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  1. Although the majority of Candida infections occur in the developing world, candidemia epidemiology is poorly understood in these countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of non-Candida...

    Authors: Jinjian Fu, Yanling Ding, Ba Wei, Lin Wang, Shaolin Xu, Peixu Qin, Liuhua Wei and Lijun Jiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:329
  2. Disseminated Histoplasmosis (DH) is a rare manifestation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in European countries. Naso-maxillar osteolysis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) is unusua...

    Authors: A. C. Lehur, M. Zielinski, J. Pluvy, V. Grégoire, S. Diamantis, A. Bleibtreu, C. Rioux, A. Picard and D. Vallois
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:328
  3. Confirmed local transmission of Zika Virus (ZIKV) in Texas and Florida have heightened the need for early and accurate indicators of self-sustaining transmission in high risk areas across the southern United S...

    Authors: Lauren A. Castro, Spencer J. Fox, Xi Chen, Kai Liu, Steven E. Bellan, Nedialko B. Dimitrov, Alison P. Galvani and Lauren Ancel Meyers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:284
  4. The incidence of Proteus mirabilis antimicrobial resistance, especially that mediated by extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), has increased. We investigated the impact of ESBL production on the mortality of pa...

    Authors: Jin Young Ahn, Hea Won Ann, Yongduk Jeon, Mi Young Ahn, Dong Hyun Oh, Yong Chan Kim, Eun Jin Kim, Je Eun Song, In Young Jung, Moo Hyun Kim, Wooyoung Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Su Jin Jeong, Jun Yong Choi, Dongeun Yong, Young Goo Song…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:327
  5. Despite the growing number of people on antiretroviral therapy (ART), there is limited information about virological non-suppression and its determinants among HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals enrolled in HIV c...

    Authors: Lilian Bulage, Isaac Ssewanyana, Victoria Nankabirwa, Fred Nsubuga, Christine Kihembo, Gerald Pande, Alex R. Ario, Joseph KB Matovu, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Charles Kiyaga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:326
  6. No guidelines exist on assessing ventilation through air changes per hour (ACH) using a vaneometer. The objective of the study was to evaluate the position and frequency for measuring air velocity using a vane...

    Authors: Miranda Brouwer, Achilles Katamba, Elly Tebasoboke Katabira and Frank van Leth
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:325
  7. Private healthcare providers are important to tuberculosis (TB) management globally, although internationally there are reports of suboptimal management and disparities in treatment commencement in the private...

    Authors: Katie D. Dale, Ee Laine Tay, James M. Trauer, Peter G. Trevan and Justin T. Denholm
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:324
  8. Epstein Barr virus (EBV) plays a causal role in some diseases, including infectious mononucleosis, lymphoproliferative diseases and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Detection of EBV infection has been shown to be a u...

    Authors: Pengfei Cao, Meili Zhang, Wei Wang, Yafei Dai, Buqing Sai, Jun Sun, Lujuan Wang, Fan Wang, Guiyuan Li and Juanjuan Xiang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:323
  9. With ambitious new UNAIDS targets to end AIDS by 2030, and new WHO treatment guidelines, there is increased interest in the best way to scale-up ART coverage. We investigate the cost-effectiveness of various A...

    Authors: Nicky McCreesh, Ioannis Andrianakis, Rebecca N. Nsubuga, Mark Strong, Ian Vernon, Trevelyan J. McKinley, Jeremy E. Oakley, Michael Goldstein, Richard Hayes and Richard G. White
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:322
  10. Staphylococcal species account for more than 50% of periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and antimicrobial therapy with rifampin-based combination regimens has been shown effective. The present study evaluate...

    Authors: Borg Leijtens, Joris B. W. Elbers, Patrick D. Sturm, Bart Jan Kullberg and Berend W. Schreurs
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:321
  11. Strongyloidiasis is a chronic parasitic infection caused by Strongyloides stercoralis. Severe cases such as, hyperinfection syndrome (HS) and disseminated strongyloidiasis (DS), can involve pulmonary manifestatio...

    Authors: Daijiro Nabeya, Shusaku Haranaga, Gretchen Lynn Parrott, Takeshi Kinjo, Saifun Nahar, Teruhisa Tanaka, Tetsuo Hirata, Akira Hokama, Masao Tateyama and Jiro Fujita
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:320
  12. Lower respiratory infections are among the top ten causes of death worldwide. Since pathogen to cell adhesion is a crucial step in the infection progress, blocking the interaction between eukaryotic receptors ...

