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  1. An increasing number of reports are calling our attention to the worldwide spread of leishmaniasis. The urbanization of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been observed in different South American countr...

    Authors: Israel Cruz, Lucrecia Acosta, Mariana N Gutiérrez, Javier Nieto, Carmen Cañavate, Jorge Deschutter and Fernando J Bornay-Llinares
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:342
  2. The efficacy and safety of a single dose of ampicillin/sulbactam compared to a single dose of cefuroxime at cord clamp for prevention of post-cesarean infectious morbidity has not been assessed.

    Authors: Eleftherios Ziogos, Sotirios Tsiodras, Ioannis Matalliotakis, Helen Giamarellou and Kyriaki Kanellakopoulou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:341
  3. Several studies have compared nasal swabs to the more invasive nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) for detection of respiratory viruses. Mostly, the comparisons have been performed on immunocompetent children with u...

    Authors: Lars Öhrmalm, Michelle Wong, Maria Rotzén-Östlund, Oscar Norbeck, Kristina Broliden and Thomas Tolfvenstam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:340
  4. Responding to the high burden of cholera in developing countries, the WHO now considers vaccination as a supplement to the provision of safe drinking water and improved sanitation in the strategy for cholera c...

    Authors: Christian Schaetti, Ahmed M Khatib, Said M Ali, Raymond Hutubessy, Claire-Lise Chaignat and Mitchell G Weiss
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:339
  5. Promising clinical data and significant antigen-sparing have been demonstrated for a pandemic H5N1 influenza split-virion vaccine adjuvanted with AS03A, an α-tocopherol-containing oil-in-water emulsion-based Adju...

    Authors: Hideaki Nagai, Hideyuki Ikematsu, Kazuyoshi Tenjinbaru, Atsushi Maeda, Mamadou Dramé and François P Roman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:338
  6. Most current guidelines recommend two serological tests to diagnose chronic Chagas disease. When serological tests are persistently inconclusive, some guidelines recommend molecular tests. The aim of this inve...

    Authors: Pedro EAA Brasil, Liane De Castro, Alejandro M Hasslocher-Moreno, Luiz HC Sangenis and José U Braga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:337
  7. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype (Ia, Ib, II-IX) correlates with pathogen virulence and clinical prognosis. Epidemiological studies of seroprevalence are an important metric for determining the proportion of ...

    Authors: Danielle L Ippolito, Wesley A James, Deborah Tinnemore, Raywin R Huang, Mary J Dehart, Julie Williams, Mark A Wingerd and Samandra T Demons
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:336
  8. Mycoplasma hominis is a fastidious micro-organism causing systemic infections in the neonate and genital infections in the adult. It can also be the cause of serious extra-genital infections, mainly in immunosup...

    Authors: Andres Pascual, Marie-Helene Perez, Katia Jaton, Gaudenz Hafen, Stefano Di Bernardo, Jacques Cotting, Gilbert Greub and Bernard Vaudaux
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:335
  9. Hypoglycaemia is an independent risk factor for death in severe malaria and a recognized adverse treatment effect of parenteral quinine. In 2006 our hospital changed quinine treatment policy from 15 mg/kg load...

    Authors: Gilbert N Ogetii, Samuel Akech, Julie Jemutai, Mwanamvua Boga, Esther Kivaya, Greg Fegan and Kathryn Maitland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:334
  10. blood cytokines and chemokines have been proposed as biomarkers for tuberculosis (TB). Recently, some immune mediators found in the urine of patients with renal dysfunctions have also been suggested as potenti...

    Authors: Angela Cannas, Ludovica Calvo, Teresa Chiacchio, Gilda Cuzzi, Valentina Vanini, Francesco N Lauria, Luigia Pucci, Enrico Girardi and Delia Goletti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:333
  11. Leptospirosis is becoming a major public health threat in Sri Lanka as well as in other countries. We designed a case control study to determine the factors associated with local transmission of leptospirosis ...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Dhanaseela B Nugegoda and Vasanthi Thevanesam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:332
  12. Several active ingredients proposed as vaginal microbicides have been shown paradoxically to increase susceptibility to infection in mouse genital herpes (HSV-2) vaginal susceptibility models and in clinical tria...

