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  1. Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis lung disease (MTB-LD) have similar clinical characteristics. Therefore, NTM-LD is sometimes incorrectly diagnosed with MTB-LD and ...

    Authors: Minwoo Park, Youjin Lee, Sangil Kim, Young-Jin Kim, Shin Young Kim, Yeongsic Kim and Hyun-Min Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:32
  2. The Procalcitonin Antibiotic Consensus Trial (ProACT) found provision of a procalcitonin antibiotic prescribing guideline to hospital-based clinicians did not reduce antibiotic use. Possible reasons include cl...

    Authors: Brian E. Malley, Jonathan G. Yabes, Elizabeth Gimbel, Chung-Chou H. Chang, Donald M. Yealy, Michael J. Fine, Derek C. Angus and David T. Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:30
  3. Broad and specific causes of adult mortalities are often neglected indicators of wellbeing in low-income countries like Ethiopia due to lack of strong vital statistics. Thus, this database study aimed to asses...

    Authors: Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles, Gistane Ayele, Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Mekides Kondale, Zerihun Zerdo, Behailu Merdekios, Tsegaye Tsalla, Mesfin Kote, Alazar Baharu, Alemayehu Bekele, Feleke Gebremeskel, Mulugeta Shegaze and Teklemariam Gultie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:29
  4. The distribution of the duration that clinical cases of COVID-19 occupy hospital beds (the ‘length of stay’) is a key factor in determining how incident caseloads translate into health system burden. Robust es...

    Authors: Ruarai J. Tobin, James G. Wood, Duleepa Jayasundara, Grant Sara, Camelia R. Walker, Genevieve E. Martin, James M. McCaw, Freya M. Shearer and David J. Price
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:28
  5. Understanding the perception and practices of ophthalmologists for trachoma is important to develop interventions aimed at disease elimination in Egypt. The survey investigated: (1) the views and practice patt...

    Authors: Yassin Nayel, Matilda Taylor, Ahmed S. Montasser, Mohamed Elsherif and Mostafa M. Diab
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:27
  6. Mycolicibacter kumamotonensis is a slowly growing, non-chromogenic non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) that was initially distinguished from the M. terrae complex in 2006. Since then it has been rarely reported as...

    Authors: Maxwell D. Weidmann, Yuexiu Wu, Fann Wu, Dhrupa D. Hapani, Daniel A. Green, Justin G. Aaron and Gregory J. Berry
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:26
  7. The ongoing coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has emerged and caused multiple pandemic waves in the following six countries: India, Indonesia, Nepal, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Some of the countries ...

    Authors: Boqiang Chen, Yanji Zhao, Zhen Jin, Daihai He and Huaichen Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:25
  8. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae), remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the trends of invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) in adult and e...

    Authors: Néhémie Nzoyikorera, Idrissa Diawara, Mostafa Katfy, Khalid Katfy, Fakhreddine Maaloum, Joseph Nyandwi, Houria Belabbes, Naima Elmdaghri and Khalid Zerouali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:24
  9. At present, the pathogenesis of post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLDS) is not clear, so the treatment scheme of PTLDS, especially antibiotic treatment, is still controversial. This study aims to evaluate the effi...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Zhang, Yuwei Jiang, Yihan Chen, Jiaru Yang, Xiaoqi Zhang, Lu Xing, Aihua Liu and Fukai Bao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:22
  10. Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs (ASP) consider DOT a fundamental measure to quantify the impact of ASP. Novel strategies have been described, but no endemic channels (EC) have been reported to com...

    Authors: Juan Pablo Londoño-Ruiz, Ivan Felipe Gutierrez-Tobar, Naddya Lheidy Bermúdez-Bohórquez and Andrea Esperanza Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:21
  11. Tuberculosis (TB) in prisons usually occurs at higher rates than in the general population, especially in developing countries. TB has been reported as the most common cause of death among prisoners. Studies h...

    Authors: Aline Ferreira Placeres, Débora de Almeida Soares, Felipe Mendes Delpino, Heriederson Sávio Dias Moura, Alessandro Rolim Scholze, Márcio Souza dos Santos, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio and Inês Fronteira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:20
  12. As the COVID-19 pandemic strains healthcare systems worldwide, finding predictive markers of severe courses remains urgent. Most research so far was limited to selective questions hindering general assumptions...

    Authors: Jan Nikolaus Lieberum, Sandra Kaiser, Johannes Kalbhenn, Hartmut Bürkle and Nils Schallner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:19
  13. Mexico ranks fifth worldwide in the number of deaths due to COVID-19. Identifying risk markers through easily accessible clinical data could help in the initial triage of COVID-19 patients and anticipate a fat...

