World Health Organization: Polio Eradication Initiative. Cessation of Routine Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) use after Global Polio Eradication. Framework for National Policy Makers in OPV-using Countries. Geneva, 2005; Report No.: WHO/POL/05.02.
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Pallansch MA, Kew OM, Cáceres VM, Jafari H, Cochi SL, et al. Risks of paralytic disease due to wild or vaccine-derived poliovirus after eradication. Risk Anal. 2006;26(6):1471–505.
World Health Organization. Transmission of wild poliovirus type 2—Apparent global interruption. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2001;76:95–7.
World Health Organization: Global Polio Eradication Initiative: Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan (2013–2018). Geneva, 2013; Report No.: WHO/POLIO/13.02.
Global Polio Eradication Initiative. World ready for OPV2 cessation. http://www.polioeradication.org/mediaroom/newsstories/World-ready-for-OPV2-cessation-/tabid/526/news/1181/Default.aspx?popUp=true. Accessed January 28 2015.
Dowdle WR, van der Avoort HGAM, de Gourville EM, Delpeyroux F, Deshpande JM, Hovi T, et al. Containment of polioviruses after eradication: characterizing risk to improve management. Risk Anal. 2006;26(6):1449–69.
Thompson KM, Duintjer Tebbens RJ. Modeling the dynamics of oral poliovirus vaccine cessation. J Infect Dis. 2014;210 Suppl 1:S475–84.
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Pallansch MA, Chumakov KM, Halsey NA, Hovi T, Minor PD, et al. Expert review on poliovirus immunity and transmission. Risk Anal. 2013;33(4):544–605.
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Pallansch MA, Chumakov KM, Halsey NA, Hovi T, Minor PD, et al. Review and assessment of poliovirus immunity and transmission: Synthesis of knowledge gaps and identification of research needs. Risk Anal. 2013;33(4):606–46.
Thompson KM, Duintjer Tebbens RJ. National choices related to inactivated poliovirus vaccine, innovation, and the end game of global polio eradication. Exp Rev Vaccines. 2014;13(2):221–34.
Anis E, Kopel E, Singer S, Kaliner E, Moerman L, Moran-Gilad J, Sofer D, Manor Y, Shulman L, Mendelson E et al.. Insidious reintroduction of wild poliovirus into Israel, 2013. Euro Surveill. 2013, 18(38).
Kalkowska DA, Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Grotto I, Shulman LM, Anis E, Wassilak SGF, et al. Modeling options to manage type 1 wild poliovirus imported into Israel in 2013. J Infect Dis. 2015;211(11):1800–12.
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Thompson KM. Modeling the potential role of inactivated poliovirus vaccine to manage the risks of oral poliovirus vaccine cessation. J Infect Dis. 2014;210 Suppl 1:S485–97.
National Research Council. Exploring the role of antiviral drugs in the eradication of polio: Workshop report. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press; 2006.
McKinlay MA, Collett MS, Hincks JM, Oberste MS, Pallansch MA, Okayasu H, et al. Progress in the development of poliovirus antiviral agents and their essential role in reducing risks that threaten eradication. J Infect Dis. 2014;210 Suppl 1:S447–53. in press.
Halsey NA, Pinto J, Espinosa-Rosales F, Faure-Fontenla M, da Silva EE, Kahn AA, et al. Search for polio virus carriers among people with primary immune deficiency diseases in the United States, Mexico, Brazil and the United Kingdom. Bull World Health Organ. 2004;82(1):3–8.
Fiore L, Plebani A, Buttinelli G, Fiore S, Donati V, Marturano J, et al. Search for poliovirus long-term excretors among patients affected by agammaglobulinemia. Clin Immunol. 2004;111(1):98–102.
Burns C, Diop O, Sutter RW, Kew OM. Vaccine-derived polioviruses. J Infect Dis. 2014;210 Suppl 1:S283–93.
Driss N, Ben-Mustapha I, Mellouli F, Ben Yahia A, Touzi H, Bejaoui M, et al. High susceptibility for enterovirus infection and virus excretion features in Tunisian patients with primary immunodeficiencies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012;19(10):1684–9.
de Silva R, Gunasena S, Ratnayake D, Wickremesinghe GD, Kumarasiri CD, Pushpakumara BA, et al. Prevalence of prolonged and chronic poliovirus excretion among persons with primary immune deficiency disorders in Sri Lanka. Vaccine. 2012;30(52):7561–5.
Galal NM, Bassiouny L, Nasr E, Abdelmeguid N. Isolation of poliovirus shedding following vaccination in children with antibody deficiency disorders. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2012;6(12):881–5.
Thompson KM, Duintjer Tebbens RJ. Current polio global eradication and control policy options: Perspectives from modeling and prerequisites for OPV cessation. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2012;11(4):449–59.
