Skip to main content

Advertisement

Articles

Page 148 of 162

  1. Differences in degree of environmental exposure to antigens in early life have been hypothesized to lead to differences in immune status in individuals from different populations, which may have implications f...

    Authors: Anne Ben-Smith, Patricia Gorak-Stolinska, Sian Floyd, Rosemary E Weir, Maeve K Lalor, Hazzie Mvula, Amelia C Crampin, Diana Wallace, Peter CL Beverley, Paul EM Fine and Hazel M Dockrell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Blood culture surveillance will be used for assessing the public health effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Africa. Between 2003 and 2006 we assessed blood culture outcome and performance in ad...

    Authors: Neema Mtunthama, Stephen B Gordon, Temwa Kusimbwe, Eduard E Zijlstra, Malcolm E Molyneux and Neil French

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. To date, data on the durability of a regimen of stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine are very limited, particularly from the resource-limited settings.

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Preecha Tantanathip, Wisit Prasithisirikul, Sirirat Likanonsakul and Somnuek Sungkanuparph

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The last case of poliomyelitis due to transmission of indigenous wild poliovirus occurred in Italy in 1982, however, it is important to guarantee a high quality surveillance as there is a risk of importation o...

    Authors: Marcello M D'Errico, Pamela Barbadoro, Sonia Bacelli, Elisabetta Esposto, Vania Moroni, Federica Scaccia, Luana Tantucci and Emilia Prospero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Lysozyme is an antimicrobial innate immune molecule degrading peptidoglycan of the bacterial cell wall. Lysozyme shows the ubiquitous expression in wide varieties of species and tissues including the tubotympa...

    Authors: Jun Shimada, Sung K Moon, Haa-Yung Lee, Tamotsu Takeshita, Huiqi Pan, Jeong-Im Woo, Robert Gellibolian, Noboru Yamanaka and David J Lim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Bacteria in the hospital's drinking water system represent a risk for the acquisition of a nosocomial infection in the severely immunocompromised host. Terminal tap water filters may be used to prevent nosocom...

    Authors: Ralf-Peter Vonberg, Dorit Sohr, Juliane Bruderek and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. HIV infection is a serious concern in the Canadian Aboriginal population, particularly among youth; however, there is limited attention to this issue in research literature. The purpose of this national study ...

    Authors: Judy E Mill, Randy C Jackson, Catherine A Worthington, Chris P Archibald, Tom Wong, Ted Myers, Tracey Prentice and Susan Sommerfeldt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The level of intra-species genetic variation in Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii populations in a localized geographic area, like Puducherry, India, remains unknown.

    Authors: Subhash Chandra Parija and Krishna Khairnar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. The effects of climate variations on bacillary dysentery incidence have gained more recent concern. However, the multi-collinearity among meteorological factors affects the accuracy of correlation with bacilla...

    Authors: Desheng Huang, Peng Guan, Junqiao Guo, Ping Wang and Baosen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Although the incidence of serious morbidity with childhood pneumonia has decreased over time, empyema as a complication of community-acquired pneumonia continues to be an important clinical problem. We reviewe...

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, James D Kellner, Nataly Solomon, Joan L Robinson, Nicole Le Saux, Jane McDonald, Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Ben Tan, Upton Allen, Simon Dobson and Heather Joudrey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. On 7 May 2007 the medical officer in Røros (population 5600) reported 15 patients with gastroenteritis. Three days later he estimated hundreds being ill. Untreated tap water from a groundwater source was suspe...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Katrine Borgen, Line Vold, Helge Lund, Tore Forseth, Raisa Hannula and Karin Nygård

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Mortality among HIV-infected children in developing countries remains high after serious bacterial infections despite the use of antibiotics. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been used as an adjuvant ther...

    Authors: Lyen C Huang, Landon Myer and Heather B Jaspan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. An uneven spatial distribution of leprosy can be caused by the influence of geography on the distribution of risk factors over the area, or by population characteristics that are heterogeneously distributed ov...

    Authors: EAJ Fischer, D Pahan, SK Chowdhury and JH Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. There is a higher case-detection rate for leprosy among spatially proximate contacts such as household members and neighbors. Spatial information regarding the clustering of leprosy can be used to improve inte...

