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  1. Low serum selenium has been associated with lower CD4 counts and greater mortality among HIV-1-seropositive individuals, but most studies have not controlled for serum albumin and the presence of an acute phas...

    Authors: Paul K Drain, Jared M Baeten, Julie Overbaugh, Mark H Wener, Daniel D Bankson, Ludo Lavreys, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Jeckoniah O Ndinya-Achola and R Scott McClelland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:85

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cytokines play important roles in antiviral action. We examined whether polymorphisms of IFN-γ,TNF-α and IL-10 affect the susceptibility to and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

    Authors: Wai Po Chong, WK Eddie Ip, Gloria Hoi Wan Tso, Man Wai Ng, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Helen Ka Wai Law, Raymond WH Yung, Eudora Y Chow, KL Au, Eric YT Chan, Wilina Lim, JS Malik Peiris and Yu Lung Lau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:82

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Evidence for an increased prevalence of candidaemia and for high associated mortality in the 1990s led to a number of different recommendations concerning the management of at risk patients as well as an incre...

    Authors: Boualem Sendid, Angélique Cotteau, Nadine François, Annie D'Haveloose, Annie Standaert, Daniel Camus and Daniel Poulain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:80

    Content type: Research article

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  4. previous studies have established that bacterial blood concentration is related with clinical outcome. Time to positivity of blood cultures (TTP) has relationship with bacterial blood concentration and could be ...

    Authors: Galo Peralta, María José Rodríguez-Lera, Jose Carlos Garrido, Luis Ansorena and María Pía Roiz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:79

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite bacteraemia is present in the majority of patients with pneumococcal, little is known about the influence of the systemic infection on the meningeal inflammatory response.

    Authors: Christian ∅stergaard, Terence O'Reilly, Christian Brandt, Niels Frimodt-Møller and Jens D Lundgren

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:78

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is endemic in many provinces with high incidence in mainland China, although integrated intervention measures including rodent control, environment management and v...

    Authors: Liqun Fang, Lei Yan, Song Liang, Sake J de Vlas, Dan Feng, Xiaona Han, Wenjuan Zhao, Bing Xu, Ling Bian, Hong Yang, Peng Gong, Jan Hendrik Richardus and Wuchun Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:77

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Post-sternotomy mediastinitis (PSM) is a devastating surgical complication affecting 1–3% of patients that undergo cardiac surgery. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most commonly encountered bacterial pathogen...

    Authors: Gulden Ersoz, Barlas Naim Aytacoglu, Nehir Sucu, Lulufer Tamer, Ismet Bayindir, Necmi Kose, Ali Kaya and Murat Dikmengil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:76

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Disseminated leishmaniasis is an emerging infectious disease, mostly due to L. braziliensis, which has clinical and histopathological features distinct from cutaneous leishmaniasis.

    Authors: Paulo TG Leopoldo, Paulo RL Machado, Roque P Almeida, Albert Schriefer, Angela Giudice, Amélia Ribeiro de Jesus, John L Ho, Luiz Henrique Guimarães, Olívia Bacellar and Edgar M Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:75

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Daptomycin is a novel cyclic lipopeptide whose bactericidal activity is not affected by current antibiotic resistance mechanisms displayed by S. aureus clinical isolates. This study reports the therapeutic activi...

    Authors: Heinz J Schaad, Manuela Bento, Daniel P Lew and Pierre Vaudaux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:74

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Fungal mural endocarditis is a rare entity in which the antemortem diagnosis is seldom made. Seven cases of mural endocarditis caused by Candida spp. have been collected from literature and six of these patients ...

    Authors: Víctor López-Ciudad, María J Castro-Orjales, Cristóbal León, César Sanz-Rodríguez, María J de la Torre-Fernández, Miguel A Pérez de Juan-Romero, María D Collell-Llach and María D Díaz-López

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:73

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The optimal treatment regimen and duration of the therapy is still controversial in spinal brucellosis. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy, adverse drug reactions, complications and cost of cipro...

    Authors: Emine Alp, Rahmi Kemal Koc, Ahmet Candan Durak, Orhan Yildiz, Bilgehan Aygen, Bulent Sumerkan and Mehmet Doganay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:72

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Adherence of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria to lung cells is a first step in the progression from asymptomatic carriage to pneumonia. Adherence abilities vary widely among S. pneumoniae patient isolates. In th...

    Authors: Rachel L Robson, Natalie A Reed and Rebecca T Horvat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:71

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The seasonality, clinical and radiographic features and outcome of aseptic meningitis have been described for regional outbreaks but data from a wider geographic area is necessary to delineate the epidemiology...