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Pallansch MA, Cochi SL, Wassilak SGF, Thompson KM: An economic analysis of poliovirus risk management policy options for 2013–2052 (submitted to BMC ID). doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1112-8
Duintjer Tebbens RJ, Pallansch MA, Kalkowska DA, Wassilak SG, Cochi SL, Thompson KM. Characterizing poliovirus transmission and evolution: Insights from modeling experiences with wild and vaccine-related polioviruses. Risk Anal. 2013;23(4):703–49.
Alexander Jr JP, Gary Jr HE, Pallansch MA. Duration of poliovirus excretion and its implications for acute flaccid paralysis surveillance: a review of the literature. J Infect Dis. 1997;175 Suppl 1:S176–82.
MacCallum FO. Hypogammaglobulinaemia in the United Kingdom. VII. The role of humoral antibodies in protection against and recovery from bacterial and virus infections in hypogammaglobulinaemia. Spec Rep Ser Med Res Counc (G B). 1971;310:72–85.
Martín J, Dunn G, Hull R, Patel V, Minor PD. Evolution of the Sabin strain of type 3 poliovirus in an immunodeficient patient during the entire 637-day period of virus excretion. J Virol. 2000;74(7):3001–10.
Hara M, Saito Y, Komatsu T, Kodama H, Abo W, Chiba S, et al. Antigenic analysis of polioviruses isolated from a child with agammaglobulinemia and paralytic poliomyelitis after Sabin vaccine administration. Microbiol Immunol. 1981;25(9):905–13.
Martin J. Vaccine-derived poliovirus from long term excretors and the end game of polio eradication. Biologicals. 2006;34(2):117–22.
Kew OM, Sutter RW, Nottay BK, McDonough MJ, Prevots DR, Quick L, et al. Prolonged replication of a type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirus in an immunodeficient patient. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36(10):2893–9.
Guo J, Bolivar-Wagers S, Srinivas N, Holubar M, Maldonado Y. Immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived poliovirus (iVDPV) cases: A systematic review and implications for polio eradication. Vaccine. 2015;33(10):1235–42.
Bellmunt A, May G, Zell R, Pring-Akerblom P, Verhagen W, Heim A. Evolution of poliovirus type I during 5.5 years of prolonged enteral replication in an immunodeficient patient. Virology. 1999;265(2):178–84.
MacLennan CA, Dunn G, Wood P. Chronic infection with vaccine-derived poliovirus in a common variable immunodeficiency and implications for world health. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001;107(Suppl):S304–5.
DeVries AS, Harper J, Murray A, Lexau C, Bahta L, Christensen J, et al. Vaccine-derived poliomyelitis 12 years after infection in Minnesota. N Engl J Med. 2011;364(24):2316–23.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on vaccine-derived polioviruses—worldwide, July 2009-March. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2011. 2011;60(25):846–50.
Gathmann B, Grimbacher B, Beaute J, Dudoit Y, Mahlaoui N, Fischer A, et al. The European internet-based patient and research database for primary immunodeficiencies: results 2006–2008. Clin Exp Immunol. 2009;157 Suppl 1:3–11.
Mohammadinejad P, Aghamohammadi A, Abolhassani H, Sadaghiani MS, Abdollahzade S, Sadeghi B, et al. Pediatric patients with common variable immunodeficiency: long-term follow-up. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2012;22(3):208–14.
Boyle JM, Buckley RH. Population prevalence of diagnosed primary immunodeficiency diseases in the United States. J Clin Immunol. 2007;27(5):497–502.
Bousfiha AA, Jeddane L, Ailal F, Benhsaien I, Mahlaoui N, Casanova JL, et al. Primary immunodeficiency diseases worldwide: more common than generally thought. J Clin Immunol. 2013;33(1):1–7.
Modell V, Knaus M, Modell F. An analysis and decision tool to measure cost benefit of newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and related T-cell lymphopenia. Immunol Res. 2014;60(1):145–52.
Joshi AY, Iyer VN, Hagan JB, St Sauver JL, Boyce TG. Incidence and temporal trends of primary immunodeficiency: a population-based cohort study. Mayo Clin Proc. 2009;84(1):16–22.
Alexander LN, Seward JF, Santibanez TA, Pallansch MA, Kew OM, Prevots DR, et al. Vaccine policy changes and epidemiology of poliomyelitis in the United States. JAMA. 2004;292(14):1696–701.
Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A, Abolhassani F, Eftekhar H, Heidarnia M, Rezaei N. Health policy for common variable immunodeficiency: burden of the disease. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2011;21(6):454–8.
Chapel H, Lucas M, Lee M, Bjorkander J, Webster D, Grimbacher B, et al. Common variable immunodeficiency disorders: division into distinct clinical phenotypes. Blood. 2008;112(2):277–86.
Yong PF, Thaventhiran JE, Grimbacher B. “A rose is a rose is a rose,” but CVID is Not CVID common variable immune deficiency (CVID), what do we know in 2011? Adv Immunol. 2011;111:47–107.
