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  1. Bacterial meningitis in children causes high rates of mortality and morbidity. In a recent clinical trial, oral glycerol significantly reduced severe neurological sequelae in paediatric meningitis caused by Haemo...

    Authors: Cornelia Blaser, Matthias Klein, Denis Grandgirard, Matthias Wittwer, Heikki Peltola, Michael Weigand, Uwe Koedel and Stephen L Leib
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:84
  2. HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of antiretroviral and antituberculosis treatment in Africa, clinical deterioration during antituberculosis ...

    Authors: Dominique J Pepper, Suzaan Marais, Robert J Wilkinson, Feriyl Bhaijee, Gary Maartens, Helen McIlleron, Virginia De Azevedo, Helen Cox, Cheryl McDermid, Simiso Sokhela, Janisha Patel and Graeme Meintjes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:83
  3. After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transm...

    Authors: Benjamin J Cowling, Lincoln LH Lau, Peng Wu, Helen WC Wong, Vicky J Fang, Steven Riley and Hiroshi Nishiura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:82
  4. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been most consistently linked to sexual behaviour, and the epidemiological profile of BV mirrors that of established sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It remains a matter of ...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Rita Verhelst, Mario Vaneechoutte and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:81
  5. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the principal etiologic agent of human tuberculosis (TB) and a member of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC). Additional MTC species that cause TB in humans and other mammals include

    Authors: Sidra E Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Richard C Huard, Stefan Niemann, Kristin Kremer, Adalberto R Santos, Philip N Suffys and John L Ho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:80
  6. Authors: Akihiro Ohkado, Yoshiro Murase, Masaaki Mori, Naoki Hasegawa, Goro Otsuka, Michiko Nagamine, Hideo Maeda, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Masako Ohmori, Norio Yamada, Shinji Maeda, Seiya Kato, Toru Mori and Nobukatsu Ishikawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:79

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:138

  7. Foams containing 62% ethanol are used for hand decontamination in many countries. A long drying time may reduce the compliance of healthcare workers in applying the recommended amount of foam. Therefore, we ha...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Sigunde Marschall, Sven Eggerstedt and Christiane Ostermeyer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:78
  8. Given that helminth infections are thought to have strong immunomodulatory activity, the question whether helminth infections might affect responses to malaria antigens needs to be addressed. Different cross-s...

    Authors: Aprilianto E Wiria, Margaretta A Prasetyani, Firdaus Hamid, Linda J Wammes, Bertrand Lell, Iwan Ariawan, Hae Won Uh, Heri Wibowo, Yenny Djuardi, Sitti Wahyuni, Inge Sutanto, Linda May, Adrian JF Luty, Jaco J Verweij, Erliyani Sartono, Maria Yazdanbakhsh…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:77
  9. Viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are key public health problems that pose an enormous risk for disease transmission in the general population. This study estimated, for the first time...

    Authors: Cynthia M Pérez, Edmir Marrero, Marytere Meléndez, Sandra Adrovet, Héctor Colón, Ana P Ortiz, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Carmen Albizu, Esther A Torres and Erick Suárez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:76
  10. T-cell interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) may have a role in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis when evaluating patients for whom standard microbiology has limited sensitivity. Our objective was to exam...

    Authors: Adithya Cattamanchi, Isaac Ssewenyana, J Lucian Davis, Laurence Huang, William Worodria, Saskia den Boon, Samuel Yoo, Alfred Andama, Philip C Hopewell and Huyen Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:75
  11. Clients of street sex workers may be at higher risk for HIV infection than the general population. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge regarding HIV testing of clients of sex workers in developed countries.

    Authors: Esther-Amélie Diserens, Patrick Bodenmann, Chantal N'Garambe, Anne Ansermet-Pagot, Marco Vannotti, Eric Masserey and Matthias Cavassini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:74
  12. The 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) is currently recommended in elderly and high-risk adults. However, its efficacy in preventing pneumococcal infections remains controversial. This study a...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Corcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Jorge A Guzmán, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Elisabet Salsench and Cruz M Fuentes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:73
  13. Meropenem is a carbapenem that has an excellent activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic, facultative, and anaerobic bacteria. The major objective of the present study was to assess the in vi...

    Authors: Marie-Laure Joly-Guillou, Marie Kempf, Jean-Didier Cavallo, Monique Chomarat, Luc Dubreuil, Jeanne Maugein, Claudette Muller-Serieys and Micheline Roussel-Delvallez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:72
  14. Seasonal influenza imposes a substantial personal morbidity and societal cost burden. Vaccination is the major strategy for influenza prevention; however, because antigenically drifted influenza A and B viruse...

    Authors: Lisa A Jackson, Manjusha J Gaglani, Harry L Keyserling, John Balser, Nancy Bouveret, Louis Fries and John J Treanor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:71
  15. A Q-fever outbreak occurred in an urban area in the south of the Netherlands in May 2008. The distribution and timing of cases suggested a common source. We studied the spatial relationship between the residen...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Ronald ter Schegget, Marjolijn Wegdam, Lothar Züchner, Arnout de Bruin, Peter M Schneeberger, Thijs Veenstra, Piet Vellema and Wim van der Hoek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:69
  16. Biofilm production has been established as a virulence factor which allows Staphylococcus to adhere and persist in medical devices. The objective was to determine whether therapeutic failure in patients infected ...

