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  1. Despite a large amount of behavioral interventions to reduce human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related high-risk sexual behaviors, consistent condom use remains suboptimal among men who have sex with men (MSM...

    Authors: Yan Shen, Ci Zhang, Maritta A. Valimaki, Hanzhu Qian, Leila Mohammadi, Yuanyuan Chi and Xianhong Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:850
  2. Monocyte Distribution Width (MDW), a simple cellular marker of innate monocyte activation, can be used for the early recognition of sepsis. We performed an observational prospective monocentric study to assess...

    Authors: Ennio Polilli, Giancarlo Di Iorio, Claudio Silveri, Gilda Angelini, Maria Chiara Anelli, Jessica Elisabetta Esposito, Milena D’Amato, Giustino Parruti and Fabrizio Carinci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:849
  3. Nanobiosensor platforms have emerged as convenient and promising approaches with remarkable efficacy for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely used due to numerous a...

    Authors: Someye Deris, Mahmoud Osanloo, Abdolmajid Ghasemian, Saeed Ataei, Maryam Kohansal, Sahar Samsami, Ava Yazdanpanah, Alireza Ebrahimnezhad and Ali Ghanbariasad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:847
  4. African countries stand out globally as the region seemingly least affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. Besides a younger population and potential pre-existing immunity to a SARS-...

    Authors: Eric Lyimo, Cyrielle Fougeroux, Anangisye Malabeja, Joyce Mbwana, Paul M. Hayuma, Edwin Liheluka, Louise Turner, Samwel Gesase, Thomas Lavstsen, John P. A. Lusingu, Daniel T. R. Minja and Christian W. Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:846
  5. From 20 July to 26 August 2021, local outbreaks of COVID-19 occurred in Nanjing City and Yangzhou City (Jiangsu Province, China). We analyzed the characteristics of these outbreaks in an effort to develop spec...

    Authors: Wenlong Zhu, Yue Zhu, Zexuan Wen, Bo Zheng, Ao Xu, Ye Yao and Weibing Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:845
  6. We aimed to assess harms (post-vaccine myocarditis and pericarditis) and benefits (preventing severe disease) of COVID-19 vaccination.

    Authors: Giovanni Corrao, Matteo Franchi, Danilo Cereda, Francesco Bortolan, Olivia Leoni, Eugenio Vignati, Giovanni Pavesi and Andrea Gori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:844
  7. Bloodstream infections caused by Candida species are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an ever-changing epidemiology. We conducted this study to assess trends in the epidemiologi...

    Authors: Didien Meyahnwi, Bekure B. Siraw and Arthur Reingold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:843
  8. This study was designed to analyze the liver tissue changes among the CHB patients who received treatment for at least 6 months and follow-up for at least 1 year, together with the correlation between the diff...

    Authors: Shanshan Wu, Xinfang Du, Guohua Lou, Shuihong Yu, Kecong Lai, Jinjin Qi, Shujun Ni, Zhi Chen and Feng Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:842
  9. Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. We evaluate incidence of community- and hospital-onset BSI rates and outcomes before and during the SAR...

    Authors: Karri A. Bauer, Laura A. Puzniak, Kalvin C. Yu, Lyn Finelli, Pamela Moise, ChinEn Ai, Janet A. Watts and Vikas Gupta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:841
  10. Sore throat is a common reason for prescribing antibiotics in primary care, and 10 days of treatment is recommended for patients with pharyngotonsillitis with group A streptococcus (GAS). Our group recently sh...

    Authors: David Tell, Mia Tyrstrup, Charlotta Edlund, Karin Rystedt, Gunilla Skoog Ståhlgren, Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Katarina Hedin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:840
  11. Differences in the genetic material of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants may result in altered virulence characteristics. Assessing the disease severity caused by newly emer...

    Authors: Marjan Meurisse, Herman Van Oyen, Koen Blot, Lucy Catteau, Ben Serrien, Sofieke Klamer, Emilie Cauët, Annie Robert and Nina Van Goethem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:839
  12. Multi-assay algorithms (MAAs) are used to estimate population-level HIV incidence and identify individuals with recent infection. Many MAAs use low viral load (VL) as a biomarker for long-term infection. This ...

