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  1. Q fever caused by Coxiella burnetii is transmitted to humans by inhalation of aerosols from animal birth products. Q fever in pregnancy is suspected to be a potential cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and fet...

    Authors: Stine Yde Nielsen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Kåre Mølbak, Niels Henrik Hjøllund, Bjørn Kantsø, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt and Tine Brink Henriksen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:87
  2. Burkholderia mallei and B. pseudomallei are two closely related species of highly virulent bacteria that can be difficult to detect. Pathogenic Burkholderia are endemic in many regions worldwide and cases of inf...

    Authors: Ingmar Janse, Raditijo A Hamidjaja, Amber CA Hendriks and Bart J van Rotterdam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:86
  3. With declining vectorial transmission, Chagas disease predominantly affects adults nowadays. The efficacy of nifurtimox in the chronic phase in adult patients is poorly known, particularly in regions where the...

    Authors: Yves Jackson, Eric Chatelain, Anne Mauris, Marylise Holst, Qianqian Miao, Francois Chappuis and Momar Ndao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:85
  4. Hospitalizations with community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection have increased in New York City, with substantial geographic variation across neighborhoods. While indivi...

    Authors: Amanda M Farr, Melissa A Marx, Don Weiss and Denis Nash
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:84
  5. Seroreactivity, processes of seroconversion and seroreversion, in the context of HPV infection has been investigated in numerous studies. However, the data resulting from these studies are usually not accounte...

    Authors: Igor A Korostil, Suzanne M Garland, Matthew G Law and David G Regan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:83
  6. The chronic use of antifungal agents in the treatment of fungal infection in general and oropharyngeal candidiasis mainly in AIDS patient’s leads to the selection of strain resistant to these therapies and a s...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Belay Anagaw, Beyene Moges, Aschalew Gelaw, Martha Alemayehu, Yeshambel Belyhun, Fantahun Biadglegne, Zewdu Hurissa, Feleke Moges and Emiko Isogai
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:82
  7. A critical issue in planning pandemic influenza mitigation strategies is the delay between the arrival of the pandemic in a community and the availability of an effective vaccine. The likely scenario, born out...

    Authors: Joel K Kelso, Nilimesh Halder and George J Milne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:81
  8. Healthcare-associated infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates are increasing and few effective antibiotics are currently available to treat patients. We observed decreased carbapenem susceptibility am...

    Authors: Luci Correa, Marines Dalla Valle Martino, Itacy Siqueira, Jacyr Pasternak, Ana Cristina Gales, Claudia Vallone Silva, Thiago Zinsly Sampaio Camargo, Patricia Faria Scherer and Alexandre Rodrigues Marra
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:80
  9. The prevalence of hyperglycemia among HIV-infected persons who are not receiving antiretroviral therapy is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence of hyperglycemia among Chine...

    Authors: Yinzhong Shen, Zhenyan Wang, Li Liu, Renfang Zhang, Yufang Zheng and Hongzhou Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:79
  10. Strongyloidiasis is commonly a clinically unapparent, chronic infection, but immuno suppressed subjects can develop fatal disease. We carried out a review of literature on hyperinfection syndrome (HS) and diss...

    Authors: Dora Buonfrate, Ana Requena-Mendez, Andrea Angheben, Jose Muñoz, Federico Gobbi, Jef Van Den Ende and Zeno Bisoffi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:78
  11. Dengue is an acute febrile illness caused by an arbovirus that is endemic in more than 100 countries. Early diagnosis and adequate management are critical to reduce mortality. This study aims to identify clini...

    Authors: Regina P Daumas, Sonia RL Passos, Raquel VC Oliveira, Rita MR Nogueira, Ingebourg Georg, Keyla BF Marzochi and Patrícia Brasil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:77
  12. Evidence exists regarding the full prevention of HCV transmission to hemodialysis patients by implementing universal precaution. However, little information is available regarding the frequency with which hosp...

    Authors: Aida Bianco, Francesca Bova, Carmelo GA Nobile, Claudia Pileggi and Maria Pavia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:76
  13. Infection with HPV 16 and 18, the major causative agents of cervical cancer, can be prevented through vaccination with a bivalent or quadrivalent vaccine. Both vaccines provide cross-protection against HPV-typ...

    Authors: Tjalke A Westra, Irina Stirbu-Wagner, Sara Dorsman, Eric D Tutuhatunewa, Edwin L de Vrij, Hans W Nijman, Toos Daemen, Jan C Wilschut and Maarten J Postma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:75
  14. Pre-vaccination information on HPV type-specific prevalence in target populations is essential for designing and monitoring immunization strategies for cervical cancer (CC) prevention. Data on HPV prevalence i...