    Authors: Mariano Rojas-García, Blanca Vázquez, Kirvis Torres-Poveda and Vicente Madrid-Marina
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:18
  14. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in people with HIV. The detection of subclinical atherosclerosis through vascular ultrasound allows us to identify patients at an increased ri...

    Authors: Julia Fernández Soto, Manuel J. Romero-Jiménez, José Carlos Alarcón García, Elena Bonet Estruch, José Luís Sánchez Ramos and Miguel Ángel Castaño López
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:17
  15. To evaluate drug use (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and other drugs) and its association with mean CD4/CD8 T cell count ratio, a marker of chronic inflammation, in virally suppressed people living with HIV-1 (PLW...

    Authors: Sophie Devos, Fabrice Bonnet, Mojgan Hessamfar, Didier Neau, Marc-Olivier Vareil, Olivier Leleux, Charles Cazanave, Nicolas Rouanes, Pierre Duffau, Estibaliz Lazaro, François Dabis, Linda Wittkop and Diana Barger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:16
  16. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) represents a major public health concern, with an ongoing need for new effective treatments. Bedaquiline is an oral diarylquinoline that has shown encouraging treatmen...

    Authors: Tae Sun Shim, Helen Pai, JeongHa Mok, Seung Heon Lee, Yong-Soo Kwon, Jae Chol Choi, JaeSeok Park, Eileen Birmingham, Gary Mao, Lori Alquier, Kourtney Davis, Florence Thoret-Bauchet, Ji Hyun Kim, Hyeongyeong Kim and Nyasha Bakare
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:15
  17. Understanding the proportion of patients with COVID-19 who have respiratory bacterial co-infections and the responsible pathogens is important for managing COVID-19 effectively while ensuring responsible antib...

    Authors: Maria Calderon, Grace Gysin, Akash Gujjar, Ashleigh McMaster, Lisa King, Daniel Comandé, Ewan Hunter and Brendan Payne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:14
  18. Strategy to mitigate various Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks are focusing on Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) capacity building, supportive supervision and IPC supply donation. This study was conduct...

    Authors: Landry Kabego, Mamadou Kourouma, Kevin Ousman, April Baller, Jean-Paul Milambo, John Kombe, Bienvenu Houndjo, Franck Eric Boni, Castro Musafiri, Siya Molembo, Stéphanie Kalumuna, Moise Tshongo, John Ndizihiwe Biringiro, Nancy Moke, Clarisse Kumutima, Justin Nkita…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:12
  19. The prevalence of resistant hospital infections in the intensive care unit (ICU) increases mortality and antibiotic resistance. COVID-19 pandemic may have unintended impact on nosocomial infections (NI) and th...

    Authors: Farid Zand, Hedayatollah Vakili, Naeimehossadat Asmarian, Mansoor Masjedi, Golnar Sabetian, Reza Nikandish, Elham Shafiee, Azita Tabatabaei Esfehani, Fatemeh Azadi and Anahita Sanaei Dashti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:11
  20. During October 2021, China experienced localized outbreaks of COVID-19 in many cities. We analyzed the small local outbreak in Zunyi (Guizhou Province), a major city in southwestern China, and modeled the effe...

    Authors: Jun Feng, Wenlong Zhu, Xingui Ye, Zhixi Liu, Yue Zhu, Qinyi Wu, Guanghong Yang and Weibing Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:10
  21. Rapid diagnostic tests have revolutionized the HIV response in low resource and high HIV prevalence settings. However, disconcerting levels of misdiagnosis at the point-of-care call for research into their roo...

    Authors: Morten Skovdal, Frederik Jacob Brainin Jensen, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Nadine Beckmann, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:9
  22. Fungal empyema is an uncommon disease and is associated with a high mortality rate. Surgical intervention is suggested in stage II and III empyema. However, there were no studies that reported the outcomes of ...

    Authors: Ya-Fu Cheng, Chun-Min Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Ching-Yuan Cheng, Chang-Lun Huang, Wei-Heng Hung and Bing-Yen Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:8
  23. Spinal infection caused by Coxiella burnetii is rare and difficult to diagnose. Here we reported a case of spinal infection from Coxiella burnetii detected by the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS).

    Authors: Sumin Yang, Bai Xue, Xiaowen Hu, Weidong Zhou, Minglei Zhang and Mingwei Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:6
  24. The Pfizer BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine was the first to receive emergency authorization and approval from the FDA. Therefore, it is preferred by most recipients; however, many people are concerned about the vacc...

