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  1. and Penicillium are considered as rare opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised hosts, and pneumonia caused by Paecilomyces and Penicillium is rare. In this study, we present first case of severe pneumonia wi...

    Authors: Xiuri Wang, Xingchun Chen, Yunxiao Liang and Liuyang Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:605
  2. Although the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is recognized as a useful tool for evaluating nutritional status in patients with various diseases, its applicability in patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria...

    Authors: Eunki Chung, Youngmok Park, Hye-Jeong Lee and Young Ae Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:604
  3. the mortality associated with severe malaria due to Plasmodiun falciparum remains high despite improvements in malaria management. Case prensentation: this case series aims to describe the efficacy and safety of ...

    Authors: Jingjing Zhang, Lulu Chen, Min Zhang, Mingkang Yao, Saisai Ren, Haihui Liu, Yanan Min, Yan Jia, Yanling Tao and Hao Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:603
  4. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is a significant health concern in children worldwide. In this study, we aimed to analyze the clinical features, antibiotic resistance, and risk variables for poor outcomes ...

    Authors: Yanan Fu, Yingchun Wang, Wei Tang, Qing Yang, Guan Wang and Meng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:602
  5. Cutibacterium acnes is an anaerobic bacterium mostly implicated in cutaneous and body-implant infections. Splenic abscess is a rare entity and C. acnes abscesses have only exceptionally been reported. We describe...

    Authors: Angèle Roudeau, Stéphane Corvec, Beate Heym, Louise Ruffier d’Epenoux, Olivier Lidove and Valérie Zeller
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:601
  6. Southern African countries have the largest global burden of HIV and syphilis, with a high prevalence among women of reproductive age. Although antenatal screening is standard of care, syphilis screening has g...

    Authors: Ranmini Kularatne, Karel Blondeel, Margaret Kasaro, Venessa Maseko, Samuel Bosomprah, Ronaldo Silva, Maura Laverty, Firdavs Kurbonov, Massimo Mirandola and Rosanna W Peeling
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24(Suppl 1):600

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  7. Phytobacter diazotrophicus (P. diazotrophicus) is an opportunistic pathogen that causes nosocomial outbreaks and sepsis. However, there are no reports of P. diazotrophicus isolated from human blood in China.

    Authors: Jiansheng Lin, Junfeng Wu, Lan Gong, Xiaoqing Li and Gaoxiong Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:599
  8. There is an urgent need for therapeutic strategies for inpatients with severe or critical COVID-19. The evaluation of the clinical benefits of nirmatrelvir and ritonavir (Nmr/r) for these patients beyond five ...

    Authors: Huan Zhang, Xiaojiao Tan, Zheng Zhang, Chenxi Wang, Haiqing Shi, Yao Li, Jianbo Li, Yan Kang, Xiaodong Jin and Xuelian Liao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:597
  9. Intestinal parasitic infections remain a significant global health issue, particularly affecting poor and marginalised populations. These infections significantly contribute to children’s diseases, malnutritio...

    Authors: Gabriela Štrkolcová, Daniela Fiľakovská Bobáková, Michaela Kaduková, Andrea Schreiberová, Daniel Klein, Miloš Halán and Ingrid Urbančíková
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:596
  10. The persistent progression of pneumonia is a critical determinant of adverse outcomes in patients afflicted with COVID-19. This study aimed to predict personalized COVID-19 pneumonia progression between the du...

    Authors: Xinjing Lou, Chen Gao, Linyu Wu, Ting Wu, Linyang He, Jiahao Shen, Meiqi Hua and Maosheng Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:595
  11. Acinetobacter baumannii resistant strains lead to increased mortality, treatment costs, and an increase in the length of hospitalization. Nowadays, nanoparticles are considered a substitute for antibiotics. This ...

    Authors: Farshad Kakian, Nawal Arasteh, Esmaeil Mirzaei and Mohammad Motamedifar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:593
  12. As an emerging infectious disease with a heterogenous and uncertain transmission pattern, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has created a catastrophe in healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and posed a si...

    Authors: Leonia Hiu Wan Lau, Queenie Shing Kwan Lam, Minnie Mei Yi Siu, Tiffany Sze Ki Tang, Lorna Kwai Ping Suen and Simon Ching Lam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:592
  13. Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infections in humans, affecting women in more proportion. The bladder was considered sterile, but it has a urinary microbiome. Moreover, intracellular bacteria...

