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  1. Control programs have been executed in an attempt to reduce vertical transmission and the severity of congenital infection in regions with a high incidence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women. We aimed to evalu...

    Authors: Mariza M Avelino, Waldemar N Amaral, Isolina MX Rodrigues, Alan R Rassi, Maria BF Gomes, Tatiane L Costa and Ana M Castro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:33
  2. Reliable assessment for the severity of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza is critical for evaluation of vaccination strategies for future pandemics. This study aims to estimate the age-specific hospitalization ...

    Authors: Xi-Ling Wang, Chit-Ming Wong, Kwok-Hung Chan, King-Pan Chan, Pei-Hua Cao, JS Malik Peiris and Lin Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:32
  3. Previous studies may have overestimated morbidity and mortality due to Klebsiella pneumoniae producing carbapenemase (KPC) Klebsiella pneumoniae infections because of difficulties in modeling patient comorbiditie...

    Authors: Milena M McLaughlin, M Renee Advincula, Michael Malczynski, Grace Barajas, Chao Qi and Marc H Scheetz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:31
  4. Sporulation of Clostridium difficile during infection and persistence of spores within the gut could partly explain treatment failures and recurrence. However, the influence of antibiotics on sporulation is uncle...

    Authors: Julian R Garneau, Louis Valiquette and Louis-Charles Fortier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:29
  5. Introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa was a hot debate due to many concerns about adherence, logistics and resistance. Currently, it has been significantly scaled up. However as th...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Uwe Gerd Liebert and Melanie Maier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:28
  6. Resistance to carbapenem antibiotics is emerging worldwide among Enterobacteriaceae. To prevent hospital transmission due to unnoticed carriage of carbapenemase producing micro-organisms in newly admitted pati...

    Authors: Anneke van der Zee, Lieuwe Roorda, Gerda Bosman, Ad C Fluit, Mirjam Hermans, Paul HM Smits, Adri GM van der Zanden, René te Witt, Lesla ES Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet, James Cohen Stuart and Jacobus M Ossewaarde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:27
  7. Efavirenz (EFV) administration is still controversial for its high rates of interruption mainly related to central nervous system side effects (CNS-SE). Aim of the study was to define if single tablet regimen ...

    Authors: Massimiliano Fabbiani, Mauro Zaccarelli, Pierfrancesco Grima, Mattia Prosperi, Iuri Fanti, Manuela Colafigli, Alessandro D’Avino, Annalisa Mondi, Alberto Borghetti, Massimo Fantoni, Roberto Cauda and Simona Di Giambenedetto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:26
  8. Cryptosporidium spp., Enterocytozoon spp., Giardia spp. and Cyclospora spp. are important intestinal protozoan parasites causing diarrhea in humans, livestocks and wildlife and have a significant impact on publi...

    Authors: Hua Liu, Yujuan Shen, Jianhai Yin, Zhongying Yuan, Yanyan Jiang, Yuxin Xu, Wei Pan, Yuan Hu and Jianping Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:25
  9. Nutritional changes during and after tuberculosis treatment have not been well described. We therefore determined the effect of wasting on rate of mean change in lean tissue and fat mass as measured by bioelec...

    Authors: Ezekiel Mupere, LaShaunda Malone, Sarah Zalwango, Alphonse Okwera, Mary Nsereko, Daniel J Tisch, Isabel M Parraga, Catherine M Stein, Roy Mugerwa, W Henry Boom, Harriet K Mayanja and Christopher C Whalen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:24
  10. Patients on anti-tuberculosis treatment may develop acute kidney injury (AKI), but little is known about the renal outcome and prognostic factors, especially in an aging population. This study aimed to calcula...

    Authors: Chia-Hao Chang, Yen-Fu Chen, Vin-Cent Wu, Chin-Chung Shu, Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee and Chong-Jen Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:23
  11. Gastrointestinal symptoms, in particular diarrhoea, are common in non-treated HIV-1 infected individuals. Although various enteric pathogens have been implicated, the aetiology of diarrhoea remains unexplained...