    Authors: Abdallah Damin Abukhalil, Sireen Sultan Shatat, Raya Riyad Abushehadeh, Ni’meh Al-Shami, Hani A. Naseef and Abdullah Rabba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:5
  25. Tuberculosis is the first fatal infectious agent in the world with 1.2 million annual deaths for 10 million cases. Little is known about the epidemiology of tuberculosis and its resistance in Reunion Island, w...

    Authors: Moreea Loukman, Belmonte Olivier, Boulay Vincent, Dekkak Rachid, Ferdynus Cyril, Verduyn Morgane and Coolen-Allou Nathalie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:4
  26. In this study, the changes of vaginal microbiome after focused ultrasound (FU) treatment were evaluated to explore the possible mechanism of FU in the treatment of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infec...

    Authors: Wenping Wang, Yujuan Liu, Yamei Yang, Jiaojiao Ren and Honggui Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:3
  27. Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma infections have been regarded as severe challenges to public health worldwide because their potential risk of leading to serious reproductive complications. C. trachomatis is ...

    Authors: Zhan Zhang, Xiaonan Zong, Huihui Bai, Linyuan Fan, Ting Li and Zhaohui Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:2
  28. Contradictory results were reported on the role of school closure/reopening on the overall SARS-CoV-2 transmission rate, as well as on which kind and level of mitigation measures implemented in schools may be ...

    Authors: Sara Raimondi, Sara Gandini, Gibran Horemheb Rubio Quintanares, Ana Abecasis, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Oriana D’Ecclesiis, Susanna Chiocca, Elisa Tomezzoli, Ilaria Cutica, Davide Mazzoni, Nuno Amparo, Marta Pingarilho, Daniela Carmagnola, Claudia Dellavia, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Chiara Ronchini…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:1

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:96

  29. It can be considered that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) risk perception is the negative experiences or concerns about taking PrEP. The aim of this study is to explore the longitudinal trajectory of PrEP risk...

    Authors: Bing Lin, Jiaxiu Liu and Xiaoni Zhong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:969
  30. Urogenital schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. In the Senegal river basin, the construction of the Diama dam led to an increase and endemicity of schistosomias...

    Authors: Bruno Senghor, Eglantine Mathieu-Begné, Olivier Rey, Souleymane Doucouré, Doudou Sow, Bocar Diop, Mariama Sène, Jérôme Boissier and Cheikh Sokhna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:968
  31. Co-management of HIV-TB coinfection remains a challenge globally. Addressing TB among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is a key priority for the Government of India (GoI). In 2016, GoI implemented single-window ...

    Authors: Reshu Agarwal, Upasna Agarwal, Chinmoyee Das, Ramesh Allam Reddy, Rashmi Pant, Christine Ho, B. Ravi Kumar, Vandana Dabla, Patrick K. Moonan, Melissa Nyendak, Sunil Anand, Anoop Kumar Puri, Sanjay K. Mattoo, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Vijay V. Yeldandi and Rohit Sarin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:967
  32. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica is one of the most common Nocardia species found in human infections, recently reclassified. Even though Nocardia may affect all organs by hematogenous dissemination, bacteremia are unco...

    Authors: Florian Saunier, Sylvain Grange, Josselin Rigaill, Marie-France Lutz, Amandine Gagneux-Brunon and Elisabeth Botelho-Nevers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:966
  33. The discrimination between active tuberculosis (ATB) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) remains challenging. The present study aims to investigate the value of diagnostic models established by machine le...

    Authors: Ying Luo, Ying Xue, Wei Liu, Huijuan Song, Yi Huang, Guoxing Tang, Feng Wang, Qi Wang, Yimin Cai and Ziyong Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:965
  34. Fungal periprosthetic joint infections are rare. Acremonium osteoarticular infections are scarcely reported. Variable susceptibility to antifungal agents have been reported and optimal pharmacotherapy has yet to ...

    Authors: Nikko Rowe A. Tabliago, David Maish, Raquel M. Martinez, Mark A. Shelly, Bridget Yablonski and Taesung Kwon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:964
  35. Visceral leishmaniasis is caused by the Leishmania donovani species complex that can spread to internal organs and leading to death if not treated on time. Diagnosis of leishmaniasis is based on clinical signs an...

    Authors: Umer Ahmed Usmael, Nega Berhane Tesema, Selfu Girma, Desalegn Adane Kendie and Musin Kelel Abas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:963
  36. Edwardsiella tarda, an Enterobacteriaceae family member, is prevalent in different aquatic settings and rarely infects humans. As a result of eating raw or undercooked seafood, humans become infected through thei...

