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  1. Herpes zoster (HZ) is a prevalent viral disease that inflicts substantial morbidity and associated healthcare and socioeconomic burdens. Current treatments are not fully effective, especially among the most vu...

    Authors: Liang-Kung Chen, Hidenori Arai, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Yueh Chou, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Birong Dong, Taro Kojima, Ki Tae Kwon, Hoe Nam Leong, Edward M. F. Leung, Chih-Kuang Liang, Xiaohong Liu, Dilip Mathai, Jiun Yit Pan, Li-Ning Peng, Eduardo Rommel S. Poblete…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:213
  2. Atazanavir (ATV) not boosted by ritonavir (uATV) has been frequently used in the past for switching combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). However, the clinical outcomes and predictors of such strategy are...

    Authors: Maria Concetta Postorino, Mattia Prosperi, Emanuele Focà, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Elisa Di Filippo, Franco Maggiolo, Alberto Borghetti, Nicoletta Ladisa, Massimo Di Pietro, Andrea Gori, Laura Sighinolfi, Angelo Pan, Nicola Mazzini and Carlo Torti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:212
  3. Although sickle cell disease (SCD) children are highly susceptible to bacterial infections (BIs), there is a dreadful lack of data related to the burden and spectrum of BIs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the hig...

    Authors: Anastasie Nicole Alima Yanda, Jobert Richie N. Nansseu, Hubert Désiré Mbassi Awa, Sandra A. Tatah, Judith Seungue, Charlotte Eposse and Paul Olivier N. Koki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:211
  4. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an important protein in the lectin pathway of the immune system. This study explores the association between MBL polymorphism and the susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB). The as...

    Authors: Yan-Ling Guo, Yang Liu, Wu-Juan Ban, Qi Sun and Guang-Li Shi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:210
  5. Three diagnostic criteria have been proposed used for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) diagnosis, namely EORTC/ MSG criteria, Bulpa criteria and intensive care unit (ICU) criteria. The Bulpa criteria wer...

    Authors: Linna Huang, Hangyong He, Jingjing Jin and Qingyuan Zhan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:209
  6. The sustained health-related quality-of-life of patients surviving community-acquired pneumonia has not been accurately quantified. The aim of the current study was to quantify differences in health-related qu...

    Authors: Marie-Josée J. Mangen, Susanne M. Huijts, Marc J. M. Bonten and G. Ardine de Wit
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:208
  7. External and intraocular infections can lead to visual impairments, which is a major public health problem. Bacteria are the most frequent pathogens affecting ocular structures; the increasing rate of antimicr...

    Authors: Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Muthupandian Saravanan, Araya Gebreyesus and Dawit Gebreegziabiher
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:207
  8. Routes of transmission of multidrug-resistant gram-negative organisms (MDRGN) are not completely understood. Since sexual transmission of MDRGN might represent a potential mode that has not been noticed so far...

    Authors: Claudia Reinheimer, Oliver T. Keppler, Christoph Stephan, Thomas A. Wichelhaus, Imke Friedrichs and Volkhard A. J. Kempf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:206
  9. Studies from several countries indicate that the incidence and mortality of bloodstream infection (BSI) have been increasing over time.

    Authors: Arne Mehl, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Stian Lydersen, Julie Paulsen, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Stig Harthug and Tom-Harald Edna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:205
  10. Dengue is an acute febrile illness considered the major arboviral disease in terms of morbidity, mortality, economic impact and dissemination worldwide. Brazil accounts for the highest notification rate, with ...

    Authors: Sibelle Nogueira Buonora, Flavia Barreto dos Santos, Regina Paiva Daumas, Sonia Regina Lambert Passos, Manoela Heringer da Silva, Monique Rocha de Lima and Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:204
  11. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) spread and infections in patients with haematological malignancies are a serious concern especially in endemic areas. Treatment failures and delay in appropriate ...