    Authors: Bas B Oude Munnink, Marta Canuti, Martin Deijs, Michel de Vries, Maarten F Jebbink, Sjoerd Rebers, Richard Molenkamp, Formijn J van Hemert, Kevin Chung, Matthew Cotten, Fransje Snijders, Cees JA Sol and Lia van der Hoek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:22
  12. This paper reports findings from the prevalence survey conducted in Shandong China in 2010, a province with a population of 94 million. This study aimed to estimate TB prevalence of the province in 2010 in com...

    Authors: Xiaolin Wei, Xiulei Zhang, Jia Yin, John Walley, Rachel Beanland, Guanyang Zou, Hongmei Zhang, Fang Li, Zhimin Liu, Benny CY Zee and Sian M Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:21
  13. Early detection and treatment of TB is essential for the success of TB control program performance. The aim of this study was to determine the length and analyze predictors of patients’, health systems’ and to...

    Authors: Solomon A Yimer, Gunnar A Bjune and Carol Holm-Hansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:19
  14. Rifampicin resistance is a risk factor for poor outcome in tuberculosis. Therefore, we sought to describe the characteristics and management of Rifampicin monoresistant (RMR) tuberculosis (TB) in France.

    Authors: Vanina Meyssonnier, Thuy Van Bui, Nicolas Veziris, Vincent Jarlier and Jérôme Robert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:18
  15. A limitation of both culture-based and molecular methods of screening for staphylococcal infection is that current tests determine only the presence or absence of colonization with no information on the coloni...

    Authors: Aleksandar Kecojevic, Ray Ranken, David J Ecker, Christian Massire, Rangarajan Sampath, Lawrence B Blyn, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Richard E Rothman and Charlotte A Gaydos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:16
  16. Carefully conducted, community-based, longitudinal studies are required to gain further understanding of the nature and timing of respiratory viruses causing infections in the population. However, such studies...

    Authors: Asma N Alsaleh, David M Whiley, Seweryn Bialasiewicz, Stephen B Lambert, Robert S Ware, Michael D Nissen, Theo P Sloots and Keith Grimwood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:15
  17. There is urgent need for effective HIV prevention methods that women can initiate. The CAPRISA 004 trial showed that a tenofovir-based vaginal microbicide had significant impact on HIV incidence among women. T...

    Authors: Fern Terris-Prestholt, Anna M Foss, Andrew P Cox, Lori Heise, Gesine Meyer-Rath, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Thomas Mertenskoetter, Helen Rees, Peter Vickerman and Charlotte H Watts
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:14
  18. Greater use of antibiotics during the past 50 years has exerted selective pressure on susceptible bacteria and may have favoured the survival of resistant strains. Existing information on antibiotic resistance...

    Authors: Brian G Bell, Francois Schellevis, Ellen Stobberingh, Herman Goossens and Mike Pringle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:13
  19. In drug-resistant TB settings, specimen collection is critical for drug-susceptibility testing (DST). This observational study included multiple specimen types collected from pediatric TB suspects with the aim...

    Authors: Tania A Thomas, Scott K Heysell, Prashini Moodley, Romualde Montreuil, Xia Ha, Gerald Friedland, Sheila A Bamber, Anthony P Moll, Neel Gandhi, William E Brant, Willem Sturm and Sarita Shah
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:11
  20. There have been few studies of pulmonary actinomycosis, which is an uncommon anaerobic infection. Consequently, the optimal therapeutic regimen, appropriate duration of treatment, long-term prognosis, and fact...

    Authors: Ji Young Park, Taehoon Lee, Hongyeul Lee, Hyo-Jeong Lim, Jinwoo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Young-Jae Cho, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Ho Il Yoon, Jae-Joon Yim, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Choon-Taek Lee…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:10
  21. Although extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is less frequent than Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and is a secondary target for national TB control programs, its significance has increased worldwide during the HI...

    Authors: Teresa Gomes, Bárbara Reis-Santos, Adelmo Bertolde, John L Johnson, Lee W Riley and Ethel Leonor Maciel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:9
  22. Previous meta-analyses regarding the performance of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) for tuberculosis diagnosis in children yielded contrasting results, probably due to different inclusion/exclusion cri...