    Authors: Olga Rajas, Luis M. Quirós, Mara Ortega, Emma Vazquez-Espinosa, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Fernando Vazquez and Beatriz García
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:319
  13. To reduce global tuberculosis (TB) burden, the active disease must be diagnosed quickly and accurately and patients should be treated and cured. In Ethiopia, TB diagnosis mainly relies on spot-morning-spot (SM...

    Authors: Abraham Tesfaye, Daniel Fiseha, Dawit Assefa, Eveline Klinkenberg, Silvia Balanco and Ivor Langley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:318
  14. Faint test bands of Paracheck Pf.® are interpreted as malaria positive according to world health organization (WHO) guideline. However if there are conspicuous number of faint test bands, a performance of Para...

    Authors: Ryoko Makuuchi, Sandy Jere, Nobuchika Hasejima, Thoms Chigeda and January Gausi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:317
  15. Diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia are associated with increased susceptibility to bacterial infections and poor treatment outcomes. This post hoc evaluation of the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal in...

    Authors: Myra W. Popejoy, Jianmin Long and Jennifer A. Huntington
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:316
  16. Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The burden of these co-infections in sub-Saharan Africa is still unclear....

    Authors: Justine Umutesi, Bryony Simmons, Jean D. Makuza, Donatha Dushimiyimana, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Jean Marie Uwimana, Nathan Ford, Edward J. Mills and Sabin Nsanzimana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:315
  17. A challenge in the empiric treatment of complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) is identifying the initial appropriate antibiotic therapy (IAAT), which is associated with reduced length of stay and mortalit...

    Authors: Teresa L Kauf, Vimalanand S. Prabhu, Goran Medic, Rebekah H. Borse, Benjamin Miller, Jennifer Gaultney, Shuvayu S. Sen and Anirban Basu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:314
  18. Intravascular hemolysis is an intrinsic feature of severe malaria pathophysiology but the pathogenic role of cell-free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative stress in severe malaria associated acute kidney injury (AKI...

    Authors: Katherine Plewes, Hugh W.F. Kingston, Aniruddha Ghose, Richard J. Maude, M. Trent Herdman, Stije J. Leopold, Haruhiko Ishioka, Md. Mahtab Uddin Hasan, Md. Shafiul Haider, Shamsul Alam, Kim A. Piera, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Kamolrat Silamut, Tsin W. Yeo, Md. Abul Faiz, Sue J Lee…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:313
  19. Vitamin D deficiency (low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25D] concentration) is often reported in tuberculosis. Adjunctive vitamin D has been tested for its potential to improve treatment outcomes, but has proven...

    Authors: Anna P. Ralph, Muhammad Redzwan S. Rashid Ali, Timothy William, Kim Piera, Uma Parameswaran, Elspeth Bird, Christopher S. Wilkes, Wai Khew Lee, Tsin Wen Yeo and Nicholas M. Anstey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:312
  20. Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection caused by the encapsulated yeast Cryptococcus neoformans and most remarkably manifests in HIV-infected individuals, especially in the settings of very low CD4 count. ...

    Authors: Nguyen Thi Cam Huong, Ahmed M. A. Altibi, Nguyen My Hoa, Le Anh Tuan, Samar Salman, Sara Morsy, Nguyen Thi Bich Lien, Nguyen Thanh Truong, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Pham Thi Le Hoa, Nguyen Ba Thang and Van The Trung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:311
  21. Known predictors of neurosyphilis were mainly drawn from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected syphilis patients, which may not be applicable to HIV-negative populations as they have different characteri...

    Authors: Yao Xiao, Man-Li Tong, Li-Li Liu, Li-Rong Lin, Mei-Jun Chen, Hui-Lin Zhang, Wei-Hong Zheng, Shu-Lian Li, Hui-Ling Lin, Zhi-Feng Lin, Hui-Qin Xing, Jian-Jun Niu and Tian-Ci Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:310

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:357

  22. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an alphavirus in the family Togaviridae. VEEV causes a bi-phasic illness in mice where primary replication in lymphoid organs is followed by entry into the central n...

    Authors: Paridhi Gupta, Anuj Sharma, Jing Han, Amy Yang, Manish Bhomia, Barbara Knollmann-Ritschel, Raj K Puri and Radha K Maheshwari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:309
  23. After vaccination, vaccinees acquire some protection against infection and/or disease. Vaccination, therefore, reduces the number of infections in the population. Due to this herd protection, not everybody nee...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Linda Eichner and Laetitia Gerlier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:308
  24. Following its recent certification as malaria-free, imported infections now pose the greatest threat for maintaining this status in Sri Lanka. Imported infections may also introduce species that are uncommon o...

