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  1. The risk of hepatotoxicity associated with different highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens (containing multiple-protease inhibitors, single-protease inhibitors or non nucleoside reverse transcr...

    Authors: Carlo Torti, Giuseppe Lapadula, Salvatore Casari, Massimo Puoti, Mark Nelson, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Daniele Bella, Giuseppe Pastore, Nicoletta Ladisa, Lorenzo Minoli, Giovanni Sotgiu, Francesco Mazzotta, Sergio Lo Caputo, Giovanni Di Perri, Gaetano Filice, Carmine Tinelli…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:58
  2. Pertussis, a highly contagious respiratory illness, affects people of all ages and can have serious clinical consequences. It has been reported that from 1997–2000, 20% of all pertussis cases required hospital...

    Authors: Judith A O'Brien and J Jaime Caro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:57
  3. In Canada – a low endemicity country, vaccines for hepatitis A virus (HAV) are currently recommended to individuals at increased risk for infection or its complications. Applying these recommendations is diffi...

    Authors: Ba' Pham, Bernard Duval, Gaston De Serres, Vladimir Gilca, Andrea C Tricco, Jan Ochnio and David W Scheifele
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:56
  4. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the single most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age and associated with a sizeable infectious disease burden among both non-pregnant and pregnant women, including ...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Joris Delanghe, Kristien Roelens, Stijn Blot, Geert Claeys and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:55
  5. Recently, a negative association between Toxoplasma-infection and novelty seeking was reported. The authors suggested that changes of personality trait were caused by manipulation activity of the parasite, aimed ...

    Authors: Martina Novotná, Jitka Hanusova, Jiří Klose, Marek Preiss, Jan Havlicek, Kateřina Roubalová and Jaroslav Flegr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:54
  6. Viral hepatitis due to hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus are major public health problems all over the world. Traditional detection methods including polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays and enzy...

    Authors: Lianlian Duan, Yefu Wang, Shawn Shun-cheng Li, Zhixiang Wan and Jianxin Zhai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:53
  7. In Thailand, rabies remains a neglected disease with authorities continuing to rely on human death statistics while ignoring the financial burden resulting from an enormous increase in post-exposure prophylaxi...

    Authors: Jessada Denduangboripant, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Boonlert Lumlertdacha, Nipada Ruankaew, Wirongrong Hoonsuwan, Apirom Puanghat and Thiravat Hemachudha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:52
  8. Thalidomide is an inhibitor of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) that has been proven effective for the treatment of experimental sepsis by Escherichia coli. It was tested whether it might behave as an effectiv...

    Authors: Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Nikolaos Bolanos, George Laoutaris, Vassilios Papadakis, Vassilios Koussoulas, Despina Perrea, Panayotis E Karayannacos and Helen Giamarellou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:51
  9. Malaria presents a diagnostic challenge in most tropical countries. Rapid detection of the malaria parasite and early treatment of infection still remain the most important goals of disease management. Therefo...

    Authors: Neeru Singh, AK Mishra, MM Shukla, SK Chand and Praveen Kumar Bharti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:50
  10. Fluoroquinolones or third generation cephalosporins are the drugs of choice for the treatment of typhoid fever. Treatment failure with fluoroquinolones has been reported in Asia and Europe. We report a case of...

    Authors: Njinkeng J Nkemngu, Etienne DN Asonganyi and Anna L Njunda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:49
  11. Effective neutralization in testing hand hygiene preparations is considered to be a crucial element to ensure validity of the test results, especially with the difficulty to neutralize chlorhexidine gluconate....

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Marc Shaffer and Corrine Hunte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:48
  12. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is very prevalent in Brazil. HIV therapy has been recently associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for CHD that is frequen...

