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  1. The Republic of Ireland has the second highest incidence of BSE worldwide. Only a single case of vCJD has been identified to date.

    Authors: Michael S Harney, Azra C Ghani, CA Donnelly, Rory McConn Walsh, Michael Walsh, Rachel Howley, Francesca Brett and Michael Farrell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:28
  2. Cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) has been used for several decades in the pharmaceutical industry for enteric film coating of oral tablets and capsules. Micronized CAP, available commercially as "Aquateric" a...

    Authors: A Robert Neurath, Nathan Strick and Yun-Yao Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:27
  3. Molecular identification of Mycobacterium species has two primary advantages when compared to phenotypic identification: rapid turn-around time and improved accuracy. The information content of the 5' end of the ...

    Authors: Dag Harmsen, Stefan Dostal, Andreas Roth, Stefan Niemann, Jörg Rothgänger, Michael Sammeth, Jürgen Albert, Matthias Frosch and Elvira Richter
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:26
  4. Incarceration has been associated with HIV infection among injection drug users. However, data on HIV risk factors of the inmates during incarceration are rarely reported from Thailand.

    Authors: Hansa Thaisri, John Lerwitworapong, Suthon Vongsheree, Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Chanchai Chadbanchachai, Archawin Rojanawiwat, Wichuda Kongpromsook, Wiroj Paungtubtim, Pongnuwat Sri-ngam and Rachaneekorn Jaisue
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:25
  5. Prior to the selection of disinfectants for low, intermediate and high (sterilizing) levels, the decimal reduction time, D-value, for the most common and persistent bacteria identified at a health care facilit...

    Authors: Priscila Gava Mazzola, Thereza Christina Vessoni Penna and Alzira M da S Martins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:24
  6. As a proportion of high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/3) are associated with equivocal cervical smears, which show borderline or mild dyskaryosis, follow up with repeat smears, colposcopy and ...

    Authors: Andrea Guyot, Shakir Karim, May S Kyi and John Fox
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:23
  7. Infection with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), is the necessary causal agent in the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Infection with HIV-1, male g...

    Authors: Janet M Wojcicki, Rob Newton, Margaret I Urban, Lara Stein, Martin Hale, Moosa Patel, Paul Ruff, Ranjan Sur, Dimitra Bourboulia and Freddy Sitas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:21
  8. Castleman's disease (CD), a rare condition of uncertain etiology, involves a massive proliferation of lymphoid tissues and typically presents as mediastinal masses. We describe a patient with CD who presented ...

    Authors: Ifeoma S Izuchukwu, Kamal Tourbaf and Martin C Mahoney
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:20
  9. An epidemic of a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) caused by a new coronavirus has spread from the Guangdong province to the rest of China and to the world, with a puzzling contagion behavior. It is imp...

    Authors: Tuen Wai Ng, Gabriel Turinici and Antoine Danchin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:19
  10. To describe the demographic and geographic distribution of tuberculosis (TB) in Manitoba, thus determining risk factors associated with clustering and higher incidence rates in distinct subpopulations.

    Authors: Kym S Blackwood, Assaad Al-Azem, Lawrence J Elliott, Earl S Hershfield and Amin M Kabani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:18
  11. An 11-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine could provide significantly larger reduction in pneumococcal disease burden than the currently available 7-valent vaccine formulation in many countries.

    Authors: Maria Z Rosario Capeding, Taneli Puumalainen, Connie P Gepanayao, Helena Käyhty, Marilla G Lucero and Hanna Nohynek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:17
  12. Although European Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolates have been divided into five genospecies, specific tools for the serotype characterization of only three genospecies are available. Monoclonals antibodies...

    Authors: Karine Ryffel, Olivier Péter, Eric Dayer, Anne-Gabrielle Bretz and Edmond Godfroid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:14
  13. We used human papillomaviruses (HPV) as a model system to evaluate the utility of a nucleic acid, hybridization-based bioelectronic DNA detection platform (eSensor™) in identifying multiple pathogens.

    Authors: Suzanne D Vernon, Daniel H Farkas, Elizabeth R Unger, Vivian Chan, Donna L Miller, Yin-Peng Chen, Gary F Blackburn and William C Reeves
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:12
  14. Low-dose ritonavir (RTV) boosts plasma amprenavir (APV) exposure. Little has been published on the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of APV 600 mg/RTV 100 mg (APV600/RTV) twice daily (BID) compared to APV 120...

