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  1. Diabetes that develops in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) is usually type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, autoimmune diabetes, such as type 1 ...

    Authors: Min-ChunYeh, Han-Chuan Chuang, Shuen-Fu Weng, Chung-Huei Hsu, Chen-Ling Huang, Yu-Pei Lin, Yan-Yu Lin and Yu-Shan Hsieh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:619
  2. Transgender (TG) people are key drivers for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) all over the world. There is substantial evidence that STIs are associated with an increased likelihood of risky sexual behavi...

    Authors: Hasnain Javed, Abida Bano, Warda Fatima, Rimsha Khan and Asma Akhtar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:618
  3. Dialister pneumosintes is an anaerobic, Gram negative bacillus, found in the human oral cavity and associated with periodontitis. It has also been isolated from gastric mucosa and stool samples. Recent case repor...

    Authors: Rachel Patel, Debra S. T. Chong, Alison J. Guy and Matthew Kennedy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:617
  4. Despite the fact that prison inmates are a population at higher risk than other groups of suffering from intestinal parasite infections in relation to their living conditions, information about these diseases ...

    Authors: Carla Muñoz-Antoli, María José Irisarri-Gutiérrez, Lucrecia Acosta, María José Bonet, J. Guillermo Esteban and Rafael Toledo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:616
  5. The objective of the study was to analyze the spatial distribution of vaccination coverage of bacterial meningitis vaccine: A, C, W and Y (menacwy) and identify the association between socioeconomic and social...

    Authors: Josianne Dias Gusmão, Thales Philipe Rodrigues da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Larissa Loures Mendes, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sheila Aparecida Ferreira Lachtim, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Luana Carolina Santos, Gilmar José Coelho Rodrigues, Aline Mendes Vimieiro, Ed Wilson Rodrigues Vieira and Fernanda Penido Matozinhos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:615
  6. The gastrointestinal tract contains a massive microbiota, and targeting the gut could be a potential intervention for sepsis. However, the interaction between sepsis and the intestinal microbiota is defined as...

    Authors: Yanli Liu, Yanan Guo, Su Hu, Yujun Wang, Lijuan Zhang, Li Yu and Feng Geng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:614
  7. Tuberculosis, along with HIV, is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity globally. Despite the fact that several primary studies have been conducted on the incidence rate of tuberculosis in HIV-infected p...

    Authors: Temesgen Gebeyehu Wondmeneh and Ayal Tsegaye Mekonnen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:613
  8. Public health depends largely on people’s knowledge, beliefs, or behaviors regarding their health and medical treatments. Although works based on the health belief model have shown that public beliefs about me...

    Authors: Taiyo Fukai, Keisuke Kawata and Masaki Nakabayashi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:612
  9. Severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) is commonly treated with an empiric combination therapy, including a macrolide, or a quinolone and a β-lactam. However, the risk of Legionella pneumonia may lead to a pr...

    Authors: Pauline Guillot, Flora Delamaire, Arnaud Gacouin, Benoit Painvin, Caroline Piau, Florian Reizine, Mathieu Lesouhaitier, Jean-Marc Tadié and Adel Maamar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:611
  10. The course of monkeypox can be severe. Our aim was to retrospectively compare the risk of hospital admission, the need for ventilation, sepsis, pneumonitis and death between the recent outbreak and historical ...

    Authors: Florian Gaertner, Saskia Preissner, William Arthur Petri Jr., Olubunmi Atolani, Max Heiland, Susanne Nahles, Robert Preissner and Moritz Hertel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:610
  11. Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections are common in outpatient settings but are not treated optimally. Few studies of the outpatient use of antibiotics for specific diagnoses have been done in sub-Sahar...

    Authors: Florence Njeri Mbatia, James Orwa, Mary B. Adam, Gulnaz Mahomoud and Rodney D. Adam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:608
  12. Malaria cases in non-endemic zero-indigenous case areas are most likely to have been imported whatever of the route of importation. In countries recently declared malaria-free and now without local transmissio...

    Authors: Anas Al-Jawabreh, Suheir Ereqat, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Ahmed Al-Jawabreh, Hanan Al-Jawabreh and Abedelmajeed Nasereddin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:607
  13. Omicron variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly become a global threat to public health. Numerous asymptomatic and mild cases had been admitted in shelter hospit...

