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  1. Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and ingesting eggs released through the faeces from infected dogs infects humans. The location of the hydatid cysts is mostly hepatic and/or pulmonary,...

    Authors: Sonia Vicidomini, Gabriella Cancrini, Simona Gabrielli, Riccardo Naspetti and Alessandro Bartoloni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:23
  2. Dengue disease severity is usually classified using criteria set up by the World Health Organization (WHO). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the WHO classification system and modifications to this...

    Authors: Tatty E Setiati, Albert TA Mairuhu, Penelopie Koraka, Mohamed Supriatna, Melvin R Mac Gillavry, Dees PM Brandjes, Albert DME Osterhaus, Jos WM van der Meer, Eric CM van Gorp and Augustinus Soemantri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:22
  3. Several strategies to optimise the use of antibiotics have been developed. Most of these interventions can be classified as educational or restrictive. Restrictive measures are considered to be more effective,...

    Authors: Julian Mettler, Mathew Simcock, Pedram Sendi, Andreas F Widmer, Roland Bingisser, Manuel Battegay, Ursula Fluckiger and Stefano Bassetti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:21
  4. The relationship between cholera and climate was explored in Africa, the continent with the most reported cases, by analyzing monthly 20-year cholera time series for five coastal adjoining West African countri...

    Authors: Guillaume Constantin de Magny, Jean-François Guégan, Michel Petit and Bernard Cazelles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:20
  5. Host genetic factors are important determinants in tuberculosis (TB). The SLC11A1 (or NRAMP1) gene has been studied extensively for genetic association with TB, but with inconsistent findings. In addition, no stu...

    Authors: Kim Hung Leung, Shea Ping Yip, Wa Sang Wong, Lap San Yiu, Kam Keung Chan, Wai Man Lai, Eudora YD Chow, Che Kit Lin, Wing Cheong Yam and Kin Sang Chan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:19
  6. The prevalence of self-reported preventive behaviors in response to an anticipated local human-to-human H5N1 transmission outbreak and factors associated with such behaviors have not been examined.

    Authors: Joseph TF Lau, Jean H Kim, Hi Yi Tsui and Sian Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:18
  7. Planning public health responses against pandemic influenza relies on predictive models by which the impact of different intervention strategies can be evaluated. Research has to date rather focused on produci...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Hans-Peter Duerr and Stefan O Brockmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:17
  8. Recent clinical trials in Africa, in combination with several observational epidemiological studies, have provided evidence that male circumcision can reduce HIV female-to-male transmission risk by 60% or more...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Stephen Moses, Sake J de Vlas and Robert C Bailey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:16
  9. HTLV-I infected patients often complain of urinary symptomatology. Epidemiological studies have suggested that these individuals have a higher prevalence and incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) than ser...

    Authors: Paulo N Rocha, Ana Paula Rehem, Juliana F Santana, Neviton Castro, Andre L Muniz, Katia Salgado, Heonir Rocha and Edgar M Carvalho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:15
  10. The clinical data of plasma NVP level, safety and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the concurrent use of nevirapine (NVP)-based ART and fluconazole (FLU) is scanty.

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Chatiya Athichathanabadi, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Thanongsri Phoorisri and Somnuek Sungkanuparph
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:14
  11. As the competing interests for only the previous calendar year were included in the published article and it is journal policy to list competing interests for the previous five years, a full declaration of int...

    Authors: Rhoda Ashley Morrow, David Friedrich, Amalia Meier and Lawrence Corey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:11

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:84

  12. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most frequent infection-related cause of death. The reference standard to diagnose CAP is a new infiltrate on chest radiograph in the presence of recently acquired res...

    Authors: Beat Müller, Stephan Harbarth, Daiana Stolz, Roland Bingisser, Christian Mueller, Jörg Leuppi, Charly Nusbaumer, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:10
  13. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent in mouse macrophages. NO resistant Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with a severe outcome of these diseases.

    Authors: Angela Giudice, Ilza Camada, Paulo TG Leopoldo, Júlia MB Pereira, Lee W Riley, Mary E Wilson, John L Ho, Amelia Ribeiro de Jesus, Edgar M Carvalho and Roque P Almeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:7
  14. Enteroviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide and they are associated with diverse clinical syndromes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical manifestation of enteroviral neur...

