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  1. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious health care- associated infection, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. It also prolongs hospital stay and drives up hospital costs. Measures employed i...

    Authors: Seham F. A. Azab, Hanan S. Sherbiny, Safaa H. Saleh, Wafaa F. Elsaeed, Mona M. Elshafiey, Ahmed G. Siam, Mohamed A. Arafa, Ashgan A. Alghobashy, Eman A. Bendary, Maha A. A. Basset, Sanaa M. Ismail, Nagwa E. Akeel, Nahla A. Elsamad, Wesam A. mokhtar and Tarek Gheith
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:314
  2. Empiric therapy for healthcare-associated infections remains challenging, especially with the continued development of Gram-negative organisms producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and the threat of...

    Authors: Yoav Golan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:313
  3. Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are a major cause of global morbidity and mortality, and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains has been increasingly reported. This study provi...

    Authors: Songyin Huang, Xiaoqiang Liu, Weisi Lao, Suhua Zeng, Huiqi Liang, Rihui Zhong, Xinlu Dai, Xiquan Wu, Hongyu Li and Yandan Yao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:312
  4. The risk factors, microbial etiology, differentiation, and clinical features of purulent and non-purulent cellulitis are not well defined in Taiwan.

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Hung-Chin Tsai, Calvin M. Kunin, Susan Shin-Jung Lee and Yao-Shen Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:311
  5. The presence of asymptomatic infections has serious implications for malaria elimination campaigns. Since asymptomatic carriers do not seek treatment for their infection and may become gametocyte carriers, the...

    Authors: Lemu Golassa, Frederick N. Baliraine, Nizar Enweji, Berhanu Erko, Göte Swedberg and Abraham Aseffa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:310
  6. Malaria remains a major global health burden despite the intensification of control efforts, due partly to the lack of an effective vaccine. Information on genetic diversity in natural parasite populations con...

    Authors: Tobias O. Apinjoh, Rolland B. Tata, Judith K. Anchang-Kimbi, Hanesh F. Chi, Eleanor M. Fon, Regina N. Mugri, Delphine A. Tangoh, Robert V. Nyingchu, Stephen M. Ghogomu, Theresa Nkuo-Akenji and Eric A. Achidi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:309
  7. Several human diseases are caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, ranging from common infections to autoimmunity. Characterization of the most prevalent strains worldwide is a useful tool for evaluating the coverage c...

    Authors: Samar Freschi de Barros, Karine Marafigo De Amicis, Raquel Alencar, Pierre Robert Smeesters, Ariel Trunkel, Edilberto Postól, João Nóbrega Almeida Junior, Flavia Rossi, Antonio Carlos Campos Pignatari, Jorge Kalil and Luiza Guilherme
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:308
  8. We aimed to characterize the genetic diversity of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb) clinical isolates and investigate the molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis from Minas ...

    Authors: Nayanne Gama Teixeira Dantas, Phillip Noel Suffys, Wânia da Silva Carvalho, Harrison Magdinier Gomes, Isabela Neves de Almeida, Lida Jouca de Assis, Claudio José Augusto, Michel Kireopori Gomgnimbou, Guislaine Refregier, Christophe Sola and Silvana Spíndola de Miranda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:306
  9. West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged as one of the most common causes of epidemic meningoencephalitis worldwide. Most human infections are asymptomatic. However, neuroinvasive disease characterized by meningitis,...

    Authors: Janarthani Lohitharajah, Gathsaurie Neelika Malavige, Anthony Jin Shun Chua, Mah Lee Ng, Carukshi Arambepola and Thashi Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:305
  10. Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a significant problem in the postoperative period that can negatively affect clinical outcomes. Microbiology findings are typically similar to other nosocomial infections,...

    Authors: Josep Ballus, Juan C. Lopez-Delgado, Joan Sabater-Riera, Xose L. Perez-Fernandez, A. J. Betbese and J. A. Roncal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:304
  11. The pathogenic potential and commensal nature of Staphylococcus aureus allows for easy transmission both within and outside of the hospital environment, and nasal carriage may be responsible for some serious infe...