    Authors: Bernardo Diemond-Hernández, Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Blanca Leaños-Miranda, Leoncio Peregrino-Bejarano and Guadalupe Miranda-Novales
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:68
  17. The presentation and causes of adult meningitis in South Africa have changed substantially as a result of HIV. Knowledge of aetiology and laboratory findings in patients presenting with meningitis are importan...

    Authors: Joseph N Jarvis, Graeme Meintjes, Anthony Williams, Yolande Brown, Tom Crede and Thomas S Harrison
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:67
  18. Although, in South Korea, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) keeps increasing and tuberculosis(TB) burden is still significant, there have been few reports on TB/HIV case...

    Authors: Chang-Hoon Lee, Ji-young Hwang, Dae-Kyu Oh, Mee-Kyung Kee, Eunjung Oh, Jung-wook An, Jinhyun Kim, Heonsook Do, Hee-Jin Kim, Sung Soon Kim, Hwahyun Kim and Jeong-Gu Nam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:66
  19. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute febrile arthropod-borne viral disease of man and animals caused by a member of the Phlebovirus genus, one of the five genera in the family Bunyaviridae. RVF virus (RVFV) is tra...

    Authors: AlaaEddeen M Seufi and Fatma H Galal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:65
  20. Effective prophylactic vaccines are available against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 which are licensed for routine use among young women. Monitoring is needed to demonstrate protection aga...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Mart Kals, Liina Kosenkranius, Louise-Anne McNutt and Jack DeHovitz J
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:63
  21. Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Italy, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Two measles outbreaks, occurred in Lazio region during 2006-...

    Authors: Filippo Curtale, Fabrizio Perrelli, Jessica Mantovani, Marta Ciofi degli Atti, Antonietta Filia, Loredana Nicoletti, Fabio Magurano, Piero Borgia and Domenico Di Lallo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:62
  22. Skin infections are a common public health problem in developing countries; however, they are rarely managed using a population based approach. Recent data on the burden of skin infections in Timor-Leste are l...

    Authors: Milena ML dos Santos, Salvador Amaral, Sonia P Harmen, Hayley M Joseph, Jose L Fernandes and Megan L Counahan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:61
  23. Understanding the prevalence and risk factors for common causes of ulcerative genital disease in the general population would inform current STI syndromic management and HIV testing strategies in high HIV prev...

    Authors: John A Schneider, Vemu Lakshmi, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Talasila Sudha and Lalit Dandona
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:59
  24. Partner notification is accepted as a vital component in the control of chlamydia. However, in reality, many sexual partners of individuals diagnosed with chlamydia are never informed of their risk. The newer ...

    Authors: Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Natasha L Pavlin, Jane E Tomnay, Rhian M Parker, Frank J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking and Marcus Y Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:58
  25. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) Release Assays (IGRA) are more specific than the tuberculosis skin test (TST) in the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI). We present the performance of the QuantiFERON®

    Authors: Anne M Dyrhol-Riise, Gerd Gran, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Bjørn Blomberg, Christel Gill Haanshuus and Odd Mørkve
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:57
  26. While influenza surveillance has increased in most developing countries in the last few years, little influenza surveillance has been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa and no information is available in Centra...

    Authors: Richard Njouom, Serge A Sadeuh Mba, Dominique Noah Noah, Victoria Gregory, Patrick Collins, Pierre Cappy, Alan Hay and Dominique Rousset
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:56
  27. A polymorphic malaria parasite antigen, merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3), is among the blood stage malaria vaccine candidates. It is believed to induce immunity through cytophilic antibodies that disrupt the...

    Authors: Method D Segeja, Bruno P Mmbando, Misago D Seth, John P Lusingu and Martha M Lemnge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:55
  28. To describe the characteristics of patients with tuberculosis (TB) requiring intensive care and to identify the factors that predicts in-hospital mortality in a city of a developing country with intermediate-t...

    Authors: Denise R Silva, Diego M Menegotto, Luis F Schulz, Marcelo B Gazzana and Paulo TR Dalcin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:54
  29. Untreated latent TB infection (LTBI) is a significant risk factor for active pulmonary tuberculosis, hence predisposing to adverse pregnancy outcomes and mother to child transmission. The prevalence of latent ...

    Authors: Faheem G Sheriff, Karim P Manji, Mohamed P Manji, Mohamedsuhel M Chagani, Rose M Mpembeni, Ahmed M Jusabani, Zaheerabbas R Alwani and Taha S Karimjee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:52
  30. The spatio-temporal patterns of infectious diseases that are environmentally driven reflect the combined effects of transmission dynamics and environmental heterogeneity. They contain important information on ...