    Authors: Chun Yin, Bo Hu, Kunyan Li, Xian Liu, Shuili Wang, Rulin He, Haibing Ding, Mingpeng Jin and Cheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:606
  14. The development of scoring systems to predict the short-term mortality and the length of hospital stay (LOS) in patients with bacteraemia is essential to improve the quality of care and reduce the occupancy va...

    Authors: Ching-Chi Lee, Yuan-Pin Hung, Chih-Chia Hsieh, Ching-Yu Ho, Chiao-Ya Hsu, Cheng-Te Li and Wen-Chien Ko
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:605
  15. Authors: Birhan Alemnew, Getnet Gedefaw, Gedefaw Diress Alen and Asmamaw Demis Bizuneh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:604

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:156

  16. Severe COVID-19 is a disease characterized by profound dysregulation of the innate immune system. There is a need to identify highly reliable prognostic biomarkers that can be rapidly assessed in body fluids f...

    Authors: Lázaro Verdiguel-Fernández, Rene Arredondo-Hernández, Jesús Andrés Mejía-Estrada, Adolfo Ortiz, Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez, Patricia Orduña, Samuel Ponce de León-Rosales, Juan José Calva and Yolanda López-Vidal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:602
  17. Mycoplasma hominis is a facultative anaerobic bacterium commonly present in the urogenital tract. In recent years, M. hominis has increasingly been associated with extra-urogenital tract infections, particularly ...

    Authors: Afrinash Ahamad, Fainareti N. Zervou and Maria E. Aguero-Rosenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:601
  18. Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), is a common health problem in low- and middle-income countries. Cardiac involvement is a relatively rare manifestation of Echinococcus infection. This study aims to summarize the...

    Authors: Erfan Banisefid, Kosar Baghernezhad, Rasa Beheshti, Sina Hamzehzadeh, Soheil Nemati, Zahra Samadifar, Hamid Owaysee Osquee, Elnaz Javanshir and Amirreza Naseri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:600
  19. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, especially for those living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Learning about knowledge of and attitudes towards HCV...

    Authors: Wenqian Xu, Peizhen Zhao, Haiyi Li and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:599
  20. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) improved the prognosis of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH). Life-long treatment is required in PLWH and is accompanied by various metabolic abnormalitie...

    Authors: Xiuxia Li, Xiaojing Song, Yang Han, Zhifeng Qiu, Wei Cao and Taisheng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:598
  21. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) cause substantial morbidity and mortality both in African and China. However, there is limited data available on the prevalence of HI...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Menglan Yang, Peizhen Zhao, Shujie Huang and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:597
  22. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common childhood bacterial infectious disease requiring antimicrobial therapy. Most cases of AOM are caused by translocation of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influen...

    Authors: Briallen Lobb, Matthew C. Lee, Christi L. McElheny, Yohei Doi, Kristin Yahner, Alejandro Hoberman, Judith M. Martin, Jeremy A. Hirota, Andrew C. Doxey and Nader Shaikh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:596
  23. Although many studies on asymptomatic norovirus infection in outbreaks have been conducted globally, structured data (important for emergency management of outbreaks) on the prevalence of this epidemic are sti...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Zhao Gao, Zu-rong Yang, Kun Liu and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:595
  24. Multimorbidity, smoking status, and pregnancy are identified as three risk factors associated with more severe outcomes following a SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus vaccination uptake is crucial for pregnant women l...

    Authors: Mohamed Mhereeg, Hope Jones, Jonathan Kennedy, Mike Seaborne, Michael Parker, Natasha Kennedy, Ashley Akbari, Luisa Zuccolo, Amaya Azcoaga-Lorenzo, Alisha Davies, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar and Sinead Brophy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:594
  25. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging global public health crisis. Surveillance is a fundamental component in the monitoring and evaluation of AMR mitigation endeavours. The primary aim of the scoping ...

    Authors: Phu Cong Do, Yibeltal Alemu Assefa, Suliasi Mekerusa Batikawai and Simon Andrew Reid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:593
  26. In immunocompromised populations, such as patients with AIDS and recipients of solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplants, BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) can reactivate and cause several diseases, which can ...