    Authors: Edilma MV Albuquerque, Eliana C de Faria, Helena CF Oliveira, Daniela O Magro and Lucia N Castilho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:47
  13. Mycoplasmas are present worldwide in a large number of animal hosts. Due to their small genome and parasitic lifestyle, Mycoplasma spp. require complex isolation media. Nevertheless, already over 100 different sp...

    Authors: Tim Stakenborg, Jo Vicca, Patrick Butaye, Dominiek Maes, Thierry De Baere, Rita Verhelst, Johan Peeters, Aart de Kruif, Freddy Haesebrouck and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:46
  14. The neuropeptide somatostatin is one of the major regulatory peptides in the central nervous system and the digestive tract. Our recent work has delineated an association between fibrosis and low levels of end...

    Authors: Shyama Chatterjee, Gunther Vrolix, Inge Depoortere, Theo Peeters and Eric Van Marck
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:45
  15. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can be prevented with appropriate vaccination programs. The prevalence rates of rubella and CRS in Iran are unknown; therefore, the risk of exposure in pregnant women is not c...

    Authors: Jila Sadighi, Hasan Eftekhar and Kazem Mohammad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:44
  16. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Telithromycin (a new ketolide) has shown good in vitro activity against the key causative pathogens of CAP...

    Authors: Charles M Fogarty, Tushar C Patel, Lala M Dunbar and Bruno P Leroy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:43
  17. Diagnostic and therapeutic instrumentation of the lower gastrointestinal tract has been reported to result in bacteremia and endocarditis. No such case has been reported in persons with a history of rectal for...

    Authors: Braj B Pandey, Tuan C Dang and John F Healy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:42
  18. Mucosal antibodies have been suggested to have a role in defence against pneumococcal infections. We investigated here the ability of a seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PncOMPC, to induce mucosal i...

    Authors: Anu Nurkka, Mika Lahdenkari, Arto AI Palmu and Helena Käyhty
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:41
  19. In Lithuania, the vaccination coverage against pertussis is high. Nevertheless, there is a significant increase in pertussis cases in fully immunized children. The aim of our study was to determine the frequen...

    Authors: Irena Narkeviciute, Ema Kavaliunaite, Genovaite Bernatoniene and Rimantas Eidukevicius
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:40
  20. The Leishmania promastigote-macrophage interaction occurs through the association of multiple receptors on the biological membrane surfaces. The success of the parasite infection is dramatically dependent on this...

    Authors: Ricardo Gonçalves, Etel R Vieira, Maria N Melo, Kenneth J Gollob, David M Mosser and Wagner L Tafuri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:39
  21. In December 2001, a fatal case of pneumococcal meningitis in a Marine Corps recruit was identified. As pneumococcal vaccine usage in recruit populations is being considered, an investigation was initiated into...

    Authors: Carolyn I Baker, Christopher P Barrozo, Margaret AK Ryan, Lisa A Pearse and Kevin L Russell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:38
  22. Widespread use of fluoroquinolones has resulted in emergence of Salmonella typhi strains with decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones. These strains are identifiable by their nalidixic acid-resistance. We st...

    Authors: Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Naveet Wig, Arti Kapil, SK Kabra, K Renuka and Anoop Misra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:37
  23. The hepatitis E virus (HEV) has a global distribution and is known to have caused large waterborne epidemics of icteric hepatitis. Transmission is generally via the fecal-oral route. Some reports have suggeste...

    Authors: Mahnaz Taremi, Manouchehr Khoshbaten, Latif Gachkar, MohammadJavad EhsaniArdakani and MohammadReza Zali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:36
  24. Blood cultures are a gold standard specific test for diagnosing many infections. However, the low yield may limit their usefulness, particularly in low-risk populations. This study was conducted to assess the ...

    Authors: Kevin B Laupland, Deirdre L Church and Daniel B Gregson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:35
  25. Most cases of echinococcal disease (ED) acquired in Canada are thought to be due to the sylvatic form of Echinococcus granulosus, which may be more benign than ED due to either Echinococcus multilocularis or the ...

