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  1. HIV is the leading cause of death among adults in sub-Saharan Africa. However, mortality along the HIV care continuum is poorly described. We combine demographic, epidemiologic, and health services data to est...

    Authors: Eran Bendavid, David Stauffer, Eric Remera, Sabin Nsanzimana, Steve Kanters and Edward J. Mills
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:728
  2. Despite improvements in treatment success rates for tuberculosis (TB), current six-month regimen duration remains a challenge for many National TB Programmes, health systems, and patients. There is increasing ...

    Authors: G. B. Gomez, D. W. Dowdy, M. L. Bastos, A. Zwerling, S. Sweeney, N. Foster, A. Trajman, M. A. Islam, S. Kapiga, E. Sinanovic, G. M. Knight, R. G. White, W. A. Wells, F. G. Cobelens and A. Vassall
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:726
  3. Clonorchiasis remains an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide. The molecular mechanisms of host-parasite interaction are not fully understood. Non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are considered to be key r...

    Authors: Su Han, Qiaoran Tang, Xi Lu, Rui Chen, Yihong Li, Jing Shu, Xiaoli Zhang and Jianping Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:724
  4. In order to control the spread of rubella and reduce the risk for congenital rubella syndrome, an additional rubella vaccination program was set up for all secondary school students since 2008 in Zhejiang, China.

    Authors: Hanqing He, Rui Yan, Xuewen Tang, Yang Zhou, Xuan Deng and Shuyun Xie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:723
  5. TBM (Tuberculous meningitis) is severe form of tuberculosis causing death of one third of the affected individuals or leaving two-third of the survivors disabled. MMP-9 (Matrix metalloproteinase-9) is produced...

    Authors: S. Majeed, P. Singh, N. Sharma and S. Sharma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:722
  6. Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a leading cause for hospitalizations in the United States. Few studies have addressed the appropriateness of antibiotic therapy in the management of SSTIs without co...

    Authors: Thomas L. Walsh, Lynn Chan, Chelsea I. Konopka, Michael J. Burkitt, Matthew A. Moffa, Derek N. Bremmer, Monika A. Murillo, Courtney Watson and Noreen H. Chan-Tompkins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:721
  7. Staphylococcus aureus is among the most common pathogens isolated from blood cultures in Ghana; yet the epidemiology of blood infections in rural settings is poorly described. This study aims to investigate antim...

    Authors: Denise Dekker, Manuel Wolters, Eva Mertens, Kennedy Gyau Boahen, Ralf Krumkamp, Daniel Eibach, Norbert G. Schwarz, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Holger Rohde, Martin Christner, Florian Marks, Nimako Sarpong and Jürgen May
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:720
  8. In areas where Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic, tuberculosis is known to be the most common cause of pericarditis. However, the difficulty in diagnosis may lead to late complications such as constrictive pe...

    Authors: In Young Jung, Young Goo Song, Jun Yong Choi, Moo Hyun Kim, Woo Yong Jeong, Dong Hyun Oh, Yong Chan Kim, Je Eun Song, Eun Jin Kim, Ji Un Lee, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku and June Myung Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:719
  9. The preferred regimen for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is based mainly on safety and tolerability because it is given to immunocompetent people without HIV infection for a limited time (28 days). The fr...

    Authors: Nadia Valin, Laurent Fonquernie, Anne Daguenel, Pauline Campa, Theresita Anthony, Marguerite Guiguet, Pierre Marie Girard and Marie Caroline Meyohas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:718
  10. Noroviruses (NoVs) are the most common cause of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in all age groups worldwide. The NoVs circulating in Huzhou over the past 7 years were predominantly GII.4 genotypes. I...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Liping Chen, Yun Fu, Lei Ji, Xiaofang Wu, Deshun Xu and Jiankang Han
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:717
  11. A livestock-associated clonal lineage (ST398) of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been identified causing colonization or infection in farm workers. The aim of the study was to analyze the p...

    Authors: Esteban Reynaga, Marian Navarro, Anna Vilamala, Pere Roure, Manuel Quintana, Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Raül Figueras, Carmen Torres, Gianni Lucchetti and Miquel Sabrià
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:716
  12. Secondary dengue causes more severe disease than the primary. Early on, it is important to differentiate the two. We tried to find important clinical and laboratory differences between the two for the purpose ...

