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  1. In Mexico, primary pulmonary histoplasmosis is the most relevant clinical form of the disease. The geographical distribution of specific strains of Histoplasma capsulatum circulating in Mexico has not been fully ...

    Authors: Bertha Muñoz, María Á Martínez, Gabriel Palma, Amado Ramírez, María G Frías, María R Reyes, María L Taylor, Anjarath L Higuera, Alexander Corcho and María E Manjarrez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:264

    Content type: Research article

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  2. After renovation of the adult intensive care unit (ICU) with installation of ten single rooms, an enhanced infection control program was conducted to control the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aur...

    Authors: Vincent CC Cheng, Josepha WM Tai, WM Chan, Eric HY Lau, Jasper FW Chan, Kelvin KW To, Iris WS Li, PL Ho and KY Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:263

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The number of HIV-1 infected individuals in the Western world continues to rise. More in-depth understanding of regional HIV-1 epidemics is necessary for the optimal design and adequate use of future preventio...

    Authors: Kristen Chalmet, Delfien Staelens, Stijn Blot, Sylvie Dinakis, Jolanda Pelgrom, Jean Plum, Dirk Vogelaers, Linos Vandekerckhove and Chris Verhofstede

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:262

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The incidences of reportable sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased since the late 1990 s in Norway. The objectives of our study were to assess factors, asso...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Barbara Schimmer, Andrej M Grjibovski, Elise Klouman and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:261

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Previously two prediction rules identifying children at risk of hearing loss and academic or behavioral limitations after bacterial meningitis were developed. Streptococcus pneumoniae as causative pathogen was an...

    Authors: Arno E Commandeur, Rogier CJ de Jonge, Irene Koomen, Lodewijk Spanjaard, A Marceline van Furth and Caroline B Terwee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:259

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Known risk factors for death following a diagnosis of tuberculosis may not be applicable to current U.S. cases. We evaluated the factors associated with all-cause mortality in patients with tuberculosis in Was...

    Authors: David J Horne, Rebecca Hubbard, Masahiro Narita, Alexia Exarchos, David R Park and Christopher H Goss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:258

    Content type: Research article

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  7. HCV is a leading cause of liver chronic diseases all over the world. In developed countries the highest prevalence of infection is reported among intravenous drug users and haemodialysis (HD) patients. The pre...

    Authors: Simone Lanini, Isabella Abbate, Vincenzo Puro, Fabrizio Soscia, Franceso Albertoni, Walter Battisti, Amilacare Ruta, Maria R Capobianchi and Giuseppe Ippolito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:257

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In April 2009, the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus emerged and spread globally. The objective of this study was to describe the independent risk factors for hospital mortality and the treatment effect of cort...

    Authors: Xiuming Xi, Yuan Xu, Li Jiang, Ang Li, Jie Duan and Bin Du

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:256

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In India, Pune was one of the badly affected cities during the influenza A (H1N1) 2009 pandemic. We undertook serosurveys among the risk groups and general population to determine the extent of pandemic influe...

    Authors: Babasaheb V Tandale, Shailesh D Pawar, Yogesh K Gurav, Mandeep S Chadha, Santosh S Koratkar, Vijay N Shelke and Akhilesh C Mishra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:255

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Evidence suggests that probiotics reduce rotavirus diarrhoea duration. Although there are several probiotic strains potentially useful, daily practice is often limited by the type and number of products locall...

    Authors: Giuseppe Grandy, Marcos Medina, Richard Soria, Carlos G Terán and Magdalena Araya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:253

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Implementation of Multi drug Therapy (MDT) regimen has resulted in the decline of the total number of leprosy cases in the world. Though the prevalence rate has been declining, the incidence rate remains more ...

    Authors: Surajita Banerjee, Kamalesh Sarkar, Soma Gupta, Prasanta Sinha Mahapatra, Siddhartha Gupta, Samudra Guha, Debasis Bandhopadhayay, Chaitry Ghosal, Suman Kalyan Paine, Rathindra Nath Dutta, Nibir Biswas and Basudev Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:252

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Liver fibrosis progression is commonly found in patients with CHB. Liver biopsy is a gold standard for identifying the extent of liver fibrosis, but has many draw-backs. It is essential to construct a noninvas...

