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  1. Biofilm production has been established as a virulence factor which allows Staphylococcus to adhere and persist in medical devices. The objective was to determine whether therapeutic failure in patients infected ...

    Authors: Bernardo Diemond-Hernández, Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Blanca Leaños-Miranda, Leoncio Peregrino-Bejarano and Guadalupe Miranda-Novales
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:68
  2. The presentation and causes of adult meningitis in South Africa have changed substantially as a result of HIV. Knowledge of aetiology and laboratory findings in patients presenting with meningitis are importan...

    Authors: Joseph N Jarvis, Graeme Meintjes, Anthony Williams, Yolande Brown, Tom Crede and Thomas S Harrison
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:67
  3. Although, in South Korea, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) keeps increasing and tuberculosis(TB) burden is still significant, there have been few reports on TB/HIV case...

    Authors: Chang-Hoon Lee, Ji-young Hwang, Dae-Kyu Oh, Mee-Kyung Kee, Eunjung Oh, Jung-wook An, Jinhyun Kim, Heonsook Do, Hee-Jin Kim, Sung Soon Kim, Hwahyun Kim and Jeong-Gu Nam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:66
  4. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute febrile arthropod-borne viral disease of man and animals caused by a member of the Phlebovirus genus, one of the five genera in the family Bunyaviridae. RVF virus (RVFV) is tra...

    Authors: AlaaEddeen M Seufi and Fatma H Galal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:65
  5. Effective prophylactic vaccines are available against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 which are licensed for routine use among young women. Monitoring is needed to demonstrate protection aga...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Mart Kals, Liina Kosenkranius, Louise-Anne McNutt and Jack DeHovitz J
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:63
  6. Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Italy, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Two measles outbreaks, occurred in Lazio region during 2006-...

    Authors: Filippo Curtale, Fabrizio Perrelli, Jessica Mantovani, Marta Ciofi degli Atti, Antonietta Filia, Loredana Nicoletti, Fabio Magurano, Piero Borgia and Domenico Di Lallo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:62
  7. Skin infections are a common public health problem in developing countries; however, they are rarely managed using a population based approach. Recent data on the burden of skin infections in Timor-Leste are l...

    Authors: Milena ML dos Santos, Salvador Amaral, Sonia P Harmen, Hayley M Joseph, Jose L Fernandes and Megan L Counahan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:61
  8. Understanding the prevalence and risk factors for common causes of ulcerative genital disease in the general population would inform current STI syndromic management and HIV testing strategies in high HIV prev...

    Authors: John A Schneider, Vemu Lakshmi, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Talasila Sudha and Lalit Dandona
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:59
  9. Partner notification is accepted as a vital component in the control of chlamydia. However, in reality, many sexual partners of individuals diagnosed with chlamydia are never informed of their risk. The newer ...

    Authors: Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Natasha L Pavlin, Jane E Tomnay, Rhian M Parker, Frank J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking and Marcus Y Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:58
  10. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) Release Assays (IGRA) are more specific than the tuberculosis skin test (TST) in the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI). We present the performance of the QuantiFERON®

    Authors: Anne M Dyrhol-Riise, Gerd Gran, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Bjørn Blomberg, Christel Gill Haanshuus and Odd Mørkve
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:57
  11. While influenza surveillance has increased in most developing countries in the last few years, little influenza surveillance has been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa and no information is available in Centra...

    Authors: Richard Njouom, Serge A Sadeuh Mba, Dominique Noah Noah, Victoria Gregory, Patrick Collins, Pierre Cappy, Alan Hay and Dominique Rousset
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:56
  12. A polymorphic malaria parasite antigen, merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3), is among the blood stage malaria vaccine candidates. It is believed to induce immunity through cytophilic antibodies that disrupt the...

    Authors: Method D Segeja, Bruno P Mmbando, Misago D Seth, John P Lusingu and Martha M Lemnge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:55
  13. To describe the characteristics of patients with tuberculosis (TB) requiring intensive care and to identify the factors that predicts in-hospital mortality in a city of a developing country with intermediate-t...

    Authors: Denise R Silva, Diego M Menegotto, Luis F Schulz, Marcelo B Gazzana and Paulo TR Dalcin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:54
  14. Untreated latent TB infection (LTBI) is a significant risk factor for active pulmonary tuberculosis, hence predisposing to adverse pregnancy outcomes and mother to child transmission. The prevalence of latent ...

    Authors: Faheem G Sheriff, Karim P Manji, Mohamed P Manji, Mohamedsuhel M Chagani, Rose M Mpembeni, Ahmed M Jusabani, Zaheerabbas R Alwani and Taha S Karimjee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:52
  15. The spatio-temporal patterns of infectious diseases that are environmentally driven reflect the combined effects of transmission dynamics and environmental heterogeneity. They contain important information on ...

