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  1. The number of viral pathogens associated with pediatric acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) has grown since the introduction of reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays. Mu...

    Authors: Jérôme O. Wishaupt, Tjeerd van der Ploeg, Ronald de Groot, Florens G. A. Versteegh and Nico G. Hartwig
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:62
  2. Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inf...

    Authors: Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre and Paola Cinque
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:61
  3. We evaluated the performance of the Becton Dickinson Veritor™ System Flu A + B rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT) to detect influenza viruses in respiratory specimens from patients enrolled at five surveil...

    Authors: Linus K. Ndegwa, Gideon Emukule, Timothy M. Uyeki, Eunice Mailu, Sandra S. Chaves, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Bandika V. Lewa, Francis K. Muiruri, Peter Omoth, Barry Fields and Joshua A. Mott
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:60
  4. Bidirectional signalling between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract is regulated at neural, hormonal, and immunological levels. Recent studies have shown that helminth infections can alter the normal gut...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Bradley Brennan, Laith Yakob, Gabriel Milinovich, Archie C. A. Clements and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:58
  5. Surveillance data on the proportion of incident TB cases with MDR was limited and there is no systematic study of MDR-TB in China to date. Our aim was to estimate MDR-TB disease burden in 2012 and change trend...

    Authors: Peipei Ding, Xiaowen Li, Zhongwei Jia and Zuhong Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:57
  6. Mumps emerged among highly vaccinated populations in the Netherlands. This offered a unique opportunity to study mumps virus transmission. In particular the extent to which asymptomatic infections in vaccinate...

    Authors: Susan Hahné, Tessa Schurink, Jacco Wallinga, Jeroen Kerkhof, Marianne van der Sande, Rob van Binnendijk and Hester de Melker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:56
  7. The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks ...

    Authors: Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler and Silke Woelfel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:55
  8. People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer...

    Authors: April Monroe, Gertrude Nakigozi, William Ddaaki, Jeremiah Mulamba Bazaale, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, Steven J. Reynolds, Caitlin E. Kennedy and Larry W. Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:54
  9. Urinary and (peripheral and central) intravenous catheters are widely used in hospitalized patients. However, up to 56% of the catheters do not have an appropriate indication and some serious complications wit...

    Authors: Bart J. Laan, Ingrid J. B. Spijkerman, Mieke H. Godfried, Berend C. Pasmooij, Jolanda M. Maaskant, Marjon J. Borgert, Brent C. Opmeer, Margreet C. Vos and Suzanne E. Geerlings
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:53
  10. To determine the cost-effectiveness of strategies of preferred antibiotic treatment with beta-lactam/macrolide combination or fluoroquinolone monotherapy compared to beta-lactam monotherapy.

    Authors: Cornelis H. van Werkhoven, Douwe F. Postma, Marie-Josee J. Mangen, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert and Marc J. M. Bonten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:52
  11. The incidence of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) and tuberculous meningitis (TBM) have gradually increased in recent years. These two types of meningitis are easily misdiagnosed which leads to a poor prognosis. I...

    Authors: Junyan Qu, Taoyou Zhou, Cejun Zhong, Rong Deng and Xiaoju Lü
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:51
  12. Sri Lanka achieved the WHO certificate as a malaria free country in September 2016, thus monitoring of malaria transmission using sensitive and effective tools is an important need. Use of age-specific antibod...

    Authors: Rajika Lasanthi Dewasurendra, Janaka Nandana Dias, Nuno Sepulveda, Geethika Sharmini Abayaweera Gunawardena, Naduviladath Chandrasekharan, Chris Drakeley and Nadira Dharshani Karunaweera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:49
  13. Variable exposure to causative agents of acute respiratory (RTI) or gastrointestinal tract infections (GTI) is a significant confounding factor in the analysis of the efficacy of interventions concerning these...

    Authors: Tapani Hovi, Jukka Ollgren and Carita Savolainen-Kopra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:47
  14. Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study a...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai and Zhiruo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:46
  15. There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of daclatasvir in patients whose hepatitis C threatens their life expectancy. The Named Patient Program in Europe included patients with advanced chronic hepatit...