    Authors: Alessandra Micozzi, Giuseppe Gentile, Clara Minotti, Claudio Cartoni, Saveria Capria, Daniele Ballarò, Stefania Santilli, Emanuele Pacetti, Sara Grammatico, Giampaolo Bucaneve and Robin Foà
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:203
  12. The number of Acute Dental Infections (ADI) presenting for emergency department (ED) care are steadily increasing. Outpatient Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy (OPAT) programs are increasingly utilized as an alter...

    Authors: William J. Connors, Heidi H. Rabie, Rafael L. Figueiredo, Donna L. Holton and Michael D. Parkins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:202
  13. Clusters of infectious diseases are frequently detected late. Real-time, detailed information about an evolving cluster and possible associated conditions is essential for local policy makers, travelers planni...

    Authors: Geert H. Groeneveld, Anton Dalhuijsen, Chakib Kara-Zaïtri, Bob Hamilton, Margot W. de Waal, Jaap T. van Dissel and Jim E. van Steenbergen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:201
  14. Timely and accurate identification of people with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is important for controlling Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB). There is no gold standard for diagnosis of LTBI. Screening test...

    Authors: Peter Auguste, Alexander Tsertsvadze, Joshua Pink, Rachel Court, Noel McCarthy, Paul Sutcliffe and Aileen Clarke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:200
  15. To support the evaluation of the 2010-15 National Plan for Measles and Congenital Rubella Elimination, the authors designed and performed a serosurveillance survey to verify the immunity/susceptibility rate ag...

    Authors: Gallone Maria Serena, Gallone Maria Filomena, Larocca Angela Maria Vittoria, Germinario Cinzia and Tafuri Silvio
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:199

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:630

  16. The incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) is increasing and poses a significant health concern to aging populations. Several studies suggest an increased risk of stroke following zoster infection, but the results ar...

    Authors: Fawziah Marra, Jeremy Ruckenstein and Kathryn Richardson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:198
  17. Difficult-to-treat infections caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) are increasingly observed in clinical settings. However, studies on antimicrobial susceptibilities and effective treatments against RG...

    Authors: Shuji Hatakeyama, Yuki Ohama, Mitsuhiro Okazaki, Yoko Nukui and Kyoji Moriya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:197
  18. Human adenovirus 7 (HAdV-7) was responsible for a significant number of fatalities during the 2011 community outbreak in Taiwan. The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of severe adenovirus infections in no...

    Authors: Ching-Fen Shen, Shih-Min Wang, Tzong-Shiann Ho and Ching-Chuan Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:196
  19. Preparedness is considered essential for healthcare organizations to respond effectively to outbreaks. In the current study we aim to capture the views of first responders on what they consider key recommendat...

    Authors: Evelien Belfroid, Aura Timen, Jim E. van Steenbergen, Anita Huis and Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:195
  20. Understanding why some recently with HIV diagnosed men who have sex with men (MSM) choose for safer sex and regular STI testing, whereas others do not, is important for the development of interventions that ai...

    Authors: Titia Heijman, Freke Zuure, Ineke Stolte and Udi Davidovich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:194
  21. Two biomarkers, the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), have been shown to be indicative of systemic inflammation and predictive of mortality in general population. We ...

    Authors: Elena Raffetti, Francesco Donato, Salvatore Casari, Filippo Castelnuovo, Laura Sighinolfi, Alessandra Bandera, Franco Maggiolo, Nicoletta Ladisa, Massimo di Pietro, Chiara Fornabaio, Simona Digiambenedetto and Eugenia Quiros-Roldan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:193
  22. The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution and susceptibility of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with UTIs collected within 48 h (community acq...

    Authors: Qiwen Yang, Hui Zhang, Yao Wang, Zhipeng Xu, Ge Zhang, Xinxin Chen, Yingchun Xu, Bin Cao, Haishen Kong, Yuxing Ni, Yunsong Yu, Ziyong Sun, Bijie Hu, Wenxiang Huang, Yong Wang, Anhua Wu…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:192
  23. Diagnosis of tuberculosis is difficult among pregnant women because the signs and symptoms of the disease, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, sweating, cough, and mild fever are similar to some manifestatio...