    Authors: Baiji Chen, Xinlu Dai, Bo He, Kunyi Pan, Hongyu Li, Xiaoqiang Liu, Yunwen Bao, Weisi Lao, Xiquan Wu, Yandan Yao and Songyin Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:303
  12. Hospital-based surveillance for pneumococcal meningitis has been conducted since January 1996 in the city of Salvador, Brazil. The purpose of this study was to describe the temporal evolution of Penicillin Non...

    Authors: Milena Soares dos Santos, Jailton Azevedo, Ana Paula de Oliveria Menezes, Soraia Machado Cordeiro, Eliane Cunegundes Escobar, Josilene Borges Lima, Leila Carvalho Campos, Maria da Glória S. Carvalho, Mitermayer G. Reis, Albert I. Ko and Joice Neves Reis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:302
  13. Dengue is a viral disease whose clinical spectrum ranges from unapparent to severe forms and fatal outcomes. Although dengue death is 99 % avoidable, every year around 20,000 deaths are estimated to occur in m...

    Authors: Mabel Carabali, Libia Milena Hernandez, Maria Jose Arauz, Luis Angel Villar and Valéry Ridde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:301
  14. Information about HBV sero-markers, infection stages and genotypes in HIV-1 infected and uninfected injection and non-injection drug users (IDUs) in Kenya remains elusive.

    Authors: Mark K. Webale, Valentine Budambula, Raphael Lihana, Francis O. Musumba, Anthony K. Nyamache, Nancy L. M. Budambula, Aabid A. Ahmed, Collins Ouma and Tom Were
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:299

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:373

  15. Male partner HIV testing and counseling (HTC) is associated with enhanced uptake of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), yet male HTC during pregnancy remains low. Identifying settings prefe...

    Authors: Alfred Onyango Osoti, Grace John-Stewart, James Njogu Kiarie, Richardson Barbra, John Kinuthia, Daisy Krakowiak and Carey Farquhar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:298
  16. The approval of direct-acting antivirals for Interferon-free treatment revolutionized the therapy of chronic Hepatitis C infection. As of August 2014, two treatment regimens for genotype 1 infection received c...

    Authors: Christian Gissel, Georg Götz, Jörg Mahlich and Holger Repp
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:297
  17. The impact of training programs on the care and maintenance of venous lines (VL) has been assessed mainly in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Data on the impact of such programs in a whole g...

    Authors: M. J. Pérez-Granda, M. Guembe, C. Rincón, P. Muñoz and E. Bouza
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:296

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:313

  18. Under-reporting of tuberculosis (TB) cases complicates disease control, hinders contact tracing and alters the accuracy of epidemiological data, including disease burden. The objective of the present study is ...

    Authors: Concepción Morales-García, Teresa Rodrigo, Marta M. García-Clemente, Ana Muñoz, Pilar Bermúdez, Francisco Casas, María Somoza, Celia Milá, Antón Penas, Carmen Hidalgo, Martí Casals and Joan A. Caylá
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:295
  19. Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU), or inflammation of the urethra, is the most common treatable sexually transmitted syndrome in men, with approximately 20-50 % of cases being due to infection with Chlamydia tracho...

    Authors: Harald Moi, Karla Blee and Patrick J Horner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:294
  20. Male sex work in the western countries has changed, including now a subculture of male sex workers who have paid sex with men arranged for via the internet. The men involved in this subculture do not easily id...

    Authors: Amanja Verhaegh-Haasnoot, Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:291
  21. Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is common and often leads to unnecessary antimicrobial use. Reducing antibiotic overuse for ABU is therefore an important issue for antimicrobial stewardship. We performed this s...

    Authors: Myung Jin Lee, Moonsuk Kim, Nak-Hyun Kim, Chung-Jong Kim, Kyoung-Ho Song, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Ji Hwan Bang, Eu Suk Kim, Sang Won Park, Nam Joong Kim, Myoung-don Oh and Hong Bin Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:289
  22. Febrile respiratory illness (FRI) results in substantial burden in semi-closed environments. Tackling risk factors may reduce transmission and infection. However, risk factors involved in one setting may not b...