    Authors: Jim Young, Nina Weis, Harald Hofer, William Irving, Ola Weiland, Emiliano Giostra, Juan Manuel Pascasio, Lluis Castells, Martin Prieto, Roelien Postema, Cinira Lefevre, David Evans, Heiner C. Bucher and Jose Luis Calleja
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:45
  16. Cefotaxime plays an important role in the treatment of patients with bacteremia due to Enterobacteriaceae, although cefotaxime resistance is reported to be increasing in association with extended-spectrum β-lacta...

    Authors: Taro Noguchi, Yasufumi Matsumura, Masaki Yamamoto, Miki Nagao, Shunji Takakura and Satoshi Ichiyama
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:44
  17. Statin use is associated with a modest increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) among the general population. However, HIV-infected patients have a higher risk of developing DM, and it is unc...

    Authors: Vincenzo Spagnuolo, Laura Galli, Andrea Poli, Stefania Salpietro, Nicola Gianotti, Piermarco Piatti, Francesca Cossarini, Concetta Vinci, Elisabetta Carini, Adriano Lazzarin and Antonella Castagna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:43
  18. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging epidemic infectious disease with high mortality in East Aisa, especially in China. To predict the prognosis of SFTS precisely is important in c...

    Authors: Li Wang, Zhiqiang Zou, Chunguo Hou, Xiangzhong Liu, Fen Jiang and Hong Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:42
  19. There is growing evidence of an interaction between HIV-infection, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Epidemiological studies in Europe and North America have been observing a shi...

    Authors: Hans Strijdom, Patrick De Boever, Gerhard Walzl, M. Faadiel Essop, Tim S. Nawrot, Ingrid Webster, Corli Westcott, Nyiko Mashele, Frans Everson, Stephanus T. Malherbe, Kim Stanley, Harald H. Kessler, Evelyn Stelzl and Nandu Goswami
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:41
  20. There have been various reports concerning Helicobacter cinaedi infections. However, few reports have examined central nervous system infections.

    Authors: Toshimasa Hayashi, Junko Tomida, Yoshiaki Kawamura, Masakazu Yoshida, Ikuyo Yokozawa and Shingaku Kaneko
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:40
  21. Tedizolid, the active moiety of tedizolid phosphate, is approved in the United States, the European Union, Canada and a number of other countries for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure in...

    Authors: Rachael McCool, Ian M. Gould, Jacqui Eales, Teresa Barata, Mick Arber, Kelly Fleetwood, Julie Glanville and Teresa L. Kauf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:39
  22. The clinical features of bacteria endocarditis became atypical when consolidated with other conditions such as tuberculosis (TB). Especially, the symptoms of bacteria endocarditis (BE) which were hidden behind...

    Authors: Yan Liu, Xiaoming Wang, Zhibin Wang, Yongsheng Zhu, Liying Zhang, Xiaoli Li, Rong Xu and Wei Ge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:38
  23. CCR5 coreceptor using HIV-1 subtype C (HIV-1C) has been reported to dominate the Ethiopian epidemic. However, almost all data have been obtained from two large cities in the central and north-west regions and ...

    Authors: Amare Worku Kalu, Nigus Fikrie Telele, Solomon Gebreselasie, Daniel Fekade, Samir Abdurahman, Gaetano Marrone and Anders Sönnerborg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:37
  24. Globally 3.9% of new and 21% of re-treatment tuberculosis (TB) cases are multidrug-resistant or rifampicin-resistant (MDR/RR), which is often interpreted as evidence that drug resistance results mainly from po...

    Authors: Romain Ragonnet, James M. Trauer, Justin T. Denholm, Ben J. Marais and Emma S. McBryde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:36
  25. Rectal infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmissible infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) with diagnosis rates continuing to rise. Current treatment g...