    Authors: Luciana Robino, Rafael Sauto, Cecilia Morales, Nicolás Navarro, María José González, Erlen Cruz, Florencia Neffa, Javier Zeballos and Paola Scavone
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:590
  14. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic underscored the need for pandemic preparedness, with respiratory-transmitted viruses considered as a substantial risk. In pandemics, long‐term care facilities (LTCFs) are a high-risk se...

    Authors: Laura Arnold, Simon Bimczok, Hannah Schütt, Stefanie Lisak-Wahl, Barbara Buchberger and Jan M Stratil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:589
  15. Leprosy, or Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Togo achieved the target of eliminating leprosy as a public health problem in 2000 (less than 1 case/10 000 population...

    Authors: Akila Wimima Bakoubayi, Falapalaki Haliba, Wendpouiré Ida C. Zida-Compaore, P’tanam P’kontème Bando, Yao Rodion Konu, Latame komla Adoli, Kodjo Akpadja, Kamevor Alaglo, Maweke Tchalim, P’niwè Patchali, Yaovi Djakpa, Komi Amekuse, Piham Gnossike, Denis A. Yawovi Gadah and Didier Koumavi Ekouevi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:588
  16. Early diagnosis of HIV infection decreases the time from HIV diagnosis to viral suppression and reduces further HIV transmission. The Chinese Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of HIV/AIDS (2021 editio...

    Authors: Li Li, Xia Feng, Fei Zhao, Defu Yuan, Xizhao An, Xiaoxue Tian, Hao Wu, Bin Su, Tong Zhang and Lifeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:587
  17. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory infection in children worldwide. Understanding its prevalence, variations, and characteristics is vital, particularly in the cont...

    Authors: Sumit Bhardwaj, Manohar Lal Choudhary, Mandeep S Chadha, Aarti Kinikar, Ashish Bavdekar, Nilesh Gujar, Pradeep dcosta, Rajesh Kulkarni, Sanjay Bafna, Sonali Salvi, Vikram Padbidri and Varsha Potdar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:586
  18. We investigated the presence of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry and the environment in live poultry wholesale markets in Changsha during 2021–2022 and conducted a phylogenetic analysis to understand its distributio...

    Authors: Rusheng Zhang, Huiyuan Fu, Can Luo, Zheng Huang, Ruiqing Pei, Yu Di, Caiying Zhu, Jiayi Peng, Huiqi Hu, Shan Chen, Jingfang Chen, Lamei Chen, Mingzhong Xu, Xuewen Yang and Rengui Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:585
  19. Natural infection and vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 is associated with the development of immunity against the structural proteins of the virus. Specifically, the two most immunogenic are the S (spike) and N ...

    Authors: Jesús Adolfo Bailón-Cuenca, Karen Cortés-Sarabia, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Víctor Manuel Alvarado-Castro, Ulises Juárez-Baltazar, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Amalia Vences-Velázquez, Marco Antonio Leyva-Vázquez, Oscar Del Moral-Hernández and Berenice Illades-Aguiar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:584
  20. The objective of this study was to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the molecular transmission networks and transmitted drug resistance (TDR) patterns among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV-1 in Nanjing.

    Authors: Hongjie Shi, Xin Li, Sainan Wang, Xiaoxiao Dong, Mengkai Qiao, Sushu Wu, Rong Wu, Xin Yuan, Jingwen Wang, Yuanyuan Xu and Zhengping Zhu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:583
  21. Bacterial infections (BIs) are widespread in ICUs. The aims of this study were to assess compliance with antibiotic recommendations and factors associated with non-compliance.

    Authors: Romain Amadieu, Camille Brehin, Adéla Chahine, Erick Grouteau, Damien Dubois, Caroline Munzer, Clara Flumian, Olivier Brissaud, Barbara Ros, Gael Jean, Camille Brotelande, Brendan Travert, Nadia Savy, Benoit Boeuf, Ghida Ghostine, Isabelle Popov…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:582
  22. Several antifungal agents are available for primary therapy in patients with invasive aspergillosis (IA). Although a few studies have compared the effectiveness of different antifungal agents in treating IA, t...

    Authors: Ao Liu, Liubo Xiong, Lian Wang, Han Zhuang, Xiao Gan, Mengying Zou and Xiaoming Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:581
  23. Sexually transmitted infections continue to be a significant public health issue on a global scale. Due to their effects on reproductive and child health as well as their role in facilitating the spread of HIV...