    Authors: EAJ Fischer, D Pahan, SK Chowdhury, L Oskam and JH Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis that produce two exotoxins, lethal toxin and edema toxin. The lethal toxin is composed of the lethal factor (LF) complexed with the cell binding protective antigen (PA83, 8...

    Authors: Rasha Hammamieh, Wilson J Ribot, Terry G Abshire, Marti Jett and John Ezzell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. To investigate dynamic fluctuations of serum viral load and peripheral T-lymphocyte subpopulations of chronic hepatitis B patients and their correlation during entecavir therapy.

    Authors: Jing You, Hutcha Sriplung, Alan Geater, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Lin Zhuang, Yun-Li Li, Hua Lei, Jun Liu, Hong-Ying Chen, Bao-Zhang Tang and Jun-Hua Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Adenovirus are the important pathogen of pediatric severe pneumonia. The aim of this study is to analyze the infection, subtype and distribution of adenovirus in autopsied pulmonary tissue of fatal pneumonia i...

    Authors: Zhi-Ying Ou, Qi-Yi Zeng, Feng-Hua Wang, Hui-Min Xia, Jun-Peng Lu, Jian-Qing Xia, Si-Tang Gong, Li Deng, Jian-Tao Zhang and Rong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Bacteria from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are the only group of cystic fibrosis (CF) respiratory pathogens that may cause death by an invasive infection known as cepacia syndrome. Their large genome (>...

    Authors: Pavel Drevinek, Matthew TG Holden, Zhaoping Ge, Andrew M Jones, Ian Ketchell, Ryan T Gill and Eshwar Mahenthiralingam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Injection site infections among injecting drug users (IDUs) have been associated with serious morbidity and health service costs in North America. This study explores the frequency, factors and costs associate...

    Authors: Vivian Hope, Jo Kimber, Peter Vickerman, Matthew Hickman and Fortune Ncube

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Little current information is available for prevalence of vertically-transmitted infections among the Afghan population. The purpose of this study is to determine prevalence and correlates of human immunodefic...

    Authors: Catherine S Todd, Malalay Ahmadzai, Faridullah Atiqzai, Suellen Miller, Jeffrey M Smith, Syed Alef Shah Ghazanfar and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected persons. Epidemiology of PCP in the recent era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is not well known an...

    Authors: Saba Radhi, Travis Alexander, Michelle Ukwu, Samer Saleh and Alison Morris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Baseline data is necessary for monitoring how a population perceives the threat of pandemic influenza, and perceives how it would behave in the event of pandemic influenza. Our aim was to develop a module of q...

    Authors: Margo Barr, Beverley Raphael, Melanie Taylor, Garry Stevens, Louisa Jorm, Michael Giffin and Sanja Lujic

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:117

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. It is unclear whether appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy improves outcomes in patients with bacteremia due to Escherichia coli or Klebsiella. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of appropri...

    Authors: Kerri A Thom, Marin L Schweizer, Regina B Osih, Jessina C McGregor, Jon P Furuno, Eli N Perencevich and Anthony D Harris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Infestation with the human head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis) occurs worldwide. Existing treatment options are limited, and reports of resistance to commonly used pediculicides have been increasing. In this t...

    Authors: Jorg Heukelbach, Daniel Pilger, Fabíola A Oliveira, Adak Khakban, Liana Ariza and Hermann Feldmeier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:115

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Hand hygiene is generally considered to be the most important measure that can be applied to prevent the spread of healthcare-associated infection (HAI). Continuous emphasis on this intervention has lead to th...

    Authors: Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd and Kevin G Kerr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Rabies is a major public-health problem in developing countries such as China. Although the recent re-emergence of human rabies in China was noted in several epidemiological studies, little attention was paid ...

    Authors: Han Si, Zhong-Min Guo, Yuan-Tao Hao, Yu-Ge Liu, Ding-Mei Zhang, Shao-Qi Rao and Jia-Hai Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Neonatal tetanus (NT) is still considered as one of the major causes of neonatal death in many developing countries. The aim of the present study was to assess the characteristics of sixty-seven infants with t...