    Authors: Khalid Hamid Changal, Ab Hameed Raina, Adnan Raina, Manzoor Raina, Rehana Bashir, Muzamil Latief, Tanveer Mir and Qayum Hamid Changal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:715
  13. Although Drug resistance tuberculosis is not a new phenomenon, Mali remains one of the “blank” countries without systematic data.

    Authors: B. Diarra, D. Goita, S. Tounkara, M. Sanogo, B. Baya, A. C. G. Togo, M. Maiga, Y. S. Sarro, A. Kone, B. Kone, O. M’Baye, N. Coulibaly, H. Kassambara, A. Cisse, M. Belson, M. A. Polis…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:714
  14. Modern combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival for people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Non-AIDS comorbidities have replaced opportunistic infections as leading causes of mortality and morb...

    Authors: Andreas Ronit, Judith Haissman, Ditte Marie Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Thomas Skårup Kristensen, Anne-Mette Lebech, Thomas Benfield, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum, Lars Køber, Andreas Kjær, Klaus Kofoed, Jørgen Vestbo, Børge Nordestgaard, Jens Lundgren and Susanne Dam Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:713
  15. Individuals who test positive for active tuberculosis (TB) but do not initiate treatment present a challenge to TB programmes because they contribute to ongoing transmission within communities. To better under...

    Authors: Donald Skinner and Mareli Claassens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:712
  16. In many industrialized countries routine vaccination with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV-23) is recommended to prevent pneumococcal disease in the elderly. However, vaccine-induced imm...

    Authors: Cornelius Remschmidt, Thomas Harder, Ole Wichmann, Christian Bogdan and Gerhard Falkenhorst
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:711
  17. Fluoroquinolones are a guideline-recommended therapy for complicated urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis. Elevated drug concentrations of fluoroquinolones in the urine and therapy with high-dose...

    Authors: Eliana S. Armstrong, Janelle A. Mikulca, Daniel J. Cloutier, Caleb A. Bliss and Judith N. Steenbergen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:710
  18. Swedish studies on antibiotic use in primary care have been based on one-week registrations of infections. In order to study adherence to guidelines, analyses based on large databases that provide information ...

    Authors: Mia Tyrstrup, Anders Beckman, Sigvard Mölstad, Sven Engström, Christina Lannering, Eva Melander and Katarina Hedin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:709
  19. Ebola and Marburg virus diseases are said to occur at a low prevalence, but are very severe diseases with high lethalities. The fatality rates reported in different outbreaks ranged from 24–100%. In addition, ...

    Authors: Luke Nyakarahuka, Clovice Kankya, Randi Krontveit, Benjamin Mayer, Frank N. Mwiine, Julius Lutwama and Eystein Skjerve
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:708
  20. As one of the causative agents of viral hepatitis, hepatitis E virus (HEV) has gained public health attention globally. HEV epidemics occur in developing countries, associated with faecal contamination of wate...

    Authors: Ashish C. Shrestha, Robert L. P. Flower, Clive R. Seed, Manita Rajkarnikar, Shrawan K. Shrestha, Uru Thapa, Veronica C. Hoad and Helen M. Faddy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:707
  21. To compare the related factors or manifestations of the two most common isolates of post-operative endophthalmitis, which were Enterococcus spp. and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) in South Korea.

    Authors: Ki Yup Nam, Hyun Wong Kim, Woo Jin Jeung, Jung Min Park, Jong Moon Park, In Young Chung, Yong Seop Han, Bu Sup Oum, Ji Eun Lee, Ik Soo Byon, Il Han Yun, Joo Eun Lee, Hee Sung Yoon, Dong Park, Byeng Chul Yu and Sang Joon Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:706
  22. Dengue is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in the world, causing significant morbidity and economic impact. In Colombia, dengue is a major public health problem. Departments of La Guajira, Cesar...