    Authors: Cristina Giambi, Serena Donati, Francesca Carozzi, Stefania Salmaso, Silvia Declich, Marta L Ciofi degli Atti, Guglielmo Ronco, Maria P Alibrandi, Silvia Brezzi, Natalina Collina, Daniela Franchi, Amedeo Lattanzi, Maria C Minna, Roberto Nannini, Elena Barretta, Elena Burroni…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:74
  15. Limited data suggest that fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) scan may be useful for diagnosing infections of the spine. Bruc...

    Authors: Savvas Ioannou, Sofia Chatziioannou, Spiros G Pneumaticos, Alexandra Zormpala and Nikolaos V Sipsas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:73
  16. Ineffective communication of infection control requirements during transitions of care is a potential cause of non-compliance with infection control precautions by healthcare personnel. In this study, interven...

    Authors: Mei-Sing Ong, Farah Magrabi, Jeffrey Post, Sarah Morris, Johanna Westbrook, Wayne Wobcke, Ross Calcroft and Enrico Coiera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:72
  17. Low absolute humidity (AH) has been associated with increased influenza virus survival and transmissibility and the onset of seasonal influenza outbreaks. Humidification of indoor environments may mitigate vir...

    Authors: Tyler H Koep, Felicity T Enders, Chris Pierret, Stephen C Ekker, Dale Krageschmidt, Kevin L Neff, Marc Lipsitch, Jeffrey Shaman and W Charles Huskins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:71
  18. This study presents an analysis of 159 serotype 19A isolates from IPD in children before and after the general recommendation for childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Germany in July 2006. Vaccinati...

    Authors: Mark van der Linden, Ralf René Reinert, Winfried V Kern and Matthias Imöhl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:70
  19. There is emerging evidence for the presence of an extensive microbiota in human lungs. It is not known whether variations in the prevalence of species of microbiota in the lungs may have aetiological significa...

    Authors: Hugo Cornelis van Woerden, Clive Gregory, Richard Brown, Julian Roberto Marchesi, Bastiaan Hoogendoorn and Ian Price Matthews
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:69
  20. The US military has seen steady increases in multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) infections in casualties from Iraq and Afghanistan. This study evaluates the prevalence of MDR GNB colonizati...

    Authors: Todd J Vento, David W Cole, Katrin Mende, Tatjana P Calvano, Elizabeth A Rini, Charla C Tully, Wendy C Zera, Charles H Guymon, Xin Yu, Kristelle A Cheatle, Kevin S Akers, Miriam L Beckius, Michael L Landrum and Clinton K Murray
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:68
  21. In 1998, Malaysia experienced its first chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak in the suburban areas followed by another two in 2006 (rural areas) and 2008 (urban areas), respectively. Nevertheless, there is still...

    Authors: Nor Azila Muhammad Azami, Sharifah Azura Salleh, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Hui-min Neoh, Zulhabri Othman, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria and Rahman Jamal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:67
  22. Increasing the dosage of daptomycin may be advantageous in severe infection by enhancing bactericidal activity and pharmacodynamics. However, clinical data on using daptomycin at doses above 6 mg/kg in Asian p...

    Authors: Chung-Chih Lai, Wang-Huei Sheng, Jann-Tay Wang, Aristine Cheng, Yu-Chung Chuang, Yee-Chun Chen and Shan-Chwen Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:66
  23. Lack of access to safe and secure water is an international issue recognized by the United Nations. To address this problem, the One Million Cisterns Project was initiated in 2001 in Brazil’s semi-arid region ...

    Authors: Pasha B Marcynuk, James A Flint, Jan M Sargeant, Andria Jones-Bitton, Ana M Brito, Carlos F Luna, Elizabeth Szilassy, M Kate Thomas, Tiago M Lapa, Enrique Perez and André M Costa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:65
  24. An improved understanding in transmission variation of kala-azar is fundamental to conduct surveillance and implementing disease prevention strategies. This study investigated the spatio-temporal patterns and ...

    Authors: Gouri Sankar Bhunia, Shreekant Kesari, Nandini Chatterjee, Vijay Kumar and Pradeep Das
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:64
  25. In comparison to restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing, variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) typing is easier to perform, faster and yields results in a simple, numerical format. Therefore,...