    Authors: Yuchen Wang, Yiling Fang, Ziyan Yan, Renfei Xia, Wenli Zeng, Wenfeng Deng, Jian Xu, Xiaoqin Feng, Jie Peng and Yun Miao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:592
  27. Human orthopneumovirus (HOPV) or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the important causes of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) during the cold months of the year worldwide. Many countries have reported...

    Authors: Jila Yavarian, Somayeh Shatizadeh Malekshahi, Marziyeh Faraji-Zonouz, Shirin Kalantari, Sevrin Zadheidar, Sara Saghafi, Faezeh Tarpour, Arash Letafati, Akram sadat Ahmadi, Nazanin-Zahra Shafiei-Jandaghi and Talat Mokhtari-Azad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:591
  28. Vitamin B6 is an essential water-soluble vitamin for humans. It is often used to prevent a variety of neuropathies, relieve vomiting, and relieve symptoms such as hand and foot neuritis.

    Authors: Meng-Yan Cui, Meng-Jie Zhang, Qiao-Li Jiang, Zhong-Mei Pei, Zhen-Yu Cui, Mei Kang, Lun-Gen Lu and Ying-Ying Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:590
  29. During endotracheal intubation, extubation, tracheotomy, and tracheotomy tube replacement, the splashed airway secretions of patients will increase the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV‐2 and many other potenti...

    Authors: Lilong Liu, Yan Deng, Shouli Xia, Zengpeng Sun, Zhipeng Zhu, Weiyi Chen, Dongdong Xiao, Weiyong Sheng and Ke Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:589
  30. To investigate the etiological characteristics of plastic bronchitis (PB) caused by pulmonary infections in children and to identify any differences in the clinical features of PB cases caused by different pat...

    Authors: Feng Huang, Wenjing Gu, Jianfeng Diwu, Xinxing Zhang, Yanyu He, Youjian Zhang, Zhengrong Chen, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Heting Dong, Shanshan Wang, Yuqing Wang, Canhong Zhu and Chuangli Hao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:588
  31. Escherichia coli significantly causes nosocomial infections and rampant spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). There is limited data on genomic characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producin...

    Authors: Ivan Sserwadda, Benson R. Kidenya, Stephen Kanyerezi, Inyasi Lawrence Akaro, Baraka Mkinze, Stephen E. Mshana, Suhaila O. Hashim, Everlyne Isoe, Jeremiah Seni, Moses L. Joloba and Gerald Mboowa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:587
  32. Tuberculosis (TB) has a high morbidity and mortality rate, and its prevention and treatment focus is on impoverished areas. The Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is a typical impoverished area in western Chin...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Chaoxin Zhou, Lan Shang and Xiyuan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:586
  33. To study the efficacy and safety of arbidol hydrochloride tablets as a treatment for influenza-like diseases.

    Authors: Xinfeng Bai, Suya Xi, Guiyan Chen, Xiaoying Fan, Kaiwei Wang, Yong Li, Yang Zhao, Weizhan Wang and Yingping Tian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:585
  34. To estimate the prevalence and risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in China.

    Authors: Cong-Cong Qi, Li-Ran Xu, Chang-Jia Zhao, Hai-Yan Zhang, Qing-Ya Li, Mei-Jun Liu, Ye-Xuan Zhang, Zhou Tang and Xiu-Xia Ma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:584
  35. To date, few cases of TSS caused by coagulase negative (CoN) staphylococci have been reported in the literature. Recent data show that CoN staphylococci are capable of secreting a number of enterotoxins and cytot...

    Authors: Charis Armeftis, Andreas Ioannou, Theodorakis Lazarou, Achilleas Giannopoulos, Efrosyni Dimitriadou, Kostantinos Makrides and Zoi Dorothea Pana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:583
  36. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered one of the most prevalent infections that may lead to many renal complications. They account for almost 10% of all infections in Saudi Arabia, making them the second...

    Authors: Yahya A. Almutawif and Hamza M. A. Eid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:582
  37. Immune dysregulation in patients with acute COVID-19 under chronic hemodialysis (CHD) is fully not elucidated. The changes of mononuclear counts and mediators before and after HD and associations with final ou...