    Authors: Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Yalil Tomás Bracho-Churio, Mirley Enith Castro-Salas, Fredy Galvis-Ovallos, Ronald Giovanny Díaz-Quijano, María Lucrecia Luna-González, Jaime E. Castellanos, José Ramos-Castañeda and Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:705
  23. China’s Ministry of Health (MOH) has established a policy about the antimicrobial stewardship. To date, the effects of this policy on multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) in critically ill patients are unknown.

    Authors: Xudong Ma, Jianfeng Xie, Yi Yang, Fengmei Guo, Zhiwei Gao, Hua Shao, Yingzi Huang, Congshan Yang and Haibo Qiu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:704
  24. Parasitic infections are still a significant health problem in rural areas in developing countries including Iran. There is no recent population-based data about the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in...

    Authors: Bahador Sarkari, Ghasem Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Mohammad Fararouei and Abdolali Moshfe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:703
  25. In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical component...

    Authors: Hairong Wu, Jiao Chen, Lianbin Zou, Liefeng Zheng, Weichao Zhang, Zhenmu Meng, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Youming Wang, Jingli Kang and Xiangdong Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:701
  26. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal candidemia are poorly understood in western China. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of neonatal candidemia in the Liuzho...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Yanling Ding, Shaolin Xu, Peixu Qin and Jinjian Fu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:700
  27. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as primary screening for cervical cancer is currently being implemented in Norway in a randomized controlled fashion, involving three laboratories. As part of the quality ass...

    Authors: Birgit Engesæter, Bianca van Diermen Hidle, Mona Hansen, Pia Moltu, Kjersti Mangseth Staby, Siri Borchgrevink-Persen, Olav K. Vintermyr, Stefan Lönnberg, Mari Nygård, Emiel A. M. Janssen, Philip E. Castle and Irene Kraus Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:698
  28. The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the Kingdom of Swaziland is extremely high. How healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland perceive infection control (IC) measures for preventing TB transmission is unclear. ...

    Authors: Yi-Hao Weng, Patience Thulile Bhembe, Hung-Yi Chiou, Chun-Yuh Yang and Ya-Wen Chiu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:697
  29. West Nile fever virus is a zoonotic arboviral infection maintained in a sylvatic cycle involving mosquito vectors and birds. It is one the arboviruses whose geographical range is expanding because of climate a...

    Authors: Doris Nyamwaya, Virginia Wang’ondu, Joshua Amimo, George Michuki, Moses Ogugo, Enoch Ontiri, Rosemary Sang, Johanna Lindahl, Delia Grace and Bernard Bett
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:696
  30. The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV p...

    Authors: Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Dustin J. Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A. Parker, Nirma D. Bustamante, Zikama M. Faustin, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Rochelle P. Walensky and Ingrid V. Bassett
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:695
  31. Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and has a presentation similar to other febrile illnesses. Since laboratory confirmation is frequently delayed, the majority of den...

    Authors: Eduardo Fernández, Marek Smieja, Stephen D. Walter and Mark Loeb
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:694
  32. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) influences the outcome and natural disease progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. While the majority of HCV mono-infected and HCV/HIV co-infected su...

    Authors: Yue Chen, Chengli Shen, Debjani Guha, Ming Ding, Scott Kulich, Aiymkul Ashimkhanova, Charles Rinaldo, Eric Seaberg, Joseph B. Margolick, Valentina Stosor, Otoniel Martínez-Maza and Phalguni Gupta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:693
  33. Campylobacter species are gram negative and flagellated bacteria under the genus Campylobacter, family Campylobacteriaceae. These pathogens cause zoonotic infections among human and animal populations. This study...

    Authors: Idrissa S. Chuma, Hezron E. Nonga, Robinson H. Mdegela and Rudovick. R. Kazwala
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:692
  34. Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has circulated in China and caused yearly outbreak. To understand the transmission of the disease and to assess the spatial variation in cases reported, we examined age-spec...

    Authors: Jijun Zhao, Fachun Jiang, Lianfa Zhong, Jianping Sun and Junhang Ding
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:691
  35. The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996–2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening...

    Authors: Samuel S. Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M. Spittal, John P. Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D. Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K. Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair and Martin T. Schechter
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:690
  36. The burden of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a major public health concern worldwide; however the overall epidemiology of multidrug resistant strains is neither coordinated nor harmonized, particu...