    Authors: Andrew Lau, Fabian Kong, Christopher K. Fairley, Basil Donovan, Marcus Chen, Catriona Bradshaw, Mark Boyd, Janaki Amin, Peter Timms, Sepehr Tabrizi, David G. Regan, David A. Lewis, Anna McNulty and Jane S. Hocking
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:35
  26. A previous study explored factors discriminating colonization and true infection among non-transplant, non-neutropenic patients with repeated Aspergillus spp. isolation from lower respiratory samples. The present...

    Authors: José Barberán, Francisco-Javier García-Pérez, Victoria Villena, Alberto Fernández-Villar, Eduardo Malmierca, Cristina Salas, María-José Giménez, Juan-José Granizo and Lorenzo Aguilar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:34
  27. Patients with multiple myeloma are generally immune-compromised either due to pronounced depression in primary antibody responses or because of anti-myeloma therapy. Infection is a major risk factor for early ...

    Authors: Chun-Teng Huang, Chia-Jen Liu, Po-Shen Ko, Han-Tsung Liu, Yuan-Bin Yu, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Jyh-Pyng Gau, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Tzeon-Jye Chiou, Jin-Hwang Liu, Muh-Hwa Yang, Ling-Ju Huang and Chun-Yu Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:33
  28. Rwanda is a central African country with about 12 million inhabitants. The 1994 genocide against the Tutsi destroyed much of the infrastructure, including the health system. Although this has improved signific...

    Authors: Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gatare Swaibu, Timothy David Walker, Magnus Lindh, Jean Bosco Gahutu, Tomas Bergström and Heléne Norder
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:32
  29. Scarce data exist about screening, diagnosis and prognosis of non-primary Cytomegalovirus (CMV) during pregnancy. We aimed to examine antenatal diagnosis of maternal non-primary CMV infection and to identify r...

    Authors: Eran Hadar, Elizabeta Dorfman, Ron Bardin, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Jacob Amir and Joseph Pardo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:31
  30. Considering the limited cross protection offered by the current HPV vaccines, understanding the HPV genotype distribution among the different population is essential in predicting the efficacy of current vacci...

    Authors: Rashmirani Senapati, Bhagyalaxmi Nayak, Shantanu Kumar Kar and Bhagirathi Dwibedi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:30
  31. Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus among hospital personnel is a common cause of hospital acquired infections. Emergence of drug resistant strains especially methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a serio...

    Authors: Nabil Abdullah El Aila, Nahed Ali Al Laham and Basim Mohammad Ayesh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:28
  32. Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a common infectious complication in chemotherapy. The mortality of FN is higher in hematologic malignancy patients, and early diagnostic marker is needed. Presepsin is a prompt and ...

    Authors: Yusuke Koizumi, Kaoru Shimizu, Masayo Shigeta, Takafumi Okuno, Hitoshi Minamiguchi, Katsuyuki Kito, Keiko Hodohara, Yuka Yamagishi, Akira Andoh, Yoshihide Fujiyama and Hiroshige Mikamo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:27
  33. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria are resistant to several types of antibiotics excluding carbapenems. A transmissibility of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae would be depending on each b...

    Authors: Makiko Uemura, Osamu Imataki, Shumpei Uchida, Haruyuki Nakayama-Imaohji, Yukiko Ohue, Harumi Matsuka, Hatsune Mori, Hiroaki Dobashi, Tomomi Kuwahara and Norimitsu Kadowaki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:26
  34. The emergence of multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains, including methicillin resistant (MRSA), is a global concern. Treatment of bacterial infections in Uganda’s health care settings is largely empir...

    Authors: Benon B. Asiimwe, Rossella Baldan, Alberto Trovato and Daniela M. Cirillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:24
  35. The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is proposed to be a zoonotic disease. Dromedary camels have been implicated due to reports that some confirmed cases were exposed to camels. Risk factors for MERS co...

    Authors: Fadilah Sfouq Aleanizy, Nahla Mohmed, Fulwah Y. Alqahtani and Rania Ali El Hadi Mohamed
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:23
  36. Our study aimed to describe the concordance of chlamydia infections of the rectum and urethra in men who have sex with men (MSM) and their male partners.

    Authors: Vincent J. Cornelisse, Christopher J. Sherman, Jane S Hocking, Henrietta Williams, Lei Zhang, Marcus Y. Chen, Catriona S. Bradshaw, Clare Bellhouse, Christopher K Fairley and Eric P. F. Chow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:22
  37. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is an important cause of hospitalization in previously healthy infants. Immunological mechanisms predisposing infants to severe disease are ...

    Authors: Kiran Aftab Gul, Tonje Sonerud, Hans O. Fjærli, Britt Nakstad, Tore Gunnar Abrahamsen and Christopher S. Inchley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:18
  38. Patients with contact to healthcare-system in high-prevalence countries (HPC) and refugee patients in hospital settings (REF) have previously been identified to be at risk of carrying multidrug-resistant organ...

    Authors: Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard A. J. Kempf, Katalin Jozsa, Thomas A. Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Fiona O’Rourke and Christian Brandt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:17
  39. Escherichia coli (E. coli) comprise part of the normal vaginal microflora. Transfer from mother to neonate can occur during delivery resulting, sometimes, in neonatal bacterial disease...

    Authors: Ciara O’Connor, Roy K. Philip, John Kelleher, James Powell, Alan O’Gorman, Barbara Slevin, Neil Woodford, Jane F. Turton, Elaine McGrath, Cathriona Finnegan, Lorraine Power, Nuala H. O’Connell and Colum P. Dunne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:16
  40. Tuberculosis and HIV co-epidemics are problems in many parts of the world. Xinjiang is a high tuberculosis and HIV prevalence area in China. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and cure rate of tuberculosis...

    Authors: Rena Maimaiti, Yuexin Zhang, Kejun Pan, Peierdun Mijiti, Maimaitiali Wubili, Maimaitijiang Musa and Rune Andersson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:15
  41. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii poses a significant threat to hospitalized patients, as few therapeutic options remain. Thus, we investigated the molecular epidemiology and mechanism of resistance of...

    Authors: Nian-zhi Ning, Xiong Liu, Chun-mei Bao, Su-ming Chen, En-bo Cui, Ju-ling zhang, Jie Huang, Fang-hong Chen, Tao Li, Fen Qu and Hui Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:14
  42. In the last decade, scrub typhus (ST) has been emerging or re-emerging in some areas of Asia, including Guangzhou, one of the most affected endemic areas of ST in China.

    Authors: Ye Sun, Yue-Hong Wei, Yang Yang, Yu Ma, Sake J. de Vlas, Hong-Wu Yao, Yong Huang, Mai-Juan Ma, Kun Liu, Xiao-Ning Li, Xin-Lou Li, Wen-Hui Zhang, Li-Qun Fang, Zhi-Cong Yang and Wu-Chun Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:13
  43. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is an established animal pathogen, which may cause infections in humans. It is a gram-positive rod and found in the tonsils or the digestive tracts of anim...

    Authors: Kristine Hofseth, Håvard Dalen, Leif Kibsgaard, Solrun Nebb, Angela Kümmel and Arne Mehl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:12
  44. Colistin has a narrow therapeutic window with nephrotoxicity being the major dose-limiting adverse effect. Currently, the optimal doses and therapeutic plasma levels are unknown.

    Authors: Luisa Sorlí, Sonia Luque, Concepción Segura, Nuria Campillo, Milagro Montero, Erika Esteve, Sabina Herrera, Natividad Benito, Francisco Alvarez-Lerma, Santiago Grau and Juan Pablo Horcajada
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:11
  45. Toxoplasmosis is a neglected zoonotic disease which is prevalent among pregnant women especially in Africa. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence and determinants of the disease among pregnant women...

    Authors: Christiana Frimpong, Mpundu Makasa, Lungowe Sitali and Charles Michelo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:10
  46. The concentrations of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and surface antigen (HBsAg) are two critical virological variables to be monitored in chronic hepatitis B. HBsAg is derived from the HBV genome. Thus, higher H...

    Authors: Chao-Wei Hsu, Kung-Hao Liang, Chih-Lang Lin, Tong-Hong Wang and Chau-Ting Yeh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:9

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