    Authors: Edward Broughton, Samson Haumba, Marianne Calnan, Sandile Ginindsa, Rosanna Jeffries, Gugu Maphalala, Sikhathele Mazibuko, Munamato Mirara, Surbhi Modi, Pasipamire Munyaradzi, Peter Preko and Batsabile Simelane
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:191
  24. Very little is known about the link of T. gondii infection and depression. Through an age-, gender-, and month of pregnancy-matched case-control study, we determined the association of T. gondii infection and dep...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Ana Liliana Martínez-Martínez, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Juan Manuel Castillo-Orona, Carlos Salas-Martínez, Antonio Sifuentes-Álvarez, Ada Agustina Sandoval-Carrillo, José M. Salas-Pacheco, Oliver Liesenfeld and Elizabeth Irasema Antuna-Salcido
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:190
  25. In rural India, mobile medical clinics are useful models for delivering health promotion, education, and care. Mobile medical clinics use fewer providers for larger catchment areas compared to traditional clin...

    Authors: Noah Kojima, Karl Krupp, Kavitha Ravi, Savitha Gowda, Poornima Jaykrishna, Caitlyn Leonardson-Placek, Anand Siddhaiah, Claire C. Bristow, Anjali Arun, Jeffrey D. Klausner and Purnima Madhivanan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:189
  26. Streptococcus Suis (S.suis) is increasingly being recognised as a potentially preventable emerging zoonotic infection in humans with a global distribution. It is a major cause of menin...

    Authors: Giri Shan Rajahram, Ahneez Abdul Hameed, Jayaram Menon, Timothy William, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah and Tsin Wen Yeo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:188
  27. The focus of nursing home infection control procedures has been on decreasing transmission between healthcare workers and residents. Less evidence is available regarding whether decontamination of high-touch e...

    Authors: Christine R. Kovach, Yavuz Taneli, Tammy Neiman, Elaine M. Dyer, Alvin Jason A. Arzaga and Sheryl T Kelber
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:186
  28. Sexual transmission of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in men who have sex with men (MSM) and its interaction with HIV status, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour is poorly understood. We assessed the...

    Authors: Nicholas A. Medland, Eric P. F. Chow, Catriona S. Bradshaw, Timothy H. R. Read, Joseph J. Sasadeusz and Christopher K. Fairley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:185
  29. Identification of the types of strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) complex causing tuberculosis (TB) could contribute to TB control program of specific geographic region as well as it could ad...

    Authors: Zufan Bedewi, Adane Worku, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Getnet Yimer, Girmay Medhin, Gezahegne Mamo, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:184
  30. Carbapenem antibiotics are considered the treatment of choice for serious extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) infections. The study objectives were to evaluate effica...

    Authors: Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Peerawong Werarak, Anupop Jitmuang, Pattarachai Kiratisin and Visanu Thamlikitkul
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:183
  31. Reactivation of occult or inactive Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during immunosuppressant treatments is well known and widely described in literature. The same observation has been made in Hepatitis C (HCV...

    Authors: Gabriele Fabbri, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Alessandra Vergori, Valentina Mazzotta, Carmela Pinnetti, Susanna Grisetti, Mauro Zaccarelli, Adriana Ammassari and Andrea Antinori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:182
  32. Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections are recognized as one of the major threats to global health. In this study, we describe for the first time bla NDM-1 gene carrying...

    Authors: Michael Pritsch, Ahmed Zeynudin, Maxim Messerer, Simon Baumer, Gabriele Liegl, Soeren Schubert, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher, Tefara Belachew, Andrea Rachow and Andreas Wieser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:180
  33. HIV testing among risk groups and guided by HIV indicator conditions (IC) is widely recommended by European guidelines. In this study we investigated how these strategies are used by general practitioners (GP)...

    Authors: Ivo K. Joore, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Kees Brinkman, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen and Jan M. Prins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:178
  34. Clinical manifestations of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania (Viannia) range from asymptomatic infection to self-limited, or chronic (non-healing) cutaneous lesions. Given the critical role of the...