    Authors: Jeffrey P Nadler, Joseph C Gathe, Richard B Pollard, Gary J Richmond, Qiming Liao, Sandy Griffith, C Tracey Lancaster, Jaime E Hernandez and Keith A Pappa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:10
  15. Prevention of poxvirus infection is a topic of great current interest. We report inhibition of vaccinia virus in cell culture by porphyrins and phthalocyanines. Most previous work on the inhibition of viruses ...

    Authors: Avril RM Chen-Collins, Dabney W Dixon, Andrei N Vzorov, Luigi G Marzilli and Richard W Compans
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:9
  16. Toxoplasma gondii infection is embryotoxic in humans. It is mainly transmitted through raw/undercooked meat and ingestion of oocysts in cat feces. There remains controversy about the actual risk of cats transmit...

    Authors: Samar Shuhaiber, Gideon Koren, Rada Boskovic, Thomas R Einarson, Offie Porat Soldin and Adrienne Einarson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:8
  17. Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by the parasitic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. It is endemic worldwide and, depending on the geographic location, 15 to 85% of the human population are asymptomaticall...

    Authors: Udo Reischl, Stéphane Bretagne, Dominique Krüger, Pauline Ernault and Jean-Marc Costa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:7
  18. Serological study of human papillomavirus (HPV)-antibodies in order to estimate the HPV-prevalence as risk factor for the development of HPV-associated malignancies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positi...

    Authors: Reinhard Höpfl, Anton Petter, Petra Thaler, Mario Sarcletti, Andreas Widschwendter and Robert Zangerle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:6
  19. Past projections of the future course of the vCJD epidemic in the UK have shown considerable uncertainty, with wide confidence bounds. However, recent vCJD case data have indicated a decrease in the annual inc...

    Authors: Azra C Ghani, Christl A Donnelly, Neil M Ferguson and Roy M Anderson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:4
  20. Tuberculosis (TB) surveillance programs in Canada have established that TB in Canada is becoming a disease of geographically and demographically distinct groups. In 1995, treaty status aboriginals from the pro...

    Authors: M Kaushal Sharma, A Al-Azem, J Wolfe, E Hershfield and A Kabani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:3
  21. Mathematical models can be used to predict the emergence and transmission of antiviral resistance. Previously it has been predicted that high usage of antivirals (in immunocompetent populations) to treat Herpe...

    Authors: Hayley B Gershengorn, Graham Darby and Sally M Blower
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:1
  22. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) requires binding of the viral envelope gp120 to CD4 and to the CXCR4 coreceptor. Both, gp120 and CXCR4 are subject to N-glycosylation. Here we investi...

    Authors: Ingo Thordsen, Svenja Polzer and Michael Schreiber
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:31
  23. Periodontitis is associated with elevated levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen and it may be a coronary heart disease risk factor. We wanted to study if treatment of periodontitis can decrease the level...

    Authors: Kimmo Mattila, Marja Vesanen, Ville Valtonen, Markku Nieminen, Timo Palosuo, Vesa Rasi and Sirkka Asikainen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:30
  24. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and schistosomiasis are major public health problems in the Nile Delta of Egypt. To control schistosomiasis, mass treatment campaigns using tartar emetic injections were condu...

    Authors: Malla R Rao, Abdollah B Naficy, Medhat A Darwish, Nebal M Darwish, Enrique Schisterman, John D Clemens and Robert Edelman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:29
  25. Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as P. carinii f.sp. hominis) is an opportunistic fungus that causes Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised individuals. Pneumocystis jiroveci can be detected by p...

    Authors: Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Birthe Dohn, Thomas L Benfield and Bettina Lundgren
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:28
  26. Despite major developments in the management of septic shock, the mortality rate had progressively increased. Ibuprofen has been shown to have beneficial physiological effects when used as a treatment. However...

    Authors: Ilhami Celik, Ayhan Akbulut, S Sirri Kilic, Ali Rahman, Pervin Vural, Mukaddes Canbaz and Suleyman Felek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:26
  27. We report the characterisation of the variable large protein (vlp) gene expressed by clinical isolate A1 of Borrelia recurrentis; the agent of the life-threatening disease louse-borne relapsing fever.

    Authors: Vincent Vidal, Sally Cutler, Ian G Scragg, David JM Wright and Dominic Kwiatkowski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:25
  28. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the WINGS project, an intervention to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases among urban women at high risk for sexual acquisition of HIV.