    Authors: Sharmini Gunawardena, Rachel F. Daniels, Thishan C. Yahathugoda, Mirani V. Weerasooriya, Katelyn Durfee, Sarah K. Volkman, Dyann F. Wirth and Nadira D. Karunaweera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:307
  25. Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain and or spinal cord. Global mortality rates vary from 2% to 30%. Epidemic meningitis remains a public health concern along the meningitis belt of Afri...

    Authors: Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey and Edwin Andrew Afari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:306
  26. Due to its chronic subclinical course and large spectrum of manifestations, leprosy often represents a diagnostic challenge. Even with proper anti-mycobacteria treatment, leprosy follow up remains challenging:...

    Authors: Ana Paula Vieira, Maria Angela Bianconcini Trindade, Flávio Jota de Paula, Neusa Yurico Sakai-Valente, Alberto José da Silva Duarte, Francine Brambate Carvalhinho Lemos and Gil Benard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:305
  27. By the end of the 2013–2016 West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks, a total of 3814 cases (probable and confirmed) and 2544 deaths were reported in Guinea. Clearly, surveillance activities aiming at ...

    Authors: Mory Keïta, Fatoumata Conté, Boubacar Diallo, Dieudonné Lufwa, Jacques Katomba, René Snacken, Raymond Pallawo, Aminata Tolno, Amadou Bailo Diallo, Mamadou Harouna Djingarey and Lorenzo Subissi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:304
  28. The aetiological spectrum of acute encephalitis shows inter- and intra-geographical variations. We aimed to identify the viruses that cause infectious encephalitis in Sri Lanka, which represents a South Asian ...

    Authors: Janarthani Lohitharajah, Neelika Malavige, Carukshi Arambepola, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Ranjanie Gamage, Padma Gunaratne, Pyara Ratnayake and Thashi Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:303
  29. A number of biomarkers have been studied for the diagnosis of sepsis in paediatrics, but no gold standard has been identified. Procalcitonin (PCT) was demonstrated to be an accurate biomarker for the diagnosis...

    Authors: Giuseppe Pontrelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Roberto Buzzetti, Alessandro Jenkner, Sara Balduzzi, Francesca Calò Carducci, Donato Amodio, Maia De Luca, Sara Chiurchiù, Elin Haf Davies, Giorgia Copponi, Alessandra Simonetti, Elena Ferretti, Valeria Di Franco, Virginia Rasi, Martina Della Corte…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:302
  30. Household (HH) contact tracing is a strategy that targets high risk groups for TB. Symptom based screening is the standard used to identify HH contacts at risk for TB during HH contact tracing for TB. However,...

    Authors: Monde Muyoyeta, Nkatya Chanda Kasese, Deborah Milimo, Isaac Mushanga, Mapopa Ndhlovu, Nathan Kapata, Maureen Moyo-Chilufya and Helen Ayles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:301
  31. Emergence of multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB) is a major hurdle for TB control programs especially in developing countries like China. Resistance to fluoroquinolones is high am...

    Authors: Jun Chen, Peng Peng, Yixiang Du, Yi Ren, Lifeng Chen, Youyi Rao and Weihua Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:300
  32. Estimates of month-2 culture conversion, a proxy indicator of tuberculosis (TB) treatment efficacy in phase-2 trials can vary by culture-type and geographically with lower rates reported among African sites. T...

    Authors: Daniel Atwine, Patrick Orikiriza, Ivan Taremwa, Arnold Ayebare, Suzan Logoose, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Amina Jindani and Maryline Bonnet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:299
  33. African pouched rats sniffing sputum samples provided by local clinics have significantly increased tuberculosis case findings in Tanzania and Mozambique. The objective of this study was to determine the repro...

    Authors: Haylee Ellis, Christiaan Mulder, Emilio Valverde, Alan Poling and Timothy Edwards
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:298
  34. The etiology of myxomatous mitral valve degeneration (MVD) is not fully understood and may depend on time or environmental factors for which the interaction of infectious agents has not been documented. The pu...

    Authors: Marcos Gradim Tiveron, Pablo Maria Alberto Pomerantzeff, Maria de Lourdes Higuchi, Marcia Martins Reis, Jaqueline de Jesus Pereira, Joyce Tieko Kawakami, Renata Nishiyama Ikegami, Carlos Manuel de Almeida Brandao and Fabio Biscegli Jatene
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:297
  35. The prophylactic use of antimicrobial agents to prevent infections in non-surgical situations has hardly been investigated. We investigate the extent, indications and appropriateness of antimicrobial prophylax...