    Authors: Thomas R Moench, Russell J Mumper, Timothy E Hoen, Mianmian Sun and Richard A Cone
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:331
  13. Europeans represent the majority of international travellers and clinicians encountering returned patients have an essential role in recognizing, and communicating travel-associated public health risks.

    Authors: Vanessa Field, Philippe Gautret, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Eric Caumes, Mogens Jensenius, Francesco Castelli, Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Leisa Weld, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter de Vries, Frank von Sonnenburg, Louis Loutan and Philippe Parola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:330
  14. High rates of loss to follow-up (LTFU) are undermining rapidly expanding antiretroviral treatment (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa. The intelligent dispensing of ART (iDART) is an open-source electronic ph...

    Authors: Mweete D Nglazi, Richard Kaplan, Robin Wood, Linda-Gail Bekker and Stephen D Lawn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:329
  15. There are few studies in Brazil that address baseline prevalence of MRSA colonization and associated risk factors at hospital admission, or the incidence of nosocomial colonization. We report a prospective stu...

    Authors: Helena B Santos, Denise P Machado, Suzi A Camey, Ricardo S Kuchenbecker, Afonso L Barth and Mário B Wagner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:328
  16. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) strain diversity varies across different regions of the world, according to low versus high-income countries. These differences may be related to geographic, environmental, socioeconom...

    Authors: Sara Y Tartof, Joice N Reis, Aurelio N Andrade, Regina T Ramos, Mitermayer G Reis and Lee W Riley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:327
  17. HPV burden is a predictor for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer. The natural history of HPV load in young women being recently exposed to HPV is described in this paper.

    Authors: Agnihotram V Ramanakumar, Otelinda Goncalves, Harriet Richardson, Pierre Tellier, Alex Ferenczy, François Coutlée and Eduardo L Franco
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:326
  18. The aim of the study was to explore the acceptability and uptake of on-campus screening using a youth friendly approach in two Third Level higher education institutions (HEIs). This study is part of wider rese...

    Authors: Deirdre Vaughan, Emer O'Connell, Martin Cormican, Ruairi Brugha, Colette Faherty, Myles Balfe and Diarmuid O'Donovan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:325
  19. Listeria monocytogenes is the third most frequent cause of bacterial meningitis. The aim of this study is to know the incidence and risk factors associated with development of acute community-acquired Lm meningi...

    Authors: Rosario Amaya-Villar, Emilio García-Cabrera, Elena Sulleiro-Igual, Pedro Fernández-Viladrich, Dionisi Fontanals-Aymerich, Pilar Catalán-Alonso, Carlos Rodrigo-Gonzalo de Liria, Ana Coloma-Conde, Fabio Grill-Díaz, Antonio Guerrero-Espejo, Jerónimo Pachón and Guillén Prats-Pastor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:324
  20. Variations of porB1A and porB1B genes and their serotypes exist in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from different geographical areas, and some site mutations in the porB1B gene correlate with drug resistance.

    Authors: Aihua Sun, Xingli Fan, Ye Gu, Peng Du, Renxian Tang, Yafei Mao, Xuai Lin and Jie Yan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:323
  21. Health care workers (HCWs) presented frequent concerns regarding their health and their families' health and high levels of psychological distress during previous disease outbreaks, such as the SARS outbreak, ...

    Authors: Panagiota Goulia, Christos Mantas, Danai Dimitroula, Dimitrios Mantis and Thomas Hyphantis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:322
  22. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) coinfection. The advent of antiretroviral therapy restores immunity in HIV-infected patients, but predisp...

    Authors: Jiun-Nong Lin, Chung-Hsu Lai, Yen-Hsu Chen, Lin-Li Chang, Susan Shin-Jung Lee and Hsi-Hsun Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:321
  23. Influenza-like illness (ILI) is often defined as fever (>38.0°C) with cough or sore throat. In this study, we tested the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of this case defin...

