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  1. The Kenyan highlands were malaria-free before the 1910s, but a series of malaria epidemics have occurred in the highlands of western Kenya since the 1980s. Longitudinal studies of the genetic structure, comple...

    Authors: Frederick N Baliraine, Yaw A Afrane, Dolphine A Amenya, Mariangela Bonizzoni, Anne M Vardo-Zalik, David M Menge, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:283

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease disrupts B cell populations causing reduced memory and reduced naïve resting B cells leading to increases in specific co-infections and impaired responses t...

    Authors: Herbert Longwe, Stephen Gordon, Rose Malamba and Neil French

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:280

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The importation of malaria to non-endemic countries remains a major cause of travel-related morbidity and a leading cause of travel-related hospitalizations. Currently they are three priority medications for m...

    Authors: Lukas L Widmer, Patricia R Blank, Koen Van Herck, Christoph Hatz and Patricia Schlagenhauf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:279

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) is a widely used skin antiseptic, however it poorly penetrates the skin, limiting its efficacy against microorganisms residing beneath the surface layers of skin. The aim of the...

    Authors: Tarja J Karpanen, Barbara R Conway, Tony Worthington, Anthony C Hilton, Tom SJ Elliott and Peter A Lambert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:278

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Helminth infections can alter susceptibility to malaria. Studies need to determine whether or not deworming programs can impact on Plasmodium infections in preschool children.

    Authors: Patrick Kirwan, Andrew L Jackson, Samuel O Asaolu, Sile F Molloy, Titilayo C Abiona, Marian C Bruce, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright, Sandra M O' Neill and Celia V Holland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:277

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Diagnostic options for pulmonary tuberculosis in resource-poor settings are commonly limited to smear microscopy. We investigated whether bleach concentration by sedimentation and sputum cytology analysis (SCA...

    Authors: Pamela Hepple, Pascal Nguele, Jane Greig, Maryline Bonnet and Vinciane Sizaire

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:276

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Genital chlamydia is the most commonly notified sexually transmissible infection (STI) in Australia and worldwide and can have serious reproductive health outcomes. Partner notification, testing and treatment ...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Rhian M Parker, Anna K Piggin, Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Jane E Tomnay, Francis J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking, Marian K Pitts and Marcus Y Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:274

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Antigens encoded in the region of difference (RD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitute a potential source of specific antigens for immunodiagnosis. In the present study, recombinant protein Rv1985c from RD2 w...

    Authors: Jiazhen Chen, Sen Wang, Ying Zhang, Xiaodi Su, Jing Wu, Lingyun Shao, Feifei Wang, Shu Zhang, Xinhua Weng, Honghai Wang and Wenhong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:273

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The objective of this study is to estimate the incidence of genital warts in Hong Kong and explore a way to establish a surveillance system for genital warts among the Hong Kong general population.

    Authors: Chunqing Lin, Joseph TF Lau, King-Man Ho, Man-Chun Lau, Hi-Yi Tsui and Kuen-Kong Lo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:272

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mutations in the basic core promoter (BCP) and its adjacent precore (preC) region in HBV genome are common in chronic hepatitis B patients. However, the patterns of mutation combinations in these two regions d...

    Authors: Dake Zhang, Sufang Ma, Xin Zhang, Hanqing Zhao, Huiguo Ding and Changqing Zeng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:271

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Studies indicate that antibiotics are sold against regulation and without prescription in private drugstores in rural Tanzania. The objective of the study was to explore and describe antibiotics sale and dispe...

    Authors: Nina Viberg, Willbrord Kalala, Phare Mujinja, Göran Tomson and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:270

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In July 2005 an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred on a residential summer camp in the province of Barcelona (northeast of Spain). Forty-four people were affected among residents and employees. All of ...

    Authors: Irene Barrabeig, Ariadna Rovira, Javier Buesa, Rosa Bartolomé, Rosa Pintó, Hortènsia Prellezo and Àngela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:269

    Content type: Research article

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  13. C. difficle spores in the environment of patients with C. difficile associated disease (CDAD) are difficult to eliminate. Bleach (5000 ppm) has been advocated as an effective disinfectant for the environmental s...