    Authors: Mohsan Saeed, Sohail Z Zaidi, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Masroor, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez and Anis Khan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:6
  15. A procedure for including activity against enveloped viruses in the post-contamination treatment of hands has been recommended, but so far no European standard is available to implement it. In 2004, the German...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Jochen Steinmann and Holger Rabenau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:5
  16. Although Kabul city, Afghanistan, is currently the worldwide largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an estimated 67,500 cases, donor interest in CL has been comparatively poor because the disease i...

    Authors: Richard Reithinger and Paul G Coleman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:3
  17. Few studies on bacteraemia in Africa have been published. We aimed to prospectively identify the causative organisms of bacteraemia in The Gambia and their relation to clinical diagnoses, outcome and antimicro...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Charles O Onyeama, Usman NA Ikumapayi, Ousman Secka, Samuel Ameyaw, Naomi Simmonds, Simon A Donkor, Stephen R Howie, Mary Tapgun, Tumani Corrah and Richard A Adegbola
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:2
  18. This is a correction of an earlier published article.

    Authors: Magdarina D Agtini, Rooswanti Soeharno, Murad Lesmana, Narain H Punjabi, Cyrus Simanjuntak, Ferry Wangsasaputra, Dazwir Nurdin, Sri Pandam Pulungsih, Ainur Rofiq, Hari Santoso, H Pujarwoto, Agus Sjahrurachman, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Mohammad Ali…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:1

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:89

  19. There are few reports in the literature of invasive infection caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis in patients without immunosuppression or other predisposing factors. The choice of antimicrobial therapy for bacte...

    Authors: Mei-Li Yang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Tun-Chieh Chen, Wei-Ru Lin, Chun-Yu Lin and Po-Liang Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:179
  20. Patients with psychiatric disorders were found to show a high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection. There is scarce information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Me...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Olga-Patricia Alanis-Quiñones, Miguel-Ángel Arreola-Valenzuela, Alfredo Rodríguez-Briones, Luis-Jorge Piedra-Nevarez, Ehecatl Duran-Morales, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sergio-Arturo Martínez-García and Oliver Liesenfeld
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:178
  21. The number of leishmaniasis cases associated with immunosuppression has increased regularly over the past 20 years. Immunosuppression related to HIV infection, immunosuppressive treatment, organ transplantatio...

    Authors: Silvia Pittalis, Emanuele Nicastri, Francesco Spinazzola, Piero Ghirga, Michele De Marco, Maria Grazia Paglia and Pasquale Narciso
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:177
  22. The disease burden and associated medical costs of rotavirus infections in inpatient and outpatient sectors in Taiwan were examined in anticipation of the availability of new rotavirus vaccines.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Lu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Yin-Hua Fang, Chung-Yi Wang, Yu-Huai Ho, Che-Lun Hung, Luan-Yin Chang, Chin-Yun Lee and Li-Min Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:176
  23. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral bronchiolitis in infants worldwide, and environmental, viral and host factors are all of importance for disease susceptibility and severity. To study...

    Authors: Hans-Olav Fjaerli, Geir Bukholm, Anne Krog, Camilla Skjaeret, Marit Holden and Britt Nakstad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:175
  24. Infection rates for many infectious diseases have declined over the past century. This has created a cohort effect, whereby older individuals experienced a higher infection rate in their past than younger indi...

    Authors: Arni SR Srinivasa Rao, Maggie H Chen, Ba' Z Pham, Andrea C Tricco, Vladimir Gilca, Bernard Duval, Murray D Krahn and Chris T Bauch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:174
  25. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of fluconazole as empiric antifungal therapy in cancer patients with fever and neutropenia. Our objective was to assess the frequency and resource utiliza...

    Authors: Donghui T Yu, Diane L Seger, Josh F Peterson, Ritesh N Kumar and David W Bates
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:173
  26. Both religious practices and male circumcision (MC) have been associated with HIV and other sexually-transmitted infectious diseases. Most studies have been limited in size and have not adequately controlled f...

    Authors: Paul K Drain, Daniel T Halperin, James P Hughes, Jeffrey D Klausner and Robert C Bailey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:172
  27. Wound infections are a common complication of surgery that add significantly to the morbidity of patients and costs of treatment. The global trend towards reducing length of hospital stay post-surgery and the ...