    Authors: Ali Somily, Joan L Robinson, Lilly J Miedzinski, Ravi Bhargava and Thomas J Marrie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:34
  26. Recent epidemiological data show an increased trend of official estimates for syphilis infection in the general population. Many of the infected cases remain undetected leaving an underestimation of the true p...

    Authors: Norbert Scherbaum, Bernhard T Baune, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Thomas Kuhlmann, Gerhard Reymann and Martin Reker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:33
  27. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of beta-lactamase-producing Capnocytophaga isolates in young children hospitalized in the Pediatric Oncology Department of Hôpital Sud (Rennes, France) over a ...

    Authors: Anne Jolivet-Gougeon, Zohreh Tamanai-Shacoori, Laurent Desbordes, Virginie Gandemer, Jean-Louis Sixou, Nolwenn Morvan-Graveline, Michel Cormier and Martine Bonnaure-Mallet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:32
  28. The hetero-glycopeptide intermediate staphylococci is considered to be the precursor of glycopeptide intermediate staphylococci especially vancomycin intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA). For this purpose, w...

    Authors: Yasar Nakipoglu, Sengul Derbentli, Atahan A Cagatay and Handan Katranci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:31

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:65

  29. Tuberculosis (TB) is a common public health problem in many parts of the world. TB is generally believed to spare these four organs-heart, skeletal muscle, thyroid and pancreas. We describe a rare case of myoc...

    Authors: Ritesh Agarwal, Puneet Malhotra, Anshu Awasthi, Nandita Kakkar and Dheeraj Gupta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:29
  30. Active Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common complication in advanced symptomatic Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. CMV-induced intestinal perforations are hard to diagnose and may be observe...

    Authors: Bruno Mégarbane, Dabor Résière, Jacqueline Ferrand, Laurent Raskine, Kouroche Vahedi and Frédéric J Baud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:28
  31. Interferon-alpha monotherapy is effective in less than one-third patients with chronic hepatitis C. The dose-effect, tolerability and durability of interferon-alpha treatment and its long-term effect on the pr...

    Authors: Ming-Lung Yu, Chia-Yen Dai, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Li-Po Lee, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Zu-Yau Lin, Ming-Yuh Hsieh, Liang-Yen Wang, Jung-Fa Tsai, Wen-Yu Chang and Wan-Long Chuang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:27
  32. It has been postulated that genetic predisposition may influence the susceptibility to SARS-coronavirus infection and disease outcomes. A recent study has suggested that the deletion allele (D allele) of the angi...

    Authors: KC Allen Chan, Nelson LS Tang, David SC Hui, Grace TY Chung, Alan KL Wu, Stephen SC Chim, Rossa WK Chiu, Nelson Lee, KW Choi, YM Sung, Paul KS Chan, YK Tong, ST Lai, WC Yu, Owen Tsang and YM Dennis Lo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:26
  33. Inhalation anthrax is characterized by a systemic spread of the challenge agent, Bacillus anthracis. It causes severe damage, including multiple hemorrhagic lesions, to host tissues and organs. It is widely belie...

    Authors: Serguei G Popov, Taissia G Popova, Svetlana Hopkins, Raymond S Weinstein, Rebecca MacAfee, Karl J Fryxell, Vikas Chandhoke, Charles Bailey and Ken Alibek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:25
  34. The increasing problem of infections due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria has led to re-use of polymyxins in several countries. However, there are already clinical isolates of Gram-negative bacter...

    Authors: Matthew E Falagas, Ioannis A Bliziotis, Sofia K Kasiakou, George Samonis, Panayiota Athanassopoulou and Argyris Michalopoulos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:24
  35. Hydroxyurea (HU) is an immunomodulatory agent that has been documented to enhance the antiretroviral activity of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as abacavir (ABC) and didanosine (ddI), and wo...

