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Page 158 of 160

  1. Content type: Technical advance

    Molecular detection of herpesviruses DNA is considered as the reference standard assay for diagnosis of central nervous system infections. In this study nested PCR and real time PCR techniques for detection of...

    Authors: Lorenzo Drago, Alessandra Lombardi, Elena De Vecchi, Giuseppe Giuliani, Rosaria Bartolone and Maria Rita Gismondo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:55

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prion diseases are caused by the accumulation of an aberrantly folded isoform of the prion protein, designated PrPSc. In a cell-based assay, quinacrine inhibits the conversion of normal host prion protein (PrPC) ...

    Authors: Lotus Yung, Yong Huang, Pierre Lessard, Giuseppe Legname, Emil T Lin, Michael Baldwin, Stanley B Prusiner, Chongsuk Ryou and B Joseph Guglielmo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:53

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Literature on the spectrum of opportunistic disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients from developing countries is sparse. The objective of this study was to document the spectrum and det...

    Authors: SK Sharma, Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Amit Banga, Tarun Goyal, Indrish Bhatia and PK Saha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:52

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Old, stationary cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis contain a majority of bacteria that can grow in broth cultures but cannot grow on solid medium plates. These may be in a non-replicating, dormant growth phas...

    Authors: Jasvir Dhillon, Douglas B Lowrie and Denis A Mitchison

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:51

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The process of elimination of intracellular pathogens, such as Leishmania, requires a Th1 type immune response, whereas a dominant Th2 response leads to exacerbated disease. Experimental human zinc deficiency dec...

    Authors: Johan Van Weyenbergh, Gisélia Santana, Argemiro D'Oliveira Jr, Anibal F Santos Jr, Carlos H Costa, Edgar M Carvalho, Aldina Barral and Manoel Barral-Netto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:50

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Past estimates have put the prevalence of schistosomiasis between 40% and 50% in the Malawi population overall based on studies undertaken ten years or more ago. More recent surveys in known high risk areas fi...

    Authors: Cameron Bowie, Bernadette Purcell, Bina Shaba, Peter Makaula and Maria Perez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:49

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  7. Content type: Research article

    An increase in the number of attendees due to acute gastroenteritis and fever was noted at one hospital emergency room in Taiwan over a seven-day period from July to August, 2001. Molecular and epidemiological...

    Authors: Po-Liang Lu, In-Jane Hwang, Ya-Lina Tung, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Chun-Lu Lin and LK Siu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:48

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosis of HIV infection is recently occurring with increasing frequency in middle-aged and in older individuals. As HAART became available, a minimal beneficial effect on immunological outcome in older in r...

    Authors: Mario Tumbarello, Ricardo Rabagliati, Katleen de Gaetano Donati, Silvia Bertagnolio, Eva Montuori, Enrica Tamburrini, Evelina Tacconelli and Roberto Cauda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:46

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Between November 2 and 10, 2002 several patients with psoriasis and personnel staying in the health centre in Gran Canaria, Spain fell ill with diarrhoea, vomiting or both. Patient original came from Norway, S...

    Authors: Hanne M Eriksen, Philippe J Guerin, Karin Nygård, Marika Hjertqvist, Birgitta de Jong, Angela MC Rose, Markku Kuusi, Ulrike Durr, AG Rojas, Cato Mør and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:45

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in the world and drug-resistant (DR) disease beckons new treatments.

    Authors: Roberto Suárez-Méndez, Idrian García-García, Norma Fernández-Olivera, Magalys Valdés-Quintana, María T Milanés-Virelles, Dalia Carbonell, Delfina Machado-Molina, Carmen M Valenzuela-Silva and Pedro A López-Saura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:44

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the leading pathogenic cause of nosocomial infections, especially in bacteraemia and sepsis. The essential therapy for MRSA infection is glycopeptides. Therap...

    Authors: Emine Alp, Suveyda Gozukucuk, Ozlem Canoz, Beyhan Kirmaci and Mehmet Doganay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:43

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  12. Content type: Research article

    For ≈ 24 years the AIDS pandemic has claimed ≈ 30 million lives, causing ≈ 14,000 new HIV-1 infections daily worldwide in 2003. About 80% of infections occur by heterosexual transmission. In the absence of vac...

    Authors: A Robert Neurath, Nathan Strick, Yun-Yao Li and Asim K Debnath

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:41

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis is one of the major health problems in tropical and sub-tropical countries, with school age children usually being the most affected group. In 1998 the Department of Health of the province of K...

    Authors: Elmar Saathoff, Annette Olsen, Pascal Magnussen, Jane D Kvalsvig, Wilhelm Becker and Chris C Appleton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:40

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A dengue virus type 2 (DEN-2 Tonga/74) isolated from a 1974 epidemic was characterized by mild illness and belongs to the American genotype of DEN-2 viruses. To prepare a vaccine candidate, a previously descri...