    Authors: Diego Ruiz-Moreno, Mercedes Pascual, Michael Emch and Mohammad Yunus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:51
  16. The 2002-2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak infected 8,422 individuals leading to 916 deaths around the world. However, there have been few epidemiological studies of SARS comparing epidemi...

    Authors: Eric HY Lau, C Agnes Hsiung, Benjamin J Cowling, Chang-Hsun Chen, Lai-Ming Ho, Thomas Tsang, Chiu-Wen Chang, Christl A Donnelly and Gabriel M Leung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:50
  17. Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS) is a severe and rare systemic reaction triggered by a drug (usually an antiepileptic drug). We present a case of DISH and we review studies on the clinical feature...

    Authors: Ivan Gentile, Maria Talamo and Guglielmo Borgia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:49
  18. Little is currently known regarding sputum smear reversion (acid-fast smear becomes positive again after negative conversion) during anti-tuberculous treatment. This study aimed to evaluate its occurrence in p...

    Authors: Chin-Chung Shu, Jann-Tay Wang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee and Chong-Jen Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:48
  19. The role of wildlife as a brucellosis reservoir for humans and domestic livestock remains to be properly established. The aim of this work was to determine the aetiology, apparent prevalence, spatial distribut...

    Authors: Pilar M Muñoz, Mariana Boadella, Maricruz Arnal, María J de Miguel, Miguel Revilla, David Martínez, Joaquín Vicente, Pelayo Acevedo, Álvaro Oleaga, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Clara M Marín, José M Prieto, José de la Fuente, Marta Barral, Montserrat Barberán, Daniel Fernández de Luco…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:46
  20. Typhoid (enteric) fever is still a common disease in many developing countries but current diagnostic tests are inadequate. Studies on pathogenesis and genomics have provided new insight into the organisms tha...

    Authors: Stephen Baker, Michael Favorov and Gordon Dougan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:45
  21. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies in the setting of profound neutropenia and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantat...

    Authors: Li-Yang Hsu, Ying Ding, Jason Phua, Liang-Piu Koh, Douglas S Chan, Kay-Leong Khoo and Paul A Tambyah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:44
  22. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular characteristics of isoniazid resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), as well as its contribution to the dissemination of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB)...

    Authors: Yi Hu, Sven Hoffner, Weili Jiang, Weibing Wang and Biao Xu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:43
  23. During an infectious disease outbreak, it is critical to learn as much as possible about the concerns, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of the public. Such information can be crucial to the improvement of co...

    Authors: Hanan H Balkhy, Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Rawabi H Al-Hathlool and Mohammad A Al-Jumah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:42
  24. About 500 new smear-positive Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases are estimated to occur per year in Uganda. In 2008 in Kampala, MDR-TB prevalence was reported as 1.0% and 12.3% in new and previousl...

    Authors: Heidi Albert, Freddie Bwanga, Sheena Mukkada, Barnabas Nyesiga, Julius Patrick Ademun, George Lukyamuzi, Melles Haile, Sven Hoffner, Moses Joloba and Richard O'Brien
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:41
  25. Viral load (VL) monitoring is an essential component of the care of HIV positive individuals. Rates of VL monitoring have been shown to vary by HIV risk factor and clinical characteristics. The objective of th...

    Authors: Janet M Raboud, Mona R Loutfy, DeSheng Su, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Marina B Klein, Curtis Cooper, Nima Machouf, Sean Rourke, Sharon Walmsley, Anita Rachlis, P Richard Harrigan, Marek Smieja, Christos Tsoukas, Julio SG Montaner and Robert S Hogg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:40
  26. Disease severity in Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection could potentially be related to bacterial factors such as MP genotype (MP1 or MP2; distinguished by different adhesions proteins) or bacterial load in airw...

    Authors: Anna C Nilsson, Per Björkman, Christina Welinder-Olsson, Anders Widell and Kenneth Persson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:39
  27. Since its first occurrence in the New York City area during 1999, West Nile virus (WNV) has spread rapidly across North America and has become a major public health concern in North America. By 2002, WNV was r...

    Authors: Guiming Wang, Richard B Minnis, Jerrold L Belant and Charles L Wax
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:38
  28. To investigate how the risk of active tuberculosis disease is influenced by time since original infection and to determine whether the risk of reactivation of tuberculosis increases or decreases with age.

    Authors: Harald G Wiker, Tehmina Mustafa, Gunnar A Bjune and Morten Harboe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:37
  29. The quasispecies nature of HCV may have important implications for viral persistence, pathogenicity and resistance to antiviral agents. The variability of one of the viral proteins, NS5A, is believed to be rel...