    Authors: Danan Wang, Qinghui Wang, Fengping Shan, Beixing Liu and Changlong Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:251

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The economical impact of absenteeism and reduced productivity due to acute infectious respiratory and gastrointestinal disease is normally not in the focus of surveillance systems and may therefore be underest...

    Authors: Nils-Olaf Hübner, Claudia Hübner, Michael Wodny, Günter Kampf and Axel Kramer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:250

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome (mTSS) is thought to be associated with the vaginal colonization with specific strains of Staphylococcus aureus TSST-1 in women who lack sufficient antibody titers to this toxin. Th...

    Authors: Jeffrey Parsonnet, Melanie A Hansmann, Jon L Seymour, Mary L Delaney, Andrea M DuBois, Paul A Modern, Michaelle B Jones, John E Wild and Andrew B Onderdonk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:249

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Although many infections that are transmissible from person to person are acquired through direct contact between individuals, a minority, notably pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), measles and influenza are known t...

    Authors: Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd and Kevin G Kerr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:247

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Human infection with parvovirus B19 may lead to a diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations, including benign erythema infectiosum in children, transient aplastic crisis in patients with haemolytic anaemia, ...

    Authors: Trine H Mogensen, Jens Magnus B Jensen, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit and Carsten S Larsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:246

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Urinary tract infection (UTI) remains one of the main complications after kidney transplantation and it has serious consequences.

    Authors: Roberto Rivera-Sanchez, Dolores Delgado-Ochoa, Rocio R Flores-Paz, Elvia E García-Jiménez, Ramon Espinosa-Hernández, Andres A Bazan-Borges and Myriam Arriaga-Alba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:245

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hyaluronic acid (HA) serum levels correlate with the histological stages of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected patients, and HA alone has shown very good diagnostic accuracy as a non-invasi...

    Authors: Salvador Resino, José M Bellón, Cristina Asensio, Dariela Micheloud, Pilar Miralles, Ana Vargas, Pilar Catalán, Juan C López, Emilio Álvarez, Jaime Cosin, Raquel Lorente, María A Muñoz-Fernández and Juan Berenguer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:244

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Coronin-1 and Sp110 are essential factors for the containment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vivo expression of these mole...

    Authors: Pantelis Constantoulakis, Eftihia Filiou, Nikoletta Rovina, George Chras, Aggeliki Hamhougia, Simona Karabela, Adamandia Sotiriou, Charis Roussos and Nikolaos Poulakis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:243

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The association between HIV infection and invasive cervical cancer that has been reported may reflect differential prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or uncontrolled confounding. We conducted a...

    Authors: Georgette Adjorlolo-Johnson, Elizabeth R Unger, Edith Boni-Ouattara, Kadidiata Touré-Coulibaly, Chantal Maurice, Suzanne D Vernon, Marcel Sissoko, Alan E Greenberg, Stefan Z Wiktor and Terence L Chorba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:242

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Secondary caries is responsible for 60 percent of all replacement restorations in the typical dental practice. The diversity of the bacterial sources and the different types of filling materials could play a r...

    Authors: Si-su Mo, Wei Bao, Guang-yun Lai, Jun Wang and Ming-yu Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:241

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The study of the endotoxin tolerance phenomenon in light of the recently defined roles of mast cells and toll-like receptors as essential components of the innate immune response and as orchestrators of acquir...

    Authors: Saulo F Saturnino, Roberta O Prado, José R Cunha-Melo and Marcus V Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:240

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast and the most frequent cryptococcal species found in humans. Cryptococcosis is considered an opportunistic infection as it affects mainly immunosuppressed individu...

    Authors: Corina Probst, Georg Pongratz, Silvia Capellino, Rolf M Szeimies, Jürgen Schölmerich, Martin Fleck, Bernd Salzberger and Boris Ehrenstein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:239

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Not all women infected with HPV-16/18 have detectable levels of HPV-16/18 antibodies, those who seroconvert develop low antibody levels, and seroconversion occurs typically several months post-infection. We ev...