    Authors: Michelle J Alfa, Evelyn Lo, Alana Wald, Christine Dueck, Pat DeGagne and Godfrey KM Harding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:268

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (TLTBI) in persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, but few studies have investigated the operation...

    Authors: Asuncion Diaz, Mercedes Diez, Maria Jose Bleda, Mikel Aldamiz, Miguel Camafort, Xabier Camino, Concepcion Cepeda, Asuncion Costa, Oscar Ferrero, Paloma Geijo, Jose Antonio Iribarren, Santiago Moreno, Maria Elena Moreno, Pablo Labarga, Javier Pinilla, Joseba Portu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:267

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Reactive arthritis (ReA) is a recognized sequela of infectious gastroenteritis (IGE). However, the population-based incidence of IGE-related ReA is poorly defined, and the risk of disease has not previously be...

    Authors: Jennifer A Curry, Mark S Riddle, Robert P Gormley, David R Tribble and Chad K Porter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:266

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Contact tracing of tuberculosis (TB) patients is rarely performed in low-income countries. Our objective was to assess the outcome of and compliance with directly observed treatment (DOTS) of TB patients over ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Thongdam Keophithoun, Tuan H Nguyen, Michel Strobel and Peter Odermatt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:265

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In Mexico, primary pulmonary histoplasmosis is the most relevant clinical form of the disease. The geographical distribution of specific strains of Histoplasma capsulatum circulating in Mexico has not been fully ...

    Authors: Bertha Muñoz, María Á Martínez, Gabriel Palma, Amado Ramírez, María G Frías, María R Reyes, María L Taylor, Anjarath L Higuera, Alexander Corcho and María E Manjarrez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:264

    Content type: Research article

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  18. After renovation of the adult intensive care unit (ICU) with installation of ten single rooms, an enhanced infection control program was conducted to control the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aur...

    Authors: Vincent CC Cheng, Josepha WM Tai, WM Chan, Eric HY Lau, Jasper FW Chan, Kelvin KW To, Iris WS Li, PL Ho and KY Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:263

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The number of HIV-1 infected individuals in the Western world continues to rise. More in-depth understanding of regional HIV-1 epidemics is necessary for the optimal design and adequate use of future preventio...

    Authors: Kristen Chalmet, Delfien Staelens, Stijn Blot, Sylvie Dinakis, Jolanda Pelgrom, Jean Plum, Dirk Vogelaers, Linos Vandekerckhove and Chris Verhofstede

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:262

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The incidences of reportable sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased since the late 1990 s in Norway. The objectives of our study were to assess factors, asso...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Barbara Schimmer, Andrej M Grjibovski, Elise Klouman and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:261

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Previously two prediction rules identifying children at risk of hearing loss and academic or behavioral limitations after bacterial meningitis were developed. Streptococcus pneumoniae as causative pathogen was an...

    Authors: Arno E Commandeur, Rogier CJ de Jonge, Irene Koomen, Lodewijk Spanjaard, A Marceline van Furth and Caroline B Terwee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:259

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Known risk factors for death following a diagnosis of tuberculosis may not be applicable to current U.S. cases. We evaluated the factors associated with all-cause mortality in patients with tuberculosis in Was...

    Authors: David J Horne, Rebecca Hubbard, Masahiro Narita, Alexia Exarchos, David R Park and Christopher H Goss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:258

    Content type: Research article

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  23. HCV is a leading cause of liver chronic diseases all over the world. In developed countries the highest prevalence of infection is reported among intravenous drug users and haemodialysis (HD) patients. The pre...

    Authors: Simone Lanini, Isabella Abbate, Vincenzo Puro, Fabrizio Soscia, Franceso Albertoni, Walter Battisti, Amilacare Ruta, Maria R Capobianchi and Giuseppe Ippolito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:257

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In April 2009, the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus emerged and spread globally. The objective of this study was to describe the independent risk factors for hospital mortality and the treatment effect of cort...