    Authors: Susan Swindells, Calvin J Cohen, Daniel S Berger, Karen T Tashima, Qiming Liao, Bonnie F Pobiner, Jerry W Snidow, Gary E Pakes and Jaime E Hernandez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:23
  36. Invasive fungal infections, such as candidemia, caused by Candida species have been increasing. Candidemia is not only associated with a high mortality (30% to 40%) but also extends the length of hospital stay an...

    Authors: Ming-Fang Cheng, Yun-Liang Yang, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Chin-Yu Lin, Jih-Shin Liu, Ran-Bin Tang, Kwok-Woon Yu, Yu-Hua Fan, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Monto Ho and Hsiu-Jung Lo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:22
  37. An association between Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) and seropositivity for Bartonella henselae (BH) has been described. The objective of this study was to see if such an association exists in northern Alberta.

    Authors: Joan L Robinson, Donald W Spady, Errol Prasad, Dorothy McColl and Harvey Artsob
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:21
  38. Seasonal RSV infections occur every year and affect particularly children under six months of age. Passive immunoprophylaxis with monoclonal antibody Palivizumab is recommended in the period with high risk of ...

    Authors: Elena Terletskaia-Ladwig, Gisela Enders, Gunnar Schalasta and Martin Enders
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:20
  39. Tuberculosis poses a great challenge, especially in children. The response of BCG Test may be different in previously vaccinated children and needs to be considered before interpreting positivity for TB. This ...

    Authors: Mohit Singla, Vaibhav Sahai, Sukhbir Sodhi and Rakesh Pal Gupta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:19
  40. Leishmaniases are among the most proteiform parasitic infections in humans ranging from unapparent to cutaneous, mucocutaneous or visceral diseases. The various clinical issues depend on complex and still poor...

    Authors: Yves JF Garin, Pascale Meneceur, Francine Pratlong, Jean-Pierre Dedet, Francis Derouin and Frédéric Lorenzo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:18
  41. Trying to confront with the widespread burden of infectious diseases, the society worldwide invests considerably on research. We evaluated the contribution of different world regions in research production in ...

    Authors: Ioannis A Bliziotis, Konstantinos Paraschakis, Paschalis I Vergidis, Antonia I Karavasiou and Matthew E Falagas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:16
  42. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA persists in infected cells, even after prolonged successful HAART. In the present study, a relative quantification assay of HIV-1 proviral DNA by Li...

    Authors: Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Philippe Henrivaux, Jean Ruelle, Nicole Delferrière, Monique Bodéus and Patrick Goubau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:15
  43. Scrapie and BSE belong to a group of fatal, transmissible, neurodegenerative diseases called TSE. In order to minimize the risk of natural scrapie and presumed natural BSE in sheep, breeding programmes towards...

    Authors: Mario Van Poucke, Jo Vandesompele, Marc Mattheeuws, Alex Van Zeveren and Luc J Peelman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:13
  44. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) – a syndrome characterised by a shift in vaginal flora – appears to be particularly common in sub-Saharan Africa, but little is known of the pattern of vaginal flora associated with BV...

    Authors: Edward Demba, Linda Morison, Maarten Schim van der Loeff, Akum A Awasana, Euphemia Gooding, Robin Bailey, Philippe Mayaud and Beryl West
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:12
  45. Rabies is the most important viral zoonosis from a global perspective. Worldwide efforts to combat the disease by oral vaccination of reservoirs have managed to eradicate wildlife rabies in large areas of cent...

    Authors: Dirk Eisinger, Hans-Hermann Thulke, Thomas Selhorst and Thomas Müller
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:10
  46. Others and we have previously described the potent in vivo and in vitro activity of the broad-spectrum antiviral agent PAP (Pokeweed antiviral protein) against a wide range of viruses. The purpose of the present ...

    Authors: Fatih M Uckun, Larisa Rustamova, Alexei O Vassilev, Heather E Tibbles and Alexander S Petkevich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:9

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