    Authors: Carolina Porras, Christina Bennett, Mahboobeh Safaeian, Sarah Coseo, Ana Cecilia Rodríguez, Paula González, Martha Hutchinson, Silvia Jiménez, Mark E Sherman, Sholom Wacholder, Diane Solomon, Leen-Jan van Doorn, Catherine Bougelet, Wim Quint, Mark Schiffman, Rolando Herrero…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:238

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mycobacterium leprae is the only pathogenic bacteria able to infect peripheral nerves. Neural impairment results in a set of sensitive, motor and autonomic disturbances, with ulcers originating primarily on the ...

    Authors: Josafá G Barreto and Claudio G Salgado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:237

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Several highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) outbreaks have been reported over the past decade. South Korea recently faced AI outbreaks whose economic impact was estimated to be 6.3 billion dollars, equivale...

    Authors: Taehyong Kim, Woochang Hwang, Aidong Zhang, Surajit Sen and Murali Ramanathan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:236

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Few data are available on the incidence of nosocomial Rotavirus infections (NRVI) in pediatric hospitals and on their economic impact. The goals of this study were: to evaluate the incidence of NRVI in various...

    Authors: Filippo Festini, Priscilla Cocchi, Daniela Mambretti, Bruna Tagliabue, Milena Carotti, Daniele Ciofi, Klaus P Biermann, Roberto Schiatti, Franco M Ruggeri, Fernando Maria De Benedictis, Alessandro Plebani, Alfredo Guarino and Maurizio de Martino

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:235

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The frequent occurrence of ferret badger-associated human rabies cases in southeast China highlights the lack of laboratory-based surveillance and urges revisiting the potential importance of this animal in ra...

    Authors: Ye Liu, Shoufeng Zhang, Xianfu Wu, Jinghui Zhao, Yanli Hou, Fei Zhang, Andres Velasco-Villa, Charles E Rupprecht and Rongliang Hu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:234

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hyaluronic acid capsule plays a key role in Streptococcus pyogenes virulence. Circulation of mucoid or highly encapsulated strains has been related to rheumatic fever epidemics and invasive disease in several cou...

    Authors: Esther Tamayo, Milagrosa Montes, Guadalupe García-Medina, José M García-Arenzana and Emilio Pérez-Trallero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:233

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Bacterial meningitis (BM) is a severe infection responsible for high mortality and disabling sequelae. Early identification of patients at high risk of these outcomes is necessary to prevent their occurrence b...

    Authors: Rogier CJ de Jonge, A Marceline van Furth, Merel Wassenaar, Reinoud JBJ Gemke and Caroline B Terwee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:232

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Data on the epidemiology and cost of herpes zoster (HZ) and post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) in Italy are limited. This retrospective, population-based study was designed to determine the incidence of HZ and the ...

    Authors: Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Monica Merito, Patrizio Pezzotti, Luigi Naldi, Antonio Gatti, Maud Beillat, Laurence Serradell, Rafaelle di Marzo and Antonio Volpi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:230

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Bartonella tamiae, a newly described bacterial species, was isolated from the blood of three hospitalized patients in Thailand. These patients presented with headache, myalgia, anemia, and mild liver function ab...

    Authors: Leah Colton, Nordin Zeidner, Tarah Lynch and Michael Y Kosoy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:229

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Epidemic outbreaks of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) in intensive care units (ICUs) are increasing. The incidence of MDR AB bacteremia, which develops as a result of colonization, is incr...

    Authors: Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Song Ee Kim, Byung Hoon Park, Ji Young Son, Eun Young Kim, Joo Eun Lim, Sang Kook Lee, Sang Hoon Lee, Kyung Jong Lee, Young Ae Kang, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang and Young Sam Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:228

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In the developing world co-infections and polyparasitism within humans appear to be the rule rather than the exception, be it any combination of inter-specific and/or inter- and intra-Genera mixed infections. ...