    Authors: Abolfazl Gilani, Roham Sarmadian, Manijeh Kahbazi and Parsa Yousefichaijan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:962
  37. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is a life-threatening disease with increasing prevalence in patients with rheumatic disease. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is an effective treatment for patients w...

    Authors: Siyang Song, Yang Zhang, Jie Yu, Cuiying Xie, Yi Chen and Xingyu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:961
  38. In fall 2020 when schools in the Netherlands operated under a limited set of COVID-19 measures, we conducted outbreaks studies in four secondary schools to gain insight in the level of school transmission and ...

    Authors: Lotte Jonker, Kimberly J. Linde, Marieke L. A. de Hoog, Robin Sprado, Robin C. Huisman, Richard Molenkamp, Bas B. Oude Munnink, Wietske Dohmen, Dick J. J. Heederik, Dirk Eggink, Matthijs R. A. Welkers, Harry Vennema, Pieter L. A. Fraaij, Marion P. G. Koopmans, Inge M. Wouters and Patricia C. J. L. Bruijning-Verhagen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:960
  39. European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoint criteria for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) treatment with ceftriaxone are based upon high dose (4 g/day) rathe...

    Authors: Rakhee Mistry, Timothy M. Rawson, Oliver Troise, Nabeela Mughal, Luke S. P. Moore and Stephen Hughes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:959
  40. Septic arthritis requires prompt diagnosis and treatments. Rare pathogens should be considered when patients respond poorly to the initial antibiotic treatments. Ureaplasma parvum is an opportunistic pathogen tha...

    Authors: Xiaohong Pan, Jiekun Xu, Lei Pan, Caihong Wang, Junke Qiu, Xiaqing Huang, Chenxi Yan and Minjie Mao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:958
  41. Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a highly infectious disease and worldwide health problem. Based on the WHO TB report, 9 million active TB cases are emerging, leading to...

    Authors: Fatemeh Zeynali kelishomi, Susan Khanjani, Fatemeh Fardsanei, Hediyeh Saghi Sarabi, Farhad Nikkhahi and Behzad Dehghani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:957
  42. Patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) have poor sleep quality due to multiple factors. We aimed to assess the sleep status and related factors of TB patients in Shenzhen, China.

    Authors: Hailin Zhang, Ao Li, Youli Jiang, Wenqiu Chen, Jin Wang, Peize Zhang, Guofang Deng, Weiyu Wang, Jingfang Chen and Yi Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:956
  43. Authors: Rose Pollard, Ajay Enugu, Salin Sriudomporn, Jade Bell, Subash Chandra Ghosh, Visvanathan Arumugam, Parthasarathy Mugundu, Aditya Singh, Allison M. McFall, Shruti H. Mehta, Bryan N. Patenaude and Sunil S. Solomon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:955

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:918

  44. The increasing availability of data on social contact patterns and time use provides invaluable information for studying transmission dynamics of infectious diseases. Social contact data provide information on...

    Authors: Thang Van Hoang, Lander Willem, Pietro Coletti, Kim Van Kerckhove, Joeri Minnen, Philippe Beutels and Niel Hens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:954
  45. Sepsis is the most common cause of death in hospitals, and intra-abdominal infection (IAI) accounts for a large portion of the causes of sepsis. We investigated the clinical outcomes and factors influencing mo...

    Authors: Chan Hee Park, Jeong Woo Lee, Hak Jae Lee, Dong Kyu Oh, Mi Hyeon Park, Chae-Man Lim and Suk-Kyung Hong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:953
  46. Febrile illnesses are among the most important reasons for medical consultation in sub-Saharan Africa and are frequently treated with antimicrobials due to the unavailability of appropriate diagnostic tools. T...

    Authors: Massa dit Achille Bonko, Ibrahima Karama, Francois Kiemde, Palpouguini Lompo, Zakaria Garba, Sibidou Yougbaré, Petra F. Mens, Halidou Tinto, Marc Christian Tahita and Henk. D. F. H. Schallig
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:952
  47. Patients’ race and ethnicity may play a role in mortality from Covid-19. Studies in China, the US, and Europe have been conducted on the predictors of Covid-19 mortality, yet in the EMR countries, such studies...

    Authors: Mostafa A. Abolfotouh, Abrar Musattat, Maha Alanazi, Suliman Alghnam and Mohammad Bosaeed
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:950

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