    Authors: Matthew R Kasper, Thomas F Wierzba, Ly Sovann, Patrick J Blair and Shannon D Putnam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:320
  24. The diagnosis and antimicrobial treatment of pneumonia in African children in the absence of diagnostic means such as x-ray facilities or microbiological laboratories relies primarily on clinical symptoms pres...

    Authors: Norbert G Schwarz, Nimako Sarpong, Frank Hünger, Florian Marks, Samuel EK Acquah, Alex Agyekum, Bernard Nkrumah, Wibke Loag, Ralf M Hagen, Jennifer A Evans, Denise Dekker, Julius N Fobil, Christian G Meyer, Jürgen May and Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:319
  25. The mortality in patients with persistent low CD4 count despite several years of HAART with sustained viral suppression is poorly documented. We aimed to identify predictors for inadequate CD4 cell recovery an...

    Authors: Frederik N Engsig, Jan Gerstoft, Gitte Kronborg, Carsten S Larsen, Gitte Pedersen, Birgit Røge, Janne Jensen, Lars N Nielsen and Niels Obel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:318
  26. Serological testing for Lyme borreliosis (LB) is frequently requested by general practitioners for patients with a wide variety of symptoms.

    Authors: Ram B Dessau, Jette M Bangsborg, Tove Ejlertsen, Sigurdur Skarphedinsson and Henrik C Schønheyder
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:317
  27. The 2009 pandemic of influenza A (H1N1) infection has alerted many governments to make preparedness plan to control the spread of influenza A (H1N1) infection. Vaccination for influenza is one of the most impo...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Eliza LY Wong, Josette Chor, Kenny Kung, Paul KS Chan, Carmen Wong and Sian M Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:316
  28. Otitis media (OM), one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases, causes inner ear inflammation resulting in vertigo and sensorineural hearing loss. Previously, we showed that spiral ligament fibrocytes...

    Authors: Jeong-Im Woo, Huiqi Pan, Sejo Oh, David J Lim and Sung K Moon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:314
  29. Hospitals with inadequate infection control are risky environments for the emergence and transmission of tuberculosis (TB). We evaluated TB infection control practices, and the prevalence of latent TB infectio...

    Authors: Guang Xue He, Susan van den Hof, Marieke J van der Werf, Guo Jie Wang, Shi Wen Ma, Dong Yang Zhao, Yuan Lian Hu, Shi Cheng Yu and Martien W Borgdorff
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:313
  30. In a previous study we observed an increasing trend in candidemia in Finland in the 1990s. Our aim was now to investigate further population-based secular trends, as well as outcome, and evaluate the associati...

    Authors: Eira Poikonen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Irma Koivula, Jukka Lumio, Pirkko Kotilainen, Hannu Syrjälä and Petri Ruutu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:312
  31. Diarrhea is common in HIV/AIDS patients, caused by both classic enteric pathogens and different opportunistic agents. Infection with these different pathogens may lead to similar radiological findings, thus causi...

    Authors: Rohit Singla, Samriti Hari and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:310
  32. Meningococcal infection causes severe, rapidly progressing illness and reporting of cases is mandatory in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The NSW Department of Health operates near real-time Emergency Depart...

    Authors: Libby O'Toole, David J Muscatello, Wei Zheng and Tim Churches
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:309
  33. Since the Influenza A pandemic in 1819, the association between the influenza virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae has been well described in literature. While a leading role has been so far attributed solely to In...

    Authors: Timothy Aebi, Maja Weisser, Evelyne Bucher, Hans H Hirsch, Stephan Marsch and Martin Siegemund
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:308
  34. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the major cause of community-acquired pyogenic infections in Taiwan. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremic community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Yuan-Yu Jeng, Te-Li Chen and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:307
  35. Recent in vitro evidence suggests a link between vitamin D status and the risk of tuberculosis (TB). This study sought to examine the association between vitamin D status, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the risk o...