    Authors: Xiuming Xi, Yuan Xu, Li Jiang, Ang Li, Jie Duan and Bin Du

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:256

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In India, Pune was one of the badly affected cities during the influenza A (H1N1) 2009 pandemic. We undertook serosurveys among the risk groups and general population to determine the extent of pandemic influe...

    Authors: Babasaheb V Tandale, Shailesh D Pawar, Yogesh K Gurav, Mandeep S Chadha, Santosh S Koratkar, Vijay N Shelke and Akhilesh C Mishra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:255

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Evidence suggests that probiotics reduce rotavirus diarrhoea duration. Although there are several probiotic strains potentially useful, daily practice is often limited by the type and number of products locall...

    Authors: Giuseppe Grandy, Marcos Medina, Richard Soria, Carlos G Terán and Magdalena Araya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:253

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Implementation of Multi drug Therapy (MDT) regimen has resulted in the decline of the total number of leprosy cases in the world. Though the prevalence rate has been declining, the incidence rate remains more ...

    Authors: Surajita Banerjee, Kamalesh Sarkar, Soma Gupta, Prasanta Sinha Mahapatra, Siddhartha Gupta, Samudra Guha, Debasis Bandhopadhayay, Chaitry Ghosal, Suman Kalyan Paine, Rathindra Nath Dutta, Nibir Biswas and Basudev Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:252

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Liver fibrosis progression is commonly found in patients with CHB. Liver biopsy is a gold standard for identifying the extent of liver fibrosis, but has many draw-backs. It is essential to construct a noninvas...

    Authors: Danan Wang, Qinghui Wang, Fengping Shan, Beixing Liu and Changlong Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:251

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The economical impact of absenteeism and reduced productivity due to acute infectious respiratory and gastrointestinal disease is normally not in the focus of surveillance systems and may therefore be underest...

    Authors: Nils-Olaf Hübner, Claudia Hübner, Michael Wodny, Günter Kampf and Axel Kramer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:250

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome (mTSS) is thought to be associated with the vaginal colonization with specific strains of Staphylococcus aureus TSST-1 in women who lack sufficient antibody titers to this toxin. Th...

    Authors: Jeffrey Parsonnet, Melanie A Hansmann, Jon L Seymour, Mary L Delaney, Andrea M DuBois, Paul A Modern, Michaelle B Jones, John E Wild and Andrew B Onderdonk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:249

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although many infections that are transmissible from person to person are acquired through direct contact between individuals, a minority, notably pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), measles and influenza are known t...

    Authors: Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd and Kevin G Kerr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:247

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Human infection with parvovirus B19 may lead to a diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations, including benign erythema infectiosum in children, transient aplastic crisis in patients with haemolytic anaemia, ...

    Authors: Trine H Mogensen, Jens Magnus B Jensen, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit and Carsten S Larsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:246

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Urinary tract infection (UTI) remains one of the main complications after kidney transplantation and it has serious consequences.

    Authors: Roberto Rivera-Sanchez, Dolores Delgado-Ochoa, Rocio R Flores-Paz, Elvia E García-Jiménez, Ramon Espinosa-Hernández, Andres A Bazan-Borges and Myriam Arriaga-Alba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:245

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hyaluronic acid (HA) serum levels correlate with the histological stages of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected patients, and HA alone has shown very good diagnostic accuracy as a non-invasi...

    Authors: Salvador Resino, José M Bellón, Cristina Asensio, Dariela Micheloud, Pilar Miralles, Ana Vargas, Pilar Catalán, Juan C López, Emilio Álvarez, Jaime Cosin, Raquel Lorente, María A Muñoz-Fernández and Juan Berenguer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:244

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Coronin-1 and Sp110 are essential factors for the containment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vivo expression of these mole...