    Authors: Gosa Mankelkl, Seid Mohammed Abdu, Ebrahim Msaye Asefa, Altaseb Beyene Kassaw, Gashawu Abebe, Mekonnen Belete, Amare Abera Tareke, Alemu Gedefie and Beletu Kinfe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:580
  24. Globally, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a major public health problem. The tuberculosis rate in Sierra Leone is 298 per 100,000 people, and Sierra Leone is considered a country with a high burde...

    Authors: Josephine Amie Koroma, Adel Hussein Elduma, Umaru Sesay and Gebrekrstos Negash Gebru
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:579
  25. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health event of great concern, however epidemic data on TB covering entire areas during the special period of the COVID-19 epidemic have rarely been reported. We compa...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Wang, Tengfei Guo, Liyang Xu, Jinwei Liu, Yi Hou, Junrong Jin, Qing Zhang, Tao Jiang, Zhanqin Zhao and Yun Xue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:578
  26. Sepsis is a common and severe disease with a high mortality rate in intensive care unit (ICU). The hemoglobin (HGB) level is a key parameter for oxygen supply in sepsis. Although HGB is associated with the pro...

    Authors: Wen-Ming Shao, Lu-Wei Ye, Lu-ming Zhang, Yu-Long Wang, Hui Liu, Dan He, Jia-Liang Zhu, Jun Lyu and Haiyan Yin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:577
  27. The impact of COVID-19 infection on the blood system remains to be investigated, especially with those encountering hematological malignancies. It was found that a high proportion of cancer patients are at an ...

    Authors: Abdulaziz M. Almuqrin, Badi A. Alotaibi, Jehad A. Aldali, Abdulrahman Alshalani, Hamood AlSudais and Hamzah J. Aldali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:576
  28. Sepsis is a life-threatening disease accompanied by disorders of the coagulation and immune systems. P2Y12 inhibitors, widely used for arterial thrombosis prevention and treatment, possess recently discovered ...

    Authors: Shaojun Jiang, Jianwen Xu, Chengjie Ke and Pinfang Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:575
  29. We conducted a systematic review to explore the relationship between perceived risk for HIV acquisition and sexual HIV exposure among sexual and gender minorities. We included 39 studies divided into (i) corre...

    Authors: Hamid Vega-Ramirez, Centli Guillen-Diaz-Barriga, Paula M. Luz and Thiago S. Torres
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:574
  30. Frailty is a vulnerable state to stressors due to the loss of physiological reserve as a result of multisystem dysfunction. The physiological and laboratory-based frailty index (FI-Lab), depending on laborator...

    Authors: Huafeng Ding, Xiangquan Li, Xianjiang Zhang, Jiaqiong Li and Qinfeng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:573
  31. Every year in Italy, influenza affects about 4 million people. Almost 5% of them are hospitalised. During peak illness, enormous pressure is placed on healthcare and economic systems. This study aims to quanti...

    Authors: Riccardo Cipelli, Serena Falato, Eleonora Lusito, Giovanni Maifredi, Michele Montedoro, Paola Valpondi, Alberto Zucchi, Maria Vittoria Azzi, Laura Zanetta, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Entela Xoxi, Paola Giovanna Marchisio and Silvana Castaldi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:572
  32. In this study, we examined the value of chest CT signs combined with peripheral blood eosinophil percentage in differentiating between pulmonary paragonimiasis and tuberculous pleurisy in children.

    Authors: Kai-Yi Zhang, Yan Bi, Xu-Wen Fu, Min Qi, Jia-Lu Wei, Wei Gan, Le Zhang and Xiang Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:571
  33. Flies are acknowledged as vectors of diseases transmitted through mechanical means and represent a significant risk to human health. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of enteropathogens carried by fl...

    Authors: Chen Lin, Jun Liu, Yongting Yuan, Siyu Yu, Lei Feng, Yingpei Gu, Xinchen Lu, Jingyi Liu, Huihui Li, Chenxi Hu, Hongxia Liu and Hanzhao Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:569
  34. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (LRTI) pose a serious threat to older adults but may be underdiagnosed due to atypical presentations. Here we assess LRTI symptom profiles and syndromic (symptom-based) case ...

    Authors: Rachel Kwiatkowska, Anastasia Chatzilena, Jade King, Madeleine Clout, Serena McGuinness, Nick Maskell, Jennifer Oliver, Robert Challen, Matthew Hickman, Adam Finn, Catherine Hyams and Leon Danon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:568
  35. This study investigates the longitudinal dynamic changes in immune cells in COVID-19 patients over an extended period after recovery, as well as the interplay between immune cells and antibodies. Leveraging si...