    Authors: Mai NT Huyen, Kristin Kremer, Nguyen TN Lan, Tran N Buu, Frank GJ Cobelens, Edine W Tiemersma, Petra de Haas and Dick van Soolingen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:63
  26. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major public health problem in Bangladesh with the highest disease burden in the Mymensingh District. The disease is transmitted by sand fly bites, but it may also be transmitt...

    Authors: M Mamun Huda, Shikha Rudra, Debashis Ghosh, Khondaker Rifat Hasan Bhaskar, Rajib Chowdhury, Aditya Prasad Dash, Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya, Rashidul Haque and Dinesh Mondal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:62
  27. The quasispecies composition of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) could have important implications with regard to viral persistence and response to interferon-based therapy. The complete NS5A was analyzed to evaluate w...

    Authors: Ana CG Jardim, Cíntia Bittar, Renata PA Matos, Lílian HT Yamasaki, Rafael A Silva, João RR Pinho, Roberta M Fachini, Claudia MA Carareto, Isabel MVG de Carvalho-Mello and Paula Rahal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:61
  28. Hepatitis C chronic liver disease is a major cause of liver transplant in developed countries. This article reports the first nationwide population-based survey conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of HCV ...

    Authors: Leila MMB Pereira, Celina MT Martelli, Regina C Moreira, Edgar Merchan-Hamman, Airton T Stein, Regina Maria A Cardoso, Gerusa M Figueiredo, Ulisses R Montarroyos, Cynthia Braga, Marília D Turchi, Gabriela Coral, Deborah Crespo, Maria Luiza C Lima, Luis Claudio A Alencar, Marcelo Costa, Alex A dos Santos…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:60
  29. Aspergillus tubingensis is a black Aspergillus belonging to the Aspergillus section Nigri, which includes species that morphologically resemble Aspergillus niger. Recent developments in species determination hav...

    Authors: Erik Bathoorn, Natalia Escobar Salazar, Shahrzad Sepehrkhouy, Martin Meijer, Hans de Cock and Pieter-Jan Haas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:59
  30. Carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae are becoming a major public health concern globally, however, relatively little is known about the molecular and clinical epidemiology of these organisms in many parts o...

    Authors: Michelle N D Balm, Grace Ngan, Roland Jureen, Raymond T P Lin and Jeanette W P Teo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:58
  31. Asthma was the most common co-morbidity among patients hospitalized with pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 [pH1N1] infection. The objective was to compare characteristics of hospitalized pH1N1 patients with and ...

    Authors: John J McKenna, Anna M Bramley, Jacek Skarbinski, Alicia M Fry, Lyn Finelli and Seema Jain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:57
  32. Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) has been reported with increasing frequency in East Asian countries in the past 3 decades, especially in Taiwan and Korea. Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for KPLA...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Fu-Der Wang, Ping-Feng Wu and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:56
  33. Acute schistosomiasis constitutes a rare but serious condition in individuals experiencing their first prepatent Schistosoma infection. To circumvent costly and time-consuming diagnostics, an early and rapid diag...

    Authors: Dominic Wichmann, Sven Poppert, Heidrun Von Thien, Joannes Clerinx, Sebastian Dieckmann, Mogens Jensenius, Philippe Parola, Joachim Richter, Mirjam Schunk, August Stich, Philipp Zanger, Gerd D Burchard and Egbert Tannich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:55
  34. A cross sectional study to investigate HPV prevalence according to age and cytology.

    Authors: Elena Argyri, Stefanos Papaspyridakos, Elpida Tsimplaki, Lina Michala, Evangelia Myriokefalitaki, Issidora Papassideri, Dimitra Daskalopoulou, Ioanna Tsiaoussi, George Magiakos and Efstathia Panotopoulou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:53
  35. The role of HIV-1 RNA in the emergence of resistance to antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) is well documented while less is known about the role of historical viruses stored in the proviral DNA. The primary focus...

    Authors: Vijay Bansode, Grace P McCormack, Amelia C Crampin, Bagrey Ngwira, Ram K Shrestha, Neil French, Judith R Glynn and Simon A Travers
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:52
  36. Heparin Binding Protein (HBP) is released to blood circulation from activated neutrophils in bacterial infections. It is a potential inducer of vascular leakage and precludes the development of septic shock. F...

    Authors: Kirsi-Maija Kaukonen, Heiko Herwald, Lennart Lindbom and Ville Pettila
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:51
  37. Invasive fusariosis (IF) is a rare but often fatal fungal infection in immunosuppressed patients. In 2007, cases of IF above the expected epidemiologic baseline were detected in the hematology ward of a hospit...

