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  1. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli infections are frequent in ICU patients. The increased resistance to fluoroquinolones and amoxicillin/clavulanate of this pathogen mandates the prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics such as...

    Authors: Agnès Meybeck, Jean-Damien Ricard, Guilène Barnaud, Mathieu Eveillard, Guillaume Chevrel, Roman Mounier and Didier Dreyfuss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:67

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Although breast-feeding accounts for 15–20% of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, it is not prohibited in some developing countries because of the higher mortality associated with not breast-feeding. ...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Linda Kalilani, Vidyunmala Seksaria and Emily E Sickbert-Bennett

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:66

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  3. Content type: Research article

    QuantiFERON®TB Gold (QFT) is a promising blood test for tuberculosis infection but with few data so far from immigrant screening. The aim of this study was to compare results of QFT and tuberculin skin test (TST)...

    Authors: Brita Askeland Winje, Fredrik Oftung, Gro Ellen Korsvold, Turid Mannsåker, Anette Skistad Jeppesen, Ingunn Harstad, Berit Tafjord Heier and Einar Heldal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:65

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  4. Content type: Research article

    An ultraviolet visible marker (UVM) was used to assess the cleaning compliance of housekeeping staff for toilets in a tertiary healthcare setting.

    Authors: Michelle J Alfa, Christine Dueck, Nancy Olson, Pat DeGagne, Selena Papetti, Alana Wald, Evelyn Lo and Godfrey Harding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:64

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is caused by the larva of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Dogs and other canids are the primary definitive hosts for this parasite. CE may develop after accidental ingestion of tapewo...

    Authors: Jernej Logar, Barbara Soba and Tadeja Kotar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:63

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Australia is developing a chlamydia screening program. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of young women to the introduction of chlamydia screening in Australian General Practice.

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Rhian Parker, Christopher K Fairley, Jane M Gunn and Jane Hocking

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:62

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Human hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are considered an emerging disease in industrialized countries. In the Netherlands, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections have been associated with travel to high-endemic ...

    Authors: Katrine Borgen, Tineke Herremans, Erwin Duizer, Harry Vennema, Saskia Rutjes, Arnold Bosman, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Marion Koopmans

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:61

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Multi drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) remains a major threat to public health, reinforced by recent reports about the clinical course of patients infected with extensively drug res...

    Authors: Stefan H Blaas, Ralf Mütterlein, Johannes Weig, Albert Neher, Bernd Salzberger, Norbert Lehn and Ludmila Naumann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:60

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The advantage of treatment interruptions (TIs) in salvage therapy remains controversial. Regardless, characterizations of the correlates of CD4 count fall during TI are important to identify since patients wit...

    Authors: Kenneth H Huang, Mona R Loutfy, Christos M Tsoukas and Nicole F Bernard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:59

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although the first clinical descriptions of Bartonella infection were associated with immunocompromised patient with bacillary angiomatosis, we currently know that this organism is directly involved in diseases a...

    Authors: Immaculada Pons, Isabel Sanfeliu, María Mercedes Nogueras, Montserrat Sala, Manuel Cervantes, M José Amengual and Ferran Segura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:58

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Genetic variations in MBL2 that reduce circulating levels and alter functional properties of the mannose binding lectin (MBL) have been associated with many autoimmune and infectious diseases. We examined whether...

    Authors: Elizabeth E Brown, Mingdong Zhang, Rebecca Zarin-Pass, Toralf Bernig, Fan-Chen Tseng, Nianqing Xiao, Meredith Yeager, Brian R Edlin, Stephen J Chanock and Thomas R O'Brien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:57

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    Infection due to Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease of global health significance, and especially the L-serovars causing lymphogranuloma venereum are increasingly bein...

    Authors: Anke Schaeffer and Birgit Henrich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:56

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In addition to their antimicrobial activity, antibiotics modulate cellular host defence. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is also a well known immunomodulator; however little is known about the in...

    Authors: Artur Bauhofer, Markus Huttel, Wilfried Lorenz, Daniel I Sessler and Alexander Torossian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:55

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A novel Ehrlichia, closely related to Ehrlichia ruminantium, was recently discovered from Panola Mountain State Park, GA, USA. We conducted a study to determine if this agent was recently introduced into the Unit...

    Authors: Amanda D Loftis, Tonya R Mixson, Ellen Y Stromdahl, Michael J Yabsley, Laurel E Garrison, Phillip C Williamson, Robert R Fitak, Paul A Fuerst, Daryl J Kelly and Keith W Blount

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:54

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  15. Content type: Research article

    For winter 2003/2004 in Scotland, it was recommended that all those aged 65 and over be eligible to receive 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (23vPPV), which has been shown to be effective in reduc...