    Authors: Diego Ruiz-Moreno, Mercedes Pascual, Michael Emch and Mohammad Yunus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:51
  31. The 2002-2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak infected 8,422 individuals leading to 916 deaths around the world. However, there have been few epidemiological studies of SARS comparing epidemi...

    Authors: Eric HY Lau, C Agnes Hsiung, Benjamin J Cowling, Chang-Hsun Chen, Lai-Ming Ho, Thomas Tsang, Chiu-Wen Chang, Christl A Donnelly and Gabriel M Leung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:50
  32. Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS) is a severe and rare systemic reaction triggered by a drug (usually an antiepileptic drug). We present a case of DISH and we review studies on the clinical feature...

    Authors: Ivan Gentile, Maria Talamo and Guglielmo Borgia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:49
  33. Little is currently known regarding sputum smear reversion (acid-fast smear becomes positive again after negative conversion) during anti-tuberculous treatment. This study aimed to evaluate its occurrence in p...

    Authors: Chin-Chung Shu, Jann-Tay Wang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee and Chong-Jen Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:48
  34. The role of wildlife as a brucellosis reservoir for humans and domestic livestock remains to be properly established. The aim of this work was to determine the aetiology, apparent prevalence, spatial distribut...

    Authors: Pilar M Muñoz, Mariana Boadella, Maricruz Arnal, María J de Miguel, Miguel Revilla, David Martínez, Joaquín Vicente, Pelayo Acevedo, Álvaro Oleaga, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Clara M Marín, José M Prieto, José de la Fuente, Marta Barral, Montserrat Barberán, Daniel Fernández de Luco…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:46
  35. Typhoid (enteric) fever is still a common disease in many developing countries but current diagnostic tests are inadequate. Studies on pathogenesis and genomics have provided new insight into the organisms tha...

    Authors: Stephen Baker, Michael Favorov and Gordon Dougan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:45
  36. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies in the setting of profound neutropenia and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantat...

    Authors: Li-Yang Hsu, Ying Ding, Jason Phua, Liang-Piu Koh, Douglas S Chan, Kay-Leong Khoo and Paul A Tambyah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:44
  37. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular characteristics of isoniazid resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), as well as its contribution to the dissemination of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB)...

    Authors: Yi Hu, Sven Hoffner, Weili Jiang, Weibing Wang and Biao Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:43
  38. During an infectious disease outbreak, it is critical to learn as much as possible about the concerns, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of the public. Such information can be crucial to the improvement of co...

    Authors: Hanan H Balkhy, Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Rawabi H Al-Hathlool and Mohammad A Al-Jumah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:42
  39. About 500 new smear-positive Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases are estimated to occur per year in Uganda. In 2008 in Kampala, MDR-TB prevalence was reported as 1.0% and 12.3% in new and previousl...

    Authors: Heidi Albert, Freddie Bwanga, Sheena Mukkada, Barnabas Nyesiga, Julius Patrick Ademun, George Lukyamuzi, Melles Haile, Sven Hoffner, Moses Joloba and Richard O'Brien
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:41
  40. Viral load (VL) monitoring is an essential component of the care of HIV positive individuals. Rates of VL monitoring have been shown to vary by HIV risk factor and clinical characteristics. The objective of th...

    Authors: Janet M Raboud, Mona R Loutfy, DeSheng Su, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Marina B Klein, Curtis Cooper, Nima Machouf, Sean Rourke, Sharon Walmsley, Anita Rachlis, P Richard Harrigan, Marek Smieja, Christos Tsoukas, Julio SG Montaner and Robert S Hogg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:40
  41. Disease severity in Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection could potentially be related to bacterial factors such as MP genotype (MP1 or MP2; distinguished by different adhesions proteins) or bacterial load in airw...

    Authors: Anna C Nilsson, Per Björkman, Christina Welinder-Olsson, Anders Widell and Kenneth Persson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:39
  42. Since its first occurrence in the New York City area during 1999, West Nile virus (WNV) has spread rapidly across North America and has become a major public health concern in North America. By 2002, WNV was r...

    Authors: Guiming Wang, Richard B Minnis, Jerrold L Belant and Charles L Wax
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:38
  43. To investigate how the risk of active tuberculosis disease is influenced by time since original infection and to determine whether the risk of reactivation of tuberculosis increases or decreases with age.

    Authors: Harald G Wiker, Tehmina Mustafa, Gunnar A Bjune and Morten Harboe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:37
  44. The quasispecies nature of HCV may have important implications for viral persistence, pathogenicity and resistance to antiviral agents. The variability of one of the viral proteins, NS5A, is believed to be rel...

    Authors: Cíntia Bittar, Ana Carolina G Jardim, Lilian HT Yamasaki, Artur TL de Queiróz, Claudia MA Carareto, João Renato R Pinho, Isabel Maria VG de Carvalho-Mello and Paula Rahal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:36
  45. This survey assessed knowledge, attitudes, and compliance regarding standard precautions about health care-associated infections (HAIs) and the associated determinants among healthcare workers (HCWs) in emerge...

    Authors: Cristiana Parmeggiani, Rossella Abbate, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:35

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