    Authors: Artemis Koukounari, Christl A Donnelly, Moussa Sacko, Adama D Keita, Aly Landouré, Robert Dembelé, Elisa Bosqué-Oliva, Albis F Gabrielli, Anouk Gouvras, Mamadou Traoré, Alan Fenwick and Joanne P Webster

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:227

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The global epidemiological scenario of HBV infection has been changing rapidly over the last two decade...

    Authors: Narcisse P Komas, Souleyman Baï-Sepou, Alexandre Manirakiza, Josiane Léal, Aubin Béré and Alain Le Faou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:226

    Content type: Research article

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  36. When Staphylococcus aureus is isolated in urine, it is thought to usually represent hematogenous spread. Because such spread might have special clinical significance, we evaluated predictors and outcomes of S. au...

    Authors: Shingo Chihara, Kyle J Popovich, Robert A Weinstein and Bala Hota

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:225

    Content type: Research article

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  37. BED-EIA HIV-1 Incidence Test (BED-CEIA) has been described as a tool to discriminate recent (RS) from long-term (LTS) seroconversion of HIV-1 infection, contributing to a better understanding of the dynamics o...

    Authors: Carlos A Velasco de Castro, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdiléa G Veloso, Francisco I Bastos, José H Pilotto and Mariza G Morgado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:224

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in heterosexual couples has been sparsely studied, it is relevant to understand disease burden and transmission mechanisms. The present study determined the preval...

    Authors: Rocio Parada, Rosalba Morales, Anna R Giuliano, Aurelio Cruz, Xavier Castellsagué and Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:223

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:25

  39. This study was performed to better assess the perceptions, motivating factors, and behaviors associated with the use of hand washing to prevent H1N1 influenza transmission during the peak pandemic period in Ko...

    Authors: Jae-Hyun Park, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Dae-Yong Son, Seon-Ung Kim and Chang-Min Ha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:222

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The A/H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic revealed that operational issues of school closure interventions, such as when school closure should be initiated (activation trigger), how long schools should be closed (durati...

    Authors: Nilimesh Halder, Joel K Kelso and George J Milne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:221

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Data on the performance of Mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific interferon-(IFN)-γ release assays (IGRAs) in the serial testing of health care workers (HCWs) is limited. The objective of the present study was t...

    Authors: Felix C Ringshausen, Albert Nienhaus, Anja Schablon, Stephan Schlösser, Gerhard Schultze-Werninghaus and Gernot Rohde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:220

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Splenectomy is associated with increased risk for bacteremia, due to impaired clearance of bloodborne agents and to altered phagocytosis and humoral immunity. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patie...

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, Linda Dodds, Deshayne Fell and G Ross Langley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:219

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Rotavirus is the major cause of acute gastroenteritis and severe dehydrating diarrhea in young children.

    Authors: Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Fabio Meneghin, Dario Dilillo, Luisa Romanò, Roberta Bottone, Cecilia Mantegazza, Roberto Giacchino, Roberto Besana, Giuseppe Ricciardi, Andrea Sterpa, Nicola Altamura, Massimo Andreotti, Giovanni Montrasio, Luigi Macchi, Anna Pavan, Sara Paladini…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:218

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Tigecycline, a first-in-class broad-spectrum glycylcycline antibiotic, has broad-spectrum in vitro activity against bacteria commonly encountered in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), including ae...

    Authors: Zhangjing Chen, Jufang Wu, Yingyuan Zhang, Junming Wei, Xisheng Leng, Jianwei Bi, Rong Li, Lunan Yan, Zhiwei Quan, Xiaoping Chen, Yunsong Yu, Zhiyong Wu, Dawei Liu, Xiaochun Ma, Robert Maroko and Angel Cooper

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:217

    Content type: Research article

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  45. During an influenza pandemic, a substantial proportion of transmission is thought to occur in households. We used data on influenza progression in individuals and their contacts collected by the City of Milwau...

    Authors: Edward Goldstein, Benjamin J Cowling, Justin J O'Hagan, Leon Danon, Vicky J Fang, Angela Hagy, Joel C Miller, David Reshef, James Robins, Paul Biedrzycki and Marc Lipsitch

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:211

    Content type: Research article

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