    Authors: Joseph E Blaney Jr, Christopher T Hanson, Kathryn A Hanley, Brian R Murphy and Stephen S Whitehead

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:39

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydiales are familiar causes of acute and chronic infections in humans and animals. Human pulmonary emphysema is a component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a condition in which chronic i...

    Authors: Dirk Theegarten, Olaf Anhenn, Helmut Hotzel, Mathias Wagner, Alessandro Marra, Georgios Stamatis, Grigori Mogilevski and Konrad Sachse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:38

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite Noroviruses (NV, previously "Norwalk-like viruses") being a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis outbreaks, the impact of NV infection is at present unknown and little information is available about str...

    Authors: Rosa Prato, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Maria Chironna, Giovanna Barbuti, Cinzia Germinario and Michele Quarto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:37

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella spp. with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones have higher than usual MICs to these agents but are still considered "susceptible" by NCCLS criteria. Delayed treatment response to fluoroquinolone...

    Authors: Robert Slinger, Marc Desjardins, Anne E McCarthy, Karam Ramotar, Peter Jessamine, Christiane Guibord and Baldwin Toye

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:36

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinicians at Haydom Lutheran Hospital, a rural hospital in northern Tanzania noted an unusually high case-fatality rate of pediatric meningitis and suspected an outbreak of an unknown agent or an organism res...

    Authors: Hogne Vaagland, Bjørn Blomberg, Carsten Krüger, Naftali Naman, Roland Jureen and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:35

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The molecular basis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) induced pathology is still largely unclear. Many SARS patients suffer respiratory distress brought on by interstitial infiltrat...

    Authors: Lisa FP Ng, Martin L Hibberd, Eng-Eong Ooi, Kin-Fai Tang, Soek-Ying Neo, Jenny Tan, Karuturi R Krishna Murthy, Vinsensius B Vega, Jer-Ming Chia, Edison T Liu and Ee-Chee Ren

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:34

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  20. Content type: Technical advance

    Avidity determination of antigen-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies is an established serological method to differentiate acute from past infections. In order to compare the avidity of varicella-zoster...

    Authors: Ralf-Herbert Kneitz, Jörg Schubert, Franz Tollmann, Wolfgang Zens, Klaus Hedman and Benedikt Weissbrich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:33

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The SARS coronavirus is the etiologic agent for the epidemic of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. The recent emergence of this new pathogen, the careful tracing of its transmission patterns, and the abili...

    Authors: Vinsensius B Vega, Yijun Ruan, Jianjun Liu, Wah Heng Lee, Chia Lin Wei, Su Yun Se-Thoe, Kin Fai Tang, Tao Zhang, Prasanna R Kolatkar, Eng Eong Ooi, Ai Ee Ling, Lawrence W Stanton, Philip M Long and Edison T Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To assess the economic aspects of HBV (hepatitis B virus) transmission prevention for premarriage individuals in a country with cultural backgrounds like Iran and intermediate endemicity of HBV infection.

    Authors: Peyman Adibi, Mohammadreza Rezailashkajani, Delnaz Roshandel, Negar Behrouz, Shahin Ansari, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Saeed Shahraz and Mohammad Reza Zali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:31

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  23. Content type: Technical advance

    In many countries breeding programs for resistance to scrapie in sheep are established. Therefore, the demand on genotyping capacities of the polymorphisms of the prion protein gene (prnp) relevant to presently k...

    Authors: Johannes Buitkamp and Jördis Semmer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:30

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Lamivudine inhibits replication of both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is commonly used as part of antiretroviral therapy. The main limitation in the use of lamivudine is re...

    Authors: Eneida A Santos, Michel VF Sucupira, Juçara Arabe and Selma A Gomes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:29

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, has been used in plastic and reconstructive surgery, to relieve venous congestion and to improve the microrevascularization of flaps. In many countries, wild leeches are still...

    Authors: Atakan Aydin, Hasan Nazik, Samet Vasfi Kuvat, Nezahat Gurler, Betigul Ongen, Serdar Tuncer, Emre Hocaoglu and Sinan Nur Kesim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:28

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Geohelminth infection is a major health problem of children from rural areas of developing countries. In an attempt to reduce this burden, the Department of Health of the province of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) establ...

    Authors: Elmar Saathoff, Annette Olsen, Jane D Kvalsvig and Chris C Appleton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:27

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The strikingly young age of new variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (vCJD) cases remains unexplained. Age dependent susceptibility to infection has been put forward, but differential dietary exposure to contamin...

    Authors: Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Jean-Yves Cesbron and Alain-Jacques Valleron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:26

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  28. Content type: Research article

    data on HIV epidemiology and preventive measures in Islamic countries is limited. This study describes the results of 18-year of HIV surveillance in Saudi Arabia (SA) and the preventive measures implemented fr...

    Authors: Tariq A Madani, Yagob Y Al-Mazrou, Mohammad H Al-Jeffri and Naser S Al Huzaim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:25

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Fusobacterium necrophorum may cause a number of clinical syndromes, collectively known as necrobacillosis. Meningitis is a significant cause of mortality, rarely reported in the adult population.