    Authors: Dimitra Bacharaki, Minas Karagiannis, Panagiotis Giannakopoulos, Evangelos Papachristou, Dimitrios Divanis, Aggeliki Sardeli, Dimitra Petrou, Petros Nikolopoulos, Adamantia Bratsiakou, Vassiliki Zoi, Nikitas Piliouras, Georgia Damoraki, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Dimitrios Goumenos and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:581
  38. Many factors determine empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We aimed to describe the empirical antibiotic treatment CAP patients with an acute hospital visit and to determine i...

    Authors: Morten Hjarnø Lorentzen, Flemming Schønning Rosenvinge, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Ole Graumann, Christian B. Laursen, Christian Backer Mogensen and Helene Skjøt-Arkil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:580
  39. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is the second leading cause of community-acquired and hospital-acquired gram-negative bloodstream infection (BSI). This study aimed to assess the epidemiological and microbia...

    Authors: Taghreed A. Hafiz, Sarah Alanazi, Shahad S. Alghamdi, Murad A. Mubaraki, Waleed Aljabr, Nouf Madkhali, Sarah R. Alharbi, Khalifa Binkhamis and Fawzia Alotaibi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:579
  40. HIV post- exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a prevention tool for individuals with a recent potential exposure to HIV. Doravirine has been available since 2019 in combination with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and...

    Authors: Inès Devred, Kick Kayembe, Nadia Valin, Hayette Rougier, Bruce Wuembulua Shinga, Sidonie Lambert-Niclot, Thibault Chiarabini, Marie-Caroline Meyohas and Karine Lacombe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:578
  41. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA vaccine effectiveness (VE) has recently declined, and reports about COVID-19 breakthrough infection have increased. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on population-b...

    Authors: Xiaohui Jing, Menglin Han, Xiaoxuan Wang and Li Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:577

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:648

  42. So far, there have been more than 761 million confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 worldwide, with more than 6.8 million deaths. The most common direct causes of death for COVID-19 are diffuse alveolar injury and acu...

    Authors: Jiangwei Kong, Tengfei Yang, Fu Zhang, XinBiao Liao, Sihao Du, Xingan Yang and Dongri Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:576
  43. Data on recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis prevalence among drug users in the Southwest China are sparse despite the high burden of drug use. This study aims at ass...

    Authors: Tong Luo, Zhaosen Lin, Zhenxian Wu, Ping Cen, Aidan Nong, Rongye Huang, Jianhua Che, Fengfeng Liang, Yuan Yang, Jie Liu, Li Huang, Jie Cai, Yanyun Ou, Li Ye, Lijuan Bao, Bingyu Liang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:575
  44. Diagnosis of infected individuals with Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is often performed by real-time PCR or transcription-mediated amplification (TMA). A limitation of the MG-TMA assay is the relatively short time s...

    Authors: Nikki Adriaens, Anne-Marije Pennekamp, Alje P. van Dam and Sylvia M. Bruisten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:574
  45. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are drugs growingly employed in cancer immunotherapy which have significantly improved the prognosis of several tumours. ICIs act by restoring the “exhausted” immune system ...

    Authors: Cecilia Azzarà, Andrea Lombardi, Andrea Gramegna, Margherita Ori, Andrea Gori, Francesco Blasi and Alessandra Bandera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:573
  46. Cholera in Kolkata remains endemic and the Indian city is burdened with a high number of annual cases. Climate change is widely considered to exacerbate cholera, however the precise relationship between climat...

    Authors: Debbie Shackleton, Theo Economou, Fayyaz Ali Memon, Albert Chen, Shanta Dutta, Suman Kanungo and Alok Deb
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:572
  47. Collagenomas are rare connective tissue hamartomas composed of dermal collagen. Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can present with HIV-related lipodystrophy or lipomas. There are no kno...

    Authors: Kevin K. Wu, Masoud Movassaghi, Brittney DeClerck and Maggie Chow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:571
  48. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) complicated with extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) infection can aggravate the disease, but there have been few reports.

    Authors: Tianshui Niu, Fei He, Jianshe Yang, Chengxi Ma, Jingyi Xu, Tianzhi Sun, Xin Zhang, Shuyi Chen and Chuhui Ru
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:488

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