    Authors: Jan W. T. Deelen, Caroline E. Visser, Jan M. Prins and Reinier M. van Hest
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:296
  36. Untreated, miliary tuberculosis (TB) has a mortality approaching 100%. As it is uncommon there is little specific data to guide its management. We report detailed data from a UK cohort of patients with miliary...

    Authors: Jonathan Underwood, Fiona Cresswell, Alex P Salam, Alex J Keeley, Charles Cleland, Laurence John and Robert N Davidson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:295
  37. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have increased during the past decade but little is known about geographic clustering patterns.

    Authors: Thomas J. Stopka, Michael A. Goulart, David J. Meyers, Marga Hutcheson, Kerri Barton, Shauna Onofrey, Daniel Church, Ashley Donahue and Kenneth K. H. Chui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:294
  38. Zika, dengue, and chikungunya are three mosquito-borne viruses having overlapping transmission vectors. They cause diseases having similar symptoms in human patients, but requiring different immediate manageme...

    Authors: Ozlem Yaren, Barry W. Alto, Priyanka V. Gangodkar, Shatakshi R. Ranade, Kunal N. Patil, Kevin M. Bradley, Zunyi Yang, Nikhil Phadke and Steven A. Benner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:293
  39. Early tuberculosis (TB) case finding and adequate chemotherapy are essential for interrupting disease transmission and preventing complications due to delayed care seeking. This study was undertaken in order t...

    Authors: Robel Yirgu, Firaol Lemessa, Selamawit Hirpa, Abraham Alemayehu and Eveline Klinkenberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:292
  40. Improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in pediatric severe malarial anemia (SMA) pathogenesis is a crucial step in the design of novel therapeutics. Identification of host genetic suscepti...

    Authors: Elly O. Munde, Evans Raballah, Winnie A. Okeyo, John M. Ong’echa, Douglas J. Perkins and Collins Ouma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:291
  41. Gonorrhoea, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), can cause reproductive morbidity, is increasingly becoming resistant to antibiotics and is frequently asymptomatic, which shows the essential role of NG test prac...

    Authors: Casper D. J. den Heijer, Christian J. P. A. Hoebe, Geneviève A. F. S. van Liere, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen, Jochen W. L. Cals, Frans S. Stals and Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:290
  42. Naturally-acquired immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria develops after several episodes of infection. Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs) bind to immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and mediate phagocytosis of opsonize...

    Authors: Elly O. Munde, Winnie A. Okeyo, Evans Raballah, Samuel B. Anyona, Tom Were, John M. Ong’echa, Douglas J. Perkins and Collins Ouma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:289
  43. Chromomycosis is a rare mycotic infection encountered in tropical and subtropical regions. The disease presents as a slowly-evolving nodule that can become infected with bacteria. Here, we describe a unique as...

    Authors: J. Tourret, N. Benabdellah, S. Drouin, F. Charlotte, J. Rottembourg, N. Arzouk, A. Fekkar and B. Barrou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:288
  44. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of C...

    Authors: Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song and Taisheng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:287
  45. Authors: Yong Ping Lin, Zi Feng Yang, Ying Liang, Zheng Tu Li, Helen S. Bond, Huiying Chua, Ya Sha Luo, Yuan Chen, Ting Ting Chen, Wen Da Guan, Jimmy Chun Cheong Lai, Yu Lam Siu, Si Hua Pan, J. S. Malik Peiris, Benjamin J. Cowling and Chris Ka Pun Mok
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:286

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:632

  46. There are few studies focus on the factors underlying the late initiation of ART in China. We analyzed the trends in the median CD4 cell counts among different patient groups over time and the risk factors for...

    Authors: Jianjun Sun, Li Liu, Jiayin Shen, Panpan Chen and Hongzhou Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:285
  47. Multi drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses formidable challenges to TB control due to its complex diagnostic and treatment challenges and often associated with a high rate of mortality. Accurate and rapi...

    Authors: Abyot Meaza, Abebaw Kebede, Zelalem Yaregal, Zekarias Dagne, Shewki Moga, Bazezew Yenew, Getu Diriba, Helina Molalign, Mengistu Tadesse, Desalegn Adisse, Muluwork Getahun and Kassu Desta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:280
  48. There is paucity of information regarding the epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in developing countries. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of E. coli O157: H7 associated with beef cattle at pr...

    Authors: Rosa Abdissa, Woynshet Haile, Akafete Teklu Fite, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Getahun E. Agga, Bedaso Mammo Edao, Fanos Tadesse, Mesula Geloye Korsa, Takele Beyene, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Lieven De Zutter, Eric Cox and Bruno Maria Goddeeris
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:277

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