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  1. HIVAIDS is spreading globally, hitting the younger generations. In Pakistan, the prevalence of HIV in high-risk subpopulations is five per cent or higher. This poses a serious threat of a generalised epidemic ...

    Authors: Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain, Eva Johansson and Gunilla Krantz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:38
  2. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and for younger adults with high-risk conditions. While data from national surveys provide information on the p...

    Authors: Lisa A Jackson, Roger Baxter, Allison L Naleway, Edward A Belongia and James Baggs
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:37
  3. Pneumococcal diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Updated data on drug-resistance from different populations may be important to recognize changes in disease patterns. This study...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Corcoles, Ferran Bejarano-Romero, Elisabeth Salsench, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Cinta de Diego, Frederic Gomez-Bertomeu, Xavier Raga-Luria, Xavier Cliville-Guasch and Victoria Arija
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:36
  4. In Uzbekistan, routine serologic testing has not been available to differentiate etiologies of acute viral hepatitis (AVH). To determine the age groups most affected by hepatitis E virus (HEV) during documente...

    Authors: Makhmudkhan B Sharapov, Michael O Favorov, Tatiana L Yashina, Matthew S Brown, Gennady G Onischenko, Harold S Margolis and Terence L Chorba
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:35
  5. Migration is one of the major causes of tuberculosis in developed countries. Undocumented patients are usually not screened at the border and are not covered by a health insurance increasing their risk of deve...

    Authors: Patrick Bodenmann, Paul Vaucher, Hans Wolff, Bernard Favrat, Fanny de Tribolet, Eric Masserey and Jean-Pierre Zellweger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:34
  6. Praziquantel treatment of schistosomiasis during pregnancy was only recommended in 2002; hence the effects of treatment during pregnancy are not fully known. We have therefore evaluated the effects on infectio...

    Authors: Robert Tweyongyere, Patrice A Mawa, Nicholas O Emojong, Harriet Mpairwe, Frances M Jones, Trinh Duong, David W Dunne, Birgitte J Vennervald, Eli Katunguka-Rwakishaya and Alison M Elliott
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:32
  7. Knowledge of predominant microbial patterns in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) constitutes the basis for initial decisions about empirical antimicrobial treatment, so a prospective study was performed durin...

    Authors: Youning Liu, Minjun Chen, Tiemei Zhao, Hui Wang, Rui Wang, Baiqiang Cai, Bin Cao, Tieying Sun, Yunjian Hu, Qingyu Xiu, Xin Zhou, Xing Ding, Lan Yang, Jiansheng Zhuo, Yingchun Tang, Kouxing Zhang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:31
  8. Increasing reports of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections are of serious concern. Reliable susceptibility testing results remains a critical issue for the clinical outcome. Automated systems a...

    Authors: Canan Kulah, Elif Aktas, Fusun Comert, Nagihan Ozlu, Isin Akyar and Handan Ankarali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:30
  9. Targeted chlamydia screening has been advocated to reduce chlamydia associated reproductive sequelae. General practitioners are well positioned to play a major role in chlamydia control. The primary aim of thi...

    Authors: Jade E Bilardi, Lena A Sanci, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Danielle Mazza, Dot J Henning, Susan M Sawyer, Michelle J Wills, Debra A Wilson and Marcus Y Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:29
  10. John Cunningham virus (JCV) constitutes a family of polyoma viruses, which plays important roles in the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and tumorigenesis. However, no bibliometric investigatio...

    Authors: Hua-chuan Zheng, Lei Yan, Lei Cui, Yi-fu Guan and Yasuo Takano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:28
  11. Nosocomial infections due to multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii are often treated with colistin, but there are few data comparing its safety and efficacy with other antimicrobials.

    Authors: Ronald Gounden, Colleen Bamford, Richard van Zyl-Smit, Karen Cohen and Gary Maartens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:26
  12. A high proportion of children with persistent diarrhoea in middle and low income countries die. The best treatment is not clear. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial ...