    Authors: Bonita E Lee, Rupesh Chawla, Joanne M Langley, Sarah E Forgie, Mohammed Al-Hosni, Krista Baerg, Entesar Husain, James Strong, Joan L Robinson, Upton Allen, Barbara J Law, Simon Dobson and H Dele Davies

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:68

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Recent data demonstrate the utility of the string test for the diagnosis of sputum-scarce HIV-associated TB in adults. We hypothesized that, if well-tolerated by children, this simple tool might offer a breakt...

    Authors: Felicia Chow, Nora Espiritu, Robert H Gilman, Rosmery Gutierrez, Sonia Lopez, A Roderick Escombe, Carlton AW Evans and David AJ Moore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:67

    Content type: Research article

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  15. New tools are required to improve tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment, including enhanced ability to compare new treatment strategies. The ELISPOT assay uses Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens to ...

    Authors: Alexander M Aiken, Philip C Hill, Annette Fox, Keith PWJ McAdam, Dolly Jackson-Sillah, Moses D Lugos, Simon A Donkor, Richard A Adegbola and Roger H Brookes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:66

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients with HIV infection are at risk of co-infection with HBV, as the routes of transmission are shared and thus immunization with HBV vaccine could be protective in them. The aim of the present study was t...

    Authors: Neelam Pasricha, Usha Datta, Yogesh Chawla, Surjit Singh, Sunil K Arora, Archana Sud, Ranjana W Minz, Biman Saikia, Haqeeqat Singh, Isaac James and Shobha Sehgal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:65

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The way various antiretroviral drugs and drug combinations affect HIV-1 infection in the central nervous system is still largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) st...

    Authors: Aylin Yilmaz, Dietmar Fuchs, Lars Hagberg, Ulrika Nillroth, Lars Ståhle, Jan-Olof Svensson and Magnus Gisslén

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:63

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Streptococcus intermedius belongs to the Streptococcus anginosus group. It is part of the normal flora of the human mouth, but it can be etiologically associated with deep-site infections.

    Authors: Donato Rigante, Teresa Spanu, Lorenzo Nanni, Assunta Tornesello, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Tiziana D'Inzeo, Achille Stabile and Giovanni Fadda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:61

    Content type: Technical advance

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  19. Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is an acute febrile, zoonotic disease caused by Rickettsia conorii and transmitted to humans by the brown dogtick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Nearly four hundred cases are reported...

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Laura Saporito, Valentina Frasca Polara, Raffaella Rubino and Lucina Titone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:60

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Patients accessing antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes in sub-Saharan Africa frequently have very advanced immunodeficiency. Previous data suggest that such patients may have diminished capacity for CD4 ...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Landon Myer, Linda-Gail Bekker and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:59

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Influenza is characterized by seasonal outbreaks, often with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. It is also known to be a cause of significant amount secondary bacterial infections. Streptococcus pneumoniae i...

    Authors: Katarzyna Grabowska, Liselotte Högberg, Pasi Penttinen, Åke Svensson and Karl Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains susceptible to penicillin, however, resistance to second-line antimicrobials, clindamycin and erythromycin, has increased since 1996. We describe the age-specific antibiotic su...

    Authors: Stephanie M Borchardt, Joan H DeBusscher, Patricia A Tallman, Shannon D Manning, Carl F Marrs, Terrence A Kurzynski and Betsy Foxman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  23. For its low cost and ease of handling, the mouse remains the preferred experimental animal for preclinical tests. To avoid the interaction of the animal immune system, in vivo antibiotic pharmacodynamic studie...

    Authors: Andres F Zuluaga, Beatriz E Salazar, Carlos A Rodriguez, Ana X Zapata, Maria Agudelo and Omar Vesga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The role of Diabetes mellitus (DM) in the etiology and in the antimicrobial resistance of uropathogens in patients with urinary tract infection has not been well clarified. For this reason we have evaluated th...

    Authors: Mario Bonadio, Silvia Costarelli, Giovanna Morelli and Tiziana Tartaglia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:54

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Bloodstream infection (BSI) due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) has relevant clinical impact especially in relation to drug resistance determinants. The PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) is a common...

    Authors: Andrea Endimiani, Francesco Luzzaro, Beatrice Pini, Gianfranco Amicosante, Gian Maria Rossolini and Antonio Q Toniolo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Previous studies have indicated that a recently described anaerobic bacterium, Atopobium vaginae is associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV). Thus far the four isolates of this fastidious micro-organism were foun...