    Authors: S Sollai, L Galli, M de Martino and E Chiappini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  23. HIV is the top and tuberculosis is the second leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, with an estimated 8.7 million incident cases of tuberculosis and 2.5 million new HIV infections annually. Th...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturini, Anna Turkova, Elena Chiappini, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino and Claire Thorne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  24. The ongoing spread of tuberculosis (TB) in poor resource countries and the recently increasing incidence in high resource countries lead to the need of updated knowledge for clinicians, particularly for pediat...

    Authors: Paola Piccini, Elena Chiappini, Enrico Tortoli, Maurizio de Martino and Luisa Galli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  25. Paediatric tuberculosis (TB) represents a major public health concern worldwide. About 1 million children aged less than 15 years develop TB each year, contributing to 3-25% of the total TB caseload. The aim o...

    Authors: Elettra Berti, Luisa Galli, Elisabetta Venturini, Maurizio de Martini and Elena Chiappini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  26. one of the World Health Organization Millennium Development Goal is to reduce tuberculosis incidence by 2015. However, more of 8.5 million tuberculosis cases have been reported in 2011, with an increase of mul...

    Authors: Carlotta Montagnani, Elena Chiappini, Luisa Galli and Maurizio de Martino
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  27. Many and large dumps exist in our knowledge about Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease in infants and children. We still do not understand why some individuals do acquire and others do not acquire the...

    Authors: Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli and Elena Chiappini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14(Suppl 1):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  28. H7N9 posed potentially serious health challenges for Chinese society. The previous SARS outbreak in this country was accompanied by contradictory information, while worries about wide-spread influenza led to d...

    Authors: Robin Goodwin and Shaojing Sun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:8
  29. Gambian infants were not routinely vaccinated against hepatitis B virus (HBV) before 1986. During 1986–90 the Gambia Hepatitis Intervention Study (GHIS) allocated 125,000 infants, by area, to vaccination or no...

    Authors: Thomas J Peto, Maimuma E Mendy, Yamundow Lowe, Emily L Webb, Hilton C Whittle and Andrew J Hall
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:7
  30. After the largest outbreaks of Q fever ever recorded in history occurred in the Netherlands, concern arose that Coxiella may be transmitted via donated tissues of latent or chronically infected donors. The Dut...

    Authors: Marja J van Wijk, D Willemijn Maas, Nicole HM Renders, Mirjam HA Hermans, Hans L Zaaijer and Boris M Hogema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:6
  31. In the antibiotic era, tuberculosis (TB) still causes a substantial number of mortalities. We aimed to identify the causes and risks of death among TB patients.

    Authors: Chou-Han Lin, Chou-Jui Lin, Yao-Wen Kuo, Jann-Yuan Wang, Chia-Lin Hsu, Jong-Min Chen, Wern-Cherng Cheng and Li-Na Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:5
  32. As of 30 May 2013, 132 human infections with avian influenza A (H7N9) had been reported in 10 Chinese cities. On 17 May 2013, because a chicken infection with H7 subtype avian influenza virus was detected in G...

    Authors: Tiegang Li, Jing Feng, Pengzhe Qing, Xiaomei Fan, Weisi Liu, MeiXia Li and Ming Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:4
  33. Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. A strong link between C. trachomatis serogroup/serovar and serological response has been suggested in a previ...

    Authors: Stephan P Verweij, Esmée Lanjouw, Caroline J Bax, Koen D Quint, Paul M Oostvogel, P Joep Dörr, Jolein Pleijster, Henry JC de Vries, Remco PH Peters, Sander Ouburg and Servaas A Morré
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:3
  34. The Xpert MTB/RIF assay has garnered significant interest as a sensitive and rapid diagnostic tool to improve detection of sensitive and drug resistant tuberculosis. However, most existing literature has descr...

    Authors: Jacob Creswell, Andrew J Codlin, Emmanuel Andre, Mark A Micek, Ahmed Bedru, E Jane Carter, Rajendra-Prasad Yadav, Andrei Mosneaga, Bishwa Rai, Sayera Banu, Miranda Brouwer, Lucie Blok, Suvanand Sahu and Lucica Ditiu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:2
  35. Resistance among Klebsiella pneumoniae to most antibiotics is on the rise. Tigecycline has been considered as one of the few therapeutic options available to treat multidrug-resistant bacteria. We investigated th...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Fu-Der Wang, Yu-Jiun Chan, Yung-Chieh Fu and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2014 14:1
  36. Early diagnosis of dengue infection is crucial for better management of the disease. Diagnostic tests based on the detection of dengue virus (DENV) Non Structural Protein 1 (NS1) antigen are commercially avail...