    Authors: Lan T Ho-Pham, Nguyen D Nguyen, Tong T Nguyen, Dung H Nguyen, Phuong K Bui, Vien N Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:306
  36. Although the most frequent extra-pulmonary manifestations of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection involve the cardiovascular system, no data regarding heart function in infants with bronchiolitis associ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Patrizia Salice, Samantha Bosis, Silvia Ghiglia, Elena Tremolati, Claudia Tagliabue, Laura Gualtieri, Paolo Barbier, Carlotta Galeone, Paola Marchisio and Nicola Principi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:305
  37. To determine the prevalence of carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens, and the risk factors for and serotype distribution of pneumococcal carriage in an Australian Aboriginal population.

    Authors: Grant A Mackenzie, Amanda J Leach, Jonathan R Carapetis, Janelle Fisher and Peter S Morris
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:304
  38. In France, it is estimated that 24% of HIV-infected patients are also infected with HCV. Longitudinal studies addressing clinical and public health questions related to HIV-HCV co-infection (HIV-HCV clinical p...

    Authors: Marc-Arthur Loko, Dominique Salmon, Patrizia Carrieri, Maria Winnock, Marion Mora, Laurence Merchadou, Stéphanie Gillet, Elodie Pambrun, Jean Delaune, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Didier Neau, Philippe Bonnard, Eric Rosenthal, Karl Barange, Philippe Morlat…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:303
  39. Melioidosis, a severe and fatal infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is believed to an emerging global threat. However, data on the natural history, risk factors, and geographic epidemiology of...

    Authors: Muhammad RA Hassan, Subhada P Pani, Ng P Peng, Kirtanaa Voralu, Natesan Vijayalakshmi, Ranjith Mehanderkar, Norasmidar A Aziz and Edwin Michael
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:302
  40. The level of herd immunity before and after the first 2009 pandemic season is not precisely known, and predicting the shape of the next pandemic H1N1 season is a difficult challenge.

    Authors: Fabrice Carrat, Camille Pelat, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Isabelle Bonmarin and Nathanael Lapidus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:301
  41. Members of the CD36 scavenger receptor family have been implicated as sensors of microbial products that mediate phagocytosis and inflammation in response to a broad range of pathogens. We investigated the rol...

    Authors: Michael Hawkes, Xiaoming Li, Maryanne Crockett, Angelina Diassiti, Constance Finney, Gundula Min-Oo, W Conrad Liles, Jun Liu and Kevin C Kain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:299
  42. Combination vaccines improve coverage, compliance and effectively introduce new antigens to mass vaccination programmes. This was a phase III, observer-blind, randomized study of GSK Biologicals diphtheria-tet...

    Authors: Sukanta Chatterjee, Sylvan J Rego, Fulton D'Souza, BD Bhatia, Alix Collard, Sanjoy K Datta and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:298
  43. Diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTPw)-based combination vaccines are an attractive option to rapidly achieve high coverage and protection against other important pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus (...

    Authors: Felix Espinoza, Miguel Tregnaghi, Angela Gentile, Katia Abarca, Javier Casellas, Alix Collard, Inge Lefevre and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:297
  44. The trajectory of an infectious disease outbreak is affected by the behavior of individuals, and the behavior is often related to individuals' risk perception. We assessed temporal changes and geographical dif...

    Authors: Yoko Ibuka, Gretchen B Chapman, Lauren A Meyers, Meng Li and Alison P Galvani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:296
  45. The implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-positive patients results in immune reconstitution, slower progression of HIV disease, and a decrease in the occurrence of opportuni...

    Authors: Sadeep Shrestha, Staci L Sudenga, Jennifer S Smith, Laura H Bachmann, Craig M Wilson and Mirjam C Kempf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:295
  46. In Laos, small backyard poultry systems predominate (90%). The first lethal human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occurred in 2007. Few studies have addressed the impact of outbreaks and educ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Aina N Harimanana, Somchay Lorvongseng, Somvay Ongkhammy and Cindy Chu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:294
  47. Implementing Chlamydia trachomatis screening in the Netherlands has been a point of debate for several years. The National Health Council advised against implementing nationwide screening until additional data co...

    Authors: Jan EAM van Bergen, Johannes SA Fennema, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Christian JPA Hoebe, Rik H Koekenbier, Eline LM Op de Coul, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Hannelore M Götz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:293

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