    Authors: SreeNeelima Garimella, Aparna Inaparthy and Thomas Herchline

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:24

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Invasive infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococci) causes significant morbidity and mortality. Case series and experimental data have shown that the capsular serotype is involved in the pathogenesis a...

    Authors: Pernille Martens, Signe Westring Worm, Bettina Lundgren, Helle Bossen Konradsen and Thomas Benfield

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:21

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  31. Content type: Case report

    The question "Where have you been?" is a common one asked by doctors in Northern Europe and America when faced with clinical symptoms not typical of their country. This question must also arise in the clinics ...

    Authors: Joaquina Martín-Sánchez, José M Navarro-Mari, Juan Pasquau-Liaño, Oscar D Salomón and Francisco Morillas-Márquez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:20

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Clinical spectrum, microbiology and outcome of empyema thoracis are changing. Intrapleural instillation of fibrinolytic agents is being increasingly used for management of empyema thoracis. The present study w...

    Authors: Amit Banga, GC Khilnani, SK Sharma, AB Dey, Naveet Wig and Namrata Banga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:19

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The combination therapies recommended by the World Health Organization for treatment of brucellosis are doxycycline plus rifampicin or doxycycline plus streptomycin. Although highly successful results have bee...

    Authors: Oguz Karabay, Irfan Sencan, Derya Kayas and Idris Şahin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:18

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  34. Content type: Database

    Surveillance data allow for analysis, providing public health officials and policy-makers with a basis for long-term priorities and timely information on possible outbreaks for rapid response (data for action)...

    Authors: Per Rolfhamre, Katarzyna Grabowska and Karl Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:17

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    Noroviruses (NoV) have become one of the most commonly reported causative agents of large outbreaks of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide as well as sporadic gastroenteritis in the community. Curren...

    Authors: Michael Schmid, Rainer Oehme, Gunnar Schalasta, Stefan Brockmann, Peter Kimmig and Gisela Enders

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:15

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Schistosoma mansoni and Plasmodium falciparum are common infections of school aged children in Kenya. They both cause enlargement of the spleen, but their relative contribution to the condition of splenomegaly r...

    Authors: Mark Booth, Birgitte J Vennervald, LeeCarol Kenty, Anthony E Butterworth, Henry C Kariuki, Hilda Kadzo, Edmund Ireri, Clifford Amaganga, Gachuhi Kimani, Joseph K Mwatha, Amos Otedo, John H Ouma, Eric Muchiri and David W Dunne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:13

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Despite its direct connection to the nasopharynx which harbors otitis media pathogens as part of its normal flora, the middle ear cavity is kept free of these bacteria by as yet unknown mechanisms. Respiratory...

    Authors: Haa-Yung Lee, Ali Andalibi, Paul Webster, Sung-Kyun Moon, Karen Teufert, Sung-Ho Kang, Jian-Dong Li, Mitsuyoshi Nagura, Tomas Ganz and David J Lim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:12

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Human enterovirus 71 has emerged as an important pathogen in the Asia Pacific region and it is important to be able to make a rapid and specific diagnosis for outbreak control. Recent Asian strains of Coxsacki...

    Authors: David Perera, Yuwana Podin, Winnie Akin, Cheng-Siang Tan and Mary Jane Cardosa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:11

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Genital herpes is one of the most prevalent sexually-transmitted diseases, and accounts for a substantial morbidity. Genital herpes puts newborns at risk for very severe disease and also increases the risk of ...

    Authors: Dominique Bünzli, Vincent Wietlisbach, Fabrizio Barazzoni, Roland Sahli and Pascal RA Meylan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:10

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Rabies is one of the most hazardous zoonoses in the world. Oral mass vaccination has developed into the most effective management method to control fox rabies. The future need to control the disease in large c...

    Authors: Hans-Hermann Thulke, Thomas Selhorst, Thomas Müller, Tomasz Wyszomirski, Uli Müller and Urs Breitenmoser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:9

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  41. Content type: Technical advance

    The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of neurodegenerative diseases affecting both human and animals. The neuroanatomical changes which occur in the central nervous system (CNS) of T...

    Authors: Janice B Barr, Robert A Somerville, Yuen-Li Chung and Janet R Fraser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:8

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A small fraction of Human T cell Leukemia Virus type-1 (HTLV-I) infected subjects develop a severe form of myelopathy. It has been established that patients with HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic p...

    Authors: Silvane Braga Santos, Aurélia Fonseca Porto, André Luiz Muniz, Amélia Ribeiro de Jesus, Elza Magalhães, Ailton Melo, Walderez O Dutra, Kenneth J Gollob and Edgar M Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:7

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Conventional tests for tuberculous pleuritis have several limitations. A variety of new, rapid tests such as nucleic acid amplification tests – including polymerase chain reaction – have been evaluated in rece...

    Authors: Madhukar Pai, Laura L Flores, Alan Hubbard, Lee W Riley and John M Colford Jr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:6

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