    Authors: Aryati Aryati, Hidayat Trimarsanto, Benediktus Yohan, Puspa Wardhani, Sukmal Fahri and R Tedjo Sasmono
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:611
  37. Aedes aegypti is extensively spread throughout South America where it has been responsible for large dengue epidemics during the last decades. Intriguingly, dengue transmission has not been reported in Uruguay a...

    Authors: Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Anubis Vega Rua, Darío Vezzani, Gabriela Willat, Marie Vazeille, Laurence Mousson and Anna Bella Failloux
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:610
  38. Antibodies have an essential role in the acquired immune response against blood stage P. falciparum infection. Although several antigens have been identified as important antibody targets, it is still elusive whi...

    Authors: Márcia M Medeiros, Wesley L Fotoran, Rosimeire C dalla Martha, Tony H Katsuragawa, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da Silva and Gerhard Wunderlich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:608
  39. In resource-limited settings, scaling-up antiretroviral treatment (ART) has required the involvement of decentralized health facilities with limited equipment. We estimated the incidence of serious morbidity a...

    Authors: Yao Abo, Albert Minga, Hervé Menan, Christine Danel, Timothée Ouassa, Lambert Dohoun, Germain Bomisso, Anthony Tanoh, Eugène Messou, Serge Eholié, Charlotte Lewden and Xavier Anglaret
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:607
  40. To determine the prevalence of human enteroviruses (HEVs) among healthy children, their parents, and children with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD).

    Authors: Xiaoai Zhang, Hongyu Wang, Shujun Ding, Xianjun Wang, Xiaodan Chen, Ying Wo, Liyuan Wang, Doudou Huang, Wei Liu and Wuchun Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:606
  41. The optimal treatment of early syphilis (primary, secondary and early latent) in HIV-infected patients remains controversial. The Center for Diseases Control STD Treatment Guidelines recommended 1 dose of benz...

    Authors: Sadao Jinno, Bryan Anker, Parveen Kaur, Claire C Bristow and Jeffrey D Klausner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:605
  42. Though financial and policy level efforts are made to expand antiretroviral treatment (ART) service free of cost, survival outcome of ART program has not been systematically evaluated in Nepal. This study asse...

    Authors: Laxmi Bhatta, Elise Klouman, Keshab Deuba, Rachana Shrestha, Deepak Kumar Karki, Anna Mia Ekstrom and Luai Awad Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:604
  43. Neisseria gonorrhoeae can rapidly develop resistance to antimicrobial agents. Over the last years, decreased gonococcal susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins, especially cefixime, emerged worldwide. ...

    Authors: Helen Kovari, Maria DG de Melo Oliveira, Paula Hauser, Severin Läuchli, Jürg Meyer, Rainer Weber and Reinhard Zbinden
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:603
  44. The previous nationwide mapping of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in Cameroon was conducted 25 years ago. Based on its results, mass drug administration (MDA) of praziquantel was limi...

    Authors: Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuenté, Calvine Dongmo Noumedem, Pierre Ngassam, Christian Mérimé Kenfack, Nestor Feussom Gipwe, Esther Dankoni, Ann Tarini and Yaobi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:602
  45. Each year an estimated four million neonates die, the majority in the first week of life. One of the major causes of death is sepsis. Proving the incidence and aetiology of neonatal sepsis is difficult, partic...

    Authors: Claudia Turner, Paul Turner, Gabie Hoogenboom, Naw Aye Mya Thein, Rose McGready, Kawalee Phakaudom, Aruni De Zoysa, Androulla Efstratiou, Paul T Heath and François Nosten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:601
  46. Central nervous system is a very rare site of Kaposi’s sarcoma in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Kaposi’s sarcoma, a neoplasm of endothelial origin, occurs mainly in the skin, but can involve many tissues...

    Authors: Francesco Baldini, Andrea Baiocchini, Vincenzo Schininà, Chiara Agrati, Maria Letizia Giancola, Lucia Alba, Susanna Grisetti, Franca Del Nonno, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi and Andrea Antinori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:600

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