    Authors: Diwenxin Zhou, Shuai Zhao, Keting He, Qiuhong Liu, Fen Zhang, Zhangya Pu, Lanlan Xiao, Lingjian Zhang, Shangci Chen, Xiaohan Qian, Xiaoxin Wu, Yangfan Shen, Ling Yu, Huafen Zhang, Jiandi Jin, Min Xu…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:567
  36. Early and appropriate antibiotic treatment improves the clinical outcome of patients with sepsis. There is an urgent need for rapid identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of bacteri...

    Authors: Peng-Peng Tian, Shan-Shan Su, Li-Sha Zhu, Tian Wang, Hui Yang, Meng-Yao Du, Cai-Zhi Ding, Li Wang, Wen Fan and Hua-Wei Yi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:566
  37. The effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) depends on participants adherence, making it crucial to assess and compare regimen options to enhance human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prophylaxis strateg...

    Authors: Lin Gan, Xiaoxin Xie, Yanhua Fu, Xiaoyan Yang, Shujing Ma, Linghong Kong, Chunli Song, Yebing Song, Tingting Ren and Hai Long
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:565
  38. This single-centre retrospective cohort study reports on the results of a descriptive (non-comparative) retrospective cohort study of early initiation of antivirals and combined monoclonal antibody therapy (mA...

    Authors: Salvatore Rotundo, Lavinia Berardelli, Sara Gullì, Valentina La Gamba, Rosaria Lionello, Alessandro Russo, Enrico Maria Trecarichi and Carlo Torti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:564
  39. The World Health Organization recommended the use of chemical-based disinfectants as an effective prevention of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, calls for poisoning were reported in several medical centers. The...

    Authors: Wissam Ghach, Aseel A. Takshe, Mohammad Rababa, Sami Al-Rawashdeh and Nisreen Alwan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:563
  40. The impact of chickens on maintaining the economy and livelihood of rural communities cannot be overemphasized. In recent years, mycoplasmosis has become one of the diseases that affect the success of South Af...

    Authors: Peter Ayodeji Idowu, Takalani J. Mpofu, Oliver T. Zishiri, Olusesan A. Adelabu, Khathutshelo A. Nephawe and Bohani Mtileni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:562
  41. Treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) infections in low-resource settings is challenging particularly due to limited treatment options. Colistin is the mainstay drug for treatment; however, ...

    Authors: Nqobile Ngoma, Olga Perovic, Alex de Voux, Alfred Musekiwa and Liliwe Shuping
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:561
  42. China experienced an overwhelming COVID-19 pandemic from middle December 2022 to middle January 2023 after lifting the zero-COVID-19 policy on December 7, 2022. However, the infection rate was less studied. We...

    Authors: Jie Tang, Yong Wang, Weiqin Lu, Zhihong Gao, Mingfeng Xu, Lin Wu and Jianhua Jin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:560
  43. Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at an elevated risk of progressing to severe infections upon contracting COVID-19. We conducted a study on risk factors and multi-pathogen infections in KTRs with SARS-C...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Yuanbo Su and Ming Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:559
  44. In January 2020, a different cervical cancer screening program started in Germany. Women above the age of 35 are recommended to have a combined HPV and cytology swab every three years. Showing persistent high-...

    Authors: Barbara Kipp, Elena Ulrich, Carmen van Meegen and Thomas Schwenzer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:558
  45. Evidence continues to accumulate regarding the potential long-term health consequences of COVID-19 in the population. To distinguish between COVID-19-related symptoms and health limitations from those caused b...

    Authors: Cristina Barboza-Solis, Romain Fantin, Allan Hildesheim, Ruth Pfeiffer, Carolina Porras, Julia Butt, Tim Waterboer, Henriette Raventós, Arturo Abdelnour, Amada Aparicio, Viviana Loria, D. Rebecca Prevots, Mitchell H. Gail and Rolando Herrero
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:557
  46. Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is an important central nervous infection with severe neurological sequelae. The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristic and outcomes of patients with HSE in...

    Authors: Ta Thi Dieu Ngan, Nguyen Thi Tuyet, Dinh Trong Hung, Nguyen Trung Cap, Duy Manh Nguyen and Vu Quoc Dat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:556

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