    Authors: Katharine Abba, Rebecca Sinfield, C Anthony Hart and Paul Garner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:24
  13. Immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens could serve as surrogate markers of treatment response.

    Authors: Samantha Ribeiro, Kelly Dooley, Judith Hackman, Carla Loredo, Anne Efron, Richard E Chaisson, Marcus B Conde, Neio Boechat and Susan E Dorman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:23
  14. Current and past pertussis epidemiology in the two parts of Germany is compared in the context of different histories of vaccination recommendations and coverage to better understand patterns of disease transm...

    Authors: Wiebke Hellenbrand, Dietmar Beier, Evelin Jensen, Martina Littmann, Christiane Meyer, Hanna Oppermann, Carl-Heinz Wirsing von König and Sabine Reiter
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:22
  15. Identifying novel TB diagnostics is a major public health priority. We explored the diagnostic characteristics of antimycobacterial lymphocyte proliferation assays (LPA) in HIV-infected subjects with latent or...

    Authors: Timothy Lahey, Mecky Matee, Lillian Mtei, Muhammad Bakari, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:21
  16. Children aged between one and five years are particularly vulnerable to disease caused by soil-transmitted helminths (STH). Periodic deworming has been shown to improve growth, micronutrient status (iron and v...

    Authors: Patrick Kirwan, Samuel O Asaolu, Síle F Molloy, Titilayo C Abiona, Andrew L Jackson and Celia V Holland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:20
  17. Suitable algorithms based on a combination of two or more simple rapid HIV assays have been shown to have a diagnostic accuracy comparable to double enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or double ELISA wi...

    Authors: Eligius F Lyamuya, Said Aboud, Willy K Urassa, Jaffer Sufi, Judica Mbwana, Faustin Ndugulile and Charles Massambu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:19
  18. West Nile Virus (WNV) is endemic in Israel and a significant level of antibodies is present in the population due to natural exposure. Anecdotal cases suggested that the presence of anti-WNV antibodies in intr...

    Authors: David Ben-Nathan, Orly Gershoni-Yahalom, Itzchak Samina, Yevgeny Khinich, Israel Nur, Orgad Laub, Ahuva Gottreich, Michael Simanov, Angel Porgador, Bracha Rager-Zisman and Nadav Orr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:18
  19. Developing vaccines for the prevention of human infection by H5N1 influenza viruses is an urgent task. DNA vaccines are a novel alternative to conventional vaccines and should contribute to the prophylaxis of ...

    Authors: Liyun Zheng, Fuyan Wang, Zhongdong Yang, Jianjun Chen, Haiyan Chang and Ze Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:17
  20. High grade HPV infections and persistence are the strongest risk factors for cervical cancer. Nevertheless other genital microorganisms may be involved in the progression of HPV associated lesions.

    Authors: Rosita Verteramo, Alessandra Pierangeli, Emanuela Mancini, Ettore Calzolari, Mauro Bucci, John Osborn, Rosa Nicosia, Fernanda Chiarini, Guido Antonelli and Anna Marta Degener
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:16
  21. A new generation of diagnostic tests, the interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs), have been developed for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Limited data are available on their use in HIV-infe...

    Authors: Naasha J Talati, Ulrich Seybold, Bianca Humphrey, Abiola Aina, Jane Tapia, Paul Weinfurter, Rachel Albalak and Henry M Blumberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:15
  22. Little is known about the prevalence of HIV or HCV in injecting drug users (IDUs) in Serbia and Montenegro. We measured prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), and risk fac...

    Authors: Ali Judd, Tim Rhodes, Lisa G Johnston, Lucy Platt, Violeta Andjelkovic, Danijela Simić, Boban Mugosa, Milena Simić, Sonja Žerjav, Ruth P Parry and John V Parry
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:14
  23. Monitoring the incidence of bacterial meningitis is important to plan and evaluate preventive polices. The study's aim was to estimate the incidence of bacterial meningitis by aetiological agent in the period ...