    Authors: Angélica Mera-Ramírez, Andrés Castillo, Yenifer Orobio, María Adelaida Gómez and Carolina Gallego-Marin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:177
  35. This retrospective cohort study characterized the impact of prior antibiotic exposure on distribution and nonsusceptibility profiles of Gram-negative pathogens causing hospital-onset urinary tract infections (...

    Authors: Monique R. Bidell, Melissa Palchak Opraseuth, Min Yoon, John Mohr and Thomas P. Lodise
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:176
  36. Non-HIV/AIDS-related diseases are gaining prominence as important causes of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare changes over time in ...

    Authors: Oghenowede Eyawo, Conrado Franco-Villalobos, Mark W. Hull, Adriana Nohpal, Hasina Samji, Paul Sereda, Viviane D. Lima, Jeannie Shoveller, David Moore, Julio S. G. Montaner and Robert S. Hogg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:174
  37. Authors: Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal, José Gildo de Moura Monteiro Jr., Aracele Cavalcanti, Ana Paula da Costa Henriques, Márcia Oliveira, Michele Godoy, Mirella Coutinho, Pollyanna Dutra Sobral, Claudia Ângela Vilela, Bárbara Gomes, Marta Amorim Leandro, Ulisses Montarroyos, Ricardo de Alencar Ximenes and Heloísa Ramos Lacerda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:173

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:112

  38. Although multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) has been recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality among abdominal solid organ transplant (ASOT) recipients, there are no dat...

    Authors: Bingbing Qiao, Jianzhen Wu, Qiquan Wan, Sheng zhang and Qifa Ye
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:171
  39. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of death in much of sub-Saharan Africa despite available effective treatment. Prompt initiation of TB treatment and access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains vita...

    Authors: Aishatu L. Adamu, Muktar A. Gadanya, Isa S. Abubakar, Abubakar M. Jibo, Musa M. Bello, Auwalu U. Gajida, Musa M. Babashani and Ibrahim Abubakar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:170
  40. Recent analysis of trends of non-invasive infections with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), of trends of MRSA infections in outpatient settings and of co-resistance profiles of MRSA isolates are...

    Authors: Jan Walter, Ines Noll, Marcel Feig, Bettina Weiss, Hermann Claus, Guido Werner, Tim Eckmanns, Julia Hermes and Muna Abu Sin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:169
  41. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important and potentially fatal neglected tropical disease. The aim of this study was to investigate hyponatremia and risk factors for death among VL patients.

    Authors: Elizabeth De Francesco Daher, Douglas de Sousa Soares, Sérgio Luiz Arruda Parente Filho, Gdayllon Cavalcante Meneses, Tainá Veras de Sandes Freitas, Tacyano Tavares Leite and Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:168
  42. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a pandemic causing disease; more than 185 million people are infected worldwide. An HCV antibody (Ab) prevalence of 6.0% was estimated in Central African countries. The stu...

    Authors: Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Helene Balisanga, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Eric Remera, Samuel S. Malamba, David J. Riedel and Sabin Nsanzimana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:167
  43. Onychomycosis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide. There is no standard test for its diagnosis, which remains costly, wasteful, and is sometimes delayed. The diagnostic tests for this disease are few and d...

    Authors: Verónica Velasquez-Agudelo and Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:166
  44. Current diagnostic methods for Schistosoma japonicum infection are insensitive for low-density infections. Therefore, a new diagnostic assay based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) technology was esta...

    Authors: Weiwei Xing, Xinling Yu, Jingtao Feng, Kui Sun, Wenliang Fu, Yuanyuan Wang, Minji Zou, Wenrong Xia, Zhihong Luo, Hongbin He, Yuesheng Li and Donggang Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:164
  45. Extensive backflow of treated wastewater caused household water contamination in a Finnish town in 2007. The drinking water of 9 500 residents became heavily polluted with faecal microbes, resulting in a large...

    Authors: Janne Laine, Outi Laine, Jukka Lumio, Jaakko Antonen, Salla Toikkanen, Mikko J. Virtanen and Markku Kuusi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:161

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