    Authors: Cíntia Bittar, Ana Carolina G Jardim, Lilian HT Yamasaki, Artur TL de Queiróz, Claudia MA Carareto, João Renato R Pinho, Isabel Maria VG de Carvalho-Mello and Paula Rahal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:36
  30. This survey assessed knowledge, attitudes, and compliance regarding standard precautions about health care-associated infections (HAIs) and the associated determinants among healthcare workers (HCWs) in emerge...

    Authors: Cristiana Parmeggiani, Rossella Abbate, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:35
  31. Studies have revealed that visiting poultry markets and direct contact with sick or dead poultry are significant risk factors for H5N1 infection, the practices of which could possibly be influenced by people's...

    Authors: Nijuan Xiang, Ying Shi, Jiabing Wu, Shunxiang Zhang, Min Ye, Zhibin Peng, Lei Zhou, Hang Zhou, Qiaohong Liao, Yang Huai, Leilei Li, Zhangda Yu, Xiaowen Cheng, Weike Su, Xiaomin Wu, Hanwu Ma…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:34
  32. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is responsible for major epidemics worldwide. Autochthonous cases were recently reported in several European countries. Acute infection is thought to be monophasic. However reports on...

    Authors: Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Sylvain Jean, Pierre Clavelou, Radhouane Dallel and Didier Bouhassira
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:31
  33. Norovirus is often transmitted from person-to-person. Transmission may also be food-borne, but only few norovirus outbreak investigations have identified food items as likely vehicles of norovirus transmission...

    Authors: Maria Wadl, Kathrin Scherer, Stine Nielsen, Sabine Diedrich, Lüppo Ellerbroek, Christina Frank, Renate Gatzer, Marina Hoehne, Reimar Johne, Günter Klein, Judith Koch, Jörg Schulenburg, Uta Thielbein, Klaus Stark and Helen Bernard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:30
  34. Screening and isolation are central components of hospital methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) control policies. Their prevention of patient-to-patient spread depends on minimizing undetected and u...

    Authors: Theodore Kypraios, Philip D O'Neill, Susan S Huang, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman and Ben S Cooper
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:29
  35. Even though sepsis is one of the common causes of children morbidity and mortality, specific inflammatory markers for identifying sepsis are less studied in children. The main aim of this study was to compare ...

    Authors: Jana Pavare, Ilze Grope, Imants Kalnins and Dace Gardovska
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:28
  36. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a causative factor for cervical cancer. Early detection of high risk HPV types might help to identify women at high risk of cervical cancer. The aim of the present study...

    Authors: Petroula Stamataki, Athanasia Papazafiropoulou, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Margarita Giannakopoulou, Hero Brokalaki, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Pavlos Sarafis and George Saroglou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:27
  37. Intrauterine infection is the main contributor to maternal-infantile transmission of HBV. This is a retrospective study of 158 HBsAg-positive pregnant women who delivered children from Jan 1st, 2004 to Dec.31t...

    Authors: Yan Guo, Jianqiong Liu, Liping Meng, Hu Meina and Yukai Du
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:26
  38. In the event of a release of a pathogen such as smallpox, which is human-to-human transmissible and has high associated mortality, a key question is how best to deploy containment and control strategies. Given...

    Authors: Thomas House, Ian Hall, Leon Danon and Matt J Keeling
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:25
  39. Many congenitally cytomegalovirus-infected (cCMV) neonates are at risk for severe consequences, even if they are asymptomatic at birth. The assessment of the viral load in neonatal blood could help in identify...

    Authors: Sandro Binda, Antonella Mammoliti, Valeria Primache, Patrizia Didò, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Lorenza Pugni, Anna Bossi, Cristian Ricci and Maria Barbi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:24
  40. South Africa remains the country with the greatest burden of HIV-infected individuals and the second highest estimated TB incidence per capita worldwide. Within South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal has one of the highe...

    Authors: Catherine F Houlihan, Portia C Mutevedzi, Richard J Lessells, Graham S Cooke, Frank C Tanser and Marie-Louise Newell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:23
  41. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine strategies in GAVI-eligible countries are focusing on infant immunization but this strategy may not be optimal in all settings. We aimed to collect all available population based...

    Authors: Bradford D Gessner, Judith E Mueller and Seydou Yaro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:22
  42. Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic in Madagascar. The capital, Antananarivo is the most seriously affected area. TB had a non-random spatial distribution ...

    Authors: Rindra V Randremanana, Vincent Richard, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Philippe Sabatier and Dominique J Bicout
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:21
  43. Persistent symptoms after treatment for neuroborreliosis are common for reasons mainly unknown. These symptoms are often unspecific and could be caused by dysfunctions in endocrine systems, an issue that has n...

    Authors: Ivar Tjernberg, Martin Carlsson, Jan Ernerudh, Ingvar Eliasson and Pia Forsberg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:20

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