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Jessica Mantovani, Eliana Ferroni, Antonio Forcina, Elena Stanghellini, Filippo Curtale and Piero Borgia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:13
  24. The identification and differentiation of strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by DNA fingerprinting has provided a better understanding of the epidemiology and tracing the transmission of tuberculosis. We set o...

    Authors: Benon B Asiimwe, Moses L Joloba, Solomon Ghebremichael, Tuija Koivula, David P Kateete, Fred A Katabazi, Alexander Pennhag, Ramona Petersson and Gunilla Kallenius
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:12
  25. Epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases through the mandatory-reporting system is crucial in the planning and evaluation of disease control and prevention program. This study investigated the repor...

    Authors: Hsiu-Fen Tan, Chia-Yu Yeh, Hsueh-Wei Chang, Chen-Kang Chang and Hung-Fu Tseng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:11
  26. Mupirocin is a topical antimicrobial agent which is used for the treatment of skin and postoperative wound infections, and the prevention of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). H...

    Authors: Adebayo O Shittu, Edet E Udo and Johnson Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:10
  27. Epidemiologic studies show a strong association between Ureaplasmas and urogenital tract disease in humans. Since healthy humans can be colonized with Ureaplasmas, its role as a pathogen remains controversial. In...

    Authors: Leticia Reyes, Mary Reinhard and Mary B Brown
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:9
  28. Plasmid encoded bla CTX-M enzymes represent an important sub-group of class A β-lactamases causing the ESBL phenotype which is increasingly found in Enterobacteriaceae inclu...

    Authors: Hans-Jürg Monstein, Maria Tärnberg and Lennart E Nilsson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:7
  29. Gingivitis has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcome (APO). Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been associated with APO. We assessed if bacterial counts in BV is associated with gingivitis suggesting a systemic i...

    Authors: Rutger Persson, Jane Hitti, Rita Verhelst, Mario Vaneechoutte, Rigmor Persson, Regula Hirschi, Marianne Weibel, Marilynn Rothen, Marleen Temmerman, Kathleen Paul and David Eschenbach
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:6
  30. Until recently, mathematical models of person to person infectious diseases transmission had to make assumptions on transmissions enabled by personal contacts by estimating the so-called WAIFW-matrix. In order...

    Authors: Niel Hens, Nele Goeyvaerts, Marc Aerts, Ziv Shkedy, Pierre Van Damme and Philippe Beutels
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:5
  31. Human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) can cause Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) with neurological complications, which may rapidly progress to fulminant cardiorespiratory failure, and death. Early recognition of c...

    Authors: Mong How Ooi, See Chang Wong, Anand Mohan, Yuwana Podin, David Perera, Daniella Clear, Sylvia del Sel, Chae Hee Chieng, Phaik Hooi Tio, Mary Jane Cardosa and Tom Solomon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:3
  32. Our aim was to determine the efficacy of a trivalent inactivated split virus influenza vaccine (TIV) against culture-confirmed influenza A and/or B in adults 18 to 64 years of age during the 2005/2006 season i...

    Authors: Jiří Beran, Veronika Wertzova, Karel Honegr, Eva Kaliskova, Martina Havlickova, Jiří Havlik, Helena Jirincova, Pascale Van Belle, Varsha Jain, Bruce Innis and Jeanne-Marie Devaster
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:2
  33. The amount of CD4 T cells is used for monitoring HIV progression and improvement, and to make decisions to start antiretroviral therapy and prophylactic drugs for opportunistic infections. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Bernard J Ngowi, Sayoki G Mfinanga, Johan N Bruun and Odd Morkve
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:1
  34. Preventing HIV transmission is a worldwide public health issue. Vertical transmission of HIV from a mother can be prevented with diagnosis and treatment, but screening incurs cost. The U.S. Virgin Islands foll...

    Authors: Belinda Udeh, Chiedozie Udeh and Nicholas Graves
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:174
  35. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) causes a wide range of clinical manifestations that together constitute a major burden of disease worldwide. The main route of pneumococcal transmission is through asympto...