    Authors: Junxiong Pang, Jing Jin, Jin Phang Loh, Boon Huan Tan, Wee Hong Victor Koh, Sock Hoon Ng, Zheng Jie Marc Ho, Qiuhan Gao, Alex R Cook, Li Yang Hsu, Vernon J Lee and Mark I Cheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:288
  23. Hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) is widespread and it is considered a major health problem worldwide. The global distribution of HBV varies significantly between countries and between regions of the world. Am...

    Authors: Umbertina Villano, Alessandra Lo Presti, Michele Equestre, Eleonora Cella, Giulio Pisani, Marta Giovanetti, Roberto Bruni, Elena Tritarelli, Massimo Amicosante, Alba Grifoni, Carmelo Scarcella, Issa El-Hamad, Maria Chiara Pezzoli, Silvia Angeletti, Anna Rita Ciccaglione and Massimo Ciccozzi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:287

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:531

  24. The most common causative agent for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Germany is Puumala virus (PUUV) and a high percentage of patients with PUUV infection have gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The aim o...

    Authors: Daniel Kitterer, Ferruh Artunc, Stephan Segerer, M. Dominik Alscher, Niko Braun and Joerg Latus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:286
  25. Herpes zoster (HZ) is a significant cause of morbidity and complications in adult renal transplant recipients. We determined the incidence, complications and risk factors for the development of HZ after renal ...

    Authors: Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Stavroula Poulopoulou, Christina Melexopoulou, Ioanna Papazaharia, George Zavos and Ioannis N. Boletis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:285
  26. China has experienced several severe outbreaks of influenza over the past century: 1918, 1957, 1968, and 2009. Influenza itself can be deadly; however, the increase in mortality during an influenza outbreak is...

    Authors: Ronald Caldwell, Craig S. Roberts, Zhijie An, Chieh-I Chen and Bruce Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:284
  27. Infections are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in children with cancer. Gaining a favorable prognosis for these patients depends on selecting the appropriate therapy, which in turn depends on rapid ...

    Authors: Milene Gonçalves Quiles, Liana Carballo Menezes, Karen de Castro Bauab, Elke Kreuscher Gumpl, Talita Trevizani Rocchetti, Flavia Silva Palomo, Fabianne Carlesse and Antonio Carlos Campos Pignatari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:283
  28. Households are one of the major settings of influenza transmission in the community and transmission is frequently initiated by school-aged children. We surveyed households with primary school (PS) and/ or jun...

    Authors: Taro Kamigaki, Satoshi Mimura, Yoshihiro Takahashi and Hitoshi Oshitani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:282
  29. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a type of diffuse interstitial lung disease characterized by the pathology of fibroblastic plugs in the lumens of the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar d...

    Authors: In Young Jung, Yong Duk Jeon, Mi-young Ahn, Eunkyong Goag, EunHye Lee, Hea Won Ahn, Jin Young Ahn, Nam Su Ku, June Myung Kim and Jun Yong Choi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:280
  30. Chronic neuropsychological sequelae may occur in patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM). The impact of structural abnormalities on the clinical performance of patients with TBM is unknown. This study appli...

    Authors: Hsiu-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Ching-Di Chang, Pei-Chin Chen, Meng-Hsiang Chen, Nai-Wen Hsu, Kun-Hsien Chou, Wei-Ming Lin, Ching-Po Lin and Wei-Che Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:279
  31. Despite the widespread offer of free HIV testing in France, the proportion of people who have never been tested remains high. The objective of this study was to identify, in men and women separately, the vario...

    Authors: Véronique Massari, Annabelle Lapostolle, Marie-Catherine Grupposo, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Dominique Costagliola and Pierre Chauvin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:278
  32. This study aimed to investigate the rate of fluconazole-non-susceptible Cryptococcus neoformans in Southern Taiwan for the period 2001–2012 and analyze the risk factors for acquiring it among patients with invasi...

    Authors: Yi-Chun Chen, Tzu-Yao Chang, Jien-Wei Liu, Fang-Ju Chen, Chun-Chih Chien, Chen-Hsiang Lee and Cheng-Hsien Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:277
  33. Dengue virus (DENV) infection is an emerging arboviral infection in tropical and sub-tropical countries in South-East Asia, the Western Pacific and South and Central America. Secondary DENV infection is the mo...