    Authors: Pantelis Constantoulakis, Eftihia Filiou, Nikoletta Rovina, George Chras, Aggeliki Hamhougia, Simona Karabela, Adamandia Sotiriou, Charis Roussos and Nikolaos Poulakis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:243

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The association between HIV infection and invasive cervical cancer that has been reported may reflect differential prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or uncontrolled confounding. We conducted a...

    Authors: Georgette Adjorlolo-Johnson, Elizabeth R Unger, Edith Boni-Ouattara, Kadidiata Touré-Coulibaly, Chantal Maurice, Suzanne D Vernon, Marcel Sissoko, Alan E Greenberg, Stefan Z Wiktor and Terence L Chorba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:242

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Secondary caries is responsible for 60 percent of all replacement restorations in the typical dental practice. The diversity of the bacterial sources and the different types of filling materials could play a r...

    Authors: Si-su Mo, Wei Bao, Guang-yun Lai, Jun Wang and Ming-yu Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:241

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The study of the endotoxin tolerance phenomenon in light of the recently defined roles of mast cells and toll-like receptors as essential components of the innate immune response and as orchestrators of acquir...

    Authors: Saulo F Saturnino, Roberta O Prado, José R Cunha-Melo and Marcus V Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:240

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast and the most frequent cryptococcal species found in humans. Cryptococcosis is considered an opportunistic infection as it affects mainly immunosuppressed individu...

    Authors: Corina Probst, Georg Pongratz, Silvia Capellino, Rolf M Szeimies, Jürgen Schölmerich, Martin Fleck, Bernd Salzberger and Boris Ehrenstein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:239

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Not all women infected with HPV-16/18 have detectable levels of HPV-16/18 antibodies, those who seroconvert develop low antibody levels, and seroconversion occurs typically several months post-infection. We ev...

    Authors: Carolina Porras, Christina Bennett, Mahboobeh Safaeian, Sarah Coseo, Ana Cecilia Rodríguez, Paula González, Martha Hutchinson, Silvia Jiménez, Mark E Sherman, Sholom Wacholder, Diane Solomon, Leen-Jan van Doorn, Catherine Bougelet, Wim Quint, Mark Schiffman, Rolando Herrero…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:238

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mycobacterium leprae is the only pathogenic bacteria able to infect peripheral nerves. Neural impairment results in a set of sensitive, motor and autonomic disturbances, with ulcers originating primarily on the ...

    Authors: Josafá G Barreto and Claudio G Salgado

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:237

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) outbreaks have been reported over the past decade. South Korea recently faced AI outbreaks whose economic impact was estimated to be 6.3 billion dollars, equivale...

    Authors: Taehyong Kim, Woochang Hwang, Aidong Zhang, Surajit Sen and Murali Ramanathan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:236

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Few data are available on the incidence of nosocomial Rotavirus infections (NRVI) in pediatric hospitals and on their economic impact. The goals of this study were: to evaluate the incidence of NRVI in various...

    Authors: Filippo Festini, Priscilla Cocchi, Daniela Mambretti, Bruna Tagliabue, Milena Carotti, Daniele Ciofi, Klaus P Biermann, Roberto Schiatti, Franco M Ruggeri, Fernando Maria De Benedictis, Alessandro Plebani, Alfredo Guarino and Maurizio de Martino

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:235

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The frequent occurrence of ferret badger-associated human rabies cases in southeast China highlights the lack of laboratory-based surveillance and urges revisiting the potential importance of this animal in ra...

    Authors: Ye Liu, Shoufeng Zhang, Xianfu Wu, Jinghui Zhao, Yanli Hou, Fei Zhang, Andres Velasco-Villa, Charles E Rupprecht and Rongliang Hu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:234

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hyaluronic acid capsule plays a key role in Streptococcus pyogenes virulence. Circulation of mucoid or highly encapsulated strains has been related to rheumatic fever epidemics and invasive disease in several cou...

    Authors: Esther Tamayo, Milagrosa Montes, Guadalupe García-Medina, José M García-Arenzana and Emilio Pérez-Trallero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:233

    Content type: Research article

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