    Authors: Christina M Scheel, Steven F Hurst, Gloria Barreiros, Tiyomi Akiti, Marcio Nucci and S Arunmozhi Balajee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:49
  38. Identifying people at higher risk of developing tuberculosis with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may improve clinical management of co-infections. Iron influences tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis, ...

    Authors: Joann M McDermid, Branwen J Hennig, Marianne van der Sande, Adrian VS Hill, Hilton C Whittle, Assan Jaye and Andrew M Prentice
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:48
  39. Biofilm formation is a major virulence factor contributing to the chronicity of infections. To date few studies have evaluated biofilm formation in infecting isolates of patients including both Gram-positive a...

    Authors: Carlos J Sanchez Jr, Katrin Mende, Miriam L Beckius, Kevin S Akers, Desiree R Romano, Joseph C Wenke and Clinton K Murray
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:47
  40. Oral Candida colonization and its relation with predisposing factors in HIV-infected patients have received wide concerns during recent decades. In this study, we investigated asymptomatic oral Candida carriage r...

    Authors: Yu-Ye Li, Wen-Ying Chen, Xia Li, Hong-Bin Li, Hui-Qin Li, Li Wang, Li He, Xin-Ping Yang, Xi-Cheng Wang, Yun-Li Huang and Yong-Gang Yao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:46
  41. Apoptosis-associated biomarkers are rarely studied, especially their role in predicting the development of tuberculosis (TB) from latent TB infection and in prognostication.

    Authors: Chin-Chung Shu, Ming-Fang Wu, Chia-Lin Hsu, Chun-Ta Huang, Jann-Yuan Wang, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Chong-Jen Yu, Li-Na Lee and Pan-Chyr Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:45
  42. Phage lysin, extracted from three bacteriophages was used in place of antibiotics to control the overgrowth of normal flora in processed sputum samples leading to the sensitive detection of Mycobacterium tubercul...

    Authors: Balaji Subramanyam, Gomathi Sivaramakrishnan, Azger Dusthackeer and Vanaja Kumar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:44
  43. Bacterial vaginosis (BV), which is highly prevalent in the African population, is one of the most common vaginal syndromes affecting women in their reproductive age placing them at increased risk for sexually ...

    Authors: Sonal Pendharkar, Tebogo Magopane, Per-Göran Larsson, Guy de Bruyn, Glenda E Gray, Lennart Hammarström and Harold Marcotte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:43
  44. An early diagnostic test for detecting infection in leprosy is fundamental for reducing patients’ sequelae. The currently used lepromin is not adequate for disease diagnosis and, so far, no antigen to be used ...

    Authors: Silvana M Alban, Juliana Ferreira de Moura, João Carlos Minozzo, Marcelo Távora Mira and Vanete Thomaz Soccol
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:42
  45. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, especially among non-affluent communities. In this study we determine the impact of respiratory viruses and how v...

    Authors: Emerson Rodrigues da Silva, Márcio Condessa Paulo Pitrez, Eurico Arruda, Rita Mattiello, Edgar E Sarria, Flávia Escremim de Paula, José Luis Proença-Modena, Luana Sella Delcaro, Otávio Cintra, Marcus H Jones, José Dirceu Ribeiro and Renato T Stein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:41
  46. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern worldwide. In Vietnam, knowledge regarding N. gonorrhoeae prevalence and AMR is limited, and data concerning genetic charac...

    Authors: Birgitta Olsen, Pham Thi Lan, Daniel Golparian, Emma Johansson, Tran Hau Khang and Magnus Unemo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:40
  47. Anogenital warts (AGWs) are a common, highly infectious disease caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), whose high recurrence rates contribute to direct medical costs, productivity loss and increased psychos...

    Authors: Harshila Patel, Monika Wagner, Puneet Singhal and Smita Kothari
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:39
  48. Leptospirosis is a potentially fatal disease which can cause multi-organ dysfunction. It can rarely present as acute pancreatitis. This is the first ever report of leptospirosis presenting with acute pancreati...

    Authors: Nuwan Ranawaka, Vijayabala Jeevagan, Panduka Karunanayake and Saroj Jayasinghe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:38
  49. Chlamydia trachomatis may cause multiple different urogenital tract disorders, but current non-culture assays for rapid screening of C. trachomatis typically use immunochromatography-based methods. We establishe...

    Authors: Ze-yu Wang, Guang-yu Fu, Shan-mei Wang, Dong-chun Qin, Zhong-quan Wang and Jing Cui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:36

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