    Authors: Bunyamin Dikici, Hakan Uzun, Ebru Yilmaz-Keskin, Taskin Tas, Ali Gunes, Halil Kocamaz, Capan Konca and Mehmet A Tas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:112

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are prevalent in Africa, but less common elsewhere and the modes of transmission are still subject to debate. Generally, they rar...

    Authors: Andrew A Adjei, Henry B Armah, Foster Gbagbo, Isaac Boamah, Clement Adu-Gyamfi and Isaac Asare

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Relapse of tuberculosis (TB) may develop as the result of reactivation of the endogenous primary infection, or as a result of a exogenous reinfection. This survey evaluated the rate of reactivation versus rece...

    Authors: Parissa-Farnia, Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Mohammad Varahram, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Mojtaba Ahmadi, Mehdi Khazampour, Payam Tabarsi, Parvaneh Baghei, Mojtaba Marjane, Muslam Bahadori, Abolhasan Zia Zarifi and Ali Akbar Velayati

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Drug use and in particular injecting drug use has been at the forefront of the explosive spread of HIV in general populations in many countries in Asia. There is concern that also in China increased HIV incide...

    Authors: Mirjam Kretzschmar, Weidong Zhang, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Lan Wang, Xinhua Sun, Alexander Kraemer and Fan Lv

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Since African-Americans have twice the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections as age-matched Caucasians we sought to determine the ages and possible sources of infection of African-American children.

    Authors: Isca R Wilms, Al M Best and Stuart P Adler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. In Malawi and other high HIV prevalence countries, studies suggest that more than 30% of all severely malnourished children admitted to inpatient nutrition rehabilitation units are HIV-infected. However, clini...

    Authors: Paluku Bahwere, Ellen Piwoz, Marthias C Joshua, Kate Sadler, Caroline H Grobler-Tanner, Saul Guerrero and Steve Collins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Since the late 1980s a series of malaria epidemics has occurred in western Kenya highlands. Among the possible factors that may contribute to the highland malaria epidemics, parasite resistance to antimalarial...

    Authors: Daibin Zhong, Yaw Afrane, Andrew Githeko, Liwang Cui, David M Menge and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Effective prophylaxis and treatment for infections caused by biological threat agents (BTA) rely upon early diagnosis and rapid initiation of therapy. Most methods for identifying pathogens in body fluids and ...

    Authors: Rina Das, Rasha Hammamieh, Roger Neill, George V Ludwig, Steven Eker, Patrick Lincoln, Preveen Ramamoorthy, Apsara Dhokalia, Sachin Mani, Chanaka Mendis, Christiano Cummings, Brian Kearney, Atabak Royaee, Xiao-Zhe Huang, Chrysanthi Paranavitana, Leonard Smith…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:104

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In developing countries rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhoea and diarrhoeal deaths in children under 5. Vaccination could greatly alleviate that burden, but in Mexico as in most low- and middle-i...

    Authors: Atanacio Valencia-Mendoza, Stefano M Bertozzi, Juan-Pablo Gutierrez and Robbin Itzler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:103

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Taurolidin/Citrate (TauroLock™), a lock solution with broad spectrum antimicrobial activity, may prevent bloodstream infection (BSI) due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS or 'MRSE' in case of methicill...

    Authors: Arne Simon, Roland A Ammann, Gertrud Wiszniewsky, Udo Bode, Gudrun Fleischhack and Mette M Besuden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The poor peri-urban areas of developing countries with inadequate living conditions and a high prevalence of HIV infection have been implicated in the increase of tuberculosis (TB). Presence of different linea...

    Authors: Benon B Asiimwe, Solomon Ghebremichael, Gunilla Kallenius, Tuija Koivula and Moses L Joloba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In 2001, two hexavalent vaccines were licensed in Italy (Hexavac®, Infanrix Hexa®), and since 2002 were extensively used for primary immunization in the first year of life (at 3, 5, 11/12 months of age). In 2005,...

    Authors: Cristina Giambi, Antonino Bella, Antonella Barale, Domenico Montù, Maria Marchisio, Maurizio Oddone, Salvatore Zito, Maria Rapicetta, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna and Marta L Ciofi degli Atti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) caused a major two-wave seventeen-month-long outbreak in La Réunion Island in 2005–2006. The aim of this study was to refine clinical estimates provided by a regional surveillance-sys...