    Authors: Wendy Grant-McAuley, Oliver Laeyendecker, Daniel Monaco, Athena Chen, Sarah E. Hudelson, Ethan Klock, Ron Brookmeyer, Douglas Morrison, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Charles S. Morrison, Richard Hayes, Helen Ayles, Peter Bock, Barry Kosloff, Kwame Shanaube, Nomtha Mandla…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:838
  13. Mortality is elevated after prison release and may be higher in people with HIV and opioid use disorder (OUD). Maintenance with opioid agonist therapy (OAT) like methadone or buprenorphine reduces mortality in...

    Authors: Alexander R. Bazazi, Gabriel J. Culbert, Martin P. Wegman, Robert Heimer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Frederick L. Altice
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:837
  14. The COVID-19 pandemic has raised awareness of infection prevention and control. We found that the incidence of nosocomial infection in neurosurgery has changed. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of “coro...

    Authors: Shuang-Jun Pan, Yong Hou, Yu-Pei Yang, Geng-Ge Wang, Xiao-Yan Chen, Wei-Yang Qian, Tao-Hsin Tung and Xiao-Ming Hu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:836
  15. Information on treatment failure (TF) in People living with HIV in a data-poor setting is necessary to counter the epidemic of TF with first-line combined antiretroviral therapies (cART) in sub-Saharan Africa ...

    Authors: Samuel Tekle Mengistu, Ghirmay Ghebrekidan Ghebremeskel, Hermon Berhe Ghebrat, Oliver Okoth Achila, Nahom Asmerom Yohannes, Amon Solomon Ghebrenegus, Filmon Ghebretsadik Wendmhuney, Naod Yeibyo, Amanuel Kidane Andegiorgish, Araia Berhane Mesfin and Negassi Leake
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:834
  16. Forecasts of the trajectory of an infectious agent can help guide public health decision making. A traditional approach to forecasting fits a computational model to structured data and generates a predictive d...

    Authors: Thomas McAndrew, Allison Codi, Juan Cambeiro, Tamay Besiroglu, David Braun, Eva Chen, Luis Enrique Urtubey De Cèsaris and Damon Luk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:833
  17. Onchocerciasis is endemic in most local government areas (LGAs) in Enugu and Ogun states. Most meso- and hyper-endemic LGAs have received many rounds of ivermectin mass drug administration (MDA). This study ai...

    Authors: Uwem F. Ekpo, Obiora A. Eneanya, Edith N. Nwankwo, Islamiat Y. Soneye, Gary J. Weil, Peter U. Fischer and Obioma C. Nwaorgu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:832
  18. At present, the role of inactivated vaccines in viral RNA shedding among Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) breakthrough infections is still unknown.

    Authors: Chuancai Xu, Zhisong He, Wei Lei, Li Chen, Dan Shen, Xiaofei Wang, Deyu Xu, Ying Xu and Jian’an Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:831
  19. Rotavirus causes substantial morbidity and mortality every year, particularly among under-five children. Despite Rotavirus immunization preventing severe diarrheal disease in children, the vaccination coverage...

    Authors: Kendalem Asmare Atalell, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Kefyalew Addis Alene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:830
  20. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted TB services worldwide, leading to diagnostic delays. There have been few published reports describing how the pandemic affected people’s pathway to diagnosis from their own pers...

    Authors: Ana Karina Millones, Leonid Lecca, Diana Acosta, Hortencia Campos, Erika Del Águila-Rojas, Sheyla Farroñay, Giannina Morales, Judith Ramirez-Sandoval, Isabel Torres, Judith Jimenez and Courtney M. Yuen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:829
  21. The incubation period of an infectious disease is defined as the elapsed time between the exposure to the pathogen and the onset of symptoms. Although both the mRNA-based and the adenoviral vector-based vaccin...

    Authors: Jordi Cortés Martínez, Daewoo Pak, Gabriela Abelenda-Alonso, Klaus Langohr, Jing Ning, Alexander Rombauts, Mireia Colom, Yu Shen and Guadalupe Gómez Melis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:828
  22. Stool samples submitted for diagnostic testing represent a proportion of diarrhoeal cases seeking healthcare, and an even smaller proportion of diarrhoeal cases in the community. Despite this, surveillance rel...

    Authors: Siobhan L. Johnstone, Nicola A. Page, Michelle J. Groome, Nicolette M. du Plessis and Juno Thomas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:827
  23. Globally, the human immunodeficiency virus has been recognized as a major public health concern. The direct toxicity of antiretroviral medicines or their active metabolites causes liver cell destruction by dif...