    Authors: Cucunawangsih, Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito and Andree Kurniawan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:276
  34. Both vitamin D deficiency and genetic variants in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) have been reported to associate with delayed response to intensive-phase therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis. Studies investigating...

    Authors: Kashaf Junaid, Abdul Rehman, Tahir Saeed, David A. Jolliffe, Kristie Wood and Adrian R. Martineau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:275
  35. We sought to evaluate life expectancy and mortality of HIV-positive individuals initiating combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) across Canada, and to consider the potential error introduced by participant ...

    Authors: Sophie Patterson, Angela Cescon, Hasina Samji, Keith Chan, Wendy Zhang, Janet Raboud, Ann N. Burchell, Curtis Cooper, Marina B. Klein, Sean B. Rourke, Mona R. Loutfy, Nima Machouf, Julio S. G. Montaner, Chris Tsoukas and Robert S. Hogg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:274
  36. Bacterial infections in the genital tract frequently result in morbidity through a variety of inflammation based symptoms. One component of the bacteria that may trigger host inflammatory response is their DNA...

    Authors: Martin Singer, Dewi J de Waaij, Servaas A Morré and Sander Ouburg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:273
  37. The remote and indigenous populations of Western Australia (WA) have one of the highest notification rates of gonorrhoea in the world. Despite this, the low rate of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoe...

    Authors: Lyn C. O’Reilly, Namraj Goire, Rachel E. Fisk and David J. Speers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:272
  38. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is the most common invasive fungal disease in immunocompromised patients, and it has a 30 % mortality rate despite appropriate antifungal therapy. This retrospective stud...

    Authors: Seung Beom Han, Seong koo Kim, Jae Wook Lee, Jong-Seo Yoon, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang, Hack-Ki Kim, Dong-Gun Lee, Hyun Sil Lee and Soo Ah Im
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:271
  39. Epidemiological and clinical studies in high income countries have suggested that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) may cause anaemia, but evidence is lacking from low income countries.We examined associations betw...

    Authors: Bineyam Taye, Fikre Enquselassie, Aster Tsegaye, Alemayehu Amberbir, Girmay Medhin, Andrew Fogarty, Karen Robinson and Gail Davey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:270
  40. Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (L.) major is endemoepidemic in the Center and South of Tunisia. The clinical course of the disease varies widely among different patients and geographic regi...

    Authors: Rihab Yazidi, Jihene Bettaieb, Wissem Ghawar, Kaouther Jaouadi, Sana Châabane, Amor Zaatour and Afif Ben Salah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:269
  41. At least 1.4 million people are affected globally by nosocomial infections at any one time, the vast majority of these occurring in low-income countries. Most of these infections can be prevented by adopting i...

    Authors: Peter Wasswa, Christine K. Nalwadda, Esther Buregyeya, Sheba N. Gitta, Patrick Anguzu and Fred Nuwaha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:268
  42. Hepatitis B is a major health concern in Africa. The vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) was introduced into the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) of Cameroon and Senegal in 2005, and of CAR (Centra...

    Authors: Claudine Bekondi, Roberta Zanchi, Abdoulaye Seck, Benoit Garin, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Jean Chrysotome Gody, Petulla Bata, Angèle Pondy, Suzie Moyo Tetang, Mamadou Ba, Chantal Same Ekobo, Dominique Rousset, Jean-Marie Sire, Sarah Maylin, Loïc Chartier, Richard Njouom…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:267
  43. In the last decade, the Streptococcus pneumoniae population has changed, mainly due to the abuse of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic structure of 144 S. pneumonia serotype 14 isolat...

    Authors: Mingming He, Kaihu Yao, Wei Shi, Wei Gao, Lin Yuan, Sangjie Yu and Yonghong Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:266
  44. Nosocomial Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) enteritis is rare but can be fatal unless it is detected at an early stage and treated effectively. Dysbiosis of the gut is one of the leading reasons...

    Authors: Yao Wei, Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu, Dong Guo, Lili Gu, Ning Li and Jieshou Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:265

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