    Authors: Ellen De Backer, Rita Verhelst, Hans Verstraelen, Geert Claeys, Gerda Verschraegen, Marleen Temmerman and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:51

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Most of the studies about invasive Candida infections in cancer patients have focused on haematological patients. The aim of this study was to provide information about risk factors for candidaemia in patients wi...

    Authors: Alessandro Comarú Pasqualotto, Daniela Dornelles Rosa, Lidia Rosi Medeiros and Luiz Carlos Severo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:50

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Haematogenous Staphylococcus aureus meningitis is rare but associated with high mortality. Knowledge about the disease is still limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate demographic and clinical progno...

    Authors: Michael Pedersen, Thomas L Benfield, Peter Skinhoej and Allan G Jensen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:49

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) is recommended in some settings as an alternative to the tuberculin skin test (TST). Outcomes from field implementation of the IGRA for routine tuberculosi...

    Authors: Puneet Kumar Dewan, Jennifer Grinsdale, Sally Liska, Ernest Wong, Robert Fallstad and L Masae Kawamura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  30. It is known that there is significant morbidity associated with urinary tract infection and with renal dysfunction in sickle cell disease (SCD). However, it is not known if there are potential adverse outcomes...

    Authors: Vanessa Cumming, Susanna Ali, Terrence Forrester, Karen Roye-Green and Marvin Reid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:46

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Digital clubbing is a sign of chest disease known since the time of Hippocrates. Its association with tuberculosis (TB) has not been well studied, particularly in Africa where TB is common. The prevalence of c...

    Authors: Henry Ddungu, John L Johnson, Marek Smieja and Harriet Mayanja-Kizza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:45

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are used for intracranial pressure management and temporary cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. Infection of the central nervous system (CNS) is a major cause of morbidity and ...

    Authors: Suzan Sacar, Huseyin Turgut, Semra Toprak, Bayram Cirak, Erdal Coskun, Ozlem Yilmaz and Koray Tekin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Screening and active case finding for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is recommended to prevent reproductive morbidity. However insight in community prevalence of gonococcal infections and co-infections with Neisseria...

    Authors: Jan EAM van Bergen, Joke Spaargaren, Hannelore M Götz, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Patrick JE Bindels, Ton J Coenen, Jan Broer, Fetzen de Groot, Christian JPA Hoebe, Jan-Hendrik Richardus, Daniel van Schaik and Marije Verhooren

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  34. HTLV-1 infection is currently restricted to endemic areas. To define the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in patients living in Italy, we first carried out a retrospective serological analysis in a group of peop...

    Authors: Francesca Vitone, Davide Gibellini, Pasqua Schiavone, Antonietta D'Antuono, Lorenzo Gianni, Isabella Bon and Maria Carla Re

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:41

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Continuous outbreaks of the highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A in Asia has resulted in an urgent effort to improve current diagnostics to aid containment of the virus and lower the threat of a influenza ...

    Authors: Lisa FP Ng, Ian Barr, Tung Nguyen, Suriani Mohd Noor, Rosemary Sok-Pin Tan, Lora V Agathe, Sanjay Gupta, Hassuzana Khalil, Thanh Long To, Sharifah Syed Hassan and Ee-Chee Ren

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:40

    Content type: Research article

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  36. As most of the studies in HIV patients with diarrhea were cross sectional, focusing on the etiological agents, we are reporting data on the rate of diarrhea, associations between diarrhea and CD4 counts and va...

    Authors: Suresh VS Attili, AK Gulati, VP Singh, DV Varma, M Rai and Shyam Sundar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:39

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype typhi, which is acquired by ingestion of contaminated food and water. Each year the disease affects a...

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Laura Saporito, Laura Infurnari, Salvatore Tumminia and Lucina Titone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:38

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is crucial to facilitate early treatment of infectious cases and thus to reduce its spread. To improve the diagnosis of TB, more rapid diagnostic techniques su...

    Authors: Gozde Ongut, Dilara Ogunc, Filiz Gunseren, Candan Ogus, Levent Donmez, Dilek Colak and Meral Gultekin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:37

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus is a rare infection in humans associated with contact with horses or consumption of unpasteurized milk products. On October 23, 2003, the National Public Health Instit...

    Authors: Markku Kuusi, Elina Lahti, Anni Virolainen, Maija Hatakka, Risto Vuento, Leila Rantala, Jaana Vuopio-Varkila, Eija Seuna, Matti Karppelin, Marjaana Hakkinen, Johanna Takkinen, Veera Gindonis, Kyosti Siponen and Kaisa Huotari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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