    Authors: Tuija Leino, Fabian Hoti, Ritva Syrjänen, Antti Tanskanen and Kari Auranen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:173
  36. Single-dose nevirapine (SDNVP) for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) results in the selection of resistance mutants among HIV-infected mothers. The effects of these mutations on the ef...

    Authors: Jan Walter, Louise Kuhn, Chipepo Kankasa, Katherine Semrau, Moses Sinkala, Donald M Thea and Grace M Aldrovandi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:172
  37. The incidence of tuberculosis in Pakistan is 181/100,000 population. However, information about transmission and geographical prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains and their evolutionary genetics as we...

    Authors: Mahnaz Tanveer, Zahra Hasan, Amna R Siddiqui, Asho Ali, Akbar Kanji, Solomon Ghebremicheal and Rumina Hasan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:171
  38. The control of tuberculosis in densely populated cities is complicated by close human-to-human contacts and potential transmission of pathogens from multiple sources. We conducted a molecular epidemiologic ana...

    Authors: Horng-Yunn Dou, Fan-Chen Tseng, Chih-Wei Lin, Jia-Ru Chang, Jun-Ren Sun, Wen-Shing Tsai, Shi-Yi Lee, Ih-Jen Su and Jang-Jih Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:170
  39. Reported rates of Chlamydia trachomatis are on the rise contradicting the declining rates of C. trachomatis associated reproductive sequelae in Western countries. Population based evaluation of the real trend of

    Authors: Erika Lyytikäinen, Marjo Kaasila, Eija Hiltunen-Back, Matti Lehtinen, Kaisa Tasanen, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Pentti Koskela and Jorma Paavonen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:169
  40. Chandipura virus (CHPV), a member of family Rhabdoviridae was attributed to an explosive outbreak of acute encephalitis in children in Andhra Pradesh, India in 2003 and a small outbreak among tribal children from...

    Authors: Satyendra Kumar, Ramesh S Jadi, Sudeep B Anakkathil, Babasaheb V Tandale, Akhilesh Chandra Mishra and Vidya A Arankalle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:168
  41. Cambodia's 100% Condom-Use Programme (CUP), implemented nationally in 2001, requires brothel-based female sex workers (FSWs) to use condoms with all clients. In 2005, we conducted a sexually transmitted infect...

    Authors: Heng Sopheab, Guy Morineau, Joyce J Neal, Vonthanak Saphonn and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:167
  42. The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) hampers TB control. Ten provinces in China performed drug resistance surveys among tuberculosis (TB) patients in 1996–2004 to assess levels of drug resistance.

    Authors: Guang Xue He, Yan Lin Zhao, Guang Lu Jiang, Yu Hong Liu, Hui Xia, Sheng Fen Wang, Li Xia Wang, Martien W Borgdorff, Marieke J van der Werf and Susan van den Hof
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:166
  43. Human immunodeficiency virus infected individuals are prone to malnutrition due to increased energy requirements, enteropathy and increased catabolism. Trace elements such as zinc and selenium have major role ...

    Authors: H Khalili, A Soudbakhsh, M Hajiabdolbaghi, S Dashti-Khavidaki, A Poorzare, AA Saeedi and R Sharififar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:165
  44. The progression of liver disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is influenced by host and viral factors. Distinct clinical outcomes in patients infected with different HCV genotypes...

    Authors: Aline G Vigani, Maria H Pavan, Raquel Tozzo, Eduardo SL Gonçales, Adriana Feltrin, Viviane C Fais, Maria SK Lazarini, Neiva SL Gonçales and Fernando L Gonçales Jr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:164
  45. Many factors have been mentioned as contributing to under-diagnosis and under-reporting of zoonotic diseases particularly in the sub-Sahara African region. These include poor disease surveillance coverage, poo...

    Authors: Kunda John, Rudovic Kazwala and Godfrey S Mfinanga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:162

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