    Authors: Ousman Mohammed, Ermiyas Alemayehu, Habtye Bisetegn, Mihret Tilahun, Alemu Gedefie, Endris Ebrahim, Mesfin Fiseha, Mogesie Necho and Temesgen Fiseha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:826
  24. Descriptions of the patterns of acute/subacute cerebral infarction (ASCI) in HIV-negative patients with cryptococcal meningitis (CM) are scarce, and the predictors of ischemic stroke and outcomes following ASC...

    Authors: Jiashan Tu, Siyu Zhang, Qinghua Liu and Yu Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:825
  25. Tuberculosis (TB) represents a bacterial infection affecting many individuals each year and potentially leading to death. Overexpression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 has a primary immunomodulatory fu...

    Authors: Zongqiang Yang, Caili Lou, Xuewei Wang, Chaoran Wang, Zhiyun Shi and Ningkui Niu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:824
  26. Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Early diagnosis of BSI is critical to avoid the unnecessary application of antimicrobial agents an...

    Authors: Jinghao Zhang, Feng Yang, Zhaoyang Sun, Yi Fang, Haowei Zhu, Dijun Zhang, Xianping Zeng, Wenjian Liu, Tao Liu, Yixin Liu, Wenjing Chi, Su Wang, Li Ding, Yong Wu, Yanmei Zhang and Hu Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:823
  27. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is seen during coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19), has been reported in different incidences, and is defined as COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA). Detection of ...

    Authors: Istemi Serin, Sevim Baltali, Tahir Alper Cinli, Hasan Goze, Burçak Demir and Osman Yokus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:822
  28. Poliomyelitis outbreaks due to pathogenic vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) are threatening and complicating the global polio eradication initiative. Most of these VDPVs are genetic recombinants with non-po...

    Authors: Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Marie-Line Joffret, Soa Fy Andriamandimby, Seta Andriamamonjy, Sendraharimanana Rabemanantsoa, Vincent Richard, Francis Delpeyroux, Jean-Michel Heraud and Maël Bessaud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:821
  29. Influenza is responsible for more than 5 million severe cases and 290,000 to 650,000 deaths every year worldwide. Developing countries account for 99% of influenza deaths in children under 5 years of age. This...

    Authors: Marie Roseline Darnycka Belizaire, Anderson Kouabenan N’gattia, Bibata Wassonguema, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Emmanuel Nakoune, Clotaire Rafaï, Baidy Lô and Francisco Bolumar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:820
  30. Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are highly effective in reducing hospitalization and mortality among early symptomatic COVID-19 patients in clinical trials and real-world data. While resistance to so...

    Authors: David J. Douin, Adane F. Wogu, Laurel E. Beaty, Nichole E. Carlson, Tellen D. Bennett, Neil R. Aggarwal, David A. Mayer, Toan C. Ong, Seth Russell, Jeffrey Steele, Jennifer L. Peers, Kyle C. Molina, Matthew K. Wynia and Adit A. Ginde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:818
  31. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) rarely causes organ-invasive infection. Diagnosis and treatment for such infections are often delayed, and mortality is high. We present the first reported case of disseminated HSV-1...

    Authors: Myeongji Kim, Ayesha Jalal, Heysu Rubio-Gomez and Romina Bromberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:817
  32. The elderly are highly vulnerable to severe COVID-19. Waning immunity and emergence of Omicron have caused concerns about reduced effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines. The objective was to estimate vaccine effec...

    Authors: Ulrike Baum, Eero Poukka, Tuija Leino, Terhi Kilpi, Hanna Nohynek and Arto A. Palmu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:816
  33. SARS-CoV-2 is a rapidly spreading disease affecting human life and the economy on a global scale. The disease has caused so far more then 5.5 million deaths. The omicron outbreak that emerged in Botswana in th...

    Authors: Thomas Haschka, Elisabeta Vergu, Benjamin Roche, Chiara Poletto and Lulla Opatowski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:815
  34. There is little evidence about consistency between nasopharyngeal and pulmonary pathogens in children with severe pneumonia. This study aims to compare the difference of pathogens between nasopharyngeal aspira...

    Authors: Qiguo Zhu, Junli Zhou, Fei Li, Peng Shi, Yi Lu, Xiaoliang Lin, Lin Yuan, Zhiqiang Zhuo and Jun Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:814
  35. The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) is the largest health care provider in Mexico, covering about 48% of the Mexican population. In this report, we describe the epidemiological patterns related to ...