    Authors: John D Mooney, Amanda Weir, Jim McMenamin, Lewis D Ritchie, Tatania V Macfarlane, Colin R Simpson, Syed Ahmed, Chris Robertson and Stuart C Clarke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:53

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Studies of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in Africa have shown high initial mortality. Factors contributing to this high mortality are poorly described. The aim of the present study was to assess mortal...

    Authors: Asgeir Johannessen, Ezra Naman, Bernard J Ngowi, Leiv Sandvik, Mecky I Matee, Henry E Aglen, Svein G Gundersen and Johan N Bruun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:52

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Infectious mastitis is a common condition during lactation and in fact, represents one of the main causes leading to a precocious weaning. The number of studies dealing with lactational mastitis is low and, up...

    Authors: Susana Delgado, Rebeca Arroyo, Rocío Martín and Juan M Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:51

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The use of hypertonic crystalloid solutions, including sodium chloride and bicarbonate, for treating severe sepsis has been much debated in previous investigations. We have investigated the effects of three cr...

    Authors: Zhi Xun Fang, Yu Feng Li, Xiao Qing Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Jin Song Zhang, Hai Ming Xia, Guo Ping Xing, Wei Ping Shu, Ling Shen and Guo Qing Yin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:50

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of I...

    Authors: Maija Heiro, Hans Helenius, Saija Hurme, Timo Savunen, Kaj Metsärinne, Erik Engblom, Jukka Nikoskelainen and Pirkko Kotilainen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:49

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Invasive amebiasis is an emerging parasitic disorder in Taiwan, especially in patients diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thirty-three Taiwanese subjects with amebic liver abscess (AL...

    Authors: Meng-Shuian Hsu, Szu-Min Hsieh, Mao-Yuan Chen, Chien-Ching Hung and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:48

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Noroviruses are one of the principal biological agents associated with the consumption of contaminated food. The objective of this study was to analyse the size and epidemiological characteristics of foodborne...

    Authors: Ana Martinez, Angela Dominguez, Nuria Torner, Laura Ruiz, Neus Camps, Irene Barrabeig, Cesar Arias, Josep Alvarez, Pere Godoy, Pilar Jorgina Balaña, Analia Pumares, Rosa Bartolome, Dolors Ferrer, Unai Perez, Rosa Pinto and Javier Buesa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:47

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  22. Content type: Research article

    French Guiana has the highest tuberculosis (TB) burden among all French departments, with a strong increase in the TB incidence over the last few years. It is now uncertain how best to explain this incidence. ...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Christophe Sola, Karine Brudey, Jean-François Guégan and Nalin Rastogi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:46

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young men in Switzerland is still unknown. The objective of the present study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for C. trachomatis inf...

    Authors: David Baud, Katia Jaton, Claire Bertelli, Jean-Pierre Kulling and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:45

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Infectious disease is often the reason for intravenous drug users being seen in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of treatment and outcomes for this patient po...

    Authors: Dominik Mertz, Nina Viktorin, Marcel Wolbers, Gerd Laifer, Bernd Leimenstoll, Ursula Fluckiger and Manuel Battegay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:42

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  25. Content type: Research article

    On 20–21 February 2006, six cases of diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) were reported by paediatricians to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. We initiated an investigation to identif...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Karin Nygard, Hanne-Merete Eriksen, Jørgen Lassen, Bjørn-Arne Lindstedt, Lin T Brandal, Georg Kapperud and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:41

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  26. Content type: Research article

    There is little information on nasopharyngeal (NP) flora or bacteremia in HIV-infected children. Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospectiv...

    Authors: Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Wasserman, Juanita Smit, Andrew Whitelaw and Heather J Zar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:40

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Rectal administration of artemisinin derivatives has potential for early treatment for severe malaria in remote settings where injectable antimalarial therapy may not be feasible. Preparations available includ...

    Authors: Melba Gomes, Isabela Ribeiro, Marian Warsame, Harin Karunajeewa and Max Petzold

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:39

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In the ICU, bacteremia is a life-threatening infection whose prognosis is highly dependent on early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to distinguish b...

    Authors: Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Serge Aho, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Jean-Marc Doise, Sébastien Prin, Niels-Olivier Olsson and Bernard Blettery

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:38

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Several public health strategic interventions are required for effective prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) and it is necessary to create a communication plan to keep families adequately informed o...

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Rossella Abbate, Luciana Albano, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:36

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleuritis is difficult and better diagnostic tools are needed. New blood based interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) tests are promising, but sensitivity could be low in HIV positive patients....

    Authors: Kamaldeen Baba, Steinar Sørnes, Anwar A Hoosen, Jacob M Lekabe, Mathew J Mpe, Nina Langeland and Anne M Dyrhol-Riise

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:35

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. Nearly 60% of SSI diagnosis occur in the postdischarge period. However, literature provides ...

    Authors: Nicola Petrosillo, Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Emanuele Nicastri, Lorena Martini, Giuseppe Ippolito and Maria Luisa Moro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:34

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Prisons are known to be high-risk environments for the spread of bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections. Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectio...

