosis of this disease in hospitalized patients to gain a more accurate picture of their status and the effect of...

    Authors: Mohsen Gholinataj Jelodar, Samaneh Mirzaei, Fatemeh Saghafi, Shahab Rafieian, Soheil Rezaei, Alireza Saatchi, Ziba Dehghani Avare and Mahdie Dehghan Niri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:254
  35. Healthcare workers (HCWs) have a higher risk of contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared to the general population due to their frontline role and direct contact with the infected patients. Acc...

    Authors: Marjan Tariverdi, Hossein Mohammadi, Farideh Hassanzadeh and Mohammad Tamaddondar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:253
  36. Tuberculosis in the UK is more prevalent in people with social risk factors– e.g. previous incarceration, homelessness - and in migrants from TB endemic countries. The management of TB infection is part of TB ...

    Authors: Adam Gray, Julian Surey, Martha Veitch, Dee Menezes, John Gibbons, Mark Leonard, Binta Sultan, Hanif Esmail and Al Story
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:252
  37. Self-reported adherence to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) among persons who inject drugs (PWID) is often an overreport of objectively measured adherence. The association of su...

    Authors: Snehal S. Lopes, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Paula J. Lum, Lynn E. Taylor, Shruti H. Mehta, Judith I. Tsui, Judith Feinberg, Arthur Y. Kim, Brianna L. Norton, Kimberly Page, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Jessica Anderson, Alison Karasz, Julia Arnsten, Phillip Moschella, Moonseong Heo…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:251
  38. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has licensed many antiretroviral medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), however, treatment options for people with multi-drug resistant HIV rem...

    Authors: Mohsen Heidary, Saeedeh Shariati, Shima Nourigheimasi, Mona Khorami, Melika Moradi, Moloudsadat Motahar, Parisa Bahrami, Sousan Akrami and Vahab Hassan Kaviar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:250
  39. PIENTER 3 (P3), conducted in 2016/17, is the most recent of three nationwide serological surveys in the Netherlands. The surveys aim to monitor the effects of the National Immunisation Programme (NIP) by asses...

    Authors: Abigail Postema, José A. Ferreira, Fiona van der Klis, Hester de Melker and Liesbeth Mollema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:249
  40. Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) infection has become a major public health concern. The recommendations for monotherapy and combination therapy in the current guidelines lack sufficient evidenc...

    Authors: Jialong Chen, Jing Lin, Jianzhen Weng, Yang Ju and Yanming Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:248
  41. Rwanda’s Hepatitis C elimination campaign has relied on mass screening campaigns. An alternative “micro-elimination” strategy focused on specific populations, such as non-communicable disease (NCD) patients, c...

    Authors: Tumusime Musafiri, Innocent Kamali, Casmille Kayihura, Jean de la Paix Gakuru, Francoise Nyirahabihirwe, Esdras Nizeyimana, Pilar Kandamage, Placide Habinshuti, Raymond Sekagarura, Jean Damascene Makuza, Nadine Karema, Janvier Serumondo, Theoneste Ntakirutimana, Jean d’Amour Ndahimana and Dale A. Barnhart
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:247
  42. Kaposi Varicelliform Eruptions (KVE), also known as eczema herpeticum, is a rare and potentially life-threatening dermatological condition primarily attributed to herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, with les...

    Authors: Hassan El-Masry, Safia Essam, Hamed Gaber, Nour Shaheen, Ahmed Abdelbary, Naglaa Mohamed Sayed and Salma Samir Omar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:244
  43. Tuberculosis(TB) remains a pressing public health challenge, with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) emerging as a major threat. And healthcare authorities require reliable epidemiological evidence as a...

    Authors: Hengliang Lv, Xin Zhang, Xueli Zhang, Junzhu Bai, Shumeng You, Xuan Li, Shenlong Li, Yong Wang, Wenyi Zhang and Yuanyong Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:243
  44. Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a direct impact on the clinical manifestation and prognosis of active tuberculosis disease (TB) and is known to increase the chance of developing the condition. We sought to determin...

    Authors: Davis Kibirige, Irene Andia-Biraro, Ronald Olum, Susan Adakun, Stella Zawedde-Muyanja, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire and Ivan Kimuli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:242
  45. People who have coronary artery disease are more likely to develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19 due to their special circumstances. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG)does not cure the disease but...

    Authors: Yasaman Rezvani Emamzadehashemi, Khashayar Rezvani Emamzadehashemi, Atefeh Ghanbari Khanghah, Ezzat Paryad and Marzieh Jahani Sayad Noveiri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:241
  46. Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in countries with limited resources. The emergence of drug resistance in mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), pa...

    Authors: Sirak Biset, Milto Teferi, Haylemesikel Alamirew, Biniyam Birhanu, Awoke Dessie, Abebe Aschale, Anmaw Haymanot, Selamu Dejenie, Teshager Gebremedhin, Wondwossen Abebe and Gashaw Adane
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:238

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