    Authors: Emily S Petherick, Jane E Dalton, Peter J Moore and Nicky Cullum
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:170
  28. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), a group of neurodegenerative diseases, are thought to be caused by an abnormal isoform of a naturally occurring protein known as cellular prion protein, PrPC. The...

    Authors: Konstantia Kotta, Ioannis Paspaltsis, Sevasti Bostantjopoulou, Helen Latsoudis, Andreas Plaitakis, Dimitrios Kazis, John Collinge and Theodoros Sklaviadis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:169
  29. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major cause of serious infections in hospitals and in the community worldwide. In this study, MRSA isolated from patients in Kuwait hospitals w...

    Authors: Edet E Udo, Noura Al-Sweih, Eiman Mokaddas, Molly Johny, Rita Dhar, Huda H Gomaa, Inaam Al-Obaid and Vincent O Rotimi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:168
  30. Low levels of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load are frequently detected following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and CMV disease may still develop in some allogeneic SCT patients who have negative p...

    Authors: Giuseppe Gentile, Alessandra Picardi, Angela Capobianchi, Alessandra Spagnoli, Laura Cudillo, Teresa Dentamaro, Andrea Tendas, Luca Cupelli, Marco Ciotti, Antonio Volpi, Sergio Amadori, Pietro Martino and Paolo de Fabritiis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:167
  31. Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum have been associated with respiratory diseases in premature newborns, but their role in the pathogenesis of the respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is unclear. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Rosario Cultrera, Silva Seraceni, Rossella Germani and Carlo Contini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:166
  32. Data on the subtypes of HIV in a population help in predicting the potential foci of epidemic, tracking the routes of infection and following the patterns of the virus' genetic divergence. Globally, the most p...

    Authors: Saeed Khan, Mohammad A Rai, Mohammad R Khanani, Muhammad N Khan and Syed H Ali
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:164
  33. The nosocomial acquisition of Candida albicans is a growing concern in intensive care units (ICUs) and understanding the route of contamination is relevant for infection control guidelines.

    Authors: Odile Eloy, Stéphanie Marque, Françoise Botterel, François Stephan, Jean-Marc Costa, Virginie Lasserre and Stéphane Bretagne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:162
  34. African malaria vectors bite predominantly indoors at night so sleeping under an Insecticide-Treated Net (ITN) can greatly reduce malaria risk. Behavioural adaptation by mosquitoes to increasing ITN coverage c...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Japhet Kihonda, Edith Lyimo, Fred R Oketch, Maya E Kotas, Evan Mathenge, Joanna A Schellenberg, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith and Chris J Drakeley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:161
  35. To establish the magnitude of bacteraemia in severely malnourished children, and describe the types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity by HIV status.

    Authors: Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa and James K Tumwine
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:160
  36. Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been obs...

    Authors: MaMercedes Nogueras, Gemma Navarro, Esperança Antón, Montserrat Sala, Manel Cervantes, MaJosé Amengual and Ferran Segura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:159
  37. Recent investigations on the antifungal properties of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Tea Tree Oil, TTO) have been performed with reference to the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. However, there i...

    Authors: Francesca Mondello, Flavia De Bernardis, Antonietta Girolamo, Antonio Cassone and Giuseppe Salvatore
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:158
  38. Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes complicated biochemical, immunological and histological changes in host immune response against the virus which can be specific or non-specific. Recent attention has...

    Authors: Ilknur Kaleli, Melek Demir, Nural Cevahir, Mustafa Yılmaz and Suleyman Demir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:157
  39. Glycopeptides such as vancomycin are frequently the antibiotics of choice for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For the last 7 years incidence of vancomycin...

    Authors: Hare Krishna Tiwari and Malay Ranjan Sen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:156
  40. Disseminated mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) occurs mainly in immunocompromised hosts, which is associated with abnormal cellular immunity.

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Cheong Won Park, Sae Yoon Kee, Won Seok Choi, Eun Young Kang, Jang Wook Sohn, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim and Hee Jin Cheong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:154
  41. Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immu...

    Authors: Gonçalo N Almeida, Paul A Gibbs, Tim A Hogg and Paula C Teixeira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:153

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