Orange JS, Hossny EM, Weiler CR, Ballow M, Berger M, Bonilla FA, et al. Use of intravenous immunoglobulin in human disease: a review of evidence by members of the Primary Immunodeficiency Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(4 Suppl):S525–53.
Hovi T, Shulman LM, van der Avoort H, Deshpande J, Roivainen M, EM DEG. Role of environmental poliovirus surveillance in global polio eradication and beyond. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140(1):1–13.
Hovi T, Paananen A, Blomqvist S, Savolainen-Kopra C, Al-Hello H, Smura T, et al. Characteristics of an environmentally monitored prolonged type 2 vaccine derived poliovirus shedding episode that stopped without intervention. PLoS One. 2013;8(7):e66849.
Al-Hello H, Jorba J, Blomqvist S, Raud R, Kew O, Roivainen M. Highly divergent type 2 and 3 vaccine-derived polioviruses isolated from sewage in Tallinn, Estonia. J Virol. 2013;87(23):13076–80.
Roivainen M, Blomqvist S, Al-Hello H, Paananen A, Delpeyroux F, Kuusi M, Hovi T. Highly divergent neurovirulent vaccine-derived polioviruses of all three serotypes are recurrently detected in Finnish sewage. Euro Surveill 2010, 15(19).
World Health Organization. Vaccine-derived polioviruses detected worldwide, July 2009–March 2011. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2011;86(27):277–88.
Li L, Ivanova O, Driss N, Tiongco-Recto M, de Silva R, Shahmahmoodi S, et al. Poliovirus excretion among persons with primary immune deficiency disorders: Summary of a seven-country study series. J Infect Dis. 2014;210 Suppl 1:S368–72.
Khetsuriani N, Prevots DR, Quick L, Elder ME, Pallansch MA, Kew OM, et al. Persistence of vaccine-derived polioviruses among immunodeficient persons with vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis. J Infect Dis. 2003;188:1845–52.
Driss N, Mellouli F, Ben Yahia A, Touzi H, Barbouche MR, Triki H, et al. Sequential asymptomatic enterovirus infections in a patient with major histocompatibility complex class II primary immunodeficiency. J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52(9):3486–9.
World Bank. World Bank list of economies (October 2013). http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/CLASS.XLS, Accessed December 23 2013.
Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. World Population Prospects: The 2012 RevisionVolume I: Comprehensive tables. New York, 2013; Report No.: ST/ESA/SER.A/336.
Minor P. Vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV): Impact on poliomyelitis eradication. Vaccine. 2009;27(20):2649–52.
Modell V, Gee B, Lewis DB, Orange JS, Roifman CM, Routes JM, et al. Global study of primary immunodeficiency diseases (PI)—diagnosis, treatment, and economic impact: an updated report from the Jeffrey Modell Foundation. Immunol Res. 2011;51(1):61–70.
Dunn G, Klapsa D, Wilton T, Stone L, Minor PD, Martin J. Twenty-eight years of poliovirus replication in an immunodeficient individual: Impact on the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. PLoS Pathog. 2015;11(8):e1005114.
Tiongco-Recto M, Sumpaico MW, Dionisio-Capulong R, Kahn A-L, Sigrun R, Sutter RW. Prevalence of prolonged and chronic poliovirus excretion among persons with primary immune deficiency disorders in the Philippines. Acta Med Philipp. 2012;46(1):34–42.
Triki H, Barbouche MR, Bahri O, Bejaoui M, Dellagi K. Community-acquired poliovirus infection in children with primary immunodeficiencies in Tunisia. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41(3):1203–11.
Chen RT, Hausinger S, Dajani AS, Hanfling M, Baughman AL, Pallansch MA, et al. Seroprevalence of antibody against poliovirus in inner-city preschool children. JAMA. 1996;275(21):1639–45.
World Health Organization Collaborative Study Group on Oral and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccines. Combined immunization of infants with oral and inactivated poliovirus vaccines: results of a randomized trial in The Gambia, Oman, and Thailand. WHO Collaborative Study Group on Oral and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccines. J Infect Dis. 1997;175 Suppl 1:S215–27.
Más Lago P, Bravo JR, Andrus JK, Comellas MM, Galindo MA, de Quadros CA, et al. Lesson from Cuba: mass campaign administration of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine and seroprevalence of poliovirus neutralizing antibodies. Bull World Health Organ. 1994;72(2):221–5.
Savilahti E, Klemola T, Carlsson B, Mellander L, Stenvik M, Hovi T. Inadequacy of mucosal IgM antibodies in selective IgA deficiency: Excretion of attenuated polio viruses is prolonged. J Clin Microbiol. 1988;8(2):89–94.
Shahmahmoodi S, Mamishi S, Aghamohammadi A, Aghazadeh N, Tabatabaie H, Gooya MM, et al. Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in immunodeficient children, Iran, 1995–2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16(7):1133–6.