    Authors: Iván de Jesús Ascencio-Montiel, Oscar David Ovalle-Luna, Ramón Alberto Rascón-Pacheco, Victor Hugo Borja-Aburto and Gerardo Chowell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:813
  36. Identifying the transmission mode and resistance mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is key to prevent disease transmission. However, there is a lack of regional data. Therefore, the aim of this study w...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Wang, Tengfei Guo, Tao Jiang, Zhanqin Zhao, Xiangyang Zu, Long li, Qing Zhang, Yi Hou, Kena Song and Yun Xue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:812
  37. The Meningitis/Encephalitis FilmArray® Panel (ME panel) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2015 and provides rapid results when assessing patients with suspected meningitis or encephaliti...

    Authors: Prabi Rajbhandari, Nathaniel Goodrich, Aleisha M. Nabower, Miraides F. Brown, Maheswari Ekambaram, Jaclyn Eisenberg, Michael L. Forbes, Nathan Gollehon, Kimberly C. Martin, Russell McCulloh, Bryan Stone, Matt Tandy and Jessica Snowden
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:811
  38. There is limited information to compare the qualitative and semi-quantitative performance of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) and serology for the assessment of antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome...

    Authors: Maddalena Peghin, Giulia Bontempo, Maria De Martino, Alvisa Palese, Valentina Gerussi, Elena Graziano, Martina Fabris, Federica D’Aurizio, Francesco Sbrana, Andrea Ripoli, Francesco Curcio, Miriam Isola and Carlo Tascini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:810
  39. Schistosomiasis is known to affect the cognitive functions of children, however, but there is paucity of information on its impact on early childhood development in developing countries where the disease is en...

    Authors: Maritha Kasambala, Takafira Mduluza, Arthur Vengesai, Tariro Mduluza-Jokonya, Luxwell Jokonya, Herald Midzi, Rutendo Birri Makota, Arnold Mutemeri, Emmanuel Maziti, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Dixon Chibanda, Francisca Mutapi and Samson Mukaratirwa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:809
  40. Plasmodium vivax apical membrane antigen-1 (pvama-1) is an important vaccine candidate against Malaria. The genetic composition assessment of pvama-1 from wide-range geography is vital to plan the antigen based ...

    Authors: Ibrar Ullah, Sahib Gul Afridi, Muhammad Israr, Hizbullah Khan, Sulaiman Shams, Komal Zaib, Huong Giang Le, Jung-Mi Kang, Byoung-Kuk Na and Asifullah Khan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:807
  41. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic affects common diseases, but its impact on hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is unclear. Google Trends data is beneficial for approximate real-time statistics an...

    Authors: Qian Niu, Junyu Liu, Zixi Zhao, Miyu Onishi, Asuka Kawaguchi, Anuradhi Bandara, Keiko Harada, Tomoki Aoyama and Momoko Nagai-Tanima
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:806
  42. Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infections in primary and secondary care, with the majority of antimicrobial therapy initiated empirically before culture results are available. In some case...

    Authors: Colin McCowan, Andisheh Bakhshi, Alex McConnachie, William Malcolm, Sarah JE Barry, Virginia Hernandez Santiago and Alistair Leanord
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:805
  43. Agile, accessible and cheap diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is essential to achieve the elimination of this infection, worldwide, as mandated by the World Health Organzation as part of its strat...

    Authors: Livia Melo Villar, Marjorie Parra de Lima, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Geane Lopes Flores, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Cynara Carvalho Parente, Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho, Ana Cecilia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Tarcisio Matos Andrade, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:804
  44. The SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.529 (Omicron) was first described in November 2021 and became the dominant variant worldwide. Existing data suggests a reduced disease severity with Omicron infections in compariso...

    Authors: Johannes Leiner, Vincent Pellissier, Sven Hohenstein, Sebastian König, Ekkehard Schuler, Robert Möller, Irit Nachtigall, Marzia Bonsignore, Gerhard Hindricks, Ralf Kuhlen and Andreas Bollmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:802
  45. Klebsiella pneumoniae is rare but the second most common causative agent among gram-negative bacteria that cause pyogenic spondylitis. However, there are no available studies on the serotype, virulence factors, a...

    Authors: Joo-Hee Hwang, Seung Yeob Lee, Jaehyeon Lee and Jeong-Hwan Hwang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:801
  46. In-person directly observed therapy (DOT) is commonly used for tuberculosis (TB) treatment monitoring in the US, with increasing usage of video-DOT (vDOT). We evaluated the impact of COVID-19 on TB treatment a...

    Authors: Christopher K. Lippincott, Allison Perry, Elizabeth Munk, Gina Maltas and Maunank Shah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:800

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