    Authors: Patrick Gérardin, Vanina Guernier, Joëlle Perrau, Adrian Fianu, Karin Le Roux, Philippe Grivard, Alain Michault, Xavier de Lamballerie, Antoine Flahault and François Favier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:99

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Serologic diagnosis of Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn) infection routinely involves assays for the presence of IgG and IgM antibodies to Cpn. Although IgA antibodies to Cpn have been found to be of interest in the...

    Authors: Olfa Frikha-Gargouri, Radhouane Gdoura, Abir Znazen, Nozha Ben Arab, Jalel Gargouri, Mounir Ben Jemaa and Adnene Hammami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. In Tashkent (Uzbekistan), TB treatment is provided in accordance with the DOTS strategy. Of 1087 pulmonary TB patients started on treatment in 2005, 228 (21%) defaulted. This study investigates who the default...

    Authors: Epco Hasker, Maksad Khodjikhanov, Shakhnoz Usarova, Umid Asamidinov, Umida Yuldashova, Marieke J van der Werf, Gulnoz Uzakova and Jaap Veen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:97

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) is recommended for persons aged < 65 years with chronic medical conditions. We evaluated the risk and mortality from invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD...

    Authors: Peter Klemets, Outi Lyytikäinen, Petri Ruutu, Jukka Ollgren and J Pekka Nuorti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:96

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The World Health Organization's (WHO) case definition for childhood pneumonia, composed of simple clinical signs of cough, difficult breathing and fast breathing, is widely used in resource poor settings to gu...

    Authors: Taneli Puumalainen, Beatriz Quiambao, Erma Abucejo-Ladesma, Socorro Lupisan, Tarja Heiskanen-Kosma, Petri Ruutu, Marilla G Lucero, Hanna Nohynek, Eric AF Simoes and Ian Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:95

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Of the 9.2 million new TB cases occurring each year, about 10% are in children. Because childhood TB is usually non-infectious and non-fatal, national programs do not prioritize childhood TB diagnosis and trea...

    Authors: Rangsima Lolekha, Amornrat Anuwatnonthakate, Sriprapa Nateniyom, Surin Sumnapun, Norio Yamada, Wanpen Wattanaamornkiat, Wanchai Sattayawuthipong, Pricha Charusuntonsri, Natpatou Sanguanwongse, Charles D Wells and Jay K Varma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:94

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Reasons for the variation in reported treatment outcomes from antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes in developing countries are not clearly defined.

    Authors: Katherine L Fielding, Salome Charalambous, Amy L Stenson, Lindiwe F Pemba, Des J Martin, Robin Wood, Gavin J Churchyard and Alison D Grant

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:93

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. In Singapore, an outbreak of fungal keratitis caused by members of the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) was identified in March 2005 to May 2006 involving 66 patients. Epidemiological investigations have in...

    Authors: Roland Jureen, Tse H Koh, Grace Wang, Louis YA Chai, Ai L Tan, Tracy Chai, Yong W Wong, Yue Wang, Paul A Tambyah, Roger Beuerman and Donald Tan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:92

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Sepsis and complications to sepsis are major causes of mortality in critically ill patients. Rapid treatment of sepsis is of crucial importance for survival of patients. The infectious status of the critically...

    Authors: Jens-Ulrik Jensen, Bettina Lundgren, Lars Hein, Thomas Mohr, Pernille L Petersen, Lasse H Andersen, Anne Ø Lauritsen, Sine Hougaard, Teit Mantoni, Bonnie Bømler, Klaus J Thornberg, Katrin Thormar, Jesper Løken, Morten Steensen, Peder Carl, J Asger Petersen…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:91

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  48. Parapneumonic empyema continues to be a disease of significant morbidity and mortality among children despite recent advances in medical management. To date, only a limited number of studies have assessed the ...

    Authors: Batmunkh Nyambat, Paul E Kilgore, Dong Eun Yong, Dang Duc Anh, Chen-Hsun Chiu, Xuzhuang Shen, Luis Jodar, Timothy L Ng, Hans L Bock and William P Hausdorff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Viral load monitoring is not available for the vast majority of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings. However, the practical utility of CD4 cell count measurements as an alter...

    Authors: Motasim Badri, Stephen D Lawn and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:89

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Featured videos

View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals