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  1. In the last decade, the Streptococcus pneumoniae population has changed, mainly due to the abuse of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic structure of 144 S. pneumonia serotype 14 isolat...

    Authors: Mingming He, Kaihu Yao, Wei Shi, Wei Gao, Lin Yuan, Sangjie Yu and Yonghong Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:266
  2. Nosocomial Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) enteritis is rare but can be fatal unless it is detected at an early stage and treated effectively. Dysbiosis of the gut is one of the leading reasons...

    Authors: Yao Wei, Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu, Dong Guo, Lili Gu, Ning Li and Jieshou Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:265
  3. Fusobacterium necrophorum is a well-known cause of Lemirre’s disease and accumulating evidence support its pathogenic role in peritonsillar abscess while its role in recurrent and chronic tonsillitis is uncertain...

    Authors: Helena Björk, Lena Bieber, Katarina Hedin and Martin Sundqvist
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:264
  4. The commercially available urine LAM strip test, a point-of-care tuberculosis (TB) assay, requires evaluation in a primary care setting where it is most needed. There is currently inadequate data to guide impl...

    Authors: Jonny Peter, Grant Theron, Duncan Chanda, Petra Clowes, Andrea Rachow, Maia Lesosky, Michael Hoelscher, Peter Mwaba, Alex Pym and Keertan Dheda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:262
  5. Periodontal diseases may affect local and systemic inflammation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. This systemic health burden could compromise the outcome of pregnancy in expectant mothers. The aim of...

    Authors: Pınar Gümüş, Gülnur Emingil, Veli-Özgen Öztürk, Georgios N. Belibasakis and Nagihan Bostanci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:261
  6. Improvements in culture techniques and molecular detection methods have led to findings indicating that, particularly in infants and young children, Kingella kingae is a significantly more important pathogen than...

    Authors: Nicola Principi and Susanna Esposito
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:260
  7. Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Gram-negative organisms is now a major concern in Enterobacteriaceae worldwide. This study determined a point-prevalence and genetic profiles of ESBL-producing isolates a...

    Authors: Muhabat Adeola Raji, Wafaa Jamal, Omoh Ojemeh and Vincent Olubunmi Rotimi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:259
  8. Type-specific high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection is related to cervical carcinogenesis. The prevalence of hrHPV infection varies geographically, which might reflect the epidemiological characteristics of cervical...

    Authors: Rong Wang, Xiao-lei Guo, G. Bea. A. Wisman, Ed Schuuring, Wen-feng Wang, Zheng-yu Zeng, Hong Zhu and Shang-wei Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:257
  9. Colonization of patients occurs before development into invasive candidiasis. There is a need to determine the incidences of Candida colonization and infection in SICU patients, and evaluate the usefulness of bet...

    Authors: Yi Xin Liew, Jocelyn Teo, Irene Ai-Ling Too, Cecilia Cheng-Lai Ngan, Ai Ling Tan, Maciej Piotr Chlebicki, Andrea Lay-Hoon Kwa and Winnie Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:256
  10. The aim of this study was to investigate the colonisation by lactobacilli and clinical outcome in women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (R-VVC) receiving antibiotic or anti...

    Authors: Sonal Pendharkar, Erik Brandsborg, Lennart Hammarström, Harold Marcotte and Per-Göran Larsson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:255
  11. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) remains one of the major hospital acquired infections in the nation, often attributable to increased antibiotic use. Little research, however, exists on the prevalence and im...

    Authors: Monideepa B. Becerra, Benjamin J. Becerra, Jim E. Banta and Nasia Safdar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:254
  12. The successful cure of tuberculosis (TB) is dependent on adherence to treatment. Various factors influence adherence, however, few are easily modifiable. There are limited data regarding correlates of psycholo...

    Authors: Grant Theron, Jonny Peter, Lynn Zijenah, Duncan Chanda, Chacha Mangu, Petra Clowes, Andrea Rachow, Maia Lesosky, Michael Hoelscher, Alex Pym, Peter Mwaba, Peter Mason, Pamela Naidoo, Anil Pooran, Hojoon Sohn, Madhukar Pai…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:253
  13. Retention studies are usually focused on patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART), however in Sub-Saharan Africa many patients get lost to program (LTP) in the pre-ART care period.. We investigated the propo...

    Authors: Barbara Castelnuovo, Joseph Musaazi, Rachel Musomba, Rosalind Parkes Ratanshi and Agnes N. Kiragga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:252
  14. We assessed the diagnostic value of standard clinical methods and combined biomarker testing (galactomannan assay and polymerase chain reaction screening) in a prospective case–control study to detect invasive...

    Authors: Melinda Paholcsek, Gabor Fidler, Jozsef Konya, Laszlo Rejto, Gabor Mehes, Evelin Bukta, Juergen Loeffler and Sandor Biro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:251
  15. Scabies is an ancient disease (documented as far back as 2500 years ago). It affects about 300 million people annually worldwide, and the prevalence is as high as about 60 % in Indigenous and Torres Strait Isl...

    Authors: Jackson Thomas, Greg M Peterson, Shelley F Walton, Christine F Carson, Mark Naunton and Kavya E Baby
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:250
  16. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) markedly reduces HIV transmission, and testing and treatment programs have been advocated as a method for decreasing transmission at the population level. Little is known, however,...

    Authors: David Champredon, Steven E Bellan, Wim Delva, Spencer Hunt, Chyun-Fung Shi, Marek Smieja and Jonathan Dushoff
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:249
  17. There is universal awareness of the difficulties faced by doctors when prescribing antimicrobials.

    Authors: Eduardo Casaroto, Alexandre R. Marra, Thiago Zinsly Sampaio Camargo, Ana Rita Araújo de Souza, Carlos Eduardo Saldanha de Almeida, Elizia Piassi Pedroti, Elivane da Silva Victor, Oscar Fernando Pavão dos Santos, Michael B. Edmond and Alexandre Holthausen Campos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:248
  18. The purpose of this cohort study was to assess the incidence of positive cultures in section’s osseous slice biopsy (SOB) taken at the level of major limb amputation. In case of positive cultures we sought whe...

    Authors: Danguole Vaznaisiene, Rita Sulcaite, Astra Vitkauskiene, Arturas Spucis, Anatolijus Reingardas, Vytautas Kymantas, Kestutis Balanaska, Rolandas Sleivys, Linas Velicka, Juozas Belickas, Kristina Rysevaite-Kyguoliene, Dainius H. Pauza, Aukse Mickiene and Eric Senneville
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:247
  19. Retention in HIV care improves survival and reduces the risk of HIV transmission to others. Multiple quantitative studies have described demographic and clinical characteristics associated with retention in HI...

    Authors: Baligh R. Yehia, Leslie Stewart, Florence Momplaisir, Aaloke Mody, Carol W. Holtzman, Lisa M. Jacobs, Janet Hines, Karam Mounzer, Karen Glanz, Joshua P. Metlay and Judy A. Shea
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:246
  20. Rubella infection has been identified as a leading cause of birth defects commonly known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). Kenya does not currently have a rubella immunization program nor a CRS surveillanc...

    Authors: Ian Njeru, Dickens Onyango, Yusuf Ajack and Elizabeth Kiptoo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:245
  21. The aim of this study was to characterize the spread of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CPKP) in a tertiary level hospital using ongoing active surveillance with rectal swab cultures. Furthermore, ...

    Authors: Saverio Giuseppe Parisi, Andrea Bartolini, Erica Santacatterina, Elena Castellani, Roberto Ghirardo, Alessandro Berto, Elisa Franchin, Nicola Menegotto, Ettore De Canale, Tiziana Tommasini, Roberto Rinaldi, Monica Basso, Stefania Stefani and Giorgio Palù
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:244
  22. Colonization by community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has been found to be markedly more common in HIV-infected individuals in the USA. Studies evaluating the prevalence MRSA ...

    Authors: Arkaitz Imaz, Mariana Camoez, Silvana Di Yacovo, Oriol Gasch, M Angeles Dominguez, Antonia Vila, Margarita Maso-Serra, Miquel Pujol and Daniel Podzamczer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:243
  23. The current Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa is the largest in history. As of February 18th 2015, 23,258 cases of EVD have been cumulatively reported from Nigeria, Senegal, Guinea, Liberia, Mali,...

    Authors: Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Brandon Brown, Bridget Haire, Aminu Yakubu, Kristin Peterson and Jemee Tegli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:242
  24. Outbreaks of low and high pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI, HPAI) H5N2 in chickens have occurred in Taiwan since 2003 and 2012, respectively. Fully understanding the different awareness, attitudes and protecti...

    Authors: Ming-Der Liu, Ta-Chien Chan, Cho-Hua Wan, Hsiu-Ping Lin, Tsung-Hua Tung, Fu-Chang Hu and Chwan-Chuen King
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:241
  25. Prior to the introduction of rotavirus vaccines, rotavirus was the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children, and it continues to be the leading cause in countries without vaccinati...

    Authors: Megan A. O’Brien, Sònia Rojas-Farreras, Hung-Chang Lee, Lung-Huang Lin, Chieh-Chung Lin, Phuc Le Hoang, Montse Pedros and Núria Lara
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:240
  26. The microbiomes of humans are associated with liver and lung inflammation. We identified and verified alterations of the oropharyngeal microbiome and assessed their association with cirrhosis and pneumonia.

    Authors: Haifeng Lu, Guirong Qian, Zhigang Ren, Chunxia Zhang, Hua Zhang, Wei Xu, Ping Ye, Yunmei Yang and Lanjuan Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:239
  27. Helcococcus kunzii is a facultative anaerobic bacterium that was first described by Collins et al. in 1993, and was initially considered as a commensal of the human skin, in particular of lower extremities. Human...

    Authors: Romain Lotte, Laurène Lotte, Nicolas Degand, Alice Gaudart, Sylvie Gabriel, Mouna Ben H’dech, Mathilde Blois, Jean-Paul Rinaldi and Raymond Ruimy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:238
  28. The novel avian influenza H7N9 virus has caused severe diseases in humans in eastern China since the spring of 2013. On January 18th 2014, a doctor working in the emergency department of a hospital in Shanghai di...

    Authors: Hao Pan, Xi Zhang, Jiayu Hu, Jian Chen, Qichao Pan, Zheng Teng, Yaxu Zheng, Shenghua Mao, Hong Zhang, Chwan-Chuen King and Fan Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:237
  29. After the implementation of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs), the marked shift in Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pnc) serotype distribution led to a modification in pneumococcal antibiotic susceptibility. In 201...

    Authors: François Angoulvant, Robert Cohen, Catherine Doit, Annie Elbez, Andreas Werner, Stéphane Béchet, Stéphane Bonacorsi, Emmanuelle Varon and Corinne Levy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:236
  30. The occurrence of multifocal skeletal involvement in immunocompetent patients is rare, even in countries where tuberculosis is endemic. Multifocal skeletal lesions may occur as a result of hematogenous dissemi...

    Authors: Paulo Sérgio Ramos de Araujo, Heloisa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Fábio Lopes de Melo, Zulma Medeiros, Maria Amélia Maciel, Renata Florêncio and Eduardo Brandão
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:235
  31. Carriage of either single or multiple pneumococcal serotypes (multiple carriage) is a prerequisite for developing invasive pneumococcal disease. However, despite the reported high rates of pneumococcal carriag...

    Authors: Arox W. Kamng’ona, Jason Hinds, Naor Bar-Zeev, Katherine A. Gould, Chrispin Chaguza, Chisomo Msefula, Jennifer E. Cornick, Benard W. Kulohoma, Katherine Gray, Stephen D. Bentley, Neil French, Robert S. Heyderman and Dean B. Everett
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:234
  32. The success of an intervention to prevent the complications of an infection is influenced by the natural history of the infection. Assumptions about the temporal relationship between infection and the developm...

    Authors: Sereina A Herzog, Nicola Low and Andrea Berghold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:233
  33. The most common cause of implant failure is aseptic loosening (AL), followed by prosthetic joint infection (PJI). This study evaluates the incidence of PJI among patients operated with suspected AL and whether...

    Authors: Marta Fernandez-Sampedro, Carlos Salas-Venero, Concepción Fariñas-Álvarez, Manuel Sumillera, Luis Pérez-Carro, Michel Fakkas-Fernandez, Javier Gómez-Román, Luis Martínez-Martínez and María Carmen Fariñas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:232
  34. Sepsis is the syndrome of body-wide inflammation triggered by infection and is a major public health problem. Diet plays a vital role in immune health but its association with sepsis in humans is unclear.

    Authors: Orlando M. Gutiérrez, Suzanne E. Judd, Jenifer H. Voeks, April P. Carson, Monika M. Safford, James M. Shikany and Henry E. Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:231
  35. Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease, with increasing frequency and severity of outbreaks, changing epidemiology of populations at risk, and the emergence of new serovars. Environmental drivers of d...

    Authors: Colleen L. Lau, Chris Skelly, Michael Dohnt and Lee D. Smythe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:230
  36. Despite the dramatically improved survival due to combination antiretroviral therapies (cART), life expectancy of people with HIV/AIDS remains lower than that of the general population. This study aimed to est...

    Authors: Barbara Suligoi, Antonella Zucchetto, Enrico Grande, Laura Camoni, Luigino Dal Maso, Luisa Frova, Saverio Virdone, Stefano Boros, Marilena Pappagallo, Martina Taborelli, Vincenza Regine, Paolo De Paoli and Diego Serraino
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:229
  37. Malnutrition and malaria frequently coexist in sub-Saharan African countries. Studies on efficacy of antimalarial treatments usually follow the WHO standardized protocol in which severely malnourished children...

    Authors: Lise Denoeud-Ndam, Alassane Dicko, Elisabeth Baudin, Ousmane Guindo, Francesco Grandesso, Issaka Sagara, Estrella Lasry, Pedro Pablo Palma, Angeles M. Lima Parra, Kasia Stepniewska, Abdoulaye A. Djimde, Karen I. Barnes, Ogobara K. Doumbo and Jean-François Etard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:228
  38. Hepatitis B (HB) prevention in the low-endemicity province of Quebec Canada, (population: ~8.2 million; birth cohort ~85,000/year), includes two decades of pre-adolescent school-based immunization, as well as ...

    Authors: Teegwendé Valérie Porgo, Vladimir Gilca, Gaston De Serres, Michèle Tremblay and Danuta Skowronski
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:227
  39. There is a paucity of data on the in vivo efficacy of antibiotics for lethal Vibrio species. Analyses of long-term surveillance datasets may provide insights into use of antibiotics to decrease mortality.

    Authors: Kam Cheong Wong, Anthony M. Brown, Georgina M. Luscombe, Shin Jie Wong and Kumara Mendis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:226
  40. Severe complications associated with EV71 infections caused many infants death. However, the pathogenesis of EV71 infection in the severe cases remained poorly understood.

    Authors: Ning Ye, Xun Gong, Li-li Pang, Wen-juan Gao, Ya-ting Zhang, Xiao-le Li, Na Liu, Dan-di Li, Yu Jin and Zhao-jun Duan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:225
  41. Prevention of infection due to multi-drug resistant organisms is particularly challenging because of the spread of resistant bacteria beyond hospitals into the community, including nursing homes. This study ai...

    Authors: Rosemary Ikram, Rebecca Psutka, Alison Carter and Patricia Priest
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:224
  42. Biofilms are associated with persistent infection. Reports characterizing clinical infectious outcomes and patient risk factors for colonization or infection with biofilm forming isolates are scarce. Our insti...

    Authors: Alice E. Barsoumian, Katrin Mende, Carlos J. Sanchez Jr., Miriam L. Beckius, Joseph C. Wenke, Clinton K. Murray and Kevin S. Akers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:223
  43. Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common opportunistic infection and the leading cause of death in HIV-positive people worldwide. Diagnosing TB is difficult, and is more challenging in resource-scarce settings whe...

    Authors: Meredith H. Lora, Melissa J. Reimer-McAtee, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel Lozano, Ruth Saravia, Monica Pajuelo, Caryn Bern, Rosario Castro, Magaly Espinoza, Maya Vallejo, Marco Solano, Roxana Challapa and Faustino Torrico
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:222
  44. In Cambodia, despite great successes in the fight against HIV, challenges remain to eliminating new HIV infections and addressing sexual reproductive health (SRH) issues in key populations including female ent...

    Authors: Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Carinne Brody, Khimuy Tith and Sopheap Oum
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:221
  45. Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases worldwide. It can cause acute febrile illness in human and is a major health problem. Studies in human brucellosis in Malaysia is limited and so far no g...

    Authors: Bee Yong Tay, Norazah Ahmad, Rohaidah Hashim, Jama’ayah Mohamed Zahidi, Kwai Lin Thong, Xiu Pei Koh and Azura Mohd Noor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:220
  46. The diagnosis of leprosy is based on clinical symptoms of the disease, which may not be sufficient to ensure early diagnosis. The development of effective tools for the early detection of infection, such as ra...

    Authors: Ana Paula Mendes Carvalho, Angélica da Conceição Oliveira Coelho Fabri, Rodrigo Corrêa Oliveira and Francisco Carlos Félix Lana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:219
  47. Serological tests can be important tools to assist in the diagnosis of leprosy and can contribute to an earlier diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibody responses against phenolic glycolip...

    Authors: Angélica da Conceição Oliveira Coelho Fabri, Ana Paula Mendes Carvalho, Sergio Araujo, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Ana Márcia Menezes de Mattos, Henrique Couto Teixeira, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart, Malcolm S. Duthie, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira and Francisco Carlos Félix Lana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:218
  48. Lassa fever is a potentially fatal acute viral illness caused by Lassa virus which is carried by rodents and is endemic in some West African countries. Importation of emerging infections such as Lassa fever, E...

    Authors: Nicholas N.A. Kyei, Mark M. Abilba, Foster K. Kwawu, Prince G. Agbenohevi, Joseph H.K. Bonney, Thomas K. Agbemaple, Shirley C. Nimo-Paintsil, William Ampofo, Sally-Ann Ohene and Edward O. Nyarko
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:217

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