    Authors: Andrew A Adjei, Henry B Armah, Foster Gbagbo, William K Ampofo, Isaac Boamah, Clement Adu-Gyamfi, Isaac Asare, Ian FA Hesse and George Mensah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:33

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Active tuberculosis (TB) is common among HIV-infected persons living in tuberculosis endemic countries, and screening for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended routinely. We sought to determine the role of chest x-...

    Authors: Muhammad Bakari, Robert D Arbeit, Lillian Mtei, Johnson Lyimo, Richard Waddell, Mecky Matee, Bernard F Cole, Susan Tvaroha, C Robert Horsburgh, Hanna Soini, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:32

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The performance of the WHO recommendations for pediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource poor settings is insufficiently documented in routine care.

    Authors: Steven FJ Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Jean Lusiama, Nicole Shabani, Samuel Edidi, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:31

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A simple filter paper method was developed for, the transport and storage of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) at room temperature or -20°C after spotting on filter paper, for subsequent serotyping of outer membran...

    Authors: Aline S Ferraz, Elza FT Belo, Ligia MCC Coutinho, Ana P Oliveira, Andréia MS Carmo, Daniele L Franco, Tatiane Ferreira, André Y Yto, Marta SF Machado, Monica CG Scola and Elizabeth De Gaspari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:30

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia and fever are usually hospitalized and treated on empirical intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. Early diagnosis of sepsis in children with febrile neu...

    Authors: Miriam Diepold, Peter Noellke, Ulrich Duffner, Udo Kontny and Reinhard Berner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:28

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Host genetic factors may play a role in the occurrence and progress of SARS-Cov infection. This study was to investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α gene polymorphisms with the occurren...

    Authors: Shixin Wang, Maoti Wei, Yi Han, Keju Zhang, Li He, Zhen Yang, Bing Su, Zhilun Zhang, Yilan Hu and Wuli Hui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:27

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia is the most common haematological complication of HIV and associated with a high morbidity and a poor prognosis. The pathogenesis of HIV-associated anaemia is poorly understood and may include a direct...

    Authors: Job CJ Calis, Hellen P Rotteveel, Antoinette C van der Kuyl, Fokla Zorgdrager, David Kachala, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek and Marion Cornelissen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:26

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The risk factors for the transmission of HCV vary substantially between countries and geographic regions. The overall prevalence in south and east Africa region has been estimated to be 1.6% but limited inform...

    Authors: Charles E Ramarokoto, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Rindra Randremanana, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Dominique Rousset, Voahangy Andrianaja, Vincent Richard, Jean-Louis Soares and Leon P Rabarijaona

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:25

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Disseminated mycobacterial disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV-infection. Nonspecific clinical presentation makes the diagnosis difficult and sometimes neglected.

    Authors: Rodrigo P dos Santos, Karin L Scheid, Denise MC Willers and Luciano Z Goldani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:24

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Circulating levels of endothelin-1 are increased in sepsis and correlate with severity of disease. A rapid and easy immunoassay has been developed to measure the more stable ET-1 precursor peptides proET-1. Th...

    Authors: Philipp Schuetz, Daiana Stolz, Beat Mueller, Nils G Morgenthaler, Joachim Struck, Christian Mueller, Roland Bingisser, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:22

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Guidelines established for the treatment of HIV-1 infection and genotype interpretation do not apply for HIV-2. Data about antiretroviral (ARV) drug efficacy and resistance mutations is scarce.

    Authors: Jean Ruelle, François Roman, Anne-Thérèse Vandenbroucke, Christine Lambert, Katrien Fransen, Fedoua Echahidi, Denis Piérard, Chris Verhofstede, Kristel Van Laethem, Marie-Luce Delforge, Dolorès Vaira, Jean-Claude Schmit and Patrick Goubau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:21

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The common response to stopping anti-HIV treatment is an increase of HIV-RNA load and decrease in CD4+, but not all the patients have similar responses to this therapeutic strategy. The aim was to identify predic...

    Authors: Elena Seoane, Salvador Resino, Santiago Moreno, Juan Carlos Lopez Bernaldo de Quiros, Ana Moreno, Rafael Rubio, Juan Gonzalez-García, José Ramón Arribas, Federico Pulido and Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:20

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  44. Content type: Correspondence

    Nigeria is home to more people living with HIV than any other country in the world, except South Africa and India-where an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million – 4.2 million] people were living with the virus in...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:19

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Recent data have suggested that 18 million of new sepsis cases occur each year worldwide, with a mortality rate of almost 30%. There is not consensus on the clinical definition of sepsis and, because of lack o...

    Authors: Gisela D De La Rosa, Marta L Valencia, Clara M Arango, Carlos I Gomez, Alex Garcia, Sigifredo Ospina, Susana Osorno, Adriana Henao and Fabián A Jaimes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:18

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