    Authors: Setegn Eshetie, Fentahun Tarekegn, Feleke Moges, Anteneh Amsalu, Wubet Birhan and Kahsay Huruy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:689
  37. Melioidiosis, infection by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an important but frequently under-recognised cause of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia and elsewhere in the tropics. Data on the epidemiology of p...

    Authors: Paul Turner, Sabine Kloprogge, Thyl Miliya, Sona Soeng, Pisey Tan, Poda Sar, Pagnarith Yos, Catrin E. Moore, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Claudia Turner, Nicholas P. J. Day and David A. B. Dance
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:688
  38. The population structure and drug resistance pattern of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates in Ethiopian prisons and some communities is still unknown.

    Authors: Solomon Ali, Patrick Beckert, Abraham Haileamlak, Andreas Wieser, Michael Pritsch, Norbert Heinrich, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher, Stefan Niemann and Andrea Rachow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:687
  39. The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling ...

    Authors: Mohammedaman Mama and Getaneh Alemu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:686
  40. Bacillary dysentery caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella is a significant public health problem in developing countries such as China. The objective of this study was to analyze the epidemiological pattern of...

    Authors: Zhaorui Chang, Jing Zhang, Lu Ran, Junling Sun, Fengfeng Liu, Li Luo, Lingjia Zeng, Liping Wang, Zhongjie Li, Hongjie Yu and Qiaohong Liao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:685
  41. Community associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is one of the most common causes of skin and soft tissue infections in the United States, and a variety of genetic host factors are suspe...

    Authors: Kathryn L. Jackson, Michael Mbagwu, Jennifer A. Pacheco, Abigail S. Baldridge, Daniel J. Viox, James G. Linneman, Sanjay K. Shukla, Peggy L. Peissig, Kenneth M. Borthwick, David A. Carrell, Suzette J. Bielinski, Jacqueline C. Kirby, Joshua C. Denny, Frank D. Mentch, Lyam M. Vazquez, Laura J. Rasmussen-Torvik…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:684
  42. Prior studies have demonstrated an increase in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) incidence in the United States (U.S.) in recent years, but trends among different age groups have not been evaluated. This stud...

    Authors: Ashley Pechal, Kevin Lin, Stefan Allen and Kelly Reveles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:682
  43. The World Health Organization’s and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s definition of Zika infection are symptoms of fever, rash, joint pain, myalgia, headache and conjunctivitis. The diagnosis of Zik...

    Authors: Bang Yu Xu, Sher Guan Low, Richard Tiong Heng Tan and Farhad Fakhrudin Vasanwala
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:681
  44. A few Japanese cases of hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) invasive syndrome have recently been reported. Although extrahepatic complications from bacteremic dissemination have been observed, ...

    Authors: Hiroki Namikawa, Koichi Yamada, Hiroki Fujimoto, Ken-Ichi Oinuma, Yoshihiro Tochino, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Yukihiro Kaneko, Taichi Shuto and Hiroshi Kakeya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:680
  45. Hospitalization is the most costly health system component of tuberculosis (TB) control programs. Our objectives were to identify how frequently patients are hospitalized, and the factors associated with hospi...

    Authors: Lisa A. Ronald, J. Mark FitzGerald, Andrea Benedetti, Jean-François Boivin, Kevin Schwartzman, Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant and Dick Menzies
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:679
  46. Retention on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential in sustaining treatment success while preventing HIV drug resistance (HIVDR), especially in resource-limited settings (RLS). In an era of rising ...

    Authors: Serge Clotaire Billong, Joseph Fokam, Calixte Ida Penda, Salmon Amadou, David Same Kob, Edson-Joan Billong, Vittorio Colizzi, Alexis Ndjolo, Anne-Cecile Zoung-Kani Bisseck and Jean-Bosco Nfetam Elat
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:678
  47. Rotavirus infection causes considerable disease burden of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) hospitalization and death among children less than 5 years in China. Although two rotavirus vaccines (Rotarix and RotaTeq) ...

    Authors: Shuhui Cui, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Xiuting Mo, Xiaoyan Liu, Lingzhong Xu and Shixue Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:677

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:487

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