    Authors: Harrell W Chesson, Judith B Greenberg and Michael Hennessy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:24
  29. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases affecting both humans and animals. They are associated with post-translational conversion of the normal cellular prion protein (PrPC

    Authors: Magdalini Polymenidou, Susan Verghese-Nikolakaki, Martin Groschup, Melanie J Chaplin, Mick J Stack, Andreas Plaitakis and Theodoros Sklaviadis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:23
  30. Suboptimal specimen processing and storage conditions of samples which contain hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA may result in a decline of HCV RNA concentration or false-negative results in the detection of HCV RNA...

    Authors: Anne-Isabelle de Moreau de Gerbehaye, Monique Bodéus, Annie Robert, Yves Horsmans and Patrick Goubau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:22
  31. Chlamydia pneumoniae antigens, nucleic acids, or intact organisms have been detected in human atheroma. However, the presence of antibody does not predict subsequent cardiovascular (CV) events. We performed a sy...

    Authors: Marek Smieja, James Mahony, Astrid Petrich, Jens Boman and Max Chernesky
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:21
  32. Constitutive expression and localization of antimicrobial human β-defensin-1 (HBD-1) in human kidneys as a potential mechanism of antimicrobial defense has been previously reported. Inducible expression of hum...

    Authors: Jan Lehmann, Margitta Retz, Jürgen Harder, Matthias Krams, Udo Kellner, Julia Hartmann, Kerstin Hohgräwe, Uta Raffenberg, Martin Gerber, Tillmann Loch, Klaus Weichert-Jacobsen and Michael Stöckle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:20
  33. It has not been clearly demonstrated whether HIV vaccination can complicate routine HIV testing. In this report, we describe the laboratory data of two prisoners who received rgp120 vaccine in a phase III tria...

    Authors: Vongsheree Suthon, Rojanawiwat Archawin, Chardbanchachai Chanchai, Lerwitworapong John, Kongpromsook Wichuda, Paungtubtim Wiroj, Thaisri Hansa, Sawanpanyalert Pathom, Sri-ngam Pongnuwat, Pithak Silaporn and Inunchot Wimala
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:19
  34. Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) is linked to the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), and the HHV-8 DNA load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is associated with the clinical stage of KS. To examine t...

    Authors: Abeltje M Polstra, J Goudsmit and M Cornelissen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:18
  35. The standard of care for HCV Hepatitis is the combination of interferon (IFN) plus Ribavirin. In HIV patients the use of this combination therapy may induce drug interactions, and reduces the adherence to HAART.

    Authors: Raffaele Bruno, Paolo Sacchi, Massimo Puoti, Valentina Ciappina, Cristina Zocchetti, Enrico Brunetti, Elena Maffezzini, Anna Capelli, Savino FA Patruno, Antonello Malfitano and Gaetano Filice
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:17
  36. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) occurs primarily in children and is believed to evolve from bacteremia followed by localization of infection to the metaphysis of bones. Currently, there is no consensus ...

    Authors: Nicole Le Saux, Andrew Howard, Nicholas J Barrowman, Isabelle Gaboury, Margaret Sampson and David Moher
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:16
  37. Tuberculosis (TB) is an established occupational disease affecting health care workers (HCWs). Determining the risk of TB among HCWs is important to enable authorites to take preventative measures in health ca...

    Authors: Caglar Cuhadaroglu, Mustafa Erelel, Levent Tabak and Zeki Kilicaslan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:14
  38. Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease. The differential diagnosis of leptospirosis is difficult due to the varied and often "flu like" symptoms which may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis. Ther...

    Authors: Lee D Smythe, Ina L Smith, Greg A Smith, Michael F Dohnt, Meegan L Symonds, Leonie J Barnett and David B McKay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:13
  39. The parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects 30–60% of humans worldwide. Latent toxoplasmosis, i.e., the life-long presence of Toxoplasma cysts in neural and muscular tissues, leads to prolongation of reaction times in...

    Authors: Jaroslav Flegr, Jan Havlícek, Petr Kodym, Marek Malý and Zbyněk Smahel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:11
  40. In previous experiments, it was demonstrated that maternal antibodies (maAb) against rabies in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) were transferred from the vixen to her offspring. However, data was lacking from cubs during th...

    Authors: Thomas Müller, Thomas Selhorst, Peter Schuster, Ad Vos